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ALBUQUERQUE MORNING JOURNAL
CITY CITY EDITION EDITION ThlllTV-SKVI NTH lbAId vol.. CLJT. No. 80. Albuquerque Morning Journal, Tuesday, December 19, 1916. Dally, by Carrier or Mail, 7o a Month Sliiak Copies, ,5c. BOOLS OF U.S. HIE 24 PEI (M OF P3PHITI1 I HE ROLLS Commissioner of Education P, Claxton Gives Astounding; Figures In Annual Report on American Education, WOMEN MONOPOLIZE WORK OF TEACHING Clearer Vision Is Shown and More Practice Than Theory Is Disclosed in Educational System of Country, ttPICIAL CORN! BRONOBNCB TO MORNINO JOURNAl Washington, Dae, is. There were1 18,500,040 persons attending schools Of some kind In the I'nited States In , 1916, according to estimates of the 1'nltftd States bureau of education.: "Tills means," declares the annual re port of the commissioner of education, "that approximately -4 per cent of the inhabitants Of the United States, nre attending school, as compared with 19 per cent in Great Britain, If per cent In France. 0 per cent In Germany, and little oyer 4 i er cent In Russia." The bureau points out, however, that the result is much less favorable to the I'nited States if dally attendance, rather than enroll-1 nient, is taken as the basis for com- parlSOn, since some of tnc other na-j tions have better attendance and u ; longer school term than the I'liitcd i States. j In mum 1 Attendance. The number of pupils In public kin dergarten attd elementary schools rose i from Ifi, 1100,000 in 1910 to 17,935,000 j in 1914, an Increase of more than a million in four years. Tn the same period the number of public high school students increased from 9ir,,-l 000 to 1,810,000; and for 19ir, the cor- ! responding figure was 1,889,000, A the result of this Increase of uo.oofl ; tr public MRh sol . i.:..'iiis Die ti) t I number of students in the M.OtiO , high schools of all kinds increased to S million and a half. Of the 11.IS74,' Public high schools reported. 8.440 j had full four-year courses. Approxi- I mutely 88 per cent of ail public high School students nre in four-year high schools. The report analyzes the number of teachers in the I'nited States show ing that of the 706.000 teachers, lfiO. 000 were men and '.37,000 women. The number of men teachers has in r i eased yen Slightly sniTV 1800j the number of women teachers lias almost doubled, Tn public elementary schools the number of men teachers has decreased 20 per sent since 1900 while the numl 1 has increased S r of women teachers per cent. In I !tnn teaching positions in public high schools wire evenly divided between men and women. At the present time women outnumber the men hy S.OOfl. The average annual salary of S11 teachers is 8B86. The figure' Is highest IP the east and norlh Atlantic states, with fi!0 and respee Hvel.V, and lowest In the south Atlan tic .-lates (8888.) It varies from 8234 In Mississippi :o $ s 7 1 in California, and $941 In New York cost ttt BMncMtlon. Expenditures for education In 1914, partly estimated, totaled close to 8800,000,000, An estimate, making due allowances for the intervening two years and for items necessarily omitted, would easily bring the na tion's current educational expenditure to a billion dollars. Public elemen tary schools cost in 191 r, approximate ly .r.oo oonooo; public high schools. 570.000. nan; private elementary schools. $02,000,000: private second ary schools. 815, 000, 000; universities, colleges and professional schools, 1100 000,000: normal schools, $10,. 000,000. Of the 8S88, 077,146 actually report ed for public schools in 1914, 39S, (11,104 was by the north Atlantic and north central states. New York ex nended 180,000.000: Pennsylvania, 858,000.000: Illinois. J39.007.31 4; Ohio. 822.214.171.124: California. $26.- 579,804: Massachusetts, 885,488,888. and New Jersey, 888,380,080, Six states, New Hampshire, Vermont. Delaware, Wyoming. New Mexico Anci Nevada, expended less than $2,000, ooo. On a per capita basis l'tah rank- ed highest. With an expenditure for education of $10.07: Idaho expended .8 ner capita of noDulatlon: North T))ikoJn. f9.62: Montana. $9.50; Ari sona, 88.88. and Waahlngton. 