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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, February 13, 1863, Image 2

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€l)icaga Sribnne.
The watchword ol the opposition dema
gogues before the last elections was, the
preservation of the “ Constitution as it is,”
;t nd the reconstruction of the “ Union as it
was.” They clamored for a more vigor
ous prosecution of the war, and charged
the Administration with Indecision and
imbecility in Us conduct. In an evil hour
the people gave car to those partisan pro
fessions and cast their votes in several
large Slates, for the Copperhead candi
dates, hoping thereby to secure more ener
getic measures against the rebels. But
how woefully have they been deceived!
No sooner had the Copperheads secured
their elections than they threw off the
mask, came out of the grass and set up a
howl for on armistice with the rebels, and
a cessation of the war. We hear no more
talk of reconstructing the 14 Union as it
was,” no more professions of reverence for
the 44 Constitution as it is.” The tune is
changed. The demand is no longer for
vigorous warfare, and for heavier blow's.
The people ore now told that they were
only joking last fall; that the rebels can’t
be conquered; that the Union is ended;
that we must have an armistice, withdraw
our armies from the South and call our
fleets bark to Korlhern ports, and give up
the war as a bad job—a failure.
Well, what then? Elect or appoint
Copperheads to a Convention to be held
lit Louisville or Nashville, to meet such
commissioners os the rebels may deign to
scud, to agree on a boundary and terms of
But what about 4 ‘ reconstructing the
Union as It wat?V” Oil, that Is played out.
It can’t be done. We don't expect it, say
the Copperheads; but do hope to secure
permission for some of tho Northern States
to join the Southern Confederacy. We
expect to have the door opened wide
enough to let Illinois, Indiana, New Jer
sey and New York City into the celestial
dominions of King Davis, where every
while man has a right to wallop lus nigger,
if he Is rich enough to own one. Oh,
won’t that be joyful I No Yankee shall be
permitted to enter our blessed kingdom,
to trouble or make us afraid. We shall be
able to crush out the Abolition end of Illi
nois, and bring all our subjects to ac
knowledge the loveliness and divinity of
our “ corner stone,” What happy saints
we shall be. Such is the present status of
The restoration of the Union as it was, is
no longer cither possible or desirable, in
their eyes. The 44 Constitution as it is,” has
been cast to the winds, and the cry now is,
“Make peace with the rebels. Let the
ship Union go on the breakers; we will
float ashore on the fragments, and Join the
Confederates,” Reader, how do you like
the new programme of Latter DayDemoc
xacy ?
The banking system is now undergoing
•discussion in Congress and by the people.
One side seeks to reduce the present hetero
geneous mess of trash to some sort of uni
formity, Secretary Chase, in the Cabinet,
and Senator Sherman in the Senate, are
laboring arduously for the passage of a
national banking bill, which they claim
will bring order out of confusion, and,
eliminate many of the worst evils con-*
nectcdwith the present abominable sys
tem, some of whose features we proceed
The whole number of banks of issue in
the loyal States, as nearly as can be ascer
tained, is 1,305. Of this number 511 arc
located in New England; between three
and four hundred in New York, about a
hundred in Pennsylvania, and most of a
hundred in New Jersey. The present
issues of these “ debt factories” exceed two
liuutlitrCl ttuvl llililj- uulUoas nf dnlhrs,
and they arc still “ expanding.”
Ereiy one of these banks has its sepa
rately engraved and printed notes, differ
ing more or less in form or design pictori
ally, and each hank issues the various
denominations which by usage seem to
have become a rale.
Taken together, each bank issues at least
bills of sis dificrcnt denominations. The
1,895 banks therefore issue 8,370 varieties
of notes, which people are expected to dis
tinguish from counterfeits. Moreover,
the varied issues of the “ fraudulent, bro
ken, and worthless banks” should not be
overlooked. Of this class—of “retired
banks,” as they are styled—Bs4 are enu
merated in the published list furnished by
the “descriptive list” for January, 1863.
Such as these have heretofore contributed,
and in many instances still contribute
their quota to this promiscuous catalogue.
“ One phase of our paper currency, en
gendered by this multiform system, calls
for special notice and consideration. We
refer to counterfeiting. It may be safely
stated that the art, as pursued in the Uni
ted States, is without parallel, and that,
without vaunt or hyperbole, we can * beat
the world* on this our national specialty—
counterfeiting. A species of literature,
even unknown to the rest of the world,
has been initiated among us; and no mer
chant or mechanic deems himself safe un
less he consults the * Counterfeit Detector.’
These publications have become articles
of‘prime necessity, 1 to the profit of the
publishers, doubtless, if not to the com
munity; and they arc spawned weekly,
semi-monthly, and monthly in most of our
“The absolute facts, as detailed by those
interested in keeping the records of coun
terfeits, appear monstrous and fabulous,
even beyond credence. Of the various
kinds it is estimated that there are about
six thousand. How many of each land
must be conjectured, as we have no means
of catechising the originators.”
In some of the States, nearly every bank
is counterfeited. Massachusetts has 185
banks. “ Thompson’s Reporter,” of recent
date, describes counterfeits on 169 of
these, and “Gwynne & Day’s’' specifies
174. A like inference may be drawn from
the same authorities in reference to the
• banks ol New York. Of the whole batch
but forty-five arc not counterfeited.
“Of the various species of counterfeits,
as they are called, it is ascertained that bat
u small part of the whole in circulation is
composed of bona fide 4 imitations* of the
genuine notes. Those known as 4 altera
tions' number highest. One cause of this
multiplicity of altered notes is attributable
to the similarity of titles among Banks in
different sections of the country. As, for
instance, wc find twenty-seven 4 Union'
Banks, of which seven are in the State of
2sew York.-. A yet further aid to‘altera
tions’ is in the frequent use of the same de
vices on notes of different banks, and often
of different banks of the same name.”
4 ‘2Ccxt in number to the 4 alterations’
come the ‘spurious,’ such as resemble in ti
tle only the notes for which they are in
tended to pass. These notes arc from
plates of broken and 4 bogus’ banks, in
most instances, ulthougU not unfrcqucntly
from the debris material of‘broken’ or
Iren'S” bßnkllotc cn sraving establish-
• IVc find tbc dam for Urn above review
of tbc banks and tbeir parasites, in tbc
"Washington Intelligencer. A system must
be and rotten indeed that meets the
disfavor of that venerable defender of
hoaiy abuse.
Bui we Lave little faith that Congress
•Rill reform this terrible currency evIL Ko
other civilized nation would submit to it.
