THURSDAY, JANUARY 1, 1803,
“UiT WV PEOPLE CO.”
The American people believe that God
rules the ullaire of men. Individuals may
for n time ignore that Providence,
end contemn his authority, but in the end
mankind arc glad lo acknowledge that
Jehovah holds the nations in tho hollow of
lUs hand, and that lie turns them whither
soever He will.
On this, the first day of the year of grace,
one thousand eight hundred and sixty
three, when Abraham Lincoln, raised up,
as we believe, for tills very purpose, gives
freedom to three millions of slaves in tho
rebel States, let us take an example from
history, that we may see how the hand of
God delivered his people in the past, and
how we have reason to hope His justice and
wisdom will bo vindicated in the future his
tory of our own nation.
In vited by the King of Egypt, Jacob and
his descendants settled in that rich land
in all, about seventy souls. Kangs ere long
amse" I*’who 1 *’who knew not Joseph,” and made
slaves of the Hebrews; but in spite of all
oppression, they multiplied amazingly, and
in little more than two hundred years—
about the-time that slaveiy has existed in
this country—they too had beeome three
millions of slaves. They were now a dis
tinct, strong and consolidated people. God’s
purpose in planting them in Egypt was
thus accomplished, and he sent Moses, a
prophet, endowed with great piety,
strong intellectual powers, and ex
tensive learning to the proud king
of Egypt, with the solemn injunction,
“ Let my people go, that they may serve
me in the wilderness.” TheEgyptiaus and
their king were in love with slaveiy, like
the Democracy of our day, and the. haughty
monarch refused obedience to the com
mand of God. How terribly slaveiy had
debauched the Egyptian government, and
what awful judgments the slave-drivers
suffered before the Hebrews were allowed
to depart, let the following extracts from
sacred history tell IVe quote from the
Bible. The passages will befoundinExo
THE PLAGUE or BLOOD.
19. And the Lord spake mito Moses, Say unto
Aaron, take thy rod. and stretch out thine hand
upon the water* of Egypt, upon their streams,
upon their rivers. and upon their ponds, and upon
alllhelt pools of water, that they may become
Mood ; and that then* may be blood throughout*!!
the laud of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and In
ve?&ds of stone.
20. And Moses and Aaron did so as the Lord
commanded: and lie lifted up the rod *nd smote
the waters tliatwere In the river, in the eight of
Plw.taoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all
ihe waters that were in the river were tamed into
21. And tho fish that was In the river died; and
the river stank, andtheEgyytians could not drink
of the water of the river; and there was blood
throughout ail the land of Egypt.
THE PLAGUE OP FUOGS.
And tbe Lord spake onto Moses Jgo onto Pha
raoh. and any nnto him. Thus saith the Lord, Let
my people go that they may serve me.
G. And the Lord spake nnto Moses, Say unto
Aaron. Stretch forth thine band with thy rod over
the streams, over the rivers, and over tbe ponds,
and cause frogs to come up npon the land of
(J. And Aaron- stretched out his hand over the
waters of Egypt; and the frogs came np, and cov
ered the land of Egypt.
THE PLAGUE OF LICE,
10. And the Lord said nnto “Moses, Say unto
Aaron, Ftrotcli out thy rod, and smite the dost of
the land, that it may become lice throoghoutall
the land of Egypt.
It. Aud they did so; for Aaron stretched ont his
Land with bis rod, and smote the dust of the earth,
and It became lire Inman and la beast: all the
dust of the land became lice throughout all tbe
land of Esypt,
THE PLAGUE OF FLIES.
SO. And the Lord said nnto Moses, Rise np early
in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh: (10, ho
comcth forth to the water;) and say unto him,
TlmsHiilh the Lord, Let my people go, that they
may servo mo.
21. Else, if thoo wilt not Jet my people go, be
hold, I will scud swarms of flics upon thee, and
upon thy servants, and upon thy people, and into
thy bouses; and the houses of shall
I>e full of swarms of flies, and also the ground
whereon they are.
22. And I will sever In that day the land of Go
shen. In which my pcopledwell. that no swarms of
flies shall be there; to the end thou may eet know
that I urn tho Lord in the midst of the earth.
23. And 1 will put a division between my people
and tliy pooply: to-morrow shall this sign be.
24. And tlie Lord did so: and there came a griev
ous swarm of flies Into the house of Pharaoh, aud
Intohis servant’s houses, and InloaU tthG laud of
Egypt: the laud was corrupted by reason of the
swarms of flies.
xuen the Lora taVtf unto Moees, Go in umu i*na
raoh, ane tell him. Thus salth the Lord God of the
Hebrews, Let my people- go, tliat they may serve
2. For If thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold
a. Behold the luma of tho Lord is upon thy cat
tle which is in the Held, upon the hordes, upon the
nsscs. upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon
the sheep; there shall be a very grievous mur
4. And the Lord shall sever between the cattle
of Ipruel and tin* cattle ol Esypt: and there shall
nothing die of aU that Is the children's of Is
6. And the Lord appointed a pet time, saying.
To-morrow the Lord shall do this thing in the
6. And the Lord did that filing on the morrow,
and aU the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle
of tbe children of Israel died not one.
7. And Pharaoh sent, and behold, there was not
one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. Ami the
heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did notlet
the people go.
the plague or boils.
8. And the Lord said nnto Moses andnntoAnron,
Take to you two handfuls of the ashen of the fur
nace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven
ir: the sight of Pharaoh.
And it ehall become email dust In all the land
of Euypt. and shall be a boil breaking forth ?ri/A
hiatus upon man and upon beast, throughout all
the land of Egypt.
10. And they tookaehce of the furnace, and stood
before Pharaoh: and Moses sprinkled It up toward
heaven; anditbccamcaboil breaking forth iclth
blalns upon man. and upon beast.
11. And the magicians coaid not stand before
Hoecs. bccansc of the boils: for the boil was upon
the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians.
Tire rLAors or watt.
S3. And the Lord said unto Hoses, Stretch forth
thine bund toward heaven, that there may be hall
in all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon
boast, nnd npon every herb of the field, throughout
the land of Egypt- . :
S3. And Muses stretched forth hie rod toward
heaven, and the Lord sent thunder and hail, and
the fire ran along npon the ground: and the Lord
rained luti! upon the land of Egypt.
24. So there war hall, and fire mingled with hail,
venr grievous, such as there was none like it in all
the land of Egypt since It became a nation.
25. And the hall emote throughout all the land of
Egypt all that fro* In the field, both man and beast,
and the hall smote every herb of the field and
brake every tree of the field.
2d. Only ir. the land of Goshen, where the chil
dren cl Israel trtre. was there no halL
tiie plaouk of loctsts.
13. And the Lord said unto Moses*. Stretch ont
thine hand over the laud of Egypt for the locust*
that tiny may come up npon the land of Egypt,
and every herb of the land, ere/*.all that the
hail hath left.
13. And Mows stretched forth bis rod over the
land of Egypt, and tbe Lord brought an cast wind
upon the land all that day and a'l that nl*ht*
and when it was morning, tbe cast wind brought
the locusts. **
14. And the locusts went np over all the land of
Egypt, and tested In all the coasts of Egypt* verv
grievous wre they; before them there were no
r«ch locusts aa they, neither after them shall he
15. For they covered the face of the whole earth
**° that the land was darkened; and they did cat
c V7 T JK rb . of .rt e ] » n A and all thefrnil of the trees
which the hail had left: and there remained not
any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the
field, through ail the land of Egypt.
tbe ruora of nuonv.
21. And the Lord said unto Hoses. Stretch out
thihC handioward heaven, that there may be dark
ness over the land «f Egypt, even darkness which
may tie felt.
22. And Hoses stretched forth his liand toward
heaven: and there was a thick darkness inaU th»
land of Egypt three days:
23. They saw not one another, neither rose any
from hie place for three days: but all the children
Of Israel usd light in their dwellings.
•nut naav-nomr slain.
29. And it came to mss, that at midnight the
herd emote nil the fitst-hom in the land of Egypt
from the flrat-horn of Pharaoh that sat on his
throne, onto the drst-honi of the captive that traf
In the dnngcon; and all the firstborn of cattle
SO, And Pharaoh rose np in the night, he, and ail
his servants, and ail the Egyptians; and there was
a great cry In Egypt: for litre woe not a house
where ffisrs tcov not one dead.
Is it possible for the mind to conceive of
anything more awful than these ten
plagues ? Bead them again, and thank God
that Abraham Lincoln is President of the
United States, and by the stupendous wick
edness of these slaveholders, and their abet
tors, that he has been forced to give free
dom to to another three millions of men
before these awful Egyptian plagues have
been sent upon onr-guilty nation- With
us the Almighty baa commenced with
the last plague, for to-day thousands
of households bitterly mourn the loss of
their first bom, slain by the demon of
slavery. How mimy more are to be sacri
ficed, God only knows. One thing is cer
tain, that if like the King of Egypt, the Pres
ident falters and fells to let this people go,
Tearfulness and trembling may well fill the
land. Judgments, awful even as those
that. Jell upon Egypt, will be sine to
11110 011113 is horn who will
of people of African de
■setiivoptm this continent, and as well at
tempt to dam up Niagara as hold such a
mass of men in bondage. God has pre
pared them to cany mu free Christian dv
iiization to Africa, and thus Providence, as
indicated by this most wicked war, is say
ing to America, “Let my people gol"
Then let ns thank God for Abraha m Lin
coln,, and pray that through him the nine
othe^i-plagues may be averted; aud that
us the proclamation of freedom rings
through tbe land Hie -angel of mercy may
proclaim “Glory lo God inlkehighest;
on earth pence and good Trill toward men.”
