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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, December 14, 1860, Image 2

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’ FRIDA S’, 'DECEMBER ‘li; iS&>' L
In. the: propositions which come from
the South, for the what Southern men
please to call “ compromise,” the claim that
slaves are property by virtue of the Con
fe'.itutlon, and tliai they shall be recognized
and protected as such in all the Territo
ries, is never lacking. They demand, al
most uniformly, an amendment to thepon-
Etiluiion-by wliich their claim fihaU.be as
firmly established os that clause of the
fundamental law which forbid* titles of
nobility or the union of Church and Slate.
The sublime impudence of the proposition
is In tho Tact that while creating a new
character for alavcs ia .tho .Territories, the
-compromisers insist with dogged pertina
cy that these slaves, shall in the slave
Stales, retain the attributes of persons, and
serve as the basis of Congressionatrepre- -
scntatlon. That .is* to say\ when a black
bondman is carried into Nebraska, be is
property, and, as such is sacred; while if in
Missouri he is a person, entitled to tlirec
fifths of the representaii. n winch a white
man may claim.
If the Republicans in Congress should bo
mean enough and weak - enough to yield
the main point in the controversy, set
at naught the teachings of the men who
made the Constitution, and declare that !<
it justifies the‘selling of men and*women
like shcq) or swine, we trust they will have !
the grace to demand that, as property, |
slaves shall no longer be entitled to repre- I
scnlaiion, unless, indeed, our Northern
horses, cattle, mills, manufactories, mil- I
roads and farms arc also invested with the j
new rights which arc c’aimed for the prop- j
erty of the South. I
In the Congress now the South j
has one* hundred and twenty votes. Of
these ticcnty-cne come from the three-fifths
representation to which, under the Consti
tution, i.er slaves arc ratified. Now if any !
new arrangements are to be devised, we,
in behalf of the Republicans of the North
west, shall not cease, to demand that tills
double character set up for their chattcls
personal by Uie buyers and sellers of men
shall bj abandoned. Let our representa
tives in Congress, or in any convention !
which may be called, say that if slaves arc i
degraded to cattle u the eyes of the law,
they must be put on a footing with cattle
in this matter of representation; hut if they
are left, as the Constitution leaves them, in
the character of persons, the claim of pro
perly in them, by virtue of the Constitu
tion, shall be peremptorily denied. It is
too much that the holders of the slaves
should have by virtue of their possession,
twenty-one Members of Congress and all
the Territories. They must abandon the
one advantage or the other. Wc do
care which. . .
People have used the words 44 Southern
rights,” 44 encroachment,” 44 fanaticism,”
“compromises of the Constitution,” and
the like, so much aud so long, that they are
in imminent daugcr of forgetting what all
the present rowdy-dowis about—of cover
ing up the true meaning of the contest
under a liood of words which auy parrot
might repeat We go back to first princi
ples, and tell in plain Saxon what the real
straggle is. It is for
I. The rigid of property in men , women
ami children —a right which is of modem
invention, and which only latter-day inge
nuity has found in the Constitution ol the
United Stales.
11. The desire of the South to usurp the
control and shape the destiny of all the
Territories by devoting them to slavery,
and telling freedom to stand back until the
man-sellers arc served—a desire which
none of the fathers of the Republic indulg
ed and which is not justified by a line of
the fundamental law.
111. The determination •of tire South to
force upon the free States a Fugitive Slave
Law which is atrocious in every one of its
features—which compels free men to act
the part of blood-hounds on the track of
fugitives, and otherwise exacts of citizens of
the free States that wliich no gentleman in
the Snath can be compelled to do.
IV. The avowed purpose of the South to
cany slavery into all the Free States in
spile of local legislatures and the people
thereof—to carry it by demanding lor
Southern men the right oftranslt and tem
porary sojourn with their chattels. Tins
is also a new claim which complaisance
may allow, but for which no warrant exists.
V. The declaration that ns long as the
South can govern the country, her citizen?
will submit to laws which they make; but as
noon as the majority acting according to
the forms and in consonance with the spir
it of the Constitution, assumes the power,
they will revolt and set up for themselves
These all resolve themselves into one,
nnd that is this:
Wo, Southern gentlemen slave-holder*,
well-to-do In the world, numbering CA
DDO souls, despising democracy and your
toiling men of the North, demand that we
may be permitted to do wliat we please
with the institution of Slavery—to buy u»ul
sell, work without pay and whip without
fear of the law, all the men, women and
children we please; and when onr partisan
courts cannnWlnd justification for our arts
in the Constitution, we demand of you nn
amendment of that instrument, and you
must submit, or we break the govern
ment up .
These arc the issues as they are pre
sented. We commend them to the pray
erful consideration of tho Committee of
The first step towards restoring confi
dence in commercial and monetary circles
must be to restore confidence in the stabil
ity of the government All otlierthings, lor
the time being, will binge on this. If Soul h
Carolina Is permitted to secede to-day, und
Georgia to morrow,with Louisiana to foil < i w
next week, the panic of necessity will be
come overpowering; and if universal
bankruptcy docs not supervene, it will be
the next thing to universal. If the acces
sion of tbe Gulf States is to bo acquiesced
in, the channels of trade arc sundered, all
laws for tbs collection of debts arc Mts
pended, exchanges arc obstructed, property
is confiscated, and all tbc elements ot finan
cial ruin, growing out of fear and frenzy,
arc tumbled upon us together. But this is
not the worst The precedent established
by the one State applies to all
tbc States. [ California may secede next
year and ' establish an independent
government Maine may annex her
self to Canada, and become n col
ony of Great Britain. Utah may pro
claim herself independent, and set up a
monarchy on the pattern of Turkey or'
Tripoli In short, all the disturbing fea
tures which can create and maintain a hill
blooded panic, rush in at the heels of k* :
cession. Bui to the northwest there are
more serious troubles involved. The lo>s
of the lower half of tbc Mississippi, whit h
necessarily breaks up tbc commerce of its
great tributaries, the Ohio, tho Missouri,
the Illinois, tho Wabash, the Wisconsin, is
an incalculable, an irreparable loss, suffi
cient to ruin the country six times over.
And the example of secession which cuts
tis off from the Gulf of Mexico applies
equally to the Eastern States, which may
In torn cut us off from the Atlantic. We
grant this event is [not probable, but who
among us is prepared for that line of poli
cy which makes it possible? ,
It is not to be wondered at that in the
presence of dangers like these money be
comes scarce, exchanges unsettled and
credit overthrown. Bui let it become wen
and firmly understood that the supremacy
of the Constitution is to be maintained at all
hazatjflfr and we have a solid basis for pom-;
merciol transactions and commercial pros
perity. This is the aimer atone of every
constitutional government “ l True, ’
iave no great national debt tola cancelled
. in a dissolving view by a division of the
j confederacy into its component parts, but
that which we have is immediately imper
\ rilled. That which wc may hereafter find
1 it necessary to create, cannot be created,
for the reason that nobody will lend tolLe
, ghost of a government Alrcady.we learn
that the bidders 'for the last (ten million
loan ore refusing to pay the second install
ment because. South Carolina, n party to
the is preparing 'to secede... If
, the government of a country lias uo credit.
Its individuals will not be likely to stand
; in good odor in the markets of the world.
; When “the faith of the United States* 1 is pro
tested inWall street or Lombard street, the
faith of all tho citizens of the United States
is protested. But however grave a calami
ty this might be, it is a minor circumstance
us compared with the, wide-spread and Ir
reparable disasters to result from the vio
lent shock to our domestic commerce
and the utter overthrow ot mutual confi
dence consequent upon disunion. Every
consideration, pecuniary, moral and legal,
points to a firm maintenance of the Con-
Mitutjvq.and geography ofthe, United
Is It not time that the citizens of Chicago
ami of other commercial centres in the
Northwest were giving an expression' of
I heir views on these questions 'i The inter
ests to be affected one way or another are
(heir interests. We arc confident that the
press will do its duty' in the premises. Wc
believe that Congress will do its* duty, but
we have no guaranty half so sure as the
voice of the people publicly proclaimed,
f.cl It he sounded abroad that the North
west declares “the .Union must and...shall
be preserved,” and a thousand echoes will
be awakened North and South repeating
.mil reiterating the glorious words.
The husband of Mr. Sickles, during the
debate in the House on the 9th, said: .
Tho city of New York will cllngto the Union
while a single hope is left ; but when there is.
,io longer a Union, proud as she is of her
position as a metropolis, ready to banish sec
tional prejudices, aud willing to contribute all
l:i her power to maintain her honor at home
rad abroad, when there is no longer a Union,
-he will never consent to be an appendage »r
r lave of a Puritan province. She will asstrt
her own Independence. There is no sympathy
tiow between the city and State of New York,
nor has there been for years. She will open
iter free port to the commerce of the world.
There is but one thing to he added to the
ibove: Elect the husband of Mrs. Sickles
King of the new kingdom, and the liappi
icss of New York will be complete. He
i* a candidate that the city ought to delight
.o honor.
The Detroit Tribune says that Mrs. Burch
itidher mother will take up their residence
ills winter in Detroit.
—Capt. West, who went to Truxillo to ob
tain the remains of the late Gen. William
Talker, has returned unsuccessful in his mie
-ion, in consequence of the laws of Honduras,
■ prohibiting exhumation. Cob Radler has been
mimancly treated and bis release was expected
y take place shortly.