Nor would ours, if the voice and interests
of the people ■were heeded by our legisla-
tors.. Bui they are iu the condition of the
Jmy who tried the sheep-thief. The proof
■was positive; the guilt of the defendant
■was established beyond all doubt or cavil;
hut strange to say, the juiy returned a ver
dict of “Not guilty.” The reason was,
1 l:v.t ion jurors had received and eaten por-
V jv- (f She mutton. The trouble with
tl-, thul a majority of the* luvm*
fccrs arc personally iatcrceted either as
stockholders or borrowers, and have not
patriotism or integrity enough to rise
above such sordid and selfish considera
We fenr that Chase and Sherman labor
in vain to put an end to the monstrous and
shameful evils of the present unconstitu
tional,nauseous compound called the baak
ing system.
'JTlie Fulton County fiCcsolnf ion*.
On the 10th of January last, the Copper
heads of Lee, Fulton County, in this State,
met at the Sweeney School Bouse; John Cline
was chairman and Peter Rlgdou, Secretary, A
set of resolutions were passed, of which the
following is the pith:
We ore not willing toreador farther support or
aid to an Administration that openly violates the
Constitution of tlioCnitort States.
That the President • • Is not only a
dangerous and unfit person to be at the head of the
nation, but Is fortnrorn and jterjured, and should
no longer be permitted to disgrace the chair.
That vo loathe and abhor the miscreant who
would deliberately arm five hundred thousand
dcml-savnges, under the specious pretext of a
"military necessity," and turn them loose upon
our while brethren In the South.
We here deliberately and firmly pledge our.‘clvcH,
one to the other, that we irtll not render any sup
port to the present Administration In carrying on
its wicked abolition crusade against the Souths
and that we w lIlwW to the death nit attempts to
draft any of our citizens Into the army, and that wo
will permit noarbltnry arrests Ip be made among
Us by the minions of the Administration.
Another resolution regards the Emancipa
tion Proclamation us:
The entering wedge which, will ultimately
dhidc the Middle and Northwestern Slates
(.-fin our mlbdibT-maklng. puritanical, fanatical
j.'iw England brethren, and finally rnliulnato in
the fomallnn of a Democratic republic, out of the
Middle, Northwestern and Southern States. And
fur this we are thankful!
Another resolution pledge* the Democracy
of Illinois tocxpelthe. free ncgrocsintroduced
Into the Slate, or to ufford them, together
with the persons who may bo engaged in
bringing them in, hospitable grave*.
There resolutions were published in the
Cincinnati JCaqulnr— ncxttothohoccsli organ
in this city, the mosl imillgnaut Copperhead
joumalhi the country—without protest, hut
on their being denounced byllio Columbus
also Copperhead, tho Knrjiilrci'
mildly protested against their treasonable
There resolutions reached the army at Galla
tin, Tenn. In the 103 d Illinois regiment, lo
cated there, arc twelve boys, who were citi
zens of Lee and its immediate vicinity, when
they enlisted in defense of their country. Their
names arc—
Corydon 1). Hendrix, Ira E. Mott,
O. C. Sprague, A. M. Stodard,
John Darker, James Strew,
L. C. Currier, E. A. Qnlirk,
Samuel Taylor, Charles Post,
L.B.Ellla, T. J. McClrmg.
They have f.cut us an indignant protest
against this treasonable action of their Cop
perhead neighbors, when they are lacing the
enemy in the field. We should be glad to
publish the entire document,but can only give
“And now we would say to our old neigh
bors, who have so conspicuously exposed
. the cloven foot, that alter coolly considering
your resolutions, we recommend to you to
lake them back. But If you think differently,
we commend you to that history which will
surely wipe you out as any event In the fu
ture. And here we make known and record
our detestation of all such men and such
Ini online Trouble* iu Dixie.
Evidently the rebels have cnougli on their
hands, when, In addition to lighting our ar
mies, it Is fouud necessary to employ their
troops in suppressing dangerous and threat
ening combinations at home. The Confede
racy has fallen upon evil times. G cneral Lee,
commanding the Military Department com
prising Northern Georgia and Southwestern
South Carolina, has issued a general order in
which he says that he has been informed
“ there are a number of deserters, tories, and
conscripts resisting the law’* in those sec
tions, and that he “ has dispatched a force to
suppress any insurrectionary movements, to
capture deserters, and generally to restore
tranquility to that part of country.” And he
adds, “ this I desire to do peaceably if I can,
forcibly if I must.” He then warns all mal
contents to report and be organized
into military commands, and promises
a free pardon to all complying with his
warning who have not rendered themselves
obnoxious to the charge of having perpetrated
violent infractions of the laws of the State or
Confederacy, but declares that if they persist
in “open treason” hewill “pursue tbeminto
their fastnesses and use all the and
means at his control to arrest and bring them
to condign punishment.” “His men,” he
says, “ will be ordered to fire upon them, and
at all hazards to capture the last man, until
this treasonable movement is completely sup
pressed.” This is a revelation for which we
were scarcely prepared, and proves the exist
ence of a spirit of insubordination and insur
rection in the States of Georgia and South
Carolina that has hitherto been sedulously
The First Cargo of Xca from
Tbebark Benefactor arrived at New York
on Sunday last, from Yokohama (Bay of
Ycddo), bringing the first cargo of teas ever
imported into New Yorkfrom Japan since the
opening of trade with that country. Hitherto
the teas and silks of Japan have found their
way to the Atlantic States via China, where
the teas have been retired and repacked. The
Benefactor’s cargo has been prepared In To
kohnma, with especial reference to Its sale in
the American market, the firing and packing
being superintended by Chinese sent to Japan
for the purpose.
The tea of Japan resembles the finest green
tea of China, known as Moynnc, differing
chiefly in this, that it ‘is perfectly pure and
free from all coloriug matter. While the Ja
pan tea is not deficient in strength, it has a
delicacy and softness of flavor which has al
ready made it very popular with the nicest
judges. The Benefactor and cargo are con
signed to Messrs. A. A. Low & Brothers, and
the teas will he offered for sale in a few days.
She has, besides, a quantity of raw silk, said
to be of the finest quality.
Two pheasants, put on board by the Ameri
can Minister at Japan, and intended for the
Central Park, died the other side of the Capo
of Good Hope.
Cotton From China.
