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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, March 29, 1861, Image 2

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FRIDAY, MARCH; 29, 1881.
THE WWOW TOT
I TSe jag® of tiehtetieASs mildness in
comparison Vitlitlie 'trisAli of the London
Tima against .jijteV neir Ainericadv-tariff.'
The moat direftd talinnlUes is predicted,
wffllijX-upon the United •‘States as a pun
ishment tim fcuactmlsctj The excite
ment and violence 1 of the- Tnna is mainly
dns to misapprehension. „ Its artiriesTKETE:
written
: cates of fiee trade and slaTeiw'assailed the
_«Sj whlle'lt wa# pending before Congress;;
a Hedging that i ofiVall cota
e meree, hMsfecft' ianilEurope^
that it was nol only higii protectiTC bnt ab
solutely : prohibitin'. “ All esbrts *bf obj ec-~
tions were urged it. 1 One day It'
- was so intricate thatit nErycr| could be'cA
be, hnported tinder it. And
sinwite .pa^geittraeid^ans
■ ■ - potters hate - continneiKbm aaßmflte,- and
' 'fidßehoods,witeont : ;-cbs^(H4
Journals are paid Igige Bnnis ; by the agents
of mtmnfactnrte and Importing'.
houses’ 1 to continue theiriwarfaro.against
. the Amdftcan t&nff, there isj little doubt
. From euofr coirupted sOurcae thfi Tjondon’
Sima iderrres Ste; Ideas- of. 6nr hew. tariff
and thunders rts anathemas against it. It
■ opWßone of its : *teaiders” in this Style‘<sf
high falldtin:. ’ i .---i
.“At .tnnrariu when the destinies of the great
- American Union or* the -balance and
- the Itepnblic L-
-- 'pheflOt.clvll.-K-ar, Uci
Ameuore^hlch?eems calciUated at once to alien
__ ate foreign natives, to.embitter homcstlc strife, !
; and-to provide gnr inexhamtlble tor,the,
v antagonisaiPiihappCy iTtbehtibg between the two’
■/yffona of.the Confederacy." •
It then proceeds to lie law*-
' fiflirig.tbejd<bticftl language Employed by
. tie New York : ~ x; -
The dflliefi-lmpoßed by the LUI are owt onlyjm
. moderately are lerle^-hpohlmport*.
0 oF.the firjtnecessity. Uxed are not -
‘ * mereloxnries; or commodities entering into the
•cfHxamnption of} the opnlentalone.; Itis agon oot
■ . -ton goods,'-woolen that the
" Imposts vriH Hall, andbo enormous J are thp duties,
- propooed that the resnlt can be!TttJe r ehort or ab*‘
•oJnte prohlbitkm., Cutlery be; taxed np*
. ' wards offllty pp cent, in the lowest instance, in.
■' the hJgheat neaky ttvoTimidreci and fifty.. In ad* |
dltlonlo this, thebfll enacts bo many complicated
arrangements, and throws .intenninable oh*
structionßinthetreyof badness, that commerce
' will be next to Impossible under [conditions so
■difficult.; ' j ■ r 1 ‘ ;
The statement that tie “ dixies imposed
■“are immoderately •higVVhsheer-false/
~ hood, jtrnti for aT
basis. Tie assertion that tie tax on “ cot
' "ton goods, aiid woolen g6ddi and:hard*?,
"warelasb enormous as to be almost pnK
. "iiMtOiy”rla;eqtifllJy- desdliite' of fiulfc
- . stance. - - These reckless assertibns are - a
recoinage ofthe of
the New York Herald, andj tie, willful
fabrications of \ht,jQUtnal..df Commerce,
Tie* 11 -cutlery” story we -bClleve origi-
wlti tie New.; York but was
by tie - Satanic,- and is
■ now reproduced ; by tie London . Tiroes and
retailed over Europe.' ; 'Tie New York
free trade organs copy tie comments of
■ tieEnglisi press iwiidi'are• founded-on
; their own falsehoods ,and exaggerations;
they reproduce these echoes of,their own.
lies and parade, them as original authori
ties against tie new tariff \ v -.
We published the new tariff schedule a
fewdays ago. If pur readers 'will turn to
it they will find- that “cutlery” is taxed
on the average only ihirty per cent, instead
of fifty to two hundred and fifty, as the
. London. Times and New York free trade
paperS.falaely assert,, The duties on these
articles are lowerthan was imposed by the '
tariff- of ’43, and scarcely as high, as under
the Democratic lotr tariff : pr ’46. The
features of the new tariff which gives the
offense to New York importera
■ and foreign manufacturers, is
tion of tpedjic for duties. ~ The
foreign competitor mustr-hereafter pay ac
cording to theweight, rieasureandquality
of the orticle, and not by ihe.inVoice valua
tion at the point of export The new law
puts a stop to cheatmgrfind-Bundling the
Government. The frauds,that have been
committed under 5 the tariff of 1857 'are
enormous. The Treasury has been an-'.
. finally robbed'of millions of Tevenue by
: false. invoices, -The ambunt ! of peijuiy
committed was frightful’ to. contemplate.
Honest importers, who’wonld not swear to
a lie, were being, undersold, ruined, and
driven out of the market» Abble ofgoods
worth, at Hamburg say sl,ooo,.would be
mitered at the. Custom House as having
.. . cost but SSOO, and-this-falsehood would be
~ duly attested and sworn. to. ; Instead of
paying S3W) on a 30 per cent Impost, Hus
bale of goods would escape with $l5O/
The Treasury, wouldtheretfy be defrauded
of $l5O, the honest importer wpuld be un
dersold by a like sum, and, the American
. . manufacturer fotmd’lnmself of
half the incidental protectiohiwhich the
law professed to,-give him, and liis business
- tmdennined and wilted,andhimself driven
put of the field cri nto bankruptcy* * - ' i - ‘
Under thefid valorem tariff cjf‘l346, iMs
. ay stem of* cheating was • commenced, and
.eyeiy year the 'beiaine more
dexterous in swindling the' Government.
They have graduated under the tariff of
1857, which happily expires • oh the Ist of
■ April li j • ■
The per cent of duties imposed/by^thlT
new act average hbout the saine as imder?
the Democratic low tariff of ‘IB4O, which -
. lasted thirteen years.: ♦The on Boino
-articles, which come in direct
. .r- with the produotions of oifi own mechan
ics, is ahtlle highcr;but j it ls lower, on.
many other and i
fop instance.lf of the new
tariff had imt Btqgped up the r&i holes, but
had left open the_«ame faeflities forfiwin-
as existd underihe
present ;law» tbe *New York> J9€ra?d . and
Journal r&rJ2m™scez would essentially
moderate. their, '- opposition; importers
. would pay .very little to fight it; and,-con--
sequentij, the -Satanic and. Mhdrbd sheets'
, would not bother their heads fo -iuyept ob--'
jecticuis againstit/.^</] " / :
The new ..tariff Was 'framed end passed'
for s p&s>se jofltiisting the
jjyth gufifclenlt /revehne;-
,tiie GqyemmenU, And it is a :
• -^completefind efficient answer to the dole
fid predSetkntt W ‘
London. that, if the act is-> 1 Uttie
shortfif Atolute proMbhion’l]! trilfspeed-
Hy defeat itself' /if, it ; is tia high, ns the
Times it will'utterly ful to prb
*duce the revenue necessry for the stißten.--
•nce offhe Gprernmetii; and the next.ses-_
: •!<» of-Gongrem will be obliged to repeal
or lower. it. to a vevenue standard.- -The
London Tina and its New Tydrk allies may
. therefore dry tip their, crocodile, tears,- aa
the new tariffwiU.dißcover defects
the law-making power
willfiot bejßlqw-.toi changeitJ Give it a.
decent trial, and not attempt to wltistle it
J.. down the wind before it has gone.into
" CffißCt-' __ . _-, r - i j ■..
sureT;- The^tariff.now in
fince, passed in i 857, has preyed a dlsas
. rtrena rlt,,fbuqd the Government
with an overflowing' lreasury,“and ra: sur-;
plus of dghteen miUicDßl '/It leaves it ex-.
” . hausicd ind bhlhe briuk bankruptcy.
' The surplus is gone and v ln ife place ana
£ miilibhd h^
‘ r . ■; been loaded ppdiCthe iahhujaeSof tbe peo-v
. , pl&. The reached over
‘ ' Jft t js.nolT hpir
-> - revenue-required for the support of the/
fj ~ Sas beriouslyfinpaired. thh
j- ; of the nation. Moneyhas been bor-'
xatestrf 12 and 15
__ per ccnt ate lothfolhnd to-s
--company t imtiba wMh;isspend--
■ C “ J £‘
*r/ / dri shatkß and Bha 1
«agiS£
7 ; ' IKX/.p- ; *■;
to cany it on? Before; the expiration of
Lincoln's administration-there would be_a
national debt piled up cl* two hundred And
fifty millions, bearing ten to twenty per
cent interest , *
tariff OflSSronly prtridesthegoT--
;ermnent with half enobgh revenue. 'Will
the ■■ European manufacturers and New,
York importers make up thetteficU? "Wlio
suppty&e rptM?ngjhirty-odd millions
atyear ? isit to come from ? Can
the New Tort Herald tell ? We know the
answer of the London Times. It will tell
the American people to lay a direct tax on
property .~r:lts be:
Ihbfms frdm England,and levy a direct
,“ tax,on .ypur .people for. .the support of
“ your Government.”
\i\ Hs&inirfjt'Americans are willing to act
-rm tVris--nitvinfl ? -TiPt -it hn impressed on
eTety < .p^^\th^:iflhj»els to be freejrade
with Europe, the GoVemment mustbesjp
portes by direct taxes,* and, if a low, adya
knm-teriffi'lUtothe present one,be insist-
Sl' upon, taxes 1 to theumbnnt; of some thir
ty millions, a year must be levied upon the
property of the pepple,'or the Government
’must cQine Jp an iencL.Put in force the ad ,
.yice.of the Xiondon the New'
Totk and a policy will be-inaugn-.,
whjcb wiU ‘‘ alienate loyalty, mbits
’“iec-domesticitrife, and provide an inex*
‘ “haustible element for, antag6nism3,” npt_
-only between the “two sections of the
. “Cohfederlcy,”but among the people of
‘the free States,
This is the entertainment to . which the
enemies of a tariff adequate for the support
of -the Government, invites the people to
■sit down. ---• ' .
THE ORIGINAL STRIFE.
Ifßecession shall ever be so-thoroughly,
/accomplished -as to be acknowledged , by
.the.people of the.United States and thcna
tions of the world, ws shall find oorselves,
confronted try the very question which has
"induced the strife; and we shall probably
;be obliged.to settle it with the sword. This
question ia simply: M Pttat.t. slavery.. be
extended?” Jeff Davis's government
says, Yes. The civilized world answers,
Nol . . . .