—lsaac C. Delaplaine, the Fifth-avcnoodle
lectcd to Congress in Horace F. Clark’s <lls
• id. New York, says it cost him SIO,OOO plump
> get bis election, and refuses to reimburse
he expenses of the rival Democratic candi
ates who were oil withdrawn In his favor, as
• compromise, on the eve of election. There
re a good many bard words about it, and a
•amor fortbc 44 items.”
—The Rochester Democrat says that Mr.
oming passed through that city on Monday
■veiling, and that he there received a tclc
. rapine dispatch from Chicago, announcing
he verdict in the Burch divorce trial. The
.•flgult of the trial seemed to give him much
< vtis&ction.
—A prominent Democrat of Kentucky said
icother day; 44 1f we of the South were to
sad Henry Clay’s lost speech at Lexington,
it would be very
:Ithout knowing the author,
generally ascribed to Seward or "Wilson.”
—lna speech at Springfield, DL, shortly after
ic Chicago Convention, Judge Kelley of
t'ailadelphla, now M. C. elect, jocosely wogcr-
I a ton of Pennsylvania coal against a barrel
•rillmois wheat that Pennsylvania would give
Tucoln a majority larger than his own State,
’ha judge Ims received his barrel of wheat
rum the Republicans of Springfield.
—The editor of the New York HbrW denies
i ’iat he wrote or knew of the letter, from which
« vtractshavc been published, with regard to
Ir. Lincoln’s election and the holding of
laves. It Is sold that (he letter In question is
1 ie fruit ofthe indiscretion of one of the
younger attache* of the TTbrW, and that it ess
entially misrepresents the facts In the case.
—They had a sort of religions fisticuff nt
Milwaukee on Tuesday. The opening for the
.j 'ht was inaugurated on Monday by Rev. J.
.y Coming and Charles Caverno, of the Young
ten’s Association, in relation to Mr. John B.
. mgb’s addressing the congregation in Mr.
oming’s church on Sunday evening when he
.is under an engagement to lecture before
. i<* Young Men's Association. Nothing but
.-.irds passed between Mr. Coming and Mr.
iverno, and tbe matter would probably have
-ted had not a few members of tbe former’s
Torch taken tbe matter Into their hands and
aslsting that their poster had been insulted;
•don Tuesday Mr. G. D. Donsman, in com-
• my with some friends ofthe insulted clergy
,:i ui,went Into Mr. Cavcmo’s office and knock
■ d him down. It is said that Mr. Coming I?
..iaeh grieved at the torn which the affair lias
t Ucn.
New Post Offices.—The following new
iSt Offices have been established within tbc
iwl week lllinois: Oakland, Pope county:
•lieldon, Iroquois ooui.iy; Blair, Randolph
maty; Lauesville, Sangamon county; blue
.idga, Peoria county; Lusk, Pope county.
'•ltconsin: Scotia,Trempeleaucounty; Kirch
u;n, Washington county; Lake Five, Wauke-
ia county; Wishow, Colombia county; Little
- urgeon. Door count}'; St. Mary's, Monroe
ninty; Sentinel, Ashland county. Minnaoia :
' vcksoDvillc, Wabaahaw county. loica: Den
i's, Appanoose county. Kansas: El Dorado,
: enter county; Moore’s Ranch, Marion coun
v; Rosydolc, Anderson county. Indiana:
iillaudct, Marion county.
Tha people of Freeport, in this State, have
ircody given $1,500 for the aid of the Kansas
offerers, and they intend to make tbe sum
Nobly Dora—The town of Uidott, Steph
ison county, a purely agricultural town, has
ontributed in wheat, com and money, SOOO
> • aid the starving people of Kansas.
Freeport Grain Shipments. —During the
’ hreo months of September, October ana No
■ ember, Freeport shipped 173,107 bushels of
t heat over the Racine road alone. That road
but one of three channels by which her
. raiu finds its way to market— Jrrrtpoti Jour
Ceuauville did HER DDTT. —Ccdftrviilc and
iclnlty has already shipped to Kansas 50 bar
rels of prime flour, and 300 bushels of com—
. .»lal value about 8300. — Ibid.
Improvement or Kalamazoo River.—We
'jam that our neighbors at Newark intend to
T<ply to the Legislature to pass a law for their
cuefit, similar to the Holland harbor act. If
lie harbor is improved tho river ongbt to be
>arcd, and asnng light droll steamboat sbonld
run from Allegan down, in connection with a
'aench speedy propeller, from the mouth of
Itc river to Chicago. They have our best
■vislics for their complete success in tbe pro
■osed improvements. —Holland iftyufer, Det.
' A destructive fire occurred in Hennepin
'unty, Minnesota, quite recently. It broke
Hit about 2 o'clock on Friday morning, in the
•:tm owned by the Meeker Town Company,
vhicb, together with its content*, consisting
•i flvc l/orsM, two yoke of oxen, two cows
•’ .>id a quantity of hay, grain, ike., were con
fined. The lire is supposed to have caught
»m the pipe of one or the men who went to
<-ud the cattle about 1 o'clock, for, in about
t-n minutes oiler be came in, it was discovered
>* be on fire, and ao rapidly did it bum that It
» .is impossible to save anything. The loss is
. Unrated to be about S3,(HO.
—The lumber yard of Mr. Phillipsat Hound
Sty, In this State, waa damaged by fire to the.
mount of SI,BOO, on Thursday night of last
Tbawksgitiko at Eosemokd.— An enter
prising Yankee town is Roscmond, in Christ
ian county, and a right Yankee way they have'
•here of voting for Lincoln and keeping
Thanksgiving. The Shelby Frtanan cornea to
ns with, nearly three columns, giving an ac
;, *9unt.of the general jubilee held at Rosemond
! .iu the 29th ult., embracing a wedding,
| speeches, toasts, and a good tima generally.
> 4&r. Hawley read a letter from the private sec
. .vtajy.of Hon. A. Lincoln, who bad been in
! vited to attend. The “everlasting” Wide-
Awakes of conne.on hand in full force,
n&uthem Illinois has good reason to be proud
of “that Yankee town that is Dot fenced in,”
.albeit its people did vote for Lincoln. The
uster they are .multiplied, in that section, and
t. '!. i/i-T • .
[From Oar Own Correspondent.]
Wabbisgtok, Dec. 10—11 P. il.
The first man of my 1
met on arriving hero this morning, saluted
me with the question:’; u Well, what do the
people ont West say about the secession move*
ment of the Cotton States ?” " ' %:r j
‘f'Theyara replied; “wheth-l
cr It is best to flog them back into the Union,
.pr,to let them go, unmolested. I’. 1 ’.
• . , « • , ..
"V** How-much concession are -the Western,
people willing to make to induce them to re
main *” asked my friend.
•* What do they want us to give them
“ Oh t they say it is 100 lale,”_said he; ‘‘.they
will not submit to Republican rule, and noth
ing bat disunion will satisfy them. But the
border Slave States thiuk they can coax them
back, or induce them to postpone their leave
jtaklngfora time, if the North will make lib-
Fral concessions, and present them as apcace
fferiug on the altar of our beloved country.”
i ** Well, name the terms. Let me know what
sacrifices oar Free State people arc called on
to make to inolify the firewaters?”
j “You must repeal your personal liberty
i “Very well. What more?”
“ You must help cuac-t.a more stringent fu
gitive slave law. When auigger is rescued,or
Scapes by the aid of3*our people, the county,
treasurer must pay the value of the fugitive.”
1 “ What next ?”
i “The slaveholders must be guaranteed the
right of taking their slaves along with them
when they travel on business or pleasure in the .
free States, and if the slaves abscond or are
coaxed away, the county or State In which
they arc lost; must be compelled to indemnify
the owners for the pecuniary loss sustained.”
“Good Lord! Anything more?”
“ Yes, considerable. The slaveholders must
have the right of, taking their slaves into all
the Territories, and be protected in the quiet
and secure possession of them.. In short, they
most have a slave code to secure them in their
territorial rights.” . ’
“Anything more 5“
! “Your people must not elect any more sec
tional Presidents. The consent of a majority
of the Southern States must be obtained be
fore any candidate can he inaugurated.”
“Your section mii.4 cease agitating the
slavciy question. Quit talking, making
speeches, and writing against slavery and
denouncing the institution as a wrong.”-
“ What else ?”
“Well, it is believed that if the North wi*j
promply concede these points It will enable
tho conservative men in the South to prevent
•omc of the cotton States from going out.
At least, it will enable them to make head
against tho disnnionists in the border States.”
“ The demands you specify cover a good
deal more ground than the Breckinridge plat
form,” we remarked.
“Oh, yes, bat you must consider that the
cotton States arc very much exasperated at
tho election of Lincoln, and it will require
more to conciliate them now than before tbe
election—os they have lost all the Federal
The foregoing Is a fair sample of a dozen
t-imilar conversations I have had to-day with
\arious persons, and I have related this one,
to let your readers sec what insulting, prepos
terous demands are made upon the free men
of the North hy the slaveholders, as the price
of their remaining in tho Union. Tho most
tremendous pressure Is being brought to bear
upon Republican members, to induce them to
give way, and sacrifice the rights and honor of
their constituents. The citizens ol the Dis
trict are employing every influence In their
power to undermine the resolution of the Rep
resentative, and cause him to betray those who
sent him here. These are the times to try
men’s principles. The knock-kneed and weak
backed members will shortly be known. Sus
j iclon points the finger to several. But I re
frain from mentioning names on present in
formation. The people would do well to write
to their Representatives to stand firm, and
fearlessly maintain the principles.] on which
they were elected.
