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ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JOURNAL.
TIIIKTV-SIXTH YEAR vol', cxxxxv. n. ai. SIXTEEN PAGES. ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO, SUNDAY, JANUARY 31, 1915, SECTION ONE Pages Ho 8. Dully br Carrier or Mall, too Month. Single Copies, 60 STRUGGLE OVER SHIPPING BILL IS HALTED BECAUSE OF SHU Most Desperate Parliamentary Fight in History of Country Is Waged Over Administra tion Measute, WILLIAM ALDEN SMITH PAINTSSLOOMYPICTURE Says Country Is Going to the Bow-wows and Makes Bit ter Attack on President; : Siiioot Talks AHNij'hl, ,Ry HnRNIhfl JOURNAL .".. AL ICARfD RMRI 1 Wellington. ';in. :!.--An nrrni;. U't j in the battle mi Kin r 1 1 n 1 i 11 i m 1 1 1 1 1 i ri i l-hiliping Mil In I lie senate .".inn" to- j liU;lit alter one of the most strenuous parliamentary struggles congress has: known in wont years. From 11 a.; m. yesterday nil throiiKh Inst night and toilay und into another night the j contest pincoeded with a spirit little j short of desperation on both sides. n- til tho wearied louder agreed to u 1 reress (it midnight until 10 a. in. Mon-' day. Always Just ahead was a final vote; on tho shipping hill, which would; break the, senate deadlock and release 1 the block irte of legislation. The pre-1 Hiding officer had ordered the ayes and nays on tho vote and no further parliamentary advice was available to the opposing republicans. Physical endurance alone remained to hold back the taking of the vote. j Although the democrats proposed ! the recess over Sunday to interrupt) the thirty-seven hours continuous de-; hate, administration lenders Insisted that the action meant no let-up in their determination to press the hill. "We agreed to the recess because of Sunday," said Senator Simmons, "Just as we -did In the filibuster against the rivers and harbors ap propriation I. ill liist fall. But begin ning Monday at 10 o'clock it Is our purpose to ytress the hill with all the force that is in our power."- " Senator Simmons announced he was authorised to deny reports that the administration was considering with drawing the shipping bill from the senate. 1 ' Smith tn INwonsolutp. Ijit In the day Senator William Al den Smith of Michigan relieved his republican colleagues who had been holding the. floor since early morning when Senator Hinoot concluded his all-night speech. Senator Smith turned his attention to a bitter ar raignment of the administration's pol icy and painted a. gloomy word pic ture of the business conditions of the country under the democratic, tariff. An area of "record-breuking business I mortality" had followed the enact-1 ment of that tariff, he said, and he i characterized the shipping bill as the I "fifth administration folly." j "I don't think we hare ever had a president who wus hopeful with so little cause as the present Incumbent of the White House," he said. "From the day he signed the tariff bill he has not let a week go by without pro claiming that prosperity was here." Senator Smith read many figures which ho declared proved the condi tions he had recited, and repeatedy challenged the democrats to answer his statements. Majority members re fused to be drawn Into a tariff de bate, however, Ignoring the challenges with weary, apathetic silence. Senator Smoot, who talked eleven find one-half hours las' night re-appeared on the floor early tonight much refreshed and ready for anoth er argument should his services prove necessa ry. Situation Tense. Throughout the long day session and as night fell again the situation was tense. Many of the senators slept in their seats after the long watches through last night; others stretched on the sofas circling the senate cham ber; others formed team relays, of fensive and defensive, to crowd the measure to a vote or to hold it back. Th'ere was little sharp parliamentary fencing. In the main it was steady speechmaking, with here and thero a flash of wit or bitterness. Senator Lodge again gave warning that the buying of belligerent ships would precipitate grave international complications with