It will not, we think, he seriously pre
tended by any one cognizant of the facts,
that the recent action of the Common
Council in reference to the Improvement
of the contents of Chicago River, is any
thing more than a make-shift-—a temporary
arrangement whereby tho loud complaints
of citizens may be allayed until something
else can bo done. Tho magnitude of the
interests involved forbids the supposition
that tho city can be permanently depend
ent upon the pleasure of the Trustees of
the Canal, for insuring the purity and
hcalthfulncss of the river. It must not be
at the mercy of any body or anything for
that purpose. So far ns possible, it should
hold in its own hands the regulation and
management of what concerns it so nearly.
It must do so.
Again, we take it that nobody who
knows why Chicago was built upon the
ground on which It stands, and the char
acter of the business lhathas made the city
what it is, will say that the large distiller
ies, slaughter houses, packing establish
ments, glue factories, etc., etc., upon which'
so much of the prosperity of the city de
pends, can be driven out of town,
or, that standing where they are, they
can be permanently denied the
use of the river as a great sewer by
which the refuse and useless matter
can be carried off to the Lake. When
that is done, and when the raw material
and navigable water are divorced, pack
ing, distilling and manufacturing may each
be as well and cheaply done, fifty or
two hundred miles from this point, in the
middle of some great prairie, as in Chicago.
Hogs and cattle are driven here in such
immense numbers, making this the greatest
heel and pork market in the world, solely
because the river affords facilities for pre
paring them in the quickest, cheapest and
best manner for conversion into gold in the
markets of the Atlantic States and the old
world. To take away or materially lessen
those facilities, and thereby narrow the
margin for profit, would he to divert to
other and'better ordered'places, a large
share of the business that the city now en
joys ; and the men who are now clamoring
for the removal of the “nuisances” would
find when they have gone, that they hod
removed a large percentage of the popula
tion of the dty along with them. The
wise way is, then, to makej such public ar
rangement, and at the cost of the city, as
will not only remove all causes of com
plaint on the score of comfort, and health,
but which will at the same time invite the
further growth and more prosperous de
velopment of the particular branches of
industry and commerce about which such
a hullaboo is now made. To tins' end, it
is imperative that the public authorities
should provide for such frequent changes
of the water in the river, by some
permanent and sufficient Improvement, that*'
the public nose will not be offended by the
smell of offal, and hands will
agree that the public health will not helm
paired. We do not pretend to say whatr
that improvement shall be; that is the work
of intelligent and careful engineers. We.
only plead for the inauguration of some
plan without any furtheWlelay— some
plan, no matter what it costs’that will be
equal to tlie object to be accomplished.
We forsec plainly enough that the use of
the river as a great sewer is inconsistent
with the use-rof the water at or near the
mouth for the supply of the water-works,
and that a removal of the pumping en
gines to a point much further North will
become (it is now indeed) an instant ne
cessity- To that nloo, uuicss tnc Cana!
bill should pass Congress in sucnji shape
as to insure the speedy construction*of the
work contemplated thereby, our people
will he compelled to accede; and no hope
that they arc so convinced of its importance
that they will not willingV* consent to hat e
the. Tno**— out of sight until all
that is required is done—until the business
that our city must do if it does any, and
the health and comfort that to be prosper
ous it must offer to all who live therein, can
be brought into such agreement that we
shall hear no more complaint.
'Jim THREE HEMIKEB 3ULI,IO>"
The scheme for raising money prepared
by the Committee of Way a and Means,
■which will probably ho presented to Con
gress, authorizes Secretaiy Chase to issue,
three hundred mSICona more “ greenbacks,"
hut it makes no vacuum into which to pour
this flood of currency, and therein is the
fatal error of the scheme. Before the war
broke out, tbe total bank note circulation
of the country, North and South, was
$200,000,000, and the amount of gold and
silver in actual circulation or held by banks
to redeem their issues is estimated at SIOO,-
000,000—malting a total circulation of
$300,000,000. On the Ist of December, the
banks of the loyal States had outstanding
about $200,000,000 of currency. The
“greenbacks” in the hands of the people
and on deposit arc estimated at $100,000,-
000. The banks are said to bold $50,000,-
000 more for purposes of redemption.
From this it appears that the present vol
ume of currency in the loyal States is
larger by fifty millions limn the gold, sil
ver and hank paper in circulation before
the rebellion in the whole Union. The
consequence is that this currency is worth
hut 70 cents on the dollar by the coin
standard. The $350,000,000 of currency is
actually worth hut $245,000,000 of real
money. Consequently tluslast namodsum
is just about the amount of money the
loyal Suites require to do their present
business. Every dollar above that is so
much inflation —water.
It is now gravely proposed by the Com-,
mittce of Ways and Means, to pile on the
top of the present excessive and depre
dated mass of currency, $300,000,000 more
legal tender notes. In the meanwhile the
1,800 debt factories, miscalled «banks,”
will add another §100,000,000 of their stuff
to the pile, and the whole mountain of
$750,000,000 will be worth just $245,000,000
in coin, or about thirty cents on the
But suppose the “ banks” do not expand
any more, tbe §300,000,000 of additional
legal tender notes will .sink tbe value of
tbe circulating medium to forty
cents or forty-five cents on tbe dollar.
Twelve dollars of bills will be worth a
five dollar gold piece, and no more. And
all descriptions of property will inflate in
bkc proportion. All values will be de
ranged, and any sort of temporary relief
the Government may obtain while uttering
these notes will be immediately lost by the
increased cost of everything the War and
Navy Departments must purchase for tbe
support of the army and fleets.
The Government can obtain no relief
from the furtberissuc of legal-tendernotes.
"What it gains on the one hand it loses on
the other. Before putting out any more
Treasury notes the Committee of Ways
and Means should make provision for re
tiring the rival issues of bank corporations
that now supply the demand for a circnla-'
Ung medium and elbow out Uncle Sam’s
green-backs. These shinplaster establish
ments should be made to get out of the
way and leave the add to Unde Sam.
Ho can furnish all the “green-backs”
that the people can use, and
Urey infinltdy. prefer his currency to
the wild cat stuff put out by 1800 “ banks.”
Let the Committee impose at least three
per cent, taxon every dollar of “bank"
issues. This will cause them to retire, and
create a vacuum for two hundred millions
of Chase’s greenbacks without inflating the
present volume of currency, while at the
same time, it will give the people a safe,
sound and uniform currency, and the gov
ernment a loan of two hundred millions
free of interest—thereby saving the public
twelve to fifteen millions per annum of
Secretary Chase, does not advise the is
suing of another dollar of “legal tender 1 '
notes unless tho bonk issues be taxed out
of circulation, for tbo reason that there is
now too much paper currency afloat But
tho Committee of 'Ways and Means, who
appear to bo owned, body and soul, by tho
“.debt factories,** disregard bis advice, and
arc blowing their paper hubbies with a
recklessness and futurity bordering on in
sanity. Their scheme, if not arrested, will
do the Union more damage than Stonewall
Jackson at the bend of 100,000 ragged
rebels, making raids into the loyal Suites.
IVc call on the members from tho West to
resist, and, if possible, defeat this most
mischievous plot against tho public good.
The Hand IVrliXng on the Wall.
A late Richmond Jlnyitirer publishes a state
ment mode by the Rev. R. J. Graves, of that
city, who has recently made a long visit to the
North. His views ere given “In order to
counteract certain rosy speculations” of the
Enquirer, which are calculated to lull the
South into a false and dangerous security.
The writer says that the North Is prospering
and growing rich out of the war; that tho
West finds it more profitable to convert its
grain Into beef and pork than to. send the
grain lo the South, and that the war of parties
amounts to nothing, for all parties are united
In the war and against the rebels. He discov
ers that the North is determined to establsh
its government over the whole country, and
that feeling that the rebellion Is really a seri
ous thing, it has concluded to meet it success
fully. He says the North is preparing fleets
and armies, and is even now putting into the
field a larger and better equipped force than it
has yet had. The clerical informant observes
that these great preparations are to follow up
the proclamation of emancipation, and. in view
of them he declares that it is the duty of the
South to resist to the last and by no means to
allow Itself to he deluded by false hopes of
peace or of party ey mpathy in the North.
George *W. Scripps, Esq., editor of the
,SchnyUr County Citizen, has shown ns a sam
ple of sugar, manufactured by him from the
Otalieitean sugar cane, which in every respect
is equal to any New Orleans we ever aaw. Mr.
