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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, May 05, 1862, Image 2

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- MOOT Ar, MAT 5, 1803-
The more thc 34th and 39th sections of
Uie 6th snide of the new Constitution is
examined, the more odious and dangerous
they seem. By virtue of these provisions
no man’s personal liberty will be Bale, He
is liable to arrest, imprisonment and incar
ceration in the penitentiary, though per
fectly innocent of the offence charged
against him, merely on the oath of some
personal enemy- It is alleged by the ad
vocates of this dangerous assault on the
liberties of the citizen, that the
Attorney General in England may
now, in cases of a libel against
the government and in some other cases,
proceed by information; but such infor
mation only be filed in the Court of
Eng's Bench, a court composed of men of
the highest legal learning, and of the purest
character; and even before this high tribu
nal, the humblest citizen is not compelled
to be Hied; he may demand a trial by jury,
and the cause is sent down so to be tried*
The humblest Englishman is thus secured
against the malice of his enemies, and the
oppressions of the rich and powerful. Arc
these safeguards to liberty and property to
be denied to American citizens ?
The friends of the new Constitution have
called It the “poor mans- Constitution.” If
this he the protection provided for the poor,
God bless them. Ko more effectual instru
ment can he devised by which, through the
influence of the rich, the poor and humble
can be deprived of character and property.
One man only stands between him and the
prison or s fine. The power of wealth can
often mould that one man into the instru
ment of his ruin, whereas it would be diffi
cult to control the action of twelve men.
■What is offered as a compensation, in ex
change for the ancient bulwarks of liberty
and prosperity, thus proposed to be demol
ished ? It is so despicable and insulting,
that It would seem impossible to believe
men could be found base, and mean enough,
to urge it. Ills an appeal to man's avarice,
the meanest and most groveling passion of
his nature. It insultingly assumes the
character of the people of this State to be
so mercenary as to suppose they will bar
ter away all the safeguards of liberty aud
prosperity, to save a few dollars in
taxes. Southern traitors and aristo
crats have charged that free labor
ers were so spiritless and mercenary
that they were willing to sell character,
liberty and every thing sacred for money.
This provision of the Constitution assumes
this to be true. Such an assumption is an
insult to the people of this State, aud should
be indignantly repelled and rebuked. But
in truth, it has not even the recommenda
tion of economy. Of the indictments found,
a large number arc never tried, for the rea
son that subsequent developments acquit
the party accused without trial. Circum
stances indicating guilt are explained, and
the prosecuting officer becomes satisfied of
the innocence of the accused and discon
tinues the prosecution. In most counties a
grand jury spends a week or two in the
course of a year, investigating alleged of
fences. Hundreds of cases are presented
in which no presentiment is found, which
under the new system would be
tried. There are now twenty-eight
circuit attorneys, at a salary of five
hundred dollars each. Under the new
Constitution there would be one hundred,
and form prosecuting attorneys at au ex
pense of $52,000 against $14,000 under the
present Constitution. The Circuit Courts
try the criminal cases, without any addi
tional compensation to the judges. There is
to be under the new system a county
judge for each county, at a salary of at
least SI,OOO each amounting to $104,000.
Besides, justices of the peace, must be
compensated for the cases they may try,
so that here is an extra expense of over one
hundred and twelve thousand dollars, aver
and above what shall be paid to justices.
But this is not all, an appeal is allowed
in all cases to the Circuit Court when a
trial by jury must be had of the same case.
All rich rogues, who can secure bail will
in all cases appeal, whilst the poor man At Fortress Monroe, on the 33d Inst.,
who is without friends or money, however a number of flour barrels were received which
innocent he muv be, must submit to the Wtre marked, “Eega—handle with care.”
finding of the single judge or justice. Tit 'J wcre addressed io private parties, but
a • . • « • j « j « /» . some armv official opened said barrels, when
A jury Inal is denied before the county
. . , . . , the eggs were found to be made of alia* with,
judge or justice, but required before the loDgnet . k3i and their contents vrorefound to
circuit judge, who ls supposed to be a man QOnbifct of thc . oU ol cora T he r contjlaed
of higher attainments than a justice of thc whisky, and of good quality. It was immedi
peace. Under this system there will be atily confiscated,
two trials in the circuit, where there is one
now, because there will be a vast increase
of criminal trials, and hence the expense
greatly increased.
Thc above are some of the objections to
this monstrous proposition, fraught with
mischief-* and dangers so glaring as ought,
if there were none other, to insure the cer
tain rejection of the new Constitution
MOKBAY, MAY 5, 1803.
Those who imagine that the rebellion
■will be subdued when great field opera
tions arc suspended, are doomed to disap- 1
pointment There will be forts to garrison,
railroads to protect, bands of guerriii.es to
hunt down. Gunboats will ply on the
great rivers of the* South, and armed ves
sels will watch the coast. The military
duty to be performed will bo of the thank
less and harassing kind. It will consist of
night marches, a»-d chases through, swamps
and jungles. The blacks are peculiarly
adapted to this service. Their loyalty
could be relied on. They could trace the
guerillas to their lairs. They could endure
the climate and exposure better th-iu the
enemy. Nccrsj-Ly will in the end compel
us to employ them; and now is the time
to train them for the service.
The objection to their employment is not
on account of ilu-ir color, or want of loy
alty, or luck of fighting qualities. They ;
fought well nialtr Wdriiingtm. They :
fought well under Jack-on. Tiiey have the
strongest possible incentives to fight well
in this war. Bui they are claimed as pro
perty by a few other people, somewhat
whiter than they, but nearly all of whom ;
are trailers. Through fear of disturbing
Ibis property, wc abstain from enlisting
black soldiers where they are most needed,
and add to ihe rebel side onc-slxth of tho
loyal fighting farce ot the country. With
out this aid, which we have actually forced
upon them, the rebels could not keep in the
field hall th«-ir present number of men.
This we do rather than damage a species
of properly which is purely fictitious, and
never enriched the country one cent; fur
when laborers are made chatties personal,
their market value is just so much taken
from the value of the land to be cultivated
by them. The practical question is—shall
we prepare for an inevitable necessity
when ibe means arc within our reach, or
shall we push the means away from us. and
wait till we are overtaken by the. emer
gency ?
The Republic ut present is like a conva
lescent patient—past tie worst stages of 1
disease, but confined to bed, and not be- 1
vend tbe danger of relapse. Caro and
waicifuloc-ss an* still necessary in order to
remove from the system the roots of the
malady. Only an idiot or an enemy would
propose to restore the invalid to the con
dition of health just before the prostration.
That would involve a repetition of the ill
ness, with a system weakened by the pre
vious attack. In truth it would be no cure
at all; but would lead to certain death.
And such would be the effect on our
body politic of restoring the “ Union as it
was.” It would necessarily be the “ Union
as It was” under the rule of Buchanan,
Breckinridge, Thompson, Cobb, and Floyd.
It would be a Union in which the whole
military power of the Government could
be employed to drag back one poor'fugitive
from slavery, but not an arm raised to save
the lives of hundreds of true
men in Texas and Arkansas charged
with the crime of believing. in the
Declaration of Independence; a Un:en
in which publications urging forcible re
sistance to the inauguration of a President
constitutionally elected could circulate in
all the free States, but in -which every poet
master in the South was a spy commis
rioned to violate the privacy of the mails,
and to use letters and papers from the
North as evidence against men who denied
the right of the strong to enslave the weak;
a Union in which universal freedom of ex
pression was allowed to the prevailing
sentiment of only half the country, and
that half rotten with disloyalty. This is
the “ Union as it was n which pro-slavery
men wish to have restored. The same con
ditlon of things, the same party in power, j
the same traitors in office, the same plots
maturing, the same dangers ahead—all
would be necessary to a complete " resto
ration.” Slavery would have to be re-estab
lished in the Federal District. The grow
ing emancipation sentiment in the Border
States would have to be crushed out. Our
flag would again have to become a protec
tion to the slave trade. The Dred Scott
decision would again become our Consti
tution. A public sentiment purified by the
ordeal through which we are now passing,
a public conscience with hatred of slavery
burned into it; at home, the rights of rnrrn
held more sacred than the rights of prop
erty ; abroad, a national character respected
everywhere—these can only exist under
the Union as it is to be —not as it teas.
Could a disobedient son, who had struck,
his brother, slandered his sister, insulted
bis mother, stolen bis father’s money, and
forsaken the parental roof, persist in bis
unnatural rebellion and. yet claim all the
privileges of a loyal member of the house
hold? "Would the causes which led him
astray—the bottle, the lewd book, the gam
ing table —be held by his relatives as sacred
family heirlooms? Would they be care
fully preserved in order to convince the
reprobate tlat he was beloved at home—as
a means of reclaiming him—as a bond of
future union and harmony ? Just such con
siderations as these—no weaker, but no
stronger—call upon us not to abolish
Trlfllns with the Patriarchs,
When we are made to say, as in an editorial
in yesterday's issue, that “ Jacob took Abner
aside,” &c., we shall prefer to have it under
stood that the liberty taken with the patri
arch’s memory was In the proofreader’s de
partment. A u clean proof” would have
convicted Joab of what we have always con
sidered most unofiicer-likc conduct toward
|3f“Mr. Grimes has introduced into the
Senate a bill for the education of colored chil
dren in the District of Columbia, It appears
that this class pay $36,000 ia taxes on $659,000
in real estate. It is proposed to divert one
tenth of this sum, or $3,600, to the education
of colored children. The school trustees are
directed to provide suitable school teachers
and rooms, and are Invested with the control
and management of all funds derived from
this source, and from all contributions of be
nevolent individuals.
The New York World's market report
says heavy losses result to shippers of eggs
from improper packing. Too great care can
not be used. Wheat chaff is the best material.
Fine cut straw is very good; and later in the
season, through the warm weather, oats are
more desirable. Sixty to sixty-five dozen arc
as many as should come in the ordinary sized
flour barrel, and it is a good plan to lay a pa
per the size o- the head at the top and bottom.
|sr* The Kew York ice companies have
stored a crop of 406,000 tons, 200,000 of which
were laid in by the Knickerbocker Ico Com
pady. Of these 400,000 tons about 200,099
tons, onj account of meltage and wastage,
will probably be passed over the scales to
dealers. The present crop, although larger
than that of last year by 2.500 tons, will, U is
expected, not realize as large an amount on
the scales as the cron of IS6I.
p?T Barnum’s former project to enhance
the breed of babies by the same means taken,
for the improvement of cattle, hogs sheep,
cabbages and other vegetables, is revived. An
aavenitcment details how §2,000 will be dis
tributed for diaper stock, up to most alarming
numbers, “ twine, triplets, quatems.” There
is to be a bench of feminine Judges, aud the
best infant, under five ‘years of age, will re
ceive, or bis sponsors for him rather, SIOO.
pip"' At Indianapolis in the matter of the
application of Susan S-vcinhart for the dis
charge of Daniel Sweiuhart, a minor under
ihe age of eighteen years, held by virtue of au
a.-sertcd enlistment in th‘e 11th Infantry of
the Regular Army of the United States, Daniel
Lae been discharged by order of Judge Bay,
and returned to his mother’s care.
Fremont’d stay in ha
been longer Umu he expected. Thu reason
has been that be found that be had to organ
ize bis whole Department, In a thousand
particulars he lacked facilities for carrying out
the work before him. He has been l-aborioua
-5y ci'gageO ever riocc he reached the city.
|S* ; “ The cost of the Government of deport
ing negroes to Liberia. Havti, and Chiriqui,
from Now York aud Fortress Monroe, will be
s£s each to the former, and s2o to the other
plaCC f.
