Newspaper Page Text
ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JOURNAL.
CITY EDITION CJTY EDITION TH IKTY-SKVF.XTII YEAH. VOL. -CXI.IX. No. HH. ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO, TUESDAY, MARCH 28, 1916. Dally by Carrier or Mail, 60a a Mould. (Single Co4, 64 I RANSPDRTATIOrj 15 . il. . ..'1! r . m . 1 itary Auiuoimes uo inoi Attempt to Conceal Their Anxiety Over Situation That Confronts Troops, CARRANZA IS SILENT ON USE OF RAILROADS Violent Sandstorms Obliterate Roads and Line of Commu nication Is Getting More Difficult to Maintain, V MORNI NO JOURNAL tMCIAL LlAtIO W,t El Paso, Tex., March 27. With the conviction that the oha.e of l'ancho villa was L'oinir to prove a long and tedious onp, attention here was turned! once more tonight on the railroad! situation. Dispatches from Wash-1 ington and San Antonio showing thati the United States military authorities were becoming increasingly impatient! for the completion of arrangements j with General t arranza tor tne use or the Mexican roads confirmed the be lief held hero for the last week that the railroad problem was the present rrnv th.. uitllntioll. Army officers here privately admit that the question of getting adequate supplies to the forces at the front is growing serious. They say that thej present system of motor transporta-, lion across Chihuahua desert has proved entirely Inadequate, and as General Pershing's columns push fur ther into the desolation of western Chihuahua the supplies problem is urowino- ncnte. The advance corps of the expeditionary force is now well; over 2.r,0 miles from the frontier ami; every day presumably adds manyj days to the thin line of communica-j lions. I The sandstorms which sweep across I the Chihuahua wastes are similar to I the simoons which have again and again wiped out caravans in the .Sa hara desert. Mormon colonists and: American ranchmen agree that noth ing but a railroad can cope with nn-j ture in this dread region. Even if, wagon roads were constructed their1 life would he brief. 1 Will Ship From El lnso. j There has been some speculation, here as to the manner in which goods: would be shipped from El I'aso. It has been suggested that to avoid con tact with the Curranza troops in Juarez, supplies would be taken in mo-; tor trucks to a point on the Mexico! Northwestern six or seven miles south j of the boundary and there loaded. General Hell ridicules this idea. He says that If the railroads are used, all, supplies will be loaded in El Paso, j sent over the river to Juarez and! thence dispatched south. da of tuns of foodstuffs clothing, ammunition, hospital sup- Dlies and forage are in warehouses j here reauv tor sninmeni auum minute word arrives that General Carranza has granted the right to iiiu tha Mexican railways. A few hours after such information j comes if it does come several heav- j ily loaded trains will be started for the fa sag Grandes district. tt r.fm l..t:i nn t tlUf 11 J IT 1 1 1 1 '""l vl I 1 I VJ nni ...... Northwestern railroad Is granted byj 1he do facto government. General j Funston will provide his own equip-! mcnt for the forwarding of supplies.; The present rolling stock of the rail road is said to be inadequate, so very little of it is available here. I'nited States army headquarters in P!i T'non a trend v has arranged with railroads entering here to provide en-, gines and cars to make up supply! trains. Scores of trainmen, including! engineers, conductors and brakemen,! who already have seen service in Mexico are ready to make up the crews. All that is needed is the com mand to move. People Are Hopofiil. While public opinion on the bor der is openly pessimistic regarding any speedy- termination to the pursuit of Villa, there is one ray of hope that persists. It is pointed out that the bandit has never had to match his generalship against a force of Amer ican soldiers equipped with every ap pliance and device that modern science has contributed to the art of wurfare. The optimists are especial ly insistent on the possibilities of aeroplanes with General Pershing's columns. The scouts of the air have had little opportunity up to the pres ent to demonstrate their worth on account of weather conditions. At this time of the year the Sierras of northern Mexico are swept continual- The Day in Congress SENATE. Met at noon. Republicans conferred on