OCR Interpretation

Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, April 09, 1861, Image 2

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'r:t\tr iu »■» *•. £3*' ? —‘.v;.
■a. P Mr. liira»litfi|riaiEia'npon the ad
•i'e ministration of the duties -of his ofUce as
:.. President, he said in; his Inaugural that.h(fi
«.i3. .. . rccoghfrednorightin any State to secede
** M ' He alsoiyowed his in
** creation to enforce the lavra and .collect the
- -..revenue. Wo have no idea that he has
deviated an hair’s breadth from
Xt & “Uy with him a*
.'Question df phtver. Has he the power cti-*
dertbep’- ’•»< tofogecyjie revenues
The enforcement of the revenue laws is
, , about the highest duty that devolves upon
!«s ’ CtteiAdininistratio£! ?Tfae r revehue is Hie
food upon which it exists, and if hostile
parties are allowed U seize and convert
>-V to their own*. uses, the. Federal Gov
ernment will shortly find itself in the jaws
, ,!■> of jtarvstiQn. Any .government that will
not defend its own bread and butter, outfit
td stem -* ThecohauctofWmsnrirents
more lawful than the act of, the freebooter
n.ght, androbshunof his weekfi wages
: and tithe man should draw a pistoland
' ’ “bber mhis tradtLfie Would be
, justifiei .The forms and cere
monies and usages ofpolitQsociety are not
■ .
• ■ .Siccc tbe control of the custom-houses
and.warehoases in Southern ports have
been usurped finder allegediState inthVii
r Federal-' revenue officers have
:: t«. ; ; bM ?,foKdfa!y,deluded,Jh has becoinfi fini
collect the imposts on shore,
on goods -shipped to those ports. Bat the'
place where the owher of the goods pays
V -dutyy is popart of the substance of the,
■®?~jt gpMmprelyto the form. ; There.’
«Spt of the Governiaent, given ori thfedecfc
■■' - -bf-a revenue <mlfeK-wffl'-bfe ; just ji- valid
as if given -In cnstom-iioHee bn
. Bhore. “But,’’ ! Haysan illy of the Seces
~ Eonists, “where does Lincoln derive his
■ authority for receiving duties, bn board of
(' he obtains
t 2?,--%. ”“?. E ? ities “f the sitfiaSK
Law!e6s men izave ‘seized ujKjn tho custom
• usurped the functions A the Government.
A Ipreign- vessel arrives, with a'-cargo of
goods; a Government officer on-board ofa
■ - utapuf war afiiffiored;inthehatbar, boards
tbfi merebanlmaufifif. fnfbrins-fte eaptaln
andparty in-charga °f : the goods that the
. s tate Qf insurrection,' and the
: : r fi™t?«tt at (present Is not prepared to
receive the dues on shore; but will
on Yfhat -difference does it
i *<-:tP;tl>elownfirpf 1 ownfirpf the, goods iwhether
■he psyMfcem in,the cabin.of anAmcrican
,-jftFKS<Win*r, or in the-offlee of the cuslom
, -hpt«e? But it may.be objected: that he
■ ■ nesiresto place, Jus gqbdp 'in bond. The
reply to this is, that for the present-..fte
■ - warehouses at the port injqncstiofi'are in
the hands of, the enemies of the Govern
. men Vand that it is not prepared-to receive
, a legal bond:cofiH ,neither be
... el . ec norenf °J“ d . asthe United Stated
-Distrmt Court has- teen* coerced l into re- :
the goods would he told to sail to ftp near
est loyal port, and .there land iand ware
house his : fabrics. Jhu eveir ibis slight!
■.’.•ftmftte--ftCft6Tfißpertei“need noi occur;"
T .1 h; cause as soon ns ftp Adihxnls;rati6n~ has
determined upon its line of policj-, notice
will ‘be given' to' American Ministers and
Consuls at all foreign shipping ports, and
unless ftp owner of goods' was willfully
perverse, he would not send them to .a port.
• ’ “ a rebellious State. If he, did, ins’ Gov
■ , ermngnt would not interfere in his behalf,
as it would have-no right to.do so.,
The -foreign exjxJrtef' cannot object to
• paying the dn'ies on shipboard. - He has
no legal right to escape payment of im
posts;, nor has-he-right to acknowledge
_ . ftp .independence..of the mob on shore
which may . be in a state of insurrection
against;,ther,Government. ?The irevenue
rights pf ftniloveminentareof paramount
consideration, and importers', may ; not iir.-;
pair or destroy them. : .
(Can the insurgents' objectto ftp .ctffiecw
. «pn of imposts-on shipboard ? Certainiy
not; because if there-bo any irfegularitv
...... .<* want of formality’in the exedution of
'jhe'Avenue law, 1 they are the sole cause of
, it -A, man is not allowed to shelter him
self behind -a. technicality caused by his
■ • own- iprrisSebpermilted to
take advantage,of nonsequences that may
’.WP,*® lUS own benefit, brought dbout by
his unlawful (conduct; nor can pe hold
. souther to the literal -periormanpe.of an,
. .agreement, when he has thrown--obstacles
■ in - the way of its .execution.,;.Bp of the
usurping insurgents; they cannot object
to the coUeetion' pf the revenue 'em board
of aman-of-wir in tire -'harbor,-when they
themselves have seized upon the leustom
houseip and driven away the 'collectors.
It is .the- duty of ftp Government; first to
coHect-every cent or tho revenue, and ac
. cording to the- fonus prescribed by the
: Statute,. as nearly as ,fte force of circum
i stances wllllperinit, . ' | i
r; \ citizenswill not object, tofhe form,
- as b. -is ,their interest to have fte Imposts
-. .. -paid .Their riglus, as well as the self-pres-.
ervatipn of the Government, are at Stake;
and when'the usurpers are the cause of
-1,!,-, jjjality. ;t becomes ~ .nou-eisential.
; The payment of duties to ft e Federal cflf-'
.- dere.ori sblpftQard, is no act ofwar on fte
part of the GoTcn-.mcr.t. Unless the in
- '. ttrakelhp. attack, no collisionwflji
.. , oocur. If the Government be as’siijeti, Hi
.- wiH-beacting strictly on ftp defensive if it
~ repel ftfi assault,'and those irf the Xorft
who take tbo par? pt 1 the,;'rebels! render
feemscives- liable' 'to fc , dealt, wift, as
;; traitors.' .’ J -'; ~) i
. If the' insurgents see proper to levy a
- ■ second duty upon tire goode ftat may-land
i in fteit ports, tWt is their ruatteri Ilf they
eatt-sfford to carry -on two governments,
, . “let them enjoy - tlie r jpxury, 1 Bui Unde
Sam's , Government • being consibvcaljij
older/ftan Uncle Gulfee’s, fte-firstl tribute
~—» d pb4o-ili by right and precedent.! There
... lore, let the revenues be collected, on shore
if they ijul m sbip-tMiard af’tbcy
(must. : : r ; i
-... " , b"-. . = j ;
'. ■.': : Nowi;wlfile fte people of HBipiis and
_.. . Wisconsin are suffering under fte effects
, of onr victous apreagy system. It ip hoped
■fteytwUl.reflpct parafnlly upon the whole
, mediately put -ih practioe oorrcct prirtci,
plea of'finance;' they will ’at least adop
~, them, and embody them in laws pt the ear
Best opportunity.: ; : ■ -
, The ftmdmental princiide;', that lies a
fte base of eTcry safe banking law is lh;t
- balls when issued shall be readily cotivd-f
“ " -“Ible into coin. . Whenever theycaimot b
*0 Converted at the option of ftelholdei
.badyeßre Bs«»6Btffq>redeted, anfli'&S
(■value is regulated byfte difficulty and ft
risk incident to their conversion. iMone
» : ftcfafqre fte'nnly bafis for iumking
;; . Koamopht of legisiation can make apa
per dpjlji - .thiag : it pniixma^
“(Yr.uioitei'liHXHrift.to pr,
cented. for redemprion. This principle ha
been demonstrated so often ftat the p»8r!
ildqpt it and to en
I. r.HSftyii SO: striegent -and compr<
- i ' ieneivethatßis.evasiQn..would: beabsoluh
lyimposrible. ; u I'
The Josses whiai-therptopleibf tie TVei
wai btftftligbd'^'SUflferrdfi
time to come. The circiilation of ti
•j-b -
i" ' ;^r^?‘^i^'«;aear l get';
ytorn -K,' extensive
- HstjmwAjgfiW,(them; the brol£raiexps(
> afloat decreases, and especially if etod
'4 should improve, they will undoubtedly a
_ vance the price. Now, suppose the We
geta rid of the trash on an average at I
pWe are sure as to
of Wisconsin, but in our own State the:
’ is this very decided source of comfort thi
j when these “wild-cats” are once gon
Tbe!frflt»m~:ifl gjflaUbnj vrr
U *S?^! u i e ¥ t *?P- Under the amende
*'■ theircircul
new banks'nnder the law must' deposit tl
Aiwa bn credit, iiptead _ pciney; n
e know flf , nothing
t -PWh ,A| present-Unite
iStatea. ikocka; iijemselves. must tßteteh
s ' •'•■■■ •“ 1 >£>
by-thifl polity, ’
wddid Wm-thlt every alwurdSy iftifiV h
- cYhfliistGdbcfOrei*igbt prindplea in fiiianc
® its in bttethings hre adopted. ; Thefetoc r
security system in theory protects frertectj
«V? pf/thfe~biUfholder. The jm£e
rwhere : : .the:- T j
’ .‘hnd., ; against,wigci£;. tfrk
b our readers, ris I that’:®
■ , sufficient safeguards were placed in the bn
against the unlimited expansion of ourcul
-- reacy.. And again, no sort of reqjopsibU
~ ity was required Intheowners of banks
a The old and well settled o
' bank manager 3 6houl(
I of experience o r f 'substantia
V -character and substance, whereas ourehavi
been mainly owned by. peculators: anc
’ adventurers. Accordmg.to these princi
pies, aIBO. banka should’belocated at-com
v mercial wh€re th6re iabusinCss tc
/. can be profitably-employed
to do iti -Moitof ihe hankß , lh"tiiiß ; ,Stat€
[■ and ih Wisconsinjare locatcd iat.ihe great
r andihe
more inaccessible, the more- sure to'b'e se
• iected hyowners.;. ought
> always tptte Tequired.to .keep oh hand a
reasonable amount ot specie;, azud to be
•- forced to redeem their ?bills in coin; ‘fif
-of-the bill-holders. . ‘ : :-
All these defects must be tborooghly
, amended if^wd ace Jverto be frefe from
. currency troubles. Some, perhaps], most
of them, have been provided against in
ohr amended"! law, "when- once fitsj provis-.
