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ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JOURNAL.
CITY EDITION CITY EDITION Dully by Oirrlrr or Mull, Ma Month. Mnrl Vp1a Ito. mum Vl 11 1 M ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO, WEDNESDAY, APRIL21, 1915. I " I (Pi NEUTRALITY IS AGAIN SUBJECT OF ADDRESS It NATION'S CHIEF President Wilson in Powerful Speech at Associated Press Luncheon Gives His Views of Country's Duty, SAYS SELF-MASTERY IS OF GREAT IMPORTANCE Reiterates Peaceful Policy of Administration and Dis claims Any Intention of Ac- Territory. in mi .. HOPKINS mmm "-' Mm rork, April M, fYeaident Wilson t-duv Wive ii .Infinite and dour Zttenieni 'f the neutrality which Ik niidinu lii administration during ta war in 1 : 1 1 !- II'' I'hiw the occasion ' th annual luncheon o (lie As-HiK-iiitnl Press, for what ho Huld no retarded as .1 stahmeiu of gravest Sportano to the American people. K miiii. n f of the rnrwper in , ilding puhllc OPin , Mr. Wilson ,id prompted him l make dear hi idea's of line neutrality and In doing ... ... cores lllion IliS hearers 111.' Importance "f sewering .1 1 ml honest strictly t" in llii dis- tm nation of tho news. .Mi Wilson seemed m weigh enon mN be uttered, The importance ha HUarhi-il to hiK statement wan reflect ed m 1 retjueel that no attampl be made to paraphrase his speech or to give it publicity until the official White House stenographer had tran jHbed it in full. t.r, at Hi-iintion rr Oomttry. As the only great nation not engag ed bj the war or suffering under the loaned iate influence of the war zone. Mr Wilson declared that a great dis tinction awaited the I'nited States when the hour of readjustment should come, provided this nation should prove to Hit world its self control and self-mastery. The past had heen difficult, he pointed out. Out the future would he more difficult. America, the president Raid, never would uttempt to sit In Judgment upon mother nation. No nation was tit to do that, he added. Nut America, free from hampering ambitions as a world Bewett, free Of it lust tO? territory, .lm, cool and without self-interest, rous: he appealed to. to assist in the r nsiructing process of peace. More to i Titan tight. The neutrality of the I'nited States, Mr. Wilson said, had a higher basis than petty desire to keep out of trouble. There la something so much great er to do than nRht," lie said. "Let us think of America ilrst before We think or Kurope, in order that Amer ica may be tit to be Kurope's friend when ihe day of tested friendship comes. Ih leal of friendship is not sympathy with one side or the other, bat getting ready to help both aides when the struggle is over." The president, greeted with cheers when he appeared at the luncheon, 'instantly was interrupted by ap plause and expressions of approval. The president was introduced by President Frank B. Noyes of the As DCiated Pi . ss and Was greeted with cheers Takes . P, Seriously. 'I am deeply gratified by the gen erous reception you huve accorded me." he said. "It makes me look back with a touch of regret to former oc casions when I have stood in this place and enjoyed a greater liberty than is granted today. There have beta times when I stood in this spot U4 said what 1 really thought and i pray (iod those days of indulgence may he accorded me again. But 1 have come here today, of course, Somewhat restrained by a Bense of responsibility that 1 cannot escape. Fur 1 lake the Associated Press very siii.iusls. I know the enormous part that you play 111 the affairs, not only of this country, but of the world. Von deal In the ruw material of opin ion, and if my convictions have any Validity, opinion ultimately governs the World. "It is therefore of verv serious things that 1 think a I face this eodj t 10, n 1 do not think of you, however, as members of the Associ ated Preen. 1 do not think of you as men of different parties or of differ ent racial derivations, or of different religions dominations. I want to talk to 0U us to my fellow citiaen of the United states. For there are serious thing which, as fellow eitizens, We ought to consider. The times behind us, gentlemen, have been difficult enough, the limes before us are like ly to be more difficult, because what ever may he eaid about the present condition of the world's affairs, it is clear that they ate drawing rapidly to - Umax and at the climax the test "ill come, not only of the nations en Rag"! in Ihe present colossal Rtrug le it will come for them, of rourse, but ine (est will come to us particu larly. Onl, 6MM Nation Itisengased. "I10 you realize that, roughly peaking, we are the only great na tion at ihe present disengaged. I am peaking, of course, with dispar agement of these great nations in Mfooa which are not parties to the Present war, hut I am thinking of their close