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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, December 30, 1862, Image 2

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The tones propose to reconstruct the
Jnion on the basis of excluding the
New"England States from the new
Jnion. They propose t# make common
:ausc with the slaveholders against the
Yankees, to admit South Carolina but shut
he door in the face ot Mawy rfauaptfo,
lowever ridiculous the project, It is never
theless floating through their distempered
Drains as a scheme to be seriously consid
ered. It is their peace offering to the
rebels—one of the terms of their -submis
sion to the slaveholders.
i The rebels hate New. England, and the
ories partake of their animosity. Butit is
j uot tlieeoil or territory of New England
that excites the Ire of the oligarchy, but its
people, or rather the ufrosofits people. It
Is proposed then to reconstruct the Union
lon the basis of excluding New England
‘ civilization, and substituting that of the
South. The idea* ot South Carolina influ
ence the rebel States, even more than those
Dl New England do the loyal States. Gov
ernments are conductedaacordingto ideas.
The present tremendous civil war is a con
gest of ideas not of sections. It is a struggle
tor the mastery between free and slaw
forms of government The West co-eper-
Ues harmoniouriy with the East, because
iheir fundamental political ideas asriznu
late. The South makes war on tbc North,
pecauseits prevailing political Ideas are at
antipodes with those of <ne.North. Cali
- >mia is perfectly though separated
py mountain* and deserts thousands of
hiiles from th* other States. Why?
because lief polities! ideas are in harmony
vith those of the other loyal States, whil«
■Jilissouri, a slave State, lying far North,
: nd surrounded on three rides by free,
oyal States, has been kept in the Union by
i 'cdend bayonets.
In reconstructing the Union on the Val
andigham plan, it will be‘ necessary not
•nly to exclude New England but to elimi
iatc the ideas of that section that have
uken root in other Stales, or the harmony
f the new confederacy will be jeopar-
izecL The advocates of a government
yjunded on free labor must be left out
The nun "who believe that a day’s work is
irorth a day’s "wages, and that capital
. i hould not o?f n labor, must not be permit
ted to come into the kingdom of Davis,
x if e there will be a disturbing element and
fn “ irrepressible conflict,” in the bowels
pf the new confederacy, which, sooner or
,• must produce collision and civil war.
Where, then* would be a safe boundary
ine for the new union? Let us trace it.
loginning on the Atlantic, it would be.
ccossary to throw out, Ist, the six New
kigland States. 2d, Long Island, which
? incurably affected with Yankee ideas,
d. All of the State of New York north of I
he Mohawk and West of Albany, because
Vestcm and Northern New York are for
| ot labor, even stronger than evenMassa
husetls. 4th, All of Pennsylvania lying
j orlh and west ofthc Allegheny Mountains,
t ii:g half the State—a region populated
* \ New Englanders and Presbyterian Irish
mUScotch, and “Puritan” in all its feel
*> ami sentiments. sth, The Pan Han
.aisd Northwestern "Virginia, which Ims
cme “Abolrionized.” 6th, Allof Ohio
th of the National Hoad, including Cin
natiandthe Miami Yalley, being two
rds of the State. 7th, The north half
Indiana—all that part lying north of.the
hitional Road. Bth. The State of Michi
-501 complete, :is that State is as ardently
itached to freo institutions as New Eng
, md. Dlh, Al. of Illinois north of Spring
-1 cld. At the last Presidential election this
i urt < f our State gave 40,000 majority for
a very exclus ion from the territories, and
a the straight issue of introducing slavery
: ud joininglhe Southern Confederacy, will
oli 100.000 majority against both propoa
• *ns. Northern Illinois ishated by the rebel
’.ave holders almost as bitter as by Massa
-1 ti s.simp \j because it is equally as devo
id to the free labor system of government.
oth, All of "Wisconsin. The people of
ii?; State is composed of New Englanders*
'.ormans and. Scandanavians—all of them
.avoir hating races. 11th, Minnesota
'ould have to be excluded as she is even
lore hostile to the divine pretensions of
ic peculiar institution than "Wisconsin.
, 2th, All of lowa, which is one of the
l»osl “radical” States in the HurtK,Ko?«s
iUj Ulianas any in JSew England. 13th,
oungKarsas is the biggest “Abolitionist”
i tbc Union. Of course she would be
ft out in the cold,or, if taken in, it would
l* for the purpose of purging her with fire,
.ggol anti hangman’s rope of her free
bor heresies. 14lh, California and Ore-1
•n are free labor States, badly tainted
iili “Abolitionism,” and hostile to the
arc-holder’s confederacy. They, too,
ould have to be left out of the new
idou. 15th, St. Louis, which is an “Abo
:ion bo le,” and Missouri, north of the
her, wiich have just voted to emanci
xto their slaves and -join tffeif future for
mes with the free States. 16th, The Ter
-toricsliave all declared for the free labor
stem and against slavery being intro
iced upon their soil. . The Indian Teni
ry is the only one that can be claimed by
e Sul missionists, and would voluntarily
• aunt xcd to the rebel Confederacy.
t Aftc: drawing tins boundary line for
e reconstructed Union let us reckon
p h«W many “fanatics” and how much
'rrilo: y have been eliminated from the
I'nioA as it w*as.”
itfar m&ctts...
IlIi«!C icut
•.Vi Eiznpahire.
iodc Itlind...
Sb New England States 3.185,231 65.110
rt Sew York.. 2,600,000 35,000
rt I Pimpylvsinift.
rl 1 " - ‘
rt (lilo .. .
rt I udiaua
chi ran
rt IlHcols.
sc* nrin...,
Tin tot*
iif >mia.
Votal of Stales
Add Territories:—
■» Mexico
al Area and Popnlationof v
tato aud Territories 14,891,884 1,987,650
from the above figures the magnitude of
• job of excluding New England ideas
-«mthe “re-constructed Union” maybe
isidc-rcd. The gentlemen who have
.cn the contract have to get rid of fif
u millions of white people, posses
g two millions of square miles of
ritoiy. They propose to transfer to the
■cl confederacy about four and a
f millions of Northern population,
upying less than one hundred
usand square miles. After their
v confederacy is lonned it will
•tain less than one-halt the white popu
oq. and one-third of the area of the old
ion. And then the Slave Code of South
rolina will be its fundamental law, its
istitution and Us religion.
a making war upon the.Union, the'
els have assumed all the risks and. re
-nsibilitics of their unlawful deed; and
President is bound to reduce them to.
ejection, and for that end he is made
umandcr-m-Cfaief and clothed with full
naiy powers, and he is sworn to
all military means allowed by the laws
war, to crush them. It is his sworn
y to deprive them of all lands of prop
• vrhkhwiU weaken them .
exception to this rule. , He would be
bless to his oath to preserve mid pro
: the Constitution if he made an excep-
i of doves, which of , all., prop
r, is of the most value to the rebels, and
v -rds them the greatest askance in
' inUdning the rebellion: The tones,
■who are opposing the proclamation, are, in
fact, ‘demanding that the President phi'll
violate the constitution; that he shall be
faithless to his solemn obligation; they ac
.tually require that he shall not deprive the
rebels of their greatest mcaim of resistance,
that he shall trample on the Constitution
which he is sworn to preserve, by neglect
ing to take from its enemies their chief
support They demand of him to let the
Union perish, and the Constitution be tom
to rags and trampled in the dirt, rather
than one species of property shall be taken
from: the rebels, and on this ground they
appealed to the people. We accept the
There can be no peace lor the fu
ture of our country until one system, of
civilization is established over it Our po
litical Institutions must be homogeneous
to Insure concord and happiness.; A sys
lem of society based on slave labor will
never live in peace under.’the same gcryx
eminent with a society- founded on free
labor. The antagonism isirrepressible and
will always culminate in : civil war,’* Either
the free labor system must be abolished
and all the States become slave States, or
slavery must be eradicated and aH the
States become free. -The only other alter
native is a divirion of the Union and the
formation of two nations. Bat how long
would they live at peace with each, other?
