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ALBUQUERQUE' MORNING JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 23,1915.
SIX AN UiliKPBNPRSf NEWHPAPEB . the fllNucrqut mornino Journal f'lllilleliiitf lif th JOURNAL PUBLISHING CO. ?. A. MA"tMII:tlrtf praeliletit W, T. MfCHKIiJHT Iliulrx-m Manairar it i. tt u. ti i I4TI:r Na Ijlltnr A. N. mVhuJAN..., CHf K.IU'T M. u rux .un"i Heaters llnrenlallr J ASIr-:ltOS, Manuel t Building, thlrago, HI. fallen, llrnreaenf all? , KAI I'll H. Ml 1. 1. 10. M Park liner, w Inrk. Kmerad eecnnd clan mailer l th j..."ffic ii f Albuquerque. N'. M , uBdof Act of t'ninree of Mari'h 1, Hit. Timi MlHIMN't jDI'IINAt. 1H TMJ I.KADIMi) HKPI'MI.',AM FM'KIl OP N K W MCXli't). HI'PI'OIITINH TUN I'ntNCI pl I: nr Till. Ill.l'l HI.H'AN I'AIITT Al.t. 1 UK TIMH ANT) TIIU MKTIIOIH tU'TIIIC iin'i iu.icam PAnrr whisn niitr aiib HKIIIT. .rKr nir ulJill'in thin nf other paper In New M.-iuo. Tha elf MP" ! N Mmlnn latuad vrl K 1r In the rear. TKftM UP HITIHC'ltlPTION, Haltf, tr oarrlef or mall nna month. .. .10 KOT1CH TU SIJHsi 'HiriKHn'. Suti'rlera In tha Journal, when Writing t liava tlK-ie paprr changed 19 ne ad draaa muat la eui to (iv tha old adilraaa. "Tha MirninK Jnurnal haa a higher elri-ii-laMnn rami than la aornrded la an other paper la New Mrilto." Th American Keepare iMrec turr. TIIIC rfOI'KXJll, takea and artel alitj- kmira anil thirty nilaj Kia l n lulva Aeaix ialed Praaa leaned wlra oertb-e anrk week.. h oilier neaaner piilillnhrd la Naw Met li e lake awra thaa laenljr-dm' buiira al Aaaoelatedl Praaa eernlea during tba Week. WEDNESDAY.. , .Jl'NK 23, 1S i;.i.i .M licit ;oi,l. Great Iti ituin offli liilly In trlti to jIu cvi'tylliliiK pimsllilti to' conduit the ar rrricUmtly. Aa lieomi- u Krcut nutlon fluhtliig for lia lil. the kov eminent la Ifuvlnu no atono uiiturnrd, (iilhlilln ovt-r no PkiiciiNe, however Hi-rat, niTfaanry to auciTan, Nnwhrre la thiTe hcurd a voice MtiRKfatiiiK C 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 ' 1 1 1 1 1 i H t' . AllhouKh the war haa rout liilllona to dale, thf) houMi! of iniiiiiiniia Inia Juxt iiHuai'd uUHnliuoiiHly a hill giving the clian'-ellor of the t xchoquer a Mil nk ihprk for r.. OO.OOO.OMO, n um lliHt would dulld nmiti than half of nil Ihi' iiillroud of (he I'liHul Klulr mill ! lit them with nil of their roll Iiik atoi k, liiilldliiKH, alnklng uud oprr utini! fund uud their pn-Hciil fori e of oft'lren and cmploym, from ihulr ini'ti of the liouida to nectlon Iuui'Ih. All of thlM inoncy, and the httllona Hint he heen already apent durlnn Hint huve been apent already durlliK amoke. The Riivernmeiit la mnkliiK deaper ate i nulls to a Inline the put I lot Ihmi of the people, luivld l.li (l-!eoi'K la de li crlng Rpeccliea In all of the a rent InduHtrliil eentera i-iiIIIiik upon luial neaa men and wnrkinK nien to rally In the auppoit of the nutlon, lie haa put aa plainly aa poalliln the moral poaltlon of Hume who, when the limine Ih on lire, "ai'Kue na to whoae duty It la lo curry the waterlmi ket, unit Whom, duly it la to tip It." The apt-echo of l.loyd-lii'iiitie may he compared not unfavoiHlily with thoac of rill durlliK the Nnpoleonlc war uheii 1 1 1 it Ml i n of KhhIiiiiiI wiih Ihreatcueil. Here la an cxrei'iit from one of l'lu'a apecchea: "KiiHllahtuen iniiHt look to thia aa a Kpi( lea of conli'Hl from which, hy the -Kt i iiitrttlnHiy favour of Divine 1'rovi ii ni e, we have heen lor u lon ael li a ill year exemplcit. If we me now ill li-iiKth culled upon to take our aliaie In II, we must meet It with juxt sratltuile for the exempt inn we have hitherto en Jn) im, anil with a firm1 determination to aupimit it wilh ciiuriiKc and reaolu- tlon. We uiuHt allow ouraclves worthy, hy our iiiiiilinl on thla occiihIoii, of tlie hnpplneaa which we hiivo lillherto enjojeil, anil which, hy the hleaaliiR of (mil, I hope we Khali continue to en Juv. We oiiKht to have a due nenae of tin' imiiiiiituile of the danger with which wt. me threatened; we ouwlit to meet Ii In Hint temper of mjnd which prodiicea Jiulct confidence, which iirlther ileaplae nor drei'la the ctiemv; and while, on the one