neighborhood to it. I am thinking, however, their lives, much more than ours, touch the very heart nd statT or the business; whereas wo have rolling between us and those kitter days across the water 3,006 miles of cool and silent ocean. ur atmosphere is not yet charged with those disturbing elements which muat Vt 1 THK.n FORFC UTf. Washington, April 20. New pxico: Fair Wednesday and M probably Thursday. be felt and muti permeate every na tion ol EurOSC. Therefore is il not likely thut the nutions el the world will some du turn to us for the cool er assessment ,,f the element em w thlnklne eo nrenos- terous a thought as that are should nit in judgment upon them no na tion is tlt to alt in judgment on Ml oilier nation Ion that we shall some day have to assist In reconstructing Ihe processes o peace. Our resources are iiniouched. we ure more and more becoming, by the force of clrcum stances, the inediuting nation of the World 111 respect nf us finance We iiiusi in.,ke up hur minds what are the l.csi things in do and what are the besl wavs to do them. We must put our money, our energy, our en thusiasm, .011 sympathy into these things and we must hae our Judg ments prepared and nut spirits chas ten. i .ilmi nsi :ti, com tug of I toil din The TcM ol Friendship. So thut 1 am not speaking in a selfish spirit when 1 sav that our whole duty, for the present at any rate, Is summed up in this motto, America tlrsl. Let us think of Amer ica before we think of Kuropc, In or der that America may he fit to be Kurope's friend when the day of test ed friendship conies. The lest of friendship is not now sympathy with tin- one side or the other, but get ting ready to help both sides when the struggle is over 'The basis of neutrality, gentle men, is not indifference. It is not self Interest. The basis of neutrality is sympathy for mankind It is fairness, It is good will at the bottom. II is m partiality of spirit and of Judgment. I wish that all of our fellow citizens could realize that. ' Tli','c is II, some unurter. n dis position to ci. ; liatempera m tin j body poliln. M.11 are even uttering slanders against the I'mled States, as . if I., excite her. Men ale Mltini! thai if we should go to wui upon either 1 divided America i side there will be a an HKioiinnaoie u ,s." 1 sure of iiM-ri.ini lotallt. Mneric, is not all of it vocal Just Ainirua is noi 1111 1 j , now It ,s vocal in spois. ion 1, 101 on,, have a complete and aM4IB faith m that great silent body ot A.ue.icans who arc no. stan.t.ng .... i ,nd shout ing iind expressing men- opinions jus 11 ... ,. ,,f , , . 1..., ...... IVKI 111' II I r' 1 America. UH just as sure f their ; 001 o , and their loyalty and ol men m ..; ; iml.y. if we JpVjm II m t nn Ihe history of this country, bus at , every crisis and turning pom. - . . . , r-....i essi.n t e are in,-' iraieu ,01s ( . - --- . , . .,,i.,,i of lie wor ,1 1 HO . MicoianoK . -- ... : l.oi menu in"' " ' " - ., ooiicrotKe noi ii mind our own business and to meoi- ata where otner people aie ,pi,.,.-. Ing. 1 mean the word in a oroaoei sense. We are eoinpoiiiiiie.i ... nations of the world. Ol m-. their blood, we mediate their tradi tions, we mediate inetr sem..i.e...n, their tastes, their passions; .... ourselvi'S oomponnOOd of those things We are therefore able to un .leisinnd all nations; we are able to understand them In the compound. 001 seiiaralelv as partisans, nut uniu . . , .......... ,.,,11111, 1M, NIHIL , embodying them all. M ' n sense thai I mean inai mtov s " mediating nation. r "" . -i,. ,h action of America i" , ready to turn and fO0 to "' ii in any , direction. I No Kncinl Moniiineiii. I nid yoit ever r ", most all other nation:., r ""' "".' . " - "... .i..l.,n ...... 1, .. t ill i i , . . i"im - lories been leaiieo in one Tha, ,s not true of the United S.t. cs. The I'nited Slates has no racial monu ment. It has no history back or Which makes It run all and all its ambitions in one lrtlCU lar direction; and America Is parln -illt.rly free in this tha. she has m hampering ambitions as a worta "if'we huve been obliged by circum stances or have considered OUIOeJve. I,, be obliged by circumstances in tin pool to take territory which W jthor wise would not have thought ot tak ing 1 believe 1 am right In sayinu hit we have considered it " administer that territory not for ui -selves but lor the people living in it , . ..... .ui. I.or.leo noon our coll- MenV-es noV lT, think that thin thing Is ours for our use, but to Nf lO selves as trustees of the great b isiiiesH fr those to whom it does really be , . ' . ....... .,Hv to hand over the. trust' at any time when the IgtMM seems to make thai possible and feasi. i.ie That Is what I mean by Kaying we have no hampering ambitions. We j do not want anytnmg .... . m .s belong to us. Isn't a nation In that position free to serve olher