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citV EDITION JOURI CITY EDITION UQU'ERQUE MORNING THIKTV-NINTH VJSAH. VOL. CLVI11. Xo. 70. AMERICANS KEEN FOR ACTION ARE IRKED BY WEEKS AT Eager to Get to 'Business End of Line New Arrivals Un easy When Ordered to Train ing Zones. AMUSEMENTS HELPFUL IN KEEPING MEN CONTENTED Those Who Have Been to Front Lines Not Required to Drill as Much as 'Unbaptised' Ones, V MORMINO JOURNAL BRBCIAL LBA.SO V,RS Behind British Uues In France, June 8. The young soldiers under orders to embark for the first time who pictures to himself a future which will be all fighting days and sees him self step from troopship to be rushed to battle as did the first British di visions sent to the rescue at Mons, is doomed to disappointment. As a matter of fact, he will spend only a small proportion of his time in the front line, and even while there will only see actual fighting at more or less rare Intervals. Life will hold a good deal of "base" and "billets" for him even In France. l'Vjod Is Kxoollent. The time spent far behind the lines he will find irksome or pleasant, ac cording to whether his temperament Is eager and enterprising or the re verse. For the great majority, how ever, billets and base camps are very pleasant. The food is excellent, work is comparatively light and amuse ments are plentiful. The Associated Press correpondenl paid a visit the other day to a huge artillery base camp, situated on the French coast near some famous bath ing beaches and within easy reach of a big city. Within the camp, which also serves for a large number of en gineers and some special infantry units are several theaters, the can teens of the British expeditionary force, the lounge rooms and huts o the Young Men's Christian associa tion and various "camp Institute" and athletic, grounds. Hers the 'sol dier can have a fairly comfortable and enjoyable vacation. Impatient for Action. Most of the men enjoy the varied opportunities for amusement to the full. Occasionally one meets a few men, probably Just over from Eng land, who are Impatient at every day's delay in moving forward to the "busi ness end of the line." The sergeant major soothes them with wise words: "Don't worry, boys," ho says: "there's going to be lots of fighting in this war, enough for all of you and a little over to spare." It is the custom at this base, so far as artillery officers are concerned, to distinguish between those who have not yet been up to the firing line and those who have had their "baptism." The former have a fairly complete program of daily drills and are kept occupied also with lectures and edu cational courses. Must Be In Readiness. The veterans are permitted ts fore go these trials to a large extent. They have little to do but amuse them selves with- sports, theaters, operas and the beach, subject only to the stipulation that they must always be prepared to move off at a few hours' notice. Throughout the army, In the ordi nary course of things, the Individual soldier gets a rest period at the base ?very two or .three months. Some' times a whole unit comes down for a rest, after an exceptionally arduous period In the line. Then there are specially organized sports, In addition to the standing attractions, to help the soldier to forget for a time that there Is a war on. - Between amusements, the soldier spends his time hunting up "towneys," that Is, men from his own town who are In other units at the base. OPERA SINGER WEDS N. YJ3USINESS MAN fay MORNINO JOURNAL SPECIAL LBABBO WINS! New York, June 8. Miss Frieda Hemnel, colatura coprano of the Met ropolitan Opera company, and Wil liam B. Kahn, a business man, were married here today ;'at St. James church by the Rev. Dr. J. B. Remin snyder. The 'wedding Is the result of a ro mance of several years. Miss Hempel, German-born, has beepme an Ameri can citizen. She will sing at the Met ropolitan the oomlng seasan. Russia Relies on Allies. Washington, June 8. Hope for a complete victory over Germany Is ex pressed in a communication received by President vwilson today from the JVUHOlHl'"""1 ivLiii . ....... . . " . ' merce at Moscow. The Russian peo ple. It Is declared, rely on the eco nomic support of the allies for the reconstruction of the pdwer of Russia. THE WEATHER . FORECAST. Denver, Colo., June 8. For New Mexico: Sunday unsettled, warmer; Monday generally fair, warmer east portion. Arizona: Sunday and Monday fair; somewhat warmer Sunday. ... y LOCAL REPORT, v. , , A