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Chicago daily press and tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1858-1859, January 27, 1859, Image 2

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State and Municipal Government.^,-
The attempt which is now being made by a
f»w individuals to Induce the State Legisla
ture to force & new charter upon this • city,
suggests &oine considerations touching the
relation which Municipal Government sub
tilnE to tbe State—to what extent the former
is dependent upon the latter, and under
what circumstances the latter is warranted
in changing the fundamental law of the j
whole system of government —includ-
ing Federal, State and Municipal—is founded
upon certain well defined principles which
spring from a recognition of the people as
the source of all political power. The
Federal Constitution derives its efficiency
from the that it is the embodiment of iho
•wHl of a majority of the people of the
United States. The Constitution of Ihe State
of Illinois is in like manner based upon the
will ol a majority of the people of the State.
All Stato Constitutions have in some form
or other obtained the sanction of a mcjority
of the people embraced within their respect
ive jurisdictions. This uloue gives them
validity and efficiency—the will of the sover
eign power.
In the Federal acd iu each of the State
constitutions the mode by which these instru
ments may be amended is clearly defined.
If, however, there were no provision regula
ting the matter inserted in them, so death
is the principle recognized of thiyight of the
people to rule, tha'. no govern ineut fuuc' ion
ary, no man or body of men, however wise
and patriotic they might ba, would dare lay
hands upon the fundamental law of the State
or of the Nation.
In our State Constitution the people have
reserved to themselves the exelu c ivc right
not only to vote upon all amendments that
may be framed, but they do not even give to
the Legislature the power to calf u conven
tion lo revise the old or to frame a new one.
That matter is to be determined by the peo
ple themselves—so joalou o are freemen of
that great priuciple of the sovereignty of the
people upon which our institutions are based.
This same principle, the woiking of which i
is so clearly seen in the fundamental law of !
the Federal Tnion and of the Slates respect
ively, runs through our entire system of gov
ernment. When corporations are created lor
any purpjsJ whatever by Legislative enact
ment, certain powers are granted which even
the Legislature cannot repeal. Within the
l : mits of the creative act, the parties incor
porated become sovereign, and no power can
touch or restrain them unless they fail to meet
the requirements of the law, or go beyond
the privileges ond franchises conferred. Yett
ed rights are held as sacred as constitutions.
Tbe necessities of large cities require n
strong and efficient local government. To
preserve lutmony aud to preveut a conflict ol
jurisdiction, these local governments are
made f-üboidinaic to the State. In their con
sxuctiuu, however, no principles are called
into requisition different from those which
control the organization of the State. Be
yond the conditions of subordination to aud
harmony with the latter, these local or muni
cipal governments are sovereigu within th<-ir
"prescribed jnrir-diction. The citizens of those
municipalities hold the same relation to
them that the citizens of a Stated-bold to
it. As the latter are the sovereign
power in the State, subject only lo that
higher law embrace.? all the States —
the Federal Constitution—so the people of a
municipality are the sovereign power within
that jurisdiction, subject only to the Consti
tution of the State.
Such be ngthc relation of Municipal Gov
ernment to tbe State, we arc prepared to de
termine in few words how far the latter is
warranted iu interfering with the former. U
our analysis be correct, the sovereignty ol
the people with respect to the- State is not
more clear than the sovereignty of the peo
ple with respect to the Municipal Govern
ment uuder which they live. The latter are
as clearly entitled to the right of framing
their fundamental law, of changing it from
time to time to suit their changing necessi
ties, us the former are to frame or change
To dispute this proposition is to strike di
rectly at the basifi of all lreo government. If
the right of the people of a city to frame the
fundamental law for tbc government thereaf
can be successfully denied, what becomes of
the right of the people of a State to frame
theirs ? If the right is possessed by the one
it must be by the other; and if either does not
possess it, the other cannot. Either the
right of both must be admitted or tbc right
of both muFt be denied.
The duty of a Legislature, therefore, with
respect to Municipal Governments, is a very
clear one. If the people—a clear majority
of the people—interested, present a new char
ier, or amendments to an old one uuder
•which they buve been living, the Legirlature
may inquire whether it is cousisteut with tbe
Constitution of the State and in general har
mony with the spirit ol our free institutions,
and if it is, that body has no warrant lor relus
ing to pass it. If the people—a clear mnjoriiy
of the people—ash for no change in their chat
ter, then the Legislature has equally as little
warrant for changing it. If a change is asked,
and if it U uot mauifcht lrotu attendant cir
cumstances that Ihe proposition is repugnant
to a mnjority of the people, then if the Leg
islature i»cts at all, it thould be to submit
the question to a direct vote of the people
them?elvi6. In no view of the cape would it
be warranted iu fastening a charter upon tbe
people without their lull free action either In
advance or by subsequently endowing it be
fore it goes into effect.
We invite the attention of our present
Legislature io the foregoing considerations
in connection with the efforts of a few indi
viduals to induce that body fo force a charter
upon the people of Chicago for which they
have not asked, ond to which a large majori
ty of them lire known to be hostile. The sub
ject involves the very essence of American
freedom—the vitality of the principle? on
which our free institution rest. AVe do not
believe these principles will be violated and
tbe people of Chicago subjected to gross out
A Fact for the ".Uud-Sills of Society."
The lite action of the House of Keprisen*
tatives iu voting down the bill for the relief
orActual Settlers on tbc public domain, mer* 1
its a more extended notice than has been ac
corded to it. Mr. Grow'd amendment, which
was the essence of the bill before the llousc,
wa« in tbe following words:
£e it ftrrther enacUd, That from end after tbe
pessuge ol this act no public land shall be ex
posed to sale by proclamation of tbe President,
unless tbe same shall have been surveyed, and
tbe return ot such surrey duly filed in tbe Land
Office for teu years or more before sucb F&le.
Tbe amendment was adopted by a vote of
97 to £2, and the bill itself defeated almost
immediately afterwards by 91 t U5, ou a
very straight party vote—all the Republicans
voting for, aud almost all tbe Democrats
against, the measure. It was not inappropri
ate for Mr. Cavanaugh, of Minnesota, to ex*
clatm that his political frien hal done more
by defeating that beneficlent measure,
to "create Republican es in the
North and West,than by a*u te cast within
the past two years. '*l ba\ c fc b.*en attached
"to the Democratic party," continued Mr.
Cavanaugh, "from my boyhood, but sir,
" when I see Southern gentlemen come up,
"as I have to-day, and refuse by their vote
4 * my constituents, refuse to place tiie
" ftcfiil tiller of the soil, the honest, indns
" trioas laborer, beyond the grasp and uva
" rice of the speculator, I tell you sir, I falir
" and I hesitate." Mr. Cavanaugh is not the
first infant whb has had his eyes opened to
the feet that pro-slavery Democracy, the only
sort of Democracy which has corue down to
our day, means the degradation and oppres
sion of. all " -sills," white as well as
black. Dc neeJg nojbetter evidence of the
other fact that awa r is waging every hour
between freedon? aud slavery, and that this
Ucion must finally become " all one thing or
«U the other." Every movement calculated
to advance the interest, protect tho industry
•64 elevate the condition of the white iabor
er in the lrcc States and Territories, meets
tbc inflexible uegativc of the united South.
But it is not merely a* a showing or bauds
ou a measure ot vital cous-qucnee to
th«» West that vre refer again to tbi3
subject The intrinsic merits .of the
measure claim tbe attention ot the public.
It Is well known to all persons familiar
with pionwr life, its struggles and Ticlssi
; tude?, tbal tbe settler on vbe public domain.
I usually lar removed from markets and de
prived of tbe ordinary lacilities to ney
making, has a bard battle to secure 1 1
sariea or life for bis family, to say nothing of
his liability under the present pyatem to be
called on, at the caprice of the Department,
lor two hundred specie dollars at the Land
Office. H auymauis justly entitled to the
«>il be cultivates, it ia be who redeems it
lrorn the tough barrenness of virgin prai
rie or forest, and helps to swell the commerce
of the nation with its newly developed
wealth. The receipts from the sales of public
landi are but au unconsidered trille in the
aggregate on tbe public ledger. While tbe
lands remain unimproved they are worth lit
erally nothing. Occupancy and Ectt'imKut
by tbe pioneers who swarm westward every
year, alone give them a value. Thus the bet
tier is rt quired to undergo the hardships of
separation Irom bis ppecies and from the
comforts of civilized life, to create a value
and then tojwy for U. Under the most favor
able cireumstauces, this is no easy tatk. The
money at the command of the squatter is
quickly exhausted ip cabins, fences, plows
and other necessities of bis cunditiou, and a
tough struggle ensues to secure a bare sus
tenance for those dependent on bis toil. Who
ever has witnessed a laud sals in tbe West has
seen hundreds of honest and industrious pre
emptors offering tbc half of their hard-earned
claims to any person who would pay for the
whole, and secure them against tbe impend
ing danger of being mercilessly robbed by
their own guvu-Lmcnt. At the time the Land
office was opened in tbc Lecompton District
in Kansas, and the lauds adverthed for sale,
not one in five, perhaps not one in ten, of tbe
people entitled to patents for their claims,
were in a condition to pay the sums demand
ed ; and but for tbe Interference of the Pres
ident tbiy murt have been driven lrom their
homes, or compelled to make ruinous sacri
fices to retain a fraction of what justly be
longed to them. The measure just deleated
by tbe vole referred to above, extended tbe
time within which payments might be made
and titles obtained to ten years—a period by
uo means too loug for the cultivators of the
toil, the only class who have any rights to be
protected in the premises.
Nor is it only iu the security against sum
mary impoverishment that Mr. Grow's bill
commends itseir to a just public sentiment.
It gives to ihe settler the advantage of profit
ing by the results of bis own labor in the en
hanced value of the adjoining tracts, instead
ol throwing all this into the packet of the
speculator; and thus insures the more
thorough settlement of the Territories instead
of diffusing population over vast areas whose
intermediate acres are owned by capitalists
thousands of miles off.
But we need not dwell longer on the ex
cellent features of this bill, nor waste re
grets that tardy justice to tbe pioneers of
ihe West is still further delayed. Let the
effort be renewed in the next Congres-, and
let tbe people discern what potent influences
stand between them and the plain, manifest
rights of the civilizers of the land.
Steamers on the lied and the Snskatch.
awau itivcrs.
"We referred, several weeks since, to tbe
tour ol Capt. Blakely during tbe last sum
mer. to explore the Red river of the North,
and to examine for himself its capacity for
steamboat navigation. His "report, as out
readers may remember, was highly satisfac
tory. We learn, from a very intelligent gen
tleman from Minnesota, that arrangements
are making to put one, and perhaps two
steamer.- on Rml river next summer. The
small steamer North Star, which bas hereto
fore run above Sauk llapids, ou tbe Missis
sippi, was run up tbe Leaf River and left for
the winter, only forty miles from Otter Tail
Lake, one of the sources of Red River. The
outlet of tbe lake is navigible for steamers
down to the main stream. It is proposed to
Lake tbe machinery of the North Star over
to the lake, and there build a new steamer to
navigate Red River. The best of timber is
lo be fuand in abundance to build the steamer,
and it is believed it can be got ready for busi
ness early in tbe season. The preliminaries
are so far arranged that It is thought that
the enterprise will be au entire success.
Another party contemplate taking a small
steamer up the Miane-ota River iuto Dig
Stone Lake, and thence across the low ground
only some three-lourtbs of a mile into Lake
Traverse, another one of the sources of the
Red River. It is even averted that in high
water boats can pass over this neck of laud
from oue lake lo the other.
