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Albuquerque morning journal. [volume] (Albuquerque, N.M.) 1903-1926, November 24, 1922, Image 1

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VOL tLX.YV. No. 15.
Albuquerque, New Mexico, Friday, November 24, 1922
1'itlCK I '1 VIC CENTS.
Twenty White Men and 64
Negroes Are the Death
Toll of a' Dust Explosion
Near Birmingham, Ala,
is fourthdTsaster
One of the Most Severely
Injured Miners Writes a
Brie'f Description of His
Birmingham, A la.. Nov. 23 (by
the Associated Press). Eighty
four bodies, twenty those ot white
men and sixty-four those ot ne
groes, lay tonight in undertaking
establishments, the death toll of a
coal dust explosion yesterday in
Dolomite coal mine number 3 of
the Woodward Iron company, 10
miles west of Birmingham.
Eighty-two bodies were taken
from tho mine early today and of
the 60 injured two succumbed.
Reports received by officials ot
tha company indicated that all of
those remaining in hospitals prob
ably will recover.
The explosion was declared by
mining experts to have been a
freak, and so far as local records
show, only the third of its kind
ever to have occurred in this
Dolomite number is a stope
mine, opened in lssl and operat
ed until yesterday without a seri
ous accident. Tho stope opens
Into the side of a hill and at an
anglo of 60 degrees runs 800 feet
before reaching the level of tho
workings. At 'the foot of the
stope Is the mine railroad yaid
where dump cars loaded with
coal are assembled and drawn by
cable to tho surface and up the
tipple. A string of these dump
cars broke loose on the incline,
literally dropped 800 feet to the
yard, where great clouds of coal
dust arose with the Impact, and a
high tension electric cable sev
ered with the -crash ignited the
Tlpplo of Concrete
Only 800 feet from the surface,
tho full force of the explosion
and tho accompanying flama went
up the stopo; tho flash of flame
projecting beyond the tipple ev
tsral hundred feet and firing
wooden construction at. the- stope.
The tipple ftselt.ls of concrete
and only a wooden roof erected
as a shelter was destroyed. The
mine and slope were undamaged
and it wds expected repairs to
the tracks and hoist would be
made In time to resume opera
tions Monday.
It is believed about 40 of the
men who lost their lives wero in
the yard at the foot ot the slope
and were killed by the concus
sion. Of these six wore foremen, the
blast wiping out all of tho mine
bosses. The deadly after-dump
formed immediately and account
ed for the remainder of tho vic
tims. A peculiar feature discussed to
day by officials of the Woodward
company was the fact that when
rescue particr entered tiie mine
the carbide u it, era" head lamps
on the caps of some ot the dead
still were burning.
Safety Precautions
Safety precautions observed by
the Woodward company prevented
an appalling disaster. Four hun
dred and seventy-five men were
in the mine at the time. Tho
breaking of electric cables with
the crasn and blast threw the
circuit breakers and the motors
operating tho ventilating fans
came to a standstill. The mine
is equipped with emergency fans
run by gasoline motors. Thrco
minutes after the blast tha emer
gency fans wero in operation and
30 minutes later the first miner
' to emerge from the stope ap
peared. Th mine was cleared of
the after-damp within a short
time and the miners still Inside
received fresh air.
It was the fourth great fatal
mining disaster in tha history of
the Alabama field. In January,
1905, 112 miners were killed in
the Virginia mine; 115 lost their
lives In tho Banner mine April 8.
1911, and 89 were killed in the
Patos mine May 5. 1810.
Other accidents resulted In
death tolls ranging from 9 to 57,
the total to date, including the
Virginia, Banner and Patos and
Dolomite disasters being 690.
Describes Kxitoricncos
St. P. Wilson, one of the most
seriously Injured men, wrote to
day a brief description of his ex
periences. Ho said he knew what
had occurred as soon as he heard
the explosion.
"I wrapped my woolen shirt
about my head after I had soused
it into a bucket of water. This,
I suppose, kept my face from be-
Continued on Page Two.
Denver, Nov. 23. New Mexico:
Unsettled Friday, snow north, rain
southeast portion. Saturday, un
settled, prohably rain east portion.
