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TUESDAY, JULY 35, ISC2.
NO FBESDENT MAKING, Tins is not a time for President making. The business of the day and the year is the beating of the enemy; and for ourselves wc. care not who has the honor of the glori ous victory. Wc have no candidate for anything, either in the army or in civil life. The winner may be a Democrat, the most fervid of bis sort, and we shall be just as jubilant over bis success as if he were an Abolitionist, the most rampant of his breed. What we want is to win; and we have sense enough to know that only in active, earnest support of the Govern ment, made more valuable and efficient by just criticism as wdl as by words of deserved praise, can wt hope for the tri mnph for which we work and pray. Wc condemn and repudiate the narrowness of panisanriiip and the ambition of politi cians. We have nothing to 'do with the one or the other. To put down the rebellion is the object for which every patriotic man should contend—put it down not by offers of compromise and meaningless talk of peace, but by force of arms—put it down go effectually that ten generations will elapse before a rebel will show bis head again. We are sorry to say that our platform, so plain yet so comprehensive, is not uni versally adopted as the rule of action. The politicians, liko the army contractors, see in the present emergency a chance to ply their trade, and they are busy—more busy in bolstering up the reputation of their candidates, and in pulling the strings for the benefit of their party, than in putting an end to the war by the rout and rain of those who caused it. And to-day there is hardly a division in the country concerning the measures which the Government shall adopt, or the Generals whom it shall most trust, that has hot i s origin in some partisan scheme which the politicians have hatched, that they and their friends may ride into power. If the war for the Union miscarry, and the ■ Republic is-split in twain to be united no mere, the distractions, the animosities and the biller hates engendered among the people by those who have been accustomed to lead them, will more than all things else, be tbe cause of the disaster. Lei the masses look to it that their old parly affiliations, Uuir former creeds, pre judices and organizations, do not lead them astray. The business of war is pre-emi nently one in which common-sense makes tlifc largest figure; and tbe man at his plow or injhis workshop at home is just as much a pail of the warlike machinery of the na tion as the soldier in the field. As common sense controls him and those like him, so will the contest go. If he Is persuaded that the way to sustain the gov en ment is to refuse to it the payment of taxes, to discourage the enlistment of men, to magnify every disaster, to depreci ate every victory, to foment divisions by in sisting upon the enforcement of bis own party views against the will of the majori ty, to spend his lime in figuring for this candidate or that wten he should be work ing for his country, to keep alive all his old party dislikes, and to sneer at every thing which a member of his party has not done—if tins, we say, is to be the course which the people, regardless ot the great ness of the crisis and the imminence of the danger, arc to pursue, wc may as well confess our defeat and humiliation at once, lay down our arms and submit to the disgrace of our country without further loss. Let the meu and the journals who pursue this course, and recommend it to others, be watched. There is treason be hind their endeavors 1 THE COKFISCAXIOS BILL PASSED. The Senate passed, on Saturday, the con ference confiscation hill, by twenty-eight to I thirteen, giving the measure the splendid majority of more than two-thirds. Among the nays are the names of Browning and Cowan. Par nohik fraintm? Browning of Illinois voting with traitors and semi secessionists, such as Saulshury and Stark! Pity that Gov. Tates, whose procla mation has the deepest depths of patriotic emotion from Cairo to Chicago, should have been so wofully deceived in his man. It is some consolation at least, that his days arc numbered. If we must have a Browning in the Senate, let such “ lire on-the-reaf” secesh as the Chicago Times he guilty of him. The hill, though in some few particulars not all that could have been desired, it en ergetically enforced, will enable the govern ment to put down the rebellion. The first part of it defines the punishment against the crime of treason, and appears to be in tended for any future as well as for the prcs : ent rebellion. Such a law should have been placed on the statutes of the nation half a century ago; but such was the devotion then of the States to the Union that the necessity for it was never thought of The power placed in the hands of the President to put down the rebellion, is com prehensive and ample. The bill places at his disposal the entire loyal strength of the republic, without reference to the color of the skin that covers it; it strikes at the vi tals of the rebellion, by severing the thews and sinews that sustain it; and it seizes and confiscates the property of the traitors, thus saving millions upon millions to the pockets of loyalmen. Kow let Sir. Lincoln issue his proclamation seizing the property and freeing the slaves of the rebels, and, if he wants them, a million of men will spring to arms and execute if Let loyal men everywhere thauk God and take courage. The glorious principles of the Declaration of Independence once more ride in the coun cil halls of the nation. Patriots have often despaired. Hope deferred has made them heartsick. Butlheworkhasnowbccnwell and effectually done, With Honest Abe Lincoln to execute the law, “the people can rest in the belief that Slavery is in pro cess of ultimate extinction.” Let him cany out his magnificent conception, and history will place his name beside that of Wash ington and all noblest benotators of the race. But let not forgotten. This measure is the crowning act of the noblest Congress that has assembled since the days of Adams, Jefferson and their compatriots of revolutionary story. On the brightest page of the nation’s history this act will be written next to the Dedication of Independence. Let all the people ex claim, *' Glory to God in the highest;” on earth death to all traitors unless they lay down their arms and submit to the govern ment which God gave to our fathers. So shall peace dwell in the land, and let all the people say amen. NEGRO WOBSHIPPERS. The Republicans are sneenngly called by their political opponents, “negro wor shippers. 7 ’ This is a very ally misnomer, and as absurd as ally. The controversy is not about negroes —but tbe political status of tbe negro. One side says that tbe negro ought to be free, because he is a man, the oihefr insists that he ought to be a slave because he is Hack (or yellow, as the case may be.) The Republican argues that the colored man should be paid wages for his 'work, should be allowed to own himself and his family and to acquire property and enjoy the fruits of his labor. The dough lace argues that he ought to work for noth ing, and belong to another man who hap pens to be a shade whiter; that he should be chattel property to Jbc bought and sold, bartered or beaten like the beasts of the field. The controversy is therefore about the relation the colored man shall hold in the -scale ol society, fiha.ll he be ranked as a humanbeing or & brute? . That’s theques tion. VThat tlie Republican “worships” is the -attribute of freedom, and not the negro ©cr sc. *What the doughface worships is the condition of servitude. He loves the negro, provided he is a slave, hut hates him if be be free. Neither party have any es pedal sympathy or regard for the -black man as an individual. The pride of race is perhaps as strong among Republicans as doughfaces, but they are anima ted by ideas of natural justice, ■while their opponents are imbued with sentiments of wrong and injustice. There are no “negro worshippers” among white people: but there worshippers and tlarery worshippers. Those who stig matize the Tic publicans as negro worship pers are themselves invariably worahlp-- persof slavery. A Republican therefore, is one who would endow the colored ' man with Ireedom rather than debase him to the level of the brute by making hiin a slave. And a doughface is one who would deprive the colored man of his inalienable right to liberty and the pursuit of happi ness, rob him of his birthright, and sink him into the condition of chattle property. Such is the difference between the two parties on the question of human rights. A QUESTION ANSWERED. A correspondent who signs himself a “Douglas Democrat,” asks us this ques tion: ** If the employment of negroes in military op p.eralions, If ccnQscationg the property of rebels, if subsisting the anny on the enemy would enable the Government to put a more speedy end to the rebellion and restore peace to the coun try, I wish to ask why that policy has not been Ion? since adopted t Give me a candid answer, even if it should hit your party and president, for 1 suppose you will not deny that a Hephblican ad ministration Is in power. 