Once upon Red River, a navigation is open
for some twenty-five hundred miles down the
Red River through Lake Winnipeg, and up
the Saskatchewan to the base of the Rocky
Then as to business; The United States
Government have established a new post—
Fort Abercrouibie— on the Red River, some
two hundred miles from St. Paul. During
the last summer some forty tons of merchan
dize have been shipped in bond direct from
Liverpool, by tbc Hudson Bay Company, to
St. Paul, at-d were taken thence to the posts
ot tbc Company by tbe trains which annually
visit St. Paul. We learn that the oxperimcut
bas proved highly wUisfactory, and gentlemen
high in the confidence of tbe Company have
manifested a deep concern in tbc establish
ment of a line ol steamers on those mag
nificent Northern livers. The goods of
the company have heretofore been sent round
through Hudson's Day to York Factory, and
were distributed thence by canoes to the dif
ferent trading posts. The experiment of the
past season has proved that goods can be sent
to these northern trading posts in much less
time, and even with tbe present facilities of
transportation, much cheaper than by ihe
long and dangerous route of Hudson's Bay.
With steamers on the Red River and the
lake, aud the large rivers with which it is
connected.an immense trade will at once take
this direction to the vast fertile regions that
surround and are tributary to Lake Wince-
Wo need not point out tbe iulerest which
Chicago lias in the rucfiws of thepe schemes.
"Whatever tends to open up tbe great North
west to settlement must contribute to tbe
growth and the prosperity of the city.
Disagreement of Forney and Uouglns
ou the Cuba Question.
The figure cut by Mr. Douglas in the late
Administration Cuba-stealing caucus, is evi
dently not at all to the taste ol Col. Forney,
lie docs not say much, but seems to be keep
ing up '• a devil of a thinking.*' The Phila
delphia of Monday, concludes au article
on the $30,000,000 appropriation, as follows ;
We speak oti this grave subject tor our.-elvt-s,
and wo tbiuk we speak lor people. It is
rumored that Senator Douglas basftakeu a difler
eutview; but it is butter known thai, while un
willing to lie put in the attitude of hostility to a
frcnous Kxccutive recommendation, lie has not
hesitated io declare this wheme an" absurdity,'*
and that this is not tbe time, even if we had the
money to throw away upon tucli a project, to em
batk iu iu Our u\v» feelings are resolutely
ugu'nst it, for every reason of expediency and
or right; and we trust, for the honor of tbe Demo
cratic party, that those who arc in tbc majority In j
the great committee:* of the House will pause and j
ponder be lore tlicy as-urae tbe responsibility ol' 1
recommcudiug t-uch a project to the Representa
tives of the peopie. |
A Tkcthftl axi) CuuAr U.vaoxiCTEn.—Take a
clean glass bottle, and put in it a f-mall qnadtity
of tine pulverized alum; then fill up tbe bottle
with spirits of wine. Tbe alum will be peric:tly
dissolved by the alcohol, and in clear weather tbc
liquid will l*e as transparent as the purest water.
On the approach ot rain, or cloudy weather, the
a'uni will be vi.-ible iu a fiikn, spiral cloud in the
centre of tbe fluid, rcadhing from the bottom to
the surface. This is a cheap, simple and beauli- i
ful barometer, and is placed within tbe reach of
all who wish to possess one. For simplicity of i
construction, tbia is altogether superior to the
frog barometer, in general use in Germany.— i
Scitnltfic Artisan. I
Death at the Caed Table.—Capt, MeKinley,
formerly the editor of the liolmes county (Ohio)
Farmer, and more recently a captain la the lies- 1
ican war, died suddenly at Otsego on tbe Satur
day before New Year's. Having met with friends,
he sat down to play &t cards with them, and fell 1
dead "With the cards in his hands, j
Tl»c Rock Vftlap ~—
tits and the "owcrvatlon—Douc
roatl) Ac. OjOOO,OOU"Pac!tlc HuU-
I Fry*
. our oTrn Correfpondent]
The tieerr , Wishwgtok. Jan. 21. IK9.
mntA hi« p- y ° f the Int * rior probably
„ e P orkt ° the House on the Rock Island
'A "J m t° n 011 Moada y- It prepared. lie
| eci e that the land was under tbe charge and
con rol ol the War Department, in pursuance of
• e oct 01 3819, until tbe repeal of that law in
185S, and that the land is not ret subject lo pre- •
emptioo, and can only become so in consequence
of a special act of Congress.. This decision sus
tains tbe view contended lor by Mr. F&rnsworth
in representing the interests of tbe citizens of
Moline and the lessees of tbe water power upon
tbe island.
While Douglas goes into the caucuses of his
party, and proposes to take a leading part in its
policy, it is very remarkable that he employs all
hit organs to denounce and oppose the measures
agreed upon at those meetiugs. Thus be said
at the caucus that he would vote lor Slidell's
bill, thinking it the most or only practical way
of making a beginning in the work of Cuban
annexation. But he procures bis Jiew York or
gan, tbe Times, to excuse his attendance at the
caucus, and to enter a caveat in bis behalf, tha'
it was not to be inferred that he bad regularly
re-entered the Democratic party, and bis central
organ, the Washington iSiata, styles the ssi\-
000,000 bill a plan to prevent tbe annexation of
Cuba, and, indeed, it opposes with threat warmth
every other distinct suggestion for the acquisi
tion of the island, taking the ground that the
opportunity has been lobU In short, it seems
that Douglas is playing the same double-faced
game of deception as while the Illinois canvass
was proceeding. The chances are, however,
that Messrs. Fitch and Davis will smoke him
out. It is manifestly their purpose to eject him
from the party, while Douglas means to keep in,
but to leave a door open through which be can
beat for better and safer quarters thould disas
ter threaten the party in ISOO.
Tbe Senate are tired and disgusted with the
Pacitic ltiilroad bill, and have agreed to let it
alone for nearly a week past. It would not sur
collapse without a prs;tive vote on any bill.
The game of tbe Democrats has been to make
the Republicans pass a bill oat of which they
could make capital in tbe South, ttut this is
their present trouble. The Republicans haTe
less than a third ol the Senate, and no power
upon legislation. Mr. Clark, ot 2?e«r Uamp- :
shire, a few days ago enlightened the Democra
cy on this point lie ssid if tbe two-thirds bav.
ing tbe power and responsibility could agree |
upon nothing in redemption of their pledges to
the people on this issue, they must not expect
tbe Republican minority to pluck them from the
There is an incurable division among the Dem
ocracy over the $20,000,001) bill. Tbe President
informs the House by special message that he
will not move without the money to be provided
by this loan, and the South therefore make it a
party test. It will probably pass the Senate,
but its fate is doubtful in the House. The Dem.
ocracy have there, with the Docofoco South
Americans, lorty-one majority. Orr had forty
three majority for the Speakership, but the!e
are forty-lour Northern Democrats whose con
stituents have no fancy for more loans and tax
es in behalf of slavery extension and that alone.
Still, as one half of these men were bought up
to favor Lecompton, it i 6 cot improbable that
the same thing will be attempted again.
[Coireai'Ondence of tbe I'resa and Tribune.]
Li*3iSG, Jan. U-t, U3).
The present Legislature is one ot the moat
orderly, business-like budies that ever assem
bled in our State. Since the Republican party
assumed the control of atlairs, tbe claims of
men of the the rowdy, rum-drinking order have
been utterly ignored. As a consequence, cur
Legislatures are beginning to have a moral as
well as a legal power. There is but one class of
citizens that complain on account ot this im
provement—the saloon-keepers, who have in
vested a small capital in what is humorously
called brandy, but is chemically known as a so
lution of strychnine, logwood, rats-bane, etc.,
etc. That these venderiof poison, these man
ufactures of poverty, ruin and despair, com
plain, and labor for the ascendancy of the De
mocracy, with its cardinal principles of 44 whis
ky for Michigan, polygamy for Utah—slavery
everywhere"—we set down as a credit-mark in
favor of the Republican party, 'i he number of
long-necked, blue-nosed bottles, Jouud in the
basement of the capitol, when the Republicans
came into power, was a significant commentary
upon the practices of their predecessors, which
we have no desire to emulate. A large amount
of " stationery" and "sunHries" of this kind
must have been used in the discharge of oliiciul
But there is another reason wty the present
Legislature devotes less time to buncombe and
more to business than has been usual in this
State. The Republicans have never bad any
disposition to waste time iu this way ; while the
Democrats heretofore have been pertinacious in
their efTorts in ibis direction. Rat now the De
mocracy are divided, and every political move
they make, only tends to show their weakness
and dissensions. There are, in reality, three
parties in the House, the numerical strength of
each being as follows: Republicans, S»; Bu
cbaniers, 17 ; Douglas Nondescripts, S. J'hese
eight, however, represent three-fourths of the
so-called Democracy of tbe State. The Duchan
an men are either hungry expectants of patron
age from tbe powers that be, or else their satel
lites. Until the fractious minority of twenty
live settle their own quarrels, they have no dis
position to engage in contests with the Republi
cans, hence the pohti cal questions of the day
are rarely alluded to during this session.
"l'ra J'.ra Buchanan's <s«n ate sou
"filethen Arnold Dua r l<u' doe—boo oo oo
Is a specimen of the enup-and-Dark-at each-oth
er policy that prevails among tbe adherents of
tbe lading fortunes of these two opponents of
Still, there is no disguising the fact that the
Douglas men are in a quandary. They do not
know whether their cbief is going to remain
looger in rebellion, or quietly slink back into
tbe support of tbe Administration. Some ot
tbtm begin to think that there is lees ot tbe
man, and more of tbe demagogne in hia compo
sition than they bad expected to tind. They
have been open and manly in their denuncia
tions ot tbe President, uad now, if their leader,
like a fawning, cricg'.ng suppliant, crawls ab
jectly back to the support of the President,
they, if tbey follow bim, will have to etultily
themselves. That he will do this, some of them
begin to think is pretty certain. If he doc.\
what course will tbe Douglas men pursue?
Will they continue to pluy at the humbug gam*
ot 4 ' Squatter Sovereignty," with tbe "tqaaiter"
bimseit Itftout? Of course, this is out of the
question. Like him tbey luflowed, a Taat ma
jority ot them in this Slate will servilely crawl
back into the Democratic fold—and shout, "We
are all Democrats, and always have been."
Last Thursday evening tbe members of tbe
Legislature and "the rest of mankind" that
happened to be in town, partook of a sumptous
Senatorial supper, furnished by Gov. Uinghum.
How many hundred were present, to ,4 run
down" the good things provided, it is impossi
ble to tell. Two things were certain: the new
Senator received many hasty congratulations
from tbe vast multitude present, ana tbe caver
nous depths of many a carcass were supplied
with tisb, tlesb, fowl r and all the appurtenances
thereunto belonging.
Among our tiuoe institutions, the asylum for
tbe d?at, dumb and blind, at Flint, is one, tbe
ouccess of which tbe people are justly proud of.
Last Wednesday evening some twenty of the
pupils gave an exhibition of their attainments,
under tbe superintendence of their able Princi
?&l and his accomplished wife, Mr. and Mrs.
'ay, in the Representative Hall. It was an oc
casion of deep and thrilling interest. A brass
band, composed entirely of blind pupils, from,
the Institution, discoursed appropriate music at
intervals, and added much to tbe interebt ot the
exhibition. The blind class underwent a rigid
examination in arithmetic, and answered
promptly and correctly numerous intricate
arithmetical questions propounded by the audi
ence. One young man evinced great proticien
cy in geometry, and the analysis «nd solution
of any problem beiog asked for, he gave it with
out hesitation and with remarbable clearness.
Of the utility ot this Institution, its great ralue
lor the unfortunate class for whom it provides,
there is no doubt.
The exercises of the evening closed, by a
deaf and dumb girl's repeating, in the sign lan
guage, tbe Lord's Prayer. She seemed, as she
stood before that vast uudience.symbolizing that
holy prayer, the very impersonation of devo
tion. I felt it to be tbe truest prayer ever ut
tered. Tbt rewas no hollow mockery ot words
—no sounding phrases that tickle tbe fancy and
are gone—but the attitude, tbe spirit, tbe devo
tion, were in those silent utterances. This in-
Btitution has fallen into able and efficient bands,
and if tbe Legislature does its duty in furnish
ing the means to complete it, it will be the mod
el Institution of the kind in the West.