Not much change In temperature.
Arizona: Generally fair Friday
and probably Saturday, except un
settled northeast portion. Not
much change in temperature.
Conditions for the twenty-four
hours ended at 6 p. m. yesterday,
recorded by the university:
Ii Mignesi temperature. .......... 4.1
Lowest .- 34
Hange 9
Mean ...38
Humidity at 6 a. m .......84
Humidity at 6 p. in 95
Precipitation 14
Wind velocity ..12
Di rectlon of wl nd Sou theust
Character of day.,. Cloudy
Forcing of Separation of the
Central Pacific From the
Southern Pacific Favored
and Opposed
Washington, Nov. 23. Division
ot western opinion as to the advis
ability of forcing the separation of
tho Central Pacific railroad from
tho Southern .Pacific was indicated
today, with the introduction of
testimony of the first 'wo repre
sentatives of the general public be
fore the Interstate Commerce Com
mission. Atholl McBoan of San Francisco,
as chairman of a California ship
pers' committee, which lie usserted
paid $."50,000,000 per year in
freight bills, said tho maintenance
of the merger was essential to Pa
cific coast developmei't, while
Grant 1'!. llaldcrman, for the Colo
rado public state utilities commis
sion, asserted that, the merfi.pt
tended to divert traffic from hisj
state and that tho supreme court
decision ordering its dissolution I
should be put into effect. j
1'OKsiblo Compromise i
Commissioner Potter, from the'
hearing bench, injected into the;
proceedings an intimation of a pos
sible compromise by querying wit-:
nesses as to Wluit tnc oiioet wouiu
bo of an entirely new arrangement,
under which thp Southern Pacific
would retain fill off the Central
Pacific lines, except the transcon
tinental road from San Francisco i
to Ogdcn. Utah.
L. J. Spence director of traffic;
for the Southern Pacific, to whom;
th iiuestions wero first addressed, j
said the traffic statistics which the!
commissioner sought had not been j
prepared. The proposal was con-1
sidered of importance, since the
supremo court ordered the dlsso'ii- j
tion on tho ground the Southern
Pacific, in operating its trnnscon-j
tinental ownership of the Central
Pacific, had limit. d competition. I
Tho Southern Pacific, alleging
that the divorce would split up its'
entire network of lines on the Pa
cific const, had asked tho .omniis
sion to allow it to retain temporary
possession of the Central Pacific
by exercising authority which it
has for bringing about general
consolidation of railroads.
Bates Analyzed
For several hours II. A. Scnnd
rett, counsel for the 1'nion Pacific,
in opposing tho Southern Pacific's
application, kept Mr. Spence under
a firo of questions designed to
show that Southern Pacific traffic
policies did not work out to divert
business from the Central Pacific
Kates and' traiflo arrangement..! ii,
effect from the Atlantic coast west
ward both by rail and water, wcr.
exhaustively analyzed hi the pro
Turkish Fireworks Enliven
Lausanne Proceedings;
Turks Alone Are Keeping
the Secrecy Pledge .
Lausanne, Nov- 23 (by tho Asso-j
elated Press). Turkish fireworks
enlivened this morning's session of
the commission on territorial and
military affairs of tho near east
peace conference.
Ismet Pasha, Kemalist foreign
minister and heal of the Angora
delegation, loudly protested against
the "gag rule" which hj said had
been imposed upon tho members
of the conference and charged that
the Turks aparently were about
the only ones who were respecting
the secrecy pledge.
m:si ir of toNi'i:ni;xcF.
Lausanne, Nov. 23 (by the As
sociated Press). Tv'O treaties will
probably grow out of the Lausanne
near east conference if it has a
successful outcome. Ono will be a
treaty between Turkey and Greece
settliiiR their boundaries and ad
justing, the problems which have
arisen directly out of their con
flict at arms, the other probably
will be the revamped and revised
treaty of Sevres, designed to put
Turkey at peace with all the. allied
powers which wero at arms against
Turkey in tho great war.