88.88; while Mississippi spent 81.48, South Carolina 81.88. Alabama $1.97 and Georgia $t 9s. lifts and bequests to education amount to $31, 357,39s in 1814, of which 188.870,017 was for universi ties and colleges. 81,558,881 for the "logical schools and $1.495, 773 for law schools. Since 1S96 sums aggre- sating 1407.000000 have been given 'o educational institutions by private ; New York. Ambulance Company No. donors. 13; Twenty-third infantry and Second Movements of USB Yonr. field artillery . Field Hospital No ::. Tn discussing educational move-j Wisconsin, brigade headipia iters tnents the report points nut that most land First infantry: Field Hospital of the recent contributions are in the jfo. I. domain of practice rather than In Virginia, First infantry, theory. The report declares: "There I lim-lon Directs Movement, seems to be a clearer vision as to the ' The movement was directed by "--p'ial alms of education. Educa- (Joncral Funston under authority or' 'tonal surveys have multiplied to a:a general order issued recently by the rcnaaritatje extent; almost no field j war l'pirtment to reduce as he ha now heen left untouched and the j deemed best the forces of the national ftodwg in -untitle measure- guard on the border It involves M. wents are he-nr utiltied tn survey 04 7 Men which brings '! Th health movemnt In fdu '' .-:' has experienced s notahle stlm. 'dus from te preparedness situation and rti, itzui tw aU.i THE WEATHER WEATHER FORECAST. Denver, ic ts, Now Mexico: Tuesday ami Wednesday generally fair, warmer east portion Tuesday. The Day in Congress "I M l '. Met at noon. Military affairs subcommittee be tan hearinn n universal training bill. Major General pcott, army chif of sinff recommending the volunteer system be disregarded. Privileges and eteetlons committee named subcommittee to r,t draft cor i rupi practices bill. Joint subcommittee on iniilo lands J Resumed debate on District of Co linnbia prohibition lill. 11(11 M Met at noon. Considered legislation on unanim ous consent calendar. District of Columbia appropriation r,l carrying 111,881,109, favorably re ported. General Weaver, chief of the coast artillery, testified before tike military affairs committee, jw education has more and more I the interest of the general public outside of professional circles and has clearly become a problem of administration and financing, rather than promotion. Vocational educa tion is advancing slowly, but steadily, In a way that seems to afford the best possible gaurnnty Of permanence." Because of the increase In cost of paper a much smaller edition of the annual report of the commissioner has been printed and many school officers and librarians who have received the Volumes In past years will be obliged to purchase them at cost from the su perintendent of documents at Wash ington. Reprints of the various chap ters will be available for free distri bution in the limited amounts allowed by law. War Department Declares Mustering Out of 16,000 Guardsmen Does Not Mean Pershing's Retirement, 'v M'jR'i Him JOURNAL BPBlIAL LBAOBO WIBB, Waahlngton, Deo. 18, It was offi cially stated at the war department tonight that the order for the return of the 16,000 national guardsmen for muster out of the federal service was not to be construed as foreshadowing B movement out of Mexico by Oeneral Pershing's column. Officials also ex plained that a force of 75,000 guards men wuld be maintained on the bor der until Pershing was withdrawn and that today's order merely was in pur suance of the previously announced Policy to reduce the militia in the in in to me minimum no e.ssiiy It la generally understood thai when the expedition In Mexico Is with drawn the entire guard force will be returned to home points for muster out. (.1 UID8 V BORDER TO BIS Mt EI) AT (IM E San Antonio, Tex., Dec. 1 8, Nation aggregating al guard organisations 1D,UVU nun is louay were oesisiiau 1 by Oeneral Punston t,, leave the bor der service and return to their re jSpectlve states to be mustered out of 'the fodcrsl service. He acted in Com pliance with war department InstrUC ' tions. j The homeward movement of these 1 organisations will be In three groups j to facilitate use of rolling stock. Cars ;are now being assembled for rcgi- I ments included In the first group and iihe. movements from various bolder points will begin in