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Chicago daily press and tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1858-1859, February 11, 1859, Image 2

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PRESS AND TRIBUNE.
KO aKgO, FEBRUARY U, IM9
The Agricultural College Bill,
This beneficent measure has now passed
both branches of Congress and only awaits
the concurrence of the House of Representa
tives in a few amendments, and tbe signature
of the President to -become a law. The Mat
ter requirement, as is already foreshadowed
by the eighth member of the Cabinet, (James
.Gordon Bennett, poet laureate,) will not be
forthcoming. We supposed not. The South
voted almost bodily against the bill, and the
North, with the exception of Mr. Douglas and
a few other Democrats who dodged off before
their names were called, in favor of it. Why
ehould not Mr. Buchanan veto it ? It is de
signed to benefit the farmeri of the nation,
and of course it will strengthen the produc
tive power of the Free States, enabling the
tiller of the soil to labor intelligently with
out making costly experiments at his own
charge, and to educate his sons and daugh
ters, free of expense, in the useful and practi*
cal arts of life. Mr. Buchanan was committed
to veto such a bill. At his time of life it was
not to be expected that he would belie all his
own precedents, any more than that the
Ethiopian should change his skin, or the
leopard bis «pots. . <
The Agricultural College bill was reported
by Mr. Morrill of Vermont, from the Com
mittee on Agriculture, in April, 1557. It ap
propriated to each State 20,000 acres of land
.for each of her Senators and Representatives
in Congress, and 60,000 acres to each Terri
tory, to be applied under the direction cf
their respective Legislatures to the endow
ment and maintenance of Colleges for the
Agricultural and Mechanic Arts. While de
votc4 mainly to these branches of education,
it_ did not exclude classical or scientific
studies, but left each State to prescribe its
own range of instruction, malting agriculture
and the practical arts the "leading object."
All moneys arising from thejsalcs ot the lands
were required to be invested by the States in
the stocks of the United States or other safe
public securities yielding not less than five
per cent, per annum. These wers the essen
tial provisions ol the bill as originally drawn
and passed by the House of Representatives in
1857—ayes 104, noes 101, the slaveocracy all
in the negative.
We trust this measure may not be allowed
to rest. It is a tardy tribute to the farmers
of the North, and will, if
applied, add millions to the national wealth,
la these colleges for the people, and on the
forms proposed to be carried on in connec
tion therewith, the tedious and costly experi
ments which every psrsoa is now required to
undertake for himself, to determine the com
parative values of soils and manures, the
most profitable systems of alternation of
crop?, the best and cheapest kinds of farm
machinery, the surest and most productive
seeds for particular latitude?, the most ad
vantageous plans lor farm iuildings, and the
numberless problems of agricultural econo
my—will be prosecuted on scientific princi
ples and the results communicated to the peo
ple. Nor this only; but landscape garden
ing and architecture, the scienoc of
grove?, the arts which transform the
prairie, tbe heath, aod the tangled wood, into
scenes which please the eye and elevate tbe
taste, will be made an essential part of the
new contributions to rural knowledge. To
the profits ot educated labor will be added
the attractions of a higher life, in the refine
ment ol the taste and the comforts of the
homestead. If nothing was sought to be ac
comp-isbcd by this measure bat to render at
tractive the three or four millions of farmers'
homes in the United States, the cost would >
be insignificant. The improvement of our
national character by making country life a
pleasure with those who now regard it a mar
tyrdom, would be worth more than all the
West India Islands, if Europe would make us
a preseut of them to-morrow.
But what can be done with a government
whose sol" aim is to make markets for ne
groes ? There is no interest so deserving, no
measure so needful or so just, but they must
go to the wall if they conflict with the re
morseless purposes of slavery.
The Westward Movement of Population
The present year is destined to become
memorable on account of an unprecedented
westward movement of population. Thou
sands upon thousands of the people of tbe
older States, tempted by the favorable oppor
tunity to buy cheap farms—an opportunity
that will have no parallel in the subsequent
history of the country—are already making
arrangements for removing to the "Western'
States and Territories. In the "West, similar
thousands, tempted by the exciting reports
from the newly discovered gold-fields still
nearer the setting sun, and by the love of ad*
venture, are preparing for a movement acrcss
the Plains, wi'li the first unlocking of the
streams aud the earliest springing of the
grass. "We publish elsewhere ia this paper,
an account of some parties who have already
taken up the line of mtrch across lowa, in.
tending to reach the Missouri River before
the fro*t is out ol the groui.d, whence they
will contiuuc their journey to the Mountains
with the first opening of Spring. From this ■
time on, the movement will dally gather vol
ume until population sufficient for a new
State shall hare planted themselves at the
Eastern base ot the Rocky Monntains, or un
til checked by unfavorable reports from the
New Eldorado. Of tbe movement from' tbo
old States to the new, we hear something
from almost every quarter. Scarcely a paper
reaches us from the former that does not con
tain something indicative of the destined cx
odu". The following from the Springfield
(Mas«.) Republican, ia selected from a number
of like notices from other journals, because
it states more fully and justly than any other
we have eeen, the motives which are now ope
rating at the Eart to induce emigration to
• the West, and .lor the further reason that it
contains a just acknowledgment of the char
actor of the people who are so soon to l»e
added to our population. Says the editor of
the Hepullkzn :
Wc bear of a considerable number of our
well-to-do mechanics and artisans who are seri
onaly considering tbe question of a visit te the
Kansas gold fields, or emigration to the West
lor permanent settlement, this spring. As usual,
those who sae doing well now, pecuniarily, are
the uneasy men who are anxious to do better.
The to n who spend as tbey go, and live but one
remove from the poor-house, are generally eon*
teat where they ere, and do not aspire to any
thing better, either from a conviction that they
cannot escape what seems t& be their destiny, or
beeause Providence blesses with the great so*
lace &f contentment those to whom she deniui
-the gifts of fortune. This will be found to be
tbe general lacL The mac who prospers abort
his fallows is always the first to seek new enter*
prises in the hope of gaining money still
aod these who are oow talking moat earnestly
of a venture to the gold diggings are.those who
have good B'taationn and good pav at home.
* * * t * »
But it seems to us after all that the inducements
for emigration to the West lor permanent settle*
meat aic much the greatest. lucre t* an abun
dance ot the best !»nd iu the world, in lowa, Hin*
nest'ta, Kansas, Nebraska, and Missouri, in a
beatibful and delightful climate, which can be bad
at ihe merely iicmibal price, or a
slight advance u|kjd it in the mure settled places
—or for no:uinp, if Ur. Grow'* Homestead bill,
which has passed the Houte, shall also , pass the
Senate. There are aUo. thousands of good im
proved larnu, almost any where in tbe Westfthat
can be bad just at this time for half -what they
would have brought two yeara ago. Theirowne»
are embarrassed und want money. They wiu sell
their places very cheap for cash, pay their dcbtl,
and posh on lanhcr towards tf>e outer line of aaU
tiemcnt.
There probably was nerer s time when im
proved farms, well situated, on lines of comma
nication and in the vicinity of growing cities
and towns, could be bought so cheap as &t the
present moment, and It is not probable that an
other such genersl opportunity of this sort will
occur tor msny years. At least it Is to be
hoped that no such prostration of business will
again embarrass tbe western farmers as now
cheapens tbeir cultivated soil. Those, there
fore, who havessved a few hundred dollars can
invest tbem in a farm at the West, with as near
a certainty as we can get in this world that it
wilt speedily double in value on their bands. And'
it does not need £ practiced farmer to get a liv
ing on western land. Here in sterile New Eng
land, the mechanic who should leave his shop
* ,V£ mpl 40 &et his sabeistenoe from the soil,
would be very hkely to flod it hard work, aod
bwk i D tie afcop sgsin. .Bnt irgri-
a simple
ihty wt oot io to
TMn u ltl. j. art of
in accordsnoo wuh -the,original e»n a
stapler victualler Ufc i, both
udr<spK4«bl*«t the *6ll. In ot*?EZSn
dtlw.nttanaituke. »
of hard labor eveir year to maintain s certain
style of living ana of dress that is indispen
sable to decent "respectability," and respect
ability is quite as exacting of all of ns
as fasMoa is of its votaries. Living as every
man who keeps bouss must Hvs in Jsw fang*
land, and practicing the most rigid econo
mies and self-denials, the mechanic hers
cannot §a*e enough to buy the cheapest house to
shelter Mis family in less than a dozen, or pftun
years. What this bouse will cost him, if in
vestedat the West, will give him a good farm,
well stocked, and a house jast as comfortable
and jastas respectable lor that region-and the
man who * hvs a farm that will yield a suffi
cent support in return for his labor, is as
independent as if be had money enough in
bank to live upon. We presume that these
considerations are felt at the present mo
ment, when business is recovering from its
long stsgnation, as they have not been felt
before, and we should na:urallvexpectanextra
ordinary turning towards the West—the region
of cheap farms and great crops. There are manv
indications that thu is the cote, and thai there wll
be an unusual movement towards the setting sun
as soon as spring opens. We hope it maybe a
judicious movement for those that make it, and
that as far as possible it may be an emigration
in companies, of families who know each other
and have common views and interests. That is
really the only comfortable and successful mode
of emigration.
Whatever may be written with the hope of
discouraging this westward movement, wheth
er designed to check emigration lrom the
new States to the gold fields, or from the old
States to the new, will be for naught. Our
race must accomplish its destiny upon this
continent; and it would be about as wise to
attempt to stop the flow of the Mississippi by
dipping out its water with & teaspoon, as to
undertake to check onward flow of popu
lation to the West. It is the order of God's
Providence, and every, effort to restrain or
thwart it, will only prove the impotence of
pi?in, Thousands may fail to better their condi
tion "by the change—many will be subjected to
incredible hardship and Buffering, and some
will doubtless, by accident or exposure, fall
early victims to the spirit that urges them
onward—but still the current will sweep oa
to its destined goal, while the general result
will justify the wisdom of Him who implant*
ed the impulse.
Nor is the movement likely to be confined
to our own continent. The warlike aspect of
affairs in Europe is causing many there' to
set their face towards this country. The un
certainty of property in some instances, the
fear of conscription in others, and the dread
of anarchy wherever revolution threatens,
will doubtless lead to a greatly increased for
eign emigration the coming year, only a
small portion of which will stop abort ef the
West.
One of the immediate results of this move
ment to the West, will be an increased activ
ity In every description of business. The
gold-hunters will take hut little capital with
them, while those who come from the older
States and from Europe to take their places,
will fetch considerable sums of money into
the country, much of which will pas 3 at once
into active circulation. Production will be
largely increased by the addition ot popula
tion. And coming, as all this does, just as
the country, having recovered from the low
est point of depression, is starting again
upon the ascending grade, it will give an im- ;
pulse to the movement that eannot fail to re
sult in an early and complete return of
prospeiity.
ANOTHER DFSPKftADO Iff THE ALTOS
PESITE.MIART.
Ninety-seven Hours Without Food*
[From the Alton Courier.]
- Superintendent Butberford communicates the
particulars of a case which occurred in the peni
tentiary last week. On Tuesday one ot the
prisoners, for insubordination, was sent to bis
celL Boon after being sent there, word was
communicated to the guard that he bad a knife
aecreted about his person. This fact was put in
possession of Deputy Warden Wells, who gave
orders that (he prisoner should strip himself in
bis cell, leave his clothing upon the floor, and
come out that it might be searched. This or
der he refused to comply with. Every effort
was made to induce btm to obey, but be was ob
stinate- swearing be would die first. It was ac
cordingly ordered that no food be given him till
he yielded. The officers became convinced that
be hud the knife, and would use it if he got a
chance. During the following day he was ex
postulated with, through the grated door, by
tbe Deputy Warden, by the Superintendent,
and by others, for his conduct, but remained
stubborn, declaring that he would starve himself
to death before be would obey tbe order. Strict
watch was kept over him to see that he did not
iojare himself, and daring repeated conversa
tions with him, the Penitentiary Physician, Dr.