Tho latter treaty doubtless will
contain provisions for the regula
tion of the Turkish straits and it
is likely that the Russians will par
ticipate in framing it.
Thrace occupied tho attention of
the conference until late tonight
and will again be under discussion
tomorrow. A sub-commission un
der the presidency of General Wcy
gand of Franco is struggling with
tho question of Turkey's western
boundary, the full commission on
territorial and military questions
having found it advisable to turn
the matter over to experts for a
report. Joseph C. Grew, the Amer
ican minister to Switzerland, and
F. Lammot Relin of the Paris em
bassy, are the American members
of this' sub-commission.
South lleiid. liid., Nov. 23. John
L. Tlernaii, former University of
Notre Dnmo luw professor, today
was granted a divorco from Mrs.
Augusta Tiernnn, who licensed
Harry roulln. South Bend haber
dasher, with being the father of
her third child.
JTr. Tlernan was awarded the
eustodv of his two daughters and
Mrs. Tlernan, the third child, n
Mansfield, O., Nov. 2". Charles
Sandy" Aid lermott, 60, former Na
tional league bateball umpire, died
Policies of the Present Gov
ernment in France Also
Come in for a Bi-Parti-san
Fire in Senate
Clemenceau Is Called on for
a Statement of His Coun
try's Position on Disarm
ament Question
Washington, .Nor. 23. Former
Premier Clemenceau of France and
his mission to America, as well aa
policies of tho present French gov
eminent were subjected to a bi
partisan fire today in tliu senate
in a ncrly two hour frank discus
sion of Franco-American relation.
Senator Hitchcock, democrat,
Nebraska, former chairman of the
foreign relations committee, and
leader of the senate forces which
sought ratification of the Versailles
treaty, was joined by Senator
Borah, republican, Idaho, promi
nent treaty opponent, in tho criti
cism. Both rejected tho plea of
M. CliMienceuu lor co-operation be
tween America and Franco for
1 on cu a long aa present French
policies arc pursued, but Senator
Sterling, republican, South Dakota,
who lollowed with a brief defense
of Al.' CLiiienccau, supported the
French statesman's assertion that
French fear ul German mlitarism
was justiiictl.
Senator Hitchcock, flayed the
French policies toward Germany,
which, be said, wero "harsh," nam
ing particularly the reparations de
mands and use of black troops in
Go-many. France, ho declared,
might have had "a more approp
riate spokesman" than At. Clemen
ceau ami he called upon the for
mer to "justify" in future speeches
h. this country the French policies
which ho attacked.
Senator Borah, charging France
with bvlnj militaristic, also called
upon Al. Clemenceau for a short
(statement as to the French position
on disarmament and declared that
the distinguished visitor was "stu
diously obscure'' in his proposals
for a peace rapproaclimeiiL between
France and America.
.".He come to us with no mes
sage except that of punishment, of
vengeance rind of anticipated, war,"
Senator '(orali said. "There is not
a nolo of harmony, not a sugges
tion of a constructive policy or
l promise of uctubl peace."
The American people, Mr. Borah
i predicted, would reject "in toto"
the proposal of M. Clemenceau for
a peace union between France and
Both Senators Hitchcock and
: Borah paid personal tributes to M
Cl"inence,iii, but united in criti
cism of the visitor's New York nd-
i dresses and of the present course
' of the French government which
. they declared, was likely to lead
1 to war.
Omaha, Nov, 23. The kissing of
two "old maids" and the near join
ing of church were among items
listed in the expense account of
L. AV. Little, defeated candidate
for sheriff of Nemaha county
which Was filed at Auburn today.
After stating that he spent $27. GO
in his campaign, Little itemized the
account as follows:
"Gas and oil; drove car 1.000
miles: walked tlOfl; nine blowouts
and seven punctures: gave away
nine yards of cotton flannel: threo
hairnets and two pair of silk hose:
waa dog-bit twice; told 10,000 lies;
kissed 02 babieR and two old maids:
attended one barbecue; came near
joining church for policy's sake:
made one public speech and if 1
had made another 7 would not
have received a single vote."
