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Chicago daily press and tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1858-1859, January 29, 1859, Image 2

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The Pablic Lands and the Homestead
We caunot allow the action taken by Cod.
gross, iu reference to our Public Land system
and the rights of actual eettlers thereon, to
pass without again crpressiog what we be-,
licve to be the unanimous voice of tbe West
on that most important subject. The bill
giving actual settlers on the public domain
ten years to make their selections and pay for
their farms, ha? been defeated by a straight
Democratic vote, and the pioneers ol thenew
States aud Territories are left as before, to
be plundered alternately by speculators and
Government. Beside this gross wrong, tbe
li-.w Territories are, by the same action, con
sigued to a slow, unhealthy growth, a scat
tered and incongruous'population, and a con
dition of undevelopmeut aud unihrift which
must work incalculable iojuty upou the fu
ture States.
Let us explain how this L« done. The first
settlers ou the public domain are required by
their ueces.-itit-s to select farming lands and
nothing else. They can occupy only one hun
dred and sixty acres, all of which must be in
one body. They are not permitted to select
eighty acres of rich prairie, forty of woodland
stud forty more of coal, stone, mineral, or
water power, unless all these happen to be
grouped together on one quarter section. Nu
merically they are unable to claim more than
a small fractiou of the lands embraced in anv
giveu t-ut wy, and pecuniarily they are una
ble to pay eveu for what they have underta
ken to cultivate. "While they are making se
lection?, speculators or their skilllul agents
are picking out all the choice farming or
wooded tracts not actually occupied, all the
eligible town bite?, all the water powers, all
Ihe stone quarries, all the coal and
mineral land* acd all the intermediate sec
tions or fractions between different settle
jueuls which are likely to advance rapidly in
value with the improvements put upon the
ground by the industrious pre-emptor. Thus
the great bulk of the wealth of the new sur
vey. including all the secondary sources of
prosperity—all except the antediluvian re
sorts of corn growiug and cattle herding—
arc locked up in the possession of capitalists,
a thousand miles\lts f .aut, who have no inte
rest in the Territory, except to tell out ulti
mately at a large profit. When the proclam
ation issues from Washington declaring the
lands ready lor sale, the speculator knows
precisely what tr.»cts are not occupied aud
whtt' sections are valuable. He knows, too.
whether any occupant of a valuable tiact ha*,
failed iu some trilling particular to comply
with the pre-emption laws, lie knows who
of the pre emjitors is able aud who is not, to
pay the m;jQ -y demanded by tbe Land Oflice.
He uses all this knowledge on tbe huudr»,d
per-cent principle, measuring his prolits by
the limit or the law and the needs of his euf=-
toiners. The capital at the command of an
experienced operator at the first land-sale in
u new district, ataou'its often to millions,
hardly a dollar of which lails to double,
treble or quadruple. Of coarse every cent
made by the distant speculator is abstracted
from the capital, the motive power, of the
' . Nor is it merely in the sudden withdrawal
of valuable land* from the reach ol'the pro
ducer, that the present system woiks fatal!}
to the prosperity ol the community. Fopu
lution is dill used over large areas, making it
difiioult to combine the force and capital for
building schools ai.d supjior ing religious
iustitutions; while social privileges are of
course out of (he question. Thus the law sets
;i premium on heatli::ni>m, which Is uot slow
iu proclaiming Its supremacy over all our
new Territories Thi- is no fanciful picture.
Hardly a resident of of twenty years in Illi
nois, Wisconsin. lowa, or Minnesota, but will
confirm all and nrjre tlian this, with bitter
experiences of the evils of our public hind
A Homestead Bill is now pending in Csn
gress, grautlng to each settler on the public
domain one hundred and sixfy acres of land
ou the condition of liis occupying and .im
proving it. Djubtlcss It is destined to share
the fate of all other mea-ure= for the benefit
of the laboring white mail, at the hands of
the pro-sluvery Democracy. "Mud-ills" have
nothing in common with Ihe high station of
the negro-breeder and the doughface. The civ
ilizatiou of the boundless West is something
by all means to be discouraged and prevented,
while the energies of the American people
are being directed into the channels of Cuba
stealing and cluvo tiading. Wo call upou the
settlers ot the new States aud Territories,
whica have invariably embraced Democracy
♦luring the earlier years of their existence, to
look at these things by the light of the facts
presented ia the lata v..to on the Actual Set
tiers' bill, aud tbe coming vote ou the Home
stead bill.
"Cincinnati and her Kailroads— -Tlie
Ideal, the Actual, the Possible, and
iLe above is the heading of a Jong, carefully
written leading article in the Cincinnati Gazette
of Thursday, 27tb. Tie writer goes buck to tbe
eurly history of Cincinnati, and refers to tbe
iJ'dl then formed uud acted upon by her lead
ing mind.-, muLing tbut city the great central
distributing point for tbe commerce of tbe South
acd West, and drawing tbence a traffic which
i.houid make Ciucinnati " in reality the Qaetc
Citv "of the continent. In tbe pursuit of this
ideal tbe trade and the sympathies of Cincinnati
became largely Southern. In fact, she was in
sentiment more ol a Southern than a Northern
city. Id the great centres of trade north of
Philadelphia, her name was seldom mentioned,
and Cincinnati papers were beldom met with in
. A\;w York and Koston. Butjlest we should be
MiHpi-cicd of cot reprcfccting the article fairly,
we quote largely lrom its own language :
Daring tbe period in which her character was
formed, und her commercial relations were be
ing tixed, Cincinnati was essentially in her spir
it and views a Southern city, expecting as it
would seem, to become the one centre o'f the
business of the great valley, to receive from
»ne « est its riches and convey them to the
syiutliern H-.ibrrjttl, and Jq return receive from the
i.uoth the foreign tr.i<lc. aud distribute it owr tbe
v.ui- v. At tin? r-uiue tuue Hie expected that the
Meu u u lai tlwiuugntare lor Ex-tern and Wist
lray) would pass ot course, thr-ugh her.
Jin. wbo.e po,icy. and Kt ii\d>- Southern Fvm
patbie-, prevc-jitvd any ft mig b-Uecu
lirr and tl>r Noith and tl e eitu * of tbe Northeast.
Aorth of 1 uiladeipbia, Cincinnati was little
known or careJ tor, and the cities of the South
rere tar better ».cqunioied with ber condition
aod prospects thau those of the EasU This is
the result of that ideal tchcme of which we have
si.oken aod which, as we think, has shaped all
the ear.y history ot our city. w e will tarn now
to »but we ImYe ilesngatiWd in our beading, tbe
actual, meaning by it the real present condition
ol Cincinnati, and her business connections and
Cutuffa-i ohe was from Northcn -vrupithies
and almost trom the knowledge ol the North*
Northern emigration, enterprise, au u canital
luari hed « esterly along lines which run far north
ol Cincinnati, instead of concentrating uikiij tlrs
population, as it Howed westward along the I/Uie
ivgum, auu over .Vonberu ludiaua and Illinois •
reaching at h-ngtn Joa.i, Wisconsin and ilinne-
If." L: " k'«' C.HIW, lis trade »lons win,
! t? wcm-nic* of limne and JiitultrU
'1 T TV*™; »•"!« at tlie
V . m . 1L has followed its eons 'ind 1
daughters, wuu both its good-will and Its cuniLil '
and hence the rapid progress >»r the Northlvi<t' I
and its close buitne-s counecrion«aud liviocsviu' i
pathies *itb Yi<:k and New England.
B.ston and New Y\>rk arc deeply iutcret>t<'<! in ■
Buflalo, Cleveland. Ditroit, Chicago, Milwaukee
M. 1 au!,aud
St. Louik ; Dot compared with her relative im
™rtanee, v erj-liltleisl , e..rd ttare of Ciacioiati.
rue Qjeen uty lie- very much out Mdc of tho
sphere ol their thoughts.
Xf now a Cioctuaaiiaa will 'ale aaj late rail
way map, h» will had a (0 -what imtructire
contlrmauoD of what baa bteu here act forth
He will perceive that the octual is almost thi
"ZKTT'r 01 """ lde,u ""eh "• to
gather to the Qaeea Citj the commerce ol the
w 'au° snr P™ etl >« how, north
ot the Ohio and Slisßiesippi road, all the ureal
line, point and lead awaj from Cincinnati, and
fk JL B s eal V l "™ which overspread,
the northern and northwestern portion of the
Valley of the iliwiasippi, haa evidently bees
constructed >Ollll look 10 the lata aud the
With 1 r C 1""' *" h °°t regard to Cincinnati.
With few exceptions, the roads leading to ns
have the loot ol croas roads. They intellect
north lh ° rot, K w «re« Which, pointing east and
tt,c country to the north ol
tbe Miasiaaippi Md the Missouri to the
saV« ifihS-T"! hx ' msp bctore andcom
fi„. 11 wl " t we * re writing, he will Hod our
atalemeDWi veriOed. Let him beiin with tb. Mnl
flntlthenreach" T " re Ua ° lt 1 " ld I°li'napolia
and »' irL 10 "!?, « Sandusky
J'lltebarß. Th'en l»?>, ? £ connections to
noia, and follow «?.'acy. llll
ward till it touches itwlv- Northeast
connects with two ereat p B f U 9 ' and there
either side of the like i^£ rfl v rtmtes ? 006 on
net-work of roads which n?. ? Bt l " c
th« conntry from Bt, i*uia to
all of which concentrate upon Chicago and Mil
waukee, and then consider the eastern routes
from Chicago and Milwaukee, including the
Chicago and Pittsburgh road, and it willbe
seen bow the great trade currents are flowing
to the North of oar city, while it is mainly by
crott eonntetiens that we gather some contribu
tions from the main streams.
This immense development of the country of
the Lakes and the Northwest has taken place
mostly within ten jears, and the facts which
hare been stated, sufficiently explain why in
that time this city has not advanced as rapidly
as some of its friends predicted then ; particu
larly as for most of that time we were without
any direct rtilwaj connection with the Missis
The same map will also show as what our re
lations are to the trade, and more especially the
travel between the South and the North which
by the ideal plan wus to be thrown in upon the
Queen City. For all the purposes of this state
ment, the roads from New Orleans and Mobile
to the Lakes by the way of the Central Illinois
ttoad, and others, may be considered as tiniebed,
and we have in this great line a main thorough
fare from the Southwest to the Lakes and the
Northern cities which takes the tide ot Southern
travel far to the West of Cincinnati.
II now we turn Eastward from Mobile to
Savannah and Charleston, we shall see
that they are already connected through
Chattanooga and Memphis with the great
route from New Orleans to Chicago; and
next jear they will aIBO be united with
Louisville by the way of Nashville, and thus it
comes to pass that in the same manner that the
commerce of the Northwest pas*tß to the North
of Cincinnati, so does the trade, but
especially the travel, of the South and South
west pass to the westward of us; nor will our
Mississippi road answer the necessity of the
case, and turn these currents upon our owo cen
tre. This is not the mission of our Western
Nor does this complete our sarvey of the aciu
ail condition of Cincinnati and her railroads.
Directlv south of us, and midway between us
and the Southern seaboard there stretches a
great truck railway reaching—from the North
ern citits to the Mississippi at Memphis, and
crossing ererf route which has been or can be
devised lrom the South to the Western valley,
and this interrupts trade and travel both, which
naturally belongs to Cincinnati, and carries it
partly through Tennessee and Virginia towards
Philadelphia and New York, and partly to the
Northwest by Memphis and St. Lonis, or Nash
ville and Louisville. Id this manner Cincinnati,
ere another year is over, will be left commer
cially on island. The great streams of trade
und commerce will llow around her in every di
rection, or at least on the three principal sides
from which alone her business can be derived.
Let the business of the country through which
these various roads pass over, settle in the chan
nels indicated, and business relations be formed
independent ot this city, and it is easy to foresee
the ultimate result. Cincinnati would, in that
case.be compelled to contend 9gaiu6t great odds.