friends of Jeff Davis in this city
propose to “reconstruct” the Union on the
basis of excluding the six New England
States. Such a Union would be like the
play of Hamlet with the part of Hamlet
Secretary jCliasc's Financial
Secretary Chase's financial scheme is before
the Ways and Means Committee. Bankers
and capitalists can rely upon the lolloping
synopsis of its provisions: The first section
repeals the provision of the act of July last,
which allows legal-tender notes to be con*
verted at any time into 5.20 sis; per cent,
bonds. The second section authorb.es the
Secretary to borrow nine hundred millions in
any of the modes heretofore authorized for
making loans. This section is exceedingly
general in its language, authorizing the Secre
tary to borrow six per cent, bonds or 7-GO
Treasury notes to any amount within the
above sum that he may deem necessary to car
ry on the government. It is so general in Its
character that Mr. Chase may be able to issue
under it legal tender notes. The third sec
tion authorizes him to issue fractional parts
of a dollar, in the form of bank bills, in lieu
of the present postal currency. All the re
maining sections, up to forty or fifty, are
filled with the details of the hanking scheme
which he presented to the public in Ms annual
report. Tins scheme is urged on the Com
mittee of "Ways and Means in these words:
**lfecl myself constrained to commend to the
most favorable consideration of the Committee
the sections of the hill providing for the organiza
tion of hanking Associations, llayno stress upon
details, hut 1 cannot express too strongly my'sense
of the* importance of the measure itself. Under
existing legislation It is next to impossible to col
lect the internal revenue in-lawful money of the
United States, and I sec no gronnd for belief that
the funds necessary for the pay of the army and
the prosecution of the war can he in any way pro
vided without the support of public credit, except
from that measure.*'
Mr. Chase's bill also strikes out every pro
vision of the law prepared at the last session,
and which is now pending before the Ways
andMcans, relating to exlstinghanks in States,
except that he aims to impose a tax of two
per cent, per annum on their circulation. The
majority of the Ways and Means Committee
are owned and controlled by the debt manu
factories called Banks,' and are hostile to any
measure for raising money, that interferes
with the special principles of the “banks,” to
palm off their debts on the community, call
the stuff “money” and draw interest on what
they oice. Chase thinks if this extraordinary
privilege Is to continue that those corpora
tions should at least bank our government se
curities, and thereby help to make a market
for secured bonds. He is not alone in this
view of the subject.
Can Colored Persons he Cit
The Important opinion of Attorney Gen
eral Bates on the question whether colored
persons can be citizens of the United States,
written in reply to an official inquiry of Sec
retary Chase, predicated on the detention ol
the schooner Elizabeth and Maigarctby the
revenue cutter, because commanded by a col
ored man, covers twenty-seven pages, and
argues tbe question with signal ability'from
tbe beginning of our national histoiy to tbe
present time, overturning completely thcDrcd
Scott decision. He saysastovotingandhold
ing office, as that privilege is not essential
to citizenship, so the deprivation of it by
law is not a deprivation of citizenship, no
more so in case of a negro than in the case of
a white woman or child; also, that, so far as
the Constitution Is mr»«v»»*»vo, u ti »
assumption to say colored persons are incapa
ble 'of being citizens of the United States,
becanse the Constitution contains not one
word on the subject. The exclusion, if it ex
ists at all must rest upon some fundamental
principle which, in the nature of things, is so
inconsistent with citizenship that the two. can
not exist in the same person. On the contrary
there is not, and never has been, a natlon.in
Christendom which docs not regard such an
idea with incrcdulity, if not disgust. There
can be nothing in the mere color to disqualify
a person from rendering true allegiance to his
native country, and demandlog protection
from that country where true allegiance and
protection constitute the sum total of the du
ties and rights of natural born citizens of the
United States. As to the alleged degradation
of the African race, every argument against
the right of citizenship, based on that, applies
equally to degraded individuals of the white
race, and concludes as follows: And now
upon the whole matter, I give it as my opin
ion that the free man of color mentioned in
your letter, if bom in the United States, is a
citizen of the United States, and if otherwise
qualified, is competent, according to the acta
of Congress, to he a master of a vessel en
gaged in the coasting trade.
Tlie Wounded Soldiers 9 Christmas
Population. Miles.
l.'ifl.Otiß 7.800
460.149 4.57 C
315,098 10,21*2
828,073 9,280
174,621 1.306
628,276 32.000
Nowhere else in the world than in America
could have been seen the sight whidThas
made this holiday in Washington remarkable
and memorable —the banqueting of 83,000
wounded and sick soldiers upon a Christmas
dinner, spread by the hands of individual
1,150,000 23.000
TaWcs "were set and abundantly and ele
gantly covered in llic largest wards of the dif
ferent liospitals. The rooms were ornament
ed by volunteer bands with evergreens and
flowers. Volunteer waiters, gentlemen and
, ladies of the first families in the land, tender
ly and devotedly served the wounded war
riors in every hospital, waiting first on those
too much injured to be moved to the table.
1.500,009 25,090
750.000 15,000
730.000 66,200
1,000,000 28,000
776.000 54.090
€75.000 61,000
170.000 93.275
450,000 25,000
107,200 78.500
SSO.OOO 190,000
53,000 103,690
The feasting of this army of grounded thus
honored and cared for was a touching sight.
To make the festive occasion complete in
most of the hospitals, hired or volunteer sing
ers sang songs of home and of country; in
others, members of Congress and Cabinet
officers made speeches happily lit to the occa
sion, and moved socially among the tables.
In one or two the President found time to
bring excitement and sunshine with him
among the bandaged and beerntehed revelers.
Over 7,000 turkeys and chickens were con
sumed at this novel Christmas dinner.
14,638,481 853,658
28,643 133,000
93,541 343.000
50.000 103,800
40.000 139.000
- 25.000 46.000
12.000 176.000
0,000 818.000
254,883 1.189,000
This immense amount of poultry came most
ly from Maxylandand Pennsylvania, but four
car-loads of it came all the way from Chicago.
Three hundred turkeys, sent from ever-gen
crous Albany, came cooked and ready for the
The African Regiments,
Some of the African regiments, upon the
organization of which the President has de
termined, will be employed to guard the
banks of the Mississippi after it shall have
been opened by our fleets and armies. ' The
immense black population resident on the
great river will, when freed and armed, be
amply sufficient to protectpeaceful commerce
from molestation. Other African regiments
wiUbe.cmploycd togamsonthe forts below
>New Orleans and on the coast which arc ex
posed to the .diseases: of a Southern climate.
Uthers stiU-wili doubtless be used to enforce
. the proclamation of freedom for the benefit
of their brethren.' It is surmised that Gen.
Phelps will have ah African command. It is
. the realization of Gen. Cameron’s plan of a
year ago. .• .
The Draft tn. Wisconsin,
An officer of the Wisconsin Executive
Department,'* communicates to the Madi
son Journal the following facts In regard to
the draft in that State: Oaf of about 4,000
men'drafted in this State, some 2,440 have ve ■
ported at camp, of whom 1,200 have been,
mustered into the United States service, about
550 have been discharged on surgeons'-certifi
cates as unfit for duty, and of theremalndera
large portion have been' released on consular
certificates for allcnshlp, ;to await the decis
ion of the State .Ucpartacotvin. their .cases,
and the balance have been discharged as under
or over age, or for other reasons. It will he
seen that some 1,700 have -skedaddled.'.. They
are regarded as deserters, Und ■will behunted
up as far as possible. There is a considerable
amount of peijury committed by those seek
ing exemptions; - . Not a few who claim to be
over age have found the jeensus records in the
Secretory of State’s office against them. Of
those who have gone into service, about SOO
have been organized into companies of nine
months’ men. Of the 400 who have them
selves or by substitutes enlisted for the war,
about 265 have been sworn into the old regi
ments and received their bounty. The re
mainder have entered into the 27th and 31st
regiments, the latter of which is now full and
the other nearly so.
“My Maryland.”
Mias H. Cary was arrested in Baltimore a
few days ago and held to bail on charge of vi
olating the State Treason Law by flaunting a
rebel flag in the faces of a NewTorkregimcnt
drilling in front of her Cither’s residence.
She is said to be superlatively beautiful and
highly -accomplished; -and had just returned
-from Dixie whireehe had been for ayearpast.
She was;.fhe young lady who, in the grand
tableau-before Jeff Davis, 7 at Richmond, per
sonated Maryland as a “chained slave,” Jeff
covering ‘the manacles. Perhaps she would
like to have Jeff sever them for her again.
What was fiction in Richmond, is now a fact
in Maiyland.
K3P Some weeks ago the Democratic seces
sion papers in Ohio went into exstacies over
what they called the popular condemnation
of summary arrests. Dr. Edson B. Olds, a
well-known and very bitter pro-slavery Dem
ocrat, had been for a time in Eort Lafayette.
Wlienhegot out there chanced to be a va
cancy for member of the legislature from
Fairfield county; Olds was nominated and
elected by 2,500 majority. The length and
strength of the crow over this result would
have abashed Chapman himself But the
“great victory” shrinks slightly when the
whole truth is told, which is that there was no
other candidate. Old’s entire vote is coolly
set down as so much Democratic majority.
The ueuid Democratic majority in the county
is about 1,600.
A correspondent at Cairo mites us as fol
lows; “Every lioncst man connected with the
army, and who is exposing Ms life for the
safety :md integrity of the country, prays for
the speedy suppression of this internal ma
chine. At Memphis and every other Southern
point, that paper is found abundantly, and
does more to keep up the courage and despe
ration of the rebellion than all other public
papers read. Let men of true hearts see to
these things and silence this 4 flre-in-thc-rear’
by some proper measure.”
ggp The rebel General Cobb who was killed
at the battle of Fredericksburg, was a brother
of the more notorious traitor Howell Cobb.