1 * It gives us great pleasure to answer our Democratic querist’s questions. It is sim ply and solely because the Democratic party in the Korth and the professing Unionists of the Border States have stren uously, bitterly opposed the adoption of those necessary measures. They warned the president not to employ those instru mentalities, at his peril. They have noti fied him it he did, that they would not sus tain his administration. They threatened to open a terrible “ fire on the rear,” if the rebds were deprived of their slaves or their property. They insisted that whatever be came of the Union, the divine institution must not he disturbed, nor must the 'army be allowed to quarter on the property of the traitors. Ko “ nigger ” must be “ let loose,” no rebel’s effects must be confiscated. This has been tbe Democratic and Border Suite platform from the day Sumter was bom barded until the day McClellan’s army was so nearly destroyed hy the rebels. The administration for the sake of pre- serving unity and harmony among the peo ple, acquiesced and has conducted the war in accordance with the conditions imposed by the democrats andßorderStateUnionists, and in the language of the Chicago Times, “behold the result!” It is now known to all men, that the “ conservative ” policy has proven an utter failure and must be speedily abandoned or the Union is gone forever. More radical measures must be adopted, and we rejoice that honest Demo crats are arriving at this conclusion, and are now willing to let the government em ploy any means permitted by tbe usages of war. When this is heartily done the rebels will soon be made to succumb and the Union will be saved. Had the demo crats concurred wiih the policy of the Republicans when the war broke out, or even after tbe Bull Run disaster, the rebel lion would be crushed out to-day, and the war ended; but better late than never. REBEL STBEKUTH AT RICHMOND We con not agree with the estimate of our Washington correspondent that the rebel force at Richmond numbered but £O,OOO men. It is true that prisoners have asserted it, but other prisoners put the rebel force as high as 200,000. The truth in all probability is between these extremes, say 140,000 men. One rebel prisoner would feel like underatiog the strength of his side in order to magnify their bravery; while another and shrewder one would underate their numbers for the purpose of discouraging our army from attempting to lake Richmond. The advantage the rebels had was, in selecting their point of attack, and falling on awing, or'division, of our re treating army, in greatly superior strength- Thus the right wing of Gen. McClellan’s army, consisting of 35,000 men, was assail ed at Gaines* Mill by not less than 00,000 of the enemy. The rebel Gen. Lee con si an tly reinforced his columns with fresh troops where fighting was going on, winch was not the case on our side. The federal army was retreating to a new base of opera tions, and each corps and division com mander was left to shift for himself. Sum ner, Hintzelman, Keyes and Porter repelled the attacks of the cnemyjansupportcd, as best they could, and the public concede j that they did excellently well under the circumstances. By hard fighting and good luck, the army finally reached the river, t with less loss than was at first supposed. A DRAFT FOR TROOPS. The Albany Evening Journal , edited by Thurlow "Weed, says: “It is feared that the enlistments nnder the new call will not be active enough for the emer gency. Wc share somewhat in this fear. Ten daje will decide. If, at the expiration of tkat time, those feare shallhe realized, then let us have a draft. The demand is too pressing to be de layed. The mcn«it/*7 hi had— voluntary. This cliimcs in with what we have al ready written on this subject The men must be had, and enlistments are not ac tive. 'Whether the War Department has kept back facts relative, to recent affairs be fore Richmond, the statement of which would, in a sense of the danger of our army, and the precise nature of our re verses, have had a strong tendency to bring a strong rally of volunteers—is a question upon which we entertain no doubts. But the other course was chosen, and the truth disguised. Yet men are wanted, and there is no lack of patriotism. It will devolve upon the government to designate who shall go. It will not do to waste the entire season in getting up skeleton regiments. The work must go on at once. The men arc needed now. In thirty days’ time 100,000 men should he on their way to fill up the shattered regiments now in the field. In the same time the government should receive every volunteer willing to help save the nation, and that, too, without look ing at the color of his skin,- or asking for his free papers. BEFLT TO A THREAT, Said a -well known Democrat, —one of that sort of Democrats who loves his party organization more than the honor and unity of his country—in the hearing of an equally well known Republican, in this city, on Sat urday last: “ Let Gov. Tates' recomnicd* datiou he the rule of action, and let negroes be permitted to take part in this war, and we shall sec deep divisions and at length civil war right here In the North!” “Sir,” was the reply, u I have heard that threat hdhre, both from Fernando Wood and the Chicago Time*. Now if yon and your friends, in consequence of any constitutional act of the Government, whether in relation to the employment of negroes, or anything else, want to provoke * civil war right here in the North,’ now is your time to begin. "i on never will be stronger and we of the \ patriotic side shall never be weaker than we arc to-day. There are loyal men left at home to take care of you. So crack your whip and go along!” The reply was just that which ought to have been made; and we hope It may be passed along from man to man, and every where pnt in as the rejoinder to threats which are quite too common. Civil war in the North! Let the traitors try it if they dare! UnrsnsoTA.—The Republicans of the sec ond congressional district of Minnesota will hold a convention at St Paul on tbe 30th fox the purpose of nominating a candidate to represent that district in Congress. Hon. William Wlndom is tbe present incumbent, and a gentleman ever faithful to his trust. Tike.— The saw-mill of Judge Edwards, at Chocolay, three or four miles from Marquette, Lake Superior, was entirely destroyed by fire on the sth InsU, together, with a large quan tity of lumber. The loss is about SIO,OOO, with no insurance. ~ : isr Gen. Schofield, atSt. Lotus,’has Issued an order prohibiting the circulation of the Quine; Herald in his division. The butt of the circulation of the Herald, has hitherto Seen in this very division* FROM BEHIND CORINTH. WHAT OUR ARM! IS LOINS. The Protection of Rebel Chattels, Pigs and Chickens. KEEPING THE SLAVES AT WORK FOR REBEL MASTERS. [From Onr Own Correspondent.] Kiae Cobikth, Hies., July 10,1803. Much has been said in regard to the situa tion before Corinth, while little has been said in regard to the situation behind Corinth. "When before Corinth Gen. Halleck had only the hen-coops within his own iines to look after, now that Beauregard has tendered him those of the rebels, his area is wonderfully enlarged, and he finds an increased amount of business on his hands. His army is taking its summer slesta,havmg apparently little to do bnt to guard defenseless women and children whose husbands, fathers and brothers are now before Richmond, giving battle to Gen. McClellan, and to see that the negroes on the plantations are orderly and quiet—giving food to the poor and punishing any soldier whose scorbutic appetite Impels him to take a handful of onions from the garden of his proteges. I have spent some two weeks in looking through the various camps, calling at the farm houses, for the purpose of posting ! myself both as regards the sanitary condition : of the army and the prospects of the rebel population. From Hamburg to Danville, | some thirty miles, is almost a continous comp, the inhabitants have nearly all fled, and the farms are in ruins, the crops trodden down and the fences in the corduroy roads. A little off from the line the farms are in better condition and the usual amount of crops planted, with the exception of cotton, in which 'corn has been planted in its stead. The same may he said of the farms to the northwest of Danville, which have no ap pearance of the war, farther than the fact that the white men have gone to the war and the farms are carried on as usual by negroes, under the care of the mistresses. A pertinent inquiry is what the army be hind Corinth is doing. It is said they are re cruiting their wasted energies, lost in en tacnching, heavy marches and climatic expo sures, Certain it is that they are foraging on blackberries, dieting on strong coffee, flit bacon, hard bread, occasionally relieved with secesh pies at twenty-five cents each, buttermilk at fifteen cents a quart, onions at fifty cents a dozen, of the size of hen’s eggs— guarding farm fences, hen coops, feeding pigs on the garbage of the camps, protecting goslings and poultry from being run over or disturbed in their searches for food- It Is true that a small number answer to roll call, while the large number arc accounted for, absent or in hospital; and dress parade draws out from 200 to 400 to the regiment, as the shades of evening invite to exercise. It may be giving aid and comfort to the enemy to thus give a truthful picture of the army of the Mississippi, but as the enemy are having the full benefit of it what more can they ask ? besides this, they know the condi-. lion of every regiment aud its location, and are as well posted in the movements as the officers themselves. "While every able bodied white man among the rebel population is off from home fighting the Union, is it not kind in our army to protect their slaves while pro viding them subsistence, aud to keep their women and children from starving. That these rebel families are pleased but not thank ful for :dl this kind aitentiou I know from personal examination. This is no plan to improve the health of the army, lor with the exception of the black berries, it has no redeemiog qualities tinder the present condition of quartermaster and commissary' stores. There is plenty of poul try in the country, but the rebel women will not sell to our sick soldiers, aud the sick in hospbaland in camp must make the best they can of brown and hard bread. In a camp that I visited a few days since I counted over lilty chickens, a dozen goslings busy picking up crumbs about the tents, while pigs of various sizes were prowling around the camp running their noses into mess boxes and wa ter buckets. Cut should a soldier take one of these for toll, he would be sent to extra