summary of local weather condi tions for the twenty-four hours .ended at 6 p. m. yesterday follows: Maxi mum temperature, 85 degrees; mini mum, CO; range, 35; teperature at 6 p. m., 79; southwest wind; . partly cloudy. FRENCH BASES Eighteen Pages ECLIPSE OF FROMS' OF ASTRONOMERS A HUGE Men Versed in Sky Lore Gather at Baker, Ore,, to Study and Photograph Old Sol's Corona and Spectrum. SCIENTISTS ARE AMPLY REWARDED, THEY CLAIM Few Remaining Problems Which Have Heretofore Not . Been Clear Are Expected Jto Be Made Plain Shortly, 1ST MORNING JOUR H I'. BRBCIAL t.KASin WIBB) Raker, Ore., June 8. Untimely twlight, fust followed by a deeper darkness, swept over a strip of the northwest fifty miles wide today, when the solar eclipse, predicted by astronomers, came to pass. The phe nomenon found noted scientists here to study and photograph the sun's corona and spectrum. Definite con clusions drawn from these observa tions will be available only after cum-purison-it results attained and de tluctions'as to their significance. Tho observations were declared to be suc cessful, u slight cloudiness being the only drawback. Those devoting their time to study of the corona were amply rewarded for the wonderfully colored glowing and pulsating light nearly equally dif fused about the sun surface, whose prominences also were pluinly visible. Those watching for effects on nature were also rewarded, for cresceint shaped shadows on the ground were seen and in some cases where cloth was spread mysterious and unexplain ed shadow bands were observed, al though some failed altogether of re sults In this particular detail of study. Scientifically Successful. Scientifally the eclipse as observed by astronomers of the United States naval observatory was successful. Be lief was expressed that development of plates of more than fifty photo graphs made, will almost if not quite solve the few remaining problems as to solar atmosphere und distance from sunsurface. While the sky was not entirely clear light hazy clouds prevailing, these are not believed to have Berlously hamp ered observations. "We secured fino results undoubt edly," said J. C. Hammond, head of the naval observatory party. "The thin clouds hindered little, if any '"J'"1J"(Contlnuea on Page Two.) YANKEE FIGHTER S APPLAUSE (Auociated Press Corrctpomlrace.) London, May 11. Tho high esteem in which England holds the American soldier and sailor is reflected almost daily by the tendon press. One paper devotes a long article to American qualities as exhibited by Fireman M , "champion light heavyweight boxer of the United States navy. The writer watched him In a contest with the champion of the British grand fleet. "One was forcibly reminded," he says, "how exceedingly impolite we are on the surface and how thor oughly goodnatured. The latter qual ity was responsible for the applause which greeted the appearance of the American applause far louder than that accorded to our own champion. "It swelled to a roar as he sprang up on the stage where the ring was fixed. It Is not thej custom in the British navy for even a popular favor ite to acknowledge the cheers which greet him. The correct procedure is for him to dive quickly into his corner where his seconds Immediately sur round him and hide him from view. "Not so the American. He merely did what he was accustomed to do at home---paused, a solitary figure In a well-worn dressing gown, and bowed not as a hotel manager or a shop walker bows, but with little shy bows which were quite delightful to those of us who knew something of his bat tling reputation. - "The American did not win; he fought a magnificent, clean fight and was beaten on points. But It was good to see the real pleasure with which he congratulated the better man." ' INGRATITUDE AND ' TREASON RAMPANT RV MORNINS JOURNAL SRSCIAL LSAStO WIR11 Amsterdam, June 7 (Friday.) The Vienna correspondent of the Velscr Zeitung, a radical newspaper of Bre men, says that In a sensational speech. Dr. Weiskirchner, burgomaster o( Vienna, declared: "High treason and Ingratitude are rampant and the government has proved weak and unsteady. In the present serious time we need a parlia ment, for even a bad parliamnet Is better than none. It Is true that par liament failed to deal with the food question, but it remlans the only plat form for free speech and the only place where the arbitrary acts of the bureacracy and the numerous military encroachments can be discussed. The supreme and the most urgent