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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, February 26, 1862, Image 2

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QS%t Cttittue.
VTEDJyESDAX, FEBRUARY 38.1882.
miEßviu thktV
, The inqtSjtycbmes Com ah parts of the
State, “ VThci do the members of that body
“ afSpringfidd, which baK earned the name
of King Hob, by the -lawlessness of its
“proceedings, propose to take the oaths
“prescribed by the Constitution of the
“State andthe law that called theta, into.
? being, and go to troth at what they were
“sent to doV” A very pertinent
inquiry;' but how too ■. late. The
time havingpassed in which a Convention
was to be organised, a new law and a new
flection are the conditions precedent to any
amendment of the Constitution; and
though the members of the State Conven
tion should swear as many oaths as didour
army in Flanders, they wordd he powerless
henceforth. But has not the State been
amnsed with their hufpoonry about long
enough V I TJ
ADENU&.
,Wc wish to ticny 'with proper emphasis
thc.Teport tbst a newsboy at Camp Douglas,
yesterday, with fifty copies of the Thibuxb
andica of the Chicago Times, under his
arm, was robbed of the Times by the pris
oners, mid driven out frith his Thibunes
■unsold. As acceptable as we know the
Times to be to the Mississippians in the
Gamp, we cannot believe that they would
injure a newsboy for the purpose of getting
it; but ire admit that the temptation would
be strong. A perusal. of its slang about
“niggers,* “Black Republicans,” “Aboli
tionists” “ Rights of the South,” etc., would
make each rebel imaginethathe was at his
own cabin spelling out the diatribes of the
sccesrioh sheet which taughthim that re
bellion. was a virtue that even angels would
praise: 1 ~
Tin; TEXT ILLUSTBATEDr
The doleful note sounded'by Toombs
Cobb—ominous names—in their lugu
brious address to the people-of-Georgia,
are now talren up h j the braggarts all over
the South, who have done the wind-work
of the rebellion, finds a fitting commenta
ry in fids which any viator may observe
at Comp Doughs, “"We will die In the
trenches, hut never surrender” croak
Toombs Cobb. “Wc will die, but
never surrender.” chime in the rank and
file. “ The people of the South will die,
but never surrender,” say the Mississippi
ans and Texans at Camp Douglas; but there
the latter, seven thousand people of the
South, are prisoners already, and are guard
ed by Federal troops, while they eat Fede
ral rations with an appetite not at all di
minified by the aetbf laying down their
aims, while yet twenty thousand strong,
with abundant supplies, behind one of the
most formidable earth-works in America!
That's the comment on the text; and such
it will be to the end of the chapter. Slave
ry breeds braggarts just as naturally as the
Chicago Times does secessionists; and
Whenever the rebels have a chance to elect
between laying do wn their lives and an un
conditional surrender, we may be quite
sure that no lives will be lost.
m CONVENTION AND THE ASS.
The men who were diosenby the People
to make a Constitution, still persist in their
determination to make laws for the Stale.
Andj’et it cannot he denied that the dis
tinction between these two powers and
duties, is so wide and plain, that no man
could fail to know it, save through the
utdHdest ignorance or the grossest dis
honesty. The Convention, if it has hut one
eye and that half open, cannot help seeing
this distinction; if it be blind, it could not
-fell to hear it sounded in its cars by the
voices of all the jurists and statesmen who
have ever lived in the country; if it he both
blind and deaf, and has a nose half as keen
to follow the footsteps of right and duty as
it is in pursuing the scent ot the loaves and
fishes, it might follow that and not go
astray; or bereft of all other sources or
means of knowledge, it only groped and
felt its way blindly towards its duty, it
could not avoid running against or stumb
ling over this great and wdl known dis
tinction.
A Convention is assembled to form the
ftmdamentaljrame-work of a Government;
to define the limits and boundaries within
a tjMch.;siJl ordinary legislation most be con
fined? to prescribe certain necessary forms
and establish such essential division of
" powers and departments as by their re
ciprocal adjustment and balance, their mu
tual control- and dependence, shall prevent,
in r thc laws afterwards to be considered
' -bird passed, any violation or infringement
- of the rights and privileges of the citizens.
£ Ixo wilder notion was ever conceived than
5 amt an assembly called tpgelbertoprescribe
’ and establish, the form and limits within
which the law making power can hereafter
.discharge duties, may seize the sovereign
authority of the State, and make or un
make, set up.or pull down, at'once any law
it pleases. Even according to their own
admission in swearing to support the Con
- istitriiion of the United States, the Cohvcn
■' lion cannot go on passing acts of ordinary
legislation. That Constitution guarantees
toevery Stateafepublican form of govern
• . meat; and that form of government is one
in which the powers of legislation are so'
. -divided and set over against each other,
that the Executive, the Judicial, and the
Legislative, are distinct departments, and
the separate assent of each-is necessary to
. ;the passing and enforcing' of any. law. A
State government in which these three
powers arc all mixed up and combined in
one body is hot republican in form pand
While any laws passed by it violate the
Constitution of the United States, and no
■ one is bound to obey them, it is also the
drlyof the General Government to protect
the people of the State against them, by
enforcing the guarantee to which it is sol
emnly pledged; r;
. -In fact, so bare fiiced and high handed Is
such an usurpation; so in defiance ot all
reason and argument, that it is but waste
'of pains to employ either against it The
men of the Conventionactinthis respect as
though their heads were turned, or they
had lest tbdr wits. Perhaps the red and
baleftd portent which fires the' Southern
•_ sky has heated their brains and made them
mad.--ft hasibeen often remarked that
_ when some great crime has been perpetra
-1 ted with peculiar malignity and wicked
■WesspWe must’-idways hear-soon after of
; other crimes of the same nature, to which
thrar.authors.ECcm to .have been instigated
by some morbid or insane desire of imita
' Sort It; may be that the Convention is
possessed' by the same evil spirit' that cn
■ tcred into the rebelling States, and cannot
~TEsist:lhc derihsh instigation to, do. the,'
- same dark deeds,' show off its'skill and
boldness in crime, andrivalitsgrcattcacber
amdfixmnplar in’atrocious aits of usurpa
tion, rebellion and treason. But whatever
authority or great example it may bave, we
■' ran sure it will find it better In the end, to
- liregaih'lte.wfe, cast-phi the.devH, yield no
more te its easily besetting sin, hut go for
.C, tward;fidihfidly and , diligently;tp dp the I
work for which it waschoam.
yckare'hraid of an ass whose general
. conduct in' carrying and serving his master
had always been good, full as much so as
could be expected of any beast of burden,
. rrmtil once upon a lime, when employed in
carry ing his owner upon some business of
.- ; BpectaUhfoortance,-tiie Sninralhistcad of
’ nfiiflmgthe rein, and : going steadily for
■“ 1 WM&akTrsnahin a sudden fit of vaulting
aniMlfcnput his own; foot in the stirrup.
- ■ _lflß master .remarking, “If you.are going
to gpt on. Til. get cS? stepped to the ground
long enough to put the creature’s foot back
i in its place, and then gave him a morc tre
mendous beating than that beast had ever
- -before dreamed possible. It is -not beard
that tbaf ar,;. ver tricd.agairfto get into bis
master’s sea. r
" ,v. It Js not 8 Bad story, aadhas an excellent
- moral, which we commend to tbe attention
"of the Convention, for the (fonyentlon may
Be assured that, if in placc of obeying the
! people, and moving steadily onward in the
: plain road, clearly marked ont, until it baa
performed its duty and is discharged from
its labors, it % will make craay and absurd
attempts to beice .the reins o£, sovereign
power, or allmb Into the saddle, it wfllonly
get just far enough Bp to show what a pro
: digious ass it can mike of ilidt
MII.ITAMV BMB T# XUS StT-
PBBIOB.
We notice a movement in Congress for a
military road from little Bay do Noquet
to Lake Superior. Some parties arc urging
that it be made a railway—a proposition
•which If passed, it is feared by many, may
defeat the whole project; but if it can be
carried through, so much the better for
the country. The grounds on .which this
measure is. urgetL.byits-friemis isthemill
taiy necessity of the work in case of a war
with Great Britain. The Canadians have a
good-road from Toronto all the way to the
Sanlfc Bt. Marie, over which an army could
; march without delay, and even a small
one with a few pieces of artillery,, cut off
our connection entirely with Lake Sn.
perior. With the Sault in the hands of an
■ enemy, and other points lower down on the
St. Mary’s River fortified, for the Union
forces to reach Lake. Superior, would be
an exceedingly difficult task. To provide
Ugainst such a contingency, the expense
to be incurred in building the proposed
road, even though it should be a railway,
Is scarcely worth a moment’s consideration.
The distance from little Bay de Coquet
is only fifty miles, and the country offers no
obstacles whatever to the construction of a
good wagon road or a railway. A minion
and a quarter of dollars will be an ample
appropriation for a first class railway, and
a very small sum will be sufficient to open
a good wagon road. The further distance
of seventy-five miles Northwest from Mar-1
qnette would carry the road to Portage
Lake, the centre ofthe copper district. As
soon as completed, troops and munitions of
war could be rapidly concentrated on Lake
Superior to defend the towns and the in
valuable mineral districts that surround
them on the South side of Lake Superior.
The shipping of the Lake could at once he
armed and gunboats could be built, and it
would be by no means an easy mat- >
ter for an enmy to hold the Sault St. Marie
against an attacking force beleaguring it
both from Lake Huron and Lake Superior.
A ; .glance at any good map of the
Northern peninsula of Michigan will
show the great importance of this work
in a military point of view much heL
ter than language can do it The fortifica
tions at Mackinaw would keep the enemy
out of Lake Michigan in summer, and thus
give us free access from Lake Michigan to
Green Bay and little Bay de Noquet,
and for all the year the Chicago and
Northwestern Railway, to be completed
to Green Bay this summer, would give us
access by rail io Lake Superior; for if the
Government should decide to build a rail
way, this Toad would be at once extended
to connect with it.
In a commercial point of view this road
is of very great importance. Marquette is
tile centre ofohe ofthe most extensive iron
regions in the world. Its quality is not
excelled by that from the best mines in the
old world, and hence it is wanted in very
large quantities for Government purposes.
There were madie in the vicinity of Mar
quette last year 7,500 tons of iron, this year
the amount will be increased to 9,000, and
well informed parties believe that the pro
duct could be increased to 100,000 tons per
year within three years, should the mar
ket demand it.