Secretary Cobb, one of the Disunion mem
bers of the Cabinet, sent in his formal resig
nation this afternoon. Thompson will fol
low his example in a few days, or as soon as
he can manage some aflaire ofhls office. Cobb
ran the Treasury until he bankrupted it, and
finding himself utterly unable to extricate it
from the deepening embarrassment, he threw
up Ids place, and leaves for Georgia to engineer
the disunion movement in that State. What
ever he touches be will bring to grief
Sherman managed to get a bill through the
House to-day, authorizing the issue of ten
millions of Treasury notes, for the immediate
relief of the Government. They are issuable
fur two years, and redeemable from the pro
ceeds of the remaining half of the twenty mil
lion loan bill authorized at the last session.
The condition of the Treasury is each that
:he fire-eaters will not be able much longer to
prevent the passage of a revised tariff bill.
The 'present rate of Imposts only pro
duced fifty-four millions of revenue on
lour hundred millions of imported goods,
while the expenditures exceed sixty-eight
millions. The fire-eaters, under the lead of
Crawford of Georgia, tried hard to tack an
amendment to the Treasury note bill, morl
: aging the public lands and pledging thclrpro
cceds for its payment. Tire object was to pre
vent the passage of a Homestead bill This
called out Grow of Peuncylvanla, who com
pletely scalped the scheme. It was voted
down by 124 nocs to 75 ayes. All the South
ern Democrats, except one, supported the
amendment, as did most of the South Ameri
cans. The vote was almost sectional. The
slave-holders arc deadly hostile to the free
Homestead principle. The persistence of the
North lu supporting that great measure, is
one of the grievances of the oligarchy. Three
fourths of the Southern people—the nigger
less whites—wantslt passed. They feel as the
Northern masses do in its behalf But as their
wishes and wants are ignored, the slave
holders, though only one-fourth ofthe South
ern whites, have secured all the Representa
tives In Congress from thatscction. The poor
whites have no rights which Southern Con
gressmen arc bound to respect. Chicago.
State of Feeling at Washington. *
t(’orre*poudenceof the Cincinnati Commercial.]
The external appearance of matters at Wash
ington is quite decorous. No scenes like those
which disgraced the Capital daring the lost
*ession or Congress, have been witnessed.
Nor arc they threatened. There is no expres
sion of embittered personal fcoling, but a
deadly calmness, more fearfully ominous than
the most heated controversy,'prevails. Men
seem to be making up their minds to meet tho
shock of an uncomprehended catastrophe.
There is yet no formal proposition prepared,
of course, to seduce the Border Slave States
toparticipateintbc Cotton State conspiracy.
But representative secessionists are eagerly
making overtures to demoralize the conserva
tive feelings of the Uuion men of Maryland,
Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and Missouri.
All of these States arc regarded as tbe natural
allies of the Gulf States, and certain to Fluff
off from the Union iu the crisis. But before
this period arrives the' North will make'tre
mendous struggles to prevent such a calamity.
As the Border men arc still open to the con
victions of logic, the whole logic of the great
question in all its hearings, wul be presented
to sheir consideration. Great efforts will be
made to lift them above the prejudices of the
peculiar institution, and the idea of gradual
and final extinction of slavery in those States,
will be softened by lofy inducements of inter
est and ]iatriotisuq In order to induce them to
adhere to the Union. No cowardly compro
mise will be offered by the North—-the states
men and Intelligent people of tbc Border States
wonld demand" none—out the map of these
States, tbe philosophies, the practical opera
tions of free government, tbc results of an en
lightened political economy, will be presented
with all the vigor of great argument, In such
a spirit that it must command attention.
Among other schemes thrown out In this
connection, based upon the contingency of a
sectional separation of the States, i* the acqui
sition of Mexico by peaefui treaty by the Xorth,
A leading member of Congress irom tha West
whose Intelligence and whose character com
mand the respect of all parties, started a
■Southern member with this hint of the possi
ble policy of the North in a certain event.
The argument is pointed. Mexico hates the
South, and. sympathises. with the -free labor
principles and habits.of the North. Shcls not
Inaccessible to treaty. The North will require
now outlets and new markets for her trade.
A treaty would put her in possession, and—to
use a Southern phrase—the North, fortifying
the passes of Mexico, might' “defy the world
: in arms.”
The Southern'CuUeman was startled, con
fessed it, and said Mexico seemed In tha line
of “manifest destiny” to belong to the South.
The Northerner iterated the free labor doc
trine, and coutinucd, that hitherto the North
hadacted entirely outlie defensive; she bad
* been conservative,but new conditions and new
combinations would develop new motives for
action, and Inflame the flllibnstering spirit of
the population of our great Northern cities,
and their revolutionary real, upon which the
South teems to rely with such delusive confi
dence; might find a safety valve in executing
the new aggressive policy of the free States.
Here, the border States might find asnbjcct
worthy' of their most enlightened considera
This, from a “ conservative” but “ live” Re
publican, whom all sections regard as a “grow
ing” man, inky round fancifully just now, but
it is a geim which may soon develop into a
flourishing idea. I report it briefly as a “sign
of the times.” The hints thrown out iu rela
tion to the border States can be easily elabora
ted by readers, , .» v . :
The persistency with which the slave trade
argument is used to prevent the slave-breeding
States' -from uniting with the slave-buying
States, has forced secessionists to respect Its
potency, and they are striving to counteract
its influence, by protesting the folly of the
idea, some going so far os to offer assurances
that the “Southern Confederacy ” will prohibit
; the foreign slave trade. Upon this point the
'.border Slates will reqnlce full, satisfaction be
fore they make n plunge*-'
fiills.-wlthlh the same categoiy,
.and Secessionist* profess that it Is folly to dis
cuss the question,’ alleging that the freedom
of the Mississippi is ucyond peradvcnturc.
The obstinacy with which Western men dls*-
cuss this point, however, keep It before the
public, and it is quite suggestive of future
complications. .. . - -
The spirit of the North, at the Capital is ral
lying to meet the shock;: The Id&iof the
union of Northern men of all iwrlies In the
North, for the sake of the Union, is becoming
•a favorite topic. Partizans may struggle vio
lently against it, but In the crisis they will be
overwhelmed; Southern members of Con
gress perceive this, aud manifest somconxicty
to know whether the North will stand-firm In
the “Imminent and deadly breach.” ’ While
the Northern men deprecate defiant and rash
counsels, they have, as 1 reported by telegraph,
about made up their minds to resort to the.
arbitrament of arms; rather than admit the
right of secession. Such an admission, they
iuaintain, is at once tantamount to a disrup
tion of the government, and no power could
afterwards hold it together. You perceive
how swiftly the logic of events cany to dire
conclusions. Senator Ilale was rash, bnt his,
mind clearly perceived the Cict to which bis
bps gave utterance.
I Washington, Dec. 11,1800.
The news that South Carolina will not sc
dede, or proceed to other extravagancies invol
ving the Union until Buchanan retires, and the
fine weather, brings a momentary reaction.
Many think the postponement of South Caro
lina’s secession,-will ultimately arrest disunion,
but the conspirators laugh scornfully at the
notion. It is positively stated that the leading
conspirators in the Gulf States, propose to oc
cpmplish this object by passing ordinances of
seccssioDjUnd refusing to submit them to the
people. The Washington Star has positive in
formation upon that subject and U assured tlmt
Cobb’s precipitate resignation, was for the
purpose of being on liaud to coznpclte the
; The Powell resolution was debated several
hours in the Senate. Bigler made a whining,
dirt-eating speech, promislngthc North would
get dowu on her knees again, if the South
would only forgive her this time. Iverson
got off more secession bile, arrogantly declaim
ing that the South demands Congressional
protection for slavery in the Territories, and
will have it in or ont of the Union. He pro
claimed dissolution a fixed lact, and nothing'
under Heaven can prevent U. • He accepted
the irrepressible conflict in Us greatest
length aud widest extent, discarding all spe
cial pleas for disunion, and hosing secession
upon the Ineradicable hostility of free iustl-
I aliens to slavery. He threatened Virginia,
Maryland, and other border States, If they did
not follow tho Cotton States, and be quick
about it, the slave trade would be opened.
“ Where then,” said he arrogantly, “ will be
the slave market?” The people of Washing
ton, be said, were also denouncing secession.
It might happen Washington will remain the
Capital of the South, butlt will depend upon
their own condut. ‘‘ These marble walls may
become, too, the habitations of bats and owls.
The South is satisfied the North will never
yield their territorial position, and the South
will have nothing else. The North cun make
no concessions the South will accept, and If
she did,U would be from fear and interest, and
tne South will have no faith in the punicaJUks
of the North.” He mouthed the whole anti
slavery doctrine concerning the extinction of
slavery, aud adopted it os his belief—propos
ing to defeat the process ’by - expanding stave
territory. He was opposed to divorcing slave
ry from the Government, “because it would
accomplish precisely what Republicans desire,
namely, the final abolition of slavery.”