ions come to be fully in force. Let us nil,
as patiently as we can the.
evils that are now upon us, as we shall
have a better currency when we gdt~rid of
the trash,that? is now in the disfcredited
The particulargrievances of which South;
CarolinaAas been complaining for thelast
thirty years, are, Rafter the obstinate.' refu-;
saTdf pTOpTTdf flfif free Statos io be*;
lleve'ih the Sivihity'of Human Slavery;)
policy of the Government und
the consiltuifonafprohibition of
pan slavejtrade. She learns, tbougiriate;
that thereisno her condi
tion in regard to either &f these, flings, in.
the new Confederacy. The U. S. Tariff of
1857 ftidl theirS:
markable addition of half a cent per pcrUud
export 3tfsfiA&bolfoti bdeptfrgg-t
dollar of which comes out of the planter ;
the of
“ middle rpaasage-’ ds not except
in penalties for infraction. ThO did.
grievances 'are •coritihWd in full force..
Hence we are not surprised that a member
■ofibe Sodth Carolina ‘CdhYehtion, J a till in
session, introduces a series of resolutions,
contemplating a new secession—secession .
from the Confederacy to which tbit king
dom has_united her fortunes. The reasons ■
for the movement are the did sources of
grief. The resolutions were tabled' by a ’
vote which promises other fruit in: the fu
'••furt.'-. ' v.•• ;.v i
It is needless to hope that any conces
sions orany’cohiproinlses-—comatterwhat
they grant—would have the effect!to rec-
again; in the
Union. Give her the Crittenden proposi
tion, the plan of ttfe* Peace Conference, or
States, and her griefe would not; Ije as
suaged. She~"demands nothing b^trabso- i:
lute Free, Trade and illimitable copimerce
in niggers. These granted, she wouMjbo
.content.Tire -the Democracy- treaidy - ; fqr
the sacrifice f . - rV- ~ “ ;
r. v. q ufcMittAxcai* |
The Border States are urging a Conven
tion at whichlheymayadoptanuitlmafuin
to be submitted to the North, as ah alter
native of Disunion. They may spare
.trouble- The NoHhvhas
an "ultimatum—the Constitution
Un^te|^mte s Trand : ,it|^eeds ri -Will ac~
cept ho other. : -And the agitators South of
the Ohio—the most potent helpers; of the
confederated: traltdk • at.'Montgomfei^and'
Charleston-may as well understand-that
now as at any other time. If they want
they owe to that "instrument and thn-peo
pie °£ the free States,. they need notgb
through the farce of holding a Con' ’entlon
to propose - any -new- terms; upon which
they will stay.“ ThereV'tiie bond,' under
whioh they are secure. Denial of its pbli
it' dr their loyalty/* T|ie time
for their choice Is hear. 1 ] ~ '.i-
*' (xn^hdndint
Of* the" N?
officer of thelmrk Indian Queen —writes tbat
ie.and'-the ■aeoonh same yese’el
were lurniedout of fi‘ Marine Hospital
because that Slate had
edeeded- Cha|r£ : i%vcTV Becefe-i
sion, howeter,diff not prevent the patriots of :
St Marks from attempting the kidnapping of
seven colored Seahien whd'Were'bTi bpaM the'
vessel, and who wouldrhave been curled off,
had not a rumor of the Intention caused’lte
Captain tO'Chartera steamer and tow the In-/
djanOneen outside the bar. The leader,-in'
pre?iie' ; Coiirtl•**&*««•,* ovi ; H | •
/tt- / -?! :
Among the successful applicants for por
tions of the new *8,000,000 loan, a& .‘Geo;-
$25,000 at 94—and the American Colonization'
Society—ss,ooo'at : 94. The National:' JbfcM-.,
geuccr says: ; V-.-: : e
'We learn that the pettier interested were-aIF
immediately the result of .their
bids,nhd.tbai:rifti whdlescbirespondence waa
completed for yesterday morning’s mail. The ■
number-jof bidders was unprecedented:,’mid
rihe-amou a C bif ilhbbr Thus* Tecei airily per
formed is corroborative of the butlness.repxK
Conamp],t«d Selrare «r U4e ciedeMl
The followingla an trtmct'ffoin'iletter- re
cciTßd inUM.cLty.XnHn, a gentleman of Ugh
position in Waehlngtom It la dated on (be
«««•? T?mi gcans !
“The poaseaaion of the Beat of government ■
- by theSoulbcm Confederacy it anWventjaost
confidently• predicted to take place; -within
sixty dajg. The wife of a United’ Mates
i Senxtar-tdldmfc'ah anecdote ilJaaratiTe ofthe
purpose r pf
~ -Confederacy;--geSoWe-fr-veiy-elhgibie pew in
(: tjiellev. Mr. HalTe Church* and a fedy wishiae
to obtain it. wrote' to hlmthaf she ilould jrtre
nfy^Sew t I have ord^i
- ed anengraved plate tobe affixed toLitbeariDjr
- myfiamg* AL^Jn^frb£lfadl|Dm^ v is
taking leayc of Mrs. Davis, asked. ‘ And what
mraaagytttdst XJbehp ftMl you to yoiaviady
, friends in Washington ?’ She replietL^l’eU
. be tfappi £5 a£'
' the^White' t Sause “Before
. or “TS
: tfi O t —cTTyrrzSO i
-- fy A Washagtonoorresponden telegraphs
U> one of opT cbtfgpdrartej thM ; r .rd
■ “W^der.of^Jl&rylano^igned
'Ws poßltKtfln ffitfitirmy.-- fic is fcbnofGeu.
fought at 1 in she
1 £o hsy^ftyt®ng
rated to harrow np the feelingtoff our Bor-
Bacea.”;. aadvrthafcßen. Winded
waa In them, did <sf diet
« , again drfeedon
m . *** pDlnt Ab<
ika : OonitltatienalltT or tu© Hew City
so ! '.. A ‘ W ofS have been
eu | lieye twjßfcw City Quarter unconetitutlonal^
j yf
**■ ' jfflP Jaw thutpUln
to •“Whrtobet&iAwt". I k$
of j I* JS&jied t|||foe declan&on ud provla
\ | forta t^lSk®.efr
; feet Tfcota ancßaftert its passage, wasvots4
i OWII with the amendments; and thereby the
; time fixed in the first section of the act for
‘ a * :an election is leas than GO days from the ad
ie» ‘ Joomment of the Legislature.
ed j section of the Charter act was not by any rea-
La- j sonable construction of language an amend
ed I meat, It yraa not_ intended as such by the
MTif to the
j to anbmltto a vote
jof the people (tittime when the act should go
r ®. i haying provided for an elec*
| tion (dreading on uo ‘contingency,) - which
~ the of that section wbuld render
ik nughfory and void/ l u itfo an established rule
U : i. ‘ I H lie .exposition of Statutes, that the-inten-
U “tion. of the lawgiver is to' be deduce dfrom a
jigjt jtho;yrh<de, and'of erwy part of a
comjmred together. The
“ real intChtion, When accurately ascertained,
jr : “wjU always prevail oyer the-rlkeral sense of
%: “terms ;und the reasonand intehtidn of the
?£■' “ layrgiyer wiflcontrolthe .strict letter, of. the
ffl-i the latter would lead to palpable.
s-: . “Icjustioe contradiction and absurdity.” Ist
K) KaiV^.Cojn. s 517, 6 Crunch 13L Upon the
(7 aameprinciple, ” whenever a pbwer is given
pl : rt*hy a statute,- everything necessary to the
r’'« making, of it effectual or requisite to attain
'■ “ the end is' implied.”— lb. p 520. But.in the
• | It U eipresfiedaad the implication is used
-- -by the objectors to render the statute ineffec
d tnftl . , . > /
d .! In fhls same connection, it Is objected that
c there was no “ emergency,” as -spoken of in
d ) Constitution, to authorise the Legislature
U /.to patthe act in force
t . was, the Legislature should have set out the
' fact in so many words.,'; The answer .to this
'* ~ aliegationis t Tfae laW-givers arethe.solejudg
eaof-ah emergency.;”it Is an exercise of a.
B - ; kherd dlsCTetfoharypdw»,of which they alone 1
• ; are the' pole ,depbsltory, and ; which they alone
2 'areleftrto'decide. (WebstCTdeflnea‘‘Emer
- geucy, 'any event or ! combinations of circum
t Btanee8 r which ; cails for inimedlaie action or
k , remedy;*’;,-’Query? Didnot, fob condition of
j 'j our city speedy
ifo ind e
r an'etgeigency ?) ; -*Adrolttfog,however, for the
argument, that np emergency can be shown to
have existed, the Courts win not go back of
-legislative action, where they are clearly vested
with a powerj to be exercised in their discre
, tiofl-rtbinquire what circumstances existed
. to influence the of the Legislature.
