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Mbuquerquc Morning Journal, Sunday, September 3, 1 9 1 ti.
IT re ABOR MOVEMENT MAKES PROGRESS DURING TIE YEAR Samuel Gompers Recounts the Beneficial Legislation Adopt ed for Those Who Toil; Sat isfied With the Progress, IsSSSlStSl flM cirrcHinilrni Washington, Bept. J. Hamuel Qompers, president oi the American deration of Labor, made public to--lghj a statement n "Labor't Achievement! unci hum'1 for in in. in which in- characterised the pas! rear ai a remarkable one In the p re t iii.. iii ii i . .1 ii i 1 1 . n , i.iiii KTCSfl oi uic i-v, , eialli 1,1 ""' ehortenlng of the work lag (jaj ami in general labor legists don The itatement, In full, is as follow: "Labor day, llilti, britiKs In Hi" workeri of America the right to cheer ami confidence in Hi" trade un ion movement, There have been tlSis ami crises thai have proved lt lundamental principles; there have i , n opportunities that have teated its pi act leal efficiency, Through them aii the Hade union movement ha mail, mii" progress ami gained in con I di i i v lilon lor Hie future. "Every national and International, even local union affiliated to the American Federation of Labor has made definite progress in eecuring tor 'Is membera greater advantage! in thoae t ii in km which arc fundamen tal of betterment in all relatione oi in iome organisations tne sue has been phenomenal. Ureal progress Made, "Taking the iniior movement aa s whole there has been greater progress in securing the eight-hour day or the shorter work day thun in any othet simitar period of tune. The mean lag of these victories can i,e Inter preted only In the HkIu of full under handing of the meaning of the eight- The short"! workday is more than an economic it la a demand for oppor rest, recuperation, and de thingi which make hf mechanical drudgery uti las abuses and to eatabtlsh racogr ot iii,. Qonoepi iimi the workars n of their attributes were tm thal the labor sections of the ii act wen. enacted. iu addi tion to thes,. iiij; ach lavements mart) other Important humanitarian laws have i" "ii enacted by congress In creasing in number with ever) session of congress sin," the Rth session. As Labor day, in in, comes in one of Hi" most critical political cam paigns siUCe Hi" civil war period, it is well to tall attention to lite big la sue of tin. campaign which lias a na tional, as well as an international re lation. The issue is tin- attitude of tii" political parties toward question! of humanity ami human welfare The party now In power has In Its legisla tive achievements placed the highest valuation upon human life ami human attributes thai has over bean declared and enacted i.v any political party In power. "Th" Question thni concerns the workers is how to hold their present advantages and how to secure from I iMiinnai parties sun greater oppoi BIRTHPLACE OF LINCOLN TO BE OWNED BY NATION (unities for freedom, which is fundamental Ii th" Clayton anti-trust i of a human I in y is not or article of commerce, simtaih "s of t he Amerie The tiniiK sc. i inn 8 Of . t, the labor a commodity The rcpre- iii Federation life, cess hour day. itomel hing demand. tunny for velopmenl . mini than "The workers whose whole periods are short are essentially different ir those who are so worn by toll thai they have neither energ) noi mind for other things In life. The) become more energetic, more re sourceful workers with keener mcn taiit) and greater producing power, it Inevitably follows thai the shori hour workers are 1 1 1 best paid work era With every reduction in hours there is always a corresponding In crease In wagea, Wherever demand! lor the shorter workda; and hlshei wages have been presented and urn I'd by organised workers during tin past year, they have me! With BUeceas. These economic gains have a potent of Labor wen) to the political parties and asked them to declare themselves upon this principle. The answers thai the poiin.ai parties gave are m their platforms where all may read. Democrats ire raird. "The democratic party openly and favorably declared nd emphasized Its position, The republican party took no notice of labor's request thai they declare themselves upon that which the