Williams, was by to note if be was becoming de
lirious. The confinement commenced on Tues
day immediately after . dinner.. Through
Wednesday, through Thursday, through Friday
he held out. Going to his cell about one o'clock
on Saturday afternoon, the officere asked him to
rise from his bed; attempting to do so he fell,
and it being discovered that be was then so
weak that be could not use the knife, the door
was opened, and in a few minutes it was seen
that he was a little delirious. He was immedi
ately cared for. Upon being searched the knife
was found upon him. Tbe blade was about four
inches long, and ground down to a dagger point
making it a very dangerous weapon. It will
be observed that be took no food for about 97
hours—over tour days.
XiAXER FROM KANSAS.
Old Brown Safe ajjaln—Tlie Oey Affair,
{Correspondence cf tbe Missouri Democrat.}
Lawecvck, E. T., Feb. 4, 1839.
Brown was blockaded at llolton, which h near
Nebraska. A posse of Misaourians from Weston,
and some from Bites county, tracked hlra up aud
came on while he had only four men with him.
Tbeir force wa> about thirty. Brown took shelter
in same empty log houses, and prepared for fight.
The party was afraid to storm him, lmt remained
out of gunshot clo?cly guarding him. Tbey scut
for help to Weston, and also to Lecompton. 'J be
Governor, fearful of the • fleet of a Missouri posse
taklog Brown, rent Marshal Colby with troops to
take him instead of letting them do it. Mean
while a party of Free State men arrived and
raised tbe siege, tbe Missouri party flying precip
itately as soon as they cams in sight, and thu9
preventing a Brown and all the others had
left that neighborhood, and the troops had n >t
airived a day and a half afterwards.
Montgomery did not attack Russell at Paris as
the latter expected. The former left the latter to
fortify, and having persuaded tbe settlers to re
main still, has come up to attend tbe session of
the conrt now here.and has been testifying before
the grand jury. No case against him has been
commenced. No indictments have yet been re
ported.
Excitement still continues about the Day affair.
Manv of the citizens dekire to march our army
to Platte City, batter down the jail and release
the Kansas prisoners and burn toe town if there
is'any resistance. Before this is done, pacific
measures will be tried. We are informed that
Platte City is under martial law. Unless Doy and
his son are released and sent back, some retalia
tiog measures are certain.
Tbe Legislature is trying to get up a fixed ap
portionment by a law, and the Council has a bill
before it for a census and representation nn tba
single district system. ELiw.
First Movements for the Gold Hines.
(From the I*va City Republican, fth.l
Emigration to the Gold Mines haa fairly set
in. We are informed by Mr. Fairchild, of tbe
Hntchinsoa House, thai Mr. R. Sopris, of Michi
gan City, Indiana, has contracted with him to
keep twenty-five men, and s like number of
mules, while they are laying in their provisions,
Ac., and after these start west, to keep seventy
fire men, in companies of twenty fire each.
Mr. 8. is acting in behalf of the Illinois and In
dians Pike's Peak Mining Company, of which
he is the head. We are also informed that he
has contracted with the railroad to carry seven
ty-five or one hundred men from Chicago to this
city at a redaction of $3 per man from tbe re
gular rates of fair, and with the Western Stage
Company to take them from here to Council
Blofis at a reduction of $3 per passenger.
A company of three from Chicago purchased
groceries, etc., of Sperry & Co., on Monday
last, and are getting already to move on.
A company of six men from Dixon, Illinois.
u armed and equipped as the law directs,"
passed through this city tha same day lor tbe
diggings.
Mr. Jacob Stover, an old California miner,
aud one of the oldest residents of this city with
some three or four others, will be off tor the
mines about the 20th of this montn. LN. San
ders, Esq., and Dr. J. J. Sandera, have pur
chased their outfit, in part, and expect to be on
the way abont the first of March. Mr, I. >".
Sanders will take bis family.
The number to leave here this spring for the
mines is estimated at about fifty. ' Some, how
ever, are of opinion that tbe number will be at
least one hundred. We think this an over esti
mate.
We are also informed that the 14 Wheelbarrow
Man" is wound. In plsin terms, that a man is
in the city who intends going "a foot and
alone/' pushing a wheelbarrow before him, with
his effects therein. He is fitting out.
(From the Davenport GaxeUe, 9th.]
Recorder McCosh received a letter from bis
son George, yesterday, dated Florence, Janua
ry 01. He says he has seen some of tbe speci
mens of qaartz gold just brought to that city
from the mines, but was nnable to precure a
specimen. They are pronounced by old Cali
fornia miners to be tbe finest they ever saw.
George says a company had just passed through
that ctty, from Harrison County, lowa, convey
ing a saw-mill and steam engine to the gold re
gions. Companies are forming in Florence to
take out a billiard table, printing presses, and
bank of deposit. Many persons are now arriv
ing from across lowa, taking advantage of the
hard frozen roads.
A Large Donation*
Walter Harper, living aft Detroit, and till
now -unknown to the public and to fame, has
suddenly placed his name among the benefac
tors of his fellow, men, by donating the magnifi
cent sum of sloo,ooo'for the establishment of
a *'hospital for the benefit and relief of tbe sick
and aged poor within the limits and adjacent to
th* city of Detroit" The property donated
oonsists of several hundred seres of valuable
land in Michigan, and three dwelling houses and
lots Is Philadelphia. The Trostees are author
<L&d 0f tb * ""la to.
OUR SPIISGFIELD COMES POXDKSCE.
Farther about the the Great Fraud—
r hMnga in the HohMl Law-Tbi L« a
▼tU tliln in the Hou»e—Appropria
tions for the Insane Asylum aud Pen*
ltentUiJ.
[Oarrapondenee of thsPreoandTirftnre.J
Enuanan. Feb. 9, 138.
The Committee of Investigation met lost even
ing to bear farther testimony in relation to the
Great Fraud. Bnt few new facts, however,
were disclosed.
Gen. W. "F. Thobntox, President ot the Canal
Board from 18S6 to 1811, said that he had the
general supervision of canal affairs; that he was
thoroughly familiar with the details of his da
ties; that his whole time was devoted to them;
that he took care to verify the reports of the
the other and subordinate officers; that the
checks before him were once paid by the Bank;
that they were sent back from the Canal office
to the Bank (or safe keeping; that he did not
remember how or ia what they were packed.
A. J. Gallowat, of Chicago, Clerk of the
State Trustee from '49 to 'sl, testified that,
while ia the office, there were there two boxes
, sealed with wax and red tape; there were also
two boodles tied with tape; the latter were in
the safe; he aaderstood at the time that the
boxes contained redeemed canal indebtedness;
did not know what the baadles contained; had
never seen the boxes since he left.
Josl Uaxkzko, Auditor of Canal Accounts,
recalled and submitted a statement of the issue
and redemption ot the checks of May and Au
gust of 1889, by which the official reports here
tofore alluded to were verified; $3,000 of checks,
in sheets authorized by the Board, were never
issued, but were burned, without having been
in circulation.
David Stuabt, Esq., attorney for Matteson,
here complained of a statement in the newspa
pers that Mr. Mcßobsbts had gone away. He
wished it understood that he had gone by no
agency of theirs; that they desired his pres
ence, and that they could sot continue the in
vestigation without him, as be was an important
Witness to fill a link in the chain of testimony.
Gen. Fbt said that when be went to Joliet and
Chicago for the purposes of summoning wit- ;
nesses and examining the State Trustee's books, j
be did not see Mr. Mcßoberts. Expected to see
him at Joliet on his return from Chicago; but
when there on his way back, was informed that
be had left for Washington.
• This briefly related, was all the testimony
elicited during the sitting of the Committee.
What there may be behind, 1 dq.not know; but
it is understood that the Committee will proceed
with their work, and soon make a report to the
Senate of all the facts developed.
0! one thing, 1 need, in justice to Gov. Matte
son, to speak. The fact that the bonds issned
for the stolen checks were made out in the names
of unknown and nnbeard sif parties, while they
were the property of Matteson, at first glance
would seem to be an item of evidence under
which gailt is concealed. It is shown that the
Governor has never had any indebtedness of
any kind funded in bis owa name. Wby-.he
has chosen to conduct his operations under an
alia* is not explained; but it is probably a freck
for which he could not himself account. Anoth
er fact of great significance has just been brought
to light. In the testimony of Mr. Manning, hd
spoke of some checks that were signed in blank,
but never issued; these were of the August is
sue of 1839; not the May issue referred to above
in the abstract of bis evidence, of whioh $3,000
were burned. A part of the August checks
have turned up in one of the bundles funded;
these are signed by the Commissioners and
Treasurer, but not filed up with ttu name of the
'payer, not trimmed at tin ends as all the others
are; but bright and new, as ichtn fint from the
press. They are numbered conucutively from,
say, 400 to 501—one hundred and one checks of
SIOO each, or |IO,IOO in all. They have been
paid for, interest from August, 1539, added, in
gold and Illinois six-per cents, which are better
than gold. These are a part of the negotiable'
paper purchased by the ex-Governor; they will
be pnt in the same category with the thirty
checks bearing special endorsement to Wm. 11.
Brown. This fact has not yet been developed,
in evidence before the committee; but having
seen and counted the checks, there is no reason
why it should not be stated.
The House was in session last evening, the
School Law being under discussion. A series
of amendments to the existing law had been
prepared by Mr. Bateman, the Superintendent
of Public Instruction, in conjunction with the
Committee on Education; and they were gener
ally adopted. The most important of these was
one changing the basis of the distribution of the
school fund, and another limiting the amount of
taxation imposed by local officers for school
purposes. As you will, nndonbtedly, find them
in your more minute report of legislative pro
ceedings, I omit details which might not be cor
rect, as 1 have not the amendments before me.
This action of the House settles its policy in
regard to education. The friends of the Free
Schools may be assured that the system which
they have elaborated with so much labor
and care, and which has been put into operation
in the face of such violent and protracted oppo
sition, will not be materially weakened, at any
rate, during this session.
During this forenoon, the Leavitt claim has
been under discussion, or rather, the resolu
tions appended to the report of the committee
that has had the claim in tbeir keeping. The
object of the first resolution was to express the
dissent of the House from the opinion of the
State Trustee, and to censure his action as un
wise; and the othsr was to give Xinian Edwards,
Esq., of this city, a fee for going to Massachu
setts to prosecute a suit against Mr. Lsavitt for
the recovery of the money paid. Indeed, the
latter is the object of the whole proceeding.
The discussion growing out of the affair wss
animated, but good humored. Mr. Bay was
generously and ably defended by his friends on
the floor, while the assaults upon his act were
no more violent than might have been expected
from his opponents. The first resolution was
passed by a party vote; and at the hour of ad
journment the other was still under discussion.
This afternoon, wo have had a sharp wrangle
over the bill, making an appropriation of $144,.
000 for the Insane Asylum at Jacksonville. The
amount was reduced to $75,000 and passed. The
refusal of ibe Legislature to paaa the bill as
drawn, is a refusal to complete a winz of build*
iog lately commenced. The last sum named is
sufficient to defray the daily expenses of the
institution and furnish a part of the main edi
fice just completed.
