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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, January 09, 1863, Image 2

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Cljiccugo tribune.
TYc.liave read Governor Seymour's Mes
sage to the Legislature of New York, with
sorrow and indignation. It is not;
tone and temper, as had as might have been
expected,' the character of the anthdi's
political associations being allowed its
proper weight in the anticipatory estimate
of value; but in spite of its specious profes
sions and simulated moderations,-there is
enough in it to challenge the fear of every
loyal man in the Union. We have neither
the time nor the inclination to enter into a
statement .of tacts nor elaborate argument
loprovc how glaringly false many of his as
sertions, and how really weak the bitter as
saults that he makes upon the President
nnd tho parly in power are. His errors of
omission and commission, as well as his
unjust deductions, form admitted premises,
and his falilty logic, will be thoroughly ex-'
posed by the local press.- To it wo leave
this task. ' '
But on one point, we have a word to
say: the Governor compliments the West,
while he has a falsehood and a sneer for
New England. We understand the real
purpose of the conjunction of the sections.
Hereaway, we meet, evciy day, the spirit
that dictated to the Governor when he
wrote; and we know just what treason and
malevolence lie behind tho words that he
uses. We know the concealed purpose—the
real object—of his artful statement, and we
tell the Governor and all New York, that
if the plan which the Copperheads have
elaborated, and upon which they are here
openly working, to compromise with the
South hy a secession of the Middle and
Western States from the Union, leaving
New England alone as the ’representa
tive of'the old nationality, and then, in
partnership with the now rebellious
States, to oiganize a new Union from
which New England shall bo excluded,
ever approaches consummation, the Em
pire City and the Empire State will have
quick occasion to regret that they were
parties to that political revolution that put
Horatio Seymour into the gubernatorial
chair and made him an agent for
working' ""out this plot ‘We assure
them that the ties of the Northwest
to New England are not indissoluble;
but they are stronger Ilian the bonds
which unite us to New York; and, if in
thc changcs and reorganizations that are
passible as the consequence of the present
revolt, it is necessaiy for the West to make
an’election where she will go, she win be
come an appendage of neither the Middle
States nor of the South- She will declare
her independence of both, and right here
in the heart of the continent, the possessor
of flie finest soil and the best climate in
the hemisphere, with more than ten mil
lions of people, and the prospect of a rapid
increase, will oiganize an empire that wiU
dominate oyer all other fractions of the
Hepnhlic, and which win have the power
to compel the opening of half a dozen
routes to tide water upon terms and con
ditions that we now plead for in vain. If
the Union must he destroyed by the machi
nations of the Seymours, the Woods and
the men with whom they lie down in the
nest that treason has prepared, let it be
understood now that it is the firm resolve
of the West to he as ikr removed from the
commercial supremacy and the rotten poli
tics of New York, the tariffs and paper
money of New England, as from the
whips, branding-irons and burning fag
gots of that curse of civilization that
we hate, slavery. With a capital on the
Upper Mississippi, with Chicago, Cleve
land, Cincinnati and SL Louis as chief
cities, with free navigation of the Missis
sippi, which we treirfdhavc; with the St.
Lawrence open; with New York, Phila
delphia and Baltimore in competition, by
their different lines of communication ex
tending westward, for tho privilege of con
veying our products to the seaboard; with
the most martial people on the Continent;
with the youth and vigor of a new coni"
mnnity, free from the conventionalisms of
an older civilization, and with a purer and
better Democracy than the world has ever
known, the West would bo able to be the
patron of its own cities, the regulator of
its own monetary affairs, the defender of its
own interests. We pray Heaven that the
events, which we note only as the conse
quences of the folly and ambition of men
like Mr. Seymour may never he real
ized. The West is anxious for the
maintenance of the Union and
the supremacy of the Constitution. She
has testified her devotion to both by a
record, the glories of which are not paral
leled in the history of our race. She has
yet other offerings to make, yet other
proofs other fidelity to give. But if they
shall avail nothing, she will look out for
herself Break the. bonds of which duty
has imposed, and the promptings of inferest
are her guide. If New York, to which the
whole Continent has paid tribute, can see
in the new order of things at which we
glance, any hut the rewards that might fol
low the bogus patriotism of her Governor,
she has keener eyes than we. We warn
her in time of the pit that her enemies,
whom she has lately honored are digging
at her feet.
A gentleman for u long time connected
with the army, and who, in all the cam
paigns in Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama
and Mississippi, has seen the effect of the
policy upon which our different armies
have acted in their repeated advances,
maintained in our presence, a lew days
ago, that until the Government abandoned
the idea of holding and keeping in repair
the railroads in the States that we have
named, and contented itself’with a river
“base for each of its advancing columns,
we should conduct the war in a most labor
ious, expensive and ineffectual manner;
end that though'we might finally tire outer
overcome the rebels, we should do it only
niter a great waste of precious time, and a
frightful expenditure of life and money.
Aswe know the officer in question to be
one of the clearest headed men in the ser
vice—one who has, in his day, successfully
managed great affairs—we listened atten
tively to. what he had to say.
His plan waste tear up the railroads
wherever they could be reached, to bum
the bridges, blow up the culverts, destroy
the rolling stock and cany off the iron, all
so effectually and to such an extent that the
enemy cannot use what we will not, and
thus compel him to transport his men and
munitions, by the primitive method, over
the horrible reads of the seceding States.
He maintained that a tenth part of the
expense necessarily incurred in keeping
. open our communications, would build
steamers enough, of the proper sort,
to keep all the rivers that we might
use open from source to mouth; and that
• V'hese rivers were so distributed as to en
troops to penetrate and possess
SelnW* revo^te^ country to compel
or to
Buell, -which oppugn of
did not euard ttataJSS® 0 ?* ”°‘ °J
in Ills rear; tLe first rai roa(^
which was followed by a retreat Grant
qucnce of the same state of facu;
cut position of the same General, how
slowly withdrawing men from his front to
fill up the .gaps that he has left behind
him ; the straits to which Rosccrass was
reduced bythc necessity of detailing full
Jialf his force to look after and protect the
Nashvillemad Louisville Railroad; he
• called tip - the disastrous effect
of the . many raids, that, in spite
of aH our vigilance, the Morgans and
Forrests of the rebel camp have succeeded
• in making, and the never ending waste of
time, money and life, by the system of de
tails .to which over hundreds of miles
of counliy peculiarly favorable for guerilla
operations, our commanders arc compelled
to resort; and he argued that as the larger
rebel armies arc broken up and scattered,
these raids will increase in Aequency, and
Uiat Hie details will necessarily , grow in
strength, without obtaining ' for either side
any decisive result On the rivers, said he,
our supremacy is undisputed. Using our
iron-dads on the sea-board, and our river
flotilla in the interior, we con prevent the
launching of a single rebel craftlaigerthan
a cockle-shell, on any streamer the United
-States. Open the Mississippi, and Texas,
' Louisiana, Arkansas, and Missouri are par*
nlyzed. Open the tributaries of the Miss
isrippi south of Cairo, not an ounce of cot
on, sugar or tobacco can leave, or a pound
of merchandise go into full half pf the Con
federacy. For all communication with the
outside world,the inhabitants would be de
pendent upon our favor and their own loy
alty.- Take Mobile, and put a . flotilla on
the Alabanmand the Tombigbce, and Ala
bama and Mississippi would be powerless
at our feet And like results; said bur en
thusiast, would follow the possession of the
inland waters of the seaboard States:: He
entreated us to urge the withdrawal of the
armies that are now' inland, the construc
tion of new steamers hy the hundreds, or,
if necessary, hy the thousands, the strong
occupation of a line of defense along the
Ohio and Potomac, the destruction of all
railroads that the rebels cau use for com
mercial or miHtoiy puqvoses, and the quick
occupation of Charleston, Savannah, Mo
bile and all other Southern ports in which
foreign commerce can he carried on. Thus,
he declared, we should be instrumental in
squeezing the last drop of blood out of the
There is much in these speculations that
•will attract the attention of those who have
heen compelled to deplore the ill success,
which, in spite of our vast armies, our un
limited supply of the munitions of war,
and our prodigal expenditore of money,
has thus ftr attended our arms. All such
will remember that we are justuow regain
ing the ground that was occupied by our
troops near ten months ago; and that the
causes of tke disasters that we have endured
have never been foundin the hraveiy ofour
men or in the lack of materials; but in the
insurmountable difficulty that all our com
manders have encountered in keeping up
communications each with the base whence
he set out. How to avoid the necessity of
such disasters in. the future, .is what any
General-in-Chief might be glad to learn;
and if the suggestions of our friend will
assist the solution ofthat question, weshall
be glad.