workers considered of greatest im portance in them, "The International issue thai now comes rlosesl to the labor movement is the policy of our government to ward Mexli ... The cause of humanity is 111 the balance In Mexico, The peo ple there are trying to work out their own problems and to establish their own ideals of polilic.il. social anil eco nomic justice, The labor movement in Mexico has developed: that is. the most power ami the most construc tive product of the revolution. Repre sentatives of the labor movement of Mexico have joined the representa tives of the Iniior movement of Am . i lea to insure to the workers and Ctt- Isem of Mexico the rights of human heings, opportunities for freedom and for Independence, Many of the pro blems of the Mexican workers are problems of the workers of the United Slates. Their welfare is our welfare, The boundary line between the two Resident Wilson, and Other Notables, to Be Present When Cabin and Farm Are Piesented to United States, i , lalr,l rrr I rr,.,nilrnre.) Ilodgenvtlle, Ky Bept. I, The Lin coln farm ot 110 acres, the little lotf cabin in winch Abraham Lincoln was born, a magnlclfenl memorial hall whi. ii shelters it and an endowment fund of 150,000 for its maintenance w in b presented as a gift to the na tion nexi Men, i.n by the Lincoln Farm association, impressive ceremonies at which will ho 'present many of the m. .si Important figures ,,f the nation and stale, including President Wilson and Secretin, of War Maker, "ill mark I he aalon, They a ill be opened b) an Invocation by the Rev, Charles i: Hemphill, of Louisville, president of the Presbyterian theolog ical seminar) of Kentucky. The first address will be made b) former Oov- fcrnof Joseph W. Kfllk id Missouri, president of the Lincoln farm asso ciation, lie will i- introduced by Qen. John B. C'ustleman of Louisville .Mr. .,dk will be followed by Benator John Sharp Williams, oi Miaalsslppi. w in, will deliver an address on "Abra ham Lincoln and' I he s,mt h." The prt sental Ion of be deed of gift to the Lincoln farm will then be made .1 Collier, of New I OTK, be a . epted bj Becretar) memorial was nrdleavd b) presldei Tafl. I In sbin l'i"l, ' l d Within the Lincoln Memorial hs resting upon Its original ,s"" Is lit Lincoln ealiin Surrounding th , abln Is a licnvv I i on !S , h.cn. for n one Is allowed to enter Its portals. Tin- memorial huitulng Itaell stanu ai i he head of a hi oad flight ot gran lie sups that iea,i ii, ,m an old iprini Over th" entrance of the building i Inscribed Hi" following "Hei e o er the log , abln HI a hli Abharam Lincoln was born, deatln ,. lo preserve the union and free th slave, a grateful p, ,,ple have ueulcal ,1 this iiiemoi'ial lo n pea brot herhood anion, i hes states Upon the walls of the Interior art cut the CMrttyeburg speech and tht Lincoln ancestry. Ileneath the build Ins is a basement with arrangement! tor keeping the re., ids of the associs Hon and Its roll ol membership whlcl Includes every contributor of twent! five cents or more. ThS metiional hulldlttg Is about mile from the entrance gates and li reached b) a Itoe winding road Tht custodian of the farm ii , m an oli log farmhouse, nearlj as old as th, Lincoln caldn Its, It I The farm Itself is div Idi ,1 b) 'turnpike which leads direct I) fron the square at Hodgenville, where th j pedestal of the Lincoln si. Hue b) i w man points th w.,, to Mnt oln'i I birthplace. The road where It pass j es through the farm. Is flanked b) " I old fashioned WOI in fence tde ,' I rails such as Lin, oln himself spilt. WALL STREET OAS F AITH ABOB L NEGOTIATIONS wtwi ancy lf ress aims rctw NEWEST IDEAS IN Plaids and Stripes Complete Assortment of Latest Shades An Exceptional Special Sale New Fall Silks For Tuesday, September 5th, 9 a. HI. Silk Values to $1.50 a yard for by Ri ami It Baker. An follow ,el 1 Will b) Pi esldent Wilson w ill ddi , t he ai ceptance, Work ,,i ( ommlttcc, 89 rial div laion Arthur B i rock, mam I Hi, Th more I an, . first In with took pOKI of ll relation to the bo dvantag "Shortening the pi lengthens the period ill. I for II II of t lie ot ll life wit I de of to Men. Dried of work Of det elopnielll I net Ivitles 1 tin' : belong to iii,. normal