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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, January 20, 1863, Image 2

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*We have on our table, for notice and
criticism, a quarto volume of about three
hundred and fifty pages, entitled "The
“ Tariff question, Considered in regard to
•‘ the Policy of England and the' Interests
“ of the United States: With Statistical and
•‘Comparative Tables. By Erastus B. Bio
•*BLOW. n We need say little of the volume
In question, for whatever the merits of the
Protective Doctrine, to the advocacy of
thc'vniter is: committed’the value
of the Statistical and Comparative Tables,
Which cover full two-thirds of the broad
pages, will give it a place in the library of
cvciy of Political Economy and
every Oaxefui Statesman. They are very
valuable. We need say little, because in
Bplte of the arguments of theEree Traders,
the Tariff Question is settled, at least, dur
ing the life time of this generation. The
■fmunpifll necessities of the Government
Kill -' continue to be such for many
years to come, that the rate of duties ou
imports must be so adjusted as to yield the
largest possible amount of revenue; and
•whether those duties are high or lowT
the Free Trader and-the Protectionist
KOI be compelled to accept them. Until
eipcriencetells the story, there will un
questionably bet much wordy discussion
about the comparative productiveness of
the high, low and medium rates, and there
will be much disgraceful squabbling among
parties in interest to clear, each hla own
commodity from , import, and saddle the
burden on something else; but a brief trial
of any schedule will make farther experi
ment unnecessary, and the common sense
of the country will demand the adoption of
that which is best adapted to the national
necessity. Upon that we may settle down
and be content We arc not sorry that a
matter which has been the foot-ball of pol
iticians and the constant reproach of our
pretenders to statesmanship is finally laid
on the shelf
incbeaseng xbe FAcnmus.
Amid .the whirl .and excitement of the
tvar, it may be well for our business pub
lic not to lose sight of the extensions of
our lines of railway and the other improve
ments.making in the business facilities of
the|West [lt was stated in our Des Moines
dispatch, last week, that the Cedar Rapids
and Missouri River Railroad vres opened
to Marshalltown, reaching, if we mistake
not, a point one hundred and fifty miles
west of the Mississippi. This carries
the road half way across that
State; and with the large interest
the Galena Company, and the parties
owning | the road, have in its com-
will doubtless reach the Mis
souri; certainly within the next two years.
If Hus were done there cannot be a doubt
thnHhis would be. one of the best paying
lines upon the continent, for it would at
once command a very large share of the
immense trade and the travel to Colorado
and California. The town now reached
will give the road a huge trade, as the val
ley of the lowa, in which it is situated, is
thickly settled by an industrious and thriv
ing people. Our merchants and dealers
will do well to explore Hus new territory
preparatory to the spring business.
Several weeks since the Chicago and
Northwestern Railway was opened to
Green Bay. It was too laic in thg season
then for any new plans to be matured; but
that the opening of this line will he very
valuable to Chicago, there cannot be a
doubt. As soon as Spring opens steamers
on Green Bay and stages across the penin
sula from little Bay du Noquet will reduce
the time between Chicago and Marquette,
on Lake Superior, to thirty-six hours. Pas
sengers and light freight *will seek this
route, thus proving an important advan
tage to the city. Probably before the nest
season closes, the stage line will be re
placed by a railway, when it trill be the
fruit of our own dealers if they do not se
cure the supply trade for the rich and pop
ulous mining districts of Lake Superior.
Some time since, we noticed the exten
sion. of the New York and Erie Railway
Westward. A week or two since, connec
tions were made with the Cleveland and
Pittsburgh and the Mahoning roads, and a
party of Directors and _guests arrived at
Cleveland from New York by this route.
By the time the spring business opens, a
third rail will be laid on the Mahoning
road to Lake Erie, thus forming a six-feet
guage road between New York and Cleve
land. Arrangements will be made by
which there will be but a single change of
cars between New York and Chicago. The
great advantage this will be to the freight
ing and forwarding business of the West
will be seen at a glance. The trans-ship
ment of freight is a very considerable part
of the expense of transit
Thus while the war is desolating some
portions of the country, the Great North
west is extending her lines into the heart
of her territory, and the great Eastern lints
arc preparing the better to accommodate
her ever-increasing trade. She will more
than fill all the avenues that can be opened
to her commerce.
Important Bill.
A bill was Introduced in the Senate on Fri
day last, rendering all persons who present
fiilsc claims or vouchers, or appropriate any
Government property, claim agents, con
tractors, etc., amenable to military and navy
court-martial, with punishment by fine and
Imprisonment, or death. Its provisions are
to meet every cose of fraud in the most sum-
mary manner. Snch a bill passed eighteen
months ago would have saved the Govern
ment millions of dollars, of whichit has been
robbed and swindled.
The OatU of* Allegiance.
Senator Anthony of Rhode Island does not
often speak, but when he docs, it is always to
the point. He administered a vexy pleasant,
and at the same time a very pointed rebuke,
the other day, to those Senators who com
plain because some of those imprisoned since
the rebellion broke out, have had to take the
oath of allegiance in order to obtain their
liberty. Said the Senator: “I cannot under
stand why any citizen should refoscjto take
the*oath of allegiance when called upon to do
so by competent authority. Were it not that
1 hear gentlemen upon the other side, whose
loyalty I do not question, say they would not
do it, 1 should say that no loyal American
citizen should refuse to take it A Senator on
the opposite side of the chamber asked the
other day, 4 would yon take the oath of alle
giance on compulsion V Sir, I would take it
any way and evciy day, as often as anybody
wished me to take it 1 would bo willing to'
take itthrcc times a day as grace before meat.
Indeed, I think there is no form of expression
in the language, except the Lord’s prayer,
. that an American -citizen can oftener take with
advantage to his soul’s health, than an oath to
support the Constitution, of the United
Copperhead Secret Societies.
. In the Indiana Legislature on Thursday of
'last week,-jr resolution was offered in the
House by Hr. Boone of Cass county, order
ing an investigation into the secret political
* societies, alleged to exist in Indiana.' Every
democrat in the House voted against the re-
The Journal says it has legal and
the operations, oaths, pass
of the order, has been
■ it At the proper
. E6TT§c indu*iippUß -
was keeping a guard around his bouse,
story has* been” copied and commented
about all 'qf.the Copperhead Journals. ; The)
whole story is a malicious lie. .The Indiana
polls Journal says Gov. Morton's house was
never guarded on Lour or a moment, and the
editor .of the &nttncl well knew it when ho
~ sUrted the dirty lie. From all we can learn,
Copperhcadism takes even a more sneaking
shape in Indiana thanjn this State. * ;
. BetueJ{l3)'To, 41 Plague
* —Aparty/of Missourians recently came over.
into Adams county, in this State—the* home
of opr New Senator—captured and car
lied off a negro whom theyollcgcd had cs
■y-> caped from their service. They did not take
the .trouble to go through with the usual
forms of law to old them, but the daikoy vrus
taken away by brute force. Not relishing the
idea, and haring no more regard for the law
than his captors, the negro managed to make
his escape shortly after, and took himself
back into Illinois again, bringing fifteen other
negroes with him, all of whom proceeded to
put themselves at a safe distance from their
THE TARIFF QUESTlON—Considered In regard
to the policy of Englandond the interests or the
United States, with statistical and comparative
tables: By Bjustcsß. Bigelow. Boston,Llt
' tie. Brown & Co.; Chicago, 8. C. Griggs & Co.
The manufacturer, the intelligent merchant,
the politician and the statesman have reason
to thank the author for this exhaustive and
invaluable work. Ho takes strong ground in
favor of the Tariff and whatever theories of
political economy the reader may have
adopted, he will find himself nstmeted by
the work before ns. The vast expenditures
of the war have settled the policy of the gov
ernment in regard to the tariff for a genera
tion at least. We must have the highest
tariff possible consistent with the largest rev
enue that can be derived from it.
In developing his subject, the experience
and the laws of England, her practice, and
the opinions of her leading thinkers and
statesmen, from the days of Adam Smith, are
all and carefully collated* The
varied and elaborate statistical tables arc in
valuable to all who desire a correct undcr
- standing of Ibis most important subject. We
bespeak for the work a careful reading and a
wide circulation.
Sidket Gsoaox Fisher; Author of 44 The
Law of the Territories.” &c. Philadelphia,
J, B. Liplocott & Co.: Chicago, S. C. Griggs
& Co., Nos. 89 and 41 Lake street.
We by no means indorse the conclusions of
this hook. Indeed we have not been able to
scan them closely; but that it is an able, and
in many respects on original exposition of
the principles and powers of the Constitution
all will admit The writer makes an elabo
rate comparison between it and the English
Constitution; the history of both nations,
and In fact of the related continental nations,
so far as they throw light upon the origin
and the principles of the American Constitu
tion, are ably discussed. It is a book which
the scholar and the patriotic statesman can
not afford to be without
The Truth Aboatthc Trucklers,
Editors Chicago Tribune):
Will you give me room to flay a word about
one feature in the great struggle for our na
tional life, which, I think, has hardly been in
sisted on with sufficient emphasis, as it affects
the sort of men all about ns who reserve their
Good Samaritan ship for treason andtraitors?
