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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, January 08, 1863, Image 1

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Cljicagtf tribune.
'W'c have in full abstract three messages
of Slate Governors, two of them loyal, and
with honorable pride setting forth, in fitting
terms, what their respective States of Ohio
; ,nd Pennsylvania have done, and will yet
do for the Union. In the other; the wealth;
and power and patriotism of the noble'
Empire State arc swung in the bands of
the Governor as a bludgeon, threatening
the Government New York is belied in
this message, which is stuffed with the pol
luted stock phrases of the bar-room politics
of her Metropolis, and will be nowhere'
more offensive than in the nostrils of her
own freedom loving citizens. The misrep
resentation of New York will not live bn
the page of history beside her glorious
Oar news from Nashville' and the Mur
freesboro battle is full and of intense in
terest- Rosccrans' is pursuing Eragg’s.
firing army, and onr rcanvns seven miles
below Murfreesboro. Our reporter’s ac
count of the hattle is graphic and power
ful, end will he read with intense interest.
Our intdligence from Vicksburg is
still meagre. Enough is told to declare
that Gen. Sherman hadformed unexpected
difficulties and severe handling of bi3
forces, will, the contest stiU undecided. ■
The choir may commence, for the chor
ister has flourished his baton. The Cop
perhead Democracy may now open in full
cry, taking their key from Gov. Seymour.
For Ibis they have been waiting. With
this they are ready to strike in promptly.
Bo important has it been deemed by them
that, not content with the full abstract fur
nished elsewhere by the Associated Press,
the Democracy at Springfield received a
full copy to their order, transmitted over
Hie wires last night
A large batch of more than dubious loy
alty van •walling Just Ibis leaven from New
York. The sample our .dispatches furnish
is enough to indicate to our readers
whither tho tide these'men covet Is setting.
In the message there are only platitudes
nnd meaningless generalities for the discus*
thm of what is to ho done to subdue the re
bellion. The main evil these men see lain
the subduing of the rebellion; The two
evils complained of arc the harming of
Northern traitors by imprisonment and of
the sacred institution of Southern' rebels
|jy the War Power.
The Governor of New York Is mildly
suggestive in the lilnt that the Central and
Western States have donenothing to offend
the South, the Inference being manifestly
that the South will easily be won to make
files dshlp with these kind and undemon
strative sections, but as for the rest—■ —
New England—Who can not read the rest
of the oracle?
But, Governor Seymour, are you sure
you arc right ? Bas no ono in the Empire
State or the Central States done aught to
anger the mild man-sellers and man-steal
ers of the South? Are all of the sources
of disturbance east of the Hudson ? Where
is John Brown buried? Where lives Ger
ritt Smith? 'Upon what soil falls the
shadow of Greeley's white coat ? Horatio,
thou bcliest New York State, and so shalt
thou find if thou artmeasuriugthe leash to
bind her to the wheels ot the Slave Power.
As well bid Niagara and Genesee reverse
Jheir currents as ask the free sentiment of
New York to he. dumb, that the rebel
South may believe the falsehood of her
But how about the West? Can Gov.
Seymour assure himself and will he assure
the South, that there arc only negative and
neutral elements here; that all onr prairie
farmers care for is for a market for their
cereals. The hostility’to slavery at the
West is "hotter than jn New England. The
Infamous pledge of peacefulness in the
Central and Western sections, under the
encroachments of slavery, is false, black
hearted and traitorous.
The ‘whole, message is intended as a
chapter of texts upon which the Pro-Sla
vrry wing of tne preach
and huild disloyalty, and revolution' Gov
ernor Seymour, in the point he desires to
malic against martial law in the North,
says there is no war here. How long arc
his partisans willing that this he true? It
will be happily and securely true
until these mutterings of treason
against the Government take form" in acts
•of treason, when the Government will
speedily vindicate its power upon all its
enemies wherever found. We doubt if the
Copi»erlieads design fully to test the ques
Will some of the numerous Chicago
merchants, swindled by the gay deceiver
and ex-auctioneer, W. Cornell Jewett, of
Colorado, send down their - little ac
counts to him at the St Nicholas Hotel,
New York, and give the shallow-pate some
call for the exercise of his* mental powers
in his own behalf, thus relieving the coun
try from a teasing gad-fly not in any other
maimer to be so well got rid o£ His new
role of self-constituted diplomat has be
come disgusting to,tho9C who see in it the
impudent brass of a follow with a crocked
pate. Those who do not see this in him,
do not know W. Cornell Jewett of Color
ado. We call & meeting of Chicago par
ties swindled by the fellow, to rescue the
counliy from Jewett of Colorado.
The President Congratulates
Nasiivilus, Jan. 7.15C5.
rrohlcnt Lincoln congratulates the Gen
cj »1 commanding as follows:
Wasuinutok, Jan. 5, IPGS.
To Major General Rotoenm*:
Your dispatch announcing the retreat of
the enemy, has Just reached here. God bless
\ou and all with you. Please tender to all,
and accept for yourself, the nation’s grati
tude for your and their skill, endurance and
dauntless courage. A. Lincoln.
* Secretary Stanton also congratulates the
General and the army. •
Henry Viubcll, negro, of Charleston, S. C.,
>lavc of Col. "Wallers, of Bragg’s staff; re
ceived his emancipation papers" from General
Rosocrons to night, under the President’s
Major C. Goddard, senior aldf for gallantly
and efficient service, is recommended by the
General for promotion as Adjutant General,
with the rank of Lieut. ColoncL Capt St
Clair Morton, Chief Engineer, for splendid
conduct and services, is recommended for a
Brigadier General. . .
Tlio Escape or Forrest. ..
[Special Diapatchto the Chicago Tribute.]
Qatbq, Jan. 7,1888.
AftcrForreet was-whipped at the Crossßoads
on the Slst nit, he made with his remaining
force for Clifton, where he expected to cross
the Tennessee, being chased closely by Cols.
Lawlcrand Fuller; bnt at that point he found
the gunboats bad destroyed the ferryboat,
and he was compelled to move farther south,
and finally made bis escape. Bo West Ten
nessee Is rid of Forrest and bis cavalry.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Jaxssvxlls, Jan. 7.1888.
A company to manufacture woolen goods is
to be formed at Waukesha to-day.
PHiiApxtPiluL Jan. 7.—Gen.. McClellan
held a levee last evening at his brother’s
boose. Ibis morning the City Connell and
Mayor waited on him and presented the testi
monial authorized, by the Council some time
since. '
A French Iron-clad, at Havana,
New Yoke, Jan. 7.—Advices from Havana
fctalc that the French iron-dad frigate LaNor
roandie had arrived from Vera Cruz, tn route
for Martinique, to await orders. Daring her
blay at Vera Crnz she lost 350 of her crew and
600 men by yellow fever, including her com
mander, Captain Do Russel.
From. Memphis.
Memphis, Jam 4, via Caibo, Jon. 7.—lt is
reported that Gen. Gorman is evacuating Hel
ena and moving to Napoleon, Ark. The Mem
phis and Charleston road is repaired to La
gr&ngc, and trains are now running.
From Geo. Milroj’s Command.
Col. Mulligan Marches Eeinforce-
ments from Uow Creek,
VinijLDSLiriu, Jan. 7,—Thc Wheeling (Vo.)
Jut'iligaicfr of yesterday says Senor Caivadcn,
■who has arrived from New Creek, reports that
the rebel* attacked our force* under Col.'
Wm-hbum at Moorflcld on Saturday. Fight
ing wa*going enduring Saturdayand Sunday.
During the whole of Saturday, cannonading
wnw distinctly heard ut New Creek.
We hud a small force at New Crock. Wo
had a small force stationed at Petersburg,
north of Moorflcld. Tills force was sent to
the hitter place, and the baggage train came
via the mountain road, and readied New Creek
on Sundoy.
On Saturday night, Col. .Mulligan, atrtho
head of hi* brigade, left New Creek for Moor-
Held, reaching .there on Sunday.evening.
It was reported that the Union forces had
driven the rebels four miles, and wore still
The rebels are commanded by Cols. Imho
den and JchklnS. - • ■
(lOU. Mllroy is at Winchester.
There was considerable excitement, at Now
Creek on Sunday night, in consequence of re
ports brought by those la charge of wagon
trains, that they had been pursued from Pc
teroburgby a largo body of cavalry. The sol
(Uei>ntNew Creek4-lept on ibelr arms, and
skirmishers were scot out;
doings m congress yes-
Treasury and Military Matters.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago .TribaneJ
Washxkotok, Jan. 7,1863.