‘ To .extend slavery, two things are neces
sary territory must beacquired;
Sd, The African slave trade mnst be re
opened.', The-, one! is as necessary as the
other. • The great scheme for
the American continent must fail miserably
with the failure either to get cheap negroes
in large quantities, or to acquire new lands
for them to r colonize and ruin. ■ Without
such growth slavery dies., Its propagan
dists .know: and feel .the mighty fact; its
enemies, who are no less in number than
nineteen-twentieths of Christendom, equal-,
ly understand it, and are equally bound to
act upon that understanding. Hence, the
only:; important difference between the
status of the South out of the Union and
that of the South in the Union, is that in
.the latter case. theyhave only the North- •
cm. States,to. .fight in their effort to get
slavery extended,' while as an independent
nation they will have pretty much the
wlioTe world to'make bead against. Beat-.
•en in their attempt to'dragoon the North
into their scheme for widening the area of
human bondage, they are now insisting up
on the privilege of jumping from the fry
ing pan into the fire.
The immediate effort of Jeff Davis’s
government will be to seize New Mexico,
Jbr whether/profitable or unprofitable to
slavery per it is the very key of the fu
ture contest. In the hands of slave drivers
it furnishes a base of operations against
the Mexican Republic. In the. hands of
free laborers it forms the great highway
for civilization from the Northern States to
the only tropical climates, from which free
dom is not excluded by the unrighteous
edicts ot slave codes, Vigilance Commlt
' tees and Lynch law. We have-not hesita
ted to express our conviction that we
must fight, for New' Mexico. Everything
points to that conclusion, and whether we
fight in the Union or out of it, makes no
difference with the fact The people have
solemnly voted that Territory free, and
they trill as solemnly fight it free as they
fought Kansas free in 1855-56-57.
The conquest of old Mexico, and the re
opening of the slave trade, will involve. a
trial of strength between Jeff Davis’s gov
ernment and the armies and navies ot Eu
rope as well as America. It is not worth
-while to speculate on the results of such a
.contest. Slavery must go to the will.
Whether the Union last a thousand years,
or is already destdoyed, this is the verdict
of tire Age, and the decree ; of. the Al
mighty. . .
SHIP CANAL TO THE ILLINOIS
. . . RIVER.
. The article copied into another column
from the N. Y. 'Evening Post, upon the
feasibility .and importance of connecting
Lake Michigan with the Illinois River by
means of a canal of sufficient capacity to
admit the passage of steamers of a large
doss, will attract the attention of the read- :
: era of the Tmbuke. The Post justly con
siders the work to be of national impor
tance, and argues that government aid
should be freely given insecure its comple
tion. In view of thepresent political con
dition of the country—the fact that the
mouth of the Mississippi River is; in the
hands of a rebellious people who are lay
ing .duties upon the products of the West
which seek a market through that’channel
that the proposed .canal would af
ford the loyal States the requisite facilities
Tor dissaving all commercial relations with
the disaffected members of the Union—we
do not understand: how this view of the
subject can be successfully controverted.
_ Anti-Secession Feeling in Nortti *r».
• ■ bams—lmportant Heeling.
The Tuscumbia North Alabamian of. the 22d,
contains the proceedings'of a public meeting
held at-Frankfort, Ala., on the lGth instant.
D'. YrSevier was Chairman, and T. B. Trotter,
Secretary. - The following resolutions were
adopted:
“1. Eesdved) That wcapprove the course pur
sued by our delegates Messrs. Watkins. and
Steele, in the Convention at Montgomery, in
- -not signing- the so-called Secession ordinance.
' * 2. That Secession is inexpedient and unnec
essary, and wo are opposed to it in any form, ’
1 and the more so since a majority of the slave
. States have refused to go out, cither by what -
; la colled “SonthOT Cooperation,” or “Precip
itate Secession,” and that the refusal to sub.
.. _mit thesorcalled Secession ordinance to. the
dedsionof the people, is an outrage upon our
rights and, Übbr^,and manifests a oplnt of as
sumption, unfairness and dictatorship.
8; That the doctrine of Secession is not in
the Constitution of the Unlted&tates of Amer
ica; that the Union is perpetual, in order to
insurepeace, prosperity and tranquility; and
that when the Constitution says that all rights
mot expressly delegated to the Federal powers,
are retained by the States, it simplvmeans the
people or States retain the right to regulate
and control their domestic ipslrationa so as not
to infringeupontheConstitatiopDf the United
States; and that wo therefore consider Socea
- :«lon as a false term, well calculated to deceive
- the masses, and Uad to rebellion, oppression
.and anarchy; and also that wo will'not wil
lingly give our support to the State of Ala
owns- in.her present stand upon the side of
will do what we am to the con
trary. : ■.
- , P’ u Jo®» doctrine bo often ad
vauceo, that, a contract broken npon one nart.
la void on the other ia inaptly appuid -fo? thl-
Constitution of the Slates bVSbt bMubro.
ken, because it requires all tbs States tb con- :
stltute one party, and the Federal powers'the
other, but those States that hare passed “ per
aonal liberty bills,” or “anti-Fugitive Slave
•I*WBi”.are only apart of a part. .
That bhr'Congressional homlnee,if elect
ed, is to represent us in the United States Con
; not in this so-called -** Southern Con-!
_ lederacy.” s'■
- >6. Bit we regard the law enacted by the
. , so-called Congress of the “ Confederate States,”
‘imposing duty on goods brought from the
Southern Border States, as oppressive, to our
‘selr'es end a* iniquitous and exceedingly unjust•
:. an ita pperatiounpoaqur sister : Southem and
Northern States.
> W J2T DL, appears to have abandoned ail
hope. “ Your'/noble devotedness,” he said'
.lately to some volunteers, ‘‘is how nselessjor
dUlefinished,. Ihave alrcady eaid the"same
tovevetal bishops nf ' and to that of
Rameg in • /
, - Napoleon and taePrineees_Clofrli
g<f to
j£nd the fealiviiles given in honor of thehom-:
■ inotion of Victor Emaaoel aa Slag of Italy/
jTßsTstfl®s7^^7^Uttedf-haß- no-political!
• - i - e; • ■■■ ”•
S-JO.V’i'&t'zziz--:. ’ :r~-v;
■Z
a gbeat weitebn project.
Steam Canal from l*ake Michigan to
th« JUntoflppl Bivar. : r'
[From the N. Y. Evening Foal.] ‘
The present attitude of Louisiana towards'
theßUtes lying northward upon theMisaisdp
pl Elver hca attracted , attention to a project
discuafledafewyeara since;" She
now claims to belong to a foreign sovereignty.
Within her-territory Uathe mouths* on tha
Mississippi* and she nowholds with her troops /
the torts which command; them. It is true
XierjEegiSlaturahas declared tbat sbe tatends
Its'commerce'shall be free, but auch milaasu
rance from a government which deems Ithon
eat to lay hands upon the money, mints, ves
sels and fortresses of the United States, with
no excuse except that a President it does not
like has been constitutionally elected,-and de-•
Tfinands-lo honor :atßiltorraßeplydyed: topers
jury, cannot be relied upon to keep its faith a
moment longer than its passion or self-interest
may dictate. Its honor is a poor reliance to
men educated to regard oaths as obligatory, and
the West wifi be reluctant to'hazard Its pro-'
duce and merchandise, which have hitherto
passed to*nd from the ocean by the way iff
New. -Orleans, to the risk of seizure by the
same officiate who deemlt’tomorable to robf.
• steal and patronize .treason generally.... .
The project referred- to ;is the connecting
- Lake Michigan- with - the;lllinois river-by a.
steamboat nayigatloEL. ‘lt was seriously con
sidered at the West several'years since; but
the want of means to carry it into 'effect has
for some time prevented any active efforts to
its behalf; ‘Capitalists prefer -making invest- \
meht to enterprises which promisee return In
the shape 6t ,semi-annual dividends. They
flye slow in Vyppndmg money .upon works
. which, though certain to enrich large districts ’
of country,’ may not return to them an Inter
est onthe outlay. "A' steamboat* -navigation
- between the Mississippi and the great lakes -
might not at once produce to us sufficient.to.
.afford the capitalist hiisinterest,whilelt would'
_add untold millions to the value of the West,
and multiply the commerce of her cities and
the city of New York. If possible, it should
be perfectly free. If. this cannot be, it should •
be as lightly encumbered with charges as pps
slble/-The -value of- such a navigation = can.
-hardly be overestimated. ' ;
For about twelve years there has been a ca- -
nal connecting Chicago with the Illinois river.
Its capacity is only sufficient - for the canal
boats which were origtofdly . Used, upon the.
Eric. Its summit level is supplied with water
by pumps. Such a canal, with the necessity
of having the property carried upon it trans
shipped at each terminus, and connecting with'
the Illinois river, ‘which, during portions of.
the summer season is too low for steamboat
navigation, can ncverqbmmand-a very exten
sive traffic. The‘proposed connection would
be quite another affair.-It contemplates a navi- .
gable channel for the steamboats which arc
usedonthe Mississippi, and toe propellers'
which navigate the lakes, and a supply of wa
ter to the Illinois river at all times. A thor
ough cut of one hundred feet wide and eight
feet deep from the river, three miles from its
mouth, in the city of Chicago, through.the di
viding ridge to the 'lllinois river, would draw
from the lake a stream sufficient for these pur
poses at the diyest season. It is estimated,
that such a canal can be. constructed for four
million dollars.' All the steamers navigating
the waters of the great western valley could
then freely pass into Lake Michigan at Chica
go, and proceed without breaking bulk or
other interruption directly to the New York
canals, Buffalo and Oswego.
The effect of the connection npon the great
cities of thewestwould be striking. By means
of railroads, Cincinnati, Louisville,' St Louis
and Chicago are within a few hours from each
other. Each tethe centre ofalarge district as
fertile and prolific as any in the world, brought,
as it were, to its own suburbs. But, notwith
standing the facilities of transportation which
railroads, have: conferred upon each, there
are many .of . tire agricultural products of the
;westem valley wmchrequirca cheaper method
pt transit than railroads furnish. Hitherto
these have followed the natural channels of,
the western rivers, and found their market at
New Orleans. With the proposed channel
. opened, they would find the route cheaper and
moresccureby Chicago, the Lakes, the Erie
canal, and the Hudson-river, to New York—a
market always more desirable than New Or
leans. The result would be substantially to
make New York the outlet of the Mississippi
valley, with its three thousand miles of steam
boat navigation coursing through the most in
viting agricultural countiy in the world, pro
ducing every variety of vegetable growth
found in temperate - regions, with many pro
ductions peculiar to the tropics, and teeming
with almost every metal and mineral useful
to the arts.
New York wUI derive an advantage from
everything which promotes the prosperity of
the' West Every’dollar added to the wealth
of the latter adds to its wealth and growth.
The railroads stretching from the Western vol
leys have done much; very much, to Increase
the business : of the Atlantic cities. Boston,
'Philadelphia and' Baltimore, as well as New
York, exemplify, this truth. Bat, as has been
suggested, much of the produce of the West
requires a cheaper method of transportation.