,j .The.courts will not reverse the decisions,even
“ Of inferior Courts,’ where the exception is taken
' to a decision bn apc tut clearly and solely with
‘ ! in the discretionary power of the inferior
; ■ numerous author!- ;
ties, audby referenee to many deciaions of our ;
Supreme Court.' Nor;can it be neceeeary that
. the Legldfliure should state, in express words
Sat there was such ah emergency as author
ises them'tb’put the act in force <imznediatel;
’frbni' add after its passage.'. Aa, well : requiri
them to set forth the> circumstances,' and ac
' company them wUh affidavitsj or the evideaei
virtually and clearly declared that such ai
-emergency did exist, by using the language o
- -the Constitution and.the power given them U
’ emergency.- - - •
• further objected, “thit the repealiui
■ ckusewaavoteddowiL”
If Bectlon. 90, repealing inconsistent acts
- -was intended as a mereamendment,and so vo
ted down ‘ (Which does not appar altogethei
, .^certidn),’still" all, former .inconsistent i oi
. -parts ofactfljinconflifitentbr repugnant, are bj
the well Imown rules of law‘in the cpnslxue
1 tloa s oT; Btatates, virtnaily and'effectually re
fpbided. “ Whe% the'-.fcommon law and a stat
■ - differ/ thfr common law giyea place to th«
‘‘statute; .and an old statute gives place to’«
“ new one.' Legespotteriora priores conirariai
. ‘‘di^dnt. ,f Jiladeslone's Commentaries, p.
39. And the-Bame rule appliea to conflicting
'Beclions of different acta or of the same act;
. tiiis rule may be found ‘in every authority or
the construction of statutes^
‘ The chief objection (made by interested par
ties), however, is to the constitutionality ol
the whole act That the Legislature by sub.
mitting certain sections oi the act, as amend
ments thereto, to a vote of the people, thereby
delegated their power, and consequently the
whole act ianncbnstitntional and void.
■ This objection finds some authorities in de
cisions of--Pennsylvania and Delaware. But
not to make this article too long by any fur
ther -reierence to those -decisions, it iis suffi
: cient to say that they have been presented in
.'argument before the; Supreme: Court of the
State of HUnols, reviewed) condemned and dlsre
■garded by saidcouri. The case will be found
in the sth volume of- Gilman’s Reports, pages
Tto 20-~-27ie IbqpZe, <tc., w: John Seyiuild*. An
act to divide the county of Gallatin’ was passed
by the Legislature of Illinois at the session of
1846-7, and submittedtoa vote of the people
of that county .and by them voted oh rmd ac
cepted. [This was done under the old Consti
tution of our State, and there was no! express
power in t&t Constitution to submit such a
law to aivote of the people.] JudgeCaton de
-livered-the opinion of the Supreme Court on
the application for a mandamus , and in his
. opinion (which! am compelled to abridge) he
.gays.: ; .,■■ ;
.. ; - M To estahlleh tbe unconstitutionality of this
act. It is assumed, that, instead of being a law fin
; ishftd and -obligatory from the hands of the Gene
ral Assembly, this is merely a bill prepared by that
departments the government-and submitted to
! : the people 1 of Gallatin-County, to be by them
i passed into a law or defeated at the polls. This
assumption id not fact. Tbe law as passed
was complete and perfect’, although its principal
provisions were to take effect upon a contingency.
■ the.determinatlon of which did, not depend.upon
therexerciae of leglslatlve powera by the people,
but upon an expression which they were author
ised to make, rather in the execution than in the
enactment of the law.- .* • • » * ’
If the saying be true, that foe Legislature cannot
delegate its powers, !itda - only so in its most gene
ralisfose. V .;may. grant ferry
licenses, or lay out roads; yet who 'will donct that
It may delegate 1 this power to othere, either by
- general or special laws? ’Bo also it may pass all
foe laws requisite for thegovernment of d particu
■lri?dty ortowrreiiip 'or ' school' district, and who
will doubt foe propriety of authorizing this to be'
"dote by foe-people wlthih the limits of hhe city,
iowa or district, by their local representatives, or
.oveii directly? This is making laws, and laws too
binding efficacy as if passed- directly by the
In referring to the decision in Delaware, he
■“While we may concur with that Court in de
precating and ;condemning the fulsome effusions
and unprincipled' conduct of the demagogue,
whope^nlf/inerib ogQsistsjn -an- artful ability to
decclreTiie' people the, public vanity;
ever persuading them that they can do no wi ong •
approving, defending and advocating every popa
.lar prejudice, even at the sacrifice of his own Judg
ment, that Tie may acquire an influence and use
their power for selfish purposes 'who; is even
. willing to ride upon the whiriwindthat hastens to"
destruction, for the giddy pleasure of guiding the
storm. -We-ought such -occasional
•abufce of the public 'Credulity to lm-.
os to the oUier ertxeme;4md conciude;ihat the
people are not. safe 1 rcposltarleß .of any power—
“that‘they'cannqt' J udJdpnsiv exercise any discre
tion.” • • , f' -
The opinion or Judge baton concludes
thus: . w. ;
“ Without persuingthe subject further, we think
enough has-been eald-to show that theXcgislattire
may-delegate authority, either to individuals or
/bodies of people, .to do many important legislative
acts, ’not only similar to that authorised by the
Jaw, the .validity of which Is here questioned, but
also othens of amore Important, and-npon princi
ple of a'much moreqnestio liable propriety; but
in doing this. It does npt .divest itself of any of Its
original powers: 'Entertaining no do doubt of the
‘ conStituticmality of the law antharixmg.the
“ibn af Gallatin county, thia applicatloa for a man
[dathu* win h&veto bedenied.” 1
We4hlnkthe opinion uid decision of
the Buprems Court of fUiiioU, upon a question •
all the vital force of the questions
; beetfraised oe to theconstitutional
ity of the
iuUyij&tleaall fiembts that may have 1 been ox-
Jerked.; Tel^ve c lhereto; ahdif any one
'dtomd'hereafter cany np ench objections to ■:
feaprefire they verify an
iVjThere. is no
Of -Sipril, wfflJUke
.and hold
will ot the psotf aio Iftw oi onrjcKy, as it
dßWMU'MdjnMd'gWttnßaib ! ;■
■ - Itespeclfally, yodre,'* ;
;; - - W. H, STICKSir,
- .®* r .ThoaewPateat Law ie workingvery
satii! facto rfly. Tbe'change comes quite oppor
tunehLas poly sls is nbw roqultedTto be paid;
%ypresa^^^£%ftjpll&6b£r-'-The abolition'
: of thA of
will do much'to stimulate then..to
coactry, and-^i^}i6~the | n to protect them—■
:adrss:agal£st unscrupulous plratea who lay
r wndiaiq?oh; everything' within their
t-* .«■•.**> v-}r:> ; .v.-h^v
jSSESSaM# 1 ’ Si - * '•’..•Cl A lTifiX-3 ,*■ t-„: 1
* ~
; a member of the NewYorkAi>
; sejfiSly from Albany county, haafaeen expelled
I that body by a nearly unanimous vote
" forndtsimlog a bribe of SIOO for Toting for a"
i eertk^fneasnre.
-—Hon. Howell Cobb addressed* Tery largo
an&ra* in Maeon,' oaths 98th alt., on the cf.
the country.
Charles Francis Adams, by Ms fellow
; citizens of Boston, ufrithout distinction of
: party, as a testimony of their approval of hie.
| conduct, during the late eeasion of Congress,
I In relation to oar national difficulties. A pub
i llCTdlnnerfraß also r
fus King, our Minister to Borne, bjythe .citi
zens of Milwaukee, 'without- distinction of :
party. It has been accepted, and will take
place to-night sfc the Kewhall House.
—One hundredcltlzGas of Nevada hare sub
scribed for the Knoxville (Tenn.)
sou3rownlew t 8 paper-.The money will be,
: forwarded by the next steamer. So says the
■ Nevada - Democrat, - - - -i •
Mr. Thomae W. . Field, a prominent Re
publican of. Brooklyn,' New York, applied to
the Administration for an appointment as As
sistant Engineer in the Bureau of Construc
tion in the Brooklyn Navy Yard: He obtain-*
edthe endorsement of the Hon, Wm, Wall :
and other eminent Republicans, and went on
to Washington. Mr. Field was-successful in '
bis application, obtaining the place be asked,
-for;; On Monday (April Ist, rattier ominous,) .
be went to the Navy Yard and presented bis
official credentials, when Ms attention was po
litely'-caEedtoa section in an act, passed at. :
the close .of the last .session of Congress,
wherein the office, which had been a mere sin- .
eenre, was abolished.
—Gen. James M. Cook has resigned the of- <
flee of Bank Superintendent of New York I
State, which he has filled for seven years past, \
and Gov; Morgan has -nominated Henry H. <
Van Dyck, now Superintendent of Public In- :
straction, to replace him. - - I
. . Gem F. K. ZoUicofier, formerly a member. 3
of .Congress, is announced as a suitable candl- I
date for Governor of Tennessee. |
' The Philadelphia Inquirer says that since a
Mr. Buchanan retired to private life at Wheat- c
land,he' has evinced no dlsinclinatipn to mingle
with society. -* To those disposed to converse j
on such matters, Mr. Bnchanah very freely ex-. , t
presses his disapproval of the coarse of Floyd 8
and confederates, and denounces the traitors I
in severe terms. He defends strenuously the a
policy pursued during the; close of his admin- c
iatratlon, insisting that it was the only true £
one to avoid the shedding of fraternal blood.. -n
‘ —The Lincbhurg j, "Republican states that Mr.. u
Brace, the mail agent who has been reported
as tarred andfeatheredin Virginia, was wait *
ed upon on Saturday by a • deputation of citi-. t]
zens of Culpeper Court House, and informed
that he would not be allowed to pass through
that village again as mail agent. Mr. B. repli- tl
ed that he would do so, no matter what were Ci
the consequences, and he went through to
Lynchburg on Monday, and returned to Alex- n
andria on Tuesday, without being molested at ai
anypointon the entire route.- . a
Biskop Philander Chase was about t*
consecrate a church at Waukegan, Illinois, bn
• having written the deed di consecration Jus
" before going into the churchy fount his hand
r were soiied-with the ink. .. He did hot observ
5 this-until he had entered the church. Caßini
upon one of the clergymen present, he oskei
him to bring a bowl of water and towel fron
> tlieveatry.hebeihg.toolarge andunwieldly ti
5 go there himself. The clergyman ventured t*
. suggest ;to him, .sotfo vdce t ’ that a wet towe
might do as well, and would be less notice*
‘ by toe congregation. The bishop-loekedat hln
> over hts spectacles* and said, “Sir, I neve
wash with a • The services were goinj
. on, notwithstanding the commotion in th
• chancel around the bishop. At last the senio
, warden of the parish—noW ecea9e d— wa
r obliged to go out and bring inabb*7l°f w atei
; And by a singnlar coincidence, just Vs 03
. fieUtlng clergyman was giving out (accord^
to the rubric in the consecration office! tm
■, 21st Psalm, partSd-? }
’■ “HI wash my hands in innocence,
, And round thine altar »o ”
, the bishop dipped his hinds into the bowl and
washed them,.-Some .of the people of th<
• pariah to this day think that this was part o]
1 the ceremony of consecration. •
•—.Mrs.Myra Gaines is thus described, as sM
t appeared at a late Presidential levee, leanino
on;tiie arm of a youoggentleman, a relative ol
her family:. Her figure!* short and alight: hei
weight, perhaps, one hundred pounds Sfie
, ™>re a Quaker-colored watered silk dress, exit
low oyer a full bust;, the veiyshort sleeves
■ revealed a finely-proportioned and fair white
arm, that would have graced the belle of the
assembly. Though her age is about fifty, no
\ one would estimate it over thirtv-five. She
wore bright gold bracelets upon *her ‘wrists,
Iter hair, which is black and glossy, was con
finedin a netcingofgold lace, and two long
bright curls tell one upon either shoulder
Her eyes are -black, restless, aad expressive.
