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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, January 03, 1863, Image 2

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SATURDAY, JANUARY 3, 1863.
APPEAI FOR UNION.
We appeal to men of property and men
Of industry and the men of peace. The
policy of the Government is fully declared.
Its last great weapon has been taken in
hand. The power of the rebellion, and the
.power of the constituted authorities of the
Republic stand face to face.’ Now for the
grapple. It will end either in the infinite
humiliation and disgrace of the North,
the virtual subjugation of .the Free States,
and the overthrow of popular liberty as
founded on that corner-stone of all true
Democracy, “man is superior to his acci
dents;” or-in the quick destruction of
all opposing forces,’ the complete
re-establishment of the national authority
in all the revolted districts,the second asser
tion of the justice and necessity of the Demo
cratic principle, and the deliverance of the
country horn the sin and shame of buying
and.sdling men. We must have one of the
two results—a country all slave or a coun
try with no slave.
Men of property t which shall we, which
do you, accept? -It may be yours to de
termine. A large class of politicians in the
North will make the Proclamation the ex
cuse and justification for the attempt to
foment divisions, to hinder and embarrass
our armies, to create popular disturbances,
to insult and defy the Government,
and transfer that war which has ruined
and desolated the South, to our own
doors. They will appeal to your passions
and to yonr antipathies. They will set to
work all the enginery by which you may
he shaken, and their object accomplished.
For the most part they have little to lose?-
hut do you wish a revolution here at
home? Are your possessions of so little
Value that you can afford to offer them on
the altar of slavery, that the business of
man-selling and woman-whipping may go
on? Men ofindustry,areyou willing to lay
down the implements that you wield and
take the sword to complete the destruction
ofwhattheFatherabnilt? Men of peace, are
you ready to embark in the business of
cutting your neighbors’ throats, solely that
a few factious and disloyal men in the
North and their allies of the South may
win a triumph that will make Liberty
weep ? Discourage, then, we entreat you,
all suggestions of revolutionary violence
here —all opposition to the .Government in
its lawful endeavors. The President has
made no mistake. He has violated no law.
No man is shameless enough to say that
he intends usurpation of any popular right,
or encroachment upon • any liberty
that any loyal citizen enjoys. .The men
who so pretend, know that they lie. As
you value all those things for which men
labor—property, security, peace, liberty—
We exhort ypu to yield nothing to what
treason will urge, to abate nothing from
What good citizenship demands. The times
are perilous. A word may act as a spark
in which the property of all may be con
sumed, by which industry may be dried
tip at its fountain, and by which peace, ex
cept at the end of scenes that make human
ity shudder, will be prayed for in vain.
IFe labor for no such consummation. See
to it that yon do not I
STOP LYING!
The Proclamation will open -wider still
the floodgates of calumny and falsehood;
and the lies by Tvludxllr. Lincoln has been
assailed are as nothing compared-with those
that are yet to come. "We squelch one to
day, as it is the most dangerous and wan-
ton that hasyetappeared. It is that which
asserts that the President, in his civil
Capacity, has decreed emancipation of the
Slaves of rebels, and is guilty of gross usur
pation of power,—that he hasnotonly vio
lated the Constitution, but assumed the pre
rogatives of a King. It is a lie, because,
Ist. The President, in freeing the slaves
Df rebels, does nofact in a civil capacity at
at ail; hut as Commander-in-Chief of the
finny and Kavy; and, because,
_ 2d. As such, he is dollied with discre
tionary power to suppress insurrection, the
exercise of which he cannot neglect with
out a violation of his oath.
3d. Kb provision of the Constitution is
violated, whatever he may decree for rebels
in anus against the Government Hcmight
in his dealings with them outrage human-'
ity, set the usages of civilized nations at
flefiance, and bring upon himself and upon
the country the execrations of ail the world;
hut violate the Constitution he could not,
nnless he trampled upon the rights of loyal
Jhcn. The rebels in arms, are as alien en
emies, and if it be admitted that he might,
as Cfimmander-in-Chief, liberate the
Slaves of an invading army—
Bay a Spanish army that had landed upon
Cur shores and was captured, it must be
admitted that he can manumit, the slaves of
a rebel army and the slaves of all those
Who give that army their support in its
tear against the Republic.
4th. Rebels have no constitutional rights
lo be violated. They spit upon and tread
Under their feet all the provisions of tho
Constitution; they refuse the performance
ol the duties which it implies; and they
flisowh and repudiate with infinite scorn
Bnd loathing its guaranties. Hence it is
Clear that they cannot claim its protection.
sth. If, as a warmeasure and in the ex
ercise of the discretionaiy power conferred
upon the President as the head of the army,
lie cannot dispossess the enemy of his slaves,
Who, in the eyes of the local law, are prop
er!, he cannot seize or order the, seizure-of
a rebel bone•\riioße’ been slain in
Rattle. If lie cannot, as a war measure,
Seize upon what personal eflects a rebel
possesses, in the exercise of lus sworn duty
lo overcome the enemies of the Constitu
tion, he surely cannot order his soldiers to
lake a rebel’s life. As life is infinitely more
Bacrcd than property, the admission of the
light to take the former is a confession of
the stronger and more indisputable right to
Use as the demands of war may dictate, the
latter. Yet who contends that a rebel as
sailant of our army may not be lawfully
Shot? . J
6th. The President has never asserted,
has never claimed, has never intimated,
has never dreamed, even, that, as a civil
magistrate—a coequal branch of the civil
government—he has the right to loose a
slave bound by the local law. Ko one of
his friends, here or elsewhere, have ever
Bet np such a claim ; and were it anywhere
lo be urged they would unanimously resist
it. Their ground is, and'it is unquestion
ably tenable, that as Commander-in-Chief,
he has the same right to laydown rules
and regulations which shall govern all
the armies in the held, and their relation
to the enemy, as either Gen. Grant or Gen.
Bankshasforthe particular army that he
may command. That right is .indisputa
ble. It is In the Constitution. It is inhe
rent in his high office. It is a ne
cessity of' government, and ' must
he acknowledged. All men must
admit it. Tef when admitted, it
floes not leave the enemies of the President
a peg upon, which to stand. "Who would
arraign Banka as a violator of the Consti
__ ebould be use and free Beauregard’s
Jolt r i”? servants who might
Mmto Ids hands? The President pro
poses to do no more. ,
. Butwe need.not go on. The question
is so plam that none who are not wilfollv
ignorant or wilfully .treasonable can
pretend to misunderstand it Hence
vhen we see a journal confound-
Sng.tlic discretionaiy war power of the
Resident as Commander-in-Chief, with his
! functions as civil magistrate;
what isa right as clear as
—a, right wielded by an
imui as that sun shines upon, and
lor o purpose that commends itself to the.
justice and common sense of mankind
arc know that treason just as hold as it dare
be, is at the bottom of thecomplamt, and
lhat those who fed its; animus "wait only
tm opportunity to make common, cause
With the enemies by whom the' best of men
find justcsl of Gorcinmeala arc assailed. '
PEACE PROPOSITIONS.
James I?rooks—better known as “secesh
Brooks/’ editor of the New York Express
—toiy organ—made a disloyal speech be
fore the “New York Young . Men’s
Democratic Union Association,” on Tues
day, and there introduced the following
“Peace Propositions”;
‘ h,! sta ‘ e <*'Ndw Jersey, throneh
?n*l „?‘2lF 1 J' e,, 2“ , 2 ic respectfully requested
in order to arrest the cutting civil
‘ *• By inviting the non-Blaveholdinc States ami
inute zssssss&sr'ss'! 1 ,o mcct
E*Ufijrthtrli€*ctved> That the president
the State Government of New Jersey
Rf« t l^?? re 811 armetico with, or for, such State or
y,cc<!ptthl “ i* Ufor 1 National CoS
igjS®i 'p££S£&S££^SSS.
sSca U ° n f ° 1110 reEtoratlon or 11 Union of these
Tory Brooks selects New Jersey to inau
gurate the movement, because the tories,
he thinks, hare control of her State
government, and are willing to play
into the hands of the rebels. The
first step is to “declare an' artnis.
tice,” and withdraw our. armies and our
blockading fleets. But' suppose the rebel
States should reject the terms of future
union proposed by the loyal States, what
then ? Suppose the rebel States’should
offer propositions ’that the loyal States
could not accept without dishonor
and degradation, what then? Inthemean
time, the Confederates would dispose of
two or three millions of bales of cotton to
Europeans, for four or five hundred mil
lions of dollars, and with the proceeds pur
chase military stores, arms, artillery, cloth
ing and iron-dad gunboats in abundance;
and when they had well rested and recupe
rated from the fatigues and losses of the
war, they would turn round and demand
terms impossible to concede, snap their fin
gers at us, and tell the Government to do its
worst. "When the war would be renewed,
our people would be hopelessly divided
into hostile factions, one Ctetion resisting
any further prolongation of the war. The
army by that time would be scattered and
utterly demoralized, and the Treasury De
partment tumbling into bankruptcy. The
triumph of the rebels would be sure. No,
there must be no armistice until the Gov
ernment signifies its inability to put down
the rebellion. Asking for one is a palpable
confession of defeat, and the whole'
world would so construe it Whenever
on armistice is declared the Union is
lost and the North is whipped. If the
broken Union should even afterwards be
“reconstructed” it would be on terms of
submission to the imperious rule of the
oligarchy, and by the adoption of the
Southern slave code as the ■ fundamental
law of the country.
