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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, March 14, 1862, Image 2

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FRIDAY, MARCH 14, 1863.
INDEMNITY and security.
Unless the end of this War brings indem
nity forllie past and security for the fu
tuie, it will have been waged by the North
in rain, and the work will remain to be
done all over again at a time when the
country may not be so able or prepared as
now. What the people want, is a moral cer
tainty of a tranquil future, and national
permanence j they also want the costa of
the great suit won by them, t ixed on the
property of those who appealed to the ar
bitrament of the sword. In other words,
the rebels must he made to pay the ex
pense of the war. Future peace and
tranquillity cannot he attained save hy
confiscation of the estates of the rebel
slave-holders, and the emancipation of their
slaves. If the traitors be permitted tore
tain their plantations and slaves, it will re
quire a standing army of 150,000 men to
hold them in subjection to law and to
prevent fresh attempts at revolt. Those
men will he breeding mischief and hatch
ing conspiracies. eternally. Their hearts
are filled with hatred of free society and
deadly malice towards Northern people.
They will keep the whole South in a fever
ish, discontented, and mutinous condition.
They will never dispair of obtaiuiug re
venge on their conquerors, and never cease
preparing and watching for a favorable op
portunity to spring at the throat of the
Union and strangle it - The social and po
litical rale of the slave master in the South
will be more comprehensive and remorse
less than ever before. His control over
the public opinion of the South will be,
as'heretofore, supreme.
If the rebels be restored by amnesty to
then estates and slaves, they will feel no
gratitude to the Administration. The slave
holder is a stranger to such a sentiment for
leniency. He will consider the recovery
qt his lands and slaves as no more than
Ids due, and he will ascribe to fear, aud not
to favor, the act of restoration. In exact
proportion to the favors and concessions
bestowed upon him. will be his contempt
for the people of the North. All sacrifices
made to placate slaveholders are regarded
by them as so many of their “rights*’ re
lumed, of which they had been unjustly
deprived; and their anger waxes hotter in
proportion to the extent of the concessions
made, because the gifts were not sooner be
stowed! This is in accordance with the
essence of slavery, which is war against
human nature arid the inalienable rights of
man. It is a system of arbitary repression,
in which one man, in his lust for dominion
over his fellow, trains himself into the be
lief that the other lias no rights that he is
hound to respect. It makes Mm look with
evil eye upon third persons who do not sanc
tion his tjTanny over his fellow man and
call it rigid. He can brook no restraint
upon his own arbitrary will, and can tolerate
no authority but Ms own mandates. He
commands, and it is for others to obey. He
consumes, and it is for others to produce,
without recompense or hope of reword.
"With the slaveholder the laborer is enti
tled to no hire—nothing'but what the horse
or the ox gets—mere animal sustenance.
Hence, the slaveholder can never live at
peace in a society that he does not rale with
absolute sway. No compromises satisfy,
no sacrificespacily Mm, save unconditional
submission to his dictation. The day after
the rebellion is put down, if the slave mas
ters be restored to their possessions, they
will begin to lay the foundation for another
revolt of greater magnitude and certainty
of success. Slavery is constant, sleep
less treason against Free Government.
Slavery can never be loyal to Lib
erty. To be loyal is to emancipate
aid cease to hold men as chattels. The
Union with liberty can endure for count
less ages: but Use Union with slavery can
exist only after Liberty is strangled. The
Union must become all one thing or the
other. . A house divided against itself can
not stand.
'-'(■rllli-m men who advocate a restora
tion of the Union with riavety, are enemies
lo thciieacc ami concord ofiiielr country;
they arc advocates of future discords and
new rebellions: they are adversaries of
National atniiy and pc-jpetuby. The only
solution of the National trouhlc; the only
j'crmanent, efiicicnt cure for the terrible
disease preying on the body politic, is to
purge slavery ont of the Republic, give
compensation or ransom to loyal masters,
and confiscate the laud? and slaves of the
traitors, sell the one lo loyal citizens and
confer freedom on the other. This remedy
Will cure the National disease. It alone is
reliable—all others arc quackery, and will
terminate in making matters worse.
Take a plantation of 5,000 acres belong
ing to an ingrained traitor: confiscate it;
divide it into twenty-five farms of 200 acres
each; sell them to thehighcstloyalbidders
for part cash and the remainder in annual
instalments; pay the proceeds—§3o,ooo
perhaps—into the National Treasury, and
have Government apply the money to the
liquidation of the war deht. The result
will be that twenty-five true and loyal citi
zens will take possession of the estate,
defend it, cultivate it, employ the
negroes to help them work it;
preserve Hie peace of the school district;
arrest and punish ou the spot any treason
able con-piracy detected; enable the Gov
ernment to discharge one or two soldiers
who otherwise would have to be supported
to watch the slaveholding rebel and keep
him quiet, and the money paid for the
property would save 53,090 of taxes ta pay
interest by wiping out §50,000 of the
debt itself. The hundred freed blacks
that had Tonnerly been the slave's of that
rebel, would become peaceable,industrious
and loyal laborers—ready to defend the
Government and fight for the Union, when
ever called upon. These two roads arc
open before the people. "Which will they
take ? Shall the end of this war be only a
temporary cessation of hostilities; a mere
fiction of peace, witli absolute certainty of
future internecine convulsion and bloody,
wastingstruggle? Or shall it be a fruitful
triumph; a liberation from a despotic and
usurping, deadly system? Shall there be
bomogenity of institutions overthcland; a
purified people, and regenerated Republic ?
The fact that the engagement of the Mon
itor and Merrimae in Hampton Roads was
the first encounter of iron-plated or shot
proof vessels in the world, will turn the
attention of all maritime or warlike na
tions to the result. That result,
though immediately gratifying to us,
is not such as we could wish
the Monitor had attained. She kept up the
contest for four hours and twenty minutes,
and, though She is uninjured, there is no
certainty that she succeeded in injuring
her opponent. Indeed, in spite of the re
port which we first had that the Merrimae
retreated in a sinking condition, there is
reason to believe that she got out of coal,
and was compelled to retire simply
from the prospective failure of her motive
power. And this seems to he the belief at
Fortress Monroe where the most extensive
preparations possible nnder the circum
stances, have been made for her reception
should she venture out again. All non
comhatants have been ordered away;
the hig gun on the Rip Rap has
been put into working trim,' and
all the vessels capable of doing duty are
preparing for the expected encounter. In
Slew York no inconsiderable alarm is felt.
If the Merrimae is impregnable to shot and
Ehcll, and if, as is alleged, she can outsail
the Monitor full three knots an hour, that
city is not safe. The steamer may run
past Fortress Monroe, take, without
“•jury, two or three shot from
the Floyd (new Union) gun on the Rip
1-aps, steam into Kew York harbor, and.in
spile of all resistance, bombard the town,
ana reduce or bum it 5t her leisure. This
in tXr New have
m mmd, ana for which they are makin
snch preparations as they can. In the
meantime, it is galling to know that noth
ing on™ be done. For months, and until
the ingenuity of our mechanics and the
resources of our workshops turn out some
thing that has a heavier metal and greater
speed than the rebel steamer, our fleet
and our towns are at her mercy. The re
gret that this should so, is heightened by
the fact that the officers at Fortress
Honroe . have been warned again
and again, during the winter, of the
certainty that the experiment the
rebels were trying was a success. Not
a fortnight ago, information came which,
if listened to, would have upset all the
theories that our naval men had formed!
betas it came from contrabands,it was
not heeded, hence the neglected means of
defense. TYc have paid the penalty of
indifference, and though the appropriation
of fifteen millions of dollars for iron clad
gunboats may cover up deficiencies six
months hence, it will not afford us a safe
guard to-day. There has been gross neg
lect, but it is too late to complain.
Will our CMcago merchants make no
effort, to secure their share of the Southern
trade? It Is three weeks since Gen. Hal
leck removed the restrictions from the
Cumberland and Tennessee rivers. We
have Western Kentucky open to us at Co
lumbus, and before the close of the month
wc shall have a foothold in Memphis. The
Cincinnati and Louisville merchants
are on the alert, and wc arc informed
that the steamboats are plying
up the rivers, engaged in a most
profitable weeks since
corn bushel in
there a and cot
ton, the of com
modities. Shall Illinois let tMs business
go by default, and can nothing be done
by the merchants of this State to help the
fanners dispose of some of their surplus
products? Surely, with our large surplus
crop of com last season, Illinois can under
sell the States east of her, and yet it seems
for the want of business houses, and capi
tal at Cairo, nothing whatever is doing to
relieve utter stagnation in the moving of
produce from this State South.
Twelve months ago the whole rolling stock
of the Illinois Central was taxed day and
night, taking produce out to the Southern
markets. Upon iuquliy of the General
Freight Agent, we arc informed that there
is yet no perceptible increase of business.
The freight earnings of the road since the
Ist of .January, as compared with the first
ten weeks of last year, have fallen off nearly
three hundred and fifty thousand dollars.
He estimates the value of the products
sMpped out of Cairo in the first quarter of
ISGI, at §5,000,000 to 0,000,000. It does
appeorasif a little enterprise on the part of
the citizens of Illinois would infuse new
life and put some money into the pockets
of our fanners.