As to the copper region, its extent and
resources arc well understood. If both of
these mineral districts were connected with
Lake Michigan by a short railroad, and
with this city by the Northwestern road,
their business would, increase by millions
of dollars per annum. The taxes on the
accumulation of actual capital will very
soon more than pay all the cost of opening
it up to the country. In every light, there
fore, in which the subject can be viewed,
the work becomes a national one, and in
view of any immediate or remote disturb
ance with Great Britain, it would become
a pressing militaiy necessity. The work
cannot he completed a day too soon for
the safety and the welfare of the country.
THE BEDEL LEADERS.
We have not, until the beginning of this I
wicked rebellion, had occasion to agree 1
very cordially with Hon. ‘W. A Richard
son, the Representative in Congress from I
the fifth district of Illinois, and even since
the war commenced, his course has not
been altogether such as we could praise;
but his latest movement —that which looks
to the punishment of the leaders of the reb
el army—has our earnest approbation; and
we trust, that, having bis face turned in tire
right direction, he will go ahead with no
tardy and faltering step. Certainly, if in
the whole catalogue of human offenses
there is one crime which merits human
penalties, that parent of all other crimes—
causeless rebelUon—is that which the most
fearful penalties should follow. For the
guilty authors, not only the extremes! rig-1
or of the law, hut the hearty execrations of
all mankind, should be invoked; and the
Government will neither do itself nor the
cause of civil liberty justice, ifj in a spirit
of Qpnciliation, and by a mistaken
clemency, it should fail of its duly
in regard to the Davises,
Beauregards, Wises, Cobbs and others of
that ilk, who will eventually fall into its
hands. And it is not now too early to in
form. the Government of the hope of the
Northern people that the lives.of the great
army of their sons and brothers may bo
atoned for by the righteous execution ot
the men who, before the. war is over, will |
send the sting of death into almost every !
family in the land. If-we know the men
of the North, they arc not vindictive; but
with a--proper sense* of what is
due to offended justice and to the future
security of our institutions against other
attempts to destroy, they will demand, that
while 1 the ignorant and deluded masses of
the rebel army, who have been seduced
into crime, are tenderly and mercifully
treated, the unhallowed ambition of their
leaders who have become criminal against
light and knowledge, shall be repressed by
the extremes! penalties provided by the
law. This, we assume, is the object of the
action which Mr. Richardson has taken,
and in this country will yield him-hearty
support. : •• ••
IS?* The wife of an enlisted man in the 13th
Connecticut regiment, under orders for the
scat of war, cut off his fore finger while he
was home on a furlough and asleep; and as
tins thing has been done' often enough with
success In keeping husbands away from the
war, an example is to he made of the woman.
She is on trial at Hartford, and will probably
he sent to State prison.
tsT 1 Mv* Lewis, one of the:proprietors of
the iron works on the Cumberland, above
FortDonelson, destroyed by the Federal fleet,
and who is now aprisoner at Cairo, ‘says John
Bell, (one of the partners in the destroyed
cohcemyisin very bad health, ind win not
live many weeks. He is at times perfectly in
sane.. JohnC. Breckinridge, Mr. Lewis says,
has become ah.habitoal drunkard.
E3?" "Win. L. Yancey of Alabama,, for six
months a rebel commissioner in Europe and
now a member elect of tho Richmond Senate,
left Southampton, Eng., Feb. sth, in the West
India Mall steamer Seine, for St. Thomas aud
home. Here’s a chance for our blockading
vessels to catch him; -
Albert Woodcock, the late treasurer of
Ogle county, DL, whose accounts presented
a large deficit by loans on ‘‘stumptail” cur
rency, has settled with the State by the sacri
fice of all his personal-properly. He starts
over a poor men but with an usuOied reputa
tion.
I3f* Last week Thursday there was a snow
storm throughout central. New York—the
greatest storm of the se SEon-^lcaring a depth
of from fourteen inches to two feet,and block*
ading the railroads.
tSF The Cincinnati OmsgUc noticealhe re
sumption of. trade with Bovliig Greep, jy,
Some of the merchants there, by the
rebels, hare been to Cinclnuatl to replenish
their stock.
THE OCC9PATKWOF BOWL-
mVEEK
I. IMITCHEI’I FORCE* MARCH
BFIBRnHIII.it.
ecR cncico sinktkesth is
TBEf AH.;
Incidents of the March---Rebel
Vandalism.
{Fiom oar Special Correspondent.:
Sowumo Greek, February 22.186?.
While our regiment was stationed five mUcs
south of Grcen Rlver.on picket on Wednesday
night-v GemMftbhcl’aaid rode aronnd our
lines, notifying ns to_call Jn our pickets and
march to camp by the nearest route. What
•was up? Were we retreating? were the ru
mors true that had been circulating through
the day,.that a large body of cavalry were ap
proaching?
Soon word came that we. were to have two.
days 1 of cooked rations in our knapsocka,aad
be ready to march upon Bowling- Green..
Cheer after cheer went up when the announce*
ment was made, but when the order came for
the Nineteenth to lead the column, the enthu
siasm was unbounded. At 5 a. m., long be
fore sunrise, Gen. Turcbin’g Brigade moved
out upon the Louisville and Nashville turn*
pike a few miles and halted, CoL Kennett’s
4th Ohio cavalry acting as skirmishers in front
and upon either flank. Following our brigade
was Capt. James's celebrated battery, which
did such terrible execution in Western Vir
ginia last summer; Gen. Dumont's brigade,
containing some of Ohio's choicest volunteers,
including the 8d and 40th regiments, which,
excepting our own brigade, perhaps, are not
excelled in Gen. Hitchers division. Colonel
Horrow's brigade and CoL Sill's command fol
lowed. Among the latter was the 15th Ken
tucky regiment, which is composed of as true
soldiers as ever drew a sword in their coun
try's cause. When all was ready, the column
moved down the turnpike the happiest 13,000
men ever assembled.
Gen. Mitchel rode up to the 19th, address
ing CoL Scotland the regiment, “ Now, 19th, is
your day. Do your duty.' l “We'll doit,”
was answered back by a hundred voices, and
cheers for our GencraL The band played
Dixie, followed by the regimental and na
tional colors, the column bcing.in eight ranks.
About six miles from camp we found fallen
trees across the road for a thousand feet. |ln
fifteen minutes a detachment of the Mechani
cal Eegiment of Mir»Wwm l Capt. Yates in
command, had cleared the entire roadway,
surprising all by their skill and promptness,
and eliciting .many cheers.
Another mile found us at a another stand—for
a half mile the largest trees were felled across
the pike, in addition to which some hundreds
of trees were drawn Into the road by teams,
forming abaltis which the rebels expected
would frighten the Union forces and deter us
from advancing, but such a General as O. M.
Mitchel, assisted by Capt.. Yates’s fusileere, go
prepared for any emergency, and our rebel
friends will have to try some more permanent
obstruction to keep the-Yankees from ad
vancing.
While waiting for the obstructions to be re
moved, the sun arose upon one of the most
pleasant mornings imaginable. The turnpike
was firm and tolerably dry, the atmosphere
cool and refreshing. Our march was only in
terrupted about once an hour by obstructions.
We arrived at Horse Cave about
a. m., learning that 150 rebel cavalry camped
there the night previous. The inhabitants
looked with wonder at Lincoln’s soldiers. Af
ter a rest of an hour we moved ou to Cave
City—arrived at that centre of rebcldomat
Ip. m. Near this place the track has been
tom up, the ties piled up iu heaps, the rails
placed upon them and then burned, the
rails bending nearly double as the heat in
creased.
The stations are all burned to Bowling
Green. In fact, we saw the fires still burning
atthrec depots. But, perhaps, the most dis
graccfhl effort to place an embargo upon our
advance, was that of driving the horses of
Union men into every pond or pool, however
small, and then shooting them, that the water
might be poisoned, thereby rendering it unfit
for man or cattle to use. Many Union men
complain bitterly of this course, and in . foot, ,
all bn the route can but condemn it, as there
arc no running streams between Green river
and Big Barren river at Bowling Green. For
tunately, however, our column is independent
of ail such contingencies, this Department
recently having received 1,200 transportation
wagons to accompany ns.
When wo arrived at Bell’s tavern, which
visitors to thcMammothCave will recollect as
“ Crawfords,” the depot was still burning.
Our cavalry arrested a scout of the Texas
Bangers, armed to the teeth. Gen. JMitchel
at this point rode np to the 19th and stated
that we had marched 18 miles in quick time
nobly, and after another mile we should camp
for the night. One mile more found ns lying
upon our arms in camp for the night—all were
lost in sleep. About 10 p. m, snow came thick,
covering the mcmin camp,resembling so many
graves more than any comparison I can men
tion. It was certainly a novel sight. With 8
o’clock came the order for march, but how dif
ferent from the day previous. Two inches of
snow, every step' splash, splash, for half a
day, then three inches of mud at every
step, but not * word was said by our
boys—if we can only see the Gibraltar of the
rebels. About 10 a. ar. an order came to
Loomis’s Battery to advance; the road was clear
in five minutes, and on rushed the battery at j
a double quick. Our brigade was all expeeta- I
tation in anticipation of meeting their ad
vance; but in two hours cannonading was dis
tinctly heard by ns, in the direction of Bowl
ing Green; then all were anxious to take the
double quick and cuter the town. Many who
were nearly ready to give out after a forced
march of forty miles, stepped with a lighter
step and cheered “on to Bo w.ling Green.” When
within two miles of the bridge Gen. Turchin
and Gen. Mitchel met the column and an
nounced that our battery had shelled the
town, compelling several regiments of Infan
try and cavalry to leave in post haste, and
that the town was on fire, and afcSu. m. wear-,
rived at the fortifications, north side of the Big.
Sandy Bivcr, where onr batteries were plant-'
ed, doing terrible execution with their shells
and shot. About ouc-third of the town was
burning, including the extensive Memphis,
Louisville and Clarksville depot at the junc
tion. In the round house were ten or twelve
locomotives, some of which were prcviouslv
disabled, but the fire finisbedthclruscfulness.
Upon the public square seven brick buildings
were fired and burning. After dark the sight
was grand,' the burning buildings Alumina ting
the entire country. After resting two hours
and getting supper, the order came to fallurto
cross the river. In an instant the entire brig
ade fell in, the 19th stQl leading, and marched
to Gen. Mitchel’s headquarters where Gen.