All this the lory Brooks well under
stands and desires to bring about. During
the last political canvass the burden of his
cry was “ the Constitution as it is, and the
Union as it was.” But as soon as. the elec
tion is over he throws off the mask and
drops his catchwords and boldly advo
cates throwing away “the Constitution as
it is” and the adoption of a new one such
as traitors in arms would dictate or ac
cept The proper course to pursue towards
such treasonable villains as Brooks, would
be, to send them under a flag of truce to
their secesh affinities. They have no right
or business' on this side of the line while
tire war lasts.
BOfLE AND SNELL,
We hope and arc inclined to believe that
there is some mistake in relation to the
position of Gen. Bojle of Kentucky on
the slavery question; and that his alleged
share in the persecution of Col. Snell of
this State, has been misapprehended or er
roneously stated. Gen. Boyle has for
many years .been an earnest and active
Emancipationist, a zealous co-worker with
Cassuis 31. Clay, and one of the most liber
al Kentuckians that we have ever met
Buring the agitation in his State', which
preceded the defeat of the secession move
ment, he labored with extraordinary zeal
and industry to make the machinations of
the traitors ineffectual, and at great per
sonal hazard and at the cost of great per
sonal sacrifices threw himself headlong
into the bitter fight. When he was named
by the President to lead a Kentucky regi
ment, there was but one opinion among all
his acquaintances as to his fitness for the
command, whether judged by his animal
courage or moral and intellectual qualifica
tions. It seems to us hardly possible, that,
during the progress of the war, a witness
as he has been of the atrocities of which
secession is the parent, and of the undis
guised purposes of the slave power, he has
become a believer in the necessity or ex
pediency of the doctrine that the major
part of the Kentucky officers have enforced.
But the vagaries of the human intellect
when it comes in contact with the dogmas
of man-selling, especially when there is a
stimulus of pecuniary interest present, are
unaccountable; and as Gen. Boyle is yet a
slave holder, we cannot be quite sure that
he has not lallen into that slough in which
a committee of our citizens say they found
him. But we hope to hear better things.
For Colonel Snell we have warm sym
pahty, tempered, however, by a recollec
tion of his complete subserviency, down to
a very recent date, to the power against
which he went forth to fight men the
war bcgan_ ho. and.Gon—Boylo .-•wore nn- I
■ swords points. Wc know
that the Colonel has seen the errors of his
former creed, and that he is anxious to
make amends for the mischief to which he
has aforetime consented; hut we hope that,
while he has been attaining a new and
higher position, Gen. Boyle has not gone
down to-the point whence the Colonel set
out and that they are to-day as far apart
as when the firstgun was fired. TVe Shall
see more in relation to this, by and by.
Xh
ic First Siege of Ttchslrarg.
The fleets of Admiral Farragut and Com*
modore Porter, supported by the land forces
of Gen. Banks and Gen. Sherman, are note
engaged in the second siege" of Vicksburg.
This crcnt naturally calls to mind the nnsne
cesefhl attempt to capture It last summer, of
■which the following is a succinct account:.
Tire first Beige of Vicksburg was commenced
hy Commodore Farragnt’s fleet from the
south, and Commodore Darts’ from the north,
early in June last. The fleet of Commodore
Porter soon after arrived at the scene of ac
tion, and the bombardment became general,
and was continued with little cessation, np to
the fourth of July.
A large number of contrabands and others
werc-nt this time employed to cut a channel
across the bend of the river in the rear of the
city, but it was not completed nntil the river
had fallen so low as to be unavailable, and
which has also continued to this time, al
though It is anticipated that the first rise in
the river will leave Vicksburg an inland city.
Dp to July 4th It was estimated thatonr
gunboats had thrown over 82,000 shot and
shell Into the city. The city was bnt little
damaged,' and deserted by all excepting the
rebel troops. The damage to our gunboats
had been slight, and the Beige was renewed
with greater vigor and continued np to the
17th, when the rebel ram Arkansas, which had
been blockaded in the Tazoo river, came down
and seriously damaged several of onr boats,
while others were crippled in an attempt
to capture her. Some weeks afterwards,
when the rebels under Breckinridge attacked
Baton Bonge, the ram Arkansas took part in
the siege, and was so roughly handled by onr
gunboats that she was abandoned and blown
up by the rebels. On the Sfth of July the
s ego or Vlckaimrg was abandoned, the river
. . 6 taheu bo as to make it Impracticable
SXut I ° n / er ‘u continue in the action.
approach it. This they arc now dMno.
The failure of tho first sicMWi®’
qncnce of the want of a co-operating
forest Had a body 0f,55,000 mcnb^
patched by Gen. attack the city
from the land Bide, it would have been cap.
tnrccL It is to be sincerely hoped that the
present effort Is an earnest one, and that Hal
leek’s benumbing fingers \rtll be kept out of
1L .The importance of the destruction of the
city cannot be overestimated. It Isthc point
of crossing for the railroads Crgm Texas an^[
Louisiana to Alabama and the East, from
which much of the rebel supplies arc received.
With its Jail the Mississippi Trill be re-opened,
to commerce, which, of coarse, is one great*
-end to be attained,'and another is to ciit off
three, rebel States from ail-military inter-,
course with the rest ofAeccssla.’
Tile Xlirci- Hundred Million
Scheme.
Editors Chicago Tribune:
Permit a novice t5 ask a few questions In
relation to your article upon the above cap
tiou in your issue of this morning:
Will or will not the United States govern
ment have to borrow nine hundred millions
of dollars more, to prosecute the war to a
successful Issue y and will not the debt of the
government have to be represented by some
kind of paperevidencc of its existence f Sup
f>ose you issue the whole nine hundred mfi
lon in six per cent, bonds, to run twenty
years, and throw - them k upon the
market, ns fast as the . national wants
may require, is it probable that
said bonds would be any nearer the 'specie
standard than legal tender Treasury notes
always convertible In sums of SSO and up
wards, into o.per cent bonds ? Agn!n t how
can a currency, at all times convertible into a
0 per cent stock, the interest upon which is
paid semi-annually In coin, depredate to forty
cents upon the dollar, when the average rate
of interest In the money markets ofthe world
is below six per cent? In London 8, and in
Hamburgh Ito 2 per cent. I can well nn
derstancfwhy an Irredeemable bank note cir
culation may depreciate to 30,80 or 10 per
cent upon the nominal value, but how a cur
rency based upon the whole tax paying power
of the loyal States, and ultimately of the
whole Union, soon to be forty States at least,
can be dossed with soch issues, is to me a fal
lacy too gross to impose upon an intelligent
public.
Money can now be borrowed r in Chicago,
and I presume in other cities o'f the North
west, for about 8 per cent, per annnnt upon
good security, which rate varies but little from
what can be realized by purchasing United
States legal tender notes with coin, and by con
verting them into 6 per cent, government
bonds at par. ’ The increase of currency of
which you complain has certainly not ad
vanced the ’ rate of interest upon money, as
the “two per cent, per month cut-throats’*
now demonstrate by their howls. And were
it not for the high regard in whichlholdyour
corps editorial, I should suspect that your
financial articles might possibly have been
written or dictated by one of the fraternity
above mentioned.
If the issue of an additional $300,000,000 of
legal tender notes should have the same happy
effect upon the rates of interest which follow
ed the former issue, we may reasonably hope
to see six per cent, per annum, become the
maximum rate for well secured loans: when
the advance upon United States sixes would
make them par with gold.
Ton are certainly right in asking a tax upon
bank issues, but in your zeal you seem to have
classed a government and people, who pat in
terest upon their promises, with corporations,
who lend their promises for interest, and
would, if they could, prevent the issue of le
gal tender notes, in order that they might lend
their credit to the government, and grow Iht
upon the substance ofthe people. Juvenis.
January Ist, 1863.
• REPLY. .
Oar correspondent having concurred with
our recommendation, that hank issues should
he taxed out of circulation and the field be
left clear for Uncle Sam, there is really no
question at issue between us. He asks seve
ral questions in regard to how the Govern
ment is going to raise nine hundred millions
on six per cent, bonds, but as they are wholly
irrelevant, it is not necessary to reply to them'
in order to ‘defend the positions assumed in
our article. We will say this much gratui
tously, however:
Ist. Wo do not think the Government will
have to borrow nine hundred millions to prose
cute the war, nor the half of it. The war will
not be permitted to drag on for years. It
must be closed up successfully or otherwise
before the termination of the present year.
2d. In addition to the immense revenue be
ing derived from taxes and tariff, the Govern
ment cannot consume more than five hundred
milUons during the year 1803. Ifthe bank is
sues are retiredfrom circulation “greenbacks”
to the amount of two hundred miUions can
be Issued to fill the vacuum, which will leave
but three hundred millions at most to raise by
the sale of bonds.