Home, Nov. 23 (by the Associat
ed Press.) Huron fc-onnino, twice
prime minister of Italy and also
foreign minister during the great
war, died tonight.
Assist the American
Federation of Labor in
Presenting Its Argument
Urging Impeachment
Washington, Nov. 23. Samuel
Uhtermyer of New, Tork will as
sist the American Federation of
Labor in presentation of its argu
ment urging impeachment of At
torney General Dnugherty when
tho impeachment proceeding again
are taken up, according to a for
mal announcement made tonight
by tho federation. . Mr. Untermyer.
according to the statement, will
handle features of tho Impeach
ment proceedings dealing with the
anti-trust and war fraud cases.
The action of the house Judiciary
committee today In fixing a date
for presentation of facts by. Repre
sentative Keller, republican of Min
nesota, who made the formal Im
peachment charge, was described
by President Gompers of the fed
eration as meaning that Mr. Keller
would have to .lay on the table all
of his proof before the formal
hearings are begun." The nttorney
general, then, Mr. Gompers said,
would bo able to lay plans for hlB
vindication- "at leisure," -
i II it1' -rr: '
. ' '
ill in I, ii
Walter F. George, senator-elect,
! graciously delayed presenting his
credentials Hp that Mrs. W. 1.1. Fel
ton, appointed October 3 upon the
death of Senator Thomas K. Wat
son, might realize her ambition to
sit as a member of the United
Pierce Butler Is Nominated
by Harding to Be Asso -
ciate Justice in Place of
wwiam R. Day
Washington, Nov. 23. The nom
ination of Pierce Butler of -Minnesota
to be associate justice of the
supreme court of the United States,
to succeed William It. Day of Ohio,
resigned, was sent by President
Harding today to the senate, Mr.
Butler is a practicing attorney of
St. Paul, 56 years of age and a
Mr. Hutler was admitted to prac
tice before the supreme court on
May 26, 1 8 94, and slice then fre
quently has appeared before that
bench in the argument of impor
tant case's, including the Minnesota
rate cases in 1912, decided by Jus
tice Hughes. The appointment will
restore to the bench the political
equation which existed when Jus
tice Clarke resigned. He. a demo
crat, was succeeded by Justice
Sutherland, a republican, but by
selecting a democrat to succeed
Justice Day, republican, the court
will again stand. . six , republicans
and three democrats.
Chief Justice Taft and Associate
Justice Vandevanter are more inti
mately acquainted with the new as
sociate justice than are their col
leagues, but he is known to them
all. With the former he was en
gaged in the Grand Trunk Pacific
Railroad company arbitration. . In
the arbitration Mr. Hutler won his
contention as counsel for Canada,
Mr. Taft dissenting.
In the senate the nomination
was referred to the judiciary com
mittee, where it . will be consid
ered next Monday. A favorable re
port is expected.
It was stated today in court cir
cles that Chief Justice Taft gave
the president an unstinted recom
mendation of Mr. Butler's qualifi
cations when tho chief executive
advised him that Mr. Puller was
being considered for the vacancy.
Owing to the continued illness of
Justice Pitnev. who returned to
Washington yesterday from his
home at Morristown, N. ,T., it Is ex
pected that tho president will. In
the near future, make his fourth
appointment to the supreme court
Cork, Nov. "23. Armed men
wrecked the machinery In the
power house at Queenstown last
night, plunging the place Into
darkness. The damage was so ex
tensive that considerable time will
be require 1 for repairs. Mean
while the city will be without elec
tric light.
. An official statement nmiounces
the capture by national troops In
tie Upton district lust night of
Tom Hales, leader of the irregu
lars in western county Cork.
Chicago, Nov. .23. Tho Tribune
today published a news story that
the New York Central railroad's
engineers , have worked out plans
for a new union depot here which
would cost $100,000,000. Plans,
the paper said. Involve the use of
the station by 11 other rouda.
5 w. f r I r
5 ft
'wfcMii';',;::':: '.