A mischievous scheme to add two Judge
to the Court of Claims, and to confer upon
the five the power to enter final judgment
in all cases against the United States, which
was defeated at the last session ol Con
gress, seems to have been revived, and un
less carefully watched will probably go
through. It needs little argument to show
that the power to enter judgment in this
class of cases, without the consent of Con
gress, ought not to be lodged in any court,
especially a court consisting of judges
-holding office for life. It would be far bet
ter to abolish the Court now existing,
which is a useless and frivolous ex
pense. All the cases which pass
through it go to the Committees on
Claims of the two Houses, and arc subse
quently acted on by the two bodies respec
tively. If we must have a Court of Claims
it ought to be organized in this way, for
the people’s Representatives ought never
to give up the power of controlling the dis
bursement of the people’s money. But, if
the action of the Court determines nothing,
why have any Court ?
It may be said that, even if the power
to enter final judgment against the United
States be given to tbe court, still no money
can be drawn from the Treasury except by
appropriation of Congress. True, but
when judgment is oblainedby the claimant
will not Congress be bound to make the
appropriation? Clearly. When the Su
preme Court of Mississippi decided tliat
the bonds of tbat State were a valid and
just claim, . and tliat they . must
be paid, and the Legislature re
fused to make an appropriation to pay
them, the whole world denounced Missis
sippi as a community of repudiators and
robbers. It will be found, if this hill
passes, that eveiy judgment which it ren
ders will be followed by a’ corresponding
appropriation of money by Congress. If
not, what will be the use;of a court pos
sessing such jurisdiction? To pile up a
mountain of unliquidated balances against
the Trcasuiy, whose justice has been aub T
stantially confessed by the very set organ
izing the court ? If it were advisable ever
to grant such powers to a court, this is the
worst possible time to tiy the experiment,
for claims arising from the war will soon
be rushing in, equaling in volume half the
national debt.
The proposition to add two judges to the
court maybe the cause, orthc consequence
of the proposed increase of responsibili
ties. In cither case it is reprehensible, be
cause it adds §O,OOO per year to the public
expenses. VTc trust that the wisdom
which defeated this pernicious bill at the
last session, may not remain dormant when
it comes up for action the second time.
Xlic Dwclia rjrc of lupri^oucd
l>Ls loyalist*.
L. C. Turner, Judge Advocate, charged
with the responsibility of discharges of per
sons imprisoned for alleged disloyalty, says,
in his official report, there were four persons
imprisoned In the Old Capitol Prison—but
not by order of the War Department—Messrs.
D. A. Mahoney, John XL Mulkcy, D. Sheward
and Andrew D. Duff—who made oath Nov.
11,18C2, befory their discharge at their own
request, amoug other things, that they would
not at any future time, commeucc an action
against the officers of any State, or of the
United States, for causing their arrest. This
was after they had refused to take an uncon
ditional oath of allegiance, and after certain
civil officers of Illinois had been annoyed by
vexatious suits for certain arrests, and was
voluntarily proposed by the prisoners as an
Inducement toward their release.
I>inner to Gen. ISutlcr.
A meeting of about fifty of the leading citi
zens of New York was held at the Fifth
Avenue Hotel on the sth Inst., for the pur
pose of tendering io Major General B. F.
Butler a public reception. Captain C. IL
Marshal was called to the chair, and Mr.
Charles Gould was chosen Secretary. It was
resolved to tender General Butler a public
dinner, and a sub-committee of fifteen was
appointed to make the necessary’ arrange
Lieut. Clyboiimc.
A private letter from Dumfries, Va., dated
the 31st ult, states that during a skirmish on
IhcfiTth, near Dumfries, Lieut. John H. Cly
bourne, of this city, was taken prisoner.by
the rebels; and another letter from the same
source, dated the Sd Inst., states Hurt nothing
had been beard from him up to that date.
The New Yore Police Commissioners.—
Gov. Seymour has suspended all action in re
gard to the New York Police Commissioners
until April.' The New York Times says that
the first action of the Governor in regard to
the Commissioners had begun to be felt in the
insubordination on the part of some of the
men, and irreverence for the police authority
on the part of the liquor dealers being the
more Immediate and most observable conse
Dr. Nott.— The Rev. Dr. Nott, President
of Union College, is dangerously ill at his
residence at Schenectady. He Is paralyzed,
and cannot long survive, though he still re
tains the strength and clearness of his great
bdeuect. The venerable Doctor is now in
lli^Te3^v., nMr Etea “6liip Creole. lately in
otlcred to the gov
vessel to as a suitable
fast, the proposition may ,^ C Jf •'TPJT
tion at the Navy Department. of altcn-
E®‘ Mayor Ojidykc recently vetoed » vtn
passed by the Common Council of Ncwf o il
to Issue $3,000,000 of city shinplastcrs; nut
the Council have passed the bill over the May.
or’s veto.
pg* Lockwood L. Doty, who has just de
clined the Consulship to Nassau, has been ap
pointed by Got, Seymour of New York, hls
private Secretary.
Another Treasonable Catherine-Con
dy as nil Assassin—lTCerrlelt’s Friends
all for Revolution—An Armistice and
the Withdrawal of our Troops—
Siransers In the City—The Democrats
Bitter andHlalignant—Chicago Insti
tutions—Tho Constitutional Conven
tion—Supremo Court Reporter—Sen*
ate—The Democracy Resin to Show
tnclr Rands—Rouse Procoodluss—A
Revolutionary BUI—It hooks Revo
lutionary—Taxable Property—Re
ceipts and Expenditures or the State.
[From Onr Special Correspondent.]
Springfield, Jan. 7, 1563.
The Cbmmittcc'of the Democratic meeting
pf Monday night, met last evening again, and
had quite a stirring discussion. Thd’most
rabid men of the Committee, to the surprise
of the Egyptians, arefrom Chicago.' They are
for revolution. They go for immediately
tacking Washington in the rear while the
rebels advance upon It in front. Indeed, In
the meeting of Monday evening, Mr. Goudy
declared that, In the event of the President’s
refusing to withdraw the proclamation, HE
positions! He thought it would not take
much force to do it.
Merrick’s friends, including those from
Chicago, are, I understand, all for revolution,
nnd, in the Committee, supported the most
ultra of the two propositions.
The two propositions discussed were:
Ist. To demand of the President of the
United States an armistice, and the scndinc- of
Commissioners to each of tho revolted Slates,
asking them to meet in National Convention.
2d. The radicals say that the troops were
enlisted on a fraudnlcnt pretense—not to re
store the union, but to free the slavcs-and
that consequently the Governor of the State
he directed to order all of the Illinois troops
The committee has not yet decided which
resolution they will present to the meeting.
But this makes no matter, as they are all in
the same boat. The only difference is tliat
the radicals have the pluck to say what they
mean, while the conservatives dare not say or
do what they think or believe.
I again assert that tbe proclamation is a
mere pretense. Last year this same course
was sought to be initiated by the secession
ists in the Constitutional Convention, and
would have been but for the fact that they
dared not at that time show their hands.
They thought the time had not come to do so
with safety to themselves.
I notice a large number of strangers In
Springfield. The lobby is very large, and
daily increasing. Among tbe notables, Col.
Wm. R. Morrison, Representative In Con
gress elect from tbcl2(h Congressional Dis
trict; Col. John Dougherty, of Union coun
ty; Hou. S. W.. Moulton, of Shelby; Hon.
Win. A. Grimshaw, of I’ike; Hon. Jackson
Grimsbaw, of Adams; Judge Jos. Gillespie,
ol Madison; Geo. Trumbull, Esq., and Hou.
Vital Jarrott, of St. Clair; Col. A. J. Kyken
dall, CoL M. O'Kane; ilayor Sherman, Clu
caao, and David Gage. do.; Isaac Cook, Ac.
Mayor Sherman ami Dick Richardson hud a
little passage of arms last night. The Mayor
called on Dick, who it appears was “i’ the
vein,” otherwise a little cross. A row ensued
in which Dick used some hard language. He
accused the Mayor of coming to electioneer
against him. The Mayor did not say he was
or he was not, nnd the matter was ended in
the usual amicable manner in tliat party. The
Mayor is said to he slightly for Goudy, with
what truth Iknow not.
The Democrats here arc bitter and malig
nant. A Union inan is In as much danger in
some localities here were inßichmond.
An officer named Wilson, on Gen. Grant’s
the night of the Democratic meeting,
remarked in the American House, the Demo
cratic headquarters, that he would like to see
a piece of artillery playing upon that wing of
.the State in which the meeting was held. He
was immedialelypitchcdnpon ijyau infuriated
set of Democrats and badly beaten. An Irish
Captain, wbo called the men in the meeting
traitors, was also attacked, but he whollopcd
his man badly.
The Chicago Charter has not yet come down.
Attorney Ayres will be here with it In a few
days. I learn, however, that it will be read
by its title to the third reading, and then put
through at railroad speed.