Individual. ln- Meases in wages give the workers the j mean! for taking advantage of the In- i , reused opportunities of the shortci Workday. The w orkers of short I hours and better, wagon become very different citizens from those who an so exhausted b) the dally grind that they have neither the time nor the energ) for thought nor aspiration. Thes,. gains mean better homes, bet-1 ter fond, l etter clothing; time and I opportunity for the cultivation of ihe lies! and the highest that is possible! In the life of man, "Economic achievements are tin basis upon which the workers can secure social an, political progress. The power which secures these achievements is the power thai "ill secure justice for them :n every other lelation. Shorter hours and higher wages give the opportunltj and the live better more purposeful to means IPCS "Power through economic organ isation means political power. There must be ;in eCOnomh basis ill order to nive political activity reasons for existence and a program. L Ising its economic power to seciir, litlcal protection and by adhi Btrictly in anon -partisan political .r.iin.Vhe Am, ri, bor hii! lories. "The ganlsed always FVderatlo us h gislal organ- po ll IIS j I ' I ountrlei is onl) an artlfl licit lee: little lo, ,tT,..l ,1,.,,,, tl lOurse and the nature ,,t industrial! and commercial development. The problem Of industrial welfare in the states of the southwest is largely a Mexican problem, with low standards of life and work prevailing upon the 1 5,000,000 of Mexicans, there exists an obstacle to tin- estab-lbank lishmenl of higher standards within ty, then ire- L'nlted Slates. There ate capi-1 Here wit tallsts and exploiting interests of the i coin put l'nlted states who, because they have i atructed proper!) In Mexico t often corruptly I daubed t ind dishonestly obtained) desire to: Lmeolu , maintain governmental agencies by Here d ivhlch the) can hold thewpeople in .who was subjection and deny to them the op- Kmonclp portunlt) for protecting themselv hrougli the organised labor mov u lent ami other opportunities for! sTOWth and development. These sel- fish exploiting Interests are concen trating their political power in the ..resent campaign t,, so, uro a dlffereni i poll,", on the part of our government ! oward Mexico, Hven under the guise intervention, m, mailer how uii ! 'ssary and unwarrantable, the n-d-; ii,-.. ol i i ri i policy really aim at conuuesl and annexation of Mex- j ., . a few ol i In- most i eckless, j I such, as the Otis and Hears! Infere!t, i nine out nrasingl) in Hie ilemaml ror Intervention, Invasion, conquest and 1 annexation of .Mexico. Of course, ev- rv effort must he made i" safeguard i I the lues and the property of our peo- ; ..!. living along the border line but j who can honestly say that the Mexi-I i can marauders wetc the i.nl offend-j era. The allied forces of greed and I profit would deny tlje Mexican people I the opportunit) for their develop-1 I ment; they would gladly embroil thei I i nited stales in an unnecessary and ) unwarrantable war with Mexico. To them property, property rights, pro-: fils are held far more sacred than hit-I man beings, international honor and human liberty. I "These are some of the Issues primarily concern the workers all liberty loving ctttsens of tin e,i states: they are the issues which every wage earner ever zen onl The arrangements for the ceremon ies have been In the hands of a com mittee made up of several hundred eitlzons of LOUiSVllle and the state. Henry Watteraon hi the nonorar) chairman; William Marshall Bullitt, former solicitor general of the United Stales. ,s the active chairman, and of rourier-Jorunat is s presentation ink I han I I 0 5 ears sine, In, Abraham Lincoln' laid claim to Its title. March I still Thomn his bride. Nancy Hank siinu ediloi secretary . s place a littk Thorns fathei up Lim oln 1 Lim oln on the ne coun-county. ion of a fa 1 111 iltn . r. ' k in Lai Dart of Hardin v n ha n,is Thomas 1 in 1 ude log , abln con- ot unhewn logs, the cninx ith , la) . and In n Abraham .as born, February 12, 1809. urlng the next nine years he to be known as the "Great itor," enjo'yed the only real that ever came to him, for removal ot Thomas Lincoln family to Indiana ami later ,r lee. hood I h, w ilh h s to Illinois main of the Lindens ol manhood were thrust upon the child's shoulders, In urn-It' . I Man 1 ail-. The Lincoln farm r main, ,1 in I he handu ot the family of the first pur chaser for abOUl seventy years, al 1 noukh 1 tie) onsidered It to 1 bui little value. Then ll was sold to A. W, Dennett, of New ' 1 k . a wealth) nstaurunt owner, who purposed to convert it Into a puidic park. Flnan- I rial ret rsei hllll tO la IT) . 