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Albuquerque morning journal. [volume] (Albuquerque, N.M.) 1903-1926, November 22, 1922, Image 1

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tIU V-TlllliU VEMt.
VOL. CLXXV. No. 53.
Albuquerque, New Mexico, Wednesday, November 22, 1922
riticK five ct:xxs.
Subsidy Measure Is Necessary to Relieve the
Government of "Present Staggering Losses"
in Operation of the War-Built Merchant
Fleet, Legislators Are Told
Washington, Nov. 21. Enactment of the administra
tion merchant marine bill was urged upon congress to
day by President Harding as necessary to relieve the
government of present "staggering losses" in operation
of the war-built merchant fleet and to establish a pro
gram of assured shipping to serve the nation in war and
give a guaranty of commercial independence in time of
Personally addressing a joint ses
sion of tin house and senate, the
executive declared an actual mone
tary saving to the government
would result from the proposed law.
lie challenged every insinuation of
favored interests and the enriching
of the special lew at the expense
of the public treasury. Tho legis
lation, he asserted, automatically
guarded against enrichment or per
petual bestowal.
"If success attend as we hope
it will," he added, "the government
outlay Is returned, tho inspiration
o opportunity to earn remains and
American transportation by sea is
Opitosltion Abroad
Tho president said concern about
American merchant marine policy
was not limited "to oar own do
main," adding that the maritime
nations of the world "were in com
plete accord with tho opposition
hero to tho pending measure." He
declared those nations had a per
fect right to such an attitudo but
that lie wished to stress tho Amer
ican viewpoint which ho said
should bo the viewpoint, "from
which one sees American carriers
at sea, tho dependence of American
commerce and American vessels
for American reliance In tho event
of war."
Mr. Harding declared It would
be most discouraging if a measure
of "such transcending national im
portance" . must have its fate de
pend on geographical, occupa
tional, professional or partisan ob
jection. A commercial eminence on
the seas and ample agencies for
the promotion to carrying of Amer
ican commerce, ho asserted, were
of no less importance to the people
of the Mississippi ard tha Missouri
valley the great northwest and the
Rocky Mountain states than to tho
seaboard states and industrial com
munities inland. . .. --- -
"It is a common cause, with its
benefits commonly shared," he
said. . . .
If government aid is a fair term
to npplv to authorizations aggre
gating $75,O00,OUO to promote good
roads for market highways, the
president added, It is equally fit
to be applied to the establishment
and maintenance of American mar
ket highways on tho "salted seas.
Annual 1Ohs
As to present govei nment opera
tion of the shipping board fleet.
Mr. Harding said there was the
unavoidable task of wiping out a
fifty million dollar annual loss, and
losses aggregating "many hundreds
of millions" in worn out, sacrificed
or scrapped shipping. He called
attention that, the government
ships were being worn out with
out any provision for replacement
and that a program of surrender
and sacrifice and the liquidation
which, he declared, would be Inev
itable unless the. proposed legisla
tion were enacted would cost
scores of billions. The cost of the
proposed legislation giving direct
aid, he said, with ocean carrying
maintained at the present average
would not reach $20,000,000 a year
and tho maximum direct aid It
American shipping were so pro
moted that it carried one-half the
nation's deep sea.cmimerce would
not exceed 'thirty millions an
nually. ' ,, ,
The text of President Harding 8
address in part to congress fol
lows: Members of the Congress:
Late last February I reported to
vou relative to the American mer
chant marine, and recommended
legislation which the executive
branch of the government deemed
essential to promote our merchant
marine and with it our national
welfare. Other problems were
pressing and other questions pend
ing, and for one renhon or another
which need not be recited, the sug
gested legislation hrs not progress
ed beyond a favorable recommenda
tion by the house committee. The
committee has given the question n
full and painstaking inquiry and
study and I hope that its favorable
report speedily' will be given tho
force of law.
It will be helpful In clearing the
atmosphere if we start with the
frank recognition of divided opin
ion and determined opposition. It
is no new experience. Like pro
posals have divided the congress on
various previous occasions. Per
haps a more resolute hostility never
was manifest before, and I am very
sure the need for decisive action
decisive, favorablo action never
was so urgent before.