Importance of Dupont’s Operations.
The harbor of Brunswick is the finest south
cf Port RoyaL With Fcruandina in our
possession, wc hold the three best harbors on
the South Atlantic coast. Aside from the im
portance of the harbor, it is the eastern termi
nus of the Florida and Brunswick Railroad,
not, however, completed, and is connected by
railroad with McDonald, through which passes
the Savannah and Albany Gulf Railroad.
With Cedar Keys in our possession, we hold
both the eastern and western terminus of the
railroad running across Florida, fromFcrnan
dlna to Cedar Keys—in fact, catting off the
entire State from railroad communication
with Georgia, and the States north of it. The
town of Brunswick is situated at the mouth
of Tuttle river, some eighty miles south-wett
of Savannah. It is the county seat of Glynn
county, with a population, according to the
census oflSso, oi 4,533, thus curiously pro
portioned—free whites C 96; free colored 5;
slaves 4.232. Fcrnandina is a city about the
same size.
Isdiclal Elections in Wisconsin.
Judicial elections take place in Wisconsin
•his spring, In the Fourth Circuit, composed
of the counties of Sheboygan, Manitowoc,
Fond du Lac, Calumet and Kewaunee: anditi
the Sixth Circuit, composed of LaCrosse, Bad
Ax and several other counties. Iu the Fourth
C ircuit the present incumbent of the bench,
David Taylor of Sheboygan, is a candiddate
lor re-election, and will succeed with proba
bly little or no opposition. In the Sixth Dis
trict, the present incumbent, George Gale is a
candidate for rc-electlon. Ira E. Mcssmore,
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Fourteenth regi
ment, is also a candidate for the place. Sena
tor Flint, now representing the LaCrossc Dis
trict at Madison, has also been put on the
The terms of the following named mem
bers of the United States Senate will expire
with the present Congress, on the 4th of
March next:
James Dixon (Rep.), Councclicut.
Milton S. Latham (Opp.). California.
James A. Bayard (Opp ), Delaware.
Joseph A. Wright (Opp.). Indiana.
Lot M. Morrill, (Hop.), Maine.
Charles Sumner (Rep.), Massachusetts.
Anthony Kennedy (Opp ). Marland.
Zach. Chandler (Rep.), Michigan.
Henry2l. Dice (Opp.). Minnesota.
Preston King (Rep.), New York.
John R. Thompson (Opp ), New Jcraev.
David Wilmot (Rop.), Pennsylvania.
James P. Simmons (Rep.). Rhode Island.
Andrew Johnson (Opp.) Tennessee.
Solomon Foot (Rep.). Vermont.
Waitman T. Willey (Opp.), Virginia.
James R. Doolittle (Rep.), Wisconsin.
53?" The Secretary Of War has ordered the
following tariff of exchange of prisoners of
Per a General Coramandcr-in-Chief, eixtv men.
Lieutenant General, forty men.
Major General, thirty men.
Brigadier General, twenty men.
Colonel, fifteen men.
Lieutenant Colonel, teamen.
Major, eight men.
Captain, six men.
Lieutenant, four men.
Sub-Lieutenant or Ensign, three men.
Non-commissioned officers, two men.
Privates, man for man.
Gov. Robinson has pocketed aud killed
some of the last measures of the Kansas Leg
islature ; among them appropriations for a
Stale prison, an act incorporating agricultural
societies, an act to reduce fees, and an act ap
pointing a State Agent (George W. Collamorc)
to receive moneys due the Slate from the In
terior Department for the sale of State Bonds.
The Leavenworth Conservative says: *
“Is it not time for us to begin to echo the
popular civ—the cry which proposes a speedv
and hempen conclusion to the life of our
scoundrel Governor?”
CST* Capt. John K. Mizncr, of the 2d U. S.
Cavalry, who has been for some months the
mustering officer of Michigan volunteers, has
been appointed Colonel of the 8d Michigan
Cavalry-, in Missouri, vice Granger.
CSTThc pro-slavery evening print lias got a
bad attack of Tribvke. It frotlis at tke
month like a rabid canine. Let the puppy
Southern News.
[From the Memphis Avalanche, 7th.]
The Hero of 3lanassas.— 'Wc arc credibly
informed that General Beauregard has entirely
recovered his health, and has assumed active
command of the forces stationed at the differ
ent strongholds defending the Mississippi val
ley. We nave all confidence, now, that a van
dal’s foot never tread the streets of Mcm-
Ehis. Wc are pleased to say our people are
opeful and resolute just now.
The Dallas Herald confirms the report that
the Federate wore expected to abandon Fort
Craig, on account of being short of provis
ions. They had abandoned Almora on tbc
approach of Bayler with 500 men, leaving
what they could”not take with them. Gen.
Sibley’s headquarters were at Fort Sherman,
on the Rio Grande, midway between Messilla
and Fori Craig. The Indians were trouble
some, and had stolen 21 horses from Colonel
Rciley’s regiment.
President Davis has established martial law
at Norfolk, Portsmouth and Richmond, Va.
The same thing has hcen done in Memphis.
Let all men acquiesce in whatever is esteemed
a “ militaiy necessity.” Wc are all in the
same boat, and must sink or swim together!
A correspondent writing from Nash
ville, March sth, to the New York World,
I am ashamed to tell the truth in reference
to our wounded braves now lying in the hos
pitals of this city. Abundance of time has
has been afforded’for systematic and humane
treatment of them, but they have not
received it. You are accosted, by the poor
fellows with “Where is the suurgeon?”
“Have you seen the doctor?” Do you
know who has charge of us ?” “My wound
has not been dressed since vealerday morn
ing.” Several have absolutely died from
neglect. And yet I can count opauletted M.
D.o by the scores about the hotels; and
several first rate physicians of the place
have tendered their services. There aro in
stances of fidelity and humanity among tbs
army surgeons, but there are also instances of
-a»my eurgeons who have no more conscience
than the tz&ppiogs they are bespangled with,
and no more sensibility than the horse they
IDiite Directions to the Earners of the West*
Some days ago we printed a brief article, in
■which, we urged the farmers of the Northwest
to pay some attention to Tobacco as a crop
for this year, basing the appeal upon the fact
that all the tobacco-growing districts in the
country arc suffering from the rebellion, and
that the year’s crop will be necessarily small
and prices high. A gentleman of this city—a
man of sense, education and character—who
has had much experience in tobacco culture
iu New York, has undertaken to prepare for
our columns a series of articles, in which
minute directions to the grower are set forth.
His information is reliable and valuable. We
print the first of his communications below:
Editors Chicago Tribune;
Noticing an article in a late number of your
paper on Tobacco Culture, it occurred to me
that some practical information on the sub
ject might be of value to some of your read
ers; ana therefore I volunteer s few remarks
to that end.
The only kind of tobacco grown successfully
in the Northern States is the “Seed Leaf,”
used in the manufacture of smoking tobacco,
and has been mostly confined to small dis
tricts in Connecticut, New York, Pennsylva
nia and Ohio. Connecticut having taken the
lead in its production, her tobacco has become
the standard of quality, and consequently
much of the higher grade of seed tobacco
furnished for market is sold as Connecticut
seed, though actually grown in New York,
Pennsylvania, Ohio, or elsewhere. Its main
feature is its quality, and the profit arising
from its production depends uponjthe ability
of the producers to furnish a quality which
will command a ready market and a good
price; and, I will add, that no article of pro
duction commands a more prompt and certain
return than a first class quality of seed tobacco
411 every market.
In the States above mentioned the crop his
pioved very profitable where proper land his
been selected for its growth, and the requisite
skill and care exercised in its management.
The average yield per acre, under good hus
bandry, is about 1,500 Ins., and on choice soil
and rich, extra tillage, 2,000 to 2,500 lbs.
The average price for a good, well managed
crop has been about 8200 per ton; an extra
crop as high as $250 and S3OO per ton.
After the proper fixtures are erected, the
cost of the crop, fitted for market, is from S4O
to SOO per acre, depending upon the price of
labor, manure, etc. One consideration in re
gard to the labor, however, is, that one half is
required in the winter season in preparing it
for market, at which time farmers have but
little to do.
These figures show, in case of a successful
crop, a very large return forthc labor and out
lay, and will admit of a reasonable allowance
for a poor crop and still leave a profit; thev
are based upon my own operations for several
successive years in the production of tobacco
in the State of New York. They show a mod
erate estimate of the cost aud receipts.
The fact that tobacco of thrifty growth and
good quality can he raised iu Illinois, Wiscon
sin, Indiana and Michigan, has been demon
strated to a certainty. During the seven years
that I Lave been a resident of Chicago
my attention has been called by dealers to
samples grown in all the last mentioned
States. These samples prove that the proper
soil for its successful growth is not wantimr;
hut they also prove that the benefit of tins
production is lost by the want of knowledge
in the curing and preparation of it for market;
for its unmarketable condition renders it val
uable only for the most common uses to which
the article is appropriated; and, in conse
quence, the owner realizes onlv one half, and
sometimes not over one-fourth, of the price
which it would have brought hud it been pro
perly treated from the time it was taken from
the field.