What those traitors said on the day when they
broke out into revolt they say stilL They
have never flinched hy so much as one shadow'
of any inflection from their first demand.
Whatever other charge we may bring against
the South we cannot eay that she has acted
the hypocrite in regard to what she meant to
do. She told ns when she fired the first shot
that she meant to cleave this Union asunder—
to break, up, utterly and forever, this great
hope of the world. She did not mean panto
mime at all; she meant murder—she means
murder to-day. So then, if we are to Judge
by all that comes to ns from the real heart of
the South, every man that lias been and is
now talking ahont a restoration of the Union
hy concession to the South, talks without au
thority—and if he Is not utterly a fool, with
out hope—hope that he can do anything but
distract and divide the loyal elements in the
country. The South herself through her great
leaders has always been the first to treat all
such rumors with entire scorn and contempt.
In her determination to ruin ns she is with
out variableness or shawdow of turning. We
make a sore mistake when we say that the
party represented by the satanic press in this
and other cities la in league with the South.,
The statement Is entirely untrue—l feel like
standing up for the South when I hear it
made. There arc some Hungs the South can
not do. In her own way she has a certain
sort of chivalry, such as he Is; she fears her
own God, and even He will not let her come
down to be hand and glove with these men.
They arc not in league with the South;
if she had ever hinted In any way
that she wanted their services or that she
meant to accept them, I could feci for them
a certain pity. Love of country may make a
man do very strange things; hut to lick the
foot that spurns yon, and that the foot of a
traitor, and to keep on licking I To crawl
through the dirt, with only the hope that they
must crawl bock again and be no better,-but
infinitely dirtier 1! This must bo that lower
deep beyond the lowest in political degrada
tion, that schoolmen have thought might bo
possible. One of the old apostles, the most
loving and gentle of thcmall, said: “There it
a sin unto death. I eay not yc shall pray for
that.” Ho must have meant just such a sin
as this—the sin of tiying to divide and dis
tract a nation that is standing fast for her
great trust, with white lips and steady eyes,
and a breaking heart, when you know you
can work nothing but mischief by snch dis
traction. If the South is conquered she will
be respected. Her mighty deeds of arms will
abide whether wc like it or not, like the an
swer to a mathematical problem. The thing
cannot be otherwise than it is. If, after all,
—which God forbid—but if, alter all, the na-
Hon fails to preserve her existence, and breaks
up into fragments, like a great war ship, on
the reefs of this treason, she will be respect
ed. She has done some grand deeds; she will
do more and grander stilL Bnt when all this
strife is over, South and North alike will say
these men do not beloug to ns, and they will
be rejected as Arnold was rejected, out of the
honorable history of both England and Amer
ica. ' They can only float as the raven sent out
of the ark floated on the carrion of a rained
Shak6pcarcisofns;MUtonisofus. Wash
ington, Jefferson, watch frftm. their graves.
These alone break from the ranks of the man
ly. These alone sink to the rear and the
slaves. Wc may yet prosper; not by their
presence. Songs may inspirit us; not from
their lyre. Deeds will be done, bnt not by
their quiescence, still bidding ns crouch while
the world shouts aspire. So their names will
be blotted for ever and ever. For the great
task undone; for the true path nntrod. For
the triumph of devils; the sorrow of angels.
For the wrong done to man, and the insult to
God. Truly, R. C.
EST* In his speech atMobllc, Jeff. Davis said
his amiable way:
“Better that our indcpcndcncebe achieved,
no matter by vhat measures, than submit to the
domination of the Yankees, who arc seeking
to enchain us in the same degrading servitude
with themselves, icith a baboon for a king.”
We commend the two sentences we have
italicized in the above extract to the attention
of Northern Copperheads. Jeff Davis goes
infor success, “ no matterby what measures.”
In regard to the second sentence, mn any
man imagine the howl of virtuous indignation
that would have issued from the throats of
the Copperheads—both American.and English
—had President Lincoln, in a speech or other
wise, applied the personal epithet to Jeffer
son Davis which is found in that sentence.
Yet Jeff Davis is universally quoted as a pure
specimen of Southern chivalry; and he is.
Adjutkst-Gbkehai. Thomas.—There arc
fresh rumors of alack of loyalty in dhis offi
cer, Alady tells the Washington correspond
ent of the Springfied (Maas.) Republican that
she communicates, regularly, with her South
ern friends through his connivance. She says:
“I hand my letters to Adjutant-Gen. Thomas,
and fronTbim comes all the answers.” Is it
right for the President, in these limes, to re
tain in a position of so - much importance as
Adjutant-General, a man who Is even sus
pected of disloyalty?
ST The Chicago Timti is Just now special*
ly devoted to the championship of an armis
tice with the rebels. It recommends an ar
mistice as a restorative of the Union. The
Bichmond Enquirer is also for an armistice,
recommending it as “the quickest means to
a Anal separation of the States, a total de
struction of the Union, and the triumphant
recognition of the independence of the Con
AmiKQ the Rebels. —The Toronto Globe
says: 44 ”We heard a while ago, from a gentle
man whoso opportunities of knowing were
very good, that almost all thoarticlcs shipped
for Southern ports from Halifax and St. John
belonged to New York and Boston merchants.
It was they who supplied the capital, vessels,
everything except the name.**
“5® Bight Maw ik tub Bight Place.—
the New Tork correspondent
Serald tells his English read
™ Yicc-Prcsldcnt
Ttot Here*
HP* Census SuperiawT, _ _ .
been before tho Judiciary has
House, to answer the chargoptj^jf 1 6
in communication with the
hellion, after the rebellion oonunoacoe.
|3?*Ex-OoTcniorMorgan was'tenderodw
'public dinner, before leaving Albany, byeomo
forty of tho 44 first dUscns.** HbdocUncdtho
; compliment In a graceful letter.
How Mnehthe Rebel* Need Con*
There are politicians still looking to the
niggcrocracy os the dominant class in the “only
'party that can govern the country," who are
telling the people that all 44 the South" wants
Is its “ rights," and that give the Democracy
the power, and they would speedily restore
the Union peaceably. We hare, recently act.
eral times given extracts from the speeches and
messages of Southern public men, and the edi
torials of leading papers engaged in the rebel
lion,that are valuable in exhibiting the depend
ence to he placed upon , the base of operations
‘now assumed by the Democratic party. ‘We
continue, those extracts for the public infor
mation. A full report of Jeff Davis’ speech
at Jackson; bliss., is before ns. We quote as
follows: . .
“ Jjtcr what has happened during the last two
years, my only wonder is that we consented to live
for so long a time in association with such miscre
ants,and have loved so mueJi a Government rot
ten to the core. Were it everto be proposed again
to enter into a Union xcith such a people, I could
no more consent to do it than to trust myself in a
den of thieves.”
Will the Times. give. us a leaderwith this
passage as a text ? It Is a choice extract from
which to preach “peace and good will to
John Letcher said, in his late message to the
Legislature of Virginia: '
11 The aUiance between vs is dissolved, never, I
trust , to be reneiccd, at any time or under any
conceivable state or circumstances.”.
The Richmond Enquirer of the 6th says:
41 Separation is inevitable; war has failed to
prevent it; peace cannot stop it. An armistice
with propositions for reconstruction by constitu
tional amendments, of conventions of States,
xcould very soon reveal the fact that separationwas
final, and, as far as one generation can speak for
Us suceeetors, it is eternal.”
The Richmond Dispatch of January 10th is,
if possible, still more emphatic. Replying to
the Brooks New Jersey peace propositions,
the Dispatch says:
And are we to bo invited while the smoke
is still ascending from onr towns—-while our
fields lie nutilled from the abduction of our
slaves— wltilc the blood of onr citizens, mur
dered in cold blood, is yet crying to Heaven
for vengeance—to clasp the red hands of the
assassins, and to call them brothers ? The
man must be permanently and hopelessly mad
who can for a moment imagine it Mr.
Brooks tells his friends that some European
monarchy will take advantage of the lassitude
consequent upon the powerful exertions both
sections are making, and conquer them both.
In return, we assure him that the people of
these Confederate States would Infinitely pre
fer being the vassals of France or England—
nay, they would prefer being serf* of Russia
—to becoming in any manner whatever asso
ciated, politically or otherwise, with the
Northern States. To any other than that
they arc prepared to submit, if It should
please God so to order it. But to a reunion
with the vile brood that is seeking their
destruction they will never submit
on any terms which it is possible
for the ingenuity of man to. devise,
or even to imagine. If the whole
Yankee race should fill down in the dust to
morrow and pray us to be their masters, we
would spurn them even as slaves. Our only
wish is to be separated from them, finally and
forever—never to see the fhee of one of them
again—never to hear the voice of another
Yankee on the sonth side of the Potomac, or
the north—to have no traffic and no Sinter
• course, of any description with
them. We arc fighting for separation, and we
will have it, if It costs the life of every mnn
in the Confederate States.