Our Army «t Pitlabnrjj.
The following I- :m vsvract from a private
letter received here on Saturday from the camp
of an Illinois regiment, dated at, Pittsburg,
Apli !Sth
Our ‘orce* are m-irc’unsr oa Corinth, by d{-
virion*. Our diviriou m-ocnca e.ut t-vo mil;-.
«vuy duy. Our advanc-divistnits i.ie svitriu
rix n:\Jes of Corbdb. >Vc exp-rf to uiir:n
Corinth we-k. Gc;i. Pope j- npr.e
otirexTriti' 1 left, (Jen. Lew, W..\- ,cc upon oar
right, Grant, and Bu-li iu the centre. Our
loices-will ieach 350,000, easy. War pickers
>rc fetching in prisoners every Oav. The
r»«d* sire very mnddy. The .>d brigade, c »ui
timvtiec by lieu. U-.M'-viu, will move to- uor
iow. Gen. Davis has tat? command of the 2d
diviriei:, form»rly commanded by P.idu. , a v i
Smith. Lien ported in camp that Boaure
curd is falling buck to Jackson. A few rebel
cavalry came in under a flag of trued and sur
rendered. They report mat the rebels are re
ceiving reinforcements daily. It is believe!
tbnt this was done to cover their retreat and
keep ns back until they get everything re
moved Irom Corinth.
Who Were tbo Bebol Victims at
A letter jubt received from an Ohio Colonel,
w*ho, by the way, is a Douglas Democrat, and
was “ a strict constructionist,” dated “Field
of Shiloh, April 19lh,’’ makes mention of a
fact I have not eUewbere seen noticed:
“I marched with four companies from
Waynesboro, to tho sound of the heavy guns
of ihe battle, and arrived at Savannah at 8 r.
H., where we learned tbo cattle was woo.
“Of course the field was a-? it was left after
the baulo, when I arrived, and I saw it in all
it b horrors. But one thing gave mo satisfac
tion. The confcdcT.ves wereneiriy all ot the
ctass that sought this war—well-made mem
with email feet and hands, tho southern
“ bloods’’ In abort. About ton thousand of
this Claes found their ‘‘rights” here.”
From Central Missouri,
At Springfield; Colonel Marrioo commands
Camp Batter, and with the 1-ta Illinois Cav
alry, is guarding about 1,700 s«-cc&b prisoners.
Col. Mnrrion allows no one to associate or con
verge wph the prisoners, except the officers
ar.d mi n who guard them. Tun health of tue
prisoners is quite good, and about one han
ded are detailed each day to work on a huge
fence ifhich Is being built around tao camp.
Thus tbe prisoners are undo to sire the
Government from SSO to SIOO per diyduring
the progress of the work. Tne prisoners draw
\, e 8au)0 rations as our soldiers, and are
clothed with Uncle dam’s condemned clolh
ver T quiet. Col. Boyd,
ol the Mtaeouri, Use command of the post.
Latest accounts place Gen. Cartl®*’army in
the vicinity of Vera Cruz, in Douglas’comity,
about ninety mile* >outh of Holla, slowly
moving toward the nter. J
A Slaveholder in Qaeat «t Comfort,
[Wash. Cor. N. T. Eve. Post.]
One day last week a Prince George’s slave
holder, who bad lost some of his peripitetic
chattels, called upon one of the members of
the Cabinet to* get a crumb of comfort,
greatly grieved because General Wadswortn,
tbe military Governor of the District of Co
lumbia, would not violate the articles of war
by turning slave-catcher and reminding the
fugitives who were lo Washington Into bond-
The Cabinet officer heard his complaints
with becoming patlence,and 1» said to have re
plied as follows, according to the slaveown
ers own account of the Inrerrie w ; “I sec no
heJp for yon,” said the Cabinet minister, “but
to get. rid of your slaves as speedily as possl
ble by the acceptance, on tbe part of Mary
land, of the President's plan of emancipation.''
[From our ownEeporter.}
Camp Shiloh, Apnl 26,1883.
Now that the armies of the Tennessee, Ohio
and .Mississippi—Grant’*, Buell’s and Pope’s
—are united under one commander, Gen. Hal-
leek, It is to be expected tlmt something
•worthy* of the Immense force frill soon he
done. That something must be done before
the hot weather sets in, is evident to me,
judging from the great amount of sickness
here even now. Ido not exaggerate when I
say that every fifth man in this army is labor
ing under a diarrhea of the most prostrating
description. Old United States officers who
escaped this plague of armies all through the
Mexican war, where it was very prevalent, and
even among the everglades of Florida, are
now down with it Its effects arc most ener-
vating, and the usual remedies, opium and
tanum, appear to but merely check the disease
for a time. Bad whisky may aggravate the
symptoms, but even those who never use the
ardent are not free from the infliction. I, in
common with every medical officer with whom
1 have conversed upon the subject of the
health of the army, are of the opinion that the
use of ale and beer by the troops should by all
means be encouraged. These act as a tonic
and operate upon the liver to change the se
cretions, This diarrhea operates almost pre
cisely similarly to the cholera. In aggravated
cases, I have observed precisely the same
symptoms, rice-water discharges, cramps, and
finally collapse. Anything that will operate
to produce a moderate flow of bile will imme
diately cure the disease. In addition to the
diarrhea I have heard ol some cases of small
pox, among others in Gen. Wallace’s (3d Di
vision) I saw two well marked cases of vario
loid myself, one on the boat upon which I
came up and one on the Government boat at
the landing. The medical surgeon confirmed
my opinion of the latter.
To-day is a fine day, but yesterday
was so wet and unpleasant that ia at
tempting to make my usual horsc-back
rounds of the camp, I got wet to the skin
despite my india-iubber cape, and accomplish
ed nothing. To-day, however, is so fine and
warm, that the mud is fast drying up. These
extreme changes from hot sunshine to what
the Southerners call cold rain, must be very
trying to the constitution. ~
Gen. Halleck is evidently determined to
keep the troops on the qui rife. Notwith
standing the weather, there are reconnois
sanctß in force nearly every day, and some
times two on one day. On the 2-tth (not 23d
as I had it by misdating my last,) as I wrote
you, there were reconnoissances on the Cor
inth and Purdy roads, that is on the right and
right centre. The former I accompanied my
self ; the latter I learn found the pickets of
the enemy on this side of Purdy. They were
driven in with the loss of one or two killed on
the side of the rebels and the troops returned.
To-day a reconnoissance in force was also
made towards Purdy, or by a road to the left
of the one leading to that place. It was under
the command of the gallant Col. Lawler of the
18th Illinois. It consisted of the ISthlllinois,
Capt. Marks, 17th Illinois, Capt. Peets, 20th
Illinois, Major Kerens, 30th Illinois, Lieut.
Col. Dennis, and 3lst Illinois, GoL Osborne.
These latter regiments haA but jnst landed
from Donelson, and occupied their camps, or
rather grounds for camps, when they were
ordered to lay down lueir knapsacks and
march. They fell into rank promptly and filed
a«ayto the front to meet the enemy. The
expedition was also accompanied by the Ist
Battalion of the -4th Cavalry, (CoL Dickey’s)
under the commandof Lieut. Col- McCullough,
a detachment of cavalry from Gen. Hurlout’s
division, and two pieces of Swartz’s battery.
The expedition returned in the afternoon
without having met the enemy.
The fact that the enemy had a force at
Fnrdy, on our extreme right, and also at
; Corinth in front of our centre, shows that his
j lines are very much extended, and that his
at my must be of proportionate size. I
) notice a telegraph dispatch going the
i rounds of the papers, purporting to
I to intercepted from Beauregard, to the ef
t feet that he was badly in want of reinforoc
> men’s and had but 35,000 men at Corinth on
the 9th. Now if suca a dispatch was inter
[ cepted, it must hate been a bogus one, in-
J tended for a blind. From all the accounts we
i get here, and from the extent of his levies,
I aid the force with which he attacked our army
on the 6lh lust., Beauregard’s force must at
that time have been much larger, and at the
pusent wri'ing it is no doubt immense. Why,
in one of the attacking columns ou the 6th
alone, eleven regiments were counted by their
colore, and he has since been constantly rein
forced from u’l parts of the Soaib.
I believe in one of my earlier letters I spoke
of the propriety of, to .some o.x'cuL, fortifying
tide poM’iou. I now find tint liiis Is being
done. Parsing out to the front yesterd-iy, I
observed that on the spurs of tbe 'be
tween the ravines to tbe left of tbe Purdy
road, held works were iu process of
coLttiuelion. They consisted of regular
works, with parapet, embrazures, flanking
feces, traverses, «Jcc., the whole tl inked by
abaltie, and protec ; ed in front by chevauz tie
/rise. With such works ;is tliese couiauadiug
the vflri«-us roads leaning out of tbe place, no
force could make a successful attack upon the
camp. The situation of tao works I saw were
commanding, although iu one instance I
thought some ranges of hills or ridges ia front
overlooked it, but my uumUitary eye may
have been deceived. These, evidences of care
and forethought ou tbe port of Gen. H illeck,
And the stir and bus-th; iu every portion of the
on tbe more, origades un
der drill, <fec.. &c.—show that a commander
of skill and judgment is now at the helm.
I notice tnat'Major (now Colonel) Bray
tmoi, of your city, commands the Illinois
regiment, and ulso, in consequence of the ill
ness of Gtn. Ko?s, the third brigade of Geo.
McGlmiand’s Divirion.
Id tbe late action no officer in the field
B‘nowid more true bravery than Col Brayuiaa.
He rallied more than one regiment. At one
time he came upon the 20ih, hla present regi
ment, and found it deserted by its Colonel,
and thy men inclined to leave. The oolor
be«rer bad furled tie fl;»g and I-.id down with
it behind a tree. Major Brayman rode up to
him a> d j-sktd him for if-. Having received it
he unfurled it and rode along t he line bearing
It. This earned immense enthusiasm among
the men. They responded with cheers aad
curing the remainder of the day the regiment
greaUj oistinguished irself. For his gallantry
during the two Oajs fight Major Br.iymin re
ceived the command of this regiment, every
man of which hos the utmost confidence ia
Our Illinois and the Indiana rvgimcnts boro
the brunt of the laic battle, and most, if
not all tin so in if, lost fearfully,
still, I suspect they will bear aa heavy a shire
in «lil- mxt conflict. Buril's force, ho wever,
should be thrown forward next ritne. sup
ported bj General Popes’ or versa. These
nun are better prepared to go into action
U anDtc troops engaged In the late butle.
A victory is üb.-omtely necessary to restore
the morals of tome of the troops in the late;
oiion, tno the troops to bear the brunt of
the action should b« tbo.-c who have already
\ he pr« siige «f victory to stimulate them to
Turu.«'tU triumphs.
Tbo has doubtl- ,c s ere tins in
formed jou of the death of Gen. Ohar'rs F.
Snosb. I nndtTst-md the General was
•woundtda’ DomrLon, but I have not s-en it
u:tii>on»d in tho pap,r=. lie died of l‘-v«*r.
li-deid be Pad never recover d his brakn
rive- t ba» Pu'tlf- The nftieor' ;.».'k
upon him as one of «ur v« n b -t general!.
Boulton's battery his been at’a-.-uea to Gon.
iinrb u«'s oivwou. Cue men are ail well, arc
bring d:i k‘d constantly and arc eager tor the
"I urchin’s (10th ll'lno'ie) regiment his
doubtless retired into the country, haring
been menaced atTurtumbia bj ala'ge cu-airy
f*-ro»% The gunboats have returned from
there. F.
