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Albuquerque morning journal. [volume] (Albuquerque, N.M.) 1903-1926, August 25, 1918, CITY EDITION, Image 6

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SIX
Albuquerque Morning Journal, Sunday, August 25, 19 iSl'.
U-BOAT CAPTAINS
ARE BAFFLED BY
SKILLFUL USE OF
PAIIIJ SHIPS
Invisibility No Longer Consid
ered Best Means of Elud
ing Sea Vipers, Say Marine
Camouflage Experts,
TARGETS SO DECEPTIVE
THAT HITS MOSTLY LUCK
Ey "Baffle Painting" Vessels
Are Made to Look as if
They Were Heading in a Di
rection They Are Not,
Russian Rulers in Hiding
i r
6.
1 1 ' M
MY MORN, NO JOURNAL SPECIAL LtASCD WlI
Washington, Aug. i!4. New devel
opments in the art ot marine camou
flage have effected radical changes in
the painting of ships to protect them
from the enemy. Modern naval w;n -fare
no longer reckons upon "invisi
bility" as a defensive factor, authcn
tics having rrived at the conclusion
that paint itself being dependent upon
light, will not overcome shadows. I
"l.'ufflo painting" has been developed
as a substitute to deceive a submarine
commander as to the size and form
of a ship and her course and spec ,1.
Camouflage on land still is success
fully upplicd along the lines of pro
tective coloring, by which guns and
roads and im are made virtually in
visible under screens which blend
with the surrounding terrain. In 'he
case of 'moving ships, under londi
tions constantly changing and the
elusive horizon always a difficult mat
ter to deal with, similar pr'neiples
were found less efficient thin those
which frankly admit the existence of
it boat, but by peculiar color schemes
offer the torpedo such a "iiieer, de
ceptive target that a hit is only a mat-'
tor of luck.
Visibility no Longer Fiu-tnr.
Lieutenant commander Norman
Wilkinson, royal naval reserve, ttn in
ventor of "baffle painting," cams to
the conclusion after long experiment I
that the moment a submarine comes
to the surface within striking distance
no method of painting woulc renrVr!
a ship sufficiently invisible to escape
being seen.
"There was a time," the artist snvs,
"when 1 thought it possible to in
crease or decrease n ship's visibility.
Hut that was before the submarine
v,;,s considered as a ren factor in
naval warfare."
Ills decision took ip'o consideration
the submarine hydrophone, by which
the presence of a ship, 'wv proiiallei
size and her cour.se can oe ascertained I
ruder water, t'he problem '.lierefc.ro
v.us resolved into rr r.derinj the i-hip
as difficult to hit cs possible and
baffle pa in tine, the only present na
tionally accepted rutViI of marine
camouflage, was evolved.
Color Contrasts IK) Work.
Raffle painting is simply a project
for breaking up atl accepted forms of
a ship by masses of strongly eonstrafit-
ing colors, distorting htr appearance!
so as to destroy her general symmetry
and bulk. The idea is totally to mis
lead the submarine. Of course some
vessels so painted have been also sunk
but there are records of a far greater
proportion nt which torpedoes were
fired unsuccessfully. Equally import
ant, a much .arger proportion of
baffle pointed vessels which are hit
Hy torpedoes are able to niakejport
I ' J ' ?
-a '
t 1 ,- s i
mm , '..
NICNOLAr.LtNINE'
LEOti 31 "JOTf KY "
T'remier I,enine and Foreign Min
ister Trotzky, whose rule In Russia
since the overthrow' of f'reniier Ker
ensky has been one of the strangest
the world lias ever known, are now
said to be in hiding on a ship at
Cronstadt under the protection of the
Oermans.
whi ther their' preY "coming or go
ing." Marine camouflage is under Ibe ii i -recfion
of the navy department, with
the work executed by the xiiippinp
board of camouflage, headed by Henry
C. Orover, of Boston.
1 nfat'h district of the shipping
board m stationed a district "cainou
fleur. with a corps of trained men.
The organization now comprises more
than one hundred caanoufleurs, in
cluding a number of artists of national
repute. New baffle designs are con
tinually in reparation.
in tiie opinion of .Mr. (Irover, cam
ouflage is a decidedly disturbing fac
tor. "We know from valuable sources,
that the submarine docs not like our
baffle painting," he observed. ".Mr.
Wilkinson informed me that the ene
my had sketched a. number of their
baffle painted ships 1n neutral ports,
hut I don't think that will help them
a little bit."
A school for training' camoufleurs
lias been established by the shipping
board, under the direction of William
Andrew Alakay. The educational work
is based on the results of research, in
vestigation and the actual experience
gained in the. paniting of ships by
camfouleurs. Students in applying for
this branch of service are reuuired to
have a good elementary knowledge of
line and color, and light and shade;
therefore professional artists, com
mercial artists, and scene painters tire
given preference.