Wc are aware that many persons believe
that the parly of which Brooks and Van Bn*,
ren are representatives, desire and design to
restore peace, and that at present they dare
not speak oni their real senihnents, which are
in favor of a separation. We dp not believe
they are m favor of any snch a thing. They
would like peace on condition of our return
to the Union, and they arc fools enough to
believe that a majority of the people in the
Confederacy arc in favor of reunion. They
would like peace on these terms, because it
would restore the commercial supremacy of
the North, and especially of the city
of New York, which is gone for
ever if the Union is not restored. Bat they
are as bitterly opposed to separation os Lin
coln himself, or any of the thieves and mur
derers who lead ms armies. In the event of
a refusal to return to the Union, they would,
to a man, unite in hounding on the assassins
who are desolating our country and murder
ing our people, as fiercely as they have ever
been hounded on by.Beccherand Hale. They
look only to their pockets when they preach
of reconciliation and restoration. If the same
object could be effected by entirely destroy
ing the people of the Southern States, and
they thought it as easy to do so, they would
recommend it as the best of all possible poli
cy. Let them be satisfied, however. Presi
dent Davis expressed the sentiment of the en
tire Confederacy, in his speech the other
night, when he said the people would sooner
unite with a nation of hyenas than with the
detestable and detested Yankee nation. Any
thing but that. English colonization; French
vassalage, Russian serfdom, all, all arc prefer
able to any association with the Yankees.”
Concerning a convention of the States, as
proposed, the Richmond Examiner of the
10th says:
* Sacha convention is impossible now. ~lt
is predicated upon the idea that the late
Union still exists; that the Southern Confed
eracy not exist; that the men of Vir
ginia, the Carolinas, Georgia, &c., are the fel
low-citizens of the men inhabiting Massachu
setts, New York and Pennsylvania. To ad
mit the possibility of such a convention, ig
nores the legitimate functions of the Confed
erate Government. The States of the Con
federacy have delegated their authority over
foreign affairs to a common executive and
legislature. They cannot now take a single
step In any dealing with foreign nations
without violaHng the solemn compect by
which they created that government. The
States of the Union are In precisely the same
attitude toward the government of the Union.
They have no authority or power to treat
with the Southern States, or any other for
eign States. Snch acts arc distinctly the
Srorince of the Federal government alone,
o arrangement of a national character, no
treaty or preparation for a treaty of peace, be
tween the two countries now nt war, is possi
ble or lawful, except such as may be made by
the President and Senate of the Confederate
States and the President and Senate of the
United States.
“ The people of the North who wish to see
the end of these hostilities and troubles, must,
first of all, agree to & recognition of the Confed
erate Government. Without that, the war
must go on forever. Even an armistice sup
poses such recognition. Northern specula
tion upon a general convention of States is,
therefore, mere moonshine, so long as the
South remains nnconqncrcd.
Such expressions of opinion in rcbeldom
may be quoted Indefinitely. The propositions
for the restoration of the Union, coming from
Northern peace men, arc treated with scorn
and derision. A great many good Democrats
and good patriots, bavo been deceived by the
assumption of white-feather partisans, that
evidence afforded the South of the prevalence
among the pcoplo of the North of “ conserva
tive” views, would dispose the persons en
gaged In rebellion, to give up their scheme
for the dcstrnction.of the government. How
the Southern mind has been affected by the
victories of the Democracy in the North, is
now apparent.
It comes to this, that the advocacy of peace
on any terms now possible, means the recog
nition of the Southern Confederacy—an ad
mission of the dissolution of the Union—the
consummation of the fall of the Republic.
Tlio Senatorial Contest in Mis-
The Hon. Wm. B. Edwards, a member of
thcMlssouri Legislature, recently addressed
the various candidates for United States Sena
tor in that State, the following question:.
Do you cordially endorse the President’s
proclamation of the Ist of Januaiy, and, if
elected to the United States Senate, will you
support with your vote, and exert your influ
ence, to have it carried out as an irrevocable
To this question B. Gratz Brown replies;
I have to say yes emphatically. I believe
the application of the principle of freedom
therein enunciated, to be essential to the
maintenance of our republican institutions.
I believe, furthermore, that any policy of
freedom, to merit the support of honest men,
audio prove efficacious as a remedy, must he
imfocatfc in its character.
Samuel T. Glover responds as follows:
I cordially endorse and will sustain "the
proclamation of the President to the best of
my ability, whether elected or not. I have
always done so..
And Judge Breckinridge osfoilows, at some
length, being a little hot and a little cold.
But tho following is the pith of his reply:
I have no doubt that the President of the
United States, as commandcr-in-Chief, had
power under the Constitution to issue the
emancipation , proclamation as a war measure,
being satisfied that it wasa military necessity.
As a civil magistrate, clearly he has no such
power. It is a power resulting only from a
state of war, and to be used omy in case of
necessity to crush rebellion, and to preserve
the national life. On this ground It fs placed
by the President, who alone can judge of the
necessity which demands Us exercise. Hav
ing decided under his great responsibility
that it was necessary, it becomes, in my opin
ion, the duty of all loyal men to sustain him
in it. Entertaining these opinions, I shall
continue, whether in private or public life, to
do all that may be in my power to sustain the
Executive in this, as in all other measures
adopted to preserve the Union and destroy
the rebellion. .
Alarming Natality.
A singular and very fatal decease made Its
appearance a short time since in portions of
Knox county, baffling the still of the most
skillful physicians, and causing the death of
ten persons. It has been attributed to con
fcctlonciy served up at two parties on Now
Tear's day, each of the deceased having par
taken of tho same. Tho Knox Republican
thinks in tho present instance tho deaths more
likely resulted from one of those mysterious
cndemical diseases, which so suddenly appear
in a neighborhood, eluding the skill and
knowledge of thophysicians, destroying many
valuable lives, and then as suddenly disap
pearing. •
It .is. stated that the Hon. Richard
MllncJ, a distinguished member of
visit intends shortly to
Five Thousand Prisoners, with their
Arms, Ammunition, &o.‘
[Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.]
Montqombbt Point, Hiss 1
Opposite Mourn or Whit* Hirsn. J. •
January 11, 1863. | -
- At lost we have a success to record in the
valley of the Mississippi. With tho forced re
treat of General Granffrom Holly Springs to
Memphis, and with the repulse at Vicksburg
under the incapable and insane Sherman, it
,is pleasing to be able once more to give the
history of a victorious movement. Our vic
toiy has material evidences of success to ex
hibit to all those whodouht. Five thousand
.prisoners, an equal number. of_ smdllanas, a
fort, and a supply of ordnance stores has fall
en into onr hands. We have a complete suc
It has for many months been known that
the rebels had selected Arkansas Post as a
point of defense, from which they could op
pose our occupation of the Arkansas River.
In June last, when our fleet took Memphis,
the rebels fled with some twelve or fourteen
small steamers, which they managed to take
as far as Little Rock, in tbo then existing
stage ofwater. With them they took up a
single gunboat, the Pontchartrain, formerly
known as the Gulf; and New Orleans tow-boat
Lizzie Simmons. This gunboat is still in ex
istence and is the last of tbe celebrated Mont
gomery fleet that was met and so nearly fin
ished by Colonel Ellct and Commander Davis
before Memphis. Three of the steamboats
were burned by General Blunt at Yanßuren
a few weeks since, and two others shared a
similar Cite at the same time at the bands of
General Hindman. At last accounts the gun
boat Pontchartrain was in the vicinity of
Little Rock. Most of tho steamboats uu
bumed are there also.
In the early part of November last, Gen.
Curtis ordered out an expedition, againetArkan*
sas Post, with the hope of capturing the po
sition, with Us garrison. Gen. A. P, Horey,
with a force of 10,000 men, moved from Hele
na for that purpose. It had been reported
that the Arkansas and White Rivers were both
in line navigable condition, and that the Cut-
Off was full. When Gen. Hovey reached the
White River he was able to ascend but a short
distance before he found a harrier to his fur
ther progress. A bar stretched across the
river near the head of the effectu
ally prevented all movements. After making
numerous soundings and finding that the ad
vance-was impracticable, the expedition re
turned to Helena. No farther attempt was
made until daring the past week.
Arkansas Post is on the north bank of the
Arkansas River, fifty miles from its mouth.
It is on the first bluff that Is seen as the river
is ascended, .and is the first white settlement
inthc State Of-Arkansas. It was founded by
the French in -1795, and for many years was
the point from which the hunters and trap
pers set out for their explorations of the wild
region beyond. Previous to the war it con
tained a population of not far from 500, and,
strange to say of a town in Arkansas, boasted
of a school and a printing office. Since the
war it has dwindled into a place of minor im
portance as a settlement, though it has at the
same time become one of the noticeable stra
tegic points in the State. At present the fort
located there gives it much notoriety.
The Arkansas River is an exceeding tortu
ous stream, and in the last 300 miles of its
course isfullofsondbars. At this point the
liter makes a sudden and sharp-bend to the
northward, and on the outside of this bend
the bluff strikes the river. Its elevation* is
about eighty feet and it slopes gently down
ward from the river for hair a mile. Hero it
disappears and at its edge is a creek or hayon
encircling or nearly encircling the town.
Along this creek is a strip of timber, hut the
sloping high ground is bare and cleared. The
town was built directly at the outside sweep
of the bend and commands a view of the
stream for a short distance above and below.