Mexican situation. Debate on Indian bill was resumed. Senate army bill was reported as a substitute for the house bill. Finance committee considered free sugor repeal bill. Thomas Taggart sworn in as sena tor from Indiana. Adjourned at 5:30 p. m. to noon Tuesday. Democratic, senators held night cau cus on free sugar repeal bill. HOl'iSE. Met nt noon. Military and naval affairs com mittees held hearings on national de fense. Debate on the Immigration bill was continued and a motion to strike out the literacy test was defeated. Representative Copley Introduced a resolution for the Investigation of the news print paper situation. Adjourned at 6 IS p. m. to 11 a. tn-Tuesday. PROBLEM MOST ACUTE FOR Annul ARMY THE WEATHER WEATHER FORECAST. Denver, March 27. New Mexico: Tuesday fiiir; Wednesday partly cloudy. LOCAL V EAT II EH KEI'OIir. For twenty-four hourt, ending at 0 p. m. yesterday. Miixium temperature, 69 decrees; minirrium, 2S degrees; range, 41 de crees; temperature at 6 p. tu., til! de grees; southwest wind; clear. CITY HANK 0I.EAKIXG8. Yesterday $fU,93"i.(i. ly by spring storms which make avi ation a practical impossibility. The gales which drive over the moun tains are broken into a myriad pow erful currents against which an avia tor would be helpless. This condition will soon be chang ed, however. The snows are already melting from the peaks of the Sierras and the spring gales will be a thing of the past in a few weeks. Then clear, calm weather may be expected and the only problem for the flying men will be suitable landing places. These may be found in the numerous plateaus and small valleys that are frequent in the mountains. letters Are Censored. One of the minor hardships which the American soldiers at the front are at present enduring is the diffi culty of communicating with their wives and relatives back home. Such mail as is coming back is censored to such an extent that it consists largely of the "1 am well and hope you are the same" variety. Like the soldiers at the European fronts, the an fronts, the!,, indicate from j ' "Somewhere I1'. - Americans cannot even where the letter starts. "Somewhere In Mexico" promises to become as popular ii piu.i.ic in luc 1 uiii'u males . as "Somewhere 111 France is in ku- opt. , One of the most interesting letters j Uwk first ,,m, ,.,. ,. trenches received here today was from Major . 1( a fr()1, ()f ,. vards i,,in,j,,n f John A. Randolph, chaplain of the fieially announced ami Merlin admits Sixth infantry. It was written on Sat-j ,ni(l (rman trenches in this region urday. Major Randolph said that w,,re hnvvn lip t(1 lin extent of 100 breakfast that morning consisted of i ..arils n.i iht casualties were cans- oatmeal, prunes, bacon, hot cakes. ;,(, mlinff ln company occupying the sugar, syrup and coffee. He rle.si rilj- ; jHisitidiis.' ed the woes of the ramp cooks due to 1 Artillery in Verdun Region, gales which made it very difficult to. Again the bombardment has he prepare a meal, but said the appetites ...,, intense to the northwest and of men and officers were so etior-j mon that no one was inclined t o erit icise the chefs for any shortcomings. Like all other reports rrom tne tront, j Major Randolph's letter said the spirit j of the American soldier was excellent A six-line letter from Capt. C. R. W. Morrison of the Sixth infantry said most of the soldiers were recovering from bruised feet but were with standing the cold and other incon veniences ;f nature in Mexico re markably well. Fourteen soldiers arrived at the hospital at Fort Bliss from the front today. They were all suffering from minor complaints and sicknesses. MEXICAN TROOPS PAIL TO lll'.I.I' CAITLm: VILLA San Antonio, Texas, March i". Francisco Villas escape from the re gion about Xamiquipa followed bis victorv over a part of tne Mexican government troops and Was nnop-, i... ...K.... a...,.,. 