OCR Interpretation


Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, January 19, 1861, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031490/1861-01-19/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

Chicago Cwiutte.
BATCDAT, JANUARY 19, 1801.
v tcse lt wabmkg.
We owe it to.the people of the North, as
public journalists, to warn them that they
are about to be betrayed and sold out.
The course pursued by the South is slowly
but surely doing its intended work. The
enactment of secession ordinances by two
or three more States; the seizure of a few
more forts, arsenals and munitions of war;
tho confiscation of additional cargoes of
powder and provisions belonging to private
citizens; the maltreating and murdering of
yet other men of Northern origin; of some
more who voted for -Lincoln, or who, not
doing so, believe his election is not suffi
cient cause for secession; the firing a few
times more upon our national flag, and the
utterance of a few more treasonable speech
es in the Senate of the United States—and
the flunkies and the doughfaces and the
cowards of the North will bo upon their
knees, begging for terms. It is impossible
to be mistaken in Ibis matter. On all sides
she indications thicken of an ignominious
surrender. The Northern Democracy are
everywhere caring in. In their County
and State Conventions they express a wil*
lingness to give up every one of their
heretofore cherished principles, to Aihmit
to every possible outrage that traitors may
choose to inflict; and they more fbnr> inti
mate, unless the whole North surrenders,
they will turn their guns upon those who
object. In these positions they are joined
by the timid, conservative men of all par
ties—hymen of capital and by men intent
npon the profits of trade—by men who own
chips and manufactories and merchandise
—by men who put a market price upon
principles, and who count case and personal
safety oLmore value than honor and patri
otism. While the former are holding their
conventions for the undisguised purpose of
giving aid and comfort to men who are in
arms against their own country, the lat
ter are equally active in gcttlsgup and cir
culating petitions to their representatives
sn Congress, imploring them to dishonor
their country, Ihclrscction, their principles,
and Ihclr manhood, by voting for some ig
nominous compromise. There was a time
when both classes had only brave and de
fiant words for traitors and rebels. When
Douglas, in his Norfolk speech, declared
that treason must be pul down and the
laws of the country enforced by the whole
power of the Nation, if necessary, the
Democracy of the North with one
voice echoed and applauded his words.
But that was before the traitors had shown
their teeth—before they had fired upon the
national flag, seized the national property
■within their respective Slates, and defied
the Federal Government It would seem
that the threats were intended only for
small traitors or traitors in posse —not to
treason on a large scale, or to traitors in esse.
For the former an avenging arm and a ter
rible retribution—for the latter, words of
kindness and conciliation and measures of
concession only, !
Has all manhood clean gone out of the
North? Are all the stcadfastnes of pur
pose and all the courage of the country in
the possession of those who are in arms
against the goyctumcnt? Have we sunk
so low that we hasten to swallow every
brave word we may have uttered, the mo
arent danger appears in view ? If so, then
it matters not what may come, we cannot
be dishonored.
And now, if there Is not enough of man
liness and of principle left at the North to
meet this crisis, let the consequences he
what they may, without surrender, then
Jet us beg of the South not to be modest in
their terms. If whenever a demand is
made in behalf of Slavery, Freedom is to be
trayed by its professed adherents, in God's
name let every remaining vestige of liberty
be given up at once. "Why stop with re
cognizing property in man—with incorpo
rating a Slave code into the Federal Con
stitution—with paying the South in money
for all its fugacious chattels? Such an ad
justment would give but brief satisfaction
to* section that never fails to get what it
demands; end in a'few years the country
would be called upon to pass through an
other criiss, to be settled by the humilia
tion of the North and the triumph of trai- ,
tors. No: Let the South demand now all
it may want for the next century, or, at !
least, until a belter breed of men \
shall inhabit the North. Let us i
sound the lowest ■ possible depths of *
degradation at once. A speedy dcs- I
cent to the lowest possible point may per
chance be followed by an upward move
ment, but we should never recover from a
degradation that is the work ofgcncrations,
and so becomes ingrained in our very souls,
fit pity thenflet the South complete the work
now. Let heradd to the other demands the i
reopening of the African slave trade—that j
our outward hound ships shall go freighted t
freighted with cotton, and no vessel shall i
cater our porta that does not bring a full car- !
goof slaves-that capital, everywhere, shall
shall own itslabor, that no distinction shall
hereafter be made, in law, between (he la
borers of the South and the labors of
the North—that the distinction of
free and slave States shall he forever
abolished, and that slavery shall be alike
lawful in every Stale, and the slaveholder's
Tights of property be protected in cvciy
load and on every sea. Let the South in
crease her demands to this extent while
she is about it—and our word for if, the
same men at the North who arc in favor of
conced*ng to her present demands, will be
equally clamorous for the balance.
There is yet a single hope for freedom in
tils crisis, but that hope does not rest on
the North. If the South Carolinians would
only make a determined assault upon Fort
Bumpier, level its walls to the sea, and
slaughter its gallant commanderand allhis
men—then perhaps the North would arise
in vindication of the Constitution and laws,
and teach the South that this country and
government were not made wholly for
slaveholders. That is now almost our only
hope.
“D3VT CRIPPLE TUB BANKS.”
It is difficult to measure the drolleiy of
the phrase now common in the mouths of
the wlld-oaUcrs and their allies— “ Don't
cripple the Banks." “Och, you was a
pretty bird before I shot all your feathers
off” said the Irish sportsman os he picked
np a load where he expected to find a
pigeon. Don't murder that skeleton.
knock the breath out of that ghost
Don't,.“cripple” that which never liad
limbs nor*musdcsj body nor soul, a local
habitation or anything else under heaven
but a name 1 “ Don’t cripple the Banks.” '
"When the present banking law first went
into operation, quite, a number of legiti
mate institutions were organized under it,
having an actual basis of capital/ These
were located chiefly in Northern Illinois.
Chicago boasted a number of such; Wau
kegan liad one, Elgin had one, Galena, Ot
tawa, Joliet; Hock Island, Springfield,
Bloomington, Alton had each one or two,
all of which proceeded upon the true poli
cy of discounting business paper, paying
out their own notes and redeeming them
when presented at their counters for specie
at par, or in exchange at a moderate pre
mium. There arc many persons in our
community who remember the notes of the
Marine Bank, the Chicago Bazik, the mer
chants and Mechanics Bank, the Bank of
America, the Exchange the Bank of
Northern Illinois, the Hock Island Bank,
and other old, familiar names, which be
longed to a golden age. Where are they
now ? , Occasionally the teller at Tucker’s,
Tmkham’s or Geo. Smith’s,
(these are of our latter-day
banks,) turtfs up one of those relics of an-
immediately beebmes a corios
rttymr the admiring inspection of cashier,
/book-keepers, check clerks, messengers and
ponds. All Hands wonder where it has
been so long, and all desire the privilege
of holding it a lew moments. It is th™
laid away with a chockle,seporatc and
apart from the vulgar pens -which told the
Issues of McLeansboro, Hutsonville, Sulli
van, Benton, Canrd.andEqualUy.;‘forall;
know that It means down
right, hard cash. Tho next day it goes to
the counter where it first saw daylight, and
it is never seen again. <. - \f. v;
Why was it that the legitimate systems In
Vogue eight or ten years ago winked out of
sight so suddenly? Why is it that there
is now no Karine Bonk of Chicago, but in
stead thereof- a u Chicago Marino and Fire
Insurance Company” to which the Marino
Bank loans Its capital? Why is it that
the the Exchange Bankhnsbecnsuperceded
by H. A- Tucker & Co.? Why is it that we
have a flood of bank notes but no banks?
We need not go back to the histoiy of the
Georgia wild-catting, baleful as that was,
to find the answer. Bad money always
drives good money out of cumulation. Tho
law, so far nsit can recognize valtfein pa
per money, makes no distinction between
the myriad issues of inaccessible paper
mills, and the bona fide notes, put forth by
bona fide capital, to be redetnfeci with bona
fide cash when demanded. Talk of “ crip
pling” a bank which nererhad any money,
fteVcr had a President or Cashier, never
had a door nor a counter, whose notes
were signed also much a hundred by* a
copyist! Why the very bonds upon which
they were issued were borrowed. They were
borrowed for sixty days of a Wall Street
broker; they were given to tho Auditor
for an equal amount of currency; the cur
rency was paid out for an equal amount of
Wheat; the*wheat was sent to New York
and sold for an equal amounts?gold; and
the gold, minus the ptonts in the transac
tion, was paid over to the broker. This is
your hank; and this process is called
moving the crops. That wheat was sold for
hard money, but tiro people have accepted
in its pla'CO' the irredeemable issues of a
bank said to be located somewhere in Sa
line country—issues which are never at
par anywhere, not even in the hatiilel
where they are dated, and Vrhich at the
present time arc worth somewhere
from eighty-five to ninety-five cents on the
dollar. What bank can afford to pay out
and redeem its own issues in the face of a
competition like - this ? “I have sold my
“ four banks to the State cf iMo'iVand I
“ have no further interest in them,says a
prominent New York operator ih State
bonds, whose only purpose in vfcitilig Illi
nois at aH isto take ui> if possible, a few
first class bonds, which were Inadvertently
deposited with theAuditor,and to substitute
third class bonds in their place. These,
gentlemen, arc 'four banks; you bought
them ohd paid for them. They have no
capital except such as you put into them;
and their issues will never be redeemed ex
cept as you redeem them. But O, “don’t
cripple the banks r
If the State of Missouri wiuted
■to borrow five buHioih of dollars,
or if the solid, f.clVent State of Massachu
setts wahled to borrow that sum, how much
Of the loan would be taken by the ftrifrers
ofDlinois? Probably hbl one cent. There
might be nd Objection to the security orthe
rate of interest, hut it would he replied to
the negotiators that we are not capitalists;
we have no money to invest in that way;
we can use our funds to hetteradtantagfc in
other channels. But if it was proposed to our
fanners to loan five millions to Missouri
without tatevs?, how much more ridicu
lous would the proposition become! Nev
ertheless, this is precisely what we are
doing. We sell our com and pork for the
reduced fractions of a multitude of Missou
ri bonds—the wheat pays the holder of tho
bonds dollar for dollar in genuine United
States money —he draws the interest on the
bonds, and ue redeem all of the money
that ever gets redeemed- The merchant
redeems it by paying one, five or ten per
cent premium for exchange, and he is
obliged, of course, to charge it over to his
customers, or make an assignment. But
we are entreated, forsooth, not to cripple
the banks!
| There is an insane notion in the minds
| of some people that if this brood of wild
cats are unceremoniously “cleaned out”
we shall have no money. It is not pro
posed, we believe, to clean them out as they
ought to be cleaned out, for the reason that
we cannot abrogate vested rights. But is
it possible any one can fail to ace that if we
could get rid of our bad money we should
begin to have good money? Do not our
products se!V for good money in all the
markets of the world ? It does not follow
that we ought to have the gold and silver
carted to our doors for every cargo ofgrain
or provisions that we send East, but it is
nevertheless a tact that we could so have
it if we ddhired it Nothing is plainer in
the world. It does follow, as we think,
that we ought to have a currency worth
one hundred cents on the dollar, or as near
to that as the trifling difference of exchange
or cost of redemption shall permit and it
is the business of our Legislature to give us
such a currency if they give us any.