Just below the town the rebels erected
their fort, placing it so as to hare the best
possible control of the stream. The work
consisted of heavy defenses of earth and logs
thrown together so os to offer the greatest
possible resistance to an enemy. I have not
myself seen the fortand am obliged to take
the stories of those who are not particularly
clear and intelligible in the matter. From
what 1 can learn the fort is a sqnare work of
Considerable extent and erected wlUi the
sign of repelling attacks from all directions.
It is variously stated to mount six, eight or
ten guns most of them 83 pounders or 64
pounders. Overlooking the river on
the cast face is a 100 pounder Parrott, capable
of throwing conical shot or shell to an im
mense distance, with terrible force and accur
acy. A portion of the defenses were construc
ted of rough and hewed logs, covered with
railroad iron. ' This was' designed to protect
the gunners and was supposed to be bomb
A garrison of from 5,000 to 7,000 men was
necessary for the proper defense of the fort,
though it has at times contained less than that
number. At the time the attack commenced
there were less than 8,600 men, a force hardly
sufficient to defend it at every point simul
taneously. When it was known tliat Gen.
McClcrnand was approaching, the command
er of the fort sent to St. Charles, on the
White River, asking aid of the commandant
there. The latter dispatched two regiments of
infimtry, about 1,500 strong, which succeeded
in reaching the fort only a few hours before it
Gen. McClcrnand reached the month of
White River on the morning of the Bth, and
lay there daring the entire day. On the 9th
he commenced the ascent of the river, his
transports being preceded by the iron clads
Louisville, Cincinnati and Pittsburg, with
three of the light draft gunboats, it was
thought that trouble might arise from rebel
batteries on the banks of the stream, bnt none
were discovered. If any there were, the
rebels wisely concluded that their best course
was to remain silent Not a shot was fired at
any of the boats.
Tho White River is a narrow and exceed
ingly crooked one, with waters of a light
gray color, that give the name to the stream,
it Is navigable forUghtdranghtboatsthrough
ontthe year as fiir ns Des Arc. In high water
boats ascend to BatesviUc, and on a tew occa
sions have been np to Forsyth, in southwest
Missouri. In the upperpart of its course it
Hows between high binds and hills, and has
an exceedingly picturesque appearance, but in
its lower course it winds through an alluvial
bottom of considerable extent.
The Cut-Offabout tenmilcs above itslnouth,
is a passage Into the Arkansas known as “ the
Cut-Off.” This passage is of sufficient width
and depth to admit the steamers that ply on
the Arkansas and White Rivers.- "When the
White is higher than the Arkansas, the water
flows from the former stream to the latter,
.and when the stages of water in the two
streams is the reverse, the current sets the
other way. With the Mississippi higher than
both rivers, the water flows up' the lower
White and through the Cut-Off and finds its
way to the Mississippi again by the lower Ar
kansas. The Cut-Off leaves much of that dis
tance on the lower Arkansas River, the chan
nel of that stream being exceedingly winding
and full of snags and sand bars. Boats plying
fiom Memphis, or above, to the Arkansas
River, invariably enter by way of the Cut-OfC
Going through the cut off Gen. McCleruard
Sm-hed directly np the White andlnto the Gut
IT, the gunboats leading and the transports
following. The progress was slow as the
stream is very narrow and many of the boats
were of the largest size. It was necessary for
the line to be as closely closed np as the safe
ty of the boats would allow, and frequent
halts were made by the.advance for this pur
pose. Consequently it was nearly night when
they reached the rendezvous a short distance
below the fort.
The debarkation of the troops commenced
at once, and was carried on daring the night.
The nature ol the landing was such, that there
was some difficulty experienced in getting
the artillery and cavalry on shore, and the
landing had not been wholly effected at day
light. By the middle of the forenoon they
were ready for the formation of the line of
battle, and the advance npon the fort. The
landing place was little more than a mile be
low the fort, just around a bend that conceal
ed our operations from the view of the enemy.
• The gunboats moved up and commenced a
vigorous attack upon the fort with shot and
shell. They were earnestly responded to by
the guns of the fort, which were aimed with
great accuracy. It seems that the rebels had
erected a series of targets on the south hank
of the river, and had previously tried their
guns upon these, so as to get the exact range.
When the gunboats came between the tort
and these targets, the rebels were not obliged
to waste time and ammunition to find the
range. The gunboats were struck repeatedly,
but none of them disabled. One shell entered
a port on the Louisville, killing four men and
severely wounding several others. One of
the heavy projectiles from the fort pierced
the armor of the Louisville, but did not pass
through the side. . A shot entered the port of
the Cincinnati, but so far ds I can loom it
caused no loss of life.
In the meantime the troops were thrown
inland and proceeded to assail thofort. One
division moved so os to come in the rear of
the fort, but encountered a bayou with a
sandy bottom that did not allow of fording.
After vainly attempting to cross, they re
turned and made their march nearer the fort,
and tbns escaped the bayou. Between this
bayou and the fort the enemy bad constructed
a long doable lino of rifio pits, protected by
heavy abattls. ' This rendered our progress
slow, and the attempt was finally made to
pass around the line-of rifled pits, along a
a narrow space between them and the bayou.
The. enemy opposed this movement with a
considerable force of Infantry, but-our pre
ponderance of numbers finally accomplished.
It. The rebels were dislodged from tho outer
line ofrifle pita with some loss.
The skirmishing for tho rifle pits had con*
sumed much time, and our forces now found
tho shades of night deepening around them.
It was accordingly decided to bivonac on tho
'spot and renew tho engagement.in tho mom*
ing. Our losses had not been severe. Only
a lew officers had been injured, and I much re*
gret my inability to procure their names. The
first shell lired by the rebels, as onr land forces
came in range of the fort, shattered the leg of
a Lieutenant of tho 118 th Illinois Infantry. A
few guns were llrcd during the night, but the •
most of them were aimed too high.
During the night two rebel regiments from
St. Charles arrived and passed into tbe fort be
tween our two divisions that were making tho
attack, and-had not been able to close up the
space between them. Some of the rebel sol
diers straggled into onr lines, and became an
easy capture. Until they found themselves
prisoners, they had not been aware that we
were in the rear of tho fort.
About 8 a. m., on the morning of Sunday;
the 11th, the fight was renewed, onr forces
commencing the attack. The rebels bad not
been idle during the night, os a strong line of
breastworks plainly showed. These Bad been
erected on the edge of the slope Just in rear
of the fort, and commanded a space of
cleared ground in their front. There was
only one spot where the timber was left stand
ing, and that was at a point where a ravine was
overlooked, and where the woodhecamean ad
mirable and important cover. A battery of
onr light artillery was brought to bear upon
this timber, and succeeded, after an hour's
cannonading, in dealing It of the rebels.
The gunboats bad been keeping up a desul
tory cannonade during the morning, but to
wards noon their firing grew more vigorous,
and they poured in shot and shell with great
rapidity. Many of their guns were aimed too
high, and the projectiles passed over and fell
among onr troops that were advancing for the
land attack. Several men were in this way
killed before the boats could be notified to
change their aim and fire with more caution.
The heavy nine and eleven-inch shot from
the gnnbo&ts soon proved too much for the
walls of tbe fort, even though they were, con
structed of solid timber and plated with rail
road Iron. In many places the rails were cat
and tom off, and the position of the logs that
formed the walls seriously deranged. Several
men were killed by the hilling of rails, tom off
and thrown into the air by the force of the
shot. Splinters from the shattered timber
were alike fatalv One heavy shot struck a
rebel gun near the muzzle, throwing it from
its carriage and rendering its further use an
impossibility. A shell passed through an em
brasure and exploded among the gunners,
killing or wounding almost the entire working
party at the gun. The fire from the fort grew
every foment less vigorous, and by a Utile
past S o’clock p. m. ceased altogether.
In the meanwhile the land force was grad
ually closing In upon the fort, engaged in a
contest with the rebel infantry, and being
shelled by the heavy guns of the fort. The
latter caused little damage, though the occa
sional explosion of a shell in our midst cre
ated some havoc. Onr lines gradually closed
in nearer the fort, and by a Tittle past noon
the two attacking forces had disposed of the
space between them, and completed the in
vestment of the fort. In a charge upon the
breastworks thrown up during the night we
suffered some loss, bnt succeeded in taking
possession of the intrcnchmcnts.
towaud inn close;
By 3 p. m., the rebels had been driven com
pletely within the fort, and the investment
was perfect. The gunboats were still thun
dering away, and were not replied toby the
rebels. Only on occasional gun from the
fort, with a more continuous pattering of mus
ketry, announced that the garrisoinstni held
out. One of the shells at this time burst In
and exploded a'caisson inside the fort, causing
considerable destruction. Oar field artillery
had been brought up, and was adding to the
consternation by firing shell inside the works
at long range.
Finally, by half past three, the flag on the
fort was hauled down and a white one run up
in its place. The firing from the gunboats
and land forces ceased at that moment and
soon after a messenger came from General
Churchill with propositions for a surrender.
Gen. McClcrnand would listen to nothing
‘save for an unconditional surrender, and after
some demurring on the part of the messenger,
this was agreed to. Gen. Churchill had hoped
to he able to evacuate with the honors of war,
hut he was too much at our mercy for us to
give any heed to such a proposal.