duty or tied up by his thumbs to a gun carriage. "When I consider that a large majority of these soldiers are the sons of 'armers, of mechanics, and professional men, as well as the fathers themselves who enlisted for the war out of pa triotic motives, it is sickening to thus see them sinking lor the want of good, wholesome food with which the country abounds, and to be put at the ignoble task of standing guard over negro plantations whose masters are busy shooting down our men from fence cor ners and forest thickets. The negroes are carrying on plantation work as Jaitiifully under the control of the mistress as though the master was present, and as bnt little cotton has been planted, the breadth of other crops are correspondinly large, and the idea of starving the rebels is simply ridiculous. The negroes take the corn to mill within the lines and sell pics and other products at fabulous prices. Occasionally an aged rebel will visit .the camp to gain information and to sell his truck, bntlhc women folks stand on their dignity. I have visited plantations over a space of fifteen miles, have conversed freely with the people, have not met a loyal woman, as vet, and among the men but one reasonable rebel, who is strictly neutral. The Union vote on the secession of the State was only a conditional Union vote and not a loyal one. No one here pretends to disguise the fact and only submit from sheer necessity. Scarcely one Is to be found who will take the oath for the sake of selling his cotton, still hopiugthat the South will yet win. This is the class of persons whom the army of the Mississippi is using its giant power to protect. The age of our neutral friend has been his protection. He owns but one negro, a valuable farm hand, with whom he labors day by day in the field, the same as our northern farmers with their hired labor. The result is that he has the most tidy farm andthebest crops that we have seen in Dixie. This man enjoys good health, which he attributes to his industrious habits, idleness being the banc of the white man. He says that the corn and vegetable crop is as good this year as usual, and a huge amount w ill be grown. He has 2,500 pounds of cotton which he will sell in the course of the next ten days. Nearly all of the cotton is secreted, to avoid the cotton bnraere, which are more dreaded than onr army. He does not think the absence of the white population will ma terially interfere with farm operations, unless the negroes arc employed by the army, where they would flock by thousands if the opportu nity should be offered. The army is a benefit to the country, except on batric-lields, and on skinulshinggrounds where farm operations are interfered with, for now flour ran be had at four dollars per hun dred pounds, coflee at twenty-five cents, and other things In proportion, while pics,milk,ap ples and garden truck is sold at fabulous prices. Fits twenty-five cents, milk a dollar a gallon, apples ten cents a dozen. With all these ad vantages and slave labor intact, the men can easily be spared to defend Richmond, way-lay railroad- trains, make forays on our camps, or shoot down stragglers from our lines. Never in the history of war have such scenes been enacted, and never before bos an enemy been treated with such a marked show cf kindness and consideration. And none but educated soldiers could be kept withia such bounds in an enemy's country, while the enemy could ask nothing more generous. No wonder that they hope for a favorable issue to their wicked cause,for with this kind of tactics j they will thrive and gather strength, while onr 1 ai my is wasting away and becoming disgusted ; with the farce. . We need laborers in the camp, cooks, team sters, and nurses in the hospitals, and here at onr hands, anxiously waiting to assist ns arc thousands of industrious and hardy blacks who would faithfully perform those duties and upon whose loyalty w© can depend. If they are so trusty and valuable to their rebel masters without wages, how much more so —vut they be with the hope oftretdom auu ? T mcclTingpaj-for their labor! If the lines of our army was Opened to mow, thousands upon thousands would leave their plantations and give us their valuable services and thus drawf rom the resources of the ene J3J, whose women and children would be in such real danger of starving that their husbands , and sons would be compelled to lay down | their arms and return home to protect them. , There is no other way of closing this war. ! It should be so prosecuted as to produce star vation throughout tise rural districts, unless the men lay down their arms and return to their loyalty. This entrenching behind Corinth, tills care of rebels will never accom plish It. Enough gfblood and treasure of tte Northwest has already been spent in tne silly ; attempt to carry out that most infamous and | unwise Order No. 3, to have a stop put to Its ; further mischief. 1 Gen. Halleck, with a dogged stupidity wIU , adhere to his pet, for he belongs to a class of old fogy politicians whose boast is that they , never change. With it we mo losing valuable lime, more valuable lives, wasting the re sources of the country, and making little progress. When we begin to ma»9 onr army lor battle, lay waste the country and subsist our troops upon the enemy we shall have reached-the beginning of the end, but so long as rebel wives ore assured that they will not be dUturbed, so long will they advise their husbands and sons to wage the contest, but take from them their last farm hands, their cctton, and their teams, allow soldiers to cook thelrmeals with form rails instead ot picking up half rotten wood in the forest, aud they would "begin to seethe practical results of the rebellion in all of its full blossomed beauties. Bnt little cotton has been bnmed in this part of the State of Mississippi, the farmers in some Instances driving offtne cotton burn ers, but in most cases it is carefully hid, aud all it needs is to hire the negroes for any pur pose, and they would soon show the army be hind Corinth its secret hiding places. On an average there must be a ton of cotton to each i farm, worth some four hundred dollars. The cheapest way to protect this is to ship it north, and- permit the army to move forward. Btripthe country of its slaves, its cotton and its growing crops, and it wouldneed uo large .amy to hold itln subjection: e 1 Until the negro IS set .-free, and allowed to aid us, the war will linger, and the West will pour out its blood and treasure for no practi cal result. Bet the slaves free, and they will produce more cotton In the next ten years than under the slave system, for they will not IDcd be burdened nitb the support of a largo indolent •white population. In ten years they will own in their own right half of the real estate of the South. It Is to be hoped that the president will change the aspect of affairs behind Corinth, and put a more pleasing fea ture to affairs. D. FBOM KENTUCKY. THE STATE BSTADED BY GUERRILLAS. Tli© Capture and Butchery of Penn* sjlvanla Cavalry. AK ATTEMPT TO BE MADE TO CAPTOSE THE 6BEBBILLAB. , , [Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] Louisville, Ey., July 11,1862. In a former letter I mentioned that Ken tucky was presenting at this time as interest log a study as she did last fall. And .the in terest now is of the same character as then, as her condition now and then is equally anomalous. It appears to be the fate of Kcn- tncky that in matters of war she shall be in consistent ; she never was in politics. At present, while her loyal citizens at home are pursuing their peaceful avocations, and her loyal soldiers are protecting the interests of the loyal of other States, her rebels are en- gaged in warlike demonstrations, and to-day, at the instance of the Kentncky secessionists, the State is invaded hy several of the bands of guerrillas who have disgraced the rebel service, if it were possible to disgrace so dishonorable a service. The telegraph will already have told yon of the invasion of the State hy rebel cavalry, who appeared a Tompkineville a day or two since; but the telegraph will not tell s on that these men have come at the instiga tion of Kentucky secessionists—secessionists resident here In the city, and under the eye of the provost marshal. Yet this is true, and will be developed some day, but the guilty will never he punished. And not only do we hear of their appearance at Tompkinsville. The whole State is full of them. This city has furnished arms to guerrilla bands raised In this city and the adjoining county, and men whose duty it is to know can easily procure the evidence of it if they are inclined to seek it. The fact of a strong guard being stationed here is all that prevents the city from being attacked. As it is, we hear ot the demonstra tions of those villains in every direction about ns, and we even fear that a large force may be tempted to look for spoils on Main street The federal pickets at Owensboro were fired upon on Tnesday last at night, and the camp aroused, hut the guerillas had tied and escaped. The citizens of that place are said to be rebels of the meanest kind, and are pos- lively known to have lent their aid to tnese bards. Certain signals rang by the citizens on Tuesday night served to warn the Union troops, as well as notify the rebels, and when the latter came in obedience to the signal they found our men prepared to receive teem. The home guards of Danville had a desper ate fight on the same day, Tuesday, with a party of guerrillas from southern Kentucky. The particulars are uot yet known at Gen, Boyle’s headquarters, but it is stated that sev eral persons were wounded. The region about Danville is noted for the prevalence of seces sionists, though quite a number of Union men rally around the flag, and to the support of Reverend Robert J. Breckinridge who resides at Danville. The following are the particulars of the raid of the 2,000 cavalry at Xompkinsville. Al though Gen. Dumont