NEW PUBLICATIONS,
LIFE AND TIMES OP (JEN. PHILIP SCIIUY
LEIL i)y B. 6. LosrlNo. New York: Mason
Brothers.
We have looked over the pages of the first
volume of this work with great interest and
profit. The author gives ns not merely the
details of Gen. Schuyler's Ufc, but a condensed
and yet comprehensive view of the times in
which he lived. The particulars which he has
collected of the social life of the leading fami
lies who first settled in and around Albany,
N. T.,make ns almost sec the trials and the
fireside enjoyment* of these early pioneers of
our American civilization.- The circumstances
which formed and developed the etern old pa
triots of the Revolution arc here correctly
stated. Gen. ISchuyler.deacrvcdly occupied a
high position among those venerable heroes,
and Lossing is doing bis country good service
by bringing out the traits of his noble charac
ter for the admiration of thcprcscntagc. The
study of his unselfish aad’trulypatriotic career
will serve to make ns prize more dearly the
civil and the religious privileges we enjoy, by
refreshing our minds with the toils and the
trials which it cost onr fathers to secure them.
THE VOCABULARY OF PHILOSOPHY: for the
Ul.O of Students. By William Flemish, I). D •
with an Introduction by Cuables P. Kiucxu
D. I). Philadelphia: South, English & Co.
This is a most valuable work, not only for
Ihc student, but for thinkers and cultivated
men of all classes. The terms in general use
among philosophical works are here fully de
fined. Their radicals are also given. Scholars
will at once appreciate the value of such a
work.
MARION GRAHAM; or “ Hittitm tsav Haiti
xeß*. m By Jleta Latoixb. Boston: Crosby.
Nichols, Lee & Co. Chicago: Wm. B. Keen.
Those who will take the trouble to read this
book will know more abont it fb-in wc do.
Wc simply announce It os a “new publication,”
being dated in 1801. The few pages we have
looked over incline ns to rank it among the
better class of light literature, which most
people, if they will, can employ their time
better than to read.
A Kansas Border Bafflaa in Limbo
The New York HbrW cf the ICth hist, re
lates the following incident.
On Monday night the distinguished ex-fili
buster, Col. Henry IL Titus, also widely known
in connection with the Kansas troubles was
arrested by CapL Caffry, of the Fifteenth ward
on the charge of having conducted himself in
a disorderly manner outside of the Mercantile
Library Association building, on the occasion
of the Helper lecture. The prisoner was taken
before Justice Connolly yesterday morning.
CapL Caffry, In his affidavit stales that a crowd
was assembled outside of the building, which
was “noisy, tumultuous, and riotous In demean
or, disturbing the public peace and obstruct
ing the thorougforc, to thegreat annoyance of
by-passers, ana the violation of public order
and decorum.” “That Hemy H. Titus was
among the persons then and there assembled
and obstructing said thoroughfare; that depo
nent addressedsaid Titus ana commanded him
(said Titus) to keep the peace, and to pass on
and remove from said crowd or mob of per
sons ; that said Titus neglected and perempto
rily refused to obey the order and command
of deponent, and told deponent to lay his (de
ponent's) hands upon him (said Titos) at his
(deponent’s) peril, and that said Titus thrust
one of bis hands into the. breast; or pocket of
his coaLand that deponent thereupon arrest
ed said Titus.” The captain farther 'stated
that, upon searching the prisoner, a pistol was
found la his pocket. The pistol was produced
in court, and placed before the Judge.
“Mlsther” Justice Connolly had quite' a
novel method of dealing out justice. Ho ad
ministered a sharp rebuke to the policeman,
called Titus a high-minded gentleman and told
him to take his pistol and go home!
OCB WASHINGTON
Sotyard’t <*p»ech—HowJt is received.
d/ Different PattiMrßachmn la ■
- a state : orHeUpie—Why TMttliß'.
left ;so r suddenly* other Disunion
Senators Crittendeu’s
Scheme~OtherrProJ eots*-Report of
the CnmmitteoVor 1 MrJT-Xttrec—
..The Illinois Democrats In tho
Home. ■
[From oar 09 Correspondent.]
WAtmsoroK, Jan. 16,1861.
The speech of Seward continues to form the
staple of general conversation. AmObg die
class of Southern meh Who desire the perpetu
ity of the Union, it Is well spoken of, and boa
the effect of oil poared on troubled wa
ters. It has convinced them that the new ad*,
ministration means‘ to deal kindly and falriy
with tho slave States, and thit nb aggression
on thelrrights Is contemplated or probable.
Tho.dtßanionisU prr se thrust hack* the olive
branch rudely and spitefully. - They ore loud
in their execrations, lest its conciliatory tone,
conpled.with the picture of the evils that must
flow from disunion, may check the Secession
movement of the herd* States. The “ recon
structloafids" have great fault to find with the
Vpccch. It don’t go far enough, -say .they* No
use'ln trying to compromise unless the Consti
tution is changed, giving slavery new guaran
tees, and “great concessions,” Nothingshort
of a slave code for the Territories Vrill be ac
cepted by them. Their programme Is .first, fo •
dissolve the Union, then reconstruct it, after
having 'changed the Constitution io suit them-
Selves. Hunter of Virginia, and Breckinridge
of Kentucky ore the chiefs of this class of dis
unionists. The proper name for these men Is
Resurrectionists. First kill the Union, and
then after death resurrect it. Many Christians
doubt whether there will be any resurrection
for the wicked; certain it is they .will not be
citizens of the New Jerusalem.
On the other hand, many of oar Republicans
think that the new Premier pushed conces
sion to the utmost verge, and that a step
more would have carried him across the line..
But it must not be forgotten that it was done
to save the border States from plunging into
disunion as well as to coll back the tnltofi
States, and to obviate the h&ezslty of drawing
the sword to Uphold the Union. If his offers
'it peico and reconciliation be repulsed, the
North has done its duty aud con stand together
united os one man, and proceed to pat down
treason with the strong arm of power.
The long silence of the President and Cabl*
net in regard to the KtaS bi fixe West affair, is
yet unbrekefi- It is reported that the Old Pub*
FUhc., after his recent spasm of pluck, has
again backslidden, aud is afraid to give the or
der to strike the Disunion. Shake, Gen. Scott
con hardly contain his indignation. 11c insists
Uli sending reinforcements to Major Anderson
under the convoy of He Ib Ihr
patient at the propraVla>Vii';’£, and displeased
with the t.lmld, faltering counsels that prevail
tac White House. The old General thinks
that Major Anderson should have opened fire
on Fort Moultrie and dropped some shells
among the rebels working the sand-hill batte
ries on Morris Island, when he'saw them pad
noaadc tux American.vessel with the “stars
End ‘stripes” flying, fie would have been per
fectly justified m so d'etig. Scott says, and
Unit to be the opinion of the Charleston
rebels themselves, who express great surprise
tUat he refrained from sustaining his own sue*-
cor and protecting the flag of Bis bcilhtry. His
reasons for snch Neglect have not been made
pdbtic. Tho rumor that a part of Major An*
derson’s troops have mntined, and refuse to
work the guns, and that that was the reason
he did not support tho Star of the West, has
no truth for a foundation. It is believed tbit
every man of his ccmmfldd is willing to fight
to the list extremity. The Legislature of
South Carolina has passed absolution that any
attempt to succor or reinforce Fort Sumter
will be regarded as an act of war. They have
also approved of the act and the promptness
of the military in firing upon United States
troops on board the steamer. Yesterday af
ternoon there arrived in company, Lieut. TTnii
direct from Fort Sumter, and Col. Hayncfrom
his Majesty Pickens. They immediately sought
an interview with the Public Functionary. The
precise object of their mission has not trans
pired, but it Is reported that the rebels pro
pose to abandon all the forts In their posses
sion if Buchanan will order Anderson back to
Fort Moultrie. Can it be possible that he will
listen to any such disgraceful propositions ?
or any other short of submission on the part
of the rebels ? Has this great Government
really been coerced into submission by ahand
ful of braggart slaveholders ? At this writing
one p. jl, a report has come from the White
House that no reinforcements will be sent to
Fort Sumter.
It Is believed that Judge Greenwood of Ar-
Kansas, at present Commissioner of Indian Af
fairs, will be nominated for Secretary of tbo
Interior, and Bedford Brown of North Caroli
na for Secretary of War. Botli of them are
half-way disunionlsts, and while they pretend
to be opposed to Secession, both claim that a
State haa the constitutional righito withdraw
from the Union when she pleases. Buchanan
is evidently relapsing into hi* old position. It
was thought that the offer on the part of the
State of New York to furnish him withallthe
men and money necessary to enforce the laws
and maintain the Union, seconded by similar
offers from Ohio and Massachusetts, would
have stiffened up his back-bone, but it seems
not It fatigues four members of the Cabinet
to hold him up, and it is feared that he will
prove too heavy for them, and force himself
down in the mud. Can’t you send u» Dr.
Wlndahip and Prof. Thompson, who can each
lift a ton, to help hold Old Buck up to his
constitutional duty? But perhaps you will
need them to hold up the weak brethren in
your own city, who want to make “great con
cessions’ B to slavery.
The Senate has been purged of quite a num
ber of Dlsunioclats. Toombs absconded very
suddenly'em Saturday night for the ostensible
purpose of helping to precipitate Georgia Into
secession, but really to escape arrest for high
treason. Inconsequence of his brutal iusuit
to Gen. Scott at a private dinner party, the
public exasperation against the villain became
so hot Ihatstcpswercmaturiogto havehimar
rcslcd aud Hung into prison on Monday morn
ing, But getting wind of it he male off os
fast cs he could scamper. Ills associate, Iver
son, notified the Senate that he would not
serve on committees or take any farther part
in the proceedings of the Senate—a good rid
dence, as ho Ins been a violent, fictions fire
eater for two years. Brown of Mississippi
rose and said that in the absence of the Sena
tors from Alabama, Clay and Fitzpatrick, Sen
ators from Florida, Yulce and Mallory, and his
colleague Jeff Davis, confined to his room by
sickness, ho would announce that thoso
Senators and himself would take no more ac
tive part in the deliberations of the body.