Turchin received his final instructions, and
marched his brigade six miles down, the river,
to Atkinson's mill, where a fiatboat was in
readiness to carry us across the river. Mean
while the. snow' came .down in 'clouds, giving
us the appearance of-Greenlanders, added to
which, the weather was much colder than it
had been for several weeks, and any person
who has attempted to cross a river with 4,000
or 5,000 men can form an estimate of our ex
perience during last Friday night. Iu short,
with the most determined efforts we did not
get our brigade over unto. 4a. m. Saturday
morning, when we marched into the town.
The last 'cavalry -were in ■'eight in the dis
tance. CoL Kennett's cavalry pursued,; and
captured five of them. ' ;
But here'wp «c, in the "celebrated yet pet
position of the herb of Kentucky rebeldom.
Gen. Buckner; assisted by the experienced
General A. 8. Johnston, whose , presence we
had been led to believe' by the Union men of
Kentucky was worth 20,009 men, yet at the
first shell from - pur guns he, as well as Gen.
Hardee sad the veritable Beauregard, rah.
Our army has captured $100,909 worth of
valuable camp equipage, cattle, tents, beef;
pork, and stores of every description.
.When it was: certain that, they could not
hold the place, they set fire to everything pos
sible that could;not be taken array or loaded'
upon the’ears. 20,000 bushels of com; were
.burned in one building.] (Every available car
was loaded, and when about to start, a well
.directed shot struck.the-engine, taking the*
cab off, and disabling it for use. They thou
set fire to the station, round house, cars, &c.;
In fact every thing Jike raikoal propcrty. The
splendid railroad bridge was burned previous
ly. Orur Division and Brigade Quartermasters
have token possession of everything servicea
ble, The; citizens Jicre aro:aU professedly
Unlonipco; but unmistakableevidence is seen
of tympatoy fpr ow eheinies. 10,000 men are
sow quartered la the town, having entered
without loeligamuL dll are now anxious to
press ooto Hashvfflc.
Eastern pap«a h»ve an lteia like lids,
whichis most .decidedly “going away from,
home to hear Ihe cewe ; t
The C hicago Journal bad oeereportcr kflfedoal
ritfbt, andteolbef hid Ms leg shot ««;«the caa
tuc « FoctHeary. A. third escaped üßharmMT
.|LJLNSAS LETTER.
Lane Hffieulty—Cor
regxniamee WhattGen, Hunter think* of
Lane—Who Prmxmd the Southwest
Lane orJßntierr~?ffistorical Reminiscence .
[Special CopreßpMidenee Chicago Tribune.]
' I Kansas, Feb. 17,1861
Thc flash of flame which has lit toe land with
victory during; tte:last few days, yesterday
reached this dtyind State. Our hearts beat
and our volcesiung in unison with, topae of
our brethren everywhere throughout tte loyal
States. One regret was
toe fear that in this great tide of victory the
importance of the military movements from
tills Department would be overshadowed, and
perhaps they be cvenabandoncd., Tbif most
not be, and it becomes ui to look oter the
ground and see toe present position of aflairs
-atthiepolat. r .
; Thc differences between Major General Hun
ter and Senator Lane, in relation to toe com
;mand,of toc colnnm of toe South, cannot be
settled here.. . Gen. Lane leaves for Washing
ton on Thursday, and will immediately bring
toe whole matter to" toe attention of the Ad-
Gen. Lane, it is understood.
ministration.
thinks that by the action of toe Major General
he is precluded from even going with the ex
pedition as a private soldier.
Such a.statc of affairs needs explanation.
The country-requires the services of these
men, and it is to one not a.partizan of cither a
pitiful spectacle 10. sce.it thus embarrassed.
Tour correspondent proposes to give you
some account of what he understands to be
the points at issuein this controversy. Iu do
ing this he violates no confidence and speaks
on no one’s authority hut his own. An inti
mate knowledge of men and events here he
hopes will give- his communication some
value.
Of toe principal facts in toe matter, and es-
pecially of toe results,- the country Is In pos
session. The results are to be deplored.
A correspondence has passed between Gens.
Hunter and Lane on which the latter, bases.hls
action in returning to the Senate. A dispatch
•was' received from the President—addressed to
Gen. Lane, Some days since," to tMs effect:
that the Presidentin-appointing Gen. Lane,
had, while holding him subordinate to General
Hunter, expected and desired to see Gen. Lone
command the fortes to move South, Gem Hun
ter remaining in command of the department;
andthat he (the President) wished it to be so
arrange* if Gen. Hunter could oblige him con
sistent u tcith the public service and Ids oum
honor,' 1 On receipt of tbls Gen. Lane wrote to
the Major General & letter putting three
questions, one of which was to this effect —
.‘‘Will it be consistent with the public service
and jour (Ills) own honor, to give me such a
command in the field as will only place your
self as my superior or, in other words,
would Gen. Hunter make Gen. Lane his sec
ond-in-command in this expedition. The
evening of the day this letter was sent, Gen.
Lane, in response t» aseranadeof the Missou
ri 9th, declared he would go with the expedi
tion it he went as a private.
Geh. Hunter’s reply came the next day. The
substance as I have heard it stated, was to the
effect, first; that Gen. Lane had no plans, but
had taken those which he (Gen. Hunter)
had formed, and with them had in
fluenced the Administration to their action
in the premises; that it would be impossible
for them to harmonize; that Lane would need
restraining, having a turbulent character, &c.,
&c. These words are not given as those of
the document, but only as its meaning. This
of course ended the whole affair, afleastin
Kansas., Gen. Lane replied expressing sur
prise at the tone of Gen. Hunter's letter and
regretting that military pride orotherpersonal
cause should stand in the way of amicable ar
rangements, which might be beneficial to the
country.
After what has been said of these letters,
the reader will not be surprised at Gen. Lane’s
determination to return to the Senate, and,
as a consequence his refusal of the
Brigadierslup tendered him. From the well
known nature of Gen. Hunter’s opinions in
relation to Gen. Lane, the latter could only
anticipate if he had accepted and reported to
the Major General for duty, being detailed to
such a post as would deprive the country of
his services in the field. General Hunter
evidently thinks that he could not,
“consistent with the public service, and
his own honor” oblige tfic President lathe
matter in dispute. There must be some mo
tive and cause for this action, and it is louud
in the opinions which here and nowarc.no
. torious, General Hunter entertains of General
Lane’s personal character. Upon what grounds
these opinions were founded I cannot say, but
it is generally believed that while General
Hunter accepts General Lane’s views on the
cause of the war, yet that he thinks our Kan
sas chieftain regards his military reputation,
to be “simply a pretender; that he never had
any plans of a south-western campaign, but
induced the Administration to believe lie had,
by obtaining some knowledge of his, (General
Hunter’s) plans; and that generally, Lane is
untrustworthy and not to be esteemed. As a
consequence, entertaining these views, Gen.
Hunter could not, “consistent with the public
;service and Ms own honor,” give Gen. Lane
'the position he sought, nor, in fact,'any posi
tion. That the Major General entertains views
similar to what is here expressed, there can be
no doubt, for to more than one party he ha*
conversed of late freely and without reserva
tion to this effect.
Tour correspondent gives these statements,
because be thinks it is necessary to support
•what he will hereafter say, and also to vindi
cate Gen. Hunter from having acted on per
sonal grounds, though it may not be sufficient
in the minds of sagacious men to establish his
reputation for correct judgment.
Gen. Lane can hardly need any defense of
his military character, for the nation will re
member how the regiment of Indianians com
manded by Lane on Mexico, at the battle of
Bnena Vista, bore themselves so gallantly un
der his leadership as to claim the honors of
that field. Kansas, free, speaks loudly enough
of the General’s, capacity as a leader. The
Missouri campaign of last summer is also an
other evidence of his ability. The people be
lieve in Jim Lane—Kansas and the West be
lieve in him. Were he a new man, this belief
might be set down as a temporary ebullition
of popular enthusiasm, which iu America of
ten marks their advent. But it isnotso. Lane
has been long before the people, and always
a favorite. He has grown, vear by
year, growing too and in the night
-direction. His reputation has acts behind it,
A general conviction of a man’s capacity ar
gues power in the man, and if he is known,
some work to show therefor. This is the case
with .General Lane. Tour correspondent
thinks he can elucidate a few points in relation
to the authorship of the plan for a campaign
in the south-west. In doing this he has no in
tention of disparaging any one. but simply to
give facts.
It is understood here that General Hunter’s
plans for an expedition South embrace two
points: First—-because necessarily—the relief
oftbe Indian Territory and the Union people
in. Arkansas. -Secondly, to reach the Missis
sip! river at a point near Memphis, so as
to co-operate with General Hullcck’s move- 1
ments on New Orleans, This Is a !
movement from the flank to the I
center; having a circumscribed field, though
doubtless of great importance in a military ,
sense. When Gen. Hunter came here, he un- |
donbtcdly looked for an available and vulnera
ble point at which to touch the enemy. A
communication of the Commissioner of In
dian Affairs, bearing date Nor. 18th, called his
attention to the position of the Southern In
dians, and as a consequence to the geographi
cal character of the Indian Territory. Any
one will understand, by .an examination of the
maps, that a military man would readily per
ceive the “ situation.” Of course the General
saw it clearly, and commenced urging the ne
cessity of and preparing for a movement into
the country south of him. He has probably
since then communicated with Generals
. Halleck and Buell, and it may he, formed
plans to move on Memphis in conjunction
with them. Tbis may or may not be the in
ception and plans of Gen. Hunter, but your
correspondent ventures to think it a shrewd
guess at them.
Now for Gen. Lane’s plans—or rather to see
whether he has any. As announced, Gen.
Lane’s column was intended to reach the Gulf
either by way of the Red River Valley,through
Louisiana to New Orleans; or to Galveston by
way of Eastern Texas. Without knowing
definitely, I believe the- former to have been
the plan in the General's mind. The plan in
cluded.the subsisting of his army on the ene
my’s country, the using of all loyal men who'
came to his lines, cither as laborers or soldiers,
and the organization by the Union citizens of
loyal State or Territorial Governments in the
cbnntiy gained by the army. Tbis the reader
will perceive to be a totally differentpland and
perhaps result to that supposed to be Gen
Now as to the question of priority of con
ception of any plans-for a movement South
from Kansas, let me say that when Senator
Lane was at Washington, commanding the
Frontier Guard, as far"back as last ApriL dur
ing the dark hours- of that period, he
broached the ideaof a movement, withasmall
fo ce, southward into tlie Indian Territory,
with a view of relieving the loyal Indians and
the Union citizens of Arkansas, and
thus - making a base of operations for
the grander movement that long be
fore, as I win presently show, had shaped
itself in his mind. Lane came back to
Kansas with the intention of raising two regi
ments for this service", but as Gov. Robinson
—his determined enemy—had control of the
organization of volunteers, it -could not be
managed. * He returned to Washington to at
tend the extra session of Congress, and while
there urged upon the President the propriety
of organizing a regiment of fnendly-Indlans.