'While the latter was regarded even'by his
Southern friends as a “hard case,” the de
ceased was a man of exemplary character.
He was a leading member of the Old School
Presbyterian church. By the way, what has
become of Howell Cobb ? The last heard of
him, was at the battle of Antietam, where he
was severely wounded, and captured by our
Nobth Carolina.—A special election having
been appointed for the eastern districts of
North Carolina, candidates for Congress are
submitting their names for the suffrages of
the people. Jennings Pigott declares himself
in favor of the Constitution and the Union,
and that he wishes to secure the inestimable
blessings of free government, such as we had
before the villainous doctrines of secession
brought civil war upon us. Stephen F. W.
'Willis takes the Constitution for his guidance
and the Union for his motto.
jS 3 There arc two reasons why Gen. But
ler has been superseded—one !s, that the
French government demanded his removal on
account of alleged acts of oppression he im
posed upon French residents in Louisiana;
and the other is, that his services are wanted
in another quarter. We would not be sur
prised before many weeiks, he should hold
at the city of Charleston the some position
he held at New Orleans.
We see it reported in several quarters,
that on Tuesday night last, the repels under
took a surprise upon our forces down the
Rappahannock; but theirdesignswerethwart
ed in consequence of a timely warning given
by a piece of rebel property made of legs,
arms, siuews and a sonll and instead of cap
turing our men, they barely escaped from cap 7
ture themselves.
Tub Pibate Nashville Sealed Up.—A
letter from an officer of the blockading squad
ron at Savannah says tliat the rebel steamer
Nashville lies in the Great Ogecchce Elver,
fenced in •with torpedoes, and with one man
aboard ready to blow her up on the approach
of onrgunboats. She is effectively blockaded,
and will probably never leave her anchorage
in rebel hands.
«oatt dlce hangers. s ’— There is anew
organization spreading like fire in lowa.- It'
is called the “Saw Buck Rangers: 5 ’ Their
principal duties are to visit the families of
soldiers in the army, and sawnp their wood
piles, and when no pile is found, they take
the trouble to secure one lor the destitute
Governor Pierpont has written the
President a letter in regard to the admission
.of Western Virginia as a State, in which he
says the refusal of the President to sign the
bill will be a fatal blow to the loyalists of that
State, and tantamount to their delivery to the
tender mercy of the Richmond regency.
Tennessee Congressional Candidates.—
The canvass in the Tenth Congressional dis
trict of Tennessee is becoming active. John
Gager has been nominatedby the Washington
Union Clnb, on account of which Major B. W.
Sharp has withdrawn. Samuel Tighe has an
nounced himself as a candidate.
gsgT* “Anonyma,” the female adventurer,
who made all London snobbery crazy, and
finally eloped with an antiquated specimen of
the same genus, has arrived in Montreal with
her companion, and has set up in business as
Mrs. Walters.
New Hampshire Congressional Nomina
tions. —The following arc the Republican can
didates for Congress in the State of New
Hampshire: Pirst district, Joel Eastman;
Second, Edward H. Rollins; Third James W.
Putnam. These are all new men, and are ex
cellently fitted for Congressmen. •
A special to the N. T. Herald from.
Washington, says: “Thereis reason to be
lieve that the President will return to Con
gress with liis objections the bill for the erec
tion of West Virginia into a separate State,”
This may be so, but wc doubt it.
Louisville Journal of Saturday
says: “We have confidence that intelligence
will be received from East Tennessee, before
the dawn of the new year, which will gladden
every loyal heart in the land.”
pg* The Indianapolis Journal says that Gov.
Morton has succeeded in 'his efforts to have
Indiana paroled prisoners report at Camp
Morton, in that city, instead of Camp Chase,
at Colnmbns, Ohio.
£gr“The Democrats of Sullivan county,
Indiana, lately held a public meeting, and re
solved that they could and would dispense
with articles manufactured and sold by the
fanatical New Englanders.
Legal Teitder Notes.—A Treasury note
case has been decided in the Court at Cleve
land, Ohio. The greenbacks arc recognized
and declared by the court to be a legal tender
for all debts.
The Cleveland Herald says that the
gossip is afloat in that locality which connects
the name of the widow of Judge Douglas with
that of our present minister of finance, Secre
tary Chase, In a matrimonial alliance.
Shujplaster Pbosecution.—Prosecution
will be commenced at Milwaukee, soon after
the first of Jannaxy, against the issuers and
circulators of small shinplasters in that city.
lay 1 * The New Albany Ledger of the 25th
Inst., says that the Cumberland Elver is re
ported still rising, and is now in a good navi
gable condition for small boats. .
South Cabolika.—The Legislature of
South Carolina has elected Gen. Bonham, Gov
ernor of the State, in place of Gen. Gregg,
who was killed at Fredericksburg. * ,
Cincinnati Gazette states that the
wife of the rebel General John C. Breckin
ridge, passed through that city on Wednesday
last, on her way to Connecticut.
lay The house of 'Solomon WilUams,lo
cated near Toledo, Ohio, was burned on Tues
day last, and hk wife and mother perished in
the flames. , -
|3gr The Cincinnati Gazette says that 1,963
bales of cotton have arrived in that city with
-in the past two or three days.
|3T» Mr. Weed denies that he has sold his
share In the . Albany Evening Journal to
_Yan (Dyck,*" or any other mao."
Gen. BnntUe and the Reports on
Great Pontoon
Controversy—Gen.Halleck and Gen.
Woodbury* /;
[From Our Own Correspondent.]
Washxsgtok, Dec. 25,1862.
Hie report of the Committee on the Con
duct of the War, together ■with Gen. Bum-'
side’s preliminary report, have nnquestion
ably softened the feeling which rose so fiercely
utter the Fredericksburg disaster against the
author of the calamity, whoever he might be.
To say that such a discomfiture could happen
without anybody being to blame, is to say
that an effect can, be produced .without a
,ausc. There is a double blame in'thls ease—
the greater relating to the failure of? the pon
toons, the less appertaining to the battle after
the pontoons did arrive. For the former
Gen. Unlleck is responsible, though he seeks
to shu£le the responsibility upon other shoul
ders.; For the latter Gen. Bnmside is respon
sible,' and he not only acknowledges it like a
man, but takes pains to rake up all the blame
lying around loose, and assume that also.
The people arc ever generous. They will for
give much to the commander who is both
truthful and earnest Whether Gen. Mc-
Clellan was earnest or not, he was not truth
ful. the swarm of falsehoods that
buzzed from Ball's Bluff, over the grave of
Baker. They have not all settled yet. In
signal contrast are the ingenuous statements
ofßurnside. “I am the man; blame me. I
' tried to do welL I made these mistakes; you
know the result.” Such frankness, coupled
with the spirit of fight which shines through
Gcu. Burnside’s career, is well calculated to
win the forgiveness, if not the plaudits, of the
American people, though the nights of Fred
ericksburg are yet moist with heroic blood.
Concerning the pontoon failure, to which
every General, and every man, woman and
child with reasoning faculties, ascribes the
principal place in the causes of this disaster,
Gen. Woodbury testifies as follows:
“ Gee. Halleck’s order to me of the 13tfa made it
apparent that the army was preparing to march to
Fredericksburg. As to thetime when themove
ment would be made, I never received any infor
mation. Fearing.' however, that the movement
would be precipitate, I went to Gen. Halleck’s
office and ‘urged him to delay the movement some
Jive days in order that the necessaiTf preparations
might be made to insure its success. To this he re
plied that he would do nothing to delay for an in
stant tbe advance of the army upon Richmond. 1
rejoined that my suggestion was not intended to
cause delay, hnt rather to prevent it.”
Gen. Halleck, in his testimony, seeks to
establish that all the forces in andaronnd
"Washington, including Gen. Woodbury and
his engineer brigade, were under Gen. Bum
side’s command. So it was, but it is equally
true that Gen. Halleck issued, over his own
signature as General-in-Chief, the order to
General Woodbury to take the pontoons
down to Aquia Creek. How natural, then,
tliat Gen. Woodbury should go to Gen.
Halleck and tell him the work could
not be done within the probablclimitoftime.
when the army would be there! Should Gen.
nalicck allow the greatest movement of the
war to fail on a point of etiquette ? What if
Gen. Woodbury was under Gen. Burnside’s
orders ? He surely was under Gen. Halleck’s
orders also, as is proved by the latter’s dis
patch of November 12th, (received by Gen.
Woodbury on the 13th.) Would not any loyal
citizen, (to say nothing of the General-in-Chief
of the army.) to whom the fact had been com
municated, * that the pontoons could not be
there in time, knowing that the whole move
ment depended on them, have hastened to
inform Gen. Burnside of it? True, the army
had already started but is was not beyond the
reach of telegraph and courriers. It docs not ap
pear that any effort wasraadc by Gen. Halleck
to communicate the momentous intelligence
to Burnside.