A Gat Omnibus Deivee.—We learn that a dri
ver ot a certain hotel omnibus in this city, has
created quite a sensation in different circles. It
seems that be wooed and won a fair damsel to
take part with bim in tbe joys and sorrows of
this transitory life. This guy Lothario arranged
matters for tbe celebration of his nuptials, which
was to have taken pluce on Thursday evening
last, at said certain boteL He engaged muse,
and invited a large.company to join in the mer*
ry dance, in honor of tbe occasion. In lieu cf
becoming a member of the family, be borrowed
a large amount of money trom his intended
wife's relatives, and a new suit of clothes. At
the appointed boar, tbe bridegroom was missing
and nas not been seen or beard of since. He
has probably wended bis way to Pike's Peak,
there to brood over bis wrong doing.—Rock.
Ittind Commercial, Z2&
Tho Personal Difficulty Between Doug
las and Fitch.
fipreclal Dispatch to tbe N.Y. lines. (Dauelas oriran.)
Wasbihgtjs. Sunday. Jan. 23. IKE).
There was a lively time in Senate Executive
hession on Friday afternoon. Mr. Dougfaff, in
the course of debate upon tbe character ofsozne
I u " uc "anan'B appointees, stated that of
I fifty thousand documents which he sent to his
i constituents through the mail, not one ever
, reached its destination! lie said, further, that
be would give stoo for every copy that could be
shown to have been delivered.
! „ TJxe nomination pending was that of Potter as
Collector, ot Toledo, Ohio. Pugh opposed it.
because the man displaced w»* his friend, and
be charged that the nominee was unsuitable for
the place. lie intimated that if the Adminis
tration wanted to mkke an isHue with him, he
h. d no objection.
This gave Douglas an opportunity tocommeut
upon the Illinois appointments at Chicago and
elsewhere, to tiff vacancies made by sacrificing
bisfr.ends. Against Postmaster Cook, ofChi
cago, he made specific charges, and denounced
the appointees generally in tbe most bitter
terms, as incompetent and corrupt. Tbe first
charge made by Douglas was that all of the ap
pointees of the Administration in Illinois were
a &tt ot corrupt scoundrels. Tha second charge
was that the l'ostmuster of Chicago, Isaac Cook,
whs dishonest and little better than a common
thief; that be hud intercepted his correspon
dence during the late campaign, and that he
(Douglas) had sent to the Chicago Post Office
tilty thousand documents haTing bis frank,
which bad never reached their destination ;
tbut Senator Green bad written him several let-
I ters, addressed to bim at Chicago, and which
j be had ner c r received, and intimated that tbey
were abstracted by Cook, the Postmaster.
| pjuglas likewise stated that Mr. Fitch claimed,
i iusome remarks made by bim in the course of
the debate, to know more ot Illinois politics and
men than he (Douglas.)
To thetie allegations Pitch, as hia son was one
of those appointees, felt called upon to deny
the general charge as uatrue, and said that
Douglas knew it to be udtuj. I)cngla3 ad
mitted that there were exceptions to tbe gene
ral charge, and intimated that Fitch's son was
an exception.
To the charges against Cook, Fitch said that j
Douglas, on a previous occasion, had made sim
ilar charges against Cook, and pledged his word ,
and his honor that if the Senate gave him time I
to procure oflicial p&pers, he would prove them ; I
tljal time
disproved every charge he had made, and that,
therefore, he could not expect the Senate to be- :
lieve his unsu&tained assertions.
To this answer in reterence to tbe charge
againEt Cook, it is alleged that Djuglas re
mained silent.
To Douglas' last statement, Fitch rejoined
that he bad never used such language, or enter
tuined sucb sentiments, and that he requested
Douglas, when he alluded to bim, to conbne bim-
Bed' io the truth. During toe,couree of Fitcb's
remarks, which were very personal, be was re
peatedly called to order.
Douglus rejoined tiercely ond bitterly, and
was tiohtly checked by the Chair, at general
cries of " order," aod was proceedtos, when be
was culled to order. Mr. lirown subsequently
moved that Douglas be permitted to resume
his remark*, in order. In response to this mo
tion. Mr. Davis, lauoring under some excite
ment, reprobated ueverely the style of debate
upturned by Djuglan, but although not oflen
aiveiy personul, eubtequently apolog : zed for
his undue excitement. Tbe wrangling was con
tinued until the ai'j mrnment, without any vote.
At the close of tbc debate, Fitch made an apol
rgy to the Senate as a body, but, turning to
w<ird Douglas, said be bad no further apology
to make.
Tue transaction is looked upon by Donglus'
wisest friends as indicative of the tix'ed purpose
of the Administration men to force bim to take
a buck Peat if he conies into the Democratic or
gun:z t'ion at all, and that tbey prefer to pueh
him «'H' altogether. It te staled that an early
opportunity will be taken in open cession to
make an isfne with Douglas ia reference to his
statements about individual Illinois appoint
ment\ acd lo present proof of their inaccura
cy. The war of the roaes is evidently just be
K.-cn the N. Y. Tribes?. ((2:asl Douzlas orzan.)
Wahiisotos, Saturday. J*a.£2, IS.*?.
The iniesiin* strite which is rapidly rending
in pieces the Democratic party broke out with
gre.it virulence in tho secret session of tbe
Senate yesterday. Mr. Hale was iu the chair,
aod a arose upon the merits of some
nominations to office wtiich hod been sent in by
the Prttidect. Mr. l'Jgh, ot Ohio, denounced
the President with great bitterness, occusing
him of insincerity and insolence, ond declaring
th;.t he ineani to oppose and thwart bim when
ever ard wherever he could?
Mr, D.iuglasspoke in the simestrain, 6tigma-
Mr. Hachanan's ncent appointments to
cilice in the West in very severe terms. Lie in
timated that the llucbanan Postmasters in Hit
jf.-id were little better lhan thieves, and were
t>o regardtd by the pet-p'e. If anything was
nrSficg from the mailn, the Postmasters were
luKiDCtively suspected of larceny.
These imputations en standard bearers of
tbe Faiihtul roused the ire of Mr. Fitch, who
denied tbeir justice, charged Mr. Douglas with
uttering shametut calumnie?, and denounced
him as u rebel to the Democratic party.
Mr. Douglas haughtily replied that he was an
unsubJu.-d and successful rebv.!, and that neither
the President nor bis Senatorial followers could
put htm down. He then retorted upon the gen
tlrman troui lodiaaa Lis charges of falsehood
nr.d defamation. At this S'uge of the atlair,
Mr. llale, the Chairnun, called the difputantb
to order, kindly scgg»s».i: g, in his facetious
way, that the harmoay of tiie Democratic party
wcuid nr.t be promoted by such displays of fra-
Tt-rnal Lflection. v
Ti;e war of words still continued, Mr. Jefferson
Davis at length ioterposed. ami sternlv rebuked
the scolding Senators, lie told them thev were
you tns exact lar.gujgo—and that their conduct
was tb.uneful, and disgraceful to the Senate.
This brought them to their senses, and they sub
sided iuto tilence.
This scene is said to have been the most vio
lent and indecorous that has ever occurred in
the Senate, even iu secret sessions, where the
proctedirg-i are accompanied always with great
freedom ot manner and ot language—the Sena
tors lighting their cigars and talking and dis
cussing in the free and easy style of an after
dinner conversation.
Death of Hon. Thos. L. Harris*
U-.maritof J/uU. £. Ji, Wdthlurnf, of Illinois,
in thf Hoiiii cf JiiprtUhtaticcs, Slond'iy. Jan.
17,155 L».
Ma. Wasuui'RNe, of Illinois. Mr. Speaker,
as ihe colleague, and us one ot tbe numbers
from lliiLois, longest associated here with Ma
jor Llakeis, whose death has nwakened our sen
sibilities, aud whose loss we all bo much de
plore, 1 desire to ask the indulgence of the
House lor a single moment, while I gratefully
add my testimony to that which bas so
justly borne to the character aod services of tbe
distinguished man, whose memory i* destined
to live in tue affections of the people of my own
My acquaintance with my late colliague was
m'ide w ny years ogD. .Natives of the same
>'ew England, arid ot nearly tbe same age, we
both uiade Illinois the home of our adoption,
ltesidtug in different parts of the State, but j
pursuing a common protesslon, we met for tbe |
tirat time at the Supreme Court of the State, in
the year 1543. That acquaintance was not re
newed till we met here, as members of the
Thirty-Fourth Cougress, representing tbe same
Commonwealth. Attached to different political
organizations, our social relations, ever kindly,
linally ripened into a friendship, the memory of
which 1 shall fondly cherish.
E Jucuted to tbe legal profession, as a lawyer,
M.>jor Harcis was able, conscientious, and suc
cessful; as a 6oldier, he was brave, generous,
aud intrepid ; as astutesman, be was enlighten
ed, practical, and ju&t; as a legislator, be was
governed by just principles, elevated Benti
uients, and patriotic views. So Representative
evermore vigilantly guarded or more ably de
fended «he rignts and interests of bis own con
stituents, or looked with greater care to the
wcltare of the whole couutry. All who have
hud the honor to serve with bim in this body,
will bear willing and cheerful testimony to tbe
intelligence, zeal, and etlicieocy wtiich be
brought to the discharge ot bis oftisial duties.
As a politician, he was ardent and unyielding
n his convictions ; in tbe advocacy of his prin
ciples, he was bold, persistent, and uncompro
mising; but uo man everquesiioned the honesty
of his purposes or the biucerity of his views ;
and I am grar.tied in being able to say that bis
political opponents always yielded to btm the
tiomage ol tiieir fullest c ntiJence in bis integ
rity and patriotism. At a man and a citizca be
was distinguished for those cnaraeterisiics which
make the deepest impress upon mankind. His
mind was quick, acuve, vigorous. His traits of
character were all positive; he was no half
way man; whatever position be took, whatever
cause he espoused, he embraced it with tho
whole energy ol hia disposition. After one
making up his mind upon any subject, no man
was ever left in doubt us to bis position. With
bim there was never a struggle between honor
and servility. Iu tbe whole course of his fife,
be never knew dishonor. It is re.ated that while
onfe ot tbe most distinguished loundersof the
French Revolution was awatiag bis execution,
ot the prison of the Carroes, as expressive of
bis own sublime conviction, be wrote with his
own blood, upon the walls of his dungeon, this
last sentiment ot bis heart:
*' rotius rnorl qaim fcr-Jari.''
Bat it were necessary tor our la'.e associate to
traQsmitthat sentiment by any last act of bis
own, for be bad engraved upon the daily walk
and conversation of his whole life that with him
iv was ever—
•*lUther Jealh thin dishonor."
Though in feeble health at tho adjournment
of the fast session of Congres9, Major Haebis
hoped to return here this session with recruited
health and renewed strength. His vigorous in
tellect and unconquerable will seemed to rise
above tbe insidious and painful disease which
was wasting away his life. But aias 1 tboee
hopes so fondly cherished by himself, bis family
ana his friends,were doomed to disappointment.
His voice was never more to be beard in these
Halls, but was to be hushed forever in the still
ness and silence of the grave. He went home
but to die in tbe quiet c&untry village where be
bad lived so long, aod where he was known so
welL ilis last thoughts were consoled by tha
approbation of a constituency whom he had
faithfully !aerved; and be was surrounded by
family and friends, whose presence served to
soothe tbe bitter pangs of approaching death.
Aod when the hour of his existence came finally
to strike, it was at the close ot onr western
autumn, when the serenity of the heavens in
vites us to the contemplation of the last days of
that spleodid seaxoo about to expire.
iiut he is gone! Struct down in the pride of
his manhood, in the full tide ot his usefulness,
and in tbe maturity cf bis intellectual strength
and vigor. Though dead, be shaft yet reign in
tbe recollection and admtration that surround
bis memory.
-The hind of the read
Takes tbe can.tfcat are Loux;
IB&t the voice of the weeper
WaUs manhood 1 * orr.