It may now* be considered definitely settled
that R. G. Corwine, ofObio, who has been rc-
gardedas one of the.most prominent candi
dates stands no chance for the appoint
ment as Assistant Secretary of the.
The contest Is
down to the Two Indionians, Judge Otto and
cx-Congrcssman Case, with chances apparent
ly in favor of the former. The appointment
is to be made Immediately on Usher’s conflr
Gcn. Bntlcr has just achieved a decided tri
umph. It will be remembered he had a col
lision withthe French Consul, Count Mejan,
concerning certain moneys deposited with this
Consul, which Bntlcr seized, and. which Bev
erdy Johnson subsequently decided should be
returned. The whole matter, has recently
been submitted to Count Merclcr, the French
Minister here. Count Mercler, after a careful
examination of all the facts in tiie cose of his
own countryman, decided against *his consul
and recalled him, thusJLriamx>httntly vlndi
'cating Butler/and'' showing
Johnson had made haste to decide against our
rights, and in favor of the rebels.
The French Minister has already appointed
a new Consul at New Orleans,'who has been
recognized by thls^Governmcnt
It is now ascertained also that tbe money
which Reverdy Johnson restored to to this
dismissed Consul, was promptly sent to Eu
rope, and need in purchasing arms and
clothing for the rebel army.
Gen. Butler left to-day In season to bring
hls arrival In New, York, and the proposed
demonstration In Ids honor on the Bth of
January, on anniversary on which peculiar
fitting rhonors "should be] rendered *to the
Kcci)d offender of Ktw Orleam. J
It Is not doubted that Butler will speedily
have another command, and It begins to be
intimated that after this signal vindication by
the French Minister, it is not impossible that
he may be ret umed to New Orleans, thus free
ing Banks for his originally Intended Texas
expedition. Butler Is said not to have been
particularly pleased with the proposition for
sending him up the Mississippi to organize
contraband troops.
President Lincoln, at tbe request of Senator
Snmner, gave that gentleman the pen with
which he signed tnc Emancipation .Proclama
tion, for transmission to Geo. Livermore of
Cambridge, Mass., the well-known antiquarian
and anti-slavery writer.
. The flog of truce boat took 600 Southern
ladies, school girls and boys South. They
have been attempting to get home , for some
time, and It was finally thought best to send
tlicin in a botch. Some attempted to smug
gle quinine and other articles through, but
they were delected.
The rumors of the danger of for
eign Interference, lately set . afloat,' arc
doubtless unfounded. It Is believed that
the statement of M. Drouyn dcL’Huys, having
so far taken our part as to threaten resigna
tion If Louis Napoleon persisted In Intorvcn
. lion, Is true, and that danger from that source
Is all*over at present Great anxiety cxlbU
to hear from Europe offer the Ist of January.
That is usually the time at which important
developments take place, or at Icast.wlihln a
couple of weeks thereafter.. The President’s
proclamation is certain to bring ont a decisive
demonstration on one side or the other.
: The Committee of Ways and' Means had a
protracted session to-day oh financial , ques
tions. The • policy foreshadowed in these
dispatches seems more and more likely to be,
adopted. Chase’s recommendations are notfa
vored, and farther issue of legal tender notes'
arc pretty well determined upon.
Uent Garnett of Stuart’s rebel cavalry, a
paroled, prisoner, was on the floor of , the
House to-day, escorted by Mr. Wlckllffc. ' -
Yesterday Vallandlgham was showing him
' around. As soon as his presence on the floor
10-daywas discovered, he was expelled, and
"Wlckliffe was thus deprived of
companion.; ' ' r - •
The first train fromthe West on the Baltic
more and Ohio Railroad, reached Baltimore
to-night. Trains both ways have passed over
all parts of thc road in safety. 'Heavy trains
of produce-and live stock are already moving
over the road from the West There seems
to he a lair prospect of. keeping it. open this
The Military Commission arc acting this
session on the principal that we have already
more military legislation than is being en
forced, and are accordlnly smothering three
fourths of the* .bills and resolutions referred
to them. A number were reported back to
-day in the Housed with a requertfor discharge
from their further consideration. The bank
rupt law begins to look as If it would be
speedily: crowded jhrdngb. It has already
passed the Senate and discussed to-day in "the
Mr. Pendleton went out of the way to-day
to attempt dcclaring-tbat Grant's order about
Jews deserve, the . sternest condemnation of
the House and President, although *he knew
perfectly well that the order hadbeen rescind
.ed some days ago. Bin resolution was tabled
by a majority of 8.
On the motion of thanks to Butler, Garrett
.Davis manifested a disposition to oppose it,
but avote was not pressed.* . ■
The chief feature of the Senate proceedings
was a rather heavy speech on the- suspension
of the habeas corpus, from the new Senator,
Field of New Jersey. Hlscffort is not a par
ticularly bright opening for bis Senatorial ca
reer, but be took sound Republican grounds.
Mr.Wilson’s bill for raising fifty millions
of demand notes, to pay soldiers immediately,'
is in the bonds of the finance Committee, and
some measure looking to the same end will
be warmly urged.
Secretary Usher has written a letter to Sen
ator Bice, favoring the project of uniting the
navigable waters of the Mississippi and Bed
River of the North, with canal and slack
water navigation.
Secretary Stanton denies, in a letter to the
House, of having required any political pris
oners not to sue him for their imprisonment,
before releasing them.
Sherman Driven Back
and Waiting Rein
Fighting and
Terrific -
Noble Heroism.
Inmorcd' Rebel Movements on
the River.
[Special Dbpnrch to the Chicago Tribune.}
Maumi*. Jan, 4, via Canto, Jan. 7,1809.
A gentleman who was on the Vlckburg bat
tle Held on Monday, says'that Sherman landed
his forces at.the mouth of Old River on Sat
urday. The enemy .In almost overwhelming
numbers met him outside the Intronchmcnts.
The fighting was desperate. On Saturday
night both armies lay on their arms, a bayou
twenty-five yards wide, only separating them.
Outing the night pontoon bridges , were pre
pared;" At daylight,' on Sunday morning, the
tlic whole Federal force crossed over.
Alter five hours' hard fighting, the Bth Mis
souri charged under heavy fire and took the
enemy's ■ outer works, consisting of nine
heavy guns, the enemy contesting every inch
of ground.
This fighting over bayous and rifle-pits con
tinued till Monday at 3 p. m., when the 4th
lowa, Col. Williamson, supported by the ISfch
Illinois, charged upon the works of Walnut
Bill, consisting of five guns, and carried
them. - -
They were subsequently- retaken by Gen.
Price; Gen. Sherman being overwhelmed
by numbers, - fell back slowly, on Monday
evening, to the outer works, intending to
renew the fight more vigorously on Tues
i Gen. Morgan L. Smith's brother who was
killed, was in command of the Sth Missouri.
The fight of the gunboats In front of
. Haines’ Bluff was still progressing, but the
♦ result was not known.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.!
Usurniß, Jan. 4, via Caxbo, Jau. 7,18G8.
The news from Vicksburg Is extremely mea-
grc. It seems that General Sherman was met
on Sunday, while advancing, by an over-
whelming force. He had captured the first
battery of nine guns. On Monday afternoon
at 2 o’clock he took the second line of battc-
ries, on Walnut Hill, at the point of the bay
onet. He held it forty minutes, when Price’s
entire army charged upon and rc-captnrcd It
juncture is reporiodto
have been terrible." The 4th lowa regiment'
went into the fight with 750 men they come
out of it with ISO.
General Morgan L. Smith was wounded in
the thigh and left breast. His brother is
killed. ' * :
Gen.-J. B. Wyman Is also killed, and his
body is on the‘steamer Minnehaha en route
for Chicago; In charge of his son.
Gen. C;. E. Hovey of Illinois, who, Vith
15,000 men, was to have supported the charg-
log column, was lost and has not yet been
found. Our loss is estimated at from 5,000 to
Since ibis, Gen. Sherman has been compell
ed to fall bade to his first lino of works, where
he must await reinforcements.
Unless ho has them, the movement on
Vicksburg must be given up.
Gcu. Gorman Is evacuating Helena, and
goes to Napoleon, where ho will fortify and
eventually pass up the Arkansas River.