Their respective States had withdrawn from
the Union, but as they had not yet received of
fical notice thereof, they were not authorized,
to hand in their formal resignations, which
would be done, however, in a few days.
The above added to Hammond and Chestnut
of South Carolina, makes ten Disunion Sena
tors gone, representing five States. Louisiana
will go next, and It is very possible that this
may exhaust the movement, for a time at
least. If the Pacific Railroad bill should pass,
Texas and Arkansas will stay in the Union, to
enjoy the immense material benefits to be de
rived from it, Tennessee, Virginia and North
Carolina are moving very slowly and reluc
tantly, and the sober second thought may save
them. Kentucky and Missouri are a long way
from being out of the Union, and Maryland
and Delaware have little inclination to leave
Uncle Sam, and every day it is growing less.
It Is only the States that have been poisoned
by the tcachiugs of John C. Calhoun and his
South Carolina disciples that really desire to
leave the Union. And it Is very doubtful
whether there is a majority even in those
States willing to secede and set up a Southern
confederacy. But the negative voices have
been awed into silence and submission by the
taunts, threats and coercion of the traitors in
their midst.
' Congress had another violent compromise
spasm yesterday. Crittenden pressed forward
his unconstitutional scheme to change the
Constitution. He proposes to submit his
slave code and other amendments of the Con.
stitutlon, to a direct vote of the- people.
The vote to be in the nature of instructions to
Congress to submit those amendments by a
two-thirds vote of cadi branch to the States,
fo be ratified by three-fourths of their Legisla
tures, This clumscy scheme is chiefly the
work of Douglas. There is no constitutional
authority for submitting any thing of the sort
to a popnlar vote, nor would It bo binding on
any member. But the idea in Douglas’s head
is that it would have the effect of dividing and
distracting the people of the Free States; set
ting them to quarrelling among themselves,
and thereby shield the Disunlonlsts from the
blows of a United North, struck for the main
tenance of the Union. Crittenden and his
brother conspirators can hardly be blamed for
wishing to throw this fire-brand among the
Northern people. It Is the true and obvious
policy of the secessionists to do all in their
power to paralyze and divide the people of the
Free States. The North united in defense of
the Union, they dearly see Is irrcsls table, and
r-r,
therefore people of the Free States
are split up and ( dlßtractod by internal contests,
theJJlaanlordats"will be. compelled to submit
authority. Bigler of Penn*
eylTunlalms’lntroduced,a-ichomo similar to
that of CrittendcWand Douglas; and haying.
toe same tpiy purpose in fiew.
VTbo 'majority‘'of the committee of thirty
three made their report yesterday. It wasnot
signed by any Slave State member but ‘Winter
Davis*'and hot by several Republican mem
bers. The substance of toe report may be
thus briefly stated: v~ . : . x ' _ -
An amendment to,tho Constitution providing
thatan amendment thereto interfering with slavery
shall not originate In any other than a elavcholq-
Ing State; and to be made valid shall be ratified bV
etwy Stite In the Union.
AJsqan enabling bill for th'a admission of New
iJKfIMBs- o.Btai° on.an equal footlqg withtho
original States, aud afagidvo slave bill which gives
the right of trial by jury to a slave claiming bis
liberty in tho .State whence .ho escapes, and re
leases any citizen (Tom asslstingtbc Marshal In the
capture of ordstcctlon of a fugitive, except when
force for his reacao-ls employed or.apprehended.
. ..Alaon joint resolution deprecating personal lib
erty bills, (but not by that name), and requesting
tbe Northern States to cause their statute books to
be revised. In order that ell hindrances to a just
execution bftho laws may be removed, and re
questing tbe President to communicate this reso
lution to the several States. . ; ■-
They also report a series of rtsplnubar. irc*6t
nlxlng no authority of the people,orpmi State tolu
- tcrfcrc with slavery Iq Another,; disMuotenancing
ftllmbis.ahd hindrances renditionoffugl-
no such conflict
ing elements Jn itscomposuloiq.or aufflclont cause
from any spans.for a dissolution of the govern
ment; and they were not sent here to destroy, but.
to sustain and harmonize the institutions or the
country and see that eqoal Justice la done to aQ
parts of tbe same, and finally, to perpetuate its
existence on terms of justice and equality to all the
States,
Aa no propositions for interference with slavery
in the District of Columbia, dockyards, arsenals,
etc., have reached tbe committee, they say they
have not deemed it necessary to take action on the
subject.
It is very questionable whether the Report
of the Committee will receive the acquiescence
of a majority of the members from either sec
tion of the Union.
QCox of Ohio, and McClarnand of
made speeches yesterday and both took higher
grounds against secession than was expected;
Both insisted that it was the doty Of thb Qcb’.
oral: Government to pul down the rebels and
preserve the Union intact Logan of Egypt is
going to make a war speech. He Is far In ad’
wince of as ore all the Democrats of
the Illinois delegation. . Chicago.
The -South Carolina Treason—Views
or a Swedish Horn Citizen*
Editors Chicago Tribuhej
, .HiwiSjj boeh requested by many of my coun
trymen, Swedish bora citizens ol Chicago, to
be present at the Union meeting in Metropoli
tan Hall last Monday night, there to express
the. opinions against “ seceesslon” and “ con
cessions” which pervade that part of the com
mnnity, and having failed to obtain a hearing
before the meeting up, as I did not wish
to !fi£iiige npon Us harmonious time, the
I audience at an early stage of the meeting hav
j ing given unmistakable evidence of not relish
ing a broken dialect and incorrect pronuncia
tion, I beg leave to stato through the col
umns of your valuable paper, the views which
I, in common with all my countrymen here,
and I ttfftat all fyer America, hold In regard to
the political crisis which now agitates *Mb
Oountry.
After a residence in the United States of
many years, during which time I have observed
the continued struggle 4 between frcedoifi and
.slavery, t lit Usl lUbsgUt myself gloriously
convinced when the result of the late Presiden
tial election became known, and for the first
time I felt really sure that this was a govern
ment of a free people, and not of slaveholders.
That the free and Intelligent millions of the
East, of the North and or the TVesLwsrc to
shape and mould the future of this nation, this
the 300,000 owners of slaves in
the South—together with their hireling poli
ticians of every section—and reposing in this
certainty, I went on my way rejoicing that I
had adopted tills land as my home for the re
mainder of my life, imbned os lam with the
sincere conviction that trom the day when free
dom to all men shall be proclaimed in this
country, the bright rays of “universal liberty”
will shine oat over all lands and all nations.
Call my politics by whatever name you may,
it matters but little, when I tell you lam for
liberty in the highest sense of the word —for
liberty compassed only by laws which are the
same to all—and lam against slavery In all
manner 'and shapes, and shades of color, eve
rywhere and forever.
But my joy over American liberty and jus
tice among Us people, in the government, and
In the Union, Is abruptly annihilated, whenl
find leading men of this nation, having taken
upon themselves to consider what, and how
much to concede to the slave power, for the
pacification of such revolting States as South
Carolina, who dissatisfied with the constitu
tional verdict of the people in the late contest,
have the insolence to violate tbeir compact
with the Union, to tear asunder the sacred
bonds, and to fling to the breezes of heaven
the ensign of a venomous reptile, in places
where the stars and stripes ought to wave;
nay more, to seize upon public property and
treasure, belonging equally to the North and
to the Sontb, to the East and to the West, but
to them only as “one and Inseparable,” and
then threaten to resist every demand for deliv
ering up the ill-gotten goods, even if It should
come to devastation ana to bloodshed. When
asked to consider such claims, and even to con
cede to them if need be, the question very
naturally arises, What is this government ? Is
it a government of a free people or of slave
holders. Nevertheless, thanks to the Almighty!
the*clouds hanging about the answer to that
question will be dispersed; and the faith In
this nation, and the stability of this govern
ment, which inspired me long before I came to
the American shores, is now usstrong as ever;
and will bo stronger still, because it is being
tried, and I believe will not be found wanting.
Compromises may be justified wlthan open,
avowed and separate foe, but not with traitors.
The right of revolution may be claimed by
any nation against a government, and such
nation may be its own judge as to cause and
the reasons for such revolution; but when
minor parts of a commonwealth conspire
against the progress of the whole “ copartner
ship ” from no other cause limn that certain
vices, which they nourish and advocate, but
which the civilized world condemns, are not
allowed to‘spread all overtho systeinj or arc
disapproved of by the large majority of the
confederacy, then U becomes the duty of the
government to quell such disturbances, peace
ably if it can. forcibly if it must, and without
first stopping to think what, and how much,
to concede to the turbnlent member. The
true ground upon which the battle was fought
and the victory won, must bo honorably main
tained, every line of it; or, as the Hon. Chair
man of the meeting on Monday night so aptly
remarked, “It would have been belter, far
better, for the progress of civilization that we
had lost the contest altogether, than that wc
should submit to such concessions.” The
prosperity of the Union, the Constitution, and
the enforcement of the laws, should be pre
served without concessions to insurgents; and
let me here say, that 1 consider the Republican
party, to which I am proud to belong, has
already conceded enough to the slave power,
when it plcJgcs llscll to let -slavery alone
where it now exists, to repeal the Personal
Liberty bills, and to execute the obnoxious
Fugitive Slave Law. No more should bo asked,
not auother iota granted.
I have been taught, and yet. I think, the mis
sion of tbbnation, the destiny oi this Republic,
is to make freedom not only national, but
universal, and to perpetuate its blessings to all
mankind ; but grant concessions to the flare
power, and you will surely fail in its noble
mission, in this most high destiny.
CHiJU.ES J. Scndell.
more of tlie Meteor.
BnuaxcTON, Racino Co. Wis., Jan. 15, l£Cl,
Editors Chicago Tribune:
In yonrpaper of to-day, Iseo several accounts
from correspondents of the meteor seen on
the morning of the 11th inst I had a very fine
view of its course across nearly three-fourths
of the visible heavens. I first saw it in the
northwest, about SO deg. above the horizon,
moving rapidly towards, the southeast It
passed about 15 deg. south of the zenith, and at
about the same distance from the horizon in
the southeast; it exploded,projecting forward
three luminous balls a short distance and then
disappeared. After listening a few seconds
and bearing no report. 1 rude abont half a
mile, when I heard a noise like the sonnd of a
cannon at a distance. It was so heavy as to
Jar booses, and in some Instances, to cause
dishes to rattle upon the shelves.
