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Albuquerque morning journal. [volume] (Albuquerque, N.M.) 1903-1926, January 27, 1915, Image 1

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ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JOURNAL.
TMIKTY-SIXTH YKAIt
1 Ml . X .
E
Shakc-up of Committees Ne
cessitated to Fill Places Left
Vacant by Members Who
, Were 'Rausmitted,
MODESTO ORTIZ PLACED
ON BANKS AND BANKING
Do-nothing Day With Legis
lature Yesterday; Burns
Proposes Appropriation for
State Fish Hatchery, ,
ARtCIAL OlARATCH TO MONNINa JOURNAL
Suntu Fc, Jan. 26. Judge t. T.
Toombs was honored thin afternoon
by being given more committee as
signments thun are possessed by any
oilier representative. In the rear
rangement of committees caused by
the unseating of four democrats he
landed on eight of the most Import
ant committees, towit: finance, edu
cation, constitutional amendments, In
surance, penitentiary, Judiciary, rules
and wax's and means, i
Modesto Ortiz wus uppolnted by I
Seakcr Itomero on the committed):
on IjankK anil bunking, cupltol, cor-;
porutlons, disbursement of public
moneys, library, public property,
highways and Mate, county and mu
nicipal indebtedness.
Antonio T. Chaves wan placed on
the committee on counties and coun
ty lines, enrolled and engrossed bill,
mine mid mining, public printing,
public institutions and laxution and
revenue. . !
DcliUHIUts Switched. !
The following democratic changes!
were announced by Speuker Itomero: j
Welsh In place. of Hojorquc on II-j
brary; Mullens in place of Carcla on
irrigation; Casutis in place of G. C.
Smith on engrossed and enrolled bills; i
Skeen In place of Miera on disburse
ment of public moneys; Holland In
place of Miera on counties and coun
ty lines; lilack In place of Smith on
ways and means; Swan In place of
Uojorque on railroads; liutherford
in place of (larcia on public Institu
tions; Smith in place of Miera on pen
4litWiT1 - Val h t'h c of Hojorquci
on livestock; Bryant on capltol in
place of Garcia. Palmer and Francis
exchange pluces, Francis going on tho
committee on counties and county
lines and Palmer on the penitentiary
com miltee.
speaker Itomero will succeed Mr.
n. rhah-rmui .if ihe committee
on rules, the latter, however, remain-
ing on the committee. Mr. Navies was
the only member who held two chair-
inanships, being also chairman of the
important committee on judiciary.
In addition to the reasslgnmeiit of!
committee memberships, the only I
i.m.i..... tranxurt...! i.v i h,. h.niuf. this I
afternoon was to approve the Journal ;
of the day before. Hoth houses will j
tomorrow appoint delegations to at-,
tend the funeral of Harry M. Dough-
elt1' ., ... . 1
l or Slate I'imi Hatchery. '
lu the senate, Mr. Hums will in-
trod ure. a measure for a state fish!
liutchery, the bill appropriating $10,-j
OIK) from the game protection fund '
for that purpose. The hatchery is to
be located either on state or federal !
land, or upon a tract donated by some !
individual. It is expected that the
spawn to start off the hatchery will
be donated by the federal government.
An effort will be made to have the
slule replace $7,00,0 in the game pro
tection fund that has been transferred
to the salary fund.
Deputy dame Wurdcn ruge 1!.
Otero will go to Albuquerque on Sat
urday to meet with sportsmen from j
all parts of the state to draft amend- j
meats to the game law.
ill of C0TTON nlsn;t
nfaannni Trt III i o.n,. jOUan.l ,r,c,.l ... .,.
MUblmlu IN
HQUS
CAUSES
Ml CHANGES
Austrian iiuisit miiik. i Alonterey whs issued late today at the
l.oo, Ion, .Ian. 2B (.1:11 a. in.) A 1 lule department:
dispatch to tho Daily Mail from Ven-: -Tbf, department Is In receipt of a
lee says it is reported there from 1 ,.t.,,OI.t st.,llnff tnut rai t.ommunic.i
I rlesto that an Austrian cruiser hasj tlou between F.I Paso, Tex., and Mon
struck a mine near the Urionl islands tt.r,.y ,H interrupted
und sunk. The Urioni islands are at! "it i reported to the department,
the mouth of the harbor of Pola, I under date of January 20, thai, tho
"Usirias big naval base and arsenal I troonu ut the eltvr nf Sun I.nlu I'nti.i
n the Adriatic.
The Day in Congress
SKXATF..
Met
at 11 a. m
The
administration .shinnine-
bill,
as revised by the senate canons
w us ',
ii'liorieo oy ine
commerce committee '
the measure pro -
anu debute on
ceedeil.