Among the many revolutions produced by
our civil war, not the least remarkable is the
importation of cotton and cotton fabrics from
China to America, of which fact we are ap
prised by a telegraphic dispatch from San
Francisco dated February sth. According to
this dispatch the ship Emily Baring had ar
rived at San Francisco from Shanghai, with
seven hnndrcd bales of drills and sheetings
from China, and advices that hereafter our
market will he liberally supplied with cotton
goods from that quarter. Three large ships
took cargoes of cotton from Japan to Eng
land during December. The quality was
rather inferior, but fine. Had any one pre
dicted such a transaction as tills, three years
ago, he would have been considered & mad
man, since, at that time China was one of the
most lucrative markets for the sale of our
cotton manufactures.
Bingraccfnl Riot.
The Washington correspondent of the New
York Times, telegraphs to that paper that a
disgraceful riot occurred in that, city on the
Sth, caused by juvenile seccsh attacking some
negro hoys coming out from Canterbury Hall
at the close of the afternoon performances,
and injuring them brutally with stones and
clubs. The assault was entirely unprovoked,
and was permitted by the Police without an
effort to prevent it. The Times says that the
Police Department in Washington is managed
In the Interest of those who hate the negro
more than they do the rebels, and this fact
empltasize* the duty of the present Congress
to remodel the whole judicial system of this
District, and recompose it In the interest of
the Union.
Cotton in (lie Sontli.
Mr. Bunch, the British Consul at Charles
ton, Ims written a letter to the British For
eign office, giving It as his opinion that there
is now in the Confederate Stales -»,250,030
bales of upland cotton, which could ho ex
ported in the event of the ports being opened
to trade. The Sea Island collon does not en
ter Into this estimate. On the other hand,
Mr. Molyncaux, the British Consul at Savau
var.nah puts the total amount at 3,*>03,000
IroM-Cladw ()rdt»rc«l lo Sen.
The Navy Department lias ordered the fol
lowing Iron-clad vessels to he prepared for
*ca imd Pent South at once:
Where. State of fonvardi!^->.
Jew York Ready In two weuke.
Fannon '' Ready in two weeks.
KautuSet ’' '“fi fa....Ready in a week,
r^utucka... Boston Kcady ia a week.
Tl'rrdtrm 0 ? LtKE SwisDuaiO.—Messrs.
°L^ Unk ;;’ ttorc . s ’
bills against *be Government
cooperage, &c., of nine cargoes ot rosin be
mg prize property, which looks Terr like
swindling. In fuel Fernando, with allot UU
skill nnd practice in tha», line, would hardly
bent them. In one of those bills they charge
£:O7 for cooperage, while, the cooper charges
them only $"9.55 for the work. Tie Marshal,
in ronPtiUaflon with the fir.-t nterclnnls of
Xt w Turk City, ellowcd them one-fifth on
their bills. They appealed to Judge Bette to
lax their bills, but the Judge decided that he
bud the power to cut down the Marshals dis
bursements, but no power to Increase them.
The whole amount claimed by them was sll,-
1M.82. The Marshal allowed them $3,233.23.
The Train Awasun Cunc.
The Jeff. Davis organ In this city a few days
since, contained n letter from a mountebank
named George Francis Train, giving a glow
ing account of mi attempted assassination of
his brother-in-law, Capt. James W. Davis, a
respected resident of Alton, by Government
officers, under the supposition that Capt.
Davis was no other than the said Train. The
story having been started in this shape, Capt.
Davis puts an extinguisher upon the Copper
head In the following manly letter to the edi
tor of the Alton Tdegroph:
Alto*. Fob. 10th, 1803.
To the3‘ditorof the Alton Telegraph:
I desire to say In connection with the cow
nrdlv attack upon mo the oilier evening, by
lwo*midnfghl ruffians, that I urn entirely sat
isfied that ft was an attempt at robberv, of
which no agent of the Federal Government
had any knowledge. The representations
made by them to myself while in their custo
dy, that tiny wcrcclothedwithouthorilyfrom
Major-General Curtis, to arrest Mr. Train,
were iu my opinion but a subterfuge, resorted
to for the purpose of facilitating a speculating
enterprise under the cloak of Federal sanc
tion. While 1 feel deeply their ill
ticutmcnt. mid would gbullv arrest the
offenders, If known, 1 am not willing to allow
upon a mere suspicion any intlmuriou that
any Government officer would iu so clnndes-
tine n manner, perform a duty imposed upon
him! being entirely Ignorant of the persons
or their residence, their motives or designs
upon either myself or Mr. Train, I regard It
as a simple duty to say that neither the Fede
ral Government or Its agents, were in any
manner concerned In the disgraceful nflalr!
any attempt to create any hostility against the
Government in consequence thereof, would
In the absence of any evidence be not only
Injurious but criminal In the extreme. In
this trying time of our National perils it be
comes the duty of ullloyulcUlzent todlseour
ego any undue exeitemeut! I can bear In pa
tience the inconvenience to which 1 have been
subjected. Yours respectfully,
JamksW. Davis,
By the Are which occurred In Milwau
kee on Saturday evening last, the office of The
]!othia t the only Holland newspaper publish
ed In Wisconsin, wa* entirely destroyed, not
an article being saved. It was owned by John
•Vun’t Wond, Republican in politics, and ably
edited by M. Grocsbtck. The loss of this pa
per Is a severe one to the cause of loyalty and
truth, H having labored efficiently among the
Holland population Iu combatting the false
and disloyal sentiments so persistently dis
seminated by such sheets as the See Jiofe and
kindred German papers.
We understand that Mr. Van’t Would pro
poses to go on with the publication of his pa
per, provided he can obtain sufficient encour
agement to warrant him In doing so. Although
he lost everything by the disasterou Saturday
night, he does not think of giving up the pa
per, if his friends and the loyal citizens gen
erally will give him a helping band in obtain
ing new material. Wo most sincerely hope
that his efforts to go on with his publication
will be successful.
Poisoning a Whole Family.— An extraor
dinary cate of probably wilful poisoning oc
curred in Cincinnati on Tuesday lust, in the
family of Philip Bombard. The family, eight
in number, ate heartily of some “ oatmeal
soup/’ prepared by a servant girl named Mary
Steinbreeher, and immediately afterwards
taken severely 111. A physician was sent for,
■who discovered that they were poisoned.
Every remedy possible was applied, and all
were restored with the exception of a son,
aged nine years, who shortly expired in great
agony, and a little girl, who is still in danger.
Circumstances point strongly to the servant
girl, Mary Steinbreeher, as the author of the
foul deed, and she was taken into custody.
pgy~Thc Northern apostles of secession
who recently signed the call tor the secret
treasonable meeting [in New York should be
given to history. We therefore publish them.