Seme of the fra institutions of your citj'i
in the shape of a couple of liiro banks, I learn,
have been sent down here, to operate daring
tbe session of the Legislature. Intact, every
conceivable iniquity on a small scale is gath
ering here. The Egyptians arc said to bo great
at the cards. The Northern men, J believe,
cannot “hold a candle” to them in Ibis re
spect. I give tins statement as a warning to
your Chicago operators iu this line of busi
I see by (be Auditor’s, report that the Con
stitutional Convention cost the State the sum
of $48,651, of which $29,221 was for pay of
members and officers: $4,994.19 forprinting;
$4,810 for publishing proceedings in papers;
$4,363.95 for newspapers'furnished members:
$2,087.30 for postage; and for sta
Of-Peek’s reports during two years, 2,202
volumes have been published, at a costot
In the Senate Mr. Mack, of Kankakee, pre
sented a bill for “an act'to provide relief of
the Illinois volunteer soldiers .wounded at
Murfreesboro.” The bllfprovides that the re
lief given shall not exceed SIO,OOO.
It appears Ihot the Governor lias been asked
for relief, by telegraph from various parts of
the State, for our wounded soldiers, and there
being no money appropriated for the purpose
this bill is thought necessary.
The Democrats, through Green of Massac,
favored the reference of the bill to the Com
mittee on Judiciary, and it was so referred.
In the afternoon it was reported back with
an amendment appointing three persons to
disburse the money. Any one who has read
the Constitution oi the Slate knows that In
the Governor is invested the appointing, the
Legislature being expressly forbidden to elect
or appoint in any ease. The reason is obvious.
Give the Legislature the creation of new offi
ces and the appointing power, and corruption
would run riot.
A long debate ensued, in which Messrs.
Mack, Allen, Bushncll and others took part,
on the Republican side.
The bill was dually passed as amended, by
strict parly vote of 13 to 11.
Of course the Governor cannot sign such a
bill, ns it is clearly unconstitutional. But
wbat cares this Legislature for the Constitu
tion. 1 predict they mean to drive a “coach
and six” through It before they get through.
Mr. Lindsay, of Peoria, offered a bill repeal
ing the Recorder’s Court of that city.
Mr. Adams, of Stephenson, offered a peti
tion praying that Caleb TV. Brown be author
ized to build a dam across Piccatouica River
in Stephenson county.
Mr. Gibson of La Salle, presented a petition
to incorporate tbe town of Whitctield in La
Salle county.
Mr. Lawrence of Boone, presented a resolu
tion from the Board of Supervisors of that
county, in favor of tbe passage of an act al
lowing the Board of Supervisors to levy a
special lax, not exceeding seven mills on the
dollar, to pay orders issued to volunteers.
Referred to a special committee of three.
Mr. Lawrence presented credentials of Mr.
Blake, who was sworn in by Judge Higbcc.
In the afternoon, the bill which passed the
Senate yesterday, legalizing treasury notes for
the payment of ml taxes, and including postal
currency as a legal tender to the amount of
five dollars, was, on motion of Mr. Burr, of
Scott, brought before the House, and the
rules being suspended, the bill was read three
times, and placed upon Its passage. The
votes stood, ayes 74, nays I—Smith of Union.
A bill was also passed legalizing the assess
ment of one per cent, on all taxable property
in 'Whitesides county, in accordance TOth a
resolution of the Board of Supervisors of that
county, passed last September, for the pur
pose of paying a bounty of S6O to soldiers
raised therein.
The Senate sent in a resolution riving.to
each member and officer elected by the House
and Senate, twenty-five daily papers, which
was concurred in. togetherwith the necessary
•postage In correspondence by maU*
A resolution was passed affording necessary
accommodation to the reporters of l;he press.
A resolution was passed requesting the
Treasurer of the State to report the! amount
of coin received by him daring ISO2t and the
amount now remaining in the Treasury.
The House had not determined what to do
with the message when it adjourned to 2
o’clock. *
Mr. Burr of Scott made a respectful and
able speech on his side of the question upon
the politics of the message, and moved that
300 conics be printed for the use of the House.
A Mr. O’Brien of Peoria moved that the
message be referred to three American citi
zens of African descent. According to all.
parliamentary rule ho would have been Cliair
man of the Committee bad his motion been
adopted, but Sam Buckmastcr, not wishing to
disgrace him, declared it out of order. Mr.
O’Brien consequently died a very sudden
Several resolutions and bills were o tiered,
one of the most startling of which was by Mr.
Fuller of Cook, to call a State Convention to
amend the Constitution of the United States,
so that there shall never be a provision insert*
ed in that .instrument abolishing slavery in
any State where it now exists, or ab
rogating the fugitive slave law The mover
earn that the bill was intended to meet a reso
lution of Congress, of March, ’6l, recom
mending the States to make snch amendment
in the Constitution.* He moved to suspend
the rules and put the bill upon Its second
reading, but tailed to get the requisite two
thirds vote. It was ordered printed. -
~ Toiir readers wDI recollect that tho resolu
tion of Congress referred to was passed two
days before the inauguration of Mr. Lincoln,
and was designed to save the slave States
from plunging into rebellion. -They spurned
the overture and took the step fatal to them,
and now the scccsh Democrats of the Legis-.
t#ture“br Illinois’ attempt to put the. same
thing through here.
acter nrat to? r «ol“«onaiy io its
be a very It« intended to
inangnralc ‘“.“sc tboDemocrats
They mean to be toJSf 1 l’™gr"?mc
"W u they please
after (Us bill passes, and set at defiance the
authority and law of the Unit ed States. They
do not seem to remember,ho wever,that martial
law can override all such bills, and will.The
bill removes from ..office any Judge or'justice
of the peace, or other officer In the State, who ‘
shall refuse to Interfere when called upon in
favor of any person who may be arrested by
order of the President. It has a great many -
other startling provisions. *
Of course the design Is to precipitate a con~
filet between the State and the. General Gov
ernment. .
It wns attempted also to rush this bill
through by a suspension of the rules, but tbe
Republicans voted in a body andprevenled It.
Every Indication is that tbe Democrats are
.bound to,tbe most revolutionary programme.
They are apparently getting everything ready
lor a fight In case they arc compelled to the
last resort. In the Democratic caucus there
is mdre said than Is heard outside. Some of
the party can hardly be held back. =
The Auditor gives the reasons for the dimi
nution in-thc amount of taxable property in
the State, as follows:, x ...
.. “The diminution in amount of taxable property
assessed in the several coontlcs. referred to In my
' last report, is fonnd to continue from year to year,
and, in my opinion, to a far greater'extent thpn
any actual depreciation in value of property will
rationally account for. Ibave endeavored to learn,
by inanity of officers and others, from tbe difiercut
counties, the real causes which .operate to brin?
about the decrease of assessments, and I learn
that, in nearly every one of the counties. tno
pressfon Is held that the property of ovenr otiw
county is assessed at a lower wtota»ntnopropc jr
of theone inquestion.
many of the ■*■<»»?. the valuation of
general g,e atanflard of value
theirowj l , n G ther counties. I'have
? n Jm2dof *or«ral Instances Jn which candidates
office of Assessor have openly offered, as
an to voters, that, if elected, they
would assess property at rates less than Its value.
Ithasalsq been suggested to me that In some of
the counties nnder township organization, it is the
practice of town assessors to meet and agree on
fixed uniform rates forvaluing each description of
property taxed, without regard to the actual value
of tbe lands or other properly listed.' It seems
necessary that some remedy should be provided for
these and other abuses of the Intentions and pro
visions of the reveuuelawa.”
The following, from the Treasurer’s report,
is a recapitulation of his accounts, and, in
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A History ot Forrcut’M Raid into West
TcnncMSCc-Gallaiit Conduct or Col.
Dunliani’M Brigade—Generals Sulli
van and Haynlc to tlio Rchciio—For
rest Defeated and Driven to Clifton.
[From Our Own Correspondent.]
Cairo. January 0,1803.
The announcement was made from this
point yesterday, byyourcorrcspondcnt, of the
successful battle fought at Parker’s Cross
Hoads on the 31st ult., between Brig. General
Jerry C. Sullivan’s forces and the celebrated
cavalry of the Confederate General, Forrest.
The general results, and a somewhat detailed
description of the brilliant battle were also
given in the telegram, but many interesting
particulars, the history of the campaign and
other matters Impossible to comprise in a
telegraphic dispatch, were purposely omitted
to be dealt with separately and at some length
in this letter. I have the very best authority
for saying that no more thorough knowledge
of a fight, its antecedents, concomitants and
results could have been obtained than I have
of this battle, had 1 been upon the field and
participated in evciy movement, and carefully
noted the minuthc at the moment.
; The map of the vicinity of the battle, given
above, may also be relied upon as generally
correct. It was drawn by a competent gen
tleman who knows the spot well.
