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Chicago daily press and tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1858-1859, March 04, 1859, Image 2

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PRESS AND TRIBPNE. •
FBXP&Y KfIBHUTB, IUBCH ' ,
Minwete Bank* od Banking. ' t , ;
Wt have a nnmber of letters from Mini#
site ol tbe oold ahoulder.^irrti
to their currenoy by the Chicago and St. Louis
bankers, all of which we respectfully decltue
to-publiflh. If the author* pf the.©pieties to -
wbich we refer bad contented themselves with
setting forth the reason lor tbe assertion that
the notes of their banks are good, and bsd
spared us their pages of denunciation, we
vhould hart been glad to have laid their com
munications before our readers; but as epi
thets are not arguments, and threats are not
lacts, we shall b9 excused if we hold to our
original opinion, that the system of banking
elaborated by the speculators of that new
State is full of dangers, acd that it must fail,
carrying thousands ot innooent men io de
struction along with it. The truth is, no sys
tem ot Banking is wanted in Minnesota, and
none will work smoothly. Banking in a fron
tier country, where the uniform commercial
want is want of capital, never does, never
can succeed. It has always bad a disastrous
whenever and wherever in the West it
"hag been attempted; aid there is nothing
more a glance at the financial history of
the Western States needed to prove the fact
as we state it. Ohio, Indiana, Michigan and
Illinois are cases in point lowa will be lucky
If she escapes the experience that her older
neighbors have encountered. Banks are the
work of a civilization tbat does not prevail
in any frontier. They are the outgrowth el
commerce, not agriculture. Goad bauke,
where loans are made at 25 to 40 per cent.,
would ruin those who own them if doing
busineos within the limitations ol the law.
Bad banks doing business anywhere, at any
rate, are the curse of the country upon which
they are inflicted. Our Mlnne-ota friends,
who are grumbling because we di aot belie
the axioms of finance, to praise what those
sXioms condemn, may call their banks what
iw please, and the result will be the eame.
ir dubbed which they are not, they will
prove to be bad; if to be tod, tbey
will proye themselves to be c j
these wholesome ItuUib for the beu' &t 01
whom they concern j and to put our readers
in Minnesota and Illinois on their gua:d
against the effect of a make-shift scheme, out
of which nothing but disaster can come.
The lragedy and its Lesson.
Whatever may be eaid of the individual
actors in the late tragedy at Washington—
whether Sickles be applauded or condemned,
whether the murdered man be laid in the pot
ter's field, or willows be planted to weep for
bim while the world forgets him, whether the
wife and paramour bo driven to the society
ol draba or otherwise—the lesson which it
brings home to society at the national capital
comes not a moment too early. It is no te
cret tbat " life in Washington" is at best a
perilous gauntlet for all pure men and wo
men who are condemned to a eojeurn among
Eta influences, while for all others it is a very
«Jongb of the worst vises which pollute hu
man nature. The Sickles affiiir is only singu
lar in its bloody conclusien, A. few week
doe© the Bririah Minister was called home hy
lis royal mistress, and all snobdom was in nn
uproar to find the secret of the unexpected
•event. One wisfi&cre, deep in ministerial de
eigos, learned that the noble Loid was to be
"promoted" from Washington to tbeHague-a
few more promotions doubtless bringing him
to Capetown. Another equally sagacious dis
covered that the noble Lord bad differed in
eoae minute question of policy with Mr. Bu
chanan, H that our President is so highly
•esteemed at St. James' that the recall of the
Minister became indispensable. Several othen
ingenious pleas were put in to smother a
statement fully credited by the knowiogones
that the atmosphere of the capital was not
suited to tbat gtntleman's moral constitution,
and that Queen Victoria, notified of the facts
by tlje lady of another distinguished servant,
had detei mined to remove iron among us all
tbe defilement which could be laid at her
- - - xt_4 ~_Awu.n«nHir <l>a />AnntjtilPlU Ai
particular members of Congress are infornnd
that the charming influences of woman are
employed with great effect on the legislation
of the country. If accounts arc trne, Sickles
himself was not strictly entitled to throw
etoncs among the bloeks of glass houses
which turrouiided him. So notoriously
corrupting are the grand banquets
and routs and reunions which follow
each other in that treasury-gorged
Vanity Fair, that many members ot Con
gress whose families pass the season at tbe
capital never allow their daughters to accept
an invitation. If they esc »pe without some
prurient suggestion forced upon tbem by tbe
lauguage or actions of the blackguards and
libertines who throng all the fashionable
quarters, the chances are ten to one that
their names will be peddled Irogi saloon lo
club room as the certain prey of this or that
poisonous reptile*who has had their .hands or
waists in a dance.
To this class belonged Philip Barton Key,
who has expiated his crime against social
order with his life. Whether or not Mr.
Sickles was the man to give full lorce to the
lesson which has just been taught, it was high
time for an example of this kind to be made.
It was time to have blood added to the un
cleannessef Federal society, and tbe only
wonder is that it has been 89 long deferred.
Wc find every variety of comment bestowed
upon the homicide and the crime which pre
ceded if. Without discnsslog the punishmeßt
due for eo high an outrage upon tbe dearest
relations of life—a punishmeut wbich can be
inflicted only by tbe perron aggrieved, and
solely according to his notions ot equity—we
repeat that it was full time for a decimatiou
of the snakes that infect the Federal city,
to be begun.
The Franking Privilege.
For the last ten years, many ef the most in
fluential American journals have been de
nouncing the odious and aristocratic Frank
ing Privilege. Dm icg all that time we have
never seen or heard «'t* r.ny man, newspaper,
or party that has hud thu courage to defend
It* Numberless bills in Congress touching
postal affairs have been considered and pass
ed ; committee® without end have met and
reported important reform measures affecting
the carriage and delivery ol letters ; and at
least three score members of Congress have
been relieved of speeches on the best and
most economical method of manging an elab
orate postal system. But no one of the
speeches, reports or bills has presumed'to
justify the continuance of tbo power of Frank
ing, in the hands which may never exercise it.
In the meantime, the feeling among the mas
ses of the people has been becoming more
hostile to the exercise of tbe privilege ; and
there is not now a man of any shade of poli
tics who will not, when properly questioned,
edmit that it is a nuisance, and ought at once
to be abolished. And yet it remains. Con
gress closed Us aeeeion yesterday without ma
king any more progress toward reform in this
direction; and for two years more the coun
try will be afflicted with what lias grown to
be too odious to U borne. Will not some
press, or somebody, during the vacation, in
form the public what influence is at *ork at
Washington, that impels members ot Con
gress, as soon as they get warm in their seats,
to defy the will of their constituents In this
matter? At least, will not somebody tell us
• why the Franking Privilege should be re
tained?
Bock Island City Election.
ICorreapa&dence oT th* Praa and Tribune.]
Bock Isuja*, March 36. isss.
The Bepublieihiof this city made a gallant
fight yeeterday, at our city election. Thomas
T. Bafotd, our Mayor for the paet year, tad a
Democrat, was elected by only £9 mrjority,
▼WJe hto majority Uat year was 75. Tbe Re
publicans have elected three out of tbe four
Aldermen, aad three o«t of the four bopervi
•on. Everything peat* 0 f harmoniously.
The election was an exciting aadalroegly 00a
teftedoae. There was a largetete polled, and
Itwseareiyfeirteit of party wrench. One
wore city election, and Bock Island will be re-
froan i>ocn>cratie etmttoj ,
* 6 JP. W/kJ'-'-
Another Overland Iftil to the Pacifio
coast*
The Post Offloo appropriation bill being
under dlsousalon in the Benate, on Tuetdiy,
kz. Bica, of Minnesota, moved an amendment
authorising the establishment'of a weekly
from St Paul to Paget'* Sound, at an
expeuKTof $200,000 per annum. The amend
ment was agreed to.
We are as anx'ous as any for tbe rapid de
velopment of tbe country-through-which the
proposed mail route is laid out. The com
mercial interests of Chicago are intimately
connected with that development; but
we doubt the propriety and necessity of £Lr.
Bice's action; and we wonder, at the
complaisance of the Senate in adopting his
amendment The Overland Mail from St.
Louis to San. Franci&co is bad enough ; but
this project is infinitely worse. The coaches
of Wells, Butterfield & Co. do carry an occa
sional passenger, and now and then a few let
ters—the latter at an expense of $35 to SGO
each; but double the latter sum will not de
fray the cost of each seal from St. Paul to
its destination on the Pacific; coast. With
Mr. Rice's amendment in tho appropriation
bill, the cost of the overland mail service Will
be as follows:
For the 8-ctb-ra Route, per annum IW.OOI
-Forth - Paia'ißouoa Koute, p:r tnoam ax 000
Sot tbe St. Joiipb and Plawrvllle Route, per
for tbe Kausu C4j and Stockton Boa'a. per
ta.mn,,...,................. 80.003
Total #790,1.00
This, for the maintenance of four routes,
which, to say the least, serve no good pur
pose, is a far greater sum than the Post Office
Department can affoid to throw away. Its
revenues do not meet its expenses by mil
lions ; the Poalmaster-General and all bis
underlings are clamorous for an increase of
postal rates; but so mean a thln<; as economy
in a matter which swallows up three-quarters
of a million per annum is not thought of.
When will this humbugging come to an end?
Lands lor the Landless -Nigger* for the
Xiggerless.
Tbe late debate in tbe Senate is thns described
by a correspondent of the New York Tribune:
Mr. Doolittle moved to lay aside Cnba, and
take up tbe Homestead bilL Tbe few Cubans
who favor this latter, implored Doolittlo not to
tcjare tbe Homestead, by antagonizing it with
" this great measure of foreign policy." He
warned them that tbe couctry would regard this
as a teat voto. Tbpy winced, apd tbe skirmish
went on.
Tne debste on the relative merits of the two
measure* ir t ®npiogled with qoestiona of order,
now became general. Trumbull struck tbe ad
mirable point, tbat it was wiser io take up and
pass a bill tbat disposed ot a portion of the sor
plu* land we now bad, than to waste time on one
which proposed to bay more. Seward pro
nounced tbe Cuban foray a mere partisan c-beme
whose friends knew it conld cot by anv possibil.
ity pass tbe Lower House, while tbe Homestead
could become a law, by tbe action*of tbe Senate,
in te» minutes. He brit|y contrasted the two
policies—one to enlarge the domain ot tb» Slave
power, and restore and maintain the supremacy
of compulsory labor ip the tropics—the other,
to give land to tbe landleta, ana furnish homes
to free laborers in oer own country. He was
emphatic, bnt entirely parliamentary and re
spectful in tone and iangnage.
After a little brush on points of order, Toombs
got tbe floor. To understand tbe scene thai fol
lowed, you mn(t £now tbat Seward and Wilson
sit on the rear row of chairs, P?d Toombs, Wade
1 and Benjamin immediately' in front of tbem in
tbe nestfow—Wade havingToombs on his right
r and Benjamin on bis left - and all five being in
' close proximity to each other. A Little further
' eff to thft lelt ol Beojamin site Pes&endeo.
Toombs directed bis speech entirely io Upward.
Always impassioned and fnriops, be was now ex
traordioarily vehement in tone, violent in gestic
ulation, and abusive in language. He culled
Seward a demagogue—asmafldemagogue-said
he despised all demagogues, detested small dem
1 agognes tp particular, but more especially pitied
I and despised tnose jrho conld be driven by
smalt demagogues, bringing his £st- in tbe vicin
ity of Wade's desk us ne uttered, the fast
» clanse. He g££osed the Republicans' in k body
of cowardice, pergonal ani} political—of skulk
1 ing the issue of Cuba, and shivering iu their
1 shoes at its mere name.
He rung tbe changes on Seward's term, "Land
for tbe landless," and sneered at the " lackland
-1 era,*' übe called them, of whom tbe Republi
cans werf el|-atd, £c. He smote bis ewn desk
violently, occasionally reached over and struck
Seward?, kept bis back toward th* cbnir tbat
he might turn his face toward'Seward", ever and
anon thrusting bis hand almost in his face, and
pushing inadvertently against Wage's chair; all
this time nis face glbwing with passion, and his
j air and mein and tone suggestiog the ferocity
' of Danton, combined with the malignity of Ma
-1 rat. During bis short speech a portion of the
, galleries kept up a running accompaniment of
teeble gusts of laughter.