Sd. As to the conversion of legal tender
notes into bonds, this much can be said, that
veiy few have been funded, notwithstanding
the interest on the bonds is payable in gold,
semi-annually, and the greenbacks have sunk
to seventy cents on the dollar in value. Per
haps when they fall to be worth forty or fifty
cents, the process of conversion may go on
more rapidly. But even then, may not confi
dence in the perpetuity of the Government
sink in an equal ratio with the decline in tho
value of greenbacks? If so, people would
not “ convert” into bonds, even if legal tender
notes should go down to twenty-five cents on
the gold dollar. Military success is the only
thing that can make Federal bonds desirable;
and if we get that, the war will not last long.
If the Union Is lost, wc will not stop hero to
discuss the effect on Federal securities or
promises to pay. ’•
As to the decline in the rate of interest,
mentioned by onr correspondent, it proceeds
from a feeling of dread or insecurity. Per
sons with a quantity of currency on their
hands want to convert it into some safe in
vestment. Beal estate is the favorite security
because indcstrnctablo by the accidents and
casualties of war. It is this that causes men
to offer it at a reduced rate of interest. A
greater abundance of currency will make
men with money still more timid and distrust
ful and anxious to get it out of their hands;
hut this is not a 6on« Jldc or healthful decline
in the rate of interest by any means.
Officers Absent Without Leave.
OverSSO officers are absent without leave
from one grand division of the army alone.
Says a Washington dispatch to the flew York
Tribune: If this dereliction (wo substitute
tho word for “ scoundrclism,”) ran with uni
form rankness through the other divisions of
the army of tho.Potomac, 1,300 would be tho
total number, who, in defiance of law and dis
regard of shame, skulk from tho enemy and
shirk duty. The statement will be discredited
and may require certification from the records
of the War Department. Bntitistruc. And
Congress has been applied to, to relieve by a
special law, the embarassment of the War
Department in dealing with the monstrous
and shameful truth. The remedy to apply to
the crime of a Colonel’s, Captain’s, or Lieu
tenant’s ’desertion from his regiment, in the
face of the enemy, seems a simple one. ’Tis
to shoot him. But when it comes to shooting
f,300 officers! tho miitlrr remedy of striking
their names from the army list is left, and tho
General-in-Chief and War Secretary sternly
and justly adopted it, and began to apply it.
But the business of the War Department and
of the Executive got an instantaneous clog
from tho cloud qf applicants, Congressmen
and others, pleading for the re-instaUment of
the dismissed officers, and proffering docu
mentary evidence enough to pave Pennsyl
vania avenue, of their complete innocence in
their absence’ from their poets, and of their
Indispensable necessity to the war. Hugo as
was the evil of this desertion, the advocacy of
the deserters became, in an instant almost, an
evil of Administration utterly unendurable,
and from which the Department had to run
for refuge to Congress. How mildly a De
mocracy punishes tho highest military crimes!
The bill before the Senate only forfeits the
allowances and emoluments of officers absent
without leave from their duties In a time of
war, for more than thirty days—that Is, it
cuts off about half of their pay, and solves the
problem how to get on half pay in America,
during a time of war. Get commissioned, de
sert, skulk for over thirty days, and your
name is Inscribed on the list, and your suck
at the Treasury is lawful and tranquil, though
it be cowardly and scoundrelly.
Greece is unanimously electing Prince
Alfred King; but then we are assured his royal
mother will forbid his aecptance of the crown.
Then look out for squalls in the .ffigeaa. Al
ready the diplomatists begin to talk about the
“ Greek imbroglio.” Another item of “ na
tional Interest” is announced in some of the
English Journals—the betrothal or the Grand
Duke Nicholas of-BnSsla to Maria, the sister
of the cjfiana* of the Prince of Wales. And
so it may come to pass that the King of En
gland and the Emperor of Bussiawill bebroth
ere-in-law!
Ry The Courrier da Elalt Unit— the organ
of French imperialism in New tork-calls
Jett Davis’barbarous edict “responding to
the brutalities of Gen. Butler.” In en.
deavbrs to excuse it bn the ground that it is a
concession to public opinion in .the South,
and is not intended to.be put in force! The
Courrier , in exculpating. Davis, accuses the
Southern people of being savages, which may
betrnc.
CornfßcnccT.—^The • Legislature ,of Con
necticut, which has just closed its extra ses
sion, passed a law allowing the soldiere from
that State, now in the anny v to .Tote at the
coming spring election. . . t -:
IST The contributions for the
Christmas dinner at Washington, (ill some
S9OO short of the receipts.. The deficiency
should be made up to Mrs. Smith and her
associates, at once.
BT It is hinted that* Gem* Butler wriilVbe
fore many weeks, occupy-in the reby -of
Charleston, South Carolina, the same position*
hc occupied at New Orleans. / *
«wStS. 9!r " Q°sbio.-Wc notice that
oxer former ye,™ ' 11 “coss
THE SURRENDER OF UO&.
LY SI’KIiYGS.
The Facts as Seen by nn Eyo Witness,
Hollt SrntNOs, Bee. 53,1815.
Editors Chicago Tribune;
Tour readers have been informed by tele
graph of the disgraceful surrender of this
place by" Col. Murphy, of luka notoriety, 4 to'
the rebel forces under Van Dorn, on
Dec. 20, without offering the slightest resist-,
auce; but being an eye witness of the whole
affiiir, I will endeavor to give you the ficta as
they occurred. _ - • "
At' daylight on the morning of the J2oth
inst., the rebels entered the town from the
cast, in numbers variously estimated at from
6,000 to 8,000. "With but little effort oh their
part they captured the pickets’* and what fevt
troops were stationed in the vicinity of the
depot, and while part of their number sacked
and fired the depot buildings, the balance,
yelling like so many devils, entered the town
and commenced the capture of what troops
Ihcre'wcrc, together with a large number .of
citizens from the North, who were hero trad
ing, including your humble servant; and one
of the ’reporters of the Chicago Times, Al
though our troops were taken completely by
i surprise, and in fact the most of them were,
in bed, still, I am glad to say, for the credit of
onr men, the town was not given up without
some slight show of .resistance. There
were remaining here on dutyparts of the 29th,
63d, 101 st and 105 th Illinois regiments, and
" parts of seven companies of the 2d Illinois
cavoliy, a sufficient number, in tbe judgment
of many of our military* men, to hold the
’ place. Indeed, 500 men, judiciously arranged
with the amount of cotton laying here that
could have been used as breastworks, could
have held the town until Gen. Grant rein
forced it, which he did earlynext dayofterthe
surrender. Bclnforcements could have reach
ed Holly Springs even on the dayitsurren
dered, but the men learned the rebels were
leaving, and had burned the place.
The rebels were all mounted, and on their
first entering the town, made an attack on the
2d cavalry, who were quartered in the old fair
ground on the north side of the village. Here
a most desperate encounter took place, and
notwithstanding our boys were outnumbered
ten to one, they several times repulsed the
enemy, driving them from'their encampment.
But after a most desperate hand to band en
counter, in which many of the enemy’s sad
dles were emptied, our brave men cut their
way through the rebel ranks and made their
way to the Coart House square, in tbe town
expecting to join our handful of Infantiy
who were there, but before they had reached
the square, and while our cavalry were fight
ing the enemy at their camps, the infantry
had been surrendered to the rebels. There
was bnt little resistance offered on the part
of our infantiy, in fact the surprise was com
plete, and the greater part of our men were
yet in bed, some in their quarters and some
In different dwellings throughout the village.
"While this was going on detachments of the
enemy were firing the depot, and other build
ings in that vicinity, which, together with the
round house, arsenal buildings, a number of
freight cars, two locomotives, and a large
amount of Government stores, were con
sumed. In connection with the destruction of
other property there, was some 2,000 bales of
cotton burned, belonging to parties from
Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois, several parties
being from Chicago. The combined losses
on cotton alone must he in the viclultv of
$300,000. • •
I should have mentioned in connection with
the 2d cavaliy, when they dashed up to the
Court House square, expecting aid from the
infantry stationed there, theyfound themselves
almost instantly surrounded by the rebels,
and here took place another fierce encounter,
in which our cavalry showed their superior
ity, for although completely surrounded, they
again cut their way through, and made their
escape, and returned to their camp where
they again dispersed a lot of rebels who had
taken some forty of our cavalry prisoners,
released them and made their escape.
After the fighting was done the prisoners
were all marched off on double quick to the
east of the railroad, where the officers and
{nivates were paroled, and the citizens pub
icly robbed of what money they had on their
persons.
This statement may appear astounding to
many of your readers, but nevertheless It is
true; with my own eyes I saw several citi
zens relieved of what money they had, and in
addition to what I saw, several have told me
that they were compelled to give up what
nioney in amounts varying from
The most disgraceful part of the whole
transaction was the active part taken by the
citizens of the town. In several cases prison
ers were fired upon or knocked down with
clubs by those who, up to that very morning
had appeared perfectly friendly. Even the
ladies were active in aiding the rebels to find
the Yankees, and capturing them as pris
oners. 1
After the captures were all made they began a
general plunder and to have seen the chivalry
of the South, O, ye Gods I the refined ladies
of Holly Springs, who have never soiled their
delicate hands with labor, those delicate wo
men busy toting boxes of soap, candles and
cigars, rolling barrels of flour, beef and pork,
hurrying through the streets with their deli
cate little arms filled with plunder from the
various sutler establishments.that they were,
robbing. There is scarcely a family in th 3*
whole village but what laid in a supply for at
least one year, and for the sake of our troops
perhaps it is well they did so, for after our
forces returned from Oxford the various resi
dences in town were searched, and sufficient
plunder recovered to subsist our forces for
several days.
