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ALBUQUERQUE-1 NING JOURNAL, CITY EDITION CITY EDITION TUIUTY-SF.VKNTIl VKA1U VOL. CUI. No. . Albuquerque, New Mexico, Friday, December .29, 1916. Pally, by Cantor or Mull, 7(0 a Mouth, single Copies, lie. unminivLn u DOOR OPEN FOR IRE MEDIffll WITH UNCLE SUM First Chief Uses Up 800 Words in Effort to Secure Modification of Provision for Withdrawal of Troops, LANE AND CABRERA DISCUSS IT AT LUNCH Officials Decline to Give Out Anything for Publication; Belief Is That Negotiations Are Not at an End, (V MOKHINd JOUHNii H-AIAl. LI AS W I . .1 Washington, Dee, 2S. m,. more appeal tor modificjilon of the proto col Providian for tlie withdrawal of American troops from Mexico is made by General Carranza. m a message delivered to Secretary Lane today by Luis Cabrera, chairman of the Mexi can members of the Joint commission. The Mexican first chief replied to tne insistent American ileniand that the . bis Mother, director of a school in protocol signed by his spokesmen at ; Germany from which Hoelko gradu Atlantic City he ratified, with an SaO-luted. The letter said; word document in which he failed to I "A long fnneral procession it. was, aecede to the demand, but refrained j from the auditorium of the college to , .,.,1,1,,,, th.t eonld be the cemetery. High above In the air from writing anything th. t m.l.l . frl)in8 ,, 'Xtat s K io ( halves! Jth aeLTnot will be cons;,.- tred by the three American repre- j sentatives, Secretary 1-ane, J. H. Mottj n ml Judire George Cray. Secreiau Lane advised nis coiieagt.es ... of the ' character of the reply ami i usked them to meet him heie as soon as they conveniently could. ! Karly next week a Joint session of the Mexican-American commission will be held, at which the Americans will irive the Mexicans their answer. und on its nature depends the future course of the commissioners, who v.ere dlructed more than ioui'months ago to effect, if possible, the adjust ment of questions at issue between the two countries. Voiiher Mr. Cabrera nor Secretarj T,,o uniibl discuss the nature of Car- ..'....... r,,iv Mr Cabrera left fori l...l.,ini..,'..' New York soon after its delivery, and Secretary I-ane declined to reveal its Mia,...-t..r until it hail been submitted to his colleagues. The name reticence j was displayed at the Mexican cm' hi 1 5S V. I JUs nrniili. harrier had heon raised iy Carranza. It was asserted m.u the utmost care had been cxerciseu to keep out of the reply any expres sions or sentiments that miRht mam the situation more complex or that would in any way offend the repre sentatives of the American govern ment. The chief insistence of Carran za has been that the American troops uhnul.l be withdrawn unconditional!) , which the American commissioners would not consider. It was indicated I tonight that Carranza's insistence oni(hls development imnr ..an attitude and that the change had i,un wrniiL-ht largely by the al tered military situation in nortnern Mexico. There appeared reason to believe that one of the conditions to which Carranza now objects is that under which he would be obliged to garri son tho territory evacuated by the a ,,o ,,u tliev inarched out. It u na uninted out that since the pro-I toeol was drafted, the increased ae-i .n.i.ino of Villa and the steady Krowth bandits has made it Of his army OI oanuus nun niauu difficult for Carranza to agree to use , v,i in . , ... 1 any eonsiueiao.e ... ....... l-.l Dn.nl. i.ir IIIC U1SII1C. in,.' ". . - " .. i.nn It mi..ht be necessary to use i the same force In meeting more uctive moves of Villa at other points. Discussed at Punch. The situation was discussed by Mr. Cabrera and Mr. Lane, after the com munication had been delivered. The two men lunched together at Secre tary Lane's club. They talked over in a wholly informal way the objections Carranza had to the protocol as it was j probably will not be perfected for sev- Mr Cabrera noilltcd OUtral months Tlin n rea 11 .rem en t s 110 " - . , . 