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UQUERQUE MORNING JOURNAL.
CITY CITY EDITION EDITION KTV-fKVENTII YISAK. vol Albuquerque Morning Journal, Monday, December 4, 1916. Dily by Carrier of Mall.70 a Month. Single Cnl M Hia; ton 1 STRAITS .uu CZAR'S FORCES ATTACKING TEUTONS ON TWO SIDES TO SAVE BUCHAREST THE CENTER OP AJLJB CONGRESS BACK ATWORKTDDAY: BUCHAREST CHIHUAHUA CITY AGAIN IN RANDS HILL SPEED UP LEGISLATION Lame Ducks and Ducks Not So Lame Will Meet at Cap itol and Compare Notes on Events of Recent Election, MUCH IMPORTANT WORK IN NEXT THREE MONTHS Administration Will Endeavor to Get as Much Accom plished Before Republicans Gain Control of House, (V MOKNINa JOURNAL iriCIAL LIASIO Wl( Washington, Dec. 3. Thfc Sixty fourth congress will reconvene ut noon tomorrow for its second session which will end with tho lilo of the present congress on March 4. The administration, although assured of control for four years more in all branches, excepting possibly the house of representatives, hits an ambitious legislative program, all of which can not he crowded Into the next three months. Where tho administration is to draw the line on general legislation has not been determined. Tarty con ferences outline the program to be attempted in addition to the appropri ation bills which must be passed to meet expenditures of government for the fiscal year 1917-1918. When congress adjourned last Sep tember, tho democratic senate cau cus agreed that the Immigration bill, with its oft-vetoed literacy test, would b taken u and .passed before con sideration of any other legislation. It also had agreed to act on the Owen corrupt practices bill, a measure to limit expenditures in national politi cal campaigns and to provide now Penalties for election frauds. Itoth measures had been pressed at the end of the session, to the embarrassment of both parties, and were abandoned by mutual consent despite the urgent demands of a few members. Kiglit-lioiir Law. Heslde thoso two measures the memorable eight-hour day fight which marked the last days of the last session had ended with legislation suggested by President Wilson uncon sidered. It will be urged upon the congress by tho administration above nil other subjects. In fact the joint committee created by congress to in vestigate the whole subject of rail road problems lias been in session two weeks preparing recommendations and It is apparent that this will be the dominating feature of tho session. In view of the, probability that the administration is to face a divided Sixty-fifth congress or nt best a non dcpendendable plurality In the lower house, It is the hope of democratic leaders to complete before the March adjournment what remains of a con strue Bve program if reform legisla-' lion long ago conceived. All are con vinced, however, of the paramount Importance of supply bills and these must take precedence, general legisla tion to be considered whenever time Will permit. Of t lie supply measures there is (bruin more than usual importance at tached (0 the naval appropriation bill. Hearings already have begun before the house committee. The bill must Provide for the second year's con "truetlon in the elaborate three-year building program authorized at the last session as part of the administra tion's plan to strengthen the national defense. There also remain to be fted upon important conservation measures which the president and many members of loth legislative "ranches have been advocating. Webb Hill Wanted. Beside those measures which Pres ident Wilson wants congress to enact he We!,!, bill to make it legal for American corporations to maintain "oilcctive selling agencies for foreign countries. Under terms of the Clay ton ami-trust law such agencies uld he unlawful. The president Wa disappointed over failure of the nae to pass the bill in the closing ot the last session and expressed rRrets in a formtli statement. "With i egard to the. national de- p there are, beside the regular THE WEATHER THR WFATIIKR FORECAST , y ,,n'1 Probably Tuesday fair; east portion. fwK.AL ATHKK REPORT. I ly-four tour, ending At "i. rewerday. m'nim'mum temP"ture, 57 degrees; ''" t ranKe' 31; tempera dear p' m 45! north wlnd: GREAT STRUGGLE M M Encircling Movement of Teu tonic Allies Draws Closer to Rumanian Capital; Defense Stiffens Perceptibly, RUSSIAN GAIN CLAIMED SOUTHWEST OF CITY French Transport Is Sunk by German Submarine