Newspaper Page Text
Albuquerque Morning Journal, Sunday, August 25, 19 iSl'. U-BOAT CAPTAINS ARE BAFFLED BY SKILLFUL USE OF PAIIIJ SHIPS Invisibility No Longer Consid ered Best Means of Elud ing Sea Vipers, Say Marine Camouflage Experts, TARGETS SO DECEPTIVE THAT HITS MOSTLY LUCK Ey "Baffle Painting" Vessels Are Made to Look as if They Were Heading in a Di rection They Are Not, Russian Rulers in Hiding i r 6. 1 1 ' M MY MORN, NO JOURNAL SPECIAL LtASCD WlI Washington, Aug. i!4. New devel opments in the art ot marine camou flage have effected radical changes in the painting of ships to protect them from the enemy. Modern naval w;n -fare no longer reckons upon "invisi bility" as a defensive factor, authcn tics having rrived at the conclusion that paint itself being dependent upon light, will not overcome shadows. I "l.'ufflo painting" has been developed as a substitute to deceive a submarine commander as to the size and form of a ship and her course and spec ,1. Camouflage on land still is success fully upplicd along the lines of pro tective coloring, by which guns and roads and im are made virtually in visible under screens which blend with the surrounding terrain. In 'he case of 'moving ships, under londi tions constantly changing and the elusive horizon always a difficult mat ter to deal with, similar pr'neiples were found less efficient thin those which frankly admit the existence of it boat, but by peculiar color schemes offer the torpedo such a "iiieer, de ceptive target that a hit is only a mat-' tor of luck. Visibility no Longer Fiu-tnr. Lieutenant commander Norman Wilkinson, royal naval reserve, ttn in ventor of "baffle painting," cams to the conclusion after long experiment I that the moment a submarine comes to the surface within striking distance no method of painting woulc renrVr! a ship sufficiently invisible to escape being seen. "There was a time," the artist snvs, "when 1 thought it possible to in crease or decrease n ship's visibility. Hut that was before the submarine v,;,s considered as a ren factor in naval warfare." Ills decision took ip'o consideration the submarine hydrophone, by which the presence of a ship, 'wv proiiallei size and her cour.se can oe ascertained I ruder water, t'he problem '.lierefc.ro v.us resolved into rr r.derinj the i-hip as difficult to hit cs possible and baffle pa in tine, the only present na tionally accepted rutViI of marine camouflage, was evolved. Color Contrasts IK) Work. Raffle painting is simply a project for breaking up atl accepted forms of a ship by masses of strongly eonstrafit- ing colors, distorting htr appearance! so as to destroy her general symmetry and bulk. The idea is totally to mis lead the submarine. Of course some vessels so painted have been also sunk but there are records of a far greater proportion nt which torpedoes were fired unsuccessfully. Equally import ant, a much .arger proportion of baffle pointed vessels which are hit Hy torpedoes are able to niakejport I ' J ' ? -a ' t 1 ,- s i mm , '.. NICNOLAr.LtNINE' LEOti 31 "JOTf KY " T'remier I,enine and Foreign Min ister Trotzky, whose rule In Russia since the overthrow' of f'reniier Ker ensky has been one of the strangest the world lias ever known, are now said to be in hiding on a ship at Cronstadt under the protection of the Oermans. whi ther their' preY "coming or go ing." Marine camouflage is under Ibe ii i -recfion of the navy department, with the work executed by the xiiippinp board of camouflage, headed by Henry C. Orover, of Boston. 1 nfat'h district of the shipping board m stationed a district "cainou fleur. with a corps of trained men. The organization now comprises more than one hundred caanoufleurs, in cluding a number of artists of national repute. New baffle designs are con tinually in reparation. in tiie opinion of .Mr. (Irover, cam ouflage is a decidedly disturbing fac tor. "We know from valuable sources, that the submarine docs not like our baffle painting," he observed. ".Mr. Wilkinson informed me that the ene my had sketched a. number of their baffle painted ships 1n neutral ports, hut I don't think that will help them a little bit." A school for training' camoufleurs lias been established by the shipping board, under the direction of William Andrew Alakay. The educational work is based on the results of research, in vestigation and the actual experience gained in the. paniting of ships by camfouleurs. Students in applying for this branch of service are reuuired to have a good elementary knowledge of line and color, and light and shade; therefore professional artists, com mercial artists, and scene painters tire given preference. REAL CAUSE OF IS Dl 0 II