8 Nearly ail ejea nad beep fixed on Toombs and
, Seward—tbe latter calm pale, and looking
I steadily at his assailant. But tH'e few who knew
Wade well, had not failed to notice his bands
firmly clenched on the arms of his chair, his
Toombs was fairly in bia seat, Seward, Wilson,
Fessenden and Wade sprang to their leet It
was impossible for the Uhair to assign tbe floor
to anybody but " tbe Senator from Qbio," for
tbe tone in which he prooopneed the forzpnla,
"Mr. President!" and tbe eye be fixed on
Breckenridge, said, as plain as words conld bave
uttered it, *'i most ana will have it."
Wade, who don't fear the devil, tnrned square
upon Toombs, who knows that Wade don't fear
tbe deril, and, bringing bis fist down within
about an in'eh of Toombs's nose and heavily upon
his desk, said, bis eye riretjog him, and tbe hot
words hissing through his teeth,"* 4 Sknlfc, ah i
shiver, do we?"
Tbe pforgian pushed his chair—it stands on
caslers-a fjew inches further ofl, so as to give
his Obio neighbor mors rpom!
Wade wen. on, leaping almost from tbe floor
at every sentence, showing plainly tbat though
he was able to reply effectively to tbe taunts and
abose that fell from Toomha'a lips, he wonld
rather drive them forcibly down his throat—ell
of whicb Toombs knew, because, once on a time
tbey being neighbors in tbe Senate then as now,
Toombs was abusing all Republicans in tbe most
vituperative style, when Wade, bia handa on tbe
arms of his chair, ready to leap to bis feet, de*
mended to know, " Does the Senator mean to
include nw in wbat ho is now saying?" Upon
whiob the Oeorgtan responded, "1 except the
Senator from Ohio {" Since tbat occurrence,
everybody thinks Toombs desirss to giye Wade
a wide berth.
Bnt, to tbe speech. The first sentence went
straight to tbe core of the subject, acd all the
rest followed it, " You sneer at tbe Homestead
bill, because it gi?e3 lands to the landless, do
ycuf What is your pei measure? Stealing
niggers for tbe uiggerlessi We go tp the cone
try upon I}— Land for the landless versus nig
■ gers for the ntggarless."
Tbat was enough. The galleries had seem
ingly h«ld tbeir breath. Kow, some feet came
down with one determined stamp upon tbe
floor—a few banda smote together— bot the
mass, in gallery and in Senate, shouted with a
mingled roar ot laughter and cheers—the Pres
ident throwing down tbe gavel in despair.
Having, in this phrase, compressed the whole
argument into tbe smallest poasiblb compass.
Wade went on roasting tbe Democracy about
tbeir "nigger bill," and satisfying Toombs that
be (Wade) was not much frightened, bowerer it
might be with bim (loombs;) and then he hand
ed over tbe fight to Fessenden.
Mr. Fessenden was more deliberate. Indeed,
be was persistently calm and provokingly coot
He told Toombs that Republicans did not snlk
nor shiver on the Cvba question, but only
meant by this course to take tbeir own time and
teach gentlemen tbat the Senate was to be gov*
crned Oy its own rales, and not by the decrees
of a party caucus, and that they should permit
the vote to be taken on the bill when they had
said all they wished to on the subject, and not
one moment sooner.
AU the time Beward sat auUtly in his chair.
Those neowstomed to read nis thoughts pn bis
face, knew be was biding his opportunity to re
ply. Finally, be took the floor, fie never spoke
ot the Senator from Georgia He turned bia
back somewhat toward bim, with a mipgled air
of dignity and eontempt. He drew his owa
chair aside, pushed Wilson's out ot the way,
atepped back a pace or eo, shook off trammels,
forgot Blair's rhetoric, Campbell's rhetoric, and
Seward's rhetoric, calmly defined the different
kinds of conrage, said be hoped he had cnoogh
to serve his purpose as a Senator and a man,
and tben rose with his theme, ooatri}*ting in a
ftw glowing words the beneficent obj-ctt uf the
Homestead bill, with the pernicious scheme of
acquiring Cabs, and, allnding to the President's
efforts to clutch the purse and the sword, de
nounced him in severe but strictly parliament
ary language, for attempting thus to divert the
pubiio mind lrom the issues which bis Kansas
and financial policies had precipitated upon tbe
country, acd be eon«lu{?ed by comparing, in %
few eloquent sentences, Ue principle which
woaid give land and homes to freedom and free
laborers, with that wbidh wonld extend and
atrengthen the pane DPd crime ot human bond
age among men.
As he pronounced the cloela? words, he
proudly turned bis bapk upon tbe Chair, drew
oat his cigar case and walked into the adjoining
cloak-room.
After anotber short skirmish oa of or
der, Toombs replied. He triad to abase hits.
But it was not tne vituperation of a Senator. It
was tbe ravings of a drayman on the dock, the
cursings of a common drab in a dirty alley.
Ia the midst of this gust of passion, the fire
eater migkt he seen shaking his clenched fis
and eurly locks at the #ew York Senator, who
was leaning against the doorway of tbe cloak
room, quieUy emoking his cigar and cajjply eye
ing Toocbs. It was a tabUcu indeed. •
Yale College and the fHlsworth Will.
Tbe Lafayette (Ind) Journal states that tbe
Trustees of Wabash Qollege at Crawfordsyille,
Ind, hsve eemtpenoed a suit In Tippecanoe
county to probate a will made by Henry L £ils
werth, in February, 1861, byjrhich will Mr. E.
two-tenths of his property equally
to Wdbssh OoUege. Yale College, the American
Bible Society and the American Colonisation
Society. In May, ljB&B, Mr. Ellsworth indorsed
on this will of 385 L a oodicfl by wb'Oh in terms
be reiterated it, and extended its beqaasteto all
the real and-personal property ol whiefc he
might die poass—«L But without the codicil
It is said that under tbe lews ot Indiana,' Mr.
E7s entire estate, real and personal, wonlclpus
to the legatees under the provisions of tnjp will
Wabash College alleges ia her eofcplaiat that
this will of I£5U aeopy of which is produced, ia
now ialbebeade of J edge Williams, of. Hart
ford, Conn., that tt wa»4e!a*t will end teete
men* ef Mr. JE i that at the tisas the trill of
1887 was Biade Mr. JE. waeof unsound atndi asd
that tbe Will ef 11ttt wae not duly executed;
Atat'Mr. C->"*UboQgblo -Oenpkcticct at the tiiae
trttoMh, wis ia tertjpS&iid te Indiana/
Amendments to the School Law.
DtrAßtXßrr or Pcmjc Inrtvenov. >
eprfosfield. 111.. Feb. U 189.1
la coiDplia&oe with tho instructions of the
Legislature, and with tbo lew presoribiog the
duties of the Superintendent of Pubiio la--
EtruclioD, I bare prepared the following cir
cular, in the hope that it may contribute to a
clearer understanding of tbe leading princi-.
pics of tbe School Law, and the soFeral da
ties eojoluc-d upon school officer?.
Tbe following amendments to tbe act of
1857,'nfter having been care fully •
and approved by the two Committees on Ed
ucation, in joiut se-eion, were reported to tbe
General Assembly, at its late session, and
passed, in the form of:
AN ACT
TO JLXEXD ak act entitled "an act to kit as
lib a AMD MAINTAIN A STSISX OT TUB SCHOOLS,"
APPEOTED MB, 16, 1857.
Me it enacted by the People of the State of Il
linois, rtpruenitd in the ventral Attrmbly, That
the following sections of tbe above entitled act ;
be amended bo as to read as hereinafter ex- j
pressed: I
Sxcnoß £4. At each meeting on the first Mon- !
day of April and October, tbe trustees, baring j
ascertained tbe amount of State, county and :
township fnods, on hand, and ready for diatri- 1
button, shall apportion the same as follows;
Ist, two per cent, to the Township Treasurer j
2d, whatever may be dne for the books of the i
Treasurer; Bd, any /reasonable amount for di- ;
tiding school lands, making plats, etc.; 4th, of
the balance, one half shall be divided among
tbe districts, in proportion to the nnmber of
children, under twenty-one, in each, and the
other halt in proportion to the attendance cer
tified in tbe schedules. Thereupon, the Town
ship Treasurer shall pay out the money to the
eereral persons to whom it shall be distributed,
and hold the balance, if any, apportioned on tbe
schedules, subject to the order of the Directors
of the proper district. They shall also ascertain
ibp amount of district tax monty in tbe hands
of the Treasurer, and direct hiin to pay over
tbe same on tbe order of tbe directors of tbe
district to which it belongs.
Sso 85. Pupils may be transferred from one
district to another, either in the same or in dif
ferent townships, upon tbe written consent of
tbe directors ot both districts. A school thus
formed, shall be under the control of tbe direc
tors of tbe district iu which it is kept; but each
district shall be liable for its share of all the
expenses of tbe school, iu proportion to t^ e
number of scholars which it sends. A separate
schedule shall be kept for each district, upon
the return of which to the trustees ot each
township from which pupils are transferred,
they shall, each draw an order on their treasu
rer, in favor ot the treasurer of the township in
which the school is kept, far tbe amount certi
fied in tbe schedule. Bat a majority of tbe di
rectors of the several districts mijy Unite the
whole, or a part of each, jnto one, and place the
school unfler the oontrol of the (three) persons,
whom they may appoint, ana who shall be
styled " Directors ol Union School, in Uiftrict
No. , in Towosbip No. —who shall be a
body politic and ooroorate, with full power to
levy taxes in tbo Territory composng the nnion
distriot, and with all other powers conferred by
this act upoo directors.
See. 42. It shall be the doty of the legal Ve
tera in such (each) district, tomeetattbe school
house, or other convenient place in the district,
on tbe first Monday of September next, and
elect three persons within tbe district, to be
styled " School Directors," one of whom shall
hold his office for one year, one for two years,
and one for three years, to be determined by lot
at their first meeting. Bat at each anbsequent
annt?a! election, on tbe first Monday of Septem
ber, one director shall be elected, who shall
hold bis office for three years, and until bis suc
cessor is elected. Tbe first election, io newly
formed districts, may be held on any Monday,
notice being given by the township treasurer, as
for tbe election of Tbe legal voters,
when assembled, shall choose three of their
number to act as judges, and one as clerk. In
case of a tie, tbe judges shall decide it by lot,
on the day of electioo. Tbe directors shall ap
point one of their nnmber clerk, who shall keep
a record of ali the official acts of the Board, io
a book provided for'the purpose. Ia all elec
tions in school districts, either for the regular
annual election of directors, or for filling vacan
cies in the Board, or for raising money tp bniid
school houses or to extend the terms of schools
beyond six months, it shall be tbe duty of the
directors to give at least ten days' notice, by
posting up advertisements in at least three of
tbe mast public places in the district. The no
tice shall state the place where such election is
to oe held, tbe time of opening and closing the
polls, and the question or questions to be deci
ded. I»o person sball be entitled to vote at any
district election, on tbe question of raising mo
ney, unless'he Bhftll ha*6 resided to the district
at least thir y dap immediately preceding said
election, nor unless be shall {lave paid a tax in
said district the' preceding year, or shall have
been assessed in such district for tbe year in
which such election is held. After every elec
tion of directors, the judges shall cause the poll
book to be delivered to the township treasurer,
with a certificate thereon showing the election
of said directors and names of the person elect
ep, which poll book shall be by the town
ship treasurer,' and'shall bo evidecco of said
election. H any trustee or director Shall not be
an inhabitant of the district or township which
be represents, an election sball be ordered to till
tbe vacancy, and no person shall be at the same
time a director and trustee, nor shall a director
or trustee be interested in any contract made by
&C Hoard of which be is a member. /■
Sec 43. For the purpose of establishing and
supporting free schools for six months, and de
fray inu alt the expenses of tbe game, of every
description; for tbe purpoae ot repairing ana
ln.r-A.in, hnnftAs; nf JorDl;
tute, fuel, libraries and apparatus; and for ail
oilier necessary incidental expenses, tbe direc
tors of each district shall be anthorizsd to levy
a tax, annually, upon all tbe taxable property
of tbe district. Tbey may also appropriate to
the purchase of libraries and apparatus, any
surplus fnnjis, after [all] necessary school ex
penses are paid.