Scripps resorted to no chemical operations to
produce this handsome specimen of sugar
He simply boiled his juice over a common
cooking stove to the consistency of common
syrup, placed it in a cask, and after remaining
thus for a few days, fully two-thirds of its
contents were found to be handsomely granu
lated. “We think the problem of making su
gar in Illinois is solved.
I7e Icnrn that it Is the intention of Mr. Bel
cher, proprietor of the Chicago Refinery, to
plant a laigcsurfhccof theOtahcitcan cane the
comiming season, he having become satisfied
of its certain granulating qualities.
The Otaheilcan seed, we understand will be
for sale in a short time, by Hooker & Jones,
and Emery & Co., of this city.
Navigation In tlic* Noptlrwcst.
It is stated that by constructing a canal
about tbrcc-fourtbs of a mile in length, from
Big Stone Lake to Lake Travcr, steamboats
from St. Paul could navigate both the Minne
sota Elver and ibc Bed Elver of the North to
Lake 'Winnipeg, a distance of 700 miles \ The
country traversed by these rivers is surpas
singly fertile; and capable of sustaining a dense
population. Lake Winnipeg is larger than
3 Lake Ontario, and receives the S:.?-katch-a
wan Elver from the west. The Sas-katch-a
wan Kiver is navigable to a point (Edmonton
House) near the Eocky Mountains, 700 miles
west Winnipeg, and only 150 miles
■'"east of-thc celebrated gold diggings on Frazer
Biver, in British Columbia. The 'digging of
that ouc mile of canal would, therefore, ena
ble a steamboat atjNew Orleans to pass into
Lake Winnipeg, and from thence to Edmon
ton House, some 5,000 miles! A bill has been
Introduced into the Senate, which makes pro
vision for the building of the canal.
Tlie “ JEnglish IVcutrals.”
A correspondent at Prairie Grove, Arkan
sas, lias sent us a Mluie bullet and a cart
ridge label, which were taken from the cart
ridge-box of a dead rebel on the battle field
of prairie Grove, immediately after our recent
i hate. The label has “ E. &
A Ludlow, Birmingham, ... “. _
pondent well says, “ without the aid of En
gland, the battle of Prairie Grove would never
Lave been fought.*’
Jersey has the honor of being the
first loj al Slate to attempt to send men to
State prison for being opposed to treason. A
grand jury in Union county recently indicted
certain persons for disturbing a “ Democratic
meeting.” This meeting was simply a rum
hole gathering, notoriously for the purpose
of breaking up a Union meeting to be held
in the same village. The so-called Democrats
got the worst of it. The trial under the in
dictments took place last week; the judge of
the court did his utmost against the defend
ants, but the jury disagreed with Ids Honor
and returned a verdict of not guilty.
Official information baa been received
at Washington, direct from Gen. Grant’s de
partment, contradicting the story of our
losses at Dolly Springs, Miss. According to
the official report, the attack of the rebels
was promptly met and they were driven from
the place before any mischief was accomplish
ed. This is important intelligence, and com
ing from an official source, is entitled to full
Op Course. —The New York World— the
tory organ of Seymour, Wood & Co.—vir
tually justifies Jett Davis in the issue of his
recent bloodthirsty proclamation. Wo think
there is nothing Jcfif. Davis and bis brother
rebels might do or say just now that would
not be justified or defended by (bis tory or
gan, while any act of the Federal Administra
tion is jnst as sure to be condemned by it.
American Art in Germany.— A letter
from Germany says that the American artist
Welsch, late of Syracuse, has completed two
fine landscapes—the one of a scene on the
White Earth River, .Dakota Territory, the
other a scene in the Tyrol, “The Gross Clock
ucr.” The former was bought by the Baron
ess C. M. Von Rothschild, the other by the
Baroness William Yon Rothschild.
I®* Bishop Uphold has issued a pastoral
letter to the Episcopal clergy and congrega
tions of the diocese of Indiana, referring in
eloquent terms to the condition of many
families of our volunteers, and urging syste
matic efforts for their assistance. The letter
docs honor to the head and the heart, the tal
ent and the patriotism of the venerable
tSTTIie Portage (Wis.) Register has been
informed by « gentleman in Milwaukee whom
it credits that ho “saw a letter from Secretary
Seward,” written last fall to a person in the
first district, “counseling the defeat of John
£5?" The Cleveland Herald says the project
is still entertained of starting a new daily in
that city of the “butternut” persuasion. The
riaintkalcr docs not come np to the present
butternut idea of hatred to the North, and
love for the South.
Vanity fair thinks it very proper that
the wife of the Secretary ofthc Interior should
he the bountiful provider of a Christmas din
ner for the sick aud wounded soldiers of
Vert ArruoruiATE.—The Augusta Chroni
df says that many of the members of the
Georgia Legislature arc shod to dog skin
leather. To what base uses hare these poor
dogs come. •
ls?*Twclvepaymasters hare recently been
mustered out of the serrico by the President.
Of these, four were dismissed for feeble health,
four for old age, one for insanity, two for In
efficiency, and one for dishonesty.
tsf~Sassacuß is the name of a new war
steamer launched at the Portsmouth, N. H.,
nary yard. Wc pray this new steamer may
prorc a saucy cuss to the rebels and pirates.
Tobacco ts Schutlsb Cou>tt.—lt is es
timated that 100,000 pounds of tobacco were
raised in Schuyler county duringthepast sea*
Detroit hasfinally filled her quota, and
is therefore exempt from the draft.
Curious Petrifaction.— The Panama Star
tells the following curious story: It will be
recollected that about four years ago, Sirs.
Kearny, wife of the late James Kcaroy, died
in this city. Her husband at that time, being
a merchant in Asplnwall, had a ainc coffin
made, in which she was placed, and also a
quantity of alcohol, the whole then imbedded
In charcoal In a still huger coffin, for the nur
pose of preserving her, aa it was her husband’s
intention to have her sent to England* but
shortly afterword he took sick Smsclf and
died, and also his child. The body then re
mained In the cemetery undisturbed, till a
short time ago, when Instructions were re
ceived from her relatives in England to have
the body exhumed and Interred In the Cathe
dral. On opening the coffin the body was
found to bo petrified and perfectly marble
like, but, strange to say, as quick as the air
got .to the body, it changed to a light copper
OCR WASHINGTON LETTER.
The ProßrcHH of Idea*—Advice Gratis
to Western Travelers.
[From .0«r Own Correspondent.]
Wasuinoton, Dee. 89,1802.
Nowb during tho holidays is always scarce
In Washington, for with the adjournment of
Congress, everybody else 'feels at liberty to
take a recess. Nevertheless, history Is being,
mode, and among the movements which shall
stand long, marking the progress of ideas
(which is the essence of history), Is the opin
ion of Attorney General Dates on the citizen
ship of the colored captain of the schooner
Elizabeth and Margaret—n fitting herald of tho
Proclamation of Freedom which is to go forth
three days hence. The Dred Scott decision, If
not overthrown ns a Judicial precedent, Is
wholly destroyed ns a national testament. It
is no longer to be quoted ns the lodgment of
the American people. AttorncyGcncniißatcs
la not u bold man by nature, education Or po
litical training, and especially might he be ex
pected to be timid in the matter which has
called forth ibis opinion, when we consider his
place of birth and his. place of residence. Mi
gration from Virginia to Missouri is indeed
better than lifelong residence in the former,
yet is not reckoned the most favorable to the'
growth of liberal views on “ the everlasting
negro question.” Bat it must be confessed
that few bolder documents are to be found
among the files of the Attorney General’s of
fice or any other department of the Govern
ment. Thomas Jefferson, writing of the loss
of his slaves carried off by theßrltisharmy,and
adding that “if this had been done to give
them freedom, it would have been perfectly
right,” was not more frank than Mr. Bates in
declaring that color and race cannot form a
bar to citizenship of the United States. Tho
opinion Is a landmark on the highway of
Emancipation—not the emancipation of the
negro from bondage, but the emancipation of
white men from the dominion of cruelty and
Another significant fret, denoting improve
ment of ideas, is the marked subordination
of the military to the civil power. One year
since, shoulder straps of the various degrees
were so haughty in demeanor and language
that it was not uncommon for the New xork
Herald to urge the array to turn Congress out
of doors at the point of the bayonet, and not
uncommon for officers of West Point extrac
tion to express a willingness to undertake tho
enterprise. Brigadier Generals, summoned
to testify before committees of Congress, put
on the airs of masters of the situation, and’
told little or much, as best suited their sove
reign convenience. Gen. McClellan, applied
to by the Senate for the frets con
cerning Ball’s Bluff, replied that such
an exposition was not compatible with
the public interests, bo being the judge.
There has been a change—a very great change!
Every Indication (hat one meets exhibits a
profound deference to the civil power. Briga
dier Generals hie here and there to do tho bid
ding of Congress. Investigations that were
before impossible, or next to impossible, now
mu on smoothly and the truth comes out as
freely as could be desired. Nobody talks of
turning Congress out of the capital. Nobody
says, above his breath, that the North is as
much to blame as the South for bringing on
till? war. Nobody declares that he hates the
Abolitionists as much as he does the traitors.