The Penitentiary bill came up as the special
order, and after reducing the amount appropri
ated in it, from $267,000 to $255,000 the bill
passed by a decisive vote. These enormous ap
propriations will be felt when the tax gatherer
makes his annual visit.
OUR WASHINGTON LETTER.
Th* Democracy of the Prttident—The Oregon
War Swindle - Incr<ate in the rates of Post
age*
[Fr;m oar own Correspondent}
Wish sstos, Feb 6,1539.
The Democracy is rapidly falling away from
the President withrut ranging itself under any
other leader. Daring the rest of his term, Mr.
Bacbanan will be in the predicament of John
Tyler. No party will recognize him or assume
responsibility for bis acts. On the tariff he is
already deserted, having bot two members of
the House as Supporters of his views, and but
one Senator, Mr. Big'er. Hisreoommendatiocs
for the establishment ot a protectorate over
Mexico have been spurned in both Houses. His
thirty million Cuban scheme is silently repudi
ated, and probably will not be beard of again
this session. It is to be used as a hobby and a
catch for the Southern elections, and will be a
failure even at that.
The Oregon.lndian war debt'has been re
ferred totbe'Auditor of the Treasury, with di
rections to report to_the next House. That is
equivalent to a postponement for one or two
years. Gen. Lane is very savage at this, and
he or some one elie sends to the Union an arti
cle threatening secession unless the jnst
claims of the Pacific coast were all promptly
attended to. . Looking over the accounts, I find
auch passages as this. The average prices of
horses and mules were $350 each. Oxen SBOO
per yoke. Bat there are many charges for hor
ses at S4OO each. Hay was purchased by the
pound at seven cents per pound. Oa another
page it appears that hay was bought at S2OO per
ton, and that 150 sheets of drawing paper were
purchaaed for $450. Seventy-five of them were
nsed. and the other seventy five were sold for
$11.50, which developed a loss. Matches were
obtaiced at fifty cents per box, and wheat at $7
per bushel. Horses were at $8 per
day, and were hired at $4 p day. The pur
veyors of those valuable aoiinJs were them
selves in public service at $8 per day, just the
per diem at that time of a memocr ot Congress,
though it has since been raised to $lO Large
purchases of oats were made at $6 50 per bush
el. -In-fact, .it was testified to by one person
that the war was considered a God send, and
that it was made to furnish "entertainment for
man and beast" throughout the Territory, all
the population and all ;he interior animals be
ing taken into pay. Among other items, is a
charge for hounds at eight .dolUa a pair. It is
supposed that-they* were used to hunt the lodi.
ana.. Tobscoo looms up heavily, one bill for the
narcotic swelling, to $17,000. Shoes were told
, by th« individual subject, and not by the pair,
to wit s at $8 par shoe.
The Committee on Territories of the Senate
gave Mr. Graham, of the Pike'a Peak gold dis
trict, a heariog three dare since, but when hia
oaae was reached, but two members were pre*
sent, and of course no deciaion was made. It ia
a curious and suggestive fact that Douglas haa
not met with the Committee this session.
The suggestion to raise postage to five eenta
finds no favor. The North ia beginning to un
derstand that ber postages are appropriated
to pnrposes haviog only a forced connection
with the mails. Jraics.
Washisgtos, Bandar, Feb. 6.
The Investigation into tbe affairs ot tbe Navv .
Department and of the Brooklyn and Fhiladel-
Ebia Navy-yards is proceeding rapidly, and
ringing out facts that reflect great discredit
npon the Administration from the higbeat to
the lowest. Already sufficient has been elicited
to fasten corruption in high places, wnile among
subordinates there wonld teem to have been a
very general copying of the example aet by tbeir
superiors.
The system inaugurated in the Brooklyn
Navy-yard under the present Administration,—
giving to members of Congress the appointment
of tbe Master Mechanics, is shown to have re
sulted in doubling and trebling the cost of
everything to the Government. Theft and
swindling of all sorts appears to have been the
rule inatead of the exception.
In one case it ia ahown that a large quantity
of paint, belonging to the Government, was
used to paint tbe dwelling-bouse of Mr. Sear
ing, a member ot Congress—the labor also be
ing contributed by the Navy-Yard. Of course
this could by no possibility have been honestly
done—but we are yet without Mr. Searing's ex
planation of the affair, and it remains to be
shown whether he was aware of the fraud upon
the Government, or was himself imposed upon.
But the most extensive rascality seems to
have been carried on under cover of contracts.
The contract for the purchase of paint may
serve as a sample. W. D. Kennedy, one of the
Tammany Sacnema, somehow haa secared thjs
contract for some time past. It seems that in
putting in bis bids be would offer large quanti*
ties of certain articles at ridiculously low prices,
—much less, indeed, than they could possibly
be purchased for. In this way, be was enabled
to put it on steep in many other articles, and
yet have the aggregate or tbe average lower
than that of any other bidder, and secure
the contract. The thing npon the face of course
looks very fairly; but upon examination we
find that of the articles offered at nominal prices,
the master-painter never wanted a pound;
while of those put in at high rates, the Govern
ment was sure to need a heavy supply. Ot
course this ia all>to be attributed to Mr. Kenne
dy's luck,—and not a bit of it to collusion be*
tween himself and the Master Fainter; but one
way or another, Uncle Sam between the two
has been squeezed most gracelessly.
A system quite as bold haa been pursued in
the coal, timber and machinery contracts, io
relatioa to which only a part of the evidence ia
yet out.
WAsmxcTOS. Feb. C.
The Democracy is evidently dividing into
three distinct parties on tbe Tariff question.
One is beaded by Cobb, and proposes a mode
rate elevation of the Tariff for revenue purpose 8
Another, and the most powerfu 1 , ia tbe Hunter
party, who oppose both the Secretary of the
Treasury And tbe President, and repudiate any
and every proposition for Tariff revision, insist
ing upon dwarfiog the operations of the Govern*
ment to tbe dimensions of the diminished reve
nues, and if that cannot be done, preferring an
increase of the public debt to tampering with
the revenue system. Tbe third faction and the
smallest of them all, comprises Mr. Buchanan
and the Pennsylvania delegation, who will ac
cept nothing short of a specific duty on iron.
Two ot these factions must yield to tbe third, or
they can accomplish nothing; and the danger
therefore is, that nothing will be accomplished
Xor tbe relief of the Treasury. Tbe Hunter
men are not likely to yield, lor tbey intend to
mount tbe Virginia Senator upon the retrench
ment hobby, and ride him into the Charleston
Convention as a successful candidate for the
Presidential nomination. They will probably
make a strong demonstration, too, for Mr. Hun
ter is not likely to damage his own cause by ex
cess of zeal. He will prune the propositions for
retrenchments, doubtless, of all attempts to vi
olateor repudiate contracts; and haviog escaped
that rock, hia movement will give bim a most
formidable strength with the Southern De
mocracy.
On the other hand the Pennsylvania delegation
will not yield, although the Presidentmay, and
doubtless will in the end. Tbe Cobb party, un
der the able leadership of Mr. Phelps, will
maintain tbe medium path between Buchanan's
specifics and Hunter's extreme anti-tariff policy.
Tbey will stand firm until beaten, and tben be
left each to exclaim, " Where ahall I go ?" with
out being well able to answer this important
question. In short, tbe whole affair is particu
larly and intimately mixed; and I don't believe
. a Philadelphia lawyer can begin to see tbe way
out of tbe labyrinth into which the Administra
tion Party finds itself involved just now on the
financial question. Tne chances are decidedly
against any Tariff revision, any loan, or any re
issue of Treasury notes.
Washisgtos. Feb. 7,1K9.
The Senate passed Mr. Morrill's Agricultural
College bill, with amendments, which, it is be
lieved, will not hinder its passage in the House.
Tbe amendments confer the benefits of the act
upon Minnesota, which was still a Territory
when the bill originally passed the House, ex
empts mineral lands from tbe provisions of the
act, and allows twenty thousand additional acres
for each Representative which any State may
gain at the next census.
Mr. Stephen's refusal to be again re-elected
to tbe House, ia explained by his expectation to
succeed Mr. Iverson in the Senate, in which
case both the Georgia Senators will be old
Wbigs.
Mr. Forsyth, Minister to Mexico, sent his re
signation to the President to-day. His resigna
tion is supposed to be connected with the project
maturing here for tbe establishment in New
York ot a great Democratic newspaper to teach
the pure doctrines of Free Trade, Slavery Ex
tension, and tbe African Slave Trade. A large
capital is said to be pledged to the enterprise.
A Democrat high in office remarked to-day
that the party is so hard up that there is nothing
left for it, but to make an assignment and go
into liquidation. Tne Stata says the Democrat
ic caucus was marked by that confusion ot coun
sel and languor in action Vvhich always fore
shadow defeat.
Extension of Time for the Collection
of Taxes*
A bill for an act giving to the Township Col
lectors, in counties adopting township organi
lztion übtil tbe 15'.h day of May next to collect
and pav over the State and county tax of tbe
year ISSS.
Sic. 1. Be it enact<d by the People of the
State of lUinoit rtpraenUd by the General As
stmblp, Tbat tbe Township Collectors of the
several counties that are organized under tbe
township organization law shall be allowed un
til the 15th day of May next to collect and pay
over the State and County taxes for tbe year
185S, specified in their collector's warrants re
spectively ; and tbey shall also be allowed until
the first Monday in June next to return their
collector's books, and tbe list of taxes remain *
ing unpaid, and which they shall not have been
.ab!e to collect.
Sac. 2. All lands or town and city lota upon
which the taxes for the year ISSS shall remain
unpaid npon the first day of June next, shall be
considered delinquent for the taxes of that year,
and such proceedings shatl thereupon be had
for the collection of said taxes us are now pro
vided by law for tbe cellection of tuxes upon
delinquent lands and lots.
Sec. 8. It shall be tbe duty of each of said
Township Collectors on tbe 15vh day of Febru
ary to pay over to the . persona entitled by law
to receive the same, allmoney actually collected
by himatjtbat time, and he shall also on the
l<Uh day of April, pay over all money which
stall actually have been collected by him prior
.to that data,.and on the'said 15th day ot Febru
ary, he shall file an uffidavit, subscribed and
sworn ;to by. him with the Treasurer iif the
couny, stating that be bas folly paid over all
monies which be haa collected of tbe taxes of
tbe year ISSS to tbe persons entiled to receive
the same, except percentage of the same aa he
is entitled by law to receive.
Sec. 4. Tne Treasurer of counties that are
organized under the township organization law
as aforesaid, shall be allowed until the first
Monday in August next to settle with the
Auditor of Public Account, for the taxes of the
year ISSB. This act Phall not apply to the coun
ties of Kane and De Kalb.
Sic 5. That the several Township Collectors
of tbe counties of De Kalb and Cook shall have
to tbe first dcy of March next to make their re
turns to the County Treasurer instead of tbe
15th day of February. The provision of this
act shall extend to the Collector of Revenue, in
connties not adoptiog the township organiza
tion. Provided. Tbat t*e sureties of aoy col
lector in this State shall not oe released by rea
son of tho passage of this act
Sec 6. This act ahall take effect and be in
force from and after ia passage.
Tbe foregoing bill haa passed both Houses,
and only awaits the signature of the Governor
to become a law.
.Bnins: a Corporation for Libel.
The Washington correspondent of the New
York Timet, has the following reference to a
ease recently passed on by tbe Supreme Court.