. Navigation alone famishes this. Let the pro
posed communication be opened,'and a large
part of the whole annual burden of her soil
and the products of her mines would find their
market here. Certainly when the action of
Louisiana indicates that the commerce of the
valley must all-pay tribute to the now govern
ment; the importance of opening a channel by •
which it may avoid the imposition is most
manifest Already, as appears' by the report
of Secretary Dix to Congress, the foreign im
portations of the merchants of 8t Louis, Lou
isville, Cincinnati and other inland cities have
been detained Orleans until they should.
pay duties to Louisiana. How soon she may
lay export duties npoh the produce coming
there from the Northern audWestem States,
or may seize the whole as she has the mint
and national vessels, no prophet can foretell.
Indeed the safety of the whole valley of the
Mississippi and of its. .confluents northerly of
the line of Louisiana demands the construc
tion of this channel. The whole cost is tri
fling in comparison to its importance. It
would be less than one-half the sum annually
raised in the city of' New York for ordinary
taxes; lees by one-fifth than the cost of the
; land taken for the Central Pork; less than one
third of what was paid for the Croton water;
about one-third of the expenditure for the
Hudson River Railroad, and about one-eighth
of the cost of the . Erie. . Could four minion
dollars he otherwise.expended with so great
an advantage to onreity? It would at once
•odd untold millions to our commerce, and
continue to multiply its benefits until tfio last
acre of uncultivated land in the whole western
valley should be subdued, and the lest manu
facturing establishment within it should be
completed* The original construction of the
Erie Canal cost about eight millions. Within
the first ten years after its completion it en
hanced the value of real estate in the city over
one- hundred millions. Yet this result was
caused mainly by its influence upon the com
merce of Western New York along. The four
millions required for this work would‘secure
to us-the best parts of the commerce of the
whole country, lying between the Allegbanies
and'the Rocky Mountains. Even the cotton
of Northern Alabama and Northern Mlssisslp-.
pi, with that of Tennessee, would-find its way
to the markets of Europe by the new rfmnnpi
as a cheaper, safer and more expeditious route
than by the mouths-of the IfissisalppL New
Orleans in a foreign State would' soon find it
self the port of shipment for only its own
neighborhood—not the great mart for the val
ley of the West. And If, what is Ikr from impro
bable, a communication between the waters of
the Mississippi and and Red river should be
formed with the. Atchafalaya, and the main
channel of the Hiceissiopi seek that route to
tbo Gulf of Mexico, leaving 2»ev Orleans with
a secondary channel, she may find It some
what ditficnlt to cany on foreign commerce
with the Gulf and may seek another port
HUitair tnd Nftjal Intelligence.
We are authorized to say that all the ships
of tho home squadron are oat of provisions.
Only for the energy and enterprise of Captain
Adams, of tho Baoine. they would have had to
leave Florida altogether. Since tho vessels
arrived at Pensacola, not aline Am been received
from UiC Kavy Department. The steamers can
get'no'wood and water. Another ship filled
ed with stores should be sent off at once. A
“ smuggler from Pensacola” was selling water
at four cents a gallon.. The officers and crew
of tbe'cntlre fleet are told off, to land at a sig
nal from Lieut Slemmer.
-A marked feeling of indignation, likely to
result seriously, is now. quite apparent In the
entire United States Corps of Naval Engi
neers. It is said that political influence is be
ing used to get an outsider appointed Chief
Engineer of the Navy, which has caused the
anger of the prominent members of the Corps.
Numerous resignations may be looked fpr tf a
person, not belonging to the Engineers, gets
the coveted position.
It is not generally known that the Federal
military and naval garrisons at this stationhave,
in a quiet way, been put upon a war footing;’
. and that the troops stationed in them arc sub
ject to the regulation, while on duty, Custom
ary in a campaign. The effective ordnance of
the Brooklyn Navy Tard has been distributed,
as have the other .means of defence, in the
- proper places. -Governor’s Island, Port Ham
ilton, Bedloe’s Iplsnd, and, other places have
been made similarly secure. On three occa
sions, twice at the Navy Yard; and' pnpe' at
Fort Columbus, all the available forces have
been kept under arms at night. It is only
just to say, that neither Com. Brecse nor Ms).
Holmes would resort to these measures with
onr cause.
Recruiting" far the United States army, at
the Metropolitan station, continues to pro*
greas Timorously. The last two weeks, de
tachments from the city rendezvous, from
Boston, Rochester end elsewhere, were put
upon the Island. The’prfiporUop of
fied applicants seem to be on the increase.
Preparations arc being made for the dispatch
ofa considerable forceTromFortColnmbns. •
• On 'Saturday the Acting Commandant of tho
Brooklyn Navy Yard, Capt. Foote, received'
flrders to. repair at. once to Washington, lh J
compliance with which he left the same
'ning. It is. believed he has been calledup'
about the Navy , appointments. Lieut, Almy.
is Acting Commandant at present. Com.
Breese being In tho Armstrong Court-martial,
The Board of. Engineers that has been in
session at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, for the
. examination of candidates" for admiesion : and
promotion, adjourned'.6h;’Satnrday, having
passed quite a large number.'of young'men.—
X i’.Yima,2<kA. —~V . - - ‘
ArrlTia at .Baran Bottueblld at New
. Orleans; .
: The New Orleane IHcayune ofthe 22a ? eayB.
Among the errlvnla inlhta 61ty yeeterday by
Et kSSS,,iIf*!., fTOm *bvrnna, was
f the distinguished family
of tbat name in Park, -who Is a meat of the
St. Cbarlea. BaronE. has been spending some'
weeks in Havana, where he was the object of
many •attentions on the'part of the Captain
General and olherUlstlngQlahed'genllemen of
thatcity.- .
Fatll 'Atpeat.—On Wednesday, two trinn
; attackedUicprocery of BernhardtEnthorer,
- - In^aspcr,'lndiana. After breskiiuriip the hot*
- Ties and'farnltare, they £L, who,*;
herliiisband waaafck. was attending the
• grocery.; JfcE. got npftomhls'bed, seized s
"iSonhle-harreled gan, sad shot'his assailants,
' whiindimr one oftb6nx. :c ZliQ difficult
[ Jty grew outfits debt due fromthe two men*
toEnthover.' j ' Vl f ■ ■ '
PLOTS OF THIS SECESSIONISTS.
Schemes ot the Rebels In Virginia.
. -The Washington correspondent of tliePhll*,
adelphla Press writes that the s Administration
has received late news that' the .‘Secessionists
; in Virginia have,. within. the last week, been
Inspired with great hope ofbelDgable to carry
but,their scheme of attaching Virginia to the
disunion confederacy. Thewritei* adds; ■
; : “Their agents have traversed tLeState from
tide-water to; Wheeling. Every kind of offer
‘has been mode to leaning .Union men in the
Convention to unite In a coup d'etat, and some,
in whom great confidence-has: been placed,
have yielded to these Inducements.. Proffers'
have been mode to. make Norlolk the great
port of entry of the Southern Confederacy,
andanqrganizedpjon JSTjndpubtedly-on-foot
to seize fortress Monroe. If Is clear that let*,
tersbavc been Received' by memberaqf ? ihe,j
Cabinet staring that an 'attack dpbn-this capP
tails threatened should Virginia and Mary
land be carried hy T'
■write hastily, and just as the cars are ,isQdng,
off; but X Save no/donbt that Mr.'LincoTn’a
aaministrarion-winbeup to all thedemandai
of the crlßisj-andthatr themost nltra;Repabli-.
Cans will, in a ."day or two, appreciate the ne-
doing their best lo secure the bor
der States to toe Uffion.” ; - -
The same correspohdent says:
-‘/But' snppbsb 'wc do. not recognize'-the
Southern Confederaeyj what.thenln that
event they will continue to collect the.revfrr'
nnei'at tne various seceded ports, precisely al
they would do-if we reebgidzed them’,- aha 6f :
d>arse a protracted andhloody strife must en
sue. - The object of Jefferson Darts and his
co-conspirators is how tobeduce the States of'
the Northwest by declining-ta collect revenhe
from 1 foreign Importations -intended to .be
transported; to .that resioh.This, ot ,coarse,-
wonld-necessitdte a lihe of .forts and custom
houses, and inay renew those* border, strifes'
which have been Immortalizedinthenovels of
Sir Walter Scott, as between Englaniand
Scotlflnd. , : > - • .. - T
SECESSION INTOLEEANCE.
The Secessionists in. Virginia are pursuing a
■ course so intolerant as to proyokc the sharpest
'comments of the Union press. The Richmond
.“ We have deprecated, from the beginning,
any exhibition of discourtesy andintolerance
on the part of onr citizens, as calculated not
duly to injure the fair lame of thla goodly city,
but to essentially damage its
material interests. We again express"the'
hope, for tbe sake of the good natne of-Rich
mond and the best interests of her citizens,
.that no such improper and insulting manifest
ations as those referred be hereafter re
peated.*.’ • - : • ,• •
Tho Abingdon Virginian has the following:
.. “The outside pressure at TUehmond, ever
since the Convention 1 assembled,-in lavorof
secession,’ and intended to'awe or force the
' conservative members into the mad current,
has been immense. 'Thosewho dared to advo
cate the clams of peace and the integrity of
tho Union have at'times-been insult Si with,
groans and hisses, whilst those who have advo
cated dissolution andmenacedtbegovernment
with civil war have been hailed with acclama
tions of . encouragement and applause, A
pretty atateof affairs, truly,-when a gentleman
cannot speak .his honest and patriotic senti
ments without the offer of indignities by
those wbo are boisterous and noisy for what
they please to term State rights."
Affairs m Texas.
The Galveston (Texas) I \fow, of March 16,
fives details of the departure of the United
bates troops from the- State, and of the evac-
Brown. On the 2d, Gen. Nich
ols arrived at Brownsville, where he found a
letter from Capt Hill awaiting him, reiterat
ing the positions he had taken in his previous
communications, and construing' the course
taken by the authorities of Texas as hostlleto
the United States. On the 3d the Daniel
Webster arrived, and .on the 4th the troops
were greatly excited at hearing guns fired at
Fort Brown, which they, supposed to bain
honor of Mr. Lincoln’s inauguration. Capt.;
Hill had in the meantime been superseded in
command by either Capt, Johns or Stonemau,
his snperior.officers, and the negotiations con
cerning the withdrawal of the forces from
Brownsville" wereconducted by CoL Ford on
the part of the Texans. They were dll em
barked on the sth, and the Webster, after a
temporary detention off the bar by severe
weather, got' under way with her portion of
the troops. The Rusk followed soon after.
The following dispatch is published by the
Neves:
Montgomery, Alabama, March 10.
E. C. Wharton*, Galveston News Office:
Tour dispatch ’of the Sth, • presenting certain
views concerning the IT. S. troops in Texas, is re
ceived.
It Is the desire of President Davis-and the Sec
retary of War that the convention between Gen.
Twiggs and the Texas Commissioners shall be
strictly observed.
It Capt. Hill refuses to regard that Convention,
he should receive no favors.
(Signed,)
Texas Delegation.