TN IRELAND POVERTY than ships painted gray, owing to ex plosions in less vulnerable parts. The aim of the submarine is throw n off by the camouflage. lrrelitent reports, appearing some times in the newspapers, confirming the success of the system, and prove its value of defense against the sub marine. '1 he newspapers recently contained a story of an encounter be tween a baffle painted freighter and a flcrman I'-bout in which the latter was rammed and sunk. The article wuh concluded with this pertinent par agraph: Skippers Air Fooled. "The theory bearing on the Inci dent held by shipping men is that the system of camouflage designed espec ially to elude submarines deceived the nerinan con inlander, tin his assump tion he mistook the course held by the ship and instead of coming to tilt curface at ligtit angles to the course, got .suuarely in the way." A clever story is told of a meeting between an excursion steamer and a vessel outward bound from an Atlan tic port to dare the submarine undet protection of her baffle color design.! The passengers crowded the excursion steamer's side to gaze at the queer boat, which ploughed steadify for worrl. Apparently the camouflaged steamer was heaeling straight for the heavily loaded pleasure boat and when a woman shrieked, panic was imm'aenl. "ihut up. you who understood baffle painting. poiulH off. It was true. The camouflage had so changed the uspect of the bout that she seemed to bo going In a direction where she was not heading. That is the put-pose oi baffle paint ingto keep I'-boats guessing as to fool!" yelled a man the principles ot "She's heading six Religion and Differences in Blood Partly Responsible for Unrest, but Poor Have the Greatest Problem to Face, (liy the ISight Hon, sir Joseph Comptoii-Kicke-tt, M. The disaffection in Ireland which i appears again and again, in unite of I all that has been done for that Island, (has been attributed to differen. icauses, perhaps none of them suff iciently convincing, ltace is the usuai suggestion; the lack of symnathv be : tween the Anglo-Saxon and the Celt, jliut we must remember that there are I racial differences between England, i Scotland anil Wales, which, neverthe less, elo not drive countries apart. We must not lose sight of the fact that there is a strong infusion of Celt mid lire-Celt In the population of England itself. Religion lias been offered n another reason. It is urged that the control of the Itoman church dos not make for enterprise or for lay com radeship, nut Belgium, a small coun try like Ireland, left to herself pros perous and contented, is CathoPc; France and Ttalv are still saturated by Catholic sentiment: and Catholicism claims its fair share in our ow.i Do minions and in the fnited States. The Irishman can make a living in I-aig-land, and is successful farther aie d. It Is only in Nationalist Ireland that he is never satisfied, and Is contuu ally claming the leg. .-dative interfer ence of the Imperial Parliament. It has yet to be ;rovo(! that the concession of home, rule an lines lib erally drawn, will mauo htm happy, however much he desire.-i or des-rvs that concession. The fa-t ' the" the Irish in their mother oun::-y are dis contented through poverty. 1', may also be said that the r local occupa tions fail to give employment to their mental powers. The Imaginative epial itles of the race apparently lead to nothing. Their cducat on ts not suf ficiently conmlete to open a hter nry or scientific future to tne bulk of the people. The peasants suffer f:-om lack of wholesome employment, of good housing, and of the necessaries not to speak of the luxuries- of life. Apart from self-government 's -rvu 51 &e 'j " Knox anc tetson Fine hats from the very best manufacturers' in ' this, country are now on sale ' STUDY OUR WINDOWS Velour Hats , .$5 to $12.50 Stetson or Knox Mats . ..... $5 to $6 SI. llkuiltlmnt (Eintitmy Incorporatftl Outfitters for Men and Hoys 122 South Second Street 119 West Gold Avenue other small country, lias been or ganized as a dniry farm for the ex port of produce to her Immediate neighbors, and these in time ot peacu include Great Hrita'n, Ireland, sure ly, has e'tual opportunities for the ex port of farm produce under suitable organization. Provided the farmers are trained to produce that which the market demands, ami I he soil is culti vated more scientifically, the Irish could also make over their produce to co-operative comniitiies. These, ac quainted with tiie markets and the competition to be expected from other parts of the world, would collect the goods, sell them, ami distribute the proceeds to the producers, subject to fair charges and commission. Tnd1 