To obtain a full knowledge of the import
ance of this raid of Forrest’s, It will be neces
sary to start with its history at about the ISth
of December, when Jackson was “threaten
ed,” as correspondents at the time incredu
lously set forth ui their dispatches from this
point and Columbus. It will appear, perhaps,*
that Jackson was pretty severely threatened.
My informant, whose notes I have before
me, and whose story, being connected and
particular, as well as reliable, I shall follow
in this narrative as nearly as may be, left Ox
ford, Miss., on the IStb of December, and ar
rived at Jackson at midnight of the same day.
Qrig. Gen. Jerry C. Sullivan, a yonng Indianl
an, was in command of the forces at this
point. Jackson was in an nproar, consequent
upon a report which had gained some cre
dence, that Gen. Forrest, with at the least cal
culation from 12,000 to 15,000 men and ten or
twelve pieces of artillery, had crossed the Ten
nessee and was rapidly making his way to
Jackson by the way of Lexington. Of course
the Federal force, being but about 6,000 strong,
could not be expected to successfully mecl so
overwhelming a force. Gen. Sullivan had in
formation that seemed to corroborate common
report, and fully expected an attack. He kid
his men under arms, early and lute, daring
the day and night, prepared to do lus best in
any emergency. On the evening of the 18th,
Braymaffi and Fuller’s brigades came up and
reinforced Sullivan.
At 12 in. on the ensuing day, the 10th,- the
enemy were reported actually but two miles
from Jackson.. Gen. Sullivan ordered out the
43d Illinois, Colonel Inglcman. to go to the
front and do what they conld to harrass the
Confederates. The command was obeyed.
Inglcman ambuscaded his regiment and waited
Forrest’s approach. As the rebel advance
came In a volley was fired upon Diem; several
were killed outright, some wounded and three
taken prisoners. In this rccontrc onr loss
was one killed and five wounded. At 2 p’m.
on that day Col. Fuller, with his brigade of
about 5,000 men, arrived at Jackson, from Ox
ford, forwarded oy orderof Gen. Grant.
Undoubtedly wellinfonncdas to IhcFcdcral
strength at Jackson, mid as correctly posted
as to the arrival-of reinforcements, harassed
by Inglcman, and fearing to attack, Forrest
commenced throwing shell into the* town,
hoping to destroy it. During this bombard
ment, which apparently caused little damage,
Gens. Sullivan, Haynie and Webster held a
consultation at Sullivan’s headquarters. They
were well satisfied that Forrest would not
deem it prudent to enter the town, and should
he desire to do so,' could ask for uotbingmorc
to their wishes. Braymah’s brigade was or
dered out then as skirmishers. The roar, of
artillery from our side soon had.the effect of
driving the enemy, At4p. m. Bray
mnn began to overtake their skirmishers only
four miles"from the town, - But they contln- •
tied to fall back; r Brayniah ; followed .about
-two miles further, and then encamped. ’ The •
rest of Sullivan's forces remained in the place -
•witLln’lntrcnchmcnts: • -----
Early in the morning of the 20th, leaving
I,ICO men to guard Jackson, Sullivan with the
remainder—about 7,ooo—left, having three
batteries, with Gen. L'N. Haynle, In pursuit
of Forrest. Major Smith, of the 45th Illinois,
was commandant of the town. At 10 a 7 m.,
the same day, cannon were heard toward the
northeast, in the direction of Spring Creek.
At 2p. m.,. the same sound seemed to come
from the direction of Humboldt Gen. Sulli
van,, not knowing whether this came from
Forrest or not, but opined that somebody
was in trouble, ordered out 500 men to rein
force Trenton, to go by the way of Humboldt.
It was not until 4 p. m. that reliable news ar
rived of the destruction of the trcssel work
near Trenton, on . the Mobile arid Ohio E-oil-'
road. Menas scouts were immediately**"}
outastd the matter and report Thor “
firmcdtbe evil tidings
Early the next mld reporl( . d
into ramp from utrongf com
tlUlt r lacc t™ B ™ o
™ tß . Ic ft Jneksen, and on the 20tli
were'’S* milcs oTlt - The F fi nve *be capture
or mgersoll at Lexington correctly; also that
other captures had been made in the vicinity
of men, horses, and other property. At mid
night a dispatch was received from Trenton,
while in camp, that Forrest was east of that
place, at Spring Creek, and advancing. This
report came from Colonels Fry and Hawkins.
.Gen. Sullivan also heard tlmt day that Hum
boldt had'been taken, and that 500 troops,
sept tip on tbe railroad, had had the road cut
up on each side, confining them to their
position or necessitating a return on foot.
Thirty rounds were fired upon this train by
the rebel?; one niau killed and four wounded
upon it. The fire was returned from the cars,
and thirty rebels bitthednst.. Col. Ihrc, as
suming command of the 600 men, marched
them out, pursued the rebels; they fled,he
followed and chased them to Humboldt, and
still they did not pause in their flight. Twelve
of their-skedaddling force were killed, Onr
loss was none killed and but one wounded.
* On the 21st, not finding the rebels, Gen
Sullivan returned to Jackson, where the fight
had not yet subsided, bat an attack was con
tinually anticipated. The report had reached
the place regarding the recapture of Holly
Springs, and it was supposed that Van Dom
was then moving'north to gobble up Jackson
and the whole country from thence to Colum
Soon after Gen. Sullivan returned to Jack
son, he ordered troops to report to Gen. I. N.
Haynic,forthe purpose of going north and
“ repairing bridges, pitching into the rebels,
and opening railroads.” At sundown the fol
lowing forces had reported to the General;
lOCth lilinols. Col. Latham, 210 men.
39th lowa, Col. Cummings, 004 men.
119 th Illinois. Maj. Watson, 205 men.
lowa Union Brigade, Lieut. Coltcn, 200 men.
Gen. Haynlc was afterwards reinforced by
ninety of the Uth Illinois cavalry, under
Capt. Burbridge, and one company of
tbe 18th Illinois infimlrv. He then trans
ported his troops to the first break in the
road, and commenced the labor of mak
ing repairs. At night the camp was fired
S>ou. In the morning scouts were sent on to
umboidt, which was found to be quietly In
Federal possession. The road being ready,
on the 21st Gen. Haynie’s force moved on and
entered Humboldt, where, making repairs
and performing other necessary labor, they
remained until the 2Cth. Here they were
joined by the 126 th Illinois, 257 men, and 7th
Tennessee, 148 mem
The fepairs being ready, and Geu. Hhvnle
having been further reinforced by the 122 d
Illinois, Col. Einnakcr, about 600 men, and
leaving Col. Beardsley with the 120 th Illinois
at Humboldt, be moved forward to Trenton,
where he arrived at noon on the 20th, and re
ported by telegraph to Gen. Sullivan. There
had been no opposition to Geu. Haynie’s
march to Trenton; but upon sending out
scouts for the purpose, be found that Forrest
had changed front also, and had a portion of
his force at Middlcburg, four miles from the
road, and the remainder at Dresden, about
twenty miles from the road—ln fact, that the
rebel pickets were not over ten miles distant
from his own outposts. The rebel force he
could not learn, but liad an idea that combined
it would reach about 5,000. Geu. Ilaynic had
at that time 2,400 men, all told, in his com
mand, and was extremely desirous of advanc
ing alone upon Forrest; but upon making
known his wish, Gen. Sullivan considered
it highly dangerous .for him to under
take the feat, thinking he might, be
cut off between the two sections of
the Confederate cavalry. This was un
doubtedly sound advice, and it is well it
was followed.. There was constant telegraphic
communication at tills time between llaynie
at Trenton and Sullivan, yet at Jackson; and
to the fact that there were two cool heads,
two energetic and courageous men, backed
by good and true Western soldiery, may the
tuccess so brilliantly achieved at a later day,
at the Cross Roads, be mainly attributed. On
the 27th, Gen. Sullivan started out as rein
forcements—troojrs having been furnished for
the purpose from Oxford —tbe 27th Ohio, Col.
Fuller; the 22d Ohio, CoLWood; tbe 39th
Ohio, Col. Noyes; the COd Ohio, Col. Spaul
ding; thesoth Indiana, Col. Dunham; Kidd’s
14tu Indiana, and a Wisconsin battery. Upon
their arrival in Trenton, these regiments were
brigaded as follows-
First Brigade—Co?. Fuller of the 27 th Ohio
Commanding. —27th Ohio, S9th Ohio, and 63d
Second Brigade— Col, Dunham of the 50th
Indiana (hmmandivg. —solh Indiana, 39th
lowa, 122 d Illinois, and 7th Tennessee.
Gen. Haynie commanded the troops enume
rated as accompanying him to Trenton. not
included in the above, and in the advance oc
cupied the extreme lett. -..
To the infantry in the 27th were added tho
batteries and the cavalry, all of which were
ordered to be ready for sudden marching or
ders. Col. Dunham’s brigade, in fact, did
march that night, immediately upon the ar
rival of Gen. Sullivan, who came at 9o’clock
of that night.