hand, we accurately ratimale the daimer with which we ale threatened at thia luvful crlsia, we muni recollect, on the other limul, whiit it la we have at atnke what II In we hue to conlend for. It i fur our property, It la for our lib erty, It la or our Independence; nay, fur our eitlalenee as a nation; It la for our fharaeter: II la for our very mime UK IChKllahmen; It la fur everything near and valuable to man on thia alilo of the grave." How similar wan the condition then to the menace of today; How like Na poleon is the Herman menace! tlreat liillain is iiieellna. the (Urniatia In the an me way she met Napoleon. For fourteen year hi r fleet and her Mold uave the coraican no rent, even when he wanted it. The xpnninrd, the Atia lilana, the lierm.ins, the Turk and the Itupalaiia were financed to Imht the 1'reiK h i 'omiueror. .Meantime all l'lench porta were lilockadcd. lircat niliiitn la financing Italy, Helttlum, Hertiiu, Montenegro, She. I anuiiRlna to linaiue ltuiiiHiiia, IIul auiU and (iiiece. Her eliormoua financial rrtnurce must eentuall ct'Uah Oeimaii rfTu lency, or at leuat force It to term ac t pt.ilde to the (li lies Out with U all. Hreiit Urilain la not neglecting her own force. For flnlit iiiff purpoaea the ri'aponne haa been generotia. Only the liilmilng flenutila hae fallen away from their duty. There It I that Kngllahmen, between drink, quarrel and atrike over "whoa duty It la to carry the Water bucket, and whoae duty It la to tip It'' but put out the fire burning the house. For the army Kitchener started out with tha avowed purpose of racing l.HOO.OOO mn. Finally when the llg urea were given out, It wa found tlinj he had enlisted f,00,000 men 1,000,-j (100 more than Hny unc except himself knew and four time the number the British public supposed. All of which means Ihut (Heat Billnln Is going to prosecute tin- war tu it (IiiIkIi, Early hfkr the war lit? in, Kitchener predicted tliMt tlii hoi' would In ft three years. Ho lui ticvfr chanted h in prcUU-lJnn tn Is ufpurlnf for It on (hat basis, or longer. The Florida Time- fnloli say t ha t liinn can alk Bill the Fulled Flntpn without setting out In a stale whir there la a legalised saloon, and add that a man can get drunk 11 every iiate throutili which ha pusre. Till: !XTl:itVli.V WITH thf, i-ori:. Hu far a we can i ecu II only once beroiM In hlfttoty ha a pope been in terviewed for publication. Jnine t'feelman wa accorded an Interview llh l'op Leo, and the noted now paper corrtapoiident regarded that a tho greatcat feat of hi lung and dli lingulaheij Journallatlc cniecr. I.oula Luliiplc, the Fiehch joiirtiallNt, w ho aei ured the Interview with I'ope lUnedlct, acored one of thoae notable newapaper achlevemcni, which come la a newspaper man, but once In a lifetime, If ever. Notwithalunillng the fact that hula Italian, l'ope Ilciieillct, hh hem) of the grcateat church organization In the world, declare hlmaelf neiilrnl hetween the hclllgerenta, though, a mlglit be expected tiecauae of the dip flcultie that have exlated between the Ilalian government and the papul authorltlea ini e IS70, and the fur- I her fact that the Auatriiin empire la regarded aa the "defender of the church," he ahow nii uiiiulalakablc leaning toward the Teutonic atllc, thouKli not an orTenalve one. It will he remembered that In 1S70, King Victor Knmianiiel marched into Home, aelglng the pupal atalea over which the pope, for many year, had exerclaed temporal control. Since that time no pope haa paaaed outaide the walla of the Vatican, conalderlng him aelf a primmer In the great palace, though douhlleaa the government would prefer that he come and go at pleasure. Alao, while the power of the pope haa waned In Italy, Spain, France, and the Latin-American counlrli, I heiii haa been no diminution of IiIh Influence In the empire of Auatrla. Nominally Knglaud la KplacopulenQ, t-'cotland l'leabj terlnn and four-flflha of Ireland la t 'at nolle, Ituaala I nar rowly Hreek In Ita religion, uud the ai'hlaui which apHt the (Ireek and Human churcliea never haa been for gotten or forgiven, though It oe- eurml nearly fifteen hundred year