Sec. 44 At any meeting prior to tbo second
Monday of September, annually, the directors
of each district shall ascertain how much money
must be raised by special district tax for school
purposes during tbe ensuing year. They sball
tben find what rate per cent, this amount will
require te be levied; which rate, together'with
a list of tbe resident tax payers, shall be certi
fied and returned to' the of tbe county
court, on or before tbe second Monday of Sep
tember. The certificate may be in the following
form:
" We hereby certify, that we require tbe rate of
■ to be levied, for wliool purposes, on all the
taxable property of our district, f- r tbe year .
Given under our bands this - day of—
16—. A. B.) Directors district No. —, tonusliJii
C. D. > No. —, range No. —, coanty of
E. F.| —,and Stale of Illlinols."
The money thns raised ehall be appropriated by
the directors to the various ottfects fur wbich It
was Intended.
i-ec. 47. When a district lies In two or more
counties, the directors sball return to tbe clerk of
the coanty court of eucb county the names of tbe
resident tax payers in each. Tbe clerk of each
county fchnll tljep furnish tbe directors the amount
ol the taxable properly of the district, lying in
bis couDty, ai returned by the assessor or the pro
viousyear. Tbe directors ehall tben determine
and certify the rates to be levied, and retnrn the
certificates to tbe clerk of e»ch county. For the
purpose of building school bouses or purchasing
school sjies.or for lepairing and improving the
same, tbe directors, by 2 vote of tbe people,may
borrow money, issuing bonds executed by tbe offi- ;
cers or at ltast two members ol the board, in sums
of not less than one hundred dollars. But the
rate of Interest shall not exce« d ten per c:nt, nor
sball the Bum borrowed in any one jeartxeetrd
three per cent, of the taxable property of the dis
trict. tfor shall the tas levied in spy one ypar
forbu'ldinga school house exceed two per Cent,
of said toxible property.
Sec. 43. Tne directors of each district are
hereby declared a body politic incorporate by
the name of "School Directors of district No.
State of Illinois," and by that name may see
and be sued in all courts and places whatever.
Two directors shall be equornm for business.
The directors shall be liable, as directors, for
the balance due teaohers, and for all debts le
gally contracted. They shall establish and keep
in operation, for at least six niontbs in each
year, a sufficient number of free schools for all
tbe children in the district, over the sge of fire
and nnder twecty-one years. They may adopt
ah necessary roles and'regulations far tbe man
agement of the schools, and shall visit and in*
sped the tame as olten as practicable. They
sball appoint all teachers, fix the amount of
their salaries, and may dismiss them for incom
petency, cruelty, negligence or immorality.
Tbey may direct wbat branches may be taught,
and may suspend or ejcpel members found guil.
ty, on full;examioation, of refractory or incor
rlgably bad conduct. No school site shall be
fiurchased, nor (ball a school house be erected,
ocated, purchased or changed, nor shall a tax
be levied to extend schools bevond six months,
without the consent of the majority ofthe votes
cast at an election, tbe notice ot wbich shall
state tbe questions to be decided, and sball be
gives ** required in the forty-second section of
ibis ect.
Sec. 95. The publlcprfnter is hereby required
to print thirty thousand copies of a pircnlar
from the State Superintendent, irplnding these
amendments, for immediate distribution, and
also fifty thousand copies of the whole act, as
amended, nnder tbe direction of the Superin
tendent of Publie Instruction, and to be distri
buted by bim to the several counties of the
State, according to population.
Apprpyed, Feb. 21,1859.
Section 34 changes the principle upon
which tbe pubiio money is to be distributed
by the trustees to the districts. Heretofore,
it bas allbeen apportioned upon 'ibe attend
ance certified In the schedules. Here alter,
one-half only must be so apportioned: tbe
other half in proportion to the number of
children in thp .district tinder twenty-one
yeais.
The law requiring a six months 7 free school
as the necessary condition of receiving any
port of the public money, Is not In the least
disturbed by this amendment, but remains in
full force.
Section 35 provides that pupils resident in
one district may attend school in another,
only upon the written consent of the direc
tors of both districts, and explains more
eiearly tbe method ol forming nnion districts,
and conducting union schools.'
Section 42 cbangd3 the time for the'election
of directors from the first Monday of October
to the first Monday of-September ; extends
their term of office from one to three years j
prescribes more 4n dfit&U tbe manner of con
ducting all dUtrici elections 4 rtqoires ten
days' noUce of all such elections, fnstead of
fire; and imposes certain conditions upon
voters when money is £ybe raised.
The disastrous effects incident tp tbe annu
al total change of botirtbe agents an 4
£U4rf9t boards, uncer tbe o£d sys
tem, will, it/s kellpfed, be happily remedied
bytbifl amendment: jrhile nnifprmlty.ftfid
stability will be imparted to the mfairies •
ot district offioers for the issprovetteni of
nwfi;Vi' , '
Section 43 potato ost expliciOy the objects |
ibt majW, a tax without a
vote ef ths people.
Section « extendi within which
director* may make rfeVarnß ol the rate of
taxation, from the ic ß t Monday of July to
the second Monday of September, and Eimpll
fiea the form of oetttßcat 0. Bnt returns m.y,
0 conrße.be m»de at mytimt armau to the
-second Mftnday of September. -
Section 47 authority tbe directors, upon a
vote of the people, to borrow money? for spe
cified purposes, but limits the amount bor
rowed In any year to three per cent, of the
taxable propertY in the district, and also re
stricts the tax that may be levied in any one
year for building a school house, to two per
cent of the taxable property. Bot as ths for
mer amount may be borrowed, and the latter
levied in the um year, the restriction cannot
injuriously affect or retard the erection of
suitable bouses. Or the tax mny be levied for
two or more years in succession, until an ad
equate sum is raised. In most instances, the
latter caurse is much to be preferred.
Section 48 is divested of its tbimer ambi
guity, and expressly declares what the direc
tors may not do withont a vote of the people.
N. BiTEIiAN",
Superintendent of Public Instruction.
FOREIGN NEWS.
BY THE cm OF EAITniOHE.
The news by the steamer City of Baltimore
adds nothing definite to the war movements on
the part of France, Sardinia and Austria. The
Paris correspondents of the English Freas have
little tint is new to say upon the snbject. Tho
correspondent of It Notd says that ail the ef
forts made by England to indnce Frano4 * M( (
Austria to agree upon a common ground for ne
gotiations on the subject of Italy.
The French budget of expenses '; or ,|, e oreMn t
jesrshowa an increaae of oqo,The
increase in the revenue is at 43,000.000
irancs. 1 '
The Paris coiTesp'jndent of the London Globe
says that from * \ncennes, Metx, and every ar
senal in guns and stores were on the
the Mediterranean and Lyooe,
Paris correspondent of tbe Daxly Newt
£ave tbe £mperor was making preparati jus of a
natnre to indicate that he intends to take the
field in peraon; and that it is certain he burna
with the ambition to command an army in actu
al warfare.
The French Ministers at Hamburgh and
Frankfort have had an interview with tne Em.
peror. It was reported that they were sent lor
by bim to report as to the state of pnblio feeling
in Germany.
The London HeraldVt Paris correspondent
contlnned to Write very warlike letters. In his
last t he states that an impression prevailed that
before the expiration of two months, hostilities
will breakout.
GRIIT B BIT ACT.
In the House of Lords, on tbe 14th of Febrn-
HjTt the Earl of Malmesbury, in reply to Lord
Woodhouse, said he would lay before tbe House
tha recent correspondecce with the United
states Government respecting the right of
search. He thooght England had exercised a
wise discretion in giving up that right; and be
believed that a code of instructions, which hsd
been submitted to America for approval, would
be fonnd to work satisfactorily in repressing the
Slave-trade.
Tne E*rl of Clarendon said the right of search
waa a belligerent right, and could not be prop*
erly exercised in time of peace. He trusted that
the new code of instructions wonld prove satis
factory, but nuless they were adopted by all tbe
Sreat maritime powers tbere would alwaya be
is; ntes and inconvenience. •
The Earl of Derby believed that the code of
instructions which had been submitted to the
United States would prevent fnture complica
tions.
After a few words from the Earl of Aberdeen,
Lord Brougham and tbe Earl ol Carlisle, tbe
subject dropped.
On tbe same evening, in the Honse of Com
mons, Mr. D.israeli gave notice that be wonld
bring forward his Reform bill on the 2Sth of
February.
Mr. J. Fitzgerald stated that the papers in the
Charles et Georges affair wonld shortly be pro
duced. He also, in reply to an inquiry, said
that under the new treaty the introduction of
opium into China wonld not in fnture be illegal,
but it would be subject to an import dnty of 5
percent
Mr. Disraeli, in reply to Lord O. Paget, stated
that Government would not grant unconditional
guarantees to the Atlantic telegraph, or to any
other submsrine telegraph.
The mammoth steamer Great Eastern had
been formally registered at tbe Custom house
in the name of the Great Ship Company aa own
ers, free from incumbrances. The first step to
wards preparing the vessel for sea bad been
made by hoisting in the main-shaft of tbe pad
die engines by means ol Bishop's derrick. The
weight of the shaft is about 46 tons.
A rumor was curreot that tbe Eirl of Malmes
bury had proposed the meetiog of a Congress
specially to arrange for tbe evacuation of the
Raman States. «...-••• *
Mr. Solomons, a Jew, and Ex>Lord Mayor of
London, had been elected a member of Parlia
ment for Greenwich.
.Later from Hayti*
Sequestration of Property of Soulovque't Minu
ter*—The Origin of tlu Revolution,
Br the brig S. Bonter, at Boston, t?s have re
ceived Ba?ti advices to £eb. tith, with beer's
week's later'intelligence.
Treaiaeui OrtfVarU nas Issued a decree, con
fiscating the effects of D'Elvs, a minister of the
late Empire, and Soulouque's moat influential
adviser.
The Central
pared a report showing forth the causes which
led to the revolution, (t appears thai last De
cember, eight men, of'whom Gtifrard was tbe
most prominent, signed a document, and took
tbe name of the Committee of the Department
(Vomite Departmental,) swearing to die or re
lease their country from the tyrant Soulouque's
power. In three days, Gonaives and tbe sur
rounding country gave in tbeir adhesion to the
revolutionary scheme, and in eight days more
GefTrard fonnd himself at tbe head of ten thou
sand willing men.
Tbe report proceeds to say:
"Tbe cruel Sonlonqae was thunderstruck.
His vain pride induced him to suppose that he
could conquer men wbo were inspired by tbe
fire of liberty, and first pronouncing against
them tbe anathema ot proscription, he advanced
against them at the head of an army that he
believed to be devoted to himaelf aod bis fami
ly. Stupid monster! He bad forgotten that
the army of tbe West on which he principally
relied was efgentislly republican, and would
speedily make common cause with Its brethren
of tbe North, in ro-establishing the desired Be
public."
Tbe Hsytien people appear to be still enthusi
astic in favor of GefFrard, and the Press is loud
in condemnation of Sonlouque and his corrupt
Government.
Early Opening of Navigation.
We copy the loiiowing items from the Detroit
Advertiser of Tuesday:
A valaed friend, for whose attentions we are
grateful, writing from Port Huron nnder date of
tbe 27tb, psjs: ' The tog Lion, Capu Wm. Dana,
this day carried np 200 bbls of flour and other
freight to Forestville, filty miles above this place.
She ran, on her way pp, through twenty miles of
newly pade ice, about one inch thick, and'some
less, but saw" no heavy" ice'in any direction.
Neiher did sne find, at least in this portion of this
"Northern" and "lumber region," tuat scarci y of
the stair of life ao greatly leared by holders of
flour." r
EarlyNatioitio!*; —The prospect Is decidedly
fair lor an early opening throughout the entire
Like region. The uuflklo Exprett says tbere is
no ice In the lake there. The Toledo Herald of
the 2G.li has the following:
"We learn tbat toe schooner Ls loading at
tbe depqt with pork, for Oswego. She will sail
upon the first signal tbat ths way is clear. The
Maize was one of the last to lay up last fall, and
is a staunch, fast sailing vessel, worthy of leadibg
the large fleet which will leave this port this
spring.?' * '
I-AJCK Erie Open!—Tbe Boflalo Commercial
stated on Saturday that Buflalo harbor was clear
: of ice. On Monday it announced that tbe propel
ler Equinox was taking on a cargo of merchandize
for Toledo. Su lfas to leave this (Wednesday)
morning, weather permitting. The pronellcr
Oron.es, it is expected, will soon follow suit.'