Policy Not Founded on Theory
"We are not now dealing with a
Denver,. Nov. ill. New Mexico:
SnoW .north, rain south portion
Wednesday; Thursday, unsettled,
somewhat warmer southeast and
central portion,
Arhsona: Generally fair west, un
settled east portion Wednesday,
probably snow northeast portion;
Thursday, unsettled; not much
change In temperature.
Conditions- for -the twenty-four
hours ended at, 6 p. m. yesterday,
recorded by the university:
Highest temperature 40
Lowest ...35
Range . . ... 6
Mean ... ...... ?7
Humidity at l a. m. .......... ...Gi:
Humidity at 6 p. n 74
Precipitation .0
Wind velocity 58
Direction of wind Kas:
Character ot day Cloudy
policy founded on theory, we have
a problem which Is ono of grim
actuality. We arc facing insistent
conditions, out of which will come
either additional and staggering
government losses and national im
potence on the seas or else the un
furling of the flag on a great
American merchant marlnu com
mensurate with our commercial
importance, to service as carrier of
our cargoes in peace and meet tho
necessities of our defense in war.
Thero is no thought hero and
now to magnify tho relation of a
merchant marine to our national
defense. It is enough to recall that
wo entered the world war almost
wholly dependent on our allies for
transportation by sea. We expend
ed approximately three billion
feverishly extravagantly, wasteful!'
and inipractlcally. Out of our eager
ness to make up for tho omissions
of peace an to meet (he war emer
gency We luiilded and otherwise ac
quired the vast .merchant fleet
which the government owns today
Our Present Problem
In the fimplest way I e.-ui say it
our immediate problem is not to
build and support a merchant ship
ping, which I hold to he one of the
highest and most worthy aspira
tions of any great people; our prob
lem is to deal with what wo now
possess. Our problem is to relieve
the public treasury of the drain it
is already meeting. Let us omit
particulars about the frenzied war
time building. Possibly we did full
as well ns could have been done in
the anxious circumstances. Let us
pass for the moment the vital re
lationship between a merchant
marine and a commercially nsplr
ing.natlon. Aye. let us suppose for
a moment the absurdity that with
one $3,UUO,000,(M)0 experience and
with tho Incalculable costs in lives
and treasure whk'iriuay be charge
able to our inability promptly to
apply our potency which Ciod for
bid happening again let ns mn.
mentarily ignore all of these and
turn to unto the mero business
problem, tho practical q-.'eslioii of
dollars and rents with which we
are confronted.
Tho war construction and the
later completion of war contracts
where completion Was belU vod to
be the greater economy to the pub
lic treasury left us approxli.ia.ely
13,200,000 gross tonnage in ships.
The figures are nearer 1 J.SO'J.ot'O
tons now, owing to the soiuiping
of the wooden fleet. More 'than
half this tonnage1 is government
owned and approximately i!,250,COo
tons are under government opera
tion in one form or another. The
net loss to tho United Slates treas
ury sums actually taken there
from in this government operation
averaged approximately a; S.000,
000 per month during the year
prior to the assumption of respon
sibility by the present administra
tion. A constant warfare on this
loss of public funds, and tho draft
to service of capable business man
agement and experienced operative
directors, have resulted In applied
efficiency and enforced economies.
at is very gratifying to report the
diminution of tho losses to $4,000,
000 per month, or a to'al of 50.
000,000 a year; but it is intolerable
tha tho government should con
tinue a policy trom whicil so enor
mous a treasury loss is the inev
itable outcome. This loss, more
over, attends operation of less than
a third of the government-owned
Wants Tturden Diminished
It is not, therefore, a question of
adding new treasury burdens to
maintain our shipping; wo are pay
ing these burdens now. It is not
a question of contracting an out
lay to support our merchant ship
Ping, becauso we are paying al
ready. I am not asking your au
thorization of a new and added
draft on tho public treasury; I am
appealing for a program to dimin
ish the burden we are Already bear
ing. When your exculivo government
knows of public expenditures ag
gregating fifty million annually,
which it believes could bo reduced
by half through a change of policy,
your government would be un
worthy of publio trust if such a
change were not commended, nay,
if it were not Insistently urged.