nalions. and isn't a nation like that ready to form some pari of the assessing opln- . t a Ike ,, ., 1,1 Better Tim,, PlfttUag. ..x., in,0nii in the neutrality of the United States is not the petty de- nirc to keep out or troiiiuc never looked for It, but 1 nave i.iwh. jm found It. I do not want to walk nr id trouble. If any man wants a scrap that is an Interesting scrap and worth while, I am his mun. I warn htm that ho is not going t .'raw me. Into the scrap for his advertisement but If he is looking for trouble tha is the trouble of men In general, and , can help a little, why .hen 1 am in for it But I am interested in neu trality because there is something ho much greater to do man i mm, , ,J1 .here is something there Is a distinction walling for this nation that,haVi no nation has ever yet got TlHjl W WJ ,slinctin of absolute self-. ontrol and self-mastery. Whom fW. most atrrt.ng vour friends .' The irr I able man" The man out of whom you men who win ' ". ' ' ' Lm, hat, whether he knows what the hat is drODPing for or not r IWt you admire and don't you fear, H vou have to contest With him, ..' . i m,.n who watches tne se.i-miinii e,, .. r,i eve anil coiner in when vou have carried the thing so hands of the Turks. They did their tar that vou must be disposed of? That work well, and all that was left of th is the rrian you respect. That i.s theloraf, Was a tangled mass of iron from man wno you kuw TL much more fundamental and terrible ,,rag" than the irritable fighting man. . , Oiurage of Moral I on e. "Now I covet for America thi splendid courage Of reserve moral force, and I wanted to poln out to ton gentlemen simply this. lll'-reJ no news. There is what is called news from Turtle nay. that turns out to be falsehood, at any rate in what it Is said to signify, and which M get the nation to believe it I rue, might disturb our equilibrium and our seir possession. We ought not to deal In stuff of that kind. We ought not to permit things of that sort to use up the electrical energy of the wires, be cause its energy is malign, It energy is not of the truth, its energy is of mis chief It is possible to sift truth. 1 have known some things to go .. ..... n,pAU aa true When iiiei-i GREAT BRITAIN IS SILENT ON MIAD DDflDI CMC vv Hi! niuuLumj IN PARLIAMENT 1 No Policy Is Announced foi Restriction of Liquor Traf fic; House of Cc Not Patronized, fic: House of Commons Bar SUCCESSES REPORTED IN FRANCE AND AFRICA Russian Statements Toll Repulses of German tacks and New Gains in Carpathians of lav MeHNiNd iouiinii et-r,i. itttin wmil I nn.l.in Am il M f ttlll P. I1I.V With CObiOOt inlnlstcis in the boose Ol I commons and the house of lords siih- laotOd to n r:M-l fire or questions ano Premier s,iiuh deliveting a speech to ,.,,, v. t,.,i the armament w.UKeisai .c ihs,,i. , 01m.11, uir """ ' ' ,., 1, WW man J ot inm ,uesio,s ,..,,... . t . , .lesiied wood ho - 7. - . cKwo up. but the mlnlsteri .were not mm n ou , e co V ", ';;' ..''' . " , , .,11 ... with he '"''.' " ; , ;,,. ,,,,, ' HI OOCS, o-O, HO.".. .". not even no iilion in his apex-ch. This,,. , .... i, ,Nll, here today was devoted to an appeal to Hie woi k- ... .i... 1... ,i,ebir.d had not - ' ; ff , ' ' . ' . . ' ...,.., . s ,,,. )lw, .. llf commons information were Informed 1 .. .. ih..c ,,i, ,l lon e 0 wait 1 lie giitel ll ' ' ! " - -... .. menl statemen . anil Illcv ineieiore oe- : . . :. .. ' the r Hie to , lscllssl itr me proposal that Intoxicating llntiors si,. .iit.i ho li.nred from the house of nAmnuill1 ref l-esh men I rooms, but be- ing unable to agree on tins question, i ! they postponed the debate. The con-, i Dennis of opinion among the members, 'was that abstention from drink was, a personal matter anddhnt prohibition I Of the sale of liquor in the refresh-i t ment room, where only one dollar's! I worth was sold during two davs luat I I week, could not have much effect . a-.f,,,,,,, answer, however, was I ... II... ,Misllnn II u to ulletherl ,hi, oovernmenl would Introduce con- scription. David l.loyd George, chan-i eellor of the exchequer, said (Mat ttic ..... .. ... ..c ,t,n thai h(1 Kn,,m, fat believing that the war would lie more successfully prosecuted thereby and added that t Karl Kitchener, secretary of war, was I very much gratified with the response I to hW appeal for volunteers, Hons,- of Lords I i. Informed. Tn the house of lords Karl CUIVOfl I tried to get ful l her Information re-1 ! u. ...... In.- , ... ..i.. I .I..C. I Vic., potomta and throughout Africa, but; - hi was Utile mole successful than Ills; . .cio In ihe lower bouse, the! I col Marl ol i revve. ill behalf of Ihe got-' ' eminent, allying (hat the military j I authorities were opposed to giving lu-j I formation until reporls Ware received I from tin, irenei als on the ground. Ev- : erything, however, had been told ofi the buttles In .Mesopolamla. Lord Lucas, who answccl for the j colonies, said thai no figbling had 0C- erred in Nvassaland cine the Her- I mans were defeated in September. while In northern Kamernn the Itrlt- ... , . ... i. , ISIl UlU I II 'II' II I'll not' ,i.