The News also makes this statement
- “ Mr. 6. Fuller, Superintendent of the St.
Louis and California Overland Mail Company,
writing on the 10th nit. to Gov. Houston, from
Fort (Jhadboome, makes a series of com-'
plaints against the officers and men of the
Texas troops, who, under CbL Daliymplo, took
possession of Camp Cooper last month. He
charges them with having seized all the grain
and hay belonging to the company at the
Belknap Station, and abuses them all general-.
ly—asking the Governor to stop their *msd
career.*. CoL Morris,; U. S. A., commanding
at Fort Chadbonrne, indorses Mr. Fuller’s
Ftatemeut.so far as to say he believes it true. ‘
Capt. Ward ancfCapt. Hamner, who were -in
the above expedition, deny Mr. Fuller’s state
ments. Capt. Hamner says he was compelled
to have some of the gram to feed the starving
horses with, but that he, himself, tendered pay
ment in gold for what he considered the
amount he took was worth. The Overland
Mail seems to be considered by the people of
Northern Texas an Abolition concern.”
—A letter from Texas in Ihe A'ational Intel.
(jene.-Ty gives a gloomy picture of affairs In that
Statpe
“ Texas has some three-fourths of a million
dollars in United States indemnity bonds, in
the Treasury, which, of course,-must go- to
pay the piper. The history of that -matter.is
this: Of the ten-millions of dollars paid by
the United States for Santa Fe, our Legisli
lure appropriated two millions as a perpetual
school fund, the interest only to be devoted
to the education of the poor, But, as the
bonds only drew five per cent. Interest, a law
was passed to loan six thousand dollars per
mile to railroads. We have an “ East” and a
“ West” In Texas, as distinctly .marked lb the
“North” and “South” in the United States.
"So bur fund was divided—a million of dollars
to he loaned railroads in each section.
Under this loan hill and the sixteen sections
of land to the mile, -four hundred miles of
railroad have been constructed in the West,
end less than one hundred'miles in the East.
The result is that the east' of Texas has the
$750,000 of bonds uninvested. These will go'
to support, the revolution; then, no doubt,
the railroads will ‘be ‘ relieved from pay
ing interest for the present, ns their com
merce is. greatly impaired- Many of pur
schools were founded upon this munificent
fund.- The cause of education, recently
so very, nourishing in Terns, must be ar
rested to a very great extent’ Many teachers
will thus be thrown out of employment The
next source of .information must also suffer.
Texas has about seventy-five newspapers; hut,
of course, the circulation of these depends up
on mail facilities. , Oar postal service'costs
seven times,as much as we pay. Successful
secession pjust -cut off six-sevenths of this
mall service. . The increased expense of paper
and transportation, and the decrease of-North
em advertising and of circulation, must de
stroy the press;- Within three months thirty
papers must stop, and not ten will do a suc
cessful business. Think of the men and “dev
ilsthrown put of employment. Our mer
cantile business hqls already suffered terribly.
Indeed, there Isa. very general destruction of
confidence. But, amid it-all, the secession
has increased as the day of the inauguration
otLincoln appftached. And even if men have
to attribute theirml?fortunes directly to the
revelullop, they will; regard the Abolition
spirit as the cause. Ido not think tbey have
applied the moatacicnt}fic remedy. Bot they
took'tho quickest. Ton will have seen that
our population trebled the last ten years. Tho
revolutionists expect..to exceed this the next
ten. If youask how,tbafc. u is their business.”
We now . equal South Carolina in representa
tive population, and we are little behind her
in political folly. .:
Interesting from Charleston.
• • • Charlestok, ilorchai.jSCl.
The more I pursue my voyages of discovery
along the highways and byways of this swampy
city, the more am I certain that tho evacua
tion of Fort Sumter is no military necessity,
and ought not to be ordered until the Govern
ment have taken every means-In their power'
to obtain trustworthy •information of the
strength ond'weakness of the rebels here on
the spot If an agent of the GovemmenfwlU
visit me in Charleston* I-will undertake to sat
him beyond the' shadow cf a doubt that at
volunteer lorceof a thousand who are nowres-
Jdeat in this city <an'be found within twenty
four hours to enrol themselves on the side of
the Union, Beside this, lam In possession of
information, which is entirely satisfactory to
me, that there- are now upon the islands Ger
man companies of volunteerswhose aggregate
number is 660 men, 800 of whom have not the
the allghteet sympathy with Secession, but, on
the contrary,have a worm and enthusiasticlove
of the Union. lam assured by a lientecantof
one of those companies that the first shot at
Fort Sumter, would be theip. signal for re-'
volt 1 cannot glveabetterproof of the possi-
these statements being true than by
assuring yon. that my Informant, now serving
; on Moms Island, • stumped the State of Wis
consin four years ago on behalfof Carl Schurz.
Shortly afterward business-matters brought;
him to Charleston;,he assures me .that hia’
views ha/e undergone, change only in one re
spect, and that is m reference to the slave oli
garchy, for which he has a great and growing
contempt. He says that although the organ
ized militia regiments have obeyed the Gov
ernor in entering upon active service, he, be-t
ing a member of most of the German socie
ties, and intimately acquainted'wlth theirfeel-''
Lugs and intentions, can positively assert Ahat
the German ‘ companies will never fire a gun
upon United States troops; that they wjlj nev
er consent to perjure themselves on behalf of
theslwepower, but that, on the contrary,the
first gun fired againstthe government they'
have sworn allegiance to, will be their, signal
for revolt, and their bugle call tomusternuder
the folds of the stars and stripes. This good'
friend of mine, who is a very, intelligent man,’
came ov.er from the island this morning to
visit his family,- and> as he stood at .his own'
door with me, in h street not far behind the
Charleston Hotel, be pointed me to teahouses
in his Immediate in which eve--;
zy occupant te trne to his country/
Passing from the Germans to the Irish . I'
am compelled to admit that many of them are
as falac to thfclr ohths as ’ Archbishop Hughes
could, desire them to be, but there ore." t<r
speak withurbounds,~huudreda who will not
be Induced by even the Archbishop’s logic
' 9 morality f©-.violate the sanclityof
their vows. ' lam personally. acquainted with*
many -who would embrace the flrrt favorable
opportunity to fight on behalf of the Union ■
who have no »ympa
thy -with the paltry sycophant, John Mitch el,
or withauy.ofthe to adiea-oftho.slave power.
■ A gentleman just in as
tores me that Jeff Davis wlB concentrate five.
thousand men at Pensacola*: to' /capture Fort
Hchens, iflt Unotgfvsn nit 'if thls U the
nearaatapprcach we are to hayeto. gratitude
Somtei^othe jajsyexpect before
long to see themmaka: the "demand that
President Lincoto/tshiU vacate the ‘White
House," to m%Vf room Jbr -Erwidart Barta.
The mote theyarogivca:.the-mciw^they- win
demflh<L-TvnDventure |oftprair the-oplfe
ion that the;
mistakes in' etUmatlngth'e eff&tbf~a forcible
(not coercive) policy. The conclnaion of logic,
borne out by every-day experience. Is Jhat
' head'bf afimflly, fife oapwh o£» sHipror other
disciplinA £?«& (<* *t£e B^?
cuts thfe safety and welfare of hl*frmQy,Bli!p;'
,or-Other dominion. -Obaervatiqn.has .teught,
ine : that the enforcemeht dr t&Tawaj-with a
JndiqiqnSrhatAnndiandf.wonld,if a
fir, be. attended, mtl*
niately with thobest of results, even* ln J the'
seceded States:" - <r - <•••
From Pensacola.
Acorreapondmtof N.JY. Times writing,
from the U- S. Steamer Brooklyn March 17th,
• .
~ Fort Pickens is In s state of admirable de
fence—the guns glisten In the sun, as a warn
ing monitor-hot to approach; it: on o? bottle
mission, Hdut. 81enimery r with his garrison,
is able, notonlylo repnlse; ail attacks/but as;
Pickens. commands ;aIl ( tho forta ahd battc
rics inthe hahds‘of'the.'State troops,-he ii
*lso able to sllmce them in ah incredible short
space of time.:
-In construction this fort-iaa-first-doss pen
- tagbnal bastloned work, hnllt of stone, brick
-and bitmneir, J with covered ways, dry ditch;:
giacs andx>ntworks complete- Its walls are
abontforiyTeet in helgjjt, :by: thlrteeirfeet in
thickness,; ft is embrasured for two tiers .of
gnus, In bomb proof casements, and one tier
l of guusopen, oren- barbette." The ■ guns : from
this workradlateto-avery point of the horizon,
with flank and pnfiiaHjpa- fljg in tbe ditches
and at' every angle of approach.. J!rom the
date of <x>mm«icliig this fort to the period of
finishing was twenty-five years. : It cost'tho
Federal Government over one million of dol
lars.- Its present' armhnfent 'consists of; In ■
bastion Twdrty-s!x :i £4-ponhd howitzers,;
Casemato—Fonjs.A3-ppnnders, sixty-two 32-
pqnnders, sixty. 24-ponndera. r Eh harbdtc—
Twenty four 8 inch noTritzera, six 18-ponnd-’
ers, ; twelve' 13-poimders, one 10-inch colum
biad mounted, and five lOiuchmortars. These
particulars, I. believe, are very correct, but
1 will not pretend that, they are perfectly
We-havenotthe least hesitation-in declar
ing that nothing,the State anthorities have yet
presented has frightened ns. In fret, we
would view it aa capital sport to reinforce Fort
Pickens, and have-a brush* with Brig., Gen.
Braxton-Braggand his followers. We will ac- ‘
eept anything just now to relieve the ennui of
onr lot. ‘
Virginia Items,
The Richmond -Whig saysthat the last Ab
ingdon tofcea off.the efforts of
the immediate Secessionists to operate upon
the Convention by concerted outside pressure.
The Tijjrfnian says
“ Large and lively Secession meetings have,
within the past few days, been held In Lynch
burg, Fredericksburg, Portsmouth, Peters-*
burgh, &c. : This has all been done to increase
the outside pressure . In Richmond, and to de
ceive the. people 61‘the . State as to the true
public sentiment. , Notice that all these meet
ings ara held in the larger towns, where ad*
.venturers-and', hptrbloods .‘most do. congre
gate. 1 ; The people of the country are over
whelmingly opposed to them, and if the Sec
tion were ‘to go over again ib-morrow, there
would be a larger majority than 1 there Wa: on
tiie 4th of .February. Secessionists in despair
increase their'ribise as their numbers decrease.
-These meetings are all for effect, and succeed
to some extent In frightening men- from their
propriety, but. the masses understand and ap
preciate them.”-
From a table of population of Virginia,
according to the eighth census/recently fur
nished to'the State Convention, and- printed
for the use'Of that body It appears that there
are neither slaves nor free negroes In McDow
ell county—in the southwestern portion of
the State. There is one free negro in each of
the following counties;; Boone, Buchanan,
Calhoun, Doddridge, Hancock,- Logan and
Roane. There are two in Marlon, Nicholas
and "Wetzel, and three in Braxton. There are
only two slaves In Hancock, (one of the “ Pan
Handle” counties,) and only three in Webster.
