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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, January 08, 1863, Image 2

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TlltmSlUY, JANUAUY 8, 1833.
Before tho recent success of our armies,
the political shy looked 4nrk and lowering.
Our soldiers' seemed to have lost their
power of locomotion, nnd their combat
tivences.- The rebels had everything pretty
much their own way., 'Whole regiments
. guarding „ valuable stores and important
posts surrendered to guerilla raids almost
without firing a musket The people were
growing discouraged and discontented, and
the copperheads taking advantage of the
public gloom and discontent, were busily
fomenting mischief and demanding an
“armistice” for the rebels. i ••••
• But the peat victory at Murfreesboro,
the handsome one at Prairie Grove, and the
splendid raid into'Aikansas; the overthrow
of Forrest’s .7,000 marauders • at Bunt’s
Cross Beads, and the siege of Vicksburg,
the promise of its early capture and withit,
the reopening of the Mississippi,. have
lighted up the horizon and revived the
drooping spirits of the loyal people.
But there is a long and rnggedroad to
travel before the great rebellion iscom
complcldy extinguished There may be
bitter reverses yet in • store for the Union
armies before the tenacious and savage foe
is driven to cry for quarter. It has been
clear to US' for along time, that in order to
make sure work of the rebellion, and to
preserve future peace, that the rank and
file of the army, officers and soldiers, mnst
he made jmionany interested in the result
of the war. They how fight for the Union
in- the ahstractjfor moderate pay and the
prospect ol promotion or pension. These
are sufficient propelling motives to carry
them forward zealously in a thort war, hut
- tor a protracted struggle, something more
must bo added to keep up the vim, vigor
and vigilance necessary to combat an enemy
at once sleepless, vcngclbl and-warlike.
For speedily putting down tbo rebellion
and maintaining order and peace In con
quered Soceeria, wepropose three specifics:
• First, cany out' the Proclamation with
the whole power of the army and navy.
(ccond, call on the freed men as apartof
the loyal militia to defend their new-fonnd
liberties and the,.' existence of the Union,
under which only can they ho retained or
cqjoycd. A column of 40,000 soldiers, un
der Hunter, con take Charleston, and with
the aid of the freedmen, sweep' South Ca
rolina of the last rebel Another column
of equal strength under Hooker or Fro
montjiondcd at Mobile, would be able with
the aid of the freedmen, to recover Ala
bama to the Union. Gpns. Banks and
Grant employing the blacks, can “clean
out" Louisians, Mississippi and Texas,
while Blunt disposes of tbo rebellion in
Arkansas. Another powerful column
might be sent to recover Georgia and Flo
rida, with the assistance of Bosccnmsfrom
the north. But not to dwell oh this part of
the “ plan,” as the Administration is actu
ally pursuing one very similar to it, we
proceed to state the third and most impor-
Jant specific:
Lot Congress enact a law at once, granting
a land warrant of IGO acres of land to
every white soldier, from the North or
South, serving In our army at the date of
its passage, or who may enlist in the old
regiments after its passage; to every com
missioned officer under the grade of Colo
nel, 820 acres; and to every officer of the
grade of Colonel and General, 040 acres.
The land warrants to belaid on any confis
cated rebel' plantation which the holder
may select, as soon as the war is over and
the rebellion crashed.
The lands might be graded into three
dosses, according to their fertility, and
value as follows: Soldiers* warrants,for
first class, 120 acres; second,l6o; third *
class,' 240 acres; and for officers holding
rank below Colond, 240 acres, 820 and
500 .acres, and for the 'higher officers,
best lands, 820 acres; second class, 640;
third class, 1,000 acres. There is plenty of
land belonging to rebel slaveholders, (and
comprising all the good lands in Secessia,)
to fill the soldiers* warrants, without
touching an acre belonging to the “poor
white trash? who were deluded and dragged
into the rebellion, by the slaveholders.
But we may be met with the objection
that a rebel’s estate can only be confiscated
during the life of the rebel Wcrcply: Ist
That would average from fifteen to twenty
years.: 2d. The in a majority of
cases, could obtain quit-claims from the
lidre for a reasonable sum. ,' 3d. Under
Poolittie’s tax forfeiture bill, the Govern
ment can sell rebel lands for. taxes and ac
quire a perfect title. 4th. There is no
certainty that the Supreme Court would
decide against a perfect title under the con
fiscation bill after h half million of soldiers
have settled down on their lands; but
even if It did, the tax title would be per
fect, and the confiscation title, in a majority
of eases, would last twenty years. As to
the effect of such a law on the army, we
contend that it would infuse a new spirit
into the soldiers and officers; thatit would
quadruple their zeal and activity. There
would be no more disgraceful surrenders of
brigades and regiments to guerillas. Sol
diers now figbt for abstract Unionism and
sl3 per month. And many have grown
tired, ■ discouraged and homesick. But
let. every . volunteer,::’ high and
low, -feel that if the army wins hd is sure
of a valuable farm of improved, land in a
genial climate where he can livtfthe resi
due of hfe days in comfort, and a new spur
is felt tliat will propel him forward. The
army feds that the slaveholders have justly
forfeited their plantations to-the Govern
ment. . Nowletthc.Govcrmuciit sayto the
soldiers,“Tbu shall possess..those’ planta
tions when you conquer the rebels” and
then will be seem a hew style of warfare.
The army wiU find its legk Itwillli able
to travel oh other than railroads.. It will
not hunt forty miles of baggage wagons
When it moves. It will be mter&Ud in the
result of the war, • It will clamor fora con
tinuance of the contest-until the traitors
' arc vanquished. It will'care less about
l»y*' rations, tents, stores, .fuel, .clothing
and luggage, than- now. - Straggling and
desertion, and surrendering to r be paroled,
will- cease. ‘ But this is hot dll' Tens of
thousands of men hill .volunteer'to fill
up.the ranks of the old regiments to help,
save the Union—and obtain la quarter sec
tion of icbeVs broad acres in pixie. The
law would be an' exceedingly popular one
with the masses. Almost every family has
a km hr brother, or father in the army.
Of course the people at home would like
to see their relatives in the army get a farm
apiece of the forfeited slave holder’s plan
tations, Thisfeellng'* would influence the
home,reflations ‘ of the 250,000 Democrats
in the army as well as the’ home!
relations of the 600,000; Republicans in
the ranks. Great numbers of the “ poor
.whites" in the Border States would enlist
for the same prize. The passage
law would act on the army and
■ discoTer y of S oId
"i certain amoS^T. r b ?
a competency. ltSS ure
nearest relatives '^ a .
and they trill find another "man iT
. place in the ranks. .““-Ms
There is another potverfal reason tniwi
Tialf : of ; the enactment of the pro
prbsed law: "When . the .rebellion Is
crushed, it trill he. absolutely neces
sary to plant a new and loyal white popu
lation on tie soil of Dixie. Else our tert
lible 'and bloody work trill hare to he done
i over again, or ■ that country- must he
■ abandoned to ' the slaveholders sooner
;ci later. Half, ‘a .million of soldiers
, wohUL locate" on their claims; a million
iof thcfr\ielationß'would migrate thither
•rand settle among them. The freed blacks
‘ wquldwork for• wages for them and help
. jvthem hold and defepd the country against
**aiT : contestants. The freedmen- would
quickly acquire small pieces of real estate,
cither In long leases or in fee, to he paid for
by labor. The “poor white trash" of the
South fur the Ural (two In their lives would
begin to accumulate property end prosper;
for the flint lime labor wouUL»not seem de
grading in thctc sight, and.free schools nnd
newspapers would rapldlythrow light Into
Ibclr minds. The nest generation would
bo educated and civilised, and the future
pence and prosperity of that country would
bo secured and established on an enduring
basis. ' .
If these fellows at Springfield.—we mean
Richardson,&* Co., candidates for the Sen
ate —are doing anything more, in their
threats against the Government and the
Union, than making bids for the support of
Egypt, it is about time that , the people
hereaway were beginning to oil the locks of
their shot-guns, because, if the copperheads
arc in earnest and have any backing, the
time is not far off when shooting will be
the order of the day, *Wc take it that the
people of Illinois have no occasion to ap
peal to any regiments now in. the field to
/defend our State Government against the
attacks of traitors; and though a call for
ten thousand troops ‘would unques
tionably be promptly answered by
the President, we should be ashamed
to confess that the spirit of our State is so
humbled and abased, that outside aid Is
needed for holding Illinois to its allegiance
to the Union. Hence we declare that, it is
about time, if these men mean what they
say, to get our firelocks ready for service,
for no man can tell when they will be
needed. .■ Certainly the plotters cannot ex
pect to consummate their purpose quietly
and peaceably. If they are not . wholly
crazed they must look for resistance to
what their speeches foreshadow; and we
assume, if they arc half-witted, that they
are prepared, for what tlmy seem anxious
to provoke.' The copperheads need
not 6aj-. if they adhere to and give
fonn to what they have indicated, that the
National Government will be obliged to
succumb, or that tho plottcrs against it will
be driven South to their friends, for whom
they are working. "We know what the re
sult will he, and we arc sorry for it VTc
had hoped that wo of the North might, if
not unanimous in support of the war, re
frain from violence and bloodshed among
ourselves; hut if any men among ns arc
.so far forgctftil of their allegiance to the
country as to hazard the commission of
’treason for the sake of those who are'in
rebellion against the Constitution and the
laws, upon their heads he the consequences.