at Nashville has been frequently warned that Sparta, Tenn., was a rebel rendezvous, he has never attempted to destroy the facilities which they have therefor assembling troops and making raids into Ken tucky and Tennessee. Thus undisturbed the rebels have lately been enabled to collect a force of 3,000 cavalry and two light guns with which they have advanced into Kentucky, their natural route being due north to Tomp kinsville, in Monroe county. Here they ex pected to find a force of CoL Williams’ 9th Pennsylvania cavalry, and they had made pre parations to capture it Having the most ac curate information from their rebel friends, the cavalry was enabled to make a descent up on the Pennsylvanians and the whole party captured. It consisted of three companies of the 9th Pennsylvania under Major Jordan. The Pennsylvanians made a strong resistance but were taken by superior numbers, and after they had surrendered were put to tne sword, the whole party being inhumanly butchered. It is said that the party was 2*35 strong and that not half a dozen escaped. The rebels then passed on going northwest to Glasgow, at which point they appeared at midnight on Wednesday. It was undersroodand supposed that their purpose was to destroy the bridge across the Green river at Mumfordsville and (bus cut off the supplies of Buell's armies. la the present low stage of tlie Cumberland and Tennessee the Nashville railroad is depended upon to supply Buell. Since their appearance at Glasgow nothing has been heard of the rebels. The telegraph line along the railroad has not been interrupted up to this hour. Dumont at Nashville, and Boyle at this point are using strong exertions to capture this force. Dumont sent a strong force from Nashville yesterday morning as far as Green River, and that end ot the “road is strongly guarded. Boyle sent a force from this city this morning, and the northern end of the road is now in the same condition. But the road is not yet safe, and wc shall only breathe freely when we learn that the whole force has again disappeared, or has been captured. It is to be hoped that the reigns will be still tighter drawn on the rebel sympathizers, who, despite of all argument to the contrary, it is perfectly apparent, are the prime movers and instigating spirits of all these raids. They should be made to pay for it in treasure and Amongthe strangest anomdism presented by the existing condition of the State is that of a governor without the authority of that desig nator?. It was found advisable a year since to draw tiie teeth of Magoffin and allow him to feed in the public trough in that sad condi tion. Perhaps Magoffin does not care as he is not deprived of his drinking privilege. De prive him of that and he dies. I notice occa sionally that his presence here is mentioned and that it is given a political significance when the fact is he only comes here to get on a spree. Those at a distance may remark, “Some Important political movement on hand,” but here we only say “ Magoffin’s in for a big drunk.” It will be remembered that not Magoffin as Governor, but J. B. Temple as President of the Military Board of Ken tucky, signed the letter to the President call in" on mm to urge the recruiting of 300,000 more men. The call for Kentucky troops has just been issued and signed by John W. Fen nell, adjutant general of the State, by order of the Military Board. It appears in the form of a general order, and Is to the point, brief, somewhat terse, not bombastic and most excellent war literature. The call is for four regiments of infantry im mediately, it being stated that this is ,only a part of the quota required of Kentucky. I cannot tell you whether or not they will be raised. Fennell says there is no fear that they will not. But I am inclined to think that there is great reason to fear it. The new call has only served thus far to fill up enlistments for State service. Col. Metcalfe’s cavalry regiment lias been almost completed in the past few days. Those who desire to volunteer desire to remain in the State. There is no feeling if patriotism In the mat ter. The form of the president’s call depriv ed it of any enthusiasm—creating style—and the people think they are called upon to re trieve disaster, and not to support a victorious government. The correspondence with the governors was in had style and haste. It looked as if the governors knew better than than the president wbat was needed, and he bad admitted as much by acquiessing in their suggestions. It looked as if the president had said to the governors ** Pm afraid to ask the people to do any more— you make the proposition as if It came from them. The fact is I, I don’t know. I’m afraid—that is—l hesitate”—and those people of the United States that follow plows ana gather corn and wear jeans and stow away all the gold and silver, know as well as yon and I, that when a man hesitates he is lost. If the President had said “ The country is in danger, she wants more men”— do yon suppose your praises and our cares - 1 would not have turned out their quota? at 1 _ Another Fugitive Case. Lieutenant O. M. Brown, of tlie 81 Ohio cavalry, wlio was arrested for preventing a couple of men from securing a fugitive for & pursuer, has been discharged from custody without trial or examination. In a letter written by him from Toscumbia, Ala., to his wnc, uC £ S JS: “ I wrote you some time ago, giving you an account of my arrest and confinement in my quarters for the crime of assisting a brother man to from the demon in human shape who would lave dragged Mm back into the bond age from which ne would have escaped. Well, after keeping me inmy tent for nine days, the general ordered me to dnty again, and thus ended the whole affair. Allow me to say, however, that the fugitive made good his escape. The following extract will be of general in terest, especially as showing how soon the “bread” returned which Lieutenant 8., in aiding the fugitive slave, “cast upon the waters:” This brings me to another subject just as interesting; and that is, how dangerous it is fur a people by oppression to make enemies of a part of their fellows. A immber of in stances have come under my own observation where the slave has betrayed the plan of his matter. One I will relate: Two companies of onr regiment (one of which was ours.) was stationed eighteen miles from any othertorce, and the leading scccsh of'the neigborhood laid a plan to matte prisoners of ns all. One evening, while fadbfog over thematterat the tea-table, the waiting-maid ((h wham they put the utmost confidence,") listened while* she poured the tea, to every, word. No sooner was supper over than she repaired to the cabin, where she found a friend' to whom she told the whole, and as soon as all ,was still, that man, after doing a hard day's - work, traveled six mi ca and informed us or the whole plot, and then walked back again in time to do his work the next day. I have sot the leastdonbt but that the plot would have been carriedont, if It not been carried out. If It - had nos been for this information. !We immediately sent for and received reinforcements and otherwise strength&nd our position. This the rebels saw and gave up their plan. The seccsh prisoners have been removed from Governor's Island, New to Port Delaware, which is situated on an islahdin Delaware River, below Philadelphia. This change has been made to make room on Governor's Island for onr own sick and wounded soldiers. s Ro lards for Entry In minds* Edltoiß Chicago Tribune Being Ter; anxious to obtain eome reliable information about the public lands of your State, I venture to address yon. If you can tarnish the desired information it will greatly oblige many persons in this section. 1. AretbereanyUndsinyourStatoopenfor settlement under the homestead act. . 2. If so, where are they situated ? 8. 'What is the character of the soil, water, timber and climate? 4. Are there any eighty acre tracts along the Illinois Central railroad, which are owned by the general government, and open for settle* merit If yon can drop me a line containing the de sired information, or forward me a copy of your paper to Wakeman Station, Huron county, Ohio, you will thereby greatly oblige Makt Otiiebs. So far as we know all the lands in the State Illinois are entered. Ifthereshonldbeastray lot here and there. It would be more than it is worth to find it. It will depend upon the cir cumstances andtaste of parties wishing to set tle at the "West whether it would be desirable for them to buy lands in Illinois or to go to tbe unsettled portions of Minnesota, lowa, Nebraska and Kansas, where lands can be acquired under the homestead act. If a man has some means,' say a thousand dollars or more, and a growing family that he is in duty bound to educate, it may be best for him to settle in Illinois. The lands along the Illinois - Central railroad are cheap and excellent in quality, and withal, they are near a market. ‘With these advantages, many think it better and cheaper to pay the price asked for them than to go to unsettled districts and get land gratis under the homestead act. A line ad dressed to the Land Department of the Illinois Central railroad, at Chicago, will receive all needful information as to the location and price of their lands. On tha other hand, venturous spirits and those who are sot blessed with the means to purchase even an eighty, will find an abundance ofland subject to acquisition un der tbc homestead bill in Minnesota, Western lowa and the Territories west of the Missouri. We cannot pretend to specify localities. There are millions of acres still .open to settlement of tbe very finest lands that the sun shines upon “in all his course.” The best way for settlers to obtain information is to delegate one ol their number—a man of close observa- lion and sound judgment, to travel through the country and make the most advantageous location he can find. That he can find sec- tions of country where settlers can greatly improve their worldly condition there can be no doubt.. We trust onr correspondent in Ohio, and his friends, will be among those who reap the richest blessings which a residence at the West can afford. Is this Unionism 3 The politicians now seeking to do business under the name and firm of the “Ohio De mocracy,” claim to be loyal, Union men, and to be in earnest in the support of the govern ment in its efforts to suppress the rebellion. The following extracts which we find in the Cincinnati. Commercial, do not look much like loyalty, but more like the spirit of treason and rebellion now rampant throughout the South: [From the Ashland Union.) “ Hired Hessians” going to the sunny Southern soil to butcher, by the wholesale, not foreigner?, but good men, as exemplary Chrirtiana as any oi our men, who will believe they are fighting for God given rights. 