The body of the meteor was of a very bril
liant bluish white color, and appeared abont as
large as the full moon when seen mar the
horizon. It was followed by a train several
yards In length, of a bright red, like glowing
coals through the centre, and giving off vivid
flashes of the same blnisb white coior as the
the body of the meteor upon each side along
its entire length.
This was at three o’clock, quite still at the
time, but in a few minutes tbc wind began to
blow in very heavy gusts. It seemed as light
as day, and judging from the time that elapsed
after I saw the light, before 1 observed tho
meteor, I think it must have come from below
tho horizon in the northwest.
Yours, &c.,
J. H. Cooper,
A Frenchman’s Tlewoftheßeattlts or
Secession.
An old French officer writes to the Courier
dtxEtaX* Unfc that in the event of a dissolu
tion of the Union France would retake Louis
iana, according to ancient treaties; Spain would
reclaim Florida; England would appropriate
Oregon and several other States;’Mexico, un
der English protection, would retake the ter
ritoir of Now Mexico, Texas and California,
and England might, perhaps 4 keep California
as on Indemnity for tho subsidies furnished to
the Mexican Government in this war against
the former United States. •
It is Louis Napoleon who would begin by a
very simple and logical process of reasoning;
for every one knows that Napoleon 11. nSrm
at consolidating all that. Napoleon I. had in
view with regard to ferelgn pulley.
Napoleon. X, in 1803, ceded Louisiana to the
United States for the sum of five millions of
dollars, which the Government of the United
Stateaengogedtopay to the American mer
chants whose goods and sbipshad been seized,
during the ware of the French ‘ republic, from
1702 to ISQL Bat as the United States have
not paid the aforesaid five millions, and as for
more than forty yean, we have seen' brought
before Coagrcss,session aftersesaion, a French:
spoliation bill, which' has never been passed;
therefore, as soon as the Union shall be dis
solved, those who claim this sum will address
themselves to Louis Napoleon, and he will pay
their demands and rebake Louisiana. £ng.
land, who suspects some such thing has alrea
dy ordered several ships of war to tho Gulf of
-. Account, of. the State of
' r .V- _Aumrba’i
_ SrawoTnxn, December 1, MCO. f
t AutinNy of tht StaUqf JUinoie:
~V *tfebonortoeutaalt the foDowlng report i,
’•*« Ji J l .Hi5 mFa * the receipts and expenditures,
toe amount'd rovcnao'xecclvcd, applies*
to® payment of Iho ordltary And contingent,
too State Government) and tho amount
•iatemoit of warrants drawn upon
the treasury, for all purposes. - •.
“tolled .statement of warrants drawn oh
the troaaniy, and to what application charged.
B »tement of warrants drawn by order of
k < 7 >r **ppr,-andchaigedto‘tho’conllngent fund.
- A statement of the accounts of the State Trea
surer..- r : .
■s;. A Jtotomect of .the redemption money re
tax^ieedß° m m * nor heirs, and duo the owners of
-'3'iA‘ tat fs cnt of U» condition of tho School,
yolWge and Seminary funds. - « -
_®v B *ato Indebtedness; purchased by the Gov
ernor with the Central Railroad bind, canceled aud
lo the Auditor** office. * v. f ■
♦». /* B totcment.of State bonds redeemed under
toe Governor’s proclamation of JanuarylOth, 1800,
B&7 pi as proceeds of the two
statement of State bonds redeemed under
proclamation of August, 10, 1800,
andpaldfor with tho Central Railroad fund. ~. ..
A statement of State lodebtcflntsa purchased
by the Governor, ttllh mads received from sales of
] jQd ß» creeled and deposited in the Audit
or:® office.
bonds paid !n full, from tho
P*yj*®ds of the two mill tay, January 1,1859.
14and 15. of personal and
Egjf 6 ***’ aMcsaedond taxed forme years 1858
• statement of the dividends of the school
‘ “X and Interest funds for the years 1653 and 1830.
..I** A statement of. the State taxes charged In
tho several counties, and the city of Quincy, for
toe years 1858 and iB6O, amount collected. Ac.
Abatement of the School tax fund, for the
of the School tax fond, for the
Th° several statements and tables, ex
molting the condition sud a flairs of the banks of
gcn^^titoSn DB^er toe provisions of tho
«._*.?j? ro * e ? t * n o this report it may not he deemed
“ ,r me t0 accompany the same by some
aaggeatluas concerning toe financial affairs of our
BQ to ** come wiihhi the super
-1116 of Public Accounts. An ex-
S»k iHS I *. toe statements and exhibits here
?°W*onorabic body, will show a
n , of a^?| r9 * which, in my judgment, calls
to nß^eiat * oD * P fcr^ia P a » legislation
uw f? ana on the first day of Deccm
52T* • 1 j v toe btat* Treasury was completely
drained of revennerthcre being not even a single
dollar applicable lo the paymeut of the ordinary
of the Government. It will also be found
toat the Tarnation of taxable property for tbe past
year. Is, In amount, so far below the valuation of
previous years, that the snm to be realized from
taxation, during the next fiscal term of two years,
must necessarily fall below the amount required for
the ordinary and Contingent expenses of the Slate
Oovernmout, during that considra
ble advdnto on the rate or taxation, fof ftiVuhb
purposes. -
Toe statements of assessment for the year J6CO
haveas yet been received from bnt few of the couu
ties, so far as tbe same have come to band, ih* y
are round to be, In nearly evciy instance, dlmia
. ro o ? u t since 1859, and It will be found
tout 'but little more than one-half of the whole
number of tax collectors have made fnU payment
out uuat to me appear to be some of tbe causes
that have produced these effects. Much of this loss
°f revenue may, doubtless, be attributed to the
effects of the financial failure of agricultural pro
ducts in onr State, for two or three years last past;
but much more, than from all other causes, the re
sults enumerated have been produced, as 1 believe,
by tho manner in which onr revenue laws have
? e »??r C ? ecQtcl ** • It 14 m y belief that an honest and
faithful execution of our present assessment laws
would furnish ample means for aM Ttbc'Jseary gov
ernmental erpensos, and at the same time disttib
ulc the burden of the same falrlyand equally. Yet,
I am. more and more convinced, the longer I have
to do with the supervision of revenue mattera.ihat
some means, In addition to those already provided,
are needed, to insure such an operation of the Uw
as was contemplated by Us framers.
The prtafinl iribfhai ol valuing personal proper
ty to my mJndi'dHectioname;' and Ispt of
opinion tnat U uudjgtj iu Cue law requiring persons
listing personal property to make oath, to tho cor
rectness of the same would largely increase the rev
enue of the State and Comities. A change lathe
manner of coupenratioq assessors, by which they
should receive a percentage on the amount of taxes
collected, Instead of a per diem allowance, would,
in my opinion, Insure a mnch more correct valua
tion of real property than has ever been obtained
under onrpfeseht law. By Uniting the duties of
assessor aud cbJJecigrda,.iht.jjcrsop bf ihesamo
officer, this change could be casilv bfl'ectsdi
- have occurred, during my term
of office, in which the collector of a comity has been
defaulter for State taxes,—and, after suit has been
Drought on Ms bond, has come forward, either be
lorcor after Judgment bad been obtained, mid paid
oiTthe amount, and at the end of the succeeding
rear has again been a defaulter, and the amount
left to be made out of the property of bis securi
ties. I nave good reason to believe that payment
• 9 ”s®° made, in these Instances, with monev re
ceived from the collection of the year succeeding
tho first default, and It seems but proper that some
provision should ho made, whereby tto collector
<an be permitted to undertake a second vear’s col
lection until be shall produce satifactory evidence
to the county authorities, showing that he lias ful
ly accounted for md paid over the taxes of he pre
vious year; and. also, that a collector may be cho
sen incase of failure of the regular officer to pro
duce such evidence.
The present law concerning forfeited property is
.ouud not satisfactorily. In several of the counties,
as I have been credibly Informed, property owners
have entered Into combinations to avoid pavmcnt
or taxes, and have prevented their property from
bcintr sold at tax ?alea from year to vear, and now,
in l&W. have, under the operation of the llv* year
provision of the revenue law, defaulted the collec
tion of taxes on their property. It seems neccssan*
* .?* p ktlon should be had, in reference to
a different disposition of forfeited properly.
The Southern Bank of Illinois, at Belleville: and
Clark Bank at Springfield, have com
plied with the provisions of the act of 1557, and
have withdrawn ihair securities. Their circulatin'*
notes ate redeemed by A. 11. Rldghy &Co. Spring
field. All the time allowed by law for the rcilcmt*-
tlon of notes of the Bank of Belteville, Bank of
a?. tl! « ovi i U< 2 Hamilton County Bank and Rush
an think, having expired, the balances of thclr
asset Is, In my hands; 4»ve been paid over to the
receivers and stockholders of the respective banks
In accordance with the law.
The time allowed for the presentation of the
notw of tho People’s Bank, and Stock Security
Bank, for the pro rata dividend declared thereon*
has expired, leaving a balance of assets in mv
hands, arising from lost circulation, sufficient to
enable me to declare a second dividend upon the
former of six per cent., and upon tho Utter of
seven and three-fourths per cent. This will par
the notes of the People’s Bank at par, and those o*f
dollar “ ccur “' Bank at niacty-sli cents to the
During the past two years tho circulation of the
banks ot the State haa largely Increased, owing
partially to the advancing onsincss necessities iff
the State, but princi ally to the fact that its known
for security, has obtained for It a mud:
wider circulation In the adjoining State*, than it
ha» heretofore had. And lam satisfied that a rig
id execution of our banking laws, together with a
few slight amendment*, is all that is necessary to
make It acceptable to our people. *
The immense amount of books, papers, vouch
cm, Ac.. &c., pertaining to an office like this,
where all the revenue and banking business of the
state Is transacted, requires and Imperatively de
mands more room and facilities for the proper
tianroctlonoflis business, and it Is earnestly
urged npon the General Assembly 'to make such
provision as the pressing necessities of the case
demand. Jesse K . Dubois.
Affair* in Charleston.
Cuablestox, Jan, 13,16(51.
Nothing of importance has transpired here
to day.
ANXIETY IN CHARLESTON FOB THE CATTCIIE OF
FORT SUMTER, ETC.
The following is an extract of a letter from
a reliable gentleman In Charleston to a friend
In this city:
Ciujoesiow, Jan. 11, 1801.