Slates senate. Mrs. Fclton look
the oath of office Tuesday and re
signed Wednesday, her actual sen
ate service being 2- hours and 25
minutes. The above picture shows
.Mrs. Fclton and a newspaper man
on ihe steps of the United States
Ramon Maestas of Belen
I Suffers Crushed Skull in
j Santa Fe Yards; Condi-
i tion s Danaerous
Ramon Maestas. aged in years,
is lying at the point ot death in
the Santa Fe hospital as the result
of injuries received yesterday
morning when he fell from Santa
Fe train No. 30 in the railway
yards here. The young man's skull
is crushed, he has a deep cut in
his forehead and his body is par
tially paralyzed. At a late hour
last night he had not regained
consciousness s-inee the accident.
. Mow tho accident occurred is
not known. Maestas. who resided
iii itelen. was beating his Way on
the train, according to Santa Fe
officials. As the train, which runs
from HI I'nso to this city, pulled
into tho south yards, the man's
body was seen to fall to the. ground
and bo dragged for several feet. It
is not known where he was riding,
but it probably was on tho blind
baggage. Whether the man jump
ed or fell off tho train is not
A brake beam on the baggage
ear was found to be covered with
blood and pieces of bone, and it is
believed that the back .,of the
man's head was struck by it.
Maestas was taken at once to the
Santa Fe hospital. His father and
mother Arrived last night from
Helen. Maestas has been employed
by the Santa Fe freight office here
at various times, and also had
worked on the repair track. 11
was known as a good worker. His
parents ' said last, night they be
lieved he was on his way to Las
Vegas, where he hoped to secure
work. '
Som'erville, N. -J., -Nov. 23.
While tho Somerville county grand
jury, hearing testimony in the
Hall-Mills murder case, took Its
week end recess, official Investiga
tors busied themselves today with
preparation of evidence for Mon
day's session. , ' 1
The visit of a detective to Mrs.
Juno Gibson, who claimed she was
an eye witness of the doublo shoot
ing, strengthened reports thnt she
w ould appear beforo tho grand Jury
Monday morning.
Most of the work now facing the
detectives, It became known, will
center on getting together evidence
by which tho state hopes to show
Mrs. Hall knew of the relations be
tween her husband and Mrs. Mills.
Santa Fe, Nov. 23. Very, very
close to tho signing ot a. seven
state treaty Is the status tonight of
the Colorado river commission
which has been working here for
more than two weeks on the equit
able division of the waters of the
Colorado river. Some time Mate
tonight, or tomorrow morning the
pact will be ready for the signa
tures of the commissioners. Tho
drafting committee, has worked
into shape every item as fast as
agreed upon, so that the treaty now
carries every point except tho few
remaining in controversy, .
Two Years Old; Investiga
tion Shows Cause Is Dip
theria; Similar Cases Re
sponsible for Epidemics
The manner in which families"
of the poorer class particularly
conceal cases of contagious illness
within tho family and thus Jeap
ordize the health of the entire com
munity, was indicated yesterday m
tho investigation of the city health
office, following the death ot Bu
nion Lopez, two-year-old child. Tho
child died yesterday morning and
health authorities diagnoso the
' cause an diphtheria.
Following the death of the child
an application was made for a
! burial certificate. The Investiga
j tion by the health oi'i.e fellow cd
an I c'..scl.acd deplorable acti. n of
; Hie th'ld'i parents ac'urdtng 'o
It'll lepou tubmitted by health l
! i:e-.-
; According to this report the fani
' ily of Juan 1.. Bopeu came to Al-
buqneniue from Pueblo, Colorado,
'about 15 days ago. Three meni
I bers of the family, the mother, and
her son and daughter, obtained
i employment in the city and have
been going out to their work
j day from their residence at
t South John street,
i The investigations showed
one ot ilia local pnysieuns na.i
been in atendanee on an adult
member of the family lor suinu
time past. He reports that tliu
fact that the two-year-old child
was ill in another room of the
house had been concealed from
Yesterday it was retried to the
health authorities, iif coii!i :cM'i;i
wth tho indication for burial cer
tificate, that tho child had died
after a short Illness and had been
without medical attention. n in
vestigation was immediately insti
tuted. The investigation developed
the fact that the child bad died of
Tho health department reports
that the investigation further
showed that the child had been
moved, immediately after death,
from the lxipez home at 1H29 South
Jehu street, to another home at
160'J, on tho same street. They
also say that the three members
ot the family employed In the eity
had been in direct contact with the
child and had come in contact with
many others. It is in this man
ner, they say, that serious epidem
ics are caused.