So far as the ibke is cocc?raed, there is proba
bly nothing to prevent navigation as free and un
obstructed as in midsummer.l
A. Regular Organized Gang of Juvenile
Thieves.
[Trout the Buffalo Oouuaerclal]
Officers Sherwood, Marvel and Soles made a
very extraordinary discoyery and arrest on
Snnday last, which, wera the {sets less well
authenticated, would hardly be believed.
While engaged in hunting after s quantity of
stolen property they succeeded in finding a den
i of yonng thieves on Clinton street, near Oik,
; which turned ont to b« regularly organis-d,
j with grips, .signs, pass words, bye-laws, 4a,
l abowing a depth of depravity on the part of the
yonng r rascals who tbpre congregated which
can hardly be credited. The room was about
twelve feet equare, fitted np with a stove, desk
and other furniture (probably stolen) and pre
sent were nearly the whole gang, consisting of
six boys, who were immediately taken into cus
tody. The title of the gang is M Clinton
Lodge," as waa found by thetr bools, which
were kept in regular order, and the presiding
genius is about fourteen years old-the others
ranging down 19 ten. and many of them of high-
parentage and education. Four
of the boys have been tn the Honse of Befnge
before, Crop which one of them escaped only
two weeks 'since. Their plunder wss princi
pally confined to copper boilers, lead aad iron,
of which articles a considerable number wen
fonnd on band and haye been identified. Some'
of the boya made a clean breast of tbe whole
fli*tter»'?bieh lad to the arreit of a German
named Jacob residing near by, a
rag dealer, wbo it appears is the man to whom
the boys sold tbeir plunder, and who was ask
ing "• good thirg out ot it."
Inain Bot Lost.—Last Friday afternoon
about 4 o'clock Wm., an insane son of Bev.
Thos. Perkins, of fwenty-Mits Prairie, left
• When ths father cams home, and learned of
William's absence, be supposed be Itad only
gone to one of the neighbors, and being weary
look no paina to ascertain where. Friday even
ing the boy was seen in the woods, and laid he
was hunting for hia father; he was also seen
as js supposed, north ot tbe prairie, daring the
night. Sat«r4«y eyening he was seen again,
as nearly as can be aftertained, ct the Did
Maid's tavern, north of the Michigan Central
Kbad, and nothiog can be learned 01 him since.
Ths peonlo fff that whole aeetioh of the county
are ont In seaton. boy is about twtnty
f" '"— .
" '—ln the English Hoose of Commons Lord Bury
had obtained leave, by a vote ot ltf to ft, to i£
tradooe a bill Isgalteng aarrfjge with a deceaaed
iriftVatttar.- - j s
THE WASHINGTON TRAGEDY.
Op|moNß OF THE PBGSS.
IfntotheUeWTork Bre&lsi Pest.]
Ta« AajutmTio.v At Was hino ton .—Ye»ter
dV». revereut voices lu pUces of public
wonhlp' »ere proDonncins; the prayer in the
LlUDynr the Episcopal church,
*'Fjon bittlt and murder and sodden d'ath.
Good Lord deliver us,"
a dreadful homieide was committed at Washing,
ton by a person who, to the discredit of this city.
Is me of its representatives in Congress. Th&
wretched man, Daniel £ Sickles, his In his career
reached the stage of assassination; and dipped hta
bands in humin blood. A young man, nitberto
one of his associates, Philip Barton Key, was, ac
cording to an account Horn a source notuofriendly
to Sickles, detained by a triend of the as<a*:ta,ta
conversation, at a convenient ppot, until Scales
cooldbave time to arm himself and prepare for
putting him t« death. Tnere is one incident re
lated which giv;s to tbe circumstance jy-collar
Satbos. Key was unarmed; he had no of
efence, aud implored adversary nr,t to kill
him. The prayer for mercy was onaeede d. Sickles
was armed with one of those deadly instruments
which carry sevewlinstantanepfusdesths; he fired
three times In.succession, two of tbe
took fatal effect;
The provocation' which Sickles all«ge«, was tbe
criminal inUmacy of Key with his wife. The
lnends of Key, it is the charge; but the
accounts from Wa/'^ingtonaffirmthatMre. Sickles
has fully acknowledged her guilt. We should not
wonder if thi/ were true. lira. Sickles was mar
ried to bet umband at a time wneu she was not
yet out hep prfbood, and she is even now but
twwitv. tWO jrars of age. Tbe chamc'er of the
too otten corrupts that of tbe wife, pa>
Hcularly *t the impressible period of early youth.
"Cuises," k is taid in tbe old proverb, "came
home to rooat:" and so it may be said with equal
truth, do adulteries. Sickles was excluded from
deceot society in this city long ago; and it would
be almost a miracle if in the school to which be
took his young wife, with her character yet un
formed, she should have preserved her innocence.
We do not men to extenuate the injury done
by Key to the man who so coolly took bis lile;
it is one of the greatest that one man can com
mit against another. Bat there are statea of so
cial existence in whkh mutual toleration ia tbe
rule of conduct, and Sickles, in acquiring so
perfectly the morals, should also have acquired
the'philosophy of toe class to which be belongs.
It ill became him, who is so careless of his own
condect, Jo sot ou foot investigations into tbe
monUa of others, and to avenge a false step
with death. «o matter how nearly tbe offence
touched him, he ebonld have treated it as he
treated cnrawal intrigues of the same nature
in wbieh his own wife was not concerned, as s
trifling matter, as a pleasant jest, as a thing to
be passed off with a sly allusion and a knowing
look, tn short, as something which the adulter
ous intriguer was welcome to chroniele among
his triumphs.
The manslayer does not seem to have acted
on tbe prompting of any sudden impulse, but to
have perpetrated the deed with entire premedi
tation. He is represented as talking ot the
"dishonor" that had been done bim, a term of
strange sound when uttered by such a man. a It
is very likely that the desire of distinguishing
himself by a deed of startling theatrical effect
had some place in his motives. _ The Washing
ton correspondents o 1 " tbe morniog papers teem
desirous ot placing bis conduct in a light which
will acquire for him tbe public sympathy, *nd
to divert that symyatby from the victim of bis
crime—tbe yonng man wbo was doubtlesa as fit
to live as Sickles, but who is
"Cat off. even In tbeblorsoms of his tin*
Unh'<c«Utd. unn'-o.nttd, uaaaektd;
ho rectcnhg aa't, a&d i:at to hs account
With all ha lmierfectlrcs oa Lis bead 1"
from the Ptdlide'phla Bu'Jetia.
A session of Congress without a mnrder, or
something approaching it, would be anamoly.
Tbe murder of Philip Uartoo Key, U. S. Attor
ney for the District of Columbia, by Daniel G.
Sickles, Member of Congress from the Third
District of New York, occurs just in time to
sustain the character of tbe session of 1359,
which narrowly escaped from being a bloodless
one. The particulars of tbe crime that startles
the metropolis in the still hours of the Sab
batb, are spread before our readers to day.
Doubtless rumor and gossip have embellished
and colored them. Bat the story, in its una
dorned state, is one of sin and horror. A lady
of distinction for beauty and accomplishments,
wbo has often figured in the letters ot' the Wash
ington Jenkinses, tbe wile of a prominent mem
ber of Congress, wbo ia one of the maio sup
porters of the White House party, is detected
by her husband, in a criminal intimacy with a
government functionary, a widower ot mature
age and the fatber ol daughters. The injured
husband his betrayer in tbe street, snd
drawing a piqtol, phootahim down without warn
ing. The first shot not proving fatal, he fires
others at his victi*n, in spite ol nis entreaties to
be spared, until be lies a bloody corpse on tbe
pavevment. The tragedy occurs on Sunday,
in clear daylight, and wiibin sight of the Presi
dent's Hoose. *
It is not fair to charge Washington with all
the vice and crime that are seen there. Adul
tery and mnrder are not peculiar to tbe Nation
al Seat of Government. But tbe gtatc of aocietv
there faring the sesqions 'of Congress is such
as to provoke to sin and stimulate to crime.
American hotel lile, where there Is none of the
privaor, the purity, or the sanctity of home is
most vividly seen at Washington. Tbe Member
of Congress who takes bis wife to Washington,
and while he is engaged for half the day at the
session, or at a cuucas, or among the Depart
ments, leaves her in & big public house, crowd
ed-with sdvsotofera, H>iie lemal'e, from all
parts of the coifttry, rues a great rieic of being
dishonored. The balls, routes, hops, reoeptions,
dinners; and general excitements of Washing
ton, bring women into contact with many dan
gerous companions. Tbe natural modestj c?
the sex is soon worn eff in scenes. w;d
when * oe gi Oß to fait, rirtqe nnds np
lack of tem.nters. Tue woman, whose
fait is said to bare led to this last tragedy, was
not at all a peculiar instance of sin in fashiona
ble circles. Her singularity consists in her
being detected. Her penalty is that her lover
is dead, her husband is a murderer, and herself
disgraced. Hundreds of others, wbo have
done as she did, still flourish in Washington,
and doubtless in ottier cities aleo.
There is mcch qlloffanie to be made for ths
feelings of a man outraged and wronged in bis
nearest and dearest relations. But, in spite of
past acquittals of murderers who had been thus
wronged, we must regard the man wbo killed
Philip Barton Key as a murderer. Adultery
does not jasiily killing. Tbero aro lawo Tor the
punishment ol a]l crimes, and there is pnblio
scorn for adulterers, male and (emale, that is as
severe as any punishment, as terriole as tbe
fearful Scarlet Letter of Hester Pryene. To
these we should like to refer all such cases as
this. But there is no reasoning with a man who
haa just learned tbe infamy of hia wife and the
name of ber partner in guilt. His revenge waits
not for law. it consults with no friends, it asks
for no explanations. Tbe pistol or tbe dagger
is tbe ready vindicator,and *iththia be destroys
tbe life of the man wbo has destroyed his wife's
and bis own honor. Unhappily, Juries of this
country are too ready to excuse a crime, and
the many acquittals of men wbo have slain se
ducers, show that tbe crime is no longer re
garded as murder. Yet it remains a mnrder on
the statute-books. The common practice of
Conrts and Junes sets tbe written law at defi
ance. This is a lamentable state of thing*, out
it is true. There can be no doubt that Daniel
E. Sickles committed murder. But there is jost
as little doubt that s Washington Jury will ac
quit him.
jßpedal Dispatch to tbe **ew York Trlbme. dated
Wasbinstonll.]
Mrs. bickles is reparesented as being very
penitent, and is overwhelmed with griet. She
declares that she haa had enough of fashionable
life in Washington, and prays for oblivion. She
describes be husband, when be returned to the
house after having accomplished his bloody
work, as entering her room looking like a mar
ble statne, only uttering the single sentence:
"1 have killed him."
Mr. Sickles was accompanied to bis house by
two subordinate officers of the District wbo
made bim pledge his word of honor, before
tbey would consent to allow bim to enter his
wife's room, that he would do her no barm.
That he still entertains for ber feelings ot the
strongest ejection, there is no doubt. He be
lieves that Key seduced her from the path of
rectitude, and that but for him ahe would never
have proved false. When a gentleman remark
ed to him in Jail, " Tbia must be a terrible blow
to Mrs. Sickles," be exclaimed, pressing his
hsnd upon bis brow, "Yes, poor child 1 poor
child 1" «od walked away.
When Mr. Sickles procured the written con
fession of guilt from hia wife, and directed her
to send for her parents to take her home, he
determined that she should not take with ber
! tbeir child, a beautiful daughter of eix years;
but to day be bas consented that the child may
go with her, and remain antil his case is deter
mined here.
Tbe wedding riog which he demanded and
obtained from her baa earned bdr the greatest
grief; and to-day he directed that it be returned
to her.
Mrs. Sickles concedes that her husband has
done right, and states that Mr. Key received an
annooymons letter on Thursday night last,
which ha showed to ber, warning him against
continuing his visits at Mr. Sickles' house, call
ing his attention to the faot that he was much
older than Mrs. Sickles, and ought not to pur
sue ber, and'aasnring htm that unless he desist
ed, Mr. Sickles would deteot him, and that in
such an event tho eonaeqnences would be so
rioue, if not fatal, to ont or both parties. It is
believed that this letter was fonnd upon the
body of Mr. Key before the Coroner's inquest.