Again, Gen. Burnside says that he “sup
posed that those portions of the place which
required to be attended to In Washington,
would be carried out there at once,” but Geu.
Halleck told him afterwards that lie ought not
to have trusted to them for details. The de
gree of unconcern manifestedby Gen. Halleck
in the premises is perfectly amazing, or was it
only laziness or thoughtlessness ? Ask the
victims of the fiasco. While it does not seem
to have entered into the calculations of Barn
side, Halleck or Meigs in their conference at
Warrenton Junction, that the. pontoons
might not travel as fast as the army. Gen.
Burnside did, two days later, feel uneasy in
that behalf, and directed his chief engineers
to telegraph to Washington concerning them.
But he put hisarmy in motion and finally left
Warrenton Junction himself, without waiting
fertile answer. Hence he cannot be held en
tirely blameless, though his fault is vastly less
ibnu that of the Geucral “ who knew his duty
and did it not.”
Kcportcd Capture of Ex-Gov. Wood—
Tlie Legislature—Speaker of tiic
House—Tlic Senatorshlp,
[Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.
Springfield, Dec. 27,1802.
The news that ex-Gov. Wood of Quincy, in
this State, and Mr. Fowler of this city, were
captured by tbe rebels, caused no little ex
citement here. I understand they were en
gaged In buying cotton. It Is also stated
that a large quantity of the cotton bought hy
them was burnt. If so their losses must he
very heavy, as must also he those of several
other parties engaged in the same business.
The annexed list of the members of the
Legislature, with their politics, &c., I believe
is as correct as it can he made at present.
There may be more of those classed os Demo
crats who. will not act with the parly in caucus,
especially upon radical measures:
Comities. Politics.
1. Wm. H. Green, Masssac, D.
2. Hugh Gregg, Hamiltou, D.
8. Isaac Blau chard, Jackson, D.
4. John M. Eodgers. Clinton. D.
5. Wm. H. Underwood, St. Clair, D.
6. Linus E. Worcester. Greene, D
7. Horatio M. Yandeevcr, Christian, D.
8. Samnel Moflatt, Effingham, D.
9. Joseph Peters, Vermillion, R.
10. Isaac Funk, McLean, R.
U. Colby Euapp, Logan, D. -
13. Henry E. Hummer, Cass, R.
18. Bryant T. Scofield, Hancock, H.
14. Win. Berry, McDonough, D.
15. Albert C. Mason, Knox, H.
16. John T. Lindsay, Peoria, H,
IT. Washington Bushnell, LaSalle, R.
18. Alonzo W. Mack, Kankakee, R,
19. Edward R. Allen, Kane, R.
20. Haniel Richards, Whiteside, B.
31. Thomas J. Pickett, Rock Island, R.
33. John H. Adams, Stephenson, R.
33. Cornelius Lansing, McHenry, R.
34. Wm. B. Ogden, Cook, R.
25. Jasper D.Ward, Cook, R.
Dcm. majority
Diet. Counties. Politics.
1. James H. Smith. Union, D.
2. Thomas B. Hicks, Massac, D.
8. James B. Turner, Gallatin,D.
4. James M. Slvarp, Wabash, D.
5. Henry M. Williams, Jefferson, D.
6. James M. Washburn, Williamson, D,
7. Jesse R. Ford. Clinton, D.
8. Stephen W. Miles,} Monroe, Perry, D.
Edward Menard, [ and Randolph. D.
9. John W. Merritt, Marion, D.
10. James M. Heard, Hamilton and Wayne, D.
11. David W. Odell, Crawford, D.
12. John W. Wescott, Clay and Richland, D,
13. Robert H. McCann, Effingham, D.
14. Chauncoy L. Conger, Edwards and White, D.
15. Joseph B. Underwood. St. Clair, S.
John Thomas, St. Clair, R.
16. Wm. Watkins. Bond, D. Jet -
Samuel A. Bnckmastcr. Madison, D.
17. Philander Dougherty. Clarke, D.
IS. Reuben Roessler. Shelby, D.
19. Gnstavus F. Coffeen, Montgomery, I).
20. Ambrose McMillcr. Logan, D.
Charles A. Keys, Sangamon, D.
21. Charles A. Walker. Macoupin, D.
22. John N. English, Jersey, D.
23. William B. Witt, Greene, 3>.
24. Scott Wike, Pike. D.
Albert Q. Burr, Scott, D.
25. Jamc M. Epler. Cass, D.
26. Lyman Lacey, Mason, D.'
27. John T. Springer, Morgan, D.
28. Alexanders.Wheat, Adams, D.
William J. Brown. Adams, D.
20. Lewis J. Reid, McDonough, D.
30. Joseph Sharon, Schuyler, D.
31. MiltonM-Memll, Hancock. D.
82. Thomas B. Cabeen, Mercer, D.
33. Henry K. Puffer, Warren, D.
34. Joseph M. Holyoke, Knox, R.
85. John O. Graham, Fulton, D.
Simeon B. Shope, Fulton, D.
36. James Holgate, Stark, D.
William O'Brien, Peoria, D.
37. Eiida Wenger, Tazewell, D.
BS. Harrison Noble. McLean, B.
Boynton Tenney, De Witt. R.
39. John Tcnnßroeck, Edgar, D.
John Garrard, Vermillion, D.
John Monroe, Coles, D.'
40. James Elder, Moultrie. R,
Wm. N. Color, Champaign. B
41. Chauncey L. Lake. Kankakee, B.
42. Addison GoodeH, Iroquois, B.
43. John W. Newport, Grundy, R*
Charles E. Birer, Will, B.
44. Theodore C. Gibson, La Salle. D.
Mercer B. Patty, Livingston, B.
John O. Bent, Marshall, D.
46. Gcorgeßent, Putnam, D.
Paul. K. Howe,Bureau,B,
Jefferson N.Bavis, Woodford, D.
46. Nelson Lay, Henry, R.
47. John Eistter, Bock Island. D.
45. Leander Smith, Whiteside, B.
49. B. S. Harris. Lee, B.
50. James Y. Gale, Ogle, R.
51. WeetclW. Sedgwick, BeEalb.B.
Luther W. Lawrence, Boone, B,
52. -Sylvester S. Mann, Kane, B.
Jacob T. Black, KcndalLß.
53. Elijah H. Haines, Lake, B.
54. Thaddeusß. Wakeman, McHenry, R,
65. Seldon H. Church, Winnebago, B.
56. Horatio C. Eurobank Stephenson, B.
57. Henry Green, Jo Daviess, B,
Joseph?. Chapman, Carroll, B.
55. Algernon T. Barnard, DaFage/'R.
59. Ansell B. Cook, Cook, B.
Amos G. Throop, Cook, B.
William E. Ginthcr, B.
CO. Melville W. Fuller, Cook, B.
George W. Gage, Cook, R.
61. Francis A. Eastman. Cook, B.
Lorenzo Brcntano, Cook, B.
Republicans :
Democratic minority.
I believe the speaker will he Hon. S. A.
Bnckmaster, of Alton. - This appears-to he
the general impression among Democrats.
He is an old parliamentarian, - and although a
strict party man,. will make as acceptable 'a
chairman I believe, as could he selected. -
Dick Richardson’s enemies have caused him
to return home from Washington, and I un
derstand he is now. in the northern part of the
State,-working among the members.elect.
Gondy o£ Chicago, with Fuller aa his right
hand man, is working hard for the place also.-
Marshall and O’Melvency divide the Egyptian
▼ote. ilt is thought that if neither Richardson
nor Marshall get the nomination on the first
ballot in the caucus some' new mm; will be
taken up. ... Zbta,
yil Californians Stand by the
(aiatlon-nie California Mh*
a sets Cavalry Company—Con* -
atimi to the National Sanitary,
nmaslon—The California Nation-
TaJ-The- Past Year—lmmense
fnlngSaccesses—Cotton, Blcc, Btc„
ilfiiK—Xhe Pacific Hailroad*.
The li oyi
the Chicago Tribune.]
SastFbakobco, Dec. 12,1863.
By the tine this reaches yon, the “ days of
grace” gijen to the rebels .by President Lin
coln, in hi emancipation proclamation xrtn
•have espied, and the question', whether he
will adhie to his policy, will have been
solved, talitbrnia stands by the proclama
tion, her pyal press, without exception, en
dorses it.) There is, however, great anxiety
expressed for fear of a modification of the
measure,} or an extension of the time, in
■which thi shackles shall he stricken from the
slaves ofrebcldom. Confidence in the firm
ness of ‘iOld Abe” is generally felt, especial-
ly since he removal of that prodigious stnmh-
ling blot, McClellan. Telegraphic rumors
of a proposed armistice, give rise to the fear
that an ajpeal to the weaker side of the Pres-
ident my cause him to stay his hand for a
season, pd thus allow Jeff Davis to make
further levies, and better prepare himself for
a renewd of the contest. We trust such will
not he tie case. The Pacific slope is a unit
now, in kvor of emancipation and the most
vigoroutaroseention of the war. While some
ot the Eastern States seem to he taking a
backwafi step, the Great Westandthe farther
west is rousing itself for mightier efforts.
