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MESS AND TRIBUNE.
FRIDAY MOEKINO, yEBBUABY 4, 1859 • The New Apportionment Bill—Parti sai i)isboiM(T< t The Chicago' TSswi is very apprehensive , that the Kepubliwm members will urumtly ] object to the eopctmeßt*-®f. the swindling 1 apportionment TjTll"before the legislature. The bill iB framed, as the Timu tacitly admits, in ntWr fhP rl glitaj)f .the Bepab»_ . licin .half". of"~thV"Stale." It does not.pretend to deny thai, under this bill, the voice, of, the, laajotHy ,ifl effectually Blified. fc o basely u&Tair and partisan are its provisions,' that the Ttaus predicts in aid vance that the Republicans will not submit to the outrage. The dishonesty of the Appor tionment is so barefaced that It expects the Republican members vrill feel Impelled to re* sort to the " process of leaving both Houacs without' a quorum/' The..Timet threatens that IT they do nbtetaod quietly and ed that the Democratic minority two years hence will resort to 'like' proceeding*, and stop the Republican inajiJtKy from reelecting Judge TrumlmlL On this branch of the sub ject we have to say, that " sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof." Let.the Legislature ot 1861 take care of Itself. We are dealing with that of 1859. . ' The present apportionment law was made upoD the basis of the census of 1850 when the State contained only 851,470 people. The of 1855 retornel a population Of. 1,306,666. An inspection of the two census returns shows that the greater portion of this increase was in the northern coontief, which are all Republican. Consequently, if a fair Apportionment be now made, the "Rb publicao counties would be entitled to a ma jority of the members of. the next Legisla ture. Thll 1 act is not denied. The party a majority of the Beats in the present Legislature is a minority of the people. The Republican candidates for the Legislature last received 124,698 votes—to which ehorildbe added 577 votes cast for the Re publican State ticket in counties where no legislative candidates were run by our party, makings total of 12G,275. The "Popular Sovereignty " party polled for its legislative candidates, 121,190 votes, which leaves a Republican majority of 4,085 on the legisla tive test in the State. Now, this equal rights, popular sovereignty party, which is in a clear minority of over four thousand voters, propoEcHo pass a bill glviug the majority of the people 3 3 Representa tives and the minority 47! As soon a« the editor of the Tima read the bill he said to himself : " The Republicans will hardly "stand it; they aro-fools if they do, but we 41 will intimidate them, if possible, by mak " ing a great blow about 1 revolutionary pro ' ceedings and the direliil effects thereof "Wo will threaten them that iftheydonot al " low this bill, which disfranchises the ma jority, to pass, that the' Democrats will ab " squatulatc two years hence when a Senator is to be elected, if the Republicans fehould "be in power." Accordingly, yesterday morning he reads the # Republican mem- - bers, who represent a majority of the people, a lecture, and warns them of the tciriblc consequences that will ensue if they prevent the enactment of the iniquitous scheme to deprive the majority , of the people ot their constitutional rights. ; We imagine tha: they will defend the sacred rights of their constituents at all hazards, against the tyranny of a fictitious legislative majority, and let tbc consequences take care of themselves. The Republicans are entitled to a fair ap portionment ol tlie State ; they ask nothing more, and should submit to nothing less. The wrong-doers are the Democrats: The Repub licans merely resist manifest oppression upon their nuked rights. If there be fair play, or any approximation to it, there will bo no ob stacles placed in the way of the passage of on apportionment bill. But such a contrivance as that before the Legislature should ie fought to the bitter end. The real"revolu tionist" will be those who attempt to impote it upon the public. The people will say, u Wo unto them by whom the offense com eth. It were better for them that a mill- stone were hung about their necks, and they cast into the deptlis of the rea." Another View of the Cuba Question. If anything remains to be said about Cuba and the Cuba question, we apprehend it is this; that the premises on which all the argu ment in favor of purchase or seizure rests, are utterly fictitious and worthless. We have had pages of demonstration that Cuba is wanted to manufacture slave States, slavery Senators, slavery Representatives and slavery Presidential votes; that wc are not in condi tion to purchase the Islaud; that Spain would not sell it if we were running over with dol lars to pay for it; that we cannot presume to lay our hands upon it without calling upon ' oureelves a protracted and unequal war with tbe first class powers of Christendom; that tbe doctrines of the Oslcnd manifesto, the perpetual bullying of Spain in Presidential messages, and the well-understood plans lurk ing behind every proposition for purchase, are detestable and felonious; that Hr. Bu chanan's call for thirty millions ot dollars can only refer to the bribing of Spanish min isters and ministers' pimps, etc., etc. But it has hardly been thought worthy of investiga tion, whether'the 'clamor Of Slldell, Buchan an, Douglas ac.d the rest of them concerning the imperative requirements of the case, the political.and commercial necessities demand ing our speedy possession of the inland, are trno or false. We take the position at onoe, that, in so far as they declare any immediate or impera tive need, they arc (sheer fabrications. The only reason which commends itself to the common sense and the Interests of the people, viz., that the acquisition of the island will insure us cheap sufc-ar, is precisely tbc ono which the Cuba party fail to press. Even this has no more weight than an argument for the seizure of Brazil to obtain cheap coffee, and neither amounts toanythiog while we have the power to throw sugar and coffee into the free list. The Halnnrv of the assump tions upon which our requirements arc pred icated, are these: Cuba mounts guard over the Gulf of Mexico—she " commands :f tbe commerce of the Mississippi Valley—she j stands in the way of our route to the Pacifio —and lastly and leaetly, the places' a high duty on American flour. These positions we propose to examine, consecutively and briefly. It is trnc that Cnba stands sentinel at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico. But how that fact should trouble us or any other peace ably disposed nation, docs not appear. Ja maica, Hoyti and the Bahamas do the same; yet we have no disturbance on their account. Cuba is not to blame for having been planted under the eightieth instead of the sixtieth meridian, nor is Spain culpablo to that de gree which merits the blackguardiog admin istered to her by American Presidents and Senators. The declarations that Cuba "com mands" tbe commerce which flows from the mouth of the Mississippi, and that she stands in tbe course of our Pacific mail steamers, are but different statements of the preceding proposition.,. They all amount to nothing while there is water enough to sail around in, and it Is not known that our possession of the Island would put her an inch ont of the way. In the hands of a powerful and war like nation, we grant there would be danger of a misuse of these accidents. But Spain has no power to harm us nor has she manifested the least inclination to do so. While Cuba remains in her present keeping she Is Inca pacitated} for damaging us, and her " com mand" of the Gnlf, amounts to as much and no more than the like command of the Isle of Pines. What shall we say of her revenue laws which impose restrictions on the importation of American flonr and grain, except that she has equal right to complain of our revenue laws which levy a toll on West India engar and molasses I Moreover, we arc as folly called upon to make war upon Ph?nn for her commercial regulations, as upon Cuba for the method die chooses to adopt to raise the wind- Thns much and no more does all the Cnba clamor of oar pro-slavery cabinets and gauenses amount to. OUR PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. Statistics of the Penitentiary. . . The Beport of the Warden of the Illinois PeuV tentiaiy gives some interesting statistic in refer ence'to tbe nativities, crimes, occupations and localities of former residence, of the convicts under jiU charge. " Ont of the 661 prisoners In the Penitentiary on the first day of January, 1859, 138, or something more than one-fifth or the whole, were born in 'lreland.—The whole number bo~m in foreign ooun triea aside from the Green Isle, is 127. Next to Ireland in the quota of jail birds comes New York with 129, then Germany 60, Pennsylvania 38, Ohio 36, England 34, Canada 23, Illinois 22, Kentucky 19, Virginia 16, Scotland 16, Massachusetts 11» lutiiana 10, and New Jersey 10. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, Maryland, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Tennessee, Mis souri, Michigan, Wisconsin, Prussia, Hungary, France, Holland, Norway and Austria contribute less than 10 each; and Rhode Island, North Caro lina, lowa, Arkansas, Hanover, Isle of Man, New foundland, Belgium and Denmark 1 each. The popular crime of larceny sends 378 of these persons into the service of the State. Burglary does the job lor 69. Murder (with commutation of sentence) incarcerates 38; assault with intent to kill. 16. For Robbery there are 30, for forgery 28, for Eape 10, for Passing Counterfeit Money 12 The remainder as classed as follows: Periorr # C ime asritut nature 1 . 9 Aitemoun* to putt coua- An&alt to rape - 6 „ S MacsliuidiWr 7 Robbirft port-office 7 CoonterfeitlD* I A'waJtto rob S ViolatmmaU 2 Kldmpplnt S Aauult to murder 17 Emocxsios letters S Stealing mail 4 Blxamjr 2 fofctioc Cc.i Jols bills..•• 1 Receiving *toltnK?od'....S Vacraocy....; a Obiu-ccUnc rallr'd Wick..2 Anon -9 ' The occupations of our culprits are as diverse as their nativities. We see no reason for there being ISS farmers to only one lawyer, unless tbe knaves gave the former calling in mitigation of sentence. Day laborers are renresented by 125, sailors 87, boatmen 25, teamsters 22, carpenters 22, tailors 20, blacksmiths 20, clerks 19, waiters 16, machinists 15, .cooks, (enough to spoil the broth certainly,) 11, painters 12, printers, butch ers and masons 11 each, shoemakers 10, barbers 9. There is one editor, one reporter, one drug gist, one brewer, one tumbler, one " fancy wo man" and one gambler—the majority of the last calling mentioned haring probably enrolled themselres as farmers. The other trades are represented thus: S-hool teacher. 3 Wrod chopper J Miner 4 ThltT $ S Tttimlib li*roets maker 5 Weaver *> GWiblower 5 Rope maker. 1 H0u5ekeeper............. 