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Chicago daily press and tribune. (Chicago, Ill.) 1858-1859, February 04, 1859, Image 2

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MESS AND TRIBUNE.
FRIDAY MOEKINO, yEBBUABY 4, 1859 •
The New Apportionment Bill—Parti
sai i)isboiM(T< t
The Chicago' TSswi is very apprehensive ,
that the Kepubliwm members will urumtly ]
object to the eopctmeßt*-®f. the swindling 1
apportionment TjTll"before the legislature.
The bill iB framed, as the Timu tacitly admits,
in ntWr fhP rl glitaj)f .the Bepab»_ .
licin .half". of"~thV"Stale." It does
not.pretend to deny thai, under this bill,
the voice, of, the, laajotHy ,ifl effectually
Blified. fc o basely u&Tair and partisan are its
provisions,' that the Ttaus predicts in aid
vance that the Republicans will not submit to
the outrage. The dishonesty of the Appor
tionment is so barefaced that It expects the
Republican members vrill feel Impelled to re*
sort to the " process of leaving both Houacs
without' a quorum/' The..Timet threatens
that IT they do nbtetaod quietly and
ed that the Democratic minority two years
hence will resort to 'like' proceeding*, and
stop the Republican inajiJtKy from reelecting
Judge TrumlmlL On this branch of the sub
ject we have to say, that " sufficient unto the
day is the evil thereof." Let.the Legislature
ot 1861 take care of Itself. We are dealing
with that of 1859. . '
The present apportionment law was made
upoD the basis of the census of 1850 when
the State contained only 851,470 people. The
of 1855 retornel a population Of.
1,306,666. An inspection of the two census
returns shows that the greater portion of this
increase was in the northern coontief,
which are all Republican. Consequently, if
a fair Apportionment be now made, the "Rb
publicao counties would be entitled to a ma
jority of the members of. the next Legisla
ture. Thll 1 act is not denied. The party
a majority of the Beats in the present
Legislature is a minority of the people. The
Republican candidates for the Legislature
last received 124,698 votes—to which
ehorildbe added 577 votes cast for the Re
publican State ticket in counties where no
legislative candidates were run by our party,
makings total of 12G,275. The "Popular
Sovereignty " party polled for its legislative
candidates, 121,190 votes, which leaves a
Republican majority of 4,085 on the legisla
tive test in the State. Now, this equal
rights, popular sovereignty party, which
is in a clear minority of over four
thousand voters, propoEcHo pass a bill glviug
the majority of the people 3 3 Representa
tives and the minority 47! As soon a« the
editor of the Tima read the bill he said to
himself : " The Republicans will hardly
"stand it; they aro-fools if they do, but we
41 will intimidate them, if possible, by mak
" ing a great blow about 1 revolutionary pro
' ceedings and the direliil effects thereof
"Wo will threaten them that iftheydonot al
" low this bill, which disfranchises the ma
jority, to pass, that the' Democrats will ab
" squatulatc two years hence when a Senator
is to be elected, if the Republicans fehould
"be in power." Accordingly, yesterday
morning he reads the # Republican mem- -
bers, who represent a majority of the
people, a lecture, and warns them of
the tciriblc consequences that will ensue
if they prevent the enactment of the
iniquitous scheme to deprive the majority ,
of the people ot their constitutional rights. ;
We imagine tha: they will defend the sacred
rights of their constituents at all hazards,
against the tyranny of a fictitious legislative
majority, and let tbc consequences take care
of themselves.
The Republicans are entitled to a fair ap
portionment ol tlie State ; they ask nothing
more, and should submit to nothing less. The
wrong-doers are the Democrats: The Repub
licans merely resist manifest oppression upon
their nuked rights. If there be fair play, or
any approximation to it, there will bo no ob
stacles placed in the way of the passage of on
apportionment bill. But such a contrivance
as that before the Legislature should ie
fought to the bitter end. The real"revolu
tionist" will be those who attempt to impote
it upon the public. The people will say,
u Wo unto them by whom the offense com
eth. It were better for them that a mill- stone
were hung about their necks, and they cast
into the deptlis of the rea."
Another View of the Cuba Question.
If anything remains to be said about Cuba
and the Cuba question, we apprehend it is
this; that the premises on which all the argu
ment in favor of purchase or seizure rests,
are utterly fictitious and worthless. We have
had pages of demonstration that Cuba is
wanted to manufacture slave States, slavery
Senators, slavery Representatives and slavery
Presidential votes; that wc are not in condi
tion to purchase the Islaud; that Spain would
not sell it if we were running over with dol
lars to pay for it; that we cannot presume to
lay our hands upon it without calling upon
' oureelves a protracted and unequal war with
tbe first class powers of Christendom; that
tbe doctrines of the Oslcnd manifesto, the
perpetual bullying of Spain in Presidential
messages, and the well-understood plans lurk
ing behind every proposition for purchase,
are detestable and felonious; that Hr. Bu
chanan's call for thirty millions ot dollars
can only refer to the bribing of Spanish min
isters and ministers' pimps, etc., etc. But it
has hardly been thought worthy of investiga
tion, whether'the 'clamor Of Slldell, Buchan
an, Douglas ac.d the rest of them concerning
the imperative requirements of the case, the
political.and commercial necessities demand
ing our speedy possession of the inland, are
trno or false.
We take the position at onoe, that, in so
far as they declare any immediate or impera
tive need, they arc (sheer fabrications. The
only reason which commends itself to the
common sense and the Interests of the people,
viz., that the acquisition of the island will
insure us cheap sufc-ar, is precisely tbc ono
which the Cuba party fail to press. Even
this has no more weight than an argument
for the seizure of Brazil to obtain cheap
coffee, and neither amounts toanythiog while
we have the power to throw sugar and coffee
into the free list. The Halnnrv of the assump
tions upon which our requirements arc pred
icated, are these: Cuba mounts guard over
the Gulf of Mexico—she " commands :f tbe
commerce of the Mississippi Valley—she j
stands in the way of our route to the Pacifio
—and lastly and leaetly, the places' a high
duty on American flour. These positions we
propose to examine, consecutively and briefly.
It is trnc that Cnba stands sentinel at the
entrance to the Gulf of Mexico. But how
that fact should trouble us or any other peace
ably disposed nation, docs not appear. Ja
maica, Hoyti and the Bahamas do the same;
yet we have no disturbance on their account.
Cuba is not to blame for having been planted
under the eightieth instead of the sixtieth
meridian, nor is Spain culpablo to that de
gree which merits the blackguardiog admin
istered to her by American Presidents and
Senators. The declarations that Cuba "com
mands" tbe commerce which flows from the
mouth of the Mississippi, and that she stands
in tbe course of our Pacific mail steamers,
are but different statements of the preceding
proposition.,. They all amount to nothing
while there is water enough to sail around in,
and it Is not known that our possession of
the Island would put her an inch ont of the
way. In the hands of a powerful and war
like nation, we grant there would be danger
of a misuse of these accidents. But Spain has
no power to harm us nor has she manifested
the least inclination to do so. While Cuba
remains in her present keeping she Is Inca
pacitated} for damaging us, and her " com
mand" of the Gnlf, amounts to as much and
no more than the like command of the Isle of
Pines.
What shall we say of her revenue laws
which impose restrictions on the importation
of American flonr and grain, except that she
has equal right to complain of our revenue
laws which levy a toll on West India engar
and molasses I Moreover, we arc as folly
called upon to make war upon Ph?nn for her
commercial regulations, as upon Cuba for the
method die chooses to adopt to raise the
wind- Thns much and no more does all the
Cnba clamor of oar pro-slavery cabinets and
gauenses amount to.
OUR PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS.
Statistics of the Penitentiary.
. . The Beport of the Warden of the Illinois PeuV
tentiaiy gives some interesting statistic in refer
ence'to tbe nativities, crimes, occupations and
localities of former residence, of the convicts under
jiU charge.
" Ont of the 661 prisoners In the Penitentiary on
the first day of January, 1859, 138, or something
more than one-fifth or the whole, were born in
'lreland.—The whole number bo~m in foreign ooun
triea aside from the Green Isle, is 127. Next to
Ireland in the quota of jail birds comes New York
with 129, then Germany 60, Pennsylvania 38, Ohio
36, England 34, Canada 23, Illinois 22, Kentucky
19, Virginia 16, Scotland 16, Massachusetts 11»
lutiiana 10, and New Jersey 10. Maine, New
Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, Maryland,
Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Tennessee, Mis
souri, Michigan, Wisconsin, Prussia, Hungary,
France, Holland, Norway and Austria contribute
less than 10 each; and Rhode Island, North Caro
lina, lowa, Arkansas, Hanover, Isle of Man, New
foundland, Belgium and Denmark 1 each.
The popular crime of larceny sends 378 of these
persons into the service of the State. Burglary
does the job lor 69. Murder (with commutation
of sentence) incarcerates 38; assault with intent
to kill. 16. For Robbery there are 30, for forgery
28, for Eape 10, for Passing Counterfeit Money 12
The remainder as classed as follows:
Periorr # C ime asritut nature 1
. 9 Aitemoun* to putt coua-
An&alt to rape - 6 „ S
MacsliuidiWr 7 Robbirft port-office 7
CoonterfeitlD* I A'waJtto rob S
ViolatmmaU 2 Kldmpplnt S
Aauult to murder 17 Emocxsios letters S
Stealing mail 4 Blxamjr 2
fofctioc Cc.i Jols bills..•• 1 Receiving *toltnK?od'....S
Vacraocy....; a Obiu-ccUnc rallr'd Wick..2
Anon -9 '
The occupations of our culprits are as diverse
as their nativities. We see no reason for there
being ISS farmers to only one lawyer, unless tbe
knaves gave the former calling in mitigation of
sentence. Day laborers are renresented by 125,
sailors 87, boatmen 25, teamsters 22, carpenters
22, tailors 20, blacksmiths 20, clerks 19, waiters
16, machinists 15, .cooks, (enough to spoil the
broth certainly,) 11, painters 12, printers, butch
ers and masons 11 each, shoemakers 10, barbers
9. There is one editor, one reporter, one drug
gist, one brewer, one tumbler, one " fancy wo
man" and one gambler—the majority of the last
calling mentioned haring probably enrolled
themselres as farmers. The other trades are
represented thus:
S-hool teacher. 3 Wrod chopper J
Miner 4 ThltT $
S Tttimlib
li*roets maker 5 Weaver
*> GWiblower 5
Rope maker. 1 H0u5ekeeper............. 1
Dphol«ter«r. 7 Gilder j
Mercbu.l S Litner 3
PhysidiD... 6 Mreman
Trader....... 1 cailmnker a
Hone cutter 4 Turner
Steward 3 Gardener }
Pedal r * keeper j
Pilot 3 Caulker 1
Mi lrr a Jeweler. 2
PoVaber 1 Anctor maker 1
Hatter..... 3 I'onfectloner 1
Wacun maker r 2 Gta fitter......... 1
Bake- *•** 6 «erar maker I
Co per 6 Newsboy a
Porter 3 ti»amitre» 1
Engraver 1 Taper maker 1
i>room maker....... 1
Tbe following is a Statement designating the
Counties from which the conricts were commit
ted :
PeoHa - 21 pais 4
La IS Moultrie.... 3
St. GUlr 27 S
Dav 1 Alexaader 4
JoDavlnt. a.. 2* bood 1
Monroe 6 Ocles 1
Tazewell. 7 Mercu*. 2
Cook 33« Wa-ren 1
Montrometr "•••• 1 Woodford....- 1
HcAl 1 Ilu-din 1
Edu&r 4 Henry. 5
PotfiiHL «. ♦••• 4 Knox 8
Macoupin 3 Pa .Ramon S
Gdllatin.. 4 Henderson 2
Wabash 2 McLean 2
Oile 2 Kankakee 2
Adiros 11 DeWitt 3
UsdiiOD.... M SI Wb'teiide. 5
Lake 5 BlcDonoagli. 4
Logan 3 Ma"on 2
Marshall 3 Jackson 2
Randolph * ?. 8
Je sey 3 Vermillion ts
Massac 3 Clinton 1
vvi5!.....: 1* I*e 6
Rirk Island ¥ Johnson 1
McHenu Williamson 1
Wmte r \
Markm 6 Jffinnham 2
Greene * Oomberland 1
Pulaski 3 Cbrlsiian. 1
1«awrence................ 3 Rlch'and ................ 1
Jefferson.... 1 Washington * 1
Shelby I De Kalb fi
Ho Pare 3 Motpao 1
Chtmpaljn a Pchuyier...... 1
Ma-.n, 6 Stark 1
Stephenson. 9 Hamlitcn 2
Winnebago 11 Fulton 2
Kane calhoun 4
Clark 1 IT. S. Court, Nor. Dist.. 7
Jasper. 2 D. ti. Court, fiou. DLtt.. 1
Total cei
Of the G6l conricts in the prison, 40G can
read and write; 154 can read, and 101 can nei
ther read or write. Fire are sentenced for life;
one is sentenced for 25 years; one for twenty
years; two for 18 years; two for 17 years;
four for fourteen years; two for 12 years; 23
for 10 years; and all the others are tor a less
term. *
Statistics of the Insane Hospital.