Near Malta With Great Loss of Life of Soldiers, IIV MORNtNO JOURNAL CIAL LUIIO WISH The encircling movement of the Teutonic allies draws closer towurd liucharest, although the Rumanians are stiffening their defense. The Teutons have crossed tho Ar gechu river, but Pctrograd and liu charest assert that southwest of the capital the Russians and Rumanians have forced the retirement of the Teutons and taken prisonos and booty. I'.erlin fays that here a Ru manian force was thrown back with heavy casualties. Hard fighting continues along the border of Ilukowina, with both sides claiming the advantage. On none of the other fronts has there been any great Infantry activity. An attack by the entente forces north west of Monastir, Saturday, was put clown, according to Berlin. Italians are claiming an advance of "00 meters over a front of two-thirds of a mile on the Carso sector of the AiiHtro-llalian front, a maneuver whtch straightened out the. Italian line. Traii!iMrt Is SunU. The French transport Karnak has been sunk near Malta by a Oerman submarine, according to an announce ment by the Oerman admiralty. The transport Is said to have been loaded with troops bound for Salonlki. Owing to the aeutcness of the po litical crisis in Great Britain, Premier Asquith announces that he will advise the king to consent to a reconstruc tion of the government. Cnofficiul advices from Athens are that tho fighting between Greeks and entente troops has ceased and that tho entente troops have been sent back to Piraeus. AI.LIIvS' Oi l i:sivi: IX WI ST H:TUtK Berlin, Dec. 3 (via Wireless to Tueckcrton, N. J.) "After five months of the bloodiest of combats," says the Overseas News agency, "the Somme offensive at no place has ad vanced beyond ten kilometers. This success was attained in July, south of the Somme. Then the French conquered La Maisonette. Since this time, the offensive has ceased at this place. No further advance could be made. "North of the Somme, the advance was slower but steadier. On July 10, fighting was going on about Contal muison. After sanguinary battles, the rtritish. assisted bv the French, fin ally succeeded in September, in ad vancing as far as the I return, during the first days in July. The Germans have baited all further advances. The recent insignificant gains of terrain cannot be measured by kilometers, hut by meters. Of course, through a big concentration, an attack can pusn back the offenders at isolated and narrowly limited places such as the British did on the Ancro in Novem ber. Not one of their objects, how ever, was attained. Nobody, not even on the entente side, believes any longer that the German front can be broken. "The great offensive which has cost tho western powers 800,000 to 900,000 men, has been stifled in blood and mud. The battle on the Somme was started with gigantic fresh armies, with war machines ami the ammuni tion of two parts of the world, will continue in history as the heaviest en- tenter defeat. It means a Gallipoii on the continent." Fails t0 Com let Albert Freeman. New York. Dec. 3. The jury in the case of Albert Freeman in the federal district court, announced today it was unable to agree. Freeman was indict ed several years ago with Julian Hawthorne and tr. William J. Mor ton for an alleged conspiracy to swin dle investors In mining stocks by illegally using the mails. The three were convicted. Freeman appealed and was granted a new trial. Preachers' reunion Fund (imw. New York. Dec., 3. More than J. oOO.OOO has been pledged toward the -, annnnn fund to neni-ion clergymen nt the Protestant Episcopal Church, it was announced here tonight by Bish op William Lawrence of aiassacnu eUi. ... , . OF GARRANZA S CAVALRY ES Villa Retires by Special Train After Taking All Booty He Could Load and Send Ahead of Him, ONLY MEAGER REPORTS OF ALLEGED BATTLES Trevino's Soldiers Appear on Streets of Juarez With Ears Cut Off; Many Other Muti lations, NO AMFKICAXS AUK Kll Mil); CIIINFSi: SKA IN Juarez, Mex., Dec. 3. No Americans have been killed In Chihuahua by Villa, according to a private message received hero tonight from that city. The mes sage said that the only foreign ers to suffer were the Chinese, for whom the handits showed no mercy. Generals Murgula and Trevlno were both in Chihuahua tonight, it was said. $,$$$$$i$$$J4 mr MORNiNa journal special lkako wimi Juarez, Mex., Dec. 3. K'arranza forces were again in control of