The Abolith of Slavery in Kansas
The following oac of the bilk introduced into
the Kansas Tdtorial Legislature for the aboli
tion of Slaverjnd the punishment ot oflences in
regard to permi held la servitude. It was i»rf •
sentcd by C. HBran s comb, E*q., of Lawrence:
■An Act abolishg all laws e*tabliihin% or recog
nizing SI airy in the I erritory of Kans is, and
punishing trtain offences in regard to person*
nild as ttavk
V»'nE£EA3, iuaß heretofore been attempted to
force the iustinion of Slavery upon the people of
Kansas, and toegalize the same within the limits
of this Territcy, contrary to the known will of
iw iohahitantc and, wherea?,the existence of a
servile class odebased and degraded ce?r<K-*
within said fetTitory, is deemed inimical m its
higliest intcreis ; and. wherea?, it ia abetted and
miiutained tbt Slavery has a legal existeuce in
said Territory and, whereas, persons are now
held in a stateif servitude in this Territory, by
peisond claioug to own a right ot property in
them ; and. wtrea.-, neither the oriranic act under
which the Teritory of Kansas was organized, unr
the Constitutun of the United States, contains
any limitation of the power of the people of said
Territory ovelthe subject of Slavery ; therefore,
be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative
Assembly of lie Territory of Karsa'.as follows:
Sec. 1. Tlfre shall be neither Slavery nor in.
voluntary lervitude iu thi.s Territory, otherwise
than in pmiument of crimes whereof the party
. w hall be dily convicted, and all law 3 and statu
tory provLr.om now existing and in force in said
Territory, so 'ar as the same, either directly or in
directly, legUize or attempt to legalize or recog
nize the existence of Slavery within tins Territory ;
are herehy repealed and dec'ared null and void.
Sec. 2. Ever}* person whu shall bring wi'htn
this Territory uuy other ]»erson held as a slave by
law or u>a£fc in any Slate or Territory- of the
United State*, with intent to hold such jjerson as
a «lave with'u th s Territory, and shall assert or
maintain auy right of property iu such other per
son within tils Territory, shall be deemed to be
guilty of a insdemeanor, and *ball, on conviction
thereof, be punished by fine not exceeding live
hundred doLljr-,or by imprisonment in a county
jail not execedins; six montiis, or by both such
line and imprisonment.
Sec. 3. Erery person who shall, within this
Tetri'ory, restrain or attempt to restrain the lib
erty of an) oilier person, upon pretence of owning
any ptojwrty in such other j)cr.son,KbaU be deepied
to be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on couvict 00
there -t, s-lullbe punished by fine not exceeding
live hilars, or bv impri-onment in a
. J ill i»"t excetding months, or by both
SecTT '^"Dpri^Dment.
Ikcu bruugiilTnti. lhis'TeT?TOi'.l'; r Ctofprc liavc
bereaJter be so br-iu.nht, bv juT-ons claiming to
hold them ;ik slaveo, are hereby declared to be
ptrsons and persons only ; they cuy .-ue and be
sued, in the l nurts ol this i'eiritory, in their own
ihttn-.s, and Fhall be deemed capable of entcting
iulo vail.; and binding contracts, audof ucqairing,
traUftcrring atid tiuusmittitig jtrojieity. They
injy marry [icrsons of their own color, and .-null
be entitled to the custody of their own child.en.
Sec. 5. If auy person asserting or claiming any
fight of properly iu auv other pers <u in this Ter
riiory, t-hali separate s cli per>ou from, or deny
bini'or her access to his or her father oriuothe",
or bi> or her wife or husband, such person >o
oHendiug shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor,
aud couvictiou thertof, be punished by
line not cxceediug three thousand dollars, or by
imprisonment in a county jjil not exceeding two
years, or by both such line aud imyri-otimeut.
Sec. G. Alt lines paid or recovered for violation
of any provision of this act, shall go to the county
iu which the fchall be tried.
This act ?ltall take elleet immediately.
Letter from the Territorial Delegate.
[From the Washloetoa Union.]
WaiHisgto*. Jaa. I®. 163?.
ITfstrs. Editors: Aa the best means of an
swering numerous inquiries daily received by
me from all sections of the country, in relation
to the climate, soil, and gold discovered in that
part ot Kansas and Nebraska proposed to be
embraced in the organization of Colona Terri
torv, the columns of the Union are chosen.
Tbe climate cannot be described more graph
ically than it has been by Col Wm. Gilpic, in
an address to a public audience, who says:
* 4 Remoteness from the sea and altitude secure
to this region a tonic atmosphere, warm, cloud
les?, brilliant and serene."
Ueyond I'ike'a Peak, to quote from Col. Gil
pin, lt the aboriginal people are numerous, ro
bust and intelligent. They are the Narrjos and
ZuU Indians. They have 6kill in agriculture
and weuviag, rear great herds of horses, cattle
and sheep, bat construct neither permanent nor
temporary bouees, so dry and lavorable is the
As to the soil, 1 can confirm the statement of
Col. Gtlpin, that there are '* level tnt3as of great
fertility, canons, delicious valleys, rivers and
great forests."
There is no doubt that wheat, rye, barley,
oats, fruit and vegetables of all kinds can be
cultivated there abundantly and successfully.
A very rich, heavy burden of grass covers the
ground, especially on the river and ereek bot
toms. The only drawback to agricultural pur
suits is the lack of ruin during the summer and
autumn. The "mountaineers" who have re
sided there a number of years, say that all tbe
small grains can be raisea there, and com by
There is no longer a doubt of the existence of
gold, in quantities that will prove rmucerative
to the miner. And it is the conviction of
all tbe California miners who have expressed
their opioion on the production of these mines,
that tbe gold is more equally distributed, and
will consequently give tbe laboring men a bet
ter chance than the California gold mines.
Gold is also touad in tbe plains in sutlicicnt
quantities to "pay" to wash, and spreads over
a llirge exteot of country, as already discovered.
On all tbe" «pon which i'have pros
pected, not than twelve or fifteen ic nutn
ber, extending over ft distance of tifty or sixty
miles north and south, we found gold in such
quantities as the mioers who accompanied me
were convinced would pay richly to work, aad
they, residing now in liwa, will rfturn in the
spring with their families.
It ia pleassnt to know that practical agricul*
turiets are turning their attention to that new
region as well as miners, for tbe country will
llourish permanently by this class becoming
identified with it and making it their home.
1 baje no hesitation in sayiog that there will
be an immense emigration to the newly-discov
ered gold fields, early in the spring. When 1
left Auraria, on the 12th of November la»t,
there were already in that locality about twelve
hundred persons, and I met a number of trains
on tbe way, and learn that a large number have
since arrived from the Arkansas route, which
will make an aggregate number of some two
thousand persons on the head.waters of tbe
South Platte.
There are several other settlements in the
Territory which it is proposed to include in tbe
organization of Colona—at Uent's Fort, Fort
Laramie and the Cheyenne Pass.
It is not, in my opinion, an extravagant esti
mate that there will be at least one hundred
thousand emigrants in the Territory before the
close of another year.
Col. Gilpin, from whom I have before quoted,
made three military expeditions to that tract of
country. lie enthusiastically says that the facts
then and since collected by bim are so nume
rous and so positive, that be entertaicsan abso
lute conviction, derived from them, that gold in
mass, and in position, and infinite in quantity,
wtl], within the coming three years, reveal itself
I to the energy of our pioneers. All the precious
1 metals and precious stones will also reveal them*
selves in equal abundance in this region so pro
pitious to toeir production.
Os the 6:h or November last I was elected a
delegate from Colona, by the voters thereof, to
arge apon Congress tbe propriety and necessity
of granting as * territorial organization. 1 have
no doabt this result will be attained so soon as
tbe jastice of our claims is understood.
H. J. Gbadam.
Character of the Latest Advices from
WASHISGTO*. Jan. £3,
Tho latest private intelligence from Mexico
received here from hicbly intelligent and re
sponsible sources is very encouraging for tbe
liberal party, who continue to gain ground in
tne good will of tbe people. The most perfect
unanimity of feeling and purpose exist among
their leaders, who are determined to listen to
no compromises whatever, but to insist upon
tbe rc-establisbmeot of tbe Constitution of
1557, and the sequestration of the church prop
Tne estates of tbe Chnrch are estimated to be
worth between two and three hundred millions
of dollars. Their appropriation by the State, ,
therefore, will not only give it at once tbe means
of establishing * firm and stable government,
but will also reealt in a large addition of annual
revenne by sabjectiog it to taxatioa. Sach a
policy, relieving the masses cf the people mate
rially of their present tax burdens, cannot fail
to secure for itself decided popularity.
Our Administration sees clearly that it it tbe
Liberals alone from whom we cancan expect
stability enough in the government to give any
encouragement in the successful negotiation ot
a treaty, lleuce Mr. Buchanan pays no atten
tion whatever to the programmes of tbe Zuloa
gas, Robles or Alinimoss. lie awaits tbe inev
itable establishment of tbe Constitutional gov
ernment, but cooldn't think of assuming the
responsibility of promoting that result by
prompt recognition. He is confident that at
some time the oyster will be opened, forgetting
apparently that tis failure to manifest any prac
tical sympathy with the Constitutionalists will
justly entitle bim only to a sbeiL
Tbe great drawback of the Liberals heretofore
has been the want of arms and ammunition. I
understand that recent arrangements have been
made in this country, by means of which this
dilliculty is being speedily removed.
A Subject for a New Mount Vernon
Mr. John A. Washington publishes in tbe
Baltimore £*un, the following advertisement,
which might be used by Mr. Everett to good
advantage as a text for bis next contribution to
the X. V. Lt&jtr ;
SSOO RrwAan.—Ran away from my farm, near
Salem, in Fauquier County, Virginia, my negro
man, Joe. Joe is about twenty-one years old,
five feet ten or eleven inches high, and very
dark, though not entirely black color. He has
a very plain deep scar on his throat—l think on
his right side. His address and manners are
polite. He was pnrehawd a short time since
lrom Mr. John ilicharifon, near Berryviile,
Clark County, Virginia, and will probably go
either in that direction or toward tbe Point of
Rocks. One hundred dollars will be naid for
bim if taken in Virginia, the District of Colum
bia, or on the Potomac River. Two hnndred
dollars if taken in Maryland, and one-half of
what be will sell for in Alexandria, if taken
elsewhere. Ia any event, to be secured and de
livered to me, ia the County Jail of Alexandria,
Va., before the reward is paid.
Jons A. Washdigton.
Jfour.t Vernon, J j., Jan. 14, 1859. j 15-2w*| |
Queer Suicide.—A mm named Johnson com
milted suicide in Hancock county, Indiana, Uu?t
Wednesday, by breaking a bole through the ice oa
a pond, and crawling under.
U 'estern .Veirs Items.
Killsd at Last.—A catamount was killed iu
the lake bills in this county, on last Monday, by
Mr. Crockett &lisenhimer whilst ont gunning.
Tbe animal measured four and a half feet from
the nose to the end of his tail, and weighed
something less than twenty pounds. He has
long been a terror to the swiniab mothers and
their piggish progeny of that neighborhood,
who will no doubt rejoice at his capture. This
specimen of the zoology of Illiooif is now in the
cabinet of Dr. Condon, where it can be seen at
any time by those at all curious in such matters.
Jonetboro{lil.) Gazette.
Scicioi.—A man by the name of Arnold, who
was recently attested at Brownville, in this Ter
ritory, for stealing horses, committed suicide
the day before yesterday, in the room in which
be was contined, employiug tbe most horrible
means possible. He broke a large glass tum
bler into small fragments, which be swallowed ;
took a pane of glass lrom tbe window, broke
that up and swallowed it. But this did not
produce death as speedily as he desired, and he
buog himself with a small cord to the post of
a bedstead. In this situation be was found a
We are informed that he was a graduate of
the Michigan University, a man of tine attain
ments and good connections. He bad been re
siding at Nebraska City, where bis wife now is.