-.,imp, ...... ..... ,. , i,t.iu Ai,..,e itnan slrongholds. Along th remainder of the, frontier there vt a re many minor cngageirfenlR nnd very considerable losses had been iu iTteied on the llermuns. itrlt Kit Bnooeeom CTalmed. In addition, news comes from Her man southwest Africa of another suc cessful operation by 11, norul Ixiuls llotha's army, which has occupied Ihe Important town and railroad Junction ot Keetmenghoop, the Clermao base in thn southern Part of Ihe colony. Fur ther details also wore published today Ml the lirllisb cant ore of Hill HO. near j Ypres. Verv severe fighting. In which ! both sides suffered heavy losses, took I.., , t c i,i The Pritish suceesfi Is claimed by Moid Marshal I'rencb lo be an Im- portant one. n it gives the lirltlsh guns BOmmand of a considerable area occupied by the Hermans and paves the way for an attack on the passages of th L.ys, by means of wbb h tha town of Lille, Koubaix and Turcolng can be approached. Along the rest of the western front there has been considerable fighting at separate points, but no battles of Importance have occurred. rtunafgn Advance ( i.ullniloM. In the eastern zone Ihe Itusslana been busy repulsing Austro-Oer- tnan attack in the direction ol' Stry I.a . ,.i ,,r I i . . cc ,, : and have themselves cap! ured another i height on the eastern Iloszanka chain of tho Carpathians'. The lirltlsh admiralty reports itlsh admiralty report n brilliant "cutting out ' operation in the Dardanelles. Young officers and sen- men from the Hntish ship VOlttn leered for the task of destroying the submarine K-15 whhh stranded n- der tho T.irktsh guns and which. It was esm-oM u s,,, , "'"" . ' 'V": WHO I, IIIK j m, i a i ,- ,,;,. imr.ji , learn any of the secrets of the latesl lirltlsh siibmaru.es. Although th plucky crews In their little boat were subjected to a heavy fire they es caped with the loss of one man. The Austro-Itaiian situation is still shrouded in mystery. A Herman wire less dispatch say that the recent frontier incident has been settled, hut dispatches by way of Paris describe the position as hopeless. It also is reported tonight that martial law has been proclaimed in Trent owing to disorders. AM. t.i i:m w u i t its BKPI UEH, PARIS! HI POItTS Paris, via Leaden, April 20 (1:80 p. m.)- The following official enm mOntcatlon was isRiied this evening; "Fifty inendiary shells have been dropped on fthelms. Jn Champagno and the Argonne there has hcotl nciilen righting with out Intervention hi the infantry Itetween thf Mens. ,uol the Mo- sollc, ill the .ore- ol vlont nilire, Ileal the Flint and So . t'cc, I, out at - tacks achieved s.o. success and W'e made some sltgti' p eeress. in t,i.. forest of i.a Pretre the ,,. ,. . , .,,' f v lot 1 , ding "in' 1 posit ion in the re 1 'mix den 'untie, attempt, 1 attack wml. was instantly g0ppc,1 hi our sr'tlllery. Thei,. was falrlv lady cannon a.le and some Outpost fighting at the edge of the tore! ot Psrroj Yesterday evn ui two Herman coiinter-.ittneka aotlnst ll.iitoianti Welb 1 kept wer. . 11K d." HOUSE OF COMMONS STUDIES WATER WAGON iv morniihi '-s aeic.ftt tvto ini r ahJ nn Aitrbi I'd 1 4 4a n. ml - ft ZTX llm laCllllO'F, IHI' Hells,- O, COIII, - this al'lernooo had p-tore it 1 sell denying ordinate 1 slung alcoholic drinks from the hous, for the continu ance om the war. In moving this reso lution Thoniae Kdwnnl W ine, liberal member lor Durhain. explained he did not desire tit ougg' -I a high stale of intemperance anion the legislators but he did want i i, h and poor, peer n.l peasant! to be 11, ,cd alike. Andrew rionar l-iw, leader of th' opposition in the hoiise, declared the proposal would not l- ol the small est v alue unions the memt-e'R intended tb. nis, Ives to lull""' tile example of King lo orge in theii own homes. Ill, Pie SlIffrCM l.c ..I I . I e tary MeKenoa, Ihe dettate was journed until an It tune as the nrntManl Of the B" ,1 nment 'on ad full Ihe the lipiesllon of teinp.i.in , in Itefor. Ilolise MAY BREAK Will. OF ST, LOUIS MILLIONAIRE ., . . ,.nM .... - , s, l,.is, April urj lode- '.rncne w icine. o . s , ,s ,,..,, " " h . o .. . ...'" ' ' : " " a ;,n,l I 1,11,1,1 O. ..ICHC. -X il - ' o c-c l 1'he II 0.1 Ol this slle is III, Idelll III Hi., iletermiuatioti ot the validity of lie. I i 1 1 1 1 1 Oe 1 1 Will XX It I . t lieoucal lt d 'the tni.ono.onn eatate to the widow land to Mrs. iturk'i.ni referred in the will as I' impi,. Il' daughter. The i will named as till male bom : u tat i SI i liOUli university. i The will Is belnii i oiitest. .1 In ,, . ,., ,,, ' sister an,, bv nlei . s and nephews of I oe v. i i is e, ,eu -, , ,,,, I t'aniPh. II. w ho claim that Mrs. Hurl ham is not the daughter of Campbell and therefor, bj not entitled to a shar of til" . i ' "I i Hi" w ill should be invalidated. Thov attach the will on the ground that I'amphcll wiiR unduly Influenced to leave his e late to Si. l.ouis university for a medical school and hospital. LI II. Mudge and Formoi Sei retaiy of War Jacob Dickinson Are Named M. by Court to Operate Property ter wimm jousmac .escuv .i.sso w.si. ChlCBfJO, A pi II i .