1 Dphol«ter«r. 7 Gilder j Mercbu.l S Litner 3 PhysidiD... 6 Mreman Trader....... 1 cailmnker a Hone cutter 4 Turner Steward 3 Gardener } Pedal r * keeper j Pilot 3 Caulker 1 Mi lrr a Jeweler. 2 PoVaber 1 Anctor maker 1 Hatter..... 3 I'onfectloner 1 Wacun maker r 2 Gta fitter......... 1 Bake- *•** 6 «erar maker I Co per 6 Newsboy a Porter 3 ti»amitre» 1 Engraver 1 Taper maker 1 i>room maker....... 1 Tbe following is a Statement designating the Counties from which the conricts were commit ted : PeoHa - 21 pais 4 La IS Moultrie.... 3 St. GUlr 27 S Dav 1 Alexaader 4 JoDavlnt. a.. 2* bood 1 Monroe 6 Ocles 1 Tazewell. 7 Mercu*. 2 Cook 33« Wa-ren 1 Montrometr "•••• 1 Woodford....- 1 HcAl 1 Ilu-din 1 Edu&r 4 Henry. 5 PotfiiHL «. ♦••• 4 Knox 8 Macoupin 3 Pa .Ramon S Gdllatin.. 4 Henderson 2 Wabash 2 McLean 2 Oile 2 Kankakee 2 Adiros 11 DeWitt 3 UsdiiOD.... M SI Wb'teiide. 5 Lake 5 BlcDonoagli. 4 Logan 3 Ma"on 2 Marshall 3 Jackson 2 Randolph * ?. 8 Je sey 3 Vermillion ts Massac 3 Clinton 1 vvi5!.....: 1* I*e 6 Rirk Island ¥ Johnson 1 McHenu Williamson 1 Wmte r \ Markm 6 Jffinnham 2 Greene * Oomberland 1 Pulaski 3 Cbrlsiian. 1 1«awrence................ 3 Rlch'and ................ 1 Jefferson.... 1 Washington * 1 Shelby I De Kalb fi Ho Pare 3 Motpao 1 Chtmpaljn a Pchuyier...... 1 Ma-.n, 6 Stark 1 Stephenson. 9 Hamlitcn 2 Winnebago 11 Fulton 2 Kane calhoun 4 Clark 1 IT. S. Court, Nor. Dist.. 7 Jasper. 2 D. ti. Court, fiou. DLtt.. 1 Total cei Of the G6l conricts in the prison, 40G can read and write; 154 can read, and 101 can nei ther read or write. Fire are sentenced for life; one is sentenced for 25 years; one for twenty years; two for 18 years; two for 17 years; four for fourteen years; two for 12 years; 23 for 10 years; and all the others are tor a less term. * Statistics of the Insane Hospital. We presented yesterday some general facts embraced in tbe report of the officers of the State Insane Hospital at Jacksonrille. From the Superintendent's statement we compile the following additional information concerning this peculiar class of unfortunates: Cause of insanity in the admissions, as given by ' friends: IU health... 37 General paralysis 2 Puerperal *4 Political excitement. 2 Vicious listeria.... 2 lMijtlou«« scheme, t U gappresslon of cutaneous lieath of friends IS disease 2 Irumperanee U S'roke of lightning 1 Uterine disease '1 Hirdstod? 1 hpllepiy 10 Use of tobacco X BnsinetSperpHxiUes V Cholera 1 Disappointed love 7 Metastasis of mumps 1 Domestic trouble 6 Loss of sleep 1 Hard labor 6 Id ol 1 Concu?6ion cf the brain.. 5 Ucknown V 9 I'ld age 6 Disappoln'mentfrom tml- Total.. 312 gra'Jcn 3 In firtr<elx cases the dlseaie was hereditary. —From which It would seem that disappointed love occasions only about one forty-fifth of the in* sanity of the country—a hard case indeed. NUMBER OP ADMISSIONS FROM EACH COTOTT. Since the opening of the institution, the num ber of admissions from the principal counties of the State has been as follows: 1 Cook.. CI Adams.... 40 Oass 15 DeWUt 15 Folton .27 Greene 13 Henry 14 Kane 34 i.*tW!e IS Morean 69 Macoupin vl Madison 31 McLean 24 Porta. 24 Jo Daviess...- IS Pike <3 Uock Island 25 St. Cla r 37 bans«aiob 33 T'teweli 19 \tlmieb.fro.... 10 "Will 19 Toe duration of insanity in the 312 cases admit > ted since December 1,1850: Leas than three moolhs.lS Four to five years 4 Threeto six m nths.... 45 Five to ten years 9 fi xto nine months IS Ten to twenty yens 7 Mnetj twelve months.. 6 '•wrtwenlyyears 2 One to two years 35 Unknown 14 Two to three years 1? __ Three to four years 12 Total 313 Railroad Convention at Oskaloosa, lowa. 1 A Railroad Convention was held at Oskalooss, lowa, on Wednesday, the 26th nit, consisting of delegates from the counties of Lee, Van Bu- 1 ren, Wapello, Des lloines, Jefferson, Keokuk, ! Mahaska, Jasper, Marion, Polk, Poweshiek, Black Hawk, Tama, and Jehnson. Tbe delibe rations resulted in the passage of resolutions to the effect that the people of the Des Moines Valley would unite with all their influence in favor of the construction of tbe Valley road, from Des Moines by way of Pella, Oskaloosa and Ottumwa, to secure aSouthern and Eastern connection with tbe capital of the State. The oonfidence of the Convention was also express* ed in the Keokuk, Fort Des Moines and Minne sota Bailroad Company, and the people along the line were earnestly recommended to unite heartily and cordially and by; Individual and county subscriptions to cud tbe company in preasing the Valley road through. A "Big Drank" in Contemplation* Tbe Indianapolis Sentinel understands that tbe members of tbe Senate and House of Repre sentative of tbe "sorereign State" of Indiana, at tbe instigation of Mr. Hafiren and others, " without distinction of partr," intend to inrite the members of the Legislature of the '• sover eign State*' ol Ohio, to visit them " in a body," at Indianapolis, " during tbe present session." It is believed that " such an interehaoge of feel ing and sentiment between thoee great Statea of tbe Northwest would be of incalculable advan tage in cementing," Ac., &c, "the bonds of brotherhood," Ac, &c., 44 welfare and prosper ity," &c., &c , «♦ great ralley of the West," Ac., s Ac. And it is further understood that the inri tation will be accepted, and that the Indiana ' Legialature will be *' inrited to return the ris ' it,' and will acoept 1 If the members of the . Legislatures of tbe sovereign States of Ohio and Indiana hare nothing better in con > templation than interchange of *' visits," " they should adjourn at once. An 41 interchange of risits" between tbe Legislators ot Indiana and those of Ohio, signifies a debauch protract > ed through a fortnight, exceedingly discredita ble to all concerned, and destroctire of public interests.—Cincinnati Comnureial. Wkat a Batch of Pies Cost a U. S. Senator. Two passengers came through on the under ground railroad train a few days since from Kentucky. OnewasSenatorThompeon , s < 'boy," a likely mulatto of some 18 or 20 years of age. . It is said a tie of so delicate a nature oonnects 1 the ** boy " with his master as to excite the ire of his mistress and to make home particularly , uncomfortable when '*he Senator is in Wash ington. 1 . A batch of pies caused the " boy "to leare borne. He had put the pies in the oren leariog the door open, as the oren.was too hot, but by some accident tbe door got shut, the pies were • burned, the boy was promised a licking in the morning, bnt before day be and a fellow were on their wsy towards the North Star.—CZtctlonrf Herald, lU, A Loctd CiLLi—The Britixh Standard says: "Our readers must not be surprised should they ghnrtlj tip at that jm offer has been Mr. Spur* gcon of SIO,OOO, to preach four discourses in the splendid and spacious Moac Hall of New Tork.' 7 OIIR wPMSGFIELD COUESFOffDJEKCE. . T *al© Forged Canal Cliecki—Tbe Two -8111 l M ax—Adjournment—£tc. I ' Olpeeial OarrtspsndtuMoTthe Press end TrfboaaJ . EranraLa, teb. % itm. The excitement in relation to tbe fraud «po* fl * e the Fond Commissioner*• Office continues ont abatement. The history of the master la ** this: ra In 1889 tbe Canal Commissioners t failing to receive the funds with which to pay the esti- re to be : printed in' » bm>RHog arid OB unworkmanlike manner, in checks tb upon the Branch of the Sta» e Bank at Chicago. Ml These wen made pay able to the order of J. A. u HcClernand, signed by W. F. Thornton and fa Jacob Fry, and endows by McClernand. In August of that year, another batch of $126,000 Ml was issued,—making the whole amount near 1400,000. These -*ere all made payable 90 days c after dste, and were the common currency of ** the Canal country, passing like bank notes ne freely from hand to hand. While they were yet current, in fact, shortly after they were pot out, counterfeits were discovered, and tbe coun terfeiters were arrested, tried and sent to the States Prison. In 1844, there remained of ? 1 these checks only $316 unredeemed ; and for m fifteen years they hare not been" known. Oc cassionally a stray counterfeit has turned up but no banker or dealer in State indebtedness has thooght of making an investment therein.' j* On Tuesday, Campbell of LaSalle, member of 111 the House, handed Gen. Fry one of the e coon- terfehs (received from a constituent) and askkd him his opinion of its ralae. It was declared worthless; and without surrendering it, the 10 Geo. properly walked into tbe Auditor's office to inform him that all paper of that description was fraudulent. That officer called down the * ll Fund Commissioner's Clerk (E. Moore, Esq.,) j? —by the way the Gov. is rz-ojicio Fond Commia. n siooer—and then the fact came to light that tb of the supposed counterfe its hare been received, funded and canal bonds issued there- 0I founder the act of 1847. -Inquiry waslnaUnt- u ly made as to the parties who had done this w thing* and from the evidence of Mr. Moore, MS is plain that Gor. Matteson Is the person upon - w whom the responsibility now rests. It appears pi that during the last days of his administration, * (January 9th, 1657), he issued bonds to the g ; amount of $15,000, tearing these supposed coun- pi terfeits as vouchers. On the 27ih of February, shortly after Gov. Bissell was inaugurated, Matteson presented and funded $61,000; and on 0 ; the 18th of March, about $30,000. - w Tbe Finance Committee of the Senate met last evening, and commenced an investigation 0 but did not proceed far for want of books and p papers. Gov. Mat'eson was present, and though not examined before the Committee, stated to g bis friends that most of these checks were his by ti purchase; that since he commenced banking, he had bought upwards of $1,400,000 in public ° securities, and that ignorant of their fraudulent r , 'character, be had bought these among others; h that Bonds were issued upon them by his direc- tion io various parties; and that he is not yet £ convinced that he has been imposed upon. This C is his statement, for. the truth of which his jj I friends give him foil credit. They have started i the hypothesis that these are tbe genuine checks, b I which once paid were subsequently stolen and reissued, and that the Governor has been an £ 1 innocent but unfortunate purchaser. Of course v there are various surmises and manv sinister u i whisperings; but as Ido not wish to do any one * ' injustice, I will not give tbem currency, bat t; | wait the report of the Committee. Parties have v i been this morning dispatched to the Canal Of- [ fice at Lockport, and to tbe cflice of tbe State f | Trustee at Chicago, to bunt up books and gather c | testimony bearing on the case; and when tbe i Committee reassembles on Friday, the whole ? ! matter will probably be laid open. 4 ; Of the bonds issued for these checks, $92,000 a are despatched with the Treasurer as security ° tor the issues of the State Bank of Illinois at Shawneetown, owned by Matteson. In any 0 event the State will not be a loser. If the 8 checks prove