Let thtre be scarp and decisive work. Let
the wafchword he onward, and no compro
mise wi'ih armed rebels.
Captah Reed’s cavalry company, of 100
men, .reunited in this State, to be mustered
into scriice with the quota from Massachu
setts, will leave for the seat of war on tbe.
steamerof the Uth inst. It will probably be
the finest b£dy of men in the service. As it
has beet sdjcctcd with great care from over
The large contributions for tbe Na
tional Sanitary Committee continue to
pourini The §500,000. promised in one of mv
preceding letters, will soon be made up, and,
if neccssiry, as much more as can be bad.
The assessment for California’s portion of
the national tax, has nearly all been collected.
The great increase in the value of assessable
property; during the past year, has raised an
excess over the amount required of over
§250,000, which will be on hand for the next
The year about closing has been one of un
exampled prosperity for this State. Her agri
cultural products hive been immense, while
the discoveries in minerals have surpassed all
expectations. The mountains of the Sierras
and coastr.mge seem to be not only lined
with gold and silver, but to be actually “cop
per* bottomed,” lor lodes of the latter min
eral, not only in sulphurates and oxydes, but
in its natural state, have been traced. From
Del Norte to the Colorado more than 500 new
silver mines have been opened, during the
past year. Montgomery street is filled with
eager spectators, armed with “specimens”
and “assays,” showing the richness of their
mines. Of course all or them cannot be val-*
uable, bat the daily sight of dray loads of
“ silver bricks” and gold bars being carted
from the mint, the banks, and the different
assay offices, proves beyond question that
California is but just entering upon the de
velopment of her mineral wealth, and that
the placers were but the outcroppings of the
richer stores fast locked in her ancient moun
The “ sunny South” will soon wake. up to
the fact that the free soil of the Pacific slope
can be made to yield a large surplus of those
productions hitherto confined to the kind of
slavery. The last legislature offered liberal
premiums for the production of various
Southern staples. The premiums are in a
fair way to be claimed the present season, as
fair samples of cotton, rice, tobaccoj turpen
. tine and rosin have been produced; in fiict
the pines on our hills have been ascertain
ed to be capable of famishing inexhaustible
quantities or the two last named articles. A
manufactory is now established in Marysville
which turns out daily a number of barrels of
The passage of the Pacific railroad bill has
given a, new impetus to rairond enterprises in
this State; new projects are daily being pro
mulgated, which, if they are carried out, will
give tliis State a “ railroad system ” that will
leave but little room for other styles of loco
motion. The great subject of contention is
the proper rent e over the Sierra Nevadas, for
the great Pacific Railroad. It has been quite
clearly demonstrated that the route selected
by the Central Pacific Railroad Company, of
• which Governor Stanford is President, and
which company is named in the act of Con
gress as the one to make the California con
nection, is certainly not the best, if it is not
altogether impracticable, as, is claimed by
some. The able report of the Engineer, Mr.
Judah, demonstrates that a rpad can he built
and probably kept open the -year round, over
tbe route selected—the Tmckec route; but It
runs above the deep snow line, at an altitude
of 7,100 feet above the sea, vfhere the difficul
ties of keeping the road open in winter will
be immense. There are other practicable
routes claimed by their supporters to be
vastly superior; one of which, the “Bcck
wourth Pass” route, ufat least 1,500 feet lower
than the Truckee Pass, and entirely below the
line of deep snow. It is asserted by those fa
vorable to thej’onte selected, that no practica
ble approach for a railroad can be found to the
Bcckwourth Pass; but this is denied by those
■who are familiar -with the subject. Mr. J. K.
Lovejoy, a surveyor, who, a few weeks since,
carried a chain over most of the route through
the Beckworth Pass, writes as follows to the
Marysville Appeal concerning it:
Penult me to give yon the correct distances from
Carson (Sty to Indwell's Bar, or Orovflle, most of
wliiclijHsiance I have within the last sis weeks
Ciirtlcothe chain, in company with two competent
engineers and others necessary in making a prac
tical survey: From Carson City to Trockee River,
27 miles; from Truckee to Beckwourth’s Pass, 26
miles; from the Pass to Nelson's Point, 44 miles;
andfrom thence to OroviUc, about 60 miles—mak
ing the entire distance 147 miles. The highest
level between Carson City and San Francisco is
the Pea Vine level—being entirely upon the East
ern Slope—and the greatest grade per mile to over
come is eighty-five feet to the mile, and this for no
gagat distance. The grade down the Feather will
he about fifty feet to the mile. The coat of bond
ing the road will not exceed at any point the great
est amount expended on the roads in the mountains
of New England or Virginia, excepting the addi
tional cost of freightage. The snow on this route
has not exceeded, within the past ten years, at no
point on the line of the road, thirty inches of set
tled snow. I make these remarks, having bad a
knowledge of the proposed route for ten years,
and assisted in a practical survey within the last
six weeks. lam norat liberty at present to give
yon all the factsof the case, but they will he laid
before the public at the proper season.
* ♦ * # * *
There Is no doubt that thisroute is the only one
practicable—the road costing from $2,000,600 to
$4,000,000 less than any other proposed route. The
Heuncssand other routes can never be kept open
during the winter months, on account of the snow,
All mountain men know this. Imeauby “moun
tain men/' thosewho havorceitled upon the sum
mit of the Sierras, and witnessed the terrible
storms of the past ten or twelve years. It will do
well enough for valley editors and mountain sum
mer visitors to talkabout it, but we know that no
car can contend against from ten to twenty-five
feet of- snow. They may clear the track every
hour and in another one it will he the same thin
to go over.
It is a matter of great regret that Congress
did not provide that the, munificent grants and
donations made in aid of this enterprise
should be bestowed in such a manner as to
secure the selection of the route over moun
tains, best calculated to promote the common
benefit of the whole people. The action of
our members of Congress in allowing this
subsidy to go into the control of a single
company, with no guarantee for the selection
of the best route, has been severely censured;
if the error is not soon repaired, many ot our
most thoughtful men fear it will retard the
completion of the road for many years. It
has been asserted in the public press that the
“ Central Pacific Railroad Company” is con
trolled by men who are largely interested in a
projected wagon road over the Trackee route,
and that they desire to get subscriptions* to
the stock of*the company so as to complete
the first fifty miles of the railroad: and from
the end of that fifty miles to the Washoe
Hines all the freight and travel would pass
over the wagon road for the remainder of the
distance. The* stock holders in the railroad
will have no interest in the wagon road;
which, being owned as a private enterprise by
the managers of the railroad corporation, will
be one ot the most profitable franchises in the
world, for.at least five years, whije the moun
tain section ofthe railroad Is being completed,
as the tolls levied upon all the trade to and
fromWasboe, and the major part of the travel
over the plains would be the source of an im
mense revenue. The publication of this fact
has had a tendency to retard subscriptions to
the stock of the Central Pacific Company, in
fact outside of Sacramento the subscriptions
have been very light. At the approaching ses
sion of the .Legislature, provisions wul be
made for a complete survey, at the expense of
the State, of all the passes over the Sierras,
supposed to be practicable for a railroad, and
and over the one best calcolatcd to promote
the permanent interests of the great Pacific
Railroad and the commerce of the nation, the
railroad will eventually be built. Congres
sional action andvigilance will be quite as nec
essary to keep this end of the route out of
the hands of sharpers as it was to guard
against that enterprising class at the Eastern
From Burnside’s Army.
A Washington special to the Herald says: ;
AUonr sick are being brought from Fal
month. The request for transportation is so
great that outside supplies cannot be forward
ed to the army.
Our troops have already made many ride
wooden structures for shelter. ‘ <
An old lady arrived here torday from
Fredericksburg, having been passed into
onr lines under a : flag of truce, by even.
Longstreet, to meet her husband, who is a
Union. refugee from that city. She reports
that the rebel soldiery treated the property of
•citizens quite as badly as the Yankees.' She
says tliat only one person not connects with
th*e army was killed, in. Fredericksburg. . She
says, the leaders of the rebel army are con
stantly promising the soldiers to lead them]
’ through Maryland and go into winterquarters
in Philadelphia; She was in Richitorid not
long ago', and represented that the scarcitjr of
shoes-and bthef necessary articles a wearing
.apparrel-iB almost incredible. • / 1 -. ■
Gen. .Gregg succeeds the late Gen' Bayard in
commandofms cavajry division. '
Yaxkee Ekchoachmext—Tie Canadians
pro&ss to be much disturbed b f the proposi
tion made in Congress to construct a-canal
between the Minnesota River aid' Red River
of the North. The Montreal IJTerald says;-
“ This is another step towards the occupation
of the Northwestern -territory by the Ameri
cans. They do everything possible to- open
up communications with that.important ter
ritory, and in a few .-years the. -consequence
willjbc that the residents o/Fort Garry and
other. posts in theVvaUcyof the Bed. Biver
willihave. bccome*co:Americanized that an
alliance with the Federal goTemmeat trill he
Boughtfrr.’V.. . . :
Wliat Gen. Hooker Testified*
In Gen. Hooker's testimony before the in
vestigating committee there is one point that
.ongfitnot to be overlooked. He says' that
when.at Hartwood marching to Falmouth'he
• addressed a letter to Gen. Buihside request*,
ing that he would grant "him permission to
cross the Bappahannock at that point with his
grand division 0f40,000 men, and come down
on the south side of the river. But the re
quest, for reasons then assigned, was denied.