The bu-inei which she requires would not flow
naturally toward her. It would be necessary to
Intercept and divert it ou nil side* from tbeic chan
nel-, wuich are being ?-o r.tpid!y perfected. The
Qieea City could, doubtless, witb her capital,
si;iil t inanutacturtH, jiiid her cs-tablished buaintM
relation-, and all the combined influences or a
leading city, do mtieti to bustaiu herself against
every disadvantage, but f-lie car;nut eouuieract
l>orpe'u:dly the drawing around-lur line* of
commerce)' which will, iu the end, divert her busi
ne>s,and hbut her iu like the trenches of a besieg
ing army. We t link we do not exaggerate the
intluence which our city will feci ere long, from
these great lines which are bigiiminj to close
around her, and hem her iq.
The very same process is now going on with
the country south and southwest of us which
has been completed to the north and northwest,
and whicn has carried the business to the north
of us. The direction of the southern lines thus
far is such as to bend the southern commerce
and travel partly to the west and partly to the
east of ns; nor is it easy to see how this isola
tion can be prevented by any communications
which Cincinnati has now at her command.
By her present channels this trade cannot
reach her without going far out of its way, ex
cepting only that part which we control by the
As to the "possible? the Gazette suggests the
opening of a great through Hue of mil way from
Chicago 10 Charleston, making Cincinnati the
central depot of the route. Nearly the entire line
is already in operation, and the opeuingofa fe.v
more links will complete it. It maybe doubted
whether the remedy proposed will prevent the
evils so clearly and forcibly stated by the editor
of the Gazette. The centre of wealth, population
and power must soon be west or Cincinnati. There
is still fcfjine discussion as to whether St. Louis or
Chicago will win the prize ; hut it cannot bug re
main a matter of doubt. Holding t'.ie keys to the
trade of the L'reat inland seas of the continent,
with a ci-uutry uncfiaallcd m mineral and agricul
tural riches stretching far away to the Jloeky
Monntirrwand pouring it-* wealth into hercoflers,
Chicago, withiu the next decade, will vindicate
her right to the position of the great central city
of the continent.
lirokers in Michigan.
A law of Michigan icquires ail persons engag.
Ed in money brokerage to make annual returns to
the State Auditor of the amount of capital em
ployed, aad of the Ixv they pay into, the State
Treasury. For the year ISoS returns were receiv
ed at the Auditors oflkc from seven per.-ons and
firms in that business, from which it appears that
the capital of lookers In Michigan ranges from
S2OO up to $2,000, and the taxes which they pay
into tire State Treasury trom J2 up to 530 per :in
num. The whole capital employed by those who
made returns is 5G,200, and the aggregate of their
taxes is ;'j3 !
A Lansing correspondent of the Detroit Jdvcr-
User think* the law Is evaded—that Michigan can
make a mach larger s'.ow both of Brokers and of
capital engaged in tint busiucss than the
cant sum leturncd. lie estimites, from what he
regard- as reliable data, the number of Brokers in
the S'.ut.' at filty-one, the capital employed by
them at $1,105 000, and the taxes wliL-h they
should pay SIC,OJU. lie suggests a change in the
law by which these gentry will be mide to pay
up hereafter.
Scarcity of Provisions.
There is a scarcity of provisions in Gratiot,
Isabella and other Northern Counties of Mich
gan. S. S. Hastings of the former county
writes the Detroit Adtwtutr underdate of
January 20th, as follows:
To alleviate in a measure, tho sufferings of
the inhabitants, I would suggest and urge that
farmers that have provisions to spare, and
teams, would bring in loads of provisions and
exctange the same for our shingles and lum
ber. A large portion of theinbabitaots of these
>oribern counties make pine shingles through
the winter months to exchange for provisions.
No teams with provisions to exchange tor
shingles or lumber, hare been here this winter,
that X em aware, which is one cause of the al
most entire destitution of the necessaries of life
in our midst.
A bill for the relief these counties, appropriat
ing $15,000 for the purpose, passed the lower
House of the Michigan Legislature on the £s*.h
Internal Uisscnsionsof the Democracy.
A special Wa-liingtou dispatch to the Cincinnati
Commercial uuder date of the 2Gth, k ;
The D'-wala* er.'an iu this citv, the Slates,
uho-e editor, Pr.vi-r, was coiilldeotUl
adviser iu the r«cent difficulty with File!), di< lires
this evening, that ib"re i- u j louder a Democratic
party, and cite* in proof of \u n>«crti"ti Hie tlis
sensiou between Buchanan and Cass on Squatter
Sovereignty, Ihicbm.m an Floyd on the P.irilic
ILulioail,and IJuchanan and (.Nil,!, m the Xai:ir.
It says that, on no single is.»ue is there tonrorxl m
the pditv, and a-serts that the contu.-iou of Bublc
wu-not equal to the proent di.-cords oi Dcinoe
racy. Thf .States Leiiu understojd to expre-s tue
views of Douglas, the art.ele attracts great, atten
tion. The internal strife ot Democracy burst lorth
witb futy in a deba'e to-d.iv, which sprang up in
the House, r.n the slave trade. It was the'hoUcst
debate or the session, Icing a real debate, uot '
mere es<ay reading, and nged almost entirely in '
the ranks of the Ad uiuistratioa, the Republicans
looking *>u and laughing. A leadiog Dcmooiat,
Branch, tried to stop it, ? aying if it went oa, it
would lead to Kunething worse than the slave
trade. He meant mat it, would smash np the
What Montgomery nays of Ilimsclf.
IFrooi the Lawrence RrputUcin. Jan. 21]
There are two sides to erery storv F"r
months the name of Capt. James Montgomery
has been a«acrciuted oalr with charges of out
rags und crime. Oa Tuesday he voluntarily
appeared in this city and surrendered himself
to the crv:l authorities for trial. Oa last evrn
mg before one of tue largest uudiecces ever as
sembled in Latvrenne-presided over be Hon.
»ur. iiardjcg, of Doniphan—he stood lor two
hours Lod a naif, and gave & history of Sauth.
eastern Kansas for the last three yeare
He cannot even give an abstTAct of his
flpeech. Many of ita tacts are alreadv matters
of history. It is sufficient to say thu't Captain
Montgomery claims to have lived iu good faith
op to the Denver umuesty us it was understood
by the people at that time; that the late trou
o.es have bten occasioned by a violation of that
amntaty, ia leg-l perbecution, and a personal
attack upon btuieelt bnd familv, and that beis
Jlrm an *ious fur peace on honorable
\ reuiAikswere receired with great
favor by the audience, and will furnish a o.tfs
in the miuds of numbers for arriring at a dif.
ferent estimate ol his character than thev had
previoutl? held. \\' e believe and hops that this
southern d.lhculty has at last about spent itaelf
and that remanent peace may tereafier reign!
Another Baltimore Mnrderer Con
Corrie, charged with the murder of
has been found garjiy 0 f murder ;n the first <!«!
sr6€'5 r6€ ' -.?• !I 8 l ? e ih P eraon convicted of mur
der within the last few months. Thev will ®n
unquestionably be executed. Poblic opinion is
1 so strong in favor of tbe death penally in all
these cases, that the Governor would not, even
if be were so disposed, undertake to exercise
the pardoning power. The dftermination of
Courts and juries to enforce the laws to tbe full
est extent against the rowdies who have corned
and disgraced this city, meets the ooqnalified
approbation of the masses of car people
No Land .Sales in Minnesota this Year.
Hod. J. M. Cnvauaugh writes to CaaL Jaf.
utjirkcy, oi BlPjul, that ''there will be no pi.b'ic
sales ot hinds in Minnesota during the present
jear.ficcpt the Pine laodi in tbp Cambridge dis
tnct. Should this information prove, as *e hare
SK^ a^t' corr V ct ' il source or great
<=f our
Dyer Ont-Dyered!
BraisonfLD, Jan. 37.1E&3.
A more critical examination of the amend
ments to the act incorporating the city of Chi
cago, reveals beauties that have never been
tireamed of except by the rare geniusea who
contrived them. In the last form of tbe act,
the city is divided into eighteen wards, each of
which elects two Aldermen; and tbe division is
bo grossly nnfair that, while a voting popula
tion of 8,400 elects fourteen Republican Alder*
men in seven wards, a population of 5,000, scat
tered through the classio localities known as
"Kansas," "Kilgubbin" and 44 Squalidor,"
returns sixteen live and hungry "Dimmicrats"
to the CoanciL By some mistake the old &tb
and IHh wards ore left almost undisturbed, and
under the new names of 17th and 18th are not
included in the above account. This inequality
of representation is the radical, fundamental
error in the contrivance. That popnlous part
of the city south of the main branch of the
river and north of Madison street—an area that
ineludes nearly all the large hotels and heavy
business houses, and the most valuable proper*
ty, real and personal, and which has at least
ICOO voters'is pat on on equality with Bridge
port-the camping place of a nom&dic popula
tion and the site of a few cattle yards and
slaughter-houses. That may be Popular Sov
ereignty ; probably is as Dfer & Co. understands
it, because tbe same irregularity, though in &
lees degree, may be found in all the Republican
when compare a with tbe Democratic wards.
An examination of the amendments in detail,
and a statement of the objections which lie
against each, would be the work of a lortnight.
It is sufficient to say that tbe evident design of
all is to erect the city of Chicago into a close
corporation of which the iile leaders of tbe
Democratic party would become the managers,
with power to perpetuate their rule, indefinite
ly, by well-known Democratic methods. Ia
carrying out this fundamental intention, the
plotters have exerted all their ingenuity with
out scruple or remorse. They propose,
I. To virtually disfranchise & large part of
the Republican population, upon the theory
that two Republicans count as much as one
1L To rob the Mayor of all power in onr city
affairs, reducing him to the political ttatus of &
wooden man,
111. To divest the Common Council - the im
mediate representatives of the people—of
nearly all the authority which that body now
'wields, and to transfer it to oiher&nd irrespon
sible hands.
IV. To create a Board of Public Works, by
act of tbe Council, and endow it with extraor
dinary authority. To this Board the Council
is secondary and subordinate; to it all petitions
for city improvements must be addressed; and
upon its recommendation only can tbe Council
act, while the Baard in many if not all matters
within its province, may proceed independently
of the Conncil, and levy and collect assessments
without appeal. This Board is absolute ia the
exercise of the power with which it is cl othed;
aod as it is entrusted witb all the important in
terests now managed by the Sewerage Commis
sioners, Water Commissioners, City Superin
tendent, Street Commissioners, and, in part,
with the present duties of the Mayor, Comptrol
ler and Council the latitude allowed It lor mis
chief corresponds exactly witb the inclination
for mischief in which its members may indulge.
V. To destroy the control of tbe Mi'.yor and
Council over the municipal police; to put all
police matters into the hands of three Commis
sioners, who are primarily elected to the Coun
cil, and are created, on express terms, a body
politic. These may appoint any numbtr of men
to serve them without consent of the Council;
and to their patrol-men is given jurisdiction
uhich (zUndsottr the whole Slate! The Board
acts icdependentlv of sufficient limitations and
restraints; it is irresponsible to any other
branch of the city government; and last of all
it has the power to draw on the Treasury for its
expenditures, necessary or unnecessary, with
out the concurrence of any other authority
whatever I
YL To aggregate all power in the hands of
a few men whom the people do not elect until
they have wielded that power long enough to
muke it perpetual—men who are responsible to
nobody, who account to nobody, who need fear
nobody, so finely will they be entrenched behind
the extraordinary language of the amendments
The amendments will probably be printed,
when the readers of the Peess and Tbibonr will
see th-'t all tlieso allegations are borne oui by
the text As presumptive proof, Iseadyou a
couple of advance sheets in which the radiant
beauties of those to come are seen to glimmer
forth. They relate to tbe manner of submission;
and if human assurance could go further, let
some one say how and in what:
j-ec. 3. The licence for selling lager bier and
ether fenneatcd liquors, and light wines, cxclu.
pivcly of utlier liquors, known as spirituous or
strong liquors, shall in no ca c be fixed higher
than twenty fivetlolhtrs lor one year. The liceus"
for ?cllri£ fermented, vinous and spirituous liquors
of all kinds, may be fixed at anv sntn not exceed
ing titty dollars for oue year. "Licenses may be
taken out f r six months, aud parties to whom the
fame are is-ued, shall pay therefor, one-half the
sums respectively above specified, fur licenses lor
cue year.