Lei the uumoviug finger of scorn be always
pointed at them. They arc: William Buihr
Duncan, Jamr* Brice, T.. 11. JliHcr, C. -I. La
Jfou/y David E. Whaler, Gevrge Ticknor Gar
th, Auguste Btlmont, S. I\ B. JJbrse, John F.
Agaev, Satnud J. Tilden, Loving Andrew,
Henry Toting and A. S. Jervis. The name of
Sidney E. Morse was also attached to the cir
cular, but as he has pronounced It a forgery,
and says he is an unconditional Union man,
we omit it from the list.
ggg" Tbc Copperheads of Indiana started
the story that the recent patriotic address and
resolutions of the Indiana soldiers in the
army of the Cumberland, were not endorsed
by tbc 35th Indiana (Irish) regiment Col.
Mullen, of that regiment, writes to the In
dianapolis Journal that they meet the hearty
endorsement of every' officer and man in that
regiment. Col. Mullen was lying quite ill at
the lime the address was prepared, and conse
quently his signature was not obtained. They
will be officially endorsed by the regiment in
a few days.
Mr. Sidney E. Morse, formerly of the
New York OJ’Sm'cr, writes to the Evening Jin-t
that his name was forged to the recent call for
a treasonable meeting in New York, that he
did not attend the meeting, and con
sequently was not chairman of it, as stated;
that he “ regards the slaveholders’ rebellion
as wholly unjustifiable and wicked’’; “that lie
bolds the doctrine of secession to be untena
ble and ruinous,” that he is “ an out-and-out
unconditional Unionist,” and is therefore
in “favor of a vigorous prosecution of the
war for the restoration of the Union.”
£5?“ The ticket agent of a Canadian railway
company refused to accept two American
twenty-live cent pieces, or two British shil
lings and two cents, for a ticket over the road
which cost fifty cents. The gentleman who
tendered these coins, and refused to pay any
thing more for “discount on silver,” was
ejected from the cars by the conductor. He
returned to the station on foot, and was about
to commence an action for damages, when the
railway company compromised the matter by
paying him $250.
Stsir-ONB Deserters Arrested in* One
Dat’.—Detectives under Col. Baker, Provost
Marshal of the War Department, on Saturday
last arrested slxty-one deserters from the
army, and placed them In prison, from which
they will Immediately be returned to their
regiments. This bare statement of a fact
speaks in language most unmistakable of the
value of Colouel Baker’s service to the Gov
ESp" It is stated that large numbers of the
New York U’orM, a dying Copperhead jour
nal, arc sent free of expense to the Potomac
army, and distributed among the soldiers. To
do this treasonable work, was in part the ob
ject of the recent great gathering at Delmon
ico’s, New York, a few nights since, .and it is
stated that SIO,OOO for the purpose were rais
ed at that time.
Dox’i Want ant More.— A private in one
of the New Hampshire’roglmcnts, now with
the army of the Potomac, writes home that lie
now has two pairs of shoes, six pairs of stock
ings, five pairs of drawers, four pairs of shirts,
three pairs of pants, five coats, two caps, one
hat, one pair of gloves and three blankets,
and concludes his lettcrwith the very modest
request to “send no more at present.”
Officers Dismissed for Sending Stoles
Property North.—'The President has dis
honorably dismissed from the service Colonel
L, P. Cesnola, of the 4th New York cavalry,
and Surgeon T. M. Hill, of the 27th Connecti
cut, These officers have been detected in
forwarding to the North stolen property be
longing to the United States.
gs»~Gcn. Jeff. C. Davis’Division, says the
New Albany Ledger, has been detached for the
present from tbcarmyof the Cumberland,and
has been strengthened with artillery and cav
alry, and that Gen, Davis has discretionary
power to clean out the guerilla bands which
have been infesting the Cumberland river and
the upper portion of West Tennessee..
ST* A petition to the Captain-General of
Cuba, favoring emancipation throughout that
island, is in circulation and has received the
signatures of twenty-three of the largest resi
dent holders of slaves. Slavery is too profita
ble to be readily given np by the Cubans, but
the civilized world will hope to »cc the final
success of the movement.
E§T“Tlic United States war-ship TTnadiUa
which captured the British steamer
JiOjal off Charleston, is commanded by Capt.
Quackenbusb, of Albany, N. Y. Capt. Quack
cnbush has many friends in this city who will
rejoice at his success.
gS?~A ‘Western wag says: “Gen. Blunt's
strategy is in three parts; first, finding where
the enemy arc; second, immediately sending
a bomb-shell at them; third, going himself to
sec where it struck.”
£s*T* Major General B.M. Prentiss, of 1111.
nola, lias been assigned to the command of
the division lately commanded by Qcn. Mor.
gan L. Smith, who was wounded in the recent
attack on Vicksburg.
KfGcncnd Hooker has made n demand
that bo hliaJi have the power of promotion.
It was granted, and henceforward both officers
J'ad.priv.-ites-wiubc advanced on the ground
of merit.
Gallant Defence liyllicSSd IlilaoNnnd
Flood’* Buttery—Fart Tatscu by the
Unlit Draft Gunbont Fleet, Under
<’«|»t, FlUl*—lncldculM, &(*., &e.
[From Onr Own Correspondent,]
On Board tub Gunboat St. Clair. orr I
Smituland, Kt., Fch, 0,1063. \
The second fight at Fort Donclson, which
occurred on the fid of the present month, from
the absence of the newspaper correspondents,
hat. only been casually noticed by the press,
and the slight mention that has been madohaa
come through the telegraph. I arrived at
this point only last evening, and to-day I have
hit upon an old add able army officer, aaTjo
took part in the buttle, or at least in Us con
cluding scenes. From this gentleman and
from the officers of his boat I liave been able
to gather a tolerable idea of the entire occur
To give an account of this fight in all Its
particulars, would he an impossibility at this
distant day. But perhaps adescriptlou of its
prominent points may do In the absence of all
more perfect elucidation. The fid was a
stormy day. It bid fair at one moment to
snow, and on the ensuing moment min would
full. Then Ihero catne a sprinkling of shoav.
Of coarse there was some delay In navigation
in consequence of the weather. And, as will
he shown In the sequel, It was most providen
tial that there was delay in Hie movements in
one particular part of the country.