4 drafted, and Mr. Cabrera pointed out that Mr 'urn. 117.:. recoBti zed the nt .essiiv of maintaining the good win of the l'nited States. Those who have been in touch with j Operations unoer such arrange Carranza's representatives asserted , meats in the opinion of officials here, that in his latest representation ot ...:.n u the case he expressed a wiiiiiiri".- to mtifv the nsrecnent if a moie,' ..." , . , .... ....fi.,i, .,t fnr the itniiii withdrawal . , i ;r,f were snec fied and if a more lenient , attitude were displayed towards tnt ouestion of increased bandit uetiv.ty. Carranza holds that his government is doins all it humanly can to re store order in the north, and that It will continue to do so, but. that th ,.rnCo,,en nf Dip American troops on Movii an unit is making the task more I difficult by BivinK Villa and his lieu tenants a pretext for urBins the dis affected to join him in his fiBht egainst Carranza. The failure of Carranza flatly to re pudiate the protocol made it appear today that the Americans would give his communication due consideration i.nd that the next meeting of the joint commission might be but the first of a series at which would be continued THE WEATHER wf.athfk roni:csr. Denver, Leo. 2S. New Mexico: Fri day and Saturday generally fair; nut much change in tcinpotaturc. LOCAL WKATIIF.K KFPOKT. For twenty-four hours, ending at ( p. m. yesterday: Maximum temperature, 43 degrees; minimum, 11; range, 32; temperature at 6 p. m., l!!i; southwest wind; partly cloudy. the efforts to effect a solution of the different problems. An interesting development in the Mexican situation generally vvils sented today in reports to I be slate and war departments of the changing conditions in Mexico. When the com missioners adjourned in Atlantic "'' there were few administration offi cial!) who believed that Carrani'.a's power was seriously menaced. Since then, official reports have shown a strength in the different reactionary groups that now Is recognized as dan ce 10 us. The report persisted today that Ambassador-Designate Arredondo bad been recalled by bis government and thut he was to be succeeded I y Con sul lie Negri, of San Francisco, who would be in charge without, diplo matic rank. Mr. Arredondo denied the story categorically, and Hie slate cYpart meat was without information, KtCu'V'L 'AUCUUiTl UF " 1 FUNERAL OF BOELKE fbr rfOANlNa JOURNAL KCIAL Lf AM,.' A.fht Laramie, Wyo., Dec. 28. A story i of the funeral of the late Captain j Poelke, famous (icrman aviator, was contained In a letter received here to ! dav by Kev. (). O. Wicbmann, from comrades." Hoelke. the letter was captain of .he flying corps. paid. Social Insurance Called Socialism. Xrw Yelk, Dec. 2S. A "condition of complete socialism" was the char- ;, (.t , i iz;it i on of compulsory social in su ranee made her. today by Kdson S. ! I.ott, president of Casualty company, a system of Insurance in an address ; jl.efote the social and economic sic I tlon of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. UNITED STATES i Given Federal Re-i J serve Institution to Appoint . , ... . . bailk Ot hnglanCI ItS Ageilt a Far-reaching Step, fV MORNINa JOURNAL SPECIAL LIAIID Wll j Paris, Dec. 2X. The appointment of ithe Hank of Kngland as intent for the i federal reserve bank of New York is likely to be followed by the conclusion nf a similar arraniremont with the Illicit of Prance. The Journal says '" i a... tle.t ... iii.i.i.,.iii' n .....v j.,n(5 lho entente allies and the entente al.les are ni ne co - ) dial than might have been believed at 1 the time the federal reserve hoard last month warned Pnited States I FOREIGN BANKS' urn i pcDoccrmT WILL IILI IILUUIil UailKs agalllSl Hie ui o-jiiumh; oi u.i.-, j ury notes of the belligerents, Ihe ef-j Nw V)(.k ,.c Js. Creation of a feet of which this new development,., ,.onlmisKlm to decide disputes it is believed, will bo far toward oh- bttwn ,, Uu.u. c.m. Uteratintf. iployes regardless of whether the Washington, pec. L'S The recent authorization given 'serve bank of New- the federal re York to appoint j the Hank of Kngland as it uKent j ........ ... .... - j London and the probable appointment I of the Bank of France as a (cent In t in (unb nf I.'e.i tun, as II LI'lll .11 ,, , ., 1 I HI IS. II II (1 I ' ll.l. is. 1 r..-.." ' . throughout F.nrone in all likelihood will be followed, in time, by the ap- nnlntmnnl nf slrnnir financial Insti tutions in similar capacities in Japan, China and Australia. Officials are looking- to the Orient as a fertile financial field for tho i growth of American business. I Arrangements under which the I Haul; of F.nirbind will lie amiointed the i t.nndon agent of the New York bank i - 1 ing as a co ui 1 01 01 1 e i. . " j iorai months. Tho arrangements ii,oij satisfactorily dispose of what- I doubt will be followed, In time, by the uouoi win oe louoweu, in uu.e, n.v appointment of foreign agents in other financial centers of Kurope financial centers of Kurope. j win ne negngi.oe. annus u,u .., c,,,.. i i.nrpit with ooeratlona which will fol- - " .V ' nanus 01 in s oniiia v woo nut. iiinvi j , I ' 'u ;...i,wou w'hlcn woiiiii enau.e uifin iu .iirtiin.,.., standard of world ithorization was issued. A situation directly opposite is said to obtain ''V''l h , ' I,, China ipinnnc ni? (lpji iiius with Japan, I nina . " . . . land Australia, officials here fee. pro, ably would ne greater in..... .... .,f.onr.i imlniia the machinery ,,i,. ............. - o -- v,,.Qlroad managers went Into conference to facilitate such operations will have. ' ,ha, a state - been established and working peace is declared. Hankers in those m, ..tries it iu nolnted out. are still making their bills of exchange on London and it Is with a view to di verting a part of this business to the l'nited States that the establishment of agencies there is at present inform: ally under consideration. IF IS ARE BROKEN OFFI Attempt to Reach Settlement of Eight-hour Day Problem Ends When It Is Aparent Agreement Is Impossible, WILL AWAIT DECISION AS TO ADAMSON LAW Break in Negotiations Comes When Employers' Repre sentatives Refuse to Con cede Wage Demands, wrMMM0BHBaWMMfcl",hMiiMgM"', N'ew York, lice. ;. ) 'onion noes between representatives of the rail roads ami the four brotherhoods of railwav employes, at whhh were ills- cussed the nosslbilities of a settlement of Ihe eight-hour controversy, were discontinued abruptly today when it became apparent an agreement could n f it 1 ,a ro'iiliml It was announced by both sides'that there would be no more meetings until ,,fi,.r 11, n l'nited Ktatos suiiieiiie court hands down its decision on the con stitutionality of the Adamson act. The break came when the railroad representatives refused to concede the demands of the brotherhood chiefs for an agreement looking toward the enforcement of the new wuK sched ule, fixed by the Adamson law, which goes into effect January 1. Tho brotherhood chiefs held that their men had the right to begin draw- lint wages according to the scale pro Vided bv the Adamson law Immediate CONFERENCES D ill NMD RO HI the l'nited States 'iy after the law became effective, Ir in opposing" such ' respective of the suits brought by tho railroads to test its validity. A statement issued by Klisba Lee, , ehairman of the conference committee . of railway managers, declared: j 'Tlie railroads will await the decls-' Ion of the sin cine court in t he Adm- son law lest case, llv agreement with ; tin department of Justice at Wushing- ton the railroads will keep a record from January 1 of the wages of all employes affected by the Adamson law. in order that if the law is upheld by the court the employes will receive the extra back pay due them. The rights of the employes in the interval thus will be amply protected. "The statement has been made In the press that the conference commit tee had been nidms in preparing: a. bill to be wipporied hy tlm railroads and mtdoves alike, and to be mierc, as a suosin.no mi i"-: iteration proposed i.y n.... a,i- ministration; to hold strikes In abey- :ance until after an investigation by a public body. The national conference committee lias not been a party to such a program." Tho railroad managers held it would be folly for them, in view of the award made last week hy a board of arbitration in the case of switchmen's union, to pay r.O.OiMi switchmen who are members of the brotherhood at tl, i-uto i,f lim hours nav for all eight- ....... ,. ;.iv llOUr nil, w lien voe uiu h.i..n . l,i,i.,... u-ni-L- nine no. .is eav u.i .