We presented yesterday some general facts
embraced in tbe report of the officers of the
State Insane Hospital at Jacksonrille. From
the Superintendent's statement we compile the
following additional information concerning
this peculiar class of unfortunates:
Cause of insanity in the admissions, as given by
' friends:
IU health... 37 General paralysis 2
Puerperal *4 Political excitement. 2
Vicious listeria.... 2
lMijtlou«« scheme, t U gappresslon of cutaneous
lieath of friends IS disease 2
Irumperanee U S'roke of lightning 1
Uterine disease '1 Hirdstod? 1
hpllepiy 10 Use of tobacco X
BnsinetSperpHxiUes V Cholera 1
Disappointed love 7 Metastasis of mumps 1
Domestic trouble 6 Loss of sleep 1
Hard labor 6 Id ol 1
Concu?6ion cf the brain.. 5 Ucknown V 9
I'ld age 6
Disappoln'mentfrom tml- Total.. 312
gra'Jcn 3
In firtr<elx cases the dlseaie was hereditary.
—From which It would seem that disappointed
love occasions only about one forty-fifth of the in*
sanity of the country—a hard case indeed.
NUMBER OP ADMISSIONS FROM EACH COTOTT.
Since the opening of the institution, the num
ber of admissions from the principal counties of
the State has been as follows:
1 Cook.. CI Adams.... 40
Oass 15 DeWUt 15
Folton .27 Greene 13
Henry 14 Kane 34
i.*tW!e IS Morean 69
Macoupin vl Madison 31
McLean 24 Porta. 24
Jo Daviess...- IS Pike <3
Uock Island 25 St. Cla r 37
bans«aiob 33 T'teweli 19
\tlmieb.fro.... 10 "Will 19
Toe duration of insanity in the 312 cases admit
> ted since December 1,1850:
Leas than three moolhs.lS Four to five years 4
Threeto six m nths.... 45 Five to ten years 9
fi xto nine months IS Ten to twenty yens 7
Mnetj twelve months.. 6 '•wrtwenlyyears 2
One to two years 35 Unknown 14
Two to three years 1? __
Three to four years 12 Total 313
Railroad Convention at Oskaloosa,
lowa. 1
A Railroad Convention was held at Oskalooss,
lowa, on Wednesday, the 26th nit, consisting
of delegates from the counties of Lee, Van Bu- 1
ren, Wapello, Des lloines, Jefferson, Keokuk, !
Mahaska, Jasper, Marion, Polk, Poweshiek,
Black Hawk, Tama, and Jehnson. Tbe delibe
rations resulted in the passage of resolutions to
the effect that the people of the Des Moines
Valley would unite with all their influence in
favor of the construction of tbe Valley road,
from Des Moines by way of Pella, Oskaloosa
and Ottumwa, to secure aSouthern and Eastern
connection with tbe capital of the State. The
oonfidence of the Convention was also express*
ed in the Keokuk, Fort Des Moines and Minne
sota Bailroad Company, and the people along
the line were earnestly recommended to unite
heartily and cordially and by; Individual and
county subscriptions to cud tbe company in
preasing the Valley road through.
A "Big Drank" in Contemplation*
Tbe Indianapolis Sentinel understands that
tbe members of tbe Senate and House of Repre
sentative of tbe "sorereign State" of Indiana,
at tbe instigation of Mr. Hafiren and others,
" without distinction of partr," intend to inrite
the members of the Legislature of the '• sover
eign State*' ol Ohio, to visit them " in a body,"
at Indianapolis, " during tbe present session."
It is believed that " such an interehaoge of feel
ing and sentiment between thoee great Statea of
tbe Northwest would be of incalculable advan
tage in cementing," Ac., &c, "the bonds of
brotherhood," Ac, &c., 44 welfare and prosper
ity," &c., &c , «♦ great ralley of the West," Ac.,
s Ac. And it is further understood that the inri
tation will be accepted, and that the Indiana
' Legialature will be *' inrited to return the ris
' it,' and will acoept 1 If the members of the
. Legislatures of tbe sovereign States of
Ohio and Indiana hare nothing better in con
> templation than interchange of *' visits,"
" they should adjourn at once. An 41 interchange
of risits" between tbe Legislators ot Indiana
and those of Ohio, signifies a debauch protract
> ed through a fortnight, exceedingly discredita
ble to all concerned, and destroctire of public
interests.—Cincinnati Comnureial.
Wkat a Batch of Pies Cost a U. S.
Senator.
Two passengers came through on the under
ground railroad train a few days since from
Kentucky. OnewasSenatorThompeon , s < 'boy,"
a likely mulatto of some 18 or 20 years of age.
. It is said a tie of so delicate a nature oonnects
1 the ** boy " with his master as to excite the ire
of his mistress and to make home particularly
, uncomfortable when '*he Senator is in Wash
ington.
1 . A batch of pies caused the " boy "to leare
borne. He had put the pies in the oren leariog
the door open, as the oren.was too hot, but by
some accident tbe door got shut, the pies were
• burned, the boy was promised a licking in the
morning, bnt before day be and a fellow were
on their wsy towards the North Star.—CZtctlonrf
Herald, lU,
A Loctd CiLLi—The Britixh Standard says:
"Our readers must not be surprised should they
ghnrtlj tip at that jm offer has been Mr. Spur*
gcon of SIO,OOO, to preach four discourses in the
splendid and spacious Moac Hall of New Tork.' 7
OIIR wPMSGFIELD COUESFOffDJEKCE. .
T *al© Forged Canal Cliecki—Tbe Two
-8111 l M ax—Adjournment—£tc.
I '
Olpeeial OarrtspsndtuMoTthe Press end TrfboaaJ .
EranraLa, teb. % itm.
The excitement in relation to tbe fraud «po* fl * e
the Fond Commissioner*• Office continues
ont abatement. The history of the master la **
this: ra
In 1889 tbe Canal Commissioners t failing to
receive the funds with which to pay the esti- re
to be : printed in' » bm>RHog arid OB
unworkmanlike manner, in checks tb
upon the Branch of the Sta» e Bank at Chicago. Ml
These wen made pay able to the order of J. A. u
HcClernand, signed by W. F. Thornton and fa
Jacob Fry, and endows by McClernand. In
August of that year, another batch of $126,000 Ml
was issued,—making the whole amount near
1400,000. These -*ere all made payable 90 days c
after dste, and were the common currency of **
the Canal country, passing like bank notes ne
freely from hand to hand. While they were
yet current, in fact, shortly after they were pot
out, counterfeits were discovered, and tbe coun
terfeiters were arrested, tried and sent to the
States Prison. In 1844, there remained of ? 1
these checks only $316 unredeemed ; and for m
fifteen years they hare not been" known. Oc
cassionally a stray counterfeit has turned up
but no banker or dealer in State indebtedness
has thooght of making an investment therein.' j*
On Tuesday, Campbell of LaSalle, member of 111
the House, handed Gen. Fry one of the e coon-
terfehs (received from a constituent) and askkd
him his opinion of its ralae. It was declared
worthless; and without surrendering it, the 10
Geo. properly walked into tbe Auditor's office
to inform him that all paper of that description
was fraudulent. That officer called down the * ll
Fund Commissioner's Clerk (E. Moore, Esq.,) j?
—by the way the Gov. is rz-ojicio Fond Commia. n
siooer—and then the fact came to light that tb
of the supposed counterfe its hare been
received, funded and canal bonds issued there- 0I
founder the act of 1847. -Inquiry waslnaUnt- u
ly made as to the parties who had done this w
thing* and from the evidence of Mr. Moore, MS
is plain that Gor. Matteson Is the person upon - w
whom the responsibility now rests. It appears pi
that during the last days of his administration, *
(January 9th, 1657), he issued bonds to the g ;
amount of $15,000, tearing these supposed coun- pi
terfeits as vouchers. On the 27ih of February,
shortly after Gov. Bissell was inaugurated,
Matteson presented and funded $61,000; and on 0 ;
the 18th of March, about $30,000. - w
Tbe Finance Committee of the Senate met
last evening, and commenced an investigation 0
but did not proceed far for want of books and p
papers. Gov. Mat'eson was present, and though
not examined before the Committee, stated to g
bis friends that most of these checks were his by ti
purchase; that since he commenced banking,
he had bought upwards of $1,400,000 in public °
securities, and that ignorant of their fraudulent r ,
'character, be had bought these among others; h
that Bonds were issued upon them by his direc-
tion io various parties; and that he is not yet £
convinced that he has been imposed upon. This C
is his statement, for. the truth of which his jj
I friends give him foil credit. They have started
i the hypothesis that these are tbe genuine checks, b
I which once paid were subsequently stolen and
reissued, and that the Governor has been an £
1 innocent but unfortunate purchaser. Of course v
there are various surmises and manv sinister u
i whisperings; but as Ido not wish to do any one *
' injustice, I will not give tbem currency, bat t;
| wait the report of the Committee. Parties have v
i been this morning dispatched to the Canal Of-
[ fice at Lockport, and to tbe cflice of tbe State f
| Trustee at Chicago, to bunt up books and gather c
| testimony bearing on the case; and when tbe
i Committee reassembles on Friday, the whole ?
! matter will probably be laid open. 4
; Of the bonds issued for these checks, $92,000 a
are despatched with the Treasurer as security °
tor the issues of the State Bank of Illinois at
Shawneetown, owned by Matteson. In any 0
event the State will not be a loser. If the 8
checks prove worthless, as they probably will, jj
tbe payment of the bonds will be refused, and d
suit will be commenced against the parties pre- *
| seating the indebtedness for the recovery of the
! money if any of tbem have been bought out of 1
the proceeds of the various funds for that pur- f
pose.