The samples ■which I have examined from.
Michigan and Indiana, "when considered inde
pendent of the condition, did not exhibit as
fine a quality of leaf as those of lUiuois. Spe
cimens of Illinois tobacco show as line and
elastic texture and as good a burning quality as
any of Connecticut, New York or Ohio; and,
under the same treatment, I have no doubt,
would bear as good character in the market
after its merits become known. Another feat
ure encouraging jo the 'Western farmer to try
the experiment, is the fact that the supply of
the Northwestern States is now being manu
factured to a great extent at Chicago, audthat
the stock of leaf tobacco which furnishes these
manufactories is purchased East, and comes
to the manufacturer charged with the profit of
the jobber and cost of transportation, overtlie
amount received by the producers, as stited
above. In this view of the case, it is a matter
of importance to the farmers of the West, and
especially of the fertile regions of Illinois, in
districts distant from market, to make the ex
periment, aud if successful, add this valuable
product to their rich harvests.
To enable any who arc not acquainted with
tLc crop, and who may desire to make the ex
periment, I will briefly describe the process
by which the crop is produced. The soil re
quisite for a good growth and quality is a drv
sandy loam, in a warm location, protected as
much as possible from winds. Soli containing
any mixture of clay Is objectionable. The
field selected should have been under cultiva
tion for the last year and highly fertilized by
manures; should receive another dressing this
spring, and plowed dec*) as earlvas the condi
tion of the earth will admit. One object of
using artificial means of fertilizing is, that it
improves the burning quality as well as stim
ulates tbc growth of the product.
The first, business, however, to command
the attention of the farmer who intends to
make the experiment this season, is the pre
paration aud seeding of a bed for the produc
tion of the plants. As soon as the land is in a
condition to work light, select a patch of rich,
warm, light land, in a position to be shielded
from exposure to the north aud west winds,
and prepare a bed with a xdentiful admixture
of strong compost. Hog or lien manure is
preferable, for the reason that it is much more
active iu hastening the growth of the voung
plant, and docs not incumber the soil by pre
venting the surface from being rendered
friable and equalh- pulverized for' the recep
tion of the seed, which is small, and requires
a position so near the surface that it is hardly
covered from exposure. The manure or com-
should be near the surface. When the
bed is prepared the seed should be thinly and
evenly distributed over it, and should be im
mediately fastened bv pressing the surface
firmly with the back of a shovel, and the bed
then covered with a layer of clean, straight
straw, aud kept in its place wPh light poles,
laid upon it at suitable distances. This
covering should he sufficiently thick to
prevent the seed from being distributed by
the wind, and to assist the land to re
tain moisture on the surface and not
prevent the warming influence of the sun
upon it. This process ensures a uniform ger
mination of the seed, and in one-fourth of the
time required by leaving the surface exposed.
This covering should be left undisturbeduutil
the plant appears and then removed. The
plant may he distinguished on its first appear
ance by its small, round leaves, closely set to
the stem, and unlike other plants. As soon as
it has attained sufficient size not to be dis
turbed by weeding, the bed should be cleaned
of weeds and the plants thinned suffi
ciently to crow separately without
interference. This should be done
without pressing on the bed, as it is
required to be kept light. A plank supported
at each end, laid across the beds tor the labor
ertq recline upon while doing the work, will
obviate that danger. Thcbcds should be con
stantly attended and kept clean until the leaves
of the plants arc two inches in diameter, when
they will he fit for transplanting. The seed
ing may he done ns late as the middle of April,
but it is desirable that should he done as early
as thefirst. Afewdaysbcforc the plant is ready
to set, the field intended for the crop should
be again plowed and harrowed, and rows
marked north and south three and a half to
four feet apart, andplaces prepared with a hoe
two lect apart on the rows, for setting the
plant. The first wet day after the ground is
prepared should be improved in transplant
ing. This process is the most important of
all, and I shall, therefore, he particular in its
description. The plants should he moved
while the bed is wet, by inserting a small iron
instrument to the depth of the root, gently
loosening it, until it can be easilv drawn
out. They arc then transferred’ to the
field, and by means of a round pointed
wood instrument oue inch iu diameter, a hole
is made some four or five inches deep in the
place prepared, into winch the root is inserted
and the earth pressed firmly togetheraronndit.
During the season of its growth the field
shoul be kept clean with the hoe as long as
there is space to work round the plants.
I have thus far been minute in describing
the process, hoping to assist any unacquaint
ed with the crop and its made 'of
management who may feel disposed to
make the trial this season. In a
subsequent article, with your permission, I
will give your readers the mode of maturing
the plant for harvesting, and the subsequent
management of curing and preparing it for
market. Also directions for the erection of
cheap and convenient fixtures for the pur
pose. Seed Leaf.
The Congressional Committee In the
[From the Cincinnati Enquirer, yesterday ]
As we have already stated, a portion of the
Congressional Investigating Committee, with
their clerks and sergeant-at-arras, are making
another tour through the West, and'have
again visited Cincinnati. Daring the two
days the Committee were in this citv, they
examined witnesses as to the manufacture of
tents, coverlids, clothing, &c. They
find that per order of General Meigs,
a large quantity of clothing, not up
to the regulation standard and much of an in
ferior quality, had been distributed to tbe
troops in this Department, and at present
there are on hand of this character of clothing
10,000 overcoats, 10,000 frock coats, and 10,000
trowscre, manufactured and inspected in Bos
ton, which the Quartermasters here, Captains
Dickerson and Gill, refused to issue to the
troops on account of their inferiority. There
are also on hand, in addition to the above
clothing not regulation. 17,000 pantaloons
9,500 overcoats, and 15,000 frock coats.
The Committee had other matters before
them, but they were of a trivial character.
They have gone to Indianopalis, where they
are promised developments of rascalitv of no
ordinary character. The Committee will en
ter into a minute examination, and. if we
mistake not, great will be the fall of many
leading men, civil and military, iu the Hoosier
State. Similar diclosures are predicted in
Illinois, to which State the Committee pro
ceed from Indianapolis. Stand from under.
Explosion of a Locomotive.—Two Men
Killed.— A tcrribleaccideat occurred on the
Cleveland <fe Pittsburgh road yesterday after
noon, resulting in the death of *wo men.
About 4 o’clock the locomotive “ Hanover,”
when a short distance beyond Hanover sta
tion, drawing a heavy wood train, and labor
ing hard on an up-grade, exploded, tearing
the boiler to atoms and killing the fireman
and abrakemaa. The brakeman, whose name
was John Karney, was thrown to a distance of
two hundred yards from the engine. The
firman, Michael King, was taken from the
platform of the engine, his skull fearfully
crushed In. Both men were taken up dead,
No cause is assigned for the disaster, there
being plenty of water in the boiler, and the
engine being in a perfect state.—CTewfand
Leader, l&Ai
His Official Beport of the Taking of
Femandina, Fla..
Captain Davis, late Fleet-Captain of the
North Atlantic Squadron, arrived at "Wash
ington on last Monday night, bringing an offi
cial dispatch from Commodore Dupont,
which the following is a copy:
Flag-ship Mohican, Harbor op 1
Fernandina, Fla., March4,lß62. J
Sir: I had the honor to inform you in my
last dispatch that the expedition for Femandi
na was equipped and waiting only for suitable
weather to sail from Port Royal. I have now
the pleasure to inform you that I am in full
possession of Cnmherlandlslaud and the Sound
Femandina, and Amelia Island, and the river
and town of St. Mary’s.
I sailed from Port Royal on the last day of
February, in the Wabash, and on the 2d inst,
entered Cumberland Sound by St. Andrew’s
Inlet, in the Mohican, Commander S. W. Gor
don, on board of which ship Ihavehoistcd inv
flag. The fleet comprised the following ves
sels, sailing in the order in which they arc
named: Ottawa, Mohican, accompanied by the
Ellen, Seminole, Pawnee, Pocahontas, Flag,
Florida, James Auger, Bienville, Alabama,
Keystone State, Seneca, Huron, Pembina,
Isaac Smith, Penguin, Potomska, the armed
cutter Henrietta, the armed transport McClel
lan, the latter having on board the battalion of
marines, under the command of Major Rey
nolds,and the transports Empire City. Marlon,
Star of the South, Belvidere, Boston, and
George’s Creek, containing a brigade under
the command of Brig.-Gcn.w right.
We came to anchor in Cumberland Sonud,
at 10>< on the morning of the 2d, to make an
examination of the channel, and wait for the
tide. Here I learned from a contraband, who
had been picked up at sea by Commander La
nier, and from the neighboring residents on
Cumberland Island, that the rebels had aban
doned in haste the whole of the defenses of
Fernandina, and were even at that moment re
treating from Amelia Island, carrying with
them such oi their munitions as their precipi
tate flight would allow.
The in carrying the whole fleet
through Cumberland Sound was to bam the
heavy works on the south end of the Cumber
land, and the north end of Amelia Island. But
on receiving this intelligence, I detached the
gunboats and armed steamers of light draft
from the main line, and placing them under
the command of Commander P. Drayton, of
the steam-sloop Pawnee, I ordered them to
push through the Sound at the utmost speed
to save public and private property from
threatened destruction; to prevent poisoning
wells, and to put a stop to ali those outrages,
by the perpetration of which, the leaders of
this nefarious war hope to drive and exaspe
rate the Southern people.