We still hope that much of the talk that
wo hear reported, is for buncombe; that it
Los Us origin in the sharp competition far
that scat in the Senate for which half a'
dozen are contending; and that, when the
prize Is awarded, wo shall hear no more.
But wo have little time to wait fur a full
declaration of the purposes that the malig
mints entertain. Wo shuU see what they
mean. ■
We have no reason to doubt the com
plete success of the raid into Hast Tennes
see, and the interruption of the direct rebel
line of communication between Virginia
and the Southwest, by our troops. The
accounts are too specific and minute to
admit of any question as to their general
credibility. They chronicle a great and
gratifying success; but enough has not
been done yet. Communication by a more
circuitous and difficult route is still possi
ble; and not until our forces reach At
lanta, where they ought to have been two
months ago, . -will the two sections of the
Confederacy be divided.' Starting from
Montgomery, there is a railroad line, and,
we believe, a tolerably good one, formerly
well supplied with rolling stock, to Charles
ton. Thence to Bichmond she route is
open and all the while traveled, and, un
less cut off far North, is not easily inter
rupted. Hence, in sending troops and
'munitions back and forth, longer time will
be consumed and more expense incurred;
but the road is* still open—a fact that our
rulers in Washington understand, and that
they will, of course, act ’ upon, by urging
Eosecrans forward, toward the Gulf, or by
giving Gen. Foster the’ means of pushing
a strong column into the interior, where
he may reach the North and South line
which has served the enemy so well.
The counliy believes that Mr. ’Welles is
fully up to the ■ requirements of the times,
and that he will leave nothing undone to
promote the efficiency of that arm of the
public service that he directs. But there
is not a man in the countiy who has not;
within the last sixty days, inquired, a score
of limes, “Where’s the Navy? Why don’t
“we hear from the new iron-dads? We
“were promised Charleston and Mobile in
“November, at the latest—why do we not
“hear the booming,of the Federal guns
“against them? Atthis moment,when the
thunder is breaking out. all around the ho
rizon, we, even, who have full faith in the
sword of “ Gideon,” would be glad to know
where the delay is. i. The fall of Sumter
and. the capture of its garrison, the occu
pation of Mobile by our marines, or the
burning of Charleston, would be balled
witli unalloyed delight. Where’s the
Navy? ■ .
Gen. Carter,underwhose leadership our
cavalry made that brilliant and important
raid into East Tennessee, was bom and
Ims always lived in that part of the Stntel
Fiom the bcginninghc hasbeen a fearless
outspoken Union man. ’ To his intimate
acquaintance with the countiy anti to his
thousands of personal friends wo .are un
doubtedly indebted for the success of this
most enterprising and dashing stroke of
the war. •' * ;. j ..*•
tSTThc copperhead organ at Springfield
undertakes to prove Hint its Southern rebel
brethren arc.not. traitors. ‘‘lf.they are
traitors,” it says, “ there isbul one punish
ment for them—that of death.” “No other
punishment v can be inflicted.” Conse
quently, as they arc not aU hung as Cist as
captured, they ore not traitors, and there
fore arc innocent; the President is the guilty
party, for making war on innocent (?) peo
ple. This eclipses the law and logic of the
immortal Dogberry. It shows also the
feelings of those allies of Jeff. Davis.
. Gen. Uutler.
- 'Gen. Butler, on Saturday had another pro
longed interview with the-President at the
White House, at which Secretary Stanton
was present, as were also, fora portion of the ’
time, Secretaries Seward and Chase. .
• Parties whose opportunities for knowing:
entitle.their statements to credit, assert that ’
Gen. Butler’s visit to the North was volun-l
lory, and not commanded by the government.!
It is very certain thathe feels, to some extent, I
that injustice was done him • by his snpersed*:
nrc without notice;'and in* this feeling he
sterns to have the entire sympathy of all the'
thoroughly loyaL S
• It is proper, however, to stale that the 1
President expresses every confidence in Gen.
■Butler, and entire satisfaction with his course 1
at New Oilcans. *
Gen. Boiler, athls urgent request, has ob
tained permission" to visit his home In Lowell,:
: Jlass., r ‘ ' ' *' * i
The Important command talked of In the]
papers for Gen. Bulh.-—that of the Depart-,
ment of the South—st I not improper now;
to say was offered him by Secretary Stanton,;
and declined, before it came to the
of the President. The latter could hot have'
consented to the arrangement, however, as
that department is considered as belonging to
Hunter, who will unquestionably .again
.command as soon as he is .relieved
® labors in Washington.
formed that the “«» “fUcWly in-,
at present supplied -with. abeßLmd ' 3
dent quantity to meet lu B “®'
inst., eren should it bo cut*
from Its source ol supply. The
River is now open to navigation,
and there need .be no fear indulged.; tVi o Q I
Tictorious army at -Muriroesboro will suffer'
Tor lack of subsistence. - •
Foezigk Recognition.— -We find the fob
lowing in the Quebec Mercury t Dec? 30: “Pri*
rate letters received at Montreal from a South
ern gentleman in Paris, who moves in the
diplomatic circle, and is on terms ot intimacy
wllli the Emperor, otnto tlml Mr. Slidell, tlio
Confederate Envoy,- Is now received, end nil
but ofllclnlly recognised nt the French Court;
and It Is believed Unit the preliminaries of n
treaty of recognition, nltlnncb and trade liuvo
been arranged, between him and and the
French Government." ; ,
Einl{fra«lon XroxUy wltli Bo-
Don. D. K. Carter, United States Minister
.to Bolivia, returned in the Ariel, and is now
In Washington. .He has partially negotiated
a treaty with that country, by which many
vnluabla privileges of colonization will be
afforded to snob inhabitants of the United
States as may choose to use them, in cnsc.the
measure shall be consummated.
By the terms of this proposed treaty, the
Bolivian government gives to emigrants from
the United States possession of a fine tract of
country, lying in the valley of the upper
Amazon, and cqunl In extent to two or three
of our western States. Not only will the
colonics.recclvcthcfee of the soil, but also
the privilege of municipal and local govern
ment, such as arc enjoyed by the several
States of our Union, subject only to the su
preme power of the realm.
The country is spoken of In terms of the
highest praise, both as regards soil, climate
and facilities for commerce. "It is penetrated'
by the Madeira and other Amazonian tributa
ries, and cosily accessible from the Atlantic
coast. The project has not reference alone
to the negroes whom we may desire to de
.port, hut is also worthy of consideration
from the white citizens of this country.
As alter the war, a large number at rebels,
too gnilty to stay here, b.r'uot; sufficiently
criminal for the necd 60me
promised land, it is suggested that onr gov
ernment might at the same time execute
-justice and show mercy by providing them
such o home as this.
BcbclMurdcr or Blacks.
The accounts from the battle-field near Mur
freesboro reveal a new phase of rebel atrocity
In the treatment of their lute slaves. -Every
black teamster, or black follower of the Union
camp, captured by the rebels, is immediately
shot. No less than twenty were found'thus
mnrdcrodj and lying along the Murfreesboro
pike, after the recent rebel raid upon Rose
'crans 1 wagon trains.
This is, undoubtedly, the inauguration of
the mode of warfare indicated by the late pro
clamation of Jeff Davis. It is not literally
within the terms of that document, but is in
accordance with its temper, and no very nice
discrimination will tic observed liythc rebels
in executing the spirit of the sanguinary or
ders of their chief. ‘At Murfreesboro only the
negroes found in the national service were
butchered. Next wc shall hear that whites
and blacks, when found together, will bo in
discriminately shot, and then will ensue com
plications which nil Christina people will shud
der to contemplate.
It is hard to account for tbo ruthless spirit
that thus butchers u mild and Inoffensive race
of people, or tiny other ground than the irre
deemable moral callousness produced by the
Institution of shivery. Surely, God will not
prosper a cause so fiendishly cruel.
l>calli ol’Coloucl Wlancr.
Colonel Hoses Winner, of the 23d Michigan
infantry, died at Lexington, Ky., on the -Uh
lust. He had been ill for some time. Colonel
Wiener was Governor of Michigan dnring the
years ISO and 1800, the duties'of which he
discharged with great acceptance to the peo
ple. Ills loss is a severe one to the State.
He possessed military aptitudes of a high or
der, to the development of which his friends
looked forward with much anticipation and
hope; He was a strict disciplinarian, and It is :
to this circumstance the high shite- of health’
in his regiment was mainly owing. In (act he
sacrificed his life in the unremitting attention
and devotion to his men, and in his Mthfally
discharged duties as a commander. ' He was
thoroughly read In military history and tac
tics, and would doubtlcss.have excelled In the
' profession of arms had bis life been spared.
The Sale oi’Fort Suclling.
. Our readers will remember the sale, by Sec
retaxy Floyd, in June, 1857, of Fort Snelliug,
together with 8,000 acres of land, to Franklin
Steele (and others whose names do not ap
pear,) for $1K),000. The sale was a private one,
no public notice whatever being given. The
terms were, one-third cosh, one-third .in one.
: year, and the balance in two years. These
payments, as we ore assured by a prominent
citizen of Minnesota, have never been made;
. but Franklin is In possession, and has*been in
possession since he purchased the property,
the government being his tenant, and being
charged rent, as is believed, at a rate which
will leave It In debt'to Steele over and above
the purchase money still due. This, notwith
standing that the fort was extensively repaired
last fall, at the expense of the government,
which has used it -since April, 1861, as the
State rendezvous for volunteers.