The decision of the Supreme Court, in tbe
case orQuigley vs. the Philadelphia, Wilming
ton and Baltimore Railroad Crmpany, settles a
vexed question,.which has long been a theme of
legal disputation,- to wit'rCan a civil action for
libel be maintained against a corporation for
worda used by ono or more of ita officers? Tbe
Court decided tbat it can. Plaintiff formerly
waa in tb'vemploy of defendants, and tbe latter,
though one of the Company's officers, had spo
ken disparagingly of him in connection with his
business. He sued the Company, and obtained
a verdict with $5,000 damages. The judgment
of tbe Lower Court, however, was set aside on
other grounds.- Tbe Supreme Court holds that
when a corporation, as such, in ihe publication
of its business, perpetrates a libel, it can be held
responsible. The case baa been looked to with
great interest'by ..-railroad and other corpora
tions all of er the country, salt waa well laiown
that a boat of similar intended, suits-were only
awaiting tbe action of the Supreme Conrt in the
present instance., - ■ • -
A Tonchinp.Kelic of Robert Bams*
" We (Boston Journal,) saw to-day an autograph
letter ol the poet, addressed to Captain Hamil
ton, of Dumfries, 64 years ago. It is in the
poaseaaion of a publisher, who also owns, among
other procious originals, one of Barns' love-let
ters to "Claricda." We have been kindly
permitted to copy the letter to Captain Hamil
ton '
Sir: It ia needleaa to attempt an apology for
my rfmisscesf to you in money matters; mv
conduct is bevond all exenso. Literally, Sir, I
had it not. The distressful state of commerce
at this town has this year taken from my other
wise seanty income no less than £2O. That part
of my salary depended upon tbe imporla, and
they are no more for one year. I inclose you
. three guineas, and ahall soon settle all with
you. 1 shall not mention yonr goodness to me;
it is beyond my power to describe either the
feelings of my wounded soal at not being able
to pay you as 1 onght, or the gratefnl respect
with which I have the honor to be. Sir, yonr
deeply obliged, humble servant
• . Bobt. Bnufi.
Jhmfriet, Jan. 89,1769.
ILLINOIS LEGISLATURE.
TWESTT-HBST CKIEKIL ASSEMBLY.
Frusaraw, Tab. 7.IUV.
H0T738.
THB LUVTTT CLAIM KTC.
Mr. Graham from the Committee on Canal
Lands, reported, in writiog, on the Leavitt
claim.
Mr. Graham presented a resolution to appoint
an agent to attend to tbe Bait now pending
against David Leavitt at the instance of the
State.
Mr. Job moved to fill the blank with the name
of "Ninian Edwards."
Objections being made to the effering of the
resolution it was withdrawn.
Mr. Bosevelt mov»H to lay upon the table, and
print, and treks tbe same special order for
Wednesday at 9W o'clock.
Roll called, with thp following result—yeas 36,
nays 23.
Mr. Cummings, from the Committee on Mis
cellaneous Subjects, to passa'i act to authorize
a zoological survey of the State of Illinois.
Read twice and to be engrossed. The bill pro*
vides for a collection of tbe animals of Illinois
in a museum to be located by the State, a his
tory written of the same, and tbe Governor to
appoint a Naturalist thereto for two years at a
salary of 52,000 per annum.
Mr. Hacker moved to lay the bill upon the
table until July 4.
Roll called: yeas 40, nays S3. Laid on tbe
table.
BOMBSTBAO BXBXPTXOS.
Mr. Haines, from Seleet Committee on bill to
exempt certain property from Bale under execu
tion, reports a substitute, which amends tbe
general law to add to tbe articles now exempt,-
the family bible, a seat or pew in place of wor
ship, family pictures, and school books, wear
ing apparel of debtor and bis family, stove and
pipes therefor, necessary household furniture,
one horse and one pair of oxen, provisions for
six months, instruments aud tools of a mechanic,
library and tools of professional men.
Mr. Green moved to amend to strike out all
after tbe enacting clanse, and insert to add pro*
perty to the value of (100.
Roll called: yeas SI, naya 07. Rejected.
Mr. DeWolf moved to strike out all after tbe
enacting clause and insert "property to tbe
value of $200." Withdrawn.
Tbe question being upon the adoption of the
substitute.
Motion of Mr. Qreen to adjourn lost by ayes
20, noes 83.
Mr. Cburch moved to amend to iosert after
the word library "not to exceed tbe value of
$50."
Mr. Hacker moved to amend to strike out
"one horse."
Mr. Shaw to amtnd to strike out " one yoke
of oxen."
Mr. Green to amend to strike ont " a family
bible asd a pew in any cburch or place of wor
ship."
All of which were out of order, save the
amendment of Mr. Cburch.
Mr. Cumminga moved to lay the bill, aubsti
tute aud amendments on the table. ,
Roll called: yeaa 24, nays 44. i
Mr. Church's amendment amended by consent»
to strike out "SSO" and insert "$100," andr
adopted.
Mr. Green's amendment submitted.
Mr. Green modifies the amendment to strike
therefrom " a pew, &2."
Mr. Green's amendment carried on a division
by yeas 84, nays 24.
On the qaestion of adopting the substitute as
amended, tbe roll was called with tbe following
re*ult:
Ykas—Messrs. Baker, Bane, Barrett, Berry,
Blaisdell, Brace, Brewer, Bryant, Campbell of
Li Salle, Campbell of Logao, Craddock, De
Wolf, 3ngle, Erwin, Gilmore, Graham, Hacker,
Haines, Harmon, Hick of Livingston, Hood,
Hurlbut, Mack, McCall, Miles, Moore, Mosely,
Patten, Prothrow, Rice, Roosevelt, Scbeel,
Short, Stephenson, Stickel, Swett, Townsend,
UpdegrafF, Yermilyea, White, Wilson, Wood— •
42.
Z Nats—Messrs. Anderson, Church, Cum
mings, Davis of Montgomery, Datricb, Epler,
Forth, Green, Hampton, Hardin, Hick of
Gallatin, Hitt, Hoiles, Jarrot, Job, Kerley,
King, McElvaine, Metcalf, Peck, Powell, Pulley,
Shaw, Shirley, Sloss, Mr. Speaker-26.
So the substitute wan adopted and ordered to
be engrossed, by ayes 37, noes 2S.
A message was received from the Governor
stating that he had approved ot certain acta and
joint resolutions.
The remainder of the House proceedings for
the day have already appeared in the Pbsss a>*d
Toibusb.
Fpbisgheld. Feb. 8.1?59,
SENATE.
The Senate took'up the bill aa amended by
the House, extending tbe time for tbe collection >
of taxes in counties which have adopted the
towosbip organization, and having further
amended it so as to include Pike County within
its provisions, passed it by the following vote:
'Ayes —Messrs. Adams of Lee, Addams of Ste
phenson, Applington, Baator, Blodgett, Bryan,
Cofley, Cook, Higbee, Judd, Knapp,Kuykendall,
Marshall, Parks, Post, Underwood,
Yanderen—lß.
Nobs—Messrs. Buckmaster, Fuller, Goody,
Henderson, Murtin, O'Kean-6.
EENATB BILLS OS BSC3KD BBAOLNG.
A bill to secure to the State seven per centum
ot tbe gross earnings of the L C. R. li. Co., and
to remove all doubt of tbe construction of tbe
first and second sections of the charter of the L
C. R. R. Co.
Mr. Kuykendall offered an amendment, which
with the original bill, was referred to the Com
mittee on Bancs and Corporations.
A bill to create the town of Southwest Chica
go. To Committee on Judiciary.
A bill to provide for the payment of a prem
ium of $5,000 to the inventor of a steam plow.
To be engrossed.
A bill to remove the seat of justice of Lee
County. To Committee on Townshia Organiza
tion and Counties.
A bill to provide for the payment of the debts
of counties, cities and towns.* To Committee on
Judiciary.
A bill to regulate tbe sale of property for
freights and storage due to railroad companies.
To Committee on Judiciary.
A bill to increase the fees of justices of tbe
peace in civil cases. To Committee on Judi
ciary.
A bill to authorize the Saline Coal and Manu
facturing Company to convert a p rtion of its
capiul into shares of convertible stock, &c. To
Committee on Judiciary.
A bill to remove tbe county seat of Woodford
County from Metamora to Eareka. To Com
mittee on Township Organizations and Coun
ties.
Mr. Kuykendall moved to suspend tbe rule,
and read the bill to amend chapter 9 R. S. en
titled attachments in circuit courts, a third
time. Carried, bill passed—oyes 17, noes 7.
Mr. Adams, of Stepheuson, on leave, called
up the House bill to allow the Board of Super
visors of Stephenson County to borrow money.
Parsed—ajea 24, noes none.
Mr. Higbee, on leave, called up Hon»e biU to
promote the construction of horse railways in
Culcago. To committee on B inks aud Corpora
tions. Adjourned.
HOUSE.
Mr. Roosevelt reported uct to amend charter of
Kenosha and Bocktord Railroad Company,
Also act to umt'Ud clutter of Joliet Riilroad
Company. To be engrossed
Also,to amend and pass act to incorporate £'.na
Insurance Comnaoy of Chicago. Change title to
read Chicago w£toa Insurance Company.
Mr. Peck moved to lay upon the table until July
4. So ordered.
Mr. Pl ito reported to reject act to incorporate
Metropolis Fire and Marine Insurance Company of
Chicago. Laid upon table.
PATMfLNT OP TAXES IX BAN X NOTES.
Mr. Davis of Stephenson, called up unfinished
business (from the Committee on Taxes and tbeir
Payment.) This bill allows the payment of taxes
in illinoib secured bank notes.
Mr. Mack withdrew bis prior amendment and
offered a substitute, authorizing the receipt of
taxes for town and connt3' purposes, in the stock
secured notes of banks of Illinois.
Mr. Peck moved to amend, to add "canal scrip
of 1839 " Withdrawn.
Mr. Detrich moved to lay the whole subject on
the table. Lost, yeas 29; naya 41.
Mr. Davia, of Stephenson, spoke in favor or,
and Mr. Engle, of Menard, against the bill.
Mr. Mack spoke to hia amendment The rev
enue of tbe countiea and towna being aeverally
paid out in currency, he could see no objection
to allowing that much of the taxes in currency.
At ptesent a profit ia made by the collector, or
the treasurer, which will be obviated by bis
amendment, to tbe advantage of the people.
Should the State taxes ttejafthwed to be paid in
bank notes, tben tbe Statejoust draw from the
banks to tbe detriment of the banks, and conse
quently of tbe State at lerge.
Mr. Davis, of Montgomery, remarked tbat
tbe nature of this law waa such that if be were
instructed by the unauimoua voice of bis con
stituents to vote for it, he would merely reverse
the instructions and place his veto upon them.
The proposition is to go back to the times of
from 'BS to '4O, which no man could revert to
without standing back from tbe neceasary con
sequences of sucb an act
Mr. Peck moved to amend " tbat tbe notes of
the State bank of Iliinoia at Sbawneetown shall
not be bo received." He remarked tbat hepre
sented this amendment to call attention to the
glaring frauds lately calling for investigation,
aod wbich show even tbe impropriety of the bilL
He denied tbe position tbat the Legislature
forced tbe bank law upon tbe people. The peo
ple voted that law upon themselves.
The discussion was continued until noon with
out reaching a vote,
The Cnair announced the special order, being
the consideration of tbe act making appropria
tions tor tbe deaf, dumb and blind asylums.