To commence this description whore my in
formation is best, although somewhat distant
from the scene of the battle, 1 open at this
place—Smitblftml—Avlicrc Averc lying, on the
•3d Instant, forty-live river steamers, upon
which were loaded Gen. Baird’s division of
troops nnd a large supply of stores intended
forßosecrnn’r. army. Those transports were In
convoy of a fleet of light gunboats, to which
had lately been added the Avoodenbuf service
able boat Lexington—nil under command of
Cnpt. Leroy Clark ofTndlAntt. The little fleet
was composed of the Lexington and Falrplay,
Capt. Clark; St. Clulr, Capt. J. 8. Hurdof Ken
tucky; Brilliant, Capt. Chas, G. Perkins of
Cincinnati; Silver Lake, Capt. Robl. Rcillcy,
of Pennsylvania; and Robb, Capt. Joshua
Gundy of Cincinnati.
The storm bad delayed progress a Utile, and
Ibe fleet lay at tins place some Lours, taking
on forage and coal. While the St. Clair was
lying tied up to the Kentucky shore, the pi
lot went on shore for n moment. Ah ho was
attending to his business, he was noticed and
closely followed and questioned bj* an old
man who said he had friends at Fort Doncl
son, aud was very anxious to reach them, or
at least to And out at what hour the
fleet then in the river near by would
reach Fort Donelsou. The pilot looked
at the old man. lie mnst have
been seventy years of age, and although harm
less enouglq lie bad a sinister expression in
the eye which led the pilot to suspect him.
The oldman finally worried the fact out of
the pilot that the boats would not leave until
the next day, aud wonld be perhaps uutil the
second day in reaching or passing Donelsou.
Soon afterwards the questioner disappeared.
It was another providential occurrence that
the pilot prevaricated and deceived his aged
questioner. As it turned out, that the old
man was a rebel spy. Bot more of him anon.
Notwithstanding the unpleasant weather
and the fact that there were rumors of the
pretence of rebels in the vicinity, their fleet of
gunboats aud transports arrived on the 3d,
and steamed leisurly up the stream. It was
early in the day yet, and considerable progress
was made before the middle of the afternoon.
When about twenty miles from Fort Bond
son, a dispatch boat hove in sight and sig
nalled the Fairplay, upon which the com
mander of the fleet was, to halt for dispatches.
This dispatch was most important. It was
from Col. Howe, commanding the district in
cluding Forts Donelsou, Hciman and Henry,
and stated that Col. Harding and the 000 Illi
nois troops under him, had that day been at
tacked by Gens. Forrest and Wheeler, with
over 7,COD infantry, live or six guns, and some
cavalry, aud that unless there was aid render
ed them immediately, the chances were that
the Union troops would have to surrender.
The report said even then the Federal* were
entirely surrounded and running short of am
Capt. Filch qnlckly concluded to leave his
transports to take care of themselves—or, ra
ther to follow as fast as they could—and with
all the available gunboats, to steer directly to
Fort Donelson. Tliis resolve was promptly
acceded to by every commander in the fleet,
and with all the steam they could safely
carry tbe iron-clads, turned their prows up
stream. They soon left the heavily laden con
voys astern.
Leaving for the moment theflect moving up
with ali speed, let us turn our attention to
Fort Donelson, and see how allairs were pro
** The rebels had appeared in the vicinity
about one o’clock in the afternoon of tbe day
in question. That is, Col. Harding heard re
ports that they were near at hand. He im
mediately telegraphed Col. Lowe. That offi
cer sent back an order for Col. Harding to
send out scouts and learn the exact force and
intentions of the enemy. This was done,
lie telegraphed the facts learned to Colonel
Lowe and asked for reinforcements. Col.Lowc
at that time had nearly all his available force
outon scoutlugcxpcdltions.andcould not send
any aid. But he learned from Paducah that
the gunboats were coming, aud he sent a dis
patch stilting tbe condition of the garrison at
fort Donelson. He then telegraphed to the
commandant, Colonel Harding, to hold the
place at all hazards until dark, by wbich time
iclp could arrive. The Colonel promised to
do as ordered. Aud how well ho performed
that which he promised, the result will
At 2 p. m. the rebels made their appearance
in great numbers, and attacked the fort from
the eastward, thinking that the weakest or
most available point at which to open the
combat. The Confederate batteries were well
placed and admirably fought. The infantry
anddisniountedcavalry then commenced their
fire, and several unsuccessful charges were
made upon the works with the intention of
carrying them at the point of the bayonet.
"Without the fort were 7,000 confident, well
armed rebels, led by successful and able offi
cers. "Within the embankments, sheltered by
tbe earthworks, cool, collected, fearful of the
results, but determined to sell their lives
dearly, were the GOO Illinois boys, and Flood’s
battery. There was a scarcity of ammunition,
and, under the orders of Col. Harding, the
riflemen fired slowly and deliberately,
each shot telling upon the foe. The
result was many of the dead found
outside the fort, when the rebels left, were
shot either in tbe head or breast. It was the
first fight of tbe 83d, and a good fight it was,
and one wbich covers that regiment all over
, with glory. Flood’s battery bad to do service
as a siege battery, or scries of batteries, and
wst» worked with most consummate skill, its
shots telllrijr with most fatal effect upon the
crowded ranks of the assailing force.
Was continued, without great loss on our
side, for six long hours. Col. Harding was
everywhere. His soul animated and sustain
ed the little band inside the walls. "Wherever
tbe battle was hardest, and tho danger great
est, there was the leader, sword in hand, aid
ing, directing, leading, commanding, all the
time os cool ns a veteran and as determined as
fixed late. The rebel dead could be seen
from the earthworks, strewn about the fort in
great numbers. Their wounded were carried
to the rear, and promptly given surgical at
But their force was overpowering. The
Federal commander knew full well that the
fight could not much longer be continued on
lifs part. He had used nearly all his ammuni
tion. His men were tired out, and the shades
of night were drawing around the scene. But
it was an early moonlight. The heavens had
cleared up, and the battle raged oven long
after dark.
There was but one siege gun upon the
works capable of being workeci. This was a
S2-pound cannon, placed upon a turn-table.
It was well manned, and did terrible execu
tion upon the assailants, mingling its hoarser
voice with tho’lesscr ones of the brass field
pieces of the battery. Several attempts were
made by tbe rebels to capture this gun. As
often as they made the assault were they
driven off by the riflemen and by the death
dealing contents of the piece they desired to
Night had conic, but reinforcements had
Thus far, the rebels had been unable to sur
round tbe fort, on Its three sides unprotected
by the river. But now, a wild cry
arose. It was an exultant shout from the
rebels. They had closed In, and the fort wns
completely encircled by their men.