Bcinforcciucuts lor Hosccran's,
Brig. General Ewing’s Brigade from West
Virginia, left Louisville on Saturday last for
Nashville, by way of the Cumberland Elver,
on a fleet of seven steamers. The 37th Chip,
Colonel : Sicber, organized in Cleveland,
forms a part of General Ewing’s
corps. The. 21Uv Ohio, Colonel Payne,
and the 30th Ohio battery, Capt. Smilbknight,
left Cincinnati by boats Saturday night, uhder
orders to report a Louisville. They will prob
ably proceed at once, to Nashville by way of
the Cumberland." The Ohio Is up and rapidly
rising, and it is supposed the Cumberland will
be navigable to Nashville by the time the fleet
arrives at the Shoals, thirty miles below - the
city. If not, there is a good McAdamizcd
pike from the Shoals to Nashville.
Sober Second Thought.
Mr. Lcatham, who Is a member of the Brit
ish Parliament from Huddersfield, and broth
er-in-law of John Bright , has been discussing
American matters’ bcforcbls constituents.
Mr.Leatbamgallnutljaudeloqncntly supported
the principles and practices of the North,and
strongly denounced, the Confederate govern
ment as being based on the maintenance and
expansion of human' slavery. * The Liverpool
European Titr.rt of the 13th, candidly admits,
in noticing Mr. Lcatham’s -speech, that “in
giving currency to these ideas, he is merely
expressing the sentimentsV>f a large section
of the Evangelical class of Christian?, and It
Is.clear that n reaction has set in against the
- South and In favor of the North, as compared
with the feelings entertained on this subject
in religious circles twelve months ago.”
Not to be Taken Down.
s On tbc-roccason of a “Fair”-recently, at
Wheeling, Va., for the benefit of.Thc Roman
Catholic. Orphan Asylum of that city, Bishop
.Whelan ordered two national flags which hung
oyer the stage of the hall to bb removed. The
owners of the boll protested against their be
ing removed. Governor Pierpolnt being in
formed of the design of the Bishop, directed
the Commandant of the Post to sec that no
indignity, was the Stars and Stripes.
That officer wrotc.to.Uic Bishop, giving his
• instructions in the case, and Bishop Whelan :
"replied that the flags would not be disturbed.*
i ~~
“Iteconxtruction; 9 *
The Vicksburg TTAfy,' in discussing the plan
‘of “ reconstruction,’’ proposed by d-Gover*-
nor Baglce, denies it. It says that “In his
■propositiou for a convention to make the,
* Constitution satifactory to the Confederate
.States, he mistakes the point of the difficulty.!
alteration of it, even if such alteration'
weite left altogether to ourselves, would be
gin to' satisfy the Southern States. What
they object to, and what they will never cease
to object to, Is association with the" Yankee
race on any terms.”
Emigration to Uayfi.
. The President has closed the contract pro*
posed some time aflo by 'M. Bernard Kock,
for the voluntary colonization of negroes on
thcHayticn Island A’ Vache. M. Hock has a
lease of valuable tracts of the term of
twenty years. The contract is for the coloni
zation of 5,000 persons at a cost of SSO each. '
ISplt having been .reported through the
papers that Alexander Mitchell, Esq., of Mil*
wankec bad received a.lctter from Secretary
Seward, urging the defeat of Hon. John F.
Potter for Congress, that gentleman publishes
a note In the Milwaukee Stntind, denylngthat
he has-.ever been the recipient ■ of any such
. communication.. • y
A Bio 'StAnf.—The *Bichmond Examiner
soys the fact that Gemßatler was allowed to
leave New Orleans olive was a stain upon the
character of every man in that city who has
strength'to raise an assassin’s weapon..
|gy-A Oakey Hall, of Now York, who lias
been practicing onx>olitical flipflaps for some
time pasty lias finally- become an .expert, and
. bos gone over to the Democracy. He was
always a poor stick.
dispatch was received from the bro
- At Louisville, on the
but ?ot "‘ oUndedi
- •_ rc *l >ec t in.exccllent condition.
special echelon or the TTnitM Q. 0I “ 1
Court ot Indianapolis oa Honda, 108 District
‘ ; -i. • * - .
Tlte Nccrtulon Revolutionary ITlccllnff
—Semite uiid"'XffoiiNo FroroodlngN—
. Tmimiry No(pn lor Taxon, Ao.—Ful
ler Vole* Akiliinl It-Nlaln Rooelpla
. timl TtxpondlturoM-TruoiiM nt Omiin
Ittiller—Xlio Political Fcoltug*
[Special Correspondence of tho Chicago Tribnnu.]
SmiHoriELD/Jan, 0,1803.
The Secession and revolution Democratic
meeting, held .In tho hall of the’ House
last evening, Is the talk of the
city to-day. Many Democrats arc indlgnant
nt tho sentiments there expressed. The
speakers talked hold treason; spouted itjwith
as much heartiness and disregard of public
sentiment, as if they were - in Richmond or
Charleston. ' ’
Imagine Dick Merrick getting up in the.
midst of onr army and calling them a band of
“robbers and murderers" as ‘he did in
Springfield last night. He also came out
boldly forrevolution, and a division of the
North—an niter and entire separation from
New England.
The meeting was gotten up for' the benefit
Dick Merrick,whereupon Marshall and Goody
put their heads together, and determined to
out-bid him for Egyptian votes;
being cunning, as usual, contrived to have the
last speech. He therefore tod tbo advantage
of hearing what tho others said, and of going
• beyond them m bl» expressions of disloyalty.
Tho mooting was organized by the appoint
ment of Vngll Hickox, of this city, Chair
'man,-and Thomas McFall, of Quincy, Secre
tary. -• Vj
On motion'of Hon. L'N. Norris, a commit
tee, composed of one for each. Congressional
District, and three for the State at large, was
appointed, to report resolutions expressive of
the meeting's views of the President and his
administration in the adoption of the policy
af emancipation.
The following composed the: Committee.
They comprise some of the most prominent
leaders of tho party in the Statc:
Hon. L N. Norris, of Adams;
•* L.W. Rom, of Fulton;
“ John T. Lindsay, of Peoria:
“ E. D. Taylor, nr LaSalle;
Aaron Haven, of Chicago; , .
A. O. Harrington, of Kano;
31. T. Johnson, or Jo Daviess;
Hon. S. Bnckmaator, of Madison
“ J;T. Stuart, of Sangamon;
“ John Scholfiuld, of Clark;
“ O. B. Flcklln, of Coles; •
** W. A. Hacker, of Union:
“ H. 3L Vandcvccr. of Christian;
“ 8.8. Marshall, of Hamilton; ,
C. H. Lanphler. of Sangamon;
H. (». Caulfield, of Cook.
Dick Richardson spoke first, inh's'usual
style. Ho laid all the blame oftbe war upon
the Administration and the Republican party.
Ho was In favor of crery constitutional means
of peacefully putting a stop to it. Tills
Is for him a complete somersault, os
some time since, in a letter to a gentleman
of Quincy be expressed himself In favor of sub
jugating the rebels, ami of refusing all com*
promise with' them ns long as they mid arms
in their hands.
The young American eagle, Dick Merrick,
followed Richardson in one of the mpstdls-
Spacefill and treasonable harangues ever do*
vered In the countiy anywhere. He denoun
ced the people carrying on the war, denoun
ced the war Itself,' denounced its conduct,
denounced New England, demanded sopnra
. tlon from her, and union with the South uml
i-lavery, Arc., dee. Thoßcuublicans, and many
Democrats present, were Indignant, andcould
scarcely repress their sentiments. Merrick
has always been a traitor to the country.
When the war commenced in that very hall,
he threatened to make the streets of Chicago
run red with blood if an attempt wcrcinade
to coerce the South.
A large number of Irish Catholics were pre
sent, who cheered the moat revolutionary sen
timents to tlic echo,*, especially those directed
jigalmt New England. These arc no doubt
put forth os a halt for the Irish, who ImtcNow
England, regarding ns 100 native American
ana too Protestant, and always have.
Merrick was followed by Marshall, who did
hot go It quite so strong, perhaps because he
had not the gift oftbe gab to that degree that
“My MarylandDlck” has. Jlurshall said the
war was entirely owiug to the obstinacy of
the Administration; that Is, I suppose, be
cause Lincoln would not abdicate to allow
Jeff. Davis to step into the chair. Marshall
appears to bo the most solid man of the lot
in point of intellect, bat is nut u man to make
a sulking Impression upon the masses.
Marshall was followed by Qoudy, who
“ took the socks” off the others; He was in
• fever of bringing a pressure upon Lincoln—a
sort of moral suasion, I suppose. If this
foiled he was in favor of the last resort, viz:
AflcrGoudy bad got tbrough,Hon. L N. Mor
ris introduced the following resolution. It was
the only resolution offered, by the Committee.
There were others undcrconsidcrution, -which
would come up at nn adjourned meeting. As
well ns I could gather from that which Morris
said, it npxjcars the resolutions under consid
eration contemplate some action, and the
Committee were divided ns to the propriety
of taking that action now or at some future
period. Query : Is that action revolutionary?