worthless, as they probably will, jj tbe payment of the bonds will be refused, and d suit will be commenced against the parties pre- * | seating the indebtedness for the recovery of the ! money if any of tbem have been bought out of 1 the proceeds of the various funds for that pur- f pose. Gov. Bissell in ail this matter needß no de- P He came into office on the 12th ot Jan- ( uary. On the 9th tbe payment of these checks was established as a precedent by bia predecea* sor. He followed only in *tiis footsteps. His clerk is the same man who served Matteson, and who bos served the State since 1830, al ways as employee of one of the publie offices. He (Moore) is a thorougly honest and incor ruptible man; and upon his knowledge of the different forms of indebtedness, the Governor . supposed he could rely. A mistake is all that they can be charged with. The fraud must be accounted lor by other parties. A very interesting debate sprung up in tbe House yesterday afternoon on the bill forbid ding tbe collection hereafter of the constitu tional or two-mills tax, in which Church of Mc- Henry, Haines of Lake, Hurlbut of Boone, and Greene of Massac favored, and Peck of Cook, Davis of Montgomery, and Harmon of Vermillion opposed, tbe passage of the bill. The speeches were able—those in favor of tbe proposition-specially so. The matter in issue is one about which a great variety of opiniona may be honestly entertained, and abont which much on'each side may be well said. lam of the opinion that tbe collection of the tax will be postponed. Mr. Nichols* Reform School bill passed the " Senate yesterday, snd will soon come up in the House, where its success is not so well assured. K Its friends are confident, however. Many of the Southern members have declared in its !] favor. If they do not change their minds, Mr, u N. will soon have cause to rejoice. No time is fixed for adjournment. As the day for thfrt event draws near, the industry of- both 84 Houses is redoubled; and within the next week unless some exciting topic like tbe Apportion- 81 ment or the Chicago Charter arises, more bills will be enacted than in all the former part of the " session. Schemes which hare been hanging in P doubt are pushed with renewed rigor; opposi- 8 tion to bills of oegative merit grows more earn- est and pronounced; new combinations are * formed; new bargains are made, and the indi- a cations of speedy dissolution multiply on every han£. It is not probable that the members can be kept here more than their allotted six weeks; The desires and demands of home will nause T< them to break away one at a time, or by half; * T dozens, in-Bpite of public or political considers- tions, aad within two or three days after the ** pay drops down to one dollar no quorum will be leli. The Governor's register shows that up 1C to date only eighteen bills bare been approved. The resolution in relation to the proposed call for a Convention was under discussion in 81 the Senate this morning, as the special order. 0 By agreement, the debate was to be concluded and a rote taken to-day. Mr. Vanderen, in. a brief speech, explained his position, when tbe ares ancT noes were called with this result: °1 Ayes 17, Nays 8. So the resolution is passed, and the matter lies over for two years. m The"House is engaged in tbe passage of bills of a local character. i* 1 • ■ 01 Later from Utah. OIUT SiXT Lies CtTT, U. T„l .• Buardar, Jan. 1. ICoS. j & The news of the completion of tbe telegraph tfc line across the Sierra Nevada Mountains into y this Territory was received with enthusiasm and joy by the Gentile portion of this comma nity, as tbe completion of the line to this city rery early in the Spring is now reduoed to a ii certainty. f Mr. Osborne, the Gentile member of the Leg islature, elected from Green Rirer county, took bis seat as a member on Thursday morning, b His right to a soat was contested by Mr. Hoop- Dl er, who was elected from this county, oa the groand that Green River couoty had r been at- BC tached to it. This law, however, was void, as a it was not signed by Gor. Gumming, who was acting as Gorernor in the Territory at the time. . Notwithstanding this fact, the Legialature, in order to sustain themselres, sustained Hooper " in his claim to a seat, bnt got him af tarwarda to " resign, and permitted Osborne to fill the va- ri cancj thus created. If thia is not *'beating the tt devil round the stump," I know not what it is. te The examination into the circumstances of ¥ the murder of a deaf and damb by in this city p a few weeks ago, by one of the ''destroying P angels," which has created so much interest, was concluded on Tuesdsyisst, and Christiansen tz the murderer, was fully committed for trial be- 01 fore the United States District Court. From G tbe eridence adduced the crime committed was e: clearly murder. The poor boy was arrested on ri a charge of stealing money, which he denieid, 01 although he acknowledged having on a prerious (a occasion taken some. He was taken by this po liceman out through the mountains to hunt for nt money which he had cot taken, and was com- r< pelled by the threats of this man to resort to p< the expedient of traveling -rem one spot to the ax other in order to delay ft which this at man had determined to give him ii he did not find some money. Fioally, alter trareling about to two days, tbe boy, as Christiansen bimsefstates, w became desperate and inflicted a slight wound m upon him, and in return was shot three times by bi the man. In this condition he was placed upon ai a wagon to be brought to tbe city, wounded as tb ha was with three pistol shots, be was again led tb out, and unarmed and weak with the loss of M blood, his throat cut from ear to ear by a man rc armed with a knife, revolver and policeman'a rc club, under the pretence that he had to do it in el ■elf-defenee. it It is oonfldently anticipated by the Mormon leaders .that a Petit Jury cannot be found to ti oonrict him even under this testimony. :We hi shsll see whether such is the case or not. * « ■- - OUR WASHINGTON LETTER. rFrom our own Correspondent]. WisHHtTO*. Jan, 5L1859. The application of Mr. McCormick for the ex tension of his Reaper patent for t term of seven years, Was, on Saturday, -decided adversely by the . Commissioner of Patents. The ease has been pending for a long period, and was elabo rately argued by Edward A Dickerson, Esq., of New Jersey, and Hon. Reverdy Johnson. Tbe renewal of the patent would have .been worth one millio*n~o'f-dollars. -ThVground-on which the denial Mr. McConnick, having bed the unobstructed bm efthe patent for fourteen years, has been fully remunerated for the invention. Though the decision terminates the monopoly, yet Mr. McCormick will retain great advantages over any competition in the manufacture of his ma chines, because be is already established with greater facilities than can be enjoyed by begin ners. It appears that we have reached tbe end of the tariff agitation for this Congress. Party caucuses have assumed all the powers and re sponsibilities ot legislation. One of these mon sters of. usurpation-these fungi of partisan impudence-has been held by Democratic Sen ators, and the caucns have resolved that they will neither.pass, nor permit to pass, any tariff bill at this session. Mr. Hunter laid down the law of party opinion, and presented a resolution in*accordance with it, declaring no ehange in the present rates of duty, to be necessary. Mr. Bigler submitted a.resolution that the revenue was deficient and ought to be supplied by our increase of duties on imports. Bigler was voted down, and Hunter's proposition then passed unanimously. The party is bound by this ac tion, and as it has twenty majority, its decree is fate. No member is now at liberty to vote for any modification pf the tariff, though bank ruptoy and repndiation stare the Government in the face. The Senate, evien in lawful session, has no business with tbe subject at all, for tbe right of originating bills to raise revenue belongs to tbe House of Representatives, and then tbe party is well known to~be~tftvided on this important question. The conventicle of Senators, there , tore, was intended to intimidate a minority, who have been talking of a union with the Re i publicans in order to relieve the Government, ; which has been saved from sudden collapse only by tbe Iste loan, and is liable to fall into the same extremity as soon as that pittance is dis pensed. If Buchanan now had tbe courage of a mouse, he would say to Mr. Cobb, "My dear fellow, you and 1 totally disagree on the very first Question of this, as of every, administration—to wit. tbe • ways and means to keep it in existence. Ton cannot deny tbat you hay? failed at every point. You fouod $26,000,000 of surplus in the Treas ury. You spent all that. You bought in the public debt at sixteen per cent, premium, and two months afterwards you were besieging Congress for a loan of twenty millions. You got tbat and spent it. You then borrowed twenty millions more, and tbat is nearly gone. Thus you have ron through with $66,000,000 more than your income in two years. Aed yet jon obstinately oppose all plans to raise more revenue, either to avert tbe necessity of other loans, or to provide for those you have made. Upon this point my Cabinet must be a unit with myself 1 cannot have a Secretary of the Treasury, whose official acts and influence in Congress are all directed toward resistance to my just authority asbeadof the Administration; therefore, Mr. Cobb, please deliver your seals." A man of spirit and self-reliance would do this, but probably Mr. Buchanan will not. It is said tbat the Republicans held a caucus on the tariff, at which they resolved to vote for no loan bill in connection with such a change in tbe tarifi as would extinguish deficits. This is noteorrect ; no such oaucua bas been held, but that is nevertheless the policy of tbe party. Bu chanan will be lift to tbe chance of a revival of trade, and to the alternative ofa called session, which will split tbe party into little faclions and fragments. Tne Senatorial caucus passed a resolution tn favor of cutting down'appropriations, or, in the common cant, in favor of retrenchment and re* form. But nearly the whole of last week was consumed In the stragglings of the same party, in the House, to hold tbetr gripe upon half-a dozen diplomatic offices, costing nearly SIOO,OOO a year, which the Republicans, under the lead of Mr. Lovtjay, were seeking to abolish as to tally useless. That is the way they will reform. But they will have other ordeals to pass. The opposition are about to make a dead set at those sinks of corruption—the navy yards. They propose to blot one-half of them outofexistence as mere rookeries for swindling contractors and dens ot wanton waste. Tbe united Democracy will, no doubt, come up in united phalanx in defence of them. Bills have been adopted by tbe Committee on Territories favorable