6 * » * • ♦ This is a damned Abolition war. Me Idiete Abe Lincoln is as tu uck <f a traitor as Jeff. Da cis The Ashland county Democracy, at their late convention, passed the following resolu tion: Desolred. That the late attacks upon the Ash land Vrdon bj the Abolitionists, the old enemies of the constitution and the Union, are evidence that that pajttr is on the right track, and worthy the support of the Democracy of Ashland county. The CircleviUe Watc?u7ia7i, speaking of Gen. Butler, says: Whydorfl the mtnofXew Orleans shoot the in famous wretch like they would a reptile or a dog/ The Crawford county Forum says of tho present administration: Jt has pvt arms in the hands of outlaws, thieve> murderers, and traitors. Such are the views and sentiments of the organs supported and controlled by the so called Ohio Democracy of 1863. Can anymon, with a spark of the Democratic fire that warmed the heart of a Jackson in the former southern rebellion, he deceived by downright treason like that? Instructions to Officers Relative to Loyal itlacke. On the 4lli in&t,a resolution was adopted by the Senate, calling upon the President to communicate the instructions to commandin' officers in pursuance of the acts of last July, setting free the sieves who have been em ployed, TiilU tbii Vunacni of their masters, against the government and laws of the U oiled States, and to state what steps have been taken to make the statutes effective. The fol- lowing is a synopsis of the voluminous docu ments transmitted-in response to the call: The Secretary of War writes to Brigadier General Saxton, under date of 16th, directing him to assume the charge, in the department of the South, of all plantations deserted by their owners with the inhabitants thereof, with authority to make such rules for the cul- tivation of the land and the control and em ployment of the people as circumstances may require. He is authorized to assume police duties over them; is guaranteed ample pro tection from the major general commanding: is allowed such rations as may he suitable for those in want; is furnished with medical and ordnance stores, and is independent of any authority except that of the commanding gen eral. The Secretary says: •* It is expected that by encouraging industry and skill iathe cultivation of the necessaries of life, and ceneial self improvement, you will, as far as possible, promote the well being of all people under your jurisdiction.” Gen. Butler, writing from the department ofYirglnia, May 2,1801, said he was perplexed with a new difficulty. He had negro property to the amount of §60,000; a portion of them women and children, not able bodied la borers.* He passed to creditall labor perform ed, and charged all goods and rations for nished them. He says: “As a military question, it would seem to bo a measure ofncci seity to deprive their masters of their services; as a 'political question and a ques tion of humanity, caul receive the services of a father and a mother and not take the children ? Of the humanitarian aspect (I have no doabt of the political one) 1 have no right to judge.” Secretary Cameron, May 30,1801, writes to Gtn. Butler that his action is approved. Au gust 8, he writes again, saying that it was the desire of the President that all existing-rights in loyal States should be preserved; but tint in States wholly or partially under insurrec tionary control, these rights must necessarily come under military authority; that all slaves should be received, and no claim be allowed to disloyal owners for the service of the slaves Under date of September 20,1861, the Secre tary ol War directs Gen. Wool to send contra bands to Gen. McClellan, and on the 22nd, orders them to be relumed for service on the Southern coast. October 5, he directs 1,000 of them to be prepared to accompany Gen. Sherman. Assistant Secretary Scott writes to' Gen. Sherman, Oct, 14, to employ fngitivesin such services as they may be titled lor, cither as ordinary employes, or if special circumstances eeeru to require it, “in squads, companies or otherwise, oa you may deem beneficial to the service; this, however, not being a general aiming of them for military services.” Major-Gen. Wool writes from Fortress Monroe, Nov. 25, inquiring about the pay of contrabands. Be says some of the officers paid on account of the government S2O for laborers. He allowed $lO and subsistence, and wished to reduce all to that price. Tne Secretary communicated bis approval. Gen. Phelps writes from Camp Parapet to to Mr. Carrolton of Louisiana, giving partic ulars of the sending of slaves, bag and bag gage, to his lines by Mr- Babilliard Le Branch who tells him that the Tankers are king here now, and that they must go to their king for food and shelter. Be enlarges upon buult I peculiar condition; comments on tile utter failure of the government to recognize their rights; discusses the elements of insurrec tion existing In Louisiana ; refers to the effect of the slave labor system, on society there; considers the question of eman cipation, intimates that compromise will hereafte be made with labor, and not with' politicians; favors ‘the policy of immediate abolition, and closes with a state ment of the wants of the fugitives before his lines, asking instructions. He says the new article of war is the first support he has yet had from the Government, He thinks Mr. Branch, who professes to be loyal, recognizes the emancipation as an impending tact. Gen. Butler, d one 18,1862. gives further de tails of the above case, and asks for instruc tions. The Secretary of War, Jnty 3, writes to Gen.- Buthr: “He (the president) is of the. opinion that, nn der thelaw of Congress, they cannot be sent back to their master; that in common humanity they must not be permitted to suffer for want of food, shelter, or other necessaries of life; that to tnis end they should be provided for by the quarter master and commissary departments, and that those who are capable of labor should be set -to work, atd paid reasonable wages. The president, indicating this, does nor assume to settle any gen eral talc at present with regard to the slaves. Slave OrgHirfatlon, Very much h»s been e»id by the press and the public in reference to the assertion of the anthor of “Among the Pines,” that there ex ists among the Southern blacks a secret and wide-spread organization which has able lead ers, and whose ultimate object is freedom. This statement, though generally credited, , has been questioned by certain Nprihem se “we'm“Srthirizdd by the writer of that book to say that be has givm iu ‘ Among the Pines.” but a tithe of the whole truth in ms possession in regard to that organisation. That while he has in that work inuodncedonly a single leader, he has personal knowledge of over twenty, and has the names and residence of over 500. who can control, at the tap of a ditun, ICO 000 able-bodied fighting mem The names of these leaders, and all the pan ticnlars in regard that organization, he is at liberty to communicate (they having.-beeu • confided to him for that purpose) to the go v ernment, whenever It is -prepared, to resort in entiling this rebellion to all the means’that are justified by civilized warfare.—Aw York TVtSwie, NEGRO CATCHING IN THE ASHY. THE CONDUCT OF GEN. MITCHEL. His Infamous Order to Give up Hegroes to Owners when Called for. The negro catching proclivities of General Mitch el, and the hatred thereof by bis whole army are well known to the public. The fol lowing extracts from a letter written by a mem ber of the 24th (Hecker) lIL, regiment, which has been under Gen. Mitchell, to a friend in this city, dated “ Camp Battle Creek, June 25th, 1863, will be read with interest: “ Onr boys that have been near Chattanooga are full ot praise about the enthusiastic Union feeling that prevails among the people which live all over the country they passed through. Ills even true that the people twenty-live miles from Chattanooga presentend the 37th Indiana Regiment t hat was along with ours, with a handsome Union flag. This is again a proof that wherever the reign of king cotton ceases, the Union feeling develops itself in its fullest glory, and confirms the opinion I indi rectly expressed in my last letter to yon, that the political, or social principles of a na tion or section of a nation—if not entirely created by its material and pecuniary interests —are at least subject to them. Bntkingcot ton is at present surely in a sad fix, and we hope his vassal, u slavery” also. Imagine the soldiers of our Union, tramping and bustling on his proud domain. Don't all this forbode a soon dethronement and total forfeit ure of all his former rights and titles? Surely when this is accomplished, the whole country shall make him him his most humble and obedient servant. Bat his vassal, bis most sneaking and fawning servant, slavery, must be entirely crashed oat and banished, and if this is not done, it is no use to crush out this infernal serpent of rebellion, fer slavery is the head ot it, and that will always produce again during existence, Besides, slavery, while the war is raging, is a sharp weapon in the hands of onr enemy, and it is a generally acknowledged prin ciple, which I recollect to have read even in Kent, that war never is carried on lor the sake of peace, and that it must be the task of the belligerent to damage his op ponent as much as pos-ible, in order to take from him the means of warfare and to check- mate him. This principle has been acknow ledged and adopted, too, by all honest and able generals of all times, as can be read in the histories cf wars. But some of onr gen rals don’t seem to know this, and blindly shut their eyes to things that must appear, even to the one-eyed, plain and obvious. They not only do not consider it their duty to take from the enemy the weapon of slavery, bat degrade and humiliate themselves to be the myrmidons of the slave power, and fawningly do.all that i= in their power to catch and re turn their slaves. The following is a copy of an order of Gen. Mitchel, and shows you what principles this man entertains in regtrd to slavery; Headquarters 3d Division, ) Canp Andrew Jackson, March 11,1562. f General Order No. 79.