Chi huahua City today and Villa had fled to the mountains to the west of the capital city, It was announced today by Gen. Francisco Gonzales, Carran ra commander here. Gen. Francisco Murguia, the Car ranza commander, who has been moving slowly northward from Tor reon, was also reported to have en tered the citv today after having de feated the Villa column thirty miles south of Chihuahua City. Cavalry Force I Inters City. Gen. Carlos Ozuna, the cavalry commander, wh( has been charging the rebel, lines at Nombre de Dios and the northern suburbs of Chihuahua, succeeded in entering the city yester day evening at 7 o'clock, and has re established telegraphic communica tion with tho border. Ho made a brief official report to General Gon iiales here- who is his superior officer, and then proceeded into the heart of the city on an exploring expedition, and was expected to report by tele graph lute tonight or early tomorrow on the present conditions in tho capi tal, the losses to both sides and the fate of the Americans and other for eigners In the city. Villa ltd feats by Train. Tho battle between the forces of Murguia and bandits took place Fri day and was believed to huve com pletely routed t he to Villa forces in that district, and to have sent them toward the west, in which direction Villa and his stuff are said to have gone on special trains. Six trains entered Chihuahua Cit.v today from tho south and were be lieved here to have carried the re mainder of Murguia's column, his field equipment, and heavy artillery. Telegraphic i omniunicatlon has been re-established with Torreon and Mex ico City from tho Chihuahua capital, and the railroad has been repaired and trains are operating " fir south s Jimenez, it was announced here. Meager Details or Fighting. Only the most meager details of the fighting which resulted in the re-occupation of the capital have been re ceived over the federal telegraph line, which was operating all day to the military headquarters in Chihuahua City from General Gonzales' head quarters here. It was believed by Carranza offi cials that Vill.d left some time yester day for the west over the Mexico Northwestern railroad, following the two trains of loot which he sent west after capturing the town and looting many of the stores, according to the reports brought to the border by refu gees. Many of his men were said to have been left behind when the trains left for tho Guerrero district, wheie Villa and many of his bandit leaders have made their homes for many years. It was reported here today that many of the Villa followers who were left, in the city were exonerated by tho Carranza officials, when it was learned that they had been Impressed into the bandit leaders' service and fought against their will. Nothing Known of Foreigner. Nothing was learned today of the foreigners who were known to have been in the city when the Carranza troops re-entered the city, but Car ranza officials here say they hav little doubt these foreigners were in hiding and escaped with their lives. Neither had anythiag delin.te, beeft learned of the whereabouts of Gen. Jacinto F. Trevlno and his command, which left Chihuahua City Monday. He was reported to have made a junc tion with General Murguia at Horca sltas, south of Chihuahua City, but none of the brief reports received here mentioned his name. Carranza officers here are confi dent, however, that he escaped with tho greater putt of his command from tho city. General Francisco Gonzales an nounced late today he would go to Chihuahua City wit 1 a part of his bri gade as soon as a train could be ar ranged. Ho will go to make a, per sonal Investigation of the situation there and to urrange for resuming traffic between that city and the border. His forces have been In creased by the arrival of approximate ly 500 troops from the Casus Orandos district, which arrived early today. Practically all of these troops were mounted. The fear of Villa coming to Juarez has apparently passed. Cut Off Their Furs. Six Carranza soldiers from the remnants of General Trevino's com mand were seen on the streets here today with their ears out. They wore bandages about their beads and piece.) of medicated cotton over their mu tilated ears. They appeared to bo suf fering great pain from their injuries. This was one of Villa's favorite meth ods of mutilating the Carranza sol diers at Chihuahua City, office were sad to have