REAL CAUSE OF
IS
Dl 0 II
TN
IRELAND POVERTY
than ships painted gray, owing to ex
plosions in less vulnerable parts. The
aim of the submarine is throw n off by
the camouflage.
lrrelitent reports, appearing some
times in the newspapers, confirming
the success of the system, and prove
its value of defense against the sub
marine. '1 he newspapers recently
contained a story of an encounter be
tween a baffle painted freighter and
a flcrman I'-bout in which the latter
was rammed and sunk. The article
wuh concluded with this pertinent par
agraph: Skippers Air Fooled.
"The theory bearing on the Inci
dent held by shipping men is that the
system of camouflage designed espec
ially to elude submarines deceived the
nerinan con inlander, tin his assump
tion he mistook the course held by
the ship and instead of coming to tilt
curface at ligtit angles to the course,
got .suuarely in the way."
A clever story is told of a meeting
between an excursion steamer and a
vessel outward bound from an Atlan
tic port to dare the submarine undet
protection of her baffle color design.!
The passengers crowded the excursion
steamer's side to gaze at the queer
boat, which ploughed steadify for
worrl. Apparently the camouflaged
steamer was heaeling straight for the
heavily loaded pleasure boat and
when a woman shrieked, panic was
imm'aenl.
"ihut up. you
who understood
baffle painting.
poiulH off.
It was true. The camouflage had
so changed the uspect of the bout that
she seemed to bo going In a direction
where she was not heading.
That is the put-pose oi baffle paint
ingto keep I'-boats guessing as to
fool!" yelled a man
the principles ot
"She's heading six
Religion and Differences in
Blood Partly Responsible for
Unrest, but Poor Have the
Greatest Problem to Face,
(liy the ISight Hon, sir Joseph
Comptoii-Kicke-tt, M.
The disaffection in Ireland which
i appears again and again, in unite of
I all that has been done for that Island,
(has been attributed to differen.
icauses, perhaps none of them suff
iciently convincing, ltace is the usuai
suggestion; the lack of symnathv be
: tween the Anglo-Saxon and the Celt,
jliut we must remember that there are
I racial differences between England,
i Scotland anil Wales, which, neverthe
less, elo not drive countries apart. We
must not lose sight of the fact that
there is a strong infusion of Celt mid
lire-Celt In the population of England
itself. Religion lias been offered n
another reason. It is urged that the
control of the Itoman church dos not
make for enterprise or for lay com
radeship, nut Belgium, a small coun
try like Ireland, left to herself pros
perous and contented, is CathoPc;
France and Ttalv are still saturated by
Catholic sentiment: and Catholicism
claims its fair share in our ow.i Do
minions and in the fnited States. The
Irishman can make a living in I-aig-land,
and is successful farther aie d.
It Is only in Nationalist Ireland that
he is never satisfied, and Is contuu
ally claming the leg. .-dative interfer
ence of the Imperial Parliament.
It has yet to be ;rovo(! that the
concession of home, rule an lines lib
erally drawn, will mauo htm happy,
however much he desire.-i or des-rvs
that concession. The fa-t ' the" the
Irish in their mother oun::-y are dis
contented through poverty. 1', may
also be said that the r local occupa
tions fail to give employment to their
mental powers. The Imaginative epial
itles of the race apparently lead to
nothing. Their cducat on ts not suf
ficiently conmlete to open a hter
nry or scientific future to tne bulk of
the people. The peasants suffer f:-om
lack of wholesome employment, of
good housing, and of the necessaries
not to speak of the luxuries- of life.
Apart from self-government 's
-rvu
51
&e 'j "
Knox anc
tetson
Fine hats from the very best manufacturers' in
' this, country are now on sale
' STUDY OUR WINDOWS
Velour Hats , .$5 to $12.50
Stetson or Knox Mats . ..... $5 to $6
SI. llkuiltlmnt (Eintitmy
Incorporatftl
Outfitters for Men and Hoys
122 South Second Street 119 West Gold Avenue
other small country, lias been or
ganized as a dniry farm for the ex
port of produce to her Immediate
neighbors, and these in time ot peacu
include Great Hrita'n, Ireland, sure
ly, has e'tual opportunities for the ex
port of farm produce under suitable
organization. Provided the farmers
are trained to produce that which the
market demands, ami I he soil is culti
vated more scientifically, the Irish
could also make over their produce to
co-operative comniitiies. These, ac
quainted with tiie markets and the
competition to be expected from other
parts of the world, would collect the
goods, sell them, ami distribute the
proceeds to the producers, subject to
fair charges and commission. Tnd1
vidual fanners are not in the position
to anticipate the woild's supply and
demand, and to prepare accordingly.