Loyalty of tbe Germans—Emwnclpa
tiuu in Missouri— meeting of t..e
League In St. I««vals—Cal, Jcnnl
feon-s Address—Gen, SlgeL
{From onr own Correspondent.}
St. Louis, Mo., Msyl, 1562.
The patriotic freemen of the North have to
return heartiest thanks to their German breth
ren in this city and State. Had it not been
for the Tectonic element, so largely interfused
here, this State of. Pukes and Pikes, Border
Ruffians and Conditional Union Men, would
long ere this hare been sealed to Dixie. In
the gloomy hours which darkened the early
summer of last year, the Germans of Missouri,
but more especially of this city, made the loyal
blood bound impetuously as the nows of the
taking of Camp Jackson flashed overtba wires,
and everywhere throughout the State, where
the Germans had made a resting-place, the
march of Union soldiers announced the opea
»ing of the struggle which since his devastated
the State. These things are already part of the
national history; but in the city of St* Louis
there is an nnwritten prologue of heroic sacri
fice, patient preparation and untiring sogiclty,
which never failed or faltered. I passed by
the arsenal to-day, and my companions re
counted the scenes of twelve months since,
when the noble soldier Lyon kept vigilant
watch and ward, with bnt fifty soldiers, over
the arms, &c. stored therein. The secession
minute men then swarmed throughout the
city, and the Germans had to meet secretly for
organization and drill. Within a quarter of a
mile of the arsenal is a German medical and
scientific institute under Ur. Hammer. It had
some sixty students, who requested arras of
Gen. (then Capt.) Lyon, which were furnished,
and these gallant youths lay upon their arms
for many nights, ready under their Professors
to fall upon the flanks of the minute men If
they,attempted their purposed capture of the
arsenal. Incident after incident was thus nar-'
rated of iho events of those anxious months,
and each added in my heart to the gratitude
which aa a loyal citizen I have ever
felt to the. broad-armed, . great-hearted
Germans. Freedom has marched on since
then, and bnt fourteen months have
rolled by, when an avowed, nncompromising
Emancipation League, holding its stated meet
ings, and fearlessly advocating And-SUver?
principles, takes its place among the institu
tions of the State which but seven years since
poured forth its men and treasure to enslave
On Tuesday evening, with Cob Jennison, I
attended the second meeting of the General.
Emancipation League ol the State of Missouri.
As a coincidence worthy of note, this meeting
wps held In a mansion belonging to, and but
last year used os the headquarters of Gen.
Harney. This society completed its public
organization the week previous. Its officers
consist of the following gentlemen: Presi
dent, Judge Clover, (of the Connry Criminal
Court); Vice Presidents, John C. Vogel and
Judge Moody; Recording Secretary, J. F.
Wielandy; Corresponding Secretaries, Charles -
P. Johnson, (a prominent and talented young
lawyer) and Dr. Hillgmrtner, Editor of the
Anzkger. The object of the Society is set
forth in its title, and the officers are busily
engaged in laying the foundations of a thor
ough canvass and organization of the State.
They intend to commence agitation upon an
acceptance of the proposition put forth in the
President’s late glorious message. They will
commence this work immediately, and the
forthcoming session of the Slate Convention
will not be allowed to pass without a thor
ough discussion of the question. Nothing can
save Jilissouri from constant embroilment for the
next three years but the emancipation of the
slaves left there within a short period. If any
body must be colonized, and conditions of
that kind be imposed, would it not be more
beneficial to the State to remove about a halt
million of the poor Pokes who fester therein ?
The proceedings of the meeting were ani
mated. CoL Jennison was invited to address
the League, and did so In the style peculiar to
the man. He told them that he was not In the
habit of speech making. He had tried to be a
doer of deeds, and not a maker of speeches.
But his opinions were plain and direct, and
therefore could be readily, though blontly ex
pressed. He had none to conceal. It gave
him much pleasure to meet with this organi
zation, especially when he remembered its
glorious objects. Freedom had been his aim,
and his only ambition was to be a soldier of
liberty. He had sought to do this in
Kansas, as a citizen, through her struggle,
and as a soldier and officer in the war for the
Union now raging. He claimed that both
were part of the same struggle, and as he
went in to win when with only six men he had
* resisted tbe pro-slavery men in Southern Kan
sas, so had he gone in to this war. Be'causc of
ibis, and this only, had he, he believed, been
arrested, and treated in an inhuman manner
by Gen. Sturgis. Because he had there, as
here, frankly told his opinion of the men set
to command, and the policy pursued in Kan
sas, he had been placed in a filthy dungeon at
Leavenworth, and confined by Sturgis’ orders
in the slave pen on ’ Fifth street.
In Kansas the war had been
merely a political war, controlled for the pur
pose of not hurting slavery, demoralizing the
State,and filling the pockets of swindlers with
Government gold. What it might be in St.
Louis, he didn’t know, though from the evi
denccf|he had seen, much of the same policy
prevailed. The Kansas soldiers, as fins troops
as can be found in the world, had been for a
year up the hill and down again, except when
left to sacrifice ua at Springfield. For weeks
we had laid within three days march of Curtis
and Sigel, and nothing to prevent our rein
forcing'them, except want of orders, and then
finally his command was ordered to Fort
Riley to equip lor New Mexico, there to gar
rison forts in all probability. It was stated we
were to march on Fort Rfley tor equipment,
hut the facte were that, as Major Easton,
Quartermaster at Fort Leavenworth, told my
Quartermaster, the First Kansas Cavalry was
sent there to consume a hay contract, which
would be lost ii some horses were not sent up
tht re. Because he would not serve these pro
slavery men, their schemes of political fraud,
thtir treachery to freedom, and their plunder
ing, he had been placed in arrest. More than
all tin se, it was because he was an abolition
ist, and whenever he marched, somebody aud
something got hurt. So much for himself,
and he bad alluded to these mat
ters because they illustrated the fight
going on throng bout the nation. All
of the bunker forces had had lime to crystal
i?.e themselves during this -war into plans of
saving slavery that they might again on its
tt-mains build up political power and control
the nation. This Kansas fight, in which he
was involved, was but a bolder manifestation
ot the tight. The only way was to organize,
jut-t as this League had organized, in every
possible locality, aud on the basis of the
rueidi-nt’s Itr.c noble message, demanded
enmucipation, and thus lift up Mr. Lincoln’s
hands to highi-r aud nobler things even. In
Kansas we have organized an Emancipation
League and called a State Convention, and it
was" gratiJjing to moot the Missouri friends
and carry back to his own S?ate, their pl-ius
and purpo-es, that we might there co-opento'*
He was, bad always been, aud trusted to re
main, an avowed radical, working, fighting
nboiitioiisr, and in that fellowship worked
with all whose aim was justice and liucrtv.
The above is the substance of the Colonel's
remarks. The manner of the min cannot be
givtp. Qu.Jnt, terse, ofren rough in expres
sion, bis “ wordo are indeed bullets” aud his
speech, like his good sabre, hews down the
supporters of despotism.
I had the p leisure to-day of meeting Gcu.
Steel for the first time, and need not say how
much I was gratified by the opportunity.
Unr public men are generally so much over
rat i d, that one most generally feels di>appoint
td in int e ing them. Not so with Major Gen
eral Franz Steel. H»s face and manner is full
of the repose of intellect and strength, which
Las well weighed its forces and therefore
knows its own power. A more modest and
■unassuming geatkmm it has not for a
loLg time been tuy pleasure to meet.
Lei me remark here, that from all I can learn
of his opinions, and from the character of the
man as told by bis face, I do nut believe that
that there te to day in the Union a truer sol
dier of liberty and a heartier hater of oppress
ion in all its shapes Than General Slgel The
Gt utTal bus bei-n for some time confined to
his house by rheumatism, but is now much
better, though not entirely recovered.
Col. Jentnson intends leaving for Washing
ton in the morning with the intention ot de
manding a full investigation of his arrest at
the hands of the authorities. He will iu all
probability withdraw his resignation, which
J5-6 been accepted by Gem Halleck, and takes
effect to-day By letters from Kansas I learn
that Lieut. Hoyt is suffering severely from
rheumatic fever, brought on by his confine
ment in the damp, dirty, filthy *hol«, wherein
the brute Sturgis confined him. Tho Lieu
tenant has always been in delicate health, aud
suffered severely by his winter campiignlng,
and the confinement was brutal in the ex
treme. Thank God, the fellow is ordered
from Kansas, and, if justice is done, he will
be starless in a short time.
A Letter from t. S. marshal Phillips,
TJkttud States Maiwral’ij Omca,)
Soutusun District or Jllisois. V
Springtisus, 111., April 1863. j
Editors Chicago Tribune :
In your paper of yesterday your Cairo cor
iCt-pODdeut, stales that “there was a prospect,
yesterday, of a conflict between the civil and
military authorities upon the et-Tnil niggor
qnrt-tiOD. The United States Marshal of this
District churned the right to take a contra
band captured at Fort Donelson, and now em
ployed by the Government, and return him to
Ms mari* r, who U said to be a loyal Hi-sou
ri;«i>. The Provost Marshal resisted aatl dc
molded bis authority. For a time there was
a prospect of a scrimmage, but tao prompt
lit ts of the Provost Marshal prevented it and
the U. S. Marshal abandoned the claim.
New it is enough to state, that tne tilth in
stant, the day on "which the above is mi l ro
li vt- happened, I i-p* ot in the city of Chi-.Mgo.
Aid tint 1 never heard of the case alluded to,
until I read Ui>- above pangr.iph in your pa
per. I have not been to Cairo for week,*, if
I wire there, I would scorn to do what
is charged by your correspondent. If any one
bss at'empted In my name to do such an act,
I will on tl-e first Intimation disavow and re
pudiate such conduct. More, I would dis
charge instantly any deputy guilty of such
m.perrintst intermeddling with tho military
aulLorides. It the negro, captured os stited,
was cmpkijcd by the Government at Cairo,
1 heartily approve of such disposition of him.
Allncgioes of the re bels ought to be employed
in the sauio way. Please do mo the justice tp
insirt this note in your paper, a* I do ne
wish foramoment to appear before the public
as doing that for which I should despise my
self. Tour correspondent at Cairo owes me
an apology. Yours truly,
D. L. Phillips, U. S. Marshal.
Remarks.—We deeply tvgret that any para
graph in our news should do Injustice to
Marshal Phillips, but wo find our regret mit
igated by the foot that an occasion was thus
furnished for the public utterance of senti
ments we rejoice to see belonging to a Federal
officer in his responsible position. They do
honor alike to his head and heart. As to the
misstatement we must say. that a journal like
oars is at the mercy of its many correspond
ents, and we can only make the best amende
is our power when they mislead us or do in
justice in any case.
Tfon’t be Deported*
The negroes of Beaton have held a pwblle
meeting to consider the subject of colonisa
tion. They don’t believe in the project/and
their resolutions are pointed:
Hefoited, That when we wish to leave the
Vnited States we can and and pay for that terri
tory rhat fhall suit us be-t.
JSetclred. That when we are ready to
hare wo sh»U be able to pay our own expenses of
Jicsotv&d, That we don’t want to go now.
i'e*olwd. That if anybody else wants ns to go
they mubt compel uj*.
ShootlDgabarlag Foe.
[Torktown Cor. N. Y. Evening Poit.]