Sec. G. The clectiou, now provided bylaw to be
held ou the fir.-t Tuesday in March, A. D. 183'J,
shall be, and is hereby postponed until the last
fuesduy in March. A. I). lSsi>, at whieh time, the
and Common Council, and other olll:ers,
required bylaw to be elected at the same time,
shall be elected; but, in the year IS6O, and annu
ally thereafter, the municipal election for the
Major uud Commou Couucil, and other officers
provi !ed by law, t» be elected at the same time
with the Llayor and Common Council, shall be
htld on the first Tuesday iu Marclu
Sec. 9. That it shall be the duty of the Judge
of the Recorder's Court, within ten days after
the paHsage of this Act, to appoint for each of
said IS wards three inspectors of election and
two clerks of election and one place of voting
and, as soon as may be thereafter, to give pub
lic notice of the time and places of holding said
election, in the same manner as notice is now
required to be given for tbe holding of munici
pal elections in Chicago. The inspectors ol
election sbnil have the toU power to appoint
special constables, or peace officers, to preserve
tbe peace of sgid election, and no otfur officers
eba:l be charged with tho preservation of the
peace at said election.
Sec. 10. Tho returns of the votes for and
apamst the said amendments, shall before two
o clock P. M. of the day next after the said
election, be made to the City Clerk, and the
Common Conncil at three o'clock P. M. of tbe
d.iv ufter said election, and shall examine and
canvas said returns, and declare the refult of
said election. Ant ncmbbs of the Common
Council then present shall be sufficient to con
stitute a quorum. If it shall appear that a ma
-jority of the votes cast are "For the amend
ments to the City Charter," then this set and
every part thereof shall be and remain in full
force and effect, and tbe Common Council or in I
their default any number of the Ccmmon Coun
cil, shall forthwith publish notice of the result
aud that aa election will be held on tbe Tuesday
following, being the last Tuesdav in March A
D. ISS&, tor the election of the otEcers provided
by this act to be elected on that dav, at which
election tbe same inspectors of election, clerks
and constables or peace officers shall act and
the same places of voting fhalT be used, etc
Sec. 11. Iu case of the d. ath, inability, or re
fusal to act of tbe Judge ot tbe Recorder's Conri
in the appointment of tbe places and officers of
said election, then the Sheriff of Cook county
after ten days, aud within twenty days from the
passage ot this act, shall appoint said places of
voting, and the voters assembled at the opening
of the polls, on tbe day of election, shall elect
the sa.d inspectors and clerks of election : and
if no placts of election shall have been oppoint
ed, the people of each said new wards, or any
number of than assembled for that purpose
may, on the night preceding the election, at a
meeting held in pnrsuance of *uch notice as nuy
be published in the Chicago Times, appoint their
own pluccs of voting.
The above are but specimen bricks of the
whole structure. How do the people like the
prospect which this opens up before them ? The
.election here provided is to be held in all the
eighteen wards—Biidgeport and Holstein in
cluded. Great is modern Democracy!
The state Reform School—Partlc* and
Partr Management—i Tlie lildscly Af
fair. *
lO;rre?p:ndeseeof the Press aod Tribose.l
frsixcnnjx j sn . ~ 1559,
The State Reform School bill has been tbe
order ot the day in the Senate in Committee of
the Whole, where it examined section by
section, and here And there verbally amended.
The liberality displayed by this body in accept
ing tbe bill so nearly as it came from the bands
of its author is highly commendable ; and there
can be no donbt that the good to tbe State will
folly repay the amouQt expended to put tbe
school into active and success r ul operation. The
location is not fixed bj tbe t:'.l; that is left to
the Commissioners created b. -he act; but it is
generally understood thit a ite will be sought
somewhere in the North, wiUao convenient dis
tance of the larger cities whence most ot the
juvenile crimit.als come.
The House has been engaged In the pae&sge
of bills—most of them acts of incorporation,
and t.mong them none of general intorest. As
yet meet of tbe work is done in committee.
Both partiee are holding frequent caucuses for
the determination of matters io which members
of Che same party might disagree. Tour cor
respondent does not preteod to know the recent
dologs of the Democrspj, or tbe method in
jffblth tlitir ftflUrt kre gianaged; ~bat £f tbty trc
conducted with half the discretion that is dis
played by the Republicans, the political advan
tages gained by either side will be inappreciable
at the end of tbe session. It has been the mis
fortune of the Republican party in Illinois to be
represented here too often by men whose zeal
has outstripped their discretion, and who were
forever uneasy and restless unlesß far in ad
vance of their fellows in matters of doctrine.
Fortunately, for the future advancement of the
.party, and the near supremacy of the great
truths which it holds, this Legislature is not so
efllicted. The shock brought upon the country
by the repeal of the Missouri Compromise and
the burning indignation of the people when first
placed face to face with the designs of the Pro
paganda have so far lost their first effects that
men can now look with calmness upon the pros
pect before them, and can choose deliberately
the methods by which they will repel the ag.
gressions that are boldly avowed. It is fonnd
tbat positions have been assumed by extremely
radical thinkers, that cannot be maintained; and
that the first step toward a victory which will
wrest power from the enemies of Fre'edom, is
that which consolidates tbe party on a constitu
tional and tenable belief. Hence, the action of
the representatives of tbe party will be marked
with that discretion which is the sure presage of
The paragraph in the Pees 3 and Teibcne in
relation to the unfortunate affair which has
plunged at loast three families here into sorrow,
is erroneous in more than a singular particular,
I had resolved not to speak of it at all, because
it is a matter of local concern, and the grief of
tbe guiltless is at leist entitled to such respect
as silence can pay. There is no evidence that
young Kidgely, who bos absconded with a
young and foolish girl, added robbery to his
other offenses. He was in a situation to have
drawn almost any reasonable amount from the
funds of the bank where hz was employed; bet
it is not known that he has abused his trust-
That he has gone, and that he has sacrificed his
social position, his standing in tbe Church and
his title to tbe esteem of his fallows, is, alas
true. But these are enough without accusations
which be does not deserve.
£ock bland Reservation—The Culm Scheme
Probable Pdisaie of the £30,00d,0U1) Rill —The
Consequences—lndian War Claiine, d-c.
[From our own Correspondent].
WAXUIS3TO3, Jan. 2s, 15C3.
Probably by this mail you will receive a copy
of tbe decision by Secretary Thompson against
the pre emption claims set np to the public
lands on ltock Island. The decision is, that the
island is still a military reservation, and can
not be sold without an act of Congress, the law
of last session having taken away the power to
sell. This knocks the p.ans of the speculators
qnito into pi. One set of pre- emption claim
ants express their determination to remain
upon their claims, and to contest at law all at
tempts to onst them. Tbey rely upon Judge
McLean's decision on the Bridge case.
As I think it important to relieve our politi
cal friend, Montgomery Blair,from responsibility
for any connection with the Lindsley and Dan
forth party of squatters, I will state, at the
bazird of repetition, that he represents another
interest, and is entirely opposed to them.
Tbe Cubau agitation has begun in earnest.
The Senate Committee on foreign affairs yester
day reported the thirty million loan bill, to en
able the President to begin operations ia his
peculiar style—that is, b7 bribing the Spanish
officials of Cuba, and the Spanish ministry, and
tbe c:urt pimps in Madrid. This practice be
thoroughly understands, and it corresponds
with his idea of atatesmao&hip. It is the same
plan by which he attempted to pass Lecomptoa,
and by which be did pas 3 the Eoglish bill.
A party of Cubans now here, esy they dis
tinctly uadcrstand Mr. Buchanan, that he means
to buy Captain-Generai Concha, and the} inti
mate that the means indicated might not be un
successful. Oa the other hand, there is no cer
tainty that Minister Preston will be received.
There ia even no certainty that be means to go
to the Spanish court until after the adjournment
of Congress. A short time before Mr. Preston
left this city, he said tbat be did not care to go
to Spain to discharge routine duties, bnt was
ambitious to be able to do something which
would s : gnali73 his mission. The only con
struction of this language appears to be, tbat he
intended to wait in Paris or London until after
it should be known whether Congress would
back up the recommendations of the Message
by placing in the hands of tbe President the
means of carrying out bis policy.
Mr. Seward muds a short spsecb, approving
tbe bill io rather a sportive vein, as it he thought
it a slight matter. Toombs mide a slashing,
Locofoco, filibuster speech. The ppe-ch
rude, abuilow, unttatesmtinlike, tbe pattern and
model of tboae wbich will be made on that side
throughout tbe coatrcversv.
Now, probably this bill will pass the Senate.
There is dinger tint it will pasi the lioune also,
and become a law. Douglas, und the Douglas
wing of the Democracy, will support it heartily.
Cox, of Ohio, commonly called Sun-set Cox, or
Sail Cox, btß made a ranting speech in its fa
vor. The bill command SG votes in the House
from the South, und will require, to give it a
majority, G3 Northern Democrats. There are
SOoftbemin ibe House. Is it probable that
twenly-three honest and and true men among
them can be found to break the trammels ot
their pany, when the Executive stands behind
with bags of coin und thousands of nilices ? I
confess I doubt it. For tbe first time 1 fear tbat
the scheme will be curried throu ;h.
The House Committee on Foreign Affiirs bare
agreed upon tbe same bill, and are readv to re
port is. The Democrats all concur ia ibe ma
jDrilr report, and all the Republicans sign tbat
of tbe minority but Mr. Burliogatne, who r<-
fiigtsj Taat is most singular and most lament
able. Aad tbe reason wbich he gives makes
the case worse. He says thut s;md of tbe
B'boys of his district are in fivor of tbe acqui
sition of Cuba. TLis is no reason at ail, for the
grantimr o?" aa enormous bribery fund is no way
to get Cuba.
It mis bill be passed, tbe consequences will be
about as follows: Thirty million* will be added
to tbe public debt. If any effectual use of the
money be made, this sum will be but tbe first
instalment of $150,000,000 to be paid for Cuba.
Bat if spent ia organizing opsa legitimate war,
we shall soon heve upon our bands a contest
with France, Spain and England, which will
cost fcSf'O.OOO.Ot-'Q.
Tbe Oregon and Wushington Indian war debt
makes poor progress. It is no: a Southern i
claim, otherwise it would have been promptly :
paid, whether six millioos or sixty. The Mili- 1
tary Committee of the House have classified tbe '
items, and have reduced tbe aggregate below I
two mi.lions. Among tbe charges are, old pis- i
tols, |so; old condemned United States mus- !
kets, sold by the government for $3, at SSo; i
bay, per ton, $145; oats, per busael, 75; i
corn, s»>; pasturage lor horses, £lO per day, A;., |
and eo on. j
Com. Paulding has written to Mr. Kichie, of !
Pa., a beautiful letter in r.cknowledgrajnt ol his 1
efforts in getting ihrougb the House the laie
resolution of thaoks, lor arresting "one Wi.liaai
Walker." * Jcm-j.
The Tnrifl Question—Tax on Tea and
Coflec—Organization of the Next
House— Ihe Cuba Scheme --- Fort
Snelling, tic.
WaVbisgtos. Jin. 23.1539.
The ouly expectations euterLuned of a modifi
cation lu tbe tariff, ia thrj;:gh a Committee of
Conference, by the House side, iu-Lstlos on tbat
a-* a condition precedent to any loan. Still it is
douli'.ed ii'c-ven tins will *eive tbe purpose.