'ih,- (arm ' and preaenti ' le, I and de, made 11 tmposstni, out ins Intentions, had constant!) d 1 d a woeful scene of iv. So poor Was il tor neg -that II was object of legislation w hich or labor lias sought to obtain Is to establish larger and Let ter opportunities for life and freedom. Organised labor does not seek through legislation to do tliinas f,,i the work er! that they can do for themselves. 11 only seeks lo establish for them opportunities. This principle applies to workers in private industry. In the case of workers iii governmental employment where the government is the employer and conditions of em ployment can I...' fixed only by legis lation, then the organised labor, move ment seeks to do something more thun tnerelj establish opportunity, ll must secure legislation regulating con ditions of employment. "The record of the legislative Achievements of the labor movement suice inn,; when the Ron-partisan po litical party was Inaugurated is one "I splendid victories. The two most importance are the seamen's act and the labor sections of the Clayton an-tl-trusl law. The greatest thing In both ,.f these acts Is the advance ment of human freedom. Problem ot Human Freedom. "The problem ot human freedom was not ended by the work of Lincoln. still remained a class hound to nary servitude, the seamen Beamen'a a. t hrinffH free, loin !" these workers. It makes American oil sacred to freedom, a country UB "n which a bondman n,nv not step without losing his legal tetters. Freed "" I given an opportunity to protect themaehres, the seamen are pressing '"'u demands for higher wages end setter conditions. Section i of the Clayton anti-trual act contains the most advanced concept of freedom ' lie la 1 Then invol The a caretaker into whose hand Kixi-ii in consideration of his agree ment to pay the taxes was considered b) his neighbors 10 have made a Lad bargain, because the land would noi produce enough of value to pay thi taxes and the value of his labor, A Short lime later the little l"i; ' al io which Thomas Lincoln had built for ins bride, ami In which Abraham Lin coln was Lorn, was sold In a travel ing showman. He look it about Hie country exhibiting it and finally stored the diamembered structure iu a cellar, from which it was rescued at the instance of Robert .1. Collier, who purchased Hie show n, an s claims. IICNOIUHI b) li. . oilier. In lliuil Mr. Collier learned that I he Lim ,,n farm was aLoiit to Le hold mil was in danger of fallinr ml,, the hands of persons who wished lo use j it lor exploiting their wares, umong , .nielli Leiii" ll man Willi Inn ill. 1 1 Him; ' i O I Interests, He sent Mr Richard LloVd Jones' tin Kentucky to Investigate the possl-1 bllity of acquiring title to the prop- erty, Mr. .iw,s found the farm In volved in com i proi . dlngi ami re- Papasquiaro, Durango, that turned to New Vork, first Instructing tnd engaged a small band of local attorneys to notify him when 1 the case was linallv adjudicated, in August of the .same yeai came I word that the farm had been ordered I Isold at auction at the court houna I Brokers Maintain a Finn Be j lief iii the Ultimate Passat of Satisfactory Legislation Rails Are Under Restraint, New York. Bept, r All other , on I slderatlons and developments ,,f the j financial week Were lost sight of IB the railway labor situation, which ap proached its crisis Just before the, adoption of the eight-hour taw by the 1 i lower house of congress i wnil street entered upon iis double 'holiday In the firm belief, as Indi cated i,y the strength ,.i the market, thai the measure would pass the sen ate and become a law in time h avert i ' the threatened strike ! Kails were under more Ot less r, - strain! in the stock market, though I coming