to all tbe applications be fore them for territorial organizations, except as to Nevada. That may also be brought in. The prospect is that they will all pass. Josics. Chit-Chat About Gold and the Gold mines* [Correspondence of the Frist a*d Tribune.] DssMoitts, Jan. 31,1U3. What more welcome topic shall 1 write of than Gold? How and where to get it—to get it, wi hont going through the Circumlocution Of fice of "seed time and harvest"—of ploughing and planting, harvesting end threshing, cartage and commission house—verily, to dig up the yellow lumps themselves, that is the question. "Pike's Peak," is the answer that captivates the bard run sons of toil. Discussion is useless. A bigger army than Napoleon conquered half Europe with, is already equipping itself for its Western march, to de spoil the Plains of their gold. The vanguard has already passed the Rubicon, if I may so metamorphose the muddy Missouri. Since to tell men tbat tbe honest tillage of tbe soil were tbe surest, though the slowest way to wealth, will avail nothing, any more than com mands to put about ship in a storm, the next best thing is to point out the shoals and reefs, that the ship may be guided athwart danger; or to return to our warlike metaphor, to make the conquest with the least loss and delay. To eatch your partridge is the first requisite in the receipt for the coolcery of that feathered biped; so.to be well assured of the deposit of gold in the western slope of tbe Rocky Mountain range, is quite a tins qua non to a journey a thousand miles thither. But of this, who doubts ? More from different individuals, all "reliable men," have already been published than 1 should have dared guess there were per sons who had ever seen Pike's Peak. The evi dence bas been cumulative, and cumulative only since tbe first announcement of the discovery. Bnt although tbe jury are already satisfied with tbe evidence on that point, I will risk their patience with that of another unimpeachable gentleman—Lmean Mr. Young, formerly a resi dent near He went to Southern Kansas a yeareince-with a saw milL- There, last sum mer, he .heard of the gold at- Pike's Peak, and left on atour of investigation, in tbe month of June. "Georgia party," and with his companions tra velled over-and "prospected" for gold a large trapt in .the region of Pike's Peak. The longest halt they made was some twenty days, where they averaged six dollars per day to the man. Mr. Young brings back an earnest of bis labor in tbe shape -of several ounces of tbe yellow dust. The anginal intention of tbe party was, Mr. Young says, to keep the matter a secret, and quietly to go out the coming spring and pick up their "pile," but no sooner bad be reached Kansas than he learned tbe excitement was all abroad thronghout the country. - Mr. Young talks as a candid man. In his opinion Western Kansas and Nebraska arenot destined to equal California. The gold found is much finer, though widely dispersed through the country. No thousand dollarnuggets aston ish men's visions as they stub their toei. It is only by labor that wealth oaq be got even there. They soms times packed specimens of the dirt five miles to try it, and oftentimes found the soil out on the Plains to yield well. Mr. Young is preparing to go to the diggings in the spring, taking with him a saw mill. (Qnery— Who isn't going to take a saw mill t) There is in that region a plentiful supply of pine, and a fair supyly of water. Several parties have already passed through here en routs for the "diggings," intending to pass the remainder of the winter on the Mis souri, and be ready to take np tbe Platte valley at the first peep of grass along its banks. Two sturdy "Suckers" from Grundy county, stopped at our hotel—the American, kept by D. W. Whitney, a name to be remembered by all "ye travellers"—unshipped their knapeacks and revolvers, and informed us that they had made the journey so lar on foot and alone, and so in tended to see Pike's Peak ere grass comes. Worthy grit, that, from the Sucker State, if the poor fellows don't freexe to death by it on the Plains. i Up the valley of the Platte is the great cen ; tral route for the mining region. This route is i one hundred miles nearer than that by Kansas City or even St. Joseph. Too many must not expect to go through to the Missouri river and there pick up teams and prepare an outfit. The demand there will be great and teams and provisions will be high. The sure way is for the emigrants from Illi nois, Wisconsin, Indiana and Miebigan, to get ready with everything at their own doors, save perhaps provisions, whichTbe may get cheaply anywhere in lowa. Btart so as to reach Omaha, at the mouth of the Platte, from the 15th to the 80th of April, when grass will be up sufficient tor feed. Those that have not teams may as well come on to lowa before purcbMing. ouch may reach lowa City by rail, where ihey can branch' off into the adjoining towns or counties and purchase outfits. Those intending to stage through—fare SIOO from Omaha—will come through central lowa from the terminus of tbe M. & M. R. R by the Weatern Stage Co.. which runa to Council Blnfis, opposite Omaha. This route affords the best roads, is nearest, and so, cheapest, to all those near this latitude or above it. Without dilating further npon the Gold fe ver, Messrs. Editors, allow me to aay we are having the pie—anlest winter it was ever my good fortune to witness. S.S. ' Dongias and Harris.- Tbe Washmgton correspondent of tbe Ad ministration psper in Lonisville, gives tbe fol lowing shape to a rumor that has long been afloat in well informed political eirdsa: Hsjor Hanit was the. strongest asd boldest of i Douglas* adherents. To the'effect of bis iron will, broight to bear at all times upon the eanss of Mr. Douglas,: is attributable mure of tbe latter*a reputation for energy aad decision ot character, and boldness of execution, than to anj of those qualities be reallj possesses. To give 70a an instance of it. ; /A warm-boaom friend of MrrDouglas, and a man who holds a distinguished .position in. the Tressury Department, told me that last spring 1 , • on the evening before Mr. English reported the : " Conference bill." and when tae con tents of that bill were well known and being freely dis cussed in Washington, be, the friend of Mr. D.,' called on the latter, and talked over the whole matter J; that be spoke plainly to Mr. Donglas of the position in which he was allowing himself to be placed; tbat even if be only intended to as sume tbat of hostility to the Administration, circumstances would so sccumnlste npon him, as to sink him into opposition to the Democratio psrty; that now an opportunity wee offered to him, to not only place himself in full fellowship, but that by declaring it to be a victory and jnst tbe thing be wanted and had been contending for, he conld completely overwhelm the Admin istration, etc. To many of these arguments Mr. Donglas as sented, and finally, solemnly agreed that be wouM take the coufse advised' by his friend, and to which he was of his own notion more than half inclined, and wonld go for the bilL His Iriend left him, and within half a square met Major Harris going to Mr. Donglas* boose. They stopped on tbe sidewalk, and there tbe same thiogs were said by tbe friend and listened to by Mr. H. At last, tbe former said: "Donglas has agreed with me in my tdess ot this thing, and is going for tbe bill. Now, yon must all get together and concert measures, and tbe whole Illinois delegation must act together for this bill." " Has Douglas, then, promised to go for this compromise said Mr. Harris. "He has just promised me tbat he would do so," said the other. "I'll be d—d if he shall," said Mr. Harris, and they parted, Mr. H. going to Dong las' house, and the other going his way. The next morniog Mr. Donglas made a speech in the Senate, saying that he conld not go for the com promise, and giving bis reason why be conld not What impelled him to take the conrse be did, nobody knows, but Mr. Harris said be j should not go for the bill, and be did not. ne | had certainly promised to do so, but we soon : beard him in Chicago calling it a "cheat and a swindle." Paraguay—Preparation for the Amer- 1 icans. Cczsos Atsis. Dec. ID. X££3. All Sooth American eyes, and doubtless many in tbe North, are tarned towards tbe coming conflict between tbe United States and Para enay. A part of the fleet has arrived in tbe River Platte, and it will be here soon. The programme arranged in Washington was lor Judge Uowlin to leave the fleet at Bnenos Ayres, and to proceed to Assumption, is tbe hope of making by diplomatic skill an appeal to arms unnecessary. There is no probability that any American will be allowed to come in sight of any fortification, or to p.as up any Par aguayan river. The Commissioner will be de tained where be cannot be a spy, until.Lopez sees tit to allow the negotiation to be opened. Tbe first defenses upon the river are known by the Ind'un name of Humaitn Tney consist of a line of nncodered gnus extending along the shore for about a mile and a half, at a point where tbe rirer is very narrow, and the channel not much wider than a canal. The ships to pass mast go within pistol shot of the cannon's mouth. About the middle of this line of breastwork* is a covered battery mounting 13 gun?, bnt tne arched cover and tbe walls are all of brick, and tbe embrasures, built bv a Swiss engineer, an so constructed ss to have tLc weaker side out—tbe wall being on the onUide bevelee ioward the orifice. This fort can only be taken, it is allowed here, by vessels lying out of tbe reach of their cannon, and under cover of tbe river bend and an interven ing forest, and throwing shells. From tbfc point to Assumption there is perhaps the most perfect telegraph, by post horses in tbe world. Upon the arrivaJ of any vessel bound up wards, tbe Inspector at Hnmaita makes out the particulars with great minuteness, giving full par ticulars concvrning any strangers on b'iard,anid tbe messenger starts. There are stations one league apart for tbe whole route, 100 leagues, at which horses are always saddled and rider ready to take the dispatch without tbe delay of a half minute at any point. Such rapidity as this marks any improvement tbat tbe autocrat deems important. Once, wbon an Invasion was threatened, Lopez gath ered 37,000 men at one point, upon a few hours* notice; and, after a training of two weeks, they exhibited a knowledge of militarv manoeuvres, perhaps not found elsewhere south of the equa tor. Tbe males, from fourteen years and upward, are by law soldiers, and are liable to be e&lled out upon an honr's notice. Clothing is not an article of expense, as shoes, pantaloons, hats, vests, shirts, Ac., are not indispensable to a Pa raguayan soldier. At present, tbe abundance of provision always found in summer is in their fa vor. They are awkward as artillery; or as in fantry, bnt as cavalry they would