vidual fanners are not in the position to anticipate the woild's supply and demand, and to prepare accordingly. f'rohably when the population ot Ireland was f,0 per cent larger, local industries then ex'sted which have since disappeared. It is a truism that the factory has abolished the spin ning wheel. Whether the soil of Ire- I land has been fully explored for coal land' oil. I cannot say. but in some I parts of Kngland coal has ben re ccntly "won" at greater depths than heretofore. Kven if such a quesl proved to be hopeless, there are dawning possibilities in the distribu tion of electric power from the sea hoard island. As it 'is proposed to connect this country with the contin ent by a channel tunnel,, it would lie equally worth while to unite Scot land with Ireland under the still nar rower strait which separates them. To bind Ulster to 'Nationalist Ireland with commercial interests common to both would be to take a stride towards practical union. Vista of IVosporily. Tint to win ISritish capital to the support of Irish commercial schemes arsuines a political' settlement before hand. Xo Irish Renubbc, no infov pendence which implied separation, would ever succeed in securing the commercial confidence of this coun try. It must he an Ireland which frankly accepted a federal share in the I'nited Kingdom, like that possessed by Quebec in the Domonion of Can ada. Far too long a time has she listened to the melancholy Atlantic. Through the middle ages this rest less ocean murmured to her of the unknown, the home for departed spir its. For ever her thoughts wero travelling west, and so in these latter days she has "gone west'' by emi gration. The Irish will discover some day that their fine oualities can find scope In organized labor, in commer cial enterprise, and in scientific re search. The;se will open to her a vist i of prosperity, and give opportunity for a prosperous future, with happier days. , RIVAL BANDS KEEP LAS VEGAS ATTUNED TBPBCIAl CORHffONOINCI TO MOftNINtt JOURNAL. East .as Vegas, N. M Aug. 24. I.as Vegas is enjoying a plentitude of band music, due largely to the rivalry which has arisen between the Las Vegas Military band and the newly organized Flores band. Uoth organ izations are excellent, and give con certs regularly in the city parks and the West side plaza. Each organla tion tries to outdo the other in play ing and in accommodation. The Las Vegas Military band has organized a boys' band, which will furnish members to the older band in a few months. The kids expect to give a public concert soon. Hubert Kasper is director. Juan Francisco flores is director of the West side band. SANTA FE LODGE HAS FUND FOR SOLDIER tSPKCIAL CORRCBPONOCNCK TO MORNING JOURNALl Santa Fe, Aug. 24. Santa Fe lodge, Knights of Columbus, has pledged it self to provide J250 needed to set up In business a Frenchman, crippled and blinded in the war. This is the third man to be thus provided for by Santa Fe, Santa Fe Masons having pledged themselves to take care of one man, while the Fifteen club which through Mrs. I. K. fiapp is in charge of the movement for the Capital, has pledged itself to raise the third $250, the greater portion of the amount being in hand. Hun Cigar factories clow, London, Aug. 24. German tobacco manufacturers have decided to close their cigar factories January 1 1919. because of the lack of raw materials. 'Everybody Welcome; Everything Frac" (T MORNINO JOURNAL RRICIAL LtARID WIRl Xew York, Augj, 24. Williai J. Mulligan, chairman of the Knigl of Columbus committee on war activities is the man who originated the K. of C. slogan "Everybody Welcome Ev erything Free" and who will spend $1,000,000 a week to make the slogan mean just what it says- Mr. Mulligan Is a hard headed man, He believes in saying exactly what he means and meaning exactly what he says. In every Knights of Columbus club house and hut, both in the United States and abroad, the slogan is lived up to. The American forces abroad have been educated up to the K. of C. viewpoint. Their1 introduction took place in the training camps where they found free writing material, free vaudeville shows, concerts an.i ath letie events. Free motion picture! shows have long been regular features The only purchase a soldier is aide to make in a Knights of Columbus clubhouse or hct Is a peistago stamp. The Knights of Columbus huts fit vcad have long since won a popu larity that is remarkabl?. "Everybody Welci me" means a. welcome for every one and any one. American. Br t;r-h and French "oldiers cogregate there as a matter of course- Jev and Gen tile, Protestant and Catholic, and men with m. re'igious belief at all, rub shoulders on terms