Tbe bill waa then taken up and amended on
motion of Mr. Hurlbut, by striking out specific
appropriations to the amount of $6,652. It wi a
tben passed by ayes 42: naya 24.
The bill to amend tbe chapter of the IfevbcJ
Statutes entitled *• Chattel Mortgages," was lo=*
for want of a constitutional majority.
The consideration of the act to incorporate the
A&tecutcd Cocgress of Chicago was postponed.
Mr. Davis, o Montgomery, moved, and it was
resolved, to reconsider tbe vote had npon tbe act
making appropriations for tbe Penitentiary, by
yea- 45. navy 27. ""
Mr. Pldto moved to make this tbe special order
for Wednesday at 4 P.M. Ro'l called, and mo
tion earned by aves 41, noes 32.
Mr. Church, on leave, presented an act for the
protection of the School Fund of tbe Stale. Read
twice and to be engrossed.
Tbe House adjourned.
Horrible Matricide in New York*
[Trco the New York Ev-clna Post SthJ
One of tbe moat shocking and unnatural
Crimea which bas disgraced our city since tbe
Gouldy butchery, waa enacted in E.izabeth
street this morning. A young woman attacked
ber mother with ah axe, which She buried in
her skull, for the purpose of obtaining the pal
try sum of fifty five dollars. Officer Wade of
the Fourteenth Ward, was patroling bis beat
abont half-past five this morning; when be heard
the cry of.sntrder,-tallowed by -atifled groans.
He rushed iuto the house from whence the cries
proceeded, No. 251 Elizabeth street, in the rear,
and saw an aged colored woman If ing on the
floor covered with blood and an a A buried in
herskulL A young woman was standing over
ber who had been stilling ber groans witb bed
clothes. Medical assistance was immediately
called and the young-woman arrested.. She
was conveyed to the Essex market' J prison, and
gave the name of Anna Maria Boaley Cajay. Shs
oontascd the crima.
fokeigj unnGtmo* to illiioisihd
THE WEST.,
A Practical Ti«w of the Sabje«t.
Editors Pre* aad Trtbone:
Aa the rabjecc of Foreign Immigration to the
West ia now receiving a large share of local and
general attention, and aa a bill for the eatab*
liahmeot of a State Agency of Immigration in
this city has passed its second reading before
the Lower Hotxse cf oar State Legislature, it
may not be amiss for one somewhat conversant
with the details of the subject and the require
ments of aaeh an institution to take a brief
glance at the position which Chicago holds in
respect to the large annual influx of immigrants
and to point ont a few of the more salient bear
ings which a candid consideration of the matter
suggests. -
Soring the last ten years, but more particu
larly since the completion of her vast railroad
system, Chicago haa enjoyed a larger share of
Immigrant travel and traffic than any other city
in the Union, New York perhapa, alone excepted
If we exeept laat year, daring which the exoJaa
from Europe to the United States was not more
than one-third aa large aa during previous years,
causing a corresponding falling off in the num
ber of arrivals at this point, not less than from
one hundred to one hundred and fifty thousand
foreigp immigrants have annually passed
through this city en route to tho different sec
tions of the West This estimate, which will
be foaud, on careful investigation, to be lesa
rather than in excess of the true figures, shows
an agregate total of arrivals for the period
above mentioned, in.round numbers, of from
one to one and a half millions.
What proportion of this large immigration
might have been secared to Illinois had the
proper system pre railed here, I am not able
to precisely state; but certain it is that the
strenuous efforts made by our competing lines
of railroad, through the medium of agencies
abroad and their hordes of runners at home, to
induce these immigrants over their respective
lines, and the unfair treatment which these peo
ple ha£2oo often experienced at the hands of
the lanßharks, who have made it their buai
nesss to prey upon then at every favorable op*
tunity, have deiraaded the city and State of
many thousands of active laborers. The efforts
of the former have drawn off* to the West a ma
jority of those who would have setted in our
own State bad the proper information and in
ducements been offered them; and the latter,
while following their iniquitous system of im
position and fraud have rendered fully as many
more tbe objects of onr individual sympathy
and charity.
It may be asked what becomes of all the
money which under various pretence*—preten
\ ces as illegal and.unjast as they are varied—is
' filched from the immigrants? Does it not find
its way, directly or indirectly, into the tills of
fourth rate tavern-keepers, emigrant lodging
and boarding-house keepers, grogshops and
brothel-keepers, and. if not thus squandered,
into tbe pockets of a host of parasites who keep
nowhere save in the dark, and whom nobody, 1
not even tbe tax collector, knows anything
about save that their name is legion and their
profession is plunder. The comparatively tri
fling sum that accrues to the revenue of tbe
city from the sale of indulgences or licenses to
this class ot people to enable them to pursue
their several callings, is bat a poor offset to tbe
heavy tax which falls directly npon the public
. treasury, npon onr various charitable instita
' tions and societies, and npon the tax payers
generally for the support outside as well aa in*
: side the walls ot oar jul, bridewell, schools of
reform and asylums all through the State, of tbe
unfortunate victims ot those self-styled "friends"
of the emigrant.
Since penning the above lines I have read
witn much pleasure and profit the very able
letter of our lellow townsman Mr. Ogden on the
" Sources of Wealth and Income in the North
west," more particularly his remarka relative
to Immigration.
It may not be a little startllcg to many of even
our best informed citizens to learn that an amount
equjl to five hundred millions of dollars (more
tbin the total aggregate annall value of tbe five
staple products ot the entire ?Wst and South) is
annuiliy added to the productive capital and in
dustry of the Northwest from this source (immi
graVioo) alone, and yet figures npon indis
putable tacts prove such to be tbe case. Of this
immense sum not less than fitty millions reach tbe
\Vtat in cash in the possesion of these immi
grants every year.
What then should be done to reader tbe means
of protection proposed, most effective? The bill
now pending tbs action of the Legislature and
Esecut ve provides among other things for the es
tab! Hbment of a State Agency of Immigration in
this city, under tbe more immediate control of a
State Agent or Superintendent of Immigration
' and under the general supervision of a board of
Commissioners; and also for the appropriation
Jrom the State freisury of a sum of money suffi
cient to defray the nt-cessary expenwis of such an
esta- lisbment. Such is, io fact, if lam correctly
informed, a brief outline of tbe bill. The nature
and extent of the duties of a State Agent of Immi
gration will require that this officer have some
considerable assistance in order to enable him to
discharge such duties in an efficient minner. Such
he will hardly find at the haDds of a
Bojrd of Commissioner!. If this letter should
meet tbe attention of the honorable gentleman
having the bill in charge, I trust that he will not
overlook ,«o important a consideration. For an
agency or Immigration to be effective and salutary
iu its operations should be untrammelled is as clear
me as tbat immigration itself in order to be
beneficial should be volunta'y. The truth of this
it not sufficiently apparent at first sight, will be
readily leiraed by contrasting tbe system as pur
sued at Castle Garden where a Board controls not
ouly tbe action of the Supcrin'endent but a'so in
a great measure the luture lortunes of tbe immi
grant with that which prevails at Quebec, Montreal,
Toronto, and other Canadian ports, where no such
Board exis's.
Next to the establishment of a State Agency
the most important step to be taken should be tbe
abolition of tbe running system. T»w is a muni
cipal matter and 1 commend it to the attention of
cur Mayor and Council. Surely a reform so much
needed might well mark an era in tbe history of
our foreigj relations and our direct trade with
Europe. • Jjouoraxt.
The Fire at Geneseo.
G*XK£XO,Fe-).8.1359. i
Editors Press and Tribune:
Your paper of Mondar contains a dispatch
never signed by ras, in regard to a fire in this
place. It ia true we have had a fire and a se
vere one, and also true that the Bank with
which lam connected was burned,—but our loss
is not heavy whsn compirei with other suf
ferers.
Tiie fire consumed several buildings on Main
street, destroyed the places ol business of J. C.
Morse, hardware; J. C. Tilton, jdwslery ; Mon
roe, Wingate, Blair A Cj., bankers ; Yarnon,
tailor; Blake, saloon and dwelling, and Fergu
son & Son, merchant tailors. Also tbe dwell
ings, (included in the same buildings,) of Mr.
Tilton, J. Barnard and Mr. Vernon.
A portion of the property was well insured.
The whole lobs is from #7,000 to SIO.OCO.
Respectfully, J. U. Hosro&o.
Important t# Holders of Railroad
Bonds*
[Proa tbe Detrclt Tree Press.]
A bill in chancery was filed a few davs since in
the Circuit Conrt of the United States tor tbe Dis
trict of Michigan, t>y Edward W Dunham, as
mortgagee (in trust for bondholders) ot tbe Mich-
Southern and Northern Indiana Railroad
Company to enjoin Joseph E. Earl and the Sheriff
of the County ot Branch from selling a large quan
tity of wood collected by taid.railioad company
in their aod on their 'station ground at
Branson, in Branch County , for tbe n&e ot tbeir
engines; npon which tbe Sheriff Dad levied by
virtue of an execution issued upon a judgment re
coverec by Eirl against said railroad company in
the Circuit Coort of that coucty.
Tbe mortgage, io terms, includes the railroad
and its appurtenances, engines, can, aud all roll
i Inc stock and personal property of tbe compjny
vrhicb they possessed at the date of tbe mortgage,
as well as all proper y to be oflencarde aaptirtd,
b? it for tbe use and operation of tbe roau, etc.
The mortgage was recorded in tbe office of tbe
Register ot Deeds in each of the counties through
which the road passes. Notice of the application
for tbe injunction was, by d'rection of tbe Court,
given to tbe defendant, and yesterday was ap
pointed for the bearing of tbe application.
Tbe complainant appeared by his solicitor, A.
> M. Biker, E*q.. and Hon. Warner Wing, and the
defencant, Earl and tne Sheriff, by T. Rotneyn,
E-q.; and on hearing the parties, bis Honor Boas
Wnkins, D 1 trict Judge, ordered that an irjunc
tion issue in tbe case, according to the prayer of
tbe bill.
Tbe Judge, in granting tbe order for injunction,
conceded that the power of the company to pledge
the franchise and property of tbe corporation im
plies as an incident tbercto, tbe power to pledge
- everything that may be necessary to tbe enjoy*
ment of tbe lracchi«e and road, and upon wnich
its real value depends; and that it could not have
been intended by the Legislature merely to cooler
tbe power to pledge tne naked tract and frat»clu«e,
which belonged to the corporation, without the
light al«o to pledge such things as were incident
aid indispensable to its use aud enjoyment, and
without which it would be of nd value.
The corporation was authorized to pledge not
only the existing property of the r.ad, bat the
co poiate rights and franchises, and the railroad
iisexf as an entire thing.
The Judge held, tbat to render uoh a pledge
effectual, it was necessary it bbould embrace all
such luture acquisitions of the corporation as wera
proper accessories to the thing pledged, or essen
tial to its enjiymrnt Of what value would the
railroad be without tbe cars on tbe road, or the
fuel necessary, to run them /
Tbe bonus of tne company were redeemable in
twenty years. - New cars and engine* and ma
terials, ot all kinds would from time to time be*
come, necessary, and foci would all tbe time have
to be.par.based as it was Deeded.- The Jodge
beld, tbat tht se articles were included in the deed
of mortgage, and aa tbe business of the road could
not be canted on without them, the power to
pledge the road itself", with its profits aud privi
lege*, and the rights and franchises of tbe corpor
jUjgd, carrit-d along with it tbe implied authority
to pledge all Each future acqnisitiuns of toe com
pany as were for tne full and complete
operation ot the road itself.