After Hus shout, a slight cessation of hos
tilities intervened. Presently, a flag of truce
arrived from Gen. Wheeler, stating "that there
was no use of further resistance, and it was
best to surrender at once. Though begin
ning to doubt, somewhat, the arrival of the
promised aid, and satisfied that, in the event
of a failure, his part in the fight was ncarlv
over, Col. Harding sent back nu indignant re
fusal. If the rebels wanted Fort Donelsou,
they had got to take it by hard knocks.
Then the battle was renewed. The guns
were fired inqnlck succession. Rebels mount
ed the works. Rebels swarmed about the
batteries. Rebels contested the entrance to
the place, bayonet to bayonet. The moon
never looked smilinglyand calmly down upon
a scene more animated or more exciting.
Rebels cliargcd the works on horseback, even,
so insanjj were they that the little garrison
should continue to hold out where any sensi
ble set of men wonld not have to think twice
to conclude that they were already whipped.
Tbe this point, was ap
parently wind troubled the rebels most. A
second flag oftnicc had been sent, its bearers
demanding a surrender, and Coh Hardiug
had hi ill refused to give up. It was thonght,
if the heavy cannon could be silenced they
they would be compelled to surrender. Hence
a charge was made, joined in by several mount
ed men, upon the piece. Thccannouliadbcen
double-shotted with canister and grape, when
tbe gunners discovered the attempt was to be
made to capture their pet. A large force was
moving swiftly to the south side of tho gun,
intendingto flank it, get In its rear, cut off
the gunners and cither hold or disable the
piece. One man mounted upon a horse rode
ahead of his comrades. At this moment
there was a lull in tho fight. The gun
ners withheld their fire. The assailants ad
vanced . They were upon the point of seizing
thegun, Avhtn the artillerymen swung their
gun upon Up pivot, lift dark iriufczle was sud
denly depressed, the lanyard pulled,-end th'u.-
contents ponred full In the faces of the rebels..
The man on horseback had stopped, Vvas lean
jug fonvard on his animals neck, grasping the
nuiucln one hand. He shouted to the Fede
ral?, “Now give \ip the light; you arc
whipped like li—lt surrender!’’ The gun was
fired. This man was literally blown to pieces,
his right hand and urmwere broken; he had a
hole In his chest that a man’s fist might enter;
another shot had entered his side, und a leg
was broken in three places. Ills horse was
hit forty times. ‘When the corpse of this per
son was buried on the ensuing day he still
hold in his unrelenting death grasp part of
the mane of the horse, the haira of Avhlch it
had been found impossible to remove the
hand from without cutting.
The havoc of this discharge was dreadful.
The assailing party fled precipitately, and the
attempt to capture that gun was not reucAved.
Help wag near at hand. The gunboats were
heard approaching.
It was 8 o’clock In the evening, six hours
from the time of the commencement of the
attack bylho rebels, when Capt. Fitch and
his forces appeared before the astounded one
in a*. The situation, for the Federal*, was im
minent. Bad not the gunboats arrived as
they did—had not the rebels been deceived by
their spy, who in turn had been deceived by
the pilot of the St. Clair—had not the place
been most gallantly defended, it would now
have been In the hands of the enemy.
Aflcr the arrival of the reinforcements, Col.
Harding ordered his men to cease firing, und
gather In a protected position, crowded as
closely together ns posMble, that the shell and
shot from the gunboats might not injure
them. This was n most judicious move on
his part ns Avill be seen when the effect of
Avlml followed is considered. The rebels still
maintained n desultory lire, but knew full
well that their time had come for departure—
or Avns not fair distant.
Tl:e naval force was divided, by order of
Capt. Fitch, the one-half going above nnd the
other bcloAV. leaving the centre for the occu
pancy of Col. Hardlngaml the garrison. The*
firstgun was fired from the Falrplay, which
opened brilliantly with grape and shrapnel.
The Lexington folloAvca with her heav
ier metal, shot and shell, nnd the
Brilliant, Silver Lake and Robb, followed in
the rotation limned. The St. Clair, Capt. J.
B. Hurd commanding, chancing to Bo directly
opposite the point occupied by the Federal
guirison, coahl not fire upon the rebels avUU
safety. She avus therefore ordered to a dis
tance above, where thu rebels wore In strong
force. In her iicav .position this gunboat did
excellent ten Ice. Their atm was accurately
directed to a point where the garrison had
not previously fought. On that sjxit t/n'rt;/ -
(ifjlit (hail li'dlfA of nbth if i-jv tht utsi day
piehd 7ij), The Lexington also shelled the
same point by orders of Capt. Fitch.
At the opening of the gunboat cannonade
the rebel force was ionneu avlUi the mass of
its body below the fort, the right at the grave
yard on top of the hill, and their left at the
river bank. It was thus in a state of prepara
tion for making a final attack upon the fort,
expecting that victory would perch upon
their banner.
The firing of the gunboats was, however,
more than the Confederates had bargained
for. They did not wait long to see what the
cficct of a protracted bombardment might he,
hut soon aflcr the boats opened, their ranks
also opened and all ran. In tAventy minutes
there was not an uninjured rebel Avithln half a
mile of the largest range gun in the fleet.
You have already had a list of the killed
and wounded for publication. Our loss was
small—very small, considering the length of
time wc fought, and the overpowering num
bers pitted against us. The rebels lost over
200 killed. Their'wounded must have been
double that number. The latter were carried
off. The dead were left upon the field.
Among the latter«were recognized the body
of Col. McNuiry, one of Gen. Forrest’s Aids,
and that of the old man who met the pilot at
this place, and wlft> was also known as a rebel
spy. lie performed his duty—came back to
Forrest, and met his death in the attack.
Among the dead left upon the battlefield
were found a number oi paroled prisoners
with their paroles still upon their persons.
One among these was the son of a prominent
Nashville banker. He had even taken the
oath of allegiance, the signed document being
’discovered in his pockets. The old man—the
spy—had about his body passes to and from
Forts Donelson,-Henry and Heiman, duly
signed by the Federal commanders at these
places, obtained by him for the purpose of
furthering his business ns a spy. T. 11. W.
[Special Correspondence of tbe Chicago Tribune.]
« , Washington, Feb. 8,1803.
To-morrow the Senate will probably take
up the Ways and Means bill, which has been
reported from the Finance Committee mate
rially amended. Of its provisions as passed
by the House, your correspondent, “H. W.”
has given so thorough au analysis, that I
need only to note briefly the changes made by
the Committee.