A liitle Incident happened to-day worth re
lating. Ever since onr pickets have been
within six hundred yards of the enemy’s
works, a rebel seven-footer has sho vn himself
tsupUD&lj at a safe dls’aoc© from
evidently braving the fire of onr sharpafioot
eis. All the pieces had been repeatedly level
ed upon him. hut without effect To-diy he
came outride as waving his ha%wßeut«vo
balls went whizzing toward him, but fell
shcrl. The rebel continued his observations.
Meanwhile a messenger wse despatched for
a certain telescopic target rifle known to be
in the hands of a sharpshooter, and Colonel
Berdan and one. of his officers, accompanied,
by two of hia idpd, waited out to see the re
eult as one would go to a bear hunt. Arrived
at the point designated, the seven-footer was
still there, when the owner of the rifle drew
op at arm’s length, and the moment the muz
zle fell to as to coyer his heart, the hair-trig
ger was touched, and the taunting foe fell
without a struggle. A skirmish ensued, our
sharpshooters t ryingto prevent the rebels from
recovering the body, and it was finally left
outeide until nightfall.
Revolting Barbarism of Seces
sionists In Their Gamps
and At Home.
The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the pre
sent War beg leave respectfully to submit a .Be
port, in part, as foUotcs:
On the first day of April the Senate of the
United States adopted the following resolu
tion: which was referred to the Committee on
the Conduct ol the War;
JUtoived, That the select committee on the con
duct of the war be directed to collect the evidence
with regard to the barbarous treatment by the
ret - els, at Manassas, of the remains of officers and
soldiers ol the United States killed in battle
there; and that the said select committee also in-
quire into tbe fact whether tbe Indian savages
have been employed by the rebels. In their mili
tary service, against the government of the United
States, and how such warfare has been conducted
hy said savages.
Ib pursuance of the instructions contained
.In this resolution, your committee have the
honor toreoon that'thcy examined a nnmber
of witnesses, whose testimony is herewith
Mr. Nathaniel F. Parker, who was captured
at Falling Waters, Virginia, testified that he
wes kept in close confinement, denied exer
cise, and, with a number of others, huddled
up in a room; that their food, generally scant,
was always bad, and sometimes nauseous;
that the wounded had neither medical atten
tion nor humane treatment, and that many of
these latter died from sheer neglect; that five
of tic prisoners were shot by the sentries
outside, and that he saw one man, Tibbitts, of
IheNew Fork twenty-seventh regiment, snot
as he was passing his window on the the Bth
of November, and that he died of the wound
on the 12th. The perpetrator of this foul
murder was subsequently promoted by the
rebel government.
Dr. J. M. Homiston, sugeon of the 14th
New Fork or Brooklyn regiment, captured at
Bull Run, testified that when he solicited per
mission to remain on the field and to attend to
wounded men, some of whom were in a help
less and painful condition and suffering foe
water, he was brutally refused. They offered
him neither water nor any thing in the shape of
food. He and his companions stood in the
streets of Manassas, surrounded by a threat
ening and boisterous crowd, and were after
wards thrust into an old building, and left,
without sustenance or covering, to sleep on
the bare floor. It was only when feint and
exhausted, in response to their earnest peti
tions, they having been without food for twen
ty-four hours, that some cold bacon was
grudgingly given to them. When, at last,
they were permitted to go to the relief of our
wounded, the secession surgeon would not al
low them to perform operations, but entrusted
the wounded to his young assistants, “some
of them with no more knowledge of what they
attempted to do than an apothecary’s clerk.”
And further, “that these inexperienced sur
geons performed operations upon our men in
a most horrible manner: some of them were
absolutely frightful.” “ When,” he adds, “ I
asked Dr. Darby to allow me to amputate the
leg of Corporal Prescott, of ourreglment, and
said that the man mast die if it were not done,
he told me that I should be allowed to do it.”
While Dr. Eomiston was waiting, he says a
secessionist came through the room and said,
“ they are operating upon one of theFankec’s
legs up stairs.” “I went up and found that
they mid cut off Prescott’s leg. The assist
ants were pulling on the flesh at each side, try
ing to get flap enough to cover the bone.
Thty had sawed off the bone without leaving
any of the flei-h to form the flaps to cover it;
and with all the force they could use they
could not get flap enough to cover the bone.
They were then obliged to saw off about an
inch more of the bone, and even then, when
they came to put in the sutures (the
stitches) they could not approximate the
edges within It ss than an inch and a half of each
other; of course, as soon as there was any
swelling, the stitches tore out and the bone
stuck through again. Dr, Swalm tried after
wards to remedy it by performing another
operation, but Prescott had become so doril
iiuti d that he did not survive.” Corporal
Pretcott was si young man of high position,
and had received a very liberal education.
The sumo witness describes the sufferings
of the wounded after the tittle as inconceiv
ably horrible : with bad food, no covering, no
water. They were lying upon the floor as
thickly as they could be laid. “There was
not a particle* of light in the house to enable
us to move among them.” Deaf to all his
appeals, they continued to refuse water to
thete suffering men, and he was only enabled
lo proeme it by betting cups under the caves
to cutch the rain that was falling, and in this
way he extent the night catching the water
and convening it to tho wounded to drink.
As there was no light, ho was obliged to crawl
on his hands and knees to avoid shopping on
their wounded limbs; aud, Uo adds, h is not
a wonder that the next morning we found that
several had died during the night.” The
young surgeons, who seemed to delight in
hacking and butchering these brave defenders
of our country’s flag, were not, it, would seem,
permitted lo peifonn any operationa upon
the rebel wounded. “ Some of our wounded,”
says this witness “were left lying upon the
battlefield until Tuesday night aud vv'edm-aday
morning. When brought in, their wounds
were complexly alive with larva? deposited
there hy the flies, having laid out through all
the rain storm of Monday, and the hot, sultry
sunshine of Tuesday.” The dead laid upon
the field unburud for five days; and this in
cluded men not only of his own, the 14th reg
iment, but of other regiments. This witness
te-blilics that the rebel dead were carried off
and interred decently. In answer to a ques
tion whether the confederates themselves
were not also destitute of medicine, he replied
“they could not have been, for they took ull
ours, even to our .-urgieal instruments.” lie
received none of the attention from the sur
geons on the other aide, “which,” to use his
own language, “I should hare shown to them
had onr position been reversed.”
The testimony of William F. Swalm, assist
ant surgeon of the 14th New York regiment,
who was taken prisoner at Sndley’s church,
confirms the statement of Dr. Homiston, in
n gard to the brutal operations on Corporal
Ihescott. Ho also states that after ho himself
had been removed to Richmond, when seated
one day with bis feet on tho window-sill, tbo
sentry outside called to him to take them in,
and on looking out ho saw tho sentry with his
musket cocked and pointed at him, aud with
drew in time to t»ve his life, fie gives evi
dence of the heartless, careless, aud cruel
manner in which the surgeons operated upon
our men. Previous to leaving for Richmond,
and ten or twelve days after t-.e battle, he saw
some of tbo Union soldiers nnbnricd on tho
held, and entirely naked. Walking around
were a great many women, gloating over tho
horrid sight.
The c&*e of Dr. Ferguson, of one of the New
York regiments, is mentioned by Dr. 3 -vaim.
“When getting into bis ambulance U> look
after his own wounded, he was fired upon by
the rebels. When he told them who ne was,
they said they would take a parting shot at
him, which Iht-y did, wounding him in the leir.
He bad Ms boors on, and his spurs on his
boots, and as they drove along bis spurs
would catch in tbe tail-board of tho aana
lance, causing him to shriek with agony."
An officer rude up, and, placing his pistol to
his hiad, turcatened to snoot elm if he con
tinued to stream. This was on Sunday, the
day of the bank*.
One of the most important witnesses was
Gem ml James B. Ricketts, well known la
Washington and throughout the country,
lately promoted for his daring aud self-Stcri
licing courage. After having been wounded
in the battle of 801 l run, he was captured,
m»d as be lay helpless ou his back, a party of
rebels passing him cried out, “ Knock out' Ms
brains, the d d Yaokee!” He met General
Bc;«un £aro, an old acqn ilotauco, only a yeir
his senior at the Uni'cd States Military Acad
emy, when* bofcn were eduetted. He had met
the rebel General in the Sooth a number of
times. By this head of the rebel army, on the
day after me battle, be was told that hi* (Gen.
KlckcU’ti) tn-af incut would depend upon the
t.rvatmt-nt extended to the rebel privateers.
Ills Fiist. Lieutenant, Rimsey, who was killed,
was stripped of every article of his clothing,
but his socks, and left naked on tho field. He
testified that those of oar wounded who died
it* Richmond were buried in tne negro bury
ieg-groued among the negroes, and were
put into the earth in the most unfeeling maa,-,
ner. Tbe statenr nt of other witnesses as
to how the prisoners were treated la fully con
firmed by General Ricketts. He himself, while
in prison, subsisted mainly upon what he
purchased with his own money, the money
brought to him by his own wife. “We hid,”
he says, “what they called bacon soup —soup
made of boiled bacon, the bacon being a little
rancid—which you could not possibly eat; and
that for a man who e system was being drain
ed by a wound Is no diet at all.” In reply to
a question whether he bad heard anything
about our prisoners bring shot hy the rebel
sentries, he answered: “Yes, a number of our
men were shot. In one instance two were
shot; One was killed, and tbe other
by a man who rested hifl gun on the window
sill while be capped it.”
General Ricketts, in reference to hia having
teen hold *s one of the hosragr® for the priva
teers, states: “I considered it bad treatment
to be selected as a hostage for a privateer,
when I was so lame that 1 could not walk, and
while my wounds were . till open ;ind unheal
ed. At this time General Winder came to see
me. He had be«-n an officer la my regiment;
1 had known him for twenty-odd years* It was
on the 9> h of November toot he came to see
me. He saw that my wounds were still un
healed; he saw my condition; bus that very
d»y be received an order to select hostages
for tbe pnvateers, and, notwithstanding Ue
knew ro\ condition, the nextday, Sunday, the
10th of November, I was selected as one of the
hostages.’ 1 “I heard,” be cooumi**, “of a
great many of our prisoners who had
hc*-n bajouetted and shot. I saw three of
them—two that had been bayonetted and
one of them shot. One was named Louis
Francis, of the Now. York 14th. He had re
c« Ivcd fourteen bayonet wounds—one through
his privates and he had one wound wry
mncli like mine, on the knee, in consequence
of which his leg was amputated after twelve
weeks bad pa-ar-d: and I would state hero
that in regard to bis case, when it was determ
ined to amputate his leg, I heard Dr. Peachy,
the rebel suigeou, remark to one of his young
assistants, ‘X won’t be greedy; you miy do
lt;’-«Dd the young man old it. I saw a num
ber in my room, many of whom had been
badly amputated. The flaps over the stump
were drawn too tight, anil some of the bones
protruded. A man by the name of Prescott
(the samr refj-rred to In the testimony of Sur
geon Homiston) waa amputated twice, and
was then, 1 think, moved to Richmond before
the taps were healed. Prescott died under
this treatment. X heard a rebel doctor on the
steps below my room say 1 that he wished he
could take out the hearts of the d—-d Yan
kees as easily as he could take off'their legs.*
Some of the Southern gentlemen treated mo
very handsomely. Wane Hampton, who was
opposed to my battery* came to see md and
behaved like a generous encmy.*‘
It appears, as a part of the history of this
rebellion, that Gen. Ricketts was visited by
his wife, who, having first heard that he was |
killed in battle, afterward that he was alive
and wounded, traveled under great difficulties
to Manassas to see her husband. He says:
“She had almost to light her way through,
but succeeded finally in reaching' me on the
lonrth day after the battle. There were
eight persons in the Lewis House, at Ma
nassas, in the room where I lay, and
my wife, for two weeks, slept in that room ou
the floor by my side, without a hod. When
we got to Richmond, there were sis of us in
a room, among them Col. Wilcox, who re
mained with us until be was taken to Charles
ton. There we were all in one room. There
was no door to it. It was much as it would
be here if yon should tkke off the doors of
this committee room, and then fill the pas
sage with wounded soldiers. In the hot snm-
mer months tbe stench from their wounds,
and from the utensils they used was fearful.