forward later with other ln- I vestment shares. The trend of Bpec , illation which lacked the volume and ise,, f ih,. pre din i wei k, was I 'clearly towards industrials and shlp- ; ping issues. j Metal shares also Improved per ceptibly, the increase,! ami extra dlvl-I ;, lends declared by leading copper pro- jducer! being followed by the high! record," of Inspiration Copper ami some of ih,. sine Issues, Automobile I issues moved cpntfuriiy most of the i time. I'tllted Stales Sti , I came within 1 . ,.f li s ri , "i d nail.' I l"li In I he last I week, selling eiiOfwehl to n', minus j its regular and ,x(ru dividends ,.i 'i per cenl ami oilier tnollSTriai! ol 1D same class manifested a higher ten dency, International financial condi tions found I lo ir onl) i el'le, I ion in Hie new low quotation of for Herman remittances iiu a steady re covery m the ilue of i ubtes. NEW il!l MOJfEl M IXKET. New York. s-pt. t Mercantile pi per. :; 'it :: , per cent. Bar sivi, r i I a . MeXiea ll ,1,,!' ' ' B " - !t C, t lot ernmen! bonds steady. Railroad bonds Steady, yard See Window Display M v; , et e a n h 'w it ll ll til 1 m . 9uatgnCagllsfgggi 111 make his own decision his every da v activity, but the polls on election da) " L I A BANDITS CLASH WITH OARRANZA TR0! thai and Inil- upon citl- . not a Iso k 1JJ8 n i rv pnoui I I j Kansas City, Sept, 2, Butter, and poultry unchanged, llMMAItHAlUiE KCKNI'" IN I I R KWORK H M 'I I r I : STATE FAIR, The above Is an exael reproduction of it gigantic fireworks scene recent!) produoed at the kuii pi ago I xposition, it will be produced here at the State Blair, during the week beginning Monday, Bept em her If hi the tVlilson I IrewOrks Company, of Los Angeles, rat Iv NSAS ITV t.lt MN I 1 Kansas I 'it) Sept. Casll I - No hard, 1 1 ISA l.BO; No, j$1.48ti 1.53; Sept.. 11.41 fl.42 l I 13; Ma) . 11.46 "' ' i i !orn No - mixed, 81 't I No. 2 while, si u it 82, ; No i : S J i .. , ; Sept , s I "''h c ; Dec, May. Tlic. ( tats No. 1 hlte, Hi ' j1 ; mixed, 46fi II It HOttNlNO JOURNAL - .... .. .. , Chihuahua City, Mexico, Sopt, 2. General Lavega today reported fron Saul in,;,, his coram Villa bandits In the Sierra del Casco yesterday, killing two and capturing twenty horses, seven head of cattle, an,i a quantity of arms ami equip ment The ham liis, commanded by Tlburclo Cuevaa, fled Into the bills, where they are being pursued by the government troops, who Buffered no casualties, according tO dispatches. Villa, himself at the head of his main Laud, was las! reported In the vicinity of the line of the Mexico Northwestern railway and aboul sixty miles west Of here. It ! una rails believed he is attempting to make his way to caches of ammunition In the (Jalena district, Hen. Apollno Trevino reported lo day that he had executed three ban dits caught robbing a ranch In the Lamina TorreOH district, ami Hail he had seised thirty rifles w hich they had hidden. Y SEIZES PALACE loor of Larue county. Mr. .tones nn- . mediately returned to Kentucky, ar riving iu Hodgenvills somewhal in advance of those most keenly niter ested iii securing Hie f irm lor com mercial exploitation and II was knocked down lo him lor $3,600, II was after Mr. .Umcs' return lo New Lei In, vilie). Pi the Vossi protested Italian K' 1 1 I, I lenedict, according ZeitUng, has form; i , public of Venice, in sla, in Rome, 'I i l used le the AuSl the i. in, oin cabin w Mr i 'oilier. after Mr. Collier lit Lite oln farm and York that pulled by Short nulled Hie Lin- oln farm and cabin, the Lincoln Karin association was or ganised, lo whn h Mr. Collier deeded the propertj to be held in trust toi th,- nation, i irgaiiization los.-ph Y Folk i he orgs nlsal Ion ; e prestd I palace ol in. I Palazzo ,1, palace was he Hungarian ambassador a i redlted the Holy Sc. a decree ls!ued by the Italian 8 eminent on AUKUSl '.' . said Hi. pal was confis. ai, .1 as a measui B of prieal for "abominable violations interna tlonal law and devastal on of I vh I ' led pri PERSUING 0 Columbus, ni-st RI M i nn VILLA ul i . lone! Tin t:i ri mis concept ol tree. 