It may surprise many of your readers that
so important a point as Holly Springs should
be left comparatively defenseless. It must
he remembered that the enemy were threat
ening an attack on Jackson, Tcnn., and for
two or three days previous some of the
forces stationed at Holly Springs had been
sent up to Jackson, still leaving a force suffi
cient, m the opinion of the general in com
mand, and also of other leading military men,
to hold the place until reinforced.
The opinion prevails amongst all onr offi
cers, and citizens at Holly Springs, that the
commandant of the post, Col. Murphy, is
chargeable with the whole afiair. There Is no
doubt bnt he received sufficient warning from
Gen. Grant by telegraph, and also from sev
eral other sources, that the enemy were ad
vancing to attack the place.
The current of feeling was very strong
against the colonel; The judgment of aU
was that he richly merited the halter, and
nearest tree at command. Herewith is a cor
rect list of the killed, wounded and prison
ers on our side. How many of the enemy
were killed or wounded, we have not been
able to ascertain. From the fact that the
fighting was done mostly in the Tillage and
suburbs, and as soon as one of the rebels fell
the citizens gathered him up and carried him
into their house, I think it would he safe to
put their loss at fifty killed, and 100 to 150
wounded.
We now have sufficient force at Holly
Springs to prevent any further rebel raids on
that place. I learn that the same forces,
under Van Dorn, made ah' attack on La
grange, Grand Junction and Bolivar, and
were repulsed at each point. At Bolivar they
were badly cut up and scattered, and lost sev
eral hundred in prisoners.
The following Is a list of killed and woun
ded :
White, wounded in head
sngntly: Daniel H. Phelps, wounded In right arm:
W. M.Hill, wounded in right side.
Coxtany F.—John Kioue, wounded in neck:
. ? 09, wounded in bowels seriously;
A.B. Tinder, wounded in breast serloußly; Seret!
"' oandcd I ?h» d J- (since deed) Sergt.
S. C.Wildman, wounded in face and neck badly;
J. Shoemaker, wounded In small ofthcback; J.
Betts .wounded in hand and eye; C. Suttlo. wound
ed infacc and band; J. H. Briggs, Albert Jones,
Sergt. Isa weedman, and Jas. Monroe, killed.
Costtaxt G.—Capt B. F. Marsh, wounded in
neck, shoulders and arm: Henry Whitmore, woun
ded in the thigh; Sergt. J. E. Day, wounded In the
band; Wm. Thompson, wounded in the shoulder
and am; Theodore Panett, wounded through both
shoulders; Jno. Troutman, wounded in hips; H.
P. Bodge, wounded In shoulder; Louis Pyaor.
wounded in head: Hiram E. Neal, wounded in the
shoulder: Bobt. MUler. wounded in right am:
Wm.. wounded in shoulder; Joseph Corn
stock, kuled.
t
v right am; Wm.Hoberts, In
both shoulders; Jacob Oriel, In bowels and head:
Josephi Hdson, in thigh; Ban’l Markham, in thigh :
Aaron Markham, in forehead; C. Wallace, inhand:
H. Moch, in arm.
Cow’Axr L—-Edwin M.Boll, left shoulder and
teEihth th ° DyC^in Aaron Brooks,
K.—C«pt.T. W. Jones. Injured in the
shoulder, horse shot and fell under him; Lieut. F.
I r , ot ? <3ed & lo J? seriously; Q. P. Beckdoldt,
wounded Inbreast baffiy; Joseph Brown, wounded
in side slightly; Samncl White, wounded In thigh:
A, Knox, wounded in knee; C. Scoby, woun
ded In both arms; George Bcckerdike, killed.
The above comprises the list of killed and
wounded In the 2d Illinois cavalry. There
were a few killed among the infantry, but
bow many I have not been able to ascertain.
Wc lost in prisoners as follows:
Four Colonels, two Lieutenant Colonels,
four Majors, fifteen Captains, twenty-two First
Lieutenants, fourteen Second Lieutenants,
seventy-nine Sergeants, cighty-nlno Corpo
and privates, and about seventy-five cit
izens.
The Election'of 1869.
The following Is the official vote of the sev
eral States holding'elections In 1863:
Suites. A B ®- ’’ -,5 sO2 - A BOO - I Bs ®-
« r , Bcp. ,Dem. Bep. ■ Deo.
Maine......... 61,913 82.831 , 68,611 35,107
. 82,150 -28.556 87,519 23434
Vermont...... 80,039 8,794 83*808 JMB6
SMB “106,533 62,668
Rhode Island. -31,195 .... 13.544 -7.707
CpnnwUcnt... 39,782 50,*84 4*792 83,451
New York.... 295,897 806,649 362,616 Bl2>lo
IsewJersey... 46,710 61,807
Pennsylvania. 215,616 210.140 £68,030 906 Ml
Delawareß,lss 8,044 8,815 liSJ
0hi0.......... 178.735 164,333 231,610 230831
4 118,517 123,160 139,033 133410
DUn0i5....... 120,116 188,662 172,161 mS!
Michigan.;... 68,736 62,102 83450 63,2?7
Visconaln.... 60620 61,760 s£ilO 6*070
Minnesota.... 15,664 11,442 23,069 121720
SSSS?:::;::
_T6tsl..'... 1,40,605 1,8C0,865.1,'»t,M6
Prom these Igurcs it will be seen that the
Eepnhlican minority in the aberc States at
the last elections was 91,774,'whi1e In 1860 in
the same States it was ■
IVe gather ftom these flgnres that there has
been ah'entire loss of vote amounting to 574,-
_905,r or moi-pcp ' cent; that the Bepnblican
losii>is'Bl2,73s, or 16.80 percent, and the
Democratic loss 803,5i0, or 15.31 percent.
After ell the vocifcrona rejoicings over “ tre
mendous Democratic gains,” that party has
gained nothing at ail, in tact }
i ‘l£ the soldiers had been permitted to vote/
as those belonging to lowa did, the RepubU
can majority would bare exceeded 400,009.
CUR WASHINGTON LETTER,
The* River and the State*
; meats of the Now York Indcpcud
cut—Banks, Butler and. Seward*
[Prom Onr Own Correspondent.]
WAfinrsoTOH.-Dec. 80, XS62.
THE OPENING OP THE MISSISSIPPI.
"" .1 fcaYe read, with some consternation, the,
New York Independent's article In relation to
M l .®-. 0 ?? 13 * 11 !? of the Mississippi River and the
alleged obstructions thrown in the. way of
that most important and necessary' enterprise
by the principal lines of railway between the
East and the West. If the Independent lm»
any evidence tending to establish the truth of
. Its allegations, it should publish the same
without delay, or bring it to the notice’of the
proper committees of Congress, so that the
remedies may he applied. If it has no such
evidence, it is liable to the charge of ihflming
the West against "the East without cause,
and of bringing grave imputations" upon the
Government ,without warrant.. I have search
ed In vain for any evidence that any such influ
ences have been!potential ‘inretarding the
movements of Gen. Grant’s army. Gen. Cur
• tie’ army, or. Admiral" Forter’s flotilla. Nor
have I found any-single man, from West or
East, who does not ardently desire thereopen-
Ing of the Mississippi, and - profoundly regret
thc clrcumstances which seem to have thrown
new obstacles in the way of the undertaking.
It by no means follows that such influences
have not been used, or that, such knaves do
not exist. But I think there is sufficient
ground for doubting the stoiyof the Jmfe
penaent to warrant its readers in calling for
the production of any fiicts in its possession
tending to lortify its statements.
The truth probably is that the same causes
which have conspired to produce delay and
disaster elsewhere have tended to produce
them there. The same tree cannot bring
forth-sweet fruits and "bitter. The army
which has been eating its head off at Helena
nil summer, was strong enough to have taken
Vicksburg any day since it hurled Frice and
Van Dom in confusion over Boston Mountain.-
Wny hare they not done so? Gen. Halleck
can telL' That he refused Gen. Curtis the
requisite permission, is known. And the
interesting letter of Mr.F. Montgomery, late
editor of the Vicksburg Whig , is conclusive
as to the point tttot that city could have been
easily taken by adand force operating from
behind, both during the bombardment and
for a long time thereafter.
GEN. BANES AT NEW ORLEANS.
The arrival of Gen. Banks 1 expedition at
New Orleans, and the supersedure of Sutler,
confirm the statements made in a previous
letter. The tone' of Gen. Banks 1 proclama
tion, which reads like a page taken at random
out of Mr. dispatches, confirms In
some degree another statement, namely, that
the expedition was in reality set on foot by
the Secretary of State.