Gov. Bissell in ail this matter needß no de- P
He came into office on the 12th ot Jan- (
uary. On the 9th tbe payment of these checks
was established as a precedent by bia predecea*
sor. He followed only in *tiis footsteps. His
clerk is the same man who served Matteson,
and who bos served the State since 1830, al
ways as employee of one of the publie offices.
He (Moore) is a thorougly honest and incor
ruptible man; and upon his knowledge of the
different forms of indebtedness, the Governor .
supposed he could rely. A mistake is all that
they can be charged with. The fraud must be
accounted lor by other parties.
A very interesting debate sprung up in tbe
House yesterday afternoon on the bill forbid
ding tbe collection hereafter of the constitu
tional or two-mills tax, in which Church of Mc-
Henry, Haines of Lake, Hurlbut of Boone,
and Greene of Massac favored, and Peck of
Cook, Davis of Montgomery, and Harmon of
Vermillion opposed, tbe passage of the bill.
The speeches were able—those in favor of tbe
proposition-specially so. The matter in issue is
one about which a great variety of opiniona
may be honestly entertained, and abont which
much on'each side may be well said. lam of
the opinion that tbe collection of the tax will
be postponed.
Mr. Nichols* Reform School bill passed the "
Senate yesterday, snd will soon come up in the
House, where its success is not so well assured. K
Its friends are confident, however. Many of
the Southern members have declared in its !]
favor. If they do not change their minds, Mr, u
N. will soon have cause to rejoice.
No time is fixed for adjournment. As the day
for thfrt event draws near, the industry of- both 84
Houses is redoubled; and within the next week
unless some exciting topic like tbe Apportion- 81
ment or the Chicago Charter arises, more bills
will be enacted than in all the former part of the "
session. Schemes which hare been hanging in P
doubt are pushed with renewed rigor; opposi- 8
tion to bills of oegative merit grows more earn-
est and pronounced; new combinations are *
formed; new bargains are made, and the indi- a
cations of speedy dissolution multiply on every
han£. It is not probable that the members can
be kept here more than their allotted six weeks;
The desires and demands of home will nause T<
them to break away one at a time, or by half; * T
dozens, in-Bpite of public or political considers-
tions, aad within two or three days after the **
pay drops down to one dollar no quorum will
be leli. The Governor's register shows that up 1C
to date only eighteen bills bare been approved.
The resolution in relation to the proposed
call for a Convention was under discussion in 81
the Senate this morning, as the special order. 0
By agreement, the debate was to be concluded
and a rote taken to-day. Mr. Vanderen, in. a
brief speech, explained his position, when tbe
ares ancT noes were called with this result: °1
Ayes 17, Nays 8. So the resolution is passed,
and the matter lies over for two years. m
The"House is engaged in tbe passage of bills
of a local character. i*
1 • ■ 01
Later from Utah.
OIUT SiXT Lies CtTT, U. T„l .•
Buardar, Jan. 1. ICoS. j &
The news of the completion of tbe telegraph tfc
line across the Sierra Nevada Mountains into y
this Territory was received with enthusiasm
and joy by the Gentile portion of this comma
nity, as tbe completion of the line to this city
rery early in the Spring is now reduoed to a ii
certainty. f
Mr. Osborne, the Gentile member of the Leg
islature, elected from Green Rirer county, took
bis seat as a member on Thursday morning, b
His right to a soat was contested by Mr. Hoop- Dl
er, who was elected from this county, oa the
groand that Green River couoty had r been at- BC
tached to it. This law, however, was void, as a
it was not signed by Gor. Gumming, who was
acting as Gorernor in the Territory at the time. .
Notwithstanding this fact, the Legialature, in
order to sustain themselres, sustained Hooper "
in his claim to a seat, bnt got him af tarwarda to "
resign, and permitted Osborne to fill the va- ri
cancj thus created. If thia is not *'beating the tt
devil round the stump," I know not what it is. te
The examination into the circumstances of ¥
the murder of a deaf and damb by in this city p
a few weeks ago, by one of the ''destroying P
angels," which has created so much interest,
was concluded on Tuesdsyisst, and Christiansen tz
the murderer, was fully committed for trial be- 01
fore the United States District Court. From G
tbe eridence adduced the crime committed was e:
clearly murder. The poor boy was arrested on ri
a charge of stealing money, which he denieid, 01
although he acknowledged having on a prerious (a
occasion taken some. He was taken by this po
liceman out through the mountains to hunt for nt
money which he had cot taken, and was com- r<
pelled by the threats of this man to resort to p<
the expedient of traveling -rem one spot to the ax
other in order to delay ft which this at
man had determined to give him ii he did not
find some money. Fioally, alter trareling about to
two days, tbe boy, as Christiansen bimsefstates, w
became desperate and inflicted a slight wound m
upon him, and in return was shot three times by bi
the man. In this condition he was placed upon ai
a wagon to be brought to tbe city, wounded as tb
ha was with three pistol shots, be was again led tb
out, and unarmed and weak with the loss of M
blood, his throat cut from ear to ear by a man rc
armed with a knife, revolver and policeman'a rc
club, under the pretence that he had to do it in el
■elf-defenee. it
It is oonfldently anticipated by the Mormon
leaders .that a Petit Jury cannot be found to ti
oonrict him even under this testimony. :We hi
shsll see whether such is the case or not. * «
■- - OUR WASHINGTON LETTER.
rFrom our own Correspondent].
WisHHtTO*. Jan, 5L1859.
The application of Mr. McCormick for the ex
tension of his Reaper patent for t term of seven
years, Was, on Saturday, -decided adversely by
the . Commissioner of Patents. The ease has
been pending for a long period, and was elabo
rately argued by Edward A Dickerson, Esq., of
New Jersey, and Hon. Reverdy Johnson. Tbe
renewal of the patent would have .been worth
one millio*n~o'f-dollars. -ThVground-on which
the denial
Mr. McConnick, having bed the unobstructed
bm efthe patent for fourteen years, has been
fully remunerated for the invention. Though
the decision terminates the monopoly, yet Mr.
McCormick will retain great advantages over
any competition in the manufacture of his ma
chines, because be is already established with
greater facilities than can be enjoyed by begin
ners.
It appears that we have reached tbe end of
the tariff agitation for this Congress. Party
caucuses have assumed all the powers and re
sponsibilities ot legislation. One of these mon
sters of. usurpation-these fungi of partisan
impudence-has been held by Democratic Sen
ators, and the caucns have resolved that they
will neither.pass, nor permit to pass, any tariff
bill at this session. Mr. Hunter laid down the
law of party opinion, and presented a resolution
in*accordance with it, declaring no ehange in
the present rates of duty, to be necessary. Mr.
Bigler submitted a.resolution that the revenue
was deficient and ought to be supplied by our
increase of duties on imports. Bigler was voted
down, and Hunter's proposition then passed
unanimously. The party is bound by this ac
tion, and as it has twenty majority, its decree
is fate. No member is now at liberty to vote
for any modification pf the tariff, though bank
ruptoy and repndiation stare the Government in
the face.
The Senate, evien in lawful session, has no
business with tbe subject at all, for tbe right of
originating bills to raise revenue belongs to tbe
House of Representatives, and then tbe party is
well known to~be~tftvided on this important
question. The conventicle of Senators, there
, tore, was intended to intimidate a minority,
who have been talking of a union with the Re
i publicans in order to relieve the Government,
; which has been saved from sudden collapse only
by tbe Iste loan, and is liable to fall into the
same extremity as soon as that pittance is dis
pensed.
If Buchanan now had tbe courage of a mouse,
he would say to Mr. Cobb, "My dear fellow, you
and 1 totally disagree on the very first Question
of this, as of every, administration—to wit. tbe
• ways and means to keep it in existence. Ton
cannot deny tbat you hay? failed at every point.
You fouod $26,000,000 of surplus in the Treas
ury. You spent all that. You bought in the
public debt at sixteen per cent, premium, and
two months afterwards you were besieging
Congress for a loan of twenty millions. You
got tbat and spent it. You then borrowed
twenty millions more, and tbat is nearly gone.
Thus you have ron through with $66,000,000
more than your income in two years. Aed yet
jon obstinately oppose all plans to raise more
revenue, either to avert tbe necessity of other
loans, or to provide for those you have made.
Upon this point my Cabinet must be a unit
with myself 1 cannot have a Secretary of the
Treasury, whose official acts and influence in
Congress are all directed toward resistance to
my just authority asbeadof the Administration;
therefore, Mr. Cobb, please deliver your seals."
A man of spirit and self-reliance would do this,
but probably Mr. Buchanan will not.
It is said tbat the Republicans held a caucus
on the tariff, at which they resolved to vote for
no loan bill in connection with such a change in
tbe tarifi as would extinguish deficits. This is
noteorrect ; no such oaucua bas been held, but
that is nevertheless the policy of tbe party. Bu
chanan will be lift to tbe chance of a revival of
trade, and to the alternative ofa called session,
which will split tbe party into little faclions and
fragments.
Tne Senatorial caucus passed a resolution tn
favor of cutting down'appropriations, or, in the
common cant, in favor of retrenchment and re*
form. But nearly the whole of last week was
consumed In the stragglings of the same party,
in the House, to hold tbetr gripe upon half-a
dozen diplomatic offices, costing nearly SIOO,OOO
a year, which the Republicans, under the lead
of Mr. Lovtjay, were seeking to abolish as to
tally useless. That is the way they will reform.
But they will have other ordeals to pass. The
opposition are about to make a dead set at those
sinks of corruption—the navy yards. They
propose to blot one-half of them outofexistence
as mere rookeries for swindling contractors and
dens ot wanton waste. Tbe united Democracy
will, no doubt, come up in united phalanx in
defence of them.
Bills have been adopted by tbe Committee on
Territories favorable to all tbe applications be
fore them for territorial organizations, except as
to Nevada. That may also be brought in. The
prospect is that they will all pass. Josics.
Chit-Chat About Gold and the Gold
mines*
[Correspondence of the Frist a*d Tribune.]
DssMoitts, Jan. 31,1U3.
What more welcome topic shall 1 write of
than Gold? How and where to get it—to get it,
wi hont going through the Circumlocution Of
fice of "seed time and harvest"—of ploughing
and planting, harvesting end threshing, cartage
and commission house—verily, to dig up the
yellow lumps themselves, that is the question.
"Pike's Peak," is the answer that captivates
the bard run sons of toil.
Discussion is useless. A bigger army than
Napoleon conquered half Europe with, is already
equipping itself for its Western march, to de
spoil the Plains of their gold. The vanguard
has already passed the Rubicon, if I may so
metamorphose the muddy Missouri.
Since to tell men tbat tbe honest tillage of tbe
soil were tbe surest, though the slowest way to
wealth, will avail nothing, any more than com
mands to put about ship in a storm, the next
best thing is to point out the shoals and reefs,
that the ship may be guided athwart danger;
or to return to our warlike metaphor, to make
the conquest with the least loss and delay.
To eatch your partridge is the first requisite
in the receipt for the coolcery of that feathered
biped; so.to be well assured of the deposit of
gold in the western slope of tbe Rocky Mountain
range, is quite a tins qua non to a journey a
thousand miles thither. But of this, who doubts ?
More from different individuals, all
"reliable men," have already been published
than 1 should have dared guess there were per
sons who had ever seen Pike's Peak. The evi
dence bas been cumulative, and cumulative only
since tbe first announcement of the discovery.