1,, nni. r,f the de facto government forces, ICCOI'll- I ...... tel., I.. t l,.,f n-o, I.I. reiiol'tu- " .r. , I leacioug nrie lou.i,- The cordon ot troops that the Mex- lean authorities annonced should hase oeeil ,iu it" 11 in 1 u-r. 1110 ,ji..i, . way, according to these reports, with a willingness that indicated their co-1 Monthly Payday for General Pershing's Soldiers Soon to Give Them Plenty of Spend ing Money, iy MOKNINO JOUNL cial LEASIO IM Field Heudquarters, American Ex peditionary Forces, Coloniu, Dublan, Chihuahua, Mexico, 26 (by aeroplane to Columbus, X. M., March 27.) Mexicans everywhere (luring the first two days of the American .advance, kept much out of sight. Now, how ever, Mexican traders are beginning to come to the camps. These Mexi cans, under hats with brims nearly a vard wide, a shawl of about equal iironortions draped over them like a pane and a. basket of one bushel ca- pacity hooked In one arm, at great distances as they are spied approach camp and are made welcome by tlifi soldiers. They carry ! shouts of the (Continued up Puis Two.) j iiwrv mm n nr iiiLiuniiu miil ; urn r r 1 r m n 1 v IIUII I IIILIIUUI t n iHRrnininn U H U H I u niiiLiiiunnu ack to the towns reports of C0I'niill!annual reunion and round-up and will treatment and willingness 10 pay readv cash. In a few days the army's llr monthly Pav day Is due releasing r. y . - J..H.! ...... 1 v,,r : . . i i .u,. L-i.otul n WHO Imvo nun im nmnui iu q .m money for what the soldiers say nasi and the place w in nave a sealing ca been "an immense long time." j pacity of about 4,000, with parking The presence of this spending raon-sp,lC(, f()r hundreds 0f automobiles, ey is likely to be a strong factor in:, ,.,,linioM wfls n(.,i , of Chihuahua. At any rate, it win e an event the like of which hos not curred here in the memory of tho Oldest inhabitants. On the long communication line.lt is said that nothing worse has been encountered than a little marauding by professional bandits who have not fired a shot at any troops. One of the aeroplanes, which flew too far upon Us entrv Into Mexico and which had to be left in the hills for nearly two days, was visited hy Mexicans supposed to be bandits, who robbed the machine of numerous appliances, but who did not offer to destroy or seriouslv damage the plane itself, some of the scientific instruments which they took could hardly be of value in a' bandits' trade but seem to have heen taken out of curiosity. On two or three occasions wires of the. constitutionalist telegraph lines have heen cut, so that on the face of things, the marauding has been direrted about equally against constitutionalist and American property. BRITISH NUKE FIERCE ATTACK NEAR IPRESs TAKE GERMAN TRENCHES Heavy Artillery Duel Is Progress About Verdun, No Infantry Attacks Launched, in but Are RUSSIANS ADVANCE ON EASTERN FRONT Two Lines of Hindenburg's Fortifications Are Carried by Assault; Gains Against Turks, fY MORNINO JOURNAL RCIAL LIARCD W,Ri Hie British and Germans have been ' ' ' , h,1" ,fl"r"' '"1' Jl,s "l,ti in I he region of St. uth of Ypres, and the P.ritish through the explosion of a big mine and by Infantry charges, have ,,,,.,.,, , " . ... , (...nuMiTiil.le ' , , ' ., Thi llfitiul. Infnarir uturmiwl and iiwillv'l til lllf 1I-I1IIUI1 linn urn, northeast of Verdun and considerable .. , .. .t. ........ I.,..,! imaiij ,i,v mi' um Hams 111.-11 lu.-. ....... snown j ,n,, woevre region, south-; ,,.,, f ln,. fortress. The time seem-I illK,y is , however, for an in- faritrv attack, and the men on tioth sides have Iain Idle in their trenches, awaiting the moment for attack and j counter-attack. I The Germans, after a period of (steamer English mon. One American comparative quiet, have again begun jnft. ) said in Ihe latest official re shelling Methincourt, I.cniort I lomme J , ts to have been lost w hen the and CumicrcH. west of the Meuse, and 1 ,.;n,jH1,n.m w,,n, ,,,,. I1C M-I-MIIIR I'O, WHO ' ......MIS ; time, their liomliarilnient 01 tue i French positions in the region of Vaiix iund Dotiaumont, which have been 'stumbling blocks for several weeks, ! in the attempts to gain ground north- least of Verdun. French shells are falling on the German positions in the Argonnc and norlh":lst, of Ihe St. Mihiel salient. The Germans are obstinately resist ing the Russian attacks between i iusk ami mho., , u,e m have captured two lines of their Postavy. I dropped i towns Of ; 1 1 S l" IIM iiui umi ri .'i """. minion ini. im i by German airmen on the livinsk '"" (hp jius- makhur nnaxress against Turks, ln the operations between t ... i. I the Italians and Austriana in the (in- nzia region the Austrlans nave cap tured an Italian position on Podgoru heights. iDUTCH EXPERT NAMED ON TREATY COMMISSION (.Woclnted 1'ren Oorrenpomlfiice.) The Hague, Netherlands, March 15. John Alovsius Loeff. who has I Just accepted