And the pity of It Is that our
present expenditure tn losses Is
not constructive. It looked to no
future attainments, it is uttar'y
ineffective in tho establishment of
a dependable merchant marine,
whereas tha encouragement of pri
vate ownership and tho applica
tion of individual initiative would
make for a permanent creation,
ready and answerable nt. all times
to the needs of the nation.
But I have not properly por
trayed all the current losses to the
public this .year. We are wearing
out our ships without any provision
for replacement. We are having
these losses through deterioration
now and are charging nothing
against our capital accaunt. But
the losses are there and regrat.ahly
large under government operation
than under private control. Only
a few years of continued losses on
capital account will make hese
losses through depreciation ulone
to exceed the fifty mi'lions a year
now drawn to cover losses in op
eration. , . ..
Wo Rulldcd Poorly
The gloomy picture of losses
does not end even there. Notwith
standing the known war cost in
three billions of dollars for the
nresent tonnaee. I will not venture
to appraise Its cash value tcdiiy. It
may as well be confessed now aa at
some later time that in .tho mad
Continued on Var,9 Tnu,
Police Say Man Was Em
ployed Last Spring at
Local Cafe as Dishwash
er; Disappeared Suddenly
Paul O. Couch is tlio man who
was killed Monday night by Wal
ton Snyder just after ha had
dashed out of the Hnyder home at
407 South Fifth street. Positive
Identification ot the body as that
of Paul Couch was mado early
yesterday by Mrs. Lucy Ong Doo.
proprietor of the New Republic
cafe, at 2!i West Central avenue.
At tho same time Couch was iden
tified as a restaurant employe, the
report being mat lie had worked
as both a waiter and dishwasher.
Records at the CSIeasun Hotel,
at 2042 South Second street, show
that Couch registered thero Sun
day night, as Paul Couch of De
troit, Mich. In the room which he
oacupied at the hotel the only ar
ticle in the room excepting the
fixtures, furniture and bedding was
one sheet of note, paper. Ho bud
evidently started to write a letter
on this sheet of paper, ns it showed.
"Albuquerque. N. M. Dear:" Tlijs
was evidently "v.ritten by Couch, as
the writing and that shown in the
note bock found on his person are
Earlier yesterday, before Mrs.
Ong Doo identified Couch,, lie was
identified by two roomers at tho
Oieason, These two are George
McCarty and 0. Truitt.
Mrs. (jug Doo said yesterday
that Coech had come to the back
door of the New Republic cufe
lato Sunday ni.ht. She had rcc-
jognized Couch us the man who had
worked for her as dishwasher and
'sort of general "flunky" last spring
I having left late in March. Conch
I'fisked to be admitted and given
food, ,
j Hhe said .ves'erday that she did
I not at all distrust (.'ouch when h"
came asking for food but that us
i the hour was so late and the cafe
had been closed she though it bet
ter to send him elsewhere. So sh"
gave him a dollar and told him to
ko to a restaurant which was open.
Monday Couch had his meals at!
tho New Republic. I
Mrs. Ong Doo sutd that Couch
had worked for her for' some time,
last spring and that he had always
been entirely satisfactory. Shcj
added that she had considered him:
a man of integrity, had 'trusted,
him fully and cor Id not conceive!
him turning burglar.
She ulso said that Couch was in'
Trinidad, Colorado, during the pasti
summer, according to word
il she!
at she
l.en A.
,Jf - 4
had received. She said that
had received a letter from
Homero,- of Stale (ft refy
Idad. saving that Couch was then
vaM men:
in Trinidad. Romero and Couch,
were friends, Mrs. Ong Doo says, 'effort of the s,-ear-om muy
Police report that Couch worked : made to "bhwo the path for Amer
(here only a short time last spring ; jcal womanhood," in tho senate
land then disappeared quite sud-i , ,, ,. i,,,i!f...itd that sba would
i denly. They say his disappearam e i
was simultaneous with a raw;
which they made to arrest men
wanted in connection v.'ith "buneoi
sleering." Couch, they sav, was cl,3.sor to fill the unexpired term of
stopping nt the Gleason hotel nl I h ' Senator Watson. It was
that time and they went there to(ulu , . ,,t,tl.
arrest two men sought. They re-! to the vacancy caused by I s dial
port Couch disappeared nt that)
lime and had not been seen since
until Sunday night.