Yon will perceive these Southern gentlemen
are solely alarmed at the prospect of losing
control of the Government.
Mr. Pugh, pale and agitated, sprang to the
floor, exclaiming, “ If these be the sentiments
of the South, then I do despair of the Repub
lic.'* lie indignantly exjKJstulated with the
South forpervertiugand misrepresentingfaclg
against the North, charging Southerners with
reasoning and acting upon these prejudices.
Before he got through, Mr. Pugh actually dis
covered that the bill of charges from the South
and the Democratic party against the North
was -generally false, ant} expressed his belief
that ninety-nine of a hundred who voted for
Lincoln, did so because they had a good, hear
ty hatred for the Democratic parly, lie re
viewed the history of the execution of the
Fugitive Slave law In the North, ami showed
that, except in the Burns ease, the military
force of the Government had never been exer -
cised, and that all fugitives against whom true
declarations had been made were returned.
Mr. Douglas vindicated Illinois, uud showed
how beneficently his people had executed the
law, but be would observe, that excitement
upon this subject was intense precisely in pro
portion to the distance of the inflamed parties
from the point of trouble. While the border
States on either side were ucvcrmuch inflamed
on the subject, the people of Vermont, who
never see fugitives, arc horrified at the idea of
returning them to bondage; while Georgia,
who never lost one, la convulsed because there
is a possibility fast a slave, which may per
haps run away, may not be returned. The
law had been ’as faithfully executed as any
other law. but not as faithfully as it might be.
Altogether this was a good cxperiencemeet-
Ing, in which from secession sources and from'
Douglas and Pugh, the public beard with as
tonishment that the Republicans themselves
arc not half ns bad as represented to Southern
[Correspondence, of the Cincinnati Gazette. J
The Uuion Committee mot to-day and or
I learti that it was the opinion of all tbc
Southern Senators in caucus, except Mr.
I'earcc of Maryland, who thought they would
await a general convention, the Cotton States
would secede before the incoming of Mr. Lin
coln ; but in such a way as not to bring about
nn immediate collision with the General Gov
ernment. The plan matured to avoid such a
deplorable result consists in the quiet with
drawcl of the Cotton States from the Union,
leaving tbc border Slave States behind to me
diate in their behalf with the government. In
the meantime, the seceding States will permit
the revenue to he collected, the mails to be
carried, &c., under protect. If the border
States ore expected to join iu the movement.
This programme I gather from reliable source.
It is not true, as stated in some Journals, that
the Southern members of tbc Const-have been
paid in full by the Sergeant-at-arms; only sev
en hundred dollars have been paid to each
member from all the States.
Social Life In Washington.
[Correspondence of the N. Y. Krenini; Post.}
Tiio social life of Washington will be consid
erably affected by the prevalence of disunion
feeling. Dinner parties uud receptions by the
high-public'functionaries and* by Southern
Congressmen will be, as lor os possible, givcu
up. The South have had the control of the
capital so long, that their wishes on this point
arc decisive, and to Judge By the demeanor of
Southern Senators and Representatives in pult
lic towards Northern men, with whom they
have hitherto been on terms of familiarity, non
intercourse will be tbc rule for tbe winter, aiid
we must wait for tbc coming iu of a Republi
can President before tbc era of good feeling
shall be renewed. At tbs dinner given by the
President to the diplomatic corps, (where.con
trary to usage, not a single member of the
Cabinet wasln attendance.) he is said to have
expressed tbc apprehension that it was the
last series of dinners of the kind they would
ever enjoy at the White house. In this im
pression the diplomatic corps seem to agree,
the Southern Senators having taken pains to
indroctinatc them with their peculiar notions
as to the state of thing* nt the South.
Judging from the arrivals here and the or
ders for room* nt hotels, there will be plenty
of strangers here during the session, to wit
ness the decline and fall, not of the govern
ment, but of Mr. Buchanan's administration.
At Willard's, for example, which in extent Is
now, perhaps, the largest hotel in tbe United
States, preparations are made to entertain
three thousand guests about the period of the
inauguration of Lincoln The dining ball has
been enlarged to bold nine hundred, and the
Presbyterian church in the rear of the hotel
has been annexed, which will hold a good
many more. When this building, by tba way,
was purchased by the 'Willards fast winter. It
was employed in the week days for dancing
and on Sunday for religious services, an alter
nation, os Major Poore observed, “from grave
to gay, from lively, to severe." And this
brings to mind a rather singular way adopted
by the churches here of alluring Congressmen
to church. An advertisement In the Con*iitu
tion of Saturday, announcing services in Dr.
Sunderland's church, closes with the signlfi
cant sentence, “ Scats free and no collection.**
The italics are In tbe advertisement
NEwsrAPERUL.—Judge A. D. Smith, for
merly of the Wisconsin Supreme Court, and
George W. Chapman, hare purchased the 3XII
waukee Free Democrat, Mr. Sbolcs, the pre
sent editor, retires, and the paper will be pub
lished and edited by Messrs. Smith & Chap
man ...Beriah Brown has merged his Mil wau
kce Ibople't Prtta into the Arv*, and has become
cditoivin-chief of the joint concern. Mr.
Sharpstcin has relinquished the proprietorship
of the Anas, and U succeeded by John B,
Smith. ...B. A, James has become one of the
editors of the Keokuk County (Iowa) Xne*.
....The prospectus for anew Republican pa
per at Albany, New York, has been issued by
the Hon. Thomas B. Carroll. It hat Us origin
with that portion of the Republican party in
the Empire State that are opposed to the
course of the Albany Journal. The new jour
nal is indorsed by Horace Greeley, David Dud.
Icy Field, William Cullen Bryant, and other
leading Rcpublicans....A new paper, called
the ItopU'* Prat, has just been started at De
troit It professes to be devoted to the inter
ests of working men of the Northwest.,..H.
C. Buffington has purchased the Kalamazoo
Tdegraph, audit will hereafter be conducted
bj?ilim....H. L. Clay has boughtlnto the Car
rollton (DL) (rozeffe.andthcpapcrwillhareafter
be conducted under the joint proprietorship
of Clay and Price.... A new paper called the
Marquette Eagle, has just {been started at Ox
ford, Lake Superior. ■-> It Is Republican in poli
tics. Wm. 1L Farnhazn and LB. Noyes arc
its editors....We have received several num?
ben of the Rochester (N. T.) Democratic J*reu,
a new dally, just started by Hawley, Lewis 4
Pine. It Is strongly Democratic in politics,
hut presents a very handsome, appearance.
Mr. c. N. Pine, one of the editors, was for
merly editor of the Chicago Herald, and also
U. S. Marshal for the Northern District of Illi
nois ... .T. B. Helm has become editor of the
Delphi (Did.) Journal....The New Albany
(ind.) Tribunt is offered for sale at a great bar
s voids: for the union.
Leitsr from John 91. Bolts,
_ Richmond,.November 57,1950.^-
Mt Dear 8m: I have been endeavoring to'
make an opportunity for some days past to an
swer yonr very friendly and eeduetite letter,
but my whole time, day and night, been
so constantly occupied withznatters that could
not be postponed, that until the present I have
been compelled to defer It, and even sow 1
must be brief
I speak of your letter as being seductive; I
refer of course, to those portions which bold
. out promises of future greatness, if I will
“ seize upon the present occasion with a ner
vous grasp and guide the movement in favor
of secession,” which yon think is fixed and in
evitable, and many a charming woman has
sacrificed her honor and her reputation to the
insidious tempter under far les< imposing cir
cumstances than those you present for my
consideration; bnt it was because they bad not
the firmness to say, as 1 do now say to yon. In
the language of our Savionr, “ Get thee behind
me Satan I''
{ Ido not concur with you In opinion that the
dissolution of the Union is inevitable. The
eky looks threatening, I grant you; but so it
lias done before, and yet the clearest sunshine
has succeeded, without a shower of rain or a
real of thunder; sol trust it will be again.
Hot if It should bo otherwise, and the govern
ment of the United States is to be overthrown,
no part of the folly, the wickedness, or the
crime, shall he charged upon me, cither by the
wise and good men of the present age, or of
generations yet to come.
; True, South Carolina has rushed on with a
headlong impetuosity wholly unsnited to the
gravity of the occasion, as If she were afraid to
trust herself with time for calm deliberation,
relying more upon the jussion than the wis
dom of her people; and It may be, that under
a ridiculous and false idea of a becoming pride
and true greatness, she may involve herself In
very serious difficulty; she may even declare
herself out oftbc Union; she did so by ordi
nance in Convention in 1833; but still the
Union was not rent asunder, nor will it now
he, as 1 think; no other State I? likely to go
with her; and what is best and surest* of all,
Virginia eertaxnhj xciU not In her present slate
of mind.