s few days. Gen jerai FunSton estimated that it would j be January 5 or 7 before all units in S the last group had started. i nt s Prom Many Mates, The following units will be returned to their home stations as soon as : transportation is available: Nebraska. Fourth infantry. Iowa, Company A engineers. Minnesota, brigade headquarters and Second infantry. Kansas, Company A, signal corps. North Dakota, First infantry. Utah, Field hospital No. I. Pennsylvania, Bixteenth and fourth infantry, one infantry brigade head quarters, division headquarters and ;iKnal battalion: Ambulance Company N.0, Fiol(l Hospital No. I; First cav- j1!. Michigan, Thirty-first infantry. Indiana. A company, signal corps; Ambulance company No. 1: First bat talion field artillery, less li battery, brigade headquarters and Thirty-second infantry: Field Hospital No. t, Missouri. 1'. troop: Field Hospital No. I; Ambulance Company No, I: A company signal corps, brigade head quarters and Second infantry. Maryland, Field Hospital Company No. 1. First ambulance company. Illinois, a company, signal corns ftavnnth Infantrv to 7 5 100 i"' - Tli" "tira movem- ni is expect.:-.: . . 1 by Jan- TROOPS' RETURN NO INDICATION nr iiMTunniimiii r u n nu u ui II 1 1 uunnniiL. SGOTTAND WOOD AGREE NATIONAL GUARD IS UNFIT FOR HARD DUTY Both Generals Advocate Uni versal Training of Young Men Who Arc Fit for Ser vice in War, 30 PER CENT OF MILITIA PHYSICALLY DEFECTIVE Had Raw Men Been Called to Meet Good Troops They Never Would Have Known What Hit Them, lV MOBNIN4 JOUNl. tPICIAl. I KIIO W,II Washington, Deo. iv -The mobili sation of the national guard for bor der service was desibeil as S mili tary failure, emphasising the urgent necessity of abandoning the volunteer system as the nation's reliance for de fense, in statements today by liaj. (Jen. Hush U Scott, chief of staff of the army, and staj. Gen. Leonard Wood, commanding the east, m de partment, before the s. nate sub-committee, tonsidering the Chamberlain universal military training bill, Both of the generals advocated uni versal training. Oeneral Wood de clared that the country now was ut terly defenseless against a well-organ- ired foe: that the mobilization was a tragedy, ami thai if the guardsmen had met gOOd troops. theV 'would never have known what hit them." General Scotl told the committee that lessons drawn from the present war proved thai In case of war with a first class power, the United states would need immediately a. trained lorCe "f 1,500,0 nen, With another 1,500,000 available within ninety days. opposition is Heard, in the other side of the question, the committee heard Walter L Fish er, of Chicago, former secretary of the interior, who opposed universal service, although he stood for ade quate defense measures and suggest ed a regular army of s half-million. He thought if the pav of privates were ralaod to J.;u a mocib, the service would be more attractive to recruits. General Wood, irom whose depart ment went BS',000 of the guardsmen sent to the border, said of the men enrolled when the call came that an average of so per cent of each com pany had to be dropped for physical defects ami the organisations went to the border filled up with green men. "It's been s tragedy," he said, "but worth all it cost. If we only profit by it It was not the fault of the offi cers or men, but of a defective sys tem. If iv been compelled to meet good troops down there, it WOUla have been a scene of oarnaca. The guardsmen would never have known w hat hit them." Universal service Needed. "What should We do with the na tional guard, General T" asked Pen tor Brady. It should be replaced as rapidly as possible wtth men trained under a universal service system," Ceneral Wooii replied. "Wlhen the system has Been well started, t would drop tne national guard entirely from any scheme of national defense, although we want every officer anrf man of them in the new plan. But it must be a Btralght-OUi federal force." "Yet the stale inusi maintain the national guard, or some other force," Senator Brady suggested, "1 believe a constabulary should be maintained by each state, not a mili tary force," explained the general. "The police are trained to control, while troops are trained to kill." General