Police Judge Ueorgo Roddy call
ed a coroner's jury of six men yes
terday to examrne into and report
on the killing of Couch by Walton
Snyder. This Jury was composed
of M. Snlazur, George Keutter, Juan
Hidalgo, C. F. Racook, y. O. S'e
vens and Jim Padilla. The Jury
fxonerated Snyder. Following is
the verdict rendered:
"We, the undersigned jurors, sit
ting at the Inquest of an unknown
man, find that the deceased rim
to his death from a shot fiivd
from a .45 caliber pistol in the
hands of Walton Snyder while Lho
said deceased was in the act of
burglarizing the home of D. W.
Continued on Page Two.
Magon Had a Record of
Three Terms in Various
Penitentiaries for Viola
tion of Espionage Act
Leavenworth, Kalis., Nov 21
(by tho Associated Press). Rl
cardo Flores Magon, alias "The
Scorpion," who died in the fed
eral penitentiary here today, was
ono of the most widely known
men convicted under tho espion
age act. He was charged with
Inciting revolution in Mexico while
the United States was engaged In
the world war.
Magon had records of three
terms in various prisons. His last
conviction grew out of the publi
cation In Dos Angeles In 1918 of
alleged disloyal articles In Regen
eraclon. a .newspaper owned by
Magon and Liberado Rivera. ,
The government alleged that
the articles, which . were printed
in Spanish, were calculated to
prejudice the large Mexican pop
ulation of southern California
against the prosecution o." the war
by this country and then incite
the Mexicans to act against this
Magon and Rivera were sen
tenced to 20 and 13. years, re
spectively, In the federal peniten
tiary at McNeil Island,' Washing
ton. Magon was transferred to
tho Leavenworth prison November
3. 1019.
In 1912 Matron was convicted
in the United States district court
at Los Angeles with Rivera and
Enrique Magon, a brother, for
violation of neutrality laws in In
citing revolution against he gov
ernment of Mexico. They were
sentenced to 23 months' Imprison
ment at McNeil Island. The sen
tencing -was followed by rioting In
front of tho federal building by
several hundred Mexicans.
Veil Lowered
The Turkish Nationalist
ment has rent asunder many age
old .Moslem customs. The veil,
Mrs..W. H. Feiton's Effort
to "Blaze the Patt for
American Womanhood"
Crowned With Success
Washington. Nov. 21. Mrs. W.
H. Felton of Ceorgia. took the oath
of office today as the first woman
of office
United St:
It v.,s
- ..v:i - .'. - '...t.. 1
States senator.
true that her term prob-
'aT'iv""will b onlJ" for "a dulY 'tmt the
- . ,.,.,, i,
--' , ,1.
. , ' ,., ,,.,,,,.,.,,,
" ' ,;
in favor of Walter 1. Oeoree, w no
,..,, Pwted November " as l.er suc-
itftnax .ii. "huh
last September to serve u-.on i.n-
November elections
Attiiiotcil il Crowd
Tho seating of Mrs. Felton at
tracted a crowd to the senate
which rivaled that which had
greeted President Harding a short
time before at the house, where he
addressed congress in joint session.
When she was directed to pro
ceed to the rostrum for the admin
istering of the oath of office, her
face broke Into a smile, "n the
arm of Senator Harris of Ueorgia
and lifting her gown daintily, she
walked down the center aisle and
up to tho vice president's dusk,
where Senator Cummins of Iowa,
president pro tempore, was presid
ing in the absence of Vice Presi
dent Cooiidge.
As Senator Cummins motioned
for her to raise her right hand she
exhibjted her only situ of. unfamil
iarity with the proceedings, waving
her hand to Mr. Cummins and
smiling as if receiving a similar
salute. Senator Harris nudged her
arm, however, and she then raised
it, gazing Intently at Senator Cum
mins as t,he oath was delivered und
giving her responso in a low voice.