Two email ostrich plumes, of white and blue,
were partially concealed in the dark folds cf
her hair. Her step is elastic, her manner
graceful. She is very conversational with her
acquaintance*, an 1 her countenance indicates
unusual intellectual ability. Thus let your
readers form a conception of Mrs. GMnes, a«
with a magnificent white camelia upon her
bosom, she glided round and round amid the
gay and happy throng in the great east room
. oi the President’s mansion.
Effects of Secession la Baltimore,
[From the Baltimore Clipper, 4ih.]
Here in.'the city of Baltimore, lately so proud
and prosperous, even-when a portion of her
press were‘g'focsly calumniating her citizens,
and wantonly endeavoring to drive-prosperity
from their dobra, the sad consequences of this
disunion madness are severely experienced.-
Never in all our history was there so much
suffering among the, masses of the people.
Families that never before knew want are cry
tog for bread. Men whose honfest toil had al
ways afforded them a competence, are forced
to beg or steal, or starve. The Councils have*
been compelled to lay aside all other business
to provide food for famishing thousands of
honest, industrious mechanics and laborers.
In this spring time, when every trade
and occupation was wont to be In full opera
tion, our wharves are silent, our warehouses
deserted, our workshops closed; and our peo
xhe condition ofßaltimore ia only a type of
pie starring, aye, absolutely starving because
they cannot find employment;
that, of. other communities throughout the
•• country. _ Where sballwa look for the cause
of this distress ? What has occasioned it ?
-Not.the new Federal administration, for that
has, tlms far at least, proved quite as conser
vative os either of the Democratic administra
tions by which it was .preceded; not the Re
publican party, for that has attempted to do
nothing-more than it did, or attempted to do,
four years ago. There is but -one cause, one
poisoned fountain, whence flow in deadly and
death-dealing currents all these alarmingcrils
and tot is Disunion! To this fell heresy!
this damning doctrine of reckless demagogues
willing to sink the whole country in perdition,
to gratify their mad ambition, can alone be.
.attributed the misfortunes that oppress the
people. Let disunion be put down—let it be
crashed out—and peace and prosperity will
.pneejnore smile upon,us. It is the duty of
the sufferingpeople everywhere to raise their
voices in thunder tones against these wanton !
and cruel disturbers of the public peace and
destroyers of the public welfare. They have
borne this madness long enough, and they
should speak out and speak in suen a maimer
as to make the small souls of the Southern
Disumonists shrink to nothingness. Their
indignation-Should find vent against those
who -ruthlessly bring upon them all this need
less suffering and privation. They should in
-their-turn-rise-np and assert their rights and
revolutionize the revolution, rebuke the trea
son and shame the traitors. Let the Border *
States speakfirat, for they suffer most; they
will Uud a party in the very heart of the so--
called Southern Confederacy that will echo
their words mid respond to their efforts.
Romance of tbe St ; am Imagine.
-James the inventor of the steam en
gine, was bom in the year 1736, and died, in
.1819, at .the age 0f‘83.:; Prom an Interesting
article In the Scientific American we make a.
few extracts concerning : this great man and
Ms invention:
The. comprehensive mind of Watt took in
all the principles of motion—all the devices
and-parta of the mechanism, and the power
which gave .motion, .ton:the steam engine
Watt first, invented condensation in a separate
vessel from' the cylinder; he was the first to
operate the piston both backward and forward
in the cylinder, by means of steam, making it
truly the steam engine; he invented the par
allel mbtion, applied ; the governor to the
throttle valve, the mercury gauge to. the boil
er, the'dash pot to the puppet valves, used
the adjustable and worked steam ex
pansively, invented and applied the steam
jmket,'and mode the .damper self-acting; in
short, he left the low pressure engine easen
tfally as if/ia at the present day.- Macintosh;
said of him: M Mr, Watt has long been, by
the consent of the greatest men gf science in
the world, placed at the Head of all inventors
in aU ages and nations.’' Professor Robinson
said of him: ; “Every new thing that -came
into his handrbecame a subject of serious and
systematic- study, and terminated in gome*
branchof science. l 7
Great Improvement In Slaking Sugar.
IP Opinion of Paris, * under the
-. heading, “ARevolution in the, Manufacture
: oC- Sugar,” announces a discovery byM. Rous
’seux, which,lfsays,will tnore..Mxu tioubb the
cess is exceedingly simple, ancHhe editor gays
; thathshas repeateditwith complete success
. ‘in the laboratory, and sees "ho reason why it
ahuge.Bcale. ~
from plants, alters rapidlyTipi, the air, because
if contains albumlnousmatterawhich become
brown er black by thQ actioa of-- oxygen. M. ’
- Rousseau removes the albnmxnbhs mattefsljy
heaWngitheluide ivtth about -three gnethou
saadths of its weight of crude pulverised plas-*
'ter. at hbmng
heat, a thick senin- forms oa the surface, ana.
r by decantation, a perfectly clear liquid is ob--
v ,taiiie<L Thisliguidleftin theair. wonld be
= cOmeasblackaa ink; bht by mixing with-it-
per cent, of its weight ofhydrated
perosyd of jrph, all the altersble organic mat
teraar«TCmoved in */£sw aecohdß, It will-
for Indefinite time without.
to obulu crystalitodsngar.
\c:.: xiit I
•/' * <
“Hint” to tko
wnai4ttilie Confederate States*
' . drcnlar baa- been addressed
to tha presidents and direttors otcach of the
>. ■ In the Confederate States which have
aospaded payments:
. Oobtjoebats Stats* or Axbbioa,l '
• Treasury DEPARTMENT, >'
ItoirTooxzsr, Ala., March 87,1861 j
GamAMEH: the! sus
pension of specie payments by thebacks of
the Confederate States; daring;. tKepast win
ter, was the result neithcr of specohfyionVmor
of a desire oi gain-.but' that i twain pollticaL
act-doneby theauWority of 'the'Sfete'gdt
einments, and that urgent public necessity
justified the action of the public authorities
: yd oHhe-bankg.—Tito-obtectrtntended- iry
both was for the public good. Permit me, in
furtherprpnjotlQpi yf 'tberaame gopisto rAi
now.fo-modiiy mich ea*pfcißiofa:v-/i
Congress has authorized a loan of fifteen
millions to be taken up for the
part of whlebisto.be offered.cn the 17th .of
April: -la the Lduifllaua, MfakfaJ*
■ : aipph Texas, and inthetowe? part of Alaba
ma the currency is either ,co or nfttea,
' redeemable in coin, while 'in'
Carolina, Florida, and~ln l the upper part of
Alabama, the currency is in bank-notes, which
are from two to threeper cent.beldw'the
valueof coin. .It is therefore, that’
under existing subscription
to the loan cannot be paid In tank notes in all'
the Confederate States, without producing in
equality and confusion; - The only taels' of
making the subscriptions equable to require
pajmyt in coin, or-in currency at its value'm
coin. And as the former would bo an imprac
ticable condition, the' Department has been ’
compelled to adopt the other alternative.
Yon will readily perceive, however,, that in all
tne States occupied hy yourenrreneya serious
will arise to individual subscriptions;
from the Idea thattbe two br‘ three per. cent.
■ difference between the value of tank notes .
and,coin, is a premium paid.on.the- loan. 'I
would earnestly recommend td yon a : measure'
wbibh will remove this obstacle It Is the im
mediate adoption by yon Of a resolution that
you will redeem in specie such of your notes
as may be paid in npon this subscription. ’ It
Is true that this amounts to a virtual return
in part to specie payment; but it is done to
advances great public Interest, and the cost,
of providing specie for the entire loan would
amount to less than $150,000, to be distributed
amongst all the banks of the Southern Con
federacy, But it.will be far less than that tp
you, inasmuch as more than half the loan will
probably come from the taylng States, and; >
the real burden would■ not amount •to more
than eighty thousand- dollars; equivalent to an
abatement.ou your annual.dividends of V of
one per cent on your banking capital -
:The differences will be'fhrther dimihishfed
to you by the fact that the notes will be in the
bands; of the government*, and will of course
' b ft»?, Be r Budl a way-as. to produce the •
smallest possible inconvenience to the banks
which had thus come'forward to the aid ofthe '
government Coin will, in fact, be wanted 'to !
a very small extent At home, the bank-note' '
currency will pay. current demands ;andfex
change, foreign and domestic, ‘ cin be substi
tuted. for coin; and will furnish a moreconve- ;
-nient .means of remittance to pay demands
upon the government Besides theaei another
important relief to the. demknd - for cotn’.will
■' arise from the issue of treasury notes,.which is
to be made as soon as shey can be prepared by
this department *f. - ■ ■■.