Wood's Plan. General Wood outlined his own plan for universal service, which, in effect, should be a combination of the Cham berlain bill, itself an adaptation of the Australian system and the French general staff plan. His scheme would provide that all physically fit men be given six months' training during the nineteenth year, passing them Into the Organised reserve, to be available for first line duty between the aces of 21 and after which they would be passed into the unorganised reserve until 29. The result would be a con slant force of trained men. with full equipment, of more than 1,000.000, he said, in addition to a standing army j of 150,000, composed of nu n who were professional soldiers by person al Inclination. "I don't think any na-, tion would attack lis." he remarked. Senator Thomas asked what the; general thought of the feeling of the j nation toward universal service pro- . posala "1 believe the people will endorse It , today." General Wood answerea "Uibor is with you when you make it absolutely certain that all men, rich or poor, will share alike in military service." Senator Thomas called attention to Mr. Fisher's suggestion that raising the pay of the regular army to 30 B month would bring in all the men nee essary. The general said this merely would extend the evils of an already hopeless military system that had failed the nation in eycry way. "And in litis present mobilisation, he added, "we cannot gel the men for either the regular or nation:. I guard." Details bj General Scott. Oeneral Rcotl win en Into details as to the mobilization when he resumes his testimony tomorrow. He has at his disposal an exnausuve npui, ompded by the militia bureau aiu.r detailed arrountj nad been recei eo from all rerulir offcer:. isfignea r.o m-'sterinc- work. The formal geeiara. ft- f the fen1" al staff again.-.' 'be TiSSSSSt i'-"-1"-' TRACE OF ROBBERS LOST; CHASE GIVEN UP (V MOWN. NO JOURNAL BPBCIAL 1IABBO - f Brush,' Colo . 1 ic.-. I s Sheriff's posses and a large number Of civilians lata today abandoned pursuit of tWO robbers who entered the Stockman's National lank here at !i o'clock this morning, and escaped in a high-powered automobile with between $5,000 and $6,000. Trace of the robbers was bsi several miles northeast of here and the chase as halted. The two men.' Willi then caps pulled down over their eyes, entered tin- bank just at opening time. Cashier A. P, FicricUs and tjjree other bank employes were instantly "covered" and ordered not to make an outcry. The cashier and assistants were forced to lie face dOtgn on the floor while Hie robbers grabbed all the silver and currency In sight Then the bank of ficials were marched Into ths vault and the vault door locked. The cash ier and his companion! managed to extricate themsehes by means of a rear vault door By tins tun. the robbers hail fled in their machine. PEACE DEMONSTRATION GETS SYLVIA SENTENCE (V MOONINI jntjRNft, MRCIAk LIAIID Wtftll London. Poo. n outcome of yesterday's attempted peace demon stration at the Cast India dock gates by Sylvia Pank hurst, the militant suffragette, and a number of her sympathizers, was the imposition to day upon Miss Pankhurst and one of her followers of a sentence of forty shillings fine or seven days' Imprison ment for obstructing ., highway, Tht I sentence was imposed in the Thames j police court. I Miss Pankhurst said that police In terference was responsible for the ' trouble. : WIFE AND DAUGHTERS GET ARCHBOLD ESTATE BV MORN I NO JOURNAL IPK I AL IHIID W,HI) j Ne- York. Dee I s The will of John D. Archbold, president of the Standard di company, of New Jersey, filed for probate here today, divides, I an estate, roughly estimated at about $100,000,000, among bis widow and children with the exception of s few minor bequests. The widow receives Mr. Archbold's Tarrytown homo and a I I, ne-third share of the estate. The children. Mrs. Mane A. Van I Beuren, Mrs. Annie if, Baunderson and John I). Archbold. receive the re- I mainder In equal portions. I Ml Spain in Gl ip of Strike. Madrid, Dec. IS I v ia Parti.) The I 24-hoUr general strike called hy (he labor organisations as a protest! aK.iinst the increased price of tood has I resulted in a complete tie-up of fac tories stoles and other business throughout Spain, (juict prevails ,-v -I er.vwiierc. All shops, cafes and rcs i tauranta in Madrid have been closed. ALLIES" POLICY IN GREECE I ft! ALL ILLEGAL Fl'PncIl ForeigD Office SSUeS v in Statement Claiming JllSIlfl- ' cation tor rressure on w Constantino ! MORNINO JOURNAL iRCLIAL 1 lARKO WIRf, Paris. Dec. 18. Taking nolo of Comparisons which have been made between the invasion of Belgium by the Germa Greece at allies, the ns and Vie experiences or the hands of the entente French foreign office to a statement to ths Assoc!