f'rohably when the population ot
Ireland was f,0 per cent larger, local
industries then ex'sted which have
since disappeared. It is a truism that
the factory has abolished the spin
ning wheel. Whether the soil of Ire-
I land has been fully explored for coal
land' oil. I cannot say. but in some
I parts of Kngland coal has ben re
ccntly "won" at greater depths than
heretofore. Kven if such a quesl
proved to be hopeless, there are
dawning possibilities in the distribu
tion of electric power from the sea
hoard island. As it 'is proposed to
connect this country with the contin
ent by a channel tunnel,, it would lie
equally worth while to unite Scot
land with Ireland under the still nar
rower strait which separates them.
To bind Ulster to 'Nationalist Ireland
with commercial interests common to
both would be to take a stride towards
practical union.
Vista of IVosporily.
Tint to win ISritish capital to the
support of Irish commercial schemes
arsuines a political' settlement before
hand. Xo Irish Renubbc, no infov
pendence which implied separation,
would ever succeed in securing the
commercial confidence of this coun
try. It must he an Ireland which
frankly accepted a federal share in the
I'nited Kingdom, like that possessed
by Quebec in the Domonion of Can
ada. Far too long a time has she
listened to the melancholy Atlantic.
Through the middle ages this rest
less ocean murmured to her of the
unknown, the home for departed spir
its. For ever her thoughts wero
travelling west, and so in these latter
days she has "gone west'' by emi
gration. The Irish will discover some
day that their fine oualities can find
scope In organized labor, in commer
cial enterprise, and in scientific re
search. The;se will open to her a vist i
of prosperity, and give opportunity for
a prosperous future, with happier
days. ,
RIVAL BANDS KEEP
LAS VEGAS ATTUNED
TBPBCIAl CORHffONOINCI TO MOftNINtt JOURNAL.
East .as Vegas, N. M Aug. 24.
I.as Vegas is enjoying a plentitude of
band music, due largely to the rivalry
which has arisen between the Las
Vegas Military band and the newly
organized Flores band. Uoth organ
izations are excellent, and give con
certs regularly in the city parks and
the West side plaza. Each organla
tion tries to outdo the other in play
ing and in accommodation.
The Las Vegas Military band has
organized a boys' band, which will
furnish members to the older band in
a few months. The kids expect to give
a public concert soon. Hubert Kasper
is director. Juan Francisco flores is
director of the West side band.
SANTA FE LODGE HAS
FUND FOR SOLDIER
tSPKCIAL CORRCBPONOCNCK TO MORNING JOURNALl
Santa Fe, Aug. 24. Santa Fe lodge,
Knights of Columbus, has pledged it
self to provide J250 needed to set up
In business a Frenchman, crippled and
blinded in the war. This is the third
man to be thus provided for by Santa
Fe, Santa Fe Masons having pledged
themselves to take care of one man,
while the Fifteen club which through
Mrs. I. K. fiapp is in charge of the
movement for the Capital, has pledged
itself to raise the third $250, the
greater portion of the amount being
in hand.
Hun Cigar factories clow,
London, Aug. 24. German tobacco
manufacturers have decided to close
their cigar factories January 1 1919.
because of the lack of raw materials.
'Everybody Welcome;
Everything Frac"
(T MORNINO JOURNAL RRICIAL LtARID WIRl
Xew York, Augj, 24. Williai J.
Mulligan, chairman of the Knigl of
Columbus committee on war activities
is the man who originated the K. of
C. slogan "Everybody Welcome Ev
erything Free" and who will spend
$1,000,000 a week to make the slogan
mean just what it says- Mr. Mulligan
Is a hard headed man, He believes in
saying exactly what he means and
meaning exactly what he says.
In every Knights of Columbus club
house and hut, both in the United
States and abroad, the slogan is lived
up to. The American forces abroad
have been educated up to the K. of
C. viewpoint. Their1 introduction took
place in the training camps where
they found free writing material, free
vaudeville shows, concerts an.i ath
letie events. Free motion picture!
shows have long been regular features
The only purchase a soldier is aide
to make in a Knights of Columbus
clubhouse or hct Is a peistago stamp.
The Knights of Columbus huts
fit vcad have long since won a popu
larity that is remarkabl?. "Everybody
Welci me" means a. welcome for every
one and any one. American. Br t;r-h
and French "oldiers cogregate there
as a matter of course- Jev and Gen
tile, Protestant and Catholic, and men
with m. re'igious belief at all, rub
shoulders on terms of abso'nle equal
ity. A Knight of Columbus Knows no
difference between them. The pres
ence of the visitor is enough. Me is to
be served, amusd and helped as the
occasion may require. The slogan is
1he pledge given hy the Knights of
'olumbus to the world at large that
it will meet the duties taken over hy
it.