puzzle a mili tary scholar. Frank Blair on "Baces." Hon. F. P. Blur, Jr. .delivered a lecture at Boston on the 26th ult, upon "The Destiny of the Races'*: In this Jectnre he takes the ground, at once, as it seems to us, philosophical and humane, that the alleged superiority of raee of which we hear so much, and which is urged as a sufficient ground for the perpetuity of slavery, is not an abeolute superiority, but one relative only to certain climates. The white race in temperate climates, like those of the United States, may be as superior to the negro race as the most ar dent advocates of slavery contend, but this vaunted superiority ceases the moment we pass into tropical climates, in which the negro attains to increased energy and vigor; while tbe white man dwindles under tbe enervating effects of heat and malaria, and even loses the power of psopagating his race. Why should the black man be dragged into a climate not favorable to his constitution or development, there to be tbe slave of the white man, and kept in a state of perpetual degradation, in which both aocial and physical causes concur, while a vast extent of tbe earth's surface—exceeding that of the two temperate zones, for which only the negro and other colored races are adapted—still awaits tbe prodnctive skill of science and civilization? Would it not be far better, instead of perpet* uating, in these temperate latitudes for which nature never designed them, a degraded race of slaves, to fittbis same race for adding to the dominions of civilization vast regions in which they live and flourish and we cannot. Why should we not follow on in the path which our revolutionary forefathers marked out? They proclaimed, life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness as the equal right of all men. Beginning with .those Northern States which were palpably least congenial, physically considered, to the negro race, they abolished slavery. They provided, by the ordinance of 1787, that no slaves should be introduced into the new latitudes. They abolished the African slave-trade, fondly hoping tbat in doing that, they had struck a blow at the institution of Slavery which must speedily result in its total cessation. It remains for ns to carry out the same policy —a duty not tbe less incumbent upon us from the recent efforts, at the head of which tbe Su preme Court of the United States has placed it self, to reverse the policy of tbe Revolutionary fathers, to explode tneir favorite ideas of the rights of man and the excellence of freedom, and to convert this country from the land of the free into tbe home of .the slave. The heroic re sistance of Kansas to tbe attempts to impose Slavery upon her has secured not only Free La bor for herself, but the ultimate extension of that same system along her parallels of latitude across tbe entire continent. Missouri itself, snatched from the bands of Freedom in 1820, will now, it is conceded, buttressed up by a Free Labor State on ber western frontier, soon as sume her natural position. The influence of this cordon of Free Labor States cannot but be very great on the extension of Freedom. To their development a railroad to the Pacific is very essential* and that forms another leading topic of Mr. Blair's lecture.—iV. Y.Tribttns. Farther from Hayti. The proclamation of the Emperor Faustin) issu ed before the outbreak, forbidding any conversa tion on political matters, seems to have full force here; and although there are rumors of the pro gress of tbe revolution In the North, and of a rising in some of tbe neighboring Southern cities, tbe citizens spare their words on tbe sobject, and when questioned, profess entire ignorance. Tbe latest dates received at Jeremie from Port-au- Prince hint at a strong partv in that city opposed to Soulouque. Should the first battle—if there is any battle at all—go against the Emperor, there may be a rising in the capital. We have news from Gonaive* to the Cth Inst. This is the stronghold of tbe rebellion, and, as one might naturally suppose, any newt derived from this city would favor tbe cause of the revolution ists. Soulouque is at Su* Marc with about 5,000 troops. Gefirard is just below Gonalves with probably about 12.000 men—various reports give Irom 10,000 to 18,000. Bfe this as it may, his army is undoubtedly each moment increasing in num bers. We have seena person lately from Hayti, which states tbat be was assured that all the roads lead ing southward from Plaisance were dotted witn bands of men, furnished, some with fowling pieces, and some wuh implements originallyin tendedto subdue the earti,but now turned to arm j, all wending their way toward Gonaives. There is a rumor tbat toe Emperor Soulouque has shipped a quantity of valuables on board a government vessel lying at St. Marc, and that 6honld affaire turn against him he will make his escape, wl?h abundance of pocket money. It bas also for several yeara been taken for granted that the knowing old gentleman bas large investments in France, sufficient to solace the declining years of a deposed monarch. We give these as rumors, for what they are worth; they seem probable, bnt tbe last may not be true, as is illustrated by the past history of the island. A former ruler, com mon fame reported, shipped several heavy boxes to a torelgn country, invoiced as old iron. All' who were interested in Hayti asserted, and it was generally believed, that these cases contained gold; yet the shipper of these boxes, whether they con taloed Iron or gold, deprived in eourse of time of bis power, died in the most abject poverty. Toe reoorted arrest of the family of Gen. GslT rard at Port-au-Prince is confirmed, and also the arrest of about forty-five suspected persons. A Boy Carried over tbe Fall* of Ni« agara* A sad aecldent occurred at Niagara Falls on - Saturday. The Rochester Union says an adopted son of Mr. Gibbs, foreman of the paper mills, ac cidentally fell into the river and was carried over tbe American Fall". We understand that tbe lad was on the ioe, near the mills, where men bad been running tbe drift ice from the-flume, and ac cidentally fell into the swift stream. He was teen to fall, and was seen some distance down the river, when beyond- the reach of human aid, and speedily passed over, of course to rise no more alive. The child was twelve years old, and a lad of much promise, beloved by his adopted parents and all who knew him. The calamity caused much sensation at the village where it occurred. The Spasm of Retrenchment. - [CorreapondenceortheN. T.Trlbcne] WisHnoro*, Jan. SS, 1199. Congress has bid a few spurns of retrench meat sinoathe session began. Bat they amount to nothing/and will asoent to- nothing. Mr. Sherman's proposition to refer tb« tion bills designed to snpplv the wants orU»' Tarioia branches of the Gwvernment, to the ser eral Oossmittee* having charge of those braaeh es was defeated after aas?-day«» deliberation. It is verr doabtfal if it wonld hire accomplished anything in the way of reducing the estimates or expenditures in the several departments. It ~wouldhave.bccn~qQlte-~aa:ilkaly,"iaa<r I flunk" . more so, to have created, on the part of the sev eral Committees, a rivalry of extravagance in stead of an emulation of economy. The effort wul. however, wall meant, and it wm defeated. For afew days, the house has been trying its hand on a demonstration to withhold the appro* J nations for the diplomatic services generally, t has already got so far as to strike out the appropriations for the missions to Borne, to Persia, and to Switzerland. This looks, on the outside, like a small reform. But the vote amounts to nothing. Appropria tions will be made, in the end, for every one of these mission*. If the House shall refuse tore oede, then a Gonferencs Committee, will report an appropriation bill jo.t before the elose of Con gress, having in it the pay ol the members, as well as between fifty and one hundred other items which have been specially refused by one or the other branch, and the members will be . told there %s not tine to even read the items they ! are called on to vote for, and the bill will be jammed through by a majority bent on voting their own pay, though is doing it they are de frauded ot their right of legislation, and vote away millions for objects they disapprove, and have already, time and again, declared them* selves against. This is what has been done time and again. The only way to reach this evil is to formally elect an Administration, making retrenchment a leading issue. The coccarrence of the ex ecntive department can be obtained in no other way. Morphy and "II Pattino." [From Porter's Spirit of the Timet? Leonardo, like Morphy, wai a joung law student of brilliant parts,and like Morpby, very diminu tive in size. From this fact, and also on account or his modest, unpretending manners, be received the soubriquet ef H Puttaio—tbe Little Boy. lit tle as be wa a , however, he soon beat all the Chess players of Borne, and acquired the reputation of being the Champion of ail Italy. The great Chess reputation ot tbe time, however, was Buy Lopez, a Spanish corate,- who being promoted to a bish opric, bad occasion to visit Home on ecclesiastical business. Making his mitre of less account than his Chess renown, he soaght out II Puttino, and to the mortification of the youth, the Churchman overthrew him. Feeling his disgrace so keenly, he secretly left Rome, and transferred his stand ard to Naples, where for two yeara he overthrew all comer?, bat while thus engaged he cultivated but one single hope ; and that was to wrest bis lost laurels back Irom toe insulting Spanish Btan op. Finding himself sufficiently accomplished for that purpose, and avoiding a challenge from Paolo Bor, tbe Syracu«an, which threatened to di vert him, and perhaps intercept his purpose, be set out lor the Court of Philip 11., at Madrid. He there fonnd Roy Lopez, the undisputed King of Chess tor Spain; and, withholding his name, for age bad somewhat altered him, be at once auda ciously engaged tbe priest. A few games con vinced him tbat be was now the master of tbe churchman, and though he might easily have overthrown him, game by game, he contented him self with alternating tbe success. This wondrous resistance of such an unrivaled power as Buy Lo pez, at ooce became the theme of tbe entire Court at Madrid, and the Kins, as excited as the rest, made a match of a thousand crowns a side, be tween Lopez and th<» stranger, to be awarded to tbe winner of tbe first three games. The match was placed in presence of the entire court and at the foot of tbe throne, and the first two games were lost by Leonardo. The king, see ing tbe stranger so easily beateo, roie to leave tbe room, as if tbe match were virtually at an enl: wheixupnu the Italian, falling upon his kn?es, en treated him to s' ay. "I have purposelv lo?t the fi'st two games," said he, "in order to display my superior skilL lam