Bnt although tbe jury are already satisfied
with tbe evidence on that point, I will risk their
patience with that of another unimpeachable
gentleman—Lmean Mr. Young, formerly a resi
dent near He went to Southern Kansas
a yeareince-with a saw milL- There, last sum
mer, he .heard of the gold at- Pike's Peak, and
left on atour of investigation, in tbe month of
June.
"Georgia party," and with his companions tra
velled over-and "prospected" for gold a large
trapt in .the region of Pike's Peak. The longest
halt they made was some twenty days, where
they averaged six dollars per day to the man.
Mr. Young brings back an earnest of bis labor
in tbe shape -of several ounces of tbe yellow
dust. The anginal intention of tbe party was,
Mr. Young says, to keep the matter a secret,
and quietly to go out the coming spring and pick
up their "pile," but no sooner bad be reached
Kansas than he learned tbe excitement was all
abroad thronghout the country. -
Mr. Young talks as a candid man. In his
opinion Western Kansas and Nebraska arenot
destined to equal California. The gold found is
much finer, though widely dispersed through
the country. No thousand dollarnuggets aston
ish men's visions as they stub their toei. It is
only by labor that wealth oaq be got even there.
They soms times packed specimens of the
dirt five miles to try it, and oftentimes found
the soil out on the Plains to yield well. Mr.
Young is preparing to go to the diggings in the
spring, taking with him a saw mill. (Qnery—
Who isn't going to take a saw mill t) There is
in that region a plentiful supply of pine, and a
fair supyly of water.
Several parties have already passed through
here en routs for the "diggings," intending to
pass the remainder of the winter on the Mis
souri, and be ready to take np tbe Platte valley
at the first peep of grass along its banks.
Two sturdy "Suckers" from Grundy county,
stopped at our hotel—the American, kept by D.
W. Whitney, a name to be remembered by all
"ye travellers"—unshipped their knapeacks and
revolvers, and informed us that they had made
the journey so lar on foot and alone, and so in
tended to see Pike's Peak ere grass comes.
Worthy grit, that, from the Sucker State, if the
poor fellows don't freexe to death by it on the
Plains.
i Up the valley of the Platte is the great cen
; tral route for the mining region. This route is
i one hundred miles nearer than that by Kansas
City or even St. Joseph. Too many must not
expect to go through to the Missouri
river and there pick up teams and prepare an
outfit. The demand there will be great and
teams and provisions will be high.
The sure way is for the emigrants from Illi
nois, Wisconsin, Indiana and Miebigan, to get
ready with everything at their own doors, save
perhaps provisions, whichTbe may get cheaply
anywhere in lowa. Btart so as to reach Omaha,
at the mouth of the Platte, from the 15th to the
80th of April, when grass will be up sufficient
tor feed. Those that have not teams may as
well come on to lowa before purcbMing. ouch
may reach lowa City by rail, where ihey can
branch' off into the adjoining towns or counties
and purchase outfits. Those intending to stage
through—fare SIOO from Omaha—will come
through central lowa from the terminus of tbe
M. & M. R. R by the Weatern Stage Co.. which
runa to Council Blnfis, opposite Omaha. This
route affords the best roads, is nearest, and so,
cheapest, to all those near this latitude or above
it.
Without dilating further npon the Gold fe
ver, Messrs. Editors, allow me to aay we are
having the pie—anlest winter it was ever my
good fortune to witness. S.S.
' Dongias and Harris.-
Tbe Washmgton correspondent of tbe Ad
ministration psper in Lonisville, gives tbe fol
lowing shape to a rumor that has long been
afloat in well informed political eirdsa:
Hsjor Hanit was the. strongest asd boldest of
i Douglas* adherents. To the'effect of bis
iron will, broight to bear at all times upon the
eanss of Mr. Douglas,: is attributable mure of
tbe latter*a reputation for energy aad decision
ot character, and boldness of execution, than to
anj of those qualities be reallj possesses. To
give 70a an instance of it.
; /A warm-boaom friend of MrrDouglas, and a
man who holds a distinguished .position in. the
Tressury Department, told me that last spring 1 , •
on the evening before Mr. English reported the :
" Conference bill." and when tae con tents of
that bill were well known and being freely dis
cussed in Washington, be, the friend of Mr. D.,'
called on the latter, and talked over the whole
matter J; that be spoke plainly to Mr. Donglas of
the position in which he was allowing himself to
be placed; tbat even if be only intended to as
sume tbat of hostility to the Administration,
circumstances would so sccumnlste npon him, as
to sink him into opposition to the Democratio
psrty; that now an opportunity wee offered to
him, to not only place himself in full fellowship,
but that by declaring it to be a victory and jnst
tbe thing be wanted and had been contending
for, he conld completely overwhelm the Admin
istration, etc.
To many of these arguments Mr. Donglas as
sented, and finally, solemnly agreed that be
wouM take the coufse advised' by his friend, and
to which he was of his own notion more than
half inclined, and wonld go for the bilL His
Iriend left him, and within half a square met
Major Harris going to Mr. Donglas* boose. They
stopped on tbe sidewalk, and there tbe same
thiogs were said by tbe friend and listened to
by Mr. H. At last, tbe former said: "Donglas
has agreed with me in my tdess ot this thing,
and is going for tbe bill. Now, yon must all get
together and concert measures, and tbe whole
Illinois delegation must act together for this
bill." " Has Douglas, then, promised to go for
this compromise said Mr. Harris. "He has
just promised me tbat he would do so," said the
other. "I'll be d—d if he shall," said Mr.
Harris, and they parted, Mr. H. going to Dong
las' house, and the other going his way. The
next morniog Mr. Donglas made a speech in the
Senate, saying that he conld not go for the com
promise, and giving bis reason why be conld
not What impelled him to take the conrse be
did, nobody knows, but Mr. Harris said be j
should not go for the bill, and be did not. ne |
had certainly promised to do so, but we soon :
beard him in Chicago calling it a "cheat and a
swindle."
Paraguay—Preparation for the Amer- 1
icans.
Cczsos Atsis. Dec. ID. X££3.
All Sooth American eyes, and doubtless many
in tbe North, are tarned towards tbe coming
conflict between tbe United States and Para
enay. A part of the fleet has arrived in tbe
River Platte, and it will be here soon. The
programme arranged in Washington was lor
Judge Uowlin to leave the fleet at Bnenos
Ayres, and to proceed to Assumption, is tbe
hope of making by diplomatic skill an appeal to
arms unnecessary. There is no probability
that any American will be allowed to come in
sight of any fortification, or to p.as up any Par
aguayan river. The Commissioner will be de
tained where be cannot be a spy, until.Lopez
sees tit to allow the negotiation to be opened.
Tbe first defenses upon the river are known by
the Ind'un name of Humaitn Tney consist of a
line of nncodered gnus extending along the shore
for about a mile and a half, at a point where tbe
rirer is very narrow, and the channel not much
wider than a canal. The ships to pass mast go
within pistol shot of the cannon's mouth. About
the middle of this line of breastwork* is a covered
battery mounting 13 gun?, bnt tne arched cover
and tbe walls are all of brick, and tbe embrasures,
built bv a Swiss engineer, an so constructed ss to
have tLc weaker side out—tbe wall being on the
onUide bevelee ioward the orifice.
This fort can only be taken, it is allowed here,
by vessels lying out of tbe reach of their cannon,
and under cover of tbe river bend and an interven
ing forest, and throwing shells.
From tbfc point to Assumption there is perhaps
the most perfect telegraph, by post horses in tbe
world. Upon the arrivaJ of any vessel bound up
wards, tbe Inspector at Hnmaita makes out the
particulars with great minuteness, giving full par
ticulars concvrning any strangers on b'iard,anid
tbe messenger starts. There are stations one
league apart for tbe whole route, 100 leagues, at
which horses are always saddled and rider ready
to take the dispatch without tbe delay of a half
minute at any point.
Such rapidity as this marks any improvement
tbat tbe autocrat deems important. Once,
wbon an Invasion was threatened, Lopez gath
ered 37,000 men at one point, upon a few hours*
notice; and, after a training of two weeks, they
exhibited a knowledge of militarv manoeuvres,
perhaps not found elsewhere south of the equa
tor.
Tbe males, from fourteen years and upward,
are by law soldiers, and are liable to be e&lled
out upon an honr's notice. Clothing is not an
article of expense, as shoes, pantaloons, hats,
vests, shirts, Ac., are not indispensable to a Pa
raguayan soldier. At present, tbe abundance of
provision always found in summer is in their fa
vor. They are awkward as artillery; or as in
fantry, bnt as cavalry they would puzzle a mili
tary scholar.
Frank Blair on "Baces."
Hon. F. P. Blur, Jr. .delivered a lecture at
Boston on the 26th ult, upon "The Destiny of
the Races'*:
In this Jectnre he takes the ground, at once,
as it seems to us, philosophical and humane,
that the alleged superiority of raee of which we
hear so much, and which is urged as a sufficient
ground for the perpetuity of slavery, is not an
abeolute superiority, but one relative only to
certain climates. The white race in temperate
climates, like those of the United States, may
be as superior to the negro race as the most ar
dent advocates of slavery contend, but this
vaunted superiority ceases the moment we pass
into tropical climates, in which the negro
attains to increased energy and vigor; while tbe
white man dwindles under tbe enervating effects
of heat and malaria, and even loses the power
of psopagating his race. Why should the black
man be dragged into a climate not favorable to
his constitution or development, there to be tbe
slave of the white man, and kept in a state of
perpetual degradation, in which both aocial and
physical causes concur, while a vast extent of
tbe earth's surface—exceeding that of the two
temperate zones, for which only the negro and
other colored races are adapted—still awaits tbe
prodnctive skill of science and civilization?
Would it not be far better, instead of perpet*
uating, in these temperate latitudes for which
nature never designed them, a degraded race
of slaves, to fittbis same race for adding to the
dominions of civilization vast regions in which
they live and flourish and we cannot.
Why should we not follow on in the path
which our revolutionary forefathers marked
out? They proclaimed, life, liberty and the
pursuit of happiness as the equal right of all
men. Beginning with .those Northern States
which were palpably least congenial, physically
considered, to the negro race, they abolished
slavery. They provided, by the ordinance of
1787, that no slaves should be introduced into
the new latitudes. They abolished the African
slave-trade, fondly hoping tbat in doing that,
they had struck a blow at the institution of
Slavery which must speedily result in its total
cessation.
It remains for ns to carry out the same policy
—a duty not tbe less incumbent upon us from
the recent efforts, at the head of which tbe Su
preme Court of the United States has placed it
self, to reverse the policy of tbe Revolutionary
fathers, to explode tneir favorite ideas of the
rights of man and the excellence of freedom,
and to convert this country from the land of the
free into tbe home of .the slave. The heroic re
sistance of Kansas to tbe attempts to impose
Slavery upon her has secured not only Free La
bor for herself, but the ultimate extension of
that same system along her parallels of latitude
across tbe entire continent. Missouri itself,
snatched from the bands of Freedom in 1820,
will now, it is conceded, buttressed up by a Free
Labor State on ber western frontier, soon as
sume her natural position. The influence of
this cordon of Free Labor States cannot but be
very great on the extension of Freedom. To
their development a railroad to the Pacific is
very essential* and that forms another leading
topic of Mr. Blair's lecture.—iV. Y.Tribttns.
Farther from Hayti.