The following is flic resolution as passed:
Jlefvltedi That the emancipation proclamation
of the President of the United States is ns unwar
rantable in military as in civil law; a gigantic
usurpation, at once converting* the war, profess
■ cdly commenced, by the administration for the
vindication of the authority of the constitution,
into a crusade for the sudden, unconditional and
violent liberation of three -millions of negro
slaves; a result which would not only be a total
subversion of the Federal Union, but a revolution
in the social organization of the Southern States,
the immediate and remote, tho present and far
rcaching consequences of. which to both races can
not be contemplated Without the raoat’dlamal fore
bodings of horror and dismay. The proclamation
invites servile insurrection as on element in this
emancipation crusade—a means of warfare, the
inhumanity and diabolism of which are without
example in .civilized warfare, and which we de
nounce, and which the civilized world will de
nounce, aeanineffaceabledlßgxr.ee to the Ameri
can name.
In the Senate, to-day,-several bills to-make
treasury notes anti postal currency (the latter
up to flvc’dollars) legal tender in the payment
of taxes; and in the redemption of property
from-tax sale,..were; offered.The Judiciary
Committee reported a substitute, embodying
the ahovc, which' was-passed unanimously.
: The Governor’s message was received and
read. Notwithstanding its length... it was
listened to with great attention by the body.
H is universally acknowledged to be one of
.the ablest state papers ever presented to the
legislature. The Democrats squirmed at the
latter part of it.
After the reading, Mr. Addams moved that.
10,000 copies iu English, aud 8,000 in German
be printed; - r - '■-
Mr. Rogers (Dem.) moved to amend and
make it 5,000 copies in German, which .was
accepted by Mr. A.
31r. Vandcvccr(Dem.) moved to lay on the
tabic and print, aud called a vote on first part
of motion. . The vote stood 13 to 13, Mr.
Rodgers voting agaiust.Mr. V.’s • motion,
which was decided by the casting vote of the*
chair (Lt. Got. Hoffmann.)
. The vote to . print 10,000 • copies iu English
and 6,000 in German, was then put and car
ried by the casting vote of- the chair, as be
The following arc the committees of the
Senate. The appointment of them was.taken
from the chair by the dominant party:
Hr. Green of Massac offered the following:
JJesrJted, That the Standing Committees of the
Senate, during the present session, be composed
as follows, viz: .
Judiciary—Messrß.Underwood, chairman tßnsh
nell, Greene, Drnnmer, Schofield, Peters, vandc
veer. .
Finance—Messrs.* Greene, chairman; Lindsay,
Ogden, Mason, Addams, Knapp; Hack.
Banks and Corporations—Messrs. Schofield,
chairman; Mack. Greene. Mason, Undewood, Van
'veer, Lansimr, Ward, Addams.
Internal Improvements—Messrs. Blanchard,
Chairman; Bogers, Berry,VVandeveer, Funk,
Pickett, Ogden.
Education—Messrs. Mason. Chairman; Gregg,
Mofiath Addams. Greene, Bummer, Ward. ...
- Canal and Canal * Worcester,
Chairman; Ogden, Lindsay, - Bashncll, Mason,
Gregg, Lansing. - .
Internal Navigation—Messrs. Ogden. Lansing,
Bnshnell. Berry, Mofiat; PicketUßtcbards.
- Public Roads—Messrs. Knapp, Bony, Vondcovcr,
Funk, Allen. V
Public Accounts and"Expenditures—Messrs.
Lindsay, Chairman; Underwood, Bony, Lansing,:
Allen. ' I
Township Organization and
.Gregg,.Chairman; Mason, Berry, Funk,' Peters/
Knapp. Bnshnell.' . , " .. -■
Elections—Messrs. Schofield, Chairman; Under-1
wood. Vandcvccr, BnebncU. Dmnmcr. :
PctitTojxsr-Mceers.'Mofijilt, Chairman; Knapp.'
Gregg, Allen,'Richards.
. State Institutions —Messrs.; Greene, Chairman;-
Vandcvccr.' Blanchard, Bogers, Addams, Knapp,'
‘ Dnmnjer, Ward, Peters. -
Military Afialrs—Messrs. Berry, Chairman; Lind
say, Vanueveer, Pickett, Mack.
; Agriculture—Messrs.Rogera,'Chairman; Qrcgg,i
Knapp, Fnnk, Addams. :
Salfuc and Swamp Lands—Messrs. Blanchard,;
Chairman; Moflhlt, Rogers; Lansing. Funk. • * 1
. Penitentiary—Messrs. Lindsay. Chairman;
Greene,Mason, Worcester, Pickett, Allen, Bush
cell, Mack. Berry.
Gcolocy—Messrs.Mason. Chairman; Underwood,.
Knapp. Richards, Rogers. Ogden. -
. EnroUcdßillij—Mcfisrs.Mofihtt, Chairman; Wo
rcester, Blcharda.
Federal Relations—Messrs. Yandevoer, chair-:
man; Green. Schofield. Lindsay, Peters, Dnmmer,
Undcrwocd, Ward; Bashncll.
Mr. Addajus of Stephenson moved that the 1
resolution of the last General Assembly in re-'
ffciri d* on d be adopted. 1
A petition was presented from Alfred Web-;
ster, contesting tbe election in the Slat Dis
trict. Deferred to Committee on Elections. •
Mr. Addams of Stephenson introduced a reso
lution of the Board of Supervisors of Stephen
son county, instructing their representatives
to secure somejprovlsion for the collection of
the revenue in United-States Treasury notes. >
Mr. Richards of'Whifosldeoffered a petition 1
to legalize the ’ collcction of-a tax of one per
cent, to said county for soldiers 1 bounty pur
poses, etc. . Passed unanimously. •.: .; i
. Mr. -Lansing of McHenry introduced a bill
amending section one of the Revenue Law;
and authorized the Treasurer to negotiate le
gal tender notes for coin; ...
Also, a hill to incorporate Big Rock Farm
. er’s Mutual Fire Insurance Company.*
In the Honse a. bin for the relief of tax
payers was introduced by Mr. Burr of Scott:
The bill provides for the : payment -of State;
county, municipal and special taxes to Trea
sury notes. He moved the suspension of the
rules to allow of the third readlng of the bill,
upon which motion there was a debate. In
the course of which. Hr.'Smith ofUnlon—a
model sccesh Democrat—made, a violent
speech against .the bill." He said that the
United StatesTreasuiyuotes were “conceived
In iniquity and
« Another Democrat of the same stripe pre
dicted that the Treasury notes would become
In two years as worthless as was - the old Con
tinental money ot the revolutionary war.
Still another Democrat denounced the mca-
Mircon Iho grouml, asho mild, that In nix
month* a busnol of Unltod Slates Treasury
nolo* would not bo worth “fO^blU.V' Other
pjioeoluß vrcrc made of tho <snmo Infamous
character. -
Mr Eastman of Clilcngo addressed tho House
hi favor of tbla bill, na one that would afford
necessary relief to tbe lax-payers. Ho said
4bnt. his constituents, of all parties and all
conditions, demanded It; aim ho bullovod It
to bo a safe and just measure..* Ho earnestly
advocated a suspension of tbe rules and the.
Immediate passage of tho bill. ' • - ; * ,
Mr. Fuller spoKe In opposition to the entire
bulubco of the Cook county delegation on ibis
Question of almost “vital importance v to the
people, and spoke and voted with throo Egyp
tians, who held tbe opinion Uiat United
States Treasury Notes were conceived -In
sin and brought forth in iniquity., - --*
The bill passed, only four members voting
in the negative.. . " ' ■
This bill will not be xelisned by those who
have bought tax titles. ~ Bat.it.is an absolute,
necessity to .the people. It <was strongly re
commended in the Governor's Message. i "‘
The Governor's Message was then received,
read and listened to with great attention.
was sadly marred in the reading, however.
L-wflldotte_derks the£
appeared to do their or a
reiy bad“ their
have not been ag om o Cra t8 literally gnashed
their tccth .t 5.0 sterling loyalty of the docn
“Sir Egyptianß Toted that tho House ad
fount immediately npon the Message having
been read, which was done by a strict party
vote. It looks as If the intention is not to
print the document for the information of tho
From the forthcoming report of the Audi
tor, I am able to give yon the following state
ment of receipts and expenditures .from the
Ist day of December, 1860, to' the, SOth day of.
November, 1802, inclusive:
Toxcscollcctcdandpaldoverbycollc >
ore, on real and personal property as- •
■ eesecd in the year 1859, and prior ’
1 years, for revenue purposes $119,345.05
.Taxes collected and paid over by col
-1 lectors, on real and personal proper
: ty assessed in the year 1860, for reve
nue porooaes .* 949,534.7b
Taxes collected and paid over by col
; lectors, on real and personal proper
■ tyaesessed lnthcyearlßCl,forrevc
; nuc purposes. : 114,849.31
'Amount paid into tho Treasury for re
i demptions and sales of property pnr
i chased by tho State, on execution, for
revenue purposes...- 6,870.50
Amount paid into the Treasury from
I drainage fund .. 0,213.00
Amount paid into the Treasury for
‘ hawkers'and peddlers'licenses 150.00
< Amount of twp mill tax fund trans
: furred to revenue 516,050.81
Amount of State land fund transferred
i to revenue 331.30
(Amount of delinquent land tax fond
1 transferred to revenue 3,093.00
; Amount received for State binds sold./ 433.81
i Amount of costs of salts paid by the
I Slate, collected from judgment debt*
i ora, and paid into tbo Treasury 07.00
I Amount of warrant on tbo contingent
i fund. Issued to William Butler, bror*
: der of the Governor, refunded into
. the Treasury.- ; 900.00
■ Amount received for bonds sold by tho
Governor, under act of May 2d, 1801,
for revenue purposes 47,370.00
.Amount received for bonus t,.. lease of
penitentiary, for tho year. 1859 and •
; 18C0 10,200.00
| Total
Amount paid out of revenue fund, for
. , special purposes, «s shown by table
~ No. 3 I $581,971.83
Amount paid out of revenue hind, for
ordinary expenses, as shown by table
No. 9.... :. 804,007.01
Amount paid out of revenue fund for
old warrants 6,983.81
Amountrecolvod orornroount paid out,
being balance in the Treasury. Doc.