This was not complied with. On returning to
Kansas he fonhed.th'e three regiments, known
•as Lane’s Brigade, walling forhim. Price was
threatening Kansas trad as a result of that it
was necessary for Gen. Lane to move into
Missouri:, This prevented him going South.
Aa early as possible be* gets into commnulca
- tlon with the'lndians, by' means of nmners,
-and called a council at Humboldts .When at
Springfield, at the time of FremonPr recall,
General Lane scut : one of his most
intelligent captains, who has also acted as
' guide and scout, down in the Indian Tenitory,
Arkansas and Northern Texas, telling Mm
them of the plans he had formed, and which
have since becn madC public. That-eaptain
has but lately returned^having been .entirely
successful in his mission. . He has-traveled
over the whole country on both : sides of the
west state line of Arkansas. He has been in
Price's celebrated ' entrenched camp* on
Cowskln Prairie, known as “ Camp Walker,”
and knows its entire strength:.' He has plans
of all works at points held as military posts
by the Confederate forces, and knows the
situation of every ford, -river and stream in *
South-western Missouri, eastern part of In dim
-Tcriitoty and'western_parf of Arkansas, from
Aikkneas to Texas. This.'captain Is now in
IhC'cify and the writerhis talked with him
darioelhe past few bonis.
- Tle. c facts, including only the period of ri>
belllcs.t ho w conclusively that Gen. Lane had.
>'a>'plaß,-' and' that: U * was not that: of.Qen.
Hunter. ** * *” "'"V: j
Many men radically misconceive the iatcl*
Ho 1* o men in the nJdon, and
Zrcmo&naf; day to itsseir requirements .and
reeponMlimUes. ■- The Southwestern campaign"
had its growth out of toe Kansu'Btrntefc.'
Gen. Lane Is essentially a revolutionary leader,
one of the brains that aaserttoemfclves mss--
.terfriLduriag such periods.: Fiimss waa ei
sentiaDy revolutionary. Men ten saw that
while the • slavery- of' the.- blade. existed,
the -peace .-aadV liberty oi the 7 ' white
. manwas rtrisnjriirf fl Renee it was fhaQlhe
most dirtet anoiordble wnong Free State men
attached the Mfcvttielf. ■ Lane. Ss not a con
spirator, nor wowhe thnwhlmedfitoto any
aflMr.'BUthe perceive* cause*
andndws thdr
that either by aggieselons -or direct rerplt of
toe South its ell toe question of slavery
dominance ■would come to blows in
toe—nation. Then' - ~Kahaaa~- would be
in the.breach,. which might at.
been produced by toe Lccompton CbusUtu-.
tion ortoe*tibuWeslnß<mtocrnKatisas. -With’
the sagacity and huriseta of hia chacacter he
dally Torined'plans to meet' toe emergency.
Let me again give yon the'key-sote as sounded-'
by Gen. Lane in’s7, in a speech at Topeka, -
when, speaking of the Democratic party, and
slavery,- he send: “That he be
lieved be should lire to see the day when
“from toe water* of toe -TcUawstone on the
“north to. the worm waves of : the Qulfot
“Mexico on the south, one long line of free
“States would rear their heads, an Impeaetra-:
“ble barrier against which the western'waves
“of this black curseshould dash themselves
“to pieces in vain. Unto, that time came he
“ was a crusader for freedom.”
The writer had a conversation with General
Lane in toe early part of 1860, shortly after
toe John Brown affair, in which that was in
troduced. It naturally came up,, being then
the dominant topic of interest. General Lone
criticized, among other things,-toe military
character of the Harper’s Ferry movement,
and then briefly spoke of the south-west as
the. vulnerable point, in a military
aspect, of the slate territory. Arkan
sas, -Texas, and- Louisiana were sug
gested. This was not done as approv
ing of John Brown’s action, or favoring fiimi-'
lar ones, but simply as a critic indicating his
own opinions. Smcc the denial to Gen, Lane
of the conception of this expedition, this con
versation came back to my mind, and I there
fore refer to it merely for its value as corrobo
rative testimony.
It would seem that toe preceding was~saf
ficiently direct to prove Gen. Lane’s right to
claim the origin or this Southern expedition.
I could not wish, underthe circumstances, to
withhold such matter from a public so vitally
Interested In it.
In closing, let me again, urge the necessity
of pressing forward the column, no matter who
shall command. Weinay be victorious in the
centre, butwe need to cut off the retreat and
hem in the rebel enemy.. The last fighting of
this war will be done in the Southwest, for
beaten bach on tbc coast and in the centre,the
more desperate leaders will gather those who
will follow them and retreat, fighting through
all this country, and even making lodgment in
the border Mexican States, whence they will
continue to annoy us all through our South
western territory. March a column into
Northern Texas in time and this will be pre
vented.
OTJB WASHINGTON lETTEB,
The Amvg qf the Hdomac-Anoihcr Fight Con
cerning Fort Dondson—Gen. Mansfield on the
“ Contrabands ” — Gen. Lane's Proposed Setum
to the Senate—Stock Jobbing xdth the News of
the Trent Affair.
[From our own Correspondent ]
W&sbisgtok, February 20,1862.
The numerical strength of the army of the !
Potomac, commanded by Major General Geo. !
B, McClellan, has been, heretofore, so tar as ;
the public were concerned, a matter of guess
•work, and the various guesses hate ranged
from ICO,OCO to 200,000 men. Senator Wilson
yesterday, in a debate on the proposed reduc
tion of the cavalry force, stated it as follows:
“I think we have fifteen divisions now In the
“army of the Potomac; each division com
“mauded by a Major General, or by a Briga
“dier General acting as a Major General; and
“ each consisting of three brigades, each brig
ade of three regiments of infantry, making
“twelve infantry regiments Ina division, and
“ one regiment of cavalry, and three, andsomc
“ times four, batteries of artillery, or twenty
“ pieces. That is supposed to be about the
“ relative proportion that ought to exist be
“ tween infantry, cavalry, and artillery. I be
“ lieve that there have been assigned to two or
“ three of these divisions more than one regi
“ ment of cavalry, and, I think one or two of
“them have four batteries instead of three/*
Since this now published in the
Gtole, the official papei;of Congress, there can .
he no harm In republishing it in Chicago.
Fifteen divisions, of twelve infantry regimens,
one cavalry regimAt and three artillery com
panies each, cdhstitntca force of 202,750 fight
ing men, or men who jrould fight if they had
a chance.
The battle at Fort Donelson has been fol*
lowed by a battle less bloody, less glorious,
but not less obstinate, as to which of the Gen
erals, two hundred or ten hundred miles from
the field, is entitled to the credit of the
achievement. Gen. McClellan’s partisans,in the
little'pro-slavery Star, claim It all for him.
Gen. Halleck’s friends, assuming to have
some special information, which they
could disclose, if they would
it all for him. . The public, on the other hand,
seem, to give it, as a notary achievement, to
the generals who were <nere } ratner than the
two or twenty who were somewhere else. And
manifestly they arc right; for no general, in
ancient or modem times, ever won a reputa
tion from battles In which he had no part.
Alexander, Hannibal, Caesar, Cromwell, Gus
tavos, Marlborough, and Wellington, all
achieved their renown on fields where they led
the contending hosts, and it Is too late to es
tablish a different rule for measuring the
prowess of military [chieftains. The general
who docs all his fighting on a Brussels carpet,
in a four-story house, several hundred miles
from the cannon’s roar, will never rise higher
than useful mediocrity ou the historic page.
Gen. Buell, who was enjoying the news at Jef
fersonville, Indiana, while the battle was rag
ing at Fort Donelson, will find himself out
ranked by Gen. Grant when the two reach
Nashville, or wherever thcy-comc together—
and so it should be. The courage, the prompt
ness, the intuition and the undaunted spirit,
which mark the great capiain, can only be
shown and proved in the midst of danger and
the clamor of battle.
. It Is gratifying to find a general, holding a
command in the field, who brings common
sense to Lis aid in determining the condition
of the negroes who fell under his charge. Hu
manity is not perhaps to be looked lor in ex
cess in onr regular army, but we have a right
to expect the exercise of the faculty of reason,
and when we find both humanity and reason
bestowed on the blacks, it becomes us to mark
. it as au omen of much magnitude in the pres
ent crisis. The following letter from General
Mansfield is such an omen. It was written In
answer to an inquiry propounded to General
M. by a commission appointed to' collect the
■wages oi the negroes in the service of the Gov
ernment at Newport News:
Cast But lei;. Newport News, Ta., )
February £th, 1862. }
To the Communion, Col. Cram and Major Jones,
' appointed per General Orders Ko. 5, from Hiad
gvarters of Virginia, to inquire into the condition
■ certain “ Contrabands: 11
Gentlemek: By invitation of a member of the
Commission, I take the liberty to express to the
Commission my views on the subject of tbe “con
traband” necroes, so-called,. These can be divided
Into four classes—
-Ist. Those abandoned by their rebel owners and
compelled to ask for work and support.
2d. Those who have run away from their owners,
tbe rebels, to obtain their freedom from control.
Bd. Those who Lave been put at work by their
rebel ownoreoa the fortifications, etc., to resist the
Government, and have made their escape.
4th. Free negroes who seek work for support.
The question new arises as to these negroes. Is
the United States bound to hold them as slaves
and deprive them of the right to go where they
please ? It is clear they are not prisoners of war,
for they have never been found in arms, and havo
made their escape to avoid taking part against the
United States, as the rebels have'aoandoned lands,
houses cattle, etc. land arc human.beings cast on
the world with nothing but their hands to obtain
a livelihood. Some ox them hiving worked on reb
el fortifications, etc., garef released, fonder the 4th
section of the act of Congress of cheoth of August,
1861. to confiscate property.) from further service,
to their masters. And in such case?; what is their
position ? 'Why simply that of any person in the
country releasedby jaw from the payment of ah
obligation—a free person.
All these negroes, with the exception of the 4th
. class, are or have been claimed as property by the
very rebels who hare taken np arnm aghinst the
United Slates, and are lawful plunder, I f property.
But they are sot property, but “persons held to
labor” under the Constitution In certain States
andno whereeUe, anfiare not .bound or held to.
labor for the United States, consequently they are
not slaves to the United Slates. It is clear Hie
condition of slaves with them was co-existent
with the obligations '-of the Confederate -slave
■ Slates to the Constitution and laws of the United
States against which they are in open rebellion.