In the meantime I went out of the Sound
and came by the sea to the main entrance of
this harbor. In consequence of bad weather,
I was unable to cross the bar till this morn
ing. Commander Drayton, accompanied
by H. R. P. Rogers, with tbc armed launches
and cutters, and the small armed companies
from the Wabash, had arrived several hours
before me. Immediately on his entering the
harbor, Commander Drayton sent Lient.
White, of the Ottawa, to hoist the flag
on Fort Clinch, the first of the Nationm
forts, on which the ensign of the Union has
resumed its proper place since the first proc
lamation of the President of the United States
was issued. A few scattering musket shots
were fired from the town by the living cnerav,
when it was discovered that a railroad train
was about to start. Commander Dayton, on
boarn the Ottawa, and Lieut Commanding
Stevens, chased this train for two miles, and
fired several shells at it, aiming at the locomo
tive, some of which took effect. It was re
ported that the Hon. David Yulee, late a
Senator of the United States from the Shite of
Florida, escaped from this train and took to
the hush.
Commander C. R. P. Rodgers, pushing
ahead with the launches, captured the rebel
steamer Darlington,containing military stores,
army wagons, mules, forage, &c., and fortu
nately secured the drawbridge, which was
held during the night by the second launch of
the "Wabash. There were x>assengcrs, women
and children, in the Darlington, and the brutal
Captain suffered her to be fired upon, and re
fused to hoist a white ilag, notwithstanding
the entreaties of the women. No one was in
jured. I send the Captain of the steamer home
a prisoner. His name is Jacob Brock. He is
a native of Vermont, but he has been a resi
dent of Florida for twenty-three vears.
The same night Commander C. R. P,
Rogers ascended the St. Mary’s with the Ot
tawa, and took possession of the town, driv
ing out a picket of the enemy’s cavalry. Early
in the morning the town of Pernandina was
also occupied by a party of seamen and ma
rines from Commander Drayton’s command.
In both place the inhabitants had fled, by or
der, it is said, of the rebel authorities. A com
pany of seamen and marines, under Lieut.
. toiler, was sent from the Mohican to hold Fort
Clinch. It is reported tome by Lieutenant
Commanding Downer, of the Huron, that the
whole structure of the railroad on the Fernan
dina side, including the swinging drawbridge,
is quite uninjured.
The rebels have done some damage by fire
to the tressle work on Ul3 other side of the
river, but I am not yet informed of its extent.
Several locomotives, baggage cars, tenders,
freight cars, ami some other property besides
that was found in the steamer Darlington,
have been removed.
The whole number of guns discovered up to
this time is thirteen, embracing heavy 32-
pounders, 8-incU guns, and one 80 and one 120-
poundc? rifl- d guns. The towns ot St. Mary’s
and FVrnnudina arc uninjured. I visited the
town, Fort Clinch, and the earthworks on the
sea face of the island. It. is impossible to
look at these preparations fora vigorous de
fense without being surprised that should
have been voluntarily deserted. The batte
ries on the north and northeast shores arc as
complete as art can make them. Six are well
concealed and protected by ranges of sand
hills in front, contain a perfect shelter for the
men, and are so small and thoroughly covered
by the natural growth and by the varied
contours of the land, that to strike them
from the water would be the mere result
of chance. A battery of six guns, though
larger, and affording, therefore, a better mark,
is equally well sheltered and masked. The
batteries and the heavy guns mounted on Fort
Clinch command all the turnings of the main
ship channel, and rake an approaching enemy.
Bccdde them, there was another battery of
four guns on the south eud of Cumberland
Island, the fire of which would cross the chan
nel inside the bar. The difficulties arising
from the indirectness of the channel and from
the shortness of the bar would have added to
the defenses by keeping the approaching ves
•stls a long time exposed to lire, under great
disadvantages, and when the ships of an ene
my had passed all these defenses, they would
have to encounter a well constructed and
naturally masked battery at the town, which
commands the access to the inner anchorage.
Wc are told that Gen. Lee pronounced the
place perfectly defensible. Wc arc not sur
. prised at this, if true. We captured Port
Koval, but Fcrnandina and Fori Clinch have
been given to us.
Wc hud, in the expedition, Mr. W. H. Den
nis, an assistant in the Coast Survey, who pos
sessed accurate local knowledge of a part of
the ground we passed over, of which indeed
he had made the topographical map under the
direction of the superintendent. He was
zealous and active, and it gives me pleasure to
mention him. The Empire City, on board of
which was Gen. Wright, grounded on the
bar. As soon as he arrived fin another steam
er, immediate steps were taken to transfer to
him the forts and all authority and possession
on the land.
I desire to speak here of the harmonious
counsels, and candid co-operation, which have
marked throughout my intercourse with that
able c fficer. Our plans of action have been
matured by mutual consultation, and have
been carried into execution by mutual help.
I take great pleasure in reminding the De
partment that one principal and ultimate oh
jert of the Naval Expedition, which I have the
honor to command, was, in the first concep
tion, to take and keep under control the whole
line of scacoast of Georgia, knowing, to use
the language of the original paper, u that the
naval power that commands the seacoast of
Georgia, controls the State of Georgia.”
The report that the fortifications at St.
Simons arr&ed with heavy columbiads had
been abandoned, which first reached me at
Port Koval, is confirmed. This being the case,
the entire coast of Georgia is now either actu
ally in my possession or under my control,
and thus the views of the Government have
been accomplished.
Very respectfully.
Your most obedient servant,
. , S. F. Dupont. Flag Officer.
Commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squad
To Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy,
Washington, D. C.
Tone of the Nashville Papers*
The Nashville Times of the Bth has a malig
nant and treasonable article, which commences
by saying. “Nashville of to-day presents a
mournful contrast to the Nashville of a few
weeks ago.” It proceeds to picture the late
happy condition of the town, and says: “ Now
look at Nashville of to day! What a paU is
overspread this once fair city!” Further
along it says the cause of “ this ruin and deso
lation” is not “ the mere presence of a hostile
army!” The article concludes:
“hi vain proclamations mavbeissued and orders
published, telling us to go on with our business.
As well tell the dead to live. We have no one with
whom to do business. The channels of our trade
do not run in the direction from which our invad
ers came. Until the natural source of our com
merce and wealth is reopened to us, Nashville is a
doomed city. Her marts of trade and once happy
homes may as well he given, over to the occuna
tion of soldiers as not.
“The past and present condition of Nashville
both incontestably prove that her destiny is with
the South.”
The military authorities at Nashville will in
our judgment, show that thev have a very in
adequate idea of “ the situation,” if they per
mit this thing to continue. Such articles as
we notice above are more' mischievous than if
outspoken, abrupt treason. They are insidi
ous, and should be extinguished.— Cincinnati
Quartermaster £olb as an Author.
[From the ‘Wheeling Intelligencer.]
It is said that Lcib, when the news of the
Senate’s refusal to confirm him and the charge
that he was a million short, was read to him
he was overheard and cars In business. He
slanted up Ida best car, listened attentively
wheeled around to bis desk, and commenced
in a furious manner to write a book, entitled,
“ Nine months in the Quartermaster’s Depart
ment of Western Virginia.” Ho has already
written one hundred pages, and a gentleman
who has had the pleasure of looking at tha
sheets, s&ya the book will be the richest pro
duction of the age. The Captain promise* to
send ua ono of the first copies, aad Hie field
bciao; new and abundant, we have no doubt It
will be full of incident, whiah, being bandied
by the facile pea of our afotsed Fallstaffiaa Q.
M., the book must go oft like hot cakes. It
will be a book ol about two hundred pages,
and will contain a truthful but humorous his
tory of affairs in Western Virginia.
nusois cosunrmoiAi tosnsnoi.
[Expressly reported tor the Chicago Tribune.]
Si’IINGFIEU), March 13,1E63.
Knives to pages.
On resolution of Mi*. Simpson, and after con*
siderable talk on the part of the Democracy,
the pages were each allowed a knife similar to
that used by the members.
Sir. Goodspeed of Will* who had been dan
gerously ill for some weeks of typhoid fever,
appeared in his seat to-day and was congratu
lated by all parties.
After considerable debate, on motion of Mr.
Stame, sec. 29, Bill of Rights, was so amend
ed that Grand Juries shall hereafter consist of
twelve instead of twenty-three. The vote
stood ayes 44, nocs 15
The section, as finally amended, stands as
Sec. 29. The General Assembly fhall so provide
that twelve of the most competent of the perma
nent citizens in each ccunty shall be summoned
as a Grand Jury, nine ofwhom mustconcur to find
an indictment.
The article on Bill of Rights was then adopt
ed by'ycas 43, nays 12.
Mr. Lawrence of Boone offered a resolution
that the Committee on Revision be directed
to change the Executive Article, so that the
Governor and other State officers be elected
biennially instead of quadrennially, and that
other changes be made in the article so as to
make it accord therewith.
Mr. Lawrence’s amendment was adopted by
yeas 43, nays 14.