-.l,". ,i.'... ........ 7T. to' .,,. -im.:.TK CO.MMISKIOX n,.,.,m,. i,,vi.'ii ' Pnited States supreme court may bold the Adamson act constitutional, was the suggestion which the chiefs nf (be four railwav brotherhoods in- a, .... 1 ...a..., ,1 ... .,!, ,. .1. urn .neaieu loua.v .oej iiiih... ....-.-v - hp collf,,,.,.nc.,. committee of railroad ,,,,,.,.. !f,.o,eseniatives of the two sides Went into conference here to discuss the Adamson legislation and I effects. William . Lee, president of the : Hrotbei hood of Hallway Trainmen. discussing the Ide before, the con- fereiice began, said; "I believe, and a number of railroad managers agree. that creation of a federal i oinmlssion ciBht members, four repri senting roads and four the brotherhoods, ..ee;..i..l ,..ll..,lin.li.,ll eVf.r grievances that might develop ,,,. ,:1,K .....i their employes, ,.. f ,.,, ., cominis - 1 " . .. . .. . .... s a,n must lie men woo inoiei ...i .... their business, but before becomiiiB I members they would be compelled to I sever all connection they previously Wind with either side. Such a commis- i,,n sliouhl have plenary powers, would hold bearings and ifter delih- eratlon, would announce its deci- . sions " mmberbood . csentatives have . " sm,h !a federal commission. Mr. Lee would w , J: .. I riot -i xr I o 1111 I- V I I. II f M'Ue 11 I " j - ; the proposal. 1,1 , R f of nm(ls wou,, be 'abandoned without having developed . m I on I . h .H weralany trace of the st. .ship by either . ..., ., tv.iu meetinif. . . ... and Warren Stone, chief of the Brotherhood of Locomotive I'.ngi neers, had purchased tickets for their hoiiiL-s in the west. FRANCE REGARDS GERMAN ANSWER TO W ON ASA POLITE REFUSAL1 Paiis Ncwspapcis Unanimous In Their Judgment as to Undci lying Meaning of Note Sent Out by Germany, MATIN SAYS ENEMY IS TRYING TO PLAY TRICK Close Watch on All That Is Going On Is Advised, Lest Teuton Diplomats Tiy to Slip Something Across, A MO 1 a lis. 1 lee. ..x - 1 lt niol Din papers today aie unanimous In pro nouncing he German answer to Presi dent Wilson's note to Ihe belligerents a polite refusal to comply with bis suggestions. 'Germany," says the Matin, "inten tionally reverses the terms of Presi dent Wilson's note and requests repre- sentatives of the nations at war to seat themselves at a conference table and lalk at random without knowing' what. they intend to say. She knows the ; allies never w ill make pein e on the terms which she at present Is disposed to offer but during the period of tem porary slackening- In hostilities she will be able to obtain fresh supplies, while secretly planning new military 'operations Just as she prepared for i mobilization during the diplomatic conversations of July, ll'll. ! "While giving satisfaction to the l'nited States by a clear explanation of our duties, It behooves us now morn I than ever to keep a close watch on tho movements of the enemy at an hour when he is attempting ' hoodwink ns." Xt Itirect Answer. The Petit Parisien says: "Tho renlv of Germane and Austria - 1 iuriuiry Is not 'lire.