As soon as tho cause of the
j child's death was learned all con
tacts of both houses were placed
under . control and both houses
rwhnro the child had been were
put under quarantine.
1 Burlington. la., Nov. 23.
(George Leruy Specs, confessed
' murderer, of J. V. Sfeurtz. farmer
living near Middleton, la., took the
: witness stand in district court herf
today at the trial of Mrs. Kwtherine
Khurt:',, jointly indicted with him
for the murder, nnd told how they
(had plotted her husband's death.
He charged that Mrs. Schurtz en-,
gineered the schema after several,
; Oilier plans had been discarded as,
i being too hazardous. He talked,
freely of bis part in tho murder,
:and described bis actions tn t lie j
I night of the crimo in detail. A;
grueling cross examination failed;
! to shake his story. I
I Hr. F. U. Kirkendall, a West ;
'Burlington physician, testified that!
!Mrs. Shurtz' pulse on the morning
, following her husband's murder
was only slightly above normal, In
dicating mild excitement although
ithe woman appeared to be on the
! verge of prostration.
j lllythe, Calif., Nov. 28. Tho 3
' year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Basil
de Myer was drowned at his home
I here when he stuck his head into
a tall crock containing water and
I was unable to ,extrtcate himself.
(His mother was out of the house at
the time. It W3S believed the
child's head was in the water fif
teen minutes.
Family of Six May Have
Died From Taking Quick i
Action Poison or From
Carbon Monoxide Gas
Lancaster, n., Nov. 23 (by the
Associated Press.) Seeking to
pierce the veil of conjecture and
mystery surrounding the tragedy
that wiped out the lives of the Irv
ing Henderson family, mother,
father and four children, state,
city and county officials tonight
had concentrated upon two theor
ies to explain tho deaths.
Tho foremost one, that which is
being given most consideration, is
that the family died as a result of
taking a quick acting poison, prob
ably in their food.
The second, that carbon monox
ido gas, from a hot plate In the
kitchen or tho living rooij stoves,
snuffed out the six lives.
In tho poison theory. County
Prosecutor C. A. Rudcliffo and
Chief of Police U. J. Wallace are
working on the assumption that the
mother, in a fit of mental depres
sion, caused by ill health, poisoned
her four children, herself and her
Tho six bodies wero found by
neighbors when they broke into
the home yesterday morning.
State health department officials
found carbon monoxide generated
under certain conditions of light
ing in the kitchen hot plate. No
reaction of any consequence was
found in the living room stove. ,
; All Development Work in
I the Colorado River Basin
' May Be Held Up Indefi
nitely, Says Campbell ;
i Phoenix, Ariz.. Nov. 13. If Ari-'
.zona, or any other one or the sev-
en states in the Colorado river ba
i hIii. fails to ratify the compact now
being drawn up at Santa Fe, N. Al.,
providing for allocution ot thi wa
ters of tin; river, nil development
work, whether for irrigation, pow
er development or flood protection,
will be indefinitely de'ayed, not
only In the stale failing to ratify,
but throughout tlio entire Colorado
river basin.
I i in i.s in'" ecus' n.-us oi opinion
among members nf the Colorado
river commission, it was slated to
day by Governor Thomas K. Carnp
i hell of Arizona, who returned this
morning from Santa I-e where he
j has been part ieipat i n:,' In disens
slons of the commission since No
j vonibi'i' S.
Governor Gauipbell made bis
statement in answer t.o iiiestiuiis
I regarding bis opinion jf the effect
i on the proposed compact of a nies
'sagu sent Tuesday night to Her
bert Hoover, chairman of the com
mission, by Governor-elect George
W. i'. Hunt, who will succeed Gov
ernor Campbell January I. In bis
message Governor-elect Hunt ex
pressed thy opinion that Arizona
could not enter into a compact
with the other states for at least
two years on account of hick of en
gineering data on the possibilities
of irrigation in iho state.