The fact is the Democracy are getting terri
bly scared for their Constitution, and are try
ing now to make all sorts of bargains and
sales, in order, if possible, to secure its adop
The judicial? article was then taken up.
Section 1 was so amended as to extend
the term of imprisonment to be inflicted by
Justices of the Peace, from twenty to thirty
A substitute for sect ion 4 provides that one
or more terms of the Supreme Court shall be
held annually at Sprinfield, Mt. Vernon,
Ottawa, Chicago and Peoria, provided that
the State shall be at no expense for libra
ries or court houses at the two latter places.
The circuit for Peoria consists of Mercer,
Stark, Marshall, Iroquois, Woodford, Peoria,
Knox, Warren, Henderson, Mason, |Tazcwell
and McLean; the circuit for Ottawa of La
Salle, Putnam, Bureau, Keudjll, Will, Grundy,
Henry, Rock Island, and Livingston.
Section live was amended, so as to read as
Sec. 5. The State is hereby divided into three
grand divisions, as follows:—The counties of
Alexander, Pulaski, Massac, Pope, Hardin, Galla
tin. Saline, Williamson, Johnson, Union, Jackson,
Randolph, Perry, Franklin, Hamilton, White, Wa
basn, Edwards, Wa-ne, Jefferson. Washington,
Monroe, St. Clair. Clinton, Marion, Clay, Richland,
Lawrence, Crawford, Jasper, Efliugham, Fayette,
Bond, Madison, Jersey and Calhoun compose
the first grand division.
The counties ofEdgar, Coles, Moultrie, Shelby,
Montgomery, Macoupin, Greene, Pike, Adams,
Douglas, Hancock, HcDonough, Schuyler, Brown,
I’niton. Mason, Cass, Morgan, Scott, Sangamon,
Christian, Macon, l*iatt, champaign, Vermillion,
lord, HcWitt, Logan, Menard, Cumberland and
Clark shall compose the second grand division.
.The counties of Henderson, Warren, Knox, Peo
na, Tazewell, Woodford, McLean, Livingston, Iro
quois, Will, Kaukakee, Grundy, Kendall, LaSalle,
Putnam, Marshall, Stark. Bureau, Henry, Mercer,
Rock Island, Whiteside, Lee, Carroll, Jo Daviess,
Stephenson, Winnebago, Ogle, DeKalb, Boone,
Kane, McHenry. Lake, Cook and Du Page, shall
compose the third division; and the qualified
electors in each division shall elect one of the
judges of the supreme Court.
Section 9 was amended so as to read:
Sec. 9. The clerks ol the Supreme Court shall be
elected in each division, and the Ottawa and Peo
ria districts by the qualified voters thereof; they
shall hold their offices for the term of sis years,
and until their successors shall have been elected
and qualified, whose duties and compensation
shall be provided by Uw.
Section 10 was so amended that the State
shall be divided into sixteen judicial circuits,
except the circuit embracing the county of
Section 18 was stricken out by a vote of 48
to 9. It provided that the elcctiou of Clerks
of the Supreme and Circuit Courts shall take
place on the same day as the election of
Judges of said courts. By this vote the Su
preiuc and Circuit Clerks all over the State
arc to retain their offices until the expiration
of their terms. The Judges are to be elected
on the first Tuesday alter the first Monday in
November, 1802.
Sec. 21 -was amended by the addition of the
portion in parentheses, as follows:
Sec. 21. In all counties in this State having a
population exceeding thirty-five thousand, ehalTbc
elected, at the general election for State and coun
ty officer-, a Recorder of Deeds and Conveyances,
and in counties having a population exceeding one
hundred thousand, there shall, in like manner, be
elected a Probate Judge and a Probate Clerk, who
shall hold their office for four years, and until their
successors shall he elected and qualified, who shall
perform such duties aad receive such cnmiionsa
tiojiliu fees as shall he {irovided by law: {Provided,
that in the last named counties,'no person shall
hold cither or any of the offices provided hv this
Constitution, except that of Judge or Justice of
the Peace lor two successive terms.)
Section 24 was amended by the addition of
the v\ ords as in parentheses below:
Six. 24. The said conns shall have probate juris
diction : (and civil jurisdiction to the extent of
three hundred dollars, and such increased civil
jurisdiction ns may be conferred by law;) and also
jurisdiction in criminal cases not extending to
death or imprisonment in the penitentiary, with
out any presentment or indictment from a grand
jury; and snchcivil jurisdiction as maybe con
ferred by law: Provided* That said jurisdiction
shall not extend to any order for the sale of real
estate, or to any proceeding or suit affecting the
title to real estate, or to any franchise, or to ac
tionsfor libel, slander, malicious prosecution or
Section So •was also amended as in paren
theses :
Sec. 23. The said court shall have exclusive ap
pellate jurisdiction In all cases arisiug in justices*
courts, aid appeals and writs of error mav be
taken and prosecuted therefrom to the Circuit and
Supreme Courts, and injunctions mav he granted
in such manner as may be provided *bv law, (re
turnable to the Circuit Court).
Section 27 was as follows
Sec. 27. There shall be elected br the qualified
electors of each county a sheriff and a coroner, who
shall hold their ref-pective offices for the term of
four years, and until their successors sliall he elect
ed and qualified: provided that no pcr&on shall
hold the office of sheriff for two successive terms.
It was amended by striking out all after
“ and also by making the term of
office two instead of four years/
Mr. Lawrence endeavored to have the sala
ries of Supreme Judges fixed at §2,000, and
Circuit Judges at $1,000; but bis moliou was
laid on the tabic.
The term of office ot the Supreme Judges was
finally fixed at six years.
Judge Purple moved to reconsider the vote
by which the number of Supreme Judges was
fixed at three, but it tailed by a vote of 31 to
The Probate Clerk and Recorder of Deeds
of Cook county were prohibited from holding
their offices for two successive terms.
The report of the Committee was then coa
cuircd iu by yeas 41. nays 10, and it was sent
to the Committee on Adjustment.
has been ’patched up in some manner, to the
satisfaction of the three Republican members.
I expect the lines of the three natural divisions
of the city will not be disturbed, and that the
"West Division will have one Senator and three
After a desultory debate the Convention
receded irom its amendment of the morning,
and stuck to the original section of Bill of
Rights and grand juries, which now stands as
it Se £ 2D- General Assembly shall so provide
that fifteen of the most competent of the perma
nent citizens in each county shall be summoned as
a grand jury, twelve of whom must concur to find
an indictment.
The Convention then voted npon the reve
re article; pending the consideration of
■which it adjourned,
The Democratic parly in caucus has a creed
upon the following seven Congressiouaf Dis
tricts, leaving the other seven to the Republi
cans to fix to suit themselves:
™ I>n ' aß , ki - Massac, Tnion. John-
Eon.Popo, Hajdm, Jackson. Williamson. Saline,
G^i a U n ’ Hamilton, While, Franklin, and Perry
2d. Crawford, Jasper, Clay, Richland. Lawramcc
Varnc, Edwards, Vabash, Effingham, Fayette
Marion. Jefferson and Bond. * ’
d ; ft; Washington, Clinton, Monroe,
Eaudolpu and Madison. * *
4th. Christian. Montgomery. Macon. Moultrie
Ed^ar 7, Cuml3erlaild - Coles, Douglas, Clark and
SrSSSS&Sg lGrcen ’ S “«’
P=ktf ‘ l!ancock ’ Adam 9. McDonongh, Brain and
TazCWd1 ’ Fnllon ' Cass, Schuyler
The Eepulilicans have not as ret fixed upon
the apportionment of that part of the State
conceded to them.
Frederick W. Young, late deputy Sheriff of
your city, has been made SecondL Lieutenant
in Capt. Smith’s BattcryJ (company A), Ist re
giment artillery. Lieut. Young entered the
company as a private, aad has been success
ively promoted to Sergeant, and now to Lieu
tenant, for his good conduct, ability and brave
ry, He was in the thickest of the fight at Fort
Dopclson, and behaved himself with much
gallantry, as did the whole of this splendid
company. Lieut Young was a member of the
first Vt ide-Awake company started in vour
Toe Democracy were in caucus last evening,
and it is said agreed not to turn out county
ayd circuit derive, and to have biennial elec
tions for State officers, all of which was con
summated in Coavealion, as will be seen bv
the proceedings.
Tbs Democracy are now conceding on all
sioes to save the Constitution, if possible.
They conceded the Supreme Court to Peoria
and Ottawa fer this purpose, and also agreed
to repudiate the Cook counts gerrymander.
But the end Is not vet.
tSf*The family of Wm. Jordan, residing at
Hyde Park, near Scranton, Pennsylvania, were
poisoned list Sunday night by inhaling gaa
from a coal stove. Two children were found
dead, and the parents just alive, but they can
not recover,
Cutting and Carving Cook County.
Speech of Fob. EDlott Anthenyigilost Fnßer’a
Frincnlent Scheme.
In Convention March 11th* 1863*
The champion of this nefarious scheme now
before the Convention, (Air. Fuller,) referred
to the fluttering which has taken place m this
matter. "When did it commence? Let us
see. Let us trace its history.