-t loyi.il misweri to the American suggestions. It is only a hypocritical expedient. Presl- dent Wilson asks the belligerents to; state their conditions. The central powers ignore this and simply offer a conference without any prelimi naries. That Is a trap in which they very naively thought to catch the al lies. "One understands the baste with which they replied without waiting for the concerted note of the allies, which it is a pity was not sent (arlb r. President Wilson asked for guaran tees for the maintenance of last ic; peace. pcilin and Vienna postponed their explanations until later. The president of the rniled stale; can In no way declare himself salisi'ied. As for the allies, their reply to the Wash ington cabinet Is made much easier." Stephen Pi. hon writes in the Petit Journal: "The American not", reeaiding the inspiration of which we are as yet. not sufficiently enlightened, has at Ions! had the merit of unmasking a Herman maneuver. That is a self-evident truth which we formulated here fiom ... lm very first. It is now fully proved .. . i 7na, l that. II would suffice for rm!'" P tails of the peace she wished t elude to make it impossible for con rr to furnish them." In the b'igaro, Alfred f'apus says; ' "(ierniany in her answer to Presi dent Wilson proposes a meeting of delegates at a neutral city. That city. , If it was specified, would remain for ever famous as the scene of the great est I rap in history. Prance, not to speak of our allies, would come out the vassal of her adversaries of today and so many prodigious sacrifices, so much glory won in marvelous battles would have served to make of us a subject and a fallen people." W, W, VOTES STRIKE IN LUMBER COMPANY ,Y MOWNIN3 JOURNAL BPICIAL Lf ASIO Wlf, Virginia. Minn.. Dec. 2X.- Mill No. thei.'j of the Virginia and Itainy Lake the Lumber company Is running today, "f but. Mill No. 2 Is not running, due, the, mill operatives said, to shortage of sit-imen. It Was reported that "ail mill I nil e,m ,1 eel e,l IVI t 1 1 the lll- , . o 1 ei . . . dusti inl Workers of the World, had voted to St ri ke. I i There is ieport. ,1 today a riimi,r. ! that men led bv the I. W. W. will . . ., 1... .1.. i ina i en ... iue .nu.. ,i. ,,f ma mis. TP,, tnnn demanded an Increase 2f, cents a day In wages, the abolish ment, of the Hominy night shift and that no I. W. AY- men be discriminated against. These demands were r. fused by the company. Abandon Hope for Marylaml. Nantuiket, Mass., Dee. 2H. The steamship Maryland was regarded as probably lost today, ht.r ck.w Search for the by the coast " i guard cutters Aeiishnet and Oresbaiu. ' .. . ... ,. a ,.o u,l- w ireiess cans o, - idenly silenced Christmas mgbt. was I Flotsam found by the cutters could i.J,in, 1,.. Identified as Icing from the Maryland. Hope for the safety or thirty-odd men lies in the possibility that they were picked up from the ship's boats by a passing steamer. II HUGE OF PEACE TERMS THROUGH W LS timations Received Central Powers Will State Tentative Settlement Rather Than Block Negotiations. BERLIN TO CONSIDER U. S. SUGGESTIONS 'Thinks Assistance of This Country Necessaiy to Pro vide for Future Secinily of Woild, Is Repoit, 'HI HnRNINd lll.l-N p,l.t . tASftl was made known be permit the load to to he blocked by a i iiee in I'll al uf tellle bclllgel ellls . eiice without prim kn tei ins It has been . entente powers "mi III. 1 a ,W Ic.Iki of I re. nst d ba that th. re fns.il on The e, such ;t cou.lil ntral powers are repl elite. I as willing to permit change of broad through President I . come lieci ssa t y t confidential cx- teiilative terms Wilson, should it i do so to bridge the gap which threatens to prevent a galherlng of peace delegates. There were broad intimations today that a statement of this position by Ger many cither bad been couiniiinli aled to the l'nited States oei anient or soon would be. Official Text Arrives. The official text of Germany's reply to President Wilson's note arrived to day and it was declared thai no con fidential c.iminuuiealion from Ambas sador Gerard in eoinpanied II. There are. indications, however, that a coii- indent in I statement oi .crinanys po- sillon, if made, would come thiourh ithe ambassador. II has neeii an- ; noimccd in adv ance, however, that It wiml l not b iiia.le pub'ic and n is likely that its receipt even would not be admitted. Has Met ll Suttucsilons. (Iclinany, II was said today, Is looking to the Pnited States to make every effort to bring about a. peace conference and to that cud is ready to consider any suggestions from the president. As the care stands now, Ihe i ; riiie n government considers it has