He bad been carrying on a wholesale business
in the horse stealing line. His shame at the
complete exposure ot bis crimes, and, perhaps,
fear that he would arrive at as ignominious an
end as some other horse thieves in this Territo
ry recently have done, are the supposed causes
of his putting an end to his life in so tragical a
manner.— Omaha lirpubhcan.
Melancholy Cascaltt.—A few days since,
Miss Christiana Birky, a young lady sixteen
years of age, and who resides with a widowed
mother on the Tazewell side ot the river, about
five miles from this city, was accidentally shot
under tbe following distressing circumstances.
She was standing before a lookingglass comb
ing her hair preparatory to a visit she had in
tended to make, her two younger brothers being
in tbe room at tbe time, getting ready for a
hunting expedition. By some means, one of
them let his ritle {all upon the tlaor, which
caused it to discbarge itself, tbe ball passing
through his sister's ancle. Surgical aid was im
mediately summoned, and it was not at first
considered a fatal wound. She however took
cold in it, lockjiw ensued, and she died at an
early boor on Saturday morning last, just one
week from the day she was sho.t. Miss Birky
was well known in certain circle's in this city,
and has left oehim'. in Peoria many warm
friends, who deeply sympathize with tte afllxt
ed nnd suddenly bereaved family.—l*<:orij Tran
c a
Duoniog, about fitty five years" offi? wal
dead by cflicer W are «n Saturday morning,
west of the river, between tbe Terre Haute
Railroad and the National road. His clothes
had been wet and were frrzen about his person.
The supposition was that be had by accident got
into the bayon on Friday night, in the locaiitv
where he was found, and his clothes being
thoroughly saturated with water, he had frozen
to death in
nal, 2ith. r
Convicted cf Mcbobbzng tokib Sister.— I The
two Doyeo brothers who murdered their sister
and performed various diabolical rites with her
dead body, last June, in Macomb County, were
tried last week and found guilty. The brothers
were from Switzerland, and of French descent.
The defence set up was insanity, but taere was
too much covert of action between them for it
to avail tbem much. They told their neighbors
that they killed their sister in obedieccs tn a
command of God. To our mind the evidence
ot o certain species of iasanity in this case is
very strong, it being apparent that they were
intensely bieoted and superstitious, and also
ignorant.— Grand Jiipi h (Mich ) Eaylt.
•lliscclltiiicous Hems.
Fit.vsni: Hivix— Iu C iliiornl.i, ].e<>pl.> to
tbii-k ;t:a: Kr.»>cr Itiver i- n-it >jcli u "biir htmu
hug- 1 atter all. New emiirration to the norsli
next »pri'ig i- looked for.
Gmi;vw> to Death A bodv of a
h.ts Ur:i .-entlrow l»>-t«j;i, aud Lulled M :i;c
.side <>f its former mNtrfS-, at M.-wat lln,.c*C> r-i
--»'t»ry, Portland. Me. his said to luvi> urif\\J
iuolt to death at her loss.
UxiiArrr Matched.—A year and a !t:ilf azo,
four 3ouug ladies. «t Ciiitiii'.uti, wen* married at
thi' s.itin- hour. T»vo have mlcc ?ej<araf. d fruin
their hij-l»auils, and the other two are trvios to
S-fILLA Sllor IN TIIK Lockkk —II ;:* re llOrin.',
Z s-e'Z.'d s2i),(Wi) which was iu tho tn :i-ui v ,
ami duidt-d it among his adherent.-*, re«erv.ti"
00 ) lor him-ell, according to late Mexl-aii m*
.\NOTnnn Catholic PnF.r.—The London fl'a!:-
Iq Htg st ites tiiat the death ol'ihe Llirl ot Or
f< rd r.ui-esan accession 10 the number of Cath
r.lie IV«ts liy the sticce—ion of hii e!dt>f so:i,
LOid WaipoJo, a convert to tbt» Catholic faith.
I.iFi: in OiittioN—A Fori Unijiijua currc.-jX't:-
di-tit 01 the New Yoik Herald rather a tin!,*.
Itil descriptions ol life in that r.gion. lles.n>
that th:- value of :t doll.ir is reduced to that 01 *a
cent iu tint out-oi-thc way place, the wanes of
maid servants being ?:!j per month, and every
thing else iu proportion.
Sent Hack.—The English convicts who arrived
at New York a few days ago on the U'a-Litistuit,
and who u:d Mayor Tientann they would have to
return to their fonner pro!e>>ion (tliey were bur
glar?) if they were not provided with food, have
been sent back to England by the Mayor, ut ihe
expense of the owuei> of the W.i,-hiu^ioc.
JtniciAL IJusitiNATiox.—R.iron Pennrfather
ha-risigtied his-e tt ou the Irish Bench. The
venerable judge (who was caikdtotne bar in
17i'.>) hui recently been in a very iniirin ftjte ot
l:ealih. F- r some years he has been deprived of
,-ight, but his wonderful monnrv enabled him to
discharge his judicid duties efficiently, and in
jpata •ou»i' 01 tlu> properly caU-e.s
have been trie-i by him. Tbe Solicitor Geneiul,
it is supposed, would »uccted him.
Lola Montez.—'The Limerick Importer s
that Madame Lola Montiz takes a dcen interest in
Ireiaud, and particulaily in tbe of
an American and Irish packet postal .-ervice, and
on her return to America it is her 'intention to
lecture on the subject, and to draw public atteti.
tiontoihe uec.sdty of selecting the best Iri-h
port, whichever maybe proved such, lor this great
Cuba, and the Dismemberment of the
Spanish .Empire.
A Spanish journal, the leniir, sums op tho
gradual dismemberment of the Spanish Empire,
and presents its views of the Cuba question, as
When the greedy bands of the North American
Union are ready to be stretched out toward our
precious Antilles, which is nearly all that re
mains to us of tbe Spanish Empire in tbe New
World; when the United States are openly
seeking to add at our expense one more star to
those with which their thg is studded, it will
not be inexpedient to lock back upou the Spain
of our foretatbers.Tvbcn tt occupied the eighth
part of the known world, when its inhabitants
were 7i',wO,i'uo, and its dimensions comprised
a space of SJO.Ovd square miles. Of these vast
territories more thau two-thirds have been lost.
Can we permit another to be snatched
from the splendid crown of two worlds ? In l'* )j
we gate up the I?le ol Malta to the order ot St.
John. -lo 1020 tne Lowar Navarre and Bearne
wasyifilded to France, and in Hl'j the Ilousse
lon. In 1040 we lost Portugal umi ber colonies.
In 1045 we recognized the sovereignty of the I
Netherlands 1110 10"i0 the English wrested the I
Barbadoes from ua, in 1u55 Jamaica, in 1704
Gibrahar, in 1713 the Luccas. in 105? Dominica, I
and 17V" Trinidad. In tbe 17th century France I
took possession of Martinico" New Granada, I
Guadeliupe, and the half of the Isle ot S.»n
Domingo, and in ISOO Louisiana. In the lath
centurv we yielded up Sardinia to tbe Duke of
Savoy, and to Morocc ourrightson Mazalquivir
and o:an. Wc ceded Parma, Placencta nnd
Lucca, vith other dominions in the north of
Italy, tc Princes of tbe House ol Boarbon, tod
in 1759 Naples and Sicily were emancipated
from Spanish government. In 1519 we sold
Floridatothe United States: in 1321 we lost
one halt of the Isle of San Doxingo, and before
1525 alltbe vast continent which our glorious
ancestors bad acquired was lost to us forever.
Of all ttis immeuse power, we bave as a remem
brance of tbe past tbe Isles of Cuba and Paerto
R:ca, thi disti nt Philippines and our African
possessiens; but tne of tbe nineteenth
century » not that of the seventeenth aad eigh
teenth centuries, and will never consent under
any pretext that these jewels shall be snatched
from her:rown, and will, in case of force, de
fend them with the blood ol ber mited sons.
Time has not passed in vain for ns, md neither
caresses ncr threats will prevail nponany Span
ish Government, (whatever be its ophion upon
home affairs, to give up for gold Ua*. which
touches to tbe quicK the bonorand tb* decorum
of tbe country; nor in the midst of the agita
tion of political passions will the Spanish Eag,
which waved over the throne of laabei 1., lose
any of its splendor under the reign of herworthy
successor, Isabel 11.
A Law Unto Themselves*
A murderous assault was recently made upon
an old man earned Ternay, in Brownville, Kan
sas, by a rnfSan named Miller. Ternay wasres
cued by a coiple of his neighbors, but Miller
procuring help at a neighboring grog-shop, re
tnrned to the assault with a butcher knife and
senoasly woanded both of Ternaj's friends.
Miller was immediately arrested by the citizens
and held subject to the orders of the Sheriff of
Sbawnee Couaty. This functionary refused to
have anything to do with the matter, because
there were no funds in the county treasury to
be applied to ihe necessary costs. Thereupon
tbe citizens organized a court, appointed judge
and jury, adm.tted counsel for the defense, ex
amined the whnesses and fonnd the prisoner
guilty of assault with intent to kiU. A commit
tee was then appointed to deliberate on the pun
ishment for the crime, who reported in favor of
death by hangiag. This report was submitted
to a vote of the people and confirmed, and the
judge pronounced sentence accordingly. Just
before the execstion, however, the civil author
ities began to bestir themselves, and a writ of
habtas corpus made its appearance from the U.
S. District Conrt, upon which Miller was reluc
tantly transferred to the keeping of the U. S.
TO shippers.
The Illinois Central Railroad Company,
Axe forwardlax Freixht to and from
St. Louis, Alton, Springfield and Bloom in gto 11,
Time as qalck and rates as low as by any other rccte.
Deliver Freight at the Stone Frrisht Depot, foot of Soath
Wa er street
For Information as to rates and canditloas f apply to R.
FORSYTE. Genl Freight Arent, office In Pasaenser
Depot* oj> stairs, or to C. M. SMITH, Freight
Depot. * jaU bSSS im
201 and 203 South Water Street,
» » thr.-.u.h the CHIC AC O CUSTOM HOUSE,
oar first tnvo.ce f■: the »ia . if
Fin- I lie spriuj Tradf,
Bort Vakeni-id Leuher Dealen will fin! th-» S'ock
to be very and p ( fce» Loir. We hate la tt cic
aad cjdiac
i Wh!ch will be sold at the loira'. market price j by
At their LEATHER AND lit'JEST >RK.3)t A 2CU Sooth
Witerstree'. (eat of U'el • street b iChua^o
B.—The t; hist market price till uj for
il.de*. j ,04
just ren-
213 LAKi>*T 313
Chicago, lIL,
Who keep constantly oa hand the larjest stock of
Leather and Findings
To be found la ttie West. Also, alarzestockofsaperior
All of the above will be told vfrt d.w for cajh craz>-
proved paner. JAMES KfcLLY A CO .
ocH ly-bbC 043 Laae street. near the Br.dwe
Hostetter's Stomach Bitt?rs,
fold by BOLLE3. SIIITLi A CO.. Laie a'.recu
Hoste'ter's Stomach Bitters,
Scld by E. T. WATKINS A CO.. M silts str.er.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Scld by J. H. REED A CO.. In a* d Ui Lake s retU
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Fold by HAVEN. FARFtEL&CO., 77 Water street.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
fold by SARIiENT A tr.3r.sv i t aVr» street.
h uu i.«ct-'s stomach Bitters,
told by i. E. a. FJLLtII A C U7 Water str-.tt.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Soldt>J B3CSFK.ISSHiC2., V- W»ler ilrc«',
Hostetter's Stomach Bitter?,
Sold by L. READ A CO.. WUke street.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Sold by 0. F. IULLER A CO.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Have, fcr thdr Totlc and other Jlei!!Jc3JYlrtsrs. be
come so celebrate! and popalar, that nnpdnr p ed p.v
ties hereaad eUetfbere hive counterfeited them cx:ea
slve'y. aad to prevent deception we refer purchasers to
the above parties for the cesuiae article or to the pro
Ac Smith,
ja2<ci:if PITT-KUatiU. I»i.