The proclamation of the Emperor Faustin) issu
ed before the outbreak, forbidding any conversa
tion on political matters, seems to have full force
here; and although there are rumors of the pro
gress of tbe revolution In the North, and of a
rising in some of tbe neighboring Southern cities,
tbe citizens spare their words on tbe sobject, and
when questioned, profess entire ignorance. Tbe
latest dates received at Jeremie from Port-au-
Prince hint at a strong partv in that city opposed
to Soulouque. Should the first battle—if there is
any battle at all—go against the Emperor, there
may be a rising in the capital.
We have news from Gonaive* to the Cth Inst.
This is the stronghold of tbe rebellion, and, as one
might naturally suppose, any newt derived from
this city would favor tbe cause of the revolution
ists. Soulouque is at Su* Marc with about 5,000
troops. Gefirard is just below Gonalves with
probably about 12.000 men—various reports give
Irom 10,000 to 18,000. Bfe this as it may, his army
is undoubtedly each moment increasing in num
bers.
We have seena person lately from Hayti, which
states tbat be was assured that all the roads lead
ing southward from Plaisance were dotted witn
bands of men, furnished, some with fowling
pieces, and some wuh implements originallyin
tendedto subdue the earti,but now turned to
arm j, all wending their way toward Gonaives.
There is a rumor tbat toe Emperor Soulouque
has shipped a quantity of valuables on board a
government vessel lying at St. Marc, and that
6honld affaire turn against him he will make his
escape, wl?h abundance of pocket money. It bas
also for several yeara been taken for granted that
the knowing old gentleman bas large investments
in France, sufficient to solace the declining years
of a deposed monarch. We give these as rumors,
for what they are worth; they seem probable, bnt
tbe last may not be true, as is illustrated by the
past history of the island. A former ruler, com
mon fame reported, shipped several heavy boxes
to a torelgn country, invoiced as old iron. All'
who were interested in Hayti asserted, and it was
generally believed, that these cases contained gold;
yet the shipper of these boxes, whether they con
taloed Iron or gold, deprived in eourse of time of
bis power, died in the most abject poverty.
Toe reoorted arrest of the family of Gen. GslT
rard at Port-au-Prince is confirmed, and also the
arrest of about forty-five suspected persons.
A Boy Carried over tbe Fall* of Ni«
agara*
A sad aecldent occurred at Niagara Falls on
- Saturday. The Rochester Union says an adopted
son of Mr. Gibbs, foreman of the paper mills, ac
cidentally fell into the river and was carried over
tbe American Fall". We understand that tbe lad
was on the ioe, near the mills, where men bad
been running tbe drift ice from the-flume, and ac
cidentally fell into the swift stream. He was teen
to fall, and was seen some distance down the
river, when beyond- the reach of human aid, and
speedily passed over, of course to rise no more
alive. The child was twelve years old, and a lad
of much promise, beloved by his adopted parents
and all who knew him. The calamity caused much
sensation at the village where it occurred.
The Spasm of Retrenchment. -
[CorreapondenceortheN. T.Trlbcne]
WisHnoro*, Jan. SS, 1199.
Congress has bid a few spurns of retrench
meat sinoathe session began. Bat they amount
to nothing/and will asoent to- nothing. Mr.
Sherman's proposition to refer tb«
tion bills designed to snpplv the wants orU»'
Tarioia branches of the Gwvernment, to the ser
eral Oossmittee* having charge of those braaeh
es was defeated after aas?-day«» deliberation.
It is verr doabtfal if it wonld hire accomplished
anything in the way of reducing the estimates
or expenditures in the several departments. It
~wouldhave.bccn~qQlte-~aa:ilkaly,"iaa<r I flunk"
. more so, to have created, on the part of the sev
eral Committees, a rivalry of extravagance in
stead of an emulation of economy. The effort
wul. however, wall meant, and it wm defeated.
For afew days, the house has been trying its
hand on a demonstration to withhold the appro*
J nations for the diplomatic services generally,
t has already got so far as to strike out the
appropriations for the missions to Borne, to
Persia, and to Switzerland. This looks,
on the outside, like a small reform.
But the vote amounts to nothing. Appropria
tions will be made, in the end, for every one of
these mission*. If the House shall refuse tore
oede, then a Gonferencs Committee, will report
an appropriation bill jo.t before the elose of Con
gress, having in it the pay ol the members, as
well as between fifty and one hundred other
items which have been specially refused by one
or the other branch, and the members will be
. told there %s not tine to even read the items they
! are called on to vote for, and the bill will be
jammed through by a majority bent on voting
their own pay, though is doing it they are de
frauded ot their right of legislation, and vote
away millions for objects they disapprove, and
have already, time and again, declared them*
selves against. This is what has been done time
and again.
The only way to reach this evil is to formally
elect an Administration, making retrenchment
a leading issue. The coccarrence of the ex
ecntive department can be obtained in no other
way.
Morphy and "II Pattino."
[From Porter's Spirit of the Timet?
Leonardo, like Morphy, wai a joung law student
of brilliant parts,and like Morpby, very diminu
tive in size. From this fact, and also on account
or his modest, unpretending manners, be received
the soubriquet ef H Puttaio—tbe Little Boy. lit
tle as be wa a , however, he soon beat all the Chess
players of Borne, and acquired the reputation of
being the Champion of ail Italy. The great Chess
reputation ot tbe time, however, was Buy Lopez,
a Spanish corate,- who being promoted to a bish
opric, bad occasion to visit Home on ecclesiastical
business. Making his mitre of less account than
his Chess renown, he soaght out II Puttino, and
to the mortification of the youth, the Churchman
overthrew him. Feeling his disgrace so keenly,
he secretly left Rome, and transferred his stand
ard to Naples, where for two yeara he overthrew
all comer?, bat while thus engaged he cultivated
but one single hope ; and that was to wrest bis
lost laurels back Irom toe insulting Spanish Btan
op. Finding himself sufficiently accomplished
for that purpose, and avoiding a challenge from
Paolo Bor, tbe Syracu«an, which threatened to di
vert him, and perhaps intercept his purpose, be
set out lor the Court of Philip 11., at Madrid. He
there fonnd Roy Lopez, the undisputed King of
Chess tor Spain; and, withholding his name, for
age bad somewhat altered him, be at once auda
ciously engaged tbe priest. A few games con
vinced him tbat be was now the master of tbe
churchman, and though he might easily have
overthrown him, game by game, he contented him
self with alternating tbe success. This wondrous
resistance of such an unrivaled power as Buy Lo
pez, at ooce became the theme of tbe entire Court
at Madrid, and the Kins, as excited as the rest,
made a match of a thousand crowns a side, be
tween Lopez and th<» stranger, to be awarded to
tbe winner of tbe first three games.
The match was placed in presence of the entire
court and at the foot of tbe throne, and the first
two games were lost by Leonardo. The king, see
ing tbe stranger so easily beateo, roie to leave tbe
room, as if tbe match were virtually at an enl:
wheixupnu the Italian, falling upon his kn?es, en
treated him to s' ay. "I have purposelv lo?t the
fi'st two games," said he, "in order to display my
superior skilL lam tbe Pu&ne, come hither to
Madrid to overthrow Buy Lopez, for bis insul Ing
taunts when he worsted me at Rome. lam now
Im master, and I will b at Mm the next three
games." It turned out a* H Puttino had promised,
and the king invested him with a royal ermine
cloak und jewel,as the King of Chess. He sub
sequently vanquished Paolo Bor, tbe Sjwcusan,
and remained the acknowledged King of Cbesj
until he died.
Paul Morphy is tbe Jl Puttino of the pre-ent
age, with the difference only, that he has never
met with a defeat.
A Promising Town.
The Springfield correspondent or tb2 St. Louis
Republican sends tbat paper the following:
Let lUinoistown fling up her hat aud shout for
joy! Let her hosannabs part the ambient air, and
echo return her joyful hallelnjihs from tbe west
ern shores of tbe Mississippi! There is a hope for
her yet. 1 have seen a petit to:, signed by John
Winrtanley and seventeen others, "to the Honor
able Senate and House of Representatives now in
session at SprinjrfieM assembed," which sets lorth
"to wit, as .follows :**
" First. That owing to the peculiar locality of
our position, our point being a general rendezvous
or great central termini of five railroads and ten
Dublic roads on the great Mississippi, opposite St.
Louis, oo the margin of a border State, makes it
one of the thoroughfares for commercial opera
tions and a deposit for thieves, &n<l where the rab
ble cl every city in the world congregate. No
tongue can tell, no pen can describe, or no cata
logue of human crime and infamy, the viciousness
that congregates here and are rite among us,elud
ing the vigilance of the police of different cities,
having no bailiwick here, of which they are well
aware. We have periodical floods, sickness death
and mobocracy in plenty. Oar county jail coul 1
be filled every morning to overflowing it we were
to exercise stern justice according to the statutes
of the State ot Illinois, made and provided in such
cases, bence incurring an item or expense which
125,000 per annum could not begin to liquidate,
all for those who quarter upon ns to carry out
their fiendish ends and views. Will the Legisla
ture let us sink and go down? We say No! No!
We ask your honorable body for the powers and
privileges of fencing in oar coroornte limits from
the periodical floods of the Father of Waters/ 1
«tc, Ac.
The petition goes on at great length in a simi
lar strain. Its getter-op has been here a week or
two asking redress, and seems determined to have
it. On, Winstanley, oo!
A Reminiscence of Dr. John W.
Francis.
The venerable Dr. Francis, of New York, who
is the soul of the literary society of tbat city, in
the course of his remarks at one of the recent
Centennial Barns Celebrations, related that he
visited the home of Burns forty-three years ago.
We quote an interesting paragraph from there-;
marks of the Doctor:
My excellent friend S/me led me to Dr. Max*
iuJI, the physician who attended Barns in his
last illness. I thought, from the printed rec
ords, tbat obscurity rested on tbe immediate
cause of the premature demise of tbe illustrious
patient. DK Maxwell was very frank in his
statements. Barns had been led to the convic
tion that bathing in the Solway would restore
his constitution; and though at tbe time suffer
ing from mercurial distress, he would listen to
no sdvice to the contrary, but indulged in bath
ing for three or four days, when acute suffer
ings brought him home, where, after three days'
painful existence, he died. Mr. Sime's cour
tesy made me acquainted with Bonnie Jean at
her dom.ciL She confirmed the story of his
illness and the manner of his death —a sad nar
rative, which she gave not withont emotion. I
passed some bonr or two in conversation with
dear Jean. I gave utterance to strong expres
sion in praise of the marvellous talents of her
husband, and added that Barns was considered
by our American people the greatest genius
Scotland had given birth to. She replied, she
had often heard the same praise bestowed on
him by numerous visitors who called to see her.
"Madame," I added, "such is the current opin
ion," "Tbat I have learned," rejoined she,
"to be tbe case, since his death. 1 was igno
rant of it before, for Robert was very rarely at
home. Poor Jean said she had parted with ev
ery scrap of paper oo which Burns had written;
so many had solicited even the smallest frag
ment of bis composition - a word, a sentence
sufficed. She searched, however, for a while,
and fortunately brought to my inspection tire
or six lines of his manuscript, three words of
which she gave me—" Go tell George."
Death of W. C. Bond, the Astronomer.
Tbe telegraph announce* the death, on Satur
day, of William Cranch Bond, the director of
the Astronomical Observatory at Cambridge,
Mass.
Mr. Bond was born in Portland, Me., on the
9th of September, 1760. In 1802 he was appren
ticed to a watchmaker, and continued the bu
siness of msnufactoring watches for half a cen
tury.