Now what arc these negroes ? Arc they not free’
men by this state of rebellion ? By tire acf of se
cession the Confederate Slates have voluntarily
broken the Constitution and'lows, and have taken
np arina against that Constitution and laws, and
tcc Unitcd States are thereby absolved- from the
enforcement of the fugitive slave law, even if so
.absurd a claim, were pat forth. If. this 'statement
be true, they are entitled aelaborers to all the
wages they can earn, and to go where they please,
and-I would recommend that ad their earnings be
paidto them while in the United States employ;
and that hH officers -and others who employ them
• in this department be : required to pay them a just
that they beaUowcd to improve
their condition if opportunity should admit.
You are at liberty to use this letter as yon please.
I am, gentlemen, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant.
[Signed] • Jos. K.F. Masefield,
.- Brigadier-General U. 5. A.
Gen. Lane’s proposed return to the Senate
(if it be trne) does not strike his friends fkvor
ablv, because they desire to prove by his gal
lantry In -the field that their- confidence was
not misplaced. If he would accept hit brigs
filer-generalship, and demand to be eentin to
the service, the responsibility of shelTioghim
would bo on the Government, and hcwould
aland as high inthei estimation of thecowntry
as though he had been placed at : the bead of
an army, and had set his face toward the Gnlf
of Mexico. The astonishing enthusiasm which
his proposed expedition created In the North
west is readily explained." Coming forward at
the close of along reign of Imbecility; cow
ardice and corruptionendlfig In public bank
fnpfcy, snd promising to do something, it is
notto be wondered at -that the; people hailed
him as a deliverer. Nor is it surprising; now
that deliverance bn3“conre from another quar
ter, ttat fcis differences' With Gen. r Hunter and
Geo. Hunter’s differences with him,' should
have been lost stghtof in the smoke of Tort
DoceleoO. - r-
A singular fact has ben toilifeht.
tecentSy tending to showthat thorn'is »iiU
some tpecnlatioa i& the eyes of the publur:
ftmctioneiies la UdecU7~thOoAk whether
British or American does not clearly appear.
If toe news of the settlement of the Trent
aflklr was used for stock jobbing purposes In
London, before its communication to the
public, it was also used in the same pilfering
.way' in New York. It appears that a day
-ortwo before toe news of the settlement was
made known to toe public, Mr. William H.
Bussell, special correspondent of toe London
sent a special dispatch from this city to
a New York broker, in:about these words:
kt Adfjor me o» though you had received'good
stetmP. Then the telegraph was tightly corked ‘
against any private dispatches announcing the
actual result, so.that the news was not lmown
in New York until twelve hours after it was
proclaimed here. The most natural inference
would be that Lord Lyons communicated, tor-
Hurts to Mr. Bussell—perhaps that he took '»'■
partnership In the commercial venture him
- self But that doeanot account for the sup
.pression of other people’s dispatches.
0178 LOUISVILLE LETTER*
WaeJiingioTvs'Lirthdafj in Louisville —A Lamp
LfltbratUm.’—** Hosannas Languish on our
Tonguei'-A &cesh Opinion of the Father of
His Country.
[Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.]
LotJornxß, Feb. 8,1863.
•* In vain wc tune our formal songs,
.. In vain we strive to rise;
Hosannas languish on our tongues
. - And our devotion dies.” *
There were in this city yesterday, thousands
of true .men andwomcirwhosc hearts rejoiced
and whose’lips praised God, that such, a man
as George Washington was ever horn. They
rejoiced in his glorious deeds, and meditated
upon his meek words-of wisdom. Many of
these made praiseworthy demonstrations of
joy. Flags were flung out numerously in por
tions of the city. At some of the churches
toe children of the Sunday Schools were as
sembled,' and praise was uttered from toe
mouths of babes and sucklings. * These were
impromptu manifestations of patriotism In toe
people— slight efforts to shake off the incubus
With which- the lead-headed pdliUeians have
. stagnated their hlood.
But that part of our celebration which came
in contact with the withering touch of toe
politicians, was as flat as the prayer of the
self-righteous Pharisee—as unsavory as the
burut.oficrlng of_Cam. "Why should it not
be, when the special orders were issued by
Mayor Dclph, who last flal prevented the pa
triotic Home Guards from aiding toe Surveyor
to enforce the laws of that nation which owes
so much to the valor and wisdom of Washing
ton ? • The lowering heavens, the damp atmos
phere and toe .mnddy streets, seemed to say
to the politicians, “Washington wc know; the
Government wc know; but who are ye?”
Suppose George Washington could have come
among us, what would he have said to Mayor
Delph? In the style of Samuel the seer to
disobedient Saul, he wouldhave asked, “What
mean those wagons, loaded with stores for the
enemies of my country? Behold, obedience
is better than sacrifice.”
Some very earnest patriots joined in the
procession, (which was a short one,) and in
the speeches; bat their warm, breath could
not disperse the damp vapors of neutrality.
Not wishing to hurt the feelings of our ami
able Scccsb, wc let the victory at
Fort Donclson pass with only a feeble
demonstration, and then, as if to make
amends, were to have a grand pageant on the
birth day of Washington. But we forgot that
many of the secesh have greatly moderated in
their reverence for the Father of his Country.
This is but natural. Why should men revere
Washington, who se«# an alliance with Great
Britain V Such should celebrate the birth day
of Benedict Arnold. A starchy youth, tlior
oughlv imbued with the dignified spirit of
neutrality, gave apt expression in a select
circle, the other day, to an opinion which
prevails widely in this enlightened region. He
said, “George Washington had been greatly
overrated.”
I have been speaking of the morning’s
demonstration. On the 21st, I had heard a
secessionist declare the illumination would
be dispensed with. He spoke as one who had
conversed with authority. In the afternoon of
the 22d. a leading paper published in its even
ing edition the following notice:
il Owing to the exceedingly unpleasant
weather, the Union Clubs have determined to
postpone the illumination, which was intended
to take place this evening, until some future
time.”
The paper doubtless published what it be
lieved. But I would like to be informed how
many of the Union clubs co-operated in the
determination. It is a cherished opinion of
mine that many of those once most efficient in
the clubs, are now on the tented field; and it
occurs, therefore, that few of the clubs met,
and that there were, perhaps, not more thrm a
quorum present at those which did. I have
not seen a man who attended one of them.
The great secret is, that the sachems of
tribes here arc afraid lest our joy should grieve
the people of Gath. They would not wring
the tear, of rebellious anger from the daughters
of our enemies. They are afraid to let us
shout when the banner of our country tri
umphs gloriously.
Let not your readers forget, however, that
we have in Kentucky two parties—the
parly of the politicians and the party of the
people. At night, the party of the people re
belled against the politicians; and to the
praise of the people he it said, we had a credit
able little manifestation. Many windows were
handsomely illuminated, and the United
States Custom House was Hghtcdup from bot
tom to top. Rockets were throwutip in vari
ous parts of the city, and bright bon-lires
were made upon several frequented thorongh
fnr-o Fofcmo-t amuug tXIC pUHIOtIC WCfC tuC
Hiithful, valiant Germans, God bless them t I
would their spirit were infused throughout the
nation.
Faulkner on tlio Disease.
Hon. Charles James Faulkner, late Embas
sador to the Court of the Tuileries, ex-Whig,
cx-Democrat, and now avowed rebel, having
been arrested as a traitor by our Government,
and exchanged for the Hon. Alfred Ely, was a
young and tolerably honest member of that
Virginia Legislature of 1532 which took up the
subject of slavery, (under the spur of the Nat
Turner insurrection,) and very nearly resolved
on Us abolition. In his speech on that occa
sion, Mr. Faulkner said;
u I am gratified to perceive that no gentle
man has yet risen in this Hall the avowed ad
vocate of slavery. The day has gone by when
such a voice could be listened to with
patience, or even with forbearance. I even
regret that there should b c one among us,
who enters the lists as its apologist, except
on the ground of uncontrollable necessity.
Let me request him to compare the slave
holding portion of this Commonwealth,‘bar
ren, desolate, scared as it were by the aveng
ing hand of Heaven, with the descriptions
which we have of this same country from
those who first broke its virgin soiL To what
is this change ascribable ?. Solely to the with
ering and blasting effects of slavery. If this;
does not satisfy him, let me request him to
travel to the Northern States, and contrast
the contentment and happiness which prevail
thronghont the country; the busy, cheerful
sounds of industry, the rapidly swelling
growth of their population, their means and
institutions of education, their skill and pro
ficiency in useful arts k - their enterprise and
public spirit, the monuments of their com
mercial rind manufacturing industry, and,
above all, their devoted attachment .to
the Government from which they derive
protection—let him compare all these with
the division, discontent, indolence, and
poverty of the Southern country. To what is
this ascribable ? It is to that vice in the or
ganization of society, by which one half of it
inhabitants are arrayed in interest and feeling
against the other half; to that unfortunate
state of society, in which freemen rcgardlabor
as disgraceful, and slaves shrink from it as a
burden tyrannically imposed upon them; to
that condition of things, in which half a mil
lion of your population can feel no sympathy
with the society, in the prosperity of which
they are forbidden to participate*, and no at
tachment to a government at whose hands
they receive nothing but injustice.
“If the incredulous inqoirershould suggest
that this, manifest contrast might be traced to
difference of climate, or to other causes dis
tinct from slavery itself, permit me to refer
him to the two States of Kentucky and Ohio.
No difference of soil or climate, no diversity
in the original settlement of those two States,
can be adduced to account for the remarkable
disproportion in tbeir advancement. Separat
ed by a river alone, they seem to have been
purposely and providentially designed to ex
hibit in their future histories the difference
which necessarily results from a country af
flicted with the curse of slavery, and a country
that is free from it. The same may be said of
the two States of Missouri and Illinois.
“Slavery is .an institution which presses
heavily on the best interests of the State. It
banishes free white labor. It exterminates
mechanics, artisans, manufacturers. It de
prives them of occupation; It deprives them
of bread. It converts the energy of a commu
nity into indolence, its power into imbecility,
its .efficiency; into weakness. Being thus iti-
Jirricnsfuu'c we not a right to demand its extermi
nation? * Shall society suffer, • that the slavc
hcJcer may continue to gather his vigintial
crop of human flesh? What is his mere pecu
. niaiy claim compared with the great interests of
the common tceal f Must the country languish
and die that the slaveholder may flourish ? Shall
off interests be subservient to one? Shall all
rights be subordinate to the interests of the
£avckddcr? Has not the mechanic rights?