Ana laiuy, it may be urged thata prepara- •
tlon forageaeral resumption of-specie pay
ment is always desirable,- andi that; season of
the year, when crops haveall been sold'and
calls for money are .less urgent, is the most
appropriate period for such preparation..
I would, therefore, respectfully ask your im
mediate attention to.this subject, and the
adoption, at your earliest convenience, of such :
a resolution;as that above recommended.
■ With muchrespect, your obedient servant, .
[Signed] ' ’ . C. G. MEMMnffaEB,
Secretary of the Treasury. '•
Proposed Foray upon Washington, V
’ [Correspondence of ttie N. Y. Tribune.']-
3533 a Baltemobe, April s,, 1861.
A painful suspicion has seized upon. , the
public mind.in Washington, It hag extend
ed to Baltimore in some degree, : that the oc
cupation of the Federal Capital is actually en
.tertained by Jeff Davis,- who is all-supreme
in his miilitary power. The question Is ashed,'
What -is -that arch^thitot, 1 Ben licCuljongh
doing in Virginia attbis juncture Why has
so machpains.beea .taken to create !aSeces
sion sentiment along the line, of railway from
Wilmington in North Carolina to' Alexandria
in Virginia? Why are the rebels so eager
for the Virginia Convention to -precipitate
an ordinance of. Secession, upon the people
of fbat 4 State ? What does the recent bellig
erent card of H. A. Wise & Co.' to the men of
kidney in the counties of Vir
ginla meC n? Wljy are the Richmond Whig,
the Lexington" TdUe \> S *T> older Virginia
Union newspaper.'. and made to fly.
the secession flag? these and
a hundred other kindreh. ib, that
the invasion and seizure of Washington by
the rebel Government is
mplated, and, what is -worse# is actifts { ? V T f?’
licible. Toey say that nothing is eos!*C. r -? r
Jeff. Davis than xo land 5,000 troops at Wa*w *
ington, and to make them the herald of their,
own arrival bytbe seizure of the telegraph
and the railroads, and by the sympathies*of the
section though which tjjey run.
The public alarm is not for nothing, in my
judgment. It is increased by the withdrawal
of any portion of the Federal troops at the
Capital, for people neither there nor here, have
any too great confidence In the militia in such
an emergency. Let Jeff. Davis’s bugles spund.
aud hosts of men in Washington and Balti
more, who are now giving listless obedience
to the Federal Government, would soon rally
to the rebel flag. .Nothing short of the con--
tinned presence in Washington of an adequate
’ force will quiet apprehensions.
To show you how widespread the defection
is in the Government Departments at Wash
ington, I need only mention one fact that has
come to iny knowledge in the last few hours.
One of the clerks in the Indian Bureau, in the
enjoyment of an SI,BOO salary, received yester
day a commission from the Montgomery Gov
ernment of Third Auditor in that concern, and
he is considering whether he shall accept it or
not! If he were a true man he would have
laid the commission instantly before President
The Washington Star of this afternoon thinks
that the anti Secessionists will carry all.but
one of the districts of Virginia for Congress at
the election nest month. Perhaps so,'and
perhaps not. Leaders that are for the Union
with arms in their hands, as the Virginia
Unionists are, are very apt to fall into the
ditch of their own digging, and carry their fol
lowers with them.
The New Outlet for the Cotton Crop.
“Occasional” writes as follows to the Pidla-
delphia Press ,
Intelligenee from the Northwest presents
two facts.whichpre entitled to grave cpnsid r
ation. Cotton seeks., the easiest and cheapest
method of transportation, and the fact already
asserted, that the difficulties produced by the
Southern conspirators would cause cotton
growers and cotton, factors to patrobizeother
outlets to market, and .cause them to prefer
the process-of overland shipment, is now.ire
. qaently and splendidly verified. It must not
ne forgotten that.all .the Cotton States are not
outot in North : Carolina
th re is an immense production of cotton, an
-almost illimitable .extent' otsoiL-gnscfcptible
of.the most profitable cultivation of the great
Southern staple. The cotton regioh bf Ten
nessee is said to be the richest in me country,
and Andrew Johnson will- fake good care
to hold that State in the Union. These States,
not to speak of Kentucky, Virginia, and Ar
kansas, have additional reasons lor remaining
inside of the Union, when they contemplate
.the hesvy taxes levied to maintain the' Disun
ion experiment, and behold the vastadvanta
nes ne w]y -opened to : them by the officers of
Northern railroad companies to carry their
product, to the seaboard.. They are thus
doubly .tempted—by indisposition to unite
theirfortnnes with those of mere political
desperadoes and gapieatere, and-by commer-.
dal reasons. If we-calculate the immense
supply of cotton necessary to maifithin' our
own manufactories,-those of New . England,
New York, New- Jersey, Pennsylvania, this
will be found to be an item worthy of the at-.
tsntlon of the cotton growers, in- the Union
. States South.
■ We haveonly to look at the number of large
cotton factories scattered over Pennsylvania
and‘tuke-lnto view-the j enormous, amount of
cotton goods Proven in the free States, to com
prehend the value of-this-thought- 1 Hereto
fore most of these concerns were snpplled by
water via Newt-Means, Charleston, Savannah,
Montgomery and Mobile, and this means of
transportation is always attended with many
risks. Northern buyers; when thev see the
i.porjts.of Louie Una, Georgia, South' Carolina,
Alabama, and Mississippi held by armed J'orc
; ns, with. the double intention of defraodtrg
and.destroying the governmentof our fathers,
and of converting our greafeities of the free
1 states into so many modem Tyres and Sidons,
wul do what interest aid patriotism prompt
them to do—they-will save, money and help
the government by insisting that their factors
in the South shall forward to them their sup
plies overland. ;
Three: continuous .and unbroken rail con-,
nections bind the muon -cotton States to the
Free Slates; chief among these : is our unri
valed Pennsylvania Central, and Geiieral Pat
tcreon, with- the energy and_courage of his,
chaiacter ? has accepted the opportunity thus
offered to him by establishing with these aids •
a depot for the purpose of meeting the do
mestic demand for cotton. ■As an evidence of
the rapid increase of the transportation of
cotton over rail, it is r stated in tnree days of
last week there were sent from' Buffalo to Bos
ton, onan average, twenty car loads of cotton
bales; and it ia
atm coming. r The price for carrying this cot-.
. ton from Memphis to Boston Is four'dollars
and fifty cents per hale of fife'hundred
pounds. Hus is cheaper than it can beehip
• ped doro the Mississippi ; river to New Or
loans, and thence by -vessel, the difference be
ing about thirty daysin favor of the Northern
route, nud a saving of about ninety cen taper
hole bh theireight,'withoutcounting the risk
of a sea’ Voyage. For the list four months,
up to the Ist of February, the New York Cen
tral carried from the bridge at Bnfftlo -7,feod
bales, mad in Februaiy. over 3,000, "while .one'
own Pennsylvania' Central railroad carried 7?,-.
000 bales last year—being an ipcjreaeeof 70,000
bales In three years. It ia 4 anticipated these_
roads will dot. a larger business this summer
than they have’ ever done before. It is equal-}
ly : clear' that it would be.- much' cheaperr-a.
saving in money and time —if the overland'
rail transportation frnm New „ Orleans to New-
Tork of cotton intended, for Liverpoohwere
adopted, instead or the hazardous mode of
senoingitby eea.,,;
'A B,
.Savannah Republican, of .Monday says thaithe
steamer Georges -Greek, Gapt. "Willeto,'from
Baltimore, in.goihg pp the Savannah River on
was ‘nred into and brought to i
haTing, when abreast of-the
:*ort, observed.no lights, waa hailed, and giving
jrno twoblank ~cartridges were firedat
her: stiii.felling <to two-Bails were
fired mtO;her r onoof which passed over her
smaliboat to the lort,
Ie An Illinois Work on Ethnology.
[From the State Journal]
ed The Three Great Races or Mbs : their origin,
he character, history and destiny, with special re
gard to the present condition of the black race
ve in »hs United States. By J. B. Turner, Borinx
fleld, Ballhache & Baker, 1861. Pp. Hi.
- —A “ litejSSfecuriosity” about to J
cell this bodratratlhe term?Pighfciinply am -
. of itS Kfilltyinter?? s
- «ei We o&mnoUhave beta;;|br some year*; ■
lg _ past
Prof. Turned - 1
.Saxon which writings, anff
H the profound and analyzfhg'/thought which
inspirits his utterances. BS Jewmgmjjan so
i wen combine strength and etyle
is pecoliar to himself, though ibnSetimefl- re
zL . luJlttriatfK. anffstart- „
jy- -iiag-«spresai j )n»,'und~iir often embodying a -
vast Idea in a sentence. Many of us here In
yl She West have been in the habit of reading
~ -ids Occasional contributions to current litera
5, . ture-r-princlpally to Jhe agricultural Journals
*1 • —andhaveheaiahimJi&cture afhwuiaieshe-"; ?