While a young man, he established at Dor
chester, Mass., a private observatory, one of the
earliest in tbe coantry. In 1315 Mr. Bond vis
ited Earope to dischsrge a commission from the
Corporation of Harvard College, authorizing
him to examine the observatories there, make
plans and select instruments for the proposed
observatory at Cambridge. In 1838 be was ap
pointed by the general government to conduct
a series of astronomical aad meteorolcgieal ob
servations, in connection with Commodore
Wilkes's Expedition. In 1859 he accepted the
invitation to. superintend tbe erection of and
take charge of the great Cambridge Observato
ry which, a few years sfter, was supplied with ;
the magnificent telescope (one of tbe two largest
refractors in the world), by the nse of whieh he
has so much aided tbe progress of astronomical
discovery, and enhanced the scientific reputa
tion of his country.
Mr. Bond's scientific achievements were re
cognised by diplomas of membership from the
leading scientific soeieties at home and abroad.
He will, we suppose, be succeeded at the ob
servatory by Mr. George P. Bond, his distin
guished son and associate director, who has won
a reputation hardly if at all inferior to thai ol
his lather.—N. Y. Ste. Pott,
French Gossip.
In regard to the approaching marriage of Princo
Napoleon, a Paris correspondent writes:
Another piece of great new 3 is that the Prince
Napoleon is really going to be married to tbe little
Princess Clotilda (only 16 years old), daughter of
the King of Sardinia. This alliance has been be
fore spoken of, and tbe rumor wis contradicted.
I believe the news is now official, and that the
event will be announced in tbe Emperor's speech
on Feb. 7. Visions of a repitition of "my ancle's"
policy andaFrench viceroy in Italy haunt and
terrify the public.
A Whole Family Burned to Death.
PmsxpacH.7eb. 11559,
A fire occarred last night near the town line
and Alleghany City, destroying the honse of a
carpenter named Rogers, in which he, with his
wife and four children, perished. Great excite
ment prevailed about the scene of the casualty,
until all that remained of the bodies had been
taken from the rains, this morning. A little
boy escaped from the building daring, aa eariy
stage of the conflagration, from wfcoae itai»-
meot the came of the appalling calamity is
traced to Rogers' oomiig home ntsiicsted.
Pergonal aha Political.
The fees of tbe sheriff of New York for tbe
year of_wbich go into his own pccket,
amounted to $39,299.
President Lord of Dartmouth Collage, was
skating on the Merrimack River on Wednesday,
and a Lowell paper remarks that although he it
sixty-sixyears of'age, for celerity and grace of
motion he was unequaled by any of his more
youthful competitors.
""Crms'W.'Field & Co., the extensive paper
manufacturers, who suspended during the crisis,
have ukdn up nearly all their extended paper,
much of it having nearly nine months to run,
and h*ve addressed a circular to the holders of
the remaining notes, offering to pay them at
owe.
The New \ork Tims learns that our min
ister to Nicaragua, Gen. Limar, appears about
every day at Icacos, where our Pacific fleet is
harbored, in a condition nnfit for business, asd
sometimes unfi*. to be seen —the plain English
of which we take to be, stupidly drunk. One
would think It the established policy of this ad
ministration to send sots and fools wherever
there is any difficult and delicate government
business to be done.
—On Snndsj last a notable company of the
solid and brilliant men of Boston gave a dinner,
atthePatker House, to Francis P. Blair, Jr.,
of St Louis. Mr. B. made a speech which was
well received. Governor Banks presided, and
smongthe gentlemen present were the Hon.
Josiah Qaincy, Professor Agsssiz, Ralph Waldo
Emerson, R. H. Dans, Jr., Mr. Longfellow, and
Dr. Holmes.
Report says a high crime has been fastened
upon one of the civil officers ot the Brooklyn
>**▼7 Yard, by tbe investigation now going en
relative to Naval Affairs, and that it implicates,
to a certain extent, a certain member of Con
gress from New York Slate. The investigation
is going on, and will prove a success, il to un
veil a large amount of corruption in the affairs
of the Government, can be so characterized.
Miss Esmonde, one of the popular public
readers, acknowledge© that she was refused
tickets by Mrs. Kemble to her readings, in the
brusque manner narrated in a recent paragraph
and says that a few weeks after she retaliated
with the following note—which is a sharp hit:
Madam—ln return for your great kindness
and delicate appreciation of my motive in wish
ing to hear your reading, allow me to enclose
two tickets for my reading on Monday evening.
1 have not the presumption to suppose that you
would denve much pleasure, or instruction in
elocution, from any effort of mine, but my au
diences are usually composed of refined and
well-bred people, and their example may prove
of great value to you. And remain. Madam,
yours, <ki, Tsbssa Esjconoc.
tt'extern .Vacs Items.
Foa Pixx's Psax.—We noticed an equipage
in our city yesterday bound for the new Eldor
ado. The party consisted of a man with his
wife end two small children. The wagon was
nicely fitted up with a water proof cover, a nice
cooktng stove with all the implements for cook
ing and sleeping, rigged up in comfortable
shape. The happy proprietor had invested all
his worldly goods and chattels in the enterprise,
and is bound to make bis pile or perish in tbe
attempt.—Davenport Dan., 1 tt.
Thb Daxb Cotott Mail Robbkst.— Frank
Buchunau, who was arrested at Beverly, Dine
county, where be waa post-master, was exam
ined last Friday afternoon, in this cifty, before
Judge A. G. Miller, and in delault of $3,000
bail, was remsnded to the jail at Madison to
await trial at the July term or the United States
Court to be held there. He was Irom the North
of Ireland, has a wite and two children, and he
will have to suffer for his folly, probablv by a
ten year's imprisonment at Wanpun.—Miltcau
kt« SentineL.
Saceiliqxoos Tma*.—Some sacriligious ras
cal entered the Episcopal Church a few days
ago, and stole the Communion Plate, Pulpit
Bible and Rector's Vestments, valued in all at
sllO. Although an appeal to such a rascal may
be wasting time, yet Mr. Dolbee authorizes us
to say that if tbe thief will return tbe Bible,
which was presented to the Church, snd highly
valued, be may keen tbe other articles without
further inquiry, or if be will return all the arti
cles, he will be paid a liberal sum and no ques
tions asked. It is to be hoped tbat the fellow
has studied the Bible sufficiently to induce him
to accept of this liberal offer. If he does not,
be must have attained a state in which reforma
tion is hopeless.—Alton Courier.
Practice ts. Prscbpt.—On Saturday evening
last, a little after dark, two mulatto girls visited
a cooper's shop in the lower part of tbe city
for tbe purpose of procuring some shaviogs. A
certain " white gentleman" well known in the
neighborhood, happened to be in the room, aad
after a few words with them, seized tbe eldest
of the pair, and attempted liberties with her
person. She fought like a little tigress, leav
ing tbe marks ot her fioger nails upon his
cheeks, while her sister fled screaming for as
sistance. The man escaped to a neighboring
saloon, and changing caps with another waa at
first nnrecognizsd; but tbe tell tale marks upon
his cheek with the remainder of his dress ex
actly corresponding with the description soon
pointed out the offender. The tables were here
turned, for tbe crowd who had been so esger to
to discover tbe Black Rapublican that had been
guilty of this attempt at practical amalgama
tion, found that tbe author ot tbe deed was a
Douglas brawler of tbe ran cest kind at the late
State election! -'Peoria Transcript.
Cowainiso asd Stabbdtg.—Tbe dentists of
Columbus, in this State, are not disposed to
"pall together.'* Drs. Bledsoe and Canine,
(what's in a name?) of tbe tooth extracting fra
ternity of that place, having quarreled. Dr. B.
undertook to cowhide Dr. 0., and succeeded in
inflicting several severe blows, when Dr. C.
drew a knife and stabbed Dr. B. thrice—once
in the arm, ooce in tbe back and once in the
breast, the last a dangerous wound. The ver
dict ot the community was that eaeh party got
about what be deserved.—Za/myetts (lad.) Jour
naL
Arkansas Eloquence.
The Ouachita Herald publishes some extracts
from an address delivered before the Female
Seminary at Tulip, Ark., by a Mr. Leiper, from
which we select the following specimen with the
Herald's commentary thereon:
41 By her central position, Arkansas stands as
the great Alpine colnmn of support in this
mighty temple of freedom, in which so many
millions of treemen offer sacrifice at the shrine
of tbe goddess of Liberty—and shall she remain
inactive and indifferent, whilst the sbont of the
millions ot her countrymen shske the auaking
earth, in plaudits to tbe honor and glory of the
muses, who preside over the moral and intellec
tual development of man ? And this paradisaic
ridge most ultimately become the Mount Olym
pus upon whose classie brow, when the great
territorial West becomes popolated with throng
ing millions—the games of struggling genius trill
bi enacted?'
What those games are is left to conjecture.
But it is to be hoped that poker (a game to which
struggling genius is muctuaddicted) is not in
eluded, for aoeording to all authority poker is a
bad institution, and ta besides, "contrary to the
pe&ceand dignity of the State."
iHiscellancous.
CJRBVT WESTERN
LEATHER AND HIDE STORE,
BUCKfIFAr Vitus.,
301 and 203 South Water Street,
CHtOiHO. ILL.
\\,'K HATE JUST RECEIVED IS BOND
v v throo4b the CHICAGO CUSTOM HOUSE,
oar first Invctee for the jta-, cf
FBENCH KIP and CALF SKIITf,
AND BOOT FHONTS OBXHPED,
For the Spring: Trade,
DIRECT FROM THI PAS'S MASCFAOrURIIS.
Boct Vakert and Leather Dealer* win find the Btork
tobeverv.tiapertorandPrieeeLow. We have ta Stock
aid eomioc forward • large a*»onmeot ef
SOLI LEATHU OF* THE BSST TANNAGE,
OAK and HJUILOOC Uf PER KIP and OAIP.
LININGS, LASTd and FINDINGS,
Which will be sold at tbe loicest martst pries tbj
BLACKBURN BROS.,
At taelr LVAT9XR AND HI DE BTOSE, 3014303 Sooth
Water street, (ea<tof Well street brldfej Chicaco.
B.—Tbe hlthest market prlee paid In Oesb for
Hide*
LEATHER!!—
HRST CLASS CALTAND KIP SKINS
jnt received
OZBEOT PBOM FBAJTCE!
-n
--jambs kellt & 00.,
343 LAKK-6T. UJ
Ohlcaso. EL,
Who keep ooojUatlj on hand the large* stock ef
Leather and Findings
To be found ta the Also, a laraeatock of superior
LKATHBB and INDIA BUBBtt BELONG.
All ef the above be sold vzav low tor eaahore*
proved paper. JAMJCB KKU.T A CO
ocl« ty-blgy SO Lake etreei. oear the Bridge
IRISH MOSS.
Shred and Sheet Isinglass,
TAPIOCA, FRESH HOPS,
Coxa's c parkllti g Gelatine,
9AGO* OAT BIBAL,
CONCENTRATED EXTRACT OF LEMON,
SAIGEST Ji ILSLET, Ipothecarles,
teem 140 Lake itrtct.
Pure Sperm Oil,
MACHINERY & WHALE OIL
HCSIN, SODA, SODA ASH,
SAWODA. CAMPHESK. POTASH, ACXD3, ALCOHOL.
PAINTER'S BLUES, TWINES,
MANUFACTURERS* & GROCERS' GOODS,
Larte Stock In Store which we ofe Lew.