ugo. Hpiics, the aympnthy of the head of the ltoinan church la with the Tcu fonle allien, naturally, though, o far u a the Influence of the papacy goca, It will bo atrlctly neutral and In the Intereat of aecurlng the earlleat poaal ble peace, aa Indicated by the pope In hia remarkably tactful Interview given to an entei prialng French new paper. JiiHt what la going on to the north of Italy la unknown, but from offi cial reporla It would appear (hut the irrealetlhlo body haa encountered the lin movable object. Tin-: i i:o m. i ii.wk i:st:. The attack of the Heorgla mob on Ihe reaidetice of (lovernor Slaton, na a protejt against the clemency he had extended to Leo M. Frank, haa two leaaiiiia. tine of them la that executive power should never be permitted to Interfere with the verdict of a court of Juallce except under tlio nioat ex- K-eplional clrcumMtuncea. Kvldenlly, the people of Heorgla believe Frank gu'Ky of a most atro cious crime, which crlin out for the aevcrcnt piiniahment known to the law. The mob was not mie Kalhered In hot blood. The crime waa commit ted more than two year ago, and for more than a year a atrong organlin Hon In behalf of Frank had been l work In and out of the atnte to creat ecntlment In lit favor. The people be lieve hint guilty. Hut there wa an element of doubt, hecauae of the low character of the chief wanes upon whoae testimony the verdict waa given, (lovernor Sla ton' action waa that of a atrong man who i-eftiaed to he swept from his feet by popular clamor. He probably be lieves Frank guilty. Hut there Is ft reasonable doubt In hi mind, a fear that the chief witness may have com mitted perjury in order to fasten a crime on Frank In older to escape certain death himself. The other lenaon is thai the mob ilocs not think, la not capable of Judg ing of facta and of evidence. Under rjoosevelt theory of appeal from Ju dicial decisions, the mnb that assail ed Hie governor' residence would have voted to hang Frank, regardless Of the character of the witness. Tliey would have ald, with that referen dum granted by Pontius l'llato. "HIh blood be upon us and upon, our chil dren. " Hut Hovernop Slaton waa not tlov einur I'ontlu rilate. If( he erred II tu on the aide of mercy. Now and then we find a man who (illttlilrtina about 'iirth' fashion Just a loudly as If he had to. wear Ihfm himself. When It come to expressing his opinion of Bryan, Colonel Watterson tin no occasion to crib from any one else. Kiery fellow feels thnt he must have a vacation, but usually he feels the need nf one much more after it Is over. A '331, -Hi, m m mmtf.j$F Iff Vial;.rfe ARTILLERY -RIPIES- Jx f A'tX M ' TO BRYAN PLOW WORKS ; MtmMM. J filS 3wM.rr-.:- m0&W1 fill 'sfe n it. , if' j '-v . -'.ayr-'-' V',, i How Lord Kitchener Raised an Army of Four Millions; One Million Authorized 111 the July Amcricun Magazine ap pears an exceedingly Impoitunt ur llcle entitled "Lord Kitchener's Ureal Hluff." It Is a report of how Knuland has secretly raised an army four times a hlg as she has udmlttcd. The details of the story Include an Inter callng account of the tremendous part that advertising played in per suading nien to enlist. The author of the article is J. Her bert liuckwortli, of whom the edi tors of the American MaHasslue say in a note: "Mr. Duckworth la un Englishman belonging to a family of well-known London and Liverpool Journulists, but for the past ten years, with the exception of two years In London, he haa lived, moat of the time, in New York, where he has been connected W'lthneWNpapers. At Hie outbreak of the war he went to F.uglund, where he haa remained most of Ihe time. During the winter, because of his un uaual opportunll ics for getting Inside Information pertaining to Knglaiid's part in the war, he came confiden tially lulu possession of the facta In this article. On account of the strict censorship imposed by Lord Kltchtn er, no LngliNh Journal has published them, and In truth, few Englishmen have known the real (acts. Indeed, Mr. Duckworth himself has beep un willing, until now, to communicate publicly what he has leurned." Hon Army Wa liaised. Following Is a