—1n accordance with or- ders from headquarters of the department of the Ohio, all the fugitive slaves, or negroes suspected of being such, now in the camps of the third di- Tition, will he at once arrested and held at brigade headquarters, and the headquarters of the different detact ments in the division, not brigaded until 12 o'clock m. of to-morrow. If in that time the owners or their agents shall call for them the negroes will be delivered, vp, ami if t.ecestary the claimants will be protected from harm and molestation. If not called for, the ne groes will be released and expelled,from the encamp mtnls. In future no fojritive slave will be allowed to en ter or remain within the lines cf the third division. By order of Brig. Gen. O. SI. Slitccel, W.P PitENTiss, A. A. Gen. Commanding. The above order makes no difference between rebel slaveholder and the Union man, but pro tects the black property rights of both. (A fine sight, that.) ■When the order was first issued, we had but a few negroes that had joined ns in Missouri, we were therefore exempted from the dis agreeable consequences which would have arisen from a possible refusal to respond to the order. Shortly after, the act of Congress concerning fugitives that found refuge within the lines oi our army was passed, and under its protection we accepted as many fugitives as we could feed and usefully employ, with the intent to make men of them. We considered Congress a higher superior of ours than any general, and thought that the orders of all generals as being subject to Congress would be at once null and void if they wore in the least incompatible with acta that Congress had passed. Gen. Hitchers Order No. 79 was contradicto ry to the act of Congress, but instead of repudi ating it, he last -week sent orders to the differ ent raiments of his division, that they should comply ■with It forthwith. We were yet In i'aj etteville when the order, through one J. C. Hull, Lieut. Col. of the 37th lad., commanding at that place, came into our hands. Our officers, with indignation and dis gust, refused to obey the order, in mentioning the word slave, and was sent bock to the said Hull with the instruction that we had no slaves, the colored men in our lines being free men. Said Hull, bemgafawnioghirelingofthe slaveholders, used now every sneaking means that were in bis power, in o r der to serve his employers, who came from the whole conntry and beleaguered his office all the day, marking onr position and strength, and‘tben>hy expos ing us tome dangerthat information be given to the enemy, very often the pascal Hull came with his yellow rascals to onr camp, in order to seize any negroes that might be re cognized as having belonged to one of them. But in order to prevent disturbances —for suck an action would not bave passed without it— we hid our negroes. One morning onr camp was alarmed by the lamentable and doleful cry of a human being. On proceeding to the place from whence the cry was heard, we ascertained that an old, gray-haired mu latto, having by order of his master applied to the scoundrel Hull for the return of a little fugitive boy that had found refuge in one ol the regiments, the 19ih Illinois, and having received the boy irom this scoundrel was going to tie him on a” mule, as the boy used the ut most resistance to prevent bis being carried back into bondage. His cries could have moved stones, hut the scoundrel Hull could see and hear them without being moved. Our boys were enraged to the utmost. Happily the road that the old fellow with his boy mid to pass, was occupied by pickets from our regiment. Some of our boys immediately went out to the road, and when the old cuss approached, they gave him a respectable tlircsbing and look the boy away from him again. They brought him into our camp and the scoundrel Hull did not have courage enough to take him from us again. After he found that all his efforts to degrade ns to nigger-catchers were in vain, he brought heavy charges against our major, that actea iu unity with Dr. Wagner, nobly and honestly. Both these men manly and firmly refused to do acts that would bring shame and disgrace upon them and the regiment, but at the same time used all possible means to calm and com pose the excited and enraged tempers of our boys. Before Hull could prefer his miserable charges against our gallant major, we re- Ct ived marching orders, and when wc came to Huntsville onr officers proceeded to Mltdiel in order to deliver their swords. Mitehel thereupon flew into a raging fury and would not accept them, demanSing that hia orders should be executed. Our officers refused hut wanted to resign unconditionally, ilitchel then, after long raging and ranting, sent them off to the regiment, promising to accept their resignations if they would tenderthem. After we came to the regiment, the other officers with the exception of three, after having heard what had been our troubles at once resolved to resign 100. A Canadian Opinion. The Toronto Globe is the leading Liberal pa* journal in the Canadas, and by far the most widely circulated of any British American sheet. It has been steadily fair if not posi tively friendly to the Union, while its “Con servative” rivals are openly partial to the se cessionists. The followingis the Globe's com ment on onr recent battles: : ? “We look upon the events of me last few dajs as certain to cause the prolongation of the war fo- some months. The South will hive increased courage to resist; the North will need a greater number of men, who canot be drilled in a day, nor a month. Thousands of Uy»s must be sacrificed, because the Washing ton authorities did not appreciate the silui tion. It is the old mistake of civilians direct ing military operations at a distance. Can it be wondered, as the prospect of the end of the rebellion becomes more remote, as it becomes clearer, that more, and still more Northern men will perish ere the great fight against Slavery can be successfully concluded, that the American people ium greater liking to a trenchant weapon which they have within their reach, but hitherto have not used. It is one ol the most extraordinary proofs of the ibree of an idea, that the Northern people h&ve not long ere tols insisted on slaves being enlisted in their cause. “They have been told so long that the realms of slavery is sacred soil, not fo be profaned by Northern foot, that they cannot rid themselves of the idea, even when they are at deadly war with those who inculcated it. The North could enrol colored men to work and fight for them, men who know the country,. vho endure-the climate belter than the Southern white, who would fight with despe ration, feeling that victory would bring free dom and defeat death. Yet they are not en rolled. The North has not yet forgotten the crack of the slaveholder's whip in Congress. Supposing England engaged in a life and deatu struggle with the C ulted States ho w long would she neglect the bpportntdty of secur ing the co-operation of the slaves; Not an hour. She would hold that military policy and humanitarian mo ives combined to make such a movement advisable. Why should not the North adopt it? We deny altogether that it would lead to rapine;- We believe that the blacks would be submissive and docile to their officers, and.not so likely to ravage and murder as white soldiers. Let the generals in command of the various armies along the shores of the Gulf, proclaim liberty to all I slaves who will join the standard; let them I be drilled and armed, and used along with white troops, so that they'may be under con trol until discipline Is fmly established. At the close of the war, a large portion of the able bodied men would be free, and the slavery question would have received its solution. Already Gen. Hunter has token 1,000 colored men-into his ainayj and has drilled them. - His * action has been approved of by the House of Representatives, after long debate, and hb policy .will probably be adopted on a larger scale at no distant day. Emancipation advances with every month's resistance of the B‘ave power. If Mr, Davis bolds out another year, there will not be a slave left in the States at the end of 1863.'