The Republicans htld a caucus on Monday night
niid agn ed uuaninwa>ly to Jaipur, a eluage in
tbe tariff Tbe appK-lictJileJ tivisions on tbat
scort* are, therefoie, ground Us*.
At a meeting of scleral members of Congress,
which wa> called by iecrvt iry Cobb last week,
at the Tri-a-nri" Department, lie sujjgfiU'd a tax
on tea and coffee oae mode ol raUtug the rev
enue, but bis Democratic friends wore afraid of
trjing tbe experiment, on po.itical grounds.
I'be Stales of this morning s.JVs: 44 Tbe Demo
crats of tbe South aud West will resist, by every
constitutional expedient, any efibrt to alter or
modify the pretest tunff rate.-'." It al-o remirks
that as n consequence of the accumula
tion of business before Coagiess, it Is now gene
rally believed tbat there rann be an extra
in wiiich event tsni.ei.il elections would of cour>e
have to l>e held through aiino-t the entire South
and We-r, together with a portion of the North, a
laigo pr.'p rtiou ut tbe State* not having a.- \et
electea their members of Congress. Tne suire
thing occurred in tbe extra sfsMon of ISII.
An im;>ortJtnt puiat, affecting tbe organ 5 * itioa
ol tbe ucxt Hou>e, is unw belog discussed here.
Ibe certificates have not bien issued to six
city members from New Y rk, upon ?roun«H of
informality in tbe rciarus Mate officers have
bigntd a statemiut getting forth ibe votes given
und to whom tliey leeatty b.*long, therefore'these
hix members conid not be called at the opening of
tbe he>»iou ; but ibe present Democratic CJtrk,
Alleu, who will ofiMatc till his Fuccc.vor is e'ec-
I led, ba> signified tnat he shall include tbem in the
roll of members elect, i'iiis proceeding may pro-*
bably determine tbe organizition ol tbe House,as
putties are closely diviued
Ibe settlement of the Douglas and Pitch affair
is legarded as involving a c inplete »nrrender oa
t:>e part ol Djuilii* The corite-poadet.ee admits
of but oue p')A.«inle interpretation, and leaves him
in a Wcrse predicameut than before it opcued.
Intelligence from responsible s-ources In Mexico
disclosed much probability of a contingency of
Miramcn'-s successful movement against Juarez at
Vera Cruz, and of a new revolution leading to tbe
recall of Santa Anna, nho is at Sr. Thomas, wait
ing for srme snch event.
Slideli's Cuba report admits tbat one hundred
and tweoty-flve millions at least will be required
for tbe purchase of Cuba, and, therefore, the thirty
millions nf>w proposed is only a oeginning.
The second instalment of the Fort Snelling par
chase, which was due in Jaly, was not paid, but
arwugfments have been made, with tbe coo>ent
ol Floyd, for an extension of time, by *hich a for
leiture is prevented. Steele and his associates
give assurance that no drlay will occur as to the
third iustalmcut.
Coshocton Treasury Robbery.
ICcrreirsadencc of the Cincinnati GaztlU.]
OoLruica Jan. £5.
Mr. Moore, Conductor on the Ohio Central,
informs me that tbe amount of money taken
from the Coshocton Treasury is lesa than ten
thousand dollars, instead of eigbteen or twenty
thousand as flrat reported. He bad his inform**
tion dirtctly-from the TreAlorer. ' * B, -
The Natural and Fictitious Conditions I
which Tolerate Human Slavery. j
ratn thus.
Io my previous nambersl have eadeavoredto
ftoaljZ9 the operstloa of thooght, of which the
word "Property" is the exponsat—to ascer
taio what is meant by property, going beyond
its mere rerbial definition. It was foand to in*
voire not merely things, bat ortain relations
between persons and things establishing owner
ship. These relations exist by arrangement of
nature and cannot be annulled thoagh they ma/
be ignored or violated by individuals or by
governments. Thoagh the triumphs of civilU
zation have not penetrated the wastes and re
cesses of Africa, the physical laws upon which
they depend are as pervading and powerful as
in Europe or America; and thoagh the heartof
the native has not been warmed and humanized
by the genial influences of nature's moral laws,
we most not conclude that these laws have sus
pended their authority and jurisdiction. The
reciprocal relations between created things
which have been established by bamaa laws
may be annulled or modified by those laws.
Not so, when the seal has been set by the hand
of Omnipotence. Man may cspture and subdue
to his use the bufrlo of the plain and the law
will protect the property thus acquired against
the infringement of msn, bat be may sot sub
due even the root-digger Indian, and hold him
by physical force as his property, with or with
out the sanction or protection of law—much
less may he claim the sanction and power of
law to sustain and aid him in this outrage on
the degraded, helpless savage, whose " rights,"
whatever they may be, should be protected by
law with a more scrupulous regard to justice*
by reason of the very ignorance and helpless
ness of the pitiable being whose destiny is
placed in our hands by no act nor wrong of his
own. A similar outrage on the African is pira
cy under our laws—the penalty death I Reader,
those are obvious truths—pause and reflect, and
let their teachings be stereotyped on the tablet
of your mind.
What are the "rights" guaranteed by the
Constitution with reference to "slaves?"—or
Htrictlr speaking with reference to persons held
to service or laoor under the laws of a State?
Tbe Constitution informs n». In the language
of Chief Justice Taney, " The Constitution has
always been remarkable for the felicity of its
arrangement of different subjects, and the per
spicaity and appropriateness of the language it
uses." The Constitution guarantees to the
slave States an ebumeration ot three fifths of
their slaves in adjusting the ratio of repre
sentation o&d Presidential votes. There is no
controversy about this; and we hear nothing of
aggressions with regard to it. This seenres
them a "sestional" property representation.
Tbiß is " eqaality," of coarse! Bat each is the
provision of the Constitution.
Next, we find the Constitution provides that
persons held to service or labor in any one
State, under the laws thereof, escaping end
seeking refage in another, shall not by reason
of any law or regulation thereof be released
from such service or labor, but shall be given
up on demacd of the person to wbom such ser
vice or labor may be due. The language is in
deed perspicuous and appropriate. It expresses
jnst what it means, and absolutely explains
itself. No bonest, unprejudiced enquirer for
truth in its purity can raise a plausible doubt,
if he seek the meaning tn the language ot the
Constitution itself We see the meaning. It does
not contemplate nor name any others than per
sona held to " service or labor under the laws
of a Slate;" and as to them, only provides for
their being given ap on demand when they
escape and are caught in another State. There
is no room for dispute, unless we suppose that
what the Constitution says, only expresses what
it does not mean—that its plain, specific and
unmistakable provisions are to be construed by
the rule of contraries and are to be understood
as a sort of floating buoy warning otf the water
cralt Irom rocks nesr by, but leaving them to
find the channel elsewhere as tbey best can.
Judge Tasey says t "If any of its (the Con
stitutions; provisions are deemed unjust, there
is a mode prescribed in the instrument itself by
which it may be amended {query—\n it to be
amended by an extra-judicial opinion ot a few
partisan judges?) "but while it remains unal
tered it must be construed now as it was under
stood at the time of its adoption. It is not only
th-? same in words, but the same in meaning,
&c." The Ordinance of 1767, containing the
clause excluding slavery from the Northwest
Territory, waa ratified by the lirst Congress that
met atterthe adoption of the Constitution; and
some of the members ot th&t Congress were tlso
members of the Convention that formed the
Constitution. No warning voice bid them be
ware 1 This meets the case, and removes all
doubts, if there were room for any. Clear as a
pool Irom a mountain brook, wherein we see
each pebble, and its position, is the language of
the Constitution and its obvious meaning; and
it is most manifest that Taney labors in " Dred
Scott " to stir up sediment to discolor the wa
ters—to becloud what was most clear. He sajs
"the right of property in a slave is distinctly
and expressly affirmed in the Constitu ion." If
this were true, be would have shown snch dis
tinct affirmation, and thus have settled the
point, without incurring the scorn and contempt
so deservedly attaching to him as the just judg
ment of the American people for the infamous
" Ooinion of the Supreme Court in the Dred
Scott case."
Again, says Taney, "the right to traffic in it,
like any ordinary article ot merchandise and
property, w£i guaranteed to the citiiens of tbe
United States, in every State that might desire
it, for twenty years," This, with bis deductions
from it, is a gross perversion, and a begging of
tbe question. What thoagh Congress was de
nied the power to prohibit the States from in
troducing certain "persons," until after a cer
tain period? What of it? Does that annihi
late tbe inherent difference between persons and
things? If "persons" are admitted or intro
duced and brought under the operation of "tbe
laws of a State" for a certain period of time in
the past, does that annul, or alter, or add to
the present operation and effect of the only
clause of the constitution which guarantees to
the slaveholder bis right to the return ot his
slave if be escape into another State ? But if a
Stale may under a constitutional guarautee, in*
troduce certain persons during a certain period,
and hold them subject to their State laws'within
their own jurisdiction, does this necessarily in
volve a right to make tbem "chattels" or cattle
and to compel other sovereign States to sink
their own sovereignty, disavow and dishonor
their own principles, and treat these "persons"
as chattels too, in flagrant violation ot their own
constitutional guarantees? This carries the 1
rights of the master into all the free States in i
contemptuous disregard of any constitutional
prohibition by the States—or in other words
carries the slave codes of the slave Slates, with
all their consequences, into every free State;
and we have no means whereby to save our
selves from this blighting incubus. It is a right
under the constitution, according to Taney, and
tbe great universal panacea "Popular Sover
eignty" cannot save us 1 The argument of Ta
ney logically and irresistibly leads to this—or it
is senseless and means nothing. Thus it is be
labors to stir mud in tbe pooL lie "palters
with us in a double sense" until be stultifies the
constitution-substitutes other and ambiguous
language in lieu of tbe "perspicuous and appro
priate language" of the instrument—extracts
from the ambiguous substitute tbe new doctrines
bis masters (tbe Pro-Slavery Democracy) order
ed him to bring forth—and then gravely pro
nounces it to be the true construction of tbe Con
stitution, and impbdentlr thrusts it at us a final
settlement of the question.
But, let us admit hiß proposition—his first
stand-point after be t eparted from tbe Consti
tution— to wit: "tbe Constitution recogniz.-s
slaves as property;" what then? Have you
imparted new power to the Constitution by this
new form of words? And what are we to un
derstand by "recognizing slavqa as properly i"
What is the virtue and elfect of this? We
must go back to the Constitution for tbe answer,
and there we find it we tea it. and there is no
room for honest difference of opinion on tbe
subject—the three-fifths enumeration, and the
giving up escaped persons who were held to
service " under the laws of a StaU." It were
absurd to require me to discird tbe intelligible
words of tbe Constitution, and to adopt as a
substitute the foggy abstraction which Taney
has slipped in, as a Uickster juggles a card out
of his sleeve. True, tbe meaning of tbe Con
stitution might be expressed in other terms—
but any cbaog* in tbe phraseology which chang
es tbe sense, us neceasirily spurious. Then why
get away from the language of the Constitution
I itself wnen you seek its meaning, if its lan
j guage be so "perspicuous and appropriate?"
i it could only be for purposes of peaversion and
A juggler may covers watch with a canopy be
fore jour eyes and, anon, on uncovering, a cab
bage-head is disclosed, and the watcn has vaaUbed
no oue can tell how or where. But let tbe
tubtle Chief Juslice canopy the Constitntlou with
" Dred Scott" aa often and as long as he mav, it
yet reruaiud there tbe same in its every jot "and
tittle; and the record staods attesting how "it
understood at the lime t>f its adoptionand how
it will ever be understood by tbe freemen of tbe
laud, until it be changed by the mode pre>cribed
in the instrument iue:f. It a cabbage head be
exjKwed under the juggling expeiimeut of the
subtle Chiet Justice, 1 lancy we eball tec it—not
uudertbe canopy.