1,1*03 ~ $374,097.10
The following troops arc at Cumpt Butler:
Kth 111. Vols, Col. Lynch.. 833 men
17tb 111. Cavalry, (Thlelmau’s).... 2GO “
McClernand's Body Guard. '. 70 “
Scbnmback’B Cavalry 60 “
Rawlborno's Battery 00 “
Paroled prisoners (111. regiments) 70 “
The political feeling is intense. It is under
stood that the Republicans intend colling a
meeting some nigiit this week. Muny of the
Democrats arc kicking in the traces. Some
of the Kane county Democrats here can’t
stand the treason; the dose Is too heavy, and
great efforts are being made to whip them in.
I think, however, that a great majority of the
Democratic members .of the Legislature ore
revolutionary, and ready for almost any wild
scheme. The Republicans must then meet it
like men. Let there be no faltcrisg, or the
State is lost. Zbta.
Itlorc Paroled Prisoners—A Times Cor
respondent In llcbcl Hands— ITroub
les In Arkansas—Gou* McClornaud
vs.Gcu. SLermun.
[From Our Own Correspondent.]
Cairo, Jan, C, 1803.
* Ailairs, local to Cairo, have been rather dull
during the past few days, hut happily the
same cannot be said of points below. At
Memphis, Helena, dr Vicksburg, on the River
and at Hunt’s Cross Roads in the vicinity of
the Tennessee, matters look bright—at least
there is great activity, and things arc running
—which will soon brighten them Jf ever so
dull. Ton havQlallthc particulars now known
1 of these tramsaSidns by telegraph.
The steamer City Belle arrived.from below
last evening with a portion of the. ISth Illi
nois regiment’ on board,* Cob Lawler, late
prisoners at Yieksburg. The steamer brought
no later news 'from that interesting point
than I have already forwarded to you. The
boys of the ISth appear to bo In their usual
good spirits, though they do not much seem'
to relish the Idea of having to rest under pa
role while their brothers in arms arc fighting
the battles of their country. This regiment
has been a long time lu the service, and tiic
cajitives can well afford. to rest a few days, if
any soldiers.can. They have passed up within :
the past foni hours lor St. Louis.
A late correspondent of the Chicago Times'
came np from. Jackson ...on the Columbus!
steamer yesterday. ; He pretends to hare the!
latest intelligence from Forrest, extant, and |
boasts a piece of paper which purports to come,
from that commander's Adjutant General, re*!
ceived by the. said, correspondent when last.
captured, trying to eater the Federal.through]
the rebel Hues about the 23d ult. .His account 1
of the affair, though incoherent, may be true, j
He says he had, soon alter the fail of Trenton:
and Kenton,Tenn., - been honored by General :
Grant with some Important dispatches, which’
were to be taken from' Jackson to Coiambus,
necessitating the running of the gauntlet of
the rebel cavalry, known to be 'stationed nigh 1
Kenton. But the young man sold he could do'
it if anybody could, and started, the most im
portant dispatch being concealed just under
neath the lower buttons in bis coat-tails— 1
only nearer the skin. Accoutered in his usual
rusty rig, the correspondent made his way
without didchlty until hear’ Trenton, when!
he was .challenged by two rebel cavalrymen,
and abruptly 1 taken to the-encampment and
before-Gen. Forrest. This personage* was
wralhy, .He was rongh. He swore soundly nt:
our young adventurer, and would not listen
to his protestations of loyalty to the confede
racy—nor—for once—would the last copy of
the Times serve ash passport to a rebel lead-'
cr’s good graces, Forrest - sold ho hated -
-priests/ newspaper meal and”
in fact, nil non-combatants he hated sin,'
and if they wercaot all hanged it should not
be his fault. After this ho gave the prisoner
two minutes to decidewhether he would sub
scribe to a parole the Adjutant had prepared
or hang to the nearest oak.. The young - man!
signed the document, brought a copy here
'.with him, and was released. ’ I
The dispatches, says the correspondent, he
.ing well concealed, were delivered.' They
were in cypher and directed to < Gen. HalleckJ
I doubt some .parts of this man’s tale—es -
pecially the dispatch part of U-r-ond tho safe
ty of the documents, If .he tells, truly of.thq
place in which he-concealed them.' But that
he caine to Cairo, told his story, andretarned]
are tacts for which l ean vouch.' ' ' v i
I had the pleasure last evening of convers
ing with the gentlemanly editor of the Helena
STtkld, a paper formerly, and for twenty years
past published in Arkansas, and about thd
only decent sheet ever issued in the State.'
He has been‘traveling .somewhat lately, the
Government having taken charge of his office, :
and gathers the following facts: - The State of
Arkansas Is a scencof desolation. Dragged
as though with a fine-tooth comb by both ar
mies, there is notwcallb, aside from real es
tate, enough to feed : the hogs running wild]
‘‘withont apen, 1 * lii the timber lands. Ne
groes frightened' off. Cotton' stolen and
burned. • Grain carried away by Cnrtis, Hind
man, the guerillas <t id omni genus, the few
men, women and children running from death
and the conscription, are in a truly putable
condition. '■ Nothing to eat, nothing to wear,
nothing ‘.to get either with; they are either
- moving’ away’or going ’-gradually hut surely
down to the • grave.one ; section of the
'State, beyond the St.- Francis ’Hirer, a-few
planters, who r by.hiding in swamps,and cane
, brak bottoms, -had escaped the conscript act,
a. short time. r since gathered'together a few
bales of cottoh and with ox teams made a bold
push%cross the country for • the Mississippi,
hoping to.be ablc' to .trade jthclrj commodity
for some salt and other articles they really
needed. , They were successful’in reaching
the river,-.and went over to Helena to trade.
This they fonud not' so hard.. They returned
the ensuing day. to the ■ place where the cot
ton had been left—and it "had been every par
cel of It. burned.*; This was really too bad.
But still not disheartened, the same men went
to their homes, collected another lot of .the
;staplc, obtained arms, and. determined to die
'in the-attempt or not coine back without salt.
They started on the' second trip; .They met
the guerillas. A battle ensued, and onegucr
ilia bit the dust and one or two of the settlers'
were wounded, but. tho bushwhackers worn
driven off, tho planter* reached tho river, sold
tho cotton for salt, Ac., and returned to tho
Bt. Francis, rejoicing. s-
None but those who have beheld with their
cyoe, ban approximate to the desperate condi
tion Ibis wnrhna reduced some parts of the
country through which It has swept. r
Tho rumor that Gcn. McOlornnnd had loft
Helena en route for Vicksburg, intending to
supersede Gen. Sherman in the command of
the land part of tho
thereabouts, has produced intense
hero us well as ut Memphis. All ’agree In
saying that If Grant and Sherman arc allowed
toiict their own pleasure and carry out tho
plon lately made, .they will have the
sippl clear of obstructions wlthlntiv^y" 3 /,;
“Buf what’do wo know of
they tritely ask. Indeed
Wo do know Shermans ff° vT IPa^ t ’
less, cool, calctiinU"?'. Indefatigable General,
lie moves; un e anmt.foncard, not backward,
Tl.cn, the people say, let him
move. -Tfce truth is, all hope Sherman will
i succeed— as he seems determined to do—in
I occupying Vicksburg before tho General, am
bitious ox having.the name, and honor of the
work,: shall reach the scene of histriuraph.'
But, perhaps McClemond, for a wonder, may
succeed in “hurrying up his boots," and
spoil the work now so excellently well be
Reception of a ;Live Traitor*
; The Chicago sccesh Times publishes a.glori
ous account of .the 1 , reception, bestowed at
;Colnmhus, Ohio, upon Dr. E. B. Olds, late of
Fort Lafayette, one of the most infamous and
contemptible traitors .within tho boundaries
of the thirty-four United States. Of course,
the Times' account la mere-fustian, written
without tho least regard to truth. The Cin
cinnati Commercial (conservative) gives the
following.trathful account of tho affair, with
the speech of the traitor;. . .
[From the Cincinnati Commercial,]
•The reception of my old friend Dr. Olds
took place this afternoon. * The procession,
consisting of a brass band, drawn by melan
choly horses, and accompanied by a few car
riages,heretofore described, departed to meet
the great unavenged at a point four or five
; miles from the city. It returned about three
o'lcock, paraded the streets, and drew up in
.front of the Goodalo House. The Doctor was
drawn by a pair of mules, shabby enough to
have been government property, and Kept
M's hat off to acknowledge the cheers he
didn't get. There were about 800 persons in
the procession, which was the sorriest and
4 scabbiest ever seen in'Colambuß. The form
alities. took place from the balcony of the
. Goodalc. Thc.Hon. Geo. L. Converse mode the
‘ reception speech, in tho course of which he
. charged the Government with stealing public
treasure and parceling it among thieves; ar
resting and conveying citizens beyond the
State limits without tlic - forms of law; in
flicting new and unusual penalties, such as
depriving Dr.* Olds of a towel, old newspa
pers, Bible and opium; destroying freedom
of speech and press; Inciting insurrections
and mobs; inducing young men to Join the
army through false pretenses; degrading our
best generals, and promoting Abolllioirfana
tics to their places; mid under the plea oi re
storing the union, converting oil the tremen
dous machinery of war into mi Abolition cru
sade. The speech was malignantly false In
statement of fact, and meanly characteristic
of the bitterest Vollnndlghnincr.