Great Britain, France and Uussia, and would "start this nation on the highway of war." During the day it was the expecta tion on both sides of the chamber that the contest would be carried through the night and into Sunday. But at i p. m. Senator Kern, leader of the Administration forces, gave notice that the battle would bo suspended, until Monday and secured unanimous con sent for the recess. At the same time there came the announcement from democratic conference rooms that the bill would he kept before the senate continuously next week without ad journment or recess, until the measure WKATIfFU FORECAST. Washington, Jan, -St. New Mexico: Fair south, snow north portion Sunday; Monday fair. wus pnsied - tlniH resuming the endur unce test after the truce of tonight. Senator Smith of Michigan held the floor for several hour of (he night session, assailing the democratic ad ministration for nil Its herniation. He di.i ii.-i; ed business conditions In many slates and engaged several democratic senator: jit colloquies i,,, p,,,. ceeded llrMmv As'.h gttoNlioii. Senator ttristow asked Senator Smllh ps a member of the foreign re lations committee if he had heard that the people of Hieat Bri.aln, (ler many and even France were begin ning to f'-el unfriendly toward the I'tiiteil Ktatva. The Kansas senator declared that lie bad today been told this by an Annrican tourist who had Just returned from these conn, tries. Senator Smith declared that there wait no "i,uesiiou but wltut the i"tilei-'il pulley i,f the nilmiliislruliou is making ii.i enemies.'' The senate galii rieM gradually filled wi'.h : pi claim s and as the evening wore on, many si naiois who had gone home for a brii f resi returned to the chamber, mine of them in evening il ress. Senator Smith's discourse covered a wide field. time he said, "1 heard ll'.e secretary of the treasury ask a distinguished audience at San IHcgo, Calif., the oth er day: 'vVhut is the mutter with the country'." The people who heaid hint were struck dumb. Nobody could an swer met finally the secretary of the 1 1 ivtsin y ; d . " 'Not .1 damn t htng.' " "i. I I understand the senator from Mulligan to my that lie was present and heal. I this' tsk it Senator (' 1,11- 1 ton. "Yea, I was present," Senator smith j replied, "And was struck dumb?" asked Senator Chilton, precipitating an up- ( roar in the galleries and chamber. I i BK SUBMARINE War on LnXiana S OllipymS Being Carried Out tively Far From Eff ec- j Kl'ivcal i nuvui: Base of German Fleet, i. lev WOSNINfl JOURNAL SrVCIAL LIAIO WSII I iiulon, .lun. 31 a. m.) A t least one other vessel besides the Ben Cruachen wus sunk by the Herman submarine .This fact hecame ' known .tonight' when a trawler brought In the eleven members of the crew of the steamer I.indu fllancho which wis sent to the bottom by the German rtiider. The Linda Hlnnciie was on lis wuy from Manchester to Belfast when the submarine suddenly appeared along- T VESSELS SENT TO BOTTOM side. Officers came aboard and Injlilanco and Aguirrc Henavides, who 1 btiasy. that no communication, official perfect Fnglish ordered the crew to , fled from Mexico City with Knlullo ! or otherwise, in subject had been re leave tho steamer. As soon as the , Gutierrez, have joined the Carranzu celveil from Sir Edward. Not only men of the Unda Blanche were in I movement, but nothing Is known of;"'" the. American government not their boats the Germans attached a mine to the bridge and another to the forecastle. The mines were then ex ploded, lestroying the vessel. The Germans told the British sail- j Although the siege of 1'ucbla is said ! A ,hp lMnh embassy tho view ors they could find a trawler by pro-j to have been abandoned by Zapata j wus volunteered that since the pend ceeding in a certain direction ond the his forces are still in occupation of the i lug 1,111 tiii not yet passed, negotla crew was picked up when the fishing i farthest c-utlying suburbs of Mexico ! thins would not be proper, and that boat was reached. The skipper of the trawler stated that at 1 p. m. yesterday he sighted another ship on which an explosion