office as Joint arbitra tion commissioner under the treaty between the I'nited States and Sweden for the advancement of peace, is a distinguished Dutch expert on intr liational law. Morn in 1S!X, he grad uated doctor of laws at l.eyden uni versity on a. dissertation entitled "Pub lic Law versus Private Law." After practising as an attorney for ho mo years at Hertogenboseh, he joined Ir- i Abraham Kuypers cabinet in inui as minister of justice, and he now sits in the second chamber as deputy j (for Waulwyk, in his native province ;of North Mrabant. I tile oiner memners 01 me coiiiiium i slon who will be called upon to act in case of a dispute between the I'nited States and Sweden are Samuel Avery of Nebraska. Mr. Hellner, a Swedish ex-minister and formerly a member of the Swedish supreme court; G. F. Hagerup, Norwegian minister at Co penhagen and The Hague, and Jlaron d'Kstournelles de Constant, the noted French pacifist. Cowboy Purchase Park. East Las Vegas, N. M., March 27. iThe New Mexico Cowboys' Reunion association has announced the pur chase of Amusement park, situated In close proximity to both Fast Las Ve- Ka!) an(i the town of I,as ega.s. The UT., ,,,111 lie used as ihe site for the be rented for various athletic events, T. i. j 1 ...ui. l. v..,lf. " ' eiuii.eu won a J.....H, "'-"'MAiinneapolis. St. Paul and into Canada m i1( .nick '.inri crnndslarHi. Nw 1 Irl'inrlu iiriil liln'ifhcrci u,' i 1 1 he P rprt Pfl I omu. , - n - - oc-!the trip out either by auto or ruilway Amusement park, besides being in easy walking distance from many parts of the city, Is on the street ruilway line. Mrs. .1. C. Plumb Dead. Santa Fe. March 27. Mrs. J. C. I Plumb, who left Santa Fe two weeks ago, died yesterday nt her former home In Massachusetts. Mr. Plumb who was employed by a local hard ware firm, reached her bedside just before she died. They came to the Tesiique valley a year ago for Mrs. Plumb's health. KoconI Will He Indexed. Washington, March 27. Respond ing to a general demand throughout the country for a table of contents to bo printed with each edition of the Congressional Record, the Journal published daily during the sessions of congresg and which prints verbatim bERMANY WILL OFFER APOLOGIES FOR ATTACK ON IER Imperial Government to Frank ly Disavow Submarine Act, and Punish Commander for Violating Instructions, STATE DEPARTMENT CONSIDERS EVIDENCE Question Narrows Down to Whether United States Will Accept or Reject Explana tion of Berlin, rv moaning, jouni ntciu ItAHO wihi AVashlnclon. March 27.-- With all1 icvidence indicating that the P.ritish i Ichannel steamer Siisik-x, carrying, j American citizens, was the ictiin of j a. torpedo it was stated authoritatively Ihere tonight that if a German snbma-! 'line made the attack, the imperial' government would disavow the act, 'punish the submarine commander, of-' for reparation and satisfy the I'liiteiP : States that the act was in violation of, instruction". Thus it seemed tonight 'that the issue might narrow down to: I the question of w hether the Pnited j .States Would be willing lo accept such a declaration from the Merlin gov-' icrnm nt. 1 American Life Lost. j - , President Wilson is awaiting with: deep concern the receipt of conclit-; isive evidence not only in regard to j 'the Sussex, aboard which several' 'Americans narrowly escaped death,! but as to the sinking of the Pritlsbl ,m,,, Hi- state department, the I'nited States has in Its possession information toj warrant the making of an inquiry f; the government as to whether any; of Its submarines fired a torpedo at; Ihe Sussex or ilH""?Hllshmaii. ; All Details Lacking. ; The president holds the opinion that; all the details available should be at hand before definite action of any j kind is taken, lie described the sit-' nation to callers duni:,' the day as be- ing grave but said no decisive slep: would be taken pending the receipt j of the additional facts. It is known that the president i j seriously considering' going before j congress and laying the entire ques-i tion of submarine warfare before that: jbody. 