Tho seating of Mrs. Felton 'had
been expected in view of the tacit
agreement of senate leaders to in
terpose no objection in the face of
possible technical precedent as to
her status after the election on No
vember 7 of her successor. But for
a time today It appeared as though
such objection might be offered
and definite assurance that the
oath would be adnhniste.-ed was
not reached until a delay of two
Walsh Supports Her Claim '
The principal delay was due to
an address of . Senator Walsh, dem
ocrat o Montana, In support of her
claim to the senate Rent.
Refore going to tho c.ipitol to
day, Mrs. Felton went to the White
House and paid her respects to
President Harding. She is expect
ed to be in her seat in tlyj senate
tomorrow, but it Is understood that
Senator-elect Goorgo will present
his claim to the seat after Mrs.
Felton has answered roll call and
perhaps delivered a brief address.
Then it is understood she will re
tire without obiection in favor of
Mr. George, whose delay in pre
senting his election credentials
mado possible the seating of the
first woman senator.
Philadelphia,. Nov. II. Mrs.
Christian Wetherell Stevenson, au
thor of the American passion play
produced at Los Angeles last sum
mer, died today at the homo of
her sister, Mrs. Samuel Hender
son, nt Media, near here.
Mrs. Stevenson became ill two
weeks ago in New York after her
return from Los Angeles, where
she had been engaged in the pro
duction of the play. Overwork Is
said to have brought on her ill
ness Mrs: Stevenson was one of the
founders, or the Philadelphia Art
alliance and was active In all
movements tending to raise com
munity artistic standards.
by 7 urkish
Sex Show Faces on Street
women on Constantinople street minus
move-iwhlch for centuries has bidder.
tho faces of Turkish women, now
i.i bung discarded and the ap
Is Offered the Vacancy Cre
ated by the Resignation
cf Justice Raynolds; Says
He Has Not Decided
Slieci:il to The .loiirnul
Kaiitil i''e, Nov. 21. The post ot
associate justive of the New Mexico
supremo court has been tendered
to Judge 8. 1.!. Davis, Jr., who re
signed from the supreme bench in
Si p em Oct' lo entoi the mew "for
United States senator. A vacancy
will exist when liov. M. C. Mechem
accepts tho resignation of Chief
Justice llerliert J. naynoius.
Judge Davis is New Mexico's com
missioner nnd Is now sittitr? with
thu Colorado River commission.
Ho said today lie had not decided
j whether he would accept ov.
Medium's appointment.
No Fair Proposition From
Interests Outside the
Country Should Be Re
fused, He Says in Speech
Moscow, Nov. 21 (by the Asso
ciated Press). -Tho Soviet gov
ernment must not bo afraid to
give concessions to foreign capitalist.-'.
Premier Lenine declared
at a great meeting of the Moscow
soviet in the grand opera house
hist night. Fivo thousand persons,
the largest crowd that has heard
the premier sinco his illness,
crowded the auditorium.
"Russia," said Lenine, "is so
big and has such wonderful eco
nomic possibilities that there is
no reason to refuse any fair prop
osition from interests outside the
country. AVe will make such fa
vorable arrangements that the
capitalists will be compelled to
come to do business with us de
spite their present enmity toward
Ho enipliaeiiied that Russia 8
legislation was so framed that It
was quite possl'olo for capitalists
to engage in business here safely
and under almost normal condi
tion reaping fair-profits for their
Ho remarked that there were
many difficulties still confronting
Russia new problems which de
manded new methods and new
men to carry them out.
"We must strive' to learn to
work1 under the new conditions."
ho continued: "we must learn to
bo flexible. Of all that we have
gained in our five years' struggle,
thero Is nothing we shall give
back to the bourgeoisie. We must
not dismiss-any of our old aims
but at the same time there is no
hwrm admitting the fact that In
some quarters we now are con
sidered in tho class of a capital
istic country." ".
Individuals and government of
ficials were urged bv tho premier
to do, things in a practical man
ner. It was his desire to satisfy
tho people by the new methods
so that there would be no one
who wanted to go back to the old
state of affairs.
Hilo, Islund of Hawaii. Nov. 21.
Cby tho Associated Press). A
slight earthquake was felt here
early this morning but no damage
was reported. The tremor caused
considerable excitement because of
reports from the continental Unit
ed States Sunday telling of an earth
disturbance that had practically
wiped out tho city. These reports
were due to a tnUtnke In radio
pearance of Uliveib-d Wi..:e:l H
becoming' a common sigh! mi" the
s'reets of the Turkish capital.