duty of the German parties now la to show; a united front to Slav treachery," 1 SU flip SUCCESS WIN 1 BRITISH Albuquerque, New SURVIVORS CAN STILL SMILE AFTER U-BOAT SINKS SHIP frviK v- l llW ai Ail -; cv&j 1 . -; - iA-&vJW r , , v. I 'b ir m MX 'hiv--;- These men urc the survivors of the schooner E. II. Cole which was sunk off the New Jersey rouvt by one of the (J boats. The fact they lost their ship 11 ml hadn't had a meal for mure thiin SB horn's couldn't ki-ep theni from (find ing liappl'y when they were lanilct 011 good old I'liiieil Stales soil uguiiu From lelt to light they ure: Curl Curium, Wlllium J I ciicn, Ciiptatn II. (. Newcombe, William Jones ami Sea inn 11 Samulson. AVIATORS 1ST BREATHE RIGHT AS FLUNG TEST T NORNtNa JOURNAL BRICIAL LBASID WIRS) Fort Worth, Tex., June 8. Hy a "rebreathing machine" here, the first of its kind to be established by the United States government or any of Its allies anywhere, aviators flying under the Stars and Stripes hence forth will h classified according to their aointy to thrive in high alti tudes. The machine Is In a research lab oratory at Barron aviation field, and is in charge of Lieut. G. II. Hanson. F. W. Thomas and James Blair, who arrived In Fort Worth recently from Mineola, X. Y. It produces all the sensations of ascending and descend ing and has been In use by the Ger man air service, it is said, for five years. Henceforth, no pilot from any of the local fields will be assigned to active duty overseas until he has passed the tests of the contrivance and been classified according to his ability to withstand altitude fatigue. Kxperience has taught that many air casualties are due to this fatigue. One man will be so affected that he will faint. Another will go along with his flying mechanically and with his mind so dulled that he cannot plan or exe cute an attack on an enemy. Still another will become stupid and his nerves will not react to the excitement of battle. The pilots will be divided Into three classes. In the first class will be placed airmen who are never affected by altitude fatigue and who can ascend and fight anywhere their planes will mount. In the next class will be those whose mental faculties are dulled by high altitude.. And In the last, or third, will be those who faint under the stress, T VERY EFFECTIVE fSV HORNINO JOURNAL SRSCIAL LSABKO WIRS) Paris, June S. The new type of German submarine cruisers accom Plfshes little, according to an official note commenting on German under sell, boats. Exact Information relative to tho operation of two of these noats which left Germany at tha end of 1H7, cruised as far as tho equator and were absent for four months, shows that they accounted for only 29,000 tons of shipping;. This was equal to only one day's total loss from submarines In April of the same year. At this rate Ger many would require slaty submarine cruisers' at sea simultaneously to in flict the same loss as that vi3lt.;d i pc n shipping by submarines In European waters In a month. . , f "But Germany cannot maintain more than twenty of these boats," says the official note, "slnca tha al lies destroy submarines fjster than they are built. However, If thoy rink few ships, the submarines operating In European waters are ueful be cause '.heir cargo space enables them to tiring back to Germany viiluaolu materials which are totally lucking there." . , " r . ' NEW TYPETEUTDN SUB CRUISER NO Mexico, Sunday, June 9, 1918. AIRPLANE ACCIDENTS AT TRAINING CAMPS Fort Worth, Texas, June S. Horace Woods of Milwaukee, Wis., Pying ca det, died Friday night ut tho base hospital. Camp Bowie, as tho result of injuries received, when he fell 2,(t00 feet late . Wednesday. lav MORNINR JOURNAL SRBCIAL LBASBO WIRBI Phoenix, Ariz., June 8. Late In the nftenoon there was a joint resolution In the house of the legislature for a constitutional amendment to be sub mitted to the people next November for the restoration of capital punish ment in this state. The resolution was provoked by the fiendish murdor of a small boy near Mesa on Thurs day. The amendment will reserve to the legislative department of the state the power to restrict the governor's power of pardons, paroles, commu tation and reprieves. The resolution was , placed on the calendar of the committe of tho whole on Monday. Almost the whole of the half day session of the senate was given over to a farewell to Senator Ernest Hall of Maricopa, who has enlisted in the Twenty-third engineers and left the