Bonks and Farragut had not been beard
from. Jeff. Davis and Joe Johnston were at
Vicksburg Inst week. Davis left previous to
Sunday last. Johnston remained. -The Mem
phis and Charleston railroad Is in running
order to this place. *Tho first train came hi
A portion of Grant’s army will undoubtedly
bo sent to Vicksburg.
The rebels have obtained possession of Na-
poleon, Ark., below Helena, and they lay an
embargo on the passage of steamers below
that point. It Is also stated that they have.
commenced fortifying at thatplont.
, *Both stories obtain little credence here.
Cairo, Jan. 7—13:80 p. m.—Our news from
Vleksbnrg is one day later.
Up to Tuesday of last week the city had not
been taken, and the general appearance was
not so favorable. The fighting has been ter
rible. On Snndoy It was severest. Batteries
and fortifications were taken and retaken fre
quently—regiments, and even brigades, fight
ing hand to hand. Ourtroops marched bravely
up to the fortifications, and fought the rebels
over thclrguns. r : ’ V ‘ ’ .
The rebels had about 65,000 men .between
Grenada and Vicksburg, and these have all
been concentrated at Vicksburg. Gen. Joe
E. Johnston Is also there; and In command.
- Neither Farragut nor Banks had yet mode
their appearance below, and from the move
ments of steamers the -rebels seemed to be re
ceiving reinforcements’from Louisiana. The
report isj that Gen. Sherman, overwhelmed
by superior numbers, has been forced to fall
back to the .first line of fortifications cap
tured, there to await reinforcements/ His
loss Is estimated at 4,000 or 5,000. > -
Tuesday morning the fighting was still in
progress. The 4th lowa, .‘l3th Illinois, and
Bth Missouri,regiments, had suffered most se
verely. - Gen. Wyman fell while leading the
18th to charge on a battery. ~
The fortiflcalipns'exfend six miles hack and
the Federal troops had fought over four miles,
of distance, every foot • heingliotly contested.'
- Gem Morgan L. •Smith is wounded in the
breast. Bis brother, Cob Smith, is killed.*
It is a mistake that reinforcements had ar
rived from Grant, as before reported.
The 4th lowa went into the fight with'7Bo
men'and came out with less than 150.; '
■ Gen. C.E. Bovcy, of„IU., dispatched on a
special mission with 1,500 men, Iras not been
beard from, and fears arc entertained that he
is cut off. ; •
- 'When the last boat left, eight transports and
fourteen gunboats were np the Yazoo.
Cimo, Jan. 7, 4 p. m.—Vicksburg had not
been taken up to the morning of the Ist Inst.
The rebels had. concentrated all their forces
from Grenada, Jackson,and all along thclines
of the road, at Vicksburg, amounting in all to
65,000 men. This overwhelming force attack
ed Gen. Sherman on Monday and forced him
to 101 l back to the first lino of the rebel fortlfi'
The fortifications extend back from the city
six miles, and Sherman’s forces bad fought
their way to within two miles of the city when
attacked by tUs superior force.
Onr greatest loss was in thc.4tii lowa,
which lost COO men in hilled, wounded and
Nothing has yet been heard from the forces
below, nor tan wo learn that the gunboats
haveiaken any part In the .action. -- .
From .the movements of a rebel steamer
from the city to the iionisiana shore, it ia'sup
posed that the rebels are crossing reinforce
ments, and it is hot Improbable that General
Holmes Is there, as the last heard of him he
was marchin&la that direction.
Rumored Flans and Movements.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
‘: Gaino, January 7,1805.
News.bas been received from.Gen. Grant’s
urmy, brought via Memphis by correspondents
oftlio -Now York and Cincinnati press. They
confirm the report of Grant gradually falling
back from bis advanced position, bat do hot
know what his succeeding move will bo;
The rebels think ho makes a feint toward
Corinth, but in reality means to menace the
Mobile and Ohio railroad, or places connected
with it.
Federal troops still hold a position south of
tho Tallahatchie. CoL Lee’s cavalry and some
other detachments, aw still chasing guerillas
in that direction. When heard from, CoL
Lee was beaded for Memphis, .uml tho entire
line of tho Memphis and Charleston railroad is
guarded, and will be protected by Gen. Mc-
Arthur’s and Brig. Gen.' Qulmby’s divisions.
Being a abort line, this is deemed ample for
all purposes.
Qon. Grant will probably uot make another
advance very soon.
Matters arc quiet in that vicinity at present
The following order has Just arrived, issued
by’Gon.. Grant on tho subjcct’of expelling
Jews from the district:
llßADquanrsitH 13rn Anxr Goars, ■ )
Dd’AnTMENT or TejociwsM, ’ >
Hoz.lt Brnums, Jan. 0, 1863. )
General Order No. 14.—8y direction of
the General-in-Chief of the army at Washing
ton, a general order from these. headquarters
expelling Jews from this Department, is here
By order of Major Gen. U. 8. Grant.
(Signed) J. A. Rawlins, Adjt.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
• Caibo, Jan. 7,180 L
Gen. Gorman, it appears, with 10,000, more
or less, troops, lies at Helena, awaiting red
tape, bis orders coming from. Gen. Curtis, and:
not from Sherman, who needs him at Vicks
burg. How long It may take for Curtis’ or
ders to reach Helena is.noi known, but Gor
man must await their coming.
Gen. Clinton B. Fisk, with his brigade, is
already embarked for a trip down the Missis
sippi, at Columbus.
Friends in Chicago will be glad to learn tlmt
Mrs. Hoge, having charge of saiiitory stores
for the army under Sherman, from Chicago,
arrived safely and'passed South yesterday.
Miss J. E. Roy and Wm. H. .Hoyt came on
to-day and started this evening for Vicksburg,
on the steamer Lady Pike, with their stores.
Should they meet no detention at Napoleon,
they will soon be at tbclr destination. The
sixteen Indiana surgeons went on the same
Caibo, Jan. 7.—lt now tarns out as highly
probable that 9,000 of Grant's cavalry did
make their way through the country from
Holly Springs to Vicksburg, which place
they reached Sunday, and have since been dis
mounted and acting as Infantry..
Gen. Gorman's force at Helena, Ark., 15,000
strong, are already embarked for Vicksburg.
A division of Grant’s army has reached
Memphis, destined, as la understood, for
below. t
. Eight mortar boats are also to be sent from
Gen. Fisk’s brigade will embark immediate-
ly at Columbus.
The crew of the Blue Wing lias arrived at
Helena. Gorman arrested her Captain, pilots
and engineers. It Is suspected that all was
n°t_rightjconcernlng her capture. ,The rebels
todk from iicr’4oo boxes of arbiti, ammunition,
a lot of clothing, and some cavalry saddles.
The mail agent sank nil her letter mail bags
the rebels only got the newspapers.
The mall steamer Minnehaha returned to-
day with about 1,000 prisoners she look down
to be exchanged. The battle in progress at
Vicksburg preventd exchanges. About thirty
five of them died on the trip, and 100 eases of
small-pox were put off at Granville Miss., and
a few eases at Memphis. Several attempted
to escape by-jumping overboard mid were
either drowned or shot by the guard.
New Yonn, Jnn 7.—Tbe following Is the
special dispatch to the N. Y. Tribune :
Helena, Ark., Jan. 3, via Cairo, Jan 7.
The battle is still raging at Vicksburg, but
with no decisive results.
Onr forces took the main battery and rifle
pits of the enemy on Monday, but were after
wards repulsed ond lost their ground. Five
cannons were taken, spiked and lost again.
"Gen. Morgan and Geh. J. B. Wyman arc
killed. Gen. Morgan L. Smith and Capt
Gwln are wounded, but not mortally.
Both armies rested Monday night,' after a
bard fought day. Onr troops are still confi
dent of victory.
Gens. Price and Van Dorn commanded the
rebels. .
It is rumored that Gen. Sherman was being
largely’reinforced by the arrival of Grant’s
cavalry. Tbo gunboats are not doing nmch.
Our army is well posted andprotcctcdin flank
and rear, and won't yield the contest till Vicks
burg Is in its possession. Our loss in killed
and wounded, so far, is estimated at 8,000
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Dxsmoikh. lowa, Jan. 7,1863.