In no other county,except McDowell, are there
less than ten staves. •
The Richmond Examiner’s Washington
correspondent has seen a Wide AWake:
I have referred in former letters to the dan
gers of Black Republican office-holders In Vir
ginia. A casein point has just occurred. .Mr.
G. A Hall, a Black. Republican and Wide
Awake of this city, has been appointed Special
Agcntof the Post Office Department for \ir
ginlawnd Maryland. In this capacity he
pretty thorough control over all the mails in
both States. He. cau open any mall bag at
will, direct subordinate postmasters, circSate
abolition documents and Clemen’s speeches
among-his friends and allies at his pleasure:
and, in addition to all this, has great facilities
for tampering-with slaves and running them
off.- Here is the correspondence of the State
of Virginia under the control and supervision
of a wide Awake!
■ A letter in the Washington Star from
Richmond says that/ as far as can be aacer
tainedj the Union party have sow a majority
of fifteen in the State Convention,; and that the
supplemental report of the Comndtieeon Fed
eral Relations -will be adopted by'tlje Convem
.lion; In connection wiUJ the, BqrdJr 'State Con
ference plan and some other suggestions'of the:
Committee, unless, in the meantime, some act
of the Government, or instructions from the
people, shall cause some of the Union men to
change front..
Ratification of Ure Hlont*
- gomery Constitution.
ThaTJeqrgiaConvention swallowed the Con
federate Constitution without a word; Here
laalitiirt f T^Bddbrdone : ; ;
Mr. Alexander, of Upson, Chairman ofth'o
Select Committee appointed to draft an ordi
nance to adopt and ratify the permanent Con
stitution of the Confederate-Stafes, reported
thefollowing Ordinance * ■ • *
* * AN ORDINANCE j '
To adopt and ratify tAe Constitutions/tie Confed
erate StatesofAmerica.
Be It ordained by thepeople/ of Georgia in Con
vention assembled, and it fa hereby oroaiifed br
authority -of-tbe eame: That the Constitution
adopted .by the Congress at Montgomery, in the
• State o i Alabama, in the year of our Lord one thou
sand eight hundred and sixty-one, for the “per
manent Federal government sd the Confederate
States or America, be ana the game 'is hereby
adopted and ratified by the Slata.of Georgia, “act
ing In its sovereign and independent character.”
Mr. Alexander moved that the Cirdlnance be
read a second time and pat upon Its - passage,
which was done—und the Ordinance was passed
by a unanimous vote of the Convention. Thean
nouncement Of the vote - by'the Chair was
greeted with rounds of applause. -I ■ - : :
Mr. Nlsbet—
Beso ted, Tbat the' President of this Convention
transmit to tho President of tho Congress of the
Confederate States a copy, duly certified, when en
rolled and signed, of the Ordinance this day passed,
ratifying ana adopting the permanent Conalltu
tiqa. Adopted. ;
Minnesota Appointments*
The following nominations have been sent
to the Senate: •* . ; •
Thomas.J. Galbraith, SlouxAgentat Yellow
Medicine. ' - -- -
L. K. Staunard, Receiver Land-office, Sunrise,
Minnesota. ,
,J. M. Stlckney, Register
Minnesota. < ~
-Stephen Miner, Receiver, and T. C. Mc-
Clure; Register, Land-office, St Cloud, Minne
sota. .
C. R. Jordan,’Receiver, Land-office,: Forest
City, Minnesota.
J. A. Hems, Receiver at St Peteris Minne
sota. } * i-
F. A. Ben?; Receiver at Hambletbn, Minne
sota.' ‘ ■
‘H. W. Holley. Receiver, tft Chatfield. Minne
sota. ■ : - i '•
A Xieut A, D. Balcon, Winnebago
C. Walker, Chippewa* . Agent at Crow
w £l ..Webb, Wiaconsia r Chlppe>TO Agenti
Lake Superior, * . f ;
Marvin, Receiver, omlSldney Lace,
Register, at Portland,
Parson Brownlow’i Compliments: to
the -Traitors, ' - ....
Parson Brownlow of the-Knoxville (Term.)
Whig continues to pour hot* ahot :into the
Southern traitors; Inhls Uatpaperhe sajs:
. We frequently receive Qs-lnanyraa a hsdf
dozen letters in a day fromVthediiFcrent Prin-.
dualities in the Southern Confederacy, threat
ening ub with death in. its .moat inorribla
: forms. These-revolting States are swarming
with desperadoes and assassins, who would be
altogethe|happy in bathing their hands in the
blood of Union men. A morO fferodous and
malevolent barbarism cannot be found on
.God’s green earth than that now dominant in
this w Southern Confederacy.” Private worth, -
public virtues, age, and experience—none of
. can soften or restrain' the multiplying'
ondrelenlless brutality which -is -engendereS
by the mob spirit of this J? newYonn -of dvil- 1
Talk about riding a Union editor
upon a rail! . Why, the Prince of Peace, If he
were on earth again, could not traverse the
dominions of these Yanceys, RhCtts,-Davises,
. Sliddla And. Wagtails, and live, without repu
diating his Sermon on the Mount, and pro
claiming thisSduthem Cbnfederacytobe God
.qrdained, Chrict-begotten, - and Heaven-ap
proved. , ... >: { rir r 1;
Tqbacco mb tskFbsxgb
The Richmond (Va.) DwpafrA states thatJas, 1
' Gray’s Sons, merchants of that city, hare beem
awarded the contract for buying to bocco In the
Richmond market tor the French Government..
The firm named are the sub-agentd for parties l
in New York, who have the .whole contract.
for the United States. The tobacco trade'!*. a :
monopoly/with the French Government; to
which it yields yearly a revenue of about tnfr- 1
tv-five millions of dollars. Theprofit* on the
iuchmomLccratract must bo' In the neighbor.
boodbffao,oott-
Caxl'pob Tboops. — The Savannah -
Item df : Wednesday says it.is statedomthej.
Brown received, on Satur
day; from ‘' President' Davis, a' requlsitlon for
two- thousand troops. It is
they are intended for that city and Benito :
A NEW DAHOMET.
An English. Opinion of J>avla & Co,
The London Daily Xeics of tho Bth Inst, has
this sharp criticism of Jeft Davis & Com
pany: .
“ The southern agitator? hsve a keen sense
of tho.teeblencsa or thelr'pbflltlon. AaTong'
as of secesslouriuted they
were tolerably"sure of.theirground- -Batnorr
it is are. asking what next,
they pefc^lvbrtheir danger. For: what.have
they done as fri, aetoelr actaare
worth aoytHfcg; voluntarily states
. from the only connexfonwhich gave them po
litical dignity or credit; As long as they were
confounded In tho grand totatrof American
nationality they shared and noble
place which its vigor, freedom and emighten
-menfreecnredit intheregard-of tirqyroriltrAllj
ttustoe SouflThaa lost. It has not only Isola-
itself, bat in the madness of fanaticism
has founded its constitution on that very so
cial feature which Is most odious in the eyes
toe clvflhsedtworid. : .IrV' ' ,*"■/
. “ It has abusedfiie name qfrqmblic to set up.a
vftiefi men are alreatftfidUing Jfev3~'
yJ)womey,wUh':d J\lUsissippi repudiaior for Us
and <tbarid_qf .professed adventur
ers, sharks and : public plunderers Jbr Us leaders:-
’ Baa as the Sbhlh is proved to be by the fact of
: its slavery, we may be quite sure that the Wig
; faffs, Slidella,-Yanceys and Benjamins cannot'
fairly ; .represent either its morality or its
statesmanship.' These’menonly'condescend -
■ to lead the South because th'eyare not permit
ted to lead the North any longer,and,lftime
is given them, they will exhaust and disgust
ithe slave States, lhey have wearied and
.angered the free. Their names and antece
dents areapledge ; tbat,while:tbevarc at the
headof affairs, the'eareer of tbe Confederacy
will- boone bi turbulence, bad frlth-andin
trignfl'Ot conquest forthe extension of slav
ery. Their language is: that of menwho feci
that toa-veryprindploof their association
cuts them off from a'noble future. From be-'
ing part of a glorious nation they have become
a; joint-stock corporation for upholding and ;
extending'the enslavement of their fellow
man.” ’ . , . '■
.A New Confidence Game.
, -The business ‘men of. Cincinnati and Cleve
land, seem to.be particularly^unfortunate in.
beliig caught by the swindlers and rascals who,
■ Infest thqcountry. ‘Two or three weeks agbV
. feUpw wellArMsed .and- impudent, with 'some
money.and mbro“dishonesty,- arrived in- this
city and took rooins at a hotel He next
callec upon our business menjfor the most
E art. wholesale and “family” grocers, where
e represented himself as a “brother-chip,” ,
except on a scale much more extensive
any house here. His card read, .“James F.
Champion & Co,, wholesale, (no retail) gro
cers and commission merchants, Cincinnati,
.Ohio and Cleveland, Ohio.”' The extremelv
low prices at which he was able to fill ordera
for goods, being several per cent, less than the
market price, induced many of onr business
men to patronize him.-' The next move of
Champion & 00. was to procure the articles
ordered. He sentto a Cincinnati, and also to
a Cleveland banking-house small sums of
money, say S3OO or S4OO to each, and then or
dered of various wholesale. firms in those'
cities, goods sufficient to supply his Columbus
customers, referring the parties of whom he
was purchasing, to his .bankers. :Of course,
upon inquiry ul the banks, tha merchants were
Informed that Messrs: Champion & Co. were
depositors with them, which it would seem
was sufficient recommendation, for the goods
came on in immense quantities, to what exact
amount is not known, probably thousands of
dollars. They were delivered over to the va
rious houses which had ordered—Messrs. C. &
Co. pocketed tho -money—drew their deposits
from the Cincinnati and Cleveland bankers—
and made tracks.- The only firm which has re
covered anything from the firm of Champion
. & Co., is that of Stem, Trenchard & Co., who,
employing counsel, were sharp enough to find
at the depot a large quantity of sacks marked
James JE. Champion & Co., which were Im
•mediately seized,' and an. attachment issued
tor $88.12 la favor of 8., T. & Co.
Starve Them Oat.
The New York Herald urges the hankers of
that city to r starve - out the new Administra
tion by refhsingto take any part of the new
loan. .It says: . .
Under these circumstances, what is the duty
of tie moneyed interest of .New York? It is
to refuse the government a .single dollar till
Mr. Lincoln shows his handandtoUy discloses
his designs.' The capitalists of this city have
i. 111 “-2T P°** er to control the adminiatra-
Uoil They have the gains in their own
. -he loan eonght for cannot-be ob
tmued in Philadelphia or Boston, or any other
city on this continent. The constitutional
way of arresting the progress of a govern
ment m the path of danger is by arresting the
supplies. The last Congress did hot effectual
ly do this, as it "ought to have done. It did
not impose a direoi tax, but It authorized a
loan, which will have to be paid, both princi
pal and interest, by a direct tax hereafter.