E&vc not the middle classes their rights?
rights Incompatible with the existence of
Slavery;”
- Mr. Faulkner is now fighting with the
rebels, whose avowed-purpose it is to extend
over the whole country the system he de
scribes ss so ruinous to. the welfare and pros
peiity- of States; Hia concluding questions
have great significance at this time. "We ad
vise the people to ponder them wclL
fSf* Colonel Annisanselof the Ist Western
Virginia Cavalry, the subject of Secretary
Stanton's sharp order to Gen. Lander, is what
is known as a Franco-Swisa man by" birth—
that is, he was bom in. the French part of
•Switzerland. He has been in this ; country
several years, andwas until recently,* teacher
of music at Cannonsburg and Pleasant -Hill
Female. Seminary, la Washington county, Pa.
He was indefatigable in getting np the First
Virginia Cavalry, and everybody supposed
that he meant “ business in so doing. It does
not appear, however, that Gen. Lander in
tends inflicting bo aevere a punishment as'
death on Colonel AnnlsanseL The Wheeling
Jnlcßigeneer learns from Cumberland that he
wiU simply disgrace , the recreant Colonel- by
deprWbg him of his- sword -and commission,
bim forthwith out of his military.
jßzUietfOßi--/.
THE WOUNDED AT PADUCAH.
Gen. Sherman’s lost of sent
from FortDonelionto Paducah.:
GEftV SHUtHAiraBEPOBX.
IlEAixiTiAiirEEj. PmrciiK, Kr., )
February 19th, 1881. f
Capt. If. S. McLean . Attestant Adjutant-Gen
• cral, Headquarters Department of the Missouri,
St. Louis:
Oaptai>*: Inclosed please And a list of toe
wounded thus far received from Fort Douel
bod. I have instructed the Surgeon at Mound
City to keep and forward tome an accurate
list of the wounded received there.
Pursuant to order from Major General Hal-
Icck, I will order Dr. Simons to send from our
hospital here five, hundred of: the. rick and
wounded to Cincinnati, consigned to toe Sani
tary Commission. The wounded have come
down in detachments, and I have- endeavored
to so arrange that they are well provided, for
as the circumstances will permit. .
I am your obedient servant,
W. T. Shebmsn,
Brigadier General, Commanding. .
Report of Uie 'Wounded from Fort
Ronelson, Received, mt Padacah,
Ky., and now Remaining In Hospi
tal, 19th February, 1862.
[Note. —Except where the name of the State
occurs, all the regiments are Ullacla troops, as
7th. Uth, 31st, etc.]
IK CESmi. hospital, nmszoKKo. l.
Wm W Sapp, co E, 7th lowa, left foot, scverelv.
John Elliott, coT, 9th, left shoulder, flesh wound.
R A Hays, co A, lltb, left shoulder, severely.
Nicholas Acker, co C, 49tb, right hand, slight.
P F Livingston, co G, 17th, flesh wound across
loins, severely.
S P Cunningham, co B, Bth, abdomen, severely.
Jehu Elllngwqod, co F, 81st, three fingers off left
hand.
James Gaston, co E, 30th, left leg,- flesh wound.
J E H Brace, co I, 20th, right arm, severely.
P< CESim emfgRAT. HOSPITAL.
Sondag Scowrs, Captain co H, 49th, thigh, severely.
T J Cain, Captain co B, 31st, thigh, severely.
John Lee, gnnhcat Conestoga, hand, slightly.
John Alien, gonhoat Conestoga, chest, mortally;
died 19th February.
John EHengood, 31st, shoulder, slightly.
Thomas Smith, co D, 49th, thtyh, severely.
James B Smith, co A, 45th, thigh, slightly,
George Jones, co A, nth, head, slightly.
Mars Kasper, co B, Soth, leg, severely.
Philip Deurick, co E, Mo. Ist, knee, severely.
George Snodgrass, co H, 50th, thigh, severely.
EdwardE McGee, co D, 11th, shoulder, mortally,
W H Lacgdon, co F, ITth, leg, severely.
Uriah Perry, corp. co E, illh, eho cldc rand chest,
scvcrelv.
Wm Goodwin, co A, 31et, skull, severely.
Carter, co G, Gist, thigh, severely.
H Peed, co C, IStli, both lsgs,.slightlv,
E U llavs, co A, 11th, hand, slightlv,
John D Handfaurgb, serg’t coF, l Sth, foot severelv.
John Eckbart, co P.4stn. arm, severelv.
L B Dickby, co G, 45th, leg, slightly.
S D Pickard, co K, Bth, head, severely.
IN EIGHTH ADDITION—rKESBVTE RIAN CHUECH.
C Gnmbert, Ist Lieut Schwartz's battery, neck
and abdomen, severely.
Bastrawitch Stani-lans.'co E, Bth, face, severely.
Sebastian Miller, co I,sCth.two fingersamputated.
John Bailer. coF, 20th, leg, slightly.
Philander Bond, co B, 12th, foot, severely.
James ASlattcn, co E. £oth, leg. siightlv,
Eichard Emerson, co E, 31st, left arm, severely.
John Sawyer, co D, 49th, right shoulder, severelv.
David Spach, co F, 20th, hand, slightly. >'
C A Knoll, co K, Uth, arm and hip, severe.
Jceee Bowman, co E, SOth, lace, severe.
Jos Moore, co G, Sth, face, severe.
E G Hagan, Schwartz's battery, leg injured by ran
non, severe.
E Biek, co H. 14th lowa, wrist, slight.
Geo Rceeit, co 1,40 th. shoulder, scVere.
MichT Henson, co 3,49 th, arm, slight.
Corporal li’n Williams, co G, Sth, stomach and
side, severe.
Gus Gibson, co G, Sth, shoulder, severe.
David Commcnah, co I,Bth, neck, slight.
Wm Broichell, co I, Bth, shoulder, (by shell),
slight.
Tbos Vancil. co A, 31st, band, slight.
A J ilagrew, co D, 31st, arm. severe. .
Henry Keener, corporal, co E. Sth, neck, slight,
Jr o if Davis, co E, Bth. chin, severe.
Hobt Montgomery, co H, Stn,.hcad, severe.
Pat Kenney, co H, 4lst, forehead, (sknll fractured),
severe.
Peter Cunningham, co IL 18th, knee, slight.
HA McCaleb, color sergeant, co I, Uth. head.
thigh and foot, slight. :
Alfred Whitfield, co B, 11th, leg and band, slight.
Ales Murray, co I, llth-left thigh, alight.
Geo McSadden, sergeant, co G, 30th, wight.
Jaa Porter, sergeant, co F, 20th, arm, severe.
Geo Gilmore, co E, 9th. hand, (linger amputated.)
Francis Book, co B. 2Cth, band, slight.
John S Hanlin. co G, Sth, head, slight.
Wm Kent, co D, Bth, thigh, severe.
Jas Cummings, co A, 30th, arm, slight.
E 1> Kauffman, co D, 30th, leftbreast, severe.
Dayton Dunham, co B, Sth, foot, slight.
John Picrsal. co P. 45th, shonlder, severe.
John Gxntner, co G, 11th, right breast, fatallv.
Thos Darand, co D, 12th, slighLlv.
John Bell, co B, 15th, leg, slightly.
E il Daily, corporal, co D, Uth lowa, arm, severe.
Thos Perbamocs. co E, 81st. left shoulder, alight.
Asa Coot, co E. 81st.
Thos Wall, co E, 3lst.
William Wall, co E, 81st.
James Weaver, co K, 81st.
Fred II Ilcnderscn, co C, 31st, crown of head,
slightly.
Jonathan Webb, co B, 31st.
Jaa L Henson, co C, 31st.
Thos J Poison, co C, left shoulder, slight.
Cbaa Jcnilcr, co 1,315t, left foot, alight.
John Spilman, co 1,315t, neck, slight.
Geo W CoHoth, co C, 81st, forehead, slight.
James Choate, co B, 31st. -
Deary J Goldsborongh. coB. 31st.
Wm H Edwards, co 0,315t, right ana, slight.
John Webb, co B, 3lst.
John B Reynolds, co I, Slet, left arm, slight.
John Griffin, co K. 81st.
James Lilly, co 11, 31st, right clavicle, slight.
Elis Crane, co H, 31st.
Virginias W Smith, co D. 29th, left side, severe.
Douglas Pracc, co F. 14th lowa.
Dennis Murphy, co I.llth, right arm. severe.
John H Powers, co B, lltb.boih hands, severe.
John B Mnrrav, co B, 11th, right knee, severe,
John J Kentan, co G, 11th, right thumb, slight.
James W Brown, co (J, 11th, mouth.
Wm Sewards, co B, Htb, right arm. severe.
John W Woodcutter, co I, llth. left temple, slight.
Jgaac. n Sotvordc, co I, Xllll, icit lup and hodv,
slight.
Linns F Larkins, co T, llth. neck, slight.
Porter L Cor. co I, llth, left shoulder, severe.
Wm Wilson, co I, llth, hack, slight.
Franklin B Frazier, co I.' llth. right hip, left hand
and right knee, slight.'
Henry Spaar, co I, llth, right shoulder and head,
slight.
Wmßaittson,coH, 18th, right ear, slight.
SpenctT Williams, co H. 18th, right side, slight.
Jas C Kinzey, co A, IStb, left eye, severe.
Bcnj ii Kinzey, co A, 18th, mouth, slight,
John R Berry, co H, 13th, month and left arm,
alight.
Borj F Lilly, co B, 18th, both hands, severe.
Thos A Armstrong, co A, 31st, left arm, slight.
Nelson Campbell, corn'l co D, SOth, hand, severe,
John G Hall, co D, 30th, left breast, slight.
Harvey Busch, co D, 30th, right breast, slight.
Thos N Wright. corpT co D, SOth. left arm. slight.
Wm Emery, co E, 80th, neck, slight.
Jas F Dur-tan, co A, SOth, severe.
Chancy Smith, co A, 30th, right band and thigh,
slight.
Benj B Brown, coE, 30th, forehead, slight.
Frank De Hart, co E, SOth. shoulder, slight.
Henry Williams, co E. SOth, right arm, slight.
John Aldensy. co A, 45th. face, severelv.
L Steel, co E, 30th, arm, slight.
Jacob Laut, co D, 9th, arm, severely.
E P Mann, co A, Ith. arm, severelv.
R_L LUlibridge, co A,4sth, wrist/severelv.