city. No business was completed In either house. Preparations were made to take up other council of defense bills early next week in the hope that one f them may bo found acceptable to a majority. The house committee of the whole recommended tho passage of a bill for the confiscation of automobiles or other vehicles taken while being used to transport intoxicating liquors with in the state. ' Two IWroyers TAumuipuV Washington, June 8. -Two Ameri can destroyers, tho Ramsey and Hope well, were launched today at tho yards of the Newport News Shipbuild ing and Dry Docks company at New port News, Va., the navy department announced on May if, the Breeze and the Gamble were launched simultane ously at the same yard, making today's launchlngs the second double launch ing of destroyers there ..within a month. PERSHING HEADED I. IN PERSON, CLAIM 1ST MORN, MS JOURNAL SRSCIAL LSABSD WIRS1 " Washington, June 8.-General Per shing personally directed the" fighting of American troops at Cantlgny, from where the Germans were driven with a loss of 20 prisoners, members of the senate military committee were told today at their weekly conference with war department officials. The Village was taken by the Americans May 28 and all German attempts to recapture It have been in vain. The Important part American troops Have, taken In checking ,. the recent German drive waa told to the senators, who were informed that tho advance probably has been, stopped for the time, being. . i ARIZONA SilS ARE AROUSED BY BRUTAL MURDER CANT BRITISH AND HUN SEAPLANES FIGHT OFF DUTCH COAST 1ST MORNINO JOURNAL atRBCAL LBABCO W,RB The Hague, Juno 8. Five British and seven German seaplanes of the largest type fought a battle Tuesday evening off the Dutch coast, accord ing to a Teischclllng dispatch to the Handelsblad. One German machine was observed to fall In flames into the sea. One British machine was forced to descend but landed safely. Another British machine which had descended to tho surface of the sea for repairs two hours before the bat tle, wus set on fire by its five occu pant, all of whom waded ashore and gavo themselves up for Internment. The crew included two Cunadiuns. Tho British squadron of five sea planes started Tuesday on a rocon noltering expedition off the northern Hutch coast. The met a squadron of five German airplanes, which they drove off In three successive en counters. Germans Get C. S. Material. Paris, June 8. Millions of dollars worth of building material imported from America by Miss Anne Morgan's committee to rebuild French villages was engulfed In the last German of fensive, according to the Paris edition of the New York Herald. A certain amount of the material had been hur riedly removed to the south but the bulk Is now in the hands of the Ger mans, os ulso are most of the forty three villages for which It was in tended. T ACE IS rsr morn, no journal brbcial lbasbo Vmrsi fioldendale, Wash., June 8. Prof. W. W. Campbell of Lick observatory at Mount Hamilton, California, who Is here to study the phenomena of to day's solar eclipse, received a cable gram from France today stating that his son, Lieut. Douglas Campbell, an American aviator, was slightly wound ed. Campbell is the first American "ace."' The honor of being known as his country's first aviation "ace" was earned spectacularly by Lieut. Doug lass Campbell on May 31. It was a 20-minute air battle In which his op ponent 'refused to surrender but ac cented instead the alternative of be litft shot down by the American, Lieutenant Campbell sighted the German at a height of 4,600 meters. The German tried to escape when his ammunition became exhausted, by fleeing toward his own lines. Camp hell got on his tall and signalled to him the opportunity of landing safely on French s6ll. The German declined. "I did not like the Idea of shooting him down when he was not fighting," Campbell said later, "but I could not let him get away." A stream of In cendiary bullets ended the German's career,: - ; Campbell downed his first enemy air pilot 'on April 15, his second on May 21. and his last three during the subsequent ten days. , . , FIRS ME T WOUNDED Eighteen Pages F BY THEIR U BOATS ONU,S.SIIIPP PLEASES TEUTMu Press Features the Reports in Page Headlines and All De tails Available Are Greedily Seized Upon, EVOKES SATISFACTION AMONG GERMAN PEOPLE Newspapers Comment Editor ially and Launch Tirades Against United States as Well as President Wilson. IRV MONNIN4 JOURNAL BPfTIAL LCAGBO