Now, the capitalists of Wall street com
pletely stop the supplies, by refusing to take
the loan, and thus compel the government to
compromise. Let them hold a meeting and
pledge each other to decline lending any mon-*
ey to.theadministration till it agrees to enter
into negotiations for a peaceful settlement of
onr national troubles,- and take such measures
as will prevent the Border States from seced
ing, and . ultimately induce the Confederate
States .to -return under the old flog diice more.
There will be large imports and ample revenue
under a proper tariff; there will be'no blood
shed, no civil, war, anduo necessity for loans ;
the business world will go on its way rejoic
ing, and peace -and prosperity win again
abound from the St. Lawrence to the Gulf; and
from the Atlantic seaboard to the* shores of
the Pacific.
PERSONAL.
—Hon. Joseph Root, formerly a Represen*
tative in Congress from Ohio, and one of the
Lincoln. Electors at Large In that State, is
mentioned as the probable successor of Hon .
John . Sherman in the Honse of Representa
tives.
—Wm. H. Russell, the correspondent of the
London Times, made a speech at the St Pat
rick's Supper in New York, on Monday night
of last week, In whichjm remarked that in
New York city, on Mondayhe sawmoro Irish
men with good hats and coats on than he ever
sawbefore. * - 1 ,
—“ Count Johannes ” obtained a verdict, of
$3,800 against the Boston Adas and Bee, in the
Superior Court of that city, for a libel, con
-tained hr an account of the Prince of Wales
ball, published teJtheAtfds and Be;. The A,
and B. Company’made nb ‘ defence, allowing
the case to. go by default, and there nay be a
new trial at a future day.
—Mrs. Thomas Wimms’s funeral at Balti
more, on the 20th/inst, was immensely at
tended.- This most excellent lady had been in
tho habit'of distributing from $25,000 to $30,-
000 annually among the poor, Attiio period
of her death she was supplying some seventy
: to: /eighty indigent families. - -It was touching
in theextremeto behold thea e sorrow-strlcken
dependents duster in and around the church,
and follow in the funeral • cortege. Mrs. W;
died of puerperal fever, a disease which tag
proved, very fatal to ladles in Baltimore during
. the few tponths...:
• Hon. Wm. L. Yancey is In receipt of a pree
ent, in the shape of a splendid pair of dark bay
horses. The donor -is* Benjamin ’Robertson,
esq., and the.tcam is said to be as handsome a
tnm-out as ever caused to glisten the eye of a
connoisseur,;- ,■ ; ..
.> —Gov. Eilis of North Corollna is dying of
. quick consumption.:
. —Gen. Charles Bracken, one of the pioneers
of Wisconsin', died at Walnut Grove, Lafayette*
county, on tho-X6thL.inat-. H/e was a native of
Plttßbnrgh L and remoyed_tq_Lafayette-county
in the Black, Hawk War of 1832, he
was an aid to ‘General'Dodge, and actively
participated in thehattite of Pecatopica, Wis-
Heights,' and BadAxo. In'lß3S-’39
he was_• a’member of the Territorial' Legi
slature, andameinber of State Legislature
oflßsß.- v ' ; "7~, "
—Horn'Andrew Johnsonis something above
medium height, with a fool: of sturdiness and
muscular force.' • His face Is round in outline
and £ strongly marked*' It has something of
an Iron look, which Is not lessened by hla
steady and gleaming eyes, nor by the heavy
'riiass of-black’hafr which covers his head.
—Green Clay, abh of Brutus J. Clay, says
* the Kentucky State Flag , has heen ; appointed
Secretary of Legation to. Spain, hia uncle Cas
sius being Minister. .Air. Clay is a talented,
1 hi ghlye ducat ed an d accomplished young gen
• Uemam bclng/only Iwenty-one years of age.
He graduated at Tale College, and has recent-
hla law studies at Boston.—X
~ James O. Putnam, just appointed Consul
to Havre, although a young man, has held va
rious positions of honor and. responsibility.
He has served one term, in the State Senate
froin'the Bufiblo district, was postmaster at
Buffalo during Fillmore’s and
one of the two .electors at large thatcaat the
vote of New York for Macoln. He isagen
tleinan of fine oratorial powers, a ripe scholar,
and has-a moderate fortune of Ms own. Mr!
Harvey .Putnam, his. lhthery represented in
' Congress for two terms the Gene&aee and Wy
oming district; now represented by Augustus
Frank, who is the youngest man that district
has sent to Washington.— Sets York World.
. /f-Weare in&rmedthat the CoL Sherman
wholed the freebooters who seized the New
Bedford oil ship in Galveston bay,'is a native
ofMarlbarongb, in-Middlesex county, In this’
State. His father was an honest Yankee plow-
Jlnernian earlyeschewed the trade of'
hia lather, and worked Ms way into some mer
cantile transactions 1 in New York city, and in
West, but in thesc he- always managed to
. plow, under everything t In the way of assets;
.Indeed, he left the plow (though not quite af
ter the manherof the 'old Roman) in tne fur
row: of Cm cinnamon the-hreaking out of the
Texan revolution, and followed Houston into
Texas with-a-company of volunteers, and was
at. the battle of San- Jacinto, ;th e honors of
- which he .always- disputed , with -Houston. A
‘Xewyeamsfoce'he.madeavlsittoßoston ana
;Texas V «W7ia Bostonians had!
-on - opportunity to- contribute, and of course
were plowedunder.— -Sosion Journal-
.. ;---The-telegraph-annonncefl theldeaih of
Hon. .Georgo.W. Stranton,. the Representative
id Congress’of the" Twelfth District of Penn-
Mr; Scnuiton dled'on Sunday last at
:.hia residence in the: City to whlch he had given
existence and'name.,. His dlseose'waa pnl
monary.consumption.'A native ofCbimecticuV
many-years ago in War-.
Nj J-ir where ho married, and
.ago, his isttenfiOn was -
called to tlie unexplored mineral wealth of the
Lackiwaima Valley, In Luzerne county, Penn.
To the development of this region he devoted
hia entire energies, and bavin* secured the-'
confidence and aid of prominent'Kew York cap
italists, he succeeded In converting ft region
wholly wild and unpeopled into one of the
busiest and moat prosperous sections of the
country.';' ’ The site -of the present‘dity of
'Scranton, with Its thousands of inhabitants
and swarming streets, was, in 1640, a mere
wilderness; and the change which has brought
a. thronging-population thither, and made
costly lines*! railroad tributary to It, are con-*
-feasedly due to the skill and ability of the
•deceased. '"Mr. Scranton waa.in 1858, elected
to represent the Luzerne District in the
Thirty-*ixth Congress, and rechosen last fall
to fill a seat in the Thirty-seventh. * So great,
Indeed, was the personal popularity.cbmmand
-ed-by his drank • generosity and extreme kind—
ness-of nature,'that no* token'ofTespect oh"
honor he might consent to accept would have
been denied to him by a devoted constituency.
The same qualities, united with shrewd busi
ness abilities, had won him the attachment
and regard of his colleagues in Cocgrees. It
is can
hope to-carry"the Twelfth District,—iV«o Tork
.... •
WESTERN - 3UTTEBS.
Shingles. —For the past week there: has
been quite a competition in the
et Good shingles hate been soldaa highaa.
32 shillings per thousand, but IS to SO sbH
lings Is the medium price. —Lexington (JU&A.)
Ziadety March 22. . r
Proposition to the’’Grand Trunk
B.ulwat.—A proposition is said to be before
the Board of Control, in the name of A. H.
McDonald & Co., to lease the' Grand Trank
Railway oifterms something aafollows: Two
per cent, on a capital of five
years; three per cent, for ther’next five years,
and six per cent, for the remainder of a twen
ty years 1 lease. The negotiating firm Is said
to consist of a large number of solid capital
:is \&,—DdnM Pros.
Struck Oil.—By private from the
Canada oil region, we learn that a company in.
which C. C.. Lamb, late Sheriff of Matomb
county, is interested, struck oil day before
yesterday, and that the snpply promises to he
abundant. —JScut Saginaw (Mich.) Courier.
March 21. .
: A. Young Lapt Demonstration.— A note
from Mr. James Armstrong, says; 41 Our : es
teemed fellow-citizen, B. W. Dennis, proposed
to donate a barrel. of flour to Elder Osborn,
pastor of the Presbyterian Church, and also
one-to myself, provided the ladies would con
vey them to our places of residence.on a
hand-cart. Accordingly, fourteen ot them as
sembled at Mr. Boyce’s mill about 8 o’clock
on the morning of ‘he Ist instant. The cart
was loaded and set in motion on the street
leading to the Elder’s residence. The young
men, in the meantime, had brought the old
cannon out of its resting place, and they
made it speak forth notes of cheer. The pro
cession entered the Elder’s house, where the
flour, a keg_ of oysters, and some cash, were
in an appropriate maimer. The
young ladies then proceeded to our residence,
where the same kind of a donation was made**
—Oioasxo (Mich.) American, March 23. - -
; ; Work to be Done Over.— At the recent
term of the Jackson Circuit, Judge Lawrence
decided that all the business done in 1835 and
185G in the Probate office, by W. T. Howell,
then -Circuit Court Commissioner, is illegal •
and.vold. Judge Videto, the incumbent of tLe
Probate office, was absent, in Texas, for a por
tion of three years, his family, however, re
maining in the county. In his absence Mr.
Howell, os Circuit Court Commissioner, acted
as Judge of Probate.. Judge Lawrence deel
ded that, inasmuch as Judge Videto had nei
ther deceased, removed from th(? county In a
legal sense, nor resigned, that Howell had no
right to act, and all the business done by him
was illegal and void. This will create a neces
sity for opening and-readministering all the
estates administered by Mr. Howell, and the
reissuing of oil papers, records and titles
crantedlbr two years. —Adrian Expositor, Mar.-,
SSd. 7 , *■ - !
Ice,—For frwcek past It has been very cold
so much so as to prevent boats from running
on the lake. On Tuesday the ice was so thick
on the lake that boys skated the distance of at
least five miles from shore. It is plet sant to
day, and we shall have boats acain in a few
days .—Lexington {Mich.) 23 d
SOUTHERN ITEMS.
Postal Arrangements at the South.—
Postmaster-General Keagan, of the Southern
CoDfederapy, has issued a circular in relation
to tho postal organization. He desirvs the
federal postmasters to continue their duties as
heretofore, until the new government shall
ha prepared to assume the entire control of its
postal affairs, and declares that no new ap
pointments will bo made at present. He
dwells upon the great public necessity of am
ple postal facilities, and adds, with an eye to
possible contingencies, that: •
“ If the Government of the United States should
cease to carry on this service, before this deport
m«nt shall he organized and prepared to take
no .S reat fi hock to the public interests
wm be produced oy each a coarse, as the Postmas
ter-General is authorized to continue, provisional
ly* by proclamation, the present po?tnjaster a and
others in the postal service, la office, and to con
tinue existing for carrying the mails,
until new appointments and new contracts can ho
mane.”