There was no privacy at all, because there
being no door the room could not be closed.
We were there as a common show. Colonel
Wilcox and myself were objects of interest,
and were gazed upon as if we were a couple
of savages. The people would come in there
and say all sorts of things to us and about, us,
until I was obliged to tell them that I was a
prisoner and had nothing to say. On our way
to Richmond, when we reached Gordonsville.
many women crowded around tbe cars, ana
asked my wife if sbe cooked? if sbe washed?
how she got there? Finally, Mra. Ricketts
appealed to the officer in charge, and told him
that it was not the intention that we • should
be subjected to this treatment, and if it was
continued she would make it known to the
authorities. Gen. Johnson took my wile’s
carriage and horses at Manassas, kept them,
and has them yet for aught I know. When I
got to Richmond Ispoke to several gentlemen
about this, and so did Mrs. Ricketts. They
said, of course, the carriage and horses should
be returned, but they never were. “ There is
one debt,” says this gallant soldier, “that I
desire very much to pay, and nothing troubles
me so much bow as the fact that my wounds
prevent me from enteringupon active service
at once,”
The case of Louis Francis, who was terribly
wounded and maltreated, and lost a leg, is re
ferred to by Gen. Ricketts; but tbe testimony
of Francis himself is startling. He was a pri
vate in the New Fork 14th regiment. He
says: “I was attacked by two rebel soldiers,
and wounded in the right knee with the bayo
net. As I lay on the sod they kept bayoneting
me until I received fourteen wounds. One
then left me, the other remaining over me,
when a Union soldier coming up, shot him in
the breast and he fell dead. I lay on the
ground until ten o'clock next day. I was
then removed in a wagon to a building; my
wounds examined and partially dressed. On
tbe Saturday following we were carried to
Manassas, and from there to the general hos
pital at Richmond- My leg having partially
mortified, I consented that it should be am
putated, which operation was performed by a
young man. I insisted that they should allow
Dr. Swalm to be present, for I wanted one
Union man there if X died under the opera
tion, The stitches and the band slipped from
neglect, and the bone protruded; and about
two weeks after another operation was per
formed, at which time another piece of the
thigh bone was sawed off. Six weeks after
the amputation, and before it healed, I was
removed to the tobacco factory.”
Two operations were subsequently per
formed on Francis—one at Fortress Monroe,
and one at Brooklyn, New York—after ids re
lease from captivity.
Revolting as these disclosures are, it was
when the Committee came to examine wit
nesses in reference to the treatment of our he
roic dead, that the fiendish spirit of the rebel
leaders was most prominently exhibited.
Daniel Bixby, jr., of Washington, testifies
that he went out in company with Mr. G. A.
Bmart, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, who
went to search for the body of his brother,
who fell at Blackburn’s Ford in the action of
the 18lh of July. They found the grave. Tae
clothes were identified as those of his brother
on account of some peculiarity in the make,
for they had been made by his mother; and,
in oidtr to identify them, other clothes made
by her were taken, that they might compare
them. “We found no head in thegrave, and
no bones of any kind—nothing but the
clothes and portions of the flesh. We found
the remains of three other bodies all together.
The clothes were there; some flesh was left,
but no bones.” Tbe witness also states that
Mrs. Pierce Butler, who live s near the place,
S’4d that she had seen rebels boiling portion*
ol the bodies of our dead in order to obtain
their Loucs as relics. They could not wait for
them to decay. She said that she hid seen
drumsticks made of “ Yankee shinbones,” as
• they called them. Mrs. Butler also stated
that she had seen a skull that one of the New
Orleans artillery had, which, he said, he was
going to send home to have it mounted, and
that he intended to drink a brandy punch out
of it the day he was married.
Frederick Scholes, of the city of Brooklyn,
New York, testified that he proceeded to the
battle-field of Bull Run on the fourth of this
month (April) to fiud the place where ho ciip
posed his brother’s body was burled. Mr.
Scboles, who is a man of unquestioned charac
ter, by his testimony fully coutirras the state
ments ot'otherwitueese-. Hemeta freenegro,
named S.’mon or Yimous, who stated that it was
a common thing tor the rebel soldiers to ex
hibit the bones of the Yankees. “I found,”
ho fays, “in the bushes in the neighborhood,
a part of a Zouave uniform, with the sleeve
sticking out of the grave, and a portion of the
pantaloons. Attempting to pall it up, I saw
the two ends of the grave were silli unopened,
but the middle had been pried up, pulling up
the extremities of the uniform at some places,'
the sleevts of the shirt In another, and a por
tion of the pantaloons. Dr. Swalm (one of
the surgeons, whose t etimeny has already
been referred to) pointed out the trenches
where the secessionists had buried their own
d«ud, and, on examination, it appeared that
tln-jr remains bad not been disturbed at all.
Mr. Schoks met a free negro, named Hamp
ton, who n-sided mar the place, aud when be
told him the manner in which taeso bodies
bad been dug up, he said he knew it had been
done, and added that the rebels had commenc
ed diguing bodies, two or three days afror
they were buried, for the purpose,
at first, of obtaining the buttons
off their nuiiorms, and that afterwards
they disinterred them to get their nones.
Be said they had taken rails aud pushed the
ends down in the centre under the middle of
the bodies, and pried them up. The informa
tion of the negroes of Benjamin Franklin
Lewis corroborated fully the statement of this
man, Hampton. They said that a good many
oi the bodies had been stripped naked on the
field before they were buried, and that some
were buried naked. I went to Mr. Lewis’ house
and spoke to him of the manner ia which
these bodies bad been disinterred- fio
admitted that it was infamous, andcondetnned
principally the Louisiana Tigers, of General
Wbcaris division. He admitted that our
wounded had been very badly treated." Ia
confirmation of the testimony of Dr. Swaltn
aud Dr. Homistoo, this witness Mr.
Lewis mentioned a number of instances of men
who had been murdered by surgical treatment.
Mr. Lewis was afraid that a pestilence would
i break out in consequence of the dead being
Uft unburied, and stated that ho had gone and
warned the neighborhood and hud the dead
buried, sending bis own men to assist in doing
so. “Ou Sunday morning (yesterday) I went
out In search of my brotbt-r's grave. We found
tbo trench, and dug for the bodies below.
They were eighteen inches to two feet below
the surface, and had been hustled in in any
way. In one end of the trouch wq found, not
more than two or three inches below the sur
face, the thigh bone of a man which had evi
dently been dag up after the buriaL At the
other end of the trench we found the shiabone
o! a man, which bad been struct by a market
ball and split. The bodies at the ends had
been pried np. While digging there, a party
of solders came along and showed us a part of
a shinbone, five or stxinchcs long, whicahid
the end sawed off They said that they hid
fonnd it among many other pieces in one of
the cabins the rebels had deserted. From the
apjKrarance of it pieces bad been sawtd off to
m:ike finger rings. Aa soon as the negroes
noticed this, they said that the rebels had h*d
rings made of' the bones of our dead,
and that they had them for sale ia
their camps. When Dr. Swalm saw
the bone he said it was a part of the shin
bone of a man. The soldiers represented mat
there were lots of these bones scattered
through tbo rebel buts sawed into ring*," &c.
Mr. Lewis and his negroes all spoke of Col.
James Caun-ron’s body, and knew that “it
bad been stripped, and also where it had been
bnriid." Mr. Scholes, in answer to a ques
tion of the committee, described the different
treatment extended to the Union soldiers and
the rebel dead. The latter had little head
boards placed at the head of their respective
graves and marked; none of them hod the
appearance of having been disturbed.
The evidence of that distinguished and pa
triotic citizen, Hon. William Sprague, gov
ernor of the State of Rhode Island, confirms
and fortifies some of the most revolting state
ments of former witnesses. His object ia
▼Wring thebatilefield wu to recover ihs bodies
of Col. Slocum and Major Ballou, ot theßhode
Island regiment. He took out with him several
of his own men lo identify the graves. On
reaching the place he states that “we com
menced digging for tbo bodies of Colonel
Slocum ana Major Ballou at the spot pointed
out to us by these men who hid been, in the
action. While digging, some negro women
came up aud asked wnom we were looking
for, and at the same time said that ‘Colonel
Slogan’had been dug up by the rebels, by
some men of a Georgia regiment, bis head cat
off, and fals body taken to a ravine thirty or
forty yards below, and there burned. We
Stopped digging and went to the spot desig
nated, whtre we found cools and ashes and
bones mingled together. A little dis
tance from there we found a shirt
(still buttoned at the neck) and blan
ket with largo quantities of hair upon it,
everything indicating the burning of
a body there. We returned and dug down at
tbe spot indicated as the grave of Major Ballou
but fonnd no body there; but at the place
pointed out as the grave where Colonel
B‘ocnm was buried we found a box, wtjicu,
upon being raised and opened, was fonnd to
contain the body of Colonel Slocum. The sol
diers who bad buried the two bodies were sat
isfied that the grave bad been opened, the
body taken out, beheaded, and bamed, was
that of Major Ballou, because it was not in the
spot where Col. Slocum was buried, but ra
ther to the right of it. They at once said that
tbe rebels bad made a mistake, and had taken
the body ot M»jor Ballou for that ot Colonel
Slocum. Tbe shirt found near the place
where tbe body was burned I recognized as
one belonging to Major Ballou, os 1 had been
very intimate with him. We gathered up the
ssbe s containing the portion of bis remains
that were left, and put them In a coffin with
his shirt and the blanket with the hair leftup
on It. After we had done this we went to that
portion of the field where the battle bad first
commenced, and began to dig for tbe remains
of CaptahrTower. We brought a soldier with
ns to designate tbe place wherehe was buriett
He bad been wounded in the batrie, and had
seen from tbe window of the house where the
captain was interred. On opening the ditch
or trench we fonnd it filled with soldiers, all
buried with theirfacea downward- On taking
upborne lour or five we discovered the re 4
mains of Captain Tower, mingled with those
of Die men. We took them, placed them in a
coffin, and brought them home."
In reply to a question of a -member of the
committee as,to whether he was satisfied that
they were 'buried Intentionally with their
faces downward. Governor Sprague’s answer
was, “Undoubtedly! Beyond all controver
sy 1” and that “it was done as a mark of In-
dignity.” In answer to another question as
to what their object could have been, espe
cially in regard to the body of Colonel Slo
cum, he replied: “Sheer brutality, and noth
ing else. They did it on account of his cour
age and chivalry in forcing his regiment fear
lessly and bravely upon them. He destroyed
about one-half of that Georgia regiment,
which was made up of their best citizens.”