1 Certainly he will communicate the: situation fully to congress before tali-; inir Htiv itefinite stens which milht ; lead to the severance of diplomatic re-j nations. All phases of the situation probably will be discussed at the cab-; inet meeting tomorrow. j COLUMBUS THREATENED i WITH SERIOUS FLOODj tmr MovNiNa journal incikl Ltio wiml I Columbus, o., March 7. Scores of families on the west side of the city where the lflU flood took more thaiij ninety lives, moved out of their homes; for higher ground today because of 1 a continued rise In the Scioto river. PIih tvi.iitVw.f tiiifiMiti I44u111.1l 11 ti-11 t-n in , ,h . .....,., ' ... tw,.n,v f,.,.i ,)ut dt,,, I:ir,.L, ,hr WHH lIun,. f la serious flood. The levees were raised to twenty-one feet after the 113 flood. I All day long a steady caravan of! people carrying household goods, pro-! visions and clothing streamed east-; ward over the bridges. Refugees this: afternoon invadyd the state capitol ; and prepared to spend the night.' More rain Is forecasted for Columbus) tonight. j Flood conditions are reported from other points in hio. 1 MISS COX TAKES STAND IN WHITE SLAVE CASE tar MOHNINS JOURNAL PICIAL LIAStO WlRII Chicago, March 27. Miss Ida Cox, a stenographer whom the government j charges William Rufus Edwards of. Ml 1iii1 f r:i nuiiol-tort fri... f'liiellirn to' - - -."III i ..f tu,. .-.( t,u t 1 1 1 1 ,1 i.f hi. ! vol:ilinnu with f lid WtuHhv! w.- "t lumberman Judge A. I!. Anderson, before whom the case is being tried, ruled that, thel defense would be permitted to Intro-j duce evidence as lo the character and. habits of .Miss Cox, the principal wit-; ness for the government. j Miss Cox in her testimony de scribed alleged meetings with Mr. Ed wards In St. Paul and Minneapolis. BRITISH STEAMER IS SUNK; CREW RESCUED 191 OIININ JOURNAL RPICIAL LBAMD WIRtl London, March 27 (11:13 p. m.) - The Mritish steamer Manchester En gineer, from Philadelphia, March 11 for Manchester, has been sunk, ac cording to Information received Ly Lloyds. The members of the crew were taken aboard a tug- The Central News says that the Manchester Engineer was torpedoed today by a German submarine. It was first supposed the vessel was not bad ly damaged, but she foundered whll making for port In tow. The steamer Manchester Engineer meaeured 4,320 tons gross. STEI SUSSEX REPUBLICANS SENATE FAIL TO Official Denial of Alaiming Re ports and Confidence of General Funston Remove Excuse for Hasty Steps, ADMINISTRATION NOW IS LEFT UNHAMPERED Secretary Baker Issues State ment Telling of Conditions With Which Ameiican Sol diers Are Confionted, 1 IRV MORNINQ JOURNAL SPECIAL l.KAAIO WIRtl Washington, .March 27. Failure of senate republicans to take any action at a conference today on the Mexican situation left the administration un hampered in dealing with the prob lem. Th.' conference was called to con sider steps to force (he dispatch of ad ditional troops to the border for pa trol duty. In th,. face of official ad vices denying alarming reports, how ever, anil of General Funslon's ap parent confidence that he has enough men for any present emergency, the republicans adjourned with some of Iheir leaders agreeing that there was nothing to do but support the admin istration's plans at this time. official advices confirmed press dispatches telling of the physical dif ficulties elicountred by General Fun ston in keeping a 2iio miles supply line In operation wit bout the use of railroads. While there is no short age of food or other supplies for th troops at the front, cavalry mounts already are short on rations. Steps to meet the situation have been taken by Secretary Maker, as there is no Indication of an early agreement on Ihe proposed protocol providing for the use of Mexican lines by American Hoops. Mr. Maker Is sued this statement, late today: Slatciiieni hy Maker. "All Information the department has from the border shows conditions tu be quiet and the excitement of the last few days somewhat allayed. We have no dispatches liiilb-atlng actual conflict between American soldiers and foreign forces of any kind In .Mexico. 