Hartwood is about twenty miles above Fred
ericksburg. Had his advice been taken Hook
er would Lave marched into Fredericksburg
from the rear,- taken possession of the heigh’.-
without a battle. Gen. Sumner might the
have improvised a bridge over the Rapp.,
hannock out of the wooden houses of Fal
mouth, and the whole army might, as Hooker
testifies, pushed forward after the rebels to
wards Richmond. We repeat a paragraph of
his important testimony at this point of the
Wlm -we sot here (at Falmouth) we should have
been in condition to march right forward without
stopping: a day anywhere; hut the mishap
was made here that has been made all along
through this war. 1 think it would have been bet
ter to have held the lines where we were, by re
pairing sufficient force there to threaten the enemy
and keep them np to their works at Culpepper «nri
Gordonsville; hut instead of that -we withdrew
every man, and even burned the bridges, thus ex
posing our plan to the enemy the very moment we
did so. If General Smnner* s corps had tome down
here and left one np there threatening to advance
on that line it led them to believe that we were
«oing to advance on both lines. It would have
een better, but the enemy saw at once what we
were at and came right on here, and they were
nearer here than we were; and this country is
such that whenever you give them two or three
weeks to fortify. 100,000 men can make any place
impregnable to any other 100,000 men.
Q. Would there have be» n any difficulty as to
supplies in your moving down the other side of
the river as you proposed
A. I had three days, rations there. I was pre
paring to march down through Caroline county,
wherethe people hadjustgathered their crops, and
I would have got plenty of forage and provisions,
enough fora week or a fortnight. At the time of
the conversation between Generals Halleck, Meigs
and Burnside, there was some talk of forwarding
some supplies np the Rappahannock. I said that
at Bowling Green I could draw my supplies from
Fort Boym as easily as I could «et them when I
was at Hartwood. I knew that i could take a posi
tion with 40,000 men that the whole rebel army
could not move me from.
The “London Confederate State* Aid
Society”—An Address in Behalf of
the South.
Mr. George Thompson, M. P., writes from
London to the Boston Liberator:
I have just become aware of the existence
of a society in London, calling Itself “The
Loudon Confederate States Aid Society.” It
irofesses to be originated by Englishmen,and
ms issued an address “To the British Public
and all Sympathizers in Europe.” I have pro
cured a copy of this document. The night
before List the association held a meeting at
its office, No. 3 Devonshire street, Portland
Place, near the American Embassy. Hiving a
meeting of my own at the same hour, I sent
William A. Jackson, who brought me back an
account of the proceedings. Mr. Confeder
ate Commissioner Mason, of fugitive slave
law notoriety, was present. On the retire
ment of that person from the meeting, he was
confronted at the door by men exhibiting a
placard, three feet long by two feet wide, in
which was represented a negro in tattered
garments, with an iron collar round his neck.
Beneath the figure were the words:
- ‘DudleyWells, ofMontgomery county. Mis
souri. as he appeared when, after two months
hiding in the woods, he was rescued by a party of
Federal soldiers’—&c., &c.
And then, the following:
“‘Fellow countrymen.’ Remember that the
‘Southern chivalry,’’ which asks your sympathy
and admiration, is composed of the wretches who
perpetrate tbeseatrociticson the weak and defense
less. Will yon not, then, with a spirit worthy of
the sons of freedom, rather give your moral sup
port to the men who are shedding their blood (as
thirty years ago you gave £20,000.000 of money) to
purge this nation from the foul eliame and guilt of
complicity with slavery ?’*
The Fugitive Slave law ex-senator, and
now rebel commissioner, on beholding this
* Grinned horribly a ghastly Smile,’
and, as soon as be was able, got beyond sight
of the apparition of Dudley Wells I
The address of the Confederate States aid
association is a virtual appeal for pecuniaiy
contributions, to enable the rebels to “con
tinue their war against their unscrupulous
enemies.” It begins by charging the North
with having “ insulted, imprisoned, flogged,
violated and outraged the women of the
South in the most inhuman and savage man
ner.” Further, “the North, in executing
their fiendish and demoniacal purpose, are
bent on mischief, robbery, murder, arson and
crimes of the most revolting nature; glutting
their hellish rage hy inflicting every Mud of
torture, spreading wild ruin, devastation, de
struction and universal desolation, for the
purpose of revenge and hatred. In their
inn*, madness and malice, the atrocities,
cruelties, crimes and outrages committed
against the South are without a parallel in
the history of the world.” After muck-more
of the same sort, Englishmen are invoked,
in the names of “ civilization, justice* peace,
liberty, (I) humanity and Christianity.”
This anti-climax is followed by an ippeal to
the women of onr country. Here are the
words: To ronse themselves toarrest the
horrors of the blood-stained march of tyr
anny, and to rush to the aid of the South
with—their pence, shillings and pounds:”
Fairest and best of earth! Fo-* tbe sake of
violated innocence and the honor of jour sex. come
in woman's majesty and omnipotence, and give
strength to a cause that has for its object the high
est a ; ins—the amelioration and exaltation of hu
“This address is followed I>y a statement of
the case oi the North gainst the South,
which is thus put: The noa-cxccntion of the
fugitive slave law was a virtual dissolution ot
the Union, and absolved tte South from their,
allegiance to the national compact. The Ee
puimean party is a- political conspiracy, and
*Jir. Lincoln ‘the head ofvigilaut committee
ism, nndcr a higher law than the laws of the
land.’ The South 4 is iavaded by hordes of
mercenaries, collected from the scum of al
most every nation,' ‘The South has no rival,
either in commerce or in glory/ England’s
neutralityv has starved the South while it
has replenished the North. The conduct of
the South should extort the adpiiration of all
lovers of law and order, and. finally, the South
implores England, with tears, to help her
own children.
Letter from Mr. Seward.
The following letter was received from Sec
retary Seward, at a festive gathering in New
York city on Tuesday evening:
Detabtkekt op State. I
N Washxkqton, 23d December, 1862. f
To James W. Forbes, James L. Woodward and
Robert J. Hunter, New York:
Gektlemex : I received only at this time
your kind letter of the 16th instant, inviting
mo to meet the sons of Orange and Sullivan
at the anniversary celebration in New York
this evening. Thus fiir, although electricity
consents to convey our thoughts, yet it is ab
solutely refuses to go into competition with
steam in carrying either or freight
—of course I cannot come. Nevertheless, Tor
every son of Orange or of Sullivan who may
be with you, and who is loyal to his country
in this her hour of danger, I send my hearty
There ought to he no one of them who is
disloyal, for what did the Almighty cast the -
blue mountains amid the green valleys of
Southern New York but to form a cradle for
freemen, vigorous—physically, intellectually
and morally vigorous. Men thus constituted,
if they are forced into a war for the defense of
freedom and their country, will demand that
that war, whiih is on their part so just, shall
be prosecuted with vigor. While many things
arc important to that end which they maynot
be able to effect, there is one indispensable
thing which they can do, namely—they can
:md must unite sons of Orange with sons of
Erie, sons of New York with sons of
Massachusetts, sons of Missouri and sons of
California—brothers in fact as thev are in name
—as inseparable members of the American
1 have die honor to be gentlemen,
Your very obedient servant,
William H. Sewaud.
Northern Traitors* Threatening^
The &ilnre of the administration is complete,
total aid irretriveablc, and if.it sliaTl not be speed
ily eujerseded, -we shall look for the removal, dar
ing the ensuing three months, of the theatre of the
wax info the States of Illinois. Indiana. Ohio,
Maryland and Pennsylvania.— Chicago Times.
Here-we have a threat from a Northern
sympathizer ■with the rebellion that unless the
.cojperhead Democracy shall succeed In their
dastardly scheme of revolutionizing the gov
ernment and getting it into their own hands,
they -will extend “the theatre of the war 1 ’ into
tie loyal States of the North and West".
/These plotters need dose watching. They
will embroil the people of the loyal States in
a war, if they can. They will go any length
they dare in order to weaken and embarrass
the administration and render aid and comfort
to the “ Southern Confederacy.” They arc as
much a part of the rebellion as arc the sol
diers in the rebel army. They have no desire
for a restoration of the Union. They have
no sympathy with' the loyal cause. * Their
hopes and efforts all go in the direction of
Richmond.— Journal.