Q. BE A T li ARG A I N~s!
Of theliteit siylesand does'. with altrse iacur.6
ofCa:!i to • for Ileal Ejtvte ia or jar
rourj iii- ecun'ry.
11.« .ua'ltjr and stile nf the WaJtlics Ac., areun-ur.
; -a.-«d 1 hey w. re parch.Lsed at an AuL-aee :n thc
u: lit • at aicrea; sjc lace, aaa »iU b* jU
t A il Il'jrst'S. s'.j : t iMe for Jrlvia; or draft. So:nv
ta:ikel!icir _mi e la tiuce rrir;u!t.-«.
A.. 1 i - > n lot a' Wxisooi aa I all of w w !rh w!'l
i'- > i "i d for Ileal rstate, ar.d *i:e-ei.if ?TJuccnt:ata
;ir- t i r>)portl'>n ol Casli «ill >'e
A-'. iy Ht t-e of (hi! sabd,r.ber. Nj. ill North u a»
ter M-crt. C!. o> - j.
ice horns :r«.ia 'J to 12 A. 51.. aad 2 t0.5 P. XI.
Jazniry 2 '.? i. j :
Improve lour ilycsiglit.
37...0LAHKSTHZET HOOM 2.Hp : SAras 1 |..37
for loa* or persons, frora 10 t.i 4
years of asre. aad for weak. »ore cr laC-uced «ye:i. r*tv
r-cu. crc» a?es. are fot tale it !? soutn Ca.-k ktreet.
Rnoai No op stairs. A!sc all of Optical
aadArtiCdal Eyes kept on .lid
Penoos residing al a distance requiring Srecta'?!es.
Fye (ilj.S'i. etc.. cati be exac'ty suitt-1 noccrdit.* :o
their dinJitlon of ard d w;tn them by mall
or »-icress.safely aad quickly, b# se»dlr.s correct aid
d'stlart answers to ttie tolijwtn* questions
Ut. htateyour uc, stale of h:a.tb &zid occupat.cn.
2d. Ptate ifalasjei are wai.ted for reading wr'.lirc
etc.. or for looking at d>st*nt objects
3iL ate the exact nuabjr of iacii-i y>a hoM n bock
The price of a? impr ved dcectaelci a-.d tje (il;iss-t
are as foiluw>: Heat Pebb.r. cr Cry3t«l til vet. ia iold
bors. ♦!-, #lO and t-i. Best slasira la •'.verbovs It,
li and Beat glasies la steel be.*3. II; 1-5. f-J aad 11.
Enclose either of ttie »V>?; svia« witn
jtanp*. Id a registered let.er. an 1 you will recu-v* b7 re
torn naO. orbyexpres if joa ""efer It. the quality \:.4
kind of Paid .or. aad th.- brjtadip'.ed to joar
j.at-In*ls Pnctica' OpMrNn »nd
I'fiJ.St stick of Mujical meroiaadhe lie lb; any ot!i»r
w we>t. W> ore ail-a«e:iU for 1h» r'l
ebrat.d ">l>.lel Meh"l;33." raa-le by Ma-toa A I'araa -.
"rstoa: -.lii « fir l.'sht? >e«toa A t'j
PIAM)i with Hi • *' P te.it *» res" <*laak." wii cii s
used si.vnuf i:tc;eis in tl.ettiru, aad is tLe
cost in?o tant imprive-afnt. 111 0
usL« iroa &i mo»l 01k-ra d>—«h!ca »Weat!i- las.-s.
mcnt a a t.ili.-azd <!U s..uad—of o«i-s w0...l ;a
1 be or 1 loary *a»-w^ lC a rec-iem U to
th-? |.art of the i 'strjraei: wherein the pc«-ih;e
atreatta is remind— by cuttlm acr;«s tie icrain of tho
woqcL M'litc. Ne«t<a x h.tve a aet'i' 1
wbv.»-eSyt!ie*spria< th's aat-ntWre-t iati proper *orra
by tue aid of steam aat tt>w«fulmach - .uery. a it a'.n
of tei tons will mak • no Imareis-na 01 tti- an-ru w »n
ttie fibres of the wood iaite»d of be!n« weateaed by t'ie
coctinuityheiig Interrupted atsiior' distances, tave f>rir
natural p wer of reS'staa:e irteatly au*ra-;c;teJ b? the
iec liar formthey are cade to aisuaie ia the Pate-t
Arch \Vr-«t. Kv-ry mrrussea - la warraated.
Allk.ndiof Chur:h .Music Uo«'<sf«r sale.
The cLear <»4t aad Ktcs" oie» Uo .kout Is the MrvNII
HA UA. Prl:esL.Kle cjpy liceats. seot by call put.
pa'd: rer dozen »t.W All orders noit be aadre«<ei
to UiGOiNS BR0 S .. *5 Laiie-s'.. •:nic-u:'> ja'Sh^lr
Particularly rfiVSH and AGUE.
ChUls aad Fever, atd all d:?ea«e« arlslrs frnm t'-at
rna IHIO3 of lhe liv«-r so unlvers»liy produced by tha
m-iuiria. a nd foss of the West tu -h as d;S;«ue l c r
ii.rt.li liver eafarseraeat of the spleen. t»r *,-ue Cake
la ttie sida. fcl-ious lateraitiLnt Keotteai Fevers
*od. Indeed, all diseases »risln* t.-on a bldioos cxi-ii
tloarf ihe «ys em Its la/red;e3tj are all veicab'e,
and psrf-ctl/rsralessiath-ireJe: s. and fcerftcus c: -
tala to cori 11-a Jer. If you deaire to save ax ey a-d
tine. «nd get y <ur late it u «n :e. ia«tra 1 cf
thasethin*s which oalyca'Jiate wh'Je they do aat cure.
MTSSR3. a K. MANN I'ffs.HLv'w'miftß
Aifue Balkan superior U. a:y rem-iiy ta car market r
the tenuaaeat cu*e of all oaur.uos doesssj. He
cbeerfu ly rcjotnceailt as worth- ihit prfat niae i;
has wliereve - siiit a d used.
Vcr» traly jours, RICHARO3 4 TIHM4S.
_ .. , tlt . OiLro*. Ch'n. Acrll. I^*-.
To the sufferers of clll a. f-*»er aad arw. I cheerf-l'*
sacbltthe fol.owinc Having observed c'osely th- ef
ftct>of l'r. Main's Airue Uahaa *a tft's *ictulty f e tiie
pa3iu:reeyear% 1 am well p.eased with iw remedial vir
tues as aa antidote to malaria. I have frequently
It ;n niyiractlce. and w tfi eaiire satisfaction. Frota cy
in imite kaowl«-<u? of this coraiound, I 'te-;Qani"ad it
as safe, prcmptand eflcient.
TLcrr-X. Tnd.. .Vayir, ;»08.
MESiR?. S. K. MANN ft vo.—Gertii: told
I sour Akue Bilsanfor tie i>as'. three jetrstj sco-e» cf
I periin* ia viciaiU. aadc oieiy obier*laf Its t:r*«tv
■ we do ant hesitate la saym* *ebcl:«**e:tthjbejt reire ir
ever sild in ind aaa. wtil rare china,
. fever and aioe wttaout fv.L
Truly yotirt, PdILLIiIAN A REARN3. Drc**lit3.
__ w , I/>G.iSaPoBT, Ia
DR. MA^N:—Pleases a t mi uross core of
year AraeßiisaralomeJlately. It Ls in g.eat detssad,
aad cay be truly styi-d ttie K:ni of tear tin 1 A*ie.
J. LVTLE. a:d Diu«t,tst.
_ _ Lws dis. Mlch'jta. Juae li.
MESSRS. 8. K MAN.N A CO. GJ 03. oaio._^ e 7i:t;
I have to say thai I have f-r several ra-nib* teen c a-
Vle.eiy prottrMed b» chl'a. fever *n-i a.r:e. aid a.- 1
nve ala'ce family wh-j w e re doeaient utoamylacor
for taeir cxlstenw. 1 have tr.ed :a vsln all the use rem-,
d.esrn my reach, [aad they are le*ioo.J bat I foondDcne
t> core usUl I used your agje Baliatr. I Lave nev r
*ha»k or hidap-nicteof f-v«- r itaceihe tlrit ios- out
I have tiace used the third bottle. I bave oow i> e .n
aouad for t-ree cot.ta«.,atd lata conll Jem li Is the oil/
thus thai »l!l ctverfall.
Yours txulr, G. p. WOOD,
8. K. MA.YY & Proprietorj. Gallon. O.
0. J. WOOD .fc CO, St. Lou's, Mo., f»oIe
A.*-tt?forail the aad Tiriitor!—. and
aoiJbyadirwd drpg<lr«. j.a24-5m
Hlracalous Vermin Drstioyer,
For the Destractlon of
RaU,|3llce, Tloles, Itasn, TlosqnKoc*,
Roaches, Fleas, .loth*, Garden
Insect** Arts, Ac.
kaowaoaderthe abovedtle fir tie laat 22 yean
throtuaoat Karoos, where thiy have met with a trios
cbait ia-;ces3. have acqairei for taeir la*eator an!
Slanafactarer a world-wide ceSbrity. attested by tb« Ks.
of Ra.«s!a, Fraace. Aistru- the Quc«o of Enc
land.the KiruS of {ie:s*.um.Uullaad. Bavarl*. 1
tfaioaj. 4c.; &£d is Acter.ci their e£cieac7 has bem '
endorsed oy the f Public Ins'.HuMits acU '
the approval of pirate citj-ns. that they are 1
the onir remedies la the woiU sure to eatcrma.te ail 1
kinds of venn:3. '
Meyer's Mlraeuloos Pre.-tratlosi destroy the oawil. 1
come latroders without mccy. aad never fall. HUart 1
baa hroachi death to toUllas of taeci (□ the world, aid <
from this day tae watca-wcjd of all hoasex-'epen, etr* <
chaata.shlp-owaers.aad Usbandaen wJi be "ftomcre 1
Termln." _
O r K<taH vacka*« frooE cents to 11.00 T*ax3~S* t
moatha. or five per cent, ol for cash Cao amenta. Deust r
of the laveator aad prophtor. J
JOSEPH >CTER. Practical Chenlrt 1
€U Broadway, (or. Uoustoo-at.) New York.
Geseral A*ent (0; tbeColted ftitea ao4 Caoadaa
FRJCDERiCR V. KCSH.'ON Dmaclst. No. l'J A s2>» f
Hoaje.aa(l<l7BroadwayN.r. {;
J UST jeceived.
Homoeopahic Pharmacy, „
Aresh niply of
AjJ. another lot cf
ia!3 A SING. A
Gblcaso iSusiketarliic Co,,
Abe freiared to wits
MUlen'or. resalar «ap:ly ofßarrela. of a .aperld
quauty. at snifca raUs. Aiw kcep oahaadatsspij •
BarreJj to fill oien.