Hr -.fotesomeJyceum ocfit«ary institution- Bot
B **- %e do not think that Prof; has ever
acquired, what might he termed auatidhil
t reputation; thaithare-aro many pe<d>leln-th6 -
resides a man of so varied attainments, or of
, t su iuteU.ectso vigorous and origTnal| V '- yr . u ‘ ‘
l ®.‘ ' The underreview, as UaTitfemdl cates j ;
iC treats ofthe origin, character and dastihy. bf ’
men on this eon-r :
“ tmehithe yellow race’beinglightfy, passed r
J" over 2 as ofno great significance in. the wStem
fr hemisphere; The ethiiblogica! viewsare.for :
the. most: -part original,; and will lie tended >
h, - .fanciful and-yisionary, by..many; but the evi
- . denismeerity and’earnestness of the author,
" 1 the vigor of his and the strebgth bi :
'f: the dogmas of and .YMLEvrie—-uppu
h the aholitiOmst and the apologist lor slavery;
“ aud’thebookis therefore equallylchlcnlated ■
“ ior Northern. Mid Southern uistnbuii&iit; far
DemocraticandßepuhlicauperuEal—-belhgTiot -
* partisan, hut philosophic. \
l * The human family fa divided into three great
. races; each of which ia perfectly fitted for reai
-8 . denee between certain geographical ■ and ieo
-1 thermal parallels—the white, or polar race;
Q the yellow, or tropical, and : the black, or
? equatorial. The geographical pecaliaritiM of ;
J their original location are descrihedandcom
i pared, and their physical, intellectual and . -
a . moral qualities noted as important elements
* in deciding the question “-where are they to . ‘
? live?” Prof Turner has unbounded faith'- frt' ‘
} the “nnity in variety” of God’s proyldeiices, -
‘and that everything he has ordained means ' *
3 something.' j . ...
t ’ He devotes a Chapter to the consideration of ]
-• the .questions,.^‘Wby.did the black rkce come <
here, andrbow, And where shall’mey gn?”
J These are thqroughly and earritotly ekanuned, 4
' and the Professoris opinion given Ivery em-. o
3 - phatical)yindhefr>llowiDgßentenc&:| i
“Now; i|.these andali accordant ,; i
, not ehpW 'the flngef' of God -in th^ : whole ’ <
'. . down to our own, and
■ ,iutinwte,ythfe -fihai,,do3tlnyr of the b&ck man
5 aud. oar highest ; dnty towaxd him, Ido bet i
know what conid show. :it. - Immy jview, it. t
takes no*mpre of aprophet or.a wise inan 'to : -i
■ see’that Ihafthe black man wiilgo to the val- : i
| ley of the AmazonV whether we wixl or no, I
[ than'it; does to iee that the.^white man will r# b
1 main in the States, or that thei Amazon i
1 iWilirun into ihe sea” Page 5L '| ■' •t
r “In review of these facts,” ProC T. inquires,-
what shall -we do?” and opens hischapter' >
'on the.subject thus: ' - f (
’ ', * l We may, in 'general, like Christian free- -■ <
men, by ail . the mjeans God has pnc in our I
1 power, instruct and comfort our feablf brother j
\ in his: pilgrimage toward the far South, and f
thus prepare.him'. for his new home pud final t
- destiny lhere< If so, our own destiny and oUr ■ • I
J own glory will be unrivaled paet’ali power of 1
1 . human,speech to express. ; : | •'
“On the other hand, we may abuse; crush,
trample and torture him as he goes'; deny him (
all natural rights, simply because we have-the v
; power; Bcouige; the race and desolate the e
earthy and. explode’the volcanoes df eternal t
Justice - beneath our own feet, jtiil our a
own freedom Is a'hopeless wrefk—our t
own strength and wisdom a .strength forsui- --e
* cide—an, infatuation that arms',the rads of man' . ■
and the omnipotence of God againsT us—till 1
at last this .once, patient’but now phreneied *■
; and despairing man, skilled in the aits of his 4
! ; tormentors, and aided and abetted by all the
-. monarchies of the globe, shall burstjforth to
i reek upon our mbtitutions >: : and kindred, and
homes the unutterable vengeance ofjhfa’own
unrequited wrong—the justice of; thej ever-lfv- <4
mgGod. For God still reigns;, not away up
among the stars, and the eternities, and^the
dogmas, but down in therice swampa^and cot- j
ton,fields, over.those sable souls, triad still cry, tt
from beneath the altar, “ How lone, bh. Lord. J
; how long?’”—P.ss. ‘ , - B
; Messrs. Bailhache& Baker, the publishers,
have faithfully and creditably attendeid to- the J
typographical execution and general ‘fget up”
of the work, aud so far as looks are coincexued,
fa a publication: which ho publisher : w&uld e
he ashamed to own. :The fact of its belng'fche G
production of an- Illinois author, given to the
world by Illinois publishers, should doubly
commend it to our citizens. : : . r p
•It may .be had at the booksellers in city, -
.and also at the Joumat counting-rooni. Price; i I
25 cents for single copy. Newsmenind deal
..era may obtain terms ,by the dozen or [hundred
by addressing the publishers, at Spriyfield.
A Speck of War. |
, [F/oni the N. O. Crescent, 3d.]j m
There is-a speck of war on thejWestern
horizon. The neV® we publish this imoming
from Texas is, that atithehead
of three thousand i® marehlcg on
Brownsville, in that Slav®-., Brownsville is on
■the RW* Cfrande, ths
Texas and Mexico, and Is opp o ® the Mexi
,can town; Mataraoraa. to the re
port, Ampudia has issued a to
the people, telling them that Texas now de
lenceless, the United States troops hefc£” with
drawn, and that now is the time lor MfexicO to
take her back, having always.■ claimed lh*V
Texas belonged to her. Furthermore, that
the Mexicans were rallying under Ampudia’a
banner, and pressing .forward to the Rio
Grande, being then only sufly miles ofe .
x The report is not an improbable ona, though
perhaps somewhat exaggerated- : Ampudia, it
will be recollectedj-waa one* of the Mexican
Generals in oar late war with- that country, :
and probably has not yet recovered facin' the :
'sting of detest. It is likely that this enterprise
is his own private, individual raid, got up on
his own account; lorhecannotbe silly enough
to think that he can conquer Texas and annez
her to Mexico. However it may bejhe will
meet with a warm reception if he ventures an
attack upon Brownsville, and the Texans will
give him. a worse defeat than even old Santa
Anna encountered on the plains of Buena
Vista. The idea of subjugating Texas with
three thousand men, or even ten times that
number, hardly rises to the proportion of T a :
good joke. Tne Uret hostile gun that echoes
along the valley of the Bio, Graude will be the
signal for a rally of the Texans there in force
sulllcient to scatter Ampudia and hi? men like'
leaves ‘before the wind. : ; -
The United States vessels that arejoff the
coast of Texas, were sent there to bring away
the Government troops. Among them is the
Star of the West, the fembus vessel that was
! lired into a few weeks ago when she attempted
to enter Charleston harbor: Butfor the feet
that Iho Goatzicoalcos had left .Indianola with
six hundred United States-troops, on board, a
suspicion might arise that there was edme con
certed movement between the.United States
and Mexico to attempt the,reda.ctibh and con
-. quest of Texas. But mere ( lsevioe.hlly po foun
dation for such a suspicion, since fhq United
States soldiers have been sent away. •'
Fort Brown, which protects
according , to the report, is to be reinforced,
and, supplied with heavy artillery. ,By t£©
time the audacious Ampudia gets there, if he ;
should undertake the audacious experiment
of storming the fort, the Texans will be ready
for him, and he will, in all probability, ; be
forced to retreat at a much quicker palce than .
when he advanced. It may prove a costly
thing to Mexlco,;iii; more ways than one, if it
subuid turn out that this movement was au
thorized by the Mexican Governmentj
Xhe Eijgbt Bullion Itoan.i
[Prom the New York Correspondent of the Phlla
' . delphia Inqnlrer.]
. The "Wall street, talk to-day turns principal
ly on thenewloan. It is said that the chief
partner in the firm of Drexel & Co., has taken
the initiatory steps to compel the-Secretary of
the to • issue a certain amount of
bonds onthcir bid. A mandamus is to be’ap
-plleci for, and the' legal management- of the
case has-been eutiusted to a prominejit law
yer (Mr. Carlisle) of Washington citv, t?hb has
already pqcketed a retainer of $2,000. Talk
no more,-ye croakers I about the low credit of
Mr. Lincoln’s Administration, when the money
kings thus are resorting to legal proceedings
to force it to accept their loans ! " The JSrpress
money article, in regard to tho-matter,sa.>s:
“ The case of the bidder is a hard one. After
the bids were declined at a Cabinet m .eting,:
he waited on the Secretary and urged his
dai i. Upon being refused he offered to take
$2,000,000 of convertible notes at 18 premium,
.wnichwas. declined on the ground that no
plates were r«-ady. Not to be put off, ■he of*
lered to take $2,000,000 for one year, and these',
to be exchanged lor two year notes as soon as
they could be prepared* which was -also de
clined. The’Secretary declares ‘he did not
want themoney.’ The Secretiuy .added* that
when he had a toon.to seD, he mast re-adver--
tise.7 ThsTinsncceEsEnl bidder finally left, re-*
solved to lake the law of the Secretary, wMch : '
he is sure, to use his- own words, will * briny
the bonds.’”,
Southern pespotism.
A Tennessee paper, prints a letter from &
“ Southern Planter and a Union Man,’’in which
it is positively affirmed that the Montgomery,
leaders are already planning the overthrow of
their own Provisional Constitution, .with the
intention to substitute in its stead a monar
chial government. The writer 1 asserts .that
■ they are only waiting for the borderfitates.hv
join them bedore attempting this new act Of
treason against the people. r r ;: , ;v- >
Several elaborate articles on the evils of
democratic forms of government, which Have
appeared in De Bow's Jfcvitw andother influen
tial- secessionr journals, within- the last sir
mbhlHs, hate doubtless been thrown out as
feelers in thisdirecrionVThehriatocraticfcel-,
• ing in South Carolina is very stPohgly in iavor
of substituting a monarchy for the democracy'
to which that State has never, in reality ■ bon*
seated. There, are no popular electionsim
South Carolina to this-day. -Thepoor whitee
f have never been, to yote; rand even
those who have the.required property quallfi
tlbn (they must “bwnafreehpld ofimy Uteres*
'ora'townlot”) ohly of .the
: OHe Leatelfitfare electa all the
,State. officers and the judges, and alawappoiiits
the .electors who cast.the tote of the State for
President. To keep whites from all
“ Share in the it Is
. one shall be eligible ta a : seat in the Lpgiaift,.
ture whodoes-not own five hundred acreu/pff
. land and ten negroes.' *" 7 J
' 'Prom South Carolina democracy to *
'ism. .Is:but ‘a itep.‘ The aristocrats of .that:
State;began .the. secession -movement. .They,
wanted the, African slave tradereopened.’Pear
- of the people oftheseceded States has, so far,
: prevented the attainment 6f Bat’
they wfll not rest till they have soplaced tho
powers of government tw they wield
«d exclualYelylbr.theic benefit—Af. T.Ebenirig
.T e i:-n:iT .}•! J, z ;n:_
.Eieaic-.S .Y.