The doctrines in "Dred Scott" are a slow
poison to tbe Constitution—deadly as hemlock !
»> hen the " Hosts of the Cross" w-re mar
shalled in Syria to redeem tbe Holy Sepulchre
from Saracen, the word went rouca when
nightly posting the sentinels on guard, and eve
ry tongue proclaimed aloud the heart-stirrinz
exhortation, "Rkmeueir tar Holt Sspulcubs!"
The exhortation, we are told, wes echoed lrom
post to post; tor it was the duty of the sentinels
to raiae this cry from time to time upon their
periodical watch, that the host of tbe erusaders
might always bear in their remembrance the
purpose of their b*ing in arms. Republicans!
tbe defeat of the usarpers ia Kansas is but an
incident in the noble cmse you have embraced.
The principle ot yonr Constitution is insidiously*
assailed. Subtle arts will snceeed the foiled
assaults of tbe aggressors. -Ton, too, should
always have in your remembrance the purpose
of your organization-tbe redemption and the
preservation ot your Constitution. Then let tbe
word p&ss round, and in strains toat sbail re ich
tbe spirits of '76 io their far abodes—let the ex
hortation be echoed from post to post, and by
every tongue—Bsvuibsk thb Comtittttios !
Quincy, JU., Jan. 20,1559.
La Cresceat, Minnesota*
The Hokah Ckitf, of Jan. 29th, has the follow
ing items:
This flourishing place promises a good "open
ing out" in tbe spring. In spite ot the bard
times everywhere, La Cresocnt has been build
ing dwelling bouses, shops, etc., all aloo* dur
ing tbe past fall and winter, and it is asserted
by her citizens that many more will be pot up
when spring comes around again.
Selah Chamberlain is now at La Crescent, and,
we unaerstand, is making arrangements for add
ing a considerable force to the Soot River Road.
The word is that "the road mast "have,the first
twutj milei camjiited tl «| .mu ,ud .
The Dooglas*Fitch Correspondence*
[From the WsiMnitoa UcJon. Jan. 35.]
WasaxsoTos. Jan. 21.1!£9.
Sis: To-day, in secret session of the Senate,
you offered me an affront so wanton, unpro
voked and unjustifiable that I am obliged to in.
fer it must have been the impulse of
passion, and not of deliberate premeditation.
This note Is written for tbe purpoie of affording
you an opportunity of saying whether or not
my conclusion is correct; and, further, of af
fording you an opportunity of retracting the
offensive language which you tbua gratuitously
and unwarrantaoly applied to me.
Respectfully Ac., 8. A. Douona.
Hon. Graham N. Fttcb.
WasßisoTO*. January S3,ISS.
Sis: Yonr note of yesterday was banded me
this morning. In reply, 1 have to say that you
yesterday mads a charge that the lately-op
pointed federal officers in Iltioois were corrupt,
dishonest men—or words to that effect. You
knew my son to be one of those officers, and
you could not expect me to hear such a charge
without prompt denial of its truth. I pronounc
ed it to be, to your knowledge, untrue. You
subsequently so modified it as to satisfy that
you excepted my son from tbe general charge,
although yon did not name bis, and I made no
farther issue with you on that subjecL When,
at a subsequent period of your remarks, you
attributed to me statements which 1 had not
made, I requested that in quoting me you would
do so truthiully. These remaiks were certainly
not" deliberately premeditated," but tbey can
not be qualified correctly as the "impulse of
momentary passion." Tbe first wus prompted
by a determination to defend the honor and
character of my son, as dear to me as my own,
against an attack so general in its terms as ne
cessarily to include him; and the second was
the exercise of my right to rectify a misrepre
sentation of my own remarks.
Respectfully Ac., G. N. Fiicn.
Hon. S. A. Douglas.
WaaHaoTOJf, Jan. 22-9H P- M.
Sis: Yonr note of this date has been placed
in my haads. 1 admit, without hesitation, your
right and duty to do justice to the reputation of
your son. At the same time 1 maintain my
right, in the discharge of my duty as senator, to
comment freely and fully on tbe character of
executive appointments, especially in my own
State. I deny, however, that my general re
mark* ia r«lotion|to tbe list ot Illinois appointees,
confirmed by tbe Senate during my absence,
could be fairly interpreted to emorace your son.
When you seemed so to construe them, I
promptly replied that what I had said of the Il
linois appointments was true as a gtiural rule,
but that there were exceptions, among whom I
recognized some of my own friends. Alluding
particularly to your son, I added that 1 had
nothing to say in regard to the merits of his
appointment, choosing to leave that question
where I placed it by renarks to the Senate du
ring the last session, in your presence, at tbe
time of his confirmation. You now admit that
you nnderstood this explanation to exempt your
son from the application of my general re
marks; and yet, you have failed to withdraw
the offensive language, but, on the contrary, at
a subsequent stage of the debate, when apolo
gizing for a breach of senatorial decorum, you
expressly declared that you had nothing to re
tract—thus appearing, in my apprehension, to
reaffirm tbe objectionable words.
As to the other ground of cffencs admitted in
your reply to my note, I have to say that 1 did
not understand you to assume to correct me in
a quotation of your language, as 1 was uncon
scioas of making any such citation, cut to re
peat the original offence in another form ; oth
erwise, 1 would have made a proper response on
the instant.
This explanation, which is duo aliko to us
both, on tbe points presented in your reply,
affords you another opportunity of withdrawing
the offensive words wmch you admit you ap
plied to me in yesterday's debate.
Respectfully, Ac., S. A. Douglas.
Hon. Graham N\ Fitch.
Wa3Hisctos. Jan. 23, ISO?.
Sia: Your note of last evening was handed
me at 12 11. to-day. Your explanation in regard
to my son being now explicit, 1 have no hesita
tion in saying that if you had excepted him
from your charge, or not made it general, ,1
would not have deemed myself warranted in rc
pellinz it tn the words of which you complain as
offensive, and which, in constquence cf your <jr
planaCion, I now withdraw.
I am also informed by your note that, if you
had cot been mistaken in relation t> my re
marks on the suoject of your misrepreeeuutios
of my sentiments, you would at the instant have
made a proper response. This likewise enables
me to say that, in my closing remarks explana
tory to tbe Senate of my share in an exciting
debate upon a sutject not relevant to anything
before that body, und tbe responsibility tor tae
introduction of whica rested solely with you, I
should have withdrawn, as I now do, the second
offensive remirks, if you hud made tbe same
saf*V(Ktory«P ,Bna ti on <A*/iyou b&venovmade.
Respectfully, Jtc , G. N. Fucu.
Hon. S. A. Douglas.
Washisotos, J.in. 2L lSi>.
Sir: Your note of yesterday has been receiv
ed; and while 1 accept your withdrawal of the
words to which i have taken exception, 1 owe it
to myself to protest ogamst the idea you seem
to entertain, that my note of Siturd<>y wi>s in
tended as a precedent and inducing condition of
the redress which 1 solicited, instead of be.ng,
as I certainly designed it, merely responsive to
the specifications in reply to jour first commu
In regard to the introduction and relevancy
of the matter in tbe debate out of which tins
difficulty arose, 1 canuot think tbat a proper
subject of discu-sion in the present correspond
ence. Respectfully, Ac.,
S. A. Docglas.
Hon. Graham N. Fitch.
WAfuixuios. Jan. 2-L1 *S?.
Sib: Your note of to day was received at
A. il. It is not for me to judge tbe motives
which dictated yours of the 22d. I can only say
that my answer was predicated upon the ex
planations it contained. If yonr explanations
are disavowed, my withdrawal must likewise be
disivowed. Re«pecttul!y, As.
G. N Fitch,
Hon. S. A. Dou>;la-.
n AsurxcToX, Jan. 1539.
Sib: I am averse to prolonging to this con
troversy after gaining the aubdtauce of my de
mand; but I cannot close without responding
to your lest note by saying that it is immaterial
to me upon whatyou predicate your withdrawal,
since 1 have guarded against u misapprehension
of my position.
Respectfully. Ac , S A. Docglas.
Hon. Graham N. Filch.
llVs/o'n Items. \
A* "Old Settler."--Tbe Chester Herald \
notices tbe recent death in that cnuntv, cf Jean
Baptists Momrieuil, a entire cf Kaskaskia,
aged niuety-«ix. who h.id "pent n;s whole life
in or near his nutive village. What changes
baa Illinois seen within tbe scope ot bis life!
Scicide or an Indian* Gibl We learn, says
the Su Paul limes, from a gentleman, w&o
came down from Belle P>uine yesterday, that a
young Indijn g'.rl conumtted saic.de by 'bang
ing herself to a tree, pear tb-t pUce on Tues
day last. Cause, disappointment in an uffiir of
tbe heart,
A Dbdneex Jcbdr.— In a slander case in a
Madison, Wis., Court, on Wednesday, proceed
ings were suspended in consequence of cne of
the jury turning up drunk. Toe court ad
journed, the Sheriff was ordered to walk the
juryman about and sober bun. and the SUtnff
proceeded to put bim throjgb.
Ueavr Damage* Agalv?t the Cirr or Sr.
Loi'is.—Some months ago an order was made
by tne city ot Sl Louis to drain a pond in trie
city commons. It was done by cuuseg through
an embankment on street, by tbe
cave of Felix Coste was ovet flowed, and a
numoer of barrels ofbeerdestroyed. Mr. Coste
instituted suit against the city, laving damages
at |24,000, or for 3,000 barrels of beer at |3
per barrel. Oa Saturday a verdict was re
turned sgaiast the city, aud damages assessed
at 117,000.
Sxating.—The lassies were having a gay
time this morning on the ice at the foot of
Seventh street, in the wav of sliding and skat
ing, and bigh and lotty tumbling. Crinolines
and whoops were consideraoly crimped up,
when the uir damsels unceremoniously saluted
tbe ice in a style not recognized in drawicg
room circles a* the most fashionable way of do
ing the polite a la Fret.ch—Dubuque limit.
Foxt.—The Trempeleau (Wis ) Phnter says:
"One of our citizens, Jacob S Cook, caught
seventeen foxes last weft within fifteen miles
of this place, of which fifteen were yellow, one
grey and one black." He was offered f-io in
cash for tbe hide of tbe bluck fox, which be re
fused. Tbe Pioneer ears they are remarkably
plenty in thateection ot country.
Cocbt Hocse Bcbnbd. -We learn this morn
ing that on Monday o'ght last the Court Hous*
at"Albion, in Noble County, in this Stve, took
fire in tbe clerk's office and was entire Iv con
sumed. Loss of building estimated at (5.000,
value of judgements destroyed, about $50,000,
which it will take moch time and tronble to re
store. Tbe books in all the other offices were
preserved. This is a great misfortune to the
people of that county. Ft Waynt {.lnd.) Re
jru&icsn, 26<A.
Dastabdlt. —The Burlington 1/jicktye says
tbe Monday m rning train from Chicago was
delayed for two houts by tbe attemp* of some
rascal to born one of the bridges about twelve
miles np the road, a little beyond Oqnawk*
Junction. Ssveral of the ties were burned,
but the fire was extinguished before any serious
damage was was done Tbe break was repaired
and no farther detention will Uke place.
A Deo Feat-Fast Tbavelixg. A voung
gentleman connected with the Express Office in
this city, says the Stillwater (Minn.) Jttutnq.r,
bad occasion to go to Areola, a few days sioce,
on business requiring speed, whereupon he
harnessed a fine Newfoundland dog to a light
hand-sled, and made the journev on tbe ice io
just t«enty-aeven minutes! The distance is
seven miles—being an average of one mile io a
little less than fonr minutes. The dog is about
one year old, but large and powerful. We would
like to see the dog tha'. can excell this feat.