’ The report which reached here from Vicks*
bnrg this afternoon tliat the 4th lowa Infantry
had lost 600 men In killed, wounded and miss*
Ing, under Sherman, causes tho most painful
anxiety, as the regiment was mainly made up
' from this region, and the Colonel, James A*
Williamson! was flrom this city. There Is
some error embraced in the dispatch, how*
ever, for the 4th lowa infantry did not num
ber COO nil told previous to the battle, having
borne honorable parts in the battles of Fort
Donelson, Fca Ridge, Corinth and luka, The
• regiment had become thinned’ so that It
could not hove mastered more than 500 effect
ive men. , , :
The Supreme Court Is still •In session, bnt
It will probably adjourn next week. One of
the Judges, Wrighf, is President of the State
Agricultural Society, which will, hold its an
nual business meeting here at that time.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Ikuiaxafous, Jon. 7, 1863.
' The members of both the Union and Demo
cratic parties meet in caucus to-n!gbt,-for the
nomination of officers to be voted for at the
organization of the Legislature to-morrow’.
An effort is being made to set Bright aside
with a simple resolution of endorsement , and
condolence, and substitute Hon. D. Tnrplc in
his stead for the short term, with a good pros
pect of success. There is a report that the
caucus last night threw Bright overboard, v
The Indiana State Board of Agriculture are
in session in the Supreme Court room. Tho
attendance is nnnsoally large, and the pro
ceedings arc of unusual Eight new
members have been elected to fill the vacan
cies occasioned by the expiration of the terms
of a similar number, •
The Indiana Pomologiclal Society is also in
session. The. attendance is large, and the
members arc enthusiastic. The exhibition of
fruits, though not large, is very superior. Dr.
■John A. Warder of Ohio, J. D. G. Nelson of
Alton, Lewis Jones of Wayne, and Fletcher
and Beecher of this city, are the principal ex
hibitors. J.*D., Guilson of Allen, is elected
President; Geo. M. Beecher of Marion county.
Secretary; John C.'Teas of Sayaville, Trea
Albert Lange, Auditor of State,'surrenders
hla office to his successor, James Hlstine, on
the2sth of January.. '
Tho following resignations have been ten
dered and accepted:
. licut. CoL P. Baily, 73d; Sur
geons F. 8. White, 84th, and N. A, Myers,
■SOth; Anson Hurd, 14th,‘andL J. Avery,loth;
Assistant Surgeons William Spencer, . 40th,
andS, B. Harriman, 84Ul ..
Notes from the Battlefield.
Daring Heroism of onr Troops.
Our Rear Nine Miles, Below
[Special Dispatch to tho Chicago Tribune.]
Loomn.us, Jan. 7,1803.
Messrs. Moody und. Maple, agents of tha
CliU-ogo Siuiitury Commission; have arrived
hero and gone Immediately forward to
The United Slates Sanllary, ..Commission,
which includes the Chicago Sanitary Commis
sion, have sent , forward from this point six
u i ndued boxes of hospital stores. Chicago,
Cincinnati,' St. Louis, and other points
through individuals uud associations have re
sponded nobly.
The pressure to go forward from this place
is Immense', and already lanrcly exceeds the
means of transportation and the number the
strict regulations of the command, here will
allow to passl Surgeons, nurses and agents
duly authorized go forward readily, but nec
essarily very many, to whom it is a great dis
appointment, are excluded from going. This
is necessary, uud many who liave only person
al and light reasons for seeking this permis
sion will save disappointment and expense by
staying at home. ‘
Reinforcements'are being scut forward for
Rosecrans. Among the Illinois regiments
that have this destination is Co). Sloan’s, how
on its way from Gen. Grant’s army to join
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
• - _ Indianapolu,.Jan. 7,18153,
Dr. C. J. “Woods telegraphs Gov. ' Morton
from Nashville as follows:
Your first delegation of twenty surgeons
arrived here last night at 11 o'clock. We arc
the first help in the field.
Five thousand and forty wounded have been
already reported, and 1,000 bare been brought
into Nashville. There is great need of sur
geons. We have reported fcfr duty and go
immediately to the field. \
Mnj. Gen. Wright has ordered the hospitals
atEvausrUlerwMch to.
be reopened immediately, and has called on
Gen. Rosecrans’ medical director to report
what hospital accommodations may be re
quired, that the same may be at once pro
vided. ';
Gov. Morton has telcgeaphcd the Surgeon
General, urging the Immediate construction
of two new hospitals at Evansville.
Major J. Kiulcy of the 86th Indiana is se
verely wounded.
A delegation of Wisconsin surgeons passed
through this city to-day for Murfreesboro.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
. Nashvzllb, Jan. 7,1862
A large delegation of Indiana surgeons have
arrived to attend to the wounded.
General Rosecrans has ordered rebel officers
into custody, in view of Jeff. Davis’ recent
orders. :
A large number of prisoners have been
brought in. All say the fight was most dis
astrous to Bragg.
Breckinridge Is badly , repulsed and Rose
crans Is in pursuit—Thomas’ divisionbeing in
the advance.
Our rear Is nine miles beyond Murfreesboro,
The rebel Gen. Baines was buried here to
day. Gcn.Mitohcll forbade all demonstrations.
The body of Gen. Roger Hanson has hccu put
In a vault hero; also that of McGowan, who Is
certainly killed. His last words were, “Bully
for tbc old 4th artillery.”
Cincinnati, Jan. 7.—A special dispatch to
the Commercial from Murfreesboro Otb, gives
additional confirmation of the demoralization
of the rebel army. Breckinridge’s Division
was terribly punished. On Friday General
Breckinridge was wounded In the car, and his
Adjutant General killed.
Wounded rebel officers estimate their loss
at from 12,000 to 15,000, with a great slaughter
of leading officers.
Col. Mulligan is mortally wounded, and in
the hospital here.
The body of Gen. Hanson was sent South'
to-day. * , v
Gen. Bains’ body was scut to Nashville;
The enemy’s rear guard was encountered at
10 o’clock on Sunday night by Gen. Stanley’s
The rebels retreated with the loss of thirty
men. '
A negro from Gen. Bragg’s headquarters,
who'left the rebel army five miles from Man
chester, beard Gen. Bragg say be would go to
Chattanooga. •-
■JUnxs Field
January 6,; via Nasbtxlxx, Jim. 7,1863. ),
To W.D. Manchester, Chicago u- ■■ .
The -loss of the S&th'illmoia la only eight
killed and forty wounded. Capt. Wlilet was
killed. Adjutant Bishop is slightly wounded.
Major Hall and Captain ‘Whiting arc prisoners
—not wounded. C. Y. Hotchkiss,
' - Lieut. Colonel.
SPKCiGTXSLD, HI., Jan. 7. CoL Bartleson,
of the 100 th Illinois regiment, of Joliet, is
reported killed.\CoL Casey, of the 12Cth 111.,
is also reported killed.
Louisville, Jan, 7.—Headquarters advices
say that, previous to the Murfreesboro fight,
a large portion of Anderson's (Ky.) troops
mutinied at Nashville and refused to advance.
The remainder, about 300, went into the fight
under Boscngarten and Wood, and. behaved
gallantly. Notices have been sent along, the
line for the arrest of a large number reported
to have deserted, and their return to Nashville
in irons. - .
A Nashville dispatch says some rebel pris
oners captured on Thursday and paroled, had
been in Murfreesboro, only four hours. They
were direct from Richmond, Ya,
. Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 7,—Over 600 rebo
prisoners and nineteen commissioned officers
were brought in last evening. Unofficial re
ports state that cannonading was heard ten
miles from Murfreesboro. Our forces are
pursuing the rebels. Brsgg may make a stand
at Tnllahoma. •
Our number of wounded is about 7,000.
Our whole loss in killed, wounded and miss
ing will not* reach 10,000.> The rebel loss Is
double burs. The wounds of our soldiers are
mostly alight. The best buddings In Nashville
arc taken for hospitals. The wounded will be
well cared for. Our newsyfrom .the front Is
meagre auduaimpoTlaat. ,Therq.lsfourfecti
|ol water on the shoals, and the ri. TCr is still
rising. Weather clear and cold.
. New Yobk. Jan. 7 —The following; 1 * a spe
cial dispatch to a morning paper: :
Mubpeeesboro, Jan. 5, via
The enemy evacuated in haste during
day night. It is reported they were terribly
demoralized from loss,-hut they left no. pro -
perty behind. . Gen., Negley pursued tiieor
with Inlhntry. A cavalry force also followed
to-day. Spear’s Ist Tennessccbrigade attach
ed and dispersed their rear guard of cavalry.
Their loA in Wednesday’s battle was 5,009;
several hundred on Thursday; over 1,200 on
Friday, and 1,000 on Saturday night. Includ
ing the wounded and. captured, wc have 1,500
of them.-prisoners, among whom ore'two
colonels and several majors.