From Washington.
New York, Dec. 27.—-A special Washing
ton dispatch to the N. Y., Times, says:
, Official information from Mexico represents
the condition of the French army as most
critical. Their ; ranks are being thinned by
sickness and the want of wholesome food.
Agents have been sent to this country for
supplies of various kinds, and empowered to
make-large contracts for future use. These
facts . have reached the Mexican Min
ister .here, and he has entered his sol-'
emn protest against such supplies being al
lowed to go forward, r Secretary Seward, how
ever, declines to interfere. Complaint is-made
that he'eveh extends to the French privileges
denied to the Mexicans. Whatever cause may
exist for this charge it is ' unquestionable that
much ill-feellng f is .'being, engendered in the
Mexican embassy. •
There certainly Is no occasion for the gene
ral air of doubt that seems ,to surround men’s
opinions in-regard to the. President’s policy
after Jannaiy lst.’ Hlsaiitecedents, his meas
ures, his late declarations • all coincide to im
press upon ns the fact that he will fully sus
tain the affirmations made in his Proclamation
A Failure. —The impudent efforts of cer
tain traitorous Jontnalshi this city to mai-n
an issue between the New-York Courts and
the General Government, by procuring the in
dictment of Secretary Stanton and his subor
dinates for nnlawfnQy arresting,such men as
Marshal Kane, has failed. - The Grand Jury
npon which the pressure was brought did not
.‘see fit to find any such Indictment, was
yesterday dischargc&- T .K j; TrVmrtc ,
Tlic Cause of Diptherla.
\ Mokeka, 111., Dec. 57, 1862.
Editors Chicago Tribune: %
Prom recent investigations, and from-tlic
examinations of blood obtained, children
affected with alarming disease diphtheria*
it seems to be a disease of the blood manifest*
ing itself generally in the throat,-and; to be
caused by a -want of the preserving clement,
common salt. This result was obtained from
examining the Wood, of several persons suffer
ing from diphtheria, and in each case, a less
quantity of common salt was found than be
longs In healthy blood, and upon investiga
tion it has been* found that in thirty families
in which diphtheria has prevailed, or is now
prerailing.'food containing but little salt had
been used for some time previous to the at
tack of the disease. lam informed by an M.D.
who has given much attention to this subject,
that a multitude of facts could be arrayed to
substantiate this theory, but it belongs not to
the pen of a lady to array them, my object is
to stimulate investigation in regard to this
drcadful'disease diphtheria, and to call the at
tention of parents and guardians of children
to a consideration of the diet provided for the
nourishment of the little ones as well as others
of their respective households. A. 'Mother.
The Interview with the Presi-
dent. .
[From the Philadelphia Press, Bee. 27.]
According to all accounts, the cancns of the
Republican Senators, like their subsequent
interviews with the President of the United
States, and all the members of bis Cabinet,
-with a single exception, was decorous and pa
triotic. There was no attempt at dictation on
the part of the Senators, and no manifestation
of Irritation on the part of the President and
his Cabinet. The suggestions of the Senators
were presented and enforced with dignity, and
the spirit from which they sprung was that of
a single and unanimous purpose—to sustain
the government in its great trials and compli
cations, and to recommend the necessity of
frequent confidential and free consultations
between the Executive and his Cabinet, and
. tbe great co-ordinate branch, of Congress,
which, in harmony with the Constitution and
the experience of the past, is consulted upon
every great measure. • One of the secrets of
the strength of the most popular Administra
tions of other days was the frequency with
which the Executive conferred, not only with
the Representatives of the people, but the
Senators in Congress.
Gen. Schocpf’s Opinion. orßitcll
During the examination of Gem Steadman
before the Buell Court of Inquiry, the follow
ing episode occurred, which caused some flut
tering :
“Have you ever heard any officer question
my loyalty?” General Steadman replied,
“yes.” “Who was he?” asked General BuelL
General Steadman declined answering unless
the Court required him to doso. The Court
then called upon him to reply. The General
then stated that it might implicate one of the
Court. This statement, instead of making a
change in their decision, only made the ques
tion more important. General Steadman then
stated that he had heard General Schoepf ex
press a doubt regarding General Buell*s loy
alty. General Steadman was then asked what
General Schocpf had said. General Steadman
replied that he had beard General Schoepf
say that General “Buell was a traitor.”
ggp'The Baltimore American urges the ap-
Xjolntmenl by Gov. Bradford, of Ex-Govemor
Hicks to fill the vacancy in the United States
Senate made by the death of Hou. James A.
Singular.—A large sea gull was shot on
the Cambridge (Mass.) bridge one day last
week, and in its mouth was a good five dollar
bill, which the sportsman found no difficulty
in passing.
and an unlimited variety of goods for Holiday Gifts,
just received by
W. M. ROSS & CO.,
16Y <Sc 169 LAKE ST.
Pert Ist—The Practical Singing Class.
Part 2d—Glees, Opera Choruses.and Quartette.
Part 3d—Anthems, Hymn Tones and Chants.
Music Teachers will find the
Just the hook for the Singing Class. Beginners will
find the Instructions in
The most desirable they can wish. Advanced singers
will find
The best collection of new music published,
Inbrir.ging this work before the public, the author
and publisher feel confident it will please all. At the
first glance.the sacred or 3d Part may seem small,but
when taking Into consideration the fact that out of a
book of 300 pages of sacred music, as heretofore pub-
Ushed.choirs can only find from twenty to tldrty tunes
that arc applicable or suitable to use. and old tunes as
well as poor ones thrown in to fill up and complete the
book. But all this has been most carefully avoided
There being nothing In the work, only what Is new.
practical and most beautifully adapted to the use of
choirs and fiinglngclasses.
Single copies will-be sent to any address, post paid,
upon the receipt of ONE DOLLAR,
fy Price, per dozen. $9.00.
3HT. 3VT. HIO-GKrisTS,
• (Hear office 133 Broadway. New York.)
Manufacture at Titusville. Crawford County, Penn
sylvania, only the beet quality of
TAR for Axle Grease, Sailroad use, &e.
Transportation from Titusville to the West as cheap
as from Pittsburgh. Orders received at the Refineries
or New York. deSO-y346-2w-a-TAT
We invite consignments of
Have avpt.f. STORAGE, make advances, and offer
Special Inducements
By giving onr patrons the benefit of prices paid by
consumers in the EAST AM) CANADA, ah inquiries
promptly answered. ILI _ J _. rrr
Comission Merchants. 243 Sooth Water street.
20 tons HambumChceso.
100 barrels Drieoßlackberrics.
20 barrels Dried Cherries.
10 barrels Dried Raspberries,
x 50barrels Dried Plums. _
'HO barrels dried half un pa red Peaches.
SO sacks Dried Pared Peaches.
1500 barrels New York Green Apples.
2000lbsGnmDrops. , , ~,
ICO barrels all kinds Almonds and Nuts.
For sale cheap for cash, by
de29-y602-lw S. BOGAEDUS&SON. 80S. Water-st.
Matoe’s Office, Chicago. Dec. 21th, ISS2.
Whereas. It has been reported to me that the public
safety is endangered by the running at large, in the
city, of mad or rabid dogs; therefore, this la to notify
all persons that all doge found running at largo, and
not securely muzzled, on and after the 26th and
until further notice, will be destroyed.
de2s-y496-lw F. C. SHERMAN, Mayor.
I J The Northern Iron Company of Lake Superior
keen on hand at its Dock.in Chicago, a supply of Char
coal Iron, direct from its Blast Fumance. and of an
grades, to wliich the attention of those wanting the
best quality of Lake Superior Metal la invited. Office
IS Wells street. . _
- my2trto2-6m-3T&T - -
Corner Canal and West Monroe streets. Chicago. HL
D stock In town and lowest prices. Army Gloves,
Officers' Gloves. Farmer’s Gloves; all kinds of Gloves,
for Tnpn and boys. Sutlers and dealers supplied in any
wholesale andßetaD at reduced prices.
E. B. BOWEN, 20 Clark street, (up stairs.)over over the
> united States Express Office.
UX HAPPY NEW TEAR.—The best way to make
themsuch is to give or receive one of L. CORNELL &
CHINES. now greatly improved. No gift of friendship
could be of more-lasting benefit. lu your Holiday
shopping look at them and Bamum’a Self Sewer, at
: S3 Lake street. . del6-y1863w
SI,OOOXO for one or two years, on real estate in Chicago
• r - or Cook County. •
f~.0C0.00 for five years. oa central property in this city.
Apply personally to
Will find In our store a large stock of
Tuns, Hoods, Kollos ud Skating Cops,
nosierr and Gloves. Buttons.Dress Trimmings. Braids
•RpfliingH. Velvet Ribbons. &c„ including a
a complete assortment
i, NOTI ON S . •
_Onr stock Is Inviting, andbnyers trtll find oar figures
GRAVES & IBTIRE, 73 Lake Street.