Gen. Sullivan and the remainder of the
troops marched early the morning of the 28th,
and encamped that night at Shady Grove, a
pleasant place for a bivouac, about half a
day’s march from Huntington. Capt Bur
bridge of the lltli Illinois cavalry force was
ordered forward at an early hour on the 29th
—about 4 o’clock a. in.—to occupy Hunting
ton, ami hold a bridge overa small stream be
yond called Beaver Creek, and if possible,
prevent the enemy from crossing to the town.
This was promptly performed by the corps.
They reached the structure just’ at the mo
ment that Forrest’s advance pickets did, but
held the position without loss,thcConfederates
quickly falling back when they found them
selves forestalled. The infantry were notlong
in following the horsemen into Huntington.
Immediately upon his arrival, Gen. SuUivan
ordered regiments into position at the ends
of tho principal streets leading into
the place, and sent out 80ff men
four miles towards Forrest’s advance
to take and occupy a second bridge on the
Dresden road. Major Atkinson of. the 50th
Indiana regiment had charge of this dangerous
duty, and performed it faithfully ana with
cclcriiy. As the detachment of Indiana troops
approached the bridge, they were also met by
the rebel pickets and fired upon, one of their
number being wounded, but none killed. The
fire was quickly-returned and two of the reb
els were killed, one wounded, and the re
mainder fell back and gave up the position.
In this manner the night of the 29th was
passed at Huntington.
On the morning of the 80th the rebels, find
ing that they were cut off from passing
through Huntington and would bo unable to
to reach their desired destination, the Tennes
see, in that way, moved south and westerly,
intending, donbiless, to reach Lexington.
Late in the afternoon of that day, this move
ment having reached Sullivan’s ears, he or
dered Colonel Dunham and his second brigade
to strike out and intercept them. The point
where he thought they would meet them was
at Clarksburg, or near there, and, as was
shown subsequently, the General made a very
close guess on the subject, os the Cross-roads
are but a short distance south of Clarksburg.
It was late evening when the second brigade
reached Clarksburg, which is about nine miles
from Huntington.
Leaving the Generals Sullivan and Haynie
at Huntington, let ns follow the march of
Colonel Dunham’s devoted force in the ad
vance from Clarksburg south toward Lexing
ton, it being understood that Forrest’s force,
unknown to the Federals, had made a detour
to the westward and taken a wagon road run
ning in a conical line from a point on the
Dresden road, at Hico, across the Trenton
road, a little to the eastward of McLcmorcs
ville, and reaching the Lexington road a few
nules South of Clarksville—Parker’s Cross
Roads—intending thence to strike the road
through Lexington for Clifton, their proposed
crossing place of the Tennessee River. The
start of Colonel Dnnham’s force from Clarks
ville was made early on the morning of the
81st. • The Cross Roads were reached at 9
o clock. What was the surprise of Colonel
Dunham to find his little brigade confronting,
drawn up in a field of about a mile and a
quarter in length and one mile in width, sup
ported In front by three batteries, on elevated
points or hillocks, seemingly made expressly
for the purpose, and rather encircling with
cavalry and dismounted horsemen the road
where he should pass, over 7,000 Confede
rates, all under the command of the redoubt
able Forrest in person. There was no time
to run, if he would—which was not his forte—
and all he had before him was to fight it out. *
This he proceeded coolly to do.
The enemy made the attack with their bat
teries, which'werc in position to rake Dan
. ham’s brigade completely, situated as they
were upon slight knolls or mounds.' Their
dismounted cavaliy, used as infantry, were
posted in the rear of the first battery. Be
hind two columns of these were planted two
batteries, and then to the left and right of
these, still further to the south, were ranged
themain force of the Confederates, couslsuug
of mounted riflemen.
Dunham’s brigade formed immediately In •
solid column, in about a straight line south
of the batteries, thinking there best to mnin
tam a footing. It was a good standpoint, but
overpowering numbers soon made it a bad
one, for, toward the close of the fight, the
.rebels had managed to flank the Federalsand
deploy men enough to the left and right to
cut them off completely- from retreat But
this was not until the battle had lasted some
three hours, so' stubbornly did Dunham’s
men contest the ground, ‘ inch by inch, all the
time under the galling fire of the Confederate
cannon. So strongly did they fight, even be
fore they brought theic own battery to posi
tion, so accurate was their aim and invincible
their wills, that Tor a time it was not certain
they would not drive the entire 7,000 before
them. But this could-not last. The enemy,
was fresh; they had ammunition In plenty, *
and their position that- of their own choice.
The reader has the scene plainly before him:
The small force of Union troops,-under the
old flag, standing firm before three times their
own number, Col Dunham and bis aids in the
.thickest of the fight, waving their swords and
urging their men to more .chivalrous deeds,
and all this In-the midst.of iflying shot, rifle
bullets and bursting shell—the din of battle
rendering the voice of commanders useless,
almost, and drownlngnll vocal efforts beneath
the deep bass of the roaring cannon. : The
. smoke of burning powder—the dust created
by plowing solid shot as it struck the earth—
enveloping men,' horses, batteries,—
wiih'tne-panoply of an impending storm.'
Through this veil yon seethe Hash of artillery,
blaze from musket and rifle, and the shadowy
movements of the soldiers and their officers,
ns througlPthu gauze and red-lights you have
witnessed in.the denouement of a drama on
the mimic stage. You hear,, you see, you
conceive that something awfully tragic, some-.,
.thing terribly sabiime,ls being enacted
your eyes,yet', until youapproach uuurajos l ®;
with the
life-current ut your feet, hcor «j°[*>' Bgr ns
ErSFfes? ssss
at ,Lo6 “ nngngcd upon the battle
x And still, without hope, almost, without
ammunition for his battery—for it had at the
end, of three hoars given out entirelyand
could not be‘ replenished—CoL-Dunham and
Lis gallant men hcldtheir position.- The hour
had come. They had to fall. back. They did
so, and each soldier in his place, slowly,
steadily, as though on parade. Still firing vol
ley after volley, and closely pressed by the
Confederate.cavalry. A sudden movement of
the enemy to the right, and onr brigade was
hemmed in—surrounded. But they did not
give up. Yet there was a cartridge in the
box, there was. a musket in hand, the stars
and stripes were above their heads. Before
their eyes were the rebels; and in-their very
faccs thchaled stripes and bars were flutter
ing.! .The hearts of oak flinched not. Still
they fought. Seeing their helpless condition,
and notknowing when—if ever—the Yankee
commander would consider , himself whipped,
Forrest ordered a cessation of the conflict,
and a parley ensued. A flog of trace came to
Col. Dunham, demanding an unconditioned,
surrender. He sent back word be “nrrer sur
rendered. If. they wanted to take him and
his force they had got to fight to the bitter
end.”‘This was gaining time. Itwashigh
noon. The first brigade could not be Sir
away. This answer had been retnrncdto'For
rcst, and he was deliberating what next to do,
when, over a knoll, just in sight, came Gen.
Sullivan In person, closely followed by Gen.
Haynle. Behind them : came the artillery,' the
infantry—all on' the double-quick, which for*
more than three miles the entire brigade, lead'
on by tbe noise of the conflict, had kept up
without cessation.
The scene at this moment was impressive
in the extreme. .The firinghad almost ceased.
The Federate,- In compact-andordcrlyarray.
stood firm, as before stated, entirely surroun
ded by rebels. The first brigade coming up
the lane leading to Parker's house, headed £7
the artillery ami the command*- iff officer/
Gen. Sullivan about 100 yards advance of
uen. ilayiie, turned on his horse and shouted,
..ere they are! Hurry up that artillery!’’
The order was repeated by Haynle, and the
artillery and the infantry, did hurry up with
a vengeance. It was not until the artillery
reached the top of the knoll in the lane, which
was crowded with Confederate soldiers, had
unlimbercd, and was preparing to open upon
them, the infantry had deployed at double
quick, and was rushing upon them at a charge
bayonet, that the Confederate leaders seemed
to appreciate the fact they were attacked. In
reality, so sudden was the onslaught, that
even Col. Dunham's men forgot to ure upon
the enemy, and stood, apparently transfixed,
until the 2d brigade had actually scattered the
Intervening foe, and captured cannon after
cannon of their batteries, the rebels succeed
ing in escaping with but three out of nine,
one having exploded In their hands. The
rebels in the lane were dismounted. They
scattered like a flock of sheep, but wercnearlv
all captured. These further on, and upon
horseback, did not pause to see the result,
but ran for cover of the adjacent forest as fast
as their horses could carry them. Forrest,
himself, was one of the last to follow this ex
ample. His Adjutant General Strange was
not so fortunate, and become a prisoner. So
quickly was the fight ended by their appear
ance upon the scene, that there was hardly
any thing done on either side afterwards—ex
cept running. The newly arrived battery had
not a chance to fire a single gun. The rebel
artillerymen fled with the rest, and could not
be driven to their position by the most frantic
exertions of theirofficers.