Mtbtekocs.—Tom Mason, the well known
barber on Main street, says tbe Peoria Trarv
tcript, seems to have some enemy who is de
termined to take bis life. His shop has been
repeatedly fired into from tbe rear, after dark,
and as hi as can be ascertained, without any
apparent cause. Four bullets have thns been
fired, three of which passed through the win
dow, aad one throogh the door, the marks of
which are plainly to be seen. The last one
fired was on Tuesday evening of the past week,
and Mason has the bullet in bis possession. We
do not learn that he snspects any one, and the
whole affair is very mysterious.
Babiaxa.—Oar friend Gov. B'sson Eddie is
a bright little fellow of only some four summers.
He loves to talk of God, Heaven and Angels,
and his idea of these great mysteries are olten
•moiingr .One day ha stood looking intently at
th* filling i&oir, whin hi uld to oil mother, i
"Mama, I know why God makes it snow, it's
because he don't waot the Angels to take cold."
He had been told that when little children
died they went to nee God. Thinking of this
one day, hesaw a fir on the wiodow, and going
to it Mid—"Little fly, don't joa want to see
God ? I knowyoa do, aad vnu shall;" and there
upon killed it.— Clinton (lotca) Herald.
Di-GRACiroL.—On last Thursday afternoon a
party of four of our town topers met at the
house of one of thei- number to drink and have
a grand epr*e. They carried their carousals to
such q leneib that the wife of their host was
compelled to semi for >issis aace to rid her pre
mises of them. In the mean time, the hoit
without any provocation struck his little child
—just begianicg to ran arouad—a severe blow
with his shoe knife on its arm, just above the
wrist; which laid the fissh bare to the bone. A
neighbor's wife comin,? in tit this time, picked
np a tire shcvel and verbis ti ietji soon sent the
three victors homewards with something like
a flea in their ear. A physician dressed the
wound of the child Bat this did cot terminate
the tiUair. A', a company of indignant
men went to the residence ot the man at whose
house the brawl took pl_.ce, called him out, !
bouid hiai to a tree aud yavs him oa thorough ;
® probably ad toe nature of the cuss 1
demanded. In adai;ioa tj this they drugged
him around through the umd till be wis
thoroughly subdued and piteously for
quarter, which wia At length fivea htm, on his
promise to be •* as decent a man henceforth as
he was capable ot:*—&*%htUU {JU, iiUiz-.n.
11 l* 1 canvii.y iinos.,
201 ana 303 South Water Street,
* 1 thrcu«h the CHICAGO CUSTOM HOUSE,
cur first lavo.ee f.r the jt*r. t f
■ Foe the Spriiigr Trade,
, Bot Vaiera aid Leitber Desert will fin J the Stoek
r to be very superior anl PjJccj Low. We Late la Stick
1 aaacvimics IjiwatJ lar.e Uionnent cf
Which will be sold at the lotce-i'. vuirtet price i tj
At their LVATUER AND 111 DE BT>>SE. 301 <k asj South
U&tcr (e* tof Wei.* street brijj;-,) Chicago.
N. B.—lhs hUhtst curkct yr.es u&lj la Cash for
ir lie-'. j I^4
£ A T II E li! L K AT T H K R:
jut rev«s*:;d
i 13 L\KiX?T 213
Chicago, ILL.
VTcjo tee? conataaUy on hand the largest «ock of
Leather and .Pinitings
To ue round ta tu e West. Aiao, a larxe stock ol superior
All of the above will be sold Tr:ar low for cash or sd*
sroved pine-. JAM S3 KELLY & CO.,
oclb ly-biy7 243 La>e street. Bear the BrMjc
prescription drub stoke.
B«to announce that the* have c-ameaceJ business In
t c ati.ve location where tbcylfpe to tueru aairccilve
a shore cf pub.lc support. A full siock of
Wi-ei aid Linuori for meilic-'nol purccsts. ia, his been
fa' f-iiirstlccic t from the most re.Sab e houses io >ew
i\rk ci.y—puritj M.d mid'-, ta e»cry in
itacc.t* e fi s' conslderviox k :h«e nwiys ai
they wi l ea ieav i: to reader e *cry
• ; f their buslaesa .1* Is.a;tjn* and re.lable ai poaiibJe.
Many >ear j eiperiecci as
IPractical utliocaries,
In this :»nd other cities In Ear-p? ami Am»rica, haaUtied
tucm wi;ii udvaaiui-i aad QUAii2c.iiors or some lirpjr
taice and ccnsiderutlon.
Physicians l'je cr:ct;ons and M'dlclaes will be pre
pared ;;a.cr uor cwn pcrsoa-il s-iterlatcQiiar.ce at all
hoars, a-id cam acc >uni wattiver wi.l atq Jihaed per
sons or I'w'. jid ce inirujted :o cispeasesc-liclaes,
ja-3 cj7 Iw
M K V Klß's
Uiraculous Vermin Di-stroyer,
For the D-:stiactlon of
ISat*s' ?IXce, mole*, Jlosqaltocii,
lioachcfi, FlciUf ?Iotli9« Garden
Autfs Ac.
kwwn onderthe above title f.r tie laat £] ye*n
Cirotuhout KuT-'d?. where they tuv-met with a triam
pha-1 iuccesa. htve ifQ'ilre 1 fo: tfteir la»entor and
M.mufac'urer*wjrl'l-wl«te celebrity, attested by tr.» ta
nerors of RuTsla. Frince. Austria Hie Qaeea of kin*
lard, the Kin:s of lie .nuai. UciUad, Na:ne% Uav irit,
S.iT(iD>. tc.: i»»- :a Arner.ci th.-lr e£Jeaoy 'as been
end rs-d > y the rs o' l'abl'e Ins'.ltatl><t s aad
thu approval of anm- r.«m pnv .te citijsna. that tliey are
the o:n» reic«»il.e3 inthe woiM ture to eitermioate all
kiu is of vermin.
Meier's Pre; destroy the anel
come iotrucJcrs witiuat m-.rc/< >Uid iievcfalL His art
iiai' .jfHth t» miilio.iH cf t:icci ia the world, aad
fr..ra t!il< <i iv f:f T4t-:;i-w',.t of all tr.er-
suip owuers, aad hu;h tndaen wdi be ">occr9
Z3Tdct-Ilv!»clkiK'*i fro'n ii -\-nt.i to II.OJ TaaMS—Six
taor.fhs. or flvett r'.•i , nt. (ao De;ot
cl th? taTea'. >r aril proprietor.
MEYEt. Prartl'al Oiern'rt
tli Br.adwa;. (>.<»r. Uoujtcn-at..)New York.
Oeacril Agent for ti.e Cnlttd ."t.ite* a-.d Caaa<laa
FRtUSit.Cli V. KiairoN So. lo A3tor
Home, a >1 *l7Bfu S.Y ileji) Ivio nm
ra«iX€*-; & co;s
' ' pßriviauiTS, and the only Instruments In which
the Patent
Can b.* otta'nei
95 f *lnrk Street 93
At the M,*n of th; Star UaLner.
We ere prjparid to furflli'-i Prlace's Unrivaled JI-.lo
dcons both at
\VlioJf»;»le and Retail,
At Factory I without ar.y addltkn for Freight.
FonrOctavr. C to 0 1 -13
Four aad a Half octave, C ta F r'ti
Five octave, F to F 75
Fire Octave. Double Heed. F to T UO
Fpica or p.aso caftn:
F.ve Octave. Pt> P 11*1
fix Octave. Fto F 1 UJ
Five Octave, H able Re»iL F to F 150
Five Octave, Two Banks of K»j«
Two Panksof Key?, Five Sets of ReeJs, E*ht Stors. One
haif Ocavc Fojl Pedals, line svt of RerJa In
Pcd.Ußji Independent
tr C U and examine oar stock of Muskil Merchan
dise before purchsslc* cliewhete.
Prtserreth'sadvertliemert, forthe next one w'Jl be
abcu; someth'njt else.
a T. EOOT,) No. 93 Cl.uk street,
extant, t ia2j • OHIC \HO.
LI»iIt- > 8- *0 L\ke rreet, still bavaoa hand the
larg>;t sfck of MasU-al taerc-andite ae tbz any other
house ia theNoiUtvesL »>eare s it aaents far ih" eel
ebrat -d " MoJei .M;:odiM," made b» Mason k llamll.'*.
also vats for L!«hle. Newton <fc Bradt»a-y'i
PIaNOA with ihi " P tent -*rch • rjat wh.ch is
Used by no other Maanfict-re'sla the warld. aad is the
nostluno taat mecLiaalc-il liatirivement. loiteal 0
iron as nost miic rs d >—t»Mca kives th j las . 0-
tacntao tilljaj.l tilsiwcenblesuuaj—or aslrn wotdtn ■
the or 1 Inarr »i —wh'ca reefer* U i;ec i-sarv to weaten I
th.' part of the i :Urumeit ihe pos-lbie j
itrea-:tj Is rej-iir d—by cotti i< *crv»» tue train of ma
«0">1. * i-fhte. N-«tm t Br.i t'jur>'s Lave a taeti: t
wh-rrebj the; sarin* this pattrt lnt> proper'onn
brtlie aid of stum an i p jwerful machtLery. A st.aln
ot te -1 toaj w.J .zax mg ii.i: ra.i un o. toe arcn. w'-'n
tte fibres of ihe =vod ia j te nl -f Jic'm< w b7 the
conticahy ce; •.* interrup.ed at aVr< distances, tiave their
natural p w.-r i,( rc»staace s tilly auiin:ntea by the
pee liar loruither are L.aOe to tn the Patent
Arch \Vr;«:. Kv r> ni ra.nea Is *arraatriL
*d k'ndi of Chur h Music lio»ks f*r »al-
Tb4«-liea cstiadU'es hive lio kout is the
HA HA. Pritea_tfie Cjyy ii cer.ts. sec.', by sail post*
pa. - : ler 'lcz-'.; r.s' All orJcrs mus; be aulressed
to Ul'o''».Ni tt:10 Live s .. i» Sly
UNI»'ES. aad Kecersl outfits 'or the
UinfS at 2jo Lake Btre-t. utO. T. ABfaKY
fyAgeats for llatira's Powder. jaiT cIOJ ly
For the Gold Mines.
alsi. a largs *.
assortment cf Taraet * .
and o.her Rlole*. Shal "
(iar*, and cube.* aps*-
rates f.racec-raloutfit a-i
for the Mints at SG fTjl
Lak* *■' "
t>. BATOX de CO.
MetaHic-Tlpppd Boot and Shoe,
An IrEprovewnt bss been arp!!ed to Boo's and 9 u oes.
by which a GeU Savirs U Exser?e lj made. Every
Iko; aad thoe Qraltr kaow< thai child' ea will wear r at
at tr 4 e to« th-bert-cocsimcted kh« la from fcort» six
weeks, and that It Itherto dtfled the skill of maanfic
taren to obv i-U e Ih'-S diOicalty.
taeets and OTerecmes it. A snail piece of eorcer Is
neaVyf*«ened to the toeof the boot or ahoe, ttfoTdics
a eomulete Tirutecti-o to It, and reader!"* the efforts of
the BOStlnveKra'.e stamper laeljctnai to kick or wear it
We present this Invention with »he fullest know'edr* of
aad experience ia lis P. acticai L'Ulity ilavlD* ai w for
nearly two years been subjscted to the severest teits. li
hia, by Its own latrinstc merits, actually sartcounted
every objcctloo thateouid otiloiy be broorht »K\lnit lc.
as the accumpanvinK certificates, which are bat m f«lr ar
«-ajre of tnodreds of other*, wil. aftnadantly c->r;ob« rate.
We nar- co hc«ltauon tn say n* t&at the Met-Utle-tlpped
Youth, lie oil atile: and we cootider it a moderate
sta'emeuL thatoaepvlr i f the Metallic Tips will outwev
two to three rair« or the old style, m*klnj a aaviag of
nearly two-thirds In the expense cf shoes.