ine all tin c.iKis-Hiionr. In Ho' prorhlcnt'h note ami u rlatein. nt to that eliecl has ben made by Count, von Peinstoiff, the (iirmaii ambas sador. Cerinany, It Is stated, authoritative ly, never has believed that acting alone, she would hi about a conference influence of neutral; 'to bear for one. tit. hav e taken t heir v i . able to bring' and now that the lias been brought (icrnian officials evv a step further 1,-llld believe til. ' wit bout assist; Stales. They I Stales, in view y cannot be successful me from Ihe Pnited ilieve that the Pnited of its vital interest In the sol I lenient bo adverse to of the War, Would no! participating-, because it has been rrpr. most of all to see i make provision for sented as desiring the peace terms the f ul are securlt y oTioul participation of tbo world. 1. , by Ihe Pnited Stal Is felt, the results es in that phase it would be without effort. Helieve Wilson Knows Peace Terms There were in) i inn t ions today tin t Cermaiiv's position on all these poi'" had been conveved by Foreign Milli ter .immernian to Ambassador b iar.1 at their receiil con feieiice a, that lie! inanv's terms were prn' a'! conveyed ill the highest confide1'' e I' o 1 I lie infonnalioii of Presbb it' V il ", It was said t oda y t ha I ' i '. ' . ' no Intention of asking Ihe entente .. ma e public its tei ins and at I he (sanie time would not pulliely divii'a her own under any . oiisnlci a I i.a . . The view expressed in Herman circb s here is III;, t the Teutonic ten, is when laid before the entcnle delegates will jbosueh as to admit of Iheh accept all' e. I lleinsK.ilf Is Opliml-tlc. j Count von P.ernsloiif, the (Icrman 'ainbassador. I. it. rat. d again todaV 'that he felt a conference would ic !sult from the prose it situation and I that be consul, r. d it. In a huh! of ( ! optimism. , ' , ,,, ,, i,r "" of willingness to lm.aii. I Icrms in a enf idci la i rnannc, in.a Ilf tlia s also llleiy neciasaiy 10 ! conference, but still piclerring to reserve them for in osculation at a round table where they could be dis cussed with more freedom. The official text, which differs some in phraseology from the iinoffi . ial, follows: Oct Official Text. "Tho Imperial government has ac cept' d and considered in the friendly spirit which is apparent in the eoin muniealioii of the president (the) no ble init lat ive of t he pi esnbnt looking to Ihe creation of bases for the founda tion of a lasting peace. The president .llsi loses the aim which lbs next to the heart and leaves the choicest Way open. "A direct exchange of views ap pears to the Imperial government as the most suitable way of mrivlng at the desired result. The Impel ial gov ernment I fas tlie honor, therefore, in the sense of its declaration of the PJlii insl.. which proffered the hand I IKE E G for p. 'ace iici'.oU.i I ions, to propose spco.lv assembly on n, Mitral ground, of delegates of the Mailing stales. "It is also tin' view of the imperial govoi mil' nt that the great work for the prevent ion if future wars can first be tak.n up only after the ending of the pies.ni eonfliet of i ha c I u ai. The imperial goVci uiiielit IS ready "hen this point has been reached to co-Opel at., with lb,, Fnped States III this sublime task " It is nil, lei amid here thai Ambas sador lioiaul at his t .inference with Minister num. I man. laid fully be fore him the VI. Ws of the Fluted Slates on the dcpoi la I oiis of I'.elgians and on the lal. M phases of the sub marine situation. Mi Herald was under Inst i net Ions lo do so when be bit Washington. NORWEGIANS SEND WILSON SYMPATHY lay wnRNINtt .ntlNN.L Piroi Ll.fID WIND 1,.iii.oii, I .(.. ill. 