Nobody threatens to resign, or fight, on the
other side “If this becomes an anti-slavery
ws«r.” Various causes have contributed to
this taming of thetemperof our Ctesars. The
removal ot incapable Generals like Buell and
McClellan, the issuance of the emancipation
proclamation without consulting General this
or Colonel that, the court-martialing of such
janizaries as Fitz John Porterareamongthem.
A WORD TO WESTERN* TRAVELERS.
I have been urged by numerous visitors to
the Capital, from the West, including some
with whom I had the pleasure to travel, to
expose the treatment which they have re
ceived from the Northern Central Railroad
Company between Harrisburg and Baltimore.
I will confine myself to a narration of my
own experiences, which were not more griev
ous than those which I hear, almost dMly7
from acquaintances who have had the misfor
tune to take that route. We arrived at Har
risburg between 2 and 3 o'clock a. ra. On
the opposite side of the depot from the Penn
sylvania Railroad track were two passenger
Indus with one or two unoccupied tracks be
tween. All was mud, and darkness, and ig
norance. Nobody could be found to tell the
passengers which train to take. Ladies and
gentlemen,fearful of beinglelt behind. plunged
into the mud, and made their way, with occa
sional stumbles, to the two
about equally in their conjectures as to which
was destined for Baltimore. Acolored porter
of one of the Harrisbmg hotels was at last
fouud, who solved our doubts and
pointed out the Baltimore train. Then
already scats. The cars were
ginning to spri nk 10, lHe*?;&, u t a9 it was be-
By strong physical effort* thZ(TZS OTC *& Sn
panions, the latter clinging to e^.®alGcom
orvninly endeavoring to climb upouv2&M
With half a dozen others, I retreated to the
depot to avoid the shower. For the next fif
teen minutes the rain came down inawfaltor
reuts, and before it had ceased, a
mixed freight, coal and cattle train,
three quarters of a mile long, backed down
between us and the passenger train. Thepass
engcr train moved off. 1 accosted a mau with
a lantern and asked him if the Baltimore train
had gouc. He said he belonged to the other
road, but he guessed it had not gone because
he saw the Baltimore baggage and mails “over
there.” With the help of ms lantern we des
cried two largo hand cars or barrows heaped
with trunks, valises and mall bags, on the op
posite ride of the cattle train. They had bccu
out during the whole shower, as was fully at
tested by the contents of my trunk when I
It became important now that we, who had
taken shelter in the depot, should establish
communications with the baggage—that seem
ing to be our ark of safety u we desired not
to spend the night in Harrisburg, and be sep
arated from the ladies, whom we had pushed
into the cars regardless of casualties to crino
line, of which 1 believed there were not a few.
I proposed that we should borrow the man’s
-.lantern and walk down to the nearest coal car,
scale it, and take position with our right rest
ing on the wheelbarrows. Theplanwasagrccd
to, and wc all got over with a few contusions
of shins, and a simultaneous vent of bad lan
guage on the part of the swearers in the com
pany. We endured the remainder of the
shower alongside the baggage.
By and by the Baltimore train came back
and the luggage was thrown in. Wc again
essayed the platforms of the cars, but they
were a& inaccessible as before, being covered
by a dripping and profane crowd. A man
with a lantern, (“not that man, but another
man,”) told us there was room in the rear
car, but wc could not get to the rear car with
out climbing over the platform of the fore
most car anti walking back on the opposite
side. We did so. Jumping down from the
platform, wo severally found ourselves in a
ditch containing about twelve inches of tol
erably dean water. But we had had so much
of this that we didn't mind a few duckings
more or less, and we waded to the rear car,
which was little bettor than the emigrant
train on a well managed railroad. Even here
there was not room enough, and several per
sons were obliged to stand up til) we had
backed down the road some two miles, where
another emigrant car was hitched on.
This road has received more money from
the government, and has probably received
more from all sources, since the war com
menced, than any other in the country of
equal length, If we except the Little Wash
ington Branch road between here and Balti
more, which is not quite as wretched but
equally mean. The effect has been to
make its managers penurious, mean and
. unaccommodating, its employes insolent and
boorish, and its rolling stock barbarous. It
Is generally called “Cameron’s road,” a name
winch makes it no worse—and no better—but
suggests that that ambient diplomat should
mend its manners before he again becomes a'
candidate for President of the United States.
I find that no person who has once tried this
road ever made a second experiment. They
all go around by Philadelphia, and generally
save time and secure comfort and poUtetrcat
ment by so doing.
Another word: Bring no shinplasters this
way except those Issued by Secretary Chase.
All the bank notes Su the country (except
those of Maryland) will not buy a ticket from
Baltimore to Washington. H. W,
OUR ST. LOUIS LETTER.
Will Hindman A drancc ?->Sutc ot the
Guerilla*—Anticipated Kctro Trou
torial Scheme*—Jeff. Thompson—
Excitement In St. Loafs, Etc.
[Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribnne.]
St. Loins. Dec. 29,1862.
Hindman's failure to invade Missouri has
sadly disappointed the rebels in the interior,
who were ready to lomi guerilla bands and
again overrun the State whenever there was
the slightest prospect that the rebel authority
would be wielded over any respectable nnm-‘
ber of counties. Gnerillas arc few and far
between at this time. They arc confined al
most exclusively to a few counties along the
southern border, and their exploits consist In
stealing horses. The government trains run
ning between Holla and Springfield are so
strongly guarded now that the guerillas dare
not attack them. It is to be hoped that the
proper officers will not be lulled into false
notions of security, and conclnde that os no
trains have been attacked none will be, for as
sure as the guards are withdrawn from the
trains j just so surely wlllthey be attacked and
burned. A few horse thieves arc prowling
about the country in .North Missouri, taking
horses wherever they can find them, regard
less of the sentiments of the owners. They
sometimes give receipts in the name of the
Southern Confederacy, but generally appro
priate all the animals within their reach
without any explanation, save that the horses
wanted for the Southern army. General
Merrill has a squad of men in several direc
tions oil the lookout for these villains, and
they will be tried by drum-headcoart martiol,
and instantly shot if convicted.
All the talk about negro insurrections in
the interior of this State Is gammon. Last
week a number of pro-slavery men hatched
np a story to the effect that the negroes in
Franklin county were in a highly excited
State, and would probably commence to steal
assassinate and destroy during the holidays*
The story was that several negroes who had
received emancipation papers had been among
the Franklin county slaves and incited them
to rise against their masters. The stoiywas
duly etyboratedon its arrival in this city and
several affidavits made that the white people
were in danger. Upon this state of frets, the
ITallcck Guard, a Btato military company, was
ordered to Frauklln Station, to bo ready Tor
any emergency. They have been there since
Friday morning, and the reports of an intend
ed uprising among the negroes hate thus frr
proved groundless. The only reason why
I rouble amongtbe negroes In Missouri Is to be
leared, proceeds from the attempts of several
evil-disposed persons to kiduap emancipated
negroes and sell them' into bondage. The
negroes who have received snch papers fatly
understand their rights, and would probably
rcfciet by force of aims any effort to kidnap
Tho Legislature meets to-day at Jefferson
City, and tho strength of the Conservatives
and Emancipationists will be quickly decided.
It Is proper to say that tho friends of Emanci
pation believe they have a working majority
lu each house; but many of tho Conservatives
have become so suddenly imbued with Eman
cipation notions that black sheep among the
aroftssed Emancipationists will probably bo
fecovcred. The lending question of tho ses
sion—the abolition of slavery in Missouri—
will excite violent discussion; and it will be a
strange anomaly that a practical abolition
scheme should he discussed by a Legislature
freely elected in the Border Ruffian State of
Missouri—in the same hall where, only two
years ago, schemes to enslave free blacks were
passed, and would have become laws except
for the manly veto of Gov. Stewart. Tho
practical means of ridding Missouri of the
curse of slavery present many complicated
features. The State Constitution must be
consulted In order to prevent any re-enslave
ment of the freed population hereafter. It
seems to be conceded that there must be some
cooperation between the State and Congress, ;
without which no practical measure can suc
ceed. The views of Gov. Gamble on this sub
ject arc looked for with great interest. The
Governor’s friends claim that he is in frvor of
gradual emancipation. Another day will tell
The next leading question for the consider
ation of our State Legislature will be the elec
tion of United States Senators. Three terms
arc to be filled. One short term to fill a va
cancy caused by the expiratioh of the appoint
ment of John S. Henderson, to last until the
4th of March; second, for the unexpired term
of Waldo P. Johnson, which ends in 1867
lately held by Robert Wilson by appointment
from the government; and third, for a full
term from March 4th, 1863, to March 4th,
1869. The chief fight will be for the full term,
and the principal candidates are B. Qratz
Brown and Samuel T. Glover, both of St.