evidently had occurred. Cle was steer ing In the direction of this vessel when he picked up the Linda Blanche's boat. When he reached the j point where he had seen the other ship he found no 1 rare of wreckage and believed It went down after he first sighted it. A vn liable shipping records contain no mention of the Linda Blanche. She probably Is a small coasting Rteamer. . vitfu cm:w i.kivfs boat IT IS J'liO.MPTl.Y SI NK Fleetwood, Jan. 30 (via , London, 10:21) p. in.) The German submarine 21 today torpedoed the North Shields steamer Ken Cruachen off this port. The entire crew, numbering twenty, was landed here. The captain of the steamer says he was overtaken by the submarine this morning and ordered to leave his ship j witnin ten minutes. Hardly nan tne crew got into the boats when a tor- i pedo wras fired and the steamer went down. The Ben Crunchen, which was of 1,97s tons register and belonged to the Morrison Shipping company, was on a voyage from the Orkney Islunds to Liverpool with a general cargo. Fleetwood Is one of the principal fishing and. shipping ports and wa tering places on the west coast. BRITISH IWSSF.XC.IVU Mill ' ESCAPES SI BM ARIXE Liverpool, Jan. 31 (via London, 2:53 a. in.) The Ben Crunchen left Cardiff Tuesday with BOO tons of coal and was on Its way to this city, ac cording to the Liverpool Post, when It met the submarine. The st?amer Graphic, with passen gers, Belfast to Liverpool, the paper says, passed wreckage and soon after ward saw the Ben Cruachen sink. The Graphic was chased but eluded pur suit and reached the Mersey safely. SnWARIXK RAH IS CAl'SE OF CHEAT ALRM London, Jan. 30 (11:30 p. m.) The appearance of the German submarine 2t, which sank the little steamer Ben Cruachen off Fleetwood on the west coast of England not far north of OBREGQN RULES III MEXICO CITY 'S Three Armed Factions in Field, Each Claiming to Be Con stitutional Government of RppuMic, VILLA AND ZAPATA WORKING TOGETHER Forces of First Chief Hold San Luis Potosi and Are Threat ening Monterey, It Is Re port ed, RV I.C1NNIS4 JOURNAL RPtflAL ItAKAD WISH Wuf.IiIi;U Ian. .'(0. -General Ob regon rules at Mcxicu City in the name, of General t 'arr.i nan, fiist chief ''"iHlllllll.ilialisIs, who is at Vers Cruz, General Villa in at Agnas i ullentes, General Zapata at i iicrna- vaca, unj the whereabouts "f Ko'iue ; Gonzales llarsm, F.ulalio (iutierren, ! lately successively in charge of the executive power in Mexico City, are unknown. Tlireo DiMtlnct Force. This Is the geographical distribu- i tlou of the various chiefs in Mexico, I shown In advices today to the stale i department. Three distinct inove- ; ments Independent of each oth- j ' er are In the field with forces of i varying magnitude, flenernl Carran- j za, at the head of a large part of the I I original constitutionalist forces will , remain at Vera Cruz, which it is un derstood will continue as the capital eral Obregon'a men. The. menace a pat a anil Villa. ; forces of Genera! Zapata the. lines of communications! between V'nr.i Crux and Mexico Cilv. I'ey r un said to be working mj (harmony with the Villa forces under! !lh. i, , I 1. '.. t f i Ih. ....nt.AnO.,i. ! eminent. j In the north tho Carrnnza forces hold San Iuls I'otosl and are threat AS GARRANZA REPRESENTATIVE enlng Monterey, which is held by Hen. !lvon, Hr wldclv Zv.h J .lodav mUimv 'd that thi. atUok wan to FeJIpe. Ansrhi,- chief -lieutenant of! ' lh..l,.B,i.u,,,).1 of a rH,ort j supported by other forces which w General Villa. The latter at Aguas j ; r'""11 ot lhf l1 w J n ot ft rM0" uisperm.d by our artillery fire. Calientes is preparing a southward movement against Queretaro, where Isome of the forces of General Gutler- j res are reported to have assembled. ( . Join With Carranj,. Dispatches to the Carranza agency! j here suv that Henerals Jtobles. Luclo the Intentions of Gutierrez, himself, i naked or received the formal views of General Obregon at Mexico City was'"''Pt Ihitaln, but no expressions of officially reported as disclaiming anyjan official character have come from combination with Gutierrez. either Russia or