Saturday morning at 9 o’clock the Chairmen
of the Committee appeared in Convention
with his inevitable roil—and then, for the first
time, commenced the fluttering which my
colleague, Mr. Fuller, has referred to. He
presented to us a report. That report had
already been printed, and in twenty minutes
after it was presented it was made the special
order for 11 o’clock, and directly after it was
taken up a gentleman proposed the previous
question, and that it should be instantly pass
ed. Representing in part, as I do, on this
floor,a constituency of 145,000 people,! desired
a single moment to consider this bill. Mr.
Fuller, one of my colleagues, was here, but
two of my colleagues were absent. After
considerable time, by a close vote, it was
postponed until to-day. I asked my col
league, who had been honored with
a place on this legislative apportion
ment committee —as he has been on all
important committees, to my exclusion—
as he was aDemocrat, and I was not —to post
pone this matter until I could look it over—
but no, sir. He did not want to hear a word
from me—he was a Democrat and I was a Re
publican—therefore, not a word, sir, in this
convention, not a word. This was extraordin
ary for a gentleman like him, I thought; a
gentleman, allow me to say, who holds a seat
upon this floor, by the mere suffrages of Cook
county, a gentleman who referred to himself a
while*ago, as “a roy of light from Chicago”—
I say he is on the floor by the mere suffrages
of Cook county—representing not a majority
of the people of that county, but a mere min
ority of the inhabitants of that county. When
I appealed to him for a postponement, he said
he did not consult me, nor did he intend to
consult me, in any manner. Whatever might
he my views, I was surprised, because we
had in all other matters been in consultation,
andonr rooms were in close proximity in the
same hotel. Tet I, his coUea*ruc, never knew
this was to be brought In here* at the time it
was brought in, and at the time when my two
colleagues had gone home. It struck me at
the time with surprise, and what little time
I have spent since iu investigating it, has in
creased my surprise. The gentlemen of this
convention have had exhibited to them this
map as represen*ing Cook county. I call the
attention of the convention to it. This black
line here represents Lake Michigan and
another dark, road straggling line 'which you
see here, represents the Chicago river and its
branches—which divides that great city into
threegreat divisions, which arc known as the
north, south and west divisions of the city—
and have always been so known and designa
ted by all of its inhabitants. The wards on
the north and south sides run parallel with
with the lake—those on the west side run at
right angles with the river and the lake.
There arc four wards in the south side, to-wit:
the Ist, 2d, 3d and 4th—with a population
of 33,910. The towns which are contigu
ous to this, hounded by the Chicago river, and
separated from the other divisions, contain a
population of 17,202 —making in all a little
over 49,000. This makes one Senatorial Dis
trict. Then there is the West Side, divided
from this by the Illinois and Michigan Canal,
and the South Branch of the Chicago river,
and but two towns lying west of it, to-wit;
Cicero and Proviso —West Chicago forming a
part of the city—and bounded as it is by Du
page county on the west, the river on the cast
anu north, forms the West Division—contain
ing a population in the
Fifth Wardof.... 11,-302 West Chicago.... SB3
Sixth Ward 10,006 Cicero 1,722
Tenth “Ward 13,302 Proviso 1,203
45,570 43,330
This makes another senatorial district. The
North Division of the city contains the 7th,
Bth and 9th wards, and with the towns con
tains 47,123 inhabitants.
But If X were permitted to have my hand in
this matter—if I could be consulted about
this—and could have any voice whatever, I
would arrange the senatorial and renreseiita
tivc districts in about the following order:
The towns of Bloom, Rich, Thornton, Bre
men, Orland, Lament, Palos, Worth, Hyde
Park, Lyons and South Chicago; and the first,
second, third and fourth wards shall consti
tute the Sixth Senatorial district, aud be en
titled to one senator. The population of this
district would be as follows;
Bloom 1263 late 1753
Bich 1144 Lyons .1034
Thornton 1350 South Chicago 2062
Bremen 142‘. First 'Ward 11,751
Oriand 3063 Second do 10,959
■Worth 2332 Third do 7,094
Peloa 1035 Fourth. «3o 5.012
lament 1423
(Hyde Park is included in Lake.)
This embraces one grand division of Cook
county, and is known as the South Division.
It is bounded on the south by Will county,
north by the main branch of the Chicago river,
•west by the south branch of the Chicago river
andthcXUmols and Michigan Canal,"cast by
Lake Michigan and the Stare of Indiana.
The county tonus contain a population of.. ..15.544
The waids 3>.91U
Two members of the House of Senreseatu
The towns of Cicero, Proviso, West Chica
go, in tlie county of Cook, ami the lOtli, Olh
and stli wards of the city of Chicago, shall
constitute the seventh senatorial district, and
he entitled to one Senator.
This is known as the West Division. It is
embraced within the forks of the north and
south brandies of the Chicago river. It is
bounded on the east by the north and south
branches of the Chicago river, west by DaPage
county, south by the Illinois and Michigan
canal, and north by the Chicago river.
Population. Population.
Cicero 1,272 Gth Ward 10.0*0
Proviso 1,208 SIU •• 115G5
West Chicago SU3
10th Ward .18,302
Tills -\vc propose to give three Representa
The towns of Lake View, Jefferson. Lcvden,
Evanston, Niles, Maine, Elk Grove.’Schaum
berg, Hanover, Barrington, Palsitiuc, Wheel
ing. Northfield and New Trier, in Cook
county, and the 7th, Bth and Otk Wards, in the
city of Chicago, shall constitute the Eighth
Senatorial District.
This is the entire section of Cook count}’,
known as the North Division. It is bonuded
cast by Lake Micbhran, south by Hie Chicago
river and by the North Branch, and north by
Lake county, and west by Kane county.
Population. Population.
Leyden 1,506 New Trier 312
Jefferson 3.309 Northfield ........ 3.534
Lake View '576 Wheeling 1,671
Evanston 831 Palatine 3,462
Niles 1,346 Barrington. 1,314
Name 1,144 7th W»rd 17.939
Elk Grove 901 3lh Ward 6.75 i
Schaumbcrg 90S 9lh Ward 5,213
Hanover 93t
Total 40,403
These towns I would give one Representative,
and the wards in the city one Representative.
And for the odd Representative, would give it
one year to the north and one to the west
side, if any fault should be found. The gen
tleman Las exhibited to you a paralellogram.
He has cut off from the very ends of the wards
and combined them into a knot, and says that
ills a “ beautiful ‘district,” for somebody to
run hi. Yes, this’ is beautiful, —it beats*the
model artist all to pieces. Now I ask no gen
tleman to make n district for me to run in as
Senator, or anything else. I will stand bv the
interests of my constituents at any and all
hazards. I want no man to come to’a Consti
tutional Convention and make a district of
that kind for me or my friends, or for anybody
else. I care not who the man may be, wheth
er Democrat or Republican. The district pro
posed by my colleague may be beautiful, but
I know this, that a more unnatural subdi
vision could never he made, and never has
been made, than Ithe beautiful paralello
gram my colleague now exhibits. Let me
illustrate this thing. You go to Chicago and
ask me where a man lives. I look instautlv
for Ms ward, and when I find his ward, I can
tell you instantly where he is. I can tell in a
moment where a man resides by the ward, and
so can any resident of our city? But now how
is it ? I was going to propose to my colleague
that when this bill passed, he should provide
for a city directory to show the people of
Cook county where and howthev could find
their representative districts. He* anticipates
mo, and says he will bring in an article in the
shape ot a city directory, which will show
people where their senatorial and representa
tive districts are. I tell my colleague thathe
will not only have to provide a city directory,
but he will have to provide a to*pograpliical
bureau, and send out a corps of explorers,
with chain and compass, because he has ran
these lines, by latitude and longitude. It
will require greater knowledge ot mathe
matics to find out these districts, than it
would to determine the horizontal paralaz.
It reminds me of a story in Hudibras, of a
man who always told the time of day by a
quadrant. I have shown to the Convention
how these wards are cut up, and how we are
all thrown into hotch-potch. My colleague
says he has made this accordiugto population.
AVliat is the requisite of a senator ? The limit
is 51,000. _ Now in the Second, Third and
Fourth "Wards of Chicago there are nearly
35,C00 inhabitants, and by running around all
over the city the way he has, and taking in all
the Democratic groceries, heer-shops and Kil
gubbins, I think that he has got in his “ beau
tiful district” about sixty thousand souls. I
go for our ol<k established lines—and not for
your “beautifuldistricts’-—your “squares”
cut off from the ends of the wards in order to
experiment on Democratic credulity. I want
what is right—what you know is right, and
what my people know is right, and nothing
The monitor's Voyage.
[From the N. Y. Evening Post, 11th.]
By the arrival at this port to-day of the
steamer Seth Low, which towed the Ericsson
iron battery Monitor to Hampton Roads, we
have the particulars of the Monitors voyage,
and of the circumstances under which she
went into action yesterday morning.