Ga Ca COOK. & COa;
Cash Layers are Invited to examine
oar Stock* nol4y
01 the best styles la market
14rl Lake Street.
Of our owTimanntftcture. comprising the nevr styles of
Plush and For Beavers.
500 Wool Blankets
Of the test manufacture and at lowpricca.
100 Dozen Wool Hoods, Sontags,
All seasonable goods.
A large assortment now opening of all kinds and
sires, we are now receiring a Terr large stock of
CLOTHS, consisting of every description.
Cloaking Cloths and material in great variety.
Gloves and Hosiery, of every kinds,
Ladles and Gents Under Garments, a fine assortment.
Embroideries Lace Setts. Caml-rfr Setts. Point Lace
Collars. McceirnacH. Lace Collare. Alexander
Kids. Prints, Sheetiazs *nd Table Linens.
All of which we arc now offering at as low prices as
can he found elsewhere. Call and examine before mak
ing purchases. t
mm, BRIGGS & CO.,
75 Sonth Water street, Chicago,
- a well selected stock of
Sugars, Fish,
Teas, Tobacco,
Coflees, Rice,
Syrups, Spices,
Molasses, Soaps,
Dried Fruit,
WOODEN WARE, and all articles usually included in
their line.
We have bought most of our goods for cash, and be
lieve that we can make it to the interest of all purchas
ing in this market to call and examine onr stock before
buying. EWING. BRIGGS & CO..
No. 75 South Water street, Chicago.
Wm.L. Ewing. St. Louis. Mo.
Clintou Briggs.
Thomas Heermans. f *- mca g°- myla-rSSt-ly
Is the test article ever produced for the purposo
Manufactured only by
JOSEPH DIXON A CO., Jersey City, N. J.
And for sale by their Wholesale Agents.
IS South South Wells street. Chicago.
CSfDison's Black Lead Crucibles for 1 sale by the
cask or number. oc!7-v€&3ui
The Deßrame’s Patent Skate.
No. Straps. No Clasps. No Pain. They are used by
all professional Skaters In the country. Also,
English Ladles'. Novelty Ladles', Parlor Skates &c
Just received and for sale by
de23-y440-lm ill Street, Kingsbury Blocks
Last and Best Song, entitled
“ The Drummer Boy of Shiloh,”
Embellished with a Descriptive Title Page. Just
published and for sale by D.P. FAULDS,
51 Clark street. Chicago.
Price 50 cents. Conies sent by mail. seSuSSI-Sm
&C., &C., &C.
We are now receiving our tlilrd large stock of FALL
AND WINTER TRADE. 1862. which makes our stock
the largest and the best assorted in the West, all oc
which will he offered at LESS THAN PRESENT EAS
We invite particular attention to onr stock of EX
3000 dozen NUTRIA FUR and other WARM WINTER
, CAPS, for MEN and BOYS.
Will always receive prompt and careful attention.'
n026-x517-2m 25 Lake street. Chicago.
Comer Clinton and Fulton Streets West Side.
YjTT\TW Hi i i OHii
Siet, White Lead, Bed Lead and Litharge,
Orders from the trade solicited. Highest market
price paid for Flax Seed. P.0.80x 6146.
A fine assortment of the above, just the selection for
the Holidays for sale at
liO T.aVp street.
has just returned from Europe with the largest and
finest assortment of Albums ever brought to this coun
try. For sale at wholesale and retail. atpriees to_sult
the times. decl2y963w
Port Stanley, Canada West.
Comprising extensive Machine Shops, Moulding-room
and evcmmng necessary for carrying on a flourishing
buislness in tne manufacture, chiefly of Agricultural
Imffiementa. for whit* thesnrronndingco untry affords
a reidv and profitable sale. The preroiaea..macMacry,
are In the best of order, and will be BQld on yery
reasonable terms.
For further particulars apply to J Q EABpEE _
• 0t20v719-sw-cod London, Canada West.
Beach, maple and hick
All Body Wood, lour feet ia length,
Ferstiebr KKLLOQG & CrBAY, Comer Market ud
•ffasninstdajtieete. srtn-IKHV
BOXES, all kinds.
eobjchristhas presents.
At 3E?feIJG-P:OT’S > XOS Latent.
QXOYE BOXES, splendid variety.
-A.t PEUGEOT’S, 108 at
'J'ots nr Tnr, rubber, & c ..
At PEUGEOT'S, 108 X-.a.ke-3t.
QPKKA GLASSESjfrom $3 to $25,
JVt PEUGEOT’S, 108 Xxabe-st*
oos patterns. |
For Christmas Presents,
(RESSISG CASES—English and
’ otters.
For Christmas Presents,
For Christmas Presents,
Fo,r Christmas Presents, ,
At FEPGEOrS .ire Late street.?--! 1 - Boa-
T)01LS —Every conceivable kind,
SOB not row l-BESENTS, cmejo a “
At PEUGEOT'S .106 Lake street iSfiS'fe
For Christmas. Presents,
Great Bargains!
J vTaiTjartj
Zephyr Skating Caps!! S 1 *
All at Greatly Reduced Prices
Ladies’ and Misses' Balmoral Hose,
Men’s Half Hose. Sontac?. Nubias. Mittens. Sleeves.
Leggings, 4c.
KAND-KITIT SCAEFS, (ourown importation,
Kew Commenced Slippers,
All at the lowest cash prices.
41 Lasalte street.
Importers and Wholesale Dealers In.
Stock now In and very complete for the
All *1 which are of our own IXfPORTATION, and wtt
be sold low to
IT, & CO.,
Cash, and Short Time Buyers.
Sutlers and Yankee Notion Dealers
Is respectfully solicited.
Ho. 188 Lake _street, between Clark and
LaSalle streets.
34 & 36 lake street,
Have now In store the hugest stock ot
Sheep’s G-reys, Beavers, Bilots,
And all other goods for MEN'S WEAR, ever exhibited
in this market. Merchants are Invited to ex
amine our stock of goods of all kinds for
Blue Cloth*, Blue Flannels,
Blue Cassimeres.
From New York.
Landing and embarking passengers at Queenstown.
Ireland. The
Liverpool, New York and Philadelphia
Will dispatch every Saturdaytheirfoll power Clipper
bullt Iron steamships.
City of New York, Edinburgh,
City or Baltimore, Kangaroo*
City of Washington, Glasgow
City of BEanchester, Vlgo,
Aetna, Bosphorus*
Rates of passage as low as by any other line. Fas*
sengcre forwarded to all the principal cities of Europe.
Persons wishing to bring out their friends can bay
tickets in Chicago to great advantage.
These steamers have superior accommodations, and
carrrcxpcriunccd surgeons. They are built in watke
tigbt sections, ana carrr patent fire annihilators.
Forfnrther information apply ta . „„
General Western Agents. IS Lasalle street, Chicago
nr - Exchange on Europe sold in sums of £1 and up
wards. ' niU-2S-n846-ly
ISO & 201 Randolph St, Chicago,
Tinners 5 Stock.
Howe’s Improved Scales.
been thoroughly overhauled. and considerable
additions made to toe Cabin accommodations, the
magnificent steaipshlp
great eastern;
On EAItTRDAY. Jan. Sd. 1363. .
Hates of fore CONSIDERABLY LOWER than aay
other line croelng the Atlantic. Immediate applica
tion for Bertha is necessary, and no berth secured tCI
paid for. JAMBS WABRACIC, Agent, -
p 12 Lake BireoCchK»ao.
Howland & Asptswaix. New Tort. del»-y3fo-iot
The best assortment la Chisago can be found st H
Clark street, TraDas the Shxbwas House, .
, del9-y305-lm . FBOPBZEXdRS.
JL being a Hunting and Open Face, or Lady’s on
Gentleman’s Watch combined. One of the prettiest,
most convenient and decidedly the •
The Best anlCketpert Timepiece
for general and reliable use,' ever offered. It has withia.
it anoconnected with its machinery. its own winding
attachment, rendering a key entirely unnecessary. The
cases of this Watch are composeaof two metals, tte
outer one being fine 15 caret gold* It has the improved,
ruby action lever movement, ■ l •
AnibWoiaMn Actuate Tlwyleee.
Price, superbly engraved,, per case of abalfadoaes.
.tSMM. Sample Watches/in neat morocco boxes, foe -
those proposing to buy at wholesale. SB; sent by ex
nress;withbPl payable on delivery, flomwsmuwro*
Twit; payment in advance, as we e*nnotcollßOt-fro»
the army. "Addreas HVBBABDBBOS^etie
Importon, awaratcwaßM » ’JgJagJP-'
73 Lake street. 9
The attention ot
Will be despatched from
Ball road
ner Lake
'tise,) Chi-
E.A” .
rrires at
135 A.M.
m leaves
S .

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