Lieutenant Governor-Elect
Looks for Senate to As
sist in Passing Progres
sive Legislation.
Joso A. Itaca of Lai Vegas, who
was elected lieutenant-governor at
the recent state election, looks for
some progressive anil beneficial
legislation to be passed nl. the
eemitig session of-tho legUdhtm-e.
Mr. Daca, who T.i u democraat.
will preside over the stile senate,
which (is composed of a majority
of republicans. Ho said last uillt,
.shortly after his arrival hero on
a brief business visit, that he an
ticipates a considerable degree of
co-operution between the republi
can htnato and tho democratic
"The democratic house intends
to carry out the platform pledges
of the democratic party." said Mr.
Ilaca last night, "and that means
it will undertake a program of
progressive and beneficial logisla.
lion. I believe the republican
senate will at least make no ef
fort at obstruction. Tho result of
the election showed that the peo
ple of the state expect something
constructive and progressive from
the legislature, and I believe each
house will try to outdo tho other
in giving it to them."
Mr. I'.aca, like Governor-elect
Hinkle, said the democratic ad
ministration is determined to
make good nn its platform
pledges, and will work for greater
efficiency in state government at
less cost, through reduction in
waste, lie looks for as short a
session of tho legislature as can
be held, for the intention is to get
tho work of the lawmakers fin
ished as quickly as it can be thor
oughly done.
When Mr. Raca takes up the
gavel of the stata senate, he will
preside over a body for which he
was a candidate two yeaw ago.
Chicago. Nov. 21. Disputes be
tween the Brotherhood of Railway
anil Steamship Clerks, which did
not strike during the recent shop
men .strike, although voting to do
so. and fortv-ono carriers, will be
heard by the United Stales railroad
labor board Thursday morning.
Most of the disputes are limited
to the request for Increase in rates
of pay amounting approximately to
the rate established by the hoard
July 3, 1!2J. These employes had
been reduced 3 and 4 cents an hour
on July 3. 1322.
With this case will be heard the
triplication for increase In rates of
pay by the Brotherhood of Rail
road Station Kmployes against a
number of tho same carriers.
'.Topoka, Kans., Nov. 21. In an
ouster suit against the Ku Klux
Klan filed in the Kansas supreme
court here late today, the names
of seven Kansaus are given as de
fendants along with that of the
Tho petition charges the klan Is
operating illegally because' it has
no Kansas charter. It states that
the klan has several thousand
members in Kansas, fearly ull of
whom are unknown to t lie peti
tioner and that tho organization is
a secret one, using secret signs and
holding secret meetings.
Tho individuals ruined us de
fendants are W. J. Uoblnson, II. J.
Billiard, Thomas it. Pally, Uruee
KinUle. lilchurd Martin. W. 1).
McCrabb and Noble C. McCall.
nn nnrniT nil :
uuurc.nni lusi
iilkch ii:ki:nsi: hi:sts
Los Angeles, Nov. 21, Tho de
fense in tho trial ot Arthur C.
liurch for the murder of J. Bel
ton Kennedy rested lato today and
tiie prosecution began IntrodiicliiR
rebuttal testimony which Deputy
District Attorney YV. S. Clark said
he expected would be concluded
i AeinQ Mni'f nfi n i
Senator Bursum Explains!
Workings of His Proposed
Bill; Says It Will Work!
Justice to the Red Man j
Senator H. O. Bursum of New ,
Mexico, author of the Indian land
grants bill, is emphatic in his state
ment that the proposed law will
not. deprive the Indians of New
Mexico of one foot of land which
they now possess. lie declares, that
ti, I, ill is misunderstood ; that I'.
protons the Indian as well as the
settler, and that it is intended to'
do justice to all persons concerned. I
Mr. Biirstim yesterday gave the;
Morning Journal a statement con
cerning tile bill.
The Rill Is I'nir ;
Senator Itursum said: i
"in the first, place, the bill Is a
perfectly I'air bill. There is no in-)
tention on the part of anyone con-1
nectcil with the 1.111. either In the,
flaming of it or its passage, who
has the slightest desire to m any
way infringe on the lights of the
Indians. T' t bill represents the
results of approximately a yearV
ca refill Investigation by impartial
representatives of the government.