Majority Lender Kern gave notice
that night sessions would bo held to
meet republican opposition to gov
ernment ship purchase bill.
Senator o'donnun Introduced 11
hill to penalize use of mails for ne
gotiations of loans in violation of
Mtate usury statutes.
Confirmed nomination of Henry
Clay Hull to Biicceed himself us In
terstate Commerce commissioner.
Itecessed at 5:50 p. m. to 11
Wednesday.
a. in.
holsi;.
M'-t at 11 a. m. ,
Debate was resumed on the agri
cultural appropriation bill.
Hesolution introduced by ' Hepre
tentative GittinH of New York to re
quest the president to invue all na
tions to participate in a peace con
ference at Niagara Falls on or soon
after March 24, next.
Adjourned at 6 p. m. to noou Wed
nesday. WEATHER IX)KECAST.
Washington. Jan. 26.
Ijo: Fair Wednesday
"ay.
New Ilex
and Thurs-
u.mIiIiik ten, Jn. I'nlcss there
Is an unexpected increase in the de
mand for loans the f I :(r,niio,im) cot
ton fund will end lis existence shortly
after February I, Then subscription's
of banks through the north, west und
cast will lie cancelled und southern
bankers and Cotton men will be left
to finance the surplus crop In their
own way.
I'p date applications for loans
from the fund amount to about $12,
1100 and officials, here say they have
no reason to believe t tint there will be
many more applications tu fore (he
period for making them expires, Feb
ruary l.
The federal risen e board In Us in
dividual capacity, the central com
mittee of the cotton loan fund, has
conclude), in view of this showing,
that the plan should be abandoned. '
ROADS NOT FURNISHING
FREE TRANSPORTATION
BT MOSNINt JOURNAL SRCCIAL LBAACD WIRttl
Toledo, ()., Jan. 28. Railroads are
not furnishing free transportation for
Belgian relief supplies, according to
lleorge K. Pmneioy, one of the men
in charge of the work in Ohio, who
returned today from the New York
headquarters of the commission.
Karly in the movement, I'omeroy
said, a number of roads advertised
that they would carry supplies free to
New York, but afterward realizing
that they were in conflict with inter
state commerce laws, withdrew the
offer.
Pomerov suv all I lie ti unsliol'tation
expenses as well us the cost of main-
talnlng office rooms and other obli
gations are being borne by some
wealthy men in New York.
Convention Government As
sures Secretary Bryan That
It Will Right Wrongs When
oonirui is uamea,
RV MORNING JOURNAL SPECIAL LKAAAO WIRA
Washington. Jan. 20. Secretary
Bryan gave today his first Interview
tp Knriiiue C. Llorente, Washington
representative of the convention gov
ernment at Mexico City. Mr. Llo
rente said he went to the state de
partment by Instioirtiou fiom l.is ov-f
'ernmeut to Inform the I'nited fftates j
that full protection would bo
given I
foreigners and their property.
"I made a declaration," said Mr.
Llorente, "to the secretary of state on
behalf of my government, that in view
of the threatening attitude, of t'ar-
'ranza towards ioreign inuereMls in
ramplco, it was deemed convenient to
H''Y at " l l"lv'"ll"ii government
w" 'fov''l n,'1 utrlctly by the laws j
already In force and those that shall)
)p , uly r!,U!ut'1 " r'"(,l,,,,-t of , v,,?tr'1 i
'1"h'f- A" '"' wrongs committed by j
ihr rraiia. government at u iui
"""",u " as me convto-
.,,.7. , . ' . ' ... . .. '.
rntnent gains control of that
, h ; j aim of he conveniion
ovn,;'nt is to gain f.MtV dml " i
T.". . i. " .T. ?. . , .. " ' ... ... . ' , e '
foreign nations by showing a proper
degree of care for the lives and pron-
erty of their nationals."
Mr. I.lorcnte's visit was a senuel :
the conference w hich Secretary llryan !
hud last week with Kliseo Arredondo,
Washington representative of deneral
Carranza concerning the oil situation
at Tampieo. While it is the policy of
'the state department to deal through,
its consular agents with tho iiulhorl-l
ties in defaeto control at any point in
j Mexico, Secretary ISryun has received j
j unofficially representatives of all lac- i
I tions, though such conferences hav. '
j been comparatively few. I
j !
iSl'.M.MAHY OF SITTATIOX
IX IKMI1.1I MF.XHJO
Washington, Jan. 2li. -The follow- ;
ing summary of the military situation i
in Mexico around San l.uis Polosi and'
have Joined the anti-Villa faction und
I that there is no communication be
t tween that place and Aguas Calientes
i At the time this report wus sent tho
! trains hound for Mexico City from
; Kl 1'aso, Tex., have been unable to
j proceed beyond Aguaa Calientes anil
a great many Americans who were on
their way to Mexico City Were com
pelled to either remain at Aguas Call-
'ntPS r return to Kl Paso. From the
't,st information obtainable ii would
appear trial the train service to iviex--leo
City Is interrupted Indefinitely at
points south of Aguas Calientes."