Dr. Olds declared that Lincoln and “ rene
gade" Tod had violated all constitutional
guarantees. Ho (Dr. O.) had done for Mr.
Bliss, who bad arrested him, what ho should
do for cvciy man who hnda hand in his arrest.
Ho would follow them to the gates of hell, to
moke them answer for their crime. ' He bad
taken Bliss from under tho renegade Tod's
nose to Lancaster, and hound him over to an
swer the charge of kidnapping; and If ho did
not wear striped clothes, it would bo because
Dave Tod would pardon him; and if Dave
Tod does not wear striped cloUies, It will bo
because he pardons himself. The people kid
got to teach Lincoln and Tod that despotism
and tyranny cannot ride rough shod over the
liberties of the people, and that there is ven
geance in the lumds of tho people. “ Let Lin
coln and renegade Tod remember tliat Robes
pierre and Danton raised the gnlllotine in
France, bnt also perished, upon it. Let Dave
Tod remember that Hainan, while basking in
the King's favor, - raised a gallows fifty cables
high on which to bang Mordccal, but that on
the morrow Hamanwas hanging on Ids own'
gallows. Renegade Tod raised a gallows, on
which to hang-Edson B. Olds; but,letblm
take care that he is not, before a year rolls
round,-hanging npon his own gallows. If
you wish the constitution restored, and. the
laws maintained, first convict the renegade
Tod of his crimes, including the sin of per
jury, and send him and all ms participants to
the penitentiary. It is for your legislature to
tell Lincoln he can have no more soldiers for
the prosecution of this war. The question
now is how to put down the tyrants. It’isto
put down Lincoln and Tod. We must put
them down, ox our liberties are not. safe. If
yon want to put down the rebellion, put Lin
coln and Tod out of power.”.
A. Contract.
[From the St. Lonis Democrat.]
A singular spectacle is now being presented
in the proceedings of the two legislatures of
Missouri and Illinois. Missouri is a slave State,
has always been under slaveboldlng influence,
and until within a very‘brief period a large
majority of our leading men have been as
thoroughly devoted to the interests of the In
stitution as those of any other Southern State,
yet her legislature to-day is actuated with an
enlightened spirit of political and social free
dom, nud manfully working to remove the
burden of slavery from her soil. Just across
the river is Illinois, a State which came into
existence under the ordinance of 1787, dedi
. eating the.whole Northwest to freedom, and
which, under the influences of free institu
tions, has been developed to a greatness
which -places her beyona the reach of pres
ent rivalry from Missouri; aud yet her legis
lature, If we arc to judge from the accounts
received, seems to be most of all anxious,
upon its assembling, to signalize itself by an
act of debasement to slavery, by a bitter pro
test against the President’s national edict of
freedom. This is certainly a hovel state of
things, but perhaps not so . unaccountable
from the . actual relations •of the . two
States, ns might at first impression be
supposed. * Missouri lias . had experir
encc of slavery as it is, and most sor
rowfully has she reaped Its hitter fruits in the
rebellion and civil war of the last twenty odd
months. .She has had a practical .test of its
operations and bearings, and looking aerbss
the river upon the luxuriant and peaceful
fields of her Free State neighbors,-where
there has been no war because no slaver)', she
has made up her mind to become herself free.
Illinois. has had no slavery and no war. She
has had no experience of the immediate influ
ence of the institution which her legislators
seem to hold in such high estimation. 'With
,her,-,slaveiyia a thlngor the imagination, not
of reality—a thing which Is to he weighed ns
an element of political power, and not as a
practical present agency. ‘ If she had had her
soil traversed, with contending armies for
eighteen mouths, which tho institution had
invited to the struggle for the mastery, her,
views upon the question might be quite dif-,
ferent. '. Without invoking upon oufhclghbor
any positive evil, we don’t know but that oar
chanties would admit of our wishing'for Illi
nois, just fora sufficient length of time to
thoroughly find.out how it works, that she
might have a trial of the practical operations
of the institution in rebellion. Then she
might not long continue to be so highly enam
ored of her present pro-slavery Democracy.
Full Particular® of the Disaster—
• Thrilling Scene-The Rescue of a part
ortho Crew—Sinking of the Vessel—
Gallant effort to save the Crow,
[Special Correspondence Baltimore American.]
Fobtrxpb Mormon, Jan. 4,1868,
In conversation with several of the officers’
,and crcw.of the Monitor, I gather the follow-,
tog narrative of the facts attending the loss of
this noble little vessel and the loss of so many
ofhercrewv '• - ; ‘
. We left Fortress Monroe on .Monclay,the:
29th December, in tow of the steamer Rhode
Island, with the Passaic in tow of the steamer
State of .Georgia. ' In company we' passed!
Cape Henry on Monday afternoon ats o'clock,'
with a smooth sea and light wind. The Pas
saic was a little way ahead. The weather con
tinued fine until 0 o’clock on Tuesday even
ing, when it commenced to blow from the
southwest, with heavy sea running at the
time/ the sea making a clean sweep over all.
. JU&SO Cape Hatteros light bore N. N.W.,
distance twenty miles,the gale still increasing.
The vessel labored very heavy, the upper hull
coming down upon every sea with fearful vio
lence. Up to_ this time the Worthington l
pumps and bilge injectors were entirely com
petent to keep the vessel free. At 10 o’clock
several heavy scar struck the vessel in succes
sion, when word was sent from the engine:
rooms that* was gaining on the’
pumps.-Orders were, then given to start the
Andrews’ centrifugal pump, capably of throw
ing 3,000 gallons or water per minute. For a
whiltfthe water appeared to be' kept under. In
a short time, however, word was passed from
the , engine room that the water was again
gaining on the pumps, and was at that tunc
np to the ash pits, stopping in a great mea
sure the draft. ; The' water at this this -time
was standing two feet deep upon the ward
room boor. AU hands .were then set to work
with every bncUctat hand to bail. The water,
however, kept gaining upon* the pumps until
within afoot or the fires In the furnace.--
A Coster’s signal was then Hashed , to call
the attention ol the Rhode Island to our con
dition: After much delay, consequent upon
the heavy sea running, a boat-was'lowered
from .the Rhode Island and sent to our assist
ance. After several trials she succecdedin get
ting alongside of us. The.Rhode Island at the
same time, in going astern, caught her launch
between her own side and our vessel, crushing
the boat badly and bringing her own counter
_veiy heavily down upon our side. For a time
she could not. move, her engine getting on a
centre. - She : finally started ahead and* the
. launch- succeeded.'; (smashed as she was) in
convcjing safcly to .the steamer thirty of the
crew of.tfie Monitor.’ Alter the departure of
the launch'those remaining on board worked
'atthcbuckets with awUL' The gale at this
time was raging: furiously the seas making a
clean sweep over the top of the turret. . ‘
‘ The water at this juncture had succeeded in
-raising up to the great-bars in the furnaces,
and was gradually extinguishing the fires.
The stcam in-.the boilers consequently run
down, and the pumps could not be worked
for want of sufficient steam." : At this time
three’hoats were discovered coming towards
the vessel..-. "Word was passed that boats were
at hand sufficient to take all from the" ves
. eel. . The Monitor was now sinking, .every
puujp was stopped and her deck under water.
Several in coming off the turret were swept by
the waves to .the leeward, .and most have per
-Ished, as no* assistance could hc‘ rendered
; thciu. The'boats then'shovedoff fhjm the
sicking vessell. Although several iiiaea en
treated to come down and get into the boats,
sacral remained standing upon the turret,
flfrnia of liolPCHweia from Urn dock, atimeflo l
with fear. Tljo* ImniU HuccoodMln reaching
tliu Rhode Island hi safety, and all hi thorn got
on board.
A nicked crow, with a gallant, officer of the
Rlicoo lelond (Mr. Crown), then shoved otT in
n launch to return to thoMonltor. The moon.?
which im'to tUU llmuUmi boon throwing
some light upon the waves, wna shut *** /v
dense musses of black clouds. Jl* a *v.® r
to 1 In the looming, thu^M®** 401 ** “S* 11
appeared beneath uui wave*;
The Rhode Islnnd wa* then started for the
shot where thoMonltor was peon to go down.
Coster’* aie* ,ala were'conalanlly kept bnra
inff. and strict lookout kept up on all parts of
tuZ vessel to catch a glimpse, If possible, of
the missing boat. .At daylight notluug was
seen on the waves, and with a neayy heart wo
ran around the spot as near as could bo judged
where the Monitor had disappeared, until late
!n the afternoon. Several steamers and other*
vessels were spoken, to learn, if possible, the
£itc of the missing boat, but none could be,
had. ... .> , y ,
, The, survivors reached Fortress Monroe lost.,
evening in the Rhode Islands Nothing what
everwas saved except the apparel the officers
and crew stood in.. The conduct of both offl
‘ cere and men of the Monitor, on that night,is
beyond reproach.' Not a sign of a panic was
visible. ’ Each'stood up to ols post, confident *
in his commander, and it was hard to prevail
upon the men to get into the boats, each wish
ing to remain by until the last...