Louis. John B. Hcnderson-ls a candidate for
the unexpired term,- and others have been
mentioned, but there is aa' yet no prominent
candidate, beside Henderson, named for the
position. B. Gratz Brown is before the Legis
lature as a Radical of the most radical stripe.
He was in favor ol the President’s proclama
tion before it was issued, aud has
all along been a consistant emancipa
tionist. Mr. Glover followed the lead
of Frank P. Blair, Jr., aud opposed the Eman
■ cipatiou proclamation; but soon after it was
issued he declared he had been in frvor of it
always. Mr, Glover, like Mr. Brown, is an
able man, but he does not occupy a. strong
position on the proclamation question, and
the country will be thcgaincrif he Is defeated.
Senator Henderson’s position is hot very
clearly defined. He will probably form a com
bination with Glover, which will comxiel
Brown’s friends to oppose his election. *
This city wa£ really in a high stale of ex
citement on Friday morning, inconsequence
of a report extensively circulated and gener
ally believed, even by Union men, .to the ef
fect that the rebels had captured Columbus,
and burned some twenty steamboats lying at
that point. It was a vile secession canard,
and it originated among steamboatmen on the
levee. The story was that the owner of the
Post Boy had received a telegram from Cairo,
stating that the Post Boy, and other steamers,
had been burned by the rebels on Christmas
day. Upon this lie the city was highly ex
cited. Great tmxiety is now felt for the safety
of Jackson, Tenn., as several hundred bales of
cotton belonging to merchants in this city
were seized, while t» transitx, by the com
manding officer at Jackson, to be used to for
tify the position.
The repeated re-appearancc of Jeff. Thomp
son at Pocahontas, Arkansas,- with 6,000 men
is a matter of no importance. Jeff. Thomp
son was played out long ago in the estimation
of Missourians, and it is not likely that he
will remain at the head of 0,000 men very
long. They will desert him as soon as they
find out what an enormous old humbug aud
liar he is.
The McKlnstry trial draws to a close. Gen.
Fremont is on the witness stand to-day, and
Js understood to be McKinstry’s last witness.
TheUudgc Advocate has a few witnesses to
Introduce by way of rebutcr, and the case
will then go to the court. To-day is the sixty
sixth day of the trial. If concluded br New
‘Tears the city .will be disappointed. McKln
atrey has managed his case very adroitly, and
his acquittal Is confidently predicted.
Everybody here is disappointed with the
weather. This Is usually our coolest period;
but to-dwyit is as warm as in April, and the
river, instead of being closed, is rising.
COIi. STOGKX AT HOME.
IThat his Neighbors Think of Him.
[Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.]
Cltntok, De Witt Co., 111., Dec., 23,1832.
On Saturday last a large, enthusiastic meet
ing of the citizens of De Witt county, com
posed of men of all politicatparties, was held
in thls place, to take into consideration the
leglmcnt of anSVffe 1
under his command, at the hands of the Ken
The meeting was addressedbyHon. Leonard
Swctt, and others, und it seemed to be the uni
versal opinion that this fatal Kentucky policy
of conducting the war must cease, or the Ad
ministration must be condemned.
The Democrats carried this county nt the
recent election, but they say that this result
was not because of any uew converts to De
mocracy, but more as a condemnation of the
war policy of the government. Let us have
a new policy. Let the majority-rule. Let the
great Northern States, furnishing the men and
money to prosecute the war, have as much to
do with the conduct and policy of the war, as
halftraitorousKentncky, say the people!
Your readers are familiar with this policy,
with the outrageous treatment of our men.
Wo ask you to publish the resolutions of the
people here, which I send you, and lot me
hope the people everr ’hero in the North will
hold meetings and give expressions to their
opinions so loud that: the President cannot
full to hear them:
uereas, Since the breaking oat of the present
rebellion the people of DcWitt county have ex
tended to the government a warm and earnest aim
port, And 1
Whereas, In response to the recent calls of the
President, six hundred of the best and most
worthy of onr citizens, have abandoned their
homes and their pecuniary Interests, have volun
teered into the service of their country, and asso
ciating themselves with fonrhnndredlikc patriotic
citizens of Platt county, formed the 107 th regiment
of Illinois volunteers. And,
. Wliekeas, Also; said-regimenthaeUlnce enter
ing the “eld of active service in Kentucky, been
the.object of deep and long continued hostility
from Gen. Boyle, Gen. Gilbert, Capt. Baldwin, and
other officers who control the Federal troops In the
neighborhood of Elizabethtown, Ey. And,
. Whereas, Such hostlity hue. as this meet
ing. believes, arisen from no -fault of the with
regiment or its officers; but is wholly doe to their
zeal for the crashing out of the rebellion by every
means known to honorable warfare. And
Whereas. Col. Thomas Snell, late Colonel
of said regiment, has been wantonly and arbitra
rily removed from this command through the in
fluence of said Generals Bovle, Gilbert and others,
without any opportunity of defending himself be
fore a court martial, and against the almost unani
mous wish of his officers aud mien. Therefore
Jtewud, That the President of the United
States, ss-d tfce Governor of lUlcols be requested
to reinstate Colonel Snell in command of the 107 th
regiment. In accordance with the unanimous desire
of the members thereof.
Itfsolud. That fn case the authorities cannot
comply with the foregoing request, Major Joseph
J. Kelly be appointed Colonel of said regiment.
Such appointment also being desired by the mem
bers thereof, in case Colonel Snell cannot be re
instated. . - 1
iftwlKS, That- Hie President ot the United
States be requested to remove from command,
Ben. Imyle, Gen. Gilbert, and all finch other Fed
eral officers In Kentucky, or elsewhere, as liave
outraged the feelings or the loyal people, by ex
hibiting a more tender regard for traitors, and
traitor e property, than the feelings and welfare
of the patriotic soldiers under their command.
liejcired. That Captain O. Y. Baldwin, of the
2d Kentucky Infantry, a member of General
Gilbert’s staff, haring publicly stated that he
would rather turn tbo gmis of the Federal army
against the aboHtionirts of the North than the
rebels of the South, and having recently publisned
a card in the Louisville Jo'irndl nad Chicago Time*
to the same effect, should be immediately dis
missed from the service.
That the President ho requested so to
control the action of the armies of the Union In
Eentcky that Federal officers shall no louder be
permitted to spend their time In gentle dalliance
with pcmi-tnvitore; that the counsel of rebels shall
no longer Ims preferred to that of patriots; and that
seal for the crushing out of this rebellion shall no
longer be regarded br Federal officers as a crime
in those who have abandoned home and periled
life and all they bare in the service of their coun
fietoited. That this meeting request and hereby
appoint (be Bon. Leonard Swell to visit the city of
M aehington and present the proceedings of this
meeting to the War Department, and ask the rein
statement of the Colonel Snell, and otherwise use
hi# Influence to carry ontthe wishes of this meet
jS&olrea, That wc request other counties In this
State, and throughout the country, to hold meet
inland give expression of the people upon the
policy of the war.
“ITlicn She Will, She Will.”
The London Lancet vouches for the truth of
the following statement: Late one evening a
person came in onr office and asked to see the
editor. On being introduced to our sanctum,
he placed a bundle upon the table, from
which he proceeded to extract a very fair and
symmetrical lower extremity, which had evi
dently belonged to a wmaan. “There,’*
said he, “is there anything the matter with
that leg? Did you ever see a handsomer?
. What ought tobe done with the man who cut
it off J” On having the meaning of these in
ten-oratories put before us, we found that it
was the leg or the wife of our evening visitor.
He had been accostomedto admire the lady’s
leg and foot, of the perfection of which she
was. It appears, perfectly conscious. A few
days before, ho. had excited her anger, and
they had quarrelled, violently, upon which
she left the house,-declaring that she would
be revenged on himyand that he should never
see the object of his'admiration again. Tho
next thing he heard that she was a
patient in hospital, her leg
amputated. She had declared to the sur
geons that she suffered intolerable pain in the
knee, and begged to have the limb removed—
a petition that the surgebns complied with,
and thus became the Instrument of her ab
surd and self-torturing revenge upon her hus
band I. ...
Thb To-bb Wits or tub Pbetcb op
Wales.—-The gossips say the Princess Alex
andra charmed everybody who saw her in
England?—the Queen, especially, to whom she
gave “a new lease of existence.” She is
pretty, bnt not proud—accomplished and
amiable. The women arc il dying” of envy
—the men for Iqtq of her#
THE MORGAN RAID INTO
Capture of (lie oist Illinois Regiment
at Elizabethtown—Capture of tho
71st Indiana lleglineiit nt Ittul*
trough’s Hill—Great Destruction of
:sVom the Loolsrille Journal, 29th
alil Morgan raid into our State has be
come more serious and destructive than even
those who Indulged the greatest confidence lu
his skill had anticipated. Our latest informa
tion represents him ot fi o’clock last eve
nlng In possession of the tunnel at Mul
drough’s Hill and the trestle-work in that
vicinity. The Quartermaster of the Tlst In
diana Infantry, which corps had been detach
ed to guard the tunnel and trestle-work, man
aged lo make Ids escape from his command
yesterday morning, and arrived here last eve
ning, bringing Intelligence that may be re
garded os reliable.