Mrs. Sickles' mother arrived in this city from
New York this evening, and will accompany
her daughter back to ber home.
It ia reported that Mrs. Sickles is eneanU and
has mads an affidavit that she became so in
pansegunoe of her intercoo rse with Key.
[Special Despatch to R. Y. TlaeaJ
WASsaaroa, Mcnda* Fib. 21
The excitement relative to yesterday's trage
dy bas abated bnt little, if any.
Sickles "has been visited to day by rnmerous
sympathising friends. His mental suffering has
told fearfully upon him, and while he coolly jaa
tifles his set of retribution, he qoite broke down
to-day while referring to the sad history which
led to ths fatal occurrence.
It wss understood here today that Butter
worth has beea arrested as accessory betore the
fact The statement is erroneous. There Is bo
good reisoß for supposing that he was an acces
sory, eioept so far as a charge can rest upon
his failure to interpose to prevent the homipide.
It pauot he wade to appear that hp knew
Sichies! intention, or detained Key in conversa
tion foi the purpose of tiring Stcsles an ospor
tanity to kill bim, as has been' intimated. He
had ca)y reached Sickles boose when Key pass* ,
ed, sirnalixing snd provoking the madness
which hd to bts instant pursuit and death. The
fact is, Butterworth hsd told Sickles that in such j
a case • this he bad no advice to give.
It is freely rumored that a brother of the de
!
Tent such attempt to add ttoltor ast to 1
I to SicUta Uui stoning, tha ao>
■•at (eaeld udCaandwitk hlai
thai Bat Mr. HaWTi Uutarian OhoralL- 1
who ha baaa him all alghl aad |ad eo» - I
TajadiiaMiaa to aid trm lira. BicMea. Bj i
the paiaaeeß ef lti. Haley/eWw ww |t».' '
▼ailed opon to return the wretched woman'*
wedding rloff, which he bad taken from her
finger—of which ahe complained bitterly. lie
promised to let her keep her child upon the
condition of her goiag home to her father'*
bouse. Sickles wrote her a letter of tour pages
during the night
Sieklee was walkios In the corridor of the
ji» # and seemed is his nasal spirits,.though
very serioni. The' sjmpathiea of the people
are in his favor, excepting the friends of Key,
who are numerous and influential, and even
-they mimit the terrible character of the nrovo*
cation. -- '-
Western J\%wa Items.
Tas Abtiszas Wklu—The artesian well,
which is now being bored in this city, continues
its course into the bowels of the earth. It has
now reaehed a total depth of nine hundred and
forty-live feet from the surface. The ah alt is
passing through a hard, gritty limestone. As
yet there is no discouragement, and if the means
are obtainable, the work will go bravely on dur
ing the coming season. Fully alive to the im
mense advantages which such a well will give
to our city, we doubt not oar citizens will con
tinue to lend the project s helping hand.—
; Springfield {III.) Journal, P 8
Rumawat Matcb.—Miss Houghton a
few days since, left her parents in Petersburg,
, 11L, with the understanding on their part that
, she was to attend school, but with the under
; atanding between herself and James T. Burke
that they were to come to St. Louis and be mar
n«f 9 n Saturday they appeared at the office
of Justice Walther, where on oath that ahe was
fully eighteen years ot age, they were legally
nmted in the holy bonds of matrimony. There
only appears to have been a slight difference of
opinion between Kate and her pa as to the kird
of a-teacher best adapted to her wants.—St.
Louii Democrat.
\ Hasd Carts.—Two hand carts, which will in
all probability be taken to Pike'a Peak by a
number of Bloozningtonians, are being manufac
tured in the carriage and wagon shop of Stump
& Hays. One of them is almost finished, and
the other will be in running order in a few
days. Tbeir wheels are five feet in diameter.
The carts weigh about one hundred pounds each.
• We hope the bent kind of fortune will attend
thoee who are making preparations to draw the
| hand carts above mentioned to th» broad waters
1 ot the Arkansas.—Bloomington Pantograph.
—Lsst week a drunken rowdy got on the cars
j of the Ohio and Mississippi Biilroad, and when
, asked for his ticket by the conductor, handed
{ him a one dollar bill. The o /oductor politely
, asked the man where he wished to go, to whioh
( the man replied, in a gruff, surly tone/to h—l,~
( The conductor banded back aixtj cents in change
, and told him be would have to get off at nd<y
taL—Du Quoin
Cairo & Foltojj R. R.—Yesterday we were
greeted by the shrill scream of the whistle of
the new locomotive "tf. G. Kitchen," on the
Cairo & Fulton.Road* About seven miles of the
i track is laid from Bird's Point, and everything
being in readiness, but little time will elapse
i before the remainder are laid, and the road in
f operation to Charleston.— Cairo Gaz*U* of the
; 25 th vlt.
Caibo—Winter seems to have relaxed his
• reign in this favored clime of Southern Illinois.
Its rnle has been mild indeed—ice has not been
1 thick enongh to save for summer use. The
fruits appear to be safe; peaches are thus far
nnirjured; nothing but aevere weather after the
1 swelling bods are further advanced will endan
> er them; even then, under favorable oonditions,
they may escape.
»TlisceUaneous Items.
The friends of Rer. Theodore Parker will be
happy to know that safely, and in
good spirits and improved bodily condition, at
Havana, in the steamer Karnak. His destina
tiou was Nassau, but we learn from an officer of
' the steamer, which has just returned, that he
changed his plan and went to Havana. He was
about on the deck of the steamer every day
during the passage, which was rather a boister
ous one.
Rouascs ok a Flat-Boat—Sdcqulab Matri
monial Alliance.—Justice FeQtoQ, of the Sev
enteenth ward, at Cincinnati, Ohio, united in mar
riage, last Thursday, a flat-boatman—David Klon
ner—about sjxty-aix jearsold.to a girl—Catha
rine Harsh—just eighteen. Klonner, on hLa way
down the river, had laid up one night, on accoont
of log, about two huiidred miles above here, and
going on shore to make some purchases in a
tbioly settled district of Qhto, he entered a rude
cabin, of which Catharine's father was sole propri
etor. After chatting for some time with the old
am, he turned to the daughter, woo was very
amiable, and a*ked her if ahe would not like to go
to Cincinnati. She, wi'h an unexpected prompt
ness, said: "Ob,yes I I've alwajs wanted to see
that big city I're beard so much ot." "If jou'll
go, I'll marry jou." said the boatman; and alter
a lew moments she and her father consented, and
as Boon as they arrived here the twain were united
by tbe magistrate. Klonner had never been mar
ried, but bad ''taken a fancy" to Catharine, who,
notwithstanding tbe di-parity of tbeir ages, seems
to like her husband greaily. A queer and not un
romantio history this, while
"Floating down the river cnthe Oh!o. n
—-A few days ago a lawyer gave an insult to the
jadge of the Court of Commou Pleas, at lagans
port, Ohio, while on the bonch, wbeieupon the '
judge got at once from bU seat, aud, going into i
the bar, gave the cfyp a sound drubbing.
—lt is stated that the body of a child some
three or four years old, and considerably decayed,
waatecently loundin a bale of raga, at a paper
mill, in Gardiner, Maine. Ihe rags ere re import
ed from übrtad.
Bobbeuy op a Bisnor —At the close of last
week the Btv. BUhop lUker, of the M. E Church,
while on bh way to the South, was robbed of his
pocket book, contiiniDg $l5O, and a number o
outliue sermon*, which be bad prepared during
the winter. The Bishop was at the ticket office,
at the foot t f Courtlandt street, and had taken
out a port-m 'iiaie to pay the fare, a crowd being
around the office at tbe time. Tbe pocket book
taken was in the breast pocket or tiie coat. It is
to be hoped that the th'ef will make a good use
of tbe sermons—perhaps tbe best thing be could
do. to partially atone for his offence, will be to re
turn tbe sermons.
Singular Defence—A Life Insurance Com
pany ot New Yak insured tbe lite of a wife for
the benetitof ht-r husband, and oontinued for five
years to receive tbe premium therefor. When the
wife died, and pajm?nt of the money was c'aimed
it waa relumed, on tbe ground that a husband could
have no insurable property mteiest in the life of
his wife, and ihat such a policy, therefore, was a
mere bet—a gambliog transaction and as tuch il
legal and void. The company evidently did not
beiiere that gaqxhliog debts were debts of honor.
California—According to the Governor's Mes
sage, the state of Caifornia has a population of
538,000 persons. There are 756,734 acres of land
under cultivation, and in grazing 1.159,813 acres.
The sheep in the State number 650.000 : horses
43.000J Citile 120.000. Tbe export of hides was
over half a mliliun of dollars the past year. Tbe
crop of wheat lor tbe jear 1858 is set down at
3,663,669 bushels, and that of barley at 5,382,717
basbeU. This is V 18.798 more basnets of . arley
th«n toe amount raised in the whole Union is
1850, accoidiug to tbe census. Three hundred
aud eigh'j-fire thotSand gallons of wine and ten
thousand gallons of brandy were manufactured in
the State last year. The gold yield in 1857 was
$65 550 900, aud the total yield since the discovery.
$600,000,000. The State debt is $4,150,000.
—Oat of one hundred and twenty-tbree thou
sand, five hundred nod fory-seven children be
tween th* sges of flfe and flteen years, in the c*ty
of Yoik, forty one thousand eight hnndred
and ninety eight, more tban one-thlrd of the
whole number, go to no sc&ool, public or private,
and receivejno sort of education but that furnish
ed In the stree!s.
—T&eNew York Academy of Medicine are pre
paring a report on swill milk, which, the New
York Exprext hears,"will realise the worst state
ments made daiiog the swill milk excitement."
Liabilities of Boox-keepkbs.—At a recent
trial in tbe Criminal Court in Philadelphia, of
EJwin R. Biles, indicted lor forgery, having do
fruodedbis employers by erasures and false ad
ding cp ot columns, the Coort ruled that an eras
ure. altering of a fis«<re, or other alteration by a
book-keeper in toe business journal of his em
ployers for the purpose of deceiving or defrauding
£nch employers is decided to be foigery in Penn
sylvania, and the perpetrator, on conviction, Uible
to imprisonment m toe Penitentiary.
A Max Bixtem ar a Fox—Some time since,
Mr. Michael s;ud«,of Philadelphia, residing in
Washington srreet, above Jeflersou, in tbe Seven
teenth ward, was bitten by a white pet fox, at
Point Bretae. At that time nothing serious was
expected to result frum the bite. Recently, how
ever, Mr. Brady was attacked with quite a >erious
illness, and exhibited unmistakable symptoms of
hydrophobia. On Thursday evening he euflered
the most intense agonies, and his attending phy
sician stated jtstenlay that death muat speedily
terminate his tortqres.
As Xmtbobails Rcxor.—We find in Galif
nan** the following ex met from s letter in the
Avgxkurg (jazttU:
"Guoa, Jan. 27.—1 can positively assure
yon that Kossuth, whom I know personally, ar
rived here yesterday, with three other Hun-
S irian refugees from Nice! He haseome nnder
e name ot Clark, with a passport from Paris,
where he had stopped for some time. While at
Paris rnd at Nice he had, it is said, interviews
with several Hungarians, who are anxions to
take advantage of the Italian complications to
excite freah agitation. Koasntb, it is also
stated, has with him a great nnmber of procla
mations, intended to induce the desertion of tbe
Hungarian troops in tbe Lombardo-Venitian
kingdom. He haa since left for Turin."