The battle was won. There were then three
cheers and a tiger by the Ist and 2d brigade,
and after that, followed congratulations and
words of thankfulness such as men in peril
suddenly saved can only speak.
The loss in killed, wounded and prisoners
of the Union troops did not exceed 100.
Among the wounded was Col. Rhmaker, who
was struck in the leg by a bullet. His wound
is serious but not considered dangerous. The
principal loss chanced to fill upon members
of the 122 d Illinois regiment. Lieut. Col.
Rcdfleld was wounded in the shoulder severe
ly. Capt. Brown ofthe 89th lowa,in the chest,
supposed mortally. There were no field or
commsslloned officers on our part killed.
Lieut. Scott of the 11th Illinois cavalry, con
nected wiln Gen. Sullivan’s staff, but acting
on this occasion as an aid to Col. Dunham,
was taken prisoner. A few of our privates
were also captured, but their names have not
asyct been reported.
On the part of the rebels, the actual loss In
killed, wounded and taken prisoners, as re
ported by Forrest himself to a Federal officer
he captured but subsequently released, was
fully 1,000. Among the killed were Col.
Nappicr, a Lieutenant Colonel and a Major,
names not learned. Among the prisoners were
Forrest’s Adj’t. Gen. Strange, Col. McKee, an
aid of Forrest's, Col. Cox, of the Tennessee
militia, Mnj. Lee and fifteen other line and
commissioned officers. We also captured4oo
men, six guns, all their caissons, limbers and
contents, 400 or 500 horses, saddles, accou
tre!!, cuta, etc., a large amount of small arms,
wagons, ambulances, mules, camp equipage,
tints, etc., etc., all of which were forwarded
tn Lexlugton on tbe ensuing dav—the initial
day of the new year.
Upon returning to Lexington on the Ist of
January. Gen. Sullivan met Col. Lawler with
a fresh brigade, which force he added to Ful
ler’s brigade, end dispatched in pursuit of the
flying enemy, Col. Lawler in command. It
was thought that the enemy might be over
taken at Clifton, provided gunboats reported
to he there had stopped them and not permit
ted them to cross the river. There Is as yet
no report from this expedition. It is to be
hoped that Forrest may not be allowed to quit
the country In condition to organize another
raid like that of which I have attempted to
give the history above. T. 11. W.
Gen. Rosccran*’ Victory and 11* Con
sequences—A Northern Conspiracy
Crushed—Tho Howl Against New
England— Gen. Butler In Washing
ton—Howto Dispose or an Elephant
—The Defect in the Construction of
the Monitor—The Principal Hoax ol
tho Sco»on. . ...
[From Our Own Correspondent.]
Washington,- Jan. 5,1863.
The news from Gen. Rosecnvns’ army has
lifted such a load from the hearts of loyal
men, official and unofficial, here, as was never
before raised. It was believed on. every hand
that both General and soldiers were invinci
ble if their x>rovisions and ammunition should
hold out equally with their courage and en
durance. Of this there was a painful doubt,
greatly aggravated by the Interruption of the
telegraph south of Louisville. Gen. Rose
crans’ personal friends affirmed from the be
ginning that he was one who would never fail
for petty reasons, such as a delay of pontoons
or u scant supply of beef or shell—that he
grasped in the whole problem at once, omit
ting neither the small fractions nor the large
co-efficients. So it has proved. WILLIAM
S. ROSECRANS occupies to-day the proud
est position in America.
The danger to be apprehended from defeat
was not principally that which might result
from Southern rebels, but from Northern
ones. New York city contains a nest of trea
son not less virulent than that of Charleston,
South Carolina. It has infested, or rather has
established relations with similar nests all
over the North. It consists (in New York)
of bankrupt merchants, mined by Southern
repudiation, who charge the rebellion on the
Abolitionists—desperate politicians like Fer
nando Wood, who have nothing to hope for
in the future unless the slaveholders triumph
over the Union—angry apes like James Gor
don Bennett, who are bom to sow discord
and reap damnation—and the general con
gregation of vice and bestiality who vote
down liberty and religion at every election.
Each of these types of modem civilization
has its counterpart in Illinois, and every other
portion of the Union. Less representatives
are to be found in New England, however,
than elsewhere—migration or execution hav
ing carried off the principal scamps in that
section. - There is evidence enough to hang
these wretches, that they had made all the
preparations for an outbreak in the loyal
States, upon the occasion of the next serious
reverse to our arms, if, indeed, they should
not take advantage of the popular discontent
at a longer delay in military operations. To
prepare the way for the traitorous design,
they raised the howl simultaneously against
New England. The most vociferous black
fuards among them were those who had been
ora in New England. So it was in Chicago.
Whatever-Vas too vile to-beuttcrcd by a com
mon scold of Maryland origin, found its way
out of the month of a Vermont reprobate.
Therencvcr was so sudden achorus of objurga
tion started In all other parts of the country,
against a particular section, since the discovery
of America by Columbus. It had its source in
the gadg of traitors in New York city. They
selected the time and the tools; and this very*
day Gen. Eoeecrans’ cannon produce no more
consternation in Richmond; or Charleston, or
Chattanooga, than they do in the hearts of
these traitors of the -North. The men who
have been reviling New England, as onewonld
impea.ii the chastity of his mother, arc smit
ten with pallor from the Hudson to the Mis
souri, by the victories at Murfreesboro and
Vicksburg. We are saved from worse things
than -invasion- by these triumphs—we are
saved from insurrection.
’ Next to the news from Murfreesboro, the
arrival of Gen. Bntlcr and staff from New Or
leans has engrossed the larger share of public
attention. Not only so, but he has engrossed
the.iarger. share of official attention. When
Gen.B. arrived in New York he received a
dispatch and a letter from the President, urg
ing him to come here immediately, os there
was a very Important command awaiting him.
He came. He has not been Invested with the
important command, because there is a disa-
greemcnl between him and the authorities as
to what means arc necessary to enable him to
carry out the proposed enterprise, which Is
no less than the organization of thu.ncgroc-*,
on- lbe Lower Mississippi, into a military
•force capable of holding both banks and
keeping the river open to navigation. This
job Gen. Butler believes that he can
carry through. He has shown himself
to every tusk that has presented
Orleans, and especially such
volved /he proper govemm«’« t /> * n^/ ria^
of the negroes, lie lo ”°
enough to oT m hut can be
rf«iu» in that iin*» aU d what means are neces
sary to accomplish the object. What means
doe* W require f He requires nothing tint
-ln»r»ot -perfectly just and proper, and indie
pensahly necessary to success. “Give me
“ these Implements,” says Gen, Butler, ‘Land
“I will furnish yon 50,000 soldiers on the
“Lower Mississippi,* ready to do any kind of
“lighting, before the time of enlistment of
“your nine months* troops shall have ex
“ pired.” It would do.no barm, as I conceive/
but much good, to telfeverv man in the loyal
States exactly what It Is that Gen. Butler re
quests, but I am required to rest content with
affirming merely that his demands ought to
be complied with. At the same time I believe
they wul not be complied witlu
Gen. Butler has been nnnbletofind out why
he was superceded. Those who know have
been quite voluble in telling him that he was
not recalled for tills, , that and the other rea
son, but no response Is obtained to the direct
interrogatory why he was recalled. The snm
total is that the Government has an elephant
In its hands, of the largest and hungriest
known species.- .It Is impossible to dispose of
him at a raffle, and hardly less difficult to pro
vide him with sustenance. Let ns hope that
such counsels may prevail as will return to ac
tive service the best administrative officer in
the army—one whose career has met the en
thusiastic plaudits of the people, and earned
the deepest hatredand most sulphurous curses
of ever}* traitor in the land.
* Gen. Banks has entered upon a thorny road
—would that he were well out of it I . But is it
possible for any man to make head against the
rebellion who indulges in such rhetoric as
this: “It will be left us only to assuage the
“ horrors of internecine conflict, and to pro
crastinate the processes of transition.” I
had supposed that there were not two men in
the United States who w*ere equal to the con
struction of such a sentence, and that the
name of one of them was William H. Seward.
As to Gen. Banks' military operations it
should be borne in mind that before he rag co
operate with Sherman, he or somebody else,
must reduce Port Hudson, some 300 miles be
low Vicksburg, a place quite as strong os
Vicksburg itself.. The idea that he could, by
any possibility, take part in the siege of Vicks
* burg was ridiculous. Gen. Sherman did not
expect him to do so.
deplores the loss of the Monitor,
the Utile iron knight that came, when devas
tation and despair had seized us, and smashed
the skull of the ugly giant. But, in the opin
ion ofthe most competent judges,the disaster
proves nothing against the seagoing qualities
of that class ot vessels. The unit was in the
overlapping ofthe “raft,” or iron covering of
the hull, under which the sea gained such a
leverage that nothing could have resisted it.