The history of the fight nfc’Elizabcthtown on
Saturday, and the surrender of th Dlstliliuois
iufrr.try, Lieut. Col. Smith, commanding, is
pretty generally known. Lieut. Col. Smith’s
men occupied the stockades where the de
mand was made by Morgan for the surrender,
and refusing to lay down their arms, tho reb
els opened upon them with two six-pounders
and two twelve-pound cannon, destroying the
defenses in a short time. Having no artSleir
wherewith to reply, Llent. Col. Smith’s men
fled to the public square, occupying the court
house and adjoining buildings. Thus covered
they made a sharp resistance, hut were over
powered, surrendered and paroled. Lieut.
Col. Smith’s command embraced 500 meu.
The rebels filed no less than forty rounds at
the stockades before they were abandoned by
onr troops. It is said that the surrender was
made by Lieut. Sellbock, without the knowl
edge of the commanding officer, and that sub
sequently a Capt. James fought the rebels
from his position for three hours. In recog
nition of his gallant conduct, John Morgan
permitted Capt. Janies to retainhis side-arms.
The heavy cannonading heard in this vicin
ity on Saturday was at Elizabethtown.
The dearest object of Morgan’s dash into
Kentucky was, no doubt, the destruction of
the immense trestle-work In the vicinity of
Muldrough’s Hill, an improvement that it will
require a great expenditure of time and money
to replace. This object he has fully accom
This important work, it seems, was guard
ed by the 71st Indiana regiment, numbering
in its present condition about 600 meu. They
were supplied with earthworks on the hill in
the vicinity and with stockades at the foot of
the hill. There were also two pices of artil
lery there of small calibre, but, as they had
no supplies of ammunition for them, the guns
Morgan, with’his forces, arrived at the Hill
at an early hour yesterday morning—one ac
count says at 5 o’clock, snd another at 6
o’clock. One company of Federal troops who
were doing picket duty were captured, and
the remainder of the force made a rapid move
ment for their earthworks. At this juncture,
a flag of truce was sent in by the rebels, de
manding an unconditional surrender. This
demand was refused,and Morgan opened upon
them with his cannon. A fight at longrangc,
in which few if any canailles occured, was
kept up until 5 o’clock last evening, when
tbe firing ceased, the Federols surrendering to
the superior rebel force. Thesurrenderforced,
tbe destruction of tho trestle-work was easily
The Colonel of the 71st Indiana who had
been in this city, left by the train at 3 o’clock
yesterday morning to join his regiment, aud
commanded his men during the fight.
Of course the town was morcorTcsa excited
last night at the recital of the various rumors
current. It was said that Morgan had ap
peared with his command at the Rolling Fork
Bridge at an early hour yesterday morning;
that the Federal troops therehad surrendered,
and that the bridge over that stream had been
destroyed; that the rebel advance had made
their appearance at Sbepherdsville, having
given Lebanon Junction the go-by; and that
a fight was imminent at the Sait River Bridge.
All these rumors were untrue.
tl lV3ggcr on the Bralu.”
The above elegant phrase has been lately
applied by a Dr. Robinson of Louisville, a sc
ccsh D. D., sojourning in Canada, to the tal
ented editor of the Toronto Globe. The Doc
tor's chivalrlc blood had been stirred by a se
vere castigation he had received from the Globe
for his impudence in preaching a pro-slavery
sermon in Canada, and could find no better
retort than that the Globe editor had u nigger
on the brain.” Says the Globe:
The word “nigger” is not onrs but Mr.
Robinson’s. With the “gentlemanly in
stincts” which, he says “ characterize his pro
fession in the South,” he tells us that we
have an an attack of “nigger on the brain-”
This Is a phrase employed by the Democratic,
pro-slavery newspapers of New York to de
scribe the class of persons, now fortunately
not small, who regard negro’slavery as a gi
gantic wrong, and arc ready to sacrifice some
thing to destroy it. These journals would
have described Wilbcrforce, Grenville, Sharp,
Clarkson, and Burton as sick unto death with
“ nigger on the brain.” Mr. Robinson seizes
the phraze to hurl it at ns. We are quite sat
isfied that he should do so. We hope we
have had the cause of the negro in our heart
as well as “on the brain.” As to Mr. Rob
inson, he keeps the negro in his breccnes
pocket, and never allo.es them to get any
higher, pc works
'pork With him,buChe never lets him occupy
his brain. That is reserved for defending
“ the principles of the Scottish Reformation,"
calling abolitionists: “atheists,” and finding
evil parallel for every man who does not be
lieve douloi to mean “slave.” We would
rather work for a despised and down-trodden
n;ce, than live on their unrequited labor. The
bread earned by such means would lose its
savour; its leaven does not seem to disagree
with Mr. Robinson's not over nice palate.
“ Nigger on the brafii’.’ may make a man too
fastidious, may cause him to forget what is,
and grasp too eagerly what “ought to be,”
but nigger in the pocket is a soul-degrading
thing, clouding the moral faculties and caus
ing men to forget in their selfish interests
what is just anil true.
Xlic Reign of* Terror in London,
[From the Saturday Review.]
Piccadilly after midnight Is nearly ns un
safe as Hounslow Heath was a hundred years
ago. It might till lately have been thought
to be ouc orthe tendencies of the age to sub
stitute fraud for force in the acquisition of
other persons’ property; hut really London
ocems now to unite within it all the smooth
roguery of civilization, and all the bloody vio
lence of barbarism. A few winters ago, bur
f lanes occurred almost nightly. This winter
as commenced with a series of outrages to
the person so audacious that it is difficult to
believe they can have occurred in tbo most
frequented streets of a vast citv. The notion
of a lonely place being suitable for robbeiy Is
quite exploded. Thehighwaymen hare quit
ted the wild and storm-swept moors where
travellers were few, and the task of robbing
them involved tedious watching and disagree
able exposure to the weather, have betaken
themselves to the centres of population where
victims may befonnd without delay ortrouble,
and the robber may speedily make himself
comfortable under friendly shelter after his
night's work is done. Instead of riding many
miles, he merely runs up a court turning out
of the next street; and even the old-f ishloned
ceremony of “ stand aud deliver!” is omitted
by these modern highwaymen,who first throt
tle yon, knock you down, and kick you, and
then wrench your watch guard, and turn vour
sockets Inside out. There is only one healthy
feature about these atrocities, which is, that
the ruffians who perpetrate them are greatly
afraid of the police who are unusually active.
This being so, Instead of lamenting that our
moral sewerage no longer finds a free outfall
into the.colonies, or arguing about the limits
, of punishment and the possibility of reforma
tion, suppose we were to try what can be done
to make the streets of London safer, by plac
ing in them rather a larger garrison. The po
lice know, or can know, most of the lawless
characters of the metropolis. If they sec
them lurking about the streets suspiciously,
they can move them on; If they suspect that
they arc lying in wait to make a sally from
some dark court, they can beat up their quar
ters and disperse •them. The infliction of
some prompt and sharp punishment would
also have an excellent effect; and If humanltv
would permit, we would like to sec a little
. flogging tried as well as a few more police
A Xjittlc Heavy,
C , a good soul,after taking all the little
comforts he could afford to giro to the wound
ed soldiers, went Into the hospital for the for
tieth time, the other day, with his mite, con
sisting of several papers of fine-ent chewing
tobacco—solace for the wonnded, as he called
it. He came to one bed, where a poor fellow
lay cheerfully humming a tune, and studying
out faces on the papered wall.
’ 4l Got a fever ?*’ asked O—.
44 Jso,” answered the soldier.
44 Got a cold?”
“Yes—cold lead—like the d—11”
44 Well, to tell you the truth, its pretty well
scattered. First, there’s a bullet fn mv right
arm; they liain’t dug that ont vet. ‘Then,
there’s one near my thigh—it’s 'sticking In
yet; one in my leg—hit the bone; that fellow
hurts; one through my left band—that fell
out. And I tell you what, friend, with all
this lead in me, I feel, gmcrally speaking, a
little heavy all over.” b
C lightened his woes with a double
quantity of solace.
The Post Office Order BUI.
The House of Representatives has passed
this bill, as it did last winter; bnt it has re
ceived no action In the Senate. It would be a
pity to have it lost; for something of the
kind is greatly needed.
The public have no correct idea of the vast
number of money letters which passthrough
the mails; and although the losses are but
few, they are enough to justify the change
proposed, which womdbe a perfect preventive
ogainst theft or fraud,.
A party desiring to send any sum of money
to a correspondent would procure a post
office order, which would bo good for the
amonnt named at the office designated—pay
able to a party described upon ms endorsing
the order. The process is simple, and when
it shall go Into operation the public will won-:
dor that it has been so long delayed.