The steamer Star of The West attempted on
Wednesday night to come into our harbor to
land Government troops, hut she was driven
back by our fortress at Morris Island, and so
will any other that may make a similar at
tempt. Wc are in every way prepared to keep
out any force that may attempt to come hero
for any such a purpose. There Is but one
feeling here—the sentiment is unanimous not
to submit to the rule of the President that has
been elected. It will not be done by South
Carolina. This can be relied upon. &he will
suifer utter annihilation first. She can never
be made to submit. It is utterly out of the
question. Every man in the State is a soldier
and will fight to death on this question. Ti i
have no idea of the feeling that exists here
Major Anderson will be driven out of Fort Sumter
if it costs ten thousand lives. This is a fixed
faet t and in my opinion it will be done very
soon. Every preparation is being made to do U.
lie is in a very strong fortification, and one
that it is difficult to take, but it will be done
by the force of numbers. There are 10 000
mennowanxious to make the attempt, bit
the authorities want It done with the least pos
sible loss oflife, and are so preparing them
selves. It may be done before this reaches you.
It w 11 be done forcibly, certainly, unless .Major
Anderson surrenders, at Ithat Ido not think
he will do. He has but about one hundred
men, and they ai eln a state of revolt. They
are unwilling to fight in a war of this kind.
Many of them have families in Charleston aud
Sullivan’s Island, aud it is reported they re
ftised, on the morning that we drove back the
Star of the West, to work the guns. Ander
son did not fire a single gnn on that morning,
which, it is said, he would have done if ho
could have got his men to obey. He has now
more than half his force in irons for refosin"
to obey him on that morning. This wo learn
from a deserter frofti his fort.
LETTER FROST CATTAnr JL DOUBLED AT.
[From tha Auburn Union.}
General Scgoine has kindly permitted us to
Snblish the following letter received by him on
iturday last, from Capt, Abner Doubleday,
who Is with Major Anderson at Fort Sumter,
it speaks for itself
Four Smcrsn, S. C., Jan. 6., 1861.
Mx Bear Sir—lt is a matter of great satis
faction to mo to see that our movements here
have been approved by mv former townsmen,
and that the heart ol New York still beats
worm and true for the Union. We have bttn
so long surrounded'with trimmers and trai
tors, that I began to fcarthe love of thenation
al flag was dying out in our country. Yon
cannot imagine the annoyance of the South
Carolinians on tlridlng themselves forestalled in
the possession of this important work. It is
the key of the harbor, and In the verv centre
of their communications.
-At Fort Moultrie everything had been pre
pared for a desperate stand; but we could have ■
dpitejittle against the powerful batteries of
this fort, which would havebeen turned against
us in addition to an army of at least 10.0(X)
who would have assailed us on the land
side. Our own lives were of little consequence,'
but our defeat would have involved the loss of
this hw-bor to the United States, a loss that
Ym, been irreparable. This State
still continues her aggressive actions. The
Charlestonians are surrounding us with bat
teries on every point ot land in the vicinity,
and > are arming them with guns from forts
the* have seized. This Is done with the hopo
.of preventing any vessel from coming to our
assistance, and also with a view to force os ul
timately to surrender from a lack of supplies.
In this I think they will" be disappointed, for
there is no such word as surrender In Major'
Anderson's composition. The war garrison of
Inis fort is sis hundred men. We have about'
seventy; but should they attack us, I hope the
country at largo will have no reason to find
fault with our defence. -
■ One of our boats and some of our men have
been captured. The lights in the harbor have
been put out. the buoys taken up, all commu
nication has been cut off except such as the
Governor chooses to authorise, and yet we
hesitate to fire upon them. Major Anderson
still bopet that wiser counsels may prevail up*
on them, and that something may occur to
.prevent toe impending strife. Slay God grant
it; but llwar must come, let .tbepeople rise,
in their might and maintain', the integrity of
the Union. Tbe cause will carry too hearts of
thousands with it, even In toe slave States
themselves. I shall probably not soon have
on opportunity to send another letter to.any
person North*- I must close abruptly, as’the
gentleman is about leaving who will toko this.
Tours very truly,' • *
A. Doudledat, Capt, U. 6. A.
Major General J. Segoikb, •
Resolutions of tho Democratic State
Convention, at Springfield* January
IC, 1801. _
... ."Whereas, we believe our Federal Union is
in dauger of revolutionary disruption by the
withdrawal of a portion ol the States: and
Whereas, we believe toe Union to be of a
priceless value, and not to be preserved by
military force, but by the restoration of frater
nal feeling among the Slates; and
Whereas, the present perilous state of toe
country has been produced by sectional agita
tion la relation to the institution of slavery,
thus creating discord aud enmity between the
different sections, which has been aggravated
by the election of a sectional President
therefore,
Hesdvca, By toe Democracy of Illinois, in
convention assembled:
L That we are warmly attached to the Fed
eral Union. That we do not recognize in toe
diversity of oar institutions any cause of con
flict between different States, bat, on the con
trary, we deem the qualities of climate, soil,
productions, domestic institutions, industry
aud modes of thought, throughout our widely
extended territory, grounds of a more lasting
and perfect union; that wo regard its dissolu
tion as eminently disastrous to oil our Inter
ests, and dangerous to civil and religions lib
erty.
3. That it is the promptings of patriotism,
and the dictate of wisdom, to makean earnest
effort lo save the Union by conciliation and
concession; aud therefore, in the spirit of
compromise, we are willing to accept the
amendments to the Constitution, proposed in
tbe United States Senate by Senator Douglas,
or those proposed by Senator Crittenden, or
the “border State proposition,” or any other
plan of conciliation and compromise which
nas been, or may be offered, by which bar
tnony may be restored between the people of
the different sections of the Country, And the
Union perpetuated.
3. That we deny the constitutional right of
any State, or any portion of the people there
of, to secede from the Union, and that we are
equally opposed to nullification at tbe North,
aud secession at the South, as violative of the
Constitution of the United States.
4. That, in the opinion of this Convention,the
employment ofTorcctocoercesubmisslon of the
seceding States, will inevitably plunge the
qpuntry lnto civil war, and entirely extinguish
aU hepe tif g settlement of the iearfaris»acs
now : pending before toe ibtintry. We there
fore earnestly entreat, as well the federal gov
ernment as the seceding States, to withhold
and stay the arm of military power, and on no
Jwetext whatever to bring on the nation the
Lorrors of civil war, until the people them
self#* con trike such action as our ironblea de
mand.
5. . That we recognize the power a&2 flfcty
of the federal government to protect the pro
perty of the United Slates. 'And we recognize
and declare the duty aud power of the federal
government, through the civil authorities
within the jurisdiction of the States, to en
force all laws passed in pursuance of the Con
stitution; but we distinctly deny that the fed
eral government has any constitutional power
to trill oHt tile tniUtcrv to execute those laws
within the limits and*jnrisdlctlbnnf any State,-
except in aid of the civil authorities.
0. That no political organization deserves
the confidence of the American people whose
leaders aod members, preferringparty to coun
try, and the unity of their party organization
to t|ie union of the States, will rush madly
into civil war, fratetnal ettyfe oed disunion, in
preference to a fair and honoiaulfi compro
mise, founded upon Euclimmnalconcession ns
are consistent with the rights of all the States,
and may be essential to the existence of the
Federal Union.
7. That it is the duty of the Legislature of
every State ot this Union, which has passed
Laws to obstruct or embarrass the surrender
of fugitive slaves, contmouly called personal
liberty laws, to, repeal tho same, and wc re
joice tb shy Hint such laws Jure ever been
found upon the statutes of llliabeL . ,
8. That we heartily respond to tho noble
and patriotic spirit manifested by the people
of our sister States, Kentucky and Indiana,
at their respective Conventions on the Bth
of January, in their efforts to preserve the
Union. _
0. That wc recommend that a Convention
beheld at Louisville, Kyi, on the 32dday ot
February next, to take into consideration the
present perilous state of our country, ahd te*
commend to the people to adopt such correc
tion as will be lively to produce peace, har
mony, and fro’ernal feeling throughout the
whofe Union. That said Convention consist of
one delegate from each Congressional district,
and two at large from each of the thirty-three
States of this Union.
10. That the president of this convention
constitute a committee to correspond with our
friends in the other States of the Union on the
subject of the Louisville Contention hereby
proposed, with authority to change the time
and place of holding of that Convention.
11. That this Convention urgently request
the present Legislature of this Slate, by joint
resolution, to call upon Congress, in the mode
provided by the federal Constitution, for u
Convention ot the States, to amend said Con
stitution; and farther urgently request the
Legislatures of the several States to take
steps to tho end that with the least possible
delay there may bo a Convention of the States
for the purpose aforesaid.
A miaslKslppi Paper Pronounces the
Secession of that Stuto Null and
Void.
[From the Natchez Courier, Jan. 10.]
We presume that ere this reaches our read
ers’ eyes, a majority of tUeGeuveutlon of nine
ty-nine gentlemen uo\v assembled at Jaeksou,
will have proclaimed Mississippi out of the
Union. If it has been done irreepcctlvc of any
vote of tbc people sanctioning it. It is worth
only tho paper upon which the ordinance iris
been written, unless the people, by sufferance
and tacit consent hereatter, approve it. A
peaceful revolution (and secession but claims
to have that peaceful character), must have the
assent ol the people.
In the language of Quitman;
“The act? of the Convention will not be binding
until they shall have been ratified br a vote of the
people.”
iu the words of Wiley P. Harris:
“ We hold it to be our dutv to submit onr action
to the people of the Slate. • ♦ • It Is an uni
versal rule—one never hitherto violated In the prac
tice of any Stale in the Union—that such t-hunid be
submitted to the people for tbeir judgment. * *
Hence the palpable necessity that llieir (the peo
ple's) opinion should he had before anystiptcine
rule of action, any law, any great principle, should
be Imposed upon them.”
The Constitution ofthc State is what we arc
sworu to obey. It prescribes the method of
its own alteration. That method has not been
followed, and yet the Constitution will be es
sentially altered. Unquestionably the people
oftbe Slate can revolutionize. A majority of
them can call u Convention to provide a new
Constitution. But the question of ’* Conven
tion or no Convention ” has never been sub
mitted to them. It is also possible that u Con
vention can be called by the Legislature with
out tho assent of the people, though In our
opinion a very questionable proceeding: but
its acts, in that cose, can be valid only when
they have received tbc affirmative vote of the
people. Of the 70,033 voters of Mississippi,
not 45,000 voted for members of the Conven
tion, aud of these only a lean majority, or one
falling far below the expectations of’the dU
anion leaders, voted for immciflate secession
candidates. The present Convention has nut
the antecedent authorization of the people;
and if it has undertaken to play the part of a
dictatorial oligarch, without asking the peo
ple's approval of its actions, it wl.l he cited by
the advoc dc» of Power hereafter, as another
proof of how easily the people can be deprived
of one ol their “ inalienable rights.”