Treason Defined in Florida— An act
just passed by the Florida Legislature, declares
that m tbo event of any actual collision
between the troops of the late federal Union
and those in the employ of the State of Fior-
I*Ibe 1 be the duty of the government of
the State to make public proclamation of the
fact, and thereafter tho act of boldln* office
under the federal government shall ba = declar
ea^. tre “ 0 ?’ tbe P crs °a convicted shall
suffer death. This act was approved bv tho
Governor of the State on the 14th nit. •’
Overhauling . Baggage in Southern
Ports.— Tho examination of the of
passengers arriving at Southern ports® ia de
fended by the Savannah -Republican as a neces
sary measure of precaution. It la held to be
a practical enforcement of the revenue laws of
the new Confederacy, and according to the
Republican, “tho sworn duty of the Custom
house officers is discharged with the utmost
respect and the leat possible, annoyance to
passengers.”
Why Does Not Specie go SorrE.— There
Is a new trouble with the dissatisfied people of
the South. Merchants in Southern cities are
complaining of the hardship of bavin? to pay
five per cent, premium for gold with which to
pay their duties on imports. One of the
Georgia papers asks:
Why Is It that our banks, who control the cot
ton, have not an abundance of ppeclo with «blch
to enable our merchant* to pay their duties ? Will
some of our merchant* who are familiar with com
mercial and banking operations inform ua why.
with the immense Influx of specie from Europe it
commands a premium of five percent, in Savau-
Tote ok the African Slave Trade.—
Weleam from the Vicksburg Whig that the
clause in the permanent. Constitution of the
Confederate States prohibiting the African.
Slave traffic was adopted in the Montgomery
Congress by tho vote of four States to' two
South Carolina opposed the restriction, while
Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi
advocated it. * ,
; L AR GE ARRIVALS OF
SPRING GOODS,
ELEGANT SPRING POPLINS,
CHOICE STYLE SPRING Pn.tr
KOVEL STYLES SPRING GINGHAMS
FRENCH PRINTS,
ENGLISH PRINTS,
Extra Qualities ISoop Shirts,
SPRING DRESS GOODS,
T7ehavajnst opened over 1000 pieces of Linen Good*
. .Indadlmr
PIECE LIKENS.
LINEN DAMASK.
LINEN SHEETING,
PILLOW CAsfe ZJN2KA
* NAPKINS. *
TOTTELt, i'
TABLE CLOTHS, Ae.
AH of extra quality and flnleh.nnda expressly to our
order, and wlilch wc will f ell at
WHOLESALE OB RETAIL
MUCH IEBSTHAH GAM BE BOUGHT ELSEWHERE.
We shall have large daily arrival* of Spring Goods
foomthlsdate, sad will always exhibit Incomparable
ttie LARGEST, CHOICEST AND CHEAPEST
STOCK west of ifew York.
W* m. BOSS Sc CO.,
•_jaSQA»I-em3dpg 167 and IG9 Lata street,
Q.OLD MINING MACHINERY.
IMPROVED STAMPER QUARTZ MILL.
X Savins or Ten to FlltcenDoUars per
ton frelglit gaaianteod.
; We made the Pint smi «c-nt to the Peak lu i£s9,
which I* still In successful ope rat on, and the success
°f Jh« NINETEEN' Mills, lorer IX) Stampers.) fur*
nls'redbvus last rear, warrant os ia asserting that car
hlllls ere the best In the mountains.
We make iha lollowiug extracts from letters re
ceived from illll owners:
Nbtxda. Gulch, December 7tX 1S».
•VToup Mills are tne begun ibeiloonisins. dad have
the beet repatatlon for savin? the Gold.’’ -
KENQaHA QUARTZ COMPACT.
„ • ; Gbigobt Gulch, January SOth, issx.
“TV*haveenr JliUnp and It works i&e'a (charms
yonplUUsarebylkribobestlathe Mount6h>9."
B. i\ DALTON ft CO.
Oar prices for machinery arc as low as at Chicago or
the East, and «re will GU VUaN CEE parUes wmTnnr
chase of ns a saying of »10to «is per ton over
bßs," uhl “ £o or “* *» s
,„ A , < S,' ;oto « lltn L° /•"'‘l?.? ana full ascription oC
the Mill, can oa oßtalae ■■ w-Uvpricri, hy aa&otSPi
_ . B O. TOIiES 4TuoTs/tSSgMj’*
£Sf“ A Mill can be seen In operation at oar worfa -
mh?s.lTnrta2t^t • • .*
PHASER'S PATENT SDLKY
luxury' for the enterprising.
A2TP
BELIEF FOR THE INDOLEBT.
Every Farmer Can have It! mCavt have
It II And will bare lt!i:
FOR
Ist—The clowmin can ride and plow without labor .
an —Any boy mat can drive a team can manage it. r '
"Sd—lt makes the draft lighter for the team. *’• -
.4tb-*Any ordinary plow can be attached to the snlker
.sth—lt can ba used for breavtr * or.crosa plow lag.- -
plow caa be attached to, or detacher*rom
taesnlsyla a moment, and naed cltatr way*
perfect undulating motion of the plow Istitb.'
served Ingoing inana out of the ground. - -
Bth—lt leave* the ground In a much better condition
under the fturow. • “w**
9th—The bottom of ttie plow will never wearoht m
la plowing it does net the the
furrow.- * 1
uli- Sli“f o 'i?^oS d ' Cl ‘“ p ttat «*»T*Mnia as.
liti-It Is £otm!l>-M_reat s laitny as the mat .testa
ptow.tmt lit price oeats moat the .sms relation
toll that one dollar doeatocne ntmaraddodiml
ambC °™
, nuaMWMw". . cnS^o s™’i.^- 5 ™’i.^-
YTATERPIPE. WATER FIFE.
PMe’a? ISJ’r 3 ' 1 ** 1111 Tim*' Water Pipe, borod trttli
..iJ^v s . ll ' ,e f lDr '?S? de S ? MtI W Pomps made and
“■'jWholßsatt and Retail, hr J, “
mnyfil-ly. corner Font and Canal street Chicago ‘
MERCHANTS,' order vour-Print-
J.TJ;.|agatTrlhnneOfficeof r , Wtr s-RACT
jpROPEUJEE,^,STKa_itfRn atT
w. B. WOOD"* CO.,
, 1«8 and ISS LAKE STREET,
' Ear* Jaat 1 a lirjs ini e&slee UMrtmfcntef
frenSh prints, jaconets,
1 , "Percales,
ffew gtjl«3; : EHntli and English Glaglum,
WMchdttff offer at the very lowest prices,
v --fetteftam.'-f' j
•ppotJSE FURNISHING GOODS.
We have a large and complete stock or
Bleached Shlrdne** Sheetings and Pll*
low Cbm CotCom> c :
SrtnKN" —SJtLHLttfITN'OB. '
-Whlrii we are seUlng at the lowest price* ;
w. a irogp, * &>...
I,MORAL ” SKIRTS.
WehAvejAitockaflne assortment of
BAJLiMOH-AX. SKIRTS.
. (Fb^ljotothAsn.Wintn)
Inmcdlamaudflne <ra*Utiea, which-we offer at neat,
lyredacedprlee*'Also, anpetloi: quality Hoop Skirts,
w.lt .WOoD & cO., lia&lSiYake street-*
rTUST RECEIVED —A large and
,tf, - splendid assortment of
FRENCH PuPLIXS.
' ■ ■ V 1 JIOZAIIBIQUSS.
b&ocatslles.
Embroidered Mohairs, Valencias, to which wa invite
the attention of bayeis. W.B WOOD & CO„
»J!0 ILLINOIS MERCHANTS.
15M......—A Card.......1801.
V/EBER, WILLIAMS & YALE,
JOBBERS 0?
hats, caps, straw goods, para*
, SOLS EHMnUBBELLII, 1
S ....LAKE STREET, CH1CAG0............»
Invite the special attention of Illinois mearchants to
tiieir very large, well assorted and unusually attractive
Spring Stock roc 18SL which will be offered at low prk
eea and on favorable terms. Car Cash or Approved
Credit. ' - - .
17* Prompt and careful attention given to orders.
• l - WEBER. WTT.T.TAVS & TALE.
44 Q. E T THE BEST ”
Fxixnroß
€ o'.jp rieV a jr«/VJST.
An article which is unsurpassed by anything of «
kind now in use; It flows free, does not become thick,
and will make
TUree Perfect Tranifen.
rOSBALBBT
3J* . MXTNB o»r ,
. 14,0 Lake Street,
trim, mar alu I). Aimid a peak railatr of oUmr
INKS AND WRITING FLUIDS.
, norewy
Barntbts great variety
BTOK2,
188 Lake Street 138
BABNUM BBC’S.,
Dlrsct Importer* of aad'WheUMle Dealer* In
TOYS AND FANCY GOODS,
Bird. OageSf
-ALLIES AND MARBLES,
Peg Tops, Baskets, Childxca-s Gigs and Gabs,
ET CHEAT TARIETT. •
Yankee Notions, &a
138 LAKE BTB£FT..r.. 18S
I&nU’KWj']
BTAKTOBPSj
Ho. 48 • • - - Olsxt Street • • - ■ Ho. 4S
NEXT TO
FAMILY GSOCEEIES
QUALITY AND VARIETY.
EOLX A3SST FOB
Aaislimg’s Celebrate* Boneless
SAMS*
TTeitpiaJla Cara, Soparlor QamUtr tsd Tutor
FBESH FSUITSAND VEGETABLES,
IN OAHI,
SWEET OOSN, TOMATOES,
GREEK PEAS, LIMA BEANS,
MUSHROOMS, FRESH PEACHES,
EASPBEEKES, STRAWBERRIES,
PINE APPLES, OLIVES.
PISH, IN OAm
FRESH SALMON, LOBSTKB,
TURTLE SOUP, ' HEBHINO.
: CoqlTMyMpl ■ .*
1841 . - SPRING TRADE. • - 1861
' : ; ; DRY GOODS!
kow opening, x cuoio* sslkotzox or
V PRINTS, GINGHAMS,
Poplins, Hohairs, UeLaines, Cloaks,
VALEXCUS, SIUWL3, c£ff„
CHEAP FOR CASH.
150.... .LAKE STREET 150
'.A. Gr. DOWNS Ac CO.
' '
THIRST CLASS BRTO FIX-
X • . TUBES FOB SALE.
300 ASSORTED BOTTLES GOLD LABEL,
250 DRAWEES CHSBB7FBONT GOLD lattet,
Counters will* marble Top*, -
Prescription Stand Complete,
Shelving, Cornice Work,
Counter Seales, Oil Cans,
Soda Fountain with Charger, SJ Iron Fountain!,
Glass Lined and SHver Draft Stand.
.83HTH.dk DWTEB,
M Lake street; opposite Fremont House.
,THE GREAT FIRE IN
JL - MILWAUKEE.
$380,000 Bared In Herring’s Safes.
’ ItoWAtncT*, Jan. fi. Lan,
Mb. LaHvnre Boswell, Agent for Herring's Safe*.