-H. I . Mudg', president of th, 'blcago. Rock Island P'" ifo Itai w a y con.pa v, w ho. w n b .''ob M. Hicklnson former sc ielatv of war was inline, 1 reco ver of Hie . property In lb. United Stales dlstr: t court here today, will depend on the present excellent physical condition or tho road and the prosperity which he think. Is ret. lining to the country to rehabilitate Ihe corporation while the court afford It protection fiom it creditors Kg made Ill's slulement to news paper men. ( outlnulng, ho said; "A receivership was Hie only alter native we had in the olrcumatance, I'nder it We will probably spend more money on tin r"'d man we mil in ine 1 previous six months. Wo have an tin I due proportion of curs In bad order, a I fuel which assisted In bringing on the crisiu tt it 1 1 I'i'i'easini. ireie 1,1 llai fic in eight. We will spend more money on equipment. Ha Kept lrtKrljr tip, "I have alcolnlely declined to let the property run down, which Is an other reaeon w hy we ran, or were will ingly conducted, Into court. "No belter selection than Judge DkSklnaon could have been made to represent Ihe court In the receiver Ohlp. He hat the deciding Voice, and I um sine thai thcr,, will be no more drastic economy. Our purpose Is up building, and when the stockholders rootioa this I am sure they will come forward "ill, ' plnn of finance which will enable the road to rehabilitate it self out of the prosperity which Is hovering on the threshold of the coun try f'he i ni rued iato' i-a use tit thf. re. -olc- ,.ru.,i,, ... ,,. ,,.iro .., ,.ia, , A nggrefotmg about IS onft wni,.h H. road could not pay Among these was a bill for $17,000. ,(, ,g ArnfiricM Ktr(,, Po,nrtr whirh, through, counsel, ,j. application for a recce, Answering the application counsel foi the railroad said; "This defendant believing If to lie Its duty lo the officers, directors and stockholders to protect Its properly anil boainess md to treat tho same as a trust fund for the security of its stockholders and creditors, hereby consent to th,- appointment of a re celver for all of its property as pray. , I for." Ninety-five per cent of the stock of the rompanv is held hv the f'hlcago, Hock Inland Pacific Railroad Co., already in 'he hands of a receiver. The entire stock of the latter com pany In turn is held by the Rock Island company, which, while it has not confessed Insolvency, is stfld to. have no asset of vulue, thev having practically disappeared with the fail ure of the r nlroad company. Moth of these eorporatiOOg were holding com panies hi is, prosperity depended on what the railway company, which was the operating concern, could earn above i.s own dividend and Interest requirements. nun mi ii in . . nUUI uLRNU ID 7' uniu in iminn nr r in n Li II Hi I i V. I I TWO RECEIVERS TURKEY'S MOST REIRKARLEIN TELLS ATTITUDE OF HIS COUNTRY ithe ullics Hiif even should lb. it hap Not a War of the Govemmentfe tro lZ:;TT ' s,, ' but of the Masses of the People, Declares .nver Pasha Interview, RUSSIA GREW UGLY AND FIGHT WAS INEVITABLE I "01 seeing That Moslem Na tion Would Again Be Led to 91 1 ii o Ii i p i' Npnti.il it I ii U s II I I. I i IHUIU ,tl m possible tftv mohnino jnuRM ii tPOBIM ililinwiMl Constantinople. April lit tvlu I. on ilon, Apiil "n I- "I am glad you ask l i It it I question. This is not a war o, ihe Tuik.sb government, but u war u the 'Pinkish people," said Kilter Paaha, hi.- most rentoniauM man m Tnrkev who Is. nt ihe age of ;t;l teats, war mlnlater and generalissimo ,,i the Turkish army, to the Aaaoctated preOa COI respondent in Ihe llrsl in- ' tertiew he ever granted lo the An. oil , an press I ,,,1,'U.ledlV llle wollil linos oil iieuii.v in iinderetandlng that kite Turk, , of todaj is no longer the Tnrkev of the past, but thai, ncvei theleae, is a tact which should bg ap parent to ,,n Impartial obnarvero," ho nniiiucl. showing nieauwniie tne tathuslaant of youth, although H waa almosl in a sliamelnc ,1 ntiinnei in ,i he admitted Ilia light burden of v on t s u.icbl's Volume-! i oimmiiider. The world'i youngeel commahder- Ill-Chief typifies the Voting I'tirks In inlelle, tuiil attainment and Ideals. The conversation with him was i Hi ¬ lled on In Hernia,,, and besides hav lug a thorough command of lha Oar- in. in laiiguafe, he spoke exceliein French. Knvel Pasha would be boy ish lu uppearan, e hut for a rather li .eat v brown mustache, l. ii, trunk eves and pleasing manners. make I delightful i onvelsallonnllst He hi in ha moreover a well deeerved repu tation for being Ihe handsomest man in Hi, Tuiklsh army V hen Hi ii respondent entered. Knvel Paaha shook hands coidiully and said "t an, sot I v lo have kept you wan tnu l.oi I Hoi verv busy nil day. Vou lii, vi. come I, i Itilervl' w ttie f Well "e - ' ., ,, . will make an exception In Jour fa vor, i am ndveree lo talking to men of the press What do ton wont?" Win Turkot tilled War "Tho exact reasons for Tnrkev irtlclpatlng ill the war.'" was the ply. Vou refer, no doubt," said Kn- ver Pasha, "to Hie assertions In ine wspapets of (treat MrHaln. 