* The La Salle Press says the - following gentlemen are candidates for Congress in that d strict: Hon. B. C. Cook, and Hon. Wash ington BnshneU: of La SaUe cguntyj. Hon; Jessec O. Norton and Hon. Elder Breckinridge of‘Witt county. PEKSONAIi. It la probab'e that CoL Halbert E. Paine, of the 4th Wisconsin, who was suspended by Gen. Williams at Baton Bongo for refusing to drive cotrabands out of his camp, has been been reinstated to his command. Documents of a date subsequent to his removal, forwarded to Gov. Salomon, from Vicksburg, near which place the 4th was at the last accounts, bear his signature, as the commanding officer of the regiment The Middletown (N. W.) Press, published in Col. Van Wyck’s congressional district, says that it is informed by a captain of the 10th legion of that State, that the colonel was not killed, nor even wonnded, in the battle on the Peninsula. The truth will undoubtedly soon be readied. As the case at present stands, CoL Van Wyck has been a prisoner, wonnded, killed, and neither killed or wounded. Lewis F. Hasselman, A. E. Vinton, John Firhback and Horace A. Fctcher, of Indiinan apolia, will give 8100 to the first full company mustered into the service from that Congres sional district. That is the way to do it. Let some of onr wealthy men move in the same direction. —CoL Andrew Lewis of Princeton, has been appointed commandant of the Ist congres sional district regiment in Indiana, to rendez vous at Evansville; William Williams, com mandandant of the 10th district regiment, the 74th, rendezvous at Fort "Wayne; Roger Mar tin, of Salem, commandant of the 2d district regiment, the 66th, to rendezvous at New Albany. The “Moccasin Democracy” of Minne sota have nominated Judge A. G. Chatfield as a candidate for Congress in the Ist district, and Maj. William J. Cullen in the 2d district. The platform adopted is of the Vallaudigkam Stamp, and that, with its candidates, will be rejected by an almost unanimous vote. A lady, recently from the South, reports the marri&ve of Miss Margaret Howell, the sister of .Mrs. Jtfieason Davis, to Geo. W. Cnstis Lee, of the confederate army, eldest son of General Lee, and heir to Arlington by the will of his grand-father, Mr. Cnstis. The Roman Catholic Bishop of Virginia, has issued a decree against O. P. Brownson’s JBuneic, declaring that it is no reliable expo nent of Catholic doctrines and principles. The Review will survive. A picture has just been painted in New Tork by Thomas P. Rosseter, ol the “Repre sentative Merchants of America.” It contains thirty-five full length, life-size portraits of gentlemen ■who, by common consent, are re garded as distinguished representative mer chants (living or dead) of the United States. The picture Is nine by sixteen feet, and is to ornament the Chamber of Congress. Among the merchants considered worthy to figure in this picture is Hon. William B. Ogden of this city. Awful rcoudiUou of the Union Idea iu Hast Tenuosce—lietlcr from Par son Browniow, To the Editors of the Philadelphia Ledger: Sms:—l have two letters of'recent date, and Horn reliable sources, giving me news from East Tennessee, which I desire to place you in possession of, and through yon, the public generally. The persecutions of the Union men con tinue, und really increase in severity. The propeity ,of all Union men in the Federal States and army was being sold at auction, including furniture, stock, grain, agricultural implements, etc., no attention being paid to the necessities of their families. Tne Union citizens and soldiers who are in the prisons of Salisbury, Tuscaloosa and Mobile, are dying rapidly from the effects of tainted meat, rot ten lood, and starvation. The rebel author ities seek to disx>ose of .Union men in this way. The whole country in East Tennessee is filled with gneirilla bands, who are commit ling all sons of depredations on Union peo ple. and destroying their property. Tne Union men in the federal army at Cumber land Gap, are breathing and threatning sluugn ter against the despoilers of their homes, the consumers of their substance, and the mur deie of their parents and relatives, andnothihg ] but the direct but the direct interference of Providence will prevent them from executing their threals.No military discipline will be strong enough to prevent these men from the indiscriminate slaughter of those secession leaders and soldiers who have done this mis chief One of the letters before me is from a Union cfficer at Cumberland Gap, and is dated June 27ih. It gives this information: Duncan Mc- Call is just over from Knox county, and re ports 8.090 rebel troops at Knoxville, who were going to AllanbC Georgia, by way of Manvikc, distant only sixteen miles from Knoxville. The secesu citizens had their goods jacked up und marked for At lanta, and were themselves crossing the rh er at Knoxville. The rebels had arrested Montgomery Thornburg, Lemuel Johnson, Esquire Gallbraitn, Oliver P. Temple. John Baxter, and others, and sent them to Tusca loosa. Thomberg and Temple were dead, and the remains of the former had been brought back. Others were lying at the point of dea*.h. Col. Thornburg was the commonwealth’s attomey, and visited my bedside the-night before 1 was started out of the bogus confed eracy. upon a pass granted him by the com mandiug officer. When he took leave of me, he held me by the hand, and with tears in his eyes, made this remark: “Browniow, I am glad yon are going our, and I hope you may arrive safe; but God only knows what will become of those of us who remain!” Col. Temple was a good lawyer, in comfort able circumstances, und as noble a man as lived in Tennessee. He was the Bell-Evcrett elector for that district, in the late election for for President. He leaves a wife and one child to mourn his loss. He bos been my friend through evil and good report. CoL Baxter is a wealthy lawyer of fine tal ents, and a citizen of Knoxville. He has been my friend for years, and I sympathize with his wile and ten interesting children. Certiiuly nothing short of an old-fashioned orthodox bell will suit as a place of confinement for the persecutors of these Uniou men. July 9,15C2. W. G. Brownlow. Jg LAKE STREET. Last Week of GRAVES & IRVINE’S SE>II-AyNTJAL CLEARING SALE Of Skirt". Eorterv, Underclothing. Embroideries, Diesa Trimmings, Fans ana Hair Nets. Ladles -will do well to secure bargains THIS WEEK! GRAVES & IRVINE, 78 Lake street. GREAT EASTERN. This magnificent shin has proved heist If the fastest, unrest aid most comioi table Ocean Steamer In the world. Sea Sickness on board being unknown, And is f-trongly recommendedf> intending passencers. The Gitat Eastern will Vave New York for Liver* pool on EATU-aDAY. July 26th. FARES First Cabin... Second Cabin Return tickets issued at a £arc*anca*haul Intermediate ... Steerage SO. Immediate application bv part es ■wanting berths U desired. Plans *f the Cabins ran be seen and berths secured at the office of JAMES tVARRACK. Agent, 12 Lake street. Chic <so. Howland & Aspixwaix, N. Y. JyIMT-U-'IW JUST RECEIVED, PER STEAMER ETNA. Coventry Frilling or Enffling, IMPORTED ONLY BY SUTTOS & BTREITT) e are in receipt ol a fresh supply of the shore beau t’fol material. In all widths. We would say to all !a> dies who hare not seen this article, that it is made pro cicely like a ribbon, in lengths of 12 yards, and has a running cord in one edge, by means of which it can be drawn up to any desirable fullness. It washes anawears well, and is incomparably finer, cheaper and better than any other Baffling in the mar' kct. Also, CORSETS, HOSIERY k ZEPHYR WORSTED SUTTOJf & BURKITT, 41 Lasalle street. jea-TSS^sm jgLACKBURN BROTHER^ WHOLESALE LEATHER AND HIDE STORE, 46 Street, Chicago, tve bee to inform oar customers that we have com pleted oar new partnership arrang*ments. and are nowTCceiving a new and complete etocKof all kinds of LEATHER AH3) SHOE FIHMHGS, Of prime quality, to which we Invite the aUentton ot Shoe and Harness Makers. Onr entire stock we offer at the lowest markefpjlcea, BIiACKBCBN BROS., C. elackbtkn. [Jyl4-6816-lm] J. r. BLACKBtrgy. BIPROYED THiNSBLE SKEINS, For Wagons and Carriages. The best ■"«* strongest made la Use United States. EVERY SKEW WARRANTED. Having capacity fee ra»H » are unrivalled, and we CAShOI BE DSDBB39LB by any first class manufacturer. HALL, EHtBABE & CO., Iron Me rciants and Manufacturer*. 193 and 195 Soxifh. Water street. [apll-p236-ly] QTORAGE, STORAGE, STOR. O AGS —The undersigned haring taken the Dock. ft naerly cccnpled by, the Transportation Company, corner of Market and Madison street. Is in readiness to receive Storage and Dockage on the most reasonable tern a. Also, orders for aH kinds of Coal filled. JONATHAN NEWHOUSB. P jytffSfe-lm Post Office BosSttT. A KMY TENTS, Second-Hand, _ FOR SALE. Also, 10.000 yards Old Canvas, suitable for TsrpsuUna, Wasot Covers. Trashing Cloth, Covering Hay. Horse covers. At— at2l7 Booth Water street :_i ’ . jyH-sSIS-2w FOSTER & HABDEKBESQH. TTADITS AND OUT HOUSES V Clewed Ttlf che»p byJDHKHASOH. aKorti- ClHkitreet. rwtoam B»i en, w&pTOan ®2iJijtilcsalc houses. aBA EVS & IBVINE IS LAKE STREET." Are mow offetm* to tHo TrHdß, FOB KBIT CiSH,' SKIRTS -At Manafactarer** Prices. COR STS T S Cannot be Surpassed. ORATES A IK VINE, T8 Like Street, JJARDWAJtE, TIN PLATE And Metal Warehouse. WILLIAM BLAIR & CO., 17G Lake Street, Cliioaco, TTI-, Importers and Wholesale Dealers In TIN PLATE* SHEET IBON, COFFER. Tinners Tools and Machines, And Tinners Goods of all descriptions. FENCE WIDE, best American manufacture, NAILS, •* Wheeling” brand. Japanned and Tinware, CUTLERY AND SHELF HARDWARE. A foil assortment of all goods In oar line at Eastern prices. WTT.T.TAM DLAXB. C. 3L NELSON. O. W. BELDEJ, GROCERIES. Ewing, Briggs &Cd. 75 SOUTH WAXES STREET, CHICAGO, offer for sale AT THE VERY LOWEST PRICKS tC CLOSE BUYERS AND PROMPT MEN, a well selected stock •( GROCERIES, At Wholesale, EMBRACING SUGARS, PISH, TEAS, TOBACCO, COPPEES, RICE, SYRUPS, SPICES, MOLASSES, SOAPS, DRIED PETTIT, WOODEN WAEE, and an articles usually Included In their line. "We have tsonghtmost of our goods for cash, and be lleve that we can make It to the interest of all pur chasing in this market to cal! and examine oar etoct before haying. EWING. BKIGGS & co„ l«o. 73 Senth Water street, Chicago, Wm. L. Ewing. St.Loals,llo. F LELD, BENEDICT &Co M 34 &. 