DSA3 Biß>>Xathe recent fire, which destroyed the
.MUwaakee City OfScea, were two of Herrlngv Safest
one large one in the City Clerk's Office, located In the
fourth story, end a smaller one, lathe School Commie*
iloner's room. In third story.
we are happy to say, notwithstanding the Safe* fell
so great a distance, and were subjected to such an In
tense beat Oha one forty and the other sixty hours,)
that the boats and papers were In a first-rato state of
E reservation. The only Injury received, was the curl-'
ir of the leather Wading of the books by steam,
we think- If the reputation of Herring's Safe* waa
not fully established before thi« axe, that all most now
are what they claim to be—
rlKa PROOF, - - .
Tie castor* oa one, aad the plates oa the other toto
malted, cm
rSASCB HITKBSCHMA3W,
KELSON wrBSTES> -f cttj C Mayor.
President Board cf Coonclllorx
6XO. B. DOEJSiIAS,
GSj Clerk.
JONATHAN FOB»,
Superintendent of School*.
•Herrton’B T»teat Cbempion Safes.” thonrti M
Often tested. Korer Fell to sere their contents.
Only Depot tn the West at 40 State street.

foamwaoc ... c auutfemi
(OIHCAGO ICE COMPANY;
DrOOSFOXATZS, ÜBV
Pr.sHTpgyr—H. JOT_. :
TEE 05LT DEALERS IN
CRYSTAL LAKE ICE.
miles from and SSS feet tborelhe level o-' th«
Chicago, on the Chicago ft Horthweetera KaUroadf °*
Office, No, 7 Clark .Street*
' H. JOT, President,
B^E^BeSlSy^*”' W “““aateattoas toH. H.
YOUNG’S MACHINE SHOP,
Bear 155 Wells Stmt, Cileajo.
kaxufacthrs and bspahs machixebt.
ratteiii Making, Model Making either Ibr Working or
s Ibr Patent ScrollSaTrtne, Wood Taming.
'V. W.B. yotniQ* CO,Proprietors.
•• J. 3 Y*nLisit, foreman.. - mhirta-iy
PEGTOPS AND BASSETS—
J-.' Bonghff&r as wen as my
. PengooP* Great Variety Store,
JV .' ' . m BAlsDfllJH greFTn*:
t>IRD CAGES.—A fine assortment
.JLf received at
_ Penceot’a Great V^letyStor©,
i-' . j ••’ ' > RAWpQLFg «TFKCT.
.^JBTOPatireatVArietrstore,.:■
- -a : m XtjumOLPH STREET.
—Edn. P. Pengeot, Mana
laetureratid Johhcrof CMldtsjT»Ciijn.
■ lU~BAImbLPH BlHl»gri'.- J’i
■IVTA%33PA©EUKERS, order your
--t-rA-PtlilfiDseet Tt-inne OECe, of • J
■ ■-,'. i-.-.t ctiti'isi
Nervous Headache
Headache.;
, BythaciooftheeaftOatiiapatloilloattaotiofftka.
■VGte bs Sios Bxasacsb nay be prevented and
-'takaAetthecos&nsncemsnt of *b attack immediate
relief from pain and sickness wlHM.obtalaed.
•.Theyaeldontfhfllnremovtngthe Nauseasad wbitl.
acjoi to wblcJi females are «o subject
-They-act gently upon the cos.
Tivuataa.
For Literary Meat Student* Delicate remains, and
all persona ot sedentary habits, they are valuable ae a
Latatttr, improving the AEPEms, giving tears sad
TMoa to the digestive- organ*. and restoring the na
tural elasticity and strength of the whole system.
The CEPHALIC PILLS are thoresnlt ot long Inves
tigation and corefolly conducted experiments, hartag
been In nse many yean, during which Urns they have
praveated and relieved a vast amount of pain and
fuffering from Headache, whether originating in the
nsvors system or from' a deranged atato of the
■roaucoc.
They are entirelyTegetablela their composition, and
may be taken at aU times with perfect safety withers:
making any change of diet, asd xsa abssnci or axt
CMAsaniaa taste sinuses it ixarro ajimtxts.
TgH TTTSV TO t] 14I'r.TtWT,
BEWARE OF COETTERFEnSI
The genuine have five signatures of HSNITT c,
SPALDING on each Bor.
Bold by Druggists and all other Dealers in ifedlolaM.
ABoxwlULasent by mall, prepaid, on recalptof
the'
KtrcK, s s cssrxsu
AH orders should be addressed to
HENRY O. SPAI.TONS,
N», 41 Cdar Street, !f«w York.
Th* yollmwina Endoreemeat •
SjP.W/BW*es
CEPHALIC PILLS
wm convince all who suffer from
HEADACHE,
SPEEDY AND SURE CURE
18 WITaiS TH2IB REACH.
icrero unsolicited by Hr.
BPALDISG, tb»y aSbrd ttnquestlormbls
proof of Uio oificacy of tbit traiy
adsntiflo discovery.
As these
SUsosrrmt, Conn. Feb. :th. 23tu
Mb. Bpaluiho,
Beb;—l hare tried your Cephalic Pills, and 1 uxa
thxm so well that 1 want you to send ms two daunt*
.worth more.
Part of those are for the neighbors, to whom I lsto
a few out of the first bos 1 got ftvm you.
Bend the Fill* by mall, ana oblige
Your obedient servant,
JAMES KoSSEOT.
. Havxbtohu, Fa, Fab. Cth, ISSL
Mb. Spaldcho,
Sxb:—l wish yen to ooad me ona mom box ol your
Qephallo Pill*, X hats übcxitxp a qbsat beat. or
Hons,
Tours respectfully.
MARY ANN STOECHOUaE.
Bpbucb Cheek. Huntington Co, Pau I
__ January lath, ISO. t
H. O. Bpalzhho.
Sirs—Toa will please send me two boxes <jt voor
Cep hollo FlUi Sa-d them immediately.
Respectfully yours
JKO. B.
P. B.—l HATS USED OHS SOX 07 TOtTS FILLS. AND
Hyp Ttmt »Yff»T.T.MT
Rett.* Vnxosr, Ohio, Jan. 1-Cs, !3«.
HXSHT C. SPALDDse. Ei-q-
Please find Inclosed twenty-dre canU,tjrwnlchi:ais
me another box oi year Cephalic PHa Tu»t asm
TXCLT TH3 BXST PILLS IHATX STXS TSZSD.
Direct A. STOVBK r. A.
Birmr, Masa* See. Utb. £i .
H 0. 6paxJ)CT6. Esq.
I wish for toms circular* or large show tJla, Whr'os
Sor Cephalic PlQs more porticularly bofero nj ou»>
nera. IT you have anything oi the tied
to me.
One of my cub tome fs, who Is subject to severe b. ek
Headache. (usually ranting two dava.) wis rmiyo gp
*jt attack rs OX3 qocb nr rotrs Pills watch £
sent hero. Respectfully roan.
w, B. wTf.KB g .
BrrxoLDsm73o. franklin County, ooia >
„ „ January 9th, ifta. [
SssniT c spalciso,
Jf0.48 Cedar street N. T.
De.lbSih>—lnc osed find twenty-five cents, (£n foe
whichsendboxof •CephatcPUlx Send to address
of Rev. Wn. C. Filler, Reynoldsburg, Fran4Ua Coco*
ty. Ohio.
Yotra Pilii wonx xna x ezusat-emn Hnz>
ACH3 AIMOST EISTaSTXB.
Tmuostt, Mich, January 14th. IS9L
Mb. Spalding,
Sib:—Not lon* since I sect to you for a box of Cfeiw
nolle Pins forthe core of the Nervous Headache amt
Costivenessjimd received the same, and thst ua» bo
GOOD AJf xmCT THAT I WAS INDUCSU TO BSXS 7OK
Ptaiae send by return matt. Direct to*
[From tha Examiner, Norfolk Ta.}
Cephalic mis accomplish the object for which they
were made, vi*: Cure of Headache to all luibnaa.
[From tha Examiner. Norfolk, VaJ
"They hare been tested la more tn™ a thouMrd
cases, with entire success. -
[From the Democrat, St Cloud; Jllnn.]
.If ron *«, or have been troubled with the hen dacha.
th?mta r |^cr < aa e SS^t mS,, k> tl..t run may lu>7„
. [Fromtha Advertiser, Providence, E. Lj
-The Cephahe Pills am said to be a remarkably efi»
a *H2?* dy l r T the headache, .and one of tha very base
discovered frequent com Pl»int which has ever bead
[From tho Western R. R. Gazette, Chicago, HU
c£ffl£“ dora * *“• B t ,aUto e. Mdlli»min-na«
[From the Kanawha Valley Star, Kanawha, Va]
the head*
ISTO Hm SonUwrn JludK; Stw OtHku, La.;
tt ”{Y'P l ®®iT o uthst am afflicted, and we are sura
[From the St, Louis Democrat}
hs?.^stasg M “« «®a* ic.Ph.ii>) rim
tTiom ffio GmwtM, D»Tmporti J^nra.;
[From the Advertiser, Providence, S. LI
11 «« molt
. ffrom tha IWJj Kawport. H. IJ
Cephall# Pill* are taking the place of an kind*
[From tha Commercial Bulletin, Boston,
BaU to he very efficacious for the headache.
{Trom the Cozoaarclal, cunfrrnnrt,
Bnffwlar humanity ean now he rail sv id.
WA tla.la bottl. or SFiI.DISO’S PItSPAHEO
QLUS -.a! i.t, ton time. It. coot saaaiUr.
SPALDING’S PREPARED GLUE I
SPALDING’S PREPARED GLDEt
SPALDING’S PREPARED GLUE £
BAYS THJB i'lEfrwn j
XC0270U711
IF* **A Broca zvTXXxfIATSs Km," a*
A* twldttts wm happen, area te w*U regulated
ftmlTlfla, It It vary d««lr»bla to litre toxafa cheap
convenient waribrrepaWngFariilfiQ> xoya, CrocJu
VJi Ao, ■■ c ■ •
Meets an each emartenelon and op, iCT t,ehold can sj.
fordtobawUhottftlt - ltlaslwarta readr. and np to
the sticking point ’ ~TT : .
" OfigyUli DT BO USB.*
V. Beri Brah aecompapiM BotUo.
PRICE, 85 GENTS.
Address
BESSY a BPAIiDINQ,
If*. 4S Cedar Street, Snr Tot*.
OAUTioi^;
Ascertain nnprtodtfed-pmoimm: aaataptter to
palm off on the nnampooHog pnatofiSitettoni of mr
PEEP ABED eur*.r Trottld caution all per-ona to
■eaoßtoe hefureperchaatot and wo that Bm fnU ham a-
ISi ™ n *'' •**«>
'AjuitiCv^eeltdewlp-
•3sa
THAT A
B«I2o Wy aadoVCor£l7. O.
Truly ynnrs,
•ffH. C. FILLER.
A. 2. WUKELEK.
Ypailantl, jflah.
'SzapA?ft(Mi

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