France. City, according to state reports. department VILLA IlEl'OKTKIi WOI'NDFI) 1JV II F.IHIO i Igislation, would commit any unneu .. I mil act. It was stated authoritative- Kl Paso, Tex., Jan. 30. Gen. Fran- y, however, that tho British nmbns clsco Villa, northern revolutionary j sailor has made It clear in a recent chieftain, was shot but only slightly j conversation with Secretary Bryan, wounded several days ago at Agnus what, under certain circumstances, Calientes, in a shooting affair the de-Would be the view of tho British gov tuils of which have been carefully J eminent, pointing out incidentally suppressed. This was the report j that while England in the past hnd brought directly from Villa's head- , recognized some transfers of flag quarters by persons w ho arrived on I during War as legal, there was no today's train. Local rumors had related that villa hud been seriously wounded by Col. Hodolfo Fierro, his personal body guard ond a notorious Mexican "gun man." Those who came from Aguas Calientes said that they had been un able to learn who had shot Villa. The shooting occurred at his car in the railroad yards, nt about the time when American Consul Sillimnn at Mexico City telegraphed Washington officials that he had received a report of Villa having been seriously in- jured ror iwo oays no definite word has come of condilions In the Interior south of Aguas Callenl.es, nor of any important military movements on eilher side. South of Aguas Calientes thero is an embargo on both railroad and telegraph service. The Villa of ficials at Juarez even have failed to confirm reports that Carrnnza troops occupy the capital. Liverpool,, has created a profound sensation in shipping circles following the sinking of the, steamers off the French and Belgian coasts by similar craft. These raids on commerce are re garded here as demonstrating that Germany it attempting to curry out the reported threat of Admiral Von Tirpt5 to prey on all shipping enter ing British ports by the use of sub marines. The 21, according to the latest naval lists, is one of the largest German submarines but it was not thought their cruising radius was suf ficient to enable them to reach a point so far from their base. l ive Injured In Wreck. Jacksonville, Fla., Jan, 30. Five persons were injured, none seriously, today hy the derailment ai Callahan, Fla., of the Atlantic Coast Line's New York and West Indian limited, from New York to Jacksonville. INJURED REFUGEES IN ITALIAN CITIES tv uosnin jauneAL picial iao ftmai ' Rome, Jan. HO (1 Hi p. m.j More than 20,01111 injured refugees from the district devastated ,y w earth quake Jail Hurt' 13, ll.io been enn ceatiated In tho ia("tl alone, while nearly 13, Olid limi" have been ac ccinnifd for at five ether Jlii'i. The lists .lie 'by no mentis com plete, for probably thousands of oth er ate being cured fur in the lcio ity of their hulies. Naples Is sheltering Hl.iHIII refu gees, Auullla .30. fhletu Tart, Te- Iramo anil .Vienna ! i . NEARLY LYNCH NEGRO FOR ATTACKING WOMAN Chicago. Jan. :!a I itleen men who responded lo a woman's cries for help tonight, i ndeavored to lynch a negro who, It la alleged, they found j strangling to wrest n handbag from j Mrs. Vernii Hill. j The negro, who rave tho miiiip of I William Jones, wus taken to u barn! in the neighborhood and was rescued1 by tho police wniie feme ot his cap tors were searching fur n rop. The man's nrniH an. I snkle were broken and otic of his eves was al most punc hed out, Killnl llesci laliai,- Into Mine. Clippie Creek, Colo, J.h so. M. A i.ullai'Ke, a lesser at the l.jgau mine, waa overcome tv foul air .while descending the Mliaft tidn fell from Ibe cage a lid Was killed The body, 'which lodged in the timbering at the 'bottom of the 7 .lit-fool t-liuft, was re covered by fc crew of rescuer j equipped w ith oxygen helmets. i E n . , , . , r t iNomiea dune uepanmeiu Ul UUIt'tUUIIb It) ritlll UHUCI Way, IBV MONNINfl JOURNAL PKCIAL LKAIKO WINI) Washington, Jon. 30. Diplomatic phases of tho proposed purchase of ships by the rnlt-d States govern- that Sir Edward Grey had Informed the state