A Bedel Internal* Machine.—A member
of tbe 83d. fegiment, now .in 'this city,
has shown us a portion of a cartridge taken
from a rebel prisoner, consisting of three
cones, passing one within the other, some
thing as one thimble would be placed in an
other. In a crease around these was found a
white poWder, connected by means of a thread
acting as a “slow, match” to the powderof
the cartridge. This was so arranged bo as to
explode in a' certain time after leaving the
musket from which it .might bo fired, thus
making tbe load* consist of' three projectiles
instead, of-one- If an explosion should take
place-while.the'bullet was In the body of a
person struck by it, it would make a terrible
wound. The weapon used by the prisoner
from which these cartridges were taken, was
an Austrian musket, with a large bore. —ifoj.
(on rratrifcr, Dec, &
pOR THE HOLIDAYS.
COLLARS AND EMBROIDERIES
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
RICH REAL LACES,
ELEGANT PARIS CLOAKS,
SUPERB DRESS GOODS,
NEW FURNISHING GOODS,
RndsnuutlmUed varltty of Roods for Holiday Gifts
just received by *
W. M. ROSS & CO.,
167 <Sb IS SLAKE ST.
, G . L. FAXON.
OLD FEATHERS RENOVATED.
Tfc« subscriber Is now prepared to renovate Old
Fpatber Beds, Pillows, Bolsters. &c. Also to
Eepalr and Mate Oret
And do all tlnda of job work In tbc boddiaff line, la
tbe best manner, at shortest notice, at Ms
Bedding “Ware Rooms, 70
Of Erery Description, nt the lowest Prices
Mattresses, Feather Beds, Bolsters, PiDoirs,
Comforters, Blankets, Sheets,
Pillow Slips, he.,
Always on band or made to order.
Particular Attention Paid to
The public are invited to call and examine
my work, particularly the
PORTABLE SPRING MATTRASS,
The Best Bed Ever Used.
Steam Cured Feathers,
Superior to All Others,
Perfectly free from had odor of the Qolll.
Raving a thorough knowledge of the business
and baring always a mil assortment
in all Its branches, prepared at all
times to manufacture to order, ta
quantity and finality second to no bouse
In the city, bebopcs to continue to receive,
as heretofore, a liberal share of patronage.
E. G. L FAXON,
70 Lake Street 70
I*. O. Box 2010.
Now opening for FALL TRADE.
The Usual Variety of Hew Styles,
Window Shades, Fixtures &c.
E. G.' Lo FAXON,
Old Stand, 70 Lake St.
]\JE PLUS ULTRA
The Bcßrnnic's Patent Skate.
No. Straps. No Clasps. No Palo. They are used b»
all professional Skaters is the country. Al-o, 3
CENTRAL PARK FAVORITE.
English Ladles*. Novelty Ladles*. Parlor Skates ic
Jut received and for sale by
JOHNS. IDESON* CO..
de23-y44OTm 111 Randolph street, KJngsbnry block.
AT CALE BROTHERS,
202 BAKBOIiBH STREET.
DIXON'S CARBURET OP IRON
Is the best article ever produced for tho purpose
Manufactured only by
JOSEPH BISON & CO., Jersey Clty,K. j.
And for sale by their Wholesale Agents.
JESUP, KENNEDY, & CO,,
13 Sooth South Wells street. Chicago.
CWDlxon's Black Lead Crucibles for sale by the
cask or number, ocrt vCJWm
'J' O WE L _L_ BORERS
Proposals will be received by the
City Council of tie City of Bloomington, 111.,
Until the 13th day of January, 1563,
For boring to the depth of eight hundred feet, more
or less, to ascertain whether there is a workable
VEIN OF COAL
In the vicinity of the city. Address
decJO-ygtvtd Ofthe cltyof Bloomington.Pl.
A TTENTIOX, TEACHERS !-0n
-CjL receipt ofthlrty cents we will scad you by mall
A BRIUTIFUL ENGBATING,
eighteen by twenty-two Inches In sfre. together with
Instruction# that wm tarnish yon a pleasant and remit'
serative employment daring the winter, and open tin a
way to future business, Theboslness Is one which will
be of service to you proieaslonally, by wtHn g you
known and patting you in the way of *
Obtaining Much Valuable Information,
We wish to deal principally with Teachers. Address
Kellogg. SMHB& co.. Post office box wit. Chi
cago, micok. degj-yag-la.frjp
aM. MOWBRAY & CO.,
*> (Rear office 1« Broadway, New Tork.)
Manufacture at Titusville. Crawford County. Penn
sylvania. only the ben quality of
BEFINBD PE TBOIIDH,
BENZENE OB NAPTHA,
TAB for Axle Grease, Railroad use, &c,
Trans no rtatlon from Tlragrille to the West as cheap
as from Pittsburgh. Orders received at the Reflnertea
orNcw York. degQ-yW6-2w-5-yAT
T B. SEELEY’S TRUSS ESTAB
126 Clark Street, Chicago,Hl.
Sole proprietor and mtnntactnrcr of the Hard Robbs
Ttdh. TWi Trust* win core Rapture, will nercr nut
chafe, gall or blister, free# the cord from a» prepare
-to always clean aad goods* new. Mamdfefarer and
dealcrto Shoulder Braces. Abdominal Supporter# silk
Elastic: Stockings, (fcc., Ac. Send for Pamphlets. *
Dr. Wilcox*# Patent Artificial Letr.nunoiactarcd hr
C, Stafford. 126 Clark street. Chicago. Hi haaroanr
important advantage# over any other limb known. Is
warranted to jive perfect satisfaction. Send for
JpOUNDRY FOR SALE AT
Port Stanley, Canada West.
Comprising extensive Machine Shops, Moulding-room
and everything necessary for carrying on a flourishing
•balslnec# In tile mamtfremre, chiefly of Agricultural
Implements, for which thcsunoundlnzcountry afford#
a ready and profitable sale. Tbe premise#, machinery,
depart in the beat of order, and will be sold on very
For farther particulars apply to
London. Canada West.
T AKE SUPERIOR PIG IRON.
-L-i TheNortbern Iron Company of Lake Superior
keep ou band at its Dock, in Chicago, a supply of Char
coal Iron. direct from Ua Blast Fnrnance.and of all
grades, to which tho attention of those wanting the
beat quality of Lake Superior Metalts Invited. office
frWellsstrcet. . ~ __
JESUP, KkXSEDY & CO„ Agent#
TOWA LANDS FOR SALE
-1 CHEAP FOR CASH.—These lands are located la
different counties in lowa, and are now offered, some
at from thirty to fifty cents per acre, and some at from
n»to 13X0 per acre, cash. No deduction made
on these prices. Titles perfect, abstract, Ac., to show.
Agents need not apply.. Address with hill name, sta
tist where an Interne w may be had. Bo* sifi. Chicago,
1 000 DOMESTIC SE
-L tJ\Jm vV/v GARS for sale at low prices, by
QRAEFF & BRO„ Commission Merchants. Rooms,
209 South 'Water street, d£9-jfi&lw
Jg LAEE STREET.
Will find In oar store a large stock of
Tubs, Hood?, KuMis tad Stating Caps,
SKIRTS AND CORSETS,
Hosiery and Gloves, PQttoni.DreM Trimming*. Dralda
Kniflingi, Velvet Itibbons. &c.. lucludiaga
a complete aaaotttueut
Oar stock ts inviting. and buyers trill And oar flgarcs
TEUT CLOSE for NfcT CASH,
CRAVES & IRVINE, 73 Lake Street,
16 & 18 STATE STREET.
G. C. COOK & CO.,
Ca*b buyers are Invited to examine
1000 BALMORAL SKIRTS
Ol the test styles In market
JXJSX OPENING A.T
STRYKER & CO.’s,
141 Lake Street.
Of oar own mannlactare. comprising the newstrleaof
Plush and For Beavers. J
COO Wool Blankets
Of the best manafactare and at loir prices.
100 Dozen Wool Hoods, Sontags,
NUBIAS. SCARFS AND COMFORTERS.
AU seasonable goods.
S IE3I A W Xj S .
A large assortment now opening of all kinds and
tfre*. We are now receiving a verv large slock of
CLuTUS. consisting of every description.
OTEK-COATKGS, HASH, FEE A3TO SPAS
CLED BEAVES CLOTHS,
Cloaking Cloths and material la great variety.
Gloves and Hosiery, of every kinds,
HOOP SKIRTS AX ALL PRICES,
Ladles and Gents Under Garments, a fine assortment.
Embroideries. Lace Setts. Cambric Setts, Point Lace.
Cobars. ■Valenclenneft.LaceColUr*. Alexander
Kid*. Prints. Sbcetlnua and Table linens.
All of tv Web we are now offering at as low prices as
can be found elsewhere. Call and examinebcforc mak
STBYKEB & CO.,
141 USE STREET.
STVIS6, BRIGGS & G»„
75 South Water street, Chicago,
Offer for sale AT THE VERT LOWEST PRICES to
CLOSE BITTERS AND PROMPT MEN.
Tv well selected stock of
WOODEN WARE, and all articles usually Included la
We bare bought most of onr rood* for cash, and be
lieve (liat wo can make ft to the Interest of all purchas
ing In ttds market to call and examine onr stoec before
, buying. JSwnftj. BRIGGS A CO..