'Th,. expedition is. of course, mov ing forward and o leiilbenlng tho line of communication. For that rea son General Funston has requested, and the department has purchased two automobile Iruck equipments comprising fifty cars in all. In ad dition to that General Funslon tells Us that additional aeroplanes will be of service, both In rcconnolsani'e work and in carrying messages from the advance column to Ihe base, at Colum bus. Of the aeroplanes already there two have been destroyed, others have need of replacing parts, but two of them are in actual continuous serv ice. The department is now negotiat ing for the purchase of additional aeroplanes, but. neither the number nor type has been yet determined. "Wireless communication is report ed to be intermittent, because of the static condilion ln the electric field there. For this reason additional im portance is given to the request, for large aeroplane facilities."" The secretary said the desl ruction of two army aeroplanes hail not been explained as yet lo the department. Four of tile remaining six machines on the border were under repair, leaving only two of the original eight In actual service. The army has plenty of skilled aviators to operate the machines that will be purchased, Mr. Maker added. He said that while Ihe Aero club has volunteered the services of its men and machines the law forbade their acceptance. Protocol ltcliiycd. The negotiation of a protocol cov ering use of the Mexican railways and other matters beyond the border, en countered a delay today with Ihe re ceipt of General ( 'arranza 's sugges tion as to modifications and additions to Ihe plan worked out by Counsellor I'olk of the stale department and Eliseo Arredoiido, ambasador desig nate. Mr. Ari-cdondo handed the com munication to Secretary Ijinsliig, who refused to comment. -There are Indi cations, however, that tin; suggestions will require considerable study and possibly further Interchanges with General ('arranza. General Cu rrari7.ii desires to delay replying to the request, for the use of certain Mexican railroads until Ihe protocol bus been agreed to, but the slate department will press for prompt disposition of the request us a separate Issue, it is realized that a week or more may pass before the terms of the protocol can be put in final shape, and ihe necessity for hav ing the railroads open to use by Gen eral I'crshing Is immediate. The urmy in Mexico cannot wait for the slow processes of diplomacy. For Ibis reason General Funston will be supplied promptly with enough motor transportation to establish and maintain a fully equipped supply ss tnm. Additional trucks will be order ed as rapidly as use can be made of them. Advance supply depots will be placed at intervals along the com munications lines, each being fed by the depot at its rear. As fast as food, horse fuller or ammunition is drawn for use at the most advanced depot it will be sent from the border line to maintain a constant level. Excitement Has Subsided. Moth the state and navy depart in' ntx received additional reports on the situation in Mexico, officers and consuls reported quiet in all parts of the southern republic. The excite ment caused by the Columbus raid and tile American expedition after Villa bus entirely subsided, according to a report from llermosillo. Tele-, phono advices to Pledras Ncgras from Torreon, one of the. most dangerous! localities In the view of officials herej reported no development of import ance. Americans reuching Nucules TAKE ACTION ON MEX CAN MUDDLE from many parts of Sotiora. said there have been no aiitl-Aineilcan manifes tations. "Some of our consuls along the In ternational boundary and nearly all of those interior cities in territory controlled by General Carranza," said an official message from Monterey dated Manb "report quiet, and that our people an. being Well treat ed. The reports iiuliiate that there is a clear uodci -..landing of the pVuseiil it 1 1 u I i ( . 1 1 and ill. 11 nfltcitils ale in full accord wild (ho plan of c -o -operation. Arinv officers who bav read Gen eral Pershing's dispatches said today that they containi-ii only negative as surances as to the altitude of Car ranzu troops 111 licit vicinity. While they pointed out that no antagonism has been encountered by American forces, it was notice,, hat no mention was made of instances In which the Vi exit an troops actually co-operated with the expeditionary forces CANNONADING EFRECT ON ANIMALS STRANGE ( M,1 It'll I'm Crri..iiinli.ii') lie rim, March I 4 A careful study of the effect of the noise of cannonading on aninuils, both domestic and wild, which has been made by Veterinary Surgeon Dr, Knitter, has produced jsome unexiiecti termined that d results. He has de those animals which normally ate must "scary" and appre hensive are almost the last to be af fected by the explosion of shells. Moth the highly trained and de