'I'lic Noivvegiail labor part.v, wim a Ueuter dispatch from l ' h ri :-t ui u i a , has sent Piesident Wilson the following message: 'The Xorvv ci;la ii sniial tlemoi racy, numbering a third pail of Norwegian ele. nrsi cxprisscs sympathy with President Wilson's ceeigetie labor for the conclusion of the war of laibarl ty and the caia hlishiu. nt of a l.istinr, peace." Tlie Norvv . ,:ia n Peace union has re solved lo send the Norwegian govern ment a declaration Hiring the govern ment tu support cvciv ell -rounded It 1o al'-ioi a lasli. peace ba.e.l on I ei.pi cl for Intel uat mnal i igbls ami I he indepi ndi lee of u.i I loll... (ail ana In fee Decimated. Presidio, Tex , I cc. I'x. i if a Car r.in.a force of fifty men fioni the ('.linag.i gariisoii, all but eight were kilbd or captured In a fight with Villa forces at Polccrios ranch, seventy miles In low here, according to a stilte nient at the .Mexican consulate here tonight. The eight survivors, includ ing Colonel II. rnanile, their com mander, barricaded Ibeniselves In a house where they made a successful defense. Ileliigno Quiidcla, a wall known Villa lender, who was former ly military chief at San Curios, was killed. Jose Chavez ami l.ula Mon lolla commanded the rebels. Increase Pi ce of Oil At'.aln. 'independence, Kan, lac. L's. The fiflh increase within thirty days of In ictus a barrel for crude nil was posted here today by the Prailie (HI and (las company. The Hew pi h e Is Detective Accused by Star Witness in Bopp Dynamite Case Testifies for the De fense. (BY MCatNINI JOUHNA,. -CIAL LI1.D WIHtl San Francisco, I ice. ll.- ( 'harles C. Crowley, the detective dial god by I n.oui 1 sn.iilli tin. e nver, 1 11 lent 'm chief witness, with complicity in the scheme of war munition dynamiting- perpe- tinted or attempted, lo which Smith j confessed on the witness stand, enter-1 cil a complete denial of Stiiilb'si ehargcf, today in the government's, proseculion of Fran, Popp, Herman consul general here, and six others, for alleged violation of the neutrality of the Pnited Slates. j Crowley, indicted as was Smith with' Popp and consular attaches, admitted the trips into Canada, and along tluv bonier, which tin- prosecution Intro-, diiced in evidence, but said his ncllvl-1 lies had been . unfilled to Invest Iga t Ion of allered violation by entente nations of American nouliality. Naval Officer Involved. ! Among other Important facts un covered, Crowley said, and duly re-' ported to his employer, I'.opp, were that a Lieutenant Johnston of tlie, Pulled Stale.., navy bad icsigm d to be-' ionic a submarine assembling expert for Kussia, and that parts of Anion-; can inade airplanes, iiesiineu ior i.iit Ish use, weie at one lime stored In the New York 11, 1 1 1 1 ):i armory al Itulfalo. More tlian forty telegrams exchang ed bv the wilness and consular of-' fieials were phnllficil by Smith as concerning bis efforts to obtain infer-1 mail. ,11 regarding t ami. Han inuiiiiinn shipments a ml 1 1 nop movements. Crowley complcled bis direct testi mony today and will be cross-examined tomorrow. ARGENTINA HAS A POOR WHEAT CROP wnHNINa JiiUNNAI hPCriAC , I.IID WINK, Washington. 1 lis. - Argentina's wheat harvest Ibis year will he ono of the 1 rest the country has ever bad, Iue to Injury by drouth and locusts. Consular reports received today sanl the am. unit of wheal available for ex port this y ar will total not more than one million tons. Normally twa and one-half million tons are exported. Cereal p rices ill the republic are the 'ugliest ever known. llryan l.i-noiinocs Liquor Traffic. Lexington, Ky, Dec. us. An ad dress by William .1. P.ryan, In which he made a general denuiu iat Inn of the liquor iral'fie, marked the open ing here today of the national student convention of the I it tei collegiate Pro hibition association. Mr. llryan as serted that the mere licensing of the saloon does not prevent illicit sales. Tho convention will list five davs. CnOWLEY DENIES ANY COMPLICITY IN CONSPIRACY i 5TRIGT SILENCE E TO BE KEPT BY Officials Decide That Abso lutely Nothing Shall Bo Given Out Regarding Nego tiations Fiom Now On. GERMANY WILLING TO GO INTO DISCUSSION Tentative Terms on War Will Be Ended May Bo Submitted if Communica tions Can Be Kept Secret. .WNINO I"! y ap-.kl tlAHO Wll iiiuutoi,. 