A Pscolxax CorvasTiojr.—A few days ainee
the eitixens of Oahkosh burnt two houses of
iUfam* to the ground, and lodged the girls
boarding there, twelve in number, in the jail,
from which they were discharged after trial. A
few days after, a convention of that class, from
Fond dn Lac, Berlin, Rioon, Besver Dam, Port
age, Stevens Point and Waupun, met in council
in Oshkoah with their fellow laborers, and have
threatened revejge by boxing the city. 8o fear
ful are the Oahkoah people that the city will be
fired that they have now sight night watch to
protect them. ,
Bonus Abo try.—The fact that a stranger
was jailed the other day in this place, under
strong suspicions of being a has pnt
many of onr people on their gusrd. Conse
quently we hardly need remind thoee connected
with the Yigilance Committee that their next ,
regular meeting comes off on next Tuesday 1
evening at their usual place of meeting. As
important business will be brought before tbe
committee, there will no doubt be a large at*
tendaoee both frotp town and country.—oatuy-
Ur CVUm. 3
JoFBKAuaM in Ecssia.—Since the relaxation
of tbe censorship in by the present Empe- (
ror, more than 200 papers, dailies and monthlies,
haTe been started. Tnis is besides the journals ii
sued by nnfl amounting, nnder
yarioos naniesj to about 80. 1
—Many persons came twent7 and twenty five t
miles to near BenryWard Beecber's lecture at „
Westfield, last wtek. The Ainee letter says one «
old ladv, nearly ninety years of age, came thirty .1
i fohrariksnlm U inreshf dirrt J
, letter frecp Naples sbts; "Sigaor Verdi t
Jeft ns a £aw days r'nes, for Boas, where be will
briar ovthis ■ew opers ostttied 'La Veadett*
dal Domino.' It was inteadsd for bat
wu prohibited, 1 hear,'? <. • •
: I Jiltecellaneons.
I OKEvr W£STEKH
1 LEATHER AND HIDE STORE,
I BROS.,
, 301 and 303 South Water Street,
■ CHIOI/30. ILL.
1 . vys HATE JDST received IN BOND
v Y . tlroo*h tLe CHICAGO CUSTOM "cr/inag.
oar first InTOiCo for tbe ><.»-, cf
FRENCH KIP aod CtLF SKINS
AND BOOT FHONTS CRI7IPED,
For tbe Spring- Trade,
S DIRECT r&OU THS PAR'S MAHCTAOrUXXBU.
f Bait waen and Leaiher Oe*!ers will Bad the Stock
i to be Ten Bopertir and P.jcei Low. w# tute in Buek
B and C3miD« fwrwiM • lar*e «>«riiajct cf
, BOLE LrATHIR OF TANNAGES,
8 OAZaodHSMLOaSCfPeBKIP aadOAir,
LININGS. LA3TA and FINDINGS,
Which wSI be >old at the lowctt market price 4 by
® BLACKBURN BROS.,
'I AttheJrLrATffEK AND HI JE3T >RE.SII 4203 Soath
Water itreet. (eatof *Vei .strict brt!««.) cin.a-o,
N. B.—Ths hUhsaS market prioj ta c«sb for
a HMai - 1*34
LEATHER!!—
KSBT GLAB3 CATTAND SIP esixa
e Joat received
&IKEOT FHO <• FHAHOZ!
; - >t -
T JAMBB KELLY A CO.,
e MS. LAK£-8T
| Chicago, UL,
d Who keen oonitanUy on hand the larcest rtrefc of
"* Leather nnd Findings
To be found la the West. Also, alaneitock of superior
J LEATHXH and INDIA &U9822 BELTING.
AH of the above will be sold vtxt low for each or ao»
JAMEfI KELLY A CO.,
oel9 ly-b!9T Luc «tr?et. near the BrHrv
J& A. HERZ )G, NOS 67 & 123 LAKE
• Street, fhliieo. 111. Manufacturers,
ana tfholesale ana JUtaii Delta a In
Hats, Cips, Fu-sand Straw Goads,
wsuld resotet'adj lavite the attention cf: heir old frieada
and t e pontic In re erxl. to ih-* r*ctthas the* aren.w
Bur.at*caging u-j for the trade, d are abLs to sell
!o»er th >nanj esubiU..m:ot tq the Wnt
Tjejhavetoaran hand, and are reeeWcc. anew and
ext» sire Msorunent of ju d Bir*w as H»o.
0. n M er'iT imm tan, w. Ichihejr offer at taw price*,
on t forgsttbe tnmbtr.
mt3c3S23m »TAIS3 L'heßrcfv.
ABBOTr-3 IfOsAhCtflES OF COHH
NKNTAL EUROPE NOW READY.
THE EMPIRE OF AUSTRIA,
ITS Bias AND PRESENT POWXK.
By Joku 8. a AbboX
One voL. crown Bra, 6at pp. ClottL Price, 11.50.
„ "There are abundant m%!erltla for this work. The
life of Au*ra embraeraiiu and voudetfal tn
btitor*—her *arl? at-uitlea fjr u —this
fl.neatrifewi:hu»e Tnrit'.M w*Toaferw*»e ofMo»-
Itminvasion roll-.dopiheDsicbe-theloa coufleetand
blccdy persecutlOLioft e Kef nnaJ'on— tfiethirt- ve.r«'
. Rr w'on*w*r . tiie m«te rlc career cf Gas'av a AdoUhoa
aidO aritaXlL anootn< athwart tee lend fttmaof
tattle—thetatrlfueaof P:ce»—<h* 'ooraoua prtde.oow
-3 wandencroiCLaenti ff LcofiXlT-ih-wa futrtthe
. Spanish a'C^enlon.and ve dlractn: ennent—all
trtckeevfntaeom Le ioa mblimetraced* wbi-h fltlloa
r mar lu vain auempt to paraicL"—CAxuhor'a Preface.
® ADeTEI A'• the of aietleaof aixorinorevolainM
In preparation bj Ur. Abbott, to be poh'lshsd InuxfeiV
* «tyle,undertheftaer,l title, • Thelloaarcileaof Coa
.tinental Europe." The atrlea la dedxned ti Include
Aaitria. Caatla, Spain, fra&ce, Gennanj and Italy, each
In a ieperate volase.
The Publlthere believe thtt these works will present
hiatcry upon a novel nd peculiarly plan.
s The purpose la to give lu each ca e the Biography of tbe
| Seignlng Dynuty. Tbe p:rsoual Inte est of biography
' ls thus added to the general attraction of eveutfal hiaio.
: ry. The other voluaei ate expected to foLow at'inter.
yals of three months,
i XAS3X 2KOIHEBS, Publishers,
r PhacM4ri?twa 46 Va'fccr rt. N. Y.
" "OUB MUSICAL PEIEND."
Tntlre Pises of Popular Music
ros TIN CENTS.
M Oca Mcbicil Purxn** is fllled with the best Piano
Solos, Du'ts, Sotss, Operatic Arlta. Polkas, Masarkas,
Quadrilles-Waltz.a and of musical csat
■ position for voice and piano, by the beat American and
' European compcaeri; printed on ull sited code paper,
adapted to everv grade of per ormer.
The s une quantity of msslc. procured fram the regular
| publishers would ccst more than ten times what we
[ charge:
( A year's sabicripUoa to M our Musical Friend" wtl ae.
cure new and Cashlanable mcilc worth at least TWO
BUNDStQ DOLLARS, aud entirely sufficient for the
home circle.
I>rice Ten Cents Weekly.
[ Tearty. 15; Balf Yearly, MJO; Qmrterly, 1L25. The
Toluzne commenced on tbe Ist of December, I&S3.
C. B. BEYMOUB ft CO n Propria ors,
i mhß c3S3 dAwlm It Frankfort sv. New York.
tJ_EQRQE ET CONG D 0 N ,
Wholesale Dealer In
Boots, $ hoes A' Hlibbers,
32 Lake Street,
Qonter of Wabash averse, (ao staL a> over Tattle, Hib<
bard A Co., Chiefs.
Thesnbscr'berbaTlaa been ensared In theretiH Boot
and >o-a nomher of y ara tn other citlei. alao
rarice been tbe Prooneioro' tbe boot ana
Sa'eSturc, at Wjjoa'hOl»r*street, I.thl*c tr.fcr three
years i aatt b«'n< thereby fully with t ie wants
oft s e R'tailer. nw en er. iLtj tt.e Trade
wlihthedittKMlboa(ocon<alitheint«re*ta of all do lers
who may favo'Llm wita their oatronaie. H I«receWln<
tLs>orln< lUck of Cnt d us wok vorkwslchls offared
to'hetradeatlowpncesforca h.
Thedtyandcouuti* wi I rlfa*» calL
_ , r»EO. fel
avenue, over Turtle, HibbarjACo'a
feac3'73ax
.1 A'etc hot
SPANGLED FAiVS!
Jo t Received
-A.X PEXJaEOT'S,
OHIOAGO VARIETY BTOBE,
40 Clark Street 40
[fe!7 dtfly]
Sheffield Nursery,
CHICAGO, ILL.
M LEWIS BEGd TO ANNOUXCE TO
• hia friends snd the pobl'c thit be bas pur
cbase t the wbolt* remiiolnr lnt< rr»i of th* retired p*r
oeri of the late Arm rf m l •»'» A Co. Th- r>i
hr» e EVEHGBEEN AND SHADS
TEEES, SHfitTBS, aod will be aold aj they were
■% v ry low.
a»0oo American Ar n or Ti'a. far Pcreeua and
Hedce ** from one ti three free *l*h, Nonary Trees, As
parac s Rtot. Khab ro Aa, ie.
Parties dear os cfporcbu'o< are revested to eall
and aee trees and ortcea. [ e3a3mc3391 M. LKWId.
Pike's Peak!
HO! FOE THE GOLD FIELDS
Tents of all rises and all prices alwaya oa hand,
and maae to order br
TAYLOR 4 COL?, gall Makera,
• No. * Maraeiatfett, Lind's Blnck.
tW Post Oflce Bax at 7. fpSj lm*
DIKE'S PEAK BTOYE.
PATCSIXWAD.
Manufactured only at 303 Randolph Street.
raim A V. ETCHER. Aseot
TransperUtlea to Pike's Peak
The undersigned is a-bepared to
make contractsfcr
ntEIQHTINO PROVISIONS AND UERCHANDISB
of every description to the Pike's Peak Gold Mines, to
■tart a> early Li the &prise aa practicable.
As oorC-omoanyras beea eng«grdforsevenl years la
zreUhUcgfor the QoTeromeut of tbe United States, I an
confident of aivinjt >atlsfact;ou.
lor partlouUrs addreaa
JAMES H. JONE3.
fel3lm-o-SO St. Joseph. Mo.
PIKE'S peak.—parties fitting out
fcr PUe's Peak wculd do well to supply themselves
with
CRACKERS AND HARD BREAD
At Thomas Thomson'* Steam Bakery,
fl State and 17 Clark street*.
Tbe Crackers are mads of the best material the market
caniurolah.audmaaufact r?d to keep any reasonable
leozthof ioe, aod earetmlv packed tn barrels and hoxet.
Thaasteaiiouof wsolrstle dealers in city country
Is res&ccttully called to the aboi e.
THOMAS THOVSOH,
fiuccesnrtn A&drus,
fet6c3Plm 4aaat*i»anJ nci»->»#a.
PEAK GOLD HINES.
To all persons Intendirg to go to the
KANSAS GOJLD MINES.
Thecnden'mied, long a resident In the Territory, and
having cauij< red Uaeedfol.formatioa In reference to
the Gold Mires—the best losailrn. the best and cnoat «x
--pedtloua asd ea teit root**—he eecessiry ouifii. and
whatever relates to the cost or the enurprtse. and t*e
nec'var? muerlals, Is prepared u furn aa reliable tnfor«
matioa to al> psrsocs desiriix it.
Letters a dressrdtometo bez47o. Ctv. 1
BaasasTe*rlto*y,arLecompto\ K.T M andfcelosinglt. !
and a posoge stamp, wtl bj premotly answer'd.
K. tL aCXLEsIOH. <
References far chtrscter. Ac.—Q:n. Thos. 11. Hicks, 1
Gov. of Maryland; Hon. Jas. A. Stewart. M (i. Mary- 1
land: President and faculty, Dlckinsoa College. <
fcM 2w» J ]
Coa 1 , or Carbcn Oil Lamps, &c '
The city maxufactcbtnq com- ■
paay of Waterbury. have taken the atock
of Lamps Ae. owned by t K e lat* firm of*ARKSN «
CO. fta © L*kes»re*«, €Sile»g\ and offer GREAT
Pricaa Bedoced to Boit the
Ae Stock consists ef Coal or Carbon OH and fluid
lAmpa and Lantern*—* v*ry variety—Chan*
deltes, Haogna L'chta, Side, Back L ght«. Chsueifc
Wfe.i, Betsaora Pwocr Etudes,' I«sdsfor La-Ues Pelt*
Circular Mirrors. Shermm'a Packet Levels, Ac- at mano
facturer't prices.