WIRB) Amsterdam, June S (liy tho Associ ated Press 1. News of the German U-boats operations on the American coast receives page headlines in the lutrst German newspapers reaching here and all details available are greedily seined upon. The press, more over, takes the occasion once more to launch its tirades ugulnst the United States and the president of tho United "States and to endeavor to find some I offset and comfort for the steadily as jsemliliiig American hosts In France, j which, despite the abuse by the Ger- man papers cf Premier t'lemenceail for the inspiration for I1 ranee ho finds in the coming Americans, is evi dently viewed Willi unything but equanimity In Germany. The Cologne Gazette concludes a violent diatribe against America: "It is therefore only right ami fuir tJuit we, too, nuike use of mil' war melius und show tho friends of Immunity in their home land vtluit wui' looks like ami what it melius. Our U-lxiuts first visited the American coasts for legitimate iiccful commerce. The North Americans may now feel the fist of (bo wur lord. "They need not bo surprised. He who sows the wind reaps (lin whirlwind, even when he sits on the other side of the great lier rliu? pond, whercj he Is under the delusion that he is nfe f""" t'w storm." The Cologne Volks Zeittmg talks aboufthose who ure iirnHefutlng u Mtarvutlon wur against our wives und ehildini ImAliig revealed to them off their own eousts tho wrloiisness of war, when the new strutegy of our I -boat war, which technieiilly Is lie coming Increasingly porfivtod. Is ulso directed against the other shore of the Atlantic ocean. Tills, In view of the character of our American opM)iient evokes on nil sides the liveliest satis faction amongst the Geriiuiu peoples." ANOTHER GERMAN lav uahMINO JOJRNAL BRBCIAL LBABBD WIRBI Paris, June 8. In an article In the Matin, dealing with the recent ap pointment of the Paris committee, Frederick Br.unet, a socialist deputy, says: "By another drive made without re gard to sacrifices, the Germans, If thev did not enter Purls, could ap proach near enough to hold tho capi tal under fire of long range guns, not, as now, for an intermittent bombard ment ,but for permanent fire. "Such conditions would render In dustrial life impossible and the gov ernment's will to resist must not be influenced by the fear of sacrificing the lives of non-combatants or by fear of the consequences which a cessation of the output of the munition factories surrounding the capital would entail." M. Brunet highly approves the for mation of the committee. The committee In question, whose duty It is to defend the Paris area, will not only study plans to meet tho threat of Invasion, which Is regarded as improbable, but will deal with the problems caused by night air raids and the long range bombardment, says a Havas agency review of the committee's work which summarizes the newspaper comment. The com mittee also will take into consideration the question of the morale of the pop ultion with the confident assumption that while the enemy can strike at, he cannot break down, the resolution or courage of the people. ATTEMPT TO POISON WATER FRUSTRATED V MORNINO JOURNAL BRBCIAL LBABBO WIRBI Globe, Ariz., June 8. What is be lieved to have been a dastardly at tompt to poison the city water at Hay den, Ariz., was frustrated ThurBduy night by Deputy Ed Hamilton. He 'walked over to the tank and ques tioned the man as to why he was loit ering around the tank In the early tiours of the morning. The ' man reached for his hip and Hamilton cov ered him with his gun. On searching the man, Hamilton found a quart bot tle two-thirds full of some dark liquid. The prisoner was taken to the Jail at Wlnkieman and locked up for the night. When the deputy went to the Jail in the morning to' feed his prison er, he found the Juil lock sawed In two and the prisoner gone. He has not yet been apprehended. The bottle and contents have been forwarded to the state chemist at Phoenix for analysis. n 0FFENSIVEM1GHT ENDANGER PARIS Daily hj Currier or Mall. 70c a Mouth Single Copies, 60 S .PUIOIOF O a UOlJInm.. .. HLLIlD Germans Now Standing Vir tually on the Defensive as Americans and French Make Gains at Chateau Thierry. ACTIVITY SHOWN ALL ALONG FIGHTING LINE- In View of This an Early Re Newal of the Hun Offensive Is Not Unexpected; Woever Sector Claims Attention. 