Although there was a gale during a part of
the passage down, the voyage was entirely suc
cessful. Frequently, in the rough sea, the
waves flowed over the deck of the battery to
the depth oi at least four feet, and nothing
but the smoke-pipe aad cylindrical turret
could be seen; but she came up as free
and ss steady as if she were riding in a
peifectly smooth sea. On one or two occasions
the spraj dashed over her smoke and steam
pipes, but no damage was done. The fires
continued; and there appeared to be not even
a temporary cessation of the working of the
machinery, which was kept going from the
lime she started from this port, on Thursdav,
till Saturday evening, when she arrived off
Fortress Monroe. She withstood the heavy
gale and rolling sea of Friday night much
better than had oeeuanticipated, am those on
board the three steamers which accompanied
her, are confident that she would safely out
ride any storm.
The Monitor was left by the Seth Lowb. the
Koade, and it was the intention of Commimaer
■Worden, of the battery, to remain there nnm
morning; hut in the course ol
proceeded to the scene of the conflict without
notice to her convoy.
Mr. A. B. Smith, pilot on hoard the frigate
Cumberland at the time of the battle in Hamp
ton Hoads, makes the following important
“ The Monitor came in Saturday night, and
proceeded up past the Minnesota. Tnc rebel
steamers Jamestown and Yorktown were not
iron-plated, or, at any rate, only partially so.
They came down in the daylight, making for
the Minnesota, but to their surprise, found the
Monitor ready to receive them. On Sunday
morning the Monitor moved close up to the
Mcrrimac, and, side by side, engaged her for
four hours and twenty minutes. Once tnc
Menimac dashed her iron prow square.y
against the Monitor, but did not injure that
vessel in the least. The Monitor in turn de
termined to try her force in a similar opera
tion, but in some unaccountable manner the
wheel or other steering apparatus became
entangled, it is said, and the Monitor rushed
by, just missing her aim. Captain Worden is
confident that he put three shot through the
hull of his antagonist—probably through the
ports. The Monitor fired one hundred and
seventv-eight pound cast iron shot. The
wrought iron shot were not used, because
th-.ir great weight and peculiar construction
renders the guns much more liable to burst.
The Mcrrimac fired about forty shots' on the
Monitor, which replied rapidly as possible,
but, so far Jar as is known, neither vessel is
damaged. Those on board the Monitor say
the balls rattled and rang upon both vessels
and seemed to bound on harmless.
“ The Merrimac is probably not injured, at
least more than the starting of a plate or so of
her iron covering, and her machinery being
uninjured, she is probably lit to come_ out
again. It is impossible to keep the Merrimac
f bro coming out. She can sail three knots an
hour faster than the Monitor. From herevo-
Inlions I should judge that she can go at the
rate of eight or nine knots per hour.
It is impossible to board the Merrimac.
Should she come out again she
will be obliged to pass within
range of the Union gun at the flip Baps, and
a shot from it might perhaps crush her
sides, but it is very difficult to manage so
heavy apiece of artillery, and the Union gun,
in all probability, might be fired fifty times
without touching her. I do not think the
Merrimac is calculated to carry much coal, and
that might have been a reason for her retiring
from the contest. The Monitor perhaps might
follow up the rebel steamers and disable them,
but if sbe gets among the rebel batteries a
he ivy fire'might be concentrated on her
from different points, and she be thus in
jured, or possibly she might be grappled to
and towed ashore. These and other reasons
may suffice to show why the Monitor did not
follow among the batteries of Oraney Island
and Norfolk. General Wool, I understand,
has ordered all the women and children away
from Fortress Monroe, in anticipation of the
Mcrrimac’s reappearance.
Senator Cowan ami tlio “'Stink or
Since t!ie intensely pro-slavery speecli of
Mr. Cowan, in tlic United States Senate, tlic
loyal men of "Western Pennsylvania have been
bolding meetings, and in this and other ways
manifesting their disapproval of the man. It
can hardly be said, however, that they have
reason to be disappointed, if the following be
true, as written to the Pittsburgh Gazette by
a leading Republican lawyer of Indiana county.
The writer says:
It may be of interest to yon to know that the
true Republicans of Indiana county always suspect
ed the soundness of ifr. Cowan on the slavery
question, lie visited our courts frequently, and
when a campaign was approaching, was always
called upon to address our meetings. It was no
ticed that in his speeches he never~touclied upon
the morality of the slavery question, but discussed
it as a question of political economy. The New
England abolitionists were particularly obnoxious
to him. Niggers were represented as “ skunks,”
who would slink free labor from the territories;
he never claimed any rights for the nc-rro.. The
whole issue with, bim'waa the antagonism of
free and slave labor in the territories, aud he
would illustrate this by comparing it to two men
who should agree, fora wager, that their dogs
should fight, but when one of the men, in
stead of bringing hla dog into the ring, should
throw a skunk into the ring, the other would in
dignantly step out. This was a style of logic that
diu not suit sincere men. Afe w persons at least,
thought that so grave a question was susceptible
of a more dignified illustration. As to the stink
which Mr. Cowan dreaded from the presence of
*• niggers" in the territories. It could not, in its
worst possible typo, exceed that which now issues
in huge volumes from the great Westmoreland
ROCERIES.—Any one caiTjin«*
on a rets 11 Grocery establishment and wishing
to spJI out for part cash and part real estate, will p!oase
addioPfeP.o, Box 3SOS. mli1?-n-K0-36
X For sole in large or fcaial. nnaLFtiea’jv
, „ . . A. F. CKOSSiEf.
n:li!S.i,j;f-l-vr 51 Sivatli Water itrect,
45,5 ; J0
■w.MisJiPlpp! acd Tcmicseeß Upland Cotton Seed.
BtutcolC lor planting. For sale bv
~, , WSL DEWEY" & CO.,
ml.l -mgartw S5 Wail street.
A- 35* andy Bottles— s and fix
D*.ck Bottles. Common Flasks—pints he d half nails
Dtmuelins al! s:acs. For sale r.t trade nriecfl hv
lutiia-msi-lw A. F. CISOSKIiT, 51 S. Water st.
I_R- Conducted by the Spanish Government. la
Drawing Fe*>. s ß*d, JS32. No. 24,£Ddicw No
ftlTorew isi\oiu: No lO.lfifidrew ek'.O-.O; No.SHfi drew
Slf.CfiO; No.i»,s79drcw $3.0C0. hems the five Capital
”rire.s cashed aud information Hmi;?hed bv
iA i LQI> & CO.. Bankers. 15 Whilst
fitaritly oa hand and delivered to any part of the
* 5 * IJ^V. FF , IJ J l 9 S '*I 2Galltl '-SS North Clark street
aud ns West Kandoiph. Pest Office Box IW7.
ForHurlmt’s Tight Stave Sawing And Dressing Ma
chine. for Hnrlbufs Slack Stave Cutter, and Barre
Mitcblnety of superior workmanship, and for a epleu
uii article ot tight staves and heading, every niece
warranted, adnress liITBLIUJT BUDS. * CO. F.O
Box nil:*, or cal! at ITj Monroe street,
X* that the Annual Election of Directors oftlic
union Dispatch Company wilt l;e held at toe OtUce of
?uid Company, No.W Randolph street, in the city of
Chicago, on the U!st Inst. The baUot bos will close at
five o'clock p m. LOOTS B. KELLEY,
n tilO-ntO -iw Prcaircnt.
500.000 Morcll’g Best Flat Hoops,
500.000 SSorcil-fi Host Barrel Staves.
The hxdersigxed, as-
SIGNER of T.B. Carter, has removed his office
to I*7 Washington street, where the books and accounts
of the said 3. B. Carter mav be found nntli
day of March, after which they will be left with an At
torney fir collection. ASHER CARTER.
ft I’6-ms* 2w Assignee of T. B. Carter,
/ nother lot of BEESWAX wanted, for which wewili
psy cash.
Buffalo mutual insur
ance COMPANY SCRIP WANTED, for which
the highest market price will be paid in- cash. Dr
EGAN & BENNETT. No. *1 Aiken's Building, (up
stairs.) mh3 n**sl-2w
X3_ Lego end Arms.
SELPHO’S PATENT, 516 Broadway.
The above tinrivaled substitutes for lost limbs, com
bining latest improvements, can be had only of WiL
SELPUO. Patentee, 516 Broadway, N. Y. felJ-nl9-im
vt EE VO LYE ES of all Mods,
Bowie Knives and Military Goods. Gun Material. Sole
A| ent lor Hazard’s Powder. All kinds of Ammuni
ap‘My IS3 Lake street.
Also, Wood CoSes and Shrouds of all stylos. Are
prepared with Hearses and Carriages, and will give
prompt attenton at all hours. Save a Chapel and
Vault in the Cemetery. apl9
/"\UERT.—Why should House-
Vvj keepers and their servants lose their patience
and-ilme ux trying to kindle Anthracite Coal with pine
Hiuuicg, when by using the GRANULAR FURL, sold
by C. W. ORA'S, corner of Market and Washington
ifreeta, they can haveafire at anytimewlthout&ouol©?
The subscriber is prepared to famish Plants of
Wilson’s Albany Seedling Strawberry
at low rates and In any Quantity. Leave orders at No.
30 State street. H. P. 5 IANLEX
Lake street mills,
Comer Lake and Desplalnes street.
NEW BUCKWHEAT FLOUR, and an other mfll
products, at low rates, at wholesale or retail.