veloped horse and dog seem to be most profoundly affected. Moth ate liable lo nerve shock from which II lakes as long as three weeks lo re cuperate. Collie dogs are least of all .affected, and therefore are preferred! las lied Cross dogs In the field. j The nervous shock from exploding jshrllH is so great that it often-timesj 'brings horses up In their tracks, ttp-i ipurenlly Incapable of moving. Horses! ; occasionally fall down ami give every! .appearance of having been shot,' though actually unhurt. Hogs sud- 'denly and unaccountably no lame,; though untouched. ! The Intense cannonading In the; west has driven huge numbers of) game over Into Switzerland, to Lux-; jcmliurg and to portions of France' over which the war has passed. Mlcej and nils not unnaturally take to the) jcurth when anything frightens them, i j ii tul the Germans in France have been j surprised to Hole an Increase In the; number of these animals. ! ' ; The song birds, especially, refuse to'1 be driven from their accustomed! 'hannls by cannonading, so thai there! are today about the normal number! of larks, orioles, thrushes and finches .near the lines. The owls, sparrows, j hawks and crows also seem little dis turbed l y he noise. PENCE FUNERAL TO BE AT BIRTH PLACE I RT MORNlNd JOURNAL SPECIAL LIAIIO MMRU j Washington, March 27. -Thomas J. i once, s' ci i i.ii j oi me nenioc, ai ic. i only in mo nips are ine r.urupcmi iiy 'natioiial commllle who died here era likely, to encounter conditions iearly Indav after a long Illness, will Paralleling those under which tho ibe burled tomorrow at Raleigh, N. C J "'"J "vl',,"!rH. n,eh "'J' kJ',g' , , .. , . , i The Mexican flying service has been ft ,IUm hlithplu.c. Ibe body, escorted by j H11.t.0;i8kiu of lin(llR advent ures, each )a notable parly of friends and asso-im, 111(,t Kuccessfully by the quick wit elates of Mr. I'cnce, was taken tolof the avlutors. "Never," wild this , Raleigh tonight, aviator, "have we had any flying an President Wilson and government officials nnd members of congress called at Ibe home here toitigbl. 15 T Tl I Levees Along Scioto River Near Breaking Point; Many West Side Residents Move to the Heights, V MORN, NO JOURNAL RPC(AL llAIKD WIRII Columbus, oblo, March 27. Less t hi, n two feet of reinforced levees to night was holding the rising waters of t be Sdol o river, preventing a flood ie day had threal- which curlier In tl ened lo , qiial that III 1.1. Thousands of persons moved fioni llieir homes lo higher ground. .'I,,,.. l' I'il'i.., ..'ILiuitlL- of the floods' cn-st without a break In the levees. Cessation of today's, down pour In the upper Scioto valley i and the coining of slightly cold! wealber quieted the anxiety of the! 80, (1011 residents of lowlands in this -iiy. ! ItllsillCHS KllSMlllCll, I Normal business and school ses-; sinus Were suspended ill the district ! I brea li ned. while reidenls carried their house furnishings to second stories moved tin m hastily in vans lo nans of safety or fed across t lie river with only oersonal belongings. COLUMBUS HMD B! ITERS Ambulances sped through tlitnsetit streets all (lav currying invalids :uui !' m ii... r ,.,,, tl,.' wist side to hospitals or homes of friends in higher sections. I The ft. urt Ii reglnieni, Ohio national guard tonight was held ready for mo bilization If ilhe wu,y-r breaks the levees, and cols and blankets wore provided in Hie city hall, stale house and school buildings where refugees! could spend the night, t'ity officials j formed a citizens committee to as- , slst in the emergency. break. Ironware Hate Reduced. l'ace Many Hardships. Santa Fe, March 27. The A. T. Ail when the wind moderated enough S. F. announces an important reduc-1 f,,r flight, it still was very cold. In tion ranging from In to I Ti cents a j fact the aviators did not wait for fa hundred pounds on structural iron- vorable weather before resuming ware from points east of Chicago, to flight, and one of them cranked his be effective April I". Nearly all the i engine from 5 : fi o a. m. until 9:30 a. reductions are on commodities which move In heavy volume. Among them are structural iron, bar iron, concrete reinforcing, bolls, nuts, washers, riv ets, nails and spikes, plate and sheet iron, shingle binders, horseshoes and wire fencing. , , ARI AVIATORS 4 IN MEXICO FLY DESPITE PERILS Daring Birdmen With Per shing's Expedition