- day mad'- I ale, I Press regard to lis point or lew. Tin- foreign office s citation of I facts ami construction of the treaties I guaranteeing the neutrality or Bel gium and the protection of Greece i are in line with the recent statement 'of viscount Qrey to the Associated Press. To this the foreign office ap pends the assertion that the entente 'allies have done no more than carry lout the terms of their engagements: ; that is. ih it hey are f i hi inn to de fend Belgian neutrality and lo protect Greece from exterior ami Interior I menaces. I in invading Belgium, the foreign OHIce declares, ine . uermaos v umu iihel.- o.-.ih am dishonored i heir sis.- I nature to the treaty guaranteeing the 'neutrality ot that nation, in landing troops at Balonlki, the allies, accord ing to tbIS presentation, not only car ried out Ihe engagement undertaken i in the treats defining their protection I of the kingdom of Greece but re- ' spun iic i io i in invitation of, the ireei govern mi m to come to its ild. l, uuu mill's ui Ksuimuiun Mtuuiuuun ; Being Torn Up; Rails Sent to War ' Ottawa, nit.. Dec. in. Canada has begun to teai up 1,000 miles of rail way to meet the needs of the war on the western fronl in Prance and Bel gium, it was learned tonight The I rails will be shipped to Fram-e, Where they will be relatd to facilitate thi movements of troops, gun.-, munitions, and supplies from Prench pons to the fighting line. I Laborers are now al work tearing up 3no miles ot government railway sidings, and it has been decided to iremove -iO miles of rails between Hd monton and the Pacific coast, where (the Canadian Northern and the Qrand .Trunk Pacific run parallel. The tiaf fic will be thrown upon one of those j lines. One Cargo on Way. It is expected that some of tl Its ,to be sent to Frame wii be obtained Ifrom the transcontinental rallwa) Jr-.d hc Hudron Ej rati" iy tl Is stated .hit twenty miict o. rath win loud on steamer. One iargo already ' I W tw U.v- .vauUMt'll, :w 4 -i. . LLOYD-GEORGES SPEECH Ml! Empire's Answer to Germany's Peace Proposal Is Awaited With the Greatest Inter est Throughout World, BALFOUR LEAVES FOR THREE WEEKS' VACATION Premier Has Free Hand 4r Outline General Plans of Government; More Vigorous Prosecution of War. (V MnRN.NO JOURNAL RRlriAL LIH'iD WIR! London. Dec, 1 y The speech of Premier Uoyd-George In Ihe house of common tomorrow is looked forward to by the press and public as the most important utterance of the kind since: the memorable speeches In which Vis count Grey discussed whether Great Britain would come Into the war. Mr. Uoyd-George has recovered from his Indisposition and was at work today.; He will rise lo address the commons tomorrow at about 4 o'clock and prob ably will speak for an hour and a half. The pi line minister's speech not only will be a reply to the Herman1 oeace notes, but also will outline the whole policy of the new national gov ernment, the trend of which may bo roughly anticipated from the fad that the new ministry is avowedly in power for the definite object "of carrying on the war Willi all the v inor the nation can command to a successful e Balfour on m illion. Today's news from governme cles included the announcement departure of Mr. Balfour, the la iv tor foreign affairs, for weeks vacation. Although ins vaca ID IKE PLAIN BRITISH POLICY tion conies at an important juncture, the' organisation of the foreign office pel mils affairs to proceed uninter ruptedly under the direction of Lord1 Robert Cecil and Baron Hardlnge, tht under secretaries, while the larger questions of general policy doubtless will receive tin- attention of the war, cabinet, over which the prime min-j lister presides. Lords Curson and