JUDGE LINDSEY IN
CLASH WITH SOLONS
(y MfJItNINfl JOURNAL APICAL LIASIO WIRtl
Denver, Jan. 26. The Colorado'
house of representatives and the ju
venile court over which Judne Ken
U. Lindsey presides, clashed today
over whether Frank Dennis, aiied la,
should continue as house page. The
court had issued a warrant charging
Mrs. Anna Dennis with contributing
to juvenile delinquency in permitting
her son to uct as page. The house
adopted the recommendation of a
special committee to appoint every j
lawyer-member to defend Airs. Den-j
nis at her hearing next Friday. I
The house
motion when
floor leader,
warrant had
was thrown Into com
E. M. Sabln, republican
unnounced that such a
been issued. ..
More Survivors of lUuwher.
London, Jan. 26 (4:30 p. m.) Two
hundred addltlnal survivors of the
Herman cruiser Hluerher, sunk in tho
North sea Sunday hy British war
ships, have been landed. They in
cluded a few petty officers.
PROTECTION FOR
OIL INTERESTS IS !
j NOW PROMISED
ALBUQUERQUE,
FEDERAL JUDGE
TO PUSS UPON
TERRE HAUTE'S
Jurisdiction of United States
Government Matter Which
Never Has Been Determined
Fully by Courts,
ARGUMENTS MADE
FOR AND AGAINST IT
Three More Men Under Indict
ment Plead Guilty, Bringing
Total Up to Eighty-three, at
Present Time.
IT MORNINfll JOURNAL FACIAL LBABln WIRA)
Indianapolis, lnd., Jan. 26. tinted
states District Judge
A. H. Anderson
will rule next Monday morning
whether the federal government may
take cognizance of alleged election
iruuiis where senators and congress
men are Involved. He listened
today'
for five hours to arguments on this
question, which stands undetermined
more than 127 years after the adop -
tlon of the constitution of the I'nited
States, and took the question under
advisement.
The cases involved are those of
twenty-seven of the 126 men indicted
by the federal grand Jury on charges
of conspiring to corrupt an election
in Terre Haute, lnd., November 1,
1114. Representative A. O, Stanley
of Kentucky, arguing for the defense,
maintained that unless the offense!
i charged Involved the question of age,
color or previous condition of servi
tude, the mutter was one for state
courts because states have control of
their own suffrage Frank S. Kohy,
his colleague, argued that, in order
to charge fraud, It must be shown
I someone was doinived of something.
' Frank Halley, I'nited HtateH dis
' trict attorney for Indiana, argued that
, tho government had jurisdiction iniis-
much as congress fixed the day for
j the election. That a stute election
I occuri-exl the same day was incidental,
I he said. He rend decisions intended
; to refute Mr. Itoby's argument and
I declared that conspiracies to defraud
of IntaiigiblB viuets hud been recog-
ricied at law
;.Jt y n
nill.'h of it fl'ilitl. " hi. llo.
,.aIei ,0 conspire to steal a member
I of congress by corrupting an election
as It Is to conspire to steal a postage
stamp or a million dollars."
j Three more indicted men pleaded
guilty before the arguments today,
making a total of eighty-three to do
I so thus tar.
Food led In llclgiuin. '
New York, Jan. Uli. Foodstuffs as
well us cash are required' by the
American commission for relief in
Delirium, the commission noinled out
In a statement issued tonight explain-
ing what was alluded to as "confusion
,nHt hiis "risen through the activities
,,f various individual committees"
Th e committees have issued appeals
. I for cash contributions only, It was
stated, lending to a report that Ihe
I main oiKHiiizaiinn was not in further
, need of supplies.
IflY MUftNINd JOUflNAl APICAL LAAKO WIAI
ChiruKD, Jan. 26. Western rail
roads must bring Into court the basic
data on which they make their claim
that demands of enginenien for wae
Increases would add $40,1100, 000 an
nually to the pay rolls.
Judge Jeter C. Pritchard, chairman
of the board of arbitration, so ordered
today after Warren S. Stone, presi
dent of the Hrotherhood of Locomo
tive Engineers and of counsel for the
employes, declared figures submitted
to substantiate the railroads' conten
tion were inconsistent, in his belief,
with reports to the Interstate Com
merce commission.