Bu«* aaa EeailPi aad Hoow for Mle. t
O. *ali*4il.«7,
V i
detf-lv Wholw* TVoCTiati. irf Lakgitreet.
ribFFEE —;so' BAGS 810 (DWHB S
ii I»«wslwiUws* 1
IHcbiciitct fer
if 1 Children, be on the .il<»rt for every rtcit-tom of _L
Worms, yorw- rms cause the deal* o'moretiian any
other d!sfv>*i. In all eases ■
T)rA f) SIIm ! pale countenance, Urifl
r-i-l.tr M dKI) . Hr(U l | , he t yt K lod
foul bretfi. irve HoLLO
FOB WA Y ,J vkokt«dle m
W OB.MS' T , h ' y ".T * rtMlclc.ua prer*- Ncs
w w w . rttloa .if Misa-th«t *r.y c.'ld
will cr-»ve. If worms ar?present, iney will sa'ely if <1 ef
fertu .H> reaove them and restore htnl'h ;n all c i«e<
Worms! Woraa ! 'n'ests <>t ite Div
»tom«ch andbowe's of • hildren hav< at last found their
ni.trhin a tnvch>ss preo*ratio , *HnHoway , «
Worm Confectl-n." is In a td
anda^rreeahU*candy. I'he life chl'dren affected with
worms, which heretofore turned t*> their n(.ses and
sputtered anil cried about the a<ioln!<'ratl <n "f the
□aac«oaa ttutls onler th? name of Wrmifuire. will ot<en
tbiir littl* inoa'ts with ecataey to thank !he invertor q «
for ra*kln* a plranmt cure for one »f the most trouble
f-tn- d'seasss. tveryboa
de-V Kt Lake St.. Aeer.ts for Northwestern St*'
Brown's Bronchial Troches, "■
t-'ron Iter. Ifrnry Dfchfr, i'\j A.ii itsrl fS£
Trothti fir* ifun. — I 11,ivo new-r «liatiL*ed my '
a minil re»|>ectiiii tli-vn fr"tn the fust, exrejit t«» think 1
yet letter of that \vlucli I bemri in tJntikms well wi.
[ UroTvu's Bronchial Troches v.
Fri'ii Rtr. £. IT. C l ..r ( *>ii, D. I con- y'
sider your Lo/,L-tijoi .th ficellent nrt:« U- f..r tlu-ir ]<ur- '
and reciMtunend tli« ;r iL-e tn I'uldic S|v.ikerrf.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Fro'i.Vr.C. If. G>:nhrr,
FtmJe i lnv» alllirted
with Urmii-In lis durmz the ; :i.-t w inter, aitd u-und w
} nw relief uatil I f'HjiiJ \ fir Tructci. 1"
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Dr. Ltint jirc.-cribes tlum in lu.< jiractnv.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
)f Dr. Bifh'J <.ty-4 are simpV and ceftiin.
Brown's Bronchial Troches c
Indispensable to I'idihc —Zwn'j Herald. B
Brown's Bronchial Troches j
j An excellijtit article. A"-.'/ Er.z. it ds^m^Utt.
' Brown's Bronchial Troches
A most admirable rernedv. Bj't -t Jour;?,{/.
=> Brown's Bronchial Troches
A »ure remedy fjrThro.it Ait'ectnuu. Tr,n>_'crt;>L
3j Brown's Bronchial Troches
Krf.eaei'ius and ploa-ant.— TrartlUr. *j
Brown's Bronchkil Troches
5) Cure* any Irritation nr Soront'»-» of t!w 1
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Curt - * CoujU, Cold or Hoar<e:iiMi<.
5 * Brown's Bronchial Troches i
Cures A.-thnia and Catarrli. 1
s, ISroiTlfs Drunchial Troches
Clears and >:rcn-:h t;< t!ie *•<•;.■»• of •>:n-jlt-".
a Brown's Bronchial Troches
' Cur.'j U'liooimirr 1
Brown's Bronchial Troclics
p } Are t!;e greatest Heiuedy e\. r j r<>.ii u-l-J. ,
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Are only il eN. j>.-r I'ut.
3 > £OLD BY ALL Dlll*(ii;iSTS.
5, -»r-
ir- 9-1 Lake Street 9-1
r °- DH, J. LEED'S (
7 Or, .YE 111 •/; TO.VIL', i
will ccr.s j 1
V F«Te:s?\a cfteabe i>re?ca*<- It.y tl.e \»e
r.t of this iavalaab'e "eraedy. The reJ;«e is from a ve'y
;r- c-!cbra:-d Hii s;d*n after thitv-tl'e y«ri exji-rie ce
. in Hos:-lial.* md ; riv ite t'.'ic" cin N\*w York t ;'.y. i--.d
ir- ha« been Irste 1 '.n a 1 «e.-tions of :h» coantr/ i-r.n.* • e
a,. rajt iix ye\-« w.::> the w»rder:'ui «iuve*«. In
iU W'steraaid ? a - hwe«teni ca*try. where Pever an t
Arue prevail it liu aC'-o:nt>Ls ed u:acn by curing t."*
d'sea.«v as wtli a« reti.»»vn< and fec*j:>ern:lar t i*«*-
ten'ilreuly sr.a:t-r-d tv trie use of'J'Hr.'ne. Norsi.i'ne
Id ard Mercury, o- ron fre«» u s « of the trashy no»t:uos
.ta sue*i is are d-;lf '< reed Ufos tne -•
valid. To all f.-ota tr.'traiion after iii««M«e 1 "
j. and ?Mai ure- tti ; s M<*l!cine »« a cerfc"
T. cic. To travellers la unhealthy c.iimie*. I »ouM u'e
Ihe wcrds of •!.* well kn. wn CatuiQ Ji>hn \V. Munjcrn.
now of a Live pool P.icket line, ad re «-y jears iu th- r
and South American Coa.«tio< t/a.le. • 1
wiuld a«icon think of solnj to sea wuhout » .rudder 1
without the Quinine Habjt'tute '* i
J. 11 UAZAID. Propria T. 1
121 Maiden Lvie. Yrrk. 1
l'eutoii, KoblnMtn A- Smith,
A.*.U south W«t-r str-.ct, th > »io. 111.
Q t.Vr Ji
37 "P.i-rdji delay n»t
this I-reit" *>d U t-WaL
3 Cin<h 'etnedy.
A |
_ Sarins of I.ife. and /I \ i jV" j
th«-u wi;t he restored ~ ~
fir aa oeariy as trimirt condition Is not n \
hopejeu th.a mice ■u! an-i as thou kn.iwf h, I 5
hive beea restored to robust health, is well ss
cf others Who.- tejtisony thou wi.t [lad with the hot
-v tes. Ihlrk urt. becnuv ev-rythl- e thru hajt trt-d h.s
' f.vied. that th-a ar berond the resch of
I' Thou win ,«ureii not h- deceived by this c >od remedy
, ! Be sure that thcu avtttst no «thcr me.M.-ne
S i:i LMtt
- o evltj\\\: edvevwts '
f j
: 124 Lake Street# \
'■ '»
« Jir.nici.vF. .!>>:/• or. \
:t 1=
If yoa want a Remedy fop your I -
[\ —<JO TO— J _
ji 124 L*ke BireeU near the corner of Clark-at. 'J.
TF you wast a Eeaedy to Purify the Blood, : -
Goto BOLLLi;. dMITII A CO., liM Uke-it ( T
Pyou want a Fever and Asrae Scmedy, j I-i
Goto BOLLES, tjUltll a CO., lit Like-tV. jc-
PI yoa want a Hair Befltorativa or Hair Dre®- i w
I.SCi.Goto BOLLEa. dAIiTU A CO.. lii Lake-it. j
; TF yon want a Sheaoatic Pill or tinlaisnt. ! J
; •*" C-010 BOLLKS, BMITII i CO. Ul L.U= .L | '
1 TF yon wiat a R«mai!y for the Piles, j
. A Go 10 UOLLES. tMITU * CU. lii Uka-n, i
' TF yoa want a Hair Djo—'Warranted, ; I
r ± Goto BOLLKa tfHITU A Ca. li 4 Lue-A, \
Pyou want a Purprative or Cathartic Pill. I
Goto BOLLVa. SMITU ACO.. Lake »t. !U;
F: i -
you want a Pain Siller, crPain Extractor
Goto BOLLK3. fMI". U A CO.. Vil il. J
, TFyou want toma Tonic Bitters or Scheidam st:
r A rfCn>*AFPd *o to BOLLtii. SMITH CO., IJ* Laka *~
* street j
i "pos Duponco's, Clark'a and (Tieeaman's Fe- i 1
jl MALE FILLS, eo to BOLLW. SMITH A CO.. 1.1 I » ::
LaaettrwW j
Cough Candies, or Pulmonic Wafers, I
A Goto BOLLFA3MITU A L4Like-it,
r TTOB a Powder, Paste or Wash for the Teeth,
-A Goto BJLLLi, SMIIH x CO. IJI Lake-it,
a Liver and Dyspeptic Eemedy,
A Go to BOLLES dMIIU A CO., IJ4 Laie-rt.
XT OB Vermifuge, or Worm ~
A. Goto BOLLES, iMITU A CO!, U^Laie-«t.
T7OE Btrengthning Plasters of all kinds I
A Goto EOLLta. sMITU A CO., U4 LakO it, I
17H58 a Beraedy for all Privata Diseaaes. !
A Goto BOLLE&SMITU A CO.. lii Lake-r* !
T7OB & Bemedy for Disea»es of the Skin. ' ,
A Go to BOLLES, eMITH A CO.. 144 Lake-si |
Fancy Soaps, Brushes, and Toilet Articles.
A Goto B&LLZS, SMITH ACU., LU Lakft-tW
T7OB Handkerchief Estracta and Perfuaerr, ff!
A Go to BOLLES. SMITH A CO.. U4 Lakail
"P«* Xinses, Shoulder Braces and Abdorainal c . c '
>; " l '"" Lh <
X toil LIVES MEDICISQ =o» b«&«th, ouMic. gj
.i7=L?I.S !,,,: V ."= 0 " OaedMecltrerejsatrf
ill mo. bid or bad natter - fart cure for r'liol.- f .
froathtij!tsn..it:ro:j- nj} 110,b M anJ , sr *. IJ
1 " teaiatlve of tboler*. ' ■
hea.ti7flowofblle.iaTia- . ••
cratia* tbe itoaaro. Q Oalyoaebot:ie la aeed only
c*uslq» food to di*s»t e*l tothrow outoftheiys IUJ
weLU, parlfyl di til '-fa the ejects of nedl ral«
b|oo«, rlTlct tone aad claeaaeralooiialckacis- aelTi
health to tie whole a**' j, - . , will'
cJUnery. recoytc* the i ."o®.bottle takea for
eatue of thedlseaae—ef-t retaorea aJt
fectin* a radical care. ■ tailowaeai or onaatoral
8111100. .tt»rk. tH .Mlorlroa ISeaia.
niMi m 'r'.-y- 1 .! taiH —. On»dojeUken«.(iort
Dretepted br tit U tee before
BoMlueoftioUTerla-! . !Tkortothe»pD«lt«iod
Tljtorjtor. i rjj tie food diieß
One dose after eatls* 1
lsiaflcleattoreiieTeUie- i ..
stomach aad prereatthej . v", ? r#T . e4fc '
focdrro a ,U'.=,.ud Kll r. Vo'AL"
OplroaodcieUkeate-; Uo"w r°
toni retlrtiiL Drerenu PH ,ield «I=ojt to lis iSS
BHitaifs. I l. i^osa.
Oaly on»dosetalfnat;
n'jiht, looseas the bowels! I A »ew bottles »1J eor«
leatly. aad curea «o*» ;Drot>cy by exdtla* U»«
Uvcbmb. I P5 ! >o»orbaata.
Om dose takea af.er' ■ w
eachßealwlLcareUy*-; laj eocsiaead!£< tau aetU-
I P*P*»- I else as a preveatatlva r,
I Ooe dots of two tea- '\ gao „ S ,
I woonfala will alwvyj re- I)L'' „# 5' frr.l,
/wi_ . ' 1 It operates w:tr assor
OtxJy oae aaia»- •» aad <
dLaXeU redeyes H w« *mia< to teaUfjT % Gun*
»6 its woadeifal Tlrteea. ratas
,J*~ M 1" "13, t" ">» Ej°=th wih a»
rwallow both 1
raics mm m «V '
Proprietor, No. 545 Broadway Is*
York. Keta'ledb* all Dnmzijta. Sold, alao, bj * flVj - '
JOLLIS BOTH 1 CO.. linSK.t'tod
"'I"! IHBaadolch Km»
£f 4 -fl^-*- £Sa g. & fa SSS „.
Real Cslair.
ii J," 1 1 1: st e i,asTlku7eri
| I For sale Cheap !