department that such Pttr- i ettases, If including f.erman or Aus trian ships, would pa renamed as constituting an unneutral net. It was slated positively ut the state t department as wi us the British em- f ven It tne measure were cnnciea, there was no reason to suppose that (the United States government, exer cising the powers designated by the (doubt In his mind of the opposition of Russia find France, What the hypothetical clrcum st uncos are to which the British am bassador referred, have not been dis closed, hut they tire presumed to re late to tiny general or wholesale re lease of German and Austrian ships now docked In American ports. Although the British ambassador discussed the subject orally with Sec retary Brynn recently, a distinction was drawn nt tho embassy today be tween tils personal views und any of ficial expression by direction of his government. MINING PROPERTIES IN RECEIVER'S HANDS V MOSNINa JOURNAL RCIAL LIAUD IRI Seattle, Wash.. Jan. 30. 1'nitcd States District Judge Cushmun today appointed Carl N. Johansnn of Seattle receiver of the Uoldfleld Merger Mines company and the Goldfleld Ieep Mines company, two Washington cor porations owning and operating valu able mines in Nevada, on application of Lucy V. S. Ames, a resident of Missouri, and a share-holder in the companies. The complaint charges J. Boss Chirk of Los Angeles and O. O. Whltemore of San Francisco and C. E. Redman, president and vice president of the companies with mailing secret purch ases of th controlling Interest in tho companies and selling an enormous ore bodv known as the Jumbo Mine to a mlbsidary company owned by the defendant, for 8,0d0. . Plaintiff alleges that she was Induced to pur chase shares In the companies on the representations of Wbitemore that former United States Senator Clark was Interested In tho companies. As receiver, Johanson was em powered by Judge Cushman to exeit his Receivership to, othfr Jurisdictions. ENGLAND LIKELY TO IKE KICK ON SHIP PORCHAS F HO CLA M STEADY GAINS AO! ADVANCE IS Official Eye-witness State ment Given Out by War Of fice Covet Hostilities, lg Ton' Days of GERMAN FATALITIES SAID TO BE ENORMOUS Detailed Account of Fifihting in Western Theater of War Reveals Many liitcrestins Developments. 1ST NOSHIS4 JOUNNAi. aPSCIM- I !! Wll! I'ariK, Jan. M.I ft p. to. An -of I'i- lul .. i:tuess Mlalemcnt wit issued I bv Itie l i-eie li war utllee today ov-I i.i-ii.r tl,-. i.,.i-i.,.l ..f 111., eilotlialull In! Franco from .lanuaiy Hi to .lai.uerv il It savs- w,. ,.,i",. ........ !...., iihf hut reijoli.e. I'mlcr the cover of Ittght troops protecte, by purlubla hticklem slip along' the dunes and roads, rap Idly Improvising new defenses w.lh sacks, buskets and cases filled with earth, for deep trenches are lmp" slhln in the sandy ground. The ar tillery (supporting these operations has made many of the Herman trenches in tho dunes untenable. The only infantry action around Yprea occurred at dawn January 2a, when a Herman Infantry company deployed K.O yards from our lines and charged ut double quick. Three companies followed each other ut short distances, supported by an on- Tbls attack wa In- i HI Hill iy I IIHRIHI I IV lilt Uiiiuv ot .Ur infantry jnipporled by art'.U- Th o(tirfr ,.ommUndlng the j company was the nrst to run, anu in j a few minutes the ground was covered 1 with more than 8U0 Herman dead. whllo many became entangled in the barbel wire and were mailt prisoners. Some of them, notwithstanding pain ful Injuries from the barbs, toro them selves out of tho tangle. The prls- h were lolcnt Attack Itcpnlscd. "British Infantry and French ar tillery repulsed a violent attack a La Bassee. Hundreds of dead still He In the field. The attack was renewed and again repulsed, the German loss es bclnK at bast two battalion (2,000 men). "From Iji !!