Gen. Banks did, in the first Instance, pre-
Sare a distant expedition, but it was not to
Jew Orleans. Mr. Seward turned blm
(Banks), not the President, or Cabinet, or Sec
retary of "War, or General-in-Chief—but turn
ed Banks away from his original enterprise,
and fixed his heart on New Orleans. Hence
it is not difficult to see how those, who only
looked at the outside of affairs, were led to be
lieve tliat Gen. Banks .himself was the origi
nator of his expedition, and that Mr. Seward
had. nothing to do with it, bnt to give his as
sent incidentally to a project not especially
foiling within his own jurisdiction. The ex
pedition may turnout well, though Banks
took mostly “nine months men 11 with him,
three months of whose service bn« already
been rendered. The idea of having them
take any part in opening the Mississippi River
was an after thought, for there has been force
enough in the Northwest at all times to per
form that job, if Hallcck had permitted, and
it could he hardly economical to send 20,000
six months 1 militia around by sea at an ex
pense of millions of dollars, when, if it were
hwesFarytoscnd these particular.troops at
all, it wonldhave been both cheaper and more
in accordance with Gen. Halleck’s lectures on
strategy to have sent them via Cairo, and
thus have had all their forces operating to
gether, instead'of placing the enemy between
our two columns as was done here last sum
mer. Still, the expedition may prove a suc
cess, and eveiy patriot will hope that it may
he crowned with glorious results. It can
hardly ascend the Mississippi a great distance
after the first of January without awakening
a new element of strength to the Union.
ILLINOIS AND MICHIGAN CANAL BILL.
The bllHbr the enlargement of the Illinois
an i* New York canals seems likely to pass by
a decided majority. I think the New England
members will give it a nearly unanimous
vote. . h. W.
ODE SPRINGFIELD LETTER.
Tlio Senatorial Candidates—Attack*. on
ro^? ,^ la V. d T^ ,I< i, 0,, -i oct - A Colonel
For ncp2rts. taled “ ScarCltl ' of PaJ?cr
[Special Correspondence of the Chicago Trill ime.]
SpnraormLD, Dec. 81,1802.
THE SENATORIAL CANDIDATES.
Tjto rival candidates are mostly on hand,
of their followers is like tho
e il K; of the clans. Eichardson, Gondy,
Il( j|BP tc ‘C O , llelTeiiey,,S. S. Marshall and
rß^.lEgwards are here. A letter in thevPiiion
and Herald, of this city, purporting to have
hecn written in Chicago, declares that the tal
ents of Eichardson, Marshall and Gondy
culminated some time since: but that those
of Hon. B. S. Edwards are still on tho asccn
dening side of the hill of life. Old Ben, if he
keeps going up much higher with evcdslor as
his motto, will, by-and-byo, ho able to'look at
the sun without winking. This is certainly a
great country I Marshall’s friends now assert
that his reported declination is a trick of the
Eichardson fiction. They claim that he is
still in tile fold. Hon. Wm. C. Gondy of
your city and Jndge O’Melvcney, a gentleman
of Irish descent, of the Southern part of the
State, are the strongest opponents of Bichard
son and Mnrshall. If these four candidates
all present their names there may he no
choice on the fret ballot, and, in that case,
Eichai (Ison's and Marshall's chances are much
lessened. Dick claims forty two votes sure.
Gondy’s friends claim twenty or so for him
on the start, while-the man with tho Irish
name from the Southern part of the State
claims to be the choice of Egypt, and Egypt
claims that as she elected the Legislature
she has a right to the United States Senator
and a majority of the officers of the Legisla
ture- Egypt appears to he modest, “Us usual. !
Gen. Singleton, who knows a thing or two
about such matters, has Dick Richardson in
training. He has taken a house here; and the
latch-string already hangs out. I must say he
has got Dick up in goof style, well groomed
at least twice a day, trots him out every morn
ing with fecc shining like a schoolboy’s. <tc.
I never saw Dick look better in my iifo. He
does infinite credit to his backer. Sam Buck
master, it is now said, has still-some faint
hopes;-: but I'rather think Dick la his man.
Jim Alien, lately elected to Congress at Large,
also goes for Dick. Thus,if Samßuckmaste?
? < i?mJls%i ( l eil^Binel T eton and Sam Casey arc
J*V? ic fel£ son » 1 COn sider him as good
v If they were against him, I should
consider him as good as defeated. Egypt may
be mulish, but with Jim Allen pullfug the
wires, it seems to me that Dick’s prospects
arc looming up, notwithstanding that Ben Ed
™V?, 8 corespondent says his talents cnlml
noted at the time of the passage of the Nc
braska Bill! . Jim Allen is acandidato for
Speaker in the next House of Representatives
at Washington. Richardson Is for him of
course. . > *
act Sr°?c S S taTThb^nd
the establishmentof General S. will be the
headquarters of the Democrat; during the
session. He who has the entree of these two
houses may consider himself a lucky fellow.
t ? tbe fore ? that I know
arises from the fact that all tLe proprietors
have signed the temperance pledge Tor one
year from the first of next month, to-morrow.
Several interested parties in the city have sent
in a remonstrance, hut the* gentlemen are in
exorable.
ATTACKS OX EXGLAXD— THE OBJECT.
TllC - sttiicls of the I paillng T~lcuiocnitic
Mpcre in the State upon New England, and
the openly expressed intention of those
papers-and others of influence with that
g'rty.ln the West, to separate from New
□gland, are having a very bad effect; The
p!an appears to be To distract the North. One
would think from these papers that it was
New England, not the South, that was in ro
heUion. We hare no words against South
Carolina, ivhure, at the Charleston Conven-
Uon, no Douglas Democrat would be allowed
to speak in the struts of that place-no, not
one! Even Dieknjphardson dare not try it.
Now, the Douglas Democrats are just as an
swerable for this rebellion as the people of
New England They went down to Charles
ton with their pestiferous doctrine of popu
lar sovereignty. The South spewed it and
out of its mouth; would not touch
them w more than they would Lincoln.
Should Douglas Democrats, then, any more
than >ew Englanders, be allowed a place in
the new confederacy of Dahomey f
v'-r U xs &ei l 6 P e^n ' n g> these attacks upon
r« ew England have an ominous look. A. year
ago I warned the people, through your col
umns, that attempts would be made, (and
were being already committed by leading
Democrats), to take Illinois, or parTofin
out of the Union. I was denounced as a
slanderer of a loyal party. What do I now
see bnt this thing openly conceded by Demo
craV,‘:,?,e^sPaS crsf Is the end yet. I
predict that before spring Is over, active po
litical efforts win be made to take the enure
State of miaois ont of .the Union, and
attach it to the Southern Confederacy. If
that fail, it is hoped that at least half of it
may be carried off The navigation of the
Mississippi Jtlvcr will be made tho great
necessity for this step. It Is asserted its
being closed leaves ns entirely at the mercy of
railroads mosUy owned in New England. •
Madness appears to role the boar, and X am
prepared to hear of the, most desperate
schemes and-measures of a most desperate
set of poliUcians.
scabcixt or paper fob reports.
• The reports of tie .various State officers
and Institutions Irnvs been delayed for want
of paper. The contractor has foiled to deliver
the paper called for on the XOth of next month;
I suppose he holds off as long as he can, hop
ing.ibr a reduction in the price of paper. The
Constitutional Convention consumed all the
paper there was on hard, previously,''
-*■ ; v- - A COLONEL COURT MABTIALBD.
*t \ the proceedings of a court mar
tial held at St, Louis on ult,, CoL M.
a. Barnes, of the STth regiment of Illinois vol
mxtccre was ordered dismissed from the ser
vice, Ist for releasing Capt Peck aadother of-
Occss who had been nrreseceted; 2d for saying
he did so “by virtue of his commission, by
God3d for disrespect to his superior
officers; 4th for using insulting language to
L'eut. Col. John Found of the 14th "Missouri
ir.ilitia. This regiment, I believe, was;raiscdin
your city. • ; ,;i Zeta. *
OCR WISCONSIN LETTER.
Xbo Draft and Substitutes—Substitute
■ Broken • Excluded from Camp-
Election Items—Complexion of the
Legislature—No Decision of Habeas
Corpus Cases.
[Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.}
Madison, Jan. 1,1663.
;I sent you some time ago some figures of
the draft in-.f his State, showing that it had
not largely increased the army of the Union.
Though you failed tp rccelve my letter, you
have published the same facts' from the State
Journal. The draft In one county, Manitowoc,
for some 440 men, is yet to be made, and
some companies of the 80th are engaged in
Washington county and elsewhere in picking
up runaways. It is doubtful whether many
more than 2,000 men wiU be obtained from the
draft for service. It has, however, compelled
certain counties—relied on. for heavy Demo
cratic majorities, and largely behind in volun
teering—to famish somewhat nearer their
proportion ol men for the army, and shown
how much some blatant, professions of devo
tion to the Union and Constitution are worth,
and that’s what’s'the matter” with the
howling Tory papers.
The worst feature of the draft, is the . evi
dence it v furnishes of total depravity. The
fraud, corruption and _ peijuty developed
among men liable to draft, enrolling officers,
draft commissioners, examining, physicians,
and "even commandants of camps, and army
surgeons, in the matter of enrollments and
exemptions, is sickening. In some cases, as
in Manitowoc county, the frauds were so out
rageous that new examinations were ordered
and the draft postponed. Not a few cases
have come to light where the payment of
money secured exemptions, on surgeons’ cer
tificates.