J H. REED * CO.,
WHOLESALE DBUGG-IST H
l«*l«... M Lske .XHkIU
ta
illedicincfc &:
Hostetter'a Stomach Bitters,
roidb7BOLut,lMira * co.. ntui. mm.
Hoatetter's Stomach Bitters,
Seld bj E. T. WATKCfa k CO.. !0 Stolen:*
Hoatetter's Stomach Bitters,
Sold by J. H. REED A CO„ lMardltt Lake street,
Hoatetter's Stomach Bitters,
Bold by H±VEN. FARRKL A CO.. 77 Waler street.
Hostetter'a Stomach Bitters,
Fold by SARGENT k 1L9L17.140 Lake itreet. *1
Hoatetter's Stomach Bitters,
told b» J. t a t JLIKB k CO.. V Wiler arwt.
Hoatetter's Stomach Bitters,
Sou by BOCKFE. 1N519A 03., S3 Water street.
Hostetter'a Stomach Bitters,
Sold by L. READ A CO.. « Lake street.
Hoatetter's Stomach Bitters,
Bold by 0. V. FULLER A CO.
Hostetter'a Stomach Bitters,
Have. fcr th<lr Taolc and other Medicinal Virtues, be
come so celebrated and popular. that unprlne'pted par.
tlee here and elsewhere have oountesfelted thea ex: en*
rire'r. and to prevent deception we refer purchasers to
the above parties Cor the genuine article or to the pro*
Uostetter A Smith,
JatftfHm PITrgBUIOH. PA.
Mothers, as you lovh tour
. Children, be on tke alert for every omaiom of
ul for worms eanse the death e? more than any
_ other dheaaea. u all earn
DEA.O SHO of pale eoanteuanoa. flvid
* * circle artund the eyes. and
_ _ _ fool breath give R o L L 0-
FOR WAT'K vlflM aB LK
WORM CONf EOTIONSI
O R M S ' w a delicious prera-
W niliO. ration of Sugar thai any child
will crave. If voraa are present, they will safety and aC>
feeto illy reoove them and restore health la all rwra
Worma! Worms!— Thee* trouhleeome Infesta o( the
stomachandboweiaof children have at laat ftmod their
matehln a matchlesa oreoaratlon called ~UoUaway*s
Worm Confection." which U In the form of a pleasant
andagreeablecandy. The little children affected with
worn*, which heretofore toned ap their naM »nH
spattered aad cried about the administration of the
naoceous staffs under the name of Vermifuge. will open
their little months with eestaey to thank the Investor
formakln* a pleasant core for one of the mogt trouble
■omedieeaeea Every box wairauted.
Sold br BJLLES. SMITH A CO..
detl 151 Lake »t~ Axentafbr North*e«ern States.
Brown's Branchial Troches,
OK COUGH LOZENGES.
From Rrr. Jlenrf W*rd Btttiir, *h* JLu used t\*
Trodua jfes jtart. — I have never changed mjr
mind reepectlnf them from the first, swept to think
yet better of that which I began in thinking well at
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Fnrm Ret. K. IT. Chopin, D. D., .Vnr I con
sider your Loaengee an excellent artiele for their pur
poees, and reeommend their imo to Public Speaker*.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Frtm Mr. C. 11. Gardjur, Principal oftAt
Fevuls /jufU«£i, .Yew York. I hive been afflicted
with Bronchitis during the paat winter, and &>und
no relief nntil I found your Trochee.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Dr. Lent prescribes in hit practice.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
jDr. BigeU* says are aimple and certain.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
I&dispeneable to Publio Speaker*.— Ziea*# Iftntd.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
An excellent article.—.VotieaoJ £re, tt'&jJungto*.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
A meet admirable remedy. Boston JjvrnaL
Brown's Bronchial Troches
A sure remedy for Throat Affection*. Tmxxrrpt.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Efficacioua and pleasant. 7Vas«U«r.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Curee any Irritation or Soreasae of th* Throat
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Cures Cough, Cold or lloanenees.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Curee BronchV>* Aathma and Catarrh.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Clean and gives strength to the voire of aingecfc
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Curea Whooping Cou»h and Inrtuetfca.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Are the greatest Remedy tdau* evor produced.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Are only 25 eta. per Box.
SOLD BT ALL DRUGGISTS*
SOLD WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
PENTON «3s CO.,
94 ..Laka StrMt 94
OPPOSITE THE TBEMONT HOUSE.
Win
? »j: £ lwifScO'
124 Lake Street;
IHK GREAT WESTERN
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
PATENT
.TIEJOICIA'E DEPOT.
If you want a Remedy for yoor Oougn,
—so TO—
aoiXES aanTß a oo>s
lii Laka atrcrt, near the ooraer of Clarku
Fjm want » Bsmedr to ParilVtha Blood,
Sola BOLUCB.IMrrH * CO. 1M LatMC
FJ<ra want aFarar and Agno Bamadr, ■
Soto BOLLKSMIffIAOU.UaUkHL
TI you want a Hair BaatoratiT® or Hair Sna
A ESQ. Go u BOLLXS. SMITH a CO.. l» Lake*
Pjou vast a Bheuaiatie Fill or Linimont.
Soto BOI.ua.HMITH*OO. lMLalim.
FTTO want a Boned? for tha Filea,
Soto BOLLIOXITH i CO.. U4 LateM
Fyon want a EairDya—Wanantod,
Qoto nnr.it/iiwmi .n.. ~~i Tiki 1
Fyra want a PmyatiT* or CatlLartio Pill,
Gobi BOLUS. aMITH *OO. UtLlteV
Fjm want a Fain Xfflar, or Fain Xztractor
So to BOLLIi flMlin * oau rn Lak»n.
TI" Ton want iom» Tonic Bittan or Bchsidam
AMHNiPPS. io to BOLUE3. SMITH CO.. U4 Lake
FIB Dnpcnro'i, Clark's and ChManan'a Tfr-
MALI TILLS, n to BOLLU. SMITH k 00. lit
Late street.
IjKJB Cough CaailiM. or Pnlmonle Wtftra.
-A- Goto BOLLIS.BMITU* (XX. MLaka-sU
T?0B a Powder, Past* or Wuh &r the TmUu
Soto B0LL1& BMIIH k CO. V* LakTst.
I?QB a Liver aad Dyspeptic Bemedy,
-L Goto BOLL£B.SXITHkCO.LM LakML
1?0B Yenaifage, or Worm Lcmuna,
" Goto BOLLXS. &MITH k GOZ l?lLek*«.
T7OS Btrasftlminar Plaitars of all
X Goto BOIXJO. SMITHkCO M I*UkMI
|jM)S a B«mady for all Private DiaaaiMu
JO 6o to BOLLIB. SMITH k Co7ls«l*k»*i.
X?0B a Baaedir for Diaaana of the
X Goto BOLLia. SMITH k liTuikee
to Sg!^SSiS l c T o?Slf2!i-'
f'Oa Handkerchief Kxtracts aad Perfmaair.
Goto BOLLCB.BMITH k IMLefee^l
"CVr Thumb, Shoulder Bracaa aad aM^.^.l
-k-. ftaroortei* They are acenta for the manofaetnrera
and will sell at low jmcee.
Go to ttOLLTS. SMITH k CO. 1)4 T i*rr it.
! THB LIVER IN7IQOBATOB
PXXPAXXD BT Dl» SAKYOaSI
coMPonvDED sanmsLT fkom eras,
IS ONE OF THE BEST PtTRGATIVS
aad LOTS MIDIGQfB now befbrethe pnbUo.
I Reaa G««e renevef f OnedoieoftenrepeaUd
' all merhld or bad matter • jls a sore cure lor €Jmlb>
! from the oitem. SBppt7-( rA re Morba*. and a irt.
, eratisa the •temaeh.' Q <>aly onebettle la need
! eanrtna food to di*ert, od tothrow oatoftbem
I well, parlfylas tM ten the effect* of medl
hlood, Hvtns tone and ~ dae after a lonaMetaesa
health to the whole ma-
I oblnerr. resovtac the fc*
eaaee of the dlaeaee—ef- removee all
wttnta rsdlcal core. aallowne* or ssoMiial
mUSISIK coloTtrom theS™
eared, and. what la a One doee taken a Aort
prevented by the time before esttavetvM
sional om of the Liver In- vigor to the anpetite and
vlaorator. Q makoa Ue leed dhM
One doee after eating
Only ons doe* taken be- a e we™ ™i2»»Ul2»
wwveats ytdd alaoet to the
iciUt. aad era mm- rV; attiiat tlx
Oos doee taken after We takers— slaw
eaeaaaealwtlle«r«Xnr» UU oonuneadlna thla mtif
rfneju a prwentaitve
nra*. It opemee with
Only one doee lame- m eertaiaty, andt*e*»eds
fflatdj rellevee H are
all who m« rr abb oimo th>^
UVAWIMOUY TSSTHCOST UK ITS EA7O&
Mix water hs ta« month vttb the laviaorater. aad
avaUov both tecsaW.
10U.P. WUM'ni
JkBSMrOGX k DATI&
MUhW uaiwiiuTWeia
CASSS AND BOOKS
—?OE
Families and Travelers.
OABIB OF ANT DIBOBIPTIO9T POB
jpjm v#ju?/afjr«,
MISM. TO oasts.
TAlfTt/T OASK* wrvrt.y.m AWTi \-[<urt
At tke Hoaaeeapatklc Plureaaef.
- Oak itraal. .wa
WrellS . SAIATAKDW.
PERFECTLY TRICMPHANT
HEI^EX3"2T
FOR ALL DI3EiSES ARIjLSG FROM
J1 ALA It I A j
Particularly FO7SB and AQTJU.
m"'".'; and >ll Jl-tj-t. gU„ |h„a that
con..ilt>onof the U»*r »o a'ti*«r«,u r nrodae«d by the
materia and toft of th« W<»« as dtaessed or
i or ?ii 4T? r eS 4 f ,#oae ? t . of thossieea. or agne Cake
Keo tteei fevers,
and. tndee U *ll dlseaiet rtalne from a btilloas eondi
tionr<r ihe sj» em Itt Infredieote are aU veeeub'e.
aod aecf«cUy bawaleaa In th»lr efleje. ani perfectly ce'--
taln to w, Rea ler. If too desire to »eve money aod
Uoe. ;nd be .lih. take It « once loitead of
these thlnn ehieh only palliate while they do not core.
MIWRIB K. Ma at-tfma:'WsOiiil'S'lir
Acne neliim upfftor to ar y > emedy In oar market lor
the permanent cn*e of «ii caal>r.oas diseases. We
eheerfnily reoooimend It aa worth > that rrf at name It
haa wherever aoM a d OieA.
Tcrv tmly loan. RICHABDfI A TU )MU.
- At . _ , , lt «*uoa. Ohtn. Atr'll. MM.
f ®*«f*ad agne. I eheerfal'v
ranblt iht Havtrit observed e'wlt Ihe ef.
f.eu or ur. Mac.n s A*ne
\ *p well oleued with lt« re-nedlal vlr-
u '° odlle _:° in * 3Ari * I hare frvanertly ased
i"* 1 T" 1 , •««!'• saturation, from my
in untte anowl'-de- of thli com.oond. 1 recommend It
as safe prcmptand etfldeot. i»
X. tUACKXDOM. D.M.
MCPSIU S S MAIM l"^o^cS2r- J, K.S. I ,'Si l i
yoor Aaue Balatm fur t»;e ov>' th»e« ie.ire to «co»es of
persint lnuil* v.cipif. aadcoi-l*ob»er»ln«its effftts
we do npt n?sitaie 1: ?«ylo< •«>>tf>vpitth* beatreaedy
e?era>ld n lodaoa. -u-l wcl eff ctoally enre
fevrr aad a<ae eltboat r> l. w.bmux cure coma
Truly joura, PbULLaAN A MASSB, DmcJata.