-' to Arras there have been continuous artillery engagement. the most violent at Blangy, which was followed by an Infantry charge In force. The entire shock was received by three companies, which held thi Ir ground In spite of a. formidable can nonading by three-inch; four-Inch, six-Inch anil eight -Inch guns, bombs, and grenades. it been inn necessary to abundon the burning houses at Ia Fondorle which were destroyed by Germans. Purl of our forces suc ceeded in retiring; tho others were killed or wounded and fell Into the enemy's hands. ' "Three companies from the second line of defense delivered several coun ter-attack! wilt file and bayonet un til the lost ground was regained. "The action whs particularly vio lent ut Iji BoIhi lie, being nearly con tinuous from January 16 to January 2(1. A prlioner taken January IS said that Emperor William has or dered the occupation of this place, In honor of the anniversary of til's founding of the empire and promised 700 marks to whomsoever brought back a French machine gun. No ma chine gun wiih captured, but nine suc cessive attacks wi re repulsed. "Tho explosion of a depot of melan llo permitted the enemy to capture a small section of the trenches, but they were driven out half an hour later und tho cemetery at Iji Bolsello was found lo be lull of German dead, including several officers. Lines In Close Contact. "Around Solssons the eivmy had gained no advantage since January H. At Painsy the two adversaries urn within 20 yards of each other and the satno lino of barbed wire serves fts a. defense for each side. Four companies of Herman attacked at this point, after the explosion of a mine, but were repulsed, and a counl.'r-attaeks drove the enemy from the trenches. They left hundreds or dead and many wounded. Our losses was forty killed. "There was a. three days battle nt Berry-aii-lluc, beginning with a bom bardment on January 20 which de moralized our trenches and permitted a successful attack by the infantry. Tho enemy Installed himself In our advanced trenches and resisted our count er-uttack on January SI, from 8 o'clock until 11, when we reached one trench and took a number of 'prisoners.. Tlhe other fr"nch wn held until the 23rd, when an attack by a single company of French In fantry succeeded. The enemy left twenty prisoners In our hands, but Immediately engaged in an artillery action lasting four hours. This fol lowed by a counter-attack by the German Infantry, which was repulsed with heavy loss. Both Sides Make Cuius. "In the region of Tcrthes the Ger mans tried desperately to reconquer tho positions they had previously ltt, but we maintained our position and made further gains. The German IE1J SLIGHT gained about lil yards of ntir nd vmiich with their forces, but w galnel more than thai. "In lepretre Wood, northwest of Poiil-a-Moussoii, wo have gained Im portant successes In spHo of the fact that part of the Hermans has since lost. The entire forest two mouth ago was In the hands of tho Herimins. Foot by foot We have cniiucred near ly the whole of It. The fighting In tills region has been particularly se vere. In one Instance, on January 17, we ruptured sev eral of the enemy's works In a counter-attack. An en tire Herman company was taken, ut cliidlnir several officers. On the ISth we gained r.OU yards of th' enetnv's trenches, while on the 19th we made i ... . . . , . i . i.u.... an novuuee oi rati yarns itcjouu m.-r. trenches. We picked up dead and wounded In sufficient number to In dicate that the enemy's losses In these engagements were more than a bat talion. "Since the F.Hh the Hermans have conilniiiillv attacked this point desper. alely, 1 tit have regained only II third of (he ground lost.'' Trisips Display Heroism. "In the Verges, Hartmann-Weilcr-kopf was held by two suctions In the beginning. (A section numbers six teen men,) later these were rein forced by three companies. Here our c h u usse tit's made a heroic stand, but this was liirlotisly attacked bv Im portant forces of (he enemy In a heavy snowstorm and fog. and unable to see more llian ten yatils aheud of tlo'm, this small detachment knowing the KUurd hud only llilu cartridges, net ml on January !! over the rockv de clivity which was ol.siruei,ed by thick ets, to save their comrades. "Two coiupaiiliH tiled to reach the ' le iny's left; two others marched I ward the r. Khl, but the Hi-rmans were : strongly