tbe Pu&ne, come hither to Madrid to overthrow Buy Lopez, for bis insul Ing taunts when he worsted me at Rome. lam now Im master, and I will b at Mm the next three games." It turned out a* H Puttino had promised, and the king invested him with a royal ermine cloak und jewel,as the King of Chess. He sub sequently vanquished Paolo Bor, tbe Sjwcusan, and remained the acknowledged King of Cbesj until he died. Paul Morphy is tbe Jl Puttino of the pre-ent age, with the difference only, that he has never met with a defeat. A Promising Town. The Springfield correspondent or tb2 St. Louis Republican sends tbat paper the following: Let lUinoistown fling up her hat aud shout for joy! Let her hosannabs part the ambient air, and echo return her joyful hallelnjihs from tbe west ern shores of tbe Mississippi! There is a hope for her yet. 1 have seen a petit to:, signed by John Winrtanley and seventeen others, "to the Honor able Senate and House of Representatives now in session at SprinjrfieM assembed," which sets lorth "to wit, as .follows :** " First. That owing to the peculiar locality of our position, our point being a general rendezvous or great central termini of five railroads and ten Dublic roads on the great Mississippi, opposite St. Louis, oo the margin of a border State, makes it one of the thoroughfares for commercial opera tions and a deposit for thieves, &n<l where the rab ble cl every city in the world congregate. No tongue can tell, no pen can describe, or no cata logue of human crime and infamy, the viciousness that congregates here and are rite among us,elud ing the vigilance of the police of different cities, having no bailiwick here, of which they are well aware. We have periodical floods, sickness death and mobocracy in plenty. Oar county jail coul 1 be filled every morning to overflowing it we were to exercise stern justice according to the statutes of the State ot Illinois, made and provided in such cases, bence incurring an item or expense which 125,000 per annum could not begin to liquidate, all for those who quarter upon ns to carry out their fiendish ends and views. Will the Legisla ture let us sink and go down? We say No! No! We ask your honorable body for the powers and privileges of fencing in oar coroornte limits from the periodical floods of the Father of Waters/ 1 «tc, Ac. The petition goes on at great length in a simi lar strain. Its getter-op has been here a week or two asking redress, and seems determined to have it. On, Winstanley, oo! A Reminiscence of Dr. John W. Francis. The venerable Dr. Francis, of New York, who is the soul of the literary society of tbat city, in the course of his remarks at one of the recent Centennial Barns Celebrations, related that he visited the home of Burns forty-three years ago. We quote an interesting paragraph from there-; marks of the Doctor: My excellent friend S/me led me to Dr. Max* iuJI, the physician who attended Barns in his last illness. I thought, from the printed rec ords, tbat obscurity rested on tbe immediate cause of the premature demise of tbe illustrious patient. DK Maxwell was very frank in his statements. Barns had been led to the convic tion that bathing in the Solway would restore his constitution; and though at tbe time suffer ing from mercurial distress, he would listen to no sdvice to the contrary, but indulged in bath ing for three or four days, when acute suffer ings brought him home, where, after three days' painful existence, he died. Mr. Sime's cour tesy made me acquainted with Bonnie Jean at her dom.ciL She confirmed the story of his illness and the manner of his death —a sad nar rative, which she gave not withont emotion. I passed some bonr or two in conversation with dear Jean. I gave utterance to strong expres sion in praise of the marvellous talents of her husband, and added that Barns was considered by our American people the greatest genius Scotland had given birth to. She replied, she had often heard the same praise bestowed on him by numerous visitors who called to see her. "Madame," I added, "such is the current opin ion," "Tbat I have learned," rejoined she, "to be tbe case, since his death. 1 was igno rant of it before, for Robert was very rarely at home. Poor Jean said she had parted with ev ery scrap of paper oo which Burns had written; so many had solicited even the smallest frag ment of bis composition - a word, a sentence sufficed. She searched, however, for a while, and fortunately brought to my inspection tire or six lines of his manuscript, three words of which she gave me—" Go tell George." Death of W. C. Bond, the Astronomer. Tbe telegraph announce* the death, on Satur day, of William Cranch Bond, the director of the Astronomical Observatory at Cambridge, Mass. Mr. Bond was born in Portland, Me., on the 9th of September, 1760. In 1802 he was appren ticed to a watchmaker, and continued the bu siness of msnufactoring watches for half a cen tury. While a young man, he established at Dor chester, Mass., a private observatory, one of the earliest in tbe coantry. In 1315 Mr. Bond vis ited Earope to dischsrge a commission from the Corporation of Harvard College, authorizing him to examine the observatories there, make plans and select instruments for the proposed observatory at Cambridge. In 1838 be was ap pointed by the general government to conduct a series of astronomical aad meteorolcgieal ob servations, in connection with Commodore Wilkes's Expedition. In 1859 he accepted the invitation to. superintend tbe erection of and take charge of the great Cambridge Observato ry which, a few years sfter, was supplied with ; the magnificent telescope (one of tbe two largest refractors in the world), by the nse of whieh he has so much aided tbe progress of astronomical discovery, and enhanced the scientific reputa tion of his country. Mr. Bond's scientific achievements were re cognised by diplomas of membership from the leading scientific soeieties at home and abroad. He will, we suppose, be succeeded at the ob servatory by Mr. George P. Bond, his distin guished son and associate director, who has won a reputation hardly if at all inferior to thai ol his lather.—N. Y. Ste. Pott, French Gossip. In regard to the approaching marriage of Princo Napoleon, a Paris correspondent writes: Another piece of great new 3 is that the Prince Napoleon is really going to be married to tbe little Princess Clotilda (only 16 years old), daughter of the King of Sardinia. This alliance has been be fore spoken of, and tbe rumor wis contradicted. I believe the news is now official, and that the event will be announced in tbe Emperor's speech on Feb. 7. Visions of a repitition of "my ancle's" policy andaFrench viceroy in Italy haunt and terrify the public. A Whole Family Burned to Death. PmsxpacH.7eb. 11559, A fire occarred last night near the town line and Alleghany City, destroying the honse of a carpenter named Rogers, in which he, with his wife and four children, perished. Great excite ment prevailed about the scene of the casualty, until all that remained of the bodies had been taken from the rains, this morning. A little boy escaped from the building daring, aa eariy stage of the conflagration, from wfcoae itai»- meot the came of the appalling calamity is traced to Rogers' oomiig home ntsiicsted. Pergonal aha Political. The fees of tbe sheriff of New York for tbe year of_wbich go into his own pccket, amounted to $39,299. President Lord of Dartmouth Collage, was skating on the Merrimack River on Wednesday, and a Lowell paper remarks that although he it sixty-sixyears of'age, for celerity and grace of motion he was unequaled by any of his more youthful competitors. ""Crms'W.'Field & Co., the extensive paper manufacturers, who suspended during the crisis, have ukdn up nearly all their extended paper, much of it having nearly nine months to run, and h*ve addressed a circular to the holders of the remaining notes, offering to pay them at owe. The New \ork Tims learns that our min ister to Nicaragua, Gen. Limar, appears about every day at Icacos, where our Pacific fleet is harbored, in a condition nnfit for business, asd sometimes unfi*. to be seen —the plain English of which we take to be, stupidly drunk. One would think It the established policy of this ad ministration to send sots and fools wherever there is any difficult and delicate government business to be done. —On Snndsj last a notable company of the solid and brilliant men of Boston gave a dinner, atthePatker House, to Francis P. Blair, Jr., of St Louis. Mr. B. made a speech which was well received. Governor Banks presided, and smongthe gentlemen present were the Hon. Josiah Qaincy, Professor Agsssiz, Ralph Waldo Emerson, R. H. Dans, Jr., Mr. Longfellow, and Dr. Holmes. Report says a high crime has been fastened upon one of the civil officers ot the Brooklyn >**▼7 Yard, by tbe investigation now going en relative to Naval Affairs, and that it implicates, to a certain extent, a certain member of Con gress from New York Slate. The investigation is going on, and will prove a success, il to un veil a large amount of corruption in the affairs of the Government, can be so characterized. Miss Esmonde, one of the popular public readers, acknowledge© that she was refused tickets by Mrs. Kemble to her readings, in the brusque manner narrated in a recent paragraph and says that a few weeks after she retaliated with the following note—which is a sharp hit: Madam—ln return for your great kindness and delicate appreciation of my motive in wish ing to hear your reading, allow me to enclose two tickets for my reading on Monday evening. 1 have not the presumption to suppose that you would denve much pleasure, or instruction in elocution, from any effort of mine, but my au diences are usually composed of refined and well-bred people, and their example may prove of great value to you. And remain. Madam, yours, <ki, Tsbssa Esjconoc. tt'extern .Vacs Items. Foa Pixx's Psax.—We noticed an equipage in our city yesterday bound for the new Eldor ado. The party consisted of a man with his wife end two small children. The wagon was nicely fitted up with a water proof cover, a nice cooktng stove with all the implements for cook ing and sleeping, rigged up in comfortable shape. The happy proprietor had invested all his worldly goods and chattels in the enterprise, and is bound to make bis pile or perish in tbe attempt.—Davenport Dan., 1 tt. Thb Daxb Cotott Mail Robbkst.— Frank Buchunau, who was arrested at Beverly, Dine county, where be waa post-master, was exam ined last Friday afternoon, in this cifty, before Judge A. G. Miller, and in delault of $3,000 bail, was remsnded to the jail at Madison to await trial at the July term or the United States Court to be held there. He was Irom the North of Ireland, has a wite and two children, and he will have to suffer for his folly, probablv by a ten year's imprisonment at Wanpun.—Miltcau kt« SentineL. Saceiliqxoos Tma*.