Tlio manufacture* of New England.
The Boston Commercial Buildin, of Jan. I2th,
says:
lu Lowell, which Is the nucleus of our manu
factures, the spiudles are all running full time.
The same Is true iu Lawrence, with but a
single rumored exception, and this owing to a
short supply of cotton. In the Lewiston
settlement they arc running on full lime, and
at Great Palls, and so on. A gent emaa of this
city informs us that he witnessed a contract
made at Whltlnsville for eight thousand
dollars worth of cotton machinery, and this but
a few days since.
The general apprehension through the coun
try, if the fouling has not already lost this im
■ ‘mice, grows entirely out of the political
. - • of tilings. It is generally believed that
L ilminatcsa crisis, and this crisis to be a
separation of certain States from the central
government, the disaster must be confined to
the States thus separating, and the existing
trade with those States. This trade lias been
comparatively decreasing in importance for
the last ten years; it represents, with the ex
ceptions named below, from five to seven per
cent, of all our domestic manufactures.
Formerly they bought everything of us; now
they import considerableddirectt t and manulac
turc considerable. Beside boots and shoes,
they buy little else than cheap prints and Un-
Beys, (the latter they mnst buy of us,* and of
prints there is no difference* in favor of the
English. It is safe, therefore, to assort that
for seven-eighths of the products of our New
England manufacture we look elsewhere than
to the South for a market. Then why should
our manufacturers apprehend anything,
when the North and West are full of money,
when the China trade is so prosperous, when
there Is an increasing prospect of trade with
Mexico, and even with Japan ?
Fort Pickens and tho Sloop of War
Macedonian.
The Macedonian, which sailed under sealed
orders, has gone to the rescue of the forts at
Pensacola, though it Is feared it will be too
late, In consequence of the rush Of volunteers
from Alabama and elsewhere, who are engaged
in the secession scheme. . °
' The command at Fort Pickens, which Is still
in possession of the Government, Gen. Scott
thinks may be able to holdout until relief is
obtained. The other two forts ore in posses
sion of the revolutionists. There ere no
droops at Tortugas, Capt Meigs and a few la
borers are In charge. He askea Mr. Floyd for
protection some time ago, but none was s*nt,
and the President was deceived with a foists
representation from the War Department that
the fortification had not sufficiently
to require troops. This was a pare of the As
tern of deception practiced by Mr. Flovd. * A
company was recently ordered there from
-Boston, and it is hoped reached it before the
intended descent of the Floridans was made.
Senator Mallory Lately obtained from the prop
er bureau a detailed statement of tho condition
of this work, without the object for which it
was intended being suspected at tho time.
Gov. EIUs of North Carolina has written to
the President informing him that the forts
which were recently captured without authori
ty will be promptly restored to the custody of
the Government, accompanied by a becoming
expression of his condemnation of the lawless
act. This conduct stands out in marked con
trast with the revolutionary proceedings else
where.
TREASON IN BUBFLAND.
Tlia Railroad Tracks to bo Torn Up**
The Ssnatotobs Dispersed*—Aasoalxi*
atlons, v.,-
[Correspondence of the N. T. Tribune.]
Baliixobe, Jan. 111861.
The atmosphere is loadied with toe wildest
hind of rumors as to the purposes of toe
rebels. After a careful sifting 1 tun disposed
to think that thefollowlcgnotions are actually
entertained, and I wish to draw public atten
tion thereto, in order that people may be pre
pared for emergencies.
The rebels are moving heaven and earth, or
think they are.-to overturn the Government of
Maryland, by means ot a scll’-coustltuted Con
vention,which shall seize upon the Sovereignty
of the people. There is now sitting in this
city a nest of conspirators for that purpose.
Theypropose to Ignore the Governor, and to
hold a Convention without authority of law.
The plan is to have a voluntary election, at
which none but too revolutionists will vote. I
am prepared (o see this thing done, and I do
not see how it can be prevented. The only on
tidoUafor the friends of the Union to hbtd a siin-
Uar deetion and cUseiiible d timilar Contention,
A public man of some standing, andbcldnz
log (o the Revolutionary party, openly de
clared to-day that Mr. Lincolu would not be
permitted to pass through Maryland on his
way to Washington to be inaugurated, and
that he never would be inaugurated in Wash
ington! One of the plana to keep him from
passing over onr territory, is to tear up the
rails .of the three principal lines of communi
cation leading into Baltimore from the West
and the North. It is due to the public and
themselves, that the Presidents and Directors
of these roads should forthwith establish extra
watches upon the whole rente within ibis
State, and prevent any such movement If tbe
Legislature ever should get together, they de
sign to prevent the transportation of any pas
sengers at all over Maryland territory until af
ter the 4th of March; and. what Is more, it is
their declared purpose to seize upon the Capi
tol, In conjunction with Virginia. They will
do more. They will assemble a Convention
that will vote us out of the Union in double
quicklime; and, if the Capitol can* be seized,
the -Revolutionists intend to declare them
selves tbe United States, and proceed to In
vite the Free Stales Into a new Confederacy,
witff such changes In the present Con
stitution aa Mr. Brcckiuridge asks for!
In oihfr words, they will insist on devoting all
iutnre territory acquired under the new regime
in the direction of Mexico, to everlasting sla
very.
An effort Is to be made to break up the Sen
ate, when It sh ill proceed to count the votes
on the lirst Wednesday in February. This
movement does not seem tobeabamioued. If
it Is, then the City of Washington is to be seiz
ed on or about tbe 22d or £>ih of February, or
somewhere about that time. The amuse
ments for defence mode by Gen. Scott and the
city authorities are the only means of arresting
this design, but much will depend upon the
convening of the Maryland Legislature. Even
then,- if Gov. nicks folds out, the more violent
of the Legislature propose to meet without his
call, while othefs are for the self-constituted
Revolutionary Convention doing everything,
in conjunction withthatof Virginia. Nothing
can nullify the acts of such a Convention but
tbe prompt assembling of a so-called Union
one, *a I have already intimated.
The grand Union meeting hist night was a
triumphant success, dad Reverdy Johnson’s
great forensic speech against the constitution
al right of secession, and the heresy of this
Union being a mere compact of sovereign
States, may serve to arrest the tide of rebellion
in Maryland. If the Federal Government
would only act os promptly os the rebels do, a
counter current woald speedily sweep the
traitors Into oblivion { but while South Caro
lina lb permitted to defy the Federal power.
It Is difficult to prevent the spreading
of the infection. Let Major Anderson
strike bat a blow in vindication of the Federal
sovereignty, and instautly you will see the
border'slavc States rally to the side of tho
Colossus. Let Gen. Scott be made Comman
der-imChlef of, the Army, and u similar result
will follow. We oil feel and know, here, that
had Maj’or Anderson made good his threat to
Gov. Pickens, without referring the question
to his Government, all would now ncwelh
People would have seen that we have, indi cd,
a Government worthy the name of one. Tho
attempts at disturbing the Uiron meeting last
night were crushed out in.-hmter.
In certain quarters there:* attatementafloat
that five Alabamians intend to impose them
selves npon Mr. Lincoln’s suite as Republi
cans, and design to accompany him on his way
to Washington fof sinister purposes. Whether
there be any truth in this or not, a word to
wise will be cnongh. Knowing the prejuoices
against the President elect, among the igno
rant, engendered and fanned into fury by the
Toombscs and men of their ilk, it beco’mts the
friends of the President elect to be prudent,
at l<-ast. As for tho President himself, he is
the honored choice of thirty millions of people,
and lifl rests secure in their protection, even
though a portion of them m.y bo alienated
from*hint misrepresentation, but his his
tory shows,he is man to go just where bis
duty calls him, rcizaroiC: 3 consequences.
The nation will find him a .C. oou “ d
within an hour alter he gets into “hit®
llousiL
The Southern Forts*
There are ho forts at the South, whose oc
cupation is absolutely ladMpens.-ble to carry
ing out the policy which Is likely to bo adopt
ed toward the seceding States iu the culbrce
ment of the revenue laws. Of course it would
be better to have ththn all, as wc should have
had them but for the treasouof the hue Secre
tary of War and hU fellow conspirators; but
the business can hi d°n,e without them. A
single ship-of-war at each pi.Veh*?! Southern
port, say New Orleans, Mobile, £»7a£tirtr,
Charleston, and perhaps two or three othtr?.
is ample to ensure the collection of the revenue
at ea-ffi, or it that bo resisted, to duse'thc
ports. The blockade would be outside the
range of the guns of the forts, and iu no wise
impeded by them.
At the mouth of the MTsimppl 1 the forts
are inland, leaving good auehonge even within
the river. K»*y S v est is knewu to be fully
guarded, and the »f ."urprised before
the arrival of the force'thiihef; which is
nut probable, can be hHd by tho illlburtcfj
but a short time. A single ship of war would
soou starve them out. These two positions
afford au ample base for all needed operations
iu the Gulf. Everything hxs been done at
Pensacola that was expected. Notwithstand
ing all the telegraphic messages and all the
mail letters to the coniiuamh-r at that statu-n
were iiltcrtcpled by the traitors, the special
messenger sent dotf h affirm it* season to pre
vent a surprise, and to coucehlfatc lories
at the station at Fort Picks us, which com
mands the harbor and Navy Yard, aud which
can lie re inforced wiiuuut*difficul{y,as Bo ob
stacles can be Interposed. From*ih*se im
portant points on the Florida coast, the stars
ami stripes will never come down, until the
naval power of the United States be sunk iu
the ocean, aud its glory be lorcver departed.
The maritime power of the Free States is un
conquerable, and the old flag, in their hands,
ia doomed to no reverses and to no dishonor.
Under its triumphant folds the ancient motto
of “Free Trade and Sailors’Rights'’ his been
borne over the whole eatth, aud, by the bleis
ing of Clod, it dull be triumphantly borne
still, lor generations and for long centuricsyet
to come. A mighty people will bear it \>tf
high, over the land, and expanded and expand
ing empire will enjoy its protection long after
Alricau Slavery on this continent sh-dl have
rotted and been forgotten.— Y. Tribune.
Tlie Fort* In Foascsalou of tho Rebels*
The forts known to be already In tfccpo-S'S
siou of the secessionists are Fort Puliski, Sa
vannah, 100 guns, cost $92),500; F«rt Jackson,
14guns, $125,000; Forts Moultrie and Pinck
ney at Charleston, 70 guns, €119,110; Forts
Macon and Caswell, North Carolina, the ffrrt
01 guns, fibO.doO, the other 87 guu*, iml.LiH;
Fort Muruan, Mobib\ 13a guns, fclAlt-V.SG;
Fort Game, Mobile, 89 gnus, $-0,000; Fort fit.