If tbfc “ raft” had been made to fit the hull, so
as to present a smooth edge to the water,
there would have been no straining, no leak
age, no sinking of tbe noble craft. The Pas
saic, Wechawken and Nahant will try their
armor against ten-inch columblads ere long.
Since the day Chicago went daft on the ru
mored taking of Richmond, there been
nothing so ridiculous as the excitement crea
ted in Washington to-day by a report that
“Rosecrans had surrendered with 80,000
men.” This highly interesting narrative was
started by Shaw. Everybody knows Shaw.
He is a red haired man who frequently creates
an alarm of fire by rushing into the street
without his hat. fie was formerly the N. T.
Jlerald\* correspondent, but was discharged
several years ago for an accidental discovery
of the truth. Tor this faux pan Shaw was
gazetted in the Herald for two weeks in the
following terms; “ Mr. Shaw, formerly
Washington correspondent of the Uerald, is
no longer connected with this paper/’ Shaw
means well, but his proneness to error bos
passed into a preverb. Shaw came up to the
capital about 1 o’clock and calling Senator
Harris out of his scat, told him that a bulle
tin was out In New York stating that “ Rose
crans had surrendered with 80,000 men.”
Senator Harris entered the Senate chamber
and communicated thenewsprivately, stating
his authority. In less than live minutes the
story was in every part of the buildi.ug tliat,
“Senator J/amahad received a dispat eh from
New York that Kosecrans had surrendered
with 80,000 men.” Since the fatal 23d of July,
1661, there has beenuo such consternation de
picted outhc peoples’ countenances as that
which overspread. members of Con
gress who received this announcement.
Shaw had disappeared. He had gone
out-of the building, and his name had been
supplanted by that of Karris. I have heard
Senators objurgate loudly against the shame
ful misstatements of fact which find their way
into the newspapers, yet within five minutes
after Shawshad communicated with Harris,
another Senator solemnly affirmed that Har
ris had received the dispatch. Moreover, the
only collected class of minds about the build-'
Ing, while the horrible rumor was on its
travels, were the newspaper correspondents,
not one of whom, so far as I could discover,
attached the slightest importance to it. They
betrayed a truly professional calmness
Shaw, after creating the sensation at the
capital, sallied up to the other end of the
Avenue and alarmed the departments. Two
hours later a Rear Admiral in the Navy on the
active list, who has faced death a hundred
times with the same unconcern that he would
face his dinner, inquired with the deepest
anxiety whether Kosecrans had surrendered
with 80,000 men! H. W.
The Alternative lor Illinois*
[From the St. Lonit-Seznocrat, 7th.j
Illinois had in the battle of Murfreesboro,
over 25,000 of her troops, and at Vicksburg
nearly that many. All of these men behaved
with great gallnntrj'j ami thousands of them
laid down their lives, and are now bleeding
and snfierlug from ghastly wounds received
in the battles of a Avar waged for the salvation
of the the Union. Their sufferings and their
sacrifices have not been In vain. Victory has
crowned their efforts. The most effective
blows of the war for the Union have been
struck,andneversmee the struggle begsia has
the prospect of its successful termination
been bo cheering.
Mingling with'the shouts of victory, won
largely by the brave sons of Illinois, which
come to us - ringing from the bloody battle
fields of the South, Is another sound which
strikes dissonanlly upon our ears. It comes
from the capitol of the Shite of Illinois. It is
the voice of the Democracy of that State. It
cries “hold,*’ to the brave men who are win
ning victories fur the country. It shouts,
“not another man nor another cent to help
prosecute this war. Slavery is in danger if
the battle goes On and the Union is restored.
Save slavery,-but let the Union go.
The great Northwest above all things wants
the Mississippi River, the great natural high
way of her commerce, opened to the Gulf.
One blow more, and the rebel stronghold at
Vicksburg, the last obstruction in the way,
falls, and the commerce of the Northwest is
free, but just as the hand is raised to strike
that blow, the same .voice is heard, saving;
“ Hold; strike not, slavcrv may be hart.’’
There are patriots in Illinois. The 50,000
heroes fighting and bleeding at Murfreesboro
and Vicksburg prove this. There are
traitors in Illinois, likewise. The dec
larations of the leaders of the Democ
racy assembled in Springfield prove this.
The words of the dead Douglas, spoken
almost upon his deathbed, when it would
seem the presentiment of his approaching end
inspired him to true and fearlsss utterance,
that in this struggle there could be but two
parties in this country—patriots and traitors
have met a striking verification upon the soil
of his own State. It now remains with the
people of Illinois to determine under which
banner they will range themselves—whether
they will sustain the men who are fightingtbo
battles of the Union-under the stars and
stripes, against the slaveholding and slave
worshipping Confederacy, of Jeff Davis, or
desert them now, and join with Richardson,
Merrick, Goudy & Co., and their traitorous
crew in ■ subordinating the Union and every
thing which makes the Union sacred and val
uable, to the interests of negro slavery. The
issue Is made. The champions arc deslguat cd-
Tbc contest is begun. Illinois must decide.
Senator Lane.
[From the Leavenworth (Kansas) Conservative,
Gen. Lane arrived in our city on Sunday,
and left for Topeka. He is expected here to
morrow. on his way back to Washington.
Gtn. Lane is still a recruiting commissioner
and we understand that he will go to work
again as soon as Congress adjourns. The ne
groes freed In Arkansas will be organized, and
it is expected that ten regiments will be raised
very soon from that State, and a larger num
ber from Texas. These troops will be used
in the manner designated iu the President’s
Flag ron the Negroes.— Tiffany & Co., of
New York, have completed a handsome flag,
the gift of the ladles of Connecticut to the first
regiment of black volunteers in South Caro
lina. The staff, which is of ebony, banded
with silver, Is surmounted with the Inscrip
tion, li God gives liberty to aIL”
received by* T3lietror Kooda Holiday Gifts.
W. M. BOSS & CO.,
I©7 <Sb 169 T a A ~PTTn ST
, [PQ29xS7T-3m3 • *
-LA. receipt of thirty cents we wm send yoaby tnall
eighteen by twenty-two Inches In size together with
instructions that vrifil fhrnfch you a pleasant MdrSS
dn £ n ß a
be one which vrtll
Obtaining Much Valuable Information,
cego, miaou, dea-ianim*
'iviio BUYnas
THU And la our store » taise »toct of
ZEPHYR worsteds,
£*wns> Hoed?, JfoMas *nd Skating Caps,
skirts and cossets,
Heal? fytnd Glove*. Buttons.DreMTrimmlnga. Brakta
homings, Velvet Klbbous.lncluding a
a complete assortment
v&Tr wUI tod °“ r flsures
CHAVES & IRVIXE, 73 Lake Street.
G. C. COOK & CO.,
Cash buyers are Invited to examine
onr Stock. noMy
01 the best styles la market
14rl Lake Street.
Of our own manufacture, comprising the new styles of
Plush and Fur Beavers.
500 Wool Blanliets
Of the beet manufacture and at low prices.
100 Bozen Wool Hoods, Sontags,
AH seasonable goods.
s H A W Xj S .
A large assortment now opening of all kinds and
sires. We are now receiving a very large stock of
CLOTHS, consisting of every description.
Cloaking Cloths and material In great variety.
Gloves and Hosiery, of every frindg,
Ladles and Gents Under Garments, a fine assortment.
Embroideries. Lace Setts. Cambric Setts, Point Lace.
Collars, \ alenclennes. Lace Collars. Alexander
• Kids*. Prints. Sheetings and Table Linens
An of which we ore now offering at as low prices as
can he found elsewhere. Cali and examine before mak
ing purchases.
75 South. Water street, Chicago,
a well selected stock of
Sugars, JPisli,
Teas, Tobacco,
Coflees, Rice,
Syrups, Spices,
Molasses, Soaps,
I>rled. Fruit,
WOODEN WARE, and an articles usually included In
• their line.
We have bought most of our goods for cash, and be
lieve that vc can make It to the Interest of all nurcliaa
. lug In this market to call and examine onr stock before
buying. EWING. BRIGGS te CO..
Ko. 75 Sonth Water street, Chicago.
Wm. L. Ewing. St. Louis. Mo.
Clinton Briggs,
Thomas Heermans, {Chicago. myls-r®l-ly
And the most extensive and attractive Stock of
Slaplc; and Fancy Dry Goods
gS'-Orders accompanied with money or references
Beenre oar beat attention
sc6-005-3m *g. TlandTSlakestrcet.Chicago.
31 36 I.ako street,
Have now In store tlie largest stock of
Sheep’s Greys, Benvers, Pilots,
And all other poods for MEK*S 'WEAR, ever exhibited
In tills market. MEHCHjorre are invited to ex
amine our stock of goods of all kinds for
Blue Cloths, Blue Flannels,
Blue Cosslmeres.