The names of the officers saved are as fol
lows; ' ;
J. P. Bankhead, Commander. • :
8, D. Green, Licet. ■: 4
Louis N. Stoddard, Sailing Master.
Wdi.F. Keeler, Acting Assistant Paymaster.
G. M. Weeks, ActingAssistont Surgeon.
Jas. Waters, Senior Engineer.
Mark S unstrum, 8d Assistant Engineer.
The names of the missing officers arc as fol
lows ;
Norman K. Atwater, Acting EnslgnNcw Haven,
George Fredcrickson, Acting Ensign, Philadel
phia,. -j . 1 ' h -
8. A. Lewis. 3d Assistant Engineer, Baltimore.
- Roblnsou W. Hondo, 3d 'Assistant Engineer,
Baltimore, ~ -
The Rhode Island's boat, first cutter, re
ferred to above, containing .William Brown,
Master’s Mate, and seven of the crew, whose
names,we'havo not been able to ascertain,
have-not been-heard of np to this time.
There is a possibility that they may havesuc
ceeded in reaching the Monitor and taken off
some more of the crew, and afterwards picked
np by some coasting vessels, as there was a
number passing the next morning.
Respectfully yours, W. 11. K.
Their Sea-going Qualities, Etc.
[From the New York Herald, 6th.]
Not being needed for any sack business as
their “progenitor,” there was no necessity for
making sea-going acquirements secondary to
mere fighting efficiency. The great point of
their similarity, besides bcliigcrentattributcs,
is this: that, notwithstanding the disaster to
the Monitor, both the old ana now vessels are
perfect lifeboats nt sea, which possibly cannot
founder. The chief points of difference be
tween the Monitor and hfcr successors are:
First, the Monitor had a dead flat bottom,
with sides slopingot nd angle of eighty degrees
to tho vertical lino.
The new Monitors Itavc an ordinary midship
section, and an ordinary rise of flow, and a
round bilge. They possess what ship build
ers term “ a very cany midship body."
- Second—Thu turrets in tho new 31onltor8
arc supported on four bulkheads, two trans
verse and two longitudinal ones, very heavily
bmced with what arc called “angle oars."
Tho turret, therefore, of tho now Monitors
Is much more firmly supported than in tho
origiua), where it is kept up only by u single
bulkhead, running across tho vessel.
Third—Tho overhang nt tho stem of tho old
.Monitor was also much greater than in the
new vessels. The latter, therefore, arc sub
ject to far less strain in a sea way than their
famous predecessor.
Fourth—Tho distinguishing point of differ
cnco.botwceu the two classes of vessels, how-
is the impregnable chimney of the new
ones, which can neither bo effected by a sea
or shot, which the original one did not have.
Fifth—Tho fresh air for supplying the boil
ers and for ventilating purposes Is taken in
through the top of the turret in the now ships,
Instead of being drawn throngh air trunks, as
in the’ direlict Monitor, which are extremely
liable to be carried away In a seaway.
These cliangcs were introduced by Capl.
Ericsson in consequence of tho difficulty ex
perienced during the first trip of the Monitor,
and' but for these difficulties tho improve
ments would uot have been made. v
Something New.—A plan boa just been
tried on the Northern Railway, in England,
for receiving the letter-bags at the interme
diate stations without stopping the train. By
means of a ring the bag is attached to a post
bn the line; the engine is provided with a rod
so disposed os to catch the ring, and thus
carry off the letters. By a slmilarcontrlvance
bags are left by the train when necessary.
Of Course.—The St. Lonis RspuWcan
comes to the help of tho..Chicagcr Tim& in Its
malicious and unprovoked assault upon onr
Illinois railroads, with, this difference—the
hate of the Tima is personal; that of the ifr
pwWfcfln, local. . •
* • |SF* The toir leaders In NewTorkClty, are
pushing Fernando Wood for ’United States
Senator. As there is a Republican majority in
joint ballot in the New York Legislature we
don’t see much use of Wood’s friends spend
ing much money to elect him.
; pg* All the loyal papers • throughout the
West, that we have seen, warmly-endorse the
action of onr Chicago Board of Trade in ex
pelling the sccesh Time* from its flies, and its
commercial reporter from the privileges of
its rooms.
•and an unlimited variety of goods for Holiday Gifts
lost received by .
W. M. ROSS & CO.,
167 <Sc leS'XAA-ICB ST.
- . tDoS.xST7-3m}
56 Dearborn Street.
Passenger* for Buffalo and an points on the B. 4 L.
Huron, N.T. Central and N. T.and Eric Roads, take
the night trains from Chicago, connecting with" the
- Grand Trunk daytralos atDelrolt.
..Passenger* for Toronto and all parts of Canada and
the Eastern States, take the morning trains from Chi-
the Grand Trunk night tralasat
Via this route you avoid stopping oyer at Hamilton
four hours In the middle of the night.
' Ask for tickets t1» Grand Trank from Detroit, .
_• • -• • m . Western General Agent.'•
C. J. ETrrDOzs.ilanaglng Director, Montreal C.E, •
- Jas-yjgl«lw. -
Seamen and Landsmen.
Call at once at the Naval Rendezvous, northwest
corner of Laaalle and South Water streets. •
Jal-yTIMw Recruiting Officer, u. S. Navy.
, Sent by mail upon receipt of SI.OO.
Wholesale and Retail Druggists. 303 Randolph street:
Chicago. del>i633-ly
FOR 1863. — I
T have received for the coming season the most
complete assortment of
From the New York Valentine Company, erer offered
in Cldcago. They are all new. having been manufac
tured since last April, and arc put np as formerly in
Five, Ten and Twenty Dollar boxes, or wilt beput op
by the dozen or cross, to salt purchasers. 1 have also
a fine assortment of Valentine Cards and Comic Valen
tines, Price list forwarded open application to
C. MACDONALD. 100 Dearborn street.
P.O. Box S4TS. Chicago. Dl. JaT-yS39-8t
JL Island, on Saturday. January 10 th, at 10 o’clock
a. x. Lecture by D. 6, Wentworth. Principal of the
Scaznmon BchooL Chicago, and other Interesting exer
rises.. Teachers and all others interested, are ednilally
Invited. No postponement on account of weather,
jas-sis-ft • . . . *
XROAD COMPANY.—GenxealSurmsmuMT’s
Omci. CMcago.DecemberfiUh, 1863.—Notice is here*
by given, that arrangements have been made by which
the ** Hyde Park Train** will not be discontinued on
the 31st Inst: After that date the train will be ran nn
der new regulations, and new rates of Ctre will bo
adopted. For information, apply at the office of.the
General Passenger Agent, Central Depot.
drtS-ySgMw- W.R.ARTHUR.Ocn.Sap’t.
•ITJL Annual Meetlngbf the Stockholders in the Chi
cago Mechanical Bakery, for the. election of Officers,
will be held at the office of E. C. Lamed, in McCor
mick’s Building, on Monsat. January 12th, ISfii. at 8
o’clock P.M. . . J. T. RYERSON,
■ 3aSylC3-lw- - v Secretary to the Board of Directors. '
Jl\: receipt of thirty cents we will said you by maß
eighteen by twenty-two laches in atee; together, with
• Inatructiona that win furnish yon a pleasant and reran
iterative employment during the winter, and open np a
way to future business. The business la one which win
be of service to you prolesdobany, by making yau
known and patting you lathe way; of •
Obtaining MncbValnabla’ln&rmatim,
We wish to deal nrinripanywithTeaebors. ‘ Address •
KELLOGG. SMITH A CO., Post Office Bor ISIT. Chi
ccfio, CUaois, dOj-398-la-Jd*
170 la K W BTBE.E T.
T7III And In oar Bwre ft torse stock of
Yarns, Hoods, \nblas and Skating Caps,
lloslery and Gloves, BoUons.DreMTrlmmlnn. Braids
RaUUngs, Velvet Ribbon*. 4c., Including »
a complete assortment,
wm toa out) °* ara
CRAVES Sc lit VINE, T3 lake Street.
C. C. COOK & CO.,
Cash buyers are Invited to examine
our Stock. uol-ly
01 the best styles In market
14-1 Lake Street.
Of oar ownmsnutoctnre, comprising the newstrlesof
Plush and Fur Beavers.
SOO Wool Blankets
Of the beet manufacture and at low prices.
100 Dozen Wool Hoods, Sontags,
All seasonable goods.
A lam assortment now opening of all kinds and
we are now receiving a very large stock of
CLOTHS, consisting of every description.
Cloaking Cloths and material la great variety.
Gloves and Hosiery, of every kinds,
Ladles and Gents Under Garments, alUloawortnicnt.
Embroideries. Lac® Sens, Cambric Pelts. Point Lace,
Collars, Valonclonnes, Lncurollun, Alexander
Kids. Prints, BUeetluss and Tublu Linens.
All of which wo nro now offcrlm; nt as low jirlces *ns
ran bo found elsewhere. Call and examine before mak
ing purchases.
75 South Water street, Chicago,
a well selected stock of
Sugars, Fish,
Teas, Tobacco,
CoHees, Klee,
Syrups, Spices,
Molasses, Soups,
Dried Fruit,
WOODEN WARE, and an articles usually Included tu
\ > their line.