The entire amount of data at Issue
would fill a small freight train, it was
taid, but an agreement probably will
be reached whereby this quantity will
bo greatly reduced.
J. H. Keefe, assistant generul mali
nger of the Uitlf, Colorado & Sunta
Fe railroad, testified today, under
cross examination by Mr. Ktone, that
earnings of the railroads involved In
this ease were, for 1914,' 111.8 per cent
loss than in 1910, and 11.5 per cent
less than In liH!. Increased tonnage,
he suid, was offset by increased ex
penses. The loss In gross operating
revenue from June to December,
1914, was $29, 000,000, us compared
with the suine five months of 191S,
he said.
Judge Pritchard adduced from Mr.
Keefe that when business fulls off
the number of freight trains ig re
duced and train crews lose their em
ployment. "Labor is the first to feel business
depression, isn't it?" asked Mr. Stone.
"eg," replied Mr. Keefe.
"The general managers, first of n'l,
must, get results and the human cle
ment does not count," continued Mr.
Stone, ut which W. L. Park, vice
president of the Illinois Central and
a member of the board, Interjected;
"Oh, no, Mr. Stone, I operate a rail
road and the human side of the busi
ness received much consideration
from me."
"Yes, Mr. Park, but the first con
sideration Is results. There must, it
any cost, be results, then, if so mind
ed, the operating managers can con
sider the men,"
ELECTION FRAUDS
in 1 11 1 1 nil mm p
na tm nuHUD
MHCT ORnniipr !
if 1 11.11 1 iiiiii 111 11
111 wu 1 1 IIUUUUL
MOBEEVIDEHCE
NEW MEXICO, WEDNESDAY,
SEIZURE OF ALL
Nothing Similar Known
to I lis
When
Acted
tory Since Days
Pharaoh of Egypt
Upon Advice of Josoi
LIVESTOCK SUPPLY TO
BE GREATLY CURTAILED
Hogs Are Being Converted Into
Sausage and Smoked Meats;
Brings War Home to People
as Nothing Else,
(r MORNIN JOURNAL A RACIAL I I AAA D WIRI)
llcrilii. flail. 2 fx In London. .Inn.
I:;t."i it. in ) Th governmental
order for tint expropriation of all
stocks of corn, Wheat and f,,ur, which
was announced most unexpectedly
last night, is naturally the chief topic
of discussion hy the tiewRimners and
"le people, All ale inclined to accept
ii in no ot'ni i'irii iiidi wMiioui grum
bling,
14 M II nil"'UkJ'i rl' urn., aj, . ,.
check , mlsllH,. f Kniln t k
, which ban been minu on ib snin. ti,
earner governmental measure, and
to conserve the grain until the next
harvest.
The Tageblatt, however, is inclined
to criticise the government for Its de
lay In finding out tliHt the 1914 har
vest was only an average instead of
a bumper crop, as at first announced,
and Its failure to adopt long ago steps
which are only now found necessary.
Itrings War Home to People.
The measure which brings the war
home to the Ocrmans. as nothing else
since the days; of mobilisation,
es right down to the smallest
reach-
1
hold. Kach family, no matter how
small or how poor. Is culled upon to
declare its stock of grain or flour, i
Juantitles below :'0 pounds are ex-j
empt from seizure. I
The expropriation was determined
Upon, it is authoritatively staled, be
cause of the fact that In spite of all
warnings and appeals the consump
tion of bread made of wheat and oth
er flour showed no signs of decreasing
and whs continuing at a rate which
threatened the vhHiHtimx of hMUpUcs
before the next hi 1 v 'St.
The available alternatives open to
the government were cither to allow
the natural rise in prices to check tho
consumption, which would have
thrown the whole burden of war
prices upon the poorer people, or to
expropriate the supplies und thus in
sure equitable distribution at prices
which would not be excessive.
Abuses Mere Continued.
Additional reasond lor Hie adoption
of the second alternative was found
in speculative abuses which, notwith
standing the patriotism of the Herman
people In general, have been going on,
) disregard
f the regulation prcsrrlh-
1 Ing an admixture of rye and potato
flour with wheat and particularly tho
feeding- of grain to livestock.
The measure provides for a reduc
tion in the number of livestock,
which, at the present time, is Hut
j greatest 011 record. Swine, to a large
j extent, ale being converted into sau
' sage ami smoked meals under (he
auspices
have been
if the communes, which
allowed to expropriate
them.
Mock of (train
I .ovv.
No information
regarding the Her-
loan stock of grain, ns established by
governmental inquiry, December 1,
can be obtained, but a high official
said that 'wliile it wus admittedly be
low the normal into of consumption
which In dermuny is about ,120 poundti
of rye and 20ti pounds each of wheat
und barley per capita per annum, it
was adequate, If properly husbanded,
to nourish tho people until the next
harvest.