1 1 Ml ' and ftttaaU that Turkey entered tne war lo help ilermant. That is very no, ai ibis moment, not wntn wo mobilised. Today Austria-Hungary and Ger many help us, we w ill li, ip inem Hut wo mobilized because there was im way on. "Long before we look this step, sen and In the Caucasus, Invading out IMISSIII 1111,1 Kil",',, ',R.J territory, while Knrlniid hail alien, IN opci a I ed agaiiisl .Mosopiitainlii aim had concentrated a fleet be, ore the Dardanelles We ware utiwiiiing Id stall the ball tolling nnd even after it,,, llmsians allai lied our heel in the Black sen, we s.in waitog one week before war was declared. Have a Hlghl lo RaWti W'c knew that Turkey would again he led to tne siaiignier moos.. Being unwilling that mis snoutii nnp- pen, we look the only course open. We Turk feel Hint we have a right t0 Slt, especially when the best of us are straining every elTort and are niching up with olher countries in intellectual ami material develop ment, I believe that Ihero is much ood in Ihe Turkish people, contrary to what our tradiuirs say. At liny rate, we are about lo prove It. There was a lnoe when Turkey was merely a. government cuque which was not trusted by the people, bit) gradually Ihe people ore begin King lo feel thai Ih.-v themeelVeg are Turkey. I think thai ibis is i no hiallhlest sign her today and Ihero also is Ihe promise lhat the progress ,,r all ClVlliSed llf will b rapid " At Ibis moment Ihe war ministers chief of staff entered with papers. Win n these were disposed of the In terview wit emit limed. Aunt Is Itoorgniiioii. "We are InkliiK care ot our troop to, lav,' said BpVer Pasha, "hciiee their loyalty, formerly a man whh Kiven I rifle and had lo shift for him self a best ho could; today we see lhat his land I cultivated In nts at sence. Bach village has this system - While a man I at Ihe rront, hi neighbors till hi soil. T ins uicaMite lias Per n so effoc . tree that the area of cultivated land I 20 per cent greater titan ordinar ily." he went on. "When a man Is in ihe Held we see that he I eared for, imf.lv perhaps, bul siifTlclently. The Turkish soldier, moreover, now knows how to shoot well; this Is In- slilling the lonfidence ho rotiii'ily lacked." To the question a to wnat was re sponsible for the better quality or troops which has been so very appa rent, Bnver Pasha replied: 'When I r. hed the head of the army I discharged nn my second dav In office about 8,000 old officer who had formerly be n merely a burden on the ottoman military establish ment. Next I made every effort to have the common soldier feel that lie was part of the service, instead of the (ObJOCl "f it. It can hardly he bellev ed tho difference this made. The men now have an esprit de corps." 1'rohlom of Mobilization. "How did yon manage to mobilise rmy of almost 2,000,000 with limited resources '"' h" was asked. That was a problem, of course, but we overcame it. We had a lot of ii old snider rifles ready for the lunk market. Theae 1 caused 10 be ,11s trtbvted amomi the (endarnierte, tak- inn from them theti model n tines There WM f. . r r n 1 1 ;, large gendar merle force in Turkey,'' explained Fiix.t Paahn, NmiHni. "Now it t not o Klcal we don t need II. f) We iirmeii nany men with near rifles. Toduv cveiv man at the front Is well III IOC, I It W!IS a Ci,s, ol helping Volll' nelf; W did II ItCplylng to UeSllotlS M to the pi.scni status of the campaign, 'he lt net illssiluo RH id ; "Conditions In the CovoaWM nre 11,1. wttafoctney, Hegardlng the sit uation in the Dardanelles, 1 will Ray w, ate fully confident that it ha be n iiemoiiRtraled tiutt tlghling down Ihe forts there will be a huge lask for lb, , lilies Hot even should lli.it liae stl llillloll in.'Ul OV Ilieriiin ... , rrn;:::";;;MrM,I,rn.rhthhnh,B allies .omlna "P 'he Rttall would on obliged t" move In single file and the effect l en ess of our PfOtOCtlVe me- tnreo ihmiM ba aWkMont.' i qmrtoMMM ,i Kfwm In view of tie fact that some ex- Moment has been observed In Totk.-t booftuot ot tha export of arms and ammunition from the United States to the powers of the triple, entente, I POrlculaHy Hiissla. Finer P.