1ST MORNINO JOURNAL BRBCIAL LBABBO WIRBI In the battle field of the Marne, where a wees ago tha Germans were hurling their masses or troops against the western side of the wedge they had driven into the allied lines in the battle that began on May 26. the Teutons are now standing virtually on the defensive in the Chateau Thierry sector. American and French troops are participating In a reaction on the extromo tip of the salient and are making progress In this Important region. The British are engaged on the other side of the wedge between the Marne and Rhelms. While the operations take the na ture of local attacks, thoy have had their effect In driving the Germans back from the points they reached on the crest of the wave that carried them far on the road to Paris. The attacks, which began just to the northwest of Chateau Thierry, are spreading northward along the line and everywhere the allies report ground recovered from the enemy. -Rush Is SUll Going On. :' The rush of the American marine and the French on Thursday after'' noon has not continued to gain ground as fast as it did at the inception of tho movement, but it is still going on. In the meantime they have withstood two violent attacks by the Germans and have repulsed the enemy In de cisive fashion. Reports from the whole battle line In France are to the effect that there has been renewed activity on the part of the German artillery In several sectors of the front. Notable among the regions under bombardment is the lino before Noyon and Montdidler. It is along this line that a heavy enemy offensive has been expected by military experts since the momentum of the Oerman advance from the Aisne died away. When the Germans pushed west from St. Quentin late In March and early in April, the line from Noyon to Montdidler was almost equal In Importance to that In front of Amiens. The French forces were" rushed to this front and fought sav-' apoly to stop the Oerman advance and retake ground which was of strategic and tactical Importance, J Activity In Wocvre Sector. - r At the same ti-me the Woevre seco tor, Just to the southeast ofVerdun, Is claiming attention. Largo move ments of enemy troops In the direc tion of St. Mihiel have been reported by aerial observers and there are In dications that the positions of the Americans along this part of the front may be In the storm center of a ter rific attack soon. The advantages to be gained by the Germans if they succeed In breaking this line are manifold. Eighteen miles west of St. Mihiel Is the town of Bar Le Due, and still further westward Is Vltry, which would be but a step ping stone to a dash to Chalons Sur Marne. It the line at St. Mihiel could be broken or driven back very far the whole Verdun sector would be In peril and might have to be abandoned. In the Flanders sector, which has been quiet since the beginning of tha attack along the Alsne, the Germans on Wednesday sought to Improve their positions by capturing the hos pice at Locre. This point would give them a starting point for an attack on the villuge of Locre, which Is con sidered one of the keys to the allied positions along the hills behind tha line southwest of Yprea. The French forces In this sector on Friday, how ever, attacked the enemy and drove him back to his former positions and the allied line has been restored. There have been no, engagements of a notable character on the Italian front, but In Macedonia the allies, particularly the Greeks, have been continuing their aggressive operations. JOSEPHINE MARCH , WEDS MAJOR SWING ST MORNINO JOURNAL BRBCIAL IIASIB WIMl Washington, June 8. The marriage of Miss Josephine March, daughter of -Gen. Peyton C. March, acting chief of staff of the United States army, to MuJ. Joseph M. Swing of Newark, N. J., field artillery, U.S. A took place In St. Margaret's church here today. Tho ceremony was performed by tha Kev. Herbert Scott Smith. Owing to the recent death of the bride's brother and because of war conditions, the wedding company was confined to the members of the two families. ., , , " SWITCHING CHARGES WiLL BE; INCREASED 1ST MORNINO JOURNAL BRBCIAL LBASIB WIRBI ' Washington, June 8.--Local switch ing charges are to be Increased June 25, under the same rules applicable to other shipping, the railroad d ministration announced today. This will result In., doubling the charges on many commodities, such as sand and gravel, moving under commodity . rates and originating within switching districts. No car- . load shipment will be accepted for even local switching movement at lest than $15 a car. TEUTON PRES ORE RELAX 1G UNOE ARMIES 1 1 1"