organised and the advance ; wH I"W. The men, slipping Oil the Ice and falling back on accessory de fenses, fought nil day. From the summit tho guard heard tho firing. and In the evening their trumpets sounded a salute, our men continued to gain ground on the 2lsl up the slope, but slowly. The chnusseum still held out. Assault after assault was delivered, Two officers fell at the head of their men, but In spite of the Ice and barbed wire the force ad vaneed, "At nightfall nothing more wii heard from tho summit and the handful of valiant defenders mic Climbed hefora help arrived. The re llevlng party now commands the summit of tho heights, preventing any offensive movement by the enemy." PHONY BUTTER SALES BRING ON HEAVY FINES lY MORNIN JOURNAL RRIOIAL LRAItO WIRtl St. 'Louis, Mo., Jan. 30. Twenty seven men were sentenced In the fed eral district court here today t heavy fine, or . Imprhonment or both, for violation f th law, Impos ing a tax on colored oleomargarine. Of the twenty-seven, eight hud been convicted by Juries and nineteen had pleaded guilty. Most of the men were fined ,1,000 each. One was lined $10,000, Alt hut one were given prison sentences, ranifliu.' from thirty days to) three and one-half years. The heaviest sentence Was Imposed on Lester 11. Kennedy, who, tho pre siding Judge said, hud been the ring leader In the conspiracy and hnd corrupted others. Arbitration Details Not Completed. Cleveland, ()., Jan. 30. Details Mr tho arbitration of the wage contro versy which has kept 1 5.000 coal miners In the eastern Ohio fields Idle for ten months, were not completed today. A provisional agreement to ar bitrate, was reached yesterday. Summary of War News of Yesterday Another daring raid on British com merce has been carried out success- fullv bv a Herman warship. ThW ovnlnlt mum iieeomlillshcd by a sub marine which sank at least two steam ers off the west coast of Knglai.i, n... far from Liverpool. The crews of both were saved. England now believes Hi 'it Herniary hns decided to make good the threat of Admiral von Tlrpltz, H.nt submar ines might be used to sink merchant vessels flvlnir the llrltlsr flag. Tho uti.i. u be tin. submarine far from Its h ,..i,i ouiv i moil distance d' the coast hu cmsel si s-tiditioti in Nhlotiliiir circles, beiiiuso of the ftt that steamers have already I" en suna off the French and Belgian coasts. The conflVt which Ipu embroiled the greater part of Europe in tne world's grciteHt w.ir, now lias l.t' d half a year w'thint decisive advant age having been gain" I n any find. As the seven I h in uith of the slrutfgie begins, new armies are iing organ ized and new cumpulgns mapped out This Is true, particularly in the east where H if-In ha,- ih l ed again into kher tremendous reserv es of men pr puratory to an effort to detent de cisively the Austro-Herman allies, offlcl'il reports from ivirograd ere optlmlHtlc, and claim victories of mole or es Import tn -e for the, Russia tu i various fields. Engagements of only local Import ance are recorded in official accounts of operations on the western front. Paris claims that the Hermans left "a great number of dead" on tho field to the north of Iximbnerlzydne, and also before the English lines near La Passe. A "slight" withdrawal of the French troops In the Argonne Is ad mitted. An official British statement declares a German attack near Guln chy was easily repulsed. An nfflclsl statement Issued in Vienna asserts the Austrlans have scored Important success In tho snow filled pusses of the Carpathians where they are attempting to force hack the Russians. Emperor William has returned to Berlin after spending his brlthday at the western front, where he ob served the operations of his troops. I IX MONTHS OF E El Except for Activities in Which Russians Are Engaged Sit uation Is Practically a Dead lock. MUSCOVITES BATTLING. TURKS IN CAUCASUS ighting in Western Theater Has Long Since Developed Into a Series of Purely Lo cal Engagements. ff HORNINN JOURNAL RRR6.AL IRARR W1RR! London, Jan. 30 (!i:f,fi p. ni ) Tltw end of (be Hiuh month of Euroiie's (Stent war finds Hi., armies