-h.i was asked for his views on this Rub te. l i, n.l eddied : The matter has occupied iir for tome lime, even th, populace, bttt , - HA.l...i , i.c il hu ' no antl Vmertcan outbroab on , , I,,,,,, oil Ion of the capitulations this whs in,, uist nutation in which the Turkish peo ple might expresR reoentment m a ., .. I,,.i hup oe, ,ole reallKe ,,,, ,,.. traffic In faVOl Of a row, mnnufacturere is got the lattM of ) ilo.n tin. i aii lo iv her. nd ji herd, ne our old good relatione. COO '""Ve are ao( savages who hold the lnn ,, responsible for something, I not their fault There are still llting In this ,itv. under me nominal pro- ,.,,,,,. ihe publication of the state ,.,,, f your omlvisst plenty of ; ,, ,, which Wllllem Humes Kmtlish and 1'iench l hey have not . h ,( r,. v, ,r,aftnn for al- heen i despite ,ne .... ... , im, own people have not neen t , ai- ,,, kmdlj ,., Prance and r.nww. Voi.ng To. k. y is l oa.h to demon- .trote thai no particular group "olda a monopoly "i no""""-"" r"r .... ... ill .iiii iinii' .1 t lit.' Til" t'ni ' ' ""mane, what the, ,.,,, proVQCalMWrt, h(,,sev,li said, that il w ,s essential . ..When th, capitulations wore abol- 1 to protect big business in this because llsh , . e, v ibouvb. that for- I unless the) were protected. thW i!lgnor,;.i Tnike , unsafe lint ! "l'ZXE lnoe has sloiW.l III' t". IIMO'IS WIMM.""'' " "'" . ....... Cine lias si, own Mini ... ., ..,,,.. ,.,. ,.,,,,tr iiill,in It wn Im. u . .in iii's nave i msei - ed Hnl the Btport of arms and MB- munition from the mited state to, the entente powers can have but one result iiKoless killing. Tnrkev, like, ilermanv and Vustrla-Hungary. Is Jetei mined lo win lhl war and there ,.. lo .Ileal, on Hint We VV III j speaking of Turkey aftei the war, Rnvet Pasha sahl ! Tulkev will emerge from this l w ar truly united and stronger than lever. The war Is popular Will, the 'people now because It ha given the goVerilllie.u no - ... .i...i .i hiiiM. an interest In niHliilir ........ ... ,( the pcple and la tor the people .... I.e.a.., , llllllll' li nut on I ue n.l ,1, ... , - c . , i, ..f il... Vwsoi ilte.l 11 ' i !. ,. , TmLo ni,l Hint it ri'l."llii' 1,1 " . ir:, .. . ; . , . i. ,i,i r,, iv , , ,i ' .in, in o, is nan .' "" having been described as ihey were , ...i.,,.,i ilial he had iSlteii ordri Hnl lb rrespon.l cllls permitted lu go ativwhere. We have no secret "Describe everything yol our experience Willi sum he H.i'l. iee. Though newaoopert has been sad, wo are willing in trust Hot i. nun,, their eat- those who do ; reap, have 1 em o i I ha indents to lie for them, vt nn, i cald will posslbh hav" no Infill Thai I Ine reason Whl . SO Jr, e refused to he Interviewed. Mom shot Hies. I ., ,C IT, A pill ti lolin A Wriglil i ' . . , Qarthg by his wrlf vv,;i,i si Ihelr bom,. Sunday, died was , ,,,,i, ,,t. A col- ... . .. , I U't ic oe II. Ill "' meantime no mdrdei charge has been i filed against Mrs. Wright, win, claim ! H. Shot b- r husbniid In dtfenge r It , . . .a. ii. i ..,.. he i si n am. nei c, no i Summary of War New of Yesterday The Prillsh prime minister ha ugiiin emphasised tha need of vast supplies ot tvn, munition in conso nance with the previously aereaaed Intention of the allies to expend am munition without stint when the lime Cornea for their forward movement , talnal the whole Gel man Una in t rain e and ll'Tgliini. Mr Asqiilth, In a speech al New Castle, appealed 10 tn workers of tha armament factories, "to rival tne patriotism r IHalr fellows who had gone lo the front," by regular atten dance it work and by using their ut most endeavors lo Increase the pro duction of supplies. Thai the prima mlfiletti r believes muci, depend on this Was Indicated by his declaration thai "one,, produc tive fa, lorb s are organised and mo bilised, all will B w"" " . Since the brief review Issued a Tew dais ago bj the Ruaalan war office f the rations In the iTu pnthlan In which It was stated that the Rus sian held the principal chain of mountains for an extent or about let. nty-flV mile and were s.rengthen Il.i.lr oosi lions as a prelltiiln ary measure to further attempts to win the pass,., leading int., Hungary, mtie new has come through respect ing th" operations in that territory. Indeed German newspaper correspondent! who are with the Teutonic allies as scrl that the Hussion offensive In that region bus come to an end. Vienna also declare that there ha beet, ,t change during recent day In lb,, general Mttpttofl In the CatPath ia n. lu the west. Hritlsh and French troops are battling at Isolated point against their Herman adversaries and the French war Office reports that flflv Incendiary shells have been dropped by the Hermans ...i fthelm a city that has withstood bombard ment from Ihe beginning of the war Two French aerial squadron, hav attacked points along the Rhine, hav ing bombarded several station and