By this capture we have come into posses
sion ol a strong fort, guarding the ascent oi
the Arkansas, with its garrison of five thou
sand men, with all their equipments and mu
nitions of war. To follow the recent Federal
reverses, we have a victory which, though a
small one, is full and decisive. Wo arc open
ing up the benighted region of Arkansas, and
hope soon to bo able to count Little Hock
in our possession.
There is a good stage of water in the Ar
kansas and ‘White Rivers, and it is
possible that you may soon hear
of more successes. The rebels have a fort
and garrison at Pine Bluffs and Little Rock on
the former riven and at St. Charles, Claren
don and Duvall’s Bluff on the latter. Our
fnrre is amply adequate to their capture. St.
Cbarlcs will be remembered as the point at
which the Mound City was blown up in July
last and her helpless crew while in the water
fired upon by Col. Fry’s men. Pine Bluff has
been notorious as a spot where persons sus
pected of Union sentiments have been treated
wlth.thc utmost rigor. The writer of this has
seen a letter from a Doctor residing at Pine
Bluff in which there is a boast of the number
of men that have been hung there daring the
past six mouths. The natives need a visit
from our troops.
My inability to reach the scene of the battle
from the naval transport on which I am quar
tered, prevents me giving the details as fully
as I might wish. I have been obliged to rely
upon the statements of various persons and
my information may not be completely accu
rate. I close just iu season for a mail bound
It is fortunate that our troops .were not in
the present instance ledby Sherman, the com
mander who brought so muchdefeat and dis
grace at Vicksburg. It is currently reported
that many officers had refused to serve under
him, and that the presence of McClcrnand
alone prevented a serious outbreak. While
the boats were ascending White River, Gen.
Sherman’s Chief of Staff, Major Hammond, is
said to have riven vent to numerous prophe
cies, some oi them amounting almost to a
hope that McClernand would be whipped and
compelled to leave tbc Arkansas. Major Ham
mond appears much chagrined that his pre
diction did not prove true.
U«t of Soldiers tvho have Died Dur
ing? the months of November and
December. 1862, I xj the Hospital at
Jackson, Toon.
Willis ElHs, Sth Wis. battery, Nov. 1, bronchitis.
Levi Williams, Co. D, 4Sd Ohio, Nov. 7, acute bron
Corp. Samuel King, A, 81st HI., Nov. 9, typhoid
fever. *«
Robert Gibbs, B, 10th Hich., Nor.lo, typhoid fever.
Farrier Amos Morris, C, 11th Hi. cavalry, Nov. 12.
JJpericarditis. *
Robert Hammond, C, 27th HI., Nov. 18, typhoid
Emmanuel Berry, D, 119 th HI., Nov. 18. typhoid
fever. '
John Eaton, E, 11th HI. cavalry, Nov. 19, typhoid
Egar Philips, A, 4th Dl. cavalry, Nor. 23, chronic
John Ellinor, A, 45th HL.Nov. 28.chronlcdiarrhca.
Sennett E. Rankin, C, lOGtb HI., Dec. 3, remittent
IE fever.
James Nash, F, £Qtb Ohio, Dec. 8. pneumonia.
Marvelous Thompson. D, I Diet 111., Dec. 10. rubela.
Wm. Tanner, G, 81st HL, Dec. 12, typhoid fever.
E. B. Wood, o,lolst HI., Dec. 15, typhoid fever.
Joseph Spougb, A, 4Sth Ind., Dec. 15, phthisis pul
Joseph Slndholler, Ist Mo. light artillery, Dec. 16,
chronic diarrhea.
John Davis. B. 31st HI., Dec. 16. chronic diarrhea.
Joseph W. B. Seller, A, 81st HI., Dec. 10, typhoid
Thos. H. Anderson, A, lOlet HI., Dec. 17, typhoid
fever. .
Abner E. Reeves, 0, Slst HI.. Dec. 22, typhoid fever.
Oliver Remington, G, 4Sth Ind., Dec. 27, chronic
George W. Thompson, H, stth Ind., Dec. 23, ty
phoid fever.
Henry Kellogg, K, 103 d HI., Dec. SO, phthisis pul
John McNutt, 1.47 th HI., Dec. 2D, typhoid fever.
Wm H, Black, H, 25th Ind., Doc. 80, chronic diar
Gideon Hall, G, 89th lowa, Dec. 81, typhoid fever.
Any information of the above deceased sol
diers can be obtained by addressing Avery
Robinson, General Ward Master, General Hos
pital No. 3, Jackson, Tcnn.
Contrabands at Corinth, MJLss.
jCorrcspondence of the Chicago Tribune.]
Caibo, Jan. 17,1863.
Contributions of clothing for the contra
bands at Corinth, are ..acknowledged from the
following places in Illinois, viz:
No. boxes. No. boxes.
Aurora 11 Hennepin. 1
05weg0..... 2 Ottawa 6
Bristol 4 Morris 6
Sandwich 3 Joliet.. 4
Princeton. 2 Lockport 4
Peoria 6 Centralis. .-... l
Canton 2 Chicago (Individuals). 1
Farmington.... 8
Brimfleid 2 Total .....61
'Washington 4
The breaking up of the railroad.between
Columbus and Corinth (Dec. 20.) hindered the
transmission of a part of these boxes, and
about twenty of them arc still here or at Co
lumbus. The road is not yet repaired for the
transportation of goods, and they may he de
layed a few days longer. Bnt the others had
been forwarded- before tbe disaster, and the
receipt of thirty-two of them acknowledged.
Bev.- J.M. Alexander has charge of these mat
ters at Corinth, and under date of Dec. 16th,
says: “ Could those who make thesegifla sec
the 'gratitude of the recipients, their hearts
would rejoice ; and they would consider it a
privilege to be the benefactors of this unfor
tunate people. Everything Is working well,,
and not a negro can be found who wishes to
return to his former state.”
The question of final disposal of these peo-'
pie is not yet fully solved. Like financial and
governmental questions, it waits the move
ments of the army and navy. In the mean
time, those who have so liberally imparted to
the needy may rejoice, that notwithstanding
rebel raids, they have relieved the most press
ing needs of those at Corinth, and . when all
. Uieir gifta shall reach their. deßtination t -will
do yet- more. There may be occasion, how
ever, to appeal to them for etill farther add.
Tho subscriber hopes In a few days to make
Scraonal observations with! regard to tho
id, j. Chant, •
CapWnlStb DL Infantry, Corinth, Miss
Tall mb dirham and Wrlcbt—No Way
but to Fight It out— Tlio Army of
tho Potomac—Reported movement
acrotm tbo Bappabannock—Why
Gen. Butler Boiurnod to Lowell—
Non-Payment of • Soldiers—muscle
and money in tbe Pennsylvania
Legislature—An Important Naval
[From Our Own Correspondent.]
Washington, Jan. 16,1863.
Yallandigham’s speech in the House was de
livered at the prcclso'point of time when the
general gloom seemed the most intense. If It
was not so, it was an error of the bead, and
not of tbo heart, for he hadbeen holding him*
self in readiness, during, tho past six weeks,
for the decisive moment. Constituting him*
self as Jeff. Davis* reserve, he had taken posl
tion.on a favorable eminence, to be launched
against tho Union cause whenever confusion
and wavering should he discovered in its
ranks. Ho came down bloody and confident.
He was taken in flank, most unexpectedly to
himself; by Wright of Pennsylvania, and
driven from tho field screeching. Tho castiga
tion Inflicted upon him by the sturdy Key
stone Democrat excited the pity of the be*
holderei Yollandigham was, for the first time
in h!s Congressional career, driven to apolo
gies, explanations and retractions. Hr.
Wright’s speech had other good effects beside
crushing a traitor. It inspired Republican*
with fresh courage and taught weak men of
all parties their duty anew. He exposed in a
masterly manner the fact, which no sano
ought ever to lose sight of, that there is no
way under heaven, given among men, whereby
wc must be saved, in this hour of calamity
and danger, but WAR. Let blood be shed,
let credit fail, let tears flow, let the earth
rock, nothingbut war will ever save us. Search
all the avenues of peace, and you will find every
one leading to the field of battle. The panacea
unfolded Cox (Yallandigham’s echo)
in New York, the other day, was substantially
to exclude New England* from a Northwest
ern Confederacy, have as many little foolish
duchies os Germany, each contemptible and
all irascible. Here would be peace withaven
geancc! It is worthy of note that every plan
for further disintegration (of which there has
been quite too much flippant boasting and
threatening) contemplates an early resump
tion of hostilities. Thosje who are clamoring
for a Northwestern Confederacy talk largely
about hewing a way to the Gulf or the Ocean.
New England replies to every threat against
her. that she is as able to toko eve of herself
with the sword as with the purse, and that she
can blockade New York if it becomes neces*
sary. What does it all mean ? Simply that it
is proposed, for the sake of peace, to inaugurate
three or four new ’ wars between those who
have no occasion to fight, except to put down
the slaveholders’ rebellion. This is the true
Intent and meaning of the Yollandigham pol
icy, and it is difficult to see how Jem Davis*
interests could be better served.