of the bel ligerent natloiiN completing prepara tions for a new series of operations or actually engaged In catnluigns, thn extent of which hardly was anticipat ed when the declarations of hostili ties were made. In Flanders, France and central Poland a deadlock still exists, hut largely because of Rus sia's tremendous resources and th action of Turkey, the sphere of oper ations hps been Widely extended. Russia alone Is engaged In lighting; hostHe armies from Tilsit, far Into the north of East Prussia, to Tahrls, In Persia, a distance of over 1.500 miles. Only that portion ot her terri tory bordering on Rumania Is fre from menace, hut according to her reports, all Is going well with her Immense armies. The- Russian mit- tlnnklng movement In northern East Prussia la said to he gaining momen tum. ... . . . The armies on each side of Tilsit have rut the German railway be tween that city and Memel, on the llaltlc. - ' AncMlier Army AilvaiMinjr, On the southern front, In , East Prussia another army is advancing toward tho German fortress of Thorn, while still another Is holding a Una of entrenchments which protect War saw and which Oenerel von Htnden burg has been trying to bntttf through for thre months. Other ar mies are again preparing to meet a big Austro-Germun - fores which la attempting to regain OuliefH and Bu kowina, thereby turning Grand Duk Nicholas' left wing. To the eastward , the Muscovite troops are battling against the Turk In the Caucasus and Persia. They apparently have Inflicted another de feat on the Turkish forces, for tha Russian official report says their op ponents are retreating to Tahrlt, w hile unofficial dispatches state that tha Russians have reoocupied that city. , What Is regarded as the most lm portunt campaign, however, Is that which Is developing In tho Carpathi ans, brought about hy the Austro German officials design to drive the Russians from Gallclu and Bukowlna, thereby removing the menace of an invasion of Hungary. The Austro- Herman allies ure said to have con centrated no less than (wenty-clght army corps for this venture. So far as can be gathered from contradictory reports, the Russians have won preliminary skirmishes In the western passes from Pitkin to Wysnkow, while to tho east they have been forced to retire before superior forces. The buttles which are being fought In the snow, nre just com mencing, however, and many' day must pass before a, definite decision la reached. Battles In the west- still consist cf local engagements, although the Her mans who apparently are preparing for an extensive offensive before the allies get their full strength Into the field, occasionally deliver rather more serious attacks, These are scattered all along tho front from the sea to tho Swiss frontier, but always coma back to that portion of the allies' lines which lies between the Hermans and the French coast towns. Guinchy, for example, which the British now hold after driving back the Germans who captured It on Monday, was at tacked again yesterday and accord, big to a. British report, the Germans were repulsed, leaving 200 dead In front of the trenches. The Argonno too, has been the scene of another attack and In this case, according to a German report, success fell to Emperor . William's forces, who claim to hsve taken over 700 prisoners und counted between, tOO and fiOO dead. . , In giving a review of these "local affairs" between January 16 and 27, a frenon eye witness declares all but one nf them resulted In favor of the allies. Thero hits been more outpost fight ing in the vicinity of the Sues canal, but the latest reports say that the Turks are withdrawing their advance posts. There still Is some doubt whether they have definitely rommltted them selves to-the march they must make across the desert to invade Egypt. Want Stock yards InvrKUgntcxl. lies Moines, la., Jan. 30. A con current resolution memorlllsing con gress to Investigate the Union Stock Yards at Chicago and the ortgln of the hoof and mouth disease, wag adopted by the Iowa senate, today. IJRDPP BRINGS CHANGES NOT BEAMED Or -'..... ... v., . .