set fire to great forage Store nt Man helm, the building and content be ing destroyed, according I" a dispatch Horn Zurich. Information comes from Austria via Rome that Austria-Hungary I 'on centiatinK troops on the Italian frun ll..e in view of a. nosslhle Invasion by Italian fore. - nut no definite stated ment has yet been made regarding any change in the policy of "armed itrallty," which Italy ha insln- tallied throughout. ROOSEVELT AND PRESIDING JUDGE IN ARGUMENT DN LIBEL EVIDENCE I Colonel Is Permitted to Tell History of Life by Way of Identifying Himself to the Jury, PLAINTIFF RESTS WITH ONE WITNESS Story of Political Views of am nnd Late Senalor Plntt Is Aired in Court, n wm,i ,ui,i incin ii.iic mill Syracuse, N Y., April SO- Theodore .,, , .. r, , m.sident of the ,...,, atateo, went on the witness "nd In the supreme court here to- , dav and testified In an effort to prow I hla contention that he was Jostltled In Mi, aatd that farmer . haltman of the republi- pan ,.mnlitl ,, w h)ri, nniaaonlro men of large land mtrlhuted to both th I democrat!, i ..." . " ........ - .... o ess, PI,- to , iiiv on the orttanifutlon Without the organization lenders alid bosses, the termer president quoted Mr. linrnes as saying, party govern nenl wiaild be Impossible. Tell of Hame' Views. Colonel Rooaevolt talked to the I counsel for holli sides, otTered sug 'Kesllons and entered into g discussion of more thnn one point with Justice William H Andrews, presiding, whom be adareoaed u Judge." He was en llreiy at his eaan in the wltnes . hair. tic stretched his arniii over Hie hack i of his chair, crossed first one leg nnd l then the uln-r and adjusted and rr iidhisnd his glasses from lime t I me. .. He cut all hi word off shortly es eepl iv Io n b mentioned Ihe name of Ml RerrtW He, dfe out the name of h, o on, ment and nut a neettllar hrn- inuneiiitlo,, upon thr l.tt syllBr, Spectators said I'1 every time he mentioned tho name of Mr It:, rne they were temln.ied of the nolflo made by a pebble dropping: Into a .pool of still wat.r. Mr. Borne hlntlelf appeared to bo verj much interested lu tho first pntl of Colonel Roosevelt's testimony. As ill progressed, however, the plaintiff In the action seemed to lose Interest and he flrsl retired from the sent close (o the witness stand to one farther away and Mien left the room. Plaintiff i tideniM' t. Hurtle' attorney hud reeled he roic Colonel Roosevelt wn called to the sland. The, completed presenta tion of H.elr case ill twenty minute and called as Ihelr single witness the defendant own private secretary. Colonel Uoosevell," said Mr. Row ers, an attorney, "did you tell Mr. Panics vou Intended to send a mes- jsage to the legislature advocating tho ! passage or Ihe franchise tax: bill?" "After the bill was passed," he Continued, "Mr. Harries urged me to follow Senalor Piatt's advice und re liise to sign the franchise hill. Mr. Harms "aid he made: the request In tha interest of the general public, n also asked me not to back the bill." "Hid Mr Haines ever lalk to you about re-appolntlM l.ouis Tt Payn, , luperintendeni St Insurance''" ask ed Mr. Rower. "Yes." replied the witness. II" talked to me several times about lavn In the executive mansion and other pine i was contemplating the removal of Mr. Payn and Mr. Hurne was opposed to that. So was Mr. Platl Mr names told me he was against Mr. Payn and said he hnd advised Mr. Piatt, hot to Insist upon Mi Payne Mr Rnrnes sold that Mr. Plaits reason for wanting Mr. Payn retained was that Mr. Payn Stood In the good graces of men who Wer high UP In business affairs. "I had a talk with Senator Piatt ami be told me I Would ho beaten on confirmation or any man 1 might de cide upon to take Mr. Puyn'a place. 1 told that to .Vlt Barnes and he said Senator Plutt vviia right and thai Mr. Payn must be reappointed. Then I made an Investigation and loutid innt what Mr. Ramos and Senator Piatt had said apparently was true." At that point Mr. Roosevelt asked (he coin I whether he mlRht toll of tho conversation bo had with Mr. Harries on the ethics of boss rule. Justice Andrew said that was Imma terial witness and JuMiCe 'hen en lered discussion which resembled argument between counsel, but tho courl held to Us original decision. W, R, NELSON'S WILL IS FILEDF0R PROBATE v MO.N1NS .lOUNHAk .PfCIAL I IAMO WlSI) Kansas City, sfo., April 20. Tho will if the late William R. Nelson, ed itor and owner Ot the Kansas (Sty Star, filed for probate today make the widow and Mrs. Luurn Nelson Kirkwood, their daughter, trustee for life for the greater part of his prop erty. It provide that they shall take the Incomo, but the principal is to b0 kept intact for the treat Ion after their death of a fund, the proceeds of which, arter providing for any Chil dren thai may.be born to Mr. Kirk wood. are to be ue,i for the public benefit.