Jj Near Monro* «:re e t, full de:'.h to » sIW. Very cl.ew,
f ' e * « ii r v acres
•* Divided b7 t' e 3 .uth llrnch. mrtlcularl? aJapted to
Maiufv tcri:. • Pcruowj.
tie la Schcol Section additJjn to Chlcaao
la the Wes Divial.itx,
All ta- above Property will be sold y».ry cheap fcr
co.boron time. OJlandjee. Inquire of
jgl bj 1 Ira lil Lak* street.
jj i l Lease at a -Teal b.inraia
v«i r-et nn t K e river hv >.£ J:-9. 'o Lumber street.
The lot is wtjU docket. t <d »*•;; -it u tT <?•! for * Lumber
l " Y-rd. A;,;,17t0 A. T LMAN t CO..
f- "-Mm Rink-i". * CUrfc st-i>»t.
Improved Farm for Sale.
•J «. * >I ; n!r'J t I'■ w-!vf "/t. t. w.i'v \3 ntundanc* of
id wo-M nr. J liv.rj '.. i r.-. '• -.u'.t .it . Terj lew urtce.
mi|;e i.a>ni Rill
o.»'L i-y Mir:- tint- r m It u*vl« o » tfie Bur*
llrcton K 4>U aI-vui • i..riy-t:v-- •: Jl? i fr,.~ l';.lea<o
Inquire cf C. P. 1'• • K.
j->-n in Lrte street
> • »
IT C) K ? T K A 1),
>■' :• Two itory M!!-T-\ukee 8.-lca Oouir. Osi
[J, Dollii2»-5. Yard and Garden xil In ccr.-i lc'r order, local
e1 'a c".e .■( ll'ivf I'rvj:!":] sx 1 he*'d!.jr Laki* Town, lc
W.»c ir.sm. sii;*.V ir.tlrs *ro-- ;Ms •■■'* oo <h» •>' > ►>»
c uii'.;oi.i.
''* l.io --».n:t "d to j? ::oh- •..• r> r . "o- ;:t/,
Wi-cozAir. 7.\raiizg ar.j ?ira Lania.
2 .* ."/r*: .•!£:: "3 I'gi. RctlltS.
T::e havlcf hid nncti i radical experience In
; In t x e ».»ir,a* rev* in tiie W<-« em Hates ii
ul'uua; I*c.l t kj iur rj v ilu.iMe se MtcUan*
Ch'i*e dj;!ir* be nv!» In
Tons h;v.ci «'.invj (■»]>•:,.ve tliem Lccat'J !a
» Ami AO per Cent. l*ruUt <iuar»utco<l,
Payable la One\e«r.
» W:j.*pn 3 ;a au l l;!izoij I.\ndj ,'rr «.i!e far
Moaey lnvfjte! i« K\::<n
» tf.
"••■""'y 4.' Cl.'L-k Mn-U Ch'.'\kO.
I _ opiuumi:..
>T r. HICA (i 11 CI!AR IT A bTe
Disp»»:iNar3* th« laiirmnry
frjiu II 1-2 to 12 Njo'clk
FOR C»UlTriruL*3 T.T:aTM2ST
Oi e dlu-ij.'i of l?;e Fy-.« acJ Far.
E j k 'o. 60 Sorth CUt'k Street, Cor. Hichigaa,
T W f ( \cwivrr?. !'.<• • ;? V I>/er*n.l
L M •*«•:!. \. Prc-Mi* '»: ,•;»•'«t!y A Trr<»*r« r •
J II K • iic. llrv N J. R!c*. D I), llfrt U*rr*. P *."*hjc3.
tcr. V\ M.- 'uv * M.•*-!/. vi .^Mnner
* LV* i LtoiiSTi-I'rof l> li.M.su-.j, m d. Prof J
U" nv-r. M i).
ND Atw ismvzar,■>**-?. I, U .:nn-v M D. W T BaltzelJ.
». o •' i.» '> > i
[,'K 1' i ■ < rlical it ;> tiri it n ,
uos i i n - v- «-
"•e'i 7'.} ?OLTI[ Cr.VP.S ST*ISs:T 7»
rf i'e
,»fin. L.vr<r jt itml choicest •-•>«. of 0: t!cll Ntilhe
it';:- re «tliMl (». ;a J.'it* N■ ■ r 11»
•r BLu. STECTACLES c..nrT irt..' :i*n t. Als>\
i-if.fi, u-'i.vw M'fr-i-i .«.
Ih-rT.. retterj. K/ iron-Mris. Sl'f.Kr; »sCOP.rS. M«i«
;- s . T-ir.r 'rn.s Ac . a.-.
ty~ A l *-.*.!< are io!j it the K.w?st New T"rli
Hi. il«'i..-ly-h.a<
i : > a > i» r. >. i:.
■ l_ IMUKUf. t..)').
t» I,'UKM; i;:.\ c r an: ! va.mi iah
f* -1 laflrra \ry of Lc.-'K<-.. »r r.irr-
r' • can an.i r.i e hy- tn.l fu- li.itrmry, Coiam*
Bt- tes 0!»:\ :ir* 1 authii- ..f ■* "NV-» t.-ry. : I'Ti-.ttian !)!•
*: s«w< o: the Kye an«i Mir w'.tl.-.tst i-i- n j,/ tfip Knt'w
m~ w.-uHj;.3 i arA'ei:, l .t!ieiii- ucr.-j-iw;::y e-uS'Mi .1 «
lr,r r /jr r T C.-.iea.o. H >KVKNT\'-
THttKk Cl.«* strret, l;i cril-1 ti> »i!rr lto those *?.
Clctf i Willi i. «f'iscs of t;n» Kj» tiJ.i '»r. (UinirtutiitJ
of heinttm'.cM b» ,i wi.ic:. i» cnt rtly oew. v.er
safe. iu-.I •.** never been k»»a Jr fall in eSecUci
nemaceai caxtsic *JI coils w'.thia tfie re.\cii ol humus
un>ls «« ** • |
, .. '
it: li. kksxico'tt,
>1 . - DENTHT.
i.-w.v. 1:11 ■^rrrrr
r\FHcK deai:l;« »KN STREET, KES-
T> V .H"2 <v - c ••-aerufWrt: aaJ I'evrfa sireeU
» v .!eJ b..t»lt;i
)S < 'ONSI'MI TKIS a chronic diseases
' V n-». RKOINO * MKAI> r *-,
ci .17 t - e rori«o ted tl.»!ly from H >
a *L t I p. M. nndrroo iin <i
P. M. r. r all li«f*-.of I.t:Ncir»
H VTA Ft. m-d LIVKR. JKMAL>7 <iA' \
9 and all'' 1
CIUCONIC[»I.S-:A-K-». ;¥ .1
dlse.ue* progress uy. »n<» W;' ✓
crt«»-> w » fiV <1 (>-" 7jt~far!
termin niyn utilew i-romr.tlT ar- tiUmii
!• rest«*<l. in e<irly
a J wtio "i I'hiiMA.N KST '»n,i CL'RB-
Tf.ur «rst*m of tre:it;u".u tj Nfr- 'lcuted Inhtlat'on*. to
ietner wiui coostiiutiiin ti ru»nriiie<. i» entirely different
Ir« m Pefoie the rubl-c. and thf-y *re confldrd
* ha; any ivijiliil person will fie C'ii)T : nce-l oi ,|j great ef
• flcn*T L>y a e:»rcJul ia of Its nj'jUs.
Irww-.n.— ilutrar.ee on St Ale strecC Gooaulutba free.
ra, I
j { U ) ux. IL Ee,i
I>HS. Ft'LLi:U »V ALllAliiU,
\l) 4« West Baalolrh Chicago.
| 11!. fiureriorworsc uroranily done at oar
o:flce. Kcsponsib'.e gnaranlca for uc- 1 ' r
V ail caw*.
j g"Ctll and ieess?c;aL'aa. se2Hy-ay?7
* . I)H, J. JIKAIDINK, VvlxllAU
rATE 'CiATE lit'PH. A. WOOD-
J 3U/7 OuU*»VN.-f N'o. 3 Great Jon.-s streel, NeW
t j Yo:«.
I OllicH lijO Jjalse L'tTHwt,
i Over Tripp & Hala'3 OiEco Depot,
*• j ti.jji t'«"■* ty
Drs. \vai:nek v ketcucm. dent.u.
Swß'iECNri. 0'T!:« ic:t;-<a»tccnet of
| Lnke und U)«tvrt>orn street*,
U iUa italraJn rooia N?. 1. oclibl!0-!y
n . IV. \V. AL^POItT.
[ r » T~\E KT I S T.-OFFWE
-I-' RetlJecce, No. il
im itreet. *cl b»H.l> M - t -tU-LXX^
];<•« .n :icf* r-'ia.iveii :•» 2n« Mjrhiirun
1.1 | '•». '"■■ ■ *e< tf.»l» U". iMrrK. BnH'S.->i
Dentists. —drs. qcixlan & cush-
Opscmlt the Coort HoAte.
i ; aiuaticiniu.
. ! //^''' cfX( 'y'''% • '
| CmMMmm.
L-c*teil»t Chic»*o. N'ew T"ri. PhUa-felnhia, Albany
J-uXiio. Cleveland and i>etro!w «y<l thro'
entire Cnatn. Torwlt.Utfoi cf " Dn:tiii .5;
Mer-antlle Lolleie"* ami •'He-l'j Cocaracrclkl Crilfge "
ccw condncted as one I-stiiu-l a u:mer th* n»m-j and
ra BllLL ' X D'.,by V. Hell
Joint Pro, rietor and Aisoclate Prl-:cU-al of Coicajto Col
leae. Circular an > Catalcaue ft f s> rws furLiibed rk-
tu.tonsly on ayul.cauon t- me un. ersNnei.
laarJdAw ly HKYAS f. BKLT. ±
a VintCiaai boarding and Hcoooj for founts
J. V. HiTA>ii. Principal.
Kafjraocn Crttcaoor—Wm B. oaden Kso : »•»
E T m ' fcjq.: Luthe?HaveS
a fxt.; Hm. 11. *<•!:•. Esq.. ,-4't,t. -a-ols; W. B.
Uuasbary. »sq.; Jolui V. ClupJulLaq.;J. Youtucrfcara
-4 roon ' *•<»• m 4 3m*
Tena ci-Tcnenee nn Mod- \ Nc-reaber 221 L
A. J. yAWYaIR. A. M.. wUI co Ucae to icoeiva
d w'yiwcaty.flve pnoin Into h!s sefcoo at Uijreaidenca.
i U3 Monroe «re«t. and he wLjhea nor jto appij fcr ad-
II istßloa aniens they axe det«rolned to _'o wetl for'hem.
*' 55',7?* * t ! r tiie adTancement of thoaa adtalttid no salnj
will by Uie tea hen.
| 3'AHWWT.T^a
1 sTtia Bie nwcricroai,
12,44 k46 Wabaah ayenoa, Qxlomc.
BAGS AND SACSi of erenr deacrlnUon
[ furaJihsd an short notice.
| aaJ printed with
*2W UE.\tTlFl'L
i acS-JAwly-ITTL
For the Gold Mines.
JaMVKd: ai*». a laraa + >■"
assortment of Tjr«et
aad oilier RitJlea, hhot ■ S| V
Ours, aad other app*-
rat as a ceoerai outSt
for the Mines, at .Stf K9
Lakr KB
n. H\TO.>' ik CU.
kin'ts of Grease Stales .'rrc» all kinds of sab.
stances, w.tat ut tae least Injur* to the Qk.»t <i>UcatA
ioijrs.a-.d withcat irsvioc kiy trioe or sd.»ll. By tho
use or this anisic KM Glotts. of all » k»r*. e.o bo
eieopel la a tew iclrates, and to lock alaofct aa
toad as new. Fotaaleby
, , SAKiifcM" i ILiLT. Aoolh#«irUa,
Me NAI It & Cu,
X. F X. O XJ R,
Kaaniactared and tor mi» at
mu B)<c4Bl.aUM>tnA.

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