Mil-1 ic i also being members with wide, diplomatic experience, jjt. l! in rremior muni-. I it l recalled thai Mr. Balfour's res ignation as foreiKii minister met with' j .sev ere criticism from the NOTthcllffS press, and I. old Northeliffo himself urged Mr. Uoyd-George to follow the precedent of Lord Salisbury In direct-; I ing foreign affairs as well as assum ing the premiership, while Mr. Bal four's absence Is said to be due to In disposition, following Illness, and there is no suggestion of Its bclilK Lprolonged beyond three weeks, yet, it as the effect of leaving the shaping ,of thr ).irt4t.,. policies rogardjng the German note ami other foreign issues largely in the hands of the premier. BODIES RFC0VERED FROM HOTEL St MnRNINQ JOURNAL RPlt IAL LBARRO WIRI I 'hoyenne. v o . I nr, I l.i -The bod- 1 les of Mrs. Roy A. White Of ltavies, , Calif., ami three children, were re- , moved today rroin the ruins of the inter-Ocean hotel, which was de-1 stroyed by fire here lasi night, The body of Mr, white was recovered late last night. A nine monl hs-old baby vv-.-c; rescued alive bj fireman, 1 ui died , shortly afterward, while aiet death j hv lumoinc from a thlrd-sttfry win dow, when In- came ill oontai I With I live wires and was electrocuted, Kite broke oui In the paint shop and store house of ' be Union Pacific railroad ai the time the hotel was burning. The , railroad property was practically de stroyed al a loss estimated at $ 1 n . - i loflO. Both files were said lo have been due to defective wiring. Cash Bonus Given oil Employes, Findley, , Dec. I v The Ohio ' HI nmnany and the Illinois pipe I. mo ' company tonight I bonus of I a pei- announced a cash in lor cmpl'ive" wnoM ... ...... .... are JH.Iion or less year- , Iv Two thousand employes living ill all parts of Ihe United States are af fected. Richard son Presides for tbbott. Santa Pe, I ne 1 8.- -Judge !run- vllle A. Richardson of Roswsll is1 again in Hantfl Pe to preside In dis- I irui ci ui 1 1 in ihe absence of District I Judge E. C. AbbOtl al the bonier. j I in sending s call to Canada last I week foi rails. 11 was said. British j government authorities represented (thai prompt action would save thous ands of lives, 11 was impossible to Obtain new rail s.owmg to the gieat demand for steel to manufacture shells. An official was scnl lo New Vork, when- he conferred with Prank Cochrane, Canadian minister of rail ways, who directed P. 1 Gutelius, manager of the government railways, to do all possible. Mr. OutlllUS there upon set :iun men at work tearing up 100 miles of sidings. Work to He D swilily. tS, .1 Chamberlain, president of the Grand Trunk psciflc railway, was re called from Washington to New fork, it was said, and the decision to take up Jtl miles of rail in Western Can ada was reached at a conference with A. II. Smith, president of the New To'k centra! and president "t ,t board of Investigation of Csnadlsn rail ways. Soldiers will he employed to toir tt the rails wn ;i laborers canavt ....- ,r.lu., ud, n ij NO CONFIRMATION OF TURKISH AMBASSADOR! V MONNINd JOURNAL SPtCIAL LIA1IO WIRI Washington, Dae, is American re lations with Turkey are so unsettled ii became known today, thai the stats' department does not plan to take any action toward the confirmation of Buad Bey, named by Turkey as am bassador, until thai country glVSS con stderatlon to American representa tions and Interests. Refusal of (ho Turks to allow near ly loo Americans ami naturalised Americans to have Turks) al Jaffa, the conduct of the Turkey authorities In their treatment of the Armenians and Byrlans and the abrupt termina tion of till' capitulations or extra-tcl rltoria) agreements, has created a sit uation whb h is postponing action by the department In the confirmation of the new ambassador, Diplomatic exchanges have brought promiseH of relief which in almost every case have turned out to be of no effect because of the helplessness of the foreign office, before the military element. FINNS AND RUSSIANS FIGHT, BERLIN HEARS IOV M.