brief extract from Mr. Duckworth's article; "How Kitchener's army wa aecret ly Increased from 1,000,0(10 to 4,000, 000 men right under the very noses of the ubiquitous Herman splcg Is one of Ihe most amazing stones of the war. "This grim Joke on the kaiser was colicoctcd by Lord Kitchener himself. He commandeered the, sen ices of Ihe press to assist him to curry out the great bluff, "When the Hritlsh secretary of state for war first conceived the Idea of pulling Into the Held 4,000,000 men, he realUcd that It would be a grave .strategic blunder to allow the enemy to know w hat was really afoot. Hath er, Hie game should be tu cull for 1,000, 00u men, and then press agent the world with slorivs lamenting Hie fact that, at last, tlie British empire was about to crumble, up because the men of Lnglund had not the pluck to defend it. The scheme worked out ad mirably. Campaign of Silence. "The campaign of silence was con dueled on atrlctly scientific lines. The newspaper editor were first warned tliut any' Indiscretion would mean a court martial under the Defense of the licahu Act, on charges of having spread reports likely to Interfere wilh (he success of his majesty's force.' They were Instructed to pub lish only the recruiting returns sent out by tha war office. Independent census-taking was strictly forblddi-n. All article on the new army, and even picture of soldiers, had first to b submitted to the ccnor. A permit wa required even to own a camera. "One London editor refused to 'stay put.' He published a picture, of some soldiers without the permission of the censor. Lord Kitchener sent for the offender. " 'A second Indiscretion,' he ex plained, 'will mean a court martial and Jail.' "'On what charges?" stuttered the astonished editor. ' ' . Would Find Charge Ijilcr. " 'Never mind,' answered Lord kitchener; "w will clap you Into prl- on first, and find the charge after the war ! over.' "When It came to moving the new troop to France extraordinary pre caution were taken to mislead the pies. The regiment were not all trnnspor,ted from Southampton tft oulogn or Havre, instead they were THE PLOW MAKER :' - .i.-.s.' !ta I shipped from what were really out ; of-the-way ami inconvenient ports . Hlistol, Avoiniuiutli, Cardiff, Sjwun- sea and Harrow, for example to ! French ports us fur from the tiring' ' line ns St. Mulo, Hrest, and even Hor j deutix on the west coast and Mur ! nellies on the Mediterranean. ' "Troop tralna,,werp Invariably niov i ed at night with drawn blinds, often times: they wereTUn half way mound tho country before being sneaked alongside a triltlsport. Not even the I ii.ui-ta wnri 'tivf.iCn itf llw. ! 11 1 1 i ill n It ileal inutlnn whwther it was to be Fiance, Egypt, India or the Darda nelles. "Tlie engine drivers were changed evi-ry twenty miles or so, and the cap tains of the troop ships received their final Instruction by wireless , after they had put fd sea." With Scissors and Paste WISHES l'Olt THE CLOTHS OF HEW F X. (William Duller Yeats, in "Tlie Wind Among the Heeds." , Had I the heavens' embroidered cloths, Enwrnught with golden and silver light, Tho blue and the dim and the dark clolhs Of nighl and Hghl und the half light. t would spread Ihe cloths under your feet; Hut I being poor, have only . my dreams; t have, spread my dreams under your feet; Tread softly hecuuac you trend on my dreams. LAMX.HAnillNi; IN HHITISH CO I.C Mill V. (Christian Silence Monthly.) Revelations concerning the manner In. which speculators have at heed, and have been permitted to seize, public, lands In llritish Columbia are astound ing the people of the province und of the whole dominion. AVith the recent coming of Industrial and trade depres sion, and the conseguent throw ing out of employment of great numbers of worker In the larger cities und towns, a movement toward the Soil - was urged upon the Idle and wa quickly responded to. II wus the common presumption thut British Columbia had public land enough for a.i many aiich distributions us might he neces sary to meet the present necessity. Only recently It hud been reported of ficially that "the total amount of hind