If 1 could see the least semblance of justifi
cation in the attitude South Carolina has as
sured, I would sympathize with her —but I
eannot, for reasons already given iu my speech,
which yon say jou have just read. I see noth
ing in that position butpfcm, bold, daring, Jiat
jsoted rebellion against and treason to the rest of
i he States, and 1 cannot, under any contingen
cy, be induced to take sides with her in her
disloyalty and treachery.— Whatman ask it of
me. when her own most trusted aud active
leader, Mr. Yancey, in his Montgomery speech,
*• if I understand my distingaUbed friend from
*, Virginia. (Mr. Pryor;, tbe election of a Black Ite
, - publican President would be an issue fur dtonn on.
i understand my learned colleague. (Mr. Milliard).
t-> ray that upon that issue he would be ready to
dissolve tho Lnlon. I ray. with all deference tome
•.olleagaes here, that no more In;erior issue could
l>e tendered to tbe Sooth upon which we ebould
dissolve the Union than the loss of an decJon.
‘•Vhcn 1 am s*ked to raise the flag of revolution
against an election under tbe forms of law and the
Constitution. lam asked to do an unconstitutional
\hing, according t . the Consiltuilau as it now ex
ists: lam asked toput myself in tbe position of a
i:cjszL,of a thaitok; in a position where, if the
government should succeed and put down th«* rtro
i'Uion, I and my friends can be arraign* .1 l» -:.» re
’heSupreme Court of tbe United States. uultAere
: . J sentiriced tote hanged for violating thv tonsti
' tfion and laws of my country."
Sncii is the admission of tbe leader whom
you propose to follow, and you make an ear
nest appeal to me to unite with you in assum
ing the position of a rebel and a traitor, for
vnich I may he sentenced to be hanged for
violating the Constitution and laws of my
country. Pardon me, my respected, but im
petuous friend, but I had rather not ; I am im
pelled by every consideration of honor and
duty to decline your very polite invitation.
Do you doubt, or does any sensible and re
jectin' man doubt, that* Mr. Yancey de
scribed truly tbe situation which every man
occupies wbo favors tbe movement of South
Carolina, because of tbe election of Mr. Lin
coln? for even she does not pretend that she
would have occupied her present position if
Lincoln had becu defeated, and y*ct, are you
not surprised to see so manv of our own peo
ple turning “rebels” and ’•‘traitors” at her
oiddingr—arc you not Indeed surprised at
yourself? Jiebel and Traitor! very imposing
aid high sounding designations lu’tbe
tionol some, perhaps, but I have no particu
lar desire that they should attach to mv name
—either now, or iu after life. J Ty aspiration*
do not run in that line.
South Carolina, spuming the counsels and
co-operation of Virginia and other Southern
States, has, of her own accord, and upon her
owtf hook, chosen to raise a mighty and fearful
j.-.-ue with the general government, and upon
the general government rests the responsibili
ty of settling tbe question. Hands olf, and
Piirplaylo both, say 1. Jn its present stage
we have nothing to do with it, and so far as I
a:n concerned, Jjturn her over to “Uncle Sam,”
r:ul if she can maintain her position ngaiu»t
that respectable and powerful old gentleman,.
let her have all th® honor, and glory, and ben
«:it of tbe achievement to berscif. 1 hope she
may have a good and merrv time of it. She
will still be a State of the Union in a state of
rebullion, and 1 have not & shadow of doubt
cither of the right or the power to control her;
the only question would be —ls if worth whilst
\Vowld it not be better to let her go nut, and
star out until she has made the experiment,
and like the prodigal son, return to her home
to eat up the fatted calf.
But that, unfortunately, would lead to an
other perplexing difficulty, which <s, that it
would amount to acknowledgment that we
have no government, and never had one ; that
our fathers were a set of old fools and fogies,
who thought they were makin»for their pos
terity a government that woultT-widure forev
er, whilst It was nothing more than a mere vol
untary association of States, to he toteratcil on
ly fu long as it was entirely convenient and
arrccable to all the parties to remain in it,
< ul that the moment it became irksome to any
one State, It might be broken up as readily as
sm ordinary party at whist, whenever one of
t lie partners happened to tire or grow drowsr;
and It requires hut little reflcoilouto satisfy
any reasoning man that if the doctrine of the
right of secession is once recognized by the
government, all Us powers cease at once, even
although the doctrine may not be carried into
practical effect. Tbe government is now sup
juried by loans and treasury notes, and bos
been, with the exception of short intervals,
for the last twenty-live rears. What credit
would the government be entitled to, and
wb:it could it obtain, cither at home or abroad,
if it were understood that any one State might
a! any moment break up the government, and
thus cancel the debt, as South Carolina now
proposes to cancel hers?
W hen should we ho safe in declaring tear for
the defence of our honor, or our rights, or for
the protection of our people, if in the midst
of the war tbe Union should he dissolved and
the government destroyed whenever some one
of the States might be disappointed in the
election of her favorite candidate for the Presi
dency. or because her Interest would be pro
moted by doing so, or because it would enhance
the price of cotton to open a direct trade with the
enemy! What government on earth would
thereafter treat with us as one of the notions
of the world ? or treat us with respect J Ido
not wish to be disrespectful to anybody, and
most surely not to yon, but 1 hope vou will
pardon me for tayiug, that one of the incon
ceivable and irreconcilable things of this
world, to my mind, is, that an Idea of such
tmmixed aud unmitigated nonscnscand absur
dity as that of the right of a State to secede at
pleasure should ever have obtained a place in
the mind of anv man who was not an abso
lute lunatic. Men’s minds are differently or
ganized, I know, and wo sets things through
different optics, and, I dare *ay, you and others
look upon me in tbe same light’as I look upon
you and upon them. Well, be it so; honors
arc easy , and we break even.
It has bccom® quiet a f.vorite and fashiona
ble mode of cxpres*ion to say, is not a
government made by force, and cannot be krjit
together by force.
it is very true that the government was uot
made by force, aud it \s for that my reason that
t here is no right to break it up, anil that it can
be kept together by force; whether that is a
desirable mode of doing It is altogether a dlf-'
ferent question: if if had been formed by force.
if some tyrannical despot had forced a govern
ment upon the people which liad never ob
tained t heir approval or assent, then anv of the
parties would be Jastilied In throwing it off
whcnccerthcy could get rid of it: but «is pre
cisely because it was not made by force, but that
on the other band, it was a free and vUuntary
compart, entered into one with another, and
each one with all the rest, that there is a pow
erto enforce the compact.
Debts are not and cannot be created by fores
—but if voluntarily entered into, the payment
of the obligation may be enforced bv the
strong arm of the law; and the compact be
tween tbe State* having been voluntary enter
into, may, in like manner, be enforced, i’f neces
sary, by tbe strong arm of the government;
nud it Is no government at all if it Is not one
of aitffcfcnf force to protect itself against trea
son nud rebellion on the pan of its own citi
zens. If it Is not a government of force, wbv
was Congress clothed with the power “ to pro
vide for calling forth the militia to execute the
lues of the Union, suppress insurrection aid re
pel invasiotts,” whether they come from within
or without? Pshaw? that’s all fallal, to
tickle tbe cars of groundlings. It was a gov
ernment of force, and very efficient force, in
1833, when the force bill jMssed a Democratic
Congress, in the House by a,vote of 149 to 43,
and in the Senate by a vote of 32 to 1. When
and how has tho constitution changed
since that time, or Is It only because statesmen
have grown more wise of late ? LstahlUh'tbis _
doctnne of secession, and it U at once settled
that there is an absolute impossibility of ever
forming a fixed, permanent and stable govern
ment out of two or more States; for if our
Constitution docs not make this a permanent
government, os designed by its founders, then ;
language cannot be employed that would make j
itso,andonr institutions are no better than |
those of Mexico.
Bat if a new confederacy were to be formed,
I could not go with you, for 1 should use
whatever Influence 1 might be able to exert
against entering into one with South Carolina,
that has played the part ol a common brawler
and disturber of the public peace for the last
thirty yean, and who could give no security
that I would be willing to accept that she
would not be as faithless to the next compact
as she has been to this, which she is now en
deavoring to avoid. In addition to whicbftbe
objects and interests of South Carolina, as she
conceives them, arc essentially at variance
with those of Virginia: this State will never
sanction piracy; and’if not, South Carolina
does not desire oarifcompany, and would get
rid of ns os soon as possible.
What may be the ultimate condition of
things, 1 do not pretend to be prophetic
enough to foretell, but I do not think there
U any likelihood that any ol ber State will go
oat, as South Carolina propoM* to do, in a sort
ofaty-roefrf Haze; the rest will disposed to
consider matters more carefully, and will take
time for consideration and reflection, daring
'which much may, and X think will be done, to
.reconcile existing differences.
The Northern party has succeeded to power;
they are therefore deeply interested, in a politi
cal tone, in keeping the Union together, and
i can well afford \o do all that we have a right
I to demand under the Constitution; ana if
they do not, tec tnay be able to aeeompliih aU
1 that it mential through the action of Congrat,
I Now, as you say to me, “sit down side by
«lde with me,” and let me talk the matter over
Suppose the North should agree to repeal all
their obnoxious legislation, which has for its
object the obstruction to the execution of the
Fugitive Slave law, (which they ought not to
hesitate to do, even if no Union were at stake)
and, if not, suppose Congress should so modi*
fy that law as to relieve It of that obnoxious
feature to which 1 referred lamy Lynchburg
speech, and thereby add to, rather than im
pair its efficiency, and accompanying that
legislation With a bill declaring It ,to
be felony of the ‘highest grade, "and
subject. to heavy penalties by. fine and
Imprisonment, to rescue'-or attempt to
rescue-a* slave in custody of the officers, or
alter he had been restored to his master, and
making the General Government responsible
for the value of the slave that may be rescind,
and holding it as a charge against the State
that shall permit the lawto be .thus.“violated
within its territory; then suppose. In reference
to the Territories, there should be wisdom and
patriotism enough iu both sections of the
country to restore matters to the condition
they occupied prior to 1854, by re-establishing
the Missouri Compromise line ; don’t you
think, my good friend, yon could then be per
suaded to agree that all the Southern States,
except Sooth Carolina, would agree, even with
out the restoration of the Missouri line, to re
main aiittls Ipbgtr in the Union? although
South assume that she was
too good, and high-toned, and chlvalrlc to re
main where Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee.