"I believe the compact, so far as
it was worked out when I left San
ta Fe, is not only fair to Arizona,
but necessary In order that the
state may participate in govern-
' mcnt projects and enjoy the bene
fits of private enterprise," Gover
nor Campbell declared today.
I No action can bo taken to ratify
the pact before the end of the
year. Governor Campbell stated,
and the fate of the. compact will
.depend on the action of the incom
ing legislature which will meet
shortly after January 1.
Similar legislative sessions are
to be held in all of the basin states
early in 1112:), according to Gover
nor Campbell, and it was in the
hope and expectation that the com
pact would be ratified at these ses
sions that work was rushed, at the
present time. It was generally
agreed among all representatives
at the Santa Fe meeting. Governor
Campbell declared, that the con
flicting interests of the different
states in the basin would prevent
virtually all development work In
the mar future unices the compact
now being drawn up is ratified by
all ot the states involved.
Governor Campbell said he
would not under any circumstances
consider calling a special session
of the state legislature to take ac
tion on the compact before Junti
a ry 1 .
Self-Confessed Slayer of
Former Governor Stern
berg Will Not Be Released
From Prjson
Boise, Ida., Nov. 23. Harry Or
chard, convicted slayer of former
Governor Frank Steuenberg, yes
terday was denied a pardon bv the
Idaho board of pardons which met
In special session to consider the
matter. Tho board unanimously
passed a resolution against pardon
ing Orchard. According to an an
nouncement, commutation of sen
tence also was denied. Orchard,
characterized ns the most notori
ous prisoner in the Idaho peniten
tiary, pleaded guilty to the mur
der of former Governor Steuenberg
by means of a dynamite bomb at
tached to the gate In front of the
Steuenberg home at Caldwell, on
Heeemlier 30, 1905.
His sentence of deatli was com
muted at tho pardons board meet
ing following bis trial in I SOS to
life' imprisonment in consideration
of his having turned state's evi
dence Mud testified against Secre
tary Bill Haywood, President M oy
er and Charles Pettibone. of the
Western Federation of Miners
charged with complicity in the
crime. They were acquitted des
pite orchard's repeated testimony
For fourteen years Orchard has
been a model prisoner, of late
years managing a shoe factory in
the. prison.
A movo to free Orchard was
started recently and former . Gov
ernor .fames V. Hawiey, United
States Senator Flank R. Gooding
and other prominent Idahoans
made pleas In his behalf.
Riga, Nov. 23 (by the Associated
Press). Mrs. Adelaide' Parker
Bennett, formerly a school teacher
In Seattle, Wash., has just been
release from prison' in Russia, ac
cording to word reaching Rign,
after being arrested by agents of
the Cheka and detuined three days.
Mrs. Bennett was taken from her
hotel room at. 2 o'clock In the
morning but the. poll.e agents re
fused to s. y why she was arrested.
She was later questioned by politi
cal investigators.
Mrs. Bennett has been in Russia
wore, than a year with her hus
band, Kay Bennett, a hydraulic en
gineer in the employ of the soviet
government and admittedly a mem
ber of the communist party. She
has taken much interest in edu
cational affairs and frequently
conferred with tho wives of Pre
mier Ix'iiino and War Minister
Trotsky regarding school work.
Madame I.enine Is said to have
told her friends that she hud no
Idea as to the cause of Mrs. Ben
nett's urrciU
nv iitiiii nnrinn
ui uiHn DuHnu
Five Speeches, Three for
and Two' Against the
Measure, Are Made, Dur
ing Five Hours Debate .
Contends It Will Give Em
ployment to Thousands
and Retain in the U, S,
$300,000,000 Annually
Washington, Nov. 23. Brought
up in the house, the administration
shipping bill was commended and
condemned dtirinrr five hours de
bate today .,i which leaders on
both sides of the battle took part.
All told, five speeches three for
and two against tho incisure wero
made. Two full days of debate re
main before the bill will be laid
before the house for amendment,
and to satisfy all eager to speak
tho meeting tinio tomorrow was
advanced an hour.