surveyed and ready for the pre-emp-tor, and the pre-emptor alone, amounted to S1.1 l'S,r67 acres, one third of the total urea of the prov ince." The report added, aa ff to give emphasis to tha province wonderful resource in this particular, "in the Whole of Canada there am only 86, 000,000 acre under cultivation, while, In British Columbia, alone we' have 1, 128.567 acres surveyed and re acrved for the settler." It was further mated that 4,r.00,000 acrei of land, free to the settler, could be had with in three miles of railways. Investigation carried on by Hie min isterial union of the loner in'nlnland of British t'olumblu, a. non-partisan body politically, has resulted in the development of some very surprising and correspondingly disappointing tiulsth. It appear from the report of the provincial surveyor general that there are only 2S.P20.0iil acres of sur veyed land In the province, of which 8.IS9.G22 acres are not under provin cial Jurisdiction. The -provincial year hook state that only a twenty-fifth of the area, or U.tiOU.OOO acres Is agri cultural land. The dominion census puts the area of possible farm lands In the province at 22,fils,00O acres. In answer to Inqulrle as to the extent of agricultural land still' available . for pre-emption und settkmenl near rail ways or wagon roads, twenty out of twenty-nine assessors replied that the supply of such land Is fxhuusted. Mups issui d by Hie department, of lands show that nearly every section of surveyed land in the province Is al ready taken up. Touching tlice maps, the ministerial union refers to the statements reporting un enormous acreage irvailuhle to the pre-emptor as "the most deliberate and cruel piece of misrepresentation that could lie perpetrated on prospective settlers in llritish Columbiu." And the union adds that it is safe to say that "about 00 percent of the available agricultuia1 lands of Hrilbh Columbia have been allcnaled from Hie people to whom they belong." What has become of tile treinm doua acreage of agricultural land that was really uvailable to pre-emption and settlement a few years ago? Lists are given in the report of the union, showing ihut millions of acres are in tho hands of a few men, . although there is a law positively forbidding the sale of more than 040 acres of crown la ml to any one person until the fiisl purchase Inn heen cultivated und Im proved to the extent of $3 an acre. Hut it seems that in 1907 an amend ment was passed permitting Ihe land to be slaked by asents, where upon the "grabbers" flooded the prov ince with representatives wh.j toop up ihe best lands in sight. The method they are said to have employed Is as scandalous a the wrong they have done. Through some of the lowest forms of corruption the people of liritisli Columbia have, temporarily at least, been deprived of their Inher itance. There is at present a, popular demand for restitution, and one that is not likely to bo-tUieted or silenced until it is fully made. It will be diffi cult, of course, to prevent the matter from getting Into politics, but there is no little consolation for Hritlsh Co lumbians in the fact that neither of the polilicul partita can afford to pro tect Hie illegal and fraudulent trans fers. . , DHEA.MS COMLNU Tltl'K (Ellen Sturgis Hooper.) 1 slept, and dreamed that life was Heuuty; I woke,, and found that life was Duty. Wa thy dream then a shadowy lie? Toil on, poor heart, unceaninsly; And thou shall find thy dreuin to be A truth and noonday light to thee. l'E.U'F. ON A W Alt HASIS. (The New Hepublic.) Two billions and a half represent our reserve economic forces, unutil ised, wasting year by year. If we were at war we should find a way to put a great part of these resources to use. Why can we not find a way of doing this In time of peace? Are we an well supplied with all the necessl- Ities and comfort of life that thia co lossal waste Is a mutter of Indiffer ence to us? Consider the fact that we have niillimv. of homes in which little children are growing up, under fed, Improperly clad, to become a prey to disease and often, consequently, to vice and crime, Consider the fact