'or of a human le-ini; is not a eommodltv- or article of commerci ' According t,, ,,id time phiiosophy, Pontlcal enonomy, and legal thought, ,a,,or M.. Sept. 2. Reports that villa with several hundred fol lowers, is within a short distance ofj the rear guard of the American ex peditionary command, were discred- I'OWcr was B ,,, t.titv- BttH ar- p or commerce In no way dlffer- from coal potatoes and iron L'n- , r "us concept the most recent at- '"U'ts have been made to hold work 'l!i In oppression and under the dom- al'n of employers, but th,- power "produce commodities is something JUteie,,, tfom (h1 ,.((lllniodjiies- them M " ls Personal, human, a par' n nf,. itaelf. Under the concept that f" "as a commodity, ami therefore ' "1"'H. emplu) ers have tried to r l'l, TV f'"'; "f W(,rkcr.M for progres! ni for large, nberty bv punishing '" ana i,v d here rshlng. 'I have Villa and sevel ! lines, I, all , v bv Brlff. i', received re I his follow,': I points in the i, nt have been dire, unal i I hem," lo- said. j General Pershln nectlng the base discuss the pi his force. whi amp, posed withdrawal . oncerning ,,v inn from lion ,,f oiu le to verif) is here hi de, lined I" of trust legt!! 'hiin II, ""lilJHlllg IU res,,.,,,, 'mi ine miunciiv e ,r,i, " 'o protect the workers against It Constipation tin- Pather of Man) His. i if the numeroui Ills that affect humanity a large share start with constipation. Keep your bowels reg uhu and they may be avoided. When laxative is needed take Chamber lain's Tablets. They not only move the bowel! but Improve tne appetite and strengthen the digestion, Obtain able ev , rv where. ! 1 1 nt Itobert .1. Colli. !'. nt and . halrman of the ex imittee t la rem s ll. Mac- treasurer ami Richard Lloyd g, secretary. mhen of me board of trus tees wei, iiharn ll Taft, Joseph H Choate, Samuel L. Clemens, cardinal I 111. Loiis. Albert Shaw Henry Watter- Kon, Wiii'ain Travers Jerome, Lyman J, Gage, Ida M Tarbell, Charles A. Towne, flenenal Horace porter, au gUStUS Sain! OaudeflS, Norman Hap- g I. Edward M. Shepard, August Belmont, Oscar s Strauss, John a Johnson, Charles K. Hughes, Samuel Qompera Augustus R wdison. Wii Irani Jennings Bryan, Charles E. Mm- Cl and .I'll It III LlOVd Jones campaign for funds with which to rear a memorial over the lo cabin, on its original site, was then begun end the response WSS i i k and uen- , rons. More than 270,000 persons contributed sums ranging from twen ty -five , ,-nts to nun. ii total of (193,000 being raised This response wan limited to BO One section, men and women of the south coming for ward with a readiness equal to thai their ,l-ii. to pay tributt to the memory of Abraham Lincoln, On the eentenar) of Lincoln'! birth, February 12, IK"!', the . ornerst,,ii,- of tltr bountiful granite memorial struc ture was laid by President Th lore Roosevelt. On Novembei :', 191 1, the without The pal; lUiiattiKs in v given bi Popi :.iit ' 1 1 1 i" V'enh e and rem 1 - n nupjijn! jm rrr i 1 1 n 1 'M''iii'nnTTil m. , , , , , : -r - .. "j-jm In posse fall, win lie republic on j to the empei USED CAR BARGAINS The following ears have 1 ougbly ovei hauled and ai i I by us: - Hudson, slartei and lights Hi! Modi Ti one i I'tti i I 'lie I-"..! .1 d lit e ti le k Any of the abol I , nrs on Imanti if desin ,i Fifth and t'opp, i HOW lo Live Good dv i, c The beat w av to uii i- good idv to set ii good example, when , sec how utipkty you g, t over Heme. i v t hi , are likel) t, follov example This remedy ha I . use for maiiv eiir ami enjoys c lient reputation, el, tan . whore I,.. - frll Jeuriwl Want ,U Maxwell motor cars have demountable rims and the same size tires on both front ar.J rear wheels. F. O B. DETROIT -v.ttv only REMEMBER tl important features, because they are nut to be found on some of the lighter cars. Maxwell cars have 3' in. tires all around This is a generous size. The tires are not overtaxed They last longer and make riding easier, Tires of one m.v mean that you ha' one size casing and one si.:e tube. Demountable rims, of course, are I . best. They are on all good ears. Without demountable rims. If you do These two features along with t'i; and up-to-date equipment ; the hoot i endurance of the Maxwell, make A tht mobile value in the worAd to vu 'H regret it let complete ftnd proved 3-pfA4r S. .. (- ' . ' i -I-.- t,, '."ort Car 05 BUTLER AUTO COMPANY 1 1 lbuqui i, ,4m