The expropi iat ion does not extend
to grain imported from ubroad, to
which the existing maximum prices
do not apply, t Wheat in Merlin today
was $1.70 per bushel. )
Soda lisl lo Measure.
Importers, however, according to
the authority consulted, must offer
tho Imported grain either to the grain
monopolv company or to the com
munes. The expropriation, while purely a I
war rncasur.e, represents a socialistic
experiment which, since Pharaoh,
probably is without precedent either
In scale or Jn. character. Kxperis hero
are wondering just how it will work
out
The unnounrenient was virtually
without effect oil the grain exchange
where there bus been light trading
since tho adoption of the maximum
price regulation.
WOULD RETURN $40,000
FUND TO ROOSEVELT
fV MOWNINO, JOURNAL APICIAL LIAAIO WINB
Washington, Jan. 26. Under the
terms of a bill introduced today by
Senator Lodg'.', former President
Koosevelt would have returned to hiin
the $40,000 .Vol el peace prize award
ed him in J90fi, which he turned over
to the government as a fund for the
Foundation for Promotion of Indus
trial peace.
The fund was tendered as a nu
cleus for the foundation, its Income lo
aiil in its maintenance under the
guidance of a commission, Sufficient
interest, it is understood, could not
bo aroused in outside sources to pro
mote the work of tho foundation. This
is given us the reason for Senator
Lodge's bill, which would refund to
tho former president the principal of
the fund.
Thirty Killed Itf Aerial ISoinbs.
Ijondon, Jan. 2 7:15 p. m.) He
ports by way of "Copenhagen from
Russia say thirty persons were killed
and fifty injured in a bombardment
of Kl"lce, Poland, recently by Aus
triun aircraft.
GOVERNMENT IS
UNPRECEDENTED
JANUARY 27, 1915,
SIR EDWARD GREY
JUSTIFICATION
Dissects Interview of Dr. Von
Bctlimann-Hollvveg Given to
Repicsontative of the Asso
ciated Press,
GIVES BRITISH VERSION
OF BELGIAN AGREEMENT
Bluntly "Disputes Statements
Regarding What Kaiser's
Chancellor Meant by Merely
a Scrap of Paper,
IRV MORNINR IOURNAL RPICIAL LIAAAO WIR
Loudon, Jan. i ii p. m i sir
Kdwiuit lircy, Ihe HiiUhIi secretary of
state for foreign affairs, today author
ized the following statement In reply
to an interview with l"r. Von ileth-maiin-llolhveg,
the Herman Imperial
chancellor, obtained hy a representa
tive of Ihe Associated I'ress und pub
lished in London January HI and In
tho I'nited States January 2 a:
"Tho secretary of slate for foreign
affairs authorizes the publication of
the following observations upon the
report of an Interview recently grant
ed by the Herman chancellor tu an
American cor respondent.
'It Is not surprising that the der
ma n chancellor should shotv anxiety
to explain uay his now historic
phrase about a treaty being a. mere
scrap of paper
1'he phrase has made a deep ha
inessioii because the nroaress of the
world largely depends upon the sane -
tily of agreements between Individ-
I ....1 1 1... 11 j .1. 1
t ",,""ii,i uriAiTn iiaiionn 1100 me poi-
i lev disclosed 10 Herr Von liethinann.
Utollweg's phrase tends to debase the
legal
atul moral currency of the
world
Attempts to Change Meaning.
"What the Herman chancellor said
was that dreat Hriluln in requlriiisT
Ctirmaiiy to respect tile neutrality of
Belgium 'was going to muko war just
for a wind, Just for a scrap of paper'
that Is, that Ureal Hriluln was
making a mountain out of a moln-hlll.
lie now asks the Amii'lcuu public to
helievi) I hut h meant the Ai:t op
posite of what he suid, that it Was
dreut Hrituin who really regarded tho
neutrality of Itelgium us mere tri
fle and t hat It was dermuny who
took her responsibility towards the
netiirul states so seriously.
Ihe arguments by which Herr Von
llethmunn-Hollweg seeks to cstubllsh
the two sides of tills case IH'o ill Jiut
com radielion of the plain farts.
First, the Herman chancellor al
leges that England In 1911, wus de
termined to throw troops Into lielgium
Without the consent of Hie Itelglun
government. This ullegullon Is abso
lutely false. Jt is based upon Corfu In
documents found in Brussels which
record conversations between Uritish
and llclejau officers in 1906 und uguli)
in lull.
Xo .Military Argument.