»«ssrv. WiD>WOSTH A WE LS, or Cblraso
Have been appelated Arents fot th* sale of the Boots
aad Shoes, and ar.* authorized U dispose »f lowa aad
County Eljhti
ommoMcatlotis addressed to them or the nadersijtaed
will rtcelre proper attention.
CilA.'.E McSINNE? k CO^
Water Boston.Hasa
N. B.—This Invention is a complete protection frca
the ccttlnx of f.e Prairie UrasKS. a:dis specially adapt
ed to Miners'tue, aad all occaaations whien pa ticolarly
exiK>«e the toe of the bovt or ahoe to beicsent or worn.
] aily-ccl
No. 6 tiilliard's Block, corner Ctark and aoutn Wai«r-<u,
Arents for the FULTON STAfICH WORKS, Pultoa,
N. Y. I Laid pswe*o diver tiurch Cumpany.) Thej
tnannfactare all kinds of pure Corn Starch of a superior
«aa3ty. Orders addressed to M. NELSON. P. O. W>\
wiUreeelve nropptattenUon. otf b!2l ty
T Cider Tlaetrar. for saleby the bbl. at
delS-lv Wholfult PutiHa*. I* Lake street.
iod reeebaj i&3oß*r*<3 lotbs al'lovg*
v» RXTVOLD& C.T A 00.
iiUbicinc£i &c
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
fold by BOLLES, SMITH A CO.. 134 Lake atreet.
Hoate Iter's Stomach Bitters,
Scld ty E. T. WATSIN3 X CO., to state street.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Sold by J. n. REED A CO.. Kl a-d U? Lake s'recL
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
eold by HAVEN. PARRKLACO.. t; Water Itreel.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
fold bj SARGSNT i ILI LEY. HO Like Kreet.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
SoM bj E. a. ? JLLSK kCX 37 Wile.- UrctL.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Sold by BOCKFAtNSU M C).. 35 Water street,
Hostetter's Stomach Bitter?,
Sold by L, HEAD * CO.. Lake street.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Fold by 0. r. SCLLESJkCO.
Hostetter's Stomach Bittera,
Uave. fcr th'.lr Toricand otherMedlJnalVirtues, be
come so celebrate J aad popular, that unprla: p ed pa'-
ties hereatd eliewhere cjuatesfeited theorx'ea*
sive'y.and to prevent deseptlon we refer purchasers to
the ab3Te partle] far the genuine aniclj or to the pro
Uostctter Jc Smith,
ja3s c37-gm PA
1_ Cb'.ldrea. be oathe alert fnr every jimptoo of
Wonaa. Forwcnos caaje Ihe death o'oyetnaaaay
oti*r diseases. Ia all eases
DEAL) SHul of pale coentenanee. livid
"" circle arcuail the eyes, and
_ . _ foul breath rve H OLIO
08. TVT S ' They are adi liclous prepa
" * ratloa of 3u*arthst<uiy child
wlllcrive. If worms are present, they will safely and ef
fecto diy remove them aau reaton? heal'b tn all evea
Worms! Worms I—These urublesome Infests ot the
stomach and bowels of children have at last fonod their
mttch in a mvtch'ess areparatlo > called ** Holloway'a
Worm Coafectioo." whtcb Is la the form of a tl'aaant
and agreeable candy. The ll'-tle children a3e«ted with
worms, which heretofore turred up ncses and
■pottered aad erle«l about the adialnls'ratlon of the
nauceoui stuffs under the name of Vermifjc<% will ocen
thtlr Uttle mcuths with ecstvy to thank the lavtfntor
formvlrtn* a plrannt care for one of the mcst trouble*
•on? d'.seasft. fcrery box warranted.
deil li< Lake «*.. Agents for Northweat-m j*ra' *s.
Brown's Bronchial Troches,
from Bev. Ifmry JVard Bcec&tr, vha !uu u.<r*l t\s
Troche* j<rs vr.irs.— I have never aliaused my
mind res[>ectin(; them from the lirst, except to Hunk
yet letter of that wliich I began in ilnnkvn; well uC
Brown's Bronchial Troches
From Rer. F.. IT. Chopin, />. 7).,.V<ir V.irfc.—l con
sider your Lozenges au excellent artirU' fur their imr
and recDiumend their iwe to I'u!>li« ri^akeu.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
From Mr. C. 77. Gardner, Prinetpel jft&r RuJfer'j
Femcle Ixdtilule, .Vr» r./ri,— I hav« b#on aiHirteJ
, with Bronchiti* during the past winter, and fmind
no relief anul I found your
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Dr. Line prescribes them in his practice.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Dr. BijeUn says are simple and certain.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Indispensable to Public Sj>eakers. ZLon's IleraLL
Brown's Bronchial Troches
An excellent article. Auftonof Era. JViajMh^ujik
Brown's Bronchial Troches
A in Mi admirable remedy.— JturnaL
Brown's Bronchial Troches
A sure remedy for Throat Atrections. Tnmcript,
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Efficacious and pleuant.— Traveller.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Cures any Irritation or of tlm ThroaW
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Cures Couch, Cold or Hoarseness.
Browns Bronchial Troches
Cures Rruuchfcis, Asthma and Catanli.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Clears and gives !*tren;th to the voiro of bin«er%
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Cures Whooping Cousli and Intluuiva.
Brown's Bronchial Troclies
Are the greatest Remedy .«c«Vnc« ever pro«luce«L
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Are only tli cts. twr Ilox.
94 Lake Street 91
124 Lake Street.
wnnLEs.Uir a> d is v. r\ n
*7 jf» ? nt\
If yoa want a Remedy for your Cougu,
LM Lake Street, near the corner of Clark-si
Fycu want a Bemedy to Purify the Blood,
Goto BOLLES. A CO.. UM Lako-su
Fyoa want aFeYer asd Ague Semedy,
Go to BOLLES. SMllll A 00.. Lit Lake-n
17 you want a Hair Restorative or Hair Drea
-L ISO. Go to DOLLEi. SMITH A CO.. I2t Lake^t.
Fyou want a Eheumatie Pill or Liniment.
Goto BOLLSa,miITU *CO. latLakeMt.
Pyou want a Bemedy for the Pilo*
Qo to BOLLSa, SMITH A Cu. LU Lake-sV
Fyou want a Hair Dye—Warranted,
Go to BOLLCB SMITH A Co,. u7 Lake-et
Fyou want a Pureative or Cathartic Pill,
Goto BOLLIX, A CO.. U4 LakeV
Pyou want a Pain Killer, or Pain Extractor.
Gou. BOLLEA SMITH A CO.. Lake-it
T? you want some Tonic Sitters or Scheidam
J. ScENAPPd. *o to BOLL>2. dMITH CO.. Lake
1708 Daponco'*, Clark's and Cheesman's
r MALE TILLS. *> to BOLIA3. SMIIU A CO., l.i
(?0R Cough Candies, or Pulmonic Wafers,
X Goto BOLLE3. riMITH A cO-. U4Lake-r>
t?OB a Powder, Paste or Wash for the Teeth,
r Goto LJLLEi. HMIIHACO LM I^ke-'l
UOB a Liver and Dyspeptic Bemedy,
X I Goto bOLLEA riMITH A CO.. IJ4 La>e-4l
L*H)K Vermifuge, or Worm Lozenges,
X 1 Goto BOLLES. SMI til A CO!. 1:1 I^ko-rv
f?0& 6trengthning Plasters of all kinds,
A Goto BOLLbi. tiMHH A CO.. U4 L*ka-fl
lA>3 a Bemedy for all PriYate Diseases,
Jl Goto BOLL&i B.MI IH A CO.. 1W L&ke-r.
1703 a Bemedy for Diseases of the Skin,
X I Go to DOLLED d.MITH A CO.. Lake-el
f 'OB Fancy Sdapa, Brushes, and Toilet Articles,
Go te BOLLiu*, SMITH A CO.. 124 LakMtT^
L OB Handkerchief Extract and Perfumer?.
J? Goto EOLLEi.SMITH A CO.. L» Ltke^l
UVr Trusses, Shoulder Braces and Abdominal
A? Taey are agents forthe manufactoren
and will fell at low prt.-rs.
Goto BOLLES. S-JITII A CO.. 134 Lake-*
and LIVSR MZDICISB now before'.he public. J
Theee (iQisa remove; * Onedo«eoftenrepeated
all oorbld or bad matter * Is a sure cue for L'aole*
frcmthesyitem. sayply- 1 « .>lorbnt. and a »re.
leg tn their place a veatative of Ch»dera.
healthySowofbile.lnvli- . , . .
oraticx the stomach.: tj i pn.y onebottio Is need
cauia* food to ed to throw ootoftLesrs
well, p b rlf y tag \Bt rj t«o» the effects o' aedl
blood, giving tone and to*
health to the whole ma-' . ' . .
chlnery. removing the] <C *5,?
*i pj
Blillout aUAcka aig| " ,
cared, and. what is betvJ?; < One dose taken a sao.-t
prevented by the ©cea-i v liioe before eall&g gives
jlonalnseof the Liver In-. ,vj{orto the appetite aci
vlgorator. i CQ n^f e# dlsea*
One dose after eatln*)
ls«afflc!entto relieve tae, HI One dom. citestepeat.
itomaeh aad preveatthet . iedfc^« mo"c iiI«TT
food from r.«tas aad kbt.
iz Tarsi 'am. 1
l2c ' .while »uinfj e r ana
Onlyoasdosetakenbe-l 9 luo wel 4'oo>»(atau
fare retiring, present*. pH ; jield ala-!;t to the SrH
I aldhtmsrw. ! dese.
a,™ -o.; ">•
One dose taken after rn ' We lake pleasure in rh
ea;h meal wli. care Dys i SeJ ,ccmraendin< this med)-
Mosaa- ,plaf M a prev-atative
.. . for Krv«r *nd Airue,
03c fc^ 0 tS,i er i l * ,,> :s '-" ! I'kill *rv?r, sad ail
ttaonfuUwlllalwvsre- ' . ' Fevers of a atUious
ilereHick H in*. It operates with
Only one dose lame- Icertalatv, andThoaaands
relieves .'wlio.l i*re willing to testily to
while ' ItJ wnaderful virtues.
OT UlxwaterUtoe month with the IsrUontor. :cd
rw&ilow both toge^A^r.
mar osiru bottu.
Dr. SAN FORD. Proprietor, No. Mf Broadway. New
Y '.-i iti-'*ile<t by all Dramsta. Bold, also, by
SOU.IS, HMITn A CQ,. aad
FAfljrwrocK a da via,
r<i.i».i3Lßi 118 Raadolpb strea
-AT THt-
Homoeopathic Pharmacy,
A fresh supply of
o a
Also, another lot of
l*U 'HAUI7 * XIJQ,
iiltiuiiiti', &c,
M A Ii A IC I A ;
Particularly rfIVBH and AOUB.
li 2.1.J.?° ?' 1>T er*il'y produced by the
TTWlliirifl ttDQ (bn Of tlld Weil {in -h ii iliuaia) or
turpit U?er enlargement of tne »£ieeo,"r a£ue Cake
j t! ous ties tteat fevers,
Hnn «lfl 1111 n< lroQ » blillOUS COndU
Uoaof the sra eta lt» larre t:-\tj *re all 7e«e:al>le.
and perfectly harmless In tti-lr «-i e : j. J?J nerfu »«•.
lain to cnre. Rea.ler. if you d-*;re to tavu ino'iey and
time, «od ret Tour heilin. tax? it u taet> ma«i'i a#
these things which only ta'llate wh'l 9 they do niftcurw
a mimvA^. 11 !' y ' b - 15 - 1!S7 '
MTS9R3. a <v. MANN « CO.-OenU: Weilodyoor
A<ue Balaam superior to aiy remejy iq our market for
the lermaaent cu-e of all ma:«rioui die .tr*. We
ebeerfa.ly recommendlt as won*/ ihit i;r»at name U
baa whereve- »>i i a d u.eA.