Al*o, Cheap tsr Cash
ThrM OQ Cans holding 80 Gal's—New, i
Aad a lot of Smaller Tin Cans, holding frcm K gallon h
to 10 gaUoca. t
felß-ln c3B> J. E. JOHNSON. Manager. |
ABTICLES OF DIET FOa INVALIDS
AMD OHTT.nagw
We would bvit* attention to our eosnleta aoortmesft *
ef these a<ildea conatstlfis el ■
BBOOnSE, ;
BSOJCA, CHOCOLATE.
ABBOW HOOT, BAHLEY,
QBOATS, AiIATHEPTA, B
J-ABXHA, *O, fca I
AO of which wt can recesaesd ae perfeelv psre aad
tresis. _ HAISEY A niNti.
tea Homeopathic Pharmacy. l<B Clark-et.
NOTICE. 1
omca or run r- ft. w. kc. a. a. co > 1
PlUMorxb, Feb. 3S, 1&». {
fTHE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE M
1. Stockholders lu the Port Wayne and
Queago ttallrpad ( ompaaj" w U be held at the rooms
ofthevOABDOFTRaoC. lathedty of PUtthorgS; en
TpBSDAY. thez6th day of slarch orzt. at S o'etuekP
M-at w ieh time the tteport of the Directors {at th* year
unvitl be presented
ihe Directors to serve 'he esanlsc mi
yeaßvni beheld at theaaaM plies ea WEDNSauaT, u
the ao«h prvZim jat to o'cloca A. M. ' I
th. tra&sfer wU be e*owd from the Slat to 90th
of March, bo'h ard.the hodrs ef stock la sS
theObtoard Pentsyivacla Ohio and In *Uat. or Fort 3
ijtiianl n V sin Baitr ied missimtis S
been er nverte i Into the tock tf tbe are attMl h
tovjlijM mroim,.! V) rot. , lec * g
-fAocahaHea srsHtatßc Uvir eervfieao aof gtook fat 2
Jyortaro'tbe -
wiKts acqorqb tioan. &»■/.
| iilcbicmcs fcr.
= (
, O
u&ol> E fMiTi£cO ?
124 Lake Street;
•j
THE SRIAT WSBTSRN
I. VHOLBSiLE AND BCTiU
k
k PATENT
JttEmeiiYE DEPOT.
tWIZ yon want a remedy;
for Toir Ooafh eo to
M>IXKS. BMLTH A Ca'S,
«* 134 Lake street
,r yea want a remedy to
. parl'y the Blood eo to 13*
Lake st. BOLLB. SMITH
A CO.
tW" If yon want a Ferer
kea A<rue rem«dy to to
ROLLfikHMUHAOuL. LM
Lake*.
writ yoa waat \ Hal' Re*-
torative or Hair so
g,SSf aMna*uo
- HTIT yeawast alhemßaV
-1c Pll or Llnlament, eo to
so uia.aMiiHA ca m
t Lake-sL
81 yoa waat aVemedy for
A CO, 13i Laa*-*».
9 WTf yoa wast a HalrDre
—wvranted. to to BOUJBt.
P> B*Xia A CU. IM UKMfc
KVlf yoa want a Panatfre
cr Cathartle plil co to 8..
E 8* Oa's. IM Lake s(reei.
a. you want a Ya!a KR
•cr or hUa Rxtractor to to
BOLLttJ. BMIIH A 00..
IS«L *
da yon wasl ana* Tocle
w hlue*aorSchel amScknappa
eU "" to MLLM. SMITH A
,T and Cheeunaa's resale PUl*
*■ fo to BOLLOL BUIIH M
00. lit lat* street.
Uf lor Ooath Candles or
r rolooalo Wafers 1,0 t> 134
1 Lake sL, BOLUS. IMITHA
CO.
|w for a Powder, Puts or
Weeh for the Teeth so to
BOLLB& BMIIHA OUTUI
t UXMt
Per a Llrer aadDy*pe>
tie Remedy, to to
«-f rt T«,W W i I ndD * U °" m
P«otlc Pemtdy to to 124
U* e it BOUJ& SMITH *
ie CO-134 Lake-*.
ta V lor ftreatthenlat P!a»>
xe ter* of all klaas eo BuLLka,
«• SMITH A C 0„ 134 Laaenia
WTor a Setnedy fbr all
is f l */ 118 *o t0_134
of aMTCHA
r- ___
te HTTor a Remedy forDU
j| *ase* of the Bala to to
a VOLLEB, SMITH A 00..
Ui LUHI.
a I* forPaney Soap*. Bnah-
P Article* to 10
W BOLLtS. SMITH A CO- 194
a. Lake-*(.
| fl Hadkerchlef b*
, tract* *ad Perfumery to to
h BOLLXS. SMITH A 00.. 134
Lake-st,
it nrpoy Tnwaea, Should er
1 araeesand Abd-mloal ca^
' Porto*. Taey w* ateata f9T
i* the mannfactama and w> II
j sell at low prices. ttOLLEp; SMITH Jl 0 M IM Tskti*
j.
' COlti-ly
Coughs,
0 Asthma,
1, Catarrti*
1 Tnflaeoxa,
d Bronchitis,
r Hoarseness,
Sore Throat,
r "WhoopiDg Conch,
e Incipient Consumption,
Brown's Brontbliti Troclies.
Q ooftoqht sajcam,
e 10 * rt of Contra* la the year 1857.. b T
ufe«f B /K°^l>i oa «s hetalsta ' -Ma the Clerh'a
Offlce of theDjtrict Ccnrtsf the DLL. of Uaa.achaaet'J*
<—Tbe exeat and so«r*en cbaote* of out
a i" xwrwa of Pclmoaarraod Bronehlai
® "Perience hariaepfved ihat sloole rem
edl« often act spetdHy and certainly when wSlo the
h«ir .fSfcon® should at one* be
*® Brown s Bronchial Trowhes." or Loseaae*L let
thi coQihcrlnluUanor the throUbe ever so slliht. as
. aliwirted'cff * more 4ertaui *Uck may be tffecta.
' Brown's Bronchial Troches,
Couth. Coll. Boarsene** sad Uflueoaa.
or 9 ; "nMsof the Throat.
» e Couah In Consamntlon.
2T£r e Ji eTes *, n ; c lIM - Ailt »rua •nd Caarrh
u »»t .V Md el?es s re-*th to the rolce of Sinter*
* WTndUpensable to Public Speakers.
j Brown's Bronchial Troches.
I EP'on Her. Hew Ward Berber, who ha* ased the
s ♦♦*». Tr-che* for fire year*.]
* S?5 Te . r . c^ af ? i n»ymlodr<sD«cUrtth<iafrom
* ""P.'olh-nV yet better of tha. «h ch lbecan
t 5? 1 , 1 of * In »U of m> Jectarint tonrs I haf* put
1 A» i?n « intomy ewttbaeaa rttularlyat Ido iect-re*
® I no* be lt te to say that In *0 far a* I have
w of fopo»rison. your iroches are
ntauy the beat sad the first of t&e great U.aenteßchooL M
Brown's Bronchial Troches.
-1 J? r S? B ® T - *-. H - Ob« Ha n.N ew y or k.]
.h-i c 2SSi" " )or j L - , "" t " •"> "cellent tnlcle tor
Speakers™ recommend their asa to Pabll*
! Brown's Bronchial' Troches.
Prom Mr. 0. H. perdnrr. P Inclpat of the Katcer*a Fe-
M _. mal»lastiJate. New York.l
„ J o»*«*>e«n afflicted wl:h the Bronchitis durin« Us*
* na 0011 DO rtUef 00111 1 fooai * oar
1 Brown's Bronchial Troches.
_W"Fob Chl'drea laborinc under Ooaah. Wheontat
Ccuib, ri* Hoa'snar*. are p'ttlcalarly adapted, oa ac.
couatofjhelr soothia* and demu'ceni propertlee. A*>
! PENTON A CO n
M Lake Street 04
; OPPOBITS TRZMONT HOUSE.
> Hostetter'a Stomach Bitters,
[ Cold by BOLLXS, SMTTS A 00« 134 Lak* street,
Hostetter'a Stomach Bitters,
Sold by E. T. WATKINS A CO., SO SUte atreek
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Bold by J. H. SEED A 00.. 144 and 146 ' »v» street.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
(old bj BtiVLN. IABSIL t CO.. 77 WUcr UM.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Md br SASQCiT 1 ILSLIT. lUUk; AM.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Bold by J. E. 8. PULLER A 00* 37 Water street.
Hostetter's Stomach. Bitters,
Bold by BOCKYZ. 1N513 A CO* 35 Water street,
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Sold by I* RZAD A C0~'» Lake street,
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Sold by 0. P. rULLZR A CO.
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters,
Hare, fbr their Tsnioaad other Medlelnal Ylrtaea, be
come so celebrated and popular, that aapriaoipled par.
ties here and elsewhere have counterfeited themextea» 1
stre'y.aad to prereat deception we refer oureaasers te
the abore parties fbr th* teaaln* artld* or to the pro*
prietora.
Hostetter A Smith,
j*Bc9Mm prrmmaag. pa. 1
"Yfl OTHERS, AS 700 LO7E TOUR
If J Children, be ea the alert fbr every omptom of
Worm* For worst* caose th* death *f mqre than aay
other disease*. In *U ea*e*
DEAD
fonl breath fi»e HoLLO
VOI WAY'H TKBIT «B LI
WORM CONFBUTIONS.
ORHB' They ar* a deUdoaa »repa>
ratloa of Baaar thai toy child
wUleraTe. Ifwortnaarepre*ent,theywlUaa/Uyandef-.
fbctadly reaove them and restore health la all case*.
Worm*! Worms!—' These troublesome lnfeat* o< the
etomaeh aad boweia of ehlldrea hare at last found their
match la a match!en preparation called M Hoiloway'a
Worm Ooßfectloa n wbtcb 1* h* th* form of a piraaant
andaoeeahlecandy. The Uttle children affected with ■
worma. which heretofore turned op their aoeea and '
■Dottered and cried aboat the adminlrratlon of the
nan ceo u* stuffi under the name of Yennlfote. will open
their BtUe months with ecstaey to thank th* lawrtor
formaklac a pleasaat care for oae of th* moat troahie- w
acme dl»ea*ea Brery bo* warranted. °
Sold by BOLLXS, SMITH A 00* B
deSl 134 Lake st-Aaent* fbr Sorthwe*teni State*. *
DB. 6. J. LEWI . a
QUININE SUBSTITUTE, I
Or, JTERVE TOJTIV, !
WILL OtTSI
FEVER AND AGTJZ.
also, yellow, ohagbes and
J\ PanamaParfficaaoftenbeprerentedbytheaae
ofthlalnTalaabie remedy. The radpe 1* from a very
celebrated Pturidaa after thirty-Are yean experience 1
a Hospital* and crirate practice la New York ulty, aad •*
haabeeateatad la a 1! aectloaaof the ooontry durtna the
eat ilx years with the moatwooderfal saccen. In the
Ttem and SjaUiwntera ooaatry. where Ferer and
£ae preyall It baa aoeoexpUahed madx by carina the T'
disease as well as renovating and recoperatlnc the o>
tam already shattered by the oae of Qoialne, Morphine
and Mercury, or rom too free use of the trashy nostras*
aaeh aa are d->Uy bdac (breed apoa the
Talld. To all safferlnt from eroauattoa after |
recommend and taaraatee tal* Medldae aa a p*rt*et H
'ale. TotraTelleralaanhealthy cdmatee, I woald *e Oj
he word* of the wett Cspiatn J*ha W. Maaaoik ?
cow of a Ltrerpool Packet Us*, a d aiany year* ta the m
Boathesa aad South Americas fluftint trad*. * r I
would as soon think of tolo* to Mawlthoaka rada« m
wtthoofttba Qatataaßu*utat*L** ™ M
Penton, Itoklaaoa * *-iii>_ J
|
1 "TfTHGH AND CONSIDES—AN HONEST ®
M VV QUAKXTB AOYica TO OOBSUICmTM
"PtIerda 1 dalay not
ea* moment la ailn*
thla great asd beat
poaah r*medy,
HALI?d BALB
P<>& TH* LUM6&
a'd the aaada of °*
Uwill be to thee the
ifCa Wff I
faraa neasjy aathoaart eaaetby of
l i# l z !i w«a4su i
ifltMcimg, &r,
'A f SHyjiCTI,Y TRIPMFHANT
sembdt
FOB ALL DISE\SIi3 ARIaETQ FROM
MALAUIA:
Particularly FSVDU and AOTJ3L
coSrttlonofSa'lj'Tfr «Wn* fr«m thai
malaria *ad too of th? WMi v!L 5 ' od 5?M by the
tcrolJ liver enlargement of the dUe*ieJ or
In the Mde, a lIOV &"S Clk ®
sad. Indeed, all dlseasei riiio* rrtm *m^ o ' eTO !?*
ttaaetiheayatem. Its limS«ra&,,. b coadl
and perfectly hannleasla their eCe**.^i^Lr?i®'* b *•
tain to cure. Reader. If 70a de*Lre !a urS™ '
time. «ad get your beUth. ius it u . e, !"4
tboee thins* which only palliate whU« th^do"
KTSSR9L aK. MtltN A '} a ! ?;' Si - "
Aneßtlua superlorfoaoyrea>e4yla oar £».°J°S.
the permaaeat cur* of ail maunbu* dSeSff**?!
eheerfu lyrecomaoeadlt a* worth. that
baa wherever aoid a doted.