It is reported to-day, and it is probably
true, that one half of Gen. Burnside’s army
has crossed the Rappahannock. Demoraliza
tion has been doing sad work since the battle
of Fredericksburg—the demoralization of
idleness, nothing more. Activity will restore
its morals, and desertion can be stopped by
paying the troops their lost dues; There
has been some talk of bringing Gen. Rose
cranshereto supersede Burnside, but West
ern men arc not ready to give him up yet,
even for purposes of promotion. The army
of the Potomac deserves a great general. It
deserves success. There never was an army
on the lace of the earth that would stand up
longcrto be mowed down by grape and mus
ketry than they, and few have ever been re
quired to take more of that medicine. There
never was an army more persistent and reso
lute under disaster. There never was one
more thoroughly imbued with love of conn
try. They need only a captain. But, until
we have a change of Cabinet, it is idle to
hope for any marked change in the great
work which absorbs, or ought to absorb, the
entire energies of the Executive Department
of the Government. Strength cannot come
out of weakness. The record which tells how
a great and brave people were thwarted in
their patriotic endeavors by their rulers for
the time being—how a Cabinet was consti
tuted for the nation to stumble over on every
heroic occasion—will amaze posterity. Yet
there Is no way bnt to fight on. It cost ns
twenty months of anguish to get Buell and
McClellan removed, and freedom proclaimed
to the slaves of rebels. It may cost ns more
to get rid of other encumbrances, and to put
the proclamation in working order.
The reason why Gen. Butler went away un
satisfied is now known to so many people out
side of official circles, that there <*nn be no
harm in publishing it. The task wasproposed
to him of organizing an army from the negro
population on the lower Mississippi, sufficient
to keep and hold it open after it should be
once taken by our troops. He accepted the
proposition on the condition that he should
be supplied with the requisite means. “O,
certainly,” exclaimed all hands, “take every
thing yon want, write down your schedule,
and If you forget anything draw at sight”
“I want, first, the command of tne white
troops,” said Gen. Butler.
“That would be superseding Gen, Banks,
would it not?” asked one member of the
“I suppose you might call it by that name,”
replied Gen. Butler. “But if you arc more
tender of Gen. Bank’s feelings than you are of
other people’s, you can let me commence at
the other end. X have already made a begin
log at New Orleans, but I presume I coula ac
complish as much at Memphis iu a short
time. I would be quite content togo there as
a recruiting sergemt for colored regiments if
my countir demanded it, but it Is my duty to
tell you that nothing can be accomplished
in the chaos of black ignorance and white
disloyalty and rascality, without the exercise
of power. ‘What I ask is the power.”
- It is unnecessary to pursue the dialogue,
Gen. Butler was non-suited, and he has gone
home to spend the remainder of the winter
sliding down hill with his boys. Does any
body,wonder* why the country displays so
littlc’military genius? There Is no adminis
trative genius to develop it. Hampden found
plenty of military genius iU'-England, after
the weaklings of Parliament had been tram
pled to death by Rupert’s cavalry. Chatham
found military genius enough in an age of
titled mediocrity and state feebleness, to
wrest an empire from France on the plains of
Abraham. Richelieu had no difficulty in find
ing captains, when he wanted to use them.
Gustavus Adolphus selected from his small
army hall a dozen commanders, capable of
wielding his own sword alter it had fallen
from his grasp, and carrying his victorious
banuers to the walls of Vicuna.
Why say these things? Because the conn-,
try is to be saved or lost; because it is not to
be saved by thbse who have been tinkering at
the rebellion for the past twenty months.
Why should the press, which has heretofore
been in advance of the Senate fall behind it
now? The Republican Senators not only
adopted a solemn protest against the continu
ance of the present Cabinet in power, but
voted that their protest should bo pub
lished. If the country is worth more than the
feelings of seven men who are charged with
the duty of saving it—a task too great for
their powers—then is the press derelict if it
ceases to urge those changes which alone can
preserve the American name. Some persons
think that the President is too obstinate ever
to consent to the needed change. Ido not.
I believe him to be a patriot, “perplexed in
the extreme,” who will do anything that may
be necessary to discharge successfully the du
ties of his high trust, and that he will do this
thing when the necessity shall penetrate the
thick darkness which interested ambition and
greed of office have thrown around him.
Therefore, let no one despair of the Republic,
but lighten, according to the best lights in his
path, when the Senators had their conference
with the President, he remarked: “Gentle
men, if we bad had success in the field you
would not have come here with this petition.”
“Certainly not,” was the reply; “we come
here because we believe we shall not have suc
cess in the field until there is more vigor in
the council.” °
Without entering into the controversy,
which bos become somewhat acrimonious fn
the House, concerning the responsibility for
the non-payment of the soldiers, It is proper
to state Secretary Chase’s reasons for not sell
ing five-twenty bonds, as he is authorized to
do, for the purpose. In answer to the House
resolution he says:
“The original act which provided for the issneof
6.50 bonds provided also for'the conversion into
them of an j sum of filly, or some mntiple of fifty
dollar?, of united States notes, at the pfeasiyo of
the holder; and onlypcrmlttedsalcaatthc market
rate, which rate can only be ascertained by the
daily qnotation of sales in New York. These two
provisions taken togethermahe the obtaining of
money for these bonds, other than by conversions,
practically Impossible."
In a letter to Senator Fessenden, Chairman
of the Finance Committee, a few days earlier,
he says:
“This amount (the daily receipts of the Govern
ment from internal revenue, &c..) could only be
increased by forced sales of five-twenty bonds, and
sales of these bonds below the market value are
not permitted by the act authorizing their issue,
nor by the spirit, if hy the letter, of the snpplc
meutaryact?’ '
Those who contend that it was Secretary
Chase’s duty to sell five-twenties to pay the
soldiers, affirm that there is not a maw In the
world wise enough to tell what either of these
paragraphs means.'. The original act autho
rizes conversions at par, and sales at the mar
ket value. The supplementary act authorizes
the Secretary to dispose of five-twenties in
any way ho chooses. What Is meant by con
flicting provision in ihelaw, or by “sales bo
low the market value," Hr. Gurley and oth
ers defy anybody to telL
The struggle between money and muscle at
Harrisburg, which resulted in the triumph of
the latter and the election of Buckalew to the
TL S. Senate, has excited considerable merri
ment in 'Washington, but it la sandy a greater
occasion for mourning among those who re
gard purity of elections as essential to free
government. It is generally conceded that
the friends of. Buckalew were justified in
meeting Cameron’s dollars with dirks or
knives. It is a controversy in which no hon
est man can possibly have any interest. But
Justice requires that it should be known why
Mr. Wilmot, a bravo and true man, ent no
figure in the contest. Cameron’s friends in
ihc caucus put this proposition to Hr. Wil
moi’s supporters: “ Wc cancel votes enough
from the opposite party to meet 'our man. If
we have the entire -Republican vote. If you
can get one Democratic vote wo will all go for
Hr. wilmot. If not, wc insist that you shall
all go for Mr. Cameron.” Hr,’WHmova friends
fiarklyadmltted that they did not know of a
single Democratin the Legislature who could
be induced to desert bis own party, but they
required to bo assured/ beyond the poss
ibility of doubt, that that ono could bo found
to vote for Cameron. Otherwise, having a
majority of the Senate, they would refuse to
go into joint convention, and thas defeat the
election of a Democrat. The Camcronions
produced what was regarded osproof that they
had a Democratic vote signed, scaled, and
ready to be delivered. All parties to the dls
paccfcl nfliiir were cheated, os they deserved
OPDRATIONS o» tub navy.
It Is not improbable that the next decisive
blow maybe struck by the navy. “ A' blow not
less sudden and terrible than the capture of
New Orleans. High hopes are entertained of
the results of a movement nowon foot, which
I believe will be fully realized.
The capture of the Harriet Lane, by a party
of Texas cavalry, has stung the navy to tho
quick, and both officers aha sailors arc eager
to revenge the disaster. H. W.
The movement lor a Chance of the Cab
inet—Tho appliances, chances, nocos
sltles-Salvatlon possible yet-Burn
side on the move—Condition ofMls
Army—Thnrlow Weed a Candidate
for the Senate—The Porter Trial-
Holt preparing the Opinion.
[Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.]
Washington, January 16,1863.
Everybody is expecting a change of the cab*
met, but nobody can give a satisfactory reason
for the faith that is in Ueu, except (which
should be a sufficient one) that there ought to
be a change. The moneyed men of New Tort
have returned to that city, and Chancellor
Tappan lias gone, .also; hut although no af
firmative response was made from the White
House to their prayers, they were not without
hope of success because they were not without
confidence in . the efficacy of the means
they mean to use to that cnd % Meetings
will bo held in New York, deputations will
present themselves Here, combinations of one
sort or another for the succession will be
made and arguments of evciy description will
be brought to bear. Assistance is hoped for
from Horace Greeley, now here.' The threat
of resignation from Secretary Chase in case
his bank scheme be defeated, is welcomed;
for even his friends, even those who would
gladly see him a member of the new Cabinet,
its chief; if possible, are not unwilling that ho
should, as a preliminary step, leave the old
one, believingthat the seven ministers arc as
closely hound together as the seven colors of
the rmnbow, so that if one fades ont of the
upper sky, all fade with It. Not, indeed, the
evening rainbow, the how of promise, but the
morning rainbow, in the disappearance of
which even in storm-clouds is the only hope.