]y!4 fr. S. STEYENB & CO.
J.> From the celebrated brewers’of Basch & Brand.
Also. Pittsburgh Ale and Porter. Best quality of Ohio
Catawba Wine and Cider. Families promptly supplied
free of charge. THEODOR SCSROfcDER,
mhi2-a463-2w 59 North Clark, cor. Michigan at
TV TO DIXIE'S LAND"—A new National
Pong ai d Chorus, as song bv the Union Volunteers on
their wav to Dixie. Copies «*ntbv mall on receipt of
25cents. &. T.GOBDON.TG Broadway.New York.
We are now openiag large places of Black and Bcowa
Gilt Buttons, Hoop Skirts, Linen Shirt Fronts,
Trimmings, pr»d Yankee Notions
GczuraUv. Country Merchants will DO WELL to in
spect ouf etock before buying elsewhere.
mbit 78 LAKE STREET.
Dealer in Stoves Cookin2Baug»3. Warm Air Furna
ce, xlc ano Japan Ware, 225 LfiKE street, corner ot
Pranika street.
I entire interest in the Lamo and Oil Store,
on the southwest comer ofßandclphaad State atre-eta.
to Messrs John H. Irwin b Co. Parties owing m« »ua
having claims against mo are reqaaateato call at
tee above place for sew lemon*. _
laz. 1883. JAS. F. QRIFFI>.
iftyrr porchaard the ectlre stock of Lamp*. Oi’s,
&c. of S£r Jas. F. Griffin, we would be plowed to have
ti»2 otd customers of the l*t-e firm to give us a c&iL as
wo shall bo able lo supply them as usual with the test
OUiKCT of good, .t vsry & c 3.
Ksrcb Ist, 163!. ma^aSlfir
(General Notices.
For sale by
Commission Merchants.
Ko. I: La Salle street.
Wholesale Rouses.
Wholesale Dealers in
Have open a large variety of freshly Imported
Spring Dress Goods t
To which, with a handsome assortment of
And other goods In their line, they Invite the attention
of city and country dealers. mhl3-n489 7c
SPRING 1862.
42, 44 4 46 WABASH AVENUE,
Are now offering a large and attractive assortment o
Print*, Ginghams, He Laiuc*,
WOOLSXS, and a choice selection of j
D li E fe'S GOODS.
Host of onr heavy Cotton Goods having been pnr- 1
chased early in the fall, wc can and will Oder superior
inducements to the trade.
"We will guarantee onr prices to be the lowest made
In this mrrker, or In New York. adding freight, and In
vite all clofe busera to a careful examination of oar
stock before purchasing.
SS'KlSfri, 1863.
J. M. BEEBE & CO.,
66 to 66 Franklin Street,
Are now offering a large and attractive assortment of
Prijiis, Giugliams, 3>elaincs,
White Woods and Woolens,
Together with a large acd choice collection of
British, ITreixoli and. Continental
Adapted to the wants of the Best Trade of the country.
spams dress goods.
Per Bohemian, at Portland January 8.
•* IHtberciaa. at Portland “ J6J.
“ Europa, at Boston “ 29.
“ North American, at Portland “ 29.
** Saxon, at Portland. “ so.
** Neva Scotian, at Portland FchrnaryS
“ American, at Boston “ n.
“ Jura, at Portland *» if.
367 Packages
Foreign IMms teds,
Coißprisiug tlie various new Fabrics
aud Novelties of tlie Season!
J. M. BEEBE & 00., Boston.
Linens, Housekeeping and
White Goods!
A complete assortment recently lauded, from stocks
purchased abroad under favorable circumstances.
18,006 American and Toilet Quilts.
Hcsicry, Kafewtelicry and
Small Wares!
Adapted to all classes of Trade, ana in s«-» a t variety
J. M. BEEBE & 00.. Boston.
54 Lake Street, Chicago,
Liberal Casli Advances made on
We Ere continually receiving from
Consignments of desirable styles of Boots aud Shoes,
which will be sold at
Auction to pay Advances,
9 n B ?* t customers, every "Wedkead it at 10
Nos. 34 & 36 Lake Street,
Where they are now opening a ler-rc stock of New and
Desirable Goods tor
They will be happy to hare all their old customers as
well as new ones, Call axu Exahixs thkis Stock
For 1862.
W. R. WOOD & CO.,
153 & 155 Lake Street,
Have received NEW FEINTS in the best styles of Eng
Hsh and American Printing, which we are
Selling uniformly for
Also, French Prints and Ginghams,
Shirtings, Sheetings, linens, &c.
Hosiery*; Gloves, Balmoral and other
Skirts, in large stock.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers In
ss. SO Uk« Street, Cblcsg*, HU
Wc would respectfully call the attention of CTty aa*l
Country Merchants to oar extensive stock of Boots
Shoes, which we have cow In store, and are dally r*
reiving from our Factory In West Boyalston, uaou
which consists of a full assortment of those Celebrated
Custom-Made Pstaa Kip and Call, and Grain W«f*
Proof Boots; together with a foil stock of all styles o
Of the best Quality and manufactures, which we are
prepared to sell for CASH and prompt paying trade at
Boston and New Tori JobblngTrices. _ , , „
We are Agents for the sale of MitchelTs Patent Me
tallfc Tip Boots and Shoes In all the States.
Manufactured by
Barstovr Stove Company, Providenee, E. 1.,
Surpasses everything ever produced in
Economy, Durability, Convenience
and beautt of design.
A Ventilated Roasting Oven.
The procestca of Roasting and Baking are entirety
separate, while by the old metaod they are carried oa
together, the fumes cf each bciagmtcnnioglecl.
By an ingenious contrivance the two o vans can.oe
thrown into one by removing a single piste and giving
one of the lamest evens or*r constructed. Ten large
pieo can be bated at one time.
Tbs following gentlemen are using tae Model Cook,
and CnO speak of us excellencies:
Hon Judge Geo Maalerrs NS. Beaton.
Kev. L. M. Humphrey.
MarkEfmbalL 8-M. Fa?«tt,
F.iward E‘r. T. E. Parmftee.
R? Culver. Rt Rev. E. n*:un«.
TwnyvMk J. M. H&rStAJ,
" Anl many other*.
House Furnishing and Hardware Store
255 *. 257 State Street,
a *
Tmners’ S w
agents :
1T« take street, Chi^
teSffiSsSSSgfS t «tate..i IBV
Ttn* Piatt, -
SnxET I so**, s.*?*zo Tnr»
Coppxb, JOfstaj. i Jn*
ZIXC, . Cllp.-y-
Black Trx. « CKl,J n.Trs k r. %
Fzsas TTikk, \»nr L^r
Tin u abc, *e,
Catalogues andPrlcc Lists y
swiya-ivi *
1 V
G. 0. COOK^
16 & 18 State Sirm,,^
We offer to ie,j ;i ,..
Cl E 0 i’Eßlii
COS£ISI,-sca Pislo ,
Sugars, Teas.
Molasses, Coffees.
Fisli, Dri'd Fruits, Wool
"Ware, Etc.
wmcaw* oHrjaiijs
And to which the attcatiaa
G. G. COOK & CO.
O.C.COOE. - nwrv,-
F. Fii-rii±:K. [tafcJnSS
1802 —Spring Trail?.—i
Martin & Mkfs
Have Removed to the L-jus
KO. 44 LISE STffi,
TVliere they arc •Zcrefvln? and Op;*
Ing u
Spring and Summer
WEI do well to call and examine c:
chasing elsewhere, as the STYLE. Qfa—--
PiilCE, we arc determined" slrai! h: satwscuo” l
Esirnfactory, 382 Broadway, 11
50. 41 take Street.
1863. SPKXEir IfiADB. S
webeb, mmm & wit
Straw Groods, Parasols
Umbrellas and Palm leaf
Have now In stork a lvkoe aad urcrab.!
Spklkg Thai**: which will be oaißca a.
Eastern X»riec*
For CASH or approved short casin’.
gS A SOX ABLE S°° s:
54 Sc 56 Lek© strec-*
larttc spccisil tr. taol.-n.-js * its *
Fall, Winter and
go o t> s»
Oons!sa3gofSc^aiif r!B,lStr:as!
Print., lntoe.,SoWU»,Bro»**
Siiawln, Dress Good*,
Together with a very full stock of
AH sold at liiTitlEjt P«CM tt mnadajg^
rr.S-pin me East, as mar caj. -or
ao. 3SS Randolph Sir* 4
Mannlactnrers and Importer:
Harness Materi^
ami Dealers is
strings, AXih»i
Skirting, Bridle and «■“'
hoese coiiass, whips, *
Are offering low for CASH the )*
sorted stock in their line ever hrocs-
|W~ orders promptly attended -Q
fini'mvß, mBBAKP *
-*• ikpoktees o? j,
. |g - lake sib®* 1 ’
we Oder to the Trade. At the
boxes TIN FLATS,
£435 Mb. SHEET IBON.
158 ■ miTATio:- ****
15 was PIG TIN, -
S ,fae&BBMETOX«£C'^
jg *■’££&*«*»»* *'
B KiD U50.N3. f

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