"Tho non-Indians who are in
volved in the present controversy,
or at least most of them, were born
upon the lands situate' within the
so-called Pueblo grants, which
means town grants. The ancestor.
of these non-Indians were living
upon these lands, tilling the 'soil,
long before the present state of
New Mexico was) taken over from
Mexico under the treaty subse
quent to the Mexican war. All of
these iieoph- lived in perfect har
mony with the Indians during all
of these years receding nnd after
the war with Mexico.
"Tile titles and rights of the non
liolians had always ben recog
ni.i d as being valid and had not
j been questioned, either by the gov
- eminent-, or by the Indians, until
the Sandoval case, decided by the
; supreme court. This) decision cast
a cloud upon these titles. The rcp
1 resentatires of the government,
mill particularly the department of
the interior, helns desirous of ac
cording a square deal to all con
cerned, caused an investigation to
, I'n made. Thereupon representa
'tives of the settlers and represent
atives of thp government held a
conference, with tho commissioner
! of Indian affairs for the purpose of
considering nil of the f -ets in the
'premises and for the further pur
, poso of determining the proper
; remedies essential to extending
j justice to all, and also the method
i most effective and with the .least
expense r.nd embi'.rrassln'etjt to all
j Interested parties.
I "A hearing was held before the
secretary of tho interior. Tho net
'result of all these proceedings was
a mutual agreement to submit for
; consideration of concress the legifi
! lation included in the bill known
jas the Kursum Indian bill, which
! has since pussed the senate.
I Settler Must Provo
I "In all of the procedure as pro
vided hy the l,ui, the Indian is
favored. The burden of proof is
I upon the settle- He is limited to
I five years to file his complaint. No
I cost will he taxed against any set
! tier. in need not employ ail at
torney mile? he so chooses.
the vaiid claims under this pro
cedure are defined bv the bill. For
instance, titles , from the govern
ment of Spain, titles acquired un
der the laws of Mexico, are recog
nized. Ten years eu.'eable nd
vrse possession prior to 1310 is
recognized. Under the laws of the
state of New Mexico peaceable ad
verse possession for ten years con
stitutes a valid right to the land
possessed. Su that it will be read
ly seen that in this case the Indian
Is favored by requiring at least
twenty-two years possession of ,a
Piece of land before the settler can
successfully niake claim to the
"Not only la th:s legislation im
portant to settlers, but it is also
important to the Indian, becauso
i wiu quiet into to the In-
j din ns upon ail lands embraced
Within tho grants s.vepnt
lands which the settler has proved
to the court rightfully belong to
"It is by no means a determined
fact that these land grants belong
to the Indians, and for that reason
and to that extent this legislation
will redound to his advantage. I
am in favor of doing Justice to the
Continued nn I'ane Two.
Child Makes a Declaration
of the Position of the Of
ficial Observers Repre
senting the U. S.
Lausanne, Nov. 21. The Fulled
States played a brief part in the
near eastern peace conference to
day, Hichard Washburn Child,
American ambassador to Italy
making a decimation before the as
sembled delegates of tho position
of the official observers represent
ing America.
American participation in ' the
conference will consist of joining
in tho discussions and safeguarding
as far as possible rights which the
United States feels must be pro
tected in the interest of A merit n
and the rest of tho world. The
American observers will not vote
or act as members of any cf the
com missions.
Two sessions of the confronc
wero held today. At tho fust, the
organization of three commission
was arranged, the first on politi
cal and military matters, with an
English chairman! the second on
economics. finaPC-j and public
health, with a French chairman,
and the third on capitulations, min
ority populations and similar ques
tions, under an Italian chairman.
The afternoon sos.siou was devot
ed largely to a general discussion.
Militarists in Germany Al
ready Are Preparing for
Another War, French
'Tiger' Tells Audience
Former Premier Urges the
United States to 'Renew
Conversations With Eng
land and France
New York, Nov. 21 (by the As
sociated Press"). Tho militarists
In ;crmany already are preparing
another war, tleorges Clemencea'i.
war premier of France, declared ,
tonight in the first address of hi
American tour.