Maryland, North Carolina and Missouri would
bs proud to stay? And If South Carolina
should be deaf to all remonstrance, and insist
that she would stay out oiler that, don’t you
think she ought to be left to share the late
she has so unnecessarily courted and pro
All this I have strong hope may be accom
plished, if reasonable tune is allowed, a suitable
spirit Is adopted, and a proper course is pur
sued ; but I do not think it can be done bv the
system of bullying and bravado that many of
our leading men have a decided passion for.
The North and South are equally brave, and a
brave people, like oliiuve man, will always de
spise and defy a bully, and there bos been too
much of that game played on both sides.
■ I believe in the patriotism of reflecting men
of all parties and of both sections, and I am
confident in the belief that each will, in the
>i»lrit that animated our fathers, for the sake
of the Union, surrender much that has been
claimed ou both sides, before they pull down
this great temple on their own heads.
' I will not stop to luquire which section
would suffer most from a rupture of the Union.
Itecausc I do not calculate its value by dollars
and cents; it is enough for me to know that
both would sustain a calamity that neither
time, nor labor, nor money could repair. But
to accomplish anything, reason and persuasion
must take the place of threats and taunts, and
crimination and recrimination. How all this
•i to be brought about is another question,
which 1 leave to those who are in power to
bring it about; but I have an abiding trust
and confidence in the same Good Spirit that
has directed us, through every trying difficnl
ly, that the way will be prepared to save the
great, glorious, thricc-blesscd and God like
work of our fathers to us, and to our children
and to our children's children.
One thing, my friend, you may be assured
oC that when the necessity shall'arise for Vir
ginia to take up arms against the government
of the United Slates, she will require do other
Stile to set her an eramplcof what it becomes
her honor to do—but she will neither be
•• hitched on M nor "drugged info” any rebellious
or treasonable movement by the most spoiled
child of tbe whole fumilv. Virginia made the
Union; It is chiefly the work of the hands of
her children, and ahe will adhere to, abide in,
protect and preserve it, until some stringer
reasons than now exist for Its destruction. ~
One word more. Are we to have a State
Convention ? I hope not, there is no sufficient
reason fora convention; the pnblic mind is
not in a condition fora convention; it Is in
too excited a state for such deliberations as
the public interest demands; uudortlul means
have been used to make it so, and the state of
vour own mind serves os evidence of that
Men are not made wiser or more temperate
from being sent Into a convention than to any
other deliberate body, such as Congress orthc
legislature; nor have we any reason to sup
pose, when party spirit runs as high as it does
now, that wiser and better men would be se-
Iceted for such a place and for such a purpose
us is contemplated; and would vou ordinarily
t rust, or do you know anybody who would be
willing to trust, the existence or disruption of
ibis national government tothe hands of those
who till either of these departments? The
world was not made in an hour; it is not like
ly to be destroyed iu a day. There is no occa
sion, then, for such remarkable haste.
Nobody purposes to lire our dwellings, or
sdwd our substance away from us; there is
plenty of time before us—let us then be pa
: lent, be wise, be moderate—give time for the
passions excited by tbe late election and the
: cenes that now surround us to calm down,
l.et us act like men. and not like children, and
uliove all, let us take time to ascertain facts,
uud not to be led away from tbe path of dutv
:md honor by the ten thousand misrepresenta
tions that are scattered broadcast over the
country for the purpose of inflaming popular
Jt takes a great while to build up a govern
ment, and It will require a vast deal of labor,
reflection, foresight, knowledge, wisdom and
experience to form one that will prove a satU
r.irtory substitute for this which you propose
lo discard. 1
Do you feel sure that the state is prepared
at a moment's notice to bring all these various
aud essential elements to bear upon tins sul>-
ject? If you are, 1 am not; and as there is
less danger to be apprehended from cautious
deliberation than from Impetuous haste, I beg
\ou tonnite with me in urging the people of
V irgiiua not to be lu too great a hurry to de-
Mn*y, or hazard the lo«« ol;what all the world
will never l*e able to give them again.
1 am, respectfully.
Your obedient servant and friend,
_ J. M. Botts.
To 11. B. M., Esq., of Staunton, Va.
A Southern View.
From the adoption of the Constitution to
the election of Martin Van Buren—from 17*9
lo 18J7—a period of forty-eight years, a South
ern man occupied the honored post of chief
executive of the nation, with the exception of
the single term of each of the two Adamses,
from Massachusetts,
During this period, that of nearly two gen
erations, two-thirds of the foreign missions
and the most important of domestic offices
were enjoyed by Southern men.
From lb4l toISOO, therewere but two Presi
dents—Harrison and Fillmore—who were not
emphatically the choice of the South, and
really nominated and elected by the Sooth.
Of the six Presidents since IS4I, three were
Southern men.
It was the boast of a Southern statesman, as
late as ten years ago, that the South bad dic
tated the domestic policy of the nation. The
purchase of Louisiana territory was at the iu
filiation of the South.
Thu annexation of Texas was conceived by
Southern minds and achieved by Southern
votes. The war of 1&12, from which the conn
t :y emerged with so much glorv, was voted tor
;md sustained by the South.
The war with Mexico, which added an em
pire m extent to the territory of the Republic
i* due to the policy of the men of the South •
thus extending our southern boundaries from
the western limits of Texas to the Pacific
ocean. Of all this has the South reason to
complain ?
. But our position is scarcely less improved,
in these series of years, in regard to the ques
tion of slavery. If, under the operation of the
liwa of climate and production, slavery has
been extinguished In that little patch of States
denominated New England, in New York,
Pennsylvania, and New Jersey, the purchase of
the territory of Louisiana lias given us Louisi
ana, Arkansas, ond Missouri as slave States a
regiou of country much larger than that from
which State sovereignty had eradicated human
The annexation of Texas in ISIS devoted to
slavery a territory equal to all New England
New York and New Jersey, and the acquisi
tion of New Mexico by conquest, in which
tlavcry Las been established by Territorial
1 iw. carries the institution two degrees above
l lie line of the Missouri Compromise. Can we
complain that the territorial limits of slavery
luve becu circumscribed, or go back to this
history of its extension to strengthen the cata
logue of our grievances Y
liut it is said liic perpetual agitation of the
q.U'.-Tiun *u and out of Congress lev* driven the
South to unjust concessions, every one of
which should have been made tbe cause of re
sistance to the Federal Government; and that
each, as it followed the other in tbe order of
succession. Increased the intolerance and ag
gression of the free North.
The Missouri Compromise was the first in
order. If It was wrung, the South has only to
blame Itself; forlt came from a representative
of a slave State, aud was supported by tbe al
most unanimous voice of Southern delegations
in both houses of Congress. It was ratified
again by the popular vote of the slave States,
until it came to be regarded to have almost
as binding a character as the Constitution ii
g elf.
The great struggle on the question of sla
very resulted In the compromise bill of ISSO.
Here again the South gave birth to the act, and
It wu sustained not onlv by the Southern
vote in Congress, but was rati tied by the peo
ple themselves. Georgia and Mississippi and
South Carolina made the issue of resistance
against It, and the people, with majorities un
precedented in any political contest, sustained
the work of the noble patriot* of that gloom?
the South is then precluded by its own ac
-4jon from reopening the issues then settled,
and making them living questions at this time.
lUght or wrong, they belong to the dead pastl
A golden era of peace and general accordfbl
lowed, until the elements of sectional strife
were again let loose from the sealed cavern by
the repeal of the Missouri Compromise and
the Kansas and Nebraska bill.—.Yoc Oritanx
Gone Off to Parts Vnknown,
We are told that Mr. Buchanan is about to
publish, in the official organ, anadvcrtlscment
to this effect:
“One Crct Rewakd will be paid to whoever
willarrest, hot not morn, an aeeni of mice wfc#
answers to the name of Howell Cobb. He was
cjplojcd, at high wages, to manage bt fiscal
anairs. At the time he began his wont nr" chests
were full, and ever since mj estate has been hLrblr
pros pc roes; bnt In some mysterious war hehas
disposed of this surplus and left me almost bank
rupt. Instead of remaining to help me one of mj
difficulties, he has.lnthepnost dishonorable man
ner, cut sUck, and it is said will devote the rest of
bis days in a still more dishonorable manner to
tnaklag war upon me and my friends. The pub
lic U cautioned against this faithless servant.