The bodies’of Brig. Gens. Rains and Hanson
arc here. Gen. Breckinridge was-severely
wounded, and Gen. Adams hodauarmbrofeciL’
ilajor Clarence Prentice was -wounded in the
thigh. The famous Ist Louisiana - regiment
was destroyed.
Onr own losses in all the engagements were
1,000 killed, about 0,000 wounded, and several
thousand prisoners. - Ouc-third of the wound
ed will soon be able to resume duty. Onr
army was considerably depicted by stragglers,
including a number of officers,-who will be'
disgracefully dismissed.- several.for desertion.
CoL Moody, 74tb Ohio, was wounded; also
Col. Chas. Anderson, 93d Ohio; Col. Nick
Anderson, Gth Ohio; Col. John F. Miller was
wounded, but did hot leave the field. Cot
Williams, 25th Illinois, was killed. Lieut.
Col. Hull, 37th Indiana, was wounded, not
we Imd about twenty-five field officers killed
and os many wounded.- Lieut. CoL Turner.
22d Indiana, reported killed, is wounded and
a prisoner. •. •
. 1 The Chicago Board of -Trade Battery, which
{behaved r *wncd*'and s '«lght»
wounded, including Lieut. TrnmbullD. Grif
fin, wounded. Loomis’ Michigan Battery lost
one killed, twelve wounded, and thirteen
horses killed. ...
* 1 A review of the field of battle since the
evacuation, shows that the enemy wore much
more formidably posted than wc had devel
oped even by our terrific fighting.
[From the Louisville Journal of Tuesday.]
Gun. Uosbcranh' Sumacs.—Wo are offi
cially Informed that the army of the Cumber
land Is at present supplied with subsistence
in sufficient quantity to meet Us wants until
the 25th Inst., oven should It bo cut off imme
diately from its source of Supply. The Cum
berland River is now open to navigation,
however, and there need bo no fear indulged
that our victorious army at Murfreesboro
will suffer from a lack of subsistence.
TuuCuMBsnLASDRxvsB.— I The intelligence
received from Nashville, by telegraph last
evening, was most cheering. _lu addition to.
. the assurances that success had crowned onr
arms at Murfreesboro, wc were notified that,
the Cumberland River was rising, with three
feet of water on Harpcth Shoals.
[From Oar Own Reporter.]
: Cincinnati, January 7,1603.
Monday and Tuesday was spent as yon have
been advised, in getting the army Into line
and securing positions. The great contest
commenced "Wednesday morning, and the ac
count of that day I sent yon in fall.-
A great .deal of misapprehension prevails
with regard to the nature of the battle field at
Murfreesboro, especially of that portion which
was the scene of the bloody struggle of Wed
nesday. Even the maps furnished to officers
by the indefatigable corps of topographical
engineers foil to exhibit correctly the nature
of the vicinity.
The error seems to be the confounding to
gether of two distinct and separate streams,
Stone's River, which rises in the northern
part of Rutherford county and flows post
Steward's Ferry almost directly north Into the
Cumberland, and Stone River, which takes its
rise in the southern extremity of Rutherford
and the eastern part of Campbell,. and after
traversing both of these and a portion of Da
vidson, enters the Cumberland about ten
miles below the latter.
It is the Western branch of the latter, which i
flows past Murfreesboro, and constitutes the
river of which such frequent mention must be ,
made in all accounts of this battle. No map j
that I have ever jet seen represents correctly ;
the position of this stream, and of course I •
bad not myself time to trace it out; but when ‘
our line of battle was formed in front of the
town on Wednesday morning, our lef: wing
rested upon the river, and the men of Van
Clove’s division filled their canteens with
water from the same at this place.
. . The river flows almost in.a northerly direc
: lion.. Its coarse when passing the town being
accurately, the <
sition of the various brigades on Wednesday ;
morning, but as there were so many compli
cated movements daring the day, scarcely any*
brigade fighting in the same order in which
it was first posted, I deem it unnecessary to
mention the place of each..
Gen. McCook’s command, which, is the
right wing of the army. consists of three di
visions—Johnson’s, Davis’ and Sheridan’s—
posted from right to left in the order in which
I have named them, Johnson’s and Davis’ be
ing thrown forward and to the right so as to
form a line which made a considerable angle
with that of the remainder of tbe army;
.Gen. Sheridan’s division was [withdrawn
somewhat on the left, and acted as a reserve
for the right wing of the center, commanded,
by Gen. Thomas. Bnt.two divisions were
present—Negley’s and Ronssean’s—stationed
from right to left, In the order named, Rous
seau's being somewhat Withdrawn and consti
tuting the reserve on the center.
The left wing of the army under the com
maua of Gen. Crittenden was posted in the
following order: Gen. Palmer on the right,
Gen. Wpod In the center, and Van Clove on
the left*
A part of Palmer’s and also ot Van Glove be
ing thrown slightly forward—the enemy’s
lino stretched transversely across Stone River
from the Lebanon Pike, on the right, to the
Franklin road, on the left. Tbclr loft at the
beginning of (he battle was considerably over
lapped by our own right. When McCuokhad
finally got Into position, Hardee commanding
the rebel left, consisting of OUcatluim’s,
McCown’snnd Withers’ urtMons, McCouns*
being on the extreme left of tbe wing and
Cheatham In the centre. . ;
This wing was reinforced on Tuesday night
by the addition ■ of, Ciulbomo’s, formerly
Buckner’s division. Bishop .Folk led the
rebel right, consisting of Preston Smith’s and
Breckinridge’s divisions, and Llout. General
Kirby Smith led on three divisions in the
rebel center. Tho division of Breckinridge
was on the extreme -rebel right. Besides
these were several Independent detachments,
hnt It Is extremely probable that with these
and tho rclnfor'.erv.mta afterwards received,.
the rebel army did not outnumber even if It'
equaled oar own. r
The held of battle ;r. the centre was mostly
a pluin. Going towards- Murfreesboro, there
was a slight elevation of cleared ground on.
both sides of the turnpike, and somo patches
of woodland, sufficient to conceal the greater,
portion of . oar troops Until they should be.
ready to advance. Behind the woods conceal
- lag oar foremost line, and to tho left of those
which He on tho left of the turnpike, Uan
open and slightly elevated ground, extending;
to the river. This fanned the key to our po
sition, and It was here that the greater portion
of the wagons were parked for safety.
On the left some cornfields extended to the
river, and on the other side of the river arose
a low" wooded bill. 'The ground upon the
right was & succession of dense cedar thick
ets, with open spaces, where the rocks came
to the snrface and nothing conid grow; belts
oftolcrablc timber, and small Irregular shaped
fields; the pike and railroad run near each
other. . 1
■ In the devoted open space which formed the
keyto our position, from a point whereour
line of battle crossed both, a distance-post on
the railroad indicates that it is just twenty
nine miles to Nashville. . ' '
A number of houses were situated iu differ
ent parts of the field, hut none ofthem except
the brick building; of which tfin Inside was
burnt out the day before, played any inportant
had not yet risen on Wednesday
morning, when the firing commenced upon
theright. • • ‘ ; .
The Ist: Missouri battery, Capt, Heacock,
• and the Ist Illinois battery, Capt. Hotaling,
shelled the rebels out . of a point of woods In
front of Sheridan's division, which- now
slightly advanced. > : ‘ *
The enemj threw .himself upon Sheridan
with terrible ’was thrice repulsed.
Againheadvanced witli larger numbers and
greater desperation than before, and Sheri
dan's.xnen were compelled to give ground. It
was only a moment, however, the hrave* and
noble Sill, asslsted by other daring officers;
soon rallied the retiring troops. The banner
of the stars and’ stripes once more advanced,
»aud' although SiU purchased the victory with
Ids life, the rebels were' repulsed and. driven
from this .quarter of the fiWd. •-
- ‘lt was ato minutciafter when this oq
eurred, and at the same time the sun broke
through some cold-looking clouds, and flash
ed a clear bright light over the fields. - There
had not elapsed even time enough to remove
the body of Gen. Sill, when all attention was
directedto the extreme right, where.three
divisions of the enemy—McCown*s,uClai-
borne’s and Cheatham-’*—had advanced- in
massive columas, and : charged impetuously.
upon Johnson and Davis.
A portion of the infantry in* Johnson’s di
vision immediately broke, almost, indeed, bc
fdrclhcy had taken their arms fromthe stack,
and one of the batteries,- Edgniion’s (Ohio,)“
; was taken before it hafrflred the third round.