Vcr? truly jour*, RICIIAIID3 A TIHM43.
- .. . «atio*. Oh'<v, April. I«J*.
Totheiu.T«?rers of cLll s. fa'er and 1 cheerfully
snmbitths following: Havicg o*>'ervcl cojelvthj ef
f. eti of ur. Mi #i A<ue Uahatn 1 a $ vlosliy the
pas*. tnree je if.lini well pie-ut<l with Its remedial vir
tue! a* an ;utid to malaria I ha.'e frequently um>l
r >p aiy 1 r +cttc-:, a;d ».t;i eu I™ su'L>'\«:Uua. Prom my
luln3«.e kao#i. <u-of t' U co:o,oaod.l recommend it
isj-fe And
MiiSU< :*. K MANN « llivt-gsold
jour Ashj U.di m fir ■ .e mv. ih,-e« jcKn tj scores of
persm- lauii.. vic.uit \ aad ubjer»iu* Its ell<ctv
we do nj-t b.T.ure t-i » «•>-! *#.. ,n||. b-,t retted*
ev.*rs»ld n iLd ir.a. nd »,.i ifT ; ctu*lly euro chills,
fever-«nda*ae «;tlnut f. I ,
Truly jours, PUIILI UAN' £ &EA2N3, Dru**Utj.
no «>v-j di tol. 13. lii«.
UK. 3i v^WPlea,a j-n 1 tai oue-ta-f arow irore of
year U.\3AuiiDui'.* :i 4 t»-ly ltiaio <,eat dem*nd.
and ant betwiy U>- K:n* of Kever aod A««e.
J. LYILE, ?b>sic2ia Otu^irt.
_ _ . Lrcsroti. June IS. IS5*.
MES3M. B.K MAN.N 4 CO. 04133. obin.-Cenrt;
I baT« to say lb*i I bite f >r several m n'b* been com
pletely oroßr*tc-d b> tails, f;Te? »d<l a«ue. acd u I
b*te a larse family wbj wsre <l«iueo Jcat •>L.oa mi labor
for their exutm*. Ibayatr.ed u "Is ail ih« woe reme
dies In mj re*ca [*jj ibe> are le<i o:%] u.H 1 fouod uon«
ticareuatillcsed your **je I na»e aeTrr
•hoc*, crbadap rt.clenf f Ttr tlnce the rti»t dose, oat
I bare sln-e ased the tb!rd bottle. I have now Been
soacd for t reemqua*. iu.d lid conllica. i; U tboonly
tbiigtha' wilt cercrfiii.
Yoars uuJ„ o. P. WOOD.
8, K. 31A.%\ *fc t 0., Proprietors, Gallon. 0.
O. J. WOOD .fe CO. St. Wj. sl>. Sole Wbolesile
the We.teraiUJei aai T.r:iv,rl-r«. and
sold b t all drolls v
Or, .VKllfj; TO.YIV,
WILL cuaz
i * Panama Ferers can often be prevented by tbe nse
of thU taraiuab e remedy. Tie retlye Is from a very
c lebrated slclan after thi.'ty.dve jftrj eipfrioce
to UospltaJs and 1 rlvite practice In New fork ulty. and
baa been waled la a I lections of tbe couctry dunn« the
past six jeais wltli the n>st
*»-steraaa«l Jj.u.h»estern c-iUJtry, Fever and
Aeue prevail It hi* accomrlsned reach by curia* tbe
d's-.-aae as wUI as and reeuueratlaji the sy»-
Wm already sAa'ter-d by the o.se of Uwln'ne. Morphine
aad Mercury, or rorn 100 'r-e uso of tbe trashy oo*ttam*
saeh as are d 'lly bela< forced ui*a the .a-
TiliiL To all juJerlrw from rros ri-ion after dUcAS© I
recommend aad «4r.ia;e-; th'.i Me lkine 4j a perfect
T nlc. To travellenln unhealthy cilnu'e*. I would use
the words of the wvll knjwn Cattaia Jul.a W. Manaon.
now of a Liverpool Packet IJae, a d m\iy jears m lha
Bouth<rn aad Americao Ccastin* "I
would a« »oon thiok of *oin< to sea without» redder as
without th«s Quinine
J. H. liAZARD. Pnmrtrtor.
121 Maidea Line. New York.
Pcnton, Coblnaon &
Wholesale Aamt*, Ii 3oata Water jtrvet, Cbic<«o, Hi.
Fuerds delay not ■ "ly
one moment In uMdk
thli great ard best Jvlb
it wlTb- e "'*h2? t"e
S»rln(t of Life, and / \ \
thou wilt be restored t__L\ < r
scaln t> thy taml'r.
Thoaneed not **—'
for as : ear'y *a ti «u art tl y roidhtoi !i not mor«»
hopeless thin muse «ai. acu ai tbim knowe.h, I
have been resmre-i to robmt a« weII as ihouaanda
of uthen. »b;<»» testimony if uu <vl;t :Isd w:ih the hot
nft, because ev-tyibl a thnu hMI tried has
Mled. that thou »r betond the rfacb tredirines.
TboawiH sareir rotl.r d-celve<l by ih i gcod remedy.
Be sure that thcu ii.:U<st ■•■tbrr ta- 'lo nf
80'dby «OLI,feA sMITti * CO..
d«-l • Ui L\*e street.
Ileal vistntc.
For Sale Cheap !
choice lots ok memo ax avknte,
Near Monroe street, full depth to an alley. Very cheap,
Divided by the South Brvicb. particularly adapted to
Manufacturing Purposes.
In 3oh?ol Section aJdition to Chlcico.
In the Wes; Dlvlsiin,
All the above Proyerty will be sold v-r7 cheap fcr
ca»b oron time. Cdlan liee. Inquire of
lalb9 Ilin lal Lake »lr<et.
Improved Farm for Salo.
1 \ Hundred imd Twelve with ;in abu->danc« of
wo«d and livtni waier. c;m br at i very low vrlre.
TVs farm Is wltuia amile and a bal' of che \>a'?na Kail
1 oaiL an<i ihe tarn-: distance 'r m UatavK on (tie Llur
llczton Road.aboutthlrty-flvi miles from
inquire of C. K. 1»- K.
jal lra VM L\ke street.
t t Zesldeaoe. a
Tl C» yi S 'r K J\ i),
Ji'omazif of a Two story Mllw.iuki» Prloi :Ji>aje. v*t
bulldinca, Yard and Garden, ail In order, local
etl la one of tho-e beantiful aadhe»'!:y L-»ite l'ywaaln
Wliconslo. only W mlts ?rcr» * hi« c!ty < r tt. ; lc*}o' tt'<
' ake tfhoro i-Mlron-i
wanted to «e:l v,r oxciiar:/ tor •• t> . t.c,;-
Wisconsin fuming ud Pin a L\nd*
Icr Partlt-Jar* address Pi*t. OTr* 'Jca I>V.
■ay*-»a-a- IT
Tbß Subscriber having hid much practical experieaca la
In the various L<td o!s<iict«ln theWesiern states b
unusual facilities for v.tillable seclectlons
Chelae Selections muy now be made in
Penoaa bavfag Warranta ctn b.\vo tbem Located La
their Own Name.
And 40 per Cent. Prodi Guaranteed*
Payable In One koar.
lowa. Wisconsin and llllaob Lands 'or sale low fur
Money Invested la Kansas and Nebraaka.
£. SALJdDCar. Laod Ucatlna A>ent,
aalSsodiy -if Clark street, Cbicavo.
<_Dll' uilJiitu
Located at Chlca«. New York. Phtl*i!elobla, Albany
Buffalo, Clevela id-ix.d i'e'rolt. fontj thro'
tf~e eclire Chair. Co' , «r , Hd'tHn**of *' Biysni k
ilercani'leColleic" aad "Neil's CcmraerclMl
eowcondeeted asnnr I stltuM n inner tl - atme and
it'ie of BbLL, "hVANT A arWATTO... DinbyV.Bfll
Joint Proi rlet-'r and A.*v»cl ue Pr*r.ci; al of Cb!ca;o Col
leve. C-reuliran Catalraue nf a) cm s fort bhed gra
tuitously on application » the ua* ersi»oed
)a?i yOdAw 'V BRYANf. BRM. i; HT^AtTQ*?.
A First-Class Uoardlnji and Diy for Yocng
Ladles. J. V. HB.vJE. PrlnapaL
Ri-mucn w Chi^AOo:—Wm. ». o<de ■ t>u : H*v.
Wn. W. -'atton; J '» Wei-ter. Luther liaver,
K q.; Wm. U. Esq . 8:i t. Pin. A:b B.
Lounsb'.'ry. Esq.; JoLa I*. Chwp.a. t«q.;J.
moo. jai4 3m*
Term will e nrienos on Mocd S >veraber 3d,
ii.>_ A. J. HAWYJ.R. -V SI.. C. tlaae to reeeiva
orlv tweatr-flve pupils Into his a; li;s residence.
11- MoartM «r«e:. and h • wishes no • 'o apply for ad
alMlon un!e«i thc7 sr« determiiird o o well for ♦hem
♦etv-s. Fcr the advancement of thciw -daltted ao :>alna
wtil be rp iml by the tea hers. *e*
Dispensary or th« InJirmary
Open Elery Homing from 11 1-2 to li 1-2 o'dk
0. e poor iiilb dhease* of the Kya and lar.
! a 60 Sorth Clark Street. Cor HicJiigajL
1 1. uiTsis:—W L Newberry, CV Dyer and
L Hiveo. V. Pre»lde t ts: d Hton>». i?eeretTiry 1 Treaa3r*r:
J U Kinsi-. Rev N I. Bice, D 0. it v -V B«rr*. P Carpen
ter. W II Broan. KB Mo "a** * »to»ely. M ti«ir»ner.
Cos CL?i»ol-cao» s&— Prof D BraJnard. M D, Prof J
W tn*r. U i).
ATTOrcqSoaaßo*3-S L Uolmes. M D. W >< BaltieU,
iaji 3a*
... , . «, . \ r -
fro ctieul optician,
•' V '.I ik-L'!. f\lS 1 "TV N. 1.,
Oi>:be Court Ilouw*.
Largest aci choicest sssortireat of Optica] aad Vatha
matical (i«o<3sla tb- _
Cnntal - laa« and i ieaaloc BRAZILIAN PEB
BL£ SPECTACLES on band. Also,
Opera Ulasses, i'e-scopes Mieros'ooei -"arometcrt.
Lanteraa. A&-, Ac.
tW All jroods an* sold at the lowest New York pricn.
K Y W Aji D E A K .
Uli. I'.IDK»W 000.
r laflnnary of LoulsyQle. Ky., ajjd more reeently Phj»
at clan and Sonceoo to iho Ky« and Kair loflrrnary, Cobna,
boa. Ohio, and aotbo*ef »-"Hew rtrvtem of Treatlna Di
seases of tbo Jtytaod Ear wlthoot lu a a or the Knife,'*
would announce (hat he ha* permiaenUy eitabl'shrd ap
Inflrmeryla thecttyof O&icaso. lUtoola. ai dIVKNTY
THRK£ South Clark street. In ordei to atfdpl to those
fiicted with r iriers of the &T« and Car. ao opportonlty
of being treated by a »ystea wtilca >a entirely aew. per.
fcctiy safe, aed tue newer been knows to Call In eeieeuoe
permanent eorea In all esse# *Tthin toe reach ot human
Ckk«|« Ifarrwl Dbnftetvlaf C»h
bootti QTiAwif. NrAA.soara-m.
Ass pbkparkd to contract with
MUlen far a regular poppfy of Barrela, of a soi«rior
soailty; U oni/arm riia. Alvsaap onhaadaaepclio
if&i SMdIH ud

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