been even nioro terribly mutilated. Many wounded soldiers arc also to be seen among the troops w hich have at rived here from tho south. More Ttooh in .Inure.. The troops' concentrated In Juarez were further Increased late today by a train of twelve cattle cms that ur rlved from the south, filled inside with mounts and on top with troop ers, equipment and women camp fol lowers. Numerous tourists who had crossed the river from HI Paso, gath ered to watch the unloading of the train, as the horses and mules, al though small, occasionally put up a struggle and had to bo roped and dragged down Hie gangways. The sol diers, wrapped up to their chins in blankets and with hats ranging in size from huge sombreros to small hats of yellow canvas, looked as if just out of tho mountains. Long strips of dried beef were made fast to their saddles, by way of campaign rations. Peon refugees were busy today im provising huts from the ruins of adobe buildings near tho railway tracks. The children of the Juarez public schools gae an entertainment in the local theater, featuring patrlotlr and battle scenes, which were enthusiasti cally applauded. Villa Issues Proclamation. A Mexican refugee from Chihuahua, who left tho city after its fall to Villa, claims to have seen a proclamation issued there by tho bandit chief. Ms substance, said (he refugee, was as follows: Villa called on the people to unite with him against tho followers of Carranza. In proof of his magnanim ity ho cited the case of his old per sonal enemy, Joso Ynez Salazar, say ing that he released Salazar from prison during bis assault yi Chihua hua, on September lfi, and gave him a brigade to command. Villa urged the union of members of all parlies to his cause, saying that it was only against the Carranza adherents ho "refused to repent'' that he reserved his wrath. He added that he exclud ed nil filibustered from his army. The refugee said that Villa made no reference to Americans or to the massacre ut Santa Ysabel. or to the Columbus raid,, which sent the Amer ican punitive expedition after him. The manifesto was said to be print ed in the shop of F.l Democrata, the leading Carranza paper of tho state. LANE WOULD HAVE OIL LANDS WITHDRAWN IBV MOffNINd JOURNAL SPECIAL LIASKO WIPC Washington, Dec. 3. Withdrawal from entry of 45,000 acres of public land in Colorado, and kfi.OfiO acres In I.' tan, including a part of the Green river formation, which it is estimated, will yield not less than l.OOO.Omi bur rein of fuel oil, wus recommended to President Wilson today by Secretary Lane. The lands lie within easy reach of railroad lines and It Is believed they will bo exceedingly valuable us a fuel reserve for the navy. They contain shales which yield petroleum. In addition to the heavy residuum this shale oil will yield 10 to 1.1 per cent of gasoline by ordinary methods of refining, and a a by-product, will produce ammonium sulphat, a valua ble! fertilizer, in largo quantities. The lands are arid sections, where they are of little agricultural value, but thoso guod for farming may be entered under the agricultural laws, subject to reservation to the govern ment of tho oil and gas in them. Colfax Telephone Line Improved. Santa Fe, Dec. 3. Tho Mountain States Telephone and Teh graph company is spendtns more than $15,000 tn Fprmger. Colf.ix county, in changing ltjj poles and wire, put ting In lightning absorbers, a new switchboard in a new and exchAnsa and making other imp rovemnt. ASDUITH ASKS KING GEORGE TO E Political Crisis is Acute and General Reconstruction of Ministry is Believed to Be Imperative, LLOYD-GEORGE STIRS UP ENGLISH POLITICS Conferences Among Leaders Take Place During Sunday, in Which War Secretary Figures, (V MDhNINd JOURNAL SPtCIAL LIAtlQ WIRCl Loudon, Dec. 3. Premier Asqulth has decided to advise the king to con sent to the reconstruction of the gov ernment. Tills was officially an nounced tonight. Premier Asqulth left town yesterday, but returned this morning and throughout the day there have been consultations ami meetings of party leaders at the premier's residence. Mr. Lloyd-George had a long con sultation with the premier this after noon, oilier visitors were A. lionar Luw, secretary of the colonies, and the Marquis of Crowe, lord pi cedent of the council. Sir Kdwnnl Carson and Mr. Law aiuieared together and addressed a morning meeting of tho unionist com- mittee. while the Karl of Derby, un- der-secretary for war, had a long In terview with Mr. Lloyd-George. Purpose Not IHsrloM'ri, Nothing is known on which tn base a precise Interpretation of the official statement respecting "the reconstruc- tinn of the government." 