Wm Lerty. co K, 14th lowa, head severely.
Thomas Kirby, co K. Ith. jaw, severely.
John Turner, co A49th, jaw, severely.
Wm Neescr, co D. 9th. hand, slight.
J A Williams, co U. 41st, breast and ana, slight.
John Brown, co B, 7th lowa.hahd {fore-finger lost.)
Wm Wright, co H, idth, elbow, slightly.
John Bright, co G. 7th, thigh, severelv.
Wm BHul, co F, 45th, shonlder, slightly.
Leri Linder, co C, Sth. hand, slightly.
J Steely, co C, Sth, jaw. slightly.
John D Turner, co IT, 7th, head, slight.
William Konfic, coK, 18th, forehead, slight.
J J Simms, co C, Slet, thigh, slight.
T M Nichols, corporal, co H,3oth, hand severely.
Thos Crayon, co A, 7tb, right hand finger lost.
Edward Teats, cor poral, co K, Slat, head, slight.
C J Waldon, co D, 49th, hand, severely.
J R Gopple, co C, llth. hand, severelv.
Itaiah Stewart, co G, 17th, neck and'shoulder, se
verely.
31 Harris, CO A, 25th Ind., wrist.
Chas Gobdrod, co A, 7th lowa, band, severely.
TENTH ADDITION, 7ADFCAZT, KEXTL'Ciii",
Franklin Thomas, co C. 31st left hand.
John W Busted, co G, 31st. left side, slightly.
Chas Vt CutraH, co C. 81st, shoulder.
Jas ITPruett. co E. Slst.
Thow i ates. co E, hist, left hand, slichtlv.
Geo W* White, co C, 81st.
Benj Brown, co B. Slst.
Geo Lewis, co F, Slst.
Cbas Tarsons, co G, Slst.
Joseph Jenkins, co C, Slst.
Wm W Heed. co E. Slst.
Albert G Mann, co E, Slst.
Jas OHale, corporal, co H, Slst; right check slight.
Alex Green, co I), SQlh, hand slight.
John H Murphy, co D, 30th' temple and thigh,
alight.
Wd Crocker, co D 30th. neck, slight.
.Geo Folay, co D SCth, forehead, contusion, of cheat
slight.
John Brigman, co D, SC-th, fore arm, severe.
James Enos Evans, co D. 30th, left knee, slight.
Alex Anderson, co D, left hand, severely.
TtosHKnight, co F, 30th, left hand severely.
Amos PLively. coC.SGth head and left arm, slight.
John Easton, co A, 30th. month and neck, severe.
Daniel Malone, co S. 30th, left ehonlder, slight.
Curtis M Scott, co D, sth, arm, slight.
Wm C Whittington, co H, Sih, right arm, severe,
Wra D Bairiip, co F, Sth, left shoulder, severe.
Geo Potter, co C. Stn, fore arm. severe.
John F Raihback. co C. Stb, left hand, severe.
Jacob Grosch, co B. Stb, rignl hand alight.
John Freycn?, co I, Sth, contused shofider. slight.
Geo Vandeventer, co C, IS)tb, right hand, severe.
£mj F KoU, co C, 20th. ear and head, slight.
Albert H Bowman, co C, 20th, vnlana acloper,head.
slight.
Nathan B Kewton, co C, 2Gth, vnlnns -doper,head,
slight.
John Stephenson. co C, 20th, right arm and breast,
severe.
Ties H Ewins, CO C.SOfh, wrist, Plight.
Samuel Howry, co I,2uth. loft wrist plight.
Geo W Garrison, co 1,90 th, right fore arm, slight.
Chae Shrader, col, Sth. forehead, slight.
WmH Draining, co C, 201b, right arm, severe.
David L Cbarllton, co C, &.th, left arm, severe.
fortieth zzxzxoq hospital.
WmFßccgc, corporal. coH, llth, left shoulder,
with fracture of scapula.
LTV Locker, first sergeant, co E, llth, left shoul
der. slight
J W Bo swell, co F, 18th. left arm, slight.
JR Sillier, co C, IStb, contusion on shoulder.
JA McKensie, co G. 39th. left band, lost third
‘•finger:
Thos Garrison, co.C, 30th, debt arm, slightly.
Paschal C Haabrook, co G, 48th, right leg, slight.
- • xixvkstu DtnsiOK.
W B Barbesbusb, co A, 7th lowa, hand, alight.
Sami Reynolds, co A 7th lowa, arm, slight.
Chas Schulct, co C, 49th. lip, alight.
John S Purton, CoH, 7th lowa, face, slight.
Edward Jayne, co H, 7th lowa, elbow, slight.
Jaa Shields, co H, 7th lowa, knee.
D E Larimer, co H, 7th lowa, arm, slightly.
John Sbealy, co A, 7th lowa, arm, slightly.
Thos. r. Atraioir,
Surgeon TJ. S. A., Acting Medical Director.
. Ts3* Sergeant Moulton of "WiUiinaatic, Ct.,
of the 3d Connecticut regiment, captured at
Bull Run nod lately released from Richmond,
is the hero of a story going the rounds of the
papers, to the effect that while in prison he
ntadea of a beautiful and wealthy
young lady of that city. The story relates
how the young lady sent lum money, clothing,
and luxuries without stint. .The Hartford Coz:*
rani says the story Is true,, and that Mdulfcon
is soon to be married to the young woman,
who has come North for that purpose. ..
The 19th Wisconsin regiment. Coloael
'Sanders, at Camp IJtley, Racine, had seren
companies neariyfoU. ■ , ?
sixed
hißgton*g' birthsiay ’
Execution of Captain Cordon*
[From the N. Y. Herald.]
NatLanicl Cfcoedon, the convicted slave deal
er, suffered of the law at
noon yesterday, In t]£J«nof the City Prison.
Duringthe precedti^fattempted to
commit', suicide by fitbig wtiychnlnc,which.
Was conveyed to claus; but through
the untiring exertiontof!Dra®mmons, Hodg
ipnn and wood, the poison saairemoved from
bis stomach, and he;w»re*aiclfct€d- # Hewns
very weak, however, during morning, and
. had it not been for the. free administration of
■ stimulant b, it would hare been necessary to
starry him to the gallows.
- r . Gordon was a pale faced, dark eyed little
Ben, and with an appearance that would
negttlve the idea of a dealer in human flesb.
He leaves —and this is the most mournful
scene in the whole tragedy—an interesting
young wife, a native .of Nova Scotia, only 24
years of ogc, and a lovely, curley headed boy,
to lament the bonus of Ms “ accursed thirst
for gold,”iDlegally pursued,and most painfully
anddegradingly expiated on the public scaf--
fold. Nathaniel Gordon was bom mPortland,
Maine, and was at the time of his execution
about 87 years of age. .
Precisely at twelve o’clock Marshal Hurray,
in company with deputies Thompson, Devoe,
Sampson, Smith and others, entered the cell
of the unhappy culprit, and bade Mm prepare
for death. The prisoner, who was"weak and
trembling like • a - lea£ arose from bis bed and
asked for something to drink. He was hand*
cd brandy, and. alio wed to drink some three
or four glasses before the work of pinioning
was commenced. The stimulant seemed
to revive him greatly, and he bore the
operation of - binding his arms much bet
ter tfcu* was expected. Marshal Murray
then proceeded to read the death sentence,
during the .delivery of which the prisoner
looked the picture of despair. Shortly after
this the Rev. Hr. Camp, who had been the
culprit’s spiritual adviser ever since his con
demnation, entered the cell, and delivered a
short but Impressive prayer. Gordonlistcncd
attentively to the clergyman, and when the
latter concluded the prisoner expressed a fer
vent hope that he might he the recipient of
God’s mercy and pardon.
AH beingjp. readiness, Mr. Simeon Draper
voluutccrtjtto notify Gordon that the fatal
moment ifltamvcd. The culprit seemed
surprised jßy the execution should take
place so being only ten minutes past
twelve and said, “ I thought it was
not to tpHMhee until two o’clock?’ Where
upon informed bim that the
change invnuHtoe had been brought about by
his attempt at suicide, and that He must pre
pare to die. The prisoner then said that it
was hard to die a felon's death, and made some
incoherent remarks about the injustice of his
sentence and the unfair manner in wMch he
had been treated by the United States District
, Attorney. He stated that the District Attor
ney had promised to use his influence with
the President to procure a. ; commutation of
his sentence; hut instead of doing so, he
urged all he could against it.
As the procession moved through the yard
all eyes were fixed upon the condemned, who
tottered to the scaffold like a man half dead
with fear or stupified with liquor, it is hard to
say which. The feebleness of the culprit, the
agony with which he viewed the pseparations
which, had been made for his execution, the
presence of the military drawn up in line, all
contributed to renderthe scene a most impres
sive and painful one. ‘When the culprit reached
the gallows, and took up Ms position immedi
ately underthe fatal noose, there was a pause of
afew seconds, but all was as stiilas death. The
work of ad justing the rope was quickly per
formed ; for it was evident that Gordon could
not stand long; but hardly had the task been
completed, when he showed evident signs of
fainting. The cap was quickly drawn over the
cnlprit Y s face, and the Marshal was about to
give the signal to the executioner, when Gor
don stasgered, and would have fallen to the
ground had he not been caught by one of the
deputies. In another moment, however, he
was straightened up, the signal was given, the
axe fell, and the body of Gordon was dangling
in the air.
It has seldom been our lot to witness an ex
ecution where the culprit suffered less than
Gordon did. There was no struggling of the
anus and legs, no upheaving of the chest or
contortions of the body—a few nervous
twitchlngs of the hands, and all was over.
After hanging fifteen minutes the physicians,
with the consent of the Marshal, had the body
lowered a little, for the purpose of examining
the heart and pulse. Drs. FinneH, Shrady ana
Kimbark announced that there was no pulsa
tion of cither the wrist or heart. It was deem
ed prudent, however, to allow the body to
hang for a little while longer, and the corpse
was left dangling until three-quarters past
twelve.
g3f° Gov. Sprague and tlic present State
officers of Rhode Island, representing all par
ties, mil be ic-elected without opposition.
Miscellaneous.
1862. SPRING TRADE. 1862.
WEBER, WILLIAMS & YALE,
WHOLESALE DEALERS IX
HATS, OAIHS,
Straw Goods, IParasols,
tlmbrellas and Palm Leaf Goods,
25 LAKE STBEET, CHICAGO,
Have now in store a large and desirable stoos for
Spelsg Trade -which, -will be offered at
Eastern Prices
For CASH or approved short credit. fc22-R74-5m
J). ITIDEND
WASHINGTON
Insurance Company,
51 WALL STREET.
61-2
(SIX AND A HALF) PER CENT.