Endure Numerous Hardships and Solve Difficult Problems, HIGH ALTITUDE IS A SERIOUS HANDICAP Aero Squadron Performing Valuable Service Scouting for Signs of Villa and Car rying Messages to Armies, $ t -t t -? Field Headquarters American Punitive Expeditionary Force, ' i' Colonia Dublan, Chihuahua, Mexico, March 27 (by wireless - to Columbus, N, M.V Announce- i"1 incut that the American army headquarters aero corps has es- 11 tubllshed field stations In con- nectlon with Ihe new army base, h 120 miles south of Casus N Grandes, was made here tonight. From these stations the six army h planes, tmw In operation, are fly- ing In scouting service to the i- extreme front in the Narnlqulpa ' district, approximately 250 miles s- south of the border, where the columns of American cavalry are pursuing Villa. Reports here tonight, how- ever, Indicated that there has. " been no engagement of any sort, i and thut quiet prevailed at all points "long the American line. . .. f !V MORNINQ JOURNAL RICIAL LtAMO WIRtJ Field Headquarters American Ex pedillon, Coloniu Dublan, Chlbunl.ua, March 26 (by aeroplane tu Columbus, N. M., March 27.) Tile First areo plunc squadron of the United States army, in a week's service with llrig adier General John J. Pershing's, tx nedltlon in Mexico has surmounted IflvlnL- nrobleins more difficult than I ''"Ht of those encountered by Euro pean military aviators. The work lias been done with, thus 'farNi a really serious accident, one of the seuor aviators said today mill . difficult ' we nave uone neie. inre under a Handicap or an amiuue. of about 5.200 feet when we rise. 'Some of the mountains we have tried j lo get over are approximately 9,000 i feet above sea level, and none of our ! machines are powerful enough to car Iry a military load, the pilot, observer land sufficient fuel at such ail altitude. i'f might get over one of the high mountains but. we probably would bo I unable to carry enough fuel for tho j return flight." I Very Rouali Country. i He told about a flight or some of his men over a mountain pass which ilhe aviators described as some of tho roughest country in Mexico, Just, before reaching the pass they jvvere above a gorge 2,000 feet deep. No landing place was observed wun in fll'tucn miles of this pass. One of the flyers had difficulty in rising tu Ihe necessary altitude. He turned and wheeled his machine, trying to ascend, but the strong air currents l swept him around until he wan with jlu about twenty feet of the tree tops near Ihe summit of the pass. After 'lie bail grazed the trees, without be j ing able to fight Ills way higher I through the treacherous winds, ho I was forced to turr, back. The other ! aviators made the flight. Encounter High Winds. Two of the aviators, carrying dis patches, lauded near a camp in a wind, which llicy described as tho worst encountered by any of the squadron since the flight for the Mackay trophy in 1H14 from San Hleuo Cu!.. lo Los Angeles, when I " enant ! red liersmer, an ooserv- m. ... i i.. er, was Killed. 1 ne nun air near mi; camp drove one of the machines into a spiral nose glide. In which it drop ped about 1,000 feet. When the avi ator came out of tlie glide he saw some cavalrymen waving a blanket cud he finished the descent, deliver ing his orders safely. Five minutes later, the second aviator on this par ticular trip came overhead, his ma chine "roclnk like a but in a rough. : sea." The second plane also landed safely. Alter the landing had been acooin ui:ono, Uo. inn ut. re. m,n I I hat it flicked up licked tit) one machine and back twenty or thirty feet. Tho wind Increased and was followed by i severe d ild, freezing and sleet, no that these two flaiiHK. remained for two days out on a high prairie, their avi ators anil guards enduring cold and hunger without a complaint, to In sure the safety of the machines. A lariat served to fasten one wing of a plane to seven tent poles, anchoring the machine so thut the wind would not blow it away. The men slept in the open, without blankets and with no covering, choosing any handy clump of grass or knoll, for a wind- rn until by hand-power alone he got it into trim to take him off the ground. The other machine got away by the some process with two hours' cranking. "In flying, here," said the aviator, "it In a case frequently of pitting one' OF LAND AND A R W taioMO... (Hey