Very truly J oars, RICH %BD3 A TH ->M49.
To> the.snfferen of chll's.TVh wfhii
,SSS ft jS
•H f* in aad #:Ci eadre *i'J u * d
•H la faatto laotWr; of thU ?£ D J"® fVf
aa safe, prompt aad effldeat. 1 recommend 11
f. 2. 3ACXZDOM. D. V,
**! per»:xulainUvldnftr. andc'o.-l/obl^fn^°i?*, 0 '
forcrand use rltcnat f.iL ' curo cttlu *.
Ttulr jour* PHILUaAS * 12ABNS, DnoUU.
DS. uura- w.. L ° a " W0 * T> Be=t- U. 1«».
-- 2(
cu J. LrTLE, Ph>sta*a ted Qniubt.
MBSML &'* M
uS?t£iV 1 "" oonflJ ""u UUi. oai,
ale J* 00 * 1 lra1 '' aP. WOOD.
DPI 8 K. M.LV.I a CO., Proprietor*, Gall-.n. 0
* 0. J. WCfc!> A CO.. St Ualj. M* Sol* »*«».. .
THH LIVBH INVXOOBATOa
op PIXPAIID BY DE SAJiJORD.
ui comwaoED mum noa smg
TS ONE OF THE BEST PCRGATIVJ
JL and LXYII MIDIGOTi wow befcre the pablla.
. jßanusci - i^JSKSSESS
Cfl, tMftfthvßovolbfi«.laTl«> «wm.
•a oriUog th« atomacb. O Otti*onebotUcis notd
oaojloi food to edtothrow ootoftbetra
w*U. parlfvlat tfle! Zj Wmtb« eflecu of aedl
3ux>4 ( ftriac ton# *nd; r* daeafteraloasiloknew
health to the whole na-l - _ .
«*. ehiaerr. rtßorls* the 4J On* bottls takes for
a. OMM of thodlee—* ef- «*aaailc« remam aU
factlna a radical care. uiiowaeta or ancatval
BlUbma tUMki are W 00401 "»«Ola.
prevated by the occa- ,time beforo eatla* slvm
itoaai qm ofuteLlrer in- \rnzr to the appetite tod
a- tltonxor. m the rood dlrai
(0 One doe* after eatin* * c£j «
o" baaflelentto relieve tb«
and pf»wiuh> One doje, o..enrepeal
fbodtroarlA&sandeoa:- ?2'« l ? r i?f. Uioolo . t^*? "
\ysm In itt wcrrt orta,
_ , , while ban mar ana
_ Only on aoee taken p» Uo ■«l CoaalatßU
tee reUrtng, preTeaU yield alaoit to \uo tnl
h . aUklneare. M do^
to Obl* . ...
m alaktl ocmaaalMMb „* " "?•
wniir and oorea *•» Oroyey by exdUnc the
KTCU. . Pi morbMU.
jM i oaa Uiea aAer Wo take plearare la ra>
3. oil ajilwll care Dy» UU commendis* this xceUJ-
W9*la rice u a preTeoUUre
L One doe* of tvo tea-
- M ™,o£l
uvreaica v *%+*nw. ivpe. Is operate* with
Oaly one doee Uame- icerUlßty.aaathoiuADde
dJaialy rtilSTa f«Ue, are »ililflic to te*Ui> to
while Uu Honder.'ul Tlrtae*.
4Lu WHO UVI IT ABE SIVIHO THBIK
O*aMMOUI TESTIMONTUS ITS FAVOIL
VMI. wateriathemonlh with the lavUoralor. and
iwallow both tose^en
ran p*i dolulb &>mt.
Dr. SAItiFOBi No. 345 Broadway, New
TariK. BeUlle-' oy all Drojcclgta. 80' d. a)»o, by
SOU IS, aanTH 4 00.. 114 LaiMt'and
. f AHNSSTOOK k DAVIS.
tin» rU'V* I *'- «»r»^
Heal U;stQie.
WANTED TO EXCHANGE ?0S A 01TT
lesldecM, a
*• HOMI 3TSI AU.
OonMitlairo a Two-tort 3dliwr.okee Bilct Kobm. Oat
bwJdUua. Yard and Ganfen. all ta cotnplrtr ord«r. lootl
by *d la one of tbo»o beuttrni aodheaJthr Lake Town* la
11 mile* froathla city oa the 11a e 3/ th«
u t Alio wanted to tell or Mohawfa- elt? property.
JJ Wijcomia Tinning asd Pina loada.
,e BoxlK9.
>e
2 fj S. GOVERNMENT LAND LOCATING
k * AGENCY.
The Bab*erib«rhaTln« hadmach practical experlaaee ta
iXBLEOTCTO AlfD LOOATIJfO LANDS,
la the Tartoai L»ad Dls*rteta la the Western Stales ha*
anatoal facilities 'or maklo/y&ltiablaseclecUoxu
JOE LA3D WARRANTS OS OA9U.
.vholre Selections may 00w be made la
IOWA, WISCONSIN AND MI3SOUBI,
Persons harln< Warrante can hi 79 them Located la
{S their Own Name.
And 40 per Cent. Profit Guaranteed*
5 .payable In On« * ear.
it lowa. Wlaoonsln and Illinois Lands :or sale low for
ft Oaah.
■9 Money lavected la f""" and Nebraska.
« B. BALI3BDRY. Land Locating Aeeot,
aalstf9ly -W Clark street, Ch'caoo.
I- ' 5 %
educational.
0
Localfd at Ohleaso. sew York. Ph'lfclflrtls Albany
. Baffalo. Clerelano and Detm t it od thro
1 the in Ir* • ha'a Cnoiollaa lon of ' Bryant AS' a'ton's
Mercantile O llete." >nd Bell's Cnmmrrc:alO<lleve,"
nowc9nda<*tcd m one o l * nndr- the duo* and
- ety'e of BKI. A RAT ON. "MtjYßell
Joint Proprietor ard Aiano ate Pr oo'pai of OMcsro CoU
» lece. Circular aad attioiroeof 30 p.eesfurntihed nrv
tattAQ'ly on apollcaUon to oad'r»l.ne<«.
BRYANT. tißk-.A aTR4TT">N.
UOY'3 HIGH SCHOOL. —THE NE3T
• ,1J Term win commence oa Moad- y. Prbnury 7th,
1». jiJ. BAWYKR. A. M., will of nllaoe to recelr*
«ily twenty-flte pnpll* Into Uls schoclat hij residence,
111 Monroe street, and hi* wtihe* nor 9 to apply for ad*
I olssloa anless they are determined to Jo weil tie >hrm
seiTe*. Wot the adranceaent of those admitted no oalst
will b# fpalred by the tea ben. i*ai |
QALISBUBY M.VNSION SCHOOL, LIN
I O COLN BQUAR*. WOBCEBTER, MA^SL
A rlnMTlaaa Boardlna and Da» School for Yoona
I*B«* J. V. B*A«K. Prtndp^.
KBiiaoD a Cshhoo:—Wo. a. Oade ksa: Rev.
Wm. W. Patton; J D Web»ler. Ksq.; Lather fraven.
' B*q.; Wm. H. Well*, Esq.. flupt. Pub. Bcft.wls; W. B»
Lounsbory, iaq.; John P. Ohapla. bq.; J. ? oonjr ?cam
pop. «*>» |>U 3m*
©ptirians.
Q*HICAGO OHABITABLS
KYK AND BAB INFIRMARY, »
Dispensary of the Inflrmury
Opea Er«ry *or*Ug fro* 11 I-J to 12 l-4o T cJ4
TOR GRATUITOUS TREATMZVT
01 •.»e poor affected with diseaae* of the Sys and Car*
Ko. 60 Bortk Clark Street, Cor Mirhigaw
_ Tiosths:—W L Nenbenr, Tiesldent: OV Oyer and
LH»*ea. V. Pre*lde>.U; BBtoat*. Secretary A Trraiarer:
J H KintK Rer N LHlce, D D. U-t W Barry. P Cnrpeo>
ter, W II Bnwn. K B Mc. A a<a. if Mo*ely. M Sutnner.
Oo»»ntTao80ioaoas-Prof D Braiaard. MO. Prof J
W freer. M D.
AmsriuoSoßasom-ILllolmea.llD. W U BaltaelL
laß3n>* J
gIGHT AND HE A 111 N G.—
DR. F. A. OADWEIi,
Or TOHOJTTO O. W.
Tb* tmlneat and Skill/hi Operator on tha
33 ~Y~ E -A. 2SXI3
At the MATTKSOH HOU3E- Cblcaso 11U l£ voiklaa •
miracles la the wayot'estorlsg
LOST SIGHT AND BEARING*
Upward* of Oar Hnadred and Tweatr.pl?- Patients
have been r celredby Dr. C wuhfn the lav. foorweeka.
many of wbom have been bdni for mon-hs asd years,
while other*, who ha«e lons been Boffbrers. have had
their dlieate* removed.
D w°° r . jerr!cee are appred
aled la tha» be Is dally receirtrs new puients from all
pan* of .toe eoontey, and dlaatlaJns, a* eared, hi*
reeelTtd case*.
M No-eelareqnfred fhr aa • xaalawloa or orlnlon. and
Ko Chan* forKrVo * that a * rt SnceeasfsU »* win b«
rtatod wheo the Paiges is leeetred. lh-. GadweU'a
oo the Kys aad Bar oa application u above.
fncnSdAs&a
J-ODIB MA USS, '
*
&raetieal Optician,
[Lale with BenJ. Ptk* A Foa*. K. Y.,]
T» GLASS BTUXT. T9
Oppoalt* the Coort Uoaae,
*od eheleeat aaaorteeat of Optical and Haiti
taMcal Qood* la the Northweat.
_Be*i '«law and Genuine BBAZZLZAN FSB
BUI OSCTTAOIXS oocataaUy oa hand. n«,
Opera eia****, jeJeeeopee, Micro*ooo«*. barometer*,
Tbcrmometar*, fftaiSJaCOPEd. Mask
lantern*. Ac.. Ac.
York price*.
■ %
jpnaai easAT cojT sale oy
watches rawimn.
Silver asd Plated
lIKOI (MOOS, *«.
JAHEa H. HQ ES,
'<7...w..M.„. MW T.An 87IIR. <mm« ii 7
eosmemoe fros* thl* da** to BeQ at COST fbr
Thirty Daya hlalanaaadtf'tenatvestoolt of the abovo
cooda eoapmlns ererythlns coatalned Id a
IIEsT OLAfli JIWKLZY 3TORZ. TOS rrnva OHLY.
T>e reaaoakr w dotasUtoratfuMasmjcbM po«i.
hi*M* iart«Modi b«are r*morla« temt-ertrLy be m
sborttl—• tpaatlwraee a* »ov eoeapir* may be re-
WP' b' —ll ■ ua■ h- err** «mgorlma 9
Utyof th* Wat l ao poaUa s*q aow >»yali thea.*elve9
of a«QTOortimt*n*nffae , Dreoff-red of »eiectli)« iron
rt**fc ofaooda *Mh artlelea a* theymay
**}** Mlaaa ta*a W eeaeeaiiy paid ►* aaoUoa
s&si
aeO*! IhM rare epportnnlty pas*
a|iMo '* k * iMa < a * L, * lMie,M

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