Gnat DefaleatlennTax Collector A.S>
Monded«*Flftj Thonsand Dollan
[From the LouiiriHe Courier.] * ,».
On yesterday, the securities of N. L. Me
Clelland, Tax Collector of the Western pi*
Jrict, sued out an attachment against hiuros
IkfropUiit he had absconded, seeklngia
lowanlty aggasl? their liability' onhisofficial
‘lbohd.- We give’up fiwrtssqtferas weeangath?
IrftiuoL r
| McClaJland was rejected tax collector last
the fomtlL or fifth time. He waa-at
temfingto btfiHwes op,to Tneaday eveniiij
lastTMnce which time he has not been seen,
neither did he leave any one in caarge of hla
business. At the last meeting of theOouncil,
the finance committee reported a balance
against him so large that we, and probably
-jaost-of the common!tv, supposed It was a ty
'pwaphical must pay hear $50,-
000 to set hia quietus. On Tuesday evening,
several days after the finance report was made,
and the fact of so large a balance officially
McClelland went to the Mayor and
xbldhlm that be wairgolhg to' Cincinnati to
was-owing to film by Mr. Anderson, and upon
•getting tms sum lie would. return and settle
his accounts. The sun& thing -was' told to
though tfls delinquency was known, and he
"‘himselfa,nnonhaedto the chief;executive of
',fl«rdf the‘dty ’tfie fact of his going away,
upqn/tf jmetense so bald, that obtuse and
■Weafcaa Major Crawford ■ is, it. is,astounding
he'- shonid' ; havo„ been deceived
' McClelland checkedputneariy $9,000 from
one of the hanks-'oh and it is known
'he had a "considerable amount besides. It is
that he has in his possession city war
rants for many thousands of dollars, hnt where
, they .are, or. whether he has disposed cd them
: pr not,' is yet undeveloped.
■A dispatch was received yesterday fiom
Xarez Anderson, stating that he had not seen
■orheard'of McClcllana. One of his sureties
attached 1 property of the alleged defaulter,
yesterday, worth about $7,000. There are va
rious'rumors toizthlng his flight, which we
•will not mention afpresent.
This much is certain, however; the default
ing' official has flown, and the city loses thous
ands upon thousands. The official bond is
only for and consequently covers less
than half of the defalcation. And this is not
aU that is chargeable npon those in authority.
There ia an ordinance'requiring the Tax Col
lector to settle at stated times, so that If the
settlements are duly made, all ihe revenue
•wul be paid m by the 10th of March. Why
was not this ordinance enforced, and ilcClei
iand compelled to make his settlements as the
mty laws require ? • Had this been done there
Would have been no defalcation—or none of
consequence; hut, by neglect and mismanages
/menfc, a heavy loss is thrown upon ciUieua
•trho arc so unfortunate as to be sureties of the
’ delinquent, find a still heavier loss fells on the
city, besldeii
-feiy Dr. Landerer, of Athens, states that
garlfc elands pre eminent, as a plant, which
snakes dislike. In Greece, gardeners who suf
fer *reqh«Ny from their bites while collect
ing cucumbers and melons (under the laree
a>e reptiles conceal them
selves) find-it an excellent plan, before com
men ring operations, to strew crushed earile
among the plants to frighten off the reptiles.
"tPW *o ths Southed
COXFEDERi.cr.—Mr.S. HarU,ofEl Paso, Texas,
. one of tbe Commissioners from that State to
hew Mexico, has offered (tbe Montgomery
Cea) aloan of $200,000 to the Con
federate States, without interest, to be paid at
the convenience of tbe Government. Mr Hart
proposes to-have.the amount doubled by his
irieadsjilsnch a step shall be necessary.
meeftog of the Manchester
Society, Dr. C. Cal
vm stated that he bad recently analyzed sev
™chie found
°f lead. This is a most dangerous
adulteration, as the lead in such snuff will nl- ;
timatfty accumulate in the heads of snnfftak
ers and produce dreadful diseases.
500 I’AC iv AGES OF
; , WErfeiy Description,
EccdTelwlttln.* few days by
WM. aoss it) cso.,
1 'i67 and 169 Lake street.
25 %K "• Mm »S for CASH O.NLY.t WbofeSl? oi
Just opened from Auction, :o Pieces Choice Colore,
"Plain Silks for 75 Cts
§Sl2rlZiS aCk EWI, " J *» .lx shillings.
Domestic Goods of Every Kind
| ,^torcS^pood%^< Urely a dnrer“rV < &onf
found elsewhere in this cLj. And h.vfSSVETetore
inndaipaxahly the largest, Choicest and Chean
*«t Stock of General Dry Goods, over
Exhibited in this City.
M, M. BOSS tc CO-
JaSO-dSCt-gmldpg 157 md les
Not to be Maintained!!!
... .141 Lake Street,
,A Store Extensive, and
Jtructr cheaper
They have been enlarging and renovating theii
•tore, thereby, increasing their facilities for attend,
log to the wants of their Customers.
In their line of trade
Cannot be found in the City.
‘Heavy Bristol Denims ,
4-£ Stoat Bleached Muslin ...
4-4 BrownMoslln ..... . ..
Spring Styles Fast Colored Prints 8
Beautiful French Printed Brilliants...
Ernant Cloths for Traveling Oresasa .. 6}*
Spring Styles of best De Lalnes
. Broad, Xape Hoop Skirts at prices la
coimparlbly lower than ever
. before offered,
Embroideries from Auction,
At prices greatly below anythin? ever before offered.
Is Is foil stock of the latest and most elegant style*
... . introduced East.
'•t We ananufectoro from patterns purchased direct
Irom the leading Houses East; and our acuities are
such that every novelty of the season will be kept by
.***» and at prices that must command our goods to
every one. Any one desirous of purchasing
itod tfcat wm prove tobe Just what they are represented
At & CO’S,
141 Lake Street, Chicago, Hi
; = [ipieCS-St]
mu m mj
Penceot’sCreat Variety store,
■in Vengoot'e Great Variety store;
VVAKBEES—-Eire Casks Marbles
China whqletilaaad rpt*g *
z 7o Fwiseofi Great Taristj Store,
P. Peugeot, Mana
-vy tndJdbbCTof CUldTO'i diea. ■
' Q. DOWNS $"~CO.
, c lbs arow oncrxar«
Eitra QaaUty Hoop SfclrU
±1 tb* ptlM of Common Goods.
Wovoltlo* in
gssoorrtoct before purcbaslnff, ■
A. O. DOWN 3 & CO
ISO Lake Street -I*o
mh2SeWS-2iu V___
1861. Spring Trade. 1*61;
-We hare ihia Spring the largeifitbci ever brouat t to
till* market, bought cheaper,'and *QI be Bold cheaper,
42, 44 AND
■Oar Hr. Cooley resides la Kew Tort; andgtveahia
wboletlme to purchasing goods,- which, wlth^ar,a3p 9
-• '-3D R Y G-O O IVS-Ui
lansira sales, glvea.ua advantages in offering goods
cheap, that will COMMAND the attention of tbs beat
Patterns, Canvass and Chenille.
Knitting Cotton of all Kinds,
suttom <» Bumcnr,
XasaUa street. 4
JPine Old JfSadeira WHne^
F«r Debility, Dyspepsia, Loss of Appetite, *e.
J. H. BGED & CO.,
Apothecaries 144 and 143 Lake street.
C 9 P 1* I,V 6 I.YS.
An article which la unsurpassed by anything of •
kind now in nao; it dees not become thick,
and will make
Three Perfect Tramfterj.
S* .. 3MC XT 10- SQ3W ,
14:0 Lake Street,
"WBer* mar al» b. fonnd a great rarlcty of ctrar
. novmy
r. wood & co.,
153 and 155 LAKE STREET,
Hayejuat received a large and choice assortment of
Sew Stjlas French and English Ginghams,
"Which they offer at the very lowest pricea.
We hare a large and complete stock ot
Bleached Shirtings, Sheetings and PU»
low Case Cottons,
Which we are selling at the lowest prices.
155 and 155 Lake Street,
feli-eIS-Sm W, E. WOOD A CO.
BAKNUM’S gkeat yaeiety
138 hake Street 138
Direct Importers of aadWholesale Deaten la
33 lx* cl Cages,
Peg Tops, Baskets, Children’s Gigs and Cabs,
Yankee Notions, &c.
A Savins of Ten to Plfteen'Dollan per
ton freight guaranteed.
Wc made the First Mill -ent the Peak in ijwo
vTVPTPrv- operat 08. and the success
NINETEEN Mills, (over JW) Stampers.) Ibr
jmii^r e feit y “ sjsa&af sKerttozu “ t
ce^dTomsUn™n™»“ S <h ’ ni UUm re ‘
Nevada Gn.cn, December 7th. 1560
♦>w,T2 c J Mills r 'i, e b “' t in Mountains, aod hare
the Best reputation for saving the Gold ”
, Gbkoobt Gulch, Januarr aach. iSfil,
•r«3«u? TeoT l r^' nT l p S nu c worka Bke a charm?
yourMUUarebyfarihebeaUa the MmnUlas"
. ,_. B. F. CO.
ir r »L ric .r*i or rnac , ! ?l^P r * re “ low as at Chicago or
the East, and wc will GL «It aJ* TEE Parties who p»ir.
cha'.e ol us a saving of *lO to *ls per ton freight. .Tver
«»SMj.feJs3'RfS?* cu “ so w •» polnt «*«
»^>'m. coliirg i v,D ?* a . drftwln - and description of
the Mill, can be obtains with prices, by a'ldre*slnz
»«r* a uiti - S'
S^mdiiUx 6 BGea 10 op€rat ‘ OQ ■* OQr Merita,
We hare la stock a Cno avortment of
(Full Lexoth aad Width)
In medium and flue qualities, which we offer at crest*
ly reduced prices. Al*o, sui-erloi quality hoop Skirts
tv; it. wo »p & 0., ISS & is~> i ske street.