—Some sacriligious ras cal entered the Episcopal Church a few days ago, and stole the Communion Plate, Pulpit Bible and Rector's Vestments, valued in all at sllO. Although an appeal to such a rascal may be wasting time, yet Mr. Dolbee authorizes us to say that if tbe thief will return tbe Bible, which was presented to the Church, snd highly valued, be may keen tbe other articles without further inquiry, or if be will return all the arti cles, he will be paid a liberal sum and no ques tions asked. It is to be hoped tbat the fellow has studied the Bible sufficiently to induce him to accept of this liberal offer. If he does not, be must have attained a state in which reforma tion is hopeless.—Alton Courier. Practice ts. Prscbpt.—On Saturday evening last, a little after dark, two mulatto girls visited a cooper's shop in the lower part of tbe city for tbe purpose of procuring some shaviogs. A certain " white gentleman" well known in the neighborhood, happened to be in the room, aad after a few words with them, seized tbe eldest of the pair, and attempted liberties with her person. She fought like a little tigress, leav ing tbe marks ot her fioger nails upon his cheeks, while her sister fled screaming for as sistance. The man escaped to a neighboring saloon, and changing caps with another waa at first nnrecognizsd; but tbe tell tale marks upon his cheek with the remainder of his dress ex actly corresponding with the description soon pointed out the offender. The tables were here turned, for tbe crowd who had been so esger to to discover tbe Black Rapublican that had been guilty of this attempt at practical amalgama tion, found that tbe author ot tbe deed was a Douglas brawler of tbe ran cest kind at the late State election! -'Peoria Transcript. Cowainiso asd Stabbdtg.—Tbe dentists of Columbus, in this State, are not disposed to "pall together.'* Drs. Bledsoe and Canine, (what's in a name?) of tbe tooth extracting fra ternity of that place, having quarreled. Dr. B. undertook to cowhide Dr. 0., and succeeded in inflicting several severe blows, when Dr. C. drew a knife and stabbed Dr. B. thrice—once in the arm, ooce in tbe back and once in the breast, the last a dangerous wound. The ver dict ot the community was that eaeh party got about what be deserved.—Za/myetts (lad.) Jour naL Arkansas Eloquence. The Ouachita Herald publishes some extracts from an address delivered before the Female Seminary at Tulip, Ark., by a Mr. Leiper, from which we select the following specimen with the Herald's commentary thereon: 41 By her central position, Arkansas stands as the great Alpine colnmn of support in this mighty temple of freedom, in which so many millions of treemen offer sacrifice at the shrine of tbe goddess of Liberty—and shall she remain inactive and indifferent, whilst the sbont of the millions ot her countrymen shske the auaking earth, in plaudits to tbe honor and glory of the muses, who preside over the moral and intellec tual development of man ? And this paradisaic ridge most ultimately become the Mount Olym pus upon whose classie brow, when the great territorial West becomes popolated with throng ing millions—the games of struggling genius trill bi enacted?' What those games are is left to conjecture. But it is to be hoped that poker (a game to which struggling genius is muctuaddicted) is not in eluded, for aoeording to all authority poker is a bad institution, and ta besides, "contrary to the pe&ceand dignity of the State." iHiscellancous. CJRBVT WESTERN LEATHER AND HIDE STORE, BUCKfIFAr Vitus., 301 and 203 South Water Street, CHtOiHO. ILL. \\,'K HATE JUST RECEIVED IS BOND v v throo4b the CHICAGO CUSTOM HOUSE, oar first Invctee for the jta-, cf FBENCH KIP and CALF SKIITf, AND BOOT FHONTS OBXHPED, For the Spring: Trade, DIRECT FROM THI PAS'S MASCFAOrURIIS. Boct Vakert and Leather Dealer* win find the Btork tobeverv.tiapertorandPrieeeLow. We have ta Stock aid eomioc forward • large a*»onmeot ef SOLI LEATHU OF* THE BSST TANNAGE, OAK and HJUILOOC Uf PER KIP and OAIP. LININGS, LASTd and FINDINGS, Which will be sold at tbe loicest martst pries tbj BLACKBURN BROS., At taelr LVAT9XR AND HI DE BTOSE, 3014303 Sooth Water street, (ea<tof Well street brldfej Chicaco. B.—Tbe hlthest market prlee paid In Oesb for Hide* LEATHER!!— HRST CLASS CALTAND KIP SKINS jnt received OZBEOT PBOM FBAJTCE! -n --jambs kellt & 00., 343 LAKK-6T. UJ Ohlcaso. EL, Who keep ooojUatlj on hand the large* stock ef Leather and Findings To be found ta the Also, a laraeatock of superior LKATHBB and INDIA BUBBtt BELONG. All ef the above be sold vzav low tor eaahore* proved paper. JAMJCB KKU.T A CO ocl« ty-blgy SO Lake etreei. oear the Bridge IRISH MOSS. Shred and Sheet Isinglass, TAPIOCA, FRESH HOPS, Coxa's c parkllti g Gelatine, 9AGO* OAT BIBAL, CONCENTRATED EXTRACT OF LEMON, SAIGEST Ji ILSLET, Ipothecarles, teem 140 Lake itrtct. Pure Sperm Oil, MACHINERY & WHALE OIL HCSIN, SODA, SODA ASH, SAWODA. CAMPHESK. POTASH, ACXD3, ALCOHOL. PAINTER'S BLUES, TWINES, MANUFACTURERS* & GROCERS' GOODS, Larte Stock In Store which we ofe Lew. J H. REED * CO., WHOLESALE DBUGG-IST H l«*l«... M Lske .XHkIU ta illedicincfc &: Hostetter'a Stomach Bitters, roidb7BOLut,lMira * co.. ntui. mm. Hoatetter's Stomach Bitters, Seld bj E. T. WATKCfa k CO.. !0 Stolen:* Hoatetter's Stomach Bitters, Sold by J. H. REED A CO„ lMardltt Lake street, Hoatetter's Stomach Bitters, Bold by H±VEN. FARRKL A CO.. 77 Waler street. Hostetter'a Stomach Bitters, Fold by SARGENT k 1L9L17.140 Lake itreet. *1 Hoatetter's Stomach Bitters, told b» J. t a t JLIKB k CO.. V Wiler arwt. Hoatetter's Stomach Bitters, Sou by BOCKFE. 1N519A 03., S3 Water street. Hostetter'a Stomach Bitters, Sold by L. READ A CO.. « Lake street. Hoatetter's Stomach Bitters, Bold by 0. V. FULLER A CO. Hostetter'a Stomach Bitters, Have. fcr th<lr Taolc and other Medicinal Virtues, be come so celebrated and popular. that unprlne'pted par. tlee here and elsewhere have oountesfelted thea ex: en* rire'r. and to prevent deception we refer purchasers to the above parties Cor the genuine article or to the pro* Uostetter A Smith, JatftfHm PITrgBUIOH. PA. Mothers, as you lovh tour . Children, be on tke alert for every omaiom of ul for worms eanse the death e? more than any _ other dheaaea. u all earn DEA.O SHO of pale eoanteuanoa. flvid * * circle artund the eyes. and _ _ _ fool breath give R o L L 0- FOR WAT'K vlflM aB LK WORM CONf EOTIONSI O R M S ' w a delicious prera- W niliO. ration of Sugar thai any child will crave. If voraa are present, they will safety and aC> feeto illy reoove them and restore health la all rwra Worma! Worms!— Thee* trouhleeome Infesta o( the stomachandboweiaof children have at laat ftmod their matehln a matchlesa oreoaratlon called ~UoUaway*s Worm Confection." which U In the form of a pleasant andagreeablecandy. The little children affected with worn*, which heretofore toned ap their naM »nH spattered aad cried about the administration of the naoceous staffs under the name of Vermifuge. will open their little months with eestaey to thank the Investor formakln* a pleasant core for one of the mogt trouble ■omedieeaeea Every box wairauted. Sold br BJLLES. SMITH A CO.. detl 151 Lake »t~ Axentafbr North*e«ern States. Brown's Branchial Troches, OK COUGH LOZENGES. From Rrr. Jlenrf W*rd Btttiir, *h* JLu used t\* Trodua jfes jtart. — I have never changed mjr mind reepectlnf them from the first, swept to think yet better of that which I began in thinking well at Brown's Bronchial Troches Fnrm Ret. K. IT. Chopin, D. D., .Vnr I con sider your Loaengee an excellent artiele for their pur poees, and reeommend their imo to Public Speaker*. Brown's Bronchial Troches Frtm Mr. C. 11. Gardjur, Principal oftAt Fevuls /jufU«£i, .Yew York. I hive been afflicted with Bronchitis during the paat winter, and &>und no relief nntil I found your Trochee. Brown's Bronchial Troches Dr. Lent prescribes in hit practice. Brown's Bronchial Troches jDr. BigeU* says are aimple and certain. Brown's Bronchial Troches I&dispeneable to Publio Speaker*.— Ziea*# Iftntd. Brown's Bronchial Troches An excellent article.—.VotieaoJ £re, tt'&jJungto*. Brown's Bronchial Troches A meet admirable remedy. Boston JjvrnaL Brown's Bronchial Troches A sure remedy for Throat Affection*. Tmxxrrpt. Brown's Bronchial Troches Efficacioua and pleasant. 7Vas«U«r. Brown's Bronchial Troches Curee any Irritation or Soreasae of th* Throat Brown's Bronchial Troches Cures Cough, Cold or lloanenees. Brown's Bronchial Troches Curee BronchV>* Aathma and Catarrh. Brown's Bronchial Troches Clean and gives strength to the voire of aingecfc Brown's Bronchial Troches Curea Whooping Cou»h and Inrtuetfca. Brown's Bronchial Troches Are the greatest Remedy tdau* evor produced. Brown's Bronchial Troches Are only 25 eta. per Box. SOLD BT ALL DRUGGISTS* SOLD WHOLESALE AND RETAIL PENTON «3s CO., 94 ..Laka StrMt 94 OPPOSITE THE TBEMONT HOUSE. Win ? »j: £ lwifScO' 124 Lake Street; IHK GREAT WESTERN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL PATENT .TIEJOICIA'E DEPOT. If you want a Remedy for yoor Oougn, —so TO— aoiXES aanTß a oo>s lii Laka atrcrt, near the ooraer of Clarku Fjm want » Bsmedr to ParilVtha Blood, Sola BOLUCB.IMrrH * CO. 1M LatMC FJ<ra want aFarar and Agno Bamadr, ■ Soto BOLLKSMIffIAOU.UaUkHL TI you want a Hair BaatoratiT® or Hair Sna A ESQ. Go u BOLLXS. SMITH a CO.. l» Lake* Pjou vast a Bheuaiatie Fill or Linimont. Soto BOI.ua.HMITH*OO. lMLalim. FTTO want a Boned? for tha Filea, Soto BOLLIOXITH i CO.. U4 LateM Fyon want a EairDya—Wanantod, Qoto nnr.it/iiwmi .n.. ~~i Tiki 1 Fyra want a PmyatiT* or CatlLartio Pill, Gobi BOLUS. aMITH *OO. UtLlteV Fjm want a Fain Xfflar, or Fain Xztractor So to BOLLIi flMlin * oau rn Lak»n. TI" Ton want iom» Tonic Bittan or Bchsidam AMHNiPPS. io to BOLUE3. SMITH CO.. U4 Lake FIB Dnpcnro'i, Clark's and ChManan'a Tfr- MALI TILLS, n to BOLLU. SMITH k 00. lit Late street. IjKJB Cough CaailiM. or Pnlmonle Wtftra. -A- Goto BOLLIS.BMITU* (XX. MLaka-sU T?0B a Powder, Past* or Wuh &r the TmUu Soto B0LL1& BMIIH k CO. V* LakTst. I?QB a Liver aad Dyspeptic Bemedy, -L Goto BOLL£B.SXITHkCO.LM LakML 1?0B Yenaifage, or Worm Lcmuna, " Goto BOLLXS. &MITH k GOZ l?lLek*«. T7OS Btrasftlminar Plaitars of all X Goto BOIXJO. SMITHkCO M I*UkMI |jM)S a B«mady for all Private DiaaaiMu JO 6o to BOLLIB. SMITH k Co7ls«l*k»*i. X?0B a Baaedir for Diaaana of the X Goto BOLLia. SMITH k liTuikee to Sg!^SSiS l c T o?Slf2!i-' f'Oa Handkerchief Kxtracts aad Perfmaair. Goto BOLLCB.BMITH k IMLefee^l "CVr Thumb, Shoulder Bracaa aad aM^.