J. B."
Mr. Buchanan would not be unjust in thus
exposing his old companion. Cobb baa done
more than any man in the Cabinet -to bring
the administration into difficulty, if not coto
tempt. Mis wretched mismanagement of the
treasury, and his late efforts to prodnee a
panic In the money market, will not soon be
forgotten. But it caps the climax of his treach
ery to find him deserting the government iu
the midst of the embarrassments he Vs so
•largely produced.—.V. Y. Eve. Jhtt,
J. N. Briggs has withdrawn from the pro
prietorship of the Kcoknk (Towa) Gate City.
J. B. Dowell will hereafter be sole proprietor.
Gaiter*, Milieu*,
3co, £co;
AU of our own manufacture.
73 Lake street.
• - - -W*baveju*trec«U«da -
large and Very Fine Assortment
Of the** Goo da. Including many
Tbeae Goods ha*s b«ca selected with much care,
and will b« sold at a small profit,
73 Lake street.
Under Gannents,
OarsWek of the above Goods la an
□Cztremely Beßlrabla One.
Wo have JCBT the goods required for a FIRST
jwaodMMui a Lake itmt
Gimps; Plat Braids, all widths;
Fringe*, Silk and Crorhet ; But
tons In Mlk and Velvet. Bells
and Belt IClbbon*. all
Gilt and SUk.
Girdles, Cords, dec.
Oar prices are reasonable and assortment good.
■oJOdMO-la 78 Lake street.
S T O 3? !
Read mid Consider!!
Why U H n*t«ary to est and drink poor thlag* when
joa can get much b«tt«r for tb® money, at
Ko. 48 Clark Street - Ho. 48
Everything In tb« way ot
Tht best sad Cant
PICKLES—Foreign & Domestic.
Every variety of
Sances, Condiments and Spleen,
Green Turtle Soup, Splcced Salmon,
Lobster, Poll’d Salmon aud3lackerel.
Old Bqurbon and Old Ry®
wr a z s s z k s.
Try and you will be convinced of the troth of a’l
tbe*e townloQ®. •ci’OO-iy-.Up
118 Randolph Street,
II«i HI or lh, LARGEST mil REST .stortraentl ol
That can be found In the City. IT® off.™ any book
ftwm Ida Catalogue, which contain* upward* ®f
1,200 UilTcrrnt Kind*,
Of Anrlvnt aad Modern Authors, at the
Or at the regular retail price® with gift* Includ
Call personally or send for a catalogue. no2ftlSSVlm
Dearborn Street, Ko. 8 Tremcot Block, Chicago.
VTc hare a Urge a«*ortcieat of Fins Bosom* ofererr
£lt ,pn^ly for . Urr *‘ and Party wTtoiJ
wlUm * k « °Pto order and warrant to glva
nUMacaou. noA*dl37-fw
Haring commenced the manufacture ol
I am pr®par*d to pay .the highest market price far
OH Cake For Sale at all timet.
c - A ROGERS. No. * HUlUn)'* Block,
eSS-dlOMm Cor. Clark and 8. Water Su Chicago
Hudson. Bay Co.’*
Sleigh and Carriage Hobc«, Buffalo
Skin*, Gentlemen's Collars.
Caps, Gloves, Ac,, Ac.
107 Randolph Street, Chicago, Ifl.,
V: T *. 0 9. h * nd assortment of good* of the *bof®
di-Mripjon. which they will sell M moderate pr.ee*.
warranting every article told a* represented.
as hooks i.v the fire.
From the Fire on Franklin Street.
Chicago. November 21,19®.
Messrs. IlEßStxe A Co, 40 State street:
Gentlemen.—lt elves os great pleasure to Inform
jon that the imsiUNCS* PATES * CTUMi’IOV
tAFL purchased from yon a few vears since has last
pasoed through the Fire which destroyed oarelore cm
tae night of the 21*t U»t, and upon opening It we and
all our Book*. Papers and Monev la a* good a »t*le of
preservation as when put In tne Sa'e. Not a Sign or
FiBROR TtiKx. although ltw*4 not got out tor h trrr.
bKurr HorßsArTßßToxf'BßComtrßCß. We can
cheerfully recommend juur hafe* a*d>elac all they
claim to be.—the •• Champion f afe of the World.’*
The ab®va Safe can be sees Just as It cam* from the
Fire. In front of our store, where the largest assort,
oent of Fire aud Borglar-Proof Sales In the Writ, can
always be found. Also. Side-Board Safe*. Vault Door*,
Bankbooks, hi, HERRING & CO,
dHWlygdpg hi street
db. PLrrriLEicirs
wm cure *ll and every kind of Lament**.
V?bew cnml of complaint*
ofiae li*c«. breast and Side*, Klieumalism. Spinal Af
&£»«•. M »eu •< aU Nervooi Md
£<£&£* n* to tae Lumaa tencm.
u •M n B^«V EI ‘" , °’ “ on! ‘ “ d c "“. “«S
Oa« irtiU »m more man satisfy the moit skeptical
tj»t 5 cents cannot b« better invested. '
T“. ?I^t*Jl ru as fl u * “ d ,15 "bolesaie be Dr.
T. rLLMLtIGU, Algonquin, 111, or bi* Agent*.
lobd ic shith,
45 Lake afreet, CMcaga. in.
Goods 2
Intended to meet the »aat* of person* wish,
been made *** lfirbetUr article itanprevious y
Uorstock consists of ao assortment ofTea Setts. Cot
rirr*. Casters cate Bukeu. PltcLen Bnttcr
Dtebe«.Bpooa«.Forks. Ladle*. Knlve*. Napkin
*e„ allot ourovnoiake.acdTUibe
/■„Fr? rn * toS ?J >CTe * nt * Cheaper than retail dealere.
for tae reaMn that we mannfactnre them ourselvei!**
S i eel Knlrea ami oW SpooS. Fort*.
C^tS^I“«SS 4c - « short notice.
I*. A. HAnBLEM ic CO.,
,*i~S%." is *' a ™ lzn - s * ,T “««
T. c - smith & co.,
Brut Cook HaunJacturera,
And Dealers In
Also—particular attention paid to Jobbing of all
kinds connected with the Trade.
228 Washington Street, Chicago, ZU.
Mitchell & zahm,
naxuraCTcasu or
And dealers to Hides, Wool. Tells Seeds and Port
oacomer oi Put*street and Archer Road’
■Offlea aoh Warmhoasa, 77Klazla street.
. Ac-itmou. . taouj uvauw*.
WtU prodeee and HdtTtAinorSheat Into tbs room tbaa
', ;• * any otter (tori.
Cite* mors beat from do uai coal dan any otbsr
■tore. ?
Prodacaii beat quieter than any other coal stove.
Borns anthracite or hUamlixnn eoaLaad rives the
•Oargeat amount *
* THE Al.ami.lN
Radiates (be ba*Sdj'*'ftelotSe lower part of tbs room.
Burns mor.* c: tbs gasaad smoke than anyotbtrtiov#
Prodaces the most pare and healthful beat.
Received die highest premiums at the Albany County
Fair, the New Yorkbiate Fair, and Units'* States Fair
Has received the highest encomiums from thePreaa.
from distinguished men, from Dr. Nott. and others;
. la the stove to boy. <• * T
Ha* Six Sties—Nos. 10,12.13, IS,«, end it.
Together with a large variety of Parlor and Cooking
Staves, Cor aalo near the New Pott Ollier, by . .
No. 13S Clark street.
No. 115 Randolph Street,
Agents for tho
iff Yfli BLUR
Packing Company
Have oq hand at all time*
heather Bating,
c«sDrcn.vc axd iaci.ve dose.
L:ice Leather, Bell Hook, nnd
Rubber Boots and Orcr-Shoes,
And every thing In the
?::i proved Planing Jlachine,
This |* the only Perfect Planner for
'Haclilue, Car and Carriage Tlanufae*
turen, for Cabinet makers or
for Carpenters, In use.
Tor Cutting, Meldings and Irregular Forms.
Whe intend t* sail
Mionlcl not dclaj but tout! in
No. 11l Randolph Street,
Especially designed
V&c the Use of tho SZodlexil Profirseioa
and tho { family,
Having superseded the so-called “Clti*,* "Arc null a."
* CordlaL" “Medicated.” “Schnapps/* 4c, U cov en
dowed by all of the most prominent Physicians. Chem-
I -t". and Connoisseurs, ms all of those In*
vrlnslc medicinal qualities, (tonic aoa diuretic) which
1 elon; to an ou> mso res* cix. I*nt an in quart but.
« le* and sold by all UruydstA, Grocers, ce.
A. 71, BIMNGEB & CO.,
'Established In 17TS.) Fot* raorairroaq
Xo. iy Broad Street, Jf. T.
_tP*for «a>, -whnTeM>. In Chlen-a by Hoyt A
Tierce. J. H. iteed 4 Co, ••.. iJ.t, S. Fuller A Co.
41 - - La Salic Street - - 41
rihalins Bosque*,. Skating Cap*,
Ribbed Haslery of tic Best Quality.
A, Urge assortment of
Zapiyr Vo retails and Vollen Yarns.
(LjuTE li. DCXK.)
.La Salle Street.
American Sherry.
PRODPnxG its own wine.
A Gi cnl TViuit Supplied.