-1RNINO JOURNAL RRICIAL LIAStC WIRIJ Berlin, Dec, Is (by Wireless to Sayvllle) Reports of a sanguinary encounter between Finns and Bus signs at Kcmi, Finland have been re ceived from Stockholm. LCCordlng to the Overseas News agency, which slates thai the Russian secret police had known oi meetings held at Keml and sent a large detachment of sol diers ami policemen thee to arrest olghl speakers, in the fighting which ensued. It Is reported that a law number were killed and wounded and . that i hi soldiers were routed. A number of Cossacks ami Infantrymen now have been sent to Keml. FOOD RESTRICTION BEGINS IN ENGLAND t J Y MORNINO JOURNAl FPI 11 I Kill, WINC i London. I lee Is The first food re Ire tion wcni into force 111 England today Hotels and I est a iirants are now forbidden to serve more than two ! courses tor breakfast or luncheon and I hree courses for dinner. i The meatless day win, ii is expected to follow shortly will prove a more difficult problem for restaurants which make a specially of roasts. COAST STATES lance Travels With Re- markable Rapidity From Northeast Texas to North Carolina and New York. ' IB V MeRNt Ntl JOURNAL RRlrlAL L I A D WlR Washington, Deo. 18.- A storm moving norlhwaid along the Atlantic ina a tonight left heavy snows from North Carolina to New vuk ami will continue north, the weather bureau snvs. with snow, cold WSathel .".u.i gales tomorrow i ne storm, centered tonlghi off the i North Carolina coast, had traveled Ifrom aoriheisi Texas in twenty-four hours, tnnhltiH a speed considered fc I markable bj the weather experts. Storm warnings Wert dlsplaysd along the entire Atlantic coast north of I Jacksonville, ami extreme caution was 1 urged for shipping. The cold snap which brought tem- oeratures i" lo 30 degrees below nor mal over the Whole lOlllltlV east of the bockles, probably will last for several days The lowest temperature reported today was 28 degrees below tl ro al Devil s Lake. N I'. A col, I wave was forecast for ern states tomorrow, tin HI lllheasl- ( lilt .o ni ts I I Kb FAMINE; .I Ho WEATIIEH Chicago, Dee i s With zero weath er prevailing, Chicago tonight was face to face Willi a fuel famine Re ports from all sections of the cltj in dicated thai householders and owners of apartment buildings were obtaining coal only with the greatest difficult) - a n, thai tin- visible supply is rapidly diminishing, Estimates of Chicago's coal receipts ml consumption, worked out tOQay fleorac II. rushing, edit f the Black hia nd, an organ of tne tn Indicated that the receipts are between ...loui and T.i ions ., day Shorl of the consumption ! In an effort to reduce lb' coal con-, to reduce the coal con- sumption tne er urged Chic Cltj health commission agoang to reduce the rage ofl l e end bouse tempi rature a, 70 to en degrees asserting that In given fresh an- ami sufficient doming j this would be a more healthful tarn- Iperatuie than 70 degrees. PHI! ADEI PHIA MINT , ACES pEFlCIENCV .BV MORNINQ IOURNAL HB CI AL LB ABB D WIRfl , Washington. Dec. 18, Secretary McAdoo notified congress today thai he was faced with the necessity of suspending operations at the Phtladel- phis mint for a lack Of funds, and asked for a dsflclencj appropriation I before the holidays to keep Hie plant going. As Philadelphia makes coinage dies for the San Pranctsco and Denvet iplnts. ths secretary said, suspension at Philadelphia would mean suspen sion al tin other two in the i r fu ture. Imertimu Itlsen Reiessmd. itrow nsville. Tex. Dec. Is. Kicir- do s Sobs, the American citisen, w ho w is recently arrested In Matamoras, Opposite here, and taken to Victoria capital of Tamanlipaa, arrived here tod 1 1 having been freed by the Max. "jo. Mithorlties. Holla a at titen Victoria, for trial, but Cald 'day v.e was not trKd and wis net even 1m tiri:,or.C.d. lie Hiirl ho JM noi kaow .he eguM ot hi arrest BIG SNOW STORM i hu e GRIPS AM FRENCH TROOPS REGAIN ENTIRE POSITIONS LOST TO GROWN PRINCE Latest Thrust Nets More Than 1 1,000 Prisoners, in Addi tion to 115 Cannon and 107 Machine Guns Taken, GERMAN DRIVE AGAINST RUMANIANS CONTINUES Minor Successes Are Reported by Petrogradj Paris Denies Loss of Warship and Trans put Reported by Berlin, BV MORNINd JOURNAL BRBCIAL LlABID WIRI1 1 lien, b Hoops have regained tho nine .1 cupancy or the Chembrotteel farm, northeast of Verdun, nmt about Ihe eeiilci of I hen advance last week. Prisoners taken in the latest French I thrust on the Verdun front now total ; more i Ii.iii I I .nun. in addition to 115 I cannon ami ioi machine guns cap tured ,,r destroyed. Paris reports tho repulse of several Herman offensive attempts In the gomms region. 