■ A number of sharks from your city and
elsewhere, who have been engaged in swind
ling the drafted men.and,thft.ffnvAninjent.as
substitute, .brokers;- find'.rtheTr occupation
gone, in consequence of an order of the Gov
ernor cxclndingthcm,from camp; the open
ing of a book at Major Stansbury a office here
for recording the names of all wishing to en
gage os substitutes;' and the.appointment of
officers at Campßandallhereand Camp Wash
burn in Milwaukee (Capt.-P. Gerranhtr here
and Capt. 0,/ Rogers .ab Milwaukee) whose
duty it is, jree of charge, to bring together
draftedjnen and.subatitutesvthat they may ne
gotiate their own terms. This will put a stop
to outrageous frauds and exactions. Scores
of caseshave occurred 'where men have been
procuredas substitutes forless than SIOO, and
dratted men have had to pay .-twice or thrice •
the amount; the ‘‘agent v pocketing the dif
ference. A man List week made SI,OOO out of
six-substitutesbroughtupfrom Chicago “on
speculation.” To cap the climax, all these
men, as well as many other substitutes, sub
sequently deserted.
Capt. John F. Weage has been removed
from command of the rendezvous for drafted
men at Milwaukee, and all drafted men there
put under command of Col. Anneke, who has
organized five or six companies of his regi
ment. • °
. Returns of the special election for Congress
m the old 2d and the 6th District come in
slowly. They indicate a very light vote and
show singular gains and losses as compared
with the November election in consequence.
The probabilities, however, seem to be deci
dedly in favor of the election of Mr. Mclndoc,
both for the long and short terms.
The figures of the November election,
show a small Democratic majority in the
State. Owing to various causes, already
stated in your paper, not more than a third of
our soldiers voted. The complete returns of
the military'vote prove what has been claimed,
that three-fourths of onr volunteers arc Re
publicans. ’Had all voted, the Democms
would have had no majority in Wiscon
sin, in spite of their lying and " misrep
resentation, so effective among the ignorant,
and we should have had at least one more Re
publican Congressman. It Is useless for the
Democrats to cry “fraud 11 about the soldiers’
vote. Except where prevented from voting
by Democratic officers, the men expressed
their preferences with entire freedom, and the
ballot box in the camp was better orotactad
from fraud than within &§ g[ atc u - gKctcd
Owing to the fact that the military vote had
to be canvassed and returned to the several
counties before the election of members of
the Legislature could be certified to the Sec
retaiy of State, it has been difficult to ascer-.
tain the exact complexion of the Legislature.
Enough is now known to make It certain that
the Senate will stand eighteen Republican! to
fifteen Democrats, and the Assembly will
have fifty-four Republicans to forty-six Dem
ocrats, and possibly may be one or two better.
Strange as it appears the amendment to the
Constitution,increasing the Governors salary
pittance of $1,250 per annum to
p,500, has been defeated by a vote of 14,519
t032,612. We shall eo on “whipping the
dcTl lj,? nnd the stump 1 ’ by giving, the Gover
nor 5750 a year for visiting and overseeing the
several State Institutions, thus making his
pay $2,000. . • b
The Supreme Court met yesterday to an
nouncc decisions, but gave none in the habeas
corpus case of the Ozaukee rioters, a state
ment of wliiek, and the argument thereon by
?3* a n» on the 22d of December, was sent
but Jailed to reach you. The dozen or so of
the prisoners/ still in Gen. Elliott’s care will
therefore have their hopes of release again de
fined till the regular meeting of the Court, a
fortnight hence. *
The members of thq 25th regiment hare re
turned from their furlough and will doubtless
soon leave for the South. The 31st regiment,
now concentrated at Racine, is directed to he
in readincss/or speedy marching orders.
Youri Pinnos.
l»c Done with the
Eipazxcspatccl Slaves.
A very cheaply defined and a strong opinion
is receiving shape that It is the duty of the
government to follow the proclamation of
freedom, instantly, with a military organiza
tion of thfe slaves In the rebel States. This is
dexfianded in the interest ol the black race, as
well as pf the countiy at large and of the
world. The demand rests on the patriotic
and desire that the passage of'this
vast body of people from slavery to freedom
shall be |Uudcr the restraints which military
discipline imposes—that it be in no wise left
to 4he accidents which will menace It, from
the and resistance of the masters on the
one side, and on the other side by the insist
ence of the slaves upon enjoying the liberty
which has been conferred upon them by the
authority of the United States government.
It is demanded, too, In order to sustain the
authority of the government In proclaiming
freedom to the authority .which
wouldfall into contempt ail over the world,
and giyc the coup de grace to the Union, if the
proclamation was'not thus sustained. It is
demanded, too, by that mighty procession
fast stretching across the continent, that
walks in weeds and mourns the dead of the
army, killed by the malaria of the cotton, rice
and sugar districts of the South. The feeling
on this point, converging about the hospitals
and the pay department and the war office,
and Congress under constant siege by its con
stituency in crape, is fast becoming imperi
ous. Upon the other and „thc statesmanly
consideration of taking military control of,
and giving orderly shape to, the exodus of
the Southern blacks from bondage to freedom,
and settlement of them into their new rela
tions to the soft on which they live as com
pensated laborers, sentiment is fast ripening
into executive command and departmental
action. The restoration of the Union—the
promptly paid , price of the enfranchisement
of the American slaves. ,
Tlic Effect of JelT, Davis' Proc-
lamatlon.
■ The fnjruination of Jeff Davis against Gen.
BnUcrandthe President’s prociamaUon has
the first effect to derange the programme
upon which the exchanges of prisoners have
heretofore taken place; The orders and
threats of the great outlaw are directly in vio
lation of the cartel, and the first impulse of
the government was to terminate all proceed
ings under it. It had been merely agreed to
make a general exchange, including soldiers,
political prisoners and sutlers, but untnDavis
shall Biltlslactorily explain his intenUons, all
commissioned officers In our hands will bo
retained, and only privates and noa-commis
sioned officers gh en np. To this extent the
exchange will continue to go on, and orders
to that effect were to-day telegraphed to all
paints. Cob Ludlow has arrived at Washing
ton on this business, and will at once proceed
to Fortress Monroe.
A Rebel Proposition.
John Van Boren has been in correspond
ence with a leading rebel, an ex-member of
Congress, who proposes a method “whereby
peace may be re-established, and the Union
restored/ 1 . The writer says that “the rebels
“willncvcrlay down their arms and trust to
“theTagno assurances that the Democracy
“ wfll take care of their rights.” They must
bare pay down—no promises to pay will do.
Here is the “ plan” suggested by Van Boren’s
friend: . .
Propose* reunion of an the Stales noon
the condition that the Constitution hc'amcnd
“Bo » s to confer upon each State the right of
C r /n n ’ “S l iS t > however, to be suspend
ed nutU say the fit of January, iS69, or 1873,
which would be immediately after lire olcc-
Uon of a new President. In the meanUme let
conciliatory measures be adopted by Congress
“S'? andto re-establish
tte plan of compromise suggested, nei
side.would be degradcd by its acceptance,
andj know of no other plan that has-this
merit, and hence the chances' for its success
would be greatly enhanced. ;The North will
have rained the great endit has been contend
ing for. viz: the restoration of the Union,
though temporarilyi yet withevery reason to
believe, it would result in a more permanent
Union than before. On the other hand, the
South teouldctfabiish it* great princicie, Vie right
of secesriOß, a right in which, they have always
believed, but 'which they hare been as slow to
exercise as they have been the great right of
revolution, which is fully proven by the pres
entwiuv?.,. '
’With Mr^F/Wood I wss at one time' upon
intimate terms, having served in Congress to-,,
gether; also* with (ior. v Seymour. ! If yon
think the views herein expressed of any
svalne, you maysubmit them to one or both;©*
them, with my respectful regards., • •
' I am, with great respect, - '
Your obedient servant;-etc.,
Hon. John Van Bures.
F. 8, For myself I desire never td sec this
Sovcnunent or this Union re-established un
>ss the right of State secession be incorpora
ted as part 6f the system—a clear, plain, in
disputable right. * .
Expulsion of Jews from General
Grant's Department. -
. . w HEADQUABTgns 13m Army Costs. 1
Department or the Tennessee. I
n.* • Oxtord, Hiss, Dec. -17, 1863. )
General Order No.'ll.—The Jews, as a
mass, violating every-regulation of trade es
tablished by the Treasury Department, also
department orders, are hereby expelled from
the department within twenty-four (34) hours
from the receipt of this order by Post Com
manders.
They will sec that this class of people arc
famished with passes and required to leave,
and any one returning after such notification
will be arrested end held in confinement until
an opportunity - occurs of sending them out
as prisoners, unless famished with permits
from these, headquarters. ~
No passes will bggiven these people to visit
headquarters for the purpose of nuking per
sonal applications'for trade permits.
By order of Maj. Gen. Grant.
John A. Rawlins, A. A. 6.
(Official) J. Lovell, Capt. and A. A. G.
Sing-nlar Statement.