; Poor Edgarton was not at fault. A truer,
. better, braver young men* is seldom- found
than he. It was his greatest ambition to take
; part in a battle, and I remember how often
! and how earnestlyho deplored that separation
; from the. old 8d division, - which- prevented
, him from
His hour came at last. It found him ready,,
but those upon whom ho Lad a right : to rely
to give him timely notice of the enemy’s ar-
rival, failed to do so, and cro his guns could
, be loaded and discharged three times tho rebel
i bayonets had swept hU men, and he himscll
: fell wounded and bleeding into the hands of
the foe.
The gallant and earnest Captain * Simon*
fought , like a hero, ns he-ls,'-and brought off-
I Captain Goodspeca strenuously endeavored,
i after firing several rounds to save his cannon,
| but only succeeded In getting away with two
of them.
General Kirk, of Illinois, commanding one
of the brigades in Johnson’s division, was so-
vcrcly wounded while endeavoring to rally
I his regiments. Tho enemy succeeded la get
ting the right flank completely hemmed-In.
A largo number of officers of every grade were
shot down while standing at tho muzzles
of rebel muskets. .Brigades and regiments
jyushed upon one another In disgraceful disor-
der, and the route of tbo division became ir
: retrievable and total.
I suppose I sliall raise a storm about my
bend for Baying so, but I can't from all that 1
Imyc heard come to any other conclusion than
the right whig of our army was completely
surprised, and tlmt, too, under circumstances
which should hare rendered it particularly
careful and vigilant. Whether Gen. McCook
or Gen. Johnson Is to blame for this, an Im-
partial investigation will hereafter determine.
At present the sentiment of the army U ex
tremely hostile to both.
I imagine it will not be many days before
there are important changes in the leadership'
ol the 14th army corps. The right of Davis*
, division which was assailed at the same, time
as Johnson's, gave way simultaneously, and
the rout of the remainder seemed to follow as
a matter of course.
It Is left to Gen. Sheridan to stay the hith
erto successful onset of- the foe. Never did a
man labor more faithfullyAhan he to perform
his task, and never was a leader seconded by
more gallant soldiers.
His division formed a kind of pivot, upon
which the broken right wing turned in its
flight, and its perilous condition can eosily bo
imagined, wbcn.tbe flight of Davis' division
‘ leit it without any protection from the trlum
, pbant enemy who now swarmed upon its
■ front and right flank, but it fought until one
: fourth of its number Lay bleeding and lying
‘ upon the field, and till both remaining brig
; adc, commanders Col. Roberta and Shaefferj
had met with the same fate os Gen. Sill.
Then it gave way, and *in almost every in-*
stance of the kind, retreat was changed to
rout, only less complete than that of the
troops of Johnson and Davis. All these dl
visions were now hurled back together into
the immense ravines of cedar thickets wjilch
skirt th^ turnpike and extend far over to the
Brigade after brigade, battery after battery,
from Palmer’s, Negloy’s and Rosecrans’ di
visions, were sent into the thickets to check
the progress of-thc foe and rally the fugitives,
< but all in turn were crushed outright
: 'crowds'brokeubytheimpet u
osity of the foe and pnt to confused flight or
compelled to retire and extricate themselves
is the best manner that seemed to offer.
The history of the combat in those dark
cedar thickets will never be known. No man
could sec even the whole of fils own regi
ment, and no one will ever be able to tell who
they were that fought bravest and .they who
proved recreant to their trust.
I know there was some cowardice displayed,
but I know, Jop, that there was shown by
many officers and regiments as lofty a hero
ism as that which- distinguished and Immor.
tallied the followers of Godfrey on the Gld.
In spite of their heroism and devotion, In
spite of the desperate struggles which marked
every fresh advance of the foe, In spite of an
awful sacrifice of life on the part of officers
and soldiers of the Union army, the rebels
still steadily pushed onward, and came nearer
and nearer to the nearly two miles
and a half; the right wing*of our army had
been driven in, and a faintness of heart came
over me as the destruction of our whole army
seemed to stare ns In the face, bnt the word
went forth from Rosccrans, the flower of the
left wing, and centre were hurried over towards
the right, and massed, rank behind rank, in
an array of Imposing grrndcur along the
turnpike and- facing to the woods, throagh
which the rebels were advancing. The scene
at this time was as grand and awful ns any
thing that I ever expect to witness until the
day of judgment. I stood Ui'thc inidat and
upon the highest point of the somewhat do
'voted space, being between iht- turnpike and
railroad, fronting the key to our po
sition. Let the rebels once obtain. pos
session of It, and of the immense train of
wagons packed along 'the turnpike, and the
Union army was Irretrievably ruined. Even
its line of retreat would bo cut off,
and nothing
slaughter and capture ; and yet each minute It
became more dnd more plainly evident that
all the; reinforcements which had been
hurried into the woods . to- sustain
and rally • the broken' right wing,
and ■ check - the progress of the en
emy In that direction, had proved-inade
quate to the task, and bad In turn been over
thrown by the great mass which was strug
gling, In ' disorder, through the
woods, s Such sounds as proceeded 1 from that
gloomy‘forest of pines and cedars, were
enough to appal with terror the stoutest
hearts. . ,Tho roar of the cannon, the
crashlngof shot through, the trees, the whiz
zing'and bursting of shells, the uninterrupted
rattle of 80,000 muskets all mingled in one
prolonged'and tremendous volume of sounds,
as though all .thc thimders of Heaven had
been rolled together, and each Individual'
burst of celestial aKiUery had-been rendered
perpetual, and above it all conl<\ be heard, the
wild cheers of the traitorous hosts, as body after
body.of our troops gave way, and were pushed
back toward the turnpike. Nearerand nearer
came the storm, louder and louder resounded
the tumult of battle.. The immense train of
wagons' parked along the roads . suddenly
.seemed instinct with struggling life;-and every
species of army vehicle preceded by frightened
mules, and horses, .rolled, and rattled away
pell mell in an opposite- direction from that
in which the victorious foe was pressing on
ward. The shouts and cries of the terrified,
teamsters urging their teams to the top of
their speed, were now mingled with
lows of sounds which swayed and surged over
the field. ‘ - -
. Everything now depends upon the regi
ments and batteries which the’genins of Bose
crahs had massed along-the turnpike to re
ceive the. enemy when he should emerge from
the woods in pursuit of our broken and flying
battalions. Suddenly the rout'became visi
ble, and " crowds'- of “"'ten,, thousand
fugitives, • presenting .evciy 'possible phase
of wild ’ and •. .uncontrollable disorder,'
hurst . from /*the cedar' thickets and
rushed Intp.the open space between them and
the turnpike. Amongst them all, perhaps
mothalf a do'zenLinemhers of the sa ™ e rr ” s J’
ment could have been found togethef. Thick
and tast the bullets of the enemy fell amongst
them, and .cores of them were shot .down,
but still the number constantly Increased, by
reiison of theftesh crowds whldt buret eyeiy.
moment from the thickets. , ." ■. • '
It was with the greatest difficulty that some
of the regiments whlcfi{had_bceii massed to
gether aa a sbrt of fbrlora hbpo; to withstand
and If possible drltq. b«k, the -yiptorioMcck
NUMBER 16(1.
horts of treason, could prevent l their tanks
from being crashed orbrokeaby the mass of
From my position upon the elevated ground,
between the railroad and turnpike, I could
view, the whole scene, and wtthan Intensity of
interest 'and tumultuous emotion which I
have ao language to express,! watchcdfor the
. result Wlich thedesperate soldlbre-of Urn re
bellion Should enter the open space ’
v A tempest of Iron was whistling all around
my head, bdt : forfhe first time sinccT- began
to participated the transactions of tlils’frar
fol war, they whistled and bursted unheeded.
I make no pretensions to extraordinary phy
sical courage. . r -. (
He who says tliatamld the horrors of-a bat
tle he cxperienccrhb feeling of awe ahdsozae :
times dread, Is a deifier, aa Idiot, or madman,*
but at this lime I could'nbthavc retired, even:
bad Ibctn so Inclined.’- • "...
My feel were rooted-to-tire spot,mygaze
was fascinated and fixsdluthe quarter where
I expected the enemy to hppcar, and had an
earthquake rent the earths before me, I could
not have moved from the ‘ spat until I knew
fromrthe .testimony of my own oyeMght
whether or no tho troops upon which rested
the last hopc'of the,Unlon were, like the rest,
to be beaten and overthrown. .