Philip, Louisiana, LM nuns, €‘-03.724; Fort
Jackson, 130 gnus, SBI7,GOa; Fort Pike, *l9
guus, $47d,001. The whole number of guns,
9Jo; cortot forts aud repairs fil/Jii.OSO: cos'
of armament $7i7,285; total $5,793,337.
WESTERN MATTERS.
Rev. Isaac H. Kalloch, of Leavenworth,
Kansas, Is at Washington connected with the
establishment of a Baptist College iu Kansas,
he being its general agent, lie is negotiating
a treaty for twenty thousand acres of land be
longing to the Ottawa Indians, a delegation
from whom is at the Capital with Lin*. His
business meets the approval of the Govern
ment, and is likely to be successfully conclu
ded.
Action* or the Second Regiment op V. U.
Michigan M.—Tbc Board of Offiwrs of the
Second Kliment of Volunteer Uiuforta<-d
Micbl*can Miiiiid met a; the National Hotel on
Saturday evcoing. Alter the election of Col.
McConoeii and Maj. Champl'm, a-, members of
Hie Board, on motion of Surgeon Bliss it was
IceMtxu, ihat, in view of the imminent
threatened danger to uur Union bv the orgau
izedtteasonahJe dcmonstrat.ons la our Un;on,
CoL Me. Connell be requested to recommend
the commandants of tuc several companies
comprising his regiment semi-weekly‘drills,
for the promotion of more perfect military dis
cipline, and the enlistment of niem’-cp*
On motion of CapL Judd, the following pre .
amble and resolutions, dra*n by Ouartermos
ter Collins, were adopted:
TWiiTtm-, The ojutingency Is likely to occnr
oi a call, by the President of the United Slates,
upon the Governor of the State of Micbuau
for her quota ot military force to meet the'ex
isllng and anticipated national cmcr-enclcs*
and, ° *
the Governor to* call upon the militia of the
BUte for the service, now, therefore,
Jiesoitxd) That the Second Regiment of the
Volunteer Uniformed Militia of the said State
do hereby tender to said Governor their servi
ces under said call
JiaUvcd,further, That, by virtue of thn ten
der, and in accordance with the wishes of this
Board, and the sympathies of the entire corps
under their command, they ask ol said Com
nunder-la-CUef preferences in any call he nuv
deem it his duty to make, holding themselves
under this prompt tender, entitled to “the
right of the column” in any organization of
tiie said Slate, if summoned to the field.
Grand Rapid* Dnquirer, Jan, 15.
An Army op Governors.— ‘Within the short
space of three months, Indiana has had no less
than four Governors. Governor Willard died
in October last, and hla place was filled by
LlenL Gov. .Hammond. On the 14th inst. Gov,
Lane was inaugurated at the instigation of tho
people. Two days afterwards ha was elected
United States Senator and gave way tj Lieut.
Gov. Horton. Such an occurrence as four
Governors legally and constitutionally enter
ing and leaving thelroffice within three months
was never before known in this country wa
believe.
Novel Wat to Detect a Mcsderol—We
have published the details of the murder cf
William Hanna and wife in Putnam county,
also stated yesterday that aman nauud
"William Allen had been arrested for the
murder. The murderer hid left a piece of pa;
per in the hands of the muderod people, on
which he had written, u ketch me If you kin.”
This was picked up and preaerred, and ins- ;
plclon* resting on Allen, he was induced or •
compelled to write the aomewordsin the pres
ence of others, who, to carry out the designs
of the detectives, wrote on separate pieces of |
paper the words on the sheet picked up in Mr. I"
Hanna’s hand. Allen’s chirography and or- i
thography were Identical with the manuscript 1
in the possession of the detectives. “ Kin,”
and “ketch,” were written Jus' as they were
on the piece of paper found where the murder
was committed. The evidence against Allen
was sufficiently strong to warrant his arrest
and confinement for trial.
■ PijntEsaxaoSciciDE.—On Sunday afternoon
lost, pll=B Julia Ann t Stull, daughter of Hr
Henry Stull, residing at South Bend, Indiana,
committed - suicide at the residence of her
brotlier-in-law, J. it. Studcboker, under the
following circumstances, as given by the South
Jizn&JlctjisUr :
OajSonday, Mr. Studebaker and his vrife left
togo : on a vl-it into the country and requested
her to go with them, but sbe declined, saying
she preferred remaining at home to read. They
returned about dusk and found every door of
the house locked or fastened on the inside,
with the curtains to every window down and
appearances of the house indicated that the
bon?6 hod been deserted for some hours.
Alter being at home a short time ilrs.StuUe
baker lit a candle and went into the cellar for
some purpose, and, on descending the stairs,
met, directly In front of her and almost in con
tact n ith her, the inexpressibly shocking and
appalling sight of the dead body of her sister
hanging suspended by the neck. She bad ta
ken two towels, twisted them, placed one
around her neck and tying the ends together
with a small cord, not forming a supping
noose, then tying one end of the other tow<d
to the bridging between the Joists overhead,
and tying the other £nd to the one around her
neck; and then she apprrently swung herself
off from one of the steps of the stairs. The
motive that prympted her to commit the rash
act is shrouded in impenetrable mystery. Not
the lea*t clue bos yet been discovered that even
suggests an explanation. Sbe was surrounded
by a large circle of kind ond affectionate rela
tives, all well off, and all of the highest respec
tability. Sbe was herself of a kind, mild and
rather retiring disposition, and bx« always sus
tained a cearacter above suspicion or reproach.
It is not known that she hod the least cause
for sorrow; she never manifested any, and no
young lady In town apparently bad & brighter
or happier prospect before her than she. She
has ever been a dutiful and affectionate daugh
ter and sister; in the home and social circles
she was an universal favorite, and was rcspect
edand admired by all wbo knew her. S ewas
in apparent sound health, both in body and
mind, and even when she was left by hersister
and brother-in-law on the fatal day she seemed
lively end cheerful.
npilE GREAT CLOSING OUT
JL Sale of our Entire Stock
Of 'w inter G-oocsLs y
TVTII commence MONDAY, January nth, 1361. Look
for extraurdinay bargains. W. Si. ROaS * CO,
No. 167 and 160 Lake street.
B23NTSIBZi2n 2
Those Hand Knit
GOOD?,
ADAPTED TO THE CLIMATE
the Holidays %
Manufactured and sold by
ADDISON GRATES,
78 iate Stroot 78.
STMIOiVS,
Ho. 48 - - - - Clark Street - - - - Ho. 48
NEXT TO SHEUaiAjr HOUSE,
FAMILY OSOGEEIES
BXESCELMIB IN’
QUALITY AND VARIETY.
SOLS AGENT FQJI
Amelang’s Celebrated Boneless
HAMS,
Mcstpha'da Care, Superior Quality and Flayer.
FRESH FRUITS *3O VEGETABLES,
IN CANS,
SWEET CORN, TOMATOES,
GREEN TEAS, LIMA BEANS,
MUSHROOMS, FRESH PEACHES,
RASPBERRIES, • STRAWBERRIES,
Fine apples,
OUYE3.
PISS, IK OAKS.
FRESH SALMON, LOBSTER,
TURTLE SOUP, HERRING.
[-crM-irtsn
JOXES, PERDUE & SMALL,
Tar'-LEs.u.n and retail
S» T Al. 1* XONHHS,
So. 122 Lake Street.
JOXES, PERDUE & S3ULL,
Klanii Rook Manufacturers
BOOK BINDERS.
NO. 122 LASS STREET.
JOXES, PERDUE & SMALL,
COMMERCIAL PRINTERS,
No. 132 take Street No, 133
an 3 CHICAGO, ILL.
qjTlat closing out sale
DDY GOODS.
STItYRER & €O..
I-It SAKE STBEET,
Hare determined to close cot their stock of Winter
Good*, and In conform mre therewith they offer for the
rrasr sixtx uays,
THEIR ENTIRE ASSORTMENT OF SEASONABLE
DRY GOODS
At Prices Actually
LESS THAW PRIME COST.
As the flowing prices shot?:
BestPec!ficandVanchc«terDeLalne* 12}<e
Heavy G rat Falla Drawn Cottons 7 e
“ " Bleached Cottons ffKo
Good Do Bests 6fce
Fait Color Dcchcss and r&lsa Prints 8 •
Coeds Print*
Heavy M Blankets ,|3.M
Hoop Skirt*, from fC0.15 to LW
Rich Paris Cloaks 8.09 to 13J»
Heavy Blanket Sliawlt . 2.00
Heavy 6-t Bearer Cloths 2.(0
Together with all other goods la like proportion.
X3T Call soon as the ruah Is great and the goods are
-Walklog-oa.’* JalOd^aJw
HOW THEY SAVE THEIR
FUNDS OUT WEST!!
THE GREAT 77EE IS HUiWAXTKEE.
$300,000.
„ Milwaukee. January Ist, 13GL
Messus. Hznacro ft co„ Chicago,
(•ent»:—l biro Mtcceededln removing from the ruins
thetllr ?afe. It wa» in toe fiftu story, and fell adl**
taace of and remained in the tiro forty mo
hoar-. One of the enters and plates were melted ol
a!~o x.w knobs. Fr -m the appearance or th» safe. If it
tad been any other but HemngV. i should have »ald
the co>.tvnt«wcr* u>ed up. A great d-’al of interest
was manbestrd hy every one to see It opVeJ; sod rar-
* lll4 -
One Individualofferedto ht 11 a Ifany wa'erhaa - ' aa
insia-i of it that It had formed lee Anutott «K°Hep.
& * T. cre c- .’'but no safe could stand that all and
It contained a Urge amount of “rtuk no£l
: assessment roll?, .kc„ valacaatover
L wry thing was injost as good order as when
pat to, except a slight dUcoliraUon S br steam “
Tours truly, LAN SIX G BONNELL.
iIORE MONET SAVED IN THE MILWAUKIE FIRE,
Lsrrsn xo. a. ,
Slkssss. Hcbbixo a j4aQai72d ’ l?S1 '
the «Ja» of the Ute fire another
,I ttv hnn ' e^ *s"- fhji was In the rains
a^. a i,°£ iro / ou an Ideaof the lire through
££*s“ it raised it 6 only &eccsaar> to say that the
IdecM of Safts vrn “Cited off.
neces or iron window caps, gas pipes, letter nreeae*
,^™^V ay cfiSl'S mStod
P l 4*- . Ic having fallen from the third story
St ?S a^s^ W i te « ~dert $ l . B brlcktha t we could
lts un’U yesterday, or else >t
h *T eb . ef '£ BoonerrerroTe<irro m tie ruins. It
S^SF^-i* 0 Superintendent of Public School*! and
mSu*-.*a •S«at «“oaat of valuable papers, re
cordsa. d fsai in money. The content# we« all right,
not eren a smell of flro from them.
truly, LANSING BONNELL.