To is view of tbe case is in accordance with tbe
opinions of the Supreme Court of New York, tbe
Court of Appeals of Kentucky, tbe Supreme Court
of Cincinnati, and of Judge McLean, rhe opinion
of Judge Wilkins was not put on tbe ground tbat
the mortgage covered the wood as personal pro
perty simply, but tbat, though not attached to
tbe freehold as a fixture, it was nevertheless a
necessary element ot the road, as indispensable to
the use aod enjojment of tbe tbing conveyed.
j Laxi»?jtes i>* Michigan—Tbe Supreme Court ;
; of Michigan bas, in a recent decl-kn, fuUy sus
taiued inc decision of .tbe Secretary of the lute- ,
rior in reference to tbe title-i to the town ei'e of ;
Ontonagon, Michigan. . This decision invalidates :
the titles of those who claim to own tbe land on j
which Ontonagon ia situated —Grand Hapide I
{Mich). j&iffc. 1
miscellaneous.
GKB.Vr WESTERN
LEITBER AND HIDE STORE,
BLaCKBWItJT BROS.,
201 and 203 Sonth Water Street,
CLITC \.IO. ill.
"TTTE HAVE J[TST RECEIVED IN BOND
V V tLrou.b the CHICAGO CUSTOM HOUSE,
oar firat tavo.ee fjr tb«
FRENCH KIP and CUF SKIN?»
AND BOOT FBOXTS CHIUPED,
For tlie Spriny Trade,
SI&ECT FROil THE PAR'S MANCTACfUBIB3.
Boot Makers ard Leitber Dealers wW fial tbe Stock
tobevery tfuperinraai Fiicet Low. Wehave taSt'ds
aad<v>mtog fj.wtrd - lar«e *a>ortmeot or
BOLE LEATHER OF T ?E BEST TANNAOES.
OAS and BEULOOK Uf PER EtP and CALP.
L'NLNGS. LAST 4 and FINDING?.
Wfctehwinbeseld at tie lovttt market price $ by
BLACKBURN BROS.,
At their LVAT3ER AND HIOEBT »t k 303 South
Water «treer. (eat of WeU street b-l iffsj Chiv«o.
if. B.—Th± hUheat market pr.ee pall la Oaah for
Hides. j,34
BATHER! LEATHER!!—
HRST CLASS GaIT lop
jut ractirel
DIRECT FRO . FRAKCE!
rr
JAMBS KBLLT A GO.,
MS LAK&CT 943
Ghleaco, HL.
Who keep eonstaatij on hand the larsest stock of
Leather and. Findings
To be found to tbe West. Also, a large stock of superior
LEATHER and INDIA RUBBER BELTING.
AH of the above will be sold vcav low tor eaah or a>
proved paper. JAMES KELLY A CO„
oc!6 ty-b!97 sa Lake street, near the Brtdaa
Mialr Brushes,
A Roe Assortsent of Ea'llsh aad Freaeh Brashes from
TWENTY-FITS CE.HIS TO TENDDLLAR3.
TEETH BRUSHES,
French and English of Superior Quality*
Fom; New aoi Choice Fax ton*
DRESSING COMBS,
6eaclse Pbell wh!te and dark Baffalo Horn. EnyHA and
Transparent Horn. Fine Freaca Ircrj.
Some new stiles, jost received by
J. EC. EEED &: CO H
Apsftacaries, and dealers In Fine Toilet Goods.
144 & 146 LAKE STREET 144& 146
le9 cam
Notice.— the undersig> ej, onthe
ltfof Jacuir* 1853. withdrew from Oook. Bro'her
A Co. where I w*s Chemical Syex and Partner, ana have
openeda
FASCY STEA2I DTE ESFABLISHHEXT,
193 South Clzrk Street 195
[Between Monroe and Adami ]
Where I am prepared to Dye and Clean Ellk. Satin and
Woolen Dreues and Saawis; gestleaen's Coats, test*
and Pant*, la every style aesire u Carpeti cleaned. La:e
Curtains cleaned and bletcbel prices.
All foods warranted to look well or on pay.
ftVclW ly atDSav JSALISCIL
BUSINESS MAN" SHOULD
J hare a SAFE, and la boylnc one secure the BK*T
iue mirket-one that W Ft SB PKOOF. W« invite
boHnest men ceneral y to examine oar stock of
Wilder'* Patent Salamander Safes,
The Beit Saje in tAe World,
Over 141000 worth In ose in this ei y by Bankers, Sler
ch tnts; Lawyers. Insurance Companies asd others, unr
sales ate averaging two • dav. aad we have been- com
pelled to snip them *y Ral'roid from New Votk to keep
Dpoorsu>ck PRATTA ffi RGKsTER. AjenU,
fc9c3 llw 19? e'oath Waterstreet.
Dissolution, the co-paktner
sh'p exlstini b tweeirtbenncdr-taned expir'd by
fiowa limitation on the lit day of jrebroarr. kither of
the paitnera are author x;d to slin in Hqoidatljn of
clclmj. T. B. CABTKk.
TUKOD- RKTHOMP3ON,
Februiry 3.1539 J. N. 14H*U.
T. B. CARTER
WILL COITIICI TBI
CASH RETAIL DRY GOODS BUSINESS,
—XT—
-13<5 LAKE STREET 136
tfe7cl76 lwj
rpHE BEST SAFE EVER bENT TO
i Chlca<.\—Wc h'V« intt receivered a WILDER'S
PATENT 3 iLAtfOtDyR safe, male to order for a
County Ttetsorer's cf&se. line.i with tardeaed itret.
with ifl tmlde tft;el Bar** r Pm/>r Ch-«t. with fl?e Wk \
two of •liem Wk'. TWENTY-SIX MILLIONS
ctiacnes eacn. e wi'l keep ita* si Je on exhibition oi «s
«eek. Parties wh» are about bojinca'es are Invited
tocaliandaeelt,aUothtrbestst9j of Fire and b&gUr
P.oof Safes west of Mew Y^rk.
PRATr A tVOROSTER Atent,
feMw clT* 197 Soota er r.reet.
II ARDWARR.STOCK. —WE OFFER FuR
11 gale oo fa*ora v le terms to a responsible party a
will selected »totk of
HARDWARE, STOVE?, ISO*, &e M
to;e!her w'ththe c3oi! will of the bulne a Tt Is the
be«iti din a dutl-hlcx eouity s:a*and his direct
raiiroftd cjmsaalcation wl hlhi.:a*3
alio with the ab->*e will be sod t'.e Store—a corner
three story fire proof buiMln* 23«tu) feet.
Appvl to WIL-lAM UlaIR & 00,
fetcKUm 170 L«ke street.
QOPID'S MESSENGERS.
l/ % ale n tines,
Of J.very Conceivable P-t'era and Price,
.A. T PETJGEOT'S,
CHICAGO VARIETY bTOfcE.
40 Clark Street 40
[ r e 7 elHly]
Kerosene, or Coal Oil.
A NEW SUIVLY.
The Very Bist Art-cL* In tie Mmet. For tale ty
LB WIS & PAGE,
103 - - - Soutla Watcr-St. ... 103
lEilSil MOSS.
Shred aud Ahcet Isinglass,
TAPIuCI, FRESH HOPS.
Cost's --purkSing G«.-atine,
SAGO, OA J MtAl,
CONCENTRATED EXTRACT UF LEMON,
SAECE-ST i ILSLKY, Ipotbeciries,
fc3cisa MI L%ke ctffft.
Yalentines.
NOBRIS <ss HVDE,
NO. 100...DEARBOSN S*EEET...NO. 100
Have the and beit sd.cted apartment of
VALENTINES
TO Hi iOCNO WEST OF NEW YORK.
Which the; offtr to Dealers at the LO J7EST PRICE S.
KO*BIS X lIYDE,
fel-Bw<lit 10) Dearborn street. Chlc«o. 111.
TO SHIPPERS.
The lUtasbCcitnl lUllroid Company,
Ate forwarding Freight to and from
St. Louii, Alton, Springfield asd Blooznington,
ntTHOCT UF CAR*
Time as qolck and rates as low as b7 any other rsnta.
Deliver FreUht at the Stone Fr«'<at foot of ?ouh
Wa.er street.
Forinformatlon as to rates «ad c3nd.tlons apply to R.
FORSYTH Oen'l freight *ccot, office In Passenger
Depot, op stair* or to 0. U. dUiTtl. n't 7rcl#ht
Depot. jaHbfflolm
b»r:»£ ttAH
i, -it k Wao«ii avca&s. Chicatw
.vtiD SAI'HJ of even* lieicrit tSe'
fßrrahed on short aot'.cs
md printed w'.tt
ir- >l, 'lt'.fllMl.
srxior ".swt •
meye:r's
Miraculous Vermin Destroyer,
For tbe Destruction of
Bats, Alice, Holes, Jlosqnltocs,
Koaches, Fleas, notiu, Garden
Insects, Ants, Ac.
tTIHE chemical
ft ' known anderthe above title f.* tte laat 23 yeui
throughout kurr-ge. where itey hav- met wUh a triam
pha t sntceaa, nave for their Inventor and
Manufacturer a world-wide celebrity, attested by tn* Km
nerars «f Bosia. France. Austria the Qaeen of Keg
tad. the Bmi of jjeitfum. HoUv:d. Nap«e% Bavaria
Ba*onj. <c.: in Amer.c* tbclr effldeocy bas been
cadi-nAI -y Ihe Utretora o Pobtte lns!ita*loti and
the approval cf osmervos private citlsena. that they are
the oilr remedies in the world nire to esteroilnite all
kin t» of vermin. .. ,
Ueycr's silracaloos Preparations destroy the on* el
come Intruders without mercy, and fall. His art
aai hrooght death to olillaos of them la the world, and
from this day the watca-wo:* of all boose«*eper», mer« ,
chanta.shipowaers,aod hasbindmenwulbe "Ciomora ;
Eydtttfl packages from Scents to SI.OO Taaxs—Six
months, or five per cent off for cash (no aceau. Depot
ol the Inventor and proprietor,
JOSEPH UCTEI. Practical Chemist
SU Broadway, tcor. UoßStoa-skJ3ew York.
Genera! Agent far b*e United states and Canada*
FaiLDEAICK V. Unxxgist. No. 10 Astor
House.
Flour ! Flour !!
V\TE HaVE O«>S3TANTLY IS STORE
YY fr m cor own *U «a d >:p»
Floor o' a l grades pirtleaUr.y choice «ra.-e3 cf Wbivs
Witter Wh:*i FUor from Waco -xa and too hem 1111-
Citydet'enandcoasaoe'icanberot edar io q.alU>
andprlce antorders frr-nth* coantry uro-ttly ailed
cyo«. offlcs aadatore. 276 tiotrh Water streew
|a29cm HAWPMS & CHAPMAN.
Ctiteago Itaisrei Jlaaafactaglng Co«
tMDDTh CLARR. NXAK SOETH-*r.
a afc PREPARED.TO CONTRACT WlTii
MJler* ? «r a regular satply c f Barrels, of asnsertoi
sulhy.atani/ormrztet Alrokeer oßhandampolva
Barrets to llli w-leri.
set*oaed ?c **ie. *
1
ASTRY FLOOR- 300 BBL3 ON CON
j.nment fcr sale by „ J SNOW,
Ht 10 Dearborn, ad or' from 9» |
OAT MEAL. —ANOTHER LOP FROM j
Montreal, on consignment J S c 0 -v.
fed el® >o. li) soa'h iiearoorn strait .