Chairman Gret'no of the mer
chant marine committee, which
framed it, and Representative Kd
monds ot Pennsylvania, ranking
republican member, made the prin
cipal arguments for the bill. Rep
resentative John M. Nelson, repub
lican, of Wisconsin, was elected by
democrats in charge, of tho oppo
sition to go to bat first to urge ts
defeat. Representative Bankheail
of Alabama, democratic member
of tho merchant marine commit
tee, attacked the bill at length and
Representative, Watson, republican,
ot Pennsylvania, defended It briefly.
Points Out Belief lis
The good which lie believed
would come to the country through
operation of an adequate merchant
marine was emphasized by Chair
man Greene in opening the fight.
He contended It would givo em
ployment to thousands, retain in
tho United States $300,000,000 an
nually in- freight payments, pre
vent the necessity of the country
facing unother war timo tonnage,
crisis, and right-the Injustice done
the American murine over a lung
period of years.
Hitting squarely ac tho opposi
tion, Mr. Greene Lold how the gov
ernment had aided the farmers and
railroads, how it had built high
ways and then deplored its faibire
to put the flag at its proper stand
ard on tho seas.
In giving a detailed explanation
i f the bill, inviting questions anu
meeting all attacks, Mr. Ldmonda
expressed belie, tnat most ship
ping people wanted it passed. ,
"Great Britain Marted with a big
subsidy." he said. "Today it is u
mail subvention. .Tf.pan, after 20
years of iiieh subsidy, L' reducing
h and still is ab'.o to keep her
ships on the sea while doing so. '
Cursed by Legislation
American shipping, he shouted,
bad been cursed by legislation and
patchwork navigation laws.
Declaring the government wal
proposing to rob Peter to pay
Paul, Mr, Bankhead told the house,"
tlio issues Involved and the con
templated expenditures were so
great that it was tho duty of tho
bill's proponents to show there was
no other remedy for present ship
ping conditions.. He characterized
it us a "monstrosity."
"Under this measure,' he said,
"The Standard Oil company, own
ing its own tankers to move Its
own Oil for Its own benefit, is to be
handed out ot the treasury four
or five million dollars annually.
Just for the privilege ot hauling
its own stuff to its own tankers.
It is a bold and naked raid on the
treasury. The steel corporation s
similarly benefitted, while the
United Fruit company, operating
its own fleet of ships to Central
America can go to the bond at
the. end ot tha year, say Co hav
traveled so many miles and de
mand a million dollars or two ns
a Christmas present."
Warns Republicans
In his opening attack, Mr. Nel
si n warned republican leaxlers that
if they "would hold the party to
gether they must go out to tho
masses and not to the ship prof
iteers." Ha insisted the bill assured a re
turn of 124 per cept annually and
over that to ship owners and op
era tors.
"You know what the people
think of the Esch-Cummins act,
with its 5Vj per cent or 8 per nt
guarantees," he added.
Mr. Nelson's statement as to tho
3 2 VI- per cent return was chal
lenged by a number of republican:!.
Representative Mills, republican of
New York, Insisting thn figures
wero wrong and that the .return
might bo wiped out by operating
Cambridge, Mass., Nov. M. All
Harvard turned out at the stcdium
today to see its varsity eleven for
the last time before it meets Yalo
at New Haven Saturday and to
voice the slogan "We'll Beat Yale."
Head Couch Fisher, still in doubt
whether to start the sopbainoro
star, Jack Hammond, or tho vet
eran, Vipton Chapin. at fullback,
gave out a line-up of the team as
it probably will faco Yale. Cap
tain Buell was indicated as the
man to start at quarterback, Jen
kins and Holder were named for
the end positions. Eastman and
Diinker as tackles nnd Kunhnrdt
and Hubbard as guards, with Clark
at center. Owen and Oehrke com
plete the back field. The team,
marly half a hundred strong In
first string men and reserves, wilt
leave tomorrow morning for New7
Haven to hnve a short spell of
practice In the Yalo bowl before
It goes to the derby, f

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