'Ml I I. I.... ...... ...... I I,, IT llieic IM mil I J 1 1 AS .inwh'.ri uih niui Mr. Asquith conleuiilatcs abandoiiTlig the premiership, or, Indeed, that any resignations are Impending, and for the moment, the only Important dif ference In the inTMiimcl of the minis try seems to be the re-admistilon ir F.d ward Carson. David Moyil-Gcorge, who evidently is tho moving spirit In the whole cri sis, has not offered his resignation to Premier Asqullh, but he has threat ened to resign in certain contingen cies. Small Council Likely. The political coi respondents con cur that the crisis will result, in Un coils! It ut ion of a small war council for a more vigorous prosecution of the war. The Daily News' pa rllamen tiiry correspondent, who is almost In variably wcll-lnfori I, says that Lloyd-Gnori'jjj, bad a ,wo-hours' talk Willi the prime minister op Sunday, as a result of which it was agreed that both Mr. Asquith and Mr. Lloyd George would remain In the govern ment. The correspondent understood that Mr. Lloyd-George favors a small council which would not Include Mr. Asquith, who, be thinks, should de vote himself to the government, of the country apart., from the war. Lloyd -George's Desire. Mr. Lloyd-George's proposed role in the new war council would, accord ing to the same correspondent, not differ greatly from (lie position Lord Kitchener held in the war office when he as a member of the late hiborlte government, that is to say, would to some extent, be Independent of the government. He would have advisers, but the power of making war deci sions would be bis. TRANSPORT CROWDED WITH TROOPS IS SUNK TRY MOANINS JOURNAL IPICIAL LKAD WIN!) Heilin, Dec. .'J (by Wireless to Sayvllle). The sinking by a German submarine "f a fi.OOO-tou French tiansport filled with troops, was an nounced today by the admiralty. The announcement follows: "A German submarine on Novem ber t", neur Malta., sank the Fienejj transport steamer Kurnak, fi.OOO tons. The Karnak waV crowded with troops destned for Salonikl." iirrana Hopes to Oct Ixian. Mexico City, Dec. 3. -Local bankers are optimistic, that the government will obtain a loan of I 2,0o0,(ino from Mexican bankers temporarily to guar antee panel money, they believe inn banks of Issue including thn Statu hank, the I'ank of London and Mex ico and the L;ino Nac.ional, will make the lo m and thit m consideration they will be allowed to resume business in the circulation of their bank billis. backed by au sleqqate r-rvp. AGREE TO CHANG OF GOVERNMENT COMPLEXION OF CAMPAIGN N RUMAN A COMPLETELY CHANGED B NEW SLiC OFFENSIVE CAPITAL OF KINGDOM NOT FORTIFIED; GOVERNMENT IS MOVING TO ANOTHER POINT Announcement by Premier of Agreement by Great Britain and France, Subsequently Approved by Italy, by Which Dream of Muscovite Empire Is to Be Realized if Entente Wins, Is Regarded as More Important and Far-Reaching Than Any Other Recent Event in Great European Strug gle; Simultaneously With Speech in Duma Comes Re ports of Furious Attacks by Slavic Armies, Strongly Reinforced, on Both Mackcnsen and Falkcnhayn. (B Morning Journal Special Leased wtre.) London, 'J VC S Ah event siirpassinj,' in f;ir-reacliinr im portance llit- actual military operations of the war comes today in the public . announcement 1y the Russian piTiiiie lexander4Tre poff, that by an npreemeiit concluded in l')15, and subsequently adhered to by Italy, the allies definitely established Russia's right to Constantinople and the straits. Simultaneously, while the fate'of liucharest is still hanging in the balance, conn-s the news that Russia is making heroic efforts to turn the tide of events in Rumania in addition to exerting vig orous pressure against von Falkcnhayn in Moldavia, where the Russians have gained a footing at Kerlibaba. The new Russian effort is visible south of Bucharest, where : j h . H II ;c ,,l,in,r ituixircint attack ,i " 1 sen's rear, according to the Russian ollicia report, wnn some mh. cess, the dermaiis ant Toinana and dost matt: '.111! The ing pressure in Dobntdja. May Change Situation, These Uussi.in attacks on the t'ftfi extreme flanks of the central fores, ni-lV II HUCCCSHIimy pioncciiieo, I change tile complexion