: it OTTER. 3UQI> POUNDS ROLL BDT
! I") TKR on eontigament. J. BKOW.
} fUettt N«. 10 ftaath Detrtwya strtei. ■
i OHA BALES PEUHX SEW YOBK
I awrl«, /1M» . 00
itttbicincs
Win A LI~*G
124 Lake Street, j
IHE GREAT WESTERN I
WHOLESALE AND BET A ll*
MEDICINE UIFOT.
nrif you waat a remedy
tor ynar Cough so to
ROLLED SMITH A CO.'S,
134 Laks street-
EF"If ycu want a remedy to
purlCy the eiood co to 1M
Lake su BOLLS 9. BMITU
A CO.
tW If you want a Fever
ud Ane remedy go to
BOLLIB. SMITH A Co- 1M
Lak»«.
writ ycu want a Hsl ?e»>
toratlve or Hair Dre»ilax. co
to B Ol.Lga. SMITH k OOU
IS4 Lake-st
OTIf yen want a Rheumat
ic PlJl or Llniamenw co to
BOLLKS. bMITH A CO. lii
TaklHt
tWlt yoo want a>emedy for
Fli-sgo to BOLLD. SMITH
A 00.134 Late*
youwa&ta Hilr Dye
—warranted, go to BO LLCs.
BVITH A CO- 134 Laae*
tWlt you waat a Purgative
i or Cathartic PIU go to 8..
S. A Oj's. 124 Lake streeC
waat a Fain Kil
ler cr Pain Extractor go to
BOLLKSI BUIIH A CO..
lit Lake*.
Wlf you va&i some Tonlo
bitters or Bcbel lam Schnapps
j» to BOLLW. BMMA
ttt Laks street.
Dopsnco's. Clark's
andCbeeiman'sremale Pills
go to BOLL 1& IUUXH A
0(X. U« Lake street.
Coegh Candles or
ruisonlo W«fers »o ti Ut
Lake sL. BOUJO, SMITH A
CO.
tWIcT a Powder. Pute or
wash ft>r the Teeth go to
gOUJES. SMITH A CO. lit
a liver and Dvip*d»
t.o Remedy, goto BOLLXS.
SMITH A Uu. IJ4 LUM
w Fcr Yermifbge and Dy»
peptic remedy. go to [24
LUe-et Ba>LLJCB. dMITH A
00 M lULake-^
9treogthentag Ras
ters of ail kin as co BuLLKS,
SMITH A CO- 1* Lace*
K7*For a Remedy for all
private Diseases r> to 124
Lake** BOLLSS. SMITH A
00.
VFor a Remedy for D!s
e4»>s of the tula go to
BO LLCS, SMITH A CO..
134
U*For Fancy Soapa Brush
es aadToll't Ankles go to
BOLLXS, SMITH A 00- 134
Lake-i^
OTFor Hadkercbief Ex*
tracts and Per umerv go to
KOLU3. SMITH A CO.. I*4
Lakt-A.
typcr Trasses. Shoulder
Braces aod Abdutnlcal sua
porters. Taey are agents
the manufacturers aod will
sell at low price*. ttOLLfi). SMITH AOm I*4 Lake*.
Hostetter'a Stomach Bitters,
raid bj BOLLE3. SHIT I k 00.. U4 Uk. m«.
Hostetter'a Stomach Bitters,
Scld by E. T. W ATKINS A CO* SO State street.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Sold by J. U. BEED A C 0„ 144 a-d 14* Lake street.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Soldbj HAVES. FAEEELICO.. 77 WUcritrtet.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
fold by BARGZNT A IL3LIY. 140 Lake street.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Eold bj J. 1 a. POLLER * CO.. r Witcr itrnt.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Soli by BOCKFZ. INNI3 AC?.. S3 Water street,
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Sold by L. RKAD A CO.. tt Lake sUeeU
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Sold by O. P. FULLER 1 CO.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Have, for their Tor Ic and other Medicinal Virtues, be
come so celebrate 1 and popular, that unprlnc'pled par*
ties here aad elsewhere hive counterfeited themextes*
slve'y. aad to prevent deception we refer surcnasers to
tbe above parties for the genuine article or to tbe pro
prUtors,
flostetter A Smith*
Ja23 c6T-<m PA.
Mothers, as yoa love tour
Children, be on tke alert fbr every omstom ef
Worms. Forwoms cause the death e f axvethan aoy
other diseases. In all eases
TIP! A O S (Ml I of pale couateuaace, Uvid
91V * circle around the eyes, aad
« _ foul breath five HoLLO
FOR WAY 1 " VKOKT«BLS
WORM CON FRICTIONS.
TXT T> TVT Q ? They are a delicious pier*
W W XVUIQ. ration «f Sugar that any culld
will erave. I f worms are preseat. tbey will aa/ely and ef
fectuUiy remove them and restore health in all cases.
Worms ! Worms 'Tnese trrublesome tafests oi tbe
stomach and bowels of children have at last (bund their
match la a matchless orecaratlo > called *• llolloway's
Worm Oonfectlnu. M whtcb Is In the form of a pleasant
andacreeaWecandy. The little children affected with
wormai which heretofore turaed up tbelr noses and
sputtered aad cried about tbe administration of tbe
aauceous stuffs under tbe name of Yetmifage. will open
tbilr little mouths with ecstary to thank tbe Inveotor
fbrmaklng a plrasaatcure for oaeof tbe most trouble
some diseases. JCvery box warranted.
Snldbv BOLLEi SMITH A 00 M
deal 124 Lake st. Aceats for Northweatern B*a»es.
Brown's Bronchial Troches,
OB COUGH LOZENGES.
From Rn. Henry tfari Bee*Jktr, ich* Mam iutd t\*
Troehu jlss ftart.—l have never ehaased niv
miad respecting them froin the drat, eacept to think
jst batter of that which 1 besan in thinking well eC
Brown's Bronchial Troches
jVffm Rn. X. H. C&optn, D. D.,.Vrw York.—l sen
si J«r jour Lozenge* an excellent article for their pur*
poses, aad resotnmeud their use to Public Speakers.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
From Mr. C. XT. Gardner, P-'-rif"' if Vu Rutrer't
FmaU liutitute, .V«is York. I ißnra b*eu afflicted
with Bronchitis during the past winter, aad (band
no relief until 1 found your Troebss.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Dr. Lent psescribes theqj in bis practice.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Dr. BigtUm says are simple and certain.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Indispensable to Public Speaker*.— Zwa'i Herald.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
An excellent article. —.VoXi'snai Era, ff'ajAiajton*
Brown's Bronchial Troches
A most admirable remedy. Boston Journal.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
A sure remedy for Throat Affections. Transcript.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Efficacious and pleasant.— TrattUer.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Cures any Irritation or Soreness of tbe Threat,
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Cures Cougb, Cold or Hoarseaeas.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Cures Brouchftis, Asthma and Catarrh.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Clears and gives strength to the voice of singers.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Cures Whooping Cougb and laHustfta.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Are the greatest Remedy icieacs evsr produced.
Brown's Bronchial Troches
Are only 35 eta. per Box.
SOLD BY AIX DRUGGISTS.
SOLD WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
—Bl
ip ENTON <se CO-,
94 Laks Street 94
OPPOSITE THE TRBMONT EOUSB.
DEI. G. JT. LKED'S
QUIKINE SUBSTITUTE,
Or, .YBRrE TOJTMC,
WILL CUBS
FEVER AND AGUE.
A. LS O , YELLOW, CHAGRES AND
Panama Fevers can often be prevented by tbe use
ofthlslnvaluab.e remedy. Tbe recipe Is from a ve*y
evlebrated PntsJdan after thlrty-flve experience
In BosolUlsandtrivate practice la New York Oitr. aud
has been Wsted In a'l sectloDsof the wintry during the
nan dz year* with tbe most wonderful success. In tbe
Western aad Southwestern esuitry, where Fever and
Agae etc rail It bM accompluhed much by caring tbe
d'sease as w-.Q as renovating aad recti per atina tbe iy»-
t«n already by ths use of Qomiae. Morphtae .
and Mercury, or 'rom too free use of ths trashy aostrumg i
such as are d iljr be la* forced upoa tbe unsuspectinv in* i
vaUtL To all suffering from prosratlon after dliesse I !
reexnmend and guarantee this Medicine aaa perfect I
T ale. To travello* In ■ nh *«' t >rT etlmates I would use
tbe words of tbe well known John W. Munsos.
now of a Liverpool Packet Line, a d taany years tn tbe
Southern and South American Coasting trade. "1
wouldassocntblnkof golncto seawiiboots rudder aa
wllbost the Quinine Substitute."
J. H. HAZARD. Proprietor.
131 Maiden Lane. New York.
Penton, atoblneon A talth t
* helesals AgtnU, is BoaU Water streeS. Chicago. CL
deI4.hTOHIM
VT7EIGH AKD CONSIDER.—AX HONEST
\\ OUAKKR'S ADVICB TO CTNSUMpriVES
one moment tn uslog
Oo»h amed
death is very neai
a d tbe sands of «by^HKn|KynNlMlßl^^r
lire out
Thou need aot despair .... i
for as ceaHy astbeaart gonetiy condition ■ not more
bopelea than mine was, ana s» thou knowmh. I i
have been restored to robegl health, as well as tboa*adi ;
of others, whose testimony thou w&t find with tbe bot> ;
ties. Tblak oat, beeaaae evnyihlce then hart tried bse
f.lled. that tboa an b«ond the reaeb of medlintaa.
Then wilt mreiy not be deceived by ibis good remedy. :
Be sure that tboa ceUest no other ardlctae.
Soluby BOLLX3. SMITH A 00-
ia< Lake <reeC
OIL OF COGNAC.
OrL OF COGNAC.
OIL or OSS2IAC.
1,0 0 0 DXTNCRS OF
Green, White and Yellow
OIL. COtiITAC,
•data WW! .ranOBAOO. ■
JHt&icincs, &c.
PERFECTLY TRIUMPHANT
BEUHDY
FOE ALL DISEASES ABIDING FBOM
MALAEII;
Tarticnlsrly PBVSB and AOtTfi.
dilllJ and Fever, and all dl«ea*e* arising Ihn that
eoo'ltlonortbe l.lvrr to anWernl'y produoed by tbe
maiaria and rags of lha West >a*b as dltf tfrl or
lurptJ.Urjr en»*r«ttnrat of op Ague 04ke
la tbe sld«» Bl'Joua Interreiulns. Rem ttem Vera*
snd. Indeed, ell diseases risiac from a billions condi
tion of tbe sys'en» lit mrredienU are all vegetable,
and perfectly harmlessto tb-lr efeva. ani perfectly ce--
Uln to euro. Re»ler. lr »ou dears to save mon er and
Urn. and cHroor heihh. take It « once. Instead ot
these which only palliate while they do not ear*.
Hours. Til, F*b.U,lK7.
M7SBR3. & X. MVNN A CO.-o«rUs; Weflndyoar
Avxs Balsam superior to remedy lo oar market for
the oennaaent care or *ll malarious dseasaa. We
cheerfully recommend It aa wortbr tbat great name U
baa wbereve- r»id a d tued. ___ .
Very truly jours, RICHARDS <1 THOMAS.
OaiXOB, Ohlok April L IMA.
To tbe sufferers of cUl's. fß*er and ague. X eheerfaDv
sumblttbe folio win*: Havlog observed o'osetv tbe ef
frets of Lrr. Mann's Ane Balsam Inth-i vidnHy frr tha
past three year*. I am well pleased with Its remedial vir
tues ai an eatldne to coal ana I hate frequently used
It tamycrsctice. and wtsh entire satisfaction. from my
in Imate knowing* of this compound, I recommend U
aa cafe, prtmpt and efllcient.