1 Unofficial estimates made in Berlin ' place the losses of the French army to date iii 8,800,00(1 men and the Brit ish losses at 1, 300,009, The Anglo BVcnoh losses on the Sotnine to tho end of November are estimated at 1 800,000, the British loss being &&),- nun The German losses on tho Solum,, an- declared by the nermann to have been less than 0,1(1,0011. Mai l,. , i, n Mill siicccMstul. In the region of BuBSUi Merlin slates, the soldiers of Field Marshal von Mackeneen have been successful In minor engagements I'etiograd as SSrtS that in the region of the Flll pecht! railroad station east of lluzeu, I hostile attacks were arreted. ; The Babadgh-Peetnagg line, about forty nubs th of the Tchernavoda- Constantg railway, has been crossed by ih,- Teuton to troops, who now have taken virtually all the ground thej held during theft previous ad vance in northern Dobrila. Tim ad-, Mince Iii I lulu nil'-. ! . ;n' s the re'ers or the Central powers near Iherlmport mpori lain railroad and storage ceni'i Ihraila and Hala's. itiiixtiiii Make i in ins. fin the western Moldavian frontier, the Russians have taken two ridges of heights according to t'etrugrad. Hue lidge was In the t'lil valley and tho .other east of QlaSbUttS, where inoro than 100 prisoners were captured. I l.'xcept for the repulse of nussiail attacks by ths Austro-Oermans near I Lutsk, In Volhynhi and near Zboroff, ,in GallCla, there has been little activ ity an the ot her butt le fronts. Berlin announces that a French Warship of tlie Patrie class was dam aged heav ilv by a torpedo from a (ler man submarine In the Mediterranean see on December i:i. ami that on the previous day, a French transport cur- rylng 1,000 soldiers, was torpedoed southwest of Sicily. The French ud mlrall) denies the loss of a French Warship of the Patrie class. Walt Uoyd-Georga'e simi-Hi. The British prime minister will re plv Tuesday aflernoon ill the house of commons to ihe Oorman pence note, which lias been transmitted by tho I American ambassadors to the French and Itritish foreign offices, and also will outline the policy of the new gov ernm ml a pronouncement that win have a far-reaching effect on tho World war. Seventeen American muleteers worn killed on I ember 14. when Hie Bfi Ish horse transport Russian was sii'ik lo a submarine In the Mediterranean sea, according to an announcement 1y tho British admiralty. Hleven mem bers .f the crew also lost their lives. The Russian Is declared to have been empty it the lime she was sunk. REQUIRE $8,500,000 FOR GUARDSMEN'S FAMILIES I B V MORNINO iOURNAL BRBCIAL LBABBO WIRf Washington, Dec. IX. Secretary Baker lodav asked congress to appro priate foi Immediate use $s,r,on,ono. required by the war department for the support of dependent families of enlisted men of tho army and national guard during the present fiscal year. --, limilnl 1H required to continue montniy payments untu tne eniunea men have been mustered out of the federal service "and Is based on the issumptlon that the national guard now In ths federal aeivieo will be con tlnued In such service until Juno jA next." Bee re tar Baker said at least li,- (00,000 of the amount asked Is urgent - j needed to make payments to the dl pendent families for December. -iisfliin I in, ib, v er-- Liability law. Washington, Dec 18. -Sustaining application of "bios employers' lia- Witty law to railroad employee injured In Intrastate commerce, the supreme : court today affirmed a 18,000 verdict against Ihe Brie railroad in favor of :.iamc: i Welsh, Voungstown, yar. conductor who lost an arm in an u'--- cident in 1 't 1 1 New Butter Prodnetlofi Record. Bellefmirche, 8. D., Dec. 18. A 'new record foi butter production has l.been established by a cow belonging I to II .1 Smiley heie, it Is claime. i'be official test made by Profess, Lars f the state college ar-w! production nf 1 . 77 PotiOj, Novem ln seven day. by changing 7nty current ex Cioiuition Set 1 to .001285 and Ijondon f in 'he eh lt . A-y for general road to .OOlii, K, Kin Chat1 boen fixe. .,, Bn M R- SPRINGER, BeutSJ Tempory Chairman. VAI.KF.K, Clerk.