When the inquiry was put whether he thought
these barbarities were committed by that
regiment, he responded, “by that same regi-
as I wss told.” While their own dead
were buried with marble head and foot stones,
and names upon them, ours were buried, as I
have stated, ib trenches. This eminent wit
ness concludes his testimony as follows: “I
have published an order to my second regi
ment, to which these officers were attached,
that I shall not be satisfied with what they
shall do unless they give an account of one
rebel hilled for each one of their own num
The membirs of your committee might
content themselves by leaving this testimony
to tbe Senate and the people without a word
of comment; but when the enemies of a just
and generous Government are attempting to
excite the sympathy of disloyal men in our
own country, and to solicit the aid of foreign
governments by the grossest misrepresenta
tions cf the objects of the war, and of the
conduct of the officers and soldiers ot the re
public,this, tbe most startling evidence of their
insincerity and inhumanity, deserves some
notice at our hands. History will be examined
in vain for a parallel to this rebellion arrainst
a good government. Long prepared for by
ambitious men, who were made*doubly con
fident of success by the aid and counsel of for- I
uu r administrations, and by the belief that (
tbeir plans were unobserved by a magnani
mous people, they precipitated the war (at a
moment when the general administration had
just been changed,) under circumstances of
astounding perfidy. ” Without a single reason
able ground of complaint, and iu the face of
repeated manifestations of moderation and
peace on the part of the President and his
friends, they took up arms and declared that
they would never surrender until their rebel
lion bad been recognized, or the Institutions
established by our fathers had been destroyed.
The people of the loyal States, at last con
vinced that they could preserve their liberties
only by an appeal to the God of bittlcs, rushed
to tbe standard of the republic, in response to
tbe call of the Chief Magistrate.
Every step of this monstrous treason has
been marked by violence and crime. No
transgression has been too great, no wrong
too startling for its leaders. They disregard
ed the sanctity of the oaths they had taken to
snpport the Constitution; they repudiated all
thtir obligations to the people ot the free
States; they deceived and betrayed their own
fellow-citizene, and crowded their armies with
forced levies; they drove from their midst all
who would not yield to their despotism, or
filled their prisons with men who would not
enlist under their flag. They have now
crowned the rebellion by the perpetration of
deeds scarcely known even to savage warfare.
The investigations of your committee have
established this fact beyond controversy.
The witnesses called before us were
men of undoubted veracity and char
acter. Some of them occupy high posi
tions in the army, and others high positions
in civil life. Differing in political sentiments,
their evidence presents a remarkable concur
rence of opinion and of judgment. Our fellow
countrymen, heretofore sufficiently impressed
by the generosity and forbearance of the Gov
ernment of the United States, and by the bar
barous character of the crusade against It,
will be shocked by the statements of these
unimpcachcd and unimpeachable witnesses;
and foreign nations must, with one accord,
however they have hesitated heretofore, con
sign to Listing odium tbe authors of crimes
which, iu all their details, exceed the worst
excesses of the Sepoys of India.
Inhumanity to the living has been the lead
ing trait ot the rebel leaders; but it was re
served for your committee to disclose as a
concerted system their insults to the wound
ed, and their mutilation and desecration of
the gallant dead. Our soldiers taken priso
ners in honorable battle have been subjected
to the most shameful treatment. All the con
siderations that inspire cnivalric emotion and
generous consideration for brave men have
Been disregarded. It is almost beyond belief
that the men fighting iu such a cause as ours
and sustained by a Government which in the
midst of violence and treachery has given re
peated evidences of Us indulgence, should
have been subjected to treatment never before
resorted to by one foreign nation in conflict
Ail the courtesies of professional and civil
life seem to have been discarded General
Beauregard himself, who on a very recent oc
casion ooasted tha* be had been controlled by
humane feelings after the battle of Bull Run,
coolly pro; osed to hold General Ricketts as a
hostage for one of tbe murderous privateers,
and the rebel surgeons disdained intercourse
: and communication with, our own surgeons
i taken in honorable battle.
The outrages upon the dead will revive the
rccolU-clious of tue cruelties to which s»vago
tribes subject their prisoners. They were
buried in many eases naked, with their faces
downward; they were left to decay in the
open air; their bones were carried off as tro
phies, sometimes, ns the testimony proves,
to be used as personal adornments, aud one
witness deliberately avers that the head of cue
of our most gallant officers was eat off by a
stcessioD'Bt to be turned into a drinking cap
on the occasion of his marriage. Monstrous
as this revelation may appear to be, your com
mittee have been informed that dnringthe last
two weeks the skull of a Union soldier his
been exhibited In the office of the Sergeant-at
arms of the House of Representatives, which
had been converted to such a purpose, and
which had been found on the person of one of
the rebel prisoners taken in a recent conflict.
The testimony of Gov. Sprague, of Rhode
Island, is most interesting. It confirms the
worst reports against the rebel soldiers, and
conclusively proves that the body of cue of
the bravest officers in the volunteer service
was burned. He does not hesitate to add that
this hyena desecration of the honored corpse
was because the rebels believed it to be the
body of Col. Slocum, agaiust whom they were
infuriated lor having displayed so much cour
age and chivalry in forcing his regiment fear
lessly and bravely upou them.
These disclosures establishing, as they in
contestably do, the consistent inhumanity of
the rebel leaders, will bo read with sorrow
and indignation by the people of the loyal
States. They should inspire these people to
renewed exertions to protect onr conntry
from the restoration to power of snen men.
They should, and we believe they will, arouse
the disgust and horror of foreign nations
against this unholy rebellion. Lei it be oars
to furnish, nevertheless, a continued contrast
to such barbarities and crimes. Let ns perse
vere in the good work of maintaining the au
thority of the Constitution, and of refusing to
imitate the monstrous practices we have been
called upon to investigate.
Your committee beg to say, in contusion,
that they have not yet been enabled to gather
testimony In regard to the additional inquiry
suggested by the resolution of the Senate,
whether Indian savages have been employed
by the rebels in military service against the
Government of the United States, and how
such warfare has been conducted by said sav
ages, but that they have taken proper steps to
attend to this important duty.
B. F. Wade, Chairman.
Gottecbalk is giving concerts m New
York, and Mies Bateman is haring great suc
cess as “Juliet” at the Winter Garden,
For Nett Cash Only.
100 Pieces (rood all Wool De Lainea
For Two SbilUnss & Ford.
50 f ieces Fine MIK and Wool Ohallies
So Extra Quality Lnpfos
Fall Boiled BLACK. BILKA
Dotibte Faced Black and Colored Figured
Heal French Ginghams for 1 Shilling
Poll Bladder Calicoes for Ten Cents.
B.ack aac White Checked Wool Valomlaa for One
Fine Pore Linens for Two and sixpence.
Pillow Case Llnau for Three Shillings,
la feet our store Ufull of bargains in allllniaof
mn ABCTIOB. IMPORT*** AID maibfab-
Opr entire stock I* bought for nett caakata large
Discount from Eegu’ar Prices, making erery piece of
Goods m our stock a bargain.
Kow OT STOCK, all thelitesc novelties In
Of 811k and all fashionable materials. Also,
Of High Novelties 1b Dress Goods,
Os board steamer HAHBA. which wia be ta store la a
lew days.
W. M- &CO.,
167 & 169 Xialce Street.
V\TE prefer them for FAMILY
** ; iTßl£~fKewT#Tt Tribune.
Yo&nx&t' FAVOErrB3yoB ' pAMTT - raH .—{Hew
It has no rival—fSetenttfle Aaetlcea.
There ere 85.C0Q MACHINES ta use la tW* counter
no o Europe- ■ *
LJtiS-TIH&- ■ _
It is eqcsf toTEH Beaman twu
An AFSUAL DlVlDßinj of TOto Sttsercehh fCB
IttcotT) may be obtslaed la D«o—byitt»ott*wsor.
Tbte MsA’nataUift worn
the BOTATIMO-aaosTsaa
using the GtASB-FCOT. -
GecaalAreot for DUnals. Wteoretn, lows, Bortkerm
inalanaand Southern Minnesota.
Circular may be had oo application or oy poet.
WANTED— A First-Class Coot.
>To other need apply. a* 223 Slichlgaa avenue.
TA/ANTED —By two single gen
it tleaen. board and a comfortably furnished
room with a respectable ftmily. who dine at five or dx
o'clock j*. ir„ pleasantly locator on the Sontn Dine,
•within twenty minute* walk from the Tremont House.
Jlio-eM BoiKo. 639. mj3.i5.2t
WANTED. —Flouring Mill
wanted. Any person having a good Flouring
IHII for sale, driven by a steady stream af water ln»
gc-od location ftr doing merchant and custom wok,
can hear of a cash customer by addressing, giTlag d&-
scripilOH of property and price, W. M. WATAON,
Tonics, Lnsalle County, HL m;3rlß-3t
WANTED —Agents m every
Western town. Active, industrious men mala
from f3 to Sp per day. The articles are both new sad
really ujefaTTard where a merchant in any town de
sires to seQ them no other Agency will be established,
address, with stamp, Wou*/ » CO- Pcs:Office Box
r,n. Chicago, or call at Boom 9, No. i! 9 South Clark at
WA NT E B—A Partner with
$5,600 capital in good credit la Chicago to
list amount, In the manufacturing of AlconoL The
Distillery la capable of making seventy (IV) sorrels
dailv of 95 per cent. Alcohol and In good running or
der. Kelt profit dally. S3O Address •• alcohol Dis-
TILI.SKT," Poet Office Box IS3, FeorlA. lIL mySr2o£t
with Column Goose and Worm. Capacity four to five
Address Post Office Box 4517. myapSSS-U
VVT ANTED—A Partner with a
* * cafb capital of from $3.0(0 to $3 non in a Staple
JfAxrpACTcujse Btrsisnss, already established, that
wl lpay atlr&stlOO per cent profit per annum. Ad
dress Poet Pace Box #3. Chicago, lii. my£p37r-3S
~\\T ANTED—A gentlemen doing
» T bminecs soma forty miles from Chicago, on the
line of one of oar nest railroads, is desirous of forming
a Co-Fannershlp with an active mas who can odd to
the capital of the concern two or three thousand d Hiara
(S3,<ML) To such s person a *ood onpormmty i* of.
ftred. Address for one week Post Office Hoi aws. Cal
cago. tnyhplWß.iw
WANTED—To Purchase on the
* » line of the Illinois Central Railroad, a Farm
offrom KOto 2loacres. Part must be under cultiva
tion, with suitable buildings Would prefer a place
under liabilities to the Coapanv, walch would lie as
sumedby the purchaser. Sfastouc be over sixty, nor
nearer than thirty miles of Chicago. Address, wlta
tun particulars. E. P. Ct>Bß, Box No. 3015. Pogt Office,
New York. Also a duplicate of address to Chicago
Tribune. apds-pS9siw
WANTED—At 109Deaiborn St.,
v T opposite the new Po 4 t Office,
SUaations for Domestic Help*
No girl sent from the office unless able to furnish *at
fritetory rtferecce from former employer. Parties can
tbtalnsaire by applying as above or addressing Mrs.
A-L. BaT-Kav. Post office Box 3245. apSo-oSt7 lw
X\ r ANTED—By a yoiujg nun from
v v the East, a situation as Shipping Clerk in a
Wholesale House. Grocery or Hardware preferred.
Good rtiereacee given. SilAry not bo much an object
as a permanent situation. Writes a good hand.and
will endeavor toolrass his employer. Addre« “J
Dr&wtr No. c?S7. Chicago Peat office. apto-p9u9lw
W ANTED—Agents in every
* T Town throughout lllinolß, Wlaconsln, lowa
and Minnesota. Postmutcrs. Professional u.en. Teach
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can make it very profitably to act as Agents iniatro
during new and valuable publication? which are Mdd
omy oy snbecrfptloa. For further information cait oa
or aooieaa O.F. GIBBS, ISI South CiarKstseef, Chicago.