We notice that the: statement is made in
several New York journals, that ontheoccn
• pancy of Baton Rouge by our troops under
Gen. Grover, on the 17th ult., several citizens
asserted that they knew two weeks before the
Banks expedition sailed from New York that
it was-bound for New Orleans. If this he
true, certainly knew more than was
known, in the North. Bat they affirmed it
positively, and said that, by orders from Rich
mond, dispositions had been made accord
ingly. If the statement is a true one, It fur
nishes another evidence ,of the. utter impos
sibility that a State'secret.can-be kept from
the enemy. ’ . •
As an evidence of this matter, we find the
following in the New Orleans correspondence
published in the New York Evening of
Tuesday afternoon;
Notwithstanding the secresy which has
marked the expedition, Gov. Shepley assured
me that he knew, through secession sources,
uiree weeks ago, that Banks was to supersede
Butler. The secret was a secret only to loyal
men. A vigorous censorship of the press Is a
hardship to them, but seems to be no detri
ment to the leaders of the rebellion, who
have other and better facilities for acquiring
information. .
One ol* ihe “ Dcmecratlc Max*-
tyrs.”
[From the lowa State Register.]
Dave Sheward, the Fairfield individual who,
since his return from imprisonment for trea
son has been around getting the names of
penitentiary convicts to associate with his
own in a list of martyrs, ran i gainst a snag
the other day. A noted horse-thief just ready
to go for a second time to the Fort Madison
Penitentiary, was invitfd to send on his name
to Davy to be associated with the names of
nwrtyra, Dave Sheward’s includ
es- e horse-thief was astounded at the in
vitation. His choler rose, and he then and
there made the following response:
‘1 shan’t do it I I am a bad man, I know.
* have committed many crimes. I have
robbed houses and stolen horses, and have
keen condemned to imprisonment
within the walls of a Penitentiary. But the
last worst deed of all which an American citi
zen can commit, I have not committed. I
have broken the civil law, but I am no traitor
to my Government. Neither by word nor deed
Have l done aught against the flag of my
country. Men may call me a burglar ora
horse-thief, hut God forbid that they should
ever classify me along with such traitors as
pave Sheward I Tell “Sheward that he can 1 !
have my name to dignify his own; and tell
min If he ever uses it in such villainous con
nection, I’ll flog him within on inch of his Ufa
so Eopn as I get out of prison 111I 11
Fastest Time on Record.- On Wednesday
last, the 24th ult., the State Department re
ceived a dispatch from our Minister at Japan,
dated November 22d. It came to San Fran
cisco by the first vessel of a new steamship
line between Japan and that port, and left
San Francisco on the 23d, to reach Washing
ton on the 24th nit.—thirty-two days from the
time of starting.
Fating the Armt.—Secretary Chase an
nounces that 1500,000 -will be paid dally to the
army, and as much more as the Secretary can
make arrangements for. It has been stated
on thfrhighest authority that prompt action
by Congress on the Loan bill submitted by
Secretary Chase, would enable the Secretary
to pay off the arrearages to the army within
three weeks.
JpOR THE HOLIDAYS.
BAKGAINS Ef
COLLARS AND EMBROIDERIES
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
RICE REAL LACES,
ELEGANT PARIS CLOAKS,
SUPERB ©BESS GOODS,
NEW FURNISHING GOODS,
and an unlimited variety or goods for Holiday Glfta
lost received by 3 *
W, M. ROSS & CO.,
ISY <Sc 169 ST.
Jg LAKE STREET.
WE OFFER
GREAT IN
HAND MADE WOESTED GOODS,
SKATING CAPS, HOOBB,
Xnllas, Sontags, Stores, Slums, Cayes.
CARRIAGE BLANKETS, Ao.. Ao„
And solicit ft call of all who wish to purchase nnr
articles in Uiat department, 3
GRAVES Sc IRWIX,
l an l • 78 Late street.
]\TE PLUS ULTKA
SKA.TES.
Xl»e Dellrame's Patent Skate.
No. Straps. No Clasps No Pain. They are used hr
aH professional Skaters in the country. Also **
CENTRAL PARK FAVORITE,
Enellah Ladies’. Novelty Ladles’. Parlor Skates. Ac.
Joat received and for sole by ’
... ..a. JOHN B. IDESON A CO
de23-y*IQ-lm 111 Randolph street. Klngabory
pARIAH FIGURES,
Parian "Vases,
PARIAN PITCHERS,
AT GALE BROTHERS,
SOS RANDOLPH STREET.
delS-xffliMy
QHEESE AND DRIED FRUITS.
SO tons Hamburg Cheese.
100 barrels Drieffßlackberries.
20 barrels Dried Cherries.
•10 barrels Dried Raspberries.
50 barrels Dried Flams.
ICO barrels all kinds Almonds and Kata.
For sale cheap for cash, by
dcss-ygg-lw S.BOGARDUSA SON.B9S. Water-st.
PROCLAMATION BY THE
X iIAYOB.
ITatos'b Omct, Chicago. Dec. 21th,
MS
city, of mad or rabid does; therefore, this Is to notify
all persons that all dogs fonnd Tanning at large aod
co !,! € £?. r ; ls ’rnertlrdtOnand^, r the ath inSu
nntn farther notice, will be destroyed u
deS-yJSS-lw F. C. SHERMAN. Mayor.
A TTENTION, TEACHERL
XI- receipt of thirty cents we will send y<A
A' BEAUTIFUL ENGB&im
elsLtees by twentr-two laches In size,
Instructions that will farnUh yon a
neratiTe empJojTneat daring the winter. aaddA
way to Itatnre bnslness. The business is one
SSL?!. 8 ®”?® 0 !? * on proleaslonally. by
known and putting yon In the way of
Obtaining Mncli Valuable Inform*tion. 3®
CJigo. lUlnQla. W Jeg-iaaiWiSii
THE MAGIC TIME OBSERVER
GmllJS!s?’J l -tSSs£ lll,! •?? Open Face. or Lidy'a or
uenticman s WAtcb combined. Oaeoftho orcttlest
most convenient and decidedly the
Hi© Best and Cheapest Timepiece
«ra te.pn.rea
And is Warranted an Acfnrate Timepiece.
' 565 a ffitTVed-. per case of a hair, dorea.
■ aM.OO. Sample Watches, in nest morocco boxes, for
£9“ to buy at wholesale, 135. sent by ex
press. with bIU payable on delivery. Soldiers mast re
mit payment in advance, as we cannotcollect from
Address HIBBARD BROS., solo
Tb *°®ttwest corner of Nassau and John sts.
New York. dclo-y23-3w
J-/ The Northern Iron Company of Lake Saperior
keep on band at ita Dock. In Chicago, a supply of Char
coal Iron, direct (Tom its BlastFnmance, and of all
crades. to which the attention of those wanting the
pest quality of Lake Superior Metal is InritcdToaice
IS Wells street.
JESDP.KENNEDY ACO. Agents
myglrtHg-Sm-grAT
PRUSSING,
BEAL ESTATE AGENT,
C Lorinon Block. Chicago, Illinois.
Loans negotiated oa real estate security. jyt-as&-ly
78 LA K E -vS T BEET.
BWYEBS
; WTUCnd In oof *«>rc a largo stock of
:ZEPHYR WORSTEDS,
Taras, Beads, Salihs and Skating Caps,
SKIRTS ANI» COHSETS,
Hosiery and Gloves. Bnttons.Dresa Trimmings. Braids
Homings. Velvet Illbbocs. &c„ Including a
a complete assortment
; NOTIONS.
Oar stock Is Inviting.and buyers will find oar figures
VtI.TT CLOSE for K£T CASH.
CRAVES & m\UTE, 73 Lake Stref*.
Q-EOCEEIES.
16 & 18 STATE STREET.
G. C. COOK COnj
WHOLESALE GROCERIES.
Cash Layers arc Invited to examine
onr Stock, nol-ly
1000 BALMORAL SKIRTS
01 the best styles In market
JTJSX OPEXING AX
STRYKER & CO.’s,
14rl Lake Street.
500 CLOAKS
Of oar own mannlactare. comprising the new styles of
Plash and Farceavera.
SOO Wool Blankets
Of the best mannmctnre and at low prices.
100 Dozen Wool Hoods, Sontags,
KIiBIAS, SCARFS AST) COMFORTERS,
All seasonable goods.
S H A W Xj S .
~A law assortment now opening of all kinds and
OTEE-COiTKGS, PLUSH, FUR ASD SPAJ
GLED BEATER CLOTHS,
Cloaking Clotlis and material In great variety.
Gloves and Hosiery, of every trinSs,
HOOP SKIRTS AT AT.T. PRICES,
Ladles and Gents Under Garments, a line assortment.
BRESS GOODS,
Embro deries.Lace Setts. Cambric Setts. Point Lace.
Taienclcnoe*. Lace Collars. Alexander
~, KJds Prints. Sheetings and Table Linens
if SSS? 1 , we *2* now-offerin? sc ns-k)«r prices as
can be found elsewhere. Call and examine before mak
ing purchases.
STRYKER & CO.,
14J. LAKE STBEET.
mylO-rra-Iy *
Q-EOCEEIES.