^.l -k-. ftaroortei* They are acenta for the manofaetnrera and will sell at low jmcee. Go to ttOLLTS. SMITH k CO. 1)4 T i*rr it. ! THB LIVER IN7IQOBATOB PXXPAXXD BT Dl» SAKYOaSI coMPonvDED sanmsLT fkom eras, IS ONE OF THE BEST PtTRGATIVS aad LOTS MIDIGQfB now befbrethe pnbUo. I Reaa G««e renevef f OnedoieoftenrepeaUd ' all merhld or bad matter • jls a sore cure lor €Jmlb> ! from the oitem. SBppt7-( rA re Morba*. and a irt. , eratisa the •temaeh.' Q <>aly onebettle la need ! eanrtna food to di*ert, od tothrow oatoftbem I well, parlfylas tM ten the effect* of medl hlood, Hvtns tone and ~ dae after a lonaMetaesa health to the whole ma- I oblnerr. resovtac the fc* eaaee of the dlaeaee—ef- removee all wttnta rsdlcal core. aallowne* or ssoMiial mUSISIK coloTtrom theS™ eared, and. what la a One doee taken a Aort prevented by the time before esttavetvM sional om of the Liver In- vigor to the anpetite and vlaorator. Q makoa Ue leed dhM One doee after eating Only ons doe* taken be- a e we™ ™i2»»Ul2» wwveats ytdd alaoet to the iciUt. aad era mm- rV; attiiat tlx Oos doee taken after We takers— slaw eaeaaaealwtlle«r«Xnr» UU oonuneadlna thla mtif rfneju a prwentaitve nra*. It opemee with Only one doee lame- m eertaiaty, andt*e*»eds fflatdj rellevee H are all who m« rr abb oimo th>^ UVAWIMOUY TSSTHCOST UK ITS EA7O& Mix water hs ta« month vttb the laviaorater. aad avaUov both tecsaW. 10U.P. WUM'ni JkBSMrOGX k DATI& MUhW uaiwiiuTWeia CASSS AND BOOKS —?OE Families and Travelers. OABIB OF ANT DIBOBIPTIO9T POB jpjm v#ju?/afjr«, MISM. TO oasts. TAlfTt/T OASK* wrvrt.y.m AWTi \-[<urt At tke Hoaaeeapatklc Plureaaef. - Oak itraal. .wa WrellS . SAIATAKDW. PERFECTLY TRICMPHANT HEI^EX3"2T FOR ALL DI3EiSES ARIjLSG FROM J1 ALA It I A j Particularly FO7SB and AQTJU. m"'".'; and >ll Jl-tj-t. gU„ |h„a that con..ilt>onof the U»*r »o a'ti*«r«,u r nrodae«d by the materia and toft of th« W<»« as dtaessed or i or ?ii 4T? r eS 4 f ,#oae ? t . of thossieea. or agne Cake Keo tteei fevers, and. tndee U *ll dlseaiet rtalne from a btilloas eondi tionr<r ihe sj» em Itt Infredieote are aU veeeub'e. aod aecf«cUy bawaleaa In th»lr efleje. ani perfectly ce'-- taln to w, Rea ler. If too desire to »eve money aod Uoe. ;nd be .lih. take It « once loitead of these thlnn ehieh only palliate while they do not core. MIWRIB K. Ma at-tfma:'WsOiiil'S'lir Acne neliim upfftor to ar y > emedy In oar market lor the permanent cn*e of «ii caal>r.oas diseases. We eheerfnily reoooimend It aa worth > that rrf at name It haa wherever aoM a d OieA. Tcrv tmly loan. RICHABDfI A TU )MU. - At . _ , , lt «*uoa. Ohtn. Atr'll. MM. f ®*«f*ad agne. I eheerfal'v ranblt iht Havtrit observed e'wlt Ihe ef. f.eu or ur. Mac.n s A*ne \ *p well oleued with lt« re-nedlal vlr- u '° odlle _:° in * 3Ari * I hare frvanertly ased i"* 1 T" 1 , •««!'• saturation, from my in untte anowl'-de- of thli com.oond. 1 recommend It as safe prcmptand etfldeot. i» X. tUACKXDOM. D.M. MCPSIU S S MAIM l"^o^cS2r- J, K.S. I ,'Si l i yoor Aaue Balatm fur t»;e ov>' th»e« ie.ire to «co»es of persint lnuil* v.cipif. aadcoi-l*ob»er»ln«its effftts we do npt n?sitaie 1: ?«ylo< •«>>tf>vpitth* beatreaedy e?era>ld n lodaoa. -u-l wcl eff ctoally enre fevrr aad a<ae eltboat r> l. w.bmux cure coma Truly joura, PbULLaAN A MASSB, DmcJata. M . TO Locusspobt. "B. HPlea«e s*ni me one-balf aroes irore of yearAneßasaolmme-JUt'ty Itlata neat demand, and say oe troly sijlihl tb« K;of of fever aod Acae. J. LTTLB, Physician and Dtnjdiat. t nasu. p.k. j&SS I have to say that I have fir aeveral m n*hi been com. pleiety orostrat*) bf ch Us. fever «nd agne. aad «a 1 hwealargefamily whj weredPpeo'leat moo my labor for their extU#no*. I have tried in viin alltheaaoe reme dies In nr reach [and they are !etfna.J bn I found none ticareaatU t asfd yoar tgje btltan. I have nevvr shook, or had a p' rtiele of 0 ver iince the flnt dose, oat I bav- slnre ueil the third boU'e. ( have now own so and for t*reet9<ic.n% «Ld I aa confident li Is the ooly thkgtha> will sever fall. Toora trnlr, O. p. WOOD, ft H. MAitX A CO., Proprietors. Gallon. 0. 0. J. WOOD A CO. liOQ'a. Mr. Sole Wholeatle AcenUforaJl the We.terndutes and T:rfltorle«. %nd aoldbyallgood drnaalrs. ja34-rm DB. G. J. LBED'S QUININE SUBSTITUTE, Or, .YE II rr. TfKVIC, WILL COM FEVER AND AQUE. Also, yellow, ciugres and Panama Pevers ean often be prevented by the use ofthlalnvaiufcb.e remedy. The recipe la from a ve-y orJebratM Pa« sld<n after thl:tv-flve ye*n eiprrie-ce In Hospltalaandirlvateprectleein MewYoik olty, aod has been tested In a'l *ectlooa of the country doxtne the past six years with the moet waoderftu sncce*. In the w-»t«ro nd Sjaihwittem e?mtry. where Fever sod Aeae prevail It has ac«ompl r>ed mocn by carina the d'sease as well as renovation and recaperailns the o»< temalreafiyshaiternt by the ase ofOaintne. Mornhine and Mercury, or 'rom too free use of the trwhy ooswums snch aa are d <lly being forced apon the anraspeetiDg ia« valid. To all suffering Crom msir&Urm after dUeaee I recommend and cu*r<mre* tals aia perfect T nle. To travellers in unhealthy c.lmve% I would ase tbeeordjof the well kn-wnCapuln John W. Monaon. bow or a Uverpool Packet Uae. a d m%ny years In tb«* Soathtm and Soath American Coaslio* trade. *" X would aa soon think of *o!n* to sea without» rudder aa without the Quinine .^abstitote" J. U. BAZAID. ProoHetor. Ul Maiden Lane. New Vort. PeDton« itoblusou 4c Bmltb« Wholesale Acenta. 13 Sooth Water street. Chicago, III* lAri4 andconsidkr.—AN UONKST ? d QpAKKa*3 ADViCK TO CONSUMPTIVES ma moment oslog death la very new 1 !• a-d the sanda of thy Vijf.-ri U'e oat need lit despair foraa nearly aatl eaart condition Is not more hopelw thin mine w*».- »nJ a* thoo knowe h. I have beeo restore-: to robiut health. well as thooaaorla of Other*, whot* tetllmony ihoa wilt fled with the hou ties. Think not. because ev-ryihl athr a liasttneil haa Mlerf. that thon *rt betond the reach o' rredlrinre. Thoawllt sfrreiy Besare that thoo cettest no other mn : lrine. Poldby BOLLkS, SMITH A Ca. deal in L\>e «t»»et. tkal Estate. WANTED TO EXCHANGE FOR A CUT Beddcnce. a HOMESTEAD, Consisting of a Two-Mor* UUwankee Srlca. Henee. Oat buildings. Yard and Garden, all In complete order, locat ed In one of tho*e beaatlftjl udhealUiy L-Oce Town* la Lake Bbore Railroad. Alao wanted to sell or ezohing for :!ty property. Viacomia and Fins for Partii'ian addreas Post OSee Box 1aa84356-jy ~JJ S. GOVERNMENT LAND LOCATING AGENCY. The Snbacriher having had ranch r radical experience ta SELECTHf<3 AND LANDS, In the various L*nd Districts In theWes2em States laa unusual facilities for makl*:* valuable selections FOR LAND WARRANTS OR CASIL Choice Selections may now be made in IOWA. WISCONSIN AND MISSOURI, Persona having Warrant! ean have them Located la their Own Name, And 40 per CeaU Profit Guaranteed* Payable In One Year. lowa. Wisconsin and CUnola Land* for sale low for Cash. Money invested tn Kansas aod Nebraska. M . B. SALISBURY, Land LocaUna A-renW anlss©ly Clark street. Chlcaco. (fiirucottonal. J' Located at Chicago. New Tork. Philadelphia, Albany Buffalo. Cleveland aad l>etroh» Fcholonhlp thro* the entire Chain. Coosoildatloo of " Bout A ytTatton'B Uereantlle Coileee" and " Hell's Commercial College." noweondacted aaooe Icstliu*!->naorter the name and stileof BRYANT. BU.L A STRATTO.-4. Dlgby V. Bell Joint Proprietor and Aseociate Prisclcal of Chicago Col ieee. Circular «n. Cesalocaeef HQ rari faniahed pa tuitoualy OB application w>the onperrivoed JaJlcN)dAw>y BRTANT. BELL^STVAtTOM. S>oY'3 HIGH SCHOOL. —THE NEXT y Term will commence on Mond. y. February 7th. 9. A. J. BAWYKR. A. M-. will c>nUoae to receive only twenty-five paplls into his schw I at his residence, US Monroe street, and h<? wishes nor o to apply for ad mission aniens they are determined to .io well for * hem* selves. For the advancement of those admitted no oaioa will be ipaired try the teachers. ja3l Salisbury mansion school, lin COLN SQUARE. WORCESTER. MASS. A Tirst-Class Boarding and nay Fchool for Tonna Ladlra J. V. Principal. Rgfaaaaors m Cuioaoo:—Wm. B.Ogdeo Isq: Bar. Wm.W. Patton; J. ft. Web«ter. Esq.; Lather Haven. Brq.; Wm. U. Well*, Esq.. Sjpt. Pab. Schools; W. B. Loansbary, iaq.;John P. Chaptn, J. Yoong Beam* raon. >«q. \%14 3ip* ©pticiaiis, QHIC AGO CIIARITIBLB EYE AND EAR INVIB.HABT, Diapensary of tlie Inflrmwry Open ErerySortins fro* 111-2 to 12 l-2o'ctk VOR GRATUITOUS TREATMEST 01 e poor affected with disease* of the Vye aod Ear. Ho. 60 Hcrth. Clark StrMt, Cor. MirMgan. tioffla:-WL Newberry. Piealdent: 0 V Dyer and L Haven. V. Presidents: SHtone, Secretary kTreasarcr; J H Klnsle. Rev N L Bice, D 0. R»v W Butt. P Carpen ter. W H Brown. E B Mcl'atx. if Movsly. H S«inner. Oos«i7L7iao BcaoaDi»-Prof D B;alnard, UD, Prof J W freer. M a AvrgyraaSnogoga—B L Holmes, MD.W3 BaltsetL la93m* LOUIS 91AUSS, Practical Optician, [Xate with Beai. Pike A Bona, N. T.,] T9 CLARK STRUT. 7® Opposite the Court Uoese, Largest and eboieest ssaertment of Optical aad Hatha* statical Goods In the Northwest. x nriTT Beet Crr§t»l Mas* and Oennine B&AZHJAH FSB BLS SPECTACLES constantiy on hand. Also* Opera biasses. re-escopea. Mieroscocea, mammeters. Thermometers. Ky Urometers, tiT&JUC JSCOP&d. Magto Lanterns. Ao.. Aa _ IW Ail rxxlj are sold at the lowest New York pruet. detf-ly-bns EYE A»D E<\ H. DK. C.IDERWWI). FOEiIEELY OF XHE EYE AND kAE Infirmary of Loclxvllla, By., and more reoeotlv Phy» acua aod Borgeon to the kye aod Ear Inflrmary. > boa. Ohio, aad author of a **New System of Treating DU saaaea of the lye and Ear without the u«e of theKmfk,'* would that he baa permanently aatabtlabee aa Inflrmeryinthecttyof Ohlcaaa llUnois. tt SEVKNTY* TURKS south Clark street. In ordet to afford to thoee af flicted with utaaaaea of the Kye aad Ear. ao opportunity of being treated by a system whicn la entirely new, per fectly safe, and hae never been known to tall In effecting pvmaDent earealn-aU oaaaa within the reach o! huaaa maana. seift«o-atfA ME YEAR'S MiracnlousVermifl Destroyer, lor the Dcatraotloo of Rats*' 91ice» fllolest ftosa* moaqaltoes* Roaches, Fleas, Hoths, Garden Insects* Ants, Ac* The chemical preparations known underthe above title for tke laat S yeara nil i>ilsiuii Kara* where they havAmetwithatrlum •hast ia i iws. have eoeulred for their inveotor and Manafltctorer a world-wide celebrity, attested by the noora ef Jtnsaia. franco, anstrta. the Qaeen of Bag lead, the Ringa of Haigtnm. tlollaad. Naples, Bavaria, Saxony, io.: and In Ameries their alßoleocy baa besn endorsed by the l>lreetora of Publlo InsUtotloaa and the approval of numerous private cttlaena. that they are the only recaarilaa tn the wcrid sure to exterminate all klntk of vermin. Meyer*a Mlraculoua Preparations destroy the ooweJ ooaeintrsdera without amcy, aod naverfail. Hlaart haa Brooch* death to of tbem in the world* and from thla day the watch-word of all housekeeper* mer skly-owaer* aod haabandmen will be No more \M Milillnsi issis mills In 11 im Tii.w-Blt aootbai or five per cent off for cash (no aceota. Depot a< thstavaatof and proprietor. JOSEPH MITER. Practical Chemist GJ Broadway, (oor. Uooston-eONsw York. Oeasnl Agent fbr toe United Btataa and Canarfis IRCOaaiCa V. acanTON OraaM, No. IO ASSBV q Broad way. N.Y. daA) btfg to fllun Marral Huufteanrlag Cow« fOUTTi CLASS. SXAI NORTHS. A B1 FBSPABSD TO OONTRACT WITH J\, *B«n*»erartf«raoptyofßaiwlaof asuixrior AteaMS eshasdaasapiy•