It was not In consequence ofsupertor phys
ical courage that! remained here; but of the
mental Impossibility of doing otherwise. The
.llower of our troops were ranged la orderl
'bore,'and I had no fiars* for
one of .these unaccountable panics . which:
sometimes ruin even an army of veterans
should rolze upon our yet unbroken battal
ions. •
’ Tct these were men not liable to panic,
men whoso lofty courage tod devotion to
their country's cause overcame and extin
guished fear. ,
Col. Loomis was there with hi* immortal
let Michigan battery, and there was Stokes
with the noble battery furnished by the Chi
cago Board of Trade, and Mendenhall and
Qulothcr with their regular artillery, and the
troops-ledby Gen. Smith, comprising some
of the finest In the service, and tho three fa
mous brigades belonging to the old third di
« The Oth, and 17th regulars which the daring
valor of Rousseau, assisted by the uudlucUlog
courage of Col. Scribner of the 3Sth Indiana,
commanding the Oth brigade, and by the splen
did abilities of Col. John Beatty of the 3d
Ohio, commanding the 17th brigade, had ex
tricated from the woods Into which they had
been sent to check the progress of the enemy,
in a comparatively unbroken and undemoral
ized condition—a result which, to one who
knows something of the nature of that fearful
combat in the woods, seems little short of
Other ’illustrious'corps*were there also.
Whose patriotism and-courage I should be
glad, even at tills early day, to celebrate,
if one individual could have known and' ob
served them aIL Their soul-sacrifices will
yet be known and appreciated by a' grateful
nation. With calm courage Gen. Crittenden
awaited the coming storm, and conspicuous
among all the rest, was the well built form of
the commanding General, his countenance
unmoved by the tumult around him, and his
thoughtful and animated features expressing
a high and patriotic hope, which acted li£o an
inspiration upon every one that beheld him.
.As he east his eye over the grand array
which ho bad mustered to repel the foe, be
already felt, himself master.of the situation.
At last the long’ lines of the enemy c'merged
froth the woods, rank behind rank, and with'
a demoniac yell, intended to strike terror into
the souls of the Yankees who stood before
them, charged with fearfbl energy almost to
the very muzzle of the cannon, whose dark
mouths yawned upon them. #
A dazzling sheet of flame burst from the
ranks of the Union forces. An awful roar
shook the earth, a qrash rent the atmosphere,
and the foremost line of the rebel host were
literally swept from the field, and seemed to
melt away like snow flukes before a flame, and
then both armies were enveloped in a vast
L cloud,oX-: smoke,-which hid every UiingiVom
the‘eye. Th the still risible ground between
the pike and the railroad, the tumblfc re
doubled. »
Not knowing what would be the result of
the strife which was raging under the great
canopy of smoke that concealed the combat
ants, the flight of.those In charge of wagons
and ambulances became still more rapid and
disordered. Thousands of fugitives from the
broken right wing mingled with the teams,
and frequently a mass of men, horses and
wagons would be crushed and ground to
Every conceivable form of deadly missile
whizzed and whirled and hurst amidst the
crowd, and terror ond dismay reigned uncon
trolable. The whole disordered mass rushed
down as fast as possible towards the river,
into which it plunged, pushing and strag
gling to the other side.
The combat under that great cloud of smoke
was somewhat similar to that in the woods.
No one knows exactly what occurred. There
■was a shout, a charge, a rush of Are, a recoil,
and then for times disappeared.
For ten minutes, the thunder of battle
bunt forth from the cloud. When onr bat
talions advanced, thcy.fbnnd no rebels be
tween the woods and turnpike, except the
dead, dying and disabled. There were hun
dreds of these, and their blood soaked aud
reddened the ground.
Since the annihilation of the Old Guard in
their charge at Waterloo, there lias probably
not been an instance of so great slaughter in
so shorl a time as during this repulse of.the
rebel left at Murfreesboro; and it will borcaf.
ter bc.cclcbratcd in history aa much ails the
fiery combat which crushed forever the power
and prospects of Napoleon.
The rebel left was now thoroughly repulsed,
and our troops' emboldened by their success,
pushed alter them Into the woods, driving
them back In turn over a considerable por
tion of the ground which wo at first oc
cupied. . , • •
The roar of our artillery sounded further
and further off as the different batteries moved
on slowly after they retreating foe, and hos
tile connon balls no longer ploughed up the
earth around inei
But while the enemy was thus retiring from
this portion of the field, hia cavalry made a
most impudent dash upon another part of our
lines. It , will be recollected that ,when the
great struggle on the right was going on, the
wagon and ammunition trains had been har
ried over the railroad towards Stone River-
A part of them were collected in a low piece
of ground upon onr side.of the stream, but a'
large number were driven across and placed
together upon the higher ground beyond.
• This-presented an opportunity which .the
vigilant and enterprising enemy could by no
means. neglect. ’ True, the. wagons on the
other side were within range of the rifle of a
whole brigade, which was guarding those on
the hither side; in point blank range of a doz
en pieces of artillery-which were neartho
river, but nothing daunted by this display of
force, about SCO rebel gallop
ing around the bend of-the river from the di
rection of the Lebanon Pike, cheered lustily
as they, approached and made a bold strike for
our wagons.
, ■ The panic upon the side was, if possible,
worse than any that preceded itr The team
sters, who had so frantically driven across the
river when the rebels werc.asßaUing ourrigbt,
found they had escaped Scylla only tbiall into
Charybdis.. They no longer made even a pre
tense of anattempf to sure their teams, but
Jumped from the horses and ran for life.
A considerable number were captured, but
were afterwards retaken. It was nearly 4
o’clpet when Hardee was repulsed, and all
imiuediato danger in that quarter was over.
Ho bod succeeded la defeating our right wing,
bnt he had not gained onr rear ; neither did
he obtain the baggage and ammimition trains
which he so much covetedr-OnarofhJs di-
Tisions had been less successful stlU- .
■WhHethe hattle’was raging on the right,
InM a dozen-or-more pieces of artillery be
longing 1 to- Palmer’s division kept np a con
-tlnnal fire on the rebel lines In the direction
of Murfreesboro, in order to prevent-an ad
vance from that quarter. The dWemnofthe
• rebel General "Withers happened to 1» Jnst In
, range of theae Saimon. Here ho ht “ l^
• The position was a moat uncomfortable
one, and at every discharge of artillery some
of Withers’ menbltthedustT Goadedatmtot
to matinees by fids*'*bughter'of lUe helpless
men, the rebel leader ordered a charge. His
men advanced with great impetuosity," but
.their recklessness was ot no avail agalaat thc
few proud regiments that stood v ln thclr.way.
The sea might sooner hope, by barling-its
angry billows against them, to break in pieces
the solidrocks/which confine it. • ;[ . >
pie desperate assailants withdrew at last.
Their loss mixst have been fearful, as theycall>
it the bloodiest struggle of the day. ...
•There was now a lull in the storm, tod
scarcely a. volleyof musketry oraboom of
cannon heard for thrire-qnarters of.aa
houf. “ - ‘ • : '
' Some herped the bloody scetfes were ended
for the day, but the rebel leaders, disappoint
ed by their foSbre to penetrate to onr earap
by way of the right wing; were preparing for
a bold blow at ths-'Cflnter. ■ ; .. •»
All the reserves attached to the centre
of their army under* Polk, am£ Bragg, la per
eon, placed himself at the* hcatf oftEe col?
mnn?,<ind now was presented aif Imposing
specficle'.-Thc natureof*
part of thc field was such that every ntare
ment ofeifticrarmy coni Abe distinctly seeni
The open fields toward 'Murfreesboro -whre
smooth cflUUglz for holiday parade-grouncE.* A
fierce cannonade up the turnpike announced
the comingonsetv jmd from the-very woods
out of which I had. seen the rebel cavalry issuo
•onMonday the first Imoof baUTiy
now sallies forth.
It capieon la fuagefiTee nt order, add atrctch-
Ing away diogonSlly across a great-' slopfng
field of which rhave ’scrtfequently spoken,*it3
lesgtli seemed Interminable. At a sufficient
interval, another'dtfpldytrL into, fche'opon
ground parallel with the fisss. and ere the for*
ward battalions engaged, a third IhW of
battle comes forth froth thesamo woods.