that there is scarcely a great work of public, utility in the whole countrv I that is not handicapped or thwarted for want of funds. And yet we per mit 12, 500,000, 000 of economic re sources to run to waste, even congrat ulating ourselves on the fsct that we have them to draw upon in case of war. THE S Y V M PATH fcTIC SOU, (Collier-.) These friends (and others) who protest that American business will be ruined If the booze is cut out are on a par. In brains, with the old Scotch Indy who lamented Hie godless inven tion of gas supersedir.g. as It did, the time-h inored whale-il, "What's to become o' the pair whales?" she) asked. GENERALS TOLD CZAR , TH)TARMY WAS READY; WAR WAS THE RESULT (Continued Froni fa Ua.) i berg. I Bon him Hlndehburg turned j th victorious army of Tanncnberg, and, passing four corps through th MOzurklnn lukea region, endeavored to pin Henekainp against the Haltic sea. Ilrncnkamp wus quick In retreat aa In udvance. f'erhap the German sol liters were exhausted after their forced marches through Belgium and their baitle at Tannenberg, At all event Henenkampf was able to establish a fltink guard and retreat safely to Su waikl, leaving only a portion of the artillery of the territorial division in the hand of the enemy. Thus came to an end the glrst Inva sion of East Prussia. Judged by itself It wus a complete repulse und tt considerable cutartro phe; Judged by tho standard of other wars tho defeat of Tannenberg Is one of the most severe , In history, but Judged aa a frugment of the strategy of this great war, it assumes a differ ent aspect. How much von Kluck before furls lias yearned for the ilx corps d'armee, with which Hlndcnburg won hi mar shal's baton before Allcnsteln, as lit iiaw the French reserves debouch from Paris and take in flank the army wilh which he had planned to f jree the French back upon the mountain barrier of Switzerland. Well may It be said thut the defeat at Tannenberg was the father of the victory of the Marne. , CHAITEH II. It will be remembered that the first phase of Ihe war on the eastern front consisted In the repulse of the Aus trian offensive and the division Into East Prussia. The second phase con cerned the moves growing out of the Husslan offensive towards Cracow. In September as again luter the Russians did not attempt to attack Irxcmyal af un enormous cost of men and ammunition, but surrounding It with, un unny Inferior to the garrison, moved on the offensive. liennenkanipf Is still at Suwulkl and the northern fortresses garrisoned, the field army advanced to a line from Dukla pass to Tarnow, while Koxak's cavalry raided Hungary. lUlndenburg left four corps In front of Hennenkanipf and by the use of the wonderful Herman strategic rail way a came with six corps te Silesia, on the Husslan flank. The Husslani. im mediately withdrew the three armies nearest Tarnow to the line from Lub lin to Warsaw, Hlndcnburg arriving before the Austrians directed three army corps on Warsaw and' three upon Ivangorod. Hloodv Fighting In Poland. Then followed one of the most san guinary conflicts of the war for the j possession of the- capital of Poland. It seemed to the Inhabitants ."if the i town that Waii'aw must fall, but the Siberian corps arrived in the nick of I lime and after them the Imperial guard. , . A member of the guard's corps, pride, shining In his eyes, told me how two regiments of the guard, totaling 8,000 fuen, arrived as the Siberian corps were reeling back before the Germans' onslaught and with the flaBTi flying und , the band playing, marched into the thickest of Hie at tack. After the bottles only hundreds remained where thousands had been, but the tide was turned. Russian re Inforcemcntu continued to oppose the three corps of Hlndenburg. The field marshal now attempted a desperate maneuver. He retreated to the Havvka river, drawing the Hus sinns after him. Then taking the three army corps before Ivangorod lie hurled them on the pursuing Hus- jsluns' flank. If the. Austrians had i come In time, to occupy tho trenches deserted by the Hermans this maneu ver might have succeeded, but the Austrians came