Every month the Knights of Col
umbus ship three hundred tons of ma
terial abroad. The l.'nited States gov
ernment has given them that much
space and regularly these tons of sup
r.lies. writing paper, games, athletic
goods, chocolate, candy, cigars and
cigarettes leave American ports for
"Over There."
Recently Mr. Mulligan closed an
j order for 75.000,000 cigarett e, which
will bear the K. of C. tnonog.aiii i;pd
will be distributed free to tiie icon-
The same order included 250,000 cig
! ars.
i In letters home, soldiers have com
plained that it is almost impossible
to purchase cigarettes at times. Zith
ers complain because of the poor qual
ity of "smokes" they are able to purchase.
MONTOYA URGES SCHOOL
WORK TO SPANISH FOLK
tRPECIAL CORRIIRONOCNCI TO MORNINO JOURNL)
Santa Fe, Aug. 24. County Super
intendent Atanasio Montoya' ia the
first among county superintendents to
follow up the stale-wide educational
conference lust week with a circular
In Spanish addressed to the people, a
copy of which was received by Iho
department of education today. It Is
entitled "The Hope of Our People,"
and urges especially the Spanish
American people to send their chil
dren to school, to have them attend
regularly, to continue them into the
higher grades and high school.
He points out that the political,
social, economical, spiritual and moral
position of the Srianish-Amerie an peo
ple in New Mexico depends upon the
.schooling that is given their children.
Woman Thinks She Is
Privileged to' Talk
"If anyone ever had a miserable
stomach I surely had. It was growing
worse, too. all the time. Had severe
pains and attacks every ten days or
two weeks and had to call a doctor,
who could only relieve me for short,
while. Two years ago last February
I took a treatment of Mayr's Won
derful Remedy and I have not had a
spell of pain or misery since. My
friends just wonder that I am looking
so well. I feel I am privileged to talk
about it." It is a simple, liarmles
preparation that removes the catar
rhal mucus from the intestinal tract
and allays the inflammation which
causes practically all stomach, liver
and intestinal ailments, including ap
pendicitis. One dose will convince or
money refunded. For sale by liutt
Lireis., Rriggs' Pharmacy and druggists
everywhere.
ri
W i PMS mp. ei'.,.eni m mm w "J1"
32Z
The People of Albuquerque Are Invited and Urged To Attend A
iv In
AT HIGH SCHOOL AUDITORIUM
MONDAY
EVEN
NQ A 1
G. 26, 8 O'clock
FUEL CONSERVATION WILL BE THE TOPIC
An abundant coal supply is essential to America's part in the winning of the war.
The coal production of the United States today' is short an estimated 50,006,000 tons. '..
To bring this war, to a speedy conclusion and , wipe out forever the Prussian nienace, we must
provide an adequate fuel supply for 511 war purposes. ; . t
Employes of the Santa Fe railroad in Albuquerque have determined to do their share in fuel
, " conservation. ' " '- . , . - . .
...
The United States Fuel Administration officials for New Mexico endorse this meeting and
join with us in inviting the people of Albuquerque to learn the pressing need of fuel con
servation and to join, with us in this patriotic effort.
:;
4
A strong program, with able speakers and good music, ' has been arranged for this .mass
meeting. - - .. '; '-: .
Chief Justice Richard H. Hanna, of the New'Mexico supreme court, and a member of the
State Advisory Committee of the U. S. Fuel Administration, will be the first speaker.
Other speakers will be A. F. Bauer, general inspector of transportation, of Amarillo, and J.
F. Harnit, assistant to the general .manaeer of the Santa Fe at Amarillo. Both these
t ' men know the importance of fuej conservation and will haye startling facts to tell you.
Other features of the program include discussions by trainmen in active service, of meth
ods of handling trains and locomotives, for the greatest conservation of fuel.
C. M. B6tts, attorney, A. T. & S. F. railway, will preside at the meeting.
F. E. Summers, superintendent Rio Grande division, A. T.' &'S F. railway, chairman commit
tee on arrangements. .mi.mitimkiAAm.liim
Heaney, A. B. Wachter, J. P.
MEETING UNDER THE DIRECTION OF, SANJA FfvRAILWAY EMPLOYES F. E. Summers, J. P. Brennan; R. W. Hoyt, J. J. H
' ' r'4" ' " 1 McMwrayDffe Barton, daude Brasher
Thi Advertisement Donated to the Cause "of Fuel Conervation oy Geo. X kkseman '

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