"The fict that there is no note of
these conversations at the lliitish war
office or the foreign office shows that
they were of n purely Informal char
acter und that ho military agreement
of uny sort was at either time rnudc ,
between the two governments. Dolore
any i onvcisal ions look pliice between
the Prltiidi und the llelglan officers,
it was expressly laid down on the
lii ilish side that discussion of the mil
itary possibilities was to be addressed
to the manner In which, in case of
need, llrlllsh assistance could be most
effectually uriorded to Helium fur
Ihe defense of her neutrality and on
the lliigliui side a marginal note upon
the record explains that 'entry of the
English into itelgium would only take
place after the violation of our (liel
glani neutrality by ( lermaiiy.'
"As regards the i ouveisiition of
1911, the llelgiiin officer said to the
British officer: 'Von could only lend
in our eountrv with our consent.'; und
in lltLI, Sir Edward drey gave the
Jlelglau government a culegoricul as
surance that no liiilish government
would violate the neutrality of liel
gium und that 'so long us It was not
viola led by any oilier power we would
certainly not send tioops ourselves
into their territory.'
( luugcs Misstatement.
"The chancellor's method of mis
using documents may be illustrated 111
this connection. He represents Sir
Edward drey by saving: 'lie did not
believe England would take such a
step beniuse hi' did not thing English
public opinion would Juntify such ife
tion.' "What Sir Edward drey actually
wrote was: 'I said that 1 was suro
that this government would not be
tho first to violate the neutrality of
lhighim und 1 did not believe that
j any Uritish government would be the
I first to do so, nor would public oplu
l ion here approve of It.'
"If the Herman chancellor wishes
to know why there were mililuiy con
versations on military subjects be
tween British and Belgian officers he
may find one reason In a fuel well
known to him, namely: that der
muny wus establishing an elaborate
network of strategics! railways lend
ing from Hie Uhine to the Belgian
frontier through a barren, thinly po,-
ulated tract. The railways were dc- I
liherutely constructed to permit of a I
sudden attack upon Belgium, such us
was carried out last August.
Con vers" lions Justified.
"Jills fuct alone was enough to
justify any communications between
lielgium and the oiher powers on the
footing that there would be no viola
tion of Belglun neutrality, unless II
was previously violated by nnolher
power. On no other footing did Bel
gium ever have any such communica
tions. "Jn spite of these facts the derma u
chancellor speaks of Belgium us hav
ing thereby 'abandoned and forfeited"
her neutrality and he implies that he
.would not Jiuvc? spoken of tho Her-
MAKES A CAUSTIC
REPLY TO GERMAN
man invasion as a 'wrong' hail he
then known of the conversations of
ninl HU I.
"It would seem to follow that ac
cording to Herr Von llelhiimun-lloll-Wes's
jrodo wrong heroines right If the
party which Is to be the suhlict of
the wrong foiesees the possibility and
nukes preparations to resist It.
"Those who n iv content with older
and more generally accepted stand
ards are likely to asiee lather with
what 1'urdlnal Merrier suid in his pas
toral letter: 'HcIlUuiii was hound in
honor to defend her own Independ
ence. She kept her oath. The other
powers were hound to respect and to
protect her neutrality, (lerniuuy vio
lated her oath, Knghind kept her.
These are facts.'
Admits ( oniiinlllog Wriin;;.
"ill the sei olid pari of the chan
cellor's theslH, namely, that Hermany
took her responsibilities toward the
neutral slates seriously, he allege
nothing except that be spoke frunkly
of the wrong committed by liermaiiv'
III 1 1 1 V . 1 1 1 1 1 1 g llelgiiiiu.
"That a man knows the right while
doing the wrong Is not usually aercpt
d us proof of his serious conscien
tiousness. The real nature of tier-
iiiany's view ef lur 'responsibilities
toward the neutral slates' may, how
ever, be itaincd on authority which
cannot lie disputed by reference to
th Kutlish white pa, hi.
"If those responsibilities Were 111
truth taken seriously why, when del
many whs asked to respect the neu
trality of JlrU'luill if It were respected
hy France, did tielmany refus"''
France, when naked the corresponding
question l Ihe same time, agreed.
This would have giuiianteed Heruiany
from all daiiKir ol attack through
lielgium.
tyuotr Words of Von Jagoxv.
"The reason of del nuuiy's refusal
was given by Herr von Hethmunn
Hollweg's colleague tthe Herman for
eign secretary, Heir von Jagow). It
may be paragraphed In tho well
known gloss upon Shnkespcur";
'Thrice Is he armed that hath his
quarrel just, but four times ho that
gets his blow In lust '
"'They had to advance Into France,'
nild Herr von .lagovv, 'by the quickest
and easiest way so us to be able to get
well ahead with their operation and
endeavor to strike some decisive blow
as early hs possible,'
"tiei maiiy'j reul attitude towards
r.elKlam was thus frunkly given by
the Herman foreign secretary to the
Uritish ambassador, and the Herman
chancellor. 111 his speech to the relch
stag (Inline,) the right to commit i
wrong In virtue of the military nec
essity of hacking his way through
I The treaty which forbade the wrong
j was by comparison a mere scrap of
i paper.