Latest Cautriox Sana, though so
B 9a“ s *fd. xxvm fail u» ,ave th’ir cont*-nU,
V°l.vl>epHjt in the West is at 40 State street
dsu’m.iyndpg HERRING ft CO
TO PASSENGERS GOING
EAST.
TAKE NOTICE.
35*«,3r0 nodLuoed.
Oand aflerJaanary Htti. 1960, and until ftrrther no.
Ch!cm*« to Cleveland will boonlr
Tlciteteat rates (good fi>r three dan) can
bo proenrsd ohLT at the tiffins of
cm and Indiana Kallroad. v*i *yV i*i»«rhrm
street, ud mttbe L'epoL IhSS&r:&e (nm nS2
land to *.ew TorS laoolr *l-4. to Boston. Phllid.t
ptda,aad ail points £a»Cln &e™oSS?*
CUcaio. Jaa.Uth.l36L G£ ° *•
ineOELIjANEOTJB.
Thu AxiLoixiTtar or Lmnuoi*.—There ts s now.
las tendency la this age to appropriate tha moat ex
pressive words of other languages, and after a whoa
to Incorporate thorn into oar own; time Use word Cap.
balle,! which Is front the Greek, signing “ter the
head,** la now becoming popularized la connection
with Spaldings ptst Headache remedy, hat It
will soon be used In a more general way. and the word
Cephalic win become u common as Electrotype and
manyjotheri wboee distinction aa foreign words has
been worn away by common usage thsy sees
“native sad to tha manor born. 1 *
'ardly '.Realised.
B *ad *n horrible 'eadaeho this baftetnoon, hand X
stepped Into the hapothecnrlee hand say* hi to the
“Canyon hesse me of an 'eadacher* "Doe* Ithsche
*ard,~ say* “Haxceedlagly* sayj hi, hand npoa
that *a gate me a Cephalic Pill, hand i'poa mo 'onor It
sored me to quick that 1 *Srdly realised 1 *ad *ad aa
‘esdache.
tF“ Headache la the ftvorlta sign by which Baton
make* known any deviation whatever front the na
tural state of the brain, aod viewed la thla light ft may
be looked on aa a safeguard Intended to give notice ot
disease which might otherwise escape attention, till
too late to be remedied; and Its Indication* should
sever be Headaches maybe classified un
der two names, viz: Symptomatic and Idiopathic,
Symptomatic Hrsdache Is exceedingly common «n<t jg
the precursor of a great variety of diseases, among
which are Apoplexy. Gout, Rheumatism and an lebrfla
diseases. In Its nervous form It la sympathetic of dft.
ease of the stomach coastitotinv arcs azatuens, of
hepatic disease constituting stunts atsoaenx, of
worms, constipation and other disorders of the bowels,
as well as renal and uterine affections. Diseases of tha
heart are very frequently attended with Headaches;
Anatmla and plethora are also affections which fro.
qneotly occasion headache. Idiopathic Headache la
also very common, being nasally distinguished by the
name of aurora asabiCHs, sometimes coming on
suddenly In a state of apparently sound health *u4
prostrating at once the mental and physical energies,
and In other Instances It comes on e lowly, heralded by
depression of spirits or acerbity of temper. In most
Instances the psm Is in the front of the head, over one
or both eyes, and sometimes provoking vomiting; tu*
der this class may also be named X iubuci s.
For the treatment of either cta*s of Headache *ha
Cephalic Pills hare been toned aeure and safe remedy,
relieving the most acute pains In a few minutes, and
by it* subtle power eradicating tha diseases of which
Headache la tha nastring
Bizs«sr«-Mlssut visa you t» send her a box cf Cep*
hallo Gina, no, a bottle of Prepared PUlv-bnt Pa
thlakln* that* not Just It naltber; bit perhaps jell b -
afther knowing what U la. Ye see she* cj S a dead and
gone with the Sick Headache, and Tints some acre ot
that same as rclalved her before.
Dacoowr.—Too mast mean SpiMlng’s Cephalic PTCa,
Btmocr.—Och! sure now and you*,-? -?d It, here*
the quarther and glv me the PHI* and dont be all -tar
about It althez.
Constipation or Costivenaos.
Koonaoftha “many UU Acedia halrio" Is so prer*.
lent, so little understood, and so much neglected* ae
Ooettrenee*. Often originating in carelessness or sed
entary habits; It la regarded a* a slight «liH>rder of too
Dltle consequence to excite anxiety, while In really It
Is the precursor and companion of many of the most
fetal end dangerous dkeswra, and unless early cradles,
ted It will bring the sufferer to an untimely grave.
Among the lighter evils of which c:*fttlvencse Is the
usual attendant are Headache, Colic. Rheumatism.
Tool Breath, Piles, and other, of like nature. while a
long train of frightful such a* Malignant Fe.
▼era, Abcessea. Dysentery, Diarrhea. Dyspepsia, Apo
plexy, Epilepsy, ParalysK lly=lcria. Hypochondriasis,
Melancholy and Insanity, nrst Indicate their presence
In the system by this alarming symptom. Not unfr*.
qnently the diseases named originate In Constipation,
but taka on an Independent exi.-tom.-e units* the canaa
Is eradicated In an early stage. From all these cowld
atlons It follows that the disorder should receive Im
mediate attention whenever it occnr*,and no parson
should neglect to get a box of Cephalic PUIs on the
trst appearance of tLecomplalut.au their timely a*e
will expel the lealduecs approaches of and de
stroy this dangerous foe to human life.
A Beal Blessing
Mrs. Jones, how uthat beadaehap
Mas. Josss.—Gonel Doctor, all gonaj the pill you
sentcnredmelnjutttweDtynilimtf*.jmd Iwl»h you
would send more so that I can Lave them handy.
can get tltera at any Druggists.
Call for Cephalic Pills, I ur.d they never fell, and I re
commend them In nil ca*e» pf Headache.
Mss. Joxxl—l shall send for a box directly, and «h*n
tell all my suffering friends, for they ora ssiu, suss*
aa.
Tnryrr Honors or Zou-lss Savto—Jfr. Spaldlca
baa sold tvo millions of bottles of his celebrated pre
pared Glue *aa it L» e-ttmatod each bottle saves as
leant tea dollar* worth of broken f.inlfare, thus mak
ing an of twentv' millions of dollars re
claimed from loial K>.-s by this valuable Invention.
Having made hi? tllce a housshcltl word, he now pro
poses to do the world etill service by oaring all
the aching beads with his «>p!ialirPlll-, ami if they an
aa good •« hJs Glue,2eada:Jiea wUlaocu vanish away
like mow
WOrmEicrroimfr. and thSinactal caw and ua>
!sty incident to clow ■ tteutl 'fi am
among the numer ■ fcsu-psorN-Tvoutllradache. Th*
dlaonlemDLit,. of’uhul and body Incident to this dU
trc».slncc-»«nialnt it a fatal blow to all energy and so
LlUon, ?alf«rerjby thU »lh*-rd«r can »hau obtain
relief from err*® dUtrci-dkijr attack* by ai-lag
oao oftha Cephalic PII/» the ap
pear. Itqnlot* the 'iveri3i*Vd brain, a. n d roo:be» tbo
strain*! and jarring nerv.*, aod relax en the teuaion of
lh« ttomach which always accoaiyarlaij and a,:"Tcv«u»
U>« dt*orj»Tcd condition of the LruhL
Fact woitu Kjtowtscl—CephaH'* Pda am
acertala cuwfcrS'c’c IT-.tii.iCfc*, Billions Headache,
7nr79nsHes>laebe.Ccct!vehd» and Central Debility.
Grxxr the mc«t Important -,f alt
thegreatmedicaldikCov«rrtceof may be coi*
slderrd the aysterc of vaccination for protection from
Small Pox. the Cephalic Pill f..r relief of Headache, and
the nee of Quinine forth** protection of Fevrs. either
ofwhjcliU a anre specific. whu*e bennflU will bo ex
perienced by lettering humaiJtr lone .after their til*.
•STefifs are forgotten.
HHlildycn **Ter s;aee the 5!rS HeadAcae? Cc yea
remember the UiroMlnn temple*. the fevered hrc*». the
loathing and dlsgnc? at tlia -’sht of food. Ib-w t- Jully
caSt /on were C>r pleasure, cor.ver-atlon or atady.
One of Ck* Cephalic Pill* would have relieved you from
all the •affcrlns which you then experienced. Fo
this and otbef purposes you should always bare ato
of them on nan-? lo ois os oocTJpm rermlrt-s
. *sic
CUBS
NervousHsadache
Headache.
Bj Oo nae cf theae PHU the parts 01s asmoke of Suci
TOcaoafccrHaAnACHamarhepNreated; *ad If taken
at the commencement cf an attack Immediate rellex
(h>m pain and tickneaa will be obtained.
They seldom Call In removing the Xacssa and Hat»
aces to -which females are so sobject.
~'iej set gently apon the bowels—remorteg Coe
t | *■
a I n Mis, Bmvm Delicate Females, and
I ForLim*. they are rataahle as a
all persons of
’ APPETITE,'
DIPROVGVfI Ik. ’eatlveorgans, andro-
Qlvtof tojts and twos to the dia- **gth of the whole
r storing the natural elasticity and rtre^
| »y*|«n. - taTC*
, The CEPHALIC PILLS are the resalt of lon* H ng
; tlsatlon and carefully condacted experiments, h*v.
I lo oae many yean, during which time they hare
Prevented and Iteliered
a raet amount of pain and snffcring from Headache,
•whether originating fa the ssavocs aystemor from % '
deranged state of the stomach.
They are entirely resemble In their competition, and
nay be taken at all times with perfect safety without
Buklsg any change of and the
Abeenca of any Sisagrooablo ?*asitf r
siifttrt it sin to atntnnsm thu to emmatat
BEWARE OF COUNTERFEITS I
At, alcaateroa of Henry a Bpaldlsf
Sold br Drnjslsto and an otter Dealer, la Sfedlctoa*.
A Box win be sent by cull prepaid oa receipt of tb,
THICK, S3 CENTS.
AH order, aboold be addrcaaed to
EEHSY C. SPAIDIBG,*
*0 fhixr etrawt, Pftyr
«clMtwi»iy
i; Co*

xml | txt