Po&t Office Box SOS. ap3S pd39 3oi
▼ To Ben J. T LLOYD’S Great Military War
Maps of Son'herp States. Colored, ta Counties. eo
cents: colored la States, 50 cents. United States Kall
rcai Map2scents; YlrslniaMap 23 cents; Kentucky
Map 25 cette ; Missouri Map 125 cas*s. Three of any of
tee abOTe mans. mall free, for f fO. or separately for
retail price. Bend stamp and Bet circular, Ac. ±L R.
LA. LON. Agent, 120 Lake street, Chicago, lIL
171 Washington street, near Laeallo,
Situations for GOOD RELIABLE HELP. Sirs. Bates
presumes, from past years of acqualntan:e with the
ladles ot Chicago, to ho able to provide them with sale
able Servants. Orders from the country punctually at
tended to. r*. O Box. 3596. 1611*31-1?
T\7 ANTED—Agents and Canvas.
v T se sln eve»y Connty !n the Northwest. Every
m.v seeking empl'jment can learn Tull particulars far
pro*ecu*lnga pleasant and profitable badness. by en
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©dice Box 4253, Chicago. Illinois. apd’i pTDMm
T \7 ANTED —We are buyrr g
T T Unßed States Cerrifiratt« of Indebtetnesss,
On Unlttu ttaies rrcasuary, psjVd* In Orrtificatea of
Indebtedness and QuHr.ermm.rerV Vouchers.
C. C PaKKS A CO.. Bankers
ap2s-p”S3-lm 93 Like street corner of Dearborn st.
T\7 ANTE D—Employment fo.
v v American, English, Irish. Scotch, German aaL
Colored servants, with pood city references, ut thi
Philadelphia Intelligence Office. No. 150 South Claris
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trv orders puncHallv attended to. Pc«» 03ce Box M 59.
M.-S. D. PUA.TT ihattcntiaace. •laus-t'Svu
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T T teen N0.4 WHEELER & WILSON SewingMa
chine?, the he*t for farailv nsc. ntarly now. la per
ttret order. A good mnehtoe win ”ave Its cost lu elx
rnthths. GILBERT. & CO.
Ship Chandler* :ic.t S.ul M tkora.
20T oouth Water st, cor. ‘Yells.
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A"V Employment, JS2.net proSt per ”o»« made by
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Maukino FKsctL. Ageawnave rvtaUe>l from oq« to
two gross la one day. Over seventy thouiand *o i.
Samples sent by mall oa receipt of 3i> reaw, or for sum
pleaof marke<i llac-a. term*. -tc-,<m« atamp. A«ldr*»A*
E. P RT.ARK, NortfcamptcH. Mass maiO-n.>3lSm
If In large or small Quantities.
KING « nwiSVS,
Coiorn'tston. Vsrrhants.
rahS No li La Salle streeL
C\/ ANTED—Two Hundrv-fl
* * Agent?.—Agents wanted In every town of *ce
United Raters t<* e°il J. Koblei ‘a new Improved method
lor Cnttlai Ladies’ Dresssa Boys Clothing, ribl-'s. ,to.
Secnrea bycoojngbt, Atenu nstiar from f:> to |>
per Oar For particular* Inquire at .1.
Office, Ko fi Metropolitan Block, or addre*« P. () X /x
3552. enrl'ifißg three cent postage stamp, Chicago, iiL
LOST —Between North and South
Watar streets, on Cart, a Hair Bra;«’tt with
po'dd«p. topaz Re", and heavy eoia attache ■
SBibe glr era* re atlvlsT*lavalmuTe la.tl-.la
upon c» pc. K.w t o .1 h, W The flaaer wiu he re
warded by leavleg the fame at the Tribune oHlcs.
TAKER UP.—A Red Cow, about
thre* years old and baa a calf. Thn owner cm
have Lcr by applying In ruar'sfnbi il-lu-oa
proving property, etc. CmyS-rtl-St] B. BJ WktA2C.
General Notices.
made in Boston, the admiration of all that hare
seen and used them, and axe aold so very cheap that
every one can hare one. Call and gee or send for a de
scription at r«o. 115 Lake ctreet. N.GUOLD.
OAK PILES, TIB 3, 4a, delivered onshore no
Beech. Maple and Hickory Wood*
P-.L. FUBNRS3, corner of Wells and Michigan atraeta,
Chicago. Poat'>ffice,Furnc»7iile, Indiana. Mlehig-u
Cectral BaUroad. my3f t-tw
OTY SCRIP —All parties who
hold any ‘•CerUflcatc* of Indebtcdae<w” of the
City oi Chicago p iflt due, are requested to oresent
th< m at the Comptroller's Otflct immediately for pay
ment, a* the mt**rvtt on them «ill cease afer tals date.
PASTT. D. TTABO, City Comptroller
Chicago. May Zd. IS6E. my3-ra<3t
20 Bkls. LINSEED OIL, and
For pale by S. 8. WILLIa.HSOX
myD-p9533t 8 D-ili’a BoUdiag.
• Wantfa to malre SaO to a mon h. ssliiog
onrtfewty n&tcntcd article*, want* d la erery faml-y.
PtUitg raplafy. Sa'lsfßCUoo gnararteed. Rumples
r»c&. Enrluee stamp. a cdrt4s CSA9.
Ct-j, Sc-x 3UII. Chicago, ill. mrl-pOlt tw
JLV‘ Condnc»ed by the Spanish Government. In
crawlie ofAprtl fB, «BdtK*.B7*9 drew Ko.
I2jbl! drew ffOOO : No. 979* drew S3o(fk : ; Ifo. tLBOB
drew No. \ being the fire cap
ital prizvs Prize-rarhed aod Inioimatjon fcraUbedby
TAI U*B & CO, Bankers, 15 Wall street, H. T.
X\ TaTLOB’R BATTERY. A few able-bodied men
•wanted for Taylor a Battery, cow in the flell in Ten
ne°ee*\ Transportation farotshee rm «p plication to
U-e nudersltted, atCie Orotrai Pollee 84*tloa.ia ifoart
House. [ap3o-p9o6jwj C.P.BKADLBY.
NOTICE. —AH persons indebted
to Wm.D. Hoffman aio requo%t«d to ca’V at the
wd settle end are cost mad fafthertoajle. Wtl
Cimfcman Assignee ofWm. D. Hoffman. mytpOifaw
JL TbU fit? published, Ko, 1, YoL 1,
A handsome semlmouthly Journal of is pace*, pe-
Tttni to Literature, Art, Mu»tc and General InVslll*
erzee. Publbhed for the benefit eftho
ByDBLPHINB P. BAKER, Portland Block, Chicago,
Terms ;—Two Dollars misinA parable in ad
▼acce hU-glc nambers torsale by all Bewsddalers.
Prlre W cents each.
IS~ Sc rend ladies and gentlemen are now ciavtss
lug the dry for subscriber#. mys-ritods
A EYES.—Persons
JTX deprived of an Bye can have the defect remora 1
bytfaeuue'tloa of aa artificial ooe without a
operation, kavfrg all the motion, color, Ac„ of the av
turai organ. It so closely jcseipblce nature that It
cannot be detects. Th«j are made oa a new priscl
plr, with a new material, which cann n be imitated or
equalled by *bj othrr maier. T. F. D*.tis, the m*na
fkrturer. is the o»ly pr*.r?!c*l maker Li tola coont'f.
>» B.—SeodforaQrcnlir So H0.433 Broadway, New
York. mylp97S-lm
V " lam prepared to cat to order and deliver on
short rcUce, in long and short lengths. Also, Oak and
Pine Lmntrr cut to order. Ploe Lumber, Lsth and
Sbißslr# .'or sale. Office foot of West Wa«hiostou at.
Parisian Patterns,
M 6 CLAPS, b i BEET. Announces to the Ladles ana.
Drew Makers gerer»lly. be* opening or Spring atm
Summer Faebtoos. This House »a anaer the aapirin*
“ILLS Ca.V4.MAQH. who will t*k»
pvwnre in serving all former p*tro&«. and as n-«ny
opes as choo*e to giro her * acJis. OA2t*
FIELD baa so bes taQou in saying. Ladle* deal/ing
weir rt-b and rost’y drees go >dR made op. ta the Uteat
not fall to clre HCI3BLL3
C»y_AKSQU. a*riaJ,a»goß bm mads d*eseesf.;r tha
unt Ladle* In the Courts of Surooe. and Is every way
cnnHffl'to give satisfaction to tae most Cistld’oas.
Company. PltUbarsh.Ms7lls.i3sa.
The PltUhnryh, Port wajne sod Chicago Hallway
Cmcpaby, tJSTtcg r«*ired s proper Lsg*l eoaroyaaco
ofthelsaUroad,fram Pittsburgh to Ca'caro, with sH
Ita spM»dsffe*. real. persons! sol mixed, lata the pro
pen>oft&erTUsiur«h.Fort ■wsyne aaa Chicago tUit
rosd Company, now assures the control sad manage
atoc of said mad and property. t
All person* empkyeo on or nboat Mil road, mar
conerne to theirlespectfreposWoßS or statloss until
faitter wobce. , '
*!» persetw. soweiatioo* sad. norporatioaa, dee!ring
business amagftnenm, or it’s-log to continue or
changeaarhaetoforeexisting. wtuatoued apply to
the proper r.ffleera of this Company. asthls Company
is bound by no arraagpmcnt or understanding that it
does not expressly gafome, _
G. W. CASS) President,
2To Kent.
TO BENT—Two pleasant furij.
lahed front rooms without board. In a pr!m>
family. Will Do rented only to sentlemea.
Inquire at tie residence, ITZState street. m}3-ri>3;
TO BENT—The Brick Store, No.
I*? 9 Bandolph street Depth I*3
Feeaewlon given Immediately. WILLIAM
176La5estr«d; myl-pJAw?
T3 RENT—House to Rent.—Ths
Duelling House, corner IflcWgM Avenue act
Adams street. Possession given immediately, inqu.pi
at No. IfO MlchlgßnArfcnne. myl-pi«*-<w
TO RENT.—The four.story brick
house, No. 287 UUncle st. near comer of Bush.
Tte above building contains all modem Improve
mentsandlslngood condition. . ...
AI nccf=sa»y repairs will be made. Bnqture attic*.
S& SMethooiat Church Block- myl-iw.-nv
RENT. —A fine residence, sur
-4 rounded by shade trees. In the beautiful village
of Evanston. .Bent can be paid in beard or iranro
mrnta on the place. Inquire at room No, 2 Kingsbury
Block, or oi John A. rearson, of Evanston.
TO RENT House to rent and
Furniture for sale—and immediate poswaslon
eivm. That tee brlckHouse. situated at 53i Wr.haah
avenue, now occupied by Issac Cook, Esq. It contains
ail the modem Improvements now attached *o first*
clam bouses. The furniture for said ho«jsa% wnich is
complete, esn be purchased as ic stands. Inquire oa
the preir i?cs from 9 to 11 o’clock, A. M apSJ pSA>ot
TO RENT—At a reasonable rate, a
fIPSt-ciSK dwelling bouse, delightfully situated In
the West Division In Be grave Terrace, containing gas,
bathing room, etc. Horae C vr* pass everv five miaates.