The nine hundred millions in bonds, author
ized in the first Section arc made payable at
such periods as the Secretary of the Treasury
may determine, not less than five nor more
forty years, Instead of twenty years, as fixed
by the House. In this respect more discre
tion is left to the Secretary of the Treasury,
and it is feared that he may prefer a shorter
to a longer bond—a dangerous experiment in
the present state of things, since the commer
cial world looks more at certainty than at ra
pidity of payment.
A similar extension of discretionary power
is given the Secretary in the second section
authorizing the emission of four hundred
millions in interest bearing notes. Instead
of being made payable “ at any time after three
years from date,” they are to be “ payable at
such time or times not exceeding three years as
the Secretary may determine”—another straw
indicating a preference fora shorter rather
than a longer term. The interest Is to be paid
In greenbacks—not coin, as the House had it—
and the notes arc made a legal tender at their
face value, excluding interest; but in pay
ments for hinds, hereafter negotiated, they
shall be accepted at their par value, compu
ting accrued interest as part thereof
The additional amount in greenbacks au
thorized Is cut down from three hundred
millions to one hundred and fifty millions,
that is fifty millions beside those covered by
tbe army and navy bill, it being intended, ol
course, that the deficit shall be supplied by
the three hundred millions authorized in the
grand “Uniform Currency” bill. The limi
tation of the issues of fractional currency to
fifty millions is stricken out.
The section permitting coupons due within
thirty days on bonds and notes to be receiva
ble for customs as coin, is wisely stricken out.
So is the mischievous provision repealing the
sub-treasury law, and enabling the Secretary
of the Treasury to deposit “any modby ob
tained from loans or internal revenue in sol
vent banks.” Another judicious amendment
is the excision of the sliding scale of taxation
upon bank issues, which arc all made-subject
to a duty of two per Cent, upon the average
amount’ of notes or bills issued aud out
To the third section two provisions arc
added, of which one is open to criticism on
the score of veracity, and the other, on the
score of sound policy. The former repeals so
much of the act of February 25, and of the
act of July 11, ISO 2 (known as the supple
mentary act) “as restricts tbo negotiation of
bonds to market value.” It is bad enough to
endorse the exploded fallacy of Mr. Chase as
regards the meaning of “market value;” but
td“ endorse, in the same breath, is ignorance
or prevarication—to call it by no harsher
name—with respect to the supplementary act,
is unworthy of the committee which fathers
it. The supplementary act, as was shown in
the House, docs not use the term market value
at at all, or refer toils use in the previous
act; but authorizes the Secretary to “sell on
such tennsas he skill thinkihost beneficial to
the Treasury.”
The other added provision repeals after the
first of next July existing laws authorizing
the conversion ol “greenbacks” at par, into
bonds, at the will of the holder. That is to
say, destroys the one means by which the in
fiutiou of the currency can be restrained, the
one cord by which the kite of paper
• money is held to the solid rock of
specie. So long as greenbacks arc
convertible Into bonds, the interest upon
which is payable in coin, it is not strictly true
that Government issues an irredeemable pa
per currency. Take that roundabout method
of redemption away and we flounder in an
ocean of paper. “But,” I am told, “Mr.
Chase has experienced great inconvenience
from this provision. It has kept him from
selling his bonds above par.” Say, rather,
has furnished him with a plausible reason for
not so selling them. And if this were true,
as who can doubt which is the greater
evil? Were all the greenbacks to be funded
at par. to day, would not the Government be
so much better off that it could afford to sell
Usbondsbelow par? Docs not every coun
try seek to fund its debt? The evil of a de
preciated and depreciating paper currency is
the great-evil.
Gen. Butler Is still here. It is not known
whether he has decided to comply with the
wishes of the President, and return to the
Department from which he was so untimely
reft. He has larger views now—thinks that
he may be more useful hi command of some
Northern Department, where he may be a
convenient instrument to throttle* Cop
perhead ism, if il shall dare—as heapprehenas
it may do—to raise its head out of \he grass
in which it now hisses, aud boldly seek—as it
now threatens to do —to sting the nation to
death. His friends, also, talk of his fitness to
lake the portfolio of Secretary of War.
Tha President insists, as it is understood,
that his place is at New Orleans, and urges
him to return thither without delay. But he
docs not oflerthe means, without which, But
ler thinks it impossible to accomplish the re
sults expected of him. He docs not propose
either to leave him the troops which Gen.
Banks led South, or to send him others in
their stead. The former arc to be Bent under
“ the Iron Man”—who has latterly been able
cleverly to conceal what iron nature he may
‘ possess, under the silkiest doublet of a proc
lamation—to Texas, after the redaction of
■ -Port Hudson, if not before. After their depart
ure, nrd the expiration of the nine months’
and two years* terms of enlistment, Batler
• calculates that not more than 4.00 D while sol
diers will remain—barely enough to garrison
New Orleans, let alone the conquest of Louis
iana, Mississippi and Alabama, anti the organ
nation of the grand African army of the Mis
sSsrippl—■which the President has so long seen
in visions. Z
' “ lint if Banks must go away, cannot you
reinforce me with fresh troops V* aaka Sut
“Bow?” responds the President, “I can
not give commanders now intheflcldas many
men ns they want.”
“Then get more.”
“Boat can I? Everybody tells me that I
cannot cclnuy more volunteers.”
“Then draft.”
“But there’ll be resistance; Seymour won t
enforce a draft.”
“ Then draft Seymour.”
This fragment of a conversation, which is
true in substance, If not to the letter, is In
structive, os showing hoAV Butler would con
duct himself in command of the Department
of New York, or at the head of the War De
partment. Mr. Lincoln’s remarks were, of
course, made so shaped as to draw him out.
Of the importance of the command tender
ed by the President relatively to that desired
by Gen. Butler, 1 do not pretend to be able to
judge, nor of the propriety or practicability
of reinforcing the New Orleans army; but
unless the testimony, uniform so far as is
known here, of officers and civilians recently
from the Crescent City, be Cdse, it Is certain
that the pretence of Gen. Butler ls-greatly
needed there. Tee Union men arc becoming
dispirited, and the rebels arc plucking tip
heart, under the mild Sewnrdiam of Gen.