of abso'nle equal ity. A Knight of Columbus Knows no difference between them. The pres ence of the visitor is enough. Me is to be served, amusd and helped as the occasion may require. The slogan is 1he pledge given hy the Knights of 'olumbus to the world at large that it will meet the duties taken over hy it. Every month the Knights of Col umbus ship three hundred tons of ma terial abroad. The l.'nited States gov ernment has given them that much space and regularly these tons of sup r.lies. writing paper, games, athletic goods, chocolate, candy, cigars and cigarettes leave American ports for "Over There." Recently Mr. Mulligan closed an j order for 75.000,000 cigarett e, which will bear the K. of C. tnonog.aiii i;pd will be distributed free to tiie icon- The same order included 250,000 cig ! ars. i In letters home, soldiers have com plained that it is almost impossible to purchase cigarettes at times. Zith ers complain because of the poor qual ity of "smokes" they are able to purchase. MONTOYA URGES SCHOOL WORK TO SPANISH FOLK tRPECIAL CORRIIRONOCNCI TO MORNINO JOURNL) Santa Fe, Aug. 24. County Super intendent Atanasio Montoya' ia the first among county superintendents to follow up the stale-wide educational conference lust week with a circular In Spanish addressed to the people, a copy of which was received by Iho department of education today. It Is entitled "The Hope of Our People," and urges especially the Spanish American people to send their chil dren to school, to have them attend regularly, to continue them into the higher grades and high school. He points out that the political, social, economical, spiritual and moral position of the Srianish-Amerie an peo ple in New Mexico depends upon the .schooling that is given their children. Woman Thinks She Is Privileged to' Talk "If anyone ever had a miserable stomach I surely had. It was growing worse, too. all the time. Had severe pains and attacks every ten days or two weeks and had to call a doctor, who could only relieve me for short, while. Two years ago last February I took a treatment of Mayr's Won derful Remedy and I have not had a spell of pain or misery since. My friends just wonder that I am looking so well. I feel I am privileged to talk about it." It is a simple, liarmles preparation that removes the catar rhal mucus from the intestinal tract and allays the inflammation which causes practically all stomach, liver and intestinal ailments, including ap pendicitis. One dose will convince or money refunded. For sale by liutt Lireis., Rriggs' Pharmacy and druggists everywhere. ri W i PMS mp. ei'.,.eni m mm w "J1" 32Z The People of Albuquerque Are Invited and Urged To Attend A iv In AT HIGH SCHOOL AUDITORIUM MONDAY EVEN NQ A 1 G. 26, 8 O'clock FUEL CONSERVATION WILL BE THE TOPIC An abundant coal supply is essential to America's part in the winning of the war. The coal production of the United States today' is short an estimated 50,006,000 tons. '.. To bring this war, to a speedy conclusion and , wipe out forever the Prussian nienace, we must provide an adequate fuel supply for 511 war purposes. ; . t Employes of the Santa Fe railroad in Albuquerque have determined to do their share in fuel , " conservation. ' " '- . , . - . . ... The United States Fuel Administration officials for New Mexico endorse this meeting and join with us in inviting the people of Albuquerque to learn the pressing need of fuel con servation and to join, with us in this patriotic effort. :; 4 A strong program, with able speakers and good music, ' has been arranged for this .mass meeting. - - .. '; '-: . Chief Justice Richard H. Hanna, of the New'Mexico supreme court, and a member of the State Advisory Committee of the U. S. Fuel Administration, will be the first speaker. Other speakers will be A. F. Bauer, general inspector of transportation, of Amarillo, and J. F. Harnit, assistant to the general .manaeer of the Santa Fe at Amarillo. Both these t ' men know the importance of fuej conservation and will haye startling facts to tell you. Other features of the program include discussions by trainmen in active service, of meth ods of handling trains and locomotives, for the greatest conservation of fuel. C. M. B6tts, attorney, A. T. & S. F. railway, will preside at the meeting. F. E. Summers, superintendent Rio Grande division, A. T.' &'S F. railway, chairman commit tee on arrangements. .mi.mitimkiAAm.liim Heaney, A. B. Wachter, J. P. MEETING UNDER THE DIRECTION OF, SANJA FfvRAILWAY EMPLOYES F. E. Summers, J. P. Brennan; R. W. Hoyt, J. J. H ' ' r'4" ' " 1 McMwrayDffe Barton, daude Brasher Thi Advertisement Donated to the Cause "of Fuel Conervation oy Geo. X kkseman '