1 ..'in... I... .11. .... ui.,1,.11 I,. Ihnuri
i i" itivi, mm r.,...,., ., ...
first statements bv the two Hernu.n
ministers. All the apologies and nr-
gumeuts which have since, been forth
coming, ore afterthoughts to excuse
and explain iiway a flagrant wrong.
Mori-over, all Ihe attacks upon Ureal.
Britain In regard to Mils matter and
ull talk about i esponslbililles towards
nuiltrul states' come badly from the
man who, on July 29, usked Ureal
Britain to enter Into a bargain to con
done -the violation of tho neutrality
of Belgium.
Word U CoiTcsKinlcnl.
j "The German chancellor spoke lo
the American correspondent of his
I 'efforts for years to bring about at:
' imdorstundlntr between England and
Hcrmany,' an understanding, he Rdd
ed, which would have 'absolutely
guaranteed the peuco of Europe.'
"He omitted to mention what Mr.
Asqutth made public In his speech at
Cardiff that dermany required as tha
price of an understanding an uncon
ditional pledge of England's neutral
ly. "Tho British government were
ready to bind themselves not to bo
parties to uny aggression ugulnst der
muny. They were not prepured to
pledge their neutrality In cuse of UK
greuslon by Hcrmany.
"An Anglo-dermun understanding
on tint latter terms would not have
meant an absolute guuruntee for the
peace of Europe, but It would have
meant un absolutely free hand for
dermuny, so far us England wus con
cerned, for dermany lo break thil
peace of Europe.
"The (haucsllor says Hint hi his
i conversation with Ihe British niiihas
j sudor In Augteit lust he 'may h
I been H bit excited ut seeing tho hopen
laud work of the whole period of his
j chancellorship going for n.innht.'
I Considering that ut. the dale ol the
conversation, August 4, Hcrmany bud
already made war on France, Hie na
tural conclusion Is Hint Hio ship
wreck of Ihe chancellor's holies con
sisted not In a European war out 'n
tho fact that England had not ugreel
to stuiq, out of (,
"The sincerity of the Herman chan
cellor's professions to the American
correspondent may bo brought to tt
very simple test.
"Herr von Bel hiuuiin-l lollwcg re
fused the proposal which Engluhd put
forward und In which Frunec, Italy
und Jtussla concurred, for a confer
ence ut which the dispute would hnve
been settled on fair and honorable
terms without war. If he really wish
ed to work with England for peace
why did he not accept that proposal?
He must, have known after tho Bal
kan conference In London that Eng
land could be trusted to play fair.
Herr von Jugow had lilven testimony
In tho leiclislug to England's good
faith In those negotiations.
"The proposal for Hie second con
ference between the powers wild made
by Sir Edwuid drey with Ihe same
straightforward desire for peace as
In 1912 and liidi. The derniun chan
cellor rejected this means of averting
the war, He who does not will Ihe
means, must not complain if the con
clusion is drawn thai, he did not will
the end.
"The second part of the Interview
with mi American newspaper corre
spondent consists of it discourse upon
the ethics of the war. The thhins
which dermuny iius done in Belgium
and Franco have been plueed on rec
ord by those who havo suffered from
them und who know them at flmt
hand. Alter this it does not lie with
the Herman chancellor to reud to the
other belligerents u lecture, upon :he
conduct of the war.''
AMERICAN ARRESTED
IN GERMANY RELEASED
lav MOANIN4 JOURNAL ARlOlAL LSARID WIRBi
New York, Jan. 2li. Edward
Bright, un American citizen, arrested
at Hoetingen, Hcrmany, October 17,
charged with being a spy and held In
prison until the early part of Junuury,
arrived hero today, a passenger lu the
steamer ftindam.
Mr. Bright, who was attending doe
llngeti university ut the outbreak of
the war, sold he knew of no reuson
that warranted bis arrest.
Mr. Bright was released through
the efforts of Ambassador derard ut
Berlin.