of the.' I!u j nianian campaign, as there Is no Judi cation as yet that, the central powers have succeeded in culling off any consul, raldo portion of Hut Kumanlan armies. According to the German t he i lei imin liiilgarlaiiM a re pressing towards the capital Argechu vallej, tlicy have the river and have out flank. report, steadily III the crossed d a 1 1 il- nianian foli c w lil' li had attempted to aihance southwest of Itiichurcsi. A semi-official ituinanian slalenn nt has been received by wireless lo the effect that, before the eolliuicnceliii nt of the war, llm barest was deprived of Hie charaMcr of a fortress and that when the danger of occupation presented itself, steps were taken for the evacuation of (lie city by the mili tary elements. Tills would seem to In dicate that the Kumanlans are fight ing lo delay their enemy and secure the safe retirement of their armies. Tiior.sM- i;ii-oLi di;i;m To iti-: ki.xi Pelrograd, Dee. 'I (via London, Dec. 3. 1 The semi-official news a.'.eucv says lb.it in liie duuia today I'mioim Trepoff read a proclamation an nouncing officially thal an agreement concluded by Lussia, I'runic and Great. Britain, In 11)1.,, and later ap procd by Italy, "establishes in dol'i nlln manlier the rigid of Uusi-i.i to the straits and Constantinople." Premier Trepoff's announcement -quoted as follows: "For more than a thousand years Russia, has been leaching southward tow, 'irii,,i lice outlet on the open sen. This dream now is ready for realiza tion. From Ihe beginning of tin uir, wishing to spare human lives and suffering, we and our allies did our utmost to restrain Turkey from parti cipation in hostilities. Tin key re ceived foimal assurances guarantee ing her. In exchange for neutrality, the integrity of her territory and in dependence, and also conferring her certain privllems anil advautagcr. These etfoits were ill ain. Turkey hurt, .ptitioiisly allai ked us. "We then icmcluded an agreement with our a!!!,? w hich rifjbli: bes the right of Hufj-ij. to the stiaits and Constantinople. Huwltna should know t'r what they are L-hed'ting MAY BE on Field Marshal von Macken- ., laving heen uriveu uum are alsA sttccf fully apply i . .. . ;arians Russians . ii ...a ;md In scold wiHi ill: li t tins lll-'re' ui.'lit .n inouuici""" iliuade today from this tribune. . ' ,.,T j "j vpt.Iti'.ir.is. T.i j,.. PF.FMII It MI.I7IS WITH IIOSIII.I. Il MONSTHATIOV London, Dec. 3. A dispatch from IVtrogind snys that when Premier Trepoff mounted the tribune in tho eiima to read the government's state ment, the parlies of the extreme left began a hosllle demonstration. M. Trepoff thrice appeared on tho tribune, but each tlnio left, owlun to the turmoil. The president of tho durna there upon proposed expulsion for eight sit tings of twehe members of the social ist and labor parlies, including tho leaders Tcheidso and Kreliski. This proposal was adopted and the premier delivered his speech. M. Trepoff expressed satisfaction at the patriotic activities of the munici palities and said that the government would, take nil possible measures for the establishment of settled order be. hind the army. In tho present time, Ho- premier said, this lack of order had been felt In questions of supply. with man y . ill tie he result that the population in regions was experiencing dlffl i's regards food. It might bo .ecc-wi i , be t.ud, to renounce thn system of restrictions. The premier declared tlvit transport difficulties necessllat, il un examination Into the railway construction. He declared that measures must lie taken to In crease the production of metals and fuel, and that the construction of fac tories was Imperative. He added that Pleasures were being considered for the development of technical educa tion. "Absolute agreement on this point Is firmly established among the allies, and there is no doubt that after she obtained sovereign possession of a free passage Into the Mediterranean, Russia will grant freedom of naviga tion for the Kumanlan flag, which now. for the first time, floats In bat tle side by side with the flag of Rus sia. "1 thought it my duty not to con (iiil from you the difficulties and sacrifices which we havo still to en dure in order to bring the present war to a victorious conclusion, hut no dif f lenity and no srcnfiee will i,top Ru ma and her to ate utiles on tne pain of n en' 'ruction and consolidation. "A bn.ht Liiure will be the tisxU