A pure Wltm of delicate Savor that competent Judge*
pronounce eoncrlor to most of the high priced wines
•old In this con niry, 1* cow being produced by the an.
denlgnad from the
Beyond 'Jbe ordinary tonic effect of a pure grape
wine, this acts as an alterative, and isvaum Fiiru*
iso raow rmroernos aso or vnx bowklj,
and who, cassot era own wtan aro
ustngttw KbFlWLAppleateUect. i
9 vd «a-;tJhnuf*cturrr'» prices by
J. H. REPI> 4 cn. Chine#, m
LT, Mcwtn. UclTcJlere. IU, tjopu l, Lva. itt eta
Tub Auiicinimw or Lajtocao*.—There 1* egrow
lag tendency lathis age to appropriate til* moot u>
pressiveworda of other language*. tod after a while
to Ineorporata, them Into oar own;thae the word Cep.
hallc, which la from the Greek. signifying ’•tor the
heed.** U now bsoomhrg popularised in connection
with Mr. Spalding's great Headache remedy, hat It
win aobtr be used la a more general way. and the word
Cephalic will become at common aa Electrotype and
many others whose distinction a* foreign words hee
been wen away by common usage Chay seen
M mattve aad te the manor ben.”
’ardly Realized.
m *ad *n ’orrlble ’eadache this hafternooa, t
•toppedlnto thebapothecasleehand *eye hi tothemaa.
" J»u heaeeme of pn 'eadache 7* “ Doce tcheehe
aro." aeye • HO* ceedtogly” says h t, b*M opoa
that «|mn» CephellnPiil, band ’pen. me ’onor 10
eared me to quick that I ’ardly realised I ’ad ’ad an
tr Headache la the frvoriu sign by which nature
makes known say dariaUoa whatever from the aa.
taral state of the brain, and viewed In this light It may
be looked on a* iiiftpart Intended togtit notice of
dlicaw which might otherwise escape attention, till
hK) late to be remedied g and Its indications
never be neelrctcd. Headache* may be cla-vlbed on.
der two names, vU; Symptomatic and Idiopathic.
Symptomatic !I.*adacl>e I* esrevilagly common and te
the precursor of a great variety «f dlsca***. Uno ;•»
which are .apoplexy. Gout. Rbeuinsthm and all Muds
diseases. In Its nervous form it Is sympathetic of dU.
ease of the stomach constituting sics uasosen. vt
hepatla disease cousdtntlng muocs ntsmcßn of
worms, eonsttpatloa aodolher disorders of the bowels,
as well as renal and uterine affection*. Li*ee*es of the
heart are very frequently attended with Headachest
Amends and plethora aro al*o affections which fr»!
quently occasion headache. Idiopathic Headache te
also very common, being usually distinguished by the
name of saavors ntaDsriix. sometimes coming on
suddenly in a state of apparently sound health sad
prostrating at once the mental and physical energies,
and la other instances It comes on slowly, heralded by
depression of spirits or acerbity of temper. In most
Instances the pain Is In the front of the head, over one
or both eye*, and sometimes provoking vomiting; on*
der this cla*s may also be named \\rx»tor*.
yor the treatment of either ela-e of Headache die
Cephalic Fills have been found a sure and safe remedy,
relieving the mostaente pains la a few minutes, and
by Ua subtle power eradicating the disease* of which
Ueadaehe is the unerring
wannyoa to tend bar a box of Cep.
halJc Glue. bo, a bottle of Prepared puia,—but fm
thin king that'* not Just It caliber; but perhaps yell b •
afther knowing what It la. Ye mp *he> nigh dead and
goce with the sick Headache, and want* some more ot
that lama as relalved her before.
Darcotsr.—Too most mean Spalding Cephalic Pm*.
OaiDorr.—Och! aura Dow and you've sed It, here’*
the quarther and glr me the PlUa and dont be all day
aboot It aUher.
Constipation or Coatrvenesa.
>•* one of the -many 111* Seth is heir to- is so prera
loot, so little understood, and *o much neglected ae
CoatfreaeM. Often originating la carelmaam, oraed*
eotary habits; It l» regarded as a slight disorder of too
little consequence to exdto anxiety, while ta reality It
U the precursor and companion of many of the most
fatal and dangerous diseases, and onloss early «*yM*e
led It will bring the sufferer to an untimely grave.
Among the lighter evil* of which costiveuea* Is the
usual attendant are Headache. Colic, Rheumatism
Foul Breath, PU«s. and others of Uke nature, while
long train of Wgbifol diseases such a* Malignant Fa
'era, Abe esses. Dysentery. Diarrhea. Dyspepsia, Apo*
j'lexy. Epilepsy, Paralysis. Hysteria. Hypochondria**
Melancholy and Insanity, first Indicate their presence
In the system by this alarming symptom. Not unfro
qucctly tbs diseases named originate to Constipation,
but take on aa Independent existence unless the ranee
1 . eradicated In aa early >Uge. From all these condd
atlons It follows that the disorder should receive Im
mediate attention whenever U occurs, end no person
should neglect to get a box of Cephalic PUU on th*
iir»t appearance of the complaint, a* their timely iue
will expel the ln*ldnou» approaches of sod de
stroy this deegsroua foe lo human lift.
A Seal Blessing.
PaTatciix.—W*ll. Mrs. June*, how is that beadaoha •
Mua. Jonas.—Gone! Doctor, all gone! the pill you
sent cured ms In Just twenty minute*, and (wish yon
would send more so that I can bare them handy.
Phtsicii.v—You con get them at any Druggists.
Call for Cephalic PUU, I nnd they never and 1 re
commend them In all cases of Headache.
Mas. Jose*.—l shall send for a box directly, and shall
tell all my suffering Wends, for they aru a sail SLxae*
iso. I
Twanr Mimosa or DotXiu Sir»a—i/r. Bpakling
he* sold two millions of bottler of Ms celebrated Fro>
r«rrd Clue and it N estimated each bottle save* at
least tea dollar* worth of broken furniture, thus mak-
Jus an aggregate of twenty million* of dollar* re
claimed from total M*« by this valuable Invention.
Having made hi* Glne a hon*ehold word, ho now pro-
P **• to Jo the world atilt greater servieu by caring all
thu aching heads with Ida Cephalic PUto. and if they are
as good as Us Clue. Headache, will soon vnni.hawn/
like anew la July.
•3T* Ovte EzamnT, and the marital care and ao»
Irly Incident to closj • Mention to baklnas* or stndy,aro
among the naraar v cause* ofNcrroa* Headache. Thu
dUordcred*; d* ofmlnd and body Incident to thi« dis
tressing U a fata) blow to all energy and am
bition. Sufferer* by thU disorder can alway* obtain
•peedy relief from the»e distressing attack* by using
otiaofthe Cephalic 1*1)1% whenever tho symptom* ap
pear. It quiet# the overtasked brain, and soothe* tho
►trained and Jawing nerves. and relate* the tension of
the stomach whirls always aeeompanlefl and aggravates
■he disordered condition of the braiu.
Fact wo*T*lC:*ow«a,—Spalding's Cephalic PEUerw
a esrtata ©*r* for Sick Headaeh*. BUllooa Headache.
Nsrrsas Headache. CusUrenew and General Debility.
•acAT Discover.—Among the re net Important of att
fie great msdlcal discoveries of tbWagejnay bo eon
•Uered the system of vaccination fur protection from
Small pox, the Cephalic Pill for relief of Headache, and
Uie n*e of Quinine Ibr the prevention of Fevers, either
af which Is a sure apertfie. whf>*« benefits will bo o»
perlenced by suffering bnmanlty loog'afler their dto.
covertn aro forgotten.
tF“Dtd yon ever bare the Sick Headaobaf Hoyoa
r-member the throbbing temple, the fevered brow, th*
I tathlug and disgust at the sight of food. How totally
unfit yon were for pleasure, conversation or study.
On* of the Cephalic Pill* would have relieved yon from
ell the suffering which you then experienced. For
till* and other purpose* yon should always have a box
af them on band to me aa occasion requires.
Nervous Headache
<jlSs. *
By tbs dm of these Pill* tits periodic of .Vo>
▼ono* Sic*HrADACßamayba prevented; andlftafcn
at the eommaocament of an attack nlta*
from pain and atekaeea wIU be obtained.
They seldom Cell la removing the .N'icut and Haa>
lot* to which female* are mo subject.
act gently open the bowel*—removing Cbo>
Yor Ltrnuar Mu, SrcnErni, Delicti* Females, aad
bahts. they are valuable as *
Giving toss and naoa to the digestive organa, and f ■
storing the natnra! elasticity and stmgtb of tbs whole.
The CEPHALIC PILLS are the result of long tnrea
ttgadnn and carefully conducted experiment!, bavin* -
been tunes many yean, daring which time they bav*-
Prevented and Pelleted
a vast amount of pain and suffering from Headache
whether originating In the savor* system or from w
deranged state of the stokicr.
They are entirely vegetable la their composition. ud
maybe taken at all times with perfect safety wlthow
Mklng any change of and the
Abcosco of any Disaffrooabl* Taite,
** *ast to Abaci ism nn to cmuuuuc.
•aeachßQ 8 ***• riguaturea of Henry C. SpaUtac
Sold by Druggist* and alt other Dealers laSfadldaaa,
A, Box. via be seat by null prepaid oa receipt of tb*
piacE. S3 ck^tts.
All orders should be addressed to
as Codar Btnwt, W.w Tort,

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