If seemed os thoagtiour feeble troops In
that direction must bc*crtsbitf‘by ttioVcTgSitr
of these immense oflTving and mdr*
Ing nan. But the evefAratcbfal eye of Rose-*
crans had detected the* rebel design', even be--
fore their frontline ofbiHtle'. emerged from*
among tire trees.
The Union army was like a set of chessmen
'dlfal^VOTHb^‘‘nbOT>^hWmnchfcU :
cllltyu.r. P»irn.ttddFlci«v In tho HajaV
game, i’ .. -•*, •
The leas* exhausted ; troepf ef Uw left and
center were hurried tbodouble,
quick to combat this noweflbrt‘bfthw«neniy,‘
and even from the extreme .hhVwburo Van. ’
Clcve was posted, a brigade WM'&roogfifovor*
to take part In tho defense. J 1 *** : \
They rushed op to the very nukrlosof our’ ,
cannon ami buried their muskets nt-the beads * 4
of our artillery men. They ever shouted do- r
monlcally when their heart’s wcio'plerced b j
ballets, and tumbled to tho earth* whllo.cn-;
dcavorlug to take another stop la advance. ~
The same formidable array of batteries and.
battalions again confronted the fcb~-as that*
upon which tho violence of Hardee’s* force*
had spent itself, aml shnllar results followed.*
Almost simultaneously a sheet of firofleaped*
forth from each opposite for*
a few minutes both stood like walls of ktonc, *
discharging their deadly muskets Inteeach-i
others bosoms.
Then the rebels attempted to charge, but s
storm of lead and iron hall burst in their*
luces and all around them, sweeping them'
down, as the long lines of traders who cross
the Sahara are prostrated by a blast of the
Simoon. ' -
If utter madness can bo called brav
ery, then indeed were these rebels brave, r
If once the soldiers of the Union wavered
before this fiery onset, it was only fora mo
ment, and in forty minutes from the time the
.first rebel line marched forth, all three or
them had been dashed to pieces, and the sur-*
vivors of the conflict flying in wild confusion •
over the slope were disappearing in thp depth:
of the woods. ■ * • £
The battle was over. Until 4 o’clock the.-
rebels continued to fire a cannon from, the di
rection of 3furfreesboro, as though In angry
protest against their repulse, but when this
ceased there was silence all over the field, ao
deep by contrast with the tumult of the bat-’
tie that had raged all day that it seemed op
pressive and supernatural.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribnne.7
Nashville, Term., Jan. 7,188*. ,
Loss in Crittenden’s Corps, left
Killed In Wood’s division, 120 officers, 19V
men; Palmer’s division, 15 officers, 167 men;.
Van Clove's division, 25 officers, 21S men.
Wounded in Wood’s division: 53 officers,772
men; Palmer’s division, 51 officers, 1,033
men. Missing la Wood’s division: 1 officer.
293 men; Palmer’s division, 6 officers, 41
men; Von Cieve’s division, 3 officers, 487
men. Two-thirds of the missing are strag
glers. Many of the wounded are slightly.
JCoI. Fred. Jones, 24th Ohio, was killed by a
'.buUet~ii^ > cluugeing- bayonets, In which his
command captured a'rcgiment of rebels. '
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Trinunc.] {
Hcbtiixkpbobo, Jan. T, 130.
The following'is the Adjutant's report of
the Anderson Troop of Philadelphia:
Kiu.gn—Maj. A. 6. Rosengarten; Ord.
Sergt. Wm. H. Kelber, co. C; Orlando Wei
kel, Richard W. Chase, co. E; Martin L. mil,
co. F; A. K. Kttagle, co. H; Sergt.
Drake, co. K; Wm. Brooks, co. D;, Sergt. S.
F. Herring, co. H.
Wockdbd—Maj, T. B. Ward; Capfc. Hewitt,
Robert Eddy, and missing, co. B; Sergt. Wm.
P. RobkhlU, and missing, co. C: J. B. stur
uels, co. C; Edward Smith, co. G; Sara Jam
ison, co. C; Jas. Hilty, co; H; Jno. Richards,
and missing, co. I; J. 6. Garber, Jr., missing,
co. I; Sergt. H. 31. Calllstcr, J. Slightly, co,
C: L. Dieghl, and missing, co. L; F. Eaton,'
and missing, co. W; T. Wyman, co. L; W.
Harty Powell, co. L; Parroted Corp, co, L;
Hayden, co. 'B; Geo. C.‘; Too am, co.'
B; Sergt. W. Coaard, co. E; Wm. Borerly
Chase, co. £; Richard Pancoat, co. £;
Wm. Farr,co. E; MahlOQelLWinamflon,co,
£; Corp. Bobt. W. Bromlco, co. F; Robt. R.
Taylor, co. F; D. £. Bidder, co. G; Joshua
Way, co. H; Sami. Trimble, co. H; Sergt.
F. P. Danker, co. I; E. E. Lynch, co. I; A.
Horn, co. I; W.P. Jamison,'co.K; Chos. E;
Schrcd, co. L; Sami. L. Cart Is, co. L; C. T.
Wilson,co.L; Wilbur Watts, co. L; John G.
Marshall, co. L; Johnson Hubbell, co. L;
Alex. Robinson, co. L; John G. Ecky, co. L i
Harry Jacobs, co. L, missing, bat supposed
to be prisoners; Mq|. Alexander; Regimental
Sergt; lu'JT, Mich, Ass't Serg’t; Ghos. £•
Sellers, Hospital Steward; Serg’t Wm. Wag
ner, co. B; John 0. Sinclair, co.' B; Joseph
D. Little, co. B; William K. Role, co. B;
Jno. C. Fleming, co. B; A. H. Craig, co. B;
corporal Fred. Spang, co. 1 C; M.’B. Colton,
co. B; H. W. Arnold, co. C; Frank T. Adams,
co. D; Horatio G. Snyder, co. D; Corporal
Harry Koschei, co. E; Jus. H. Corwell, co. £;
E. Jr., co. G; A. Ramsey, co.O;
Corporal Bates, co. G; Sergt. A. T. Clark, co.
G; W. 8. Moore, co. H; Jno. Renkerton, co.
H; Geo. Fisher, missing, but supposed to bo
a prisoner; Sergt. G. P. Denis, co. I; J. W,
Hall, co. I: W. N. Baldwin, co. I; N. Camp,
co. L; J. Wider, co. L. (Signed) ..
Josmr C. Burr, '.
AclJt’B Clerk Anderson Pa. Cavalry.
Henmnsßoao. Jam 6, via Nabhtillb. Jan.,7.
Reports of the demoralization oCthe enemy
receive additional confirmation. Breckin
ridge’s division was terribly punished on Fri
day evening. A bullet punched one ot
his ears, and his Adjutant General.was killed.
Gen. Hanson was mortally* wounded, and died
on Sunday night. -
Breckinridge .went South, witbhis wife, im
mediately after his disaster.
*Wbunuedrohel officers In dur custody esti
.mate their loss in the several engagements at
12,000 to 15,000 men, with great slaughter of
leading officers. , r
Col. Mulligan of Tennessee, is mortally
wounded in hospita>here. , „
The body of Gen. Hanson went to .the Sontn
to-day, and that of Gen. Bains to Nashville.
The remains of our General. SUV ere plan
dered on the tattle Add, bat therehetain
: terred him with the honors of wnr. HW body
was exhumed to-day, and will go
remains of CoL G.re.-cbo- The bodies of
1 prgd. Jones and MUllben have already
guard of the enemy was cnconater
cd on the %lbyvUle cmd,
• SnmlsT night, by Gen- Stanley’s cavalry, -and
idgigement ensucd-rebels iptreat
inff with a loss of thirty. -■.
A negro from Bfaggta headquarters leittnc
rebel army within five miles of Manchester
last night. He says be 'heard Bragg say ho
wonldgo to Chattanooga; He is more Utady
to fortify and fight on Elk Jtiver, unless high,
water in the Tennessee River alarms him- .
The Chattanooga liftxl says .our General
Carterpenetrated East Tennesseet through
Pendleton Gap, and cut the railroad badly In
the vicinity of Knoxville, confirming tho-re
iffit’u B tSmI
Hold&st.” will fight for him now- even
m the field will
be dismissed from the. sorvlco, and. If Urn
Governors of the State* are patriotic, pri ___
and uon-commiseioned officers wili.ba pro*
“ne'eth KeutirJky, «h IndlaM, and tho
East Tennessee brigade at? SWWS V lO di*
tlnguisbcfl*:; • ’•

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