36 Lake Street, Are now opening a large and well assorted stock a CLOTHS, CASSIMERES AXB TESTINGS, Together with an the various styles of Goods for HUN'S Wear, such as Odrdoroys, Satinets, Bloleakin*, Cottonades, Velveteens, F. and HI. Casa, Planters 9 Drills, Queens Clotti, Planters 9 Pucks, Span’ll Linens* merino Cass, Prap D’Etat, Kentucky Jeans, Ital 9 a€lot2ta* Fancy Linens, Tweeds. Ton wm always find in our assortment all the desir able styles In the mart et. which will be sold at satis factory prices. A full stock of Tailors* Trimmings a> ways on hand. apTpllMj <k BARTLETT Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in BOOTS AND SHOES, Ho. 30 Late Street, Chicago, ID. We would respectfhilv call the attention of City an< Country Merchants to our extensive stock of Boots am Shoes, which we have now in etpre, and are dally re* coirlnp from our Factory in Wo* Roylston, Maas., which consists of a fall assortment of tliosc celebrated Custom-Made Patna Kip and Cal£ and Grain Wstot, Proof Boots; together with a fhll stock ofall styles of SPRING ANP SCtTmER COOPS, Ofthebest quality and manu&cturcs, which we are pro Bared to sell for CASH and prompt paying trade at oston and Few Tork Jobbing Prices. We are Agents for the sale of Mitchell’s Patent Ho alllcTlo Boots and Shoes In alltba States. STRIKER & GO., No. 141 Lake Street, Have Just received a large lot of DRESS GOODS! FEOM NTW YORK AUCIIOS SALES, ■Which they are offering at XTREMEU LOW PRICES To suit the season. Also some new styles of SILK SICQUES AND MANTLES, Including the new FRENCHRACQUE. and the RDF FLED MANTLES. We Invite a close inspection ol these poods, la quality and price, knowing tint wo cannot be undersold. A BEAUTIFUL ASSORTMENT OF ’Sew Styles of Pacific Lawns Only One Shilling per yard, JACCONETS, FRENCH ORGANDIES, QNew goods and new prices. Also, a fine assortment 0 Black Silk Twist Lace Mitts, Ladles’ and Misses’ Ho« lery and Gloves, Summer and Undergarments, Alexander’s Eld Gloves, Son Umbrellas, BONNET AND TRIMMING RIBBONS A large lot ofVEILS now opening, comprising Mods Colored Grenadine. Love and Lace goods ut very low figures. Hoop Skirts for both Ladles’ and Misses'. comprising the Bridal trail and Paris Trail, Made of the best Watch Spring Steel and at prlcesai low as pah elsewhere be found. LACE POINTS AND MANTLES, A fall assortment, very cheap. Also lost openeda large lot of the cck-bialed JKNNT LIND COItSETS at the same low price as formerly. We invite all to caß and examine. 25T0.14rl Xj ake street. STRYKER A CO. myl9-rfg-ly SPRING 1862. COOLEY, FARWELL & €O. 42,44 &46 WABASH AVEFTDB CHICAGO. .$95 to $lO5. ?TJ. Are sow offering a large and attractive assortment DOMESTICS, CingbanU) Be Xi&inea* NOTIONS, GOODS, WOOLENS, and a choice selection ot DBESB G O O I>S . Meet ot onr heavy Cotton Goods having Dean par ehaaed early In the fall, we can and will offer superior adncemeata to the trade. . . L , . We will guarantee oorprieeatobe the lowest made In this mrrfcet, or in Sew xoxh. adding fireignt, and la> -rite all close bnyers to a carefal examination ot cnx KtocJc before pnrohasing. COOLEY, 7ABWELL & CO, GROCERIES. 16 A 18 STATE STREET, G.C. COOK & CO., WHOLESALE GROCERS. Cosfe fenyen axe Invited to eigmlaa our Stoelc. YANDEBVOOBT.DICKSBSOH&CO, !M fc 801 Kudoipb Street, CJelJ*, xmfortebs of JJS PLATE, SHEET IRON, Ac., Tinners’ Stock. IfiSNTS FOR Howe’s Improved. Scales^ 1862. EPBXN9 TRADE. 18621 WEBER, WILLIAMS & YALE, H A.TS, CAPS, Straw Goods, raraaol*. Umbrdlaa and .Palm Leaf Goods, || LISE tTBEEIf CHICAGO* EftTe sowta arose nLixsßahddeffiralAs atoaciM mm Team which wm be offered*! System Frloes BWK, S2at)o^» alf Rouses. QO UN TRY MERCHANTS PTJECHASJNG* BOOTS AND SHOES, Nos. 29 and 31 lake Streep Corner Wabash Arcane, next door to Cooley, Faxwell & Co., A complete assortment ot every style adapted to Qt* season. TTe keep good v Custom-Made Work. For those who want such, and also a large supply ol CHEAPER GRADES Which we win sen at Auction Prices for Cash. Please examine oar stock before purchadmt ia—. Where, or going farther East. ■_ VT • BASSETT *H2iLS, myls-r415-2m , ZINC, YANKEE NOTIONS. J. M. STINE, 33 Lake Street, Corner or Wabasli Arennt, Has now In store, and offers to the Trader AT SIW YORK PRICKS, The largest and best assorted, stock In the cttj of Yankee Notions, Hosiery, Gloves, Hoop Skins, Neck Ties, Hair Nets, And all the articles oicaßy kept in a yrasr-OLiaa Notion Bouts. Orders promptly and WthMy sttesded U. SMITH BROTHERS, WHOLESALE GROCERS, 43 South Water’street, Chicago, Keep constantly on hand aTarge and complete assort* SUGAES, COFFEES, Syrups, Tobacco, dolasses, Teas, All of wiickwilllbe sold Tory Low tor Cock. MAP.CELLUS B. SMITH, late of Smith. Pollard * Co. WALDO W. SMITH, M S. J.Sardam&Co. A. JUDoON SMITH. “ Smith, Pollard & 00, QeS-rSS-Sm] pOIXAED & DOAKS, Successors to Smith, Pollard & Go* WHOLESALE GROCERS, IS9 i 191 Sonth Water street, Chicago. myls-rSBI-lj j. e. pollard. rmySl-rra-Sm] pro. Q. dox* Q.EO. W. KINS & CO., Wholesale Grocers, No. IS STATE STREET, Chicago, - - • • Illinois Geo. Wilson King, late of La Snlle, K»»nL H. Aldrich. Chicago. tet^«lZt4n» L. CORNELL & Co.’s IMPROVED SEWING- MACHINES, S3S TO 8110. Taggart & Fare’s Patent Double Lock Fast Stitch. Wtllcox & Gibb's Patent Half Twist Tight Loop Stitch SnuTrLK Stitch Machines, thus combining In onr stock all the practical gtltchea In use. Purchasers can better decide which stitch Is best for them bv testing each. Either stitch. If well taken, makes a perfectly beliarae seam. E ich stitch has Its fibs and enthusiastic advocates. Onr machines will not sji*t out of order, they an* periectlv made, and at c run hr steam In heavy work, with the slightest none, at s.OCv stitches per minute (three times tho speed of any other machines. They are adapted to all work—we wlllstitci a saddle with conl-iCB or wuu Hr*. cotton. A Blind person can be taneht in nyx min l ji the needle, pat on the Heir-mer:»Dd hem milling pert, *««,. Hnt i Vlth BAR FUM’B AUTOMATIC “SELFSEWEIv " to® BUND can sew seams, tacks, bosoms, &C- pen«s«.«y true. Thcv arc adapted to all machines, aau sent by mail wltli full dlmtU ns for bosoms. turka.corrcctlng had w orklne tnscltlncs. &c.. &c- on receipt of name of machine and sl. We will needles for all nnenines, bilk. Cotton. Oil. nemtners. Guides. Ac. We sx cbange for and repair a 1 kinds of Sewing Machine and RENT Machines by the wee* or mouth. Ladies In attendance to clvc instruction and to do all kinds of Family and Nursery Stitching and Sewing Ma chine Embroidery. GT’Bead our Circulars before purchfitlrt Send red stamp for Samples and Circuital ci cal* and tee them at 138 Lake Street, (up itolrs.) Address L. CORNELL * CO., Box SI, Chicago. BL [sem-lyl T> H S ORIGINAL Sewing Machines. Srcther of ELIAS HOWE, JR, toe original Investor and patentee of the HOWE SEWING MACHINE, And from which all otherSewlngMsehlnesderive toQtr vltadtv, aad to whom all others pay a License. *1 hls'is tnc- oldest Machine in the world (invented IB 1&15), Improved from time to time, and folly perfected In January, ISC2. Particularly adapted to family uao, tailoring and manufacturing purposes, boot and ahoa work, carriage trimming, &c„ &c. Having the wide*! range of adaptability to sewing, of any machine pro duced, Buy the Howe Sewing Machine, And have no more dropping of stitches, breaking of needles, no more trouble in sewing the finest fabric or the coarsest satinet, no difficult'- In sewing and a machine thatls warranted not to get out of or der with proper ui*e. .. Pr Agents wanted in Oldo and other Western and Northwestern States, where not already appointed. Circulars, containing full description of Machine; can be had on application, or sent by mail. Address 8. BBTiNT, XTINKLE & LYON SWESTS JO MACHINES—Office oo ftret floor 102 Lake street. The friends and patrons of the Fmfcle & Lyun Sewing Machine Company in Chicago and Ticlmtr, will he bapnv to learn that we bare Id this city an office where a fail*assortment of Machines are exhibited, instruct tlonj given and Improvements applied to old Machines. Each Machine is warranted to jjtye bettxh aatis&ctton than any Machine in marketer money reloaded. rrie< redocea. Agents wanted. Jc2l-6331-3ni PSALBBI33I piorQ-hS-ly] DIIIOS IS WHOLESALE tnyisagaal ment of WOODEN WAEE, CORDAGE, 4C, FEAR SOUTH WATER. jpetotns IRacftincg. HOWE [CTVENTED m 1545, IMPROVED IK 19CBJ Manufactured by A. B. HOWE, General Western Agent, 66 Lake street, Chicago. myi7-r43i-iy A LES^OM The “FLORENCE" SEWTKG SIACHHTK3 make foub unTERKST studies oa one ana the fame Machine. Tims the lock, dokbl* lock. knot and poubljs knot, all of which m»kt the warn alike on both aides of tha »■ brie. Either or all can be produced while the Machine Is In motion. They havethe bxthbsibl* Fsro wtm Which enables the operator to baTetheWM* carrv either way, or to change toe and 'fasten the end of seams, wWdn togettar with making a long and a short stitch, la Ms* simply by turning athomb screw. Their motions are all positl ve. There are no springs to get out of order. They are so simple that the most ineiperiencedosawork them perfectly and. witV. ae. Theft- * noiseless, andean od where quiet is co Ce6BatT * They ar» the FASTEST SEWERS B . . WORLD, ttafang Are stitchw toCTChrrrolO fion. Tbcr oil no dresses. Their STITCH tt the wonder of all, because of Its combined XLASTICI . BTBENGXH and SZATryT. Agents wanted throughout the Western cauntJT. Wlto a small Investment of capltaha profitable bust, ness be readily established, For circular* and sample of work, address Wj €• MASON, Western Act, le-t-rSXUy 121 Lake rtreet,Chicago. SISEWISg im —. ~U D \\t E prefer them for FAMILY T* Tribune. They are the FAYOBIYSfi FOB FA MTT < TTg.~Cf York Times. It has SO BIVAIi.*-CSdmHflo Ainetlaa. . ... There are 83,000 MACHIJOSS tnnsetntol* OOfinQl b EBOFTTAELS and ATAtLABL* ■ It la eonal to TEH Be*mitre»ei. An perccRLCCS Its cost) may be obtained to iSS-by Ba possessor. _ This is the only SewttK Machine m the world the the BOIATmG>HOOS, Sfii mlngtheGliAßS-FOOT. ■ .• r GEO. B* tUiriANBUNi General Agent for nilnolii, Wisconsin, lowa, Eocthar* Tindana and Botrtharn Minnesota. T6S and ISS Lake street, Chicago, Circular may be had on application or by PC® TTirCKLEBERRIES, CHER n ' BIES. Currants, BaapberrlM, ;*C, rec^ved tresh daily at ; ' ’ Ho. SO STATE STREET. H. RBIANLET.