11. . A nulio oT ab.'ioliite silence reuardlliK the peace 111 gotlatioiis ban been adopted l)' President Wilson and Secretary Lan sing. It was stated ofllcially today that all stciis henceforth will bo 10 gar.bd as ciiiifidenti.il; that no colli" tin nt will be made on any develop ment, and that rumors will not be dm . ussed in any way. '1 be dot islon to pursue (his course was made known after the stute de partment had received the offlclul texts of the (ierinan and Austrian re plies to President Wilson's Identical notes to ihe belligerents, proposing a discussion of peace terms, and after it was learned the Teutonic powers would be willing to permit a confi dential exchange of tentative term! If il became necessary to do SO to l.tidg. the Bap tlneatenitiB to prevent a gathering of peace delemites. Ill many (inarters the official attl tnde was construed as IndieatinK that M-ciet exchanges weru expected to tolloiv if they did not precede the for mal answers of the entente, nations tu tbo notes of President Wilson and the central powers. Hecause of the highly confidential nature of any mich neuuiia.ioiis, it is pointed out, the in termediary would ho obllued to re finln from admitting: even that they were In progress. Altitude of Allies. So far as the entente gov crninents are concerned, It Is understood that little I. as on I . if any confidential Information reached her: to shed more llKht heir attitude than has been Klveit publicly in the speeches of their pre miers ,in. Mir comment of their prens. Cousciiiieiitlv, there Is no disposition In , to .Lii.bt that tin; allies unani mously will refuse to enter any sort of peace conference until (Ierniany has Indicated ideally on what condi tions she will stop rightiiiB. on the Teutonic side, while the re ply to President Wilson Is regarded by the Ocrnuin embassy as complylnrt will, Piesident Wilson's suggestion 111 . Ifei lng a method of procedure, (Ier niany Is said to be wIIIIiib to consider other suggestions regarding methods fiom any ipiarler, IncludinB her en emies. The views of the (lermun Bovern ment further are represented to lie as follows; If the entente considers that BUIir antecs for the future lire the princi pal elements lo he achieved, and, lack ing confidence In the flerman Kovern nienl,. insists upon knowing somcthliiK ef the guarantees that (lei many Is willing lo give, the Herlin Bovern nieiit might make some declaration ii gar. ling the principles to which sho a. willing lo snPscrlhe, leaviHK details for sclllenieiil at tho proposed cim i. rence. The Oeruiun government . oilfillers that there is hut Utile to If , . i b going Into any lengthy dis , , .. .ion of guarantees for the fuluro willi the present war In progress. In I his connection, (Ierniany, It Is assort ed, never has Intended that the con ference suggested should result Im mediately In the establishment ot peace, it Is considered that It will ne (essarii.v be of a preliminary nature, to determine whether it might not I'O possible lo end the war. According to tbo C.eonan dip lomats, the plan (ierniany is proceeding upon would provide Unit the delegates should first agiee upon territorial and Immedlato ly connected terms and that a prelim inary lenlallve treaty then should bo settled upon This completed, the (Icrman Idea is to have all the neu trals called in to partlcipata In ronsld e, at ion of the questions of guaran tees for the future. They regard it as a in alter for the conference to set tle w hether the neutral nations should, leeome signatory to the entire peace treaty, or only to that part having to do with guarantees for tho mainte nance of peace ill the future, such as fieediini of the seas, limitation of armaments, formation of a world league to enforce peace, and estabs bshmeiit of an international court of i hitrution. Diplomats familiar with the views f lie, many and her allies were es pecially emphatic tonight In saying that del-many necessarily would ho nble to make much better terms In i.intidential negotiations than In pub lic. The radical element In German, politics, it is said, must be considered. I'nder any circumslii ices, however, It wet. said c.ermany wcubl not consider PLANS THE PRESIDENT T J"