Stable If desired. Inqnir-? at No. 100 Washington 6L,
Boom No. R or at No. £i) May street. ap33i.-7'»lm
TO RENT—House No. 112 Miohi
van Avenue.with gaa fixtures, cold and hot water,
*ocd turn ace. cel l ar and bam. The house oatiiU
Site rooms, all in good order. Apply to J. M. MAR-
Agent, No. *i aouta Clark street. aph>p9i>-lw
TO RENT—Two first class Resi
dencea. Nos. 536 and 338 Indiana street, with an
modern Improvements, etc- etc- and Brick Ovwlcs at
tached. Inquire of O. C. CLAUSE, between 9
A M. and i and 6 P. M. at the office of &,Tywn,
ltd Washington street. EectsooG per annum.
RENT. —The four story aa-1
1 DSMUiMit tries store Vo. 20 MS 22 «r-ej
In the north ballot Uud’s Block, Apply to F.iriDOr.i,
Office No. Sever 17 IVella street. sp pl-a-I-q
HTO RENT —House No. 234 Ontario
X Street—heut £-500 per annum. Inquire of H. W.
GBIFFIN. next door, corner Denrbom street from 1
to 2p. m n or at No. 5 Pomeroy’s Building, So-x; b water
street aps p-9>lra
TO BENT—House No. 404 Erie
itreet, (pleasantly situated) at S4CO per year to a
responslMp and prompt paying tenant. Inquire of
BUM SET, BRO. & CO, 145600ta Water street.
TO RENT—For three years from
May l»t, 35*72 Dwelling House on Mlcblgan Avo
nuc, wi f h large grounds, fine shrubbery and fruit trees
barr, yard s»nd tbed. Tie House having double par
lors. library, and two l*ml }r v private rooms, atolsg
room, six cicsets. pantry aov sitetea. wlih cooking
ranvA hot and cold water, biL. room oa first fioor a*x
rooms with closet* and store rot *'A and hoc and cold
water with hath room on floor. Good b-wemeut
Ruder all, witfi fani'ice. laundrv, hot and cold water
and s.ore rooms. Coal grates arid css In each atorv. la
short, combining all the snodert. :ouveaitnce» of the
age. Will nor he rented fora boirdtag boose, and none
buramponalble prompt pacing tenant need apply.
Address Post Office Drawer SS-a. apfs-p745-»w
T) BENT.—The pleasant and cam
mcdloos residence. No. *sl Hinsdale street. 'be
tween r*e : is ana Franklin. Itstandson a 55 feet lot.
CrorUcg ‘outn, and baa gaa, water, sewer connection,
large s-'ddfd yard. and currant gardes In brartnz.
Borpe cars within two blocks. Apply to S- S. G-iiKE
LEV.Ko.6S Washington street, Foreiand Block, or oa
tie premises. ap2S-pois2-g
T 3 RENT.—Brick Stores No. 48,
4fv4i42*nd-sa.TFlthConaraon North Clark street.
Also. No. island ‘53, Klezie an. ail situated nader the
Foster House. corner of North Cl“rt and Klar.le sts.
Possession given May Ist.
For terms apply tc GEOBUE F. FOSTER. 243 South
Water street. mhiD-nfiOJSw
r pO BENT—New and second hand
A Ir.rri" assortment of Planes and Meiodeons at
wholesale and retail, Orders from abroad promptly
attended to W. W. KIMBALL
jalS-kSKi-ly No. a Clark street.
r J''o RENT.—Honses to rent and
A. Lands to Le«e.—A largo boarding house, con
tFininpahom thirty roerna. on Lake rhore. r ear tie Il
linois Centre! Round Hou^c; also, several other hons-s
dnslrsblj located. Abo. lands to leaao fir at-rmof
?ch»s. sitnsitd on Michigan and IVabiSh Avenue*,
Lite and Clark streets Apply a* No. 12 State 9 xeot,
up stairs. between the hoars of If* A M. and 3 P. 'I.
apS-pITS-lm B. F. DIIO',)tvFLELD.
TO BENT—The Home No. 2*7
Wert Bsn lolph s'recL hivin'* n beautiful lor»-
tlon end In the b-’*r «.f repair Apply on the oremLae*
or to I) W MITCHELL, No, l Kingsbury Block.
inyd ptTi :>t
TO BENT—To rout, wih b.-ar.!,
pleasant suites cf roimsto Camille* orslvjle g«a
tlen en »t No 6 Wa.-hu gt-r. street, npp>?iN» D-irCnrrt
Park, a f=w day ooarders c--«a bo acuomnoitced.
Reverences required. myi pCKi-a
Arcwanmnadeforhtreirnnrrh.'iStSd. All klada of
lastruniimfi* repniretl. Tnntnc prompfy attended to.
I do not rent to co Into the ronntrv.
Wit. U
FllOsSKli. 138 Clark itraet.
"West Side,
At the root ot TOatlicr Street, stud
SroDtlD" on Ellsworth Street,
EylT>9ss 1W
nro KENT—Frick DwtNos.
A. 219. 253. L3G Michigan street
Erick FTrelHns northwest corner of
niobiKan and Pine streets*
The Houses a;e in good order «nR to busi
ness. Contains modern Improvement«.
Uou»«anl ’.and
TL-ora No 3 Metropolitan HsD.
i. « ard Bnljrfers. Old ptaarf f» r»*nt TbeOarprtac-v
Bhopf, Stwlij and Grounds occupied by John Solllt,
ju d rllnatf* l tn rear n: Randolph street, on »Hny o*v
tirppa ts-ft-bora and Clare streets. \p.-!y to GH >&GP.
A SO. 2 VThe«ter> BoJj.tlo*-. -irsfirf
Clark and Swath rtrtet, (no s*.»lro ray*-p USlw
PATE—Lots on Lake street
A and Park avenue, near Cnioa Park. They ara
pome oi fbs
. J Finest Residence lots in tie City,
And wm at* to d at p ii*a which win bs actßuvriedgnd
by buyers to afford a great bargain.
my*pm-3t BEKB * bLOCCM. S3 Dearbora-at
JpOR SAT E—On the South Branch
wtnated between Haktcd-at Bridge and Hanlbraok «fc
Knueaf* packing hocse. Apply to A. Mt’K-ta.T.49
Sombhaiaile street, near Lake. myi-ptft nm
J- ard Grist MU, known as the
Bltnated on Rori Hirer. In Whtt«»irte Cwnaty. IlTtaoib
nea-the Qiicago ann Fulton K»»Lo*d,U offered lar
Ihe MUX it In good order; ft driven by Water
Power, from ■ steady stream ; h*a six pair* o( Cara.
Mtrcnant and Custom Bolt*. sad all the necessary
For further particulars spg.r to
wuxsLna, K'EgLT 6 Co, Chicago, or the aonsertberoa
the premises S. LBHMaN 3*l TEL
Como, May t at. ISB2. myt-yDSe-ta
F3R SALK.—Onn of the best, 3m
gin Carriage Kotsas in Chicago seven y**rs o.d,
socnaarn ail riant. One Horae six years ojo, gaod
Size, sod an exo-lient saddle horse, Would be agood
f*ridly or on*:cesa horse. Two a»«- ooea baggies; ona
light ouaiaese buc.y ; one new typ bngiy; o.ie aocoal
h-t.O pj,ea buegy; 010 sacsefions new
cutter : three ha»gj pebs; two t-ct., «e.:ood n*nd din
gle bamess; oooseu light sec>mu hand double barsrsa.
Aty pt-rt-io wUblng to purchase say of t2xe abore
aaa’tn articles win no w« Ito r ad aa l eismiß**, them
before purchsalcg elsewhere, as tb r wi l oe Mil *try
low for rush Apply to D. S. P JTTSS, 17,rmr House
Bo 233 SeazV st ret. ap<k pfCB-iw
50 feet on tTashtogtOQ street,
Between Morgan and Elizabeth Btreef».
J. B. LBS, n! Clark strsoC.
*C'OR SALE—Soap, Caudle aud
1 Potash M»nn(hctory, loevad at MonroevlllA
Ohio, and contains all th« latAiC improvemfcu, aad
ocmg agool barlre** The rause for spring U t«9
propHctcrhaviig bnsfneM In tho Army. sauA
fsetory. Foradrartlcalart Inqc-ire of MITCHSLi. A
ZAHM, Putt Offlce Box SIW, Chicago. ap S-pMiS-Im
1. One ireveo-borpe p«werßoiler asdEagtas; oaa
Iron Mill, two rua of atuso. with saaatog. belong. 4c.
Also, tlevatora aad kiln for dryiOf, and all la rood
raanmg order with brick balMlog. n rt w occupied, at
low rent. Addreta P. O. Box 37b7, or apply at 138 Kln
rle street. apts iStMm
17QR SALE.—Wheeler & Wilson’s
a. Sewtnr Machines for isle very low.—We here
fifteen >o four Sewing Machines in perfect order.
These machines have paid for in Hz
week* in our business, bat haring no farther use for
them wo will sell them rery chrep. PU tIHGTOW
A BCKANTON. 2.7 Sonth Water street mh2S-Q74»-fc*
V? sale at a barrala —This Mm la eligibly located la
Chicago, has <oor nm of atone, and Its eacainery sad
nirnrce are nearly new. For farther particulars *pory
to B ®*. QDTMBr A -JO,
ap15p347-;m iw South Water street.
Residence for sale.—
One of the most attracare residence* la r*e
jtcinity of Chicago, substantially bom of Gish land
Psrk prewed brick, and just eompl-ted a: a cost of
f U.« tt. Is offered for sate at a great bargain.
It Is dtnj*tcd ha the educational Tillage of Evanston,
ebou* twe.Te mile? kom Chicago, ou the I&saguoeL
where rshrosd facttitlw are such m enable business
raep l. me city to reside here and keep taetr regular
bublates hours and where three of the b.-*s r endowed
losutu'aocs of tbe North wen are located, which, wuh
S*** 1 Public schools, make the location most ueairaito.
The Bouse is two and a half stories Is be'ghe. on a
commanding eminence orerio »fc» me vl;l* w e'*a luce,
Surtoond'rsg « are -wmty arres of ra tjvatsd load,
witb a good bare,
grafted fruits. lame plats of itruwt* rms. blaeto«rri%%
raepboarua. cnrran*a with s great variety of th*
stattenars plar.ts Q»usUy cultivate* la games'*.
Tb-a prooerty will b* sold at a great M-rirt.!e—o»o
--nalf catb. with credit torßebslaact*. For fa'tber pare
timjare, inquire at Be 342 w«*r st.
Boarding. —Two single looms
wanted by gentlemen f n a family where then am
butrew boarders. At dress Immediately °iil
Box «h9. ayj-rsv-tt
OOABDING. —A gemleajan and
JDlady or two slnete gentlnnes, can ac-ioam >-
dated. In a private f*aaiy, -with n front parlor and
beard, at Po. JO Harrison atreet*noßSh aide, corner of
Michigan arenoe. myJ*t-3t
BOARDING —A lady aid gentle
msnwlselDg a pJeaaiat front room. wt'n hoanL
caabeaccozmoosted by ipolytagai No 26 »->- .«
•lux *»e!e genUeaea who desire rooms or a»y Ooxri!
X>OAK T >lNft A gentleman and
JL> his wlfb»nd a few single geatlaman csa bn Ac
commodated fttta hoard sad pleaasat rooms at 81
Adams street. myj-p993-3c
T>OaKDIK6 Beard with two
XJ plesssaiiootostaTablefor s gentleman aaa hts
wile, c*n be bad at • Michigan arenas corner of Lass
street. apM-p7o»m
l> OaBDING —Board and pleasant
4 * room* tp oe had. at reaaosable rates, at GIQB
HOTJhB, corner of State and Twelfth streets. o*y
boarders slw recelred. apSpSKHw

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