JUST RECEIVED -A large and
Embroidered Sfobalrs, Valencias,
the attention of buyeis. W, R WOopico" 1 *
fei4-&i8 3m No. laS and 155 Lake street.'
L£SaLLE street,
For Ladies, Hisses and Children.
Our assortment Is complete and prices low,
apt e 00-2 m Opposite Hoffmann’s Bank.
.10 eta. per yard.
. 8
$300)000 Saved In Herring’s Safes.
! 1
fj^frlyFi?.^ 6 Clerk'd QSice.locited lathe
a ? d A?5 Bller one. latte ticnool Commit
siantfr’p room, in third story.
E i py 40 notwithstanding the Safes fell
ft " l t^; ere .sobjected to such as in-
° a forty and the ocner sixty Jioaw,)
thattbe boots and papers were in a flrst-rate etau> rf
?™n£ oa -.J h l9*X Injury received, was
binding of the books by steam.
”C thins If the reputation of Ecrriuz’a Safe* vu
P? c fully eatablldhed before this Are, that aE must now
7 “• what ***'SSi S K
mcitedoilf" On ' on ®’ and tee platea on ttaotoar were
c -™‘ an <~
City Clerk.
Superintendent of Schools,
‘ He f ri ?ss'» Patent Champion Safe*." themrh an
Often tested, Krser Fall to saxe thel^^tentl 2 *°
Only Depot la the Weat at 40 Stetestret. - •
HSSEIaG a co«
deirstUjMßK 40 State abfnet
WS S hot air
wtttors patest Mr ire escijts :
»e«n la operation at our store, 133 Clark street
BaUroad Men, Printers, Bakers,
the moat economical motlxe
r v? a v revested to call ana examine
8410 by FAT & CO.
ap4fri37-lw W.ILDOANE, Agent
*j* o LAWTE RS .
Heady Soon I
Passed at tee Last Session of the Legislature,
D. B. COOKE At GO.. 11l Lake Street.
Is now ready. .Price, 1 |5J30l “ '
D. B COOKE A CO.,m Lake street
JUST published.—
W. DlH' OH YUi rma nit mt'■ Hus* •
Music Store, ao. 40 Clark street ' - ap?-eii7- .w -
nosop . rrrr.
- BEATITIFni VOCAL ihteis, -■>-
Wabash iTenae.
A fine asaortment of
Composed of the
An excellent
{anis wyi
Nervous Headache
' nsioifas£?fifi33SsSSSattack» ot Swu
YOlpi (a&CE Headache maybs prevented and
r tal»* atthe commdhceiaeiit of; *n attack Immedl
pain and sickness mil brobtalned.
- f^ niQ removing the Nausea and He
■xczsto which females are bo subject.
=-They aa * apoa.the bowela—raaioTlhg go
For Uterar, T Men, Students, Delicate Female*, an
an persons ol Sv 'dentary hsblta, they are valuable u
LiXATirs, tnpr* ■ring the ap»jtit*, giving toss and
tiooe to the dlgeawivE organs, ;*ud restoring the ca*
tural elasticity and tgreagthof the whole system.
The CEPHALIC Pit I*3 are the reanlt ot long lares,
tlgatton and carefully ctmdoUtad experiments, haring
been in naa many yean, storing, which ;Cme they hare
prevented relieved-.,* vast amount of pain and
suflferlpg from Headache, yrhethex originating in yjs
HEsrona system or bom a deranged state ol the
• They are entirely vegetable ia OM* composition, ini
may be taken at all times-with pert* I ®®*safety without
making any chan gs of diet, and xsw ABamro* of ant
The gen nine have five rtgaatnrsa ef pmrfr c.
SPALDING on each Box.
Sold hy Druggists and all othsr Dealers in Lfedlcloes.
A Box'■rill be sent by mall, prepaid, an receipt of
All orders should ba addrnsad.ta
$8 Cedar Street, New Fork.
Tha Pollovmic Slndorsemsnt o
wni oonTlnca all who suffer from
to these Testimoniala were unsolicited by Hr.
SPALDING, they afford unquestionable
proof of tho efficacy of thia truly
scientific discovery.
Maboetille, Conm, Feb. th. WL
Sie:—l have tried your Cenhahc PUte. and 1 lies
toss ao well that I want you to scad me two dollar*
worth more.
Part of these are for the neicrbbars, to whom I "aye
a few oat of the drat bos J got tr m yoa.
Bead the Fills by malt, ami oblige
Toot obedient aorrant
.TAMES g , V.f F Y.
. r „ Haveepord, Pa, 7cKoth,l36L
Ms. Seals cro.
9IE:—I wish yoa to send me one more box of toot
Cephalic Pllla, I have received a great nnr or
Tour** respectfully.
Branca Cesex. Huntington Co„ pa,)
__ , January Mb, iSdL f
H. C. Spalding. . _ * ’ J
Siaj-Tou will please send me two boxes ot tout
Cephalic Fills. Se. d them immertlately.
Respectfully yours
_ _ _ JNO. B.
_ ' „ Belle Veeno.v, Ohio. Jau. l-ti. iStfL
Heket C. Spalding E*q.
Please find Inclosed twenty-five cento, tjr «ud
me another box oj yonr Cephalic PIN. T-ay abb
direct A, STuVtK F. ai„
Belle Vernon, Wyandot Co r >.ty O.
„ „ „ Bxtkslt. Mms., Dec. -It: i 3 .
H C. Spaucts. Eaq, .
I wish for same rlrcularsor large ‘■how c Jlfl, to br'ng
Snap Cephalic Pills more particularly before -07 cos*
)mers. If you have anything ofthe Kind ulca esood
to me. :
One of my customers, who Is subject to >■ ck
Headache, (usually lasting two -dava.) w\s cchsd or
scut here. Respectlally yours,
W. k rtILLH...
Rktxolbsbceo. FraafcUa County. uuJo >
January 9th, *£3l. >
Bzkbt C Spxldcso,
No. 48 Cedar street, M. Y.
DeabSib;—lac wed find twenty-five cent?*, (25.1 for
■which send box of Cephadc Pills. Send to address
of Rev. Wm. C. filler, Beiooiilaborr, Fruntlla coun
ty. Ohio.
Yotis Pills work lix-b a. chabu —cnas iisad
Trnlv vonra,
Mich, January nth. 1951.
v l Q Bff since I sent to you for a box of Cep-
BsUc Pills forthe care of the Nervous Hea.'ache and
Coaliveae&a, and received tae same, and they had i-o
®ooa ait effect that I was lxduced to aEsnyoa
Flease send by return mall. Direct to
Tpsilanti, Mica.
prom the Examiner, Norfolk, Ya.l
Cephalic Pills accomplish thu oblect for which they
■were made, via: Cure of Headache in *ll ltd forms.
[Freni the Examiner, Norfolk, Ya.]
i.«TS?^rt I A T ® £ eeQ tt>?teil 'more taan a thousand
caaes, with entire-success.
[Promthe Democrat, Clond. Mlnn.l
a^ s ? a or h* 7 * been troubled with the headache,
box. (Cephalic ITJIi,; so that you may have
them in caaa of an attack.
[From the Advertiser, Providence, B. I.J
riJ?*/' ap i ia V c F| IJ a are said to be a remnrkably etfec
are remedy L<r the headache, and oauof ih~ very best
(UwoveretL 7 * rt<sUei;t complaint which has aver b«n
CFrom the Western H. R Gazette, Chicago, ill j
Cephathfppia endorß9 Mr - Spalding, and hla unrivalled
[From the Kanawha Valley Star, Eaaawha, Vv]
mehl £h n *H! ,f bat P € «° E ? suffering with the head
acne, -who try them, will stick to them.
[Prom me Southern Petit ilnder. Kew Orluau, !«.!
‘»? oa ar ® afflicted, and we are sure
Si 1 ,; 0 , 1 “AS s P m,in r cun be add.d to tbc elready miner.
to™“r?)dSl eCelie ‘ l!,C:lCllaUm 20 otllsr “ ielU ’
[From the St, Louis Democrat]
uaSSy'SS£2g2 MS)r f , “ wepi. ■ .it.
[From the Gazette, Dave&pert, lowa.
I'oald not connect his nanre
article he dla not ksow to possess real mt.r.6.
[From the AdvcrtUer. Providence, B. L]
“ T=t “ *>****«*
[Troui the Daily News, Newport, H. IJ
Cephalic Fills are taking the place of all kin da
[From the Commercial Bclletta, Boston, Man*,]
Eald to be ? cry etncaciuiia fcj the headache.
rrrom the Commercial, Cincinnati, Ohla.l
Suffering humanity can now he-rehexed.
CTA single bottle of BPALDENG’3 PREPARED
GLUE will eavo tea times ftreost annually.
“A StitchPtTmaßi.XXaSm" yl
A, KcMena wlntumpen, even to wen ragutood
amfllee. It I. Ter/ desirable to bare aonto cheap ,nd
W * y ‘ Qr Parnltnje, £o/e, CrocK-
Steein all incbeaeisenelea, and no household can at
Swdtohowllhontie. It!aalwa/a Mad/.and op to
tee point , ,
•dbstdlih zvasr HOTsaL”
K. B.—A Bench accompanies'each Bottle.
Re. 48 Cedar Street, Rewr York.
o ajxtt 16 if J"'*
Ascertain unprincipled penom ato ittetnpUnr to
PEBPABm QLBZ. I wonld «ntlo. ;.a p«*n» to
eondne Ma pathaato*. andfifta MUante
liontheonttlJa TOJW: "aa'aftii ara. rrtnm
•otassraaa. eclMewiy

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