I think that almost all loyal people arc ready
for a change—any change—feeling that it can
not he hut for the better. Ardent Republi
cans arc not unwilling that portfolios be given
to Proclamation Democrats; the strongest
disbelievers in McClellan would endure him
in Halleck’s place; personal or political pre
dilections or prejudices would yield to the na
tional exigencies. But the change must be
thorough, must he complete. A new spirit
must be breathed, into the Administration,
and that must be the spirit of the
American people. Because It is hoped that
new men, whoever they may be, men, not
stnpitied with eighteen months of Washing
ton life, will be inspired with that spirit. The
cry for a change is-well nighnniversaL If
less has been said about the necessity within
the last few days. It is only because the public
heart beats heavily under the weight of gloom
which has settled upon the nation. There is
less speech' in the newspapers, bat every cent
added to the price of gold, every cent sub
tracted from the value of Government securi
ties, is a new reminder to the President that
the nation has not confidence in his advisers
and a new admonition to change them.
It is not too late to save the country if
those to whom it looks for salvation will it,
not wish it but will it, and will it in the only
wav in which it is possible, the way of war.
Military success is the only solvent of the
terrible problem set ns to work out.
Shall we have it ? I believe it; I hope
against hope—against experience. The army
of Gen. Burnside is marching, or is about to
march. 'Within three days there will be fight
ing on the Rappahannock, unless, as will
probably be the case, the enemy retires with
his slender force—diminished by divisions
sent to the coast, if not to the west also—
before onr superior numbers. It is lucky
that the order to move has at last gone forth.
Eveir day’s delay was worth a reinforcement
'of I,COO men to the enemy, not only because
it enabled them to keep ns at bay with an in
ferior force, hut because the fetal demoraliza
tion of idleness, the poisonous iuliuenccs of
political officers, and of sedulously distribu
ted disloyal journals, were loosening the
bonds of discipline among an unpaid and
suffering soldiery. Let ns hope that the men
may have confidence enough in their leaders
to be victorious. Confidence, and men wor
thy of confidence, in civil and in military
quarters alike, are the national wants.
It is reported upon good authority and
credited by New York politicians, that Thur
low Weed is a candidate for the United States
Senate. The course of the Albany Journal, of
late; thcgrowlng intimacy of Weed with Sey
mour, as well as wilh Fernando Wood, give
color to this supposition, for the choice of the
“old man,” il made nt all, must be made by a
combination of the Democrats with a few of
his personal friends, who are nominally Re
publicans. The mais of the party to which
Mr. Weed once belonged, would quite as lief
have the Empire State represented by Fer
nando Wood as by him, believing that an open
enemy is Ices mischievous than a felse friend.
Of course, Mr. Weed is too oldand too shrewd
a politician to appear in the canvass, unless
he be sure of success.
The reports that have been set afloat by
Washington journals, touching the conclusion
of the Porter trial are pure guesswork. Judge
Advocate General Holt is engaged in drawing
up the opinion of the Court, which will not
be ready for submission to the President be
fore Saturday at earliest- The fact that this
task is to require, at least three days* work
by such a man os Jndgo Holt, Is strong pre
sumptive evidence that the verdict is not
simply an acquittal. The public here, not a
careful reader of the testimony,seems to have
made up its mind that Fltz John Porter will
go scot free, and his counsel were so strongly
of the opinion that this would be the result
of the trial that they actually suggested, os I
am informed, to Mr. Holt that he should nol.
prot. the charges. A careful review of the
somewhat conflicting evidence, which has
nowhere been printed in full, or correctly In
substance may lead to a less positive condu
. sion In his favor.
Illinois Deceased Soldiers.
St. Louis, Jan. 16,1563.
Editors Chicago Tribune:
Herewith 1 hand yon a list of Illinois sol
diers who have died in hospitals in and about
St. Louis, from, the 4th to the ISth of Janu
ary, to wit:
Jan. 4..J0bnß. Jackson, Co. C, 26th, of ranolo
“ B..John Campbell, co. H, 123 d, of ranolo
“ 13. .Geo. Henning, co. I, CSd, of congestive in
11 18 —Elisha Hateon, co. D, sth HI. cavalry, of
chronic diarrhea. ■
Tours truly, S. M. Prestos.
Tlic California Legislature—
HnlloUugfi for United. States
- Senator—i\o Choice.
Sak Francisco, Jan. 14.1563.
In the California Legislature three more
ballots haye been taken for a United States
The following Is the result of the last ballot:
Phelps 82
Sargent 84
Connees 23
The • balance scattering. Necessary for a
choice, fifty-one. The mends of Mr. Park
mostly yoted for Mr. Sargent.
and an unlimited variety of goods for Holiday Gifts,
fust received by
W. M. ROSS & CO.,
• - [nOg)xs7T-Sm]
JL Pamphletofvltal Importance. It affords a key to
all knowledge and wisdom. For sale at the Book
Stores. Price 25 cents, Mailed free for 25 cents at Chi
cago by ELISHA CHASE, the antbor. jalTrlTMw
LEAP TOBACCO.—2O cages New
Xork State Seed.
For sale cheap for cash by A. F. CROSEET.
Jal7-zlSS£t SI Sonth Water street.
jl\. receipt of thirty cents we win send yon by ~man
eighteen by twenty-two Inches In size, together with
Instructions that will tarsUh yon a pleasant and remu
nerative employment during the winter, and open np a
way to fnture haziness. The business Is one which will
be of service to yoa professionally, by making yon
known and patting yon In the way of
Obtaining Much Valuable Information.
We wish to deal principally with Teachers. Address
KELLOGG. SMITH ft CO.. Post Office Box mr. Chl
cago. Illinois. deg-y36S-lm-2dp
Any quantity of tbe above for sate from the old es
tablished Nnrtczv of SAMUEL EDWARDS. -The
Evergreens,’* La Moine. Bnrcan County, ni_ at $3 per
AGCO. FRED. S. DAT. 10 Dearborn street.
JalSzl6fr2w-Sdp .
D. MACRAE respectfully
U laJorms the citizens o( Ctlcico Uut he haa per.
manently located in this dtr. with tbs purpose of
practicing In all branches of tbo
■ Office. 53 Clark street, opposite too Sbermaa TTnna*
Cblceco. in. D. MACRAR M. D *
Jtl6>zltaftm EorgccaandPhyslciaui.tUtQD's A_>
A French Restaurant in Chicago, at 77 Clark struct,
and decidedly the best eating house tn the oitr. - Call
In. gentlemen, and try MONSIEUR ZITELLES Back*
wheat Cakca aad French Coffee. jaU-ali^t
I7Q lake sttTeet
Will find la our store a large stock of
Tubs, floods, KthUa ud Statin; Caps,
Hosiery sod Glove*. Buttons, Dre«Trlmminc». Braids
-Hoffllagß. Velvet Rttihons. tpclading *
a complete uaortmeat
CRAVES A: lltvlXE, 78 lake Street.
16 &, 18 STATE STREET.
G. C. COOK & CO.,
Cub buyers are ixxTltcd to examine
our Sloch, nal-Iy
75 South Water street, Chicago,
Oflfer for sale AT THE VERT LOWEST PRICES to
a well selected stock of
Sugars, JFisli,
Teas, Tobacco,
Coffees, Itice,
Syrups, Spices,
Molasses, Soaps,
DzTed Fruit,
WOODEN WARE, and all articles usually Included la
their llmo.
.. We have bought most of our goods for and bo
here that we can make it to thelnterest of all porch ss-
UigiQ this market to cal! and examine onr stock before
onylng, EWING, BRIGGS & co« •
No. 73 Sooth Water street, Chicago.
Wm. L. Ewing. St. Louis. Mo.
Clinton Briggs, > *
Thomas Heermans. f Chicago. inyls-r3SI-ly
ID 2R, ESS <3-0 0235,
And the most extensive and attractive Stock of
Staple and Fancy Dry Goods
DfOrders accompanied with monoy or references,
secure onr best attention
72.74 and 76 Lake street. Chicago.
34 & 36 Uako street,
Have now In store tbo largest stock of
Sheep’s Oreys, Beavers, Pilots,
And all other goods for MEN’S WEAR, ever exhibited
In ttls market. Mebcuants are invited to ex
amine our stock of goods of all kinds for
Bine Cloths, Bine Flannels,
Blue Casslmcres.
Unblas, Sontags, Sleeves, Shaws, Capes,
And solicit & c»11 of all who wish to purchase any
articles In that department.
Uni 73 Lake street.
If You want Skates go to
BAENUM BEOS, 138 Lake St,
and see the
Boston Rocker Skate
And all other patterns now la use.
Ko. ,188 lake street, between Clark and
Lasalie streets.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers In
80 lube Street, Chicago, 111.