Win. L. Erring, SL LooioXa. * ** *
Clinton Brices, )
Thomas Heermans, J Chicago. myl3-r331-ly
OUT LER’p GOODS,
And the most extensive and attractive Stock of
Staple and Fancy Dry Goods
AT TTIIOtESALE Df CHICAGO.
ty Orders accompanied with money or referenep«
secure onr best attention J ur reicreQCC9 *
IMPORTERS AM) JOBBERS.
ecfl-aJMm 7j, 71 and 7G Lake street. Chicago.
PHYSICIAN’S VISITING LISTS,
Fine variety for sale at
IW Lake street
fo’SJ'aT U "
HO Lake street
from all the most popular makers, and every Pea
. .r _an--, n Blank Books and Stationery.
deIAyUSSm lw Lake street.
WYiJIT & POWERS,
r r DEALERS IS
MEN’S FURNISHING GOODS,
8 Trcmont Block, Dearborn Sh,
Dave Jnst received a 101 l stock of every variety of
-Fall and Winter Goods.
Job lot or GLOVES, very cheat*.
GOLDEN HILL SHIRTS.
AND SHIETS MADE TO ORDER AXD WAR
. RANTED TO FIT.
Collar** Tic** UndcralilrtK, Drawers*
* n Ho*e, Umbrellas, dec.
JJAWSOR & BARTLETT,
Manacictarers and Wholesale Dealers in
BOOTS AND SHOES,
30 Lake Street, Chicago, 111.
We -would respectfully call the attention of Cltr and
Country Merchant* to our extensive stock of Boots and
Shoes which we hate now In store and are dally re*
celytag from oar Factors’ In West Bovbton. Ms*,
which consists of a full assortment of tnewe Celebra
ted Custom-Made Patna Kip and Calf, and Grata Water-
Proof Boots; together with a ftill stock of all stylet of
FALL AND WINTER GOODS,
Of the best quality and mann&ctnres. which we are
prepared fo sell for CASK and prompt paying trade at
Boston and New York Jobbing prices. '
WILL. S. HAYS’
Last and Best Song, entitled
“ The Drummer Boy of Shiloh,”
r , „ 5t Clark street, Chicago,
tc - Price SO cents. Cottles sent bymall. seasniu-inx
The beat assortment la Chicago can be found at 5t
Clark street, uhtdib tile Snxsxas nouns,
TT. Iff. TTIRLOW A D. P. FAULDS,
JgROOM CORN EXCHANGE,
We Inylte consignments of
Hare AMPLE STORAGE, make advances, and offer
By giving onr patrons the benefit of prices paid by
consumers In the EAST AND CANADA. AH Inquiries
RAPPLETBR. * SHELDON,
Comlsdon Merchants. 548 South Water street.
r pHE MAGIC .TIME OBSERVER
JL being a Hunting and Open Eace. or Lady’s or
Gentleman’s Watch combined. One of the prettiest,
moat convenient and decidedly the
The Best and Cheapest Timepiece
fcr general and retiablenw. ever offered. It has within
It unconnected with its machinery, its own win dine
attachment, renderingakey entirely unnecessary The
cases of this Watch are composed of two metis the
outer one being fine 16 caret gold It has the improved
ruby action lever movement. v
And is Warranted aa icmrale TloepleM.
SJf®. ropcrblT ensured, per c.»e of «loaf • iota.
<304.00. Sample Watches, In nest morocco boxes, far
those proposing to buy at wholesale. *3S. sent by ex
press. with bill payable on delivery, soldiers moat m
mil payment Is advance, as we cannot collect from
those in the army. Address HUBBARD UHOa..sola
Importers, southwest corner of NOuauand John srs.
New York. dett-ySHw
HARRAL, RESLEY & KITCHEN,
Sherman House Drug Store,
Offer £br sale the largest and choicest assortment of
DOHEUZIAN AND PARIAN
IK THE cm*.
ItnOleN* Silver PortcmoniuUa,
lAtdlc'N* PiirHCH, Arith chain*,
OderCascs, Jewel Cases,
Shopping Ragn, Parian Figures,
Parian Vases, Watch Stands,
Card C«*cr, Cigar C**cs,
Card Baskets, Mantle OrnsuaontM,
pocket Knlvct, Shell Combs,
Fine Hair Brushes, In Ivory and Horny
&c«, dec., dee.
Together with aa extensive assortment of other Goods,
SUITABLE FOB HOLIDAY PRESENTS.
UNREAL. RIStHT * KITCHEN. ■
W3C. TODP. Agent. dc3l»y<7P-^t
yyORK BOXES, all kinds.
FOR CHRISTMAS PRESENTS,
At PEUGEOT'S, 108 Lahe-st.
BOXES, splendid Tandy,
FOB CHBIST3TAS PRESENTS,
At PEUGEOT’S, 108 Loke-st»
'J'OYS Df TIK, RUBBER, & c „
FOR CHRISTMAS PRESENTS,
At PEUGEOT’S, 108 Lakc-st.
QPERA GLASSES,from $3 to 425,
FOB cmtISTMAS PRESENTS,
At PjEUgECVrS, XQB T^ibc-st.
f ''HILDREX’S TEA SETTS, vari
For Christmas Presents,
AT PEFCEOPS, 108 LAKE STREKT.
JQRKSSIN’G CASES—English and
For Christmas Presents,
AT PEICECrS, 108 LAKE STREET.
For Christmas Presents,
AT PEUGEOT’S, 108 LAKE STREET*
JpARLOR GAMES—AII kinds.
For Christmas Presents,
AT PErcEOT’S, 103 LIKE STBiaT.
J-*JL finest In tic city.
FOB HOLIDAY PRESENTS,
At PEBGEOTS ...108 Lake street.
I~^OLLS —Every conceivable kind,
FOR HOLIDAY PRESENTS,
At rErc KPT'S 103 Lite street
NOVELTIES OF THE DAY,
For Christmas Presents,
OCg7-T665-5m IDS LAKE STREET.
Yg LAKE STREET.
Zephyr Skating Caps!!
All at Greatly Reduced Prices
FOR TH H!
H Ob ISAYS’
GRAVES & IR VENTS,
deisyns 73 Late street
w OOIEIT HOSIERY,'
ladies' and Misses’ Balmoral Hose,
snra BID AID BLACK TABUS.
HAND KNIT WORSTED goods;
Mca's Half Hose. Bonta». Knbto. Mittens. Sleeres
Leggings, &c. ''
EAITD-KKIT SCAEPS, (our own importation,
JtEVS HALF HOSE.
New Commenced Slippers.
All at the lowest caslt prices.
StXXOX i ItCUKITT,
41 Laafllle street.
Importers and Wholesale Dealers la
TOTS AM) FANCY GOODS,
138 L&K&ST., CHICAGO, tt.t.,
Stock now to and very complete for the
FALL AMD HOLIDAY TRADE
iU • t which tot ot mi own IMPORTATXOS. ml wl»
.be Bold low to
Cash and Short Time Buyers.
The attention ot
Sutlers and Yankee Notion Dealers
Is respectfully solicited.
Ko. 138 lake street, ietreen Clark and
FIELD, BENEDICT & CO.,
34 & 3G Lake street.
Have now la store tho largest stockot
coins, CASSIMERES, VESTWSS,
Sheep’s Greys, Beavers, Pilots.
And all other coods for SfEN*S WEAR, ever exhibited
to thfi* market. MRBciujrrs arc invited to ex.
amine our stock of goods of all kinds for
Bine Cloths, Blue Flannels,
apTrioi-iy Bl ° g Ca »»«°»ere.. -
190 & 201 Randolph St, Chicago,,
TIN PLATE, SHEET IRO.\',&C., AC.
AGENTS FOB *
Howe’s Improved Scales.
TO BUYERS OP
liDHS UD GESILEMEPS FCES, KOBHS,
&C-, &0., «fco
xS? receiving onr third large stock of FAU,
AND WINTER mu^lSttAsWch W 1 our stock:
the largest and the best -——>*< in the West, all ok
«ig wmK|aSd“ tZSiTuAS mssestStS-
We invite tSfcnlar attention toon* stock of XX
TRA HEAVY lICCKGUOVKSiMITTS and GAUNT
1000 dozen NCTHTA rep other WARM WINTB&
CAPS.for MEN and
Will alwar* receive prompt and careful attention.
WEBER, WILLIAMS & YALE,
noas-sMt-Sn 25 Lake street, Chicago.
■\TOTICE. —Madam Andrews, In.
J.l dependent Clairvoyant tom. Boston. Murcia
be esnsofted at 250 Madison street.between Wells ami
Market. Clairvoyant examinations, |L She also tclL
the |Mst. present and future. Terms—so cents. Roars
fromfl A.toVP.M. oeKTSSSKhw.
■REMINGTON’S ARMY AND
X\» NAVY REVOLVER
has been approved by the U. S. Board of Ordnance and
is now largely used In the service. Circulars. wlUt
prices, furnished on application. Address
delQ-jlHa uiou,N«T Xctk-
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