N. E. HACKIDOM, D. M.
Bixrrpx. Tnd. May IT. lIM.
OTFEIH. 9- t MANN * tfavW sold
your ague Bala«m for theras* three yearn to scopes of
persons In thlavld'iit*. andc'owbrobier»la*lta effsrt*.
we do not begltaie l'i sayla«*eb<r»vtf ttth*be»l rtvedy
eversMd tn lad'aoa. »b4 will effectually core
fever and a*ne without f*iL
Truly yours, PhILLIJIAN A &EARN 3, DrtgsU*.
Loaasroar. Tnd.. Sept. IS. 164.
DR. M A**NPlease s<*n > me one-half gross wore of
yenr Agueßa-samlmrae-llatMy It Is in neat demand,
and say be truly strtrd the Kinc of fever ao<j Ane.
J. LYTLK, Physician and Drugslst.
Lsogrosg. Michigan. Juae 18. iqi
msasa. a. s. Mann a co.. aaitou. ohK-(7«nit.*
I bars to >ay that I bars f>r several o nths been ooa>
pleteiy orostrated b/ chits, fever and sgue, and aa I
ntve a large family wh>> were dependent ouoo my labor
IbrtbelrexlMraOF.lbavetr.edta »«la alltbeuverem*'
dice In my reacb [aod tbey are ted nn.} bat I fonnd none
toesreuotU laved yoar ime I bavo sever
abook. or bad a p'rtlcle of fever Ance tbe firit doee. oat
I have rfntw naed tbe tblrrl bottle. 1 have bow »e*o
■oand tor tiree moLiaa. I am coofldent It la tbe only
Uiisftbai will sever Call.
Toon truly. Q. P. WOOD.
& K. SLUVX A CO., Proprietors. Gallon. 0.
0. J. WOOD k CO, St. Wa. . Hole Wboleatle
Agents {brail tbe Western States and T:rritorfe«, and
■old by all good draccis a. jaSi&n
THB LIVEH IN VIGOR AT OR
P2X7ASKD BY DK. BANFO2IX
COMPOCSDKD EITIBELY FKOS fiCaiS»
IS ONE OF TIIE BEST EJJRGATIVB
and LZTXE MXDICINO now before the pabll&
Tbete Gaoi retsovel 1 Onodoaeonea repeated
all tnerbld or bad matteri * :1s a rare cure for ttole.
Orom tbe mtem. raoply-l £/* rm Morbtw. and a pre*
lnx In tnelr place a< iventatlve of Cboleeia.
bealtbyflowofbUe.lnvlg.i A _ , .....
ormtlnx tbe stomach. O I OnlyonebotUels need
oaoslax food to dlxeit w .edtotbrowoatoftbeiye
well, purify tn« tR: effects of medl
giving tone and; ~ .aneancralongileknest
health to the whole ov j! n „. # . w _
< %
Binioaa attarks aaei i
cored, aad, what Üb«u4l a > One dose taken a abort
prevented by the o«ca-, tliue before eating gtvea
sloaaluseoftbeLlvertn-t ;vUor to the appetite and
Tlgorator. i fH , au * :e » '•&* f ood digest
One dose after eatin*' wos *'
Utafficknt w relletc lbe M | 0 n.d0.« o.ltomMt
stomach and prevemibe w _* m...« . „.ii.
jtoirt<,mrUlM M d«.=i.| >■
taa ' i. twhlla tyqipmer sad
fbre retiring, orevantsi FH yield alncit to &• fir*
aiUhtaaarw. | dc»e.
Only one doee taken at| . «w core
2feV°^d n, by aclt)8» tb«»
caret ««•»- lu «orbanU.
On. Jcie utn Wc Uiooleuarelnij
One doM 3fl*o to* (UU Fever, and all
joooufUlswlU alwva re- rwven of a BllUows
lleveHtelt D»»d#*tee. cype. It operates with
Only one dose Inme- . f icertabtv.andtbonsaoda
dlately relieve »*lle, M «« wtli a* to testify to
vhlle < iU woaderfol vlrtaea.
at.t. V7HO UJ* IT GIVINQ THBIK
TJKANIMO7S TESTIMONY I3T ITS FAVOB.
Mix water In iQesoalh »lUi 'be InvfArator. snd
swallow boih togetW.
rtici oas oeuAJi ru soma.
Dr. SASrORD. Proprietor. No. Broadway. New
Tort. Retalim by all Druirglsts. Sold. also, by
BOIXXS. atflTH k CO.. 124
TAONKHTOGK k DATIB»
Hem v3sit«e.
\V" ANTED TO KXOH>NGK FOB A OITT
Vv iMldence.*
HOMbd'iKA 1;,
Oojjisunjf of a Tw>#tcry liuu.u.
bnlidlncs. Yard .v*.d Garden, all Is complet* onler. looal
•d lo one of tho-c beiaUfm au<lhealt>iy Uvke Town% :
WiseoaaiD. obltso miles fronth!s<?»tTOßth» >\o»- v '• ♦
Lake Stor* Sallzoad.
\lsowante<tto well or .c.- Jit »>.-vvcrv;.
Wisccßila T&nniag and Pins LABda
/orPartlt*lar« vldressPoitOfS** B.**v *>*?.
TT S. GOVERNMENT LAND LOCATING
• agency.
The Subscriber having had much practical experience fa)
SELECTING} AND LCCATHICH»ANBS,
In the various t«od
us usual facilities for taakU* valuable sedectlons
VOR LAND WARRANTS OR OASIL
Choice Selections may now be made tn
; IOWA, WISCONSIN AND MISSOURI,
' Persons having Warrants can have them located !b
their Own Name.
1 And 40 per Cent. Profit Guaranteed.
Pmyableln One Year.
lowa. Wisconsin and Illinois Lands for sals low frr
Money invested In Kansas and Nebraska.
fl. BAU3BCRY. Laod tocstlns AeenC,
aols<9ly 4» Olark street. Ch'rwq
;
!
Located at Chlc««o. New Tork. Phll »delpbla. Albany
Muff*so, Oe'rolt. ftholonhlp rood Uiro
the entire Cr.alo Co"*nlldUlonoT " Hoant A Strstton'9
Mer>*ant'leCoilese" aad "Hell's Commercial
pow cadocted aionr I. stltu'i n uru'er same and
stMe'f -6YANT. BkLL A BtRATTO>. DUbyV. Hell
Joint PrOiriet'ir and Arwiclate Prtodk-Al frf Coleaso Col
lere. Circular *n Caialogue of •) ps« s far*-lab«d g»a-
on Applicatloo t« tbe on> eral ned
ia"icw)dAw »y BRYANC. BfcLL ASTfIArTOW.
IIOY'S HIGH SCHOOL. - THE NEXT
J) Terra will e >tnraeoce on y ffbrusry Tth,
Ucß AJ. BAWYICR. A. M... will c- nJoue U» receive
iu*iy twtaty-fl/e uot ils imo bis scho-1 at his resilience,
I'sVoaroe rreet, and h wfshea ao- : M»aoplyfor ad»
m r lvr anle*? they are determined *o o well for *bna>
irr the 4dvanc«inrat u' fj nw dmUted nO Paits
% ■; . i-y,l :■» it--; l>r». Itfl
SAI MANSION SC!1*»0I , LIN
CO'.N HQ"AI» WO.ICKSTER. MfiSA
A >trit-Cl*«- at'* >cb-«Wrr Young
Lajll's. J- V. KEA • K. Principal.
Rs noon 13 Cau*oo: —-> m. U. o»de k*»: Hev.
Vtn. W. *»anoo: i '• W«»E?a.: Luti-er uaveo.
F q.; Wm. »L *r!l". Esa..'A)c»t. Pub. Soil wis: W. B.
LouDjbury. rsq.: John K Ch pa.£H.:J YouD«.«csm
o.n v>« UM Bwi*
- ''ptilitU!: .
I G H I AND HEARING.—
DH. F. A. CAD WE IX,
OP TOBOHTO C. W.
Tb<9 Kalne-.taod SUUfUI Operator on tbe
ES" E AITD EAR-
At the MATtW>S ROC?£ Chlcaga IIL. I» woiklng
mlrael?a In the way of ie*tort&K
LOST sight and beaming.
Cowards cf On- Rand red and Tweai»-Rv- Paileetg
have been r eel ml by Dr.C within (be laai four weeks.
pony of whom have been b ini trrtn'bs and years,
while others, who ba<e leu* beta sufferers. bi»ve bad
their dl»ea»esreao*ed. . . ...
Tbeb-stproo' aat"> how Dr. G.'sstfrviees are aeprecW
aled la. thai be Is dally receivlrg new puleais from all
par«* of wne country, and dUmlaatng. as cures, his eaily
received cams. , , .
No ee Is required for an • zam.nitlon or opinion, and
No rbar'e forserv c s that a e -ot Boceeteful. aa wtß be
stated when the patient Is tecdved. Dr. Cad well s
TTeatlte tbe Fya and Kar on appUcauonas above.
fe7cl7»dA<«n
QHIC AGO CHAKITABLB
EYE AND EAR ISPIH.IIItI Y.
Diapenmry of* tb. lixflnxmry
Opts Ererj Xaralsg fro«ll l-2tolil-2 *'db
KB 6RATCITOCB T&SATME .T
Oi e poor affected with disease* of tbe Tye snd lar.
■ a 60 aorth Clark Street, Cor
Ui»na:-VL Newberry. Pieddent: CV D.er iod
L H«vra. V. Pre«ldf ta; S Wone. Secretary A Treasarfrr
J H Kloil*. Rev !* L Bice. D D. R*v »* Ban*. P Caipen-
Ur.WU Brown. IBMc ***. MoieU. H Wbd»
rfn* otnao »caa»-*»—Prof D Braina'd. ID, Prof J
L Uoloei jID. VU BaHaelk
taß3m*
?. 11l II *5 **■' ? %
>**ructical fpttei&H,
with Beni.?lkeA Sous,.'*, t.,
7t BOOTB GLARE aTRIiCT *t
tnjLi>»tir ui* t'.'urt Hons'
Largest and choicest of Optical asd Mstbe
matleal (soodain ibe
BLE SPECTACLES s.ni«+ot.j o , baud. Also,
Ooera ttla^eea.-t»otcosev \j..*ro*o-«.
Tosraooeter* K/iroscUii> .'ScOPIiAi .va*o
T 'afe attbel 'w- »tNi* Yorkprlo<f.
gl»-ty4P»
E V fc A y i> B
1,,.. IIDGKWOUU
•j'OIUIHRLTi ut THE El't a«D iAB
JP Infirmary of Ry., and aore reoeotiy Pby.
■loan sad durgeon to tbe Eye aaU Ear,V?
bus. Oblo. and author of a - New System of TYeatin* IM
seasesof the tye and Bar wHhouUM ■ eof the
wooM announce that be ha«
feetly and has a aver been toown ta faOla effeoins
psraaaent eures in all eases within ths reach ot hiubas
m»w,
1 A; > BARRKLS ROSIN
l'Mf Aoot> sal locs Winter K l et>h<Bl Ou.
9b barre'stoslerOltJ't 1-"
|QO eoesets Canary Seed.
7» Alum,
ao toas Vul« Uki
fbrlato WtiKlMjlMlfi A 00,
MBMiIWIfWIINA

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