"Don't you read the newspa
pers?" lie demanded. "Don't you
know what that means?".
The Tiger of Franco, spcaVimc
fervently before a packed liotiso
at tl.o Metropolitan opera houje.
reviewed the situation in Kurope.
pointing to a rapproachmcnt of
the Turn end wovivt Hnssia as
ominous war clouds.
.ei mans Plan a Coup
In the meantime, he declared,
I.udemlorff and other German mil
itarists were planning a coup
agaiiibt thu democratic government
Describing the present as a. time
of "greatest crisis," he urged Unit,
the I'niied States should renew
conversation.) with France and
Ihiglaml, which, without definitely
committing this country to any set
program, would present to German
eyes a picture of the three un
pleasant folks who faced her in
the war.
He said that sootier or later
America would Tiavo to interest
herself in the post-war affairs of
Europe, becauso she could not con
tinue to ho ponifortablo and weal
thy if Europe was covered with
He expressed hope that tho
I'nited States might establish a
plan as to what was to be done in
carrying out the ter s of the peace
treaty and join with England and
France In Imposing It on Germany.
He was frank in his criticism
of America's post-war attitude, de
claring that America had a largo
share in imposing the peace tenon
I au had. a doty to see uiu.t - they. - -.,
i were enforced.
f Challenging, the worth of Ger
many s signature to a treaty, tho
Tiger declared that if France had
known in PUS that reparations
would imve been unpaid four years
Iater,r she would have gone on to
Hurst of Applause .
The Tiger received a great burst
of applause for the assertion.
M. C'lemenceau, who protested
that he cama to .America on no
official mission but as a private
citizen to present the truth as he
saw it, declared that reparations
was an American idea, because
President Wilson had come for
ward with his famous fourteen
"Pints and the armistice repre
sented essentially the American
point of view.
At mention of Voodrow Wilson
there was another great burst of
Expressing the hope that Amer
ica could find some wav of re
newhrr conversations with Franco
nd England, looking toward en
forcement of the peace treaty,
ClemeiK-ciiti said:
"I don't want to speak of the
league of nations. But I might,
I might."
The Titter said he did not 1
lieve in the lengito ns a means of
preventing war, hut that he be
lieved In it as a means of nrrang
Ine matter.-, deferring war and
giving peoples time to think.
"Tmi have seen one of the great
est dramas in the wor'tl." he Said.
"Wn tiro now in the greatesf
crisis. Nobody knows whn it m-iif
end and what effect European
miserv nmy have nn American
He asked who A meriea ' V,a
"d.- war for and what slip had
He said Amerien had come' to
the 1-if. point where she wag
"Tnnfe.l timn to tHnk. No sacrifice,
fs demnndpi flf per pTrPn(, tf,
"111 to -ssert hersroif. n the noniJa
"he had vnno;ntshd wer unable t
h cm-thing Just at the present
Chicago, Nov. 21. Investigation
of reports that two major league
baseball players aro violating the.
ruio regarding barnstorming by
Playing winter baseball on the Pa
cific coast, was Btarted today try
Commissioner K. M. Landis, upon
his return from the east Tho
players mentioned are Bill Piorcy. !
pitcher of the Boston lied Sox and
"Hed" Oldham, twirler of the De
troit .Tigers. They are alleged to
have been members of a club
which played in Los Angeles lust
In September a circular letter"
was given all players regarding tha
rules, in which article II. section
21. was referred to. The rule read
"No player shall participate in any
exhibition game after October SI.
unless In special Instances and then
only with the unanimous consent
of tho advisory council." ' . . ,
"No permission- has "been given
to Piercy or, Oldham to piny base
ball after October 31," Leslie M.
O'Connor; secretary to the commis
sioner, eald today. "lU'ports that
tnoy are playing winter baseball
on tho coast will bo investigated."
Washington. Nov. 21.- The
Mexican embassy announced to
night It had been officially au
thorized to deny reports appear
ing in some American newspapers
to the effect that President Obre-
gon. due to 111 health, was going
to resign his office and be sue.
ceeded by Secretary of Finance tie
I la lluertiw

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