We have bought most of our goods for cash, and be
lieve that we can make It to tbe Interest of alt purchas
ing In this market to call and examine oar stock before
buying. _ EWING. BRIGGS A CO..
No. 73 South Water street, Chicago.
Wm. L. Ewing, Et. Louis. Mo.
} Ctllca 6°- tnyJSrSSI-Iy
And the most extensive and attractive Stock of
Staple and Fancy Dry Goods
Orders accompanied with money or references,
secure onr best attention
ee6-50Mm 72. 7 i and 7S Lafro street. Chicago.
34 & 36 Xiake street,
Hare now In store the largest stock of
Sheep’s Greys, Beavers, Bilots,
And all other goods for MEN'S WEAR, ever exhibited
in this market. Mksoukts are Invited to ex
amine oar stock of goods of all klmUfor
Bine Cloth*, Blue Flannels,
Blao Casslmere*.
KuWas, Sontogs, Steves, Stairs, tapes,
And solicit a call of all who wish to purchase any
articles is that department. - .
' GRAVES Sc. IBlViy,
lanl 73 Lake street.
Importers and Wholesale Dealers la
Stock now In and very complete for the
All at which are of our own IMPORTATION and win
be sold low to l
Cash, and Short Time Sayers,
The attention ot.
Sutlers and Yankee Notion Sealers
r Is respectfully solicited.
No. 138 lake street, between dark and
• ■ -LaSalle streets.
Xlie DcDramc's Patent Skate.
•No.Straps. No Clasps. NoPaln. Thcyare'usedbr
all professional Skaters la the country. Also *
English Ladies*. Novelty Ladles*, Parlor Skates. *c_
Jost received and (Or sain by
des3-ytto-lm 111 Randolph street. Kingsbury
Have opened a branch at
97 Randolph Street,
(Under the Matteson House.)
AH In want of Photograph Albams, Books and Jew
eler Holiday should ealL ‘
. A gift worth from fifty cents to one hundred dollars
Is given with each book sold.
' ’' riiw»iw} - «
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in
' 30 Lake Street, Chicago, n.
We would respectfully can the attention of.Cttyand
Country Mcrchanta to our extensive stock of Boots and
Shoes which we have now In store and arc dally re
ceiving from our Factory In West Bovlsbxx, m««-»
which consisUts of a full assortment of those Celebra
ted Custom-Made Patna Kip and CalC and Grain Water-
Proof Boots; together with a full stock of all styles of
Of the best quality and manufactures, which we are
prepared to aril for CASH and prompt paying trade at
J&wa and New prices. *
T H. REED «fc 0 0.,
Drugs and Chemicals,
Also, deal largely In
Windcrer Glass,
Soap-Makers’Stock, Manufacturer’a 6ooda,&e*,
J.H.Rb*d. 174 Peart street. N.T.I
M. A. IXmLßcr. Chicago. j Ja7-y3TS-Iw
grECTAL NOTICE-We have ap
Messrs, Hoyt, Pierce & Co.,
fo??MBMS I wfftaiUkabrSS !l ’ , ' 3t ■“ ordOT
NSW Yonx. Oct. I.ISG2_
• We have for sale at New York price*, freight added
3COO cases Blnnlngcr’s London Dock Qio CJ
SUO esses Blnnluger’a ONI Tom Gin
£OO cases Blnnlnger’s genuine Wines, pts. and ota
500 cases Blnningcr’a Old Times Rye.
500 cases Blnninger’s Wheat Toole. *
ICO cases Binnlnger’s Wine Bitter*.
ICO eases Binninger's Apple Cordial.
50 cases Strawberry and Raspberry Crandv
35 cases Btackberrr Wine. J
100 cases California Wine*.
200 cases Piper's Heidalck Champaigns.
CO cases Coracoa.
50 doz Stone Jan Pepermlnt Cordial.
500 doz. Scotch Ale. Stone Jogs.
SCO doz. London Porter.
2S doz. Absinthe.
60 casks French Brandy. *
SO pipes Holland Gin. (favorite brands I
000 brto. Kentucky and Pennsylvania Whlskr.
100 brls. Old Maryland Rye Whisky.
£0 brls. Dial Lawrence Rom. IM6,
SO brls. New Jersey Apple Brandy
so brls Ctoerry Brandy. ° *>*•»*«*/•
10 puncheons Scotch and Irish Whlskr
10 puncheons St. CroU and Jamaica Ram.
75 packages Port, Sherry and Madeira Wine.
All of the above goods arc of the
Were purchased before the advance, and will be sold
pure. •
l'X7 South Water Street* Chicago
, P.8.-DnigßWa are particularly Invited toan exam
ination of our Stock. oc£3-t3Ss3iti
aSS as
Uie largest and tbe beat aoaortnt in the West, all ot
which "JR bo offered ULSa TUAN PRESENT £AS»
_ We invite particular attention to our stock of RX
1000 dozen NUTRIA KUit andoUier WARM WUtTEU
CAPS, for MEN and BOVS.
WDI always receive prompt and careful attention.
nog6-xSl>-2m 35Lake street. Chicago.
Is tbe best article ever produced for tho purpose
Manufactured only by
JOSEPH DIXON 4 CO., Jersey Clty,N. J.
And for sale by their Wholesale Agents.
13 South South Wells street. Chicago.
Black Lead Crucibles for Bale Jjt the
cask or number. 0c37-vtno3ui
Merit alone makes a SEWING MACHINE xalnabl#
The people are pcrcclxlng that glowlug represent
lions are not merit.
That It la economy and wisdom to mtrehaso onIJ
SEWING MACHINE of known practical utility.
There are 95,000 Machines In use Is this country am
It Is equal to TUN Seamstresses.
i J DIYIDEND of ICO to 500 per cent. (oa
Us cost) may be obtained In nso—by Its possessor.
Tills Is the only SEWING MACHINE lathe world
rniddnff the LOCK STITCH with the ROTATING
ROOK, and using the GLASS FOOT.
General Agent for IUinol«, Wisconsin. lowa, Northern
■ Indiana and Southern Minnesota,
may bo had on application or by post
Foun siTFK sent utltche* on oaeand the name Machine.
Thosth«iocK.D°cni.K lock, no mu: K.VOT ami kxot.
*■l or which mate the scam alike on both Pidet of the
wonc. Either or all can be produced while the Ma
chine la in motion.
They have the unumi rzzn motion which ea-
Abies the operator to have the work carry either war.
°r to change the direction andfiuten the end of scams,
which, together with making a long and & shortstltch.
L> done simply done by turning a thumb screw.
Their motions are all Posmn. Them are no spring*
to get opt of order. They are so simple that the most
inexperienced can work jhom perfectly and with ease.
They are xoisxuaa. and can be worked where ouletl*
making live stitches In cash rerolntlon. They oil no
dresses. Their STITCH la the wonder of all, because
of Its combined naan cm, snuuroTxt andoxairrr
Agents wanted throughout the Western country
with a small investment of capital, a profitable busi
ness can be readily established. For circulars and sam
ple of work, address
. , ..... Post office BoxSKB.
Salesroom. 134 Lake atrcoS. set n«0-ly
Family Sewing Machine,. -
With all the new improvements.
Is the best and cheapest and most beautiful of all Sew
!ng Machines. This machine will sew anythin"—front
the running of atucklaTarletaa to tho making of aa
Overcoat. It can •
Felly Hem, Bind, Braid, Gather,
Tuck, Quill, .
And has capacity for a great variety of ornamental
work. It Is so simple In structurethatachildcao learn
to use It, and having no liability to get oat of order, it
is ever ready to dolts work.
■ Tothepoorworkwomao whohAatosewforherdally
bread, the Family Sewing Machine will prove a trra
sure. No Yea Quaker or Drewmakcrcan do without it.
. . Chicago Ofllce.so Clark street
Invented la ISls —Perfected la ISS2.
toUiejerMit .Amerlcm Inrcnlor-n.a
Took the Imperial Gold Medal as the flm highest Pm.
mlvm for excellency of Machine; also fbor other Gam
Medals as First Frttnlnma for tha four different mSS
of work; also four Honorable Mentions tor eooJnSS?* .
comprising the only Hretulanisjriven,
lencyor for work. Thus the Original Howe Sailaar
Machine. from which all others derive their Tltalitlr
has established Itself by taking Are Sold Medals outof
six. and ibor Honorable Mentions out of five at a
World's Fair, where all of the leading Sewing Machined
both In this country and Europe, were on trial »atWg
best Sewing Machine tn the World. ■ - ®
OrAgentewantedlnthc Western and North w»t
ern States.
Circular*. containing fun descriptions of
can behadoa application, or sect by mail. ... *
Address J.S. BRYANT. .
Western Agent, ©Lake street, Chicago.
JLTX HAPPY NEW TEAR.—The beat way to
them such la tojrtve or receive one of L. CORNELL A
CHINFS. now greatly Improved. Nozift of frbiadshto
could be of more lasting benefit. la your Holiday
shopping look at them and Barn urn’s Self Sewer, at
:S3 Lake street. - delfi-yh»3w
• MACHINES, Of an stitches, at a Lake street,
vrucor AGibbo'Twisted Loop-Stitch j Tacprt *
Farr pcublo-Loek Stitch; Zmplro Shuttle Lockstitch.
The Simplest, Stillest.Fastest.and most perfect to bo
found. Alan, nam^tr> < ,«»g TT > jjf.
plies. Ac. L, CORNELL A CO„
itli-jK-SQ JMxSI.QIMht.IU.

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