Dally b Carrier or Mnll, tioo
Montli. Wiik lo Copies, 6o
L
IY DE SIGNAL
Dcspciatc Fighting Is Report
ed in France and Belgium
Without Much Gain by
Either Contestant,
RUSSIAN MOVEMENT
CONTINUES IN EAST
Austrian Annies Are Concen
tiatiugto Resist Pi ogress of
Muscovites in Plains of
Hungary,
. iai MoasiNa jouahal (facial caaaiu mnsAi
London, Jun, 2H (10:40 p. in.) The
Hermans, who sie reported from Hol
land to It making preparations for u,
hlg military venture to celebrute tho
emperor's birthday tomorrow havo
minlo a si inevvhat more determined
effort than usuul ugulnst the French
ami British linos in Flanders and
northern France. They have deliv
ered an attack on the French to the
east of Ypres and no lens than five
attacks on the first division of tho
British force" on either side of Lu,
Uassee "canal. ' Both Uritish and
French official reports assert that ail
these Aittaeks fulled of their object
and that the Hermans suffered heavy
losses.
The Hermans, on the other hand,
while admitting that their attack oh
the British north of the channel was
unsuccessful, say that on Hie south
side of the waterway their efforts re
sulted In complete success und that
the British attempts to recapture theso
trenches Were repulsed with luuvy
losses.
These attacks followed u heavy
homburdment by Uritish artillery of
the Herman positions beyond Ui Bus
see In which, according to reports
from BouloKiie, one big Hermuii Kim
Wus destroyed, while the dertuaiis
were prevented from getting a. secon
dary heavy gun into position.
This wu8 on Saturday. On Monday
the. dcruians made their uttu ks and
Hone of the hardest fighting of tho
campaign took place. The hospital ut
Uethuns. wwi shelled by the Hermann
and the wounded hud to be removed
to UouIohii. There also hus been
heavy fighting to the east and west of
Cranne, in tho Argonns and lu Al
sace. The Bosnians are making another
effort to advance In East Prussiu.
while In Poland there has been a
slackening in the fighting on both
sides for the moment. The llusslatia
up pear lo he concentration them
selves on their offensive north of the
Summary of War
News of Yesterday
Tho relative positions of the ullicd
"i ones and the Hermans lu the west
remain much us they have been for
weeks past, Hio official reports of
the engagements indicating only
"light gains or losses on either side.
II Is evident, however, (hut the Her
mans ure displaying n greater degree
or activity along the front in tho
northern section. There me reports
that prepurHilons sro under wuy for
a Mrong movement and even morn
determined effort than ever, in cele
bration ,,f the coming unnlverift'
of the emperor's birth.
In the eastern theater of the war
there is for the time being a lull In
I ho righting, which frequently h.is
il ine cuse when Hie ouihimIiih'
fori
ure preparing for e.xtomlml
movements.
That dreut Britain did not lose
ships in tho fight in the North sea.
lust Sunday, us wus claimed l,u Her.
many, is the assertion of ti i
udmirulty. A report Issued by Iho
admiralty says ull the ships engaged
huve returned to port, but that two
of tin. in wen- damaged und that oim
officer and thirteen men worn killed
und three officers and Iwouly-slx
men wounded In the hallle.
Although dcimunv hud ordered
seised all stocks of corn, wheat and
flour in the empire, In order to con
serve the food supply, the Herman
embassy ut Washington ha.) liotiflecl
Ihe ntute department that tho order
of cclzure will not apply lo looclbttifra
soul to individuals la dei'tnuny from
Ihe Fulled .States.
The Netherlands premier told the
lower chamber of parliament ut Tho
Hague thut the entire Dutch army
most he kept with tho colors.
"At any moment," he added, "Inei-
: dents are possible which mny render
it necessary for us to muko un. iippegl
to arms."
A 'fcppeiin airship dropping bomh-j
In Lilian. l;us.sia, vwis brought down
in tho Baltic sea and iU crew cup-
lured.
Tile Herman protected cruijier C,n
xelle bun been torpedoed in the Ual
He sea by uu unknown submarine.
She wus not too budiy, damaged,
however, to make port.
Copenhagen bears that thirty per
sons were killed and fifty injured in
an Austrian aerial raid over Kielce,
Poland.
Sir Edward drey, the British for
eign secretary, has authorls: rl a
slaiemeni , in reply to tho recent
"sciap of paper" interview of tho
Herman Imperial i huucellor. In which
strong denial is made that Croat Hrit
uin lu J9I1 was determined to throw
troops into Belgium without, the as
sent of the Belgian government. Sir
Edward had assured the jielglans.
the statement says, thut no HHUsh
government would violate the neu
trality of Belgium so long as It wu
not violated by any othei power,
lierrimnv's building of alleged stra
tegical railways on the lino to tho
Belgian frontier Is given as one res
son for conversations on military sub.
Jeeta between Brttuh and Belgian officer.
ROYA
BIRTHDAY
FOR AN ATTACK BY
GERMAN FORCES

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