late. . Aguin.thu HuMisiiins poured through the. opening of the line- and unexpect edly found themselves face to face with the advancing Austrians. Both parties were taken by, surprise, the Russians thinking that, only the re treating HcrmanH were before them, tho Austrluns hollevirig that the Ger mans still occupied the trenches ulong tho Vistula. , lluml-to-liaird liatllc. A confused hahd-to-hand battle re sulted lu which the superior strength and activity of the. Husslan soldiers gave them an immense advantage. The Austrians were driven headlong dt tho same time the German flank movement was stopped and llinden burg's left army corps was driven in. Hindenburg withdrew to a line be tween Krakow and Kaliseh, and the Austrians went back over the moun tains. Prxemyal, which hud heen re lieved "ii the advance, wan now rein vested. ' In the meantime on thto western front had been fought the battle of the Alsne, the English army had been transferred to the extreme left flank in an unsuccessful attempt to turn the German right, Antwerp hud fallen, and the kaiser with his Imperial guard Was hammering harder and harder at the gates of Dunkirk Calais. . England found difficulty in keeping her expeditionary force up to its orig inal number. Kitchener's army was only in the form of preliminary en listment. Every equipped man In France was on the firing line. Again In October, as early In Au gust, the Hit'slan army attacked not for local advantage but to rescue the allies on the other front. With Generals Brousiloff and pl mitrieff in Galicia and the eleventh army besieging Przemysl, the Rus sians debouched from Lodx upon Kra kow and Silesia. General Hennen kanipf was given three corps to pro tect tlie right flank and General Sie vers wilh his army corps moved into East Prussia, from Augustovo. Leaving the Austrians to attack In front, Field Marshal Hindenburg from Thorn dashed on the Russian flank, which was promptly lepulsed from Warta to Lods. Renenkampr Corps were badly cut . up and driven Into Warsaw and the army at Lodz was outflanked on both flanks. Plevs by forced marches reinforc ed, each threatened flank, but the combined armies were -nearly sur rounded and facing destruction when tho remainder of Renenkampf's corps marching forward from Warsaw- truck" the 'German left flunk In re verse, the tables were turned, ti)t (rappers were trupped. On October it Hindenburg telegraphed to Stou instantly the attack on the Yser river and send him reinforcements, proisiire on J scr Ilcllcved. The transfer of these corps reliev ed im: pleasure on tho yser river but arrived too lata to prove of declalvu effect at Lod. General ' Mackensnt had bruvely cut hla way back to thi Uirunin army, leaving many dead and 10,000 prisoners. It wa upon a re-formed entrenched line that tho aMhy Irohi France iuude' the attack near Lowlsch. However, General Houskl, com manding this front, considered hit lm from Lowttseh to Cracow strate gically weak and withdrew to the po sltioiia along- tlie Bxouru, ItaWka and Nlda river outh of Tarnow. Whllo Hlndcnburg was fighting go fiercely id the north the Austrians had again come over the Carpathian mountains and attacked the armies under General Brousiloff and General DlinltrlcfT, Who had been named an army commander when Houskl was promoted, They W'ere driven buck all along the line, leaving 60.000 prison era. During the fighting around LoU four army corps had been withdrawn from General Sievera, who had Invad ed East Prussia to a fortified line be lccn the Massourlan lakes and Kur. Ischca Huff. In these' positions the opposing ar mies remained in trenching and re organizing until the month of Janu ary. CHAPTER III. Without Warsaw tho occupation of Poland is more of a liubillty than un asset to the Germans. It takes from their fighting front the advantages of strategic railways, places them among a hostile population, and adds noth ing to the food supply of the com bined empires, as thia portion of Po land scarcely raises enough grain and vegetables to support the native peo ple. Warsaw Is the principal railroad center In this theater of war, It is ulso a neutral