We would rcspectftilly call the attention of City and
Country Merchants to onrextecslvestock of Boots and
Shoes which we have now in store and are dally re
ceiving from oar Factory In West Boris ten,
which conslsteta of a fan assortment of those Celebra
ted Custom-Made Patna K In and CalC and Grain Water-
Proof Boots; together with a fall static of all styles of
Of the best quality and manufactures, which we are
prepared to sell for CASH and prompt paying trade at
‘Boston and yew Tork jobbing prices.
J-i {Successor to CHAS. A. EATON.)
nsiLsa i s
Gun*, Sporting Apparatos* FlslUnz
Tackle, Plstoli, Bowie Knlres,
Powder and Shot.
Xlie DelSramc's Patent Skate.
No. Straps. No Clasp*. No Pain. They are uaed by
all profettlonal Skater* In the country. Also,
English Ladles*. Novelty Ladles*. Parlor Skates. Ac.
Jest received and for tale by
deSS-y-HO-lm HI Randolph street. Kingsbury
Comer Clinton and Fulton Streets West Side.
Shot, White Lead, Bed Lead and Litharge,
Orders from the trade solicited. Highest market
price paid for Flax Seed. P. O. Box 5118,
For sals tad to rent, at
99 South Clark street.
JULIUS BAUER, Importer of Mnalcal Instruments.
Manuttctßrcra and Wholesale Dealers Is an kinds of
Coarse Papers, Envelopes. Cards, Card and
Stray Boards Paper Bass. Printers* Ink. &c„ Ac.
Ear Cash paid for all lands of Paper ™h-My
E3~BookAgenteßhonld send at once for fan particu
lars, private terms, and a well paying badness, to
jali-zlfrgw E. G. STOKSE. Auburn. N. Y.
STORAGE.—Storage for 25,000
}0 Barrel* of Floor or Provisions, la a convenient
location, with low rates of Insurance.
Jalt-aCS-lm - Wheel ir’a Bonding.
jyjIUTART GOODS.—Swords,
Smith * Wesson’s. Moore’s. Colt's. Prescott’s and other
REVOLVERS, and all articles In the Military line, at
loweat pricea, WnomtaaL* and Brian; at GKO.T.
ABB£TS. ISS Lake street. ap2-ly
X will bea meeting of the Firemen's Association on
Wednesday Evening. January 23th. All Life Mamhora
wm attend. JOHN T. KDWAHD3.ftSS”
py Chicago Journal mud Zeltnng vm advartkHnnft
yStandeoalbUte to 0. H. Holloa, > jSSSSS?
Are now offering
Comprising all the best styles
in market.
Shawls of every description.
To close the Season.
At lea price than they caa now he bought fcr.
500 best styles of Balmoral Skirts
K_y pointed c
Messrs. Hoyt, Eerca & Co,,
Onr General Ascents for the Northwest, All ord«s
for oar goods will be flilwl by them
a. Hr. omiXGEa sc c«»
KxwTosx. Ocr. ÜBGS.
We have for Rale at New York prices, freight addad
2000 eases Blnnlnger's London Dock Ola.
SCO cases Wnnloger’s Old Tom Gla.
SCO cases Blnnlnger’s genuine Wines, pts. and eta,
500 cases Blnnlnger’a gennlne Cognacßrandr. n&d«ta
SOO cases Blnnlsgcr’s Old Kentucky Bourbon. '
SCO cases Blanlcger’a Old Times Rye.
SCCcaies BlnnlDger‘B wriest Tonic. •
ICO cases Ulanlnger’s Wine Bitters.
300 cases Bhmtnger's Apple Cordial.
50 cases Strawberry and Raspberry Sraadr.
25 cases Blackberry Wine.
100 cases California wines.
200 cases Piper’s Ueldalck Cbampalgne.
m Mr..
50 doz Stone Jess Pepermlat CordlaL
500 doz. Scotch Ale, Stone Jog*.
SCO dor. London Porter.
25 doz. Absinthe.
60 casks French Brandy.
50 pipes Holland Gin. (Qworite brands.)
£9O orb. Kentucky and Pennsylvania Whisky.
ICO brls. Old Maryland Rye Whisky.
SO brls. DanT Lawrence Rnm. 1&6.
20 brls. Ne«r Jersey A polo Brandy.
20 brls Cherry Brandy.
10 puncheons Scotch and Irish Whisky.
10 puncheons SC Croix and Jamaica Rnm
73 packages Pore Sherry and .Madeira Wine.
All of the above goods are of the
Were purchased before the advance, and wilibe sold
14T South Water Street, Chicago
. P.S.—Druggists are particularly invited toaaezsm
Icatlon of our Stock. 0c23-vd£&3m
. &C-, <Sco.
. 35® n .T e . P95 recefvlnsonr thlrdlarge stock of FALL
AND WINTER TRADE. ISO. which, makes onr stock
the largest and the best assorted In the West, all ot
which will be Cdercd at LESS THAN PRESENT EAS
Welnvltenartlcnlarsttentlon to oar stock of EX
CAPS, for MEN and BOYS.
Will always receive prompt and careful attention
n026-x3li-am 35 Lake street. Chicago.
Merit alone makes a SEWING MACHINE ralcable
The people arc perceiving that glowing represent
tlous are not merit. •
That It L< economy and wisdom to pnrchSM only
SEWING MACHINE of known practical utility.
There arc 95,000 Machines in use In this coon try an
Europe. ✓
It U cqnal to TEN Seamstresses.
ANNUAL DIVIDEND of 100to500percent.(oa
Ua com) may be obtained In doc—by Its possessor
1,1 .V 10 °AtS^SP' a MACHINE In lb. worn
s^g^^gfSSSFo l^." lo eoiai “ o
General Agent for minoU. Wisconsin. lowa. Northern
Indiana and Southern Minnesota.
’ 10C Lake street,* Chicago,
CyClrcnUrs may be tad on application orbraost
m!i2l-nCnHy J
yocßDtmtcKNT stitches on onoaaJ the same Machine.
Thus the tocs.i)onitK wcs. doubie knot and kvot.
all of which make the scam alike on both sides of th«
fabric. Father or all can be produced while the Ma
chine Is In motion.
They have the elversrslb rsxo srono.y which ca
ables the operator to have the work carry either way.
or to charge the dlrectloa and fasten the end of seams.
wh!A. together with making a long and ashortstltoh.
la done simply done by turning a thumb screw.
Their motions arc all rosmvr. Thera are no springs
to set out of order. They arc so simple that the most
inexperienced can work them perfectly and with ease.
They are xoiamtas. aud can be worked where quictla
secaesary. •
making five stitches In eooh revolution. They oil no
dresses. Their STITCH la the wonder ot all. Decausa
of Its combined stbssdtb and naxtrrr
Asests wanted throughout the Western country
With a small Investment of capital, a protltabla boit
nesa can be readily established. For circulars and sam
ple ol work, address
Post Office Bos MO.
Salesroom, izt Lake street. . scl rS9O-ly
Family Sewing Machine,
With all the new Improvements,
la the b«»t and cheapest and most bcautlfOl of an Sew
ing Machines. This machine win sew anything— from
the running of a tuck In Tarletan to the «»>-ihiwjr of art
Overcoat. It can
Fell, Hem* Bind, Braid, Gather,
Tuck, Quilt,
And has capacity for s great variety of ornamental
work. It Is so simple In structure that a child can learn
to use It. and having no liability to get out of order. 1C
Is ever ready to do its work. "
To the poor workwoman who has to sowforher dally
bread, the Family Sewlmr Machine win prove a trea
sure. No YestmakerorDresaraakercan do without It.
Chicago Office, 50 Clark street.
Local Agents wanted In Illinoisandlowa. de3Q-yf"llg»
InTtnlcd In ISlS— Perfected in 1861,
Flgnal reward to the great American In venter—five
Premiums taken by tha Howe Sewing Machine at the
InternaUonal-tVorld i Fair this season la London. Eng
land, where the --UI
Took the Imperial Gold Medal as the first Mzhest Pro*
mtnm for excellency of Machine; foarolher G->M
Medals as First Premiums for the four different *-adas
of work; also four Honorable Mentions far coodWork,
comprising the only Premiums given. elth« for e*«h-
Icner op for work. Thus the Original Howa Sawimf
Mactoe. yom which all others derive thetr vltallty.
bas established Itself by taking five Gold Medals out oc
six. and four Honorable Mentions oat of are. st a
World's Fair, where all of theleading sowing Machine*,
bothln this country and Europe. were on trial, utba
b«tSewlcg Machine la the worii . „ .
(3T Agenta wanted la the West**® and Northwest
ern states.
Circulars, containing ian drsertptlons of Machines,
“l^ 0n ”‘ ,, ' toto - Or “ !I, Sr^TANT.
■ General'V7esteraA«eat.6 3lJ * eii * n **»Chlcaset.
mylT-d-ly. __ ;
• \rarirrKES. of all sUtchea. at IS Lake street.
Wilcox** Gibbs’ ‘nested Looi^tUch: Taxevrt &
VurDenble-LockSUtoh; EmpireShuttleLockstitch.
TbeShßplset, SUUmCFastestand. moat oerfect tnbtt
fisnod. Abo,Bantmu***SM» Srwu* ** Machine So*.
P l2i-jlSi-5a BasS2«GU6a«OtSL

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