Nnblas, Sontags, Sleeves, Sluurs, Cipes,
And solicit a Call of all who wish to purchase any
articles In that department.
fanl 73 Lake street.
Importers and Wholesale Dealers la
Slock now In and very complete fop the
All «1 which are of oar own IMPORTATION* and win
be sold low to
Cask and. Short Time Buyers.
The attention oc
Sutlers and Yankee Notion Dealers
Is respectfully solicited.
Ko. 138 lake street, between dark and
LaSalle streets.
The Dcßramc's Patent Skate.
No. Straps. No Clasps. No Pain. They are used hv
all professional Skaters In the country. Also uscaoy
iS'S'SHf*'- p * rtor “*»• te
deg-rwim ill
Have opened a branch at
97 Randolph Street,
(Under the Mattesoa House.)
rirwf&^° t J °-?? loto g ra P b Albnms,Books and Jew.
c Vlift Ho Hg»r Presents should call.
w ?rth from fifty cents to one hundred dollars
u given with each book sold.
Manufacturers and 'Wholesale Dealers la -
30 lake Street, Chicago, m,
We would rapcctlUlly caU the attention of City aa d
Country-Merchants to onpextcnslrestock of Boots and
Shoes which we have now In store and are daily re
Of the best quality and manulkctnrce whlrh v» aM
J H. REED & CO,,
Drugs and Chemicals,
146 liAEB STHEET, Chicago,
, Alao. deal largely ia
Window Glass,
Soap-Bakers’ Stock, Hanafactam’s Goods, &t.,
J. H. Rkd. 174 Peart street, N. T. >
H. A. llubibct. Chicago. S JVT-ySTS-l w
pointed > r
Messrs. Hoyt, Pierce & Co.,
Onr General Agent* for the Northwest. All order*
for onr good* will be flikd by them
A. 31. BmiNCEE Jc Co*
Krw Tonx. Oct. 1.180.
Wc have for sale at New York prices, freight nfMpft
2(00 case* Blnnlnger’a London Dock Gin.
SCO cases Blnningcr’a Old Tom Gin.
SCO caeeaßlnnlnger’a genuine Wice#. pt3.ana<|t*.
500 case* Blnnlnger’e genuine Cognac Brandy, point*.
500 eases Binnicger’s Old Kentucky Bourbon.
500 cases Binninger’s Old Times Rye.
500 cases Blnninger’s Wheat Tonic.
100casesBInninger’s Wine Bitten*.
ICO cases Blnnlngcr’a Apple Cordial.
50 cases Strawberry and Raspberry Brandy.
25 caeca Blackberry Wine.
100 caeca California wines.
200 cases Piper’s Heidslck Champa!me.
50 cases Cnracoa.
50 doz Stone Jon Pencrmlnt Cordial.
SCO dor. Scotch Ale. Stone Jugs.
500 doz. London Porter.
25 doz. Absinthe.
60 casks French Brandy.
50 pipes Holland Gin, (favorite brands.)
SOO oris. Kentucky and Pennsylvania Whisky.
100 brie. Old Maryland Rye Whisky.
£0 brls. Dan*! Lawrence Rnm,
20 brls. New Jersey Apple Brandy.
20 brU Cherry Brandy.
.10 puncheon* Scotch and Irish WhUky.
TO puncheon* St. Cvotx and Jamaica Hum
75 packages Port, Sherry and Madeira Wine.
All of the above goods are of the
Were purchased before the advance, and will be sold
147 South. Water Street, Chicago
, P.S.—Druggists are particularly Invited to aa exam
inatlon of onr Stock. oc&vs‘&3m
&C-, &0., &o.
, 3£S y,® ° oir driving our third large stock of FALL
AND WINTER TRADE, ISC3, which makes our Stock
the largest and the best wworted in the West, all ot
PSII&VJSAV®*** I ®* LEsi3 than present eas-
e J?^ ,,e .P? rt{cnlaratte7ltlon to onr stoek of EX
CAPS, for 51EN and BOYS.
Will always receive prempt and careful attention.
n036-iSI7-Sm 25 Lake street. Chicago.
Is the best article ever produced for the purpose
Manufactured only by
JOSEPH DIXOX A CO., Jersey City, If. J.
A cd for sale by their Wholesale Agents.
13 South South Wells street. Chicago.
ESTDixon’a Black Lead Crucibles fbr sale by the
caste or number. - 0c37-*erf3m
Merit alone makes a SEWIXG MACHINT? valuable
The people are perceiving that glowing represent
tlons are not merit.
That it Is economy and wisdom to purchase only
SEWING MACHINE of known practical utility.
There arc 95,000 Machines In use In thu country as
TMi* Machine U PROFITABLE and avatt. w.t.k ±
It la equal to TEX Seamstresses.
DIVIDEND of ICO to 500 per cent, (on
Ua cost) may be obtained la use— bv it* posscMor.
ninli the only SEWntQ MACIIIKH In tin- irorl.l
UOOiCand using the QT.,.\53 FOOT.
General Agent for IHlnol*. Wisconsin, lowa,Xorthcrn
Indiana and Southern Minnesota,
IDG Lake street’ Chicago.
tWClrcnlar* may be had on application or by post
m1i21r.676-ly *
JoußDrFyKßKjrrstliches on oneandthe same Machine.
ail of which make the seam alike on both sides of tho
ft. te 5 Either or all can be produced while the Ma
chine L» In motion.
They have the KKrsEgiBLK tzkd mottos which en
ablca the operator to hare the work carry either way.
or to charge the direction and fasten the end of seams,
which, together with making a long and a shortatUch.
Is done simply done by turning a thumb screw.
Their motions are all posrrmt. Tliero arc no springs
to get oat of order. They are so simple that the most
inexperienced can work them perfectly and with ease.
They are noiseless, and can be worked where quletU
necoesary. n
Tllcv are the FASTEST SEWERS In the WORLD
making Are stitches in cash revolution. Theyoll no
dresses. Their STITCH la the wonder ol all, oecanso
of its combined eusnemr, STnexont and bk.vctt
.Aleuts wanted throughout the Western coentry
With a small Investment of capital, a profitable bnsl
ncss ran be readily established. Foreircnlarsaadsaia
ple ol work, address
„ , . Post OtQee Bos'ilfiL
Salesroom. 121 Lake street. •' sot riao-iy
Family Sewing Manhi-np
With aQ the now improvements.
J* the best and cheapest and most benutlfhl of all Sew
ing Machines This* machine will sew anything—from
the running of a tuck In Tartctan to the making of aa
Overcoat. It can **
Fell, Kent, Hind, Braid, Ciather,
Xnclt, Quilt,
capacity for a great variety of ornamental
work. It t» so Simple la MrueturethatacMldcaa learn
to use It, and having no liability to get out of order. It
la ever ready to do Us work.
To the poor workwoman who has to sew for her dally
oread, tho Family Sewing Machine will prove a trea
sure. Ho \ eatmaker or Dressmaker can do without It.
_ , . Chicago OOlcc. GO Clark street.
Local Agents wanted In IlUnutoandlowa. do3o-y6ai-lni
1 CmXEDiTHEWonij*.
ißTesttd In IJJi —Perfected In 180 S.
Signal reward to the great American Inventor-five
Premium* ukm by the Howe Sewing Machine at the
International World's Fair this season la London. £mr*
Innd,wbere the
Took the Imperial Gold Medal aa the first highest tv
mlom for excellency of Machine; also (bar other Ram
Medals as First Premlnma for the ft*or different mSI«
of work: also four Honorable Mentions (brgoodwn??
comprising the only Premiums given, either for mSJt
lency or ibr work. Thas the Original Howe
Machine, from which all others derive their -rlcaUt*
baantablleliedltself brtnblns OreOoldMedaUonlof
six. and four Honorable Mentions out offlxe an .
World's Fair, where all or the leadl:;.. Scwlcc
both In thla country and dn Sil .I .?!;
beat sowlns Machine In tbo wofS. ** “»
ej^ASHitairan t edlntbo Western and SortbTOt
“s2 descriptions ot Machines,
can be had on application, or sen; hr mall. ■
Address j g BRTAXT
mrtf-cndp^ 08 *™ A ® ait - ® “mot. Chicago.
YEAR.—The best way to make
JSHg B °ciy»tpil T e or receive one of L. CORNELL <fc
CHINES, now greatly Improved. No gift of friendship
Cpnld be of more la»tlng benefit. In yonr Holiday
Shopping look at theta and Banmm*s Self Sewer, at
333 Lake street. del6.yl9Mw
•JH£9SSS?%L2f »iistitches, atm Lake street.
The Simplest, Stalest, Fastest and moss perfect t> bo
found. Also. Balaam's ** Bnxr Srwxn ~ Machine

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