M . TO Locusspobt.
"B. HPlea«e s*ni me one-balf aroes irore of
yearAneßasaolmme-JUt'ty Itlata neat demand,
and say oe troly sijlihl tb« K;of of fever aod Acae.
J. LTTLB, Physician and Dtnjdiat.
t nasu. p.k. j&SS
I have to say that I have fir aeveral m n*hi been com.
pleiety orostrat*) bf ch Us. fever «nd agne. aad «a 1
hwealargefamily whj weredPpeo'leat moo my labor
for their extU#no*. I have tried in viin alltheaaoe reme
dies In nr reach [and they are !etfna.J bn I found none
ticareaatU t asfd yoar tgje btltan. I have nevvr
shook, or had a p' rtiele of 0 ver iince the flnt dose, oat
I bav- slnre ueil the third boU'e. ( have now own
so and for t*reet9<ic.n% «Ld I aa confident li Is the ooly
thkgtha> will sever fall.
Toora trnlr, O. p. WOOD,
ft H. MAitX A CO., Proprietors. Gallon. 0.
0. J. WOOD A CO. liOQ'a. Mr. Sole Wholeatle
AcenUforaJl the We.terndutes and T:rfltorle«. %nd
aoldbyallgood drnaalrs. ja34-rm
DB. G. J. LBED'S
QUININE SUBSTITUTE,
Or, .YE II rr. TfKVIC,
WILL COM
FEVER AND AQUE.
Also, yellow, ciugres and
Panama Pevers ean often be prevented by the use
ofthlalnvaiufcb.e remedy. The recipe la from a ve-y
orJebratM Pa« sld<n after thl:tv-flve ye*n eiprrie-ce
In Hospltalaandirlvateprectleein MewYoik olty, aod
has been tested In a'l *ectlooa of the country doxtne the
past six years with the moet waoderftu sncce*. In the
w-»t«ro nd Sjaihwittem e?mtry. where Fever sod
Aeae prevail It has ac«ompl r>ed mocn by carina the
d'sease as well as renovation and recaperailns the o»<
temalreafiyshaiternt by the ase ofOaintne. Mornhine
and Mercury, or 'rom too free use of the trwhy ooswums
snch aa are d <lly being forced apon the anraspeetiDg ia«
valid. To all suffering Crom msir&Urm after dUeaee I
recommend and cu*r<mre* tals aia perfect
T nle. To travellers in unhealthy c.lmve% I would ase
tbeeordjof the well kn-wnCapuln John W. Monaon.
bow or a Uverpool Packet Uae. a d m%ny years In tb«*
Soathtm and Soath American Coaslio* trade. *" X
would aa soon think of *o!n* to sea without» rudder aa
without the Quinine .^abstitote"
J. U. BAZAID. ProoHetor.
Ul Maiden Lane. New Vort.
PeDton« itoblusou 4c Bmltb«
Wholesale Acenta. 13 Sooth Water street. Chicago, III*
lAri4
andconsidkr.—AN UONKST
? d QpAKKa*3 ADViCK TO CONSUMPTIVES
ma moment oslog
death la very new 1 !•
a-d the sanda of thy Vijf.-ri
U'e oat
need lit despair
foraa nearly aatl eaart condition Is not more
hopelw thin mine w*».- »nJ a* thoo knowe h. I
have beeo restore-: to robiut health. well as thooaaorla
of Other*, whot* tetllmony ihoa wilt fled with the hou
ties. Think not. because ev-ryihl athr a liasttneil haa
Mlerf. that thon *rt betond the reach o' rredlrinre.
Thoawllt sfrreiy
Besare that thoo cettest no other mn : lrine.
Poldby BOLLkS, SMITH A Ca.
deal in L\>e «t»»et.
tkal Estate.
WANTED TO EXCHANGE FOR A CUT
Beddcnce. a
HOMESTEAD,
Consisting of a Two-Mor* UUwankee Srlca. Henee. Oat
buildings. Yard and Garden, all In complete order, locat
ed In one of tho*e beaatlftjl udhealUiy L-Oce Town* la
Lake Bbore Railroad.
Alao wanted to sell or ezohing for :!ty property.
Viacomia and Fins
for Partii'ian addreas Post OSee Box
1aa84356-jy
~JJ S. GOVERNMENT LAND LOCATING
AGENCY.
The Snbacriher having had ranch r radical experience ta
SELECTHf<3 AND LANDS,
In the various L*nd Districts In theWes2em States laa
unusual facilities for makl*:* valuable selections
FOR LAND WARRANTS OR CASIL
Choice Selections may now be made in
IOWA. WISCONSIN AND MISSOURI,
Persona having Warrant! ean have them Located la
their Own Name,
And 40 per CeaU Profit Guaranteed*
Payable In One Year.
lowa. Wisconsin and CUnola Land* for sale low for
Cash.
Money invested tn Kansas aod Nebraska.
M . B. SALISBURY, Land LocaUna A-renW
anlss©ly Clark street. Chlcaco.
(fiirucottonal.
J'
Located at Chicago. New Tork. Philadelphia, Albany
Buffalo. Cleveland aad l>etroh» Fcholonhlp thro*
the entire Chain. Coosoildatloo of " Bout A ytTatton'B
Uereantlle Coileee" and " Hell's Commercial College."
noweondacted aaooe Icstliu*!->naorter the name and
stileof BRYANT. BU.L A STRATTO.-4. Dlgby V. Bell
Joint Proprietor and Aseociate Prisclcal of Chicago Col
ieee. Circular «n. Cesalocaeef HQ rari faniahed pa
tuitoualy OB application w>the onperrivoed
JaJlcN)dAw>y BRTANT. BELL^STVAtTOM.
S>oY'3 HIGH SCHOOL. —THE NEXT
y Term will commence on Mond. y. February 7th.
9. A. J. BAWYKR. A. M-. will c>nUoae to receive
only twenty-five paplls into his schw I at his residence,
US Monroe street, and h<? wishes nor o to apply for ad
mission aniens they are determined to .io well for * hem*
selves. For the advancement of those admitted no oaioa
will be ipaired try the teachers. ja3l
Salisbury mansion school, lin
COLN SQUARE. WORCESTER. MASS.
A Tirst-Class Boarding and nay Fchool for Tonna
Ladlra J. V. Principal.
Rgfaaaaors m Cuioaoo:—Wm. B.Ogdeo Isq: Bar.
Wm.W. Patton; J. ft. Web«ter. Esq.; Lather Haven.
Brq.; Wm. U. Well*, Esq.. Sjpt. Pab. Schools; W. B.
Loansbary, iaq.;John P. Chaptn, J. Yoong Beam*
raon. >«q. \%14 3ip*
©pticiaiis,
QHIC AGO CIIARITIBLB
EYE AND EAR INVIB.HABT,
Diapensary of tlie Inflrmwry
Open ErerySortins fro* 111-2 to 12 l-2o'ctk
VOR GRATUITOUS TREATMEST
01 e poor affected with disease* of the Vye aod Ear.
Ho. 60 Hcrth. Clark StrMt, Cor. MirMgan.
tioffla:-WL Newberry. Piealdent: 0 V Dyer and
L Haven. V. Presidents: SHtone, Secretary kTreasarcr;
J H Klnsle. Rev N L Bice, D 0. R»v W Butt. P Carpen
ter. W H Brown. E B Mcl'atx. if Movsly. H S«inner.
Oos«i7L7iao BcaoaDi»-Prof D B;alnard, UD, Prof J
W freer. M a
AvrgyraaSnogoga—B L Holmes, MD.W3 BaltsetL
la93m*
LOUIS 91AUSS,
Practical Optician,
[Xate with Beai. Pike A Bona, N. T.,]
T9 CLARK STRUT. 7®
Opposite the Court Uoese,
Largest and eboieest ssaertment of Optical aad Hatha*
statical Goods In the Northwest. x nriTT
Beet Crr§t»l Mas* and Oennine B&AZHJAH FSB
BLS SPECTACLES constantiy on hand. Also*
Opera biasses. re-escopea. Mieroscocea, mammeters.
Thermometers. Ky Urometers, tiT&JUC JSCOP&d. Magto
Lanterns. Ao.. Aa _
IW Ail rxxlj are sold at the lowest New York pruet.
detf-ly-bns
EYE A»D E<\ H.
DK. C.IDERWWI).
FOEiIEELY OF XHE EYE AND kAE
Infirmary of Loclxvllla, By., and more reoeotlv Phy»
acua aod Borgeon to the kye aod Ear Inflrmary. >
boa. Ohio, aad author of a **New System of Treating DU
saaaea of the lye and Ear without the u«e of theKmfk,'*
would that he baa permanently aatabtlabee aa
Inflrmeryinthecttyof Ohlcaaa llUnois. tt SEVKNTY*
TURKS south Clark street. In ordet to afford to thoee af
flicted with utaaaaea of the Kye aad Ear. ao opportunity
of being treated by a system whicn la entirely new, per
fectly safe, and hae never been known to tall In effecting
pvmaDent earealn-aU oaaaa within the reach o! huaaa
maana. seift«o-atfA
ME YEAR'S
MiracnlousVermifl Destroyer,
lor the Dcatraotloo of
Rats*' 91ice» fllolest ftosa* moaqaltoes*
Roaches, Fleas, Hoths, Garden
Insects* Ants, Ac*
The chemical preparations
known underthe above title for tke laat S yeara
nil i>ilsiuii Kara* where they havAmetwithatrlum
•hast ia i iws. have eoeulred for their inveotor and
Manafltctorer a world-wide celebrity, attested by the
noora ef Jtnsaia. franco, anstrta. the Qaeen of Bag
lead, the Ringa of Haigtnm. tlollaad. Naples, Bavaria,
Saxony, io.: and In Ameries their alßoleocy baa besn
endorsed by the l>lreetora of Publlo InsUtotloaa and
the approval of numerous private cttlaena. that they are
the only recaarilaa tn the wcrid sure to exterminate all
klntk of vermin.
Meyer*a Mlraculoua Preparations destroy the ooweJ
ooaeintrsdera without amcy, aod naverfail. Hlaart
haa Brooch* death to of tbem in the world* and
from thla day the watch-word of all housekeeper* mer
skly-owaer* aod haabandmen will be No more
\M Milillnsi issis mills In 11 im Tii.w-Blt
aootbai or five per cent off for cash (no aceota. Depot
a< thstavaatof and proprietor.
JOSEPH MITER. Practical Chemist
GJ Broadway, (oor. Uooston-eONsw York.
Oeasnl Agent fbr toe United Btataa and Canarfis
IRCOaaiCa V. acanTON OraaM, No. IO ASSBV
q Broad way. N.Y. daA) btfg to
fllun Marral Huufteanrlag Cow«
fOUTTi CLASS. SXAI NORTHS.
A B1 FBSPABSD TO OONTRACT WITH
J\, *B«n*»erartf«raoptyofßaiwlaof asuixrior
AteaMS eshasdaasapiy•

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