military depot. Enor mously rich, it would furnish us larxe a war Indemnity a Antwerp. Its cap ture, furthermore, would Increase en ormously the German military pres tige, which alone holds off the at tacks of the Balkan states, and Italy. In January, therefore, General Hindenburg made a desperate attack upon Warsaw. Of necessity perhaps, perhaps com pelled by higher authorities, Hinden burg gave up the former tactics of tjuick marches and flank attacks. In stead he massed 600 pieces of artil lery of different calibers and kinds upon a six-mile front from Souhac- zew to Bollmow on the RaWka river and for days tried to drive a hole through tha, Husslan defensive. (M-rmaii In Close) Order. Russian officers who were present tell me that the Germans advanced In close order, frequently with rifles slung over their shoulders and holding each others hands; after an interval of 200 yards there came another line, and then another, then another, until they seemed like the waves of the ocean. I have heard no .contradiction lu the oft-repeated assertion that these soldiers were sent Into action greatly stimulated by strong liquor. For mote than ten days and nights this attack continued, shrapnel burst overhead and High explosive shells fell In the trenches, the opposing ma chine guns squirted death, the Her mans were as many as the waves of the sea but the Russians came as thick a the sands of the ocean. Every day probably equaled the slaughter of Cold Harbor. When Hindenburg gave up his dr-s-perute assault 30,000 Russians lay dead and wounded on the field of battle, and the losses of the Germans in their unsuccessful attack must have been much greater. Hut while he failed In his main ob jective, Hindenburg would not be de nied u victory. Advancing with eight corps against the army of General Sievera. now reduced to three and a half corps, General Hipdenburg plac ed four corps in line ond with his remaining four corps,1 turned bolt dunks. The Germans then nttueked Grodno with the Twenty-seventh corps, but were repulsed by the im perial guards, Itussiuiis t'oiilitop-Bttnck. A counter-attatk by the Russians advanced along the line of Ossowiel to Pultusk.- The Germans rallied at , Mia wit and resorted to their' favorite maneuver, swinging around the KuS rlnn right flank at Prasnysch. Thi time the move hnd been planned for and the Russian reserve, debouching from Pultusk, took the German Hank ers In flagrant delicti. The battle Is called by the Russians the victory of Prasnysch and was fought during the week of February 22-28, and, us a result,, the Germans were compelled to withdraw one .of the armies uttacklng Grodno. Their line, therefore, runs from Ski'-rnie-wiece through Makow, Augustowo, Souwalkl, to Kalwarlja. The fighting on the southern front has been In the Carpathians, where the Russians have been forcing th" mountain passes in anticipation to an advance into the plains of Hungary. Mere the progress has been slow, ow ing to the snow and to a difficulty of rapidly bringing up transport through the mountain valleys. . There has been no 'single great hatlle, but many severe small en gagements, all correlated one w'.t the other. Here General Brousiloff and General Dimitlrleff huve been adding vto their record of unbroken victories. Lime Medication Tuberculosis in In Hie X. V. Meillial Recurd ' ber J. IHI4. lr. John orlh. ulT"''"l aava: have ronie to the enormia"" - line of Ihe mnst prominent canoes i in " ki..Ki. i. .i.n .iun,Mit.,n ' In all i-" of Ini'lplrul tukerrtiltiala there la a define ey of rahlum. ny do not eat nxst " lalsins nM.ua h lime. la aw raae niii.t reoort to Mine meulratlun." rvkman'a Alterative ahmilil be l"n fair trial In sunn cases, because one ' ehief Ingredients la calcium illme'. " eimitiiiiatlun with uther remedial a"1" tn be raslly aa.lmllated by th average Pf ion. Where lis one la combined with Vr"'" dit. frivih air ami hxglenic living " u tiena. we believe It will pruve beneficial any case vt tuberculoale. h.bit- It rontalna no opiates, narcollca or "n forming drugs. aA Is safe to tn-. Fr"" drurglat or direct. , ckmaa Laboratory, Plilladelpbia.