CASH DIVIDEND to ihe Stockholders Una da? been
declared payable on demand.
ALSO,
60
(SIXTY) PER CENT.
SCHZP DIVIDEND to the Policy-Holders on the earned
Premicma of Participating Policies, for the year end
ing Slst cltimo. The Scrip wm be ready for deliver?
on and after the Ist of March, pros.
CASH CAPITAL, $400,000.
Assets Feb. Ist, 1862 $504,720.84
Liabilities 12,170.00
Capital and Surplus.
Three-fourths of the Profits divided anmATTy to the
Insured, without their tearing any liability whatever.
ELBE AND ISLAND NAVIGATION
INSURANCE.
GEOBGE C. SATTEELEE. PrcalijEat.
EENBY WESTON, Vice-Prealdent.
rtii.LTAV E. LOTHIiOP, Secretary.
LA3TBIKG & OASSOH } Agents,
No. 2 Board of Trade Building, Chicago, lit
Gait. JOHN DOBCHESTSB, Ha»!np Inspector.
February Sd, 1562. foaMxsiSto-r-*&w >
Q_ENT’S DRESS, HATS,
SPRING STYLES,
ros
18 6 2,
JUST OUT.
Embracing all points necessary to a genteel appear
ance, and all the details and elegancies which Imparts
finish, comfort and durability. JTa. SMITH ft CO.,
ft24-nSI Cw US Lake street.
REMOVAL —The office of the
Chicago Gas Light and Coke Company la remov
ed to
DKKEVN Bl'JtWJifi,
Corner of Lake and Dearborn, streets, entrance on
Dearborn street
Tfcc office tears, from and alter March let, wm be
From 9 to and 2 Jto 5,
Persons wishing Coke will apply at the works on
' JAMiS K. BUETIS. See.
re24-E63-.w
ittilitatg Scares.
C WORDS FOR PRESENTA
iO TICK. ——
THj'Jj'ANNY Sc CO.,
Foe. 500 and 553 BROADWAY, STEW YOKE,
And He. 79 RUE RICHELIEU, PARIS,
fayorters acd Mtmfartarers «f iQ Ki.d. ,f
JUUUry Wires,
BoEdt the attention of Civic and Military AsaociaU ■
Commands on Kattaual or State service. Fktrfotir
Clubs and lndtvictaa*B to their large atock oT r^iaD^c
Bish Staff and Urea An&y aad »«vy BVarda.
Their saeortmcit includes the choicest
Blades of English Mannfaeton,
Identical withthcas made for Wmdsson.of London,
tt ore by the offiusn or the BiKUti Army, »»* ntoac ap
gSLV‘iL C 3tt ISICCa E ' lrol>e * 11 : tS clc-
Blades ofSoUnganen Site
la fibre and finish lbs recognized modern type of the
c l le£ ’ls ttd Bamasccb Btm; the excellent and ser
viceable
Blades of Collins, ofHarttbrd,
Bealdeg tlifMu* nf rfnmffPi*. fahrirentff, .
The mountiars of these blades; in an eases executed
within the establishment, will be found to comprise all
requisite styles of oMsamcuUrfoa.thescabburd* betas
of-Silver, Surer GBVffronM; Plant or Fire OQL Sliver
Plated. Bnrnishea Seed, Rich Lealher-etc., with bauds
of Flair, Chased or Embossed Gilt, at Solid saver; t&e
Grips ard Guards of tkeaame vtnotycf
Caleb. ard of either rczuladoa pattern or original de
sign, Should ms artida of •'
.EXTBAOBPIWAKT ELEGANCE.
Of a rich nee* asd'cos&sesa not represented, in stock,
be required for presentation, thscapaMlitto* of tbs ea
tabliihmeatfcr the mannfacaire of the ea nicest works
in gold aao stiver, sad-it* general artistic resources
are oLUFuaI guarantees of-Its sa»taDcta*y and ipeedr
prodeetton In answer to orderv dsMsua ndcstt
males will be promptly ftwwarded.-
- ladividaala ps rehaac z Bwords oCTigiay ACo are
Inform ea that every ■ cuds ’■'sabieeted to tests even
SSloltaale Bouses.
NEW YORK.
81 MD S3 FRANKLIN STREET,
Wert of Broadway, sear Taylor’s Salooa,
WICKS, SMITH S CO.
Are now ready to offer to the
Trade thetr Entire stock or noma*
TIC and FOBEIGN OBY GOOfS,
embracing
3.000 Pckgs.
At Less than Market Rates.
1.000 Pctgs. Madder Prints,
sriSDARB MAKE*.
1.200 Pckgs. Brown and Bleached
Sheetings.
10.000Eeces British Dress Fabrics
ISDKH tl% CEJTTS.
5.000 Pieces under 16 Gents,
FIAMIXS,
WHITE GOODS,
WICKS, SMITH & CO.
"PI" ARDWARE, TIN PLATS
METAL WAREHOUSE,
Established in 1814.
WILLIAM BLAIR A CO.
176 LAKE-ST,, CHICAGO,
A»we «enewdoing tontines on ft CASH BASIS,
making CREDIT the exception Instead of the BULK,
we offer Burvciior Inducements to prompt paying deal
er* and wikis an cxamhutioa Of OOXKOCk and prices.
TnrFun, BcfCxEsoir,
Bhaetlboh, , lia.Txncsa’ Russia. Isoh
FIS Tl2[, BRIGHT Wm*.
SHEET ZTHG, GaHVASTZK> SHIR I£OS,
BheetOofm*. Tixassa’Tools,
Copter Batters*, Japanxxd Tihwabe,
FSxcx Wzss, Pressed Tejtware,
" Wbulisq’* Saiu»
A complete aspcrtaeat of Cutler? and Shelf Hard
ware of all descriptions.
W3C.BLAIB, 0.8.5nm O.W.BZLDHX.
[apiyai-iy]
JJAWSON & BARTLETT,
UannlEctarera end Wholesale Beelers tn
BOOTS AND SHOES,
Ho. U Lite Stmt, CUcago, IQ.
We would respectfnEy can the attention of City and
Country Merchants to oar extensive stock of Boots and.
Shoes, which we have cow In store, and are dallv re
ceiving from, our Factory in West Boyalstbn, Mast,
which consists of a fan assortment of those Celebrated
Custom-Made Patna Kip and Cal£ and Grain water-
Proof Boots; together with a mu stock of all stylee or
FALL AND WINTER GOODS,
Of the best quality and manufacture* which we am
prepared to sell for CASH and prompt paying trade U
Boston and New York Jobbing Prices.
We are Agents for tho sale of Mitchell’s Patent Me
talllc Tip Boot* and Shoes in an the States.
REMOVAL.
FIELD, BENEDICT &Co. s
HAVE REMOVED TO
Nos> 34 & 36 Lake Street,
CORSES OF WABASH AVENUE,
Where they arc now opening a larra stock of New and
Desirable Goods lor
MEN’S WEAR.
They will toe happy to have all their old customers a;
well as new ones. Call and Esaoons thzib Stocs
WHICH B ILL BE SOLD CHEAP.
[feT-kSB-ly]
HAYDEN, EAT & GO.,
No. 338 Randolph Street,
Manufacturers and Importers of
CARRIAGE, SADDLE
A SD
Harness Materials,
And Dealers in
CARRIAGE AND WAGON TIMBER,
SPRINGS, AXLES,
SkliUng, Bridle and Harness
Leather,
HOUSE COLLARS, WHIPS, t.arttes, &c,, cat
Arc offering low for CASH the largest and best aa
sorted stock in their line ever brought to the North
west.
Orders promptly attended to. foC-kT3S-3a
(REASONABLE GOODS.
BOWEN BROTHERS,
74 ft 76 lake Straett
Invite special attention to thalrlarze and
stock of
Fall, Winter and Holiday
GOODS.
Consisting of Newaad Fresh Styles oc
Frl&tit De Lalnetj Hohain, BrocaiEt,
Shawls, Drew Goods, ftc,,
Together with a very full stock of
FAXCY KOTIOXS,
All sold atJarttißff prices Is consideration of the g 4.
Taace in the hast, ASTSET cajororasDcniaATED.
DICKERSON & CO.
199 fc 301 Budolpfe Streef^EMtsgeg
IHPOSTEE3 O?
Hm PLATE, SHEET IROIS, Ac., Ac.
DEALESSIK
Tinners* Stock.
AGENTS FOB
Howe’s Improved Scales*
tacff6l.K3.lyJ
.$492)550.84
D RT GOODS CHEAP for CASH.
COOLEY, FARWELL & SO.,
Nob« 40} 44 aas 46 Vabaih lve&n&«
Have ia store a large stock of
FALL and WINTER GOODS,
gwarteußrtttnttoß <* clo ea Duyofc before TV-
come down tomTTar BaahL maxww CAfF
ttsEULE and Credit the Exception, and ifopo tie
Country Itferchanta Will heartily endorse sutfi a tie*
Pgge. COOLEY, warwkt.t. * CO.
1« * 18—State Street—lß &18
CHICAG-O.
G. C. COOK & CO.
Invite th a of buyers to their stocks*
aEOOERIES,
Which they offer
At the Lowest Cash Prices.
e.G.eooK&oo,
1C ft 18—State Street—lC *lB
'J'DTXLK, HIBBARD * CO.,
IMPOSTERS OF
HARDWARE AND TIN PLATE,
•S - USS STREET • ||
We offer to the Trade; at tb LOWEST Mlwr "
PBICESe
ism boxes test flat*
moo bdlg. SHEET BOB;
» “ RUSSIA boh;
- 351 • miTATIOH BUSffIA,
SB * BRTQBTTmari .
- CS casta SHEET SRC,
IS (oos PIG TEJ,
U£C9 lbs. COPPER BOTTOMS,
H seta TISSEBE'TQQISiaaxiCSEOI
S3 casks BRIGHT OXacdCOIL ng*rm.
L9N,do& A-rre^
‘UN * SHOVELS, d£A2>S3a&4 BCOOTL
B lOia SAD X&OSB,
TUTTLE, HIBBARD A CD..
selHWtly Conet of state mutsßnm
FDR SALE- ARoggtea’ Card Cat-
TEIL In perfect order. Fries Oust ts so
TOipsiy QKder. - Atoai beOud
Trihaaeoace, sec.
ISOSIEBT,
WOOLE3TSI
tfel-tGCMmI

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