EWING, BRIGGS & CO.,
76 South Water street, Chicago,
Offer for Bale AT THE VERY LOWEST PRICES to
CLOSE BUYERS AN D PROMPT HEX.
a well selected stock of
GROCERIES
4T WHOLESALE,
EMBRACING
Sugars, Fish,
Teas, Tobacco,
Coffees, Xtice,
Syrups, Spices,
IVXolasses, Soaps,
33i-iecl Fruit,
WOODEX WAKE, and all articles usually Included la
their line.
ii^?.w™°S. Eht "I? 1 * of Onrcoods for cash, nd bo.
UoylllE. __ _EWlffi. IIEUGG3 i CO.”
2*0.73 South Water street, Chicago.
Wm. L. Ewing. St. Louis. Mo.
Clinton Brics*.
Thomas llelnnang. [Chicago,
E.
G. L. FAXOJT.
BEIDDIITO-.
OLD FEATHEES RENOVATED,
kuX™' 0 0M
E'Palr m£ Make Over
OLD MATTR ASSES,
♦l I l‘l d( i aII Wnd * of 4° b w ork In the bcddlnz line, in
the best manner, at shortest notice, at his m
Bedding ¥are Rooms, 70
Lake Street.
FALL TRADE.
IBIEIDIDIIsrG-
°f Every Description, at the lowest Prices
FOE CASH
Buttresses, Feather. Beds, Bolsters, Pillows,
x Comforters, Blankets, Sheets,
, Pillow Slips, ie.,
Always on hand or.made to order.
Particular Attention Paid to
Custom-Work.
•gSASSUSSeSISS I ' ,0 “*«»■»•
PORTABLE SPRING MATTRASS,
Tie Best Bed Brer M
ALSO—MT
Steam Cured Feathers,
Superior to All Other*,
Perfectly free from bad odor of the Quill.
Haring a thorough knowledge of the business
and haring always -a foil assortment
la all its branches, prepared at all
- tinea to manufacture to order. In
<iuantlty and quality second to no house
in the city, hehopes to continue to receive
as heretofore, a liberal share of patronage.
E. fi. L FAXON,
70 Lake Street 70
i*. o. Box soie.
PAPER EAMIi\(iS
tpn
opening for FAIL TRADE.
Ie Usual Variety of Hew Styles,
PAPER HANGINGS,
boedeem,
CURTAIN PAPERS,
Window Shades, Fixtures &c.,
FOR CASH.
E. G. L. FAXON,
Old Stand, 70 lake St.
TVT OTICE.—Madam Andrews, In
dependent Clairvoyant from. Boston. Ma«_ can
be csnrulted at MadiiOn street.between Wells and
Market. Clairvoyant examinations. sl. She also tell,
the part, present and fixture. Terxu*-6o cents. Hoars
from 9 A. to 9 P.M. OC3T-v6BS3dn
■REMINGTON’S ARMY AND
11 XAVV REVOLVER
has been approved by the U. S. Board of Ordnance and
la now largely area In the service. Circulars, with
prices, furnished on application. Address
_ E. KEiUNGTON A SONS,
dcls*jl9-Ctft * mon,NewXo:k.
ORE BOXESj all kinds,
FOB CHRISTMAS PRESENTS,
At PEUGEOITS, 108 Lalie-st.
BOXES, splendid variety,
FOB CBBISUUS PRESENTS,
At PBUGEqt S| 108 Lakfr«t.
FOB CHBISmiS PRESENTS
At PEPGEOTS. 1Q5T..1..
QPERA GLASSES,from S3 toS2S,
FOB CHRISTMAS PRESENTS,
At PEUGEOT'S. 108 LnW
/CHILDREN’S TEA SETTS, vari
oas patterns. •
For Christinas Presents,
AT PEUCEOFS, 108 LAKE STREET.
T DRESSING CASES—English and
■iy others.
For Christmas Presents,
AT PEUGEOT’S, 108 LIKE STREET.
IXfECHANICAL LOCOMO
XIX TIVES.
For Christmas Presents,
AT PEUOEOPS, 108 LASESTBKCT.
JpARLOR GABIES—AII kinds,
For Christmas Presents,
AT PETGEOTS, IQS LAKE STREET.
TV/fEERSCHAUM PIPES—The
-L"JL finest in the city.
FOR HOLIDAY PRESENTS,
At PEUGEOT’S .'.......103 Lake street.
~P)OLLS —Every conceivable kind,
FOB BOUDAT PRESENTS.'
At PEUGEOT’S T.«ki» street
'J'HE GREATEST
NOVELTIES OF THE DAY,
For Christmas Presents,
At PEUGEOT’S,
oerr.-vcc-an ids lake street.
HOSIERY,
Ladies' and Misses’ Balmoral Hose,
HUE BED AKD BLACK TABUS.
HAND KNIT WORSTED GOODS,
Men’s Half Hose. Sontags. Xabias. illttens Sleeves
Leggings. 4c.
ZEPHYR WORSTEDS,
WOOLEN YABXS.
HAND-KNIT SC ASKS, (our own importation,
MEN'S HALF HOSE.
ladies ribbed hosiebt.
New Commenced Slippers.
All at the lowest cash prices.
SCXTOJf «t BCRKITT,
41 Lasalle street.
seSO-uSSS-Sm
JJARHTJM BROTHERS
Importers and 17110108016 Dealers la
TOYS AM) FANCY GOODS,
138 LAKE-BT., CHICAGO, TT.r.,
Stock now la and very complete for the
FALL AHO HOLIDAY TRADE
All •! which arc of onr own IMPORTATION’, and wltt
he sold low to
Cash, and Short Time Sayers.
The attention oi
Sutlers and Yankee Notion Dealers
Is respectfully solicited.
Ho. 138 lake street, between Clark and
LaSalle streeta.
QLOTH house;
FIELD, BENEDICT & CO.,
34 3G lake street,
Hare now la store the largest stock of
com, CASSDIEBES, VESTEVCS,
SATINETS,
Sheep's Greys, Beavers, I»Uots.
Heltons,
And all other goods for StEITS WEAR erereihibitM
** l^S?2 rket * ♦ m E e< ? lINTB Invite?to «.
amine our stock of goods of all kinds for
OFFICER’S UNIFORMS.
Bine Cloths, Bine Flannels,
■pT-plQl-ly Blco C“**t“teres.
tnylS-rtßMy
■yAKDERYOORT.DICKERgOIf & CO
190 & 201 Randolph St, Chicago,
IMPORTERS OF
TUi PLATE, SHEET IROIV.&C., &C.
DEALERS DT
Tinners’ Stoclr.
AGENTS FOB
Howe’s Improved Scales.
SPECIAL NOTICE
TO BUYERS OP
HATS, O.A.IPS,
BUCKSKIN GOODS, -
UDITS jot uiaTtEHES’S TUBS, ROBES,
&C-, &c.
axd rtoctorPALi,
SS -SShlift Sft*
TEIiN VALOE d “ 1153 TUAS FREsSNTEiIi
ISgt
ORDERS
¥UI always receive prompt and careful attention.
WEBER, WILLIAMS & YALE,
n02C.x51.-2m 25 Lake street, Chicago.
1863.
pdysiciivs vistrme usrs.
ASI»
diaries.
'lne variety for sale at
Rodgers’ Cutlery
HO Lake street.
QOXjH) l^Tnisq-g
hc m “ st maker.. and every Pea
f.jtcksos,
Blank Books and Stationery.
WO Lake street.
delCjSs4m
gUTLER’S GO O D S,
WINTER GOODS,
dress goods,
CASSESEBES,
BOOBS,
SONTAGS,
And the most extensive and attractive Stock of
Staple and Fancy Dry Goods
~ AT WHOLESALE IS CHICAOO.
mSSSSSwKSSS? 4 J 1 " 1 ■ aOMTOr ******
BOWEN BROTHERS,
DIPORTEB3 AND JOBBEBS,
*2.71 and 75 Lake street. Chicago.
se6-2CMm
JJAWSON & BARTLETT,
SUnn&ctoren and Wholesale Dealers in
BOOTS AND SHOES,
30 Lake Street, Chicago, HI.
We would respectfully cal! me attention of City and
Country Merchants to ourextetwlvc stock of Boots and
bhoes which we bare now In store and are daily re*
ccivlog from oar Factory in West Boybten. Masai,
which conaisUts of a foil assortment of tWc Celebrw*
ted Custom-Made Patna Kip andCaLCand Grain Water*
Proof Boots; together with a fall stock of all style* of
FALL AJiD W AJi TJfcUC GOODS,
Of the best quality and manaCtctnrefl. which we are
prepared to sell for CAFD and prompt paying trade, at
Boston and New York Jobbing prices.
JUST PUBLISHED, ’
WILL. S. TLA.'T'S’
Last and Best Song, entitled
“ The Crammer Boy of Shiloh,”
Embellished with s Descriptive Title Page! Jost
published andforsale by D. P. FAULD3.
_ . _ _ . 51 Clark street. Chicago,
gr Price 50 cents. Copies sent by man. »e3saiai-*«a
JJROOM CORN EXCHANGE.
We Invite consignments of
BROOM CORN,
Have AMPLE STORAGE, make advances, and oAr
Special Inducements
By giving pur patrons the benefit of price* paid bw
EAPPLEVKX a sheldojt.
CohlsSoh attaucts. so souts Wstot street.
TIN, rubber, &c..
am?sow>s,
NCBIAS,

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