Banks. The iron hand of the “Beast Butler”
Is (he one thing that can strengthen the cause
of the Union and preserve order in Ncat Or
leans. Nor, according to these witnesses, Is
Gen. Banks making amends for the defects of
his civiladmlnislration by the excellence of Ids
military operations. He has nut yet even bri
gaded the tioops whom he brought with
him: he has made no movement toward
Port Hudson or Texas; but has lain idle for
thirty-five days in the loavh which he handles
a\ itli gloves. In a word, to use the phrase of
one of the most distinguished of the Texan
exiles, Mho is noAV In this city: “Banks Is a
failure.” The Avorst anticipations of those
who deprecated the change are more than
realized. And now the Administration hogs
Butler to return to the command, of which
unjustly, and for reasons which they are
nrfinmed to give to the man who of all men
has a right to Know, he was deprived. Having
satisfied Franco by ids removal, it Is iioav pro
pored to satisfy the country by hU resto
Apropot of Butler. lie lias told friends here
the course which he should have pursued avBU
reference to the proclamallon of Jeff. Davis
against him, had it reached New Orleans
while lie avus still In command. He should
have sent a rebel General and several other
officers then in his hands under strict guard to
Ship Island, with orders that upon the receipt
of authentic intelligence by the officer in com
mand there, that a hair of Butler’s head, or of
that of any of his officers had been touched,
these rebel prisoners should all be hung at
once. “And,” odds Butler, “Jeff. Davjs
knows me well enough to believe that what I
promised I should perform. He knows that
a Massachusetts man aa*lio dared to vote sixty
four times for him at tho Charleston Conven
titu, would dare any thing.”
m’clellan in* boston.
Those who sec in the McClellan demonstra-
tions at Boston, Salem and other towns in the
■vicinage, a “ conservative reaction,” are rdicn
lously mistaken. A close examination of the
names of those who have subscribed to swords
for Little Mac, or have burned incense to him
at their houses, will show a large preponder
ance of the old Boston Courier party. A few
recruits there are, doubtless, for some Yan
kees arc fond of a hero, and when they find or
think they have found one, it is difllcultto
disenchant them. But the “conservatism”
of Massachusetts was tested last fall; the op
position ran Young Napoleon against Andrew
J. Sumner. The issue was fairly and fully
made up, and Boston vowed the defeat of both
Governor and Senator. Yet both were trium
phantly elected.
[From Our Own Correspondent.]
Springfield, Feb. 11,1303.
The Democrats throughout the State arc
getting up meetings to sustain the action of
the Democrats in the Legislature
jeet of an armistice and peace. ,-rr.'!. 3.93 *T
and other Northwestern State*.-* t
cracy have taken the same stand, Vo* i A 73 £oi
public may make up their minds that tntsG*
will be the .two principal planks in the Dem
ocratic platform in the future.
Let us see then where we stand and what
will be the result, should these two measures
receive tbe sanction of the popular voice, or
even should they be supposed, from the ac
tion of Democratic meetings and Democratic
Legislatures to represent the popular senti
I take it for granted that all candid men will
First. That anarmisticemeansthc acknowl
edgement of the Southern Confederacy.
Second. That peace is only possible either
by the subjugation of the rebels, or the ac
knowledgement of their Confederacy,
I yesterday an intelligent
merchant of this State, doing a very extensive*
business. He is a Democrat. This gentle
man has lately traveled through several of
the rebel States on business, buying and sell
ing to and from citizens, and others, as the
army advanced. He informs me that the
rebels have but one platform and one plank.
That platform and plank arc simply the ac
knowledgement of the Southern Confederacy,
and separation. He could not find a man
that entertained any other sentiment, and he is
consequently fully impressed with the opinion
that no conference will be had with the North
unless the Confederacy is first acknowledged.
He acts with the Democratic party, has always
acted with it, and endorses the resolutions for
peace and an armistice. Professing these sen
timents, in a conversation with another lead
ing Democrat, a very prominent politician,
he admitted to me that the chances were nine
to one that the South wonld accept any terms
short of recognition. He also laid all the
dissatisfaction in the country to the want of
success In the field—not to any proclamation
of any kind that had been issued.
The above sentiments may be taken as the
views of the leading Democrats in the North
So that the people may as well make up
their minds to meet tho Democrats upon the
issue of a dissolution of the Union or a sub
jugation of the rebels. And on this issue, I
must confess that we arc fighting at
an immense disadvantage, unless* wc have
more success or a series’ of successes in the
? Another leading Democrat thinks that an
armistice and convention, failing to bring back
tbe South, the North would then be united as
one man to put down the rebellion. But Ido
not sec how we can have a convention without
an armistice, and how wc can have citherns
long as the South persists in refusing to treat
without recognition. You may take the horse
to the water, out you cannot make him drink.
The Democratic party are running a treraen
duous risk in the matter. They have undertak
en the task of stopping tlie war and acqui
escing in the dissolution of the Union. It is
a bold step, a step which no other than that
party, composed as it is of professional poli
ticians as leaders, and tbe extreme masses as
followers, would dare to take.
I see nothing for it now, but that this card
will be played out, no matter what the Repub
lican opposition.
On the head of the leaders oftho Democracy
then be the retribution. Let every Republi
can put himself on tho record against it by
fighting it to the bitter end.
The following local bills, in addition to
those already noticed, have been introduced
in the Senate:
By Mr. Green, Bill for an act to incorporate the
Ohio and Mississippi River Packet Company.
By Mr. Ward, Bill for an act to incorporate the
Chicago and Cincinnati Railroad Company.
Mr. Ward moved its reference to a select commit
tee. consisting of Messrs. Oudcn, Underwood and
Lansing, which motion wasloet. Nays 11, Yeas 3.
Mr. "N andeveer then moved to refer the hill to
committee on Banks and Corporations, which was
aerccd to.
By Mr. Ward. Bill for an act to incorporate tho
.£tnn Fire and Marine Insurance Company. Re
ferred to committee on Banks and Corporations.
By Mr. Mason, Bill for an act repealing an act
creating a war fund, and to provide for auditing ac-
under the call for volunteers. Referred to
committee on Finance.
Also, bill for an act to authorize the city ofGalvs
burg to borrow money for the purpose of building
county bnildincs. Ordered to the third reading
By Mr. Lindsay, a bill for nn act to incorporate
the Illinois Mutual Life Insurance Company. Re
ferred to commute on Banks and Corporations.
By Mr. Ward, the following bills:
Bill for an ait to incorporate the Garden City Gas
Light und Coke Company. Referred to committee
on Banks and Corporations.
By Mr. Mack, a oill for an act amending sections
59and 53 of an act for the assessment of property
and collection of taxes in counties adopting tbo
township organization law. Referred to the com
mittee cn Jodleiary.
By Mr. Bnshncll, a bill for an act to prevent mem
bers of the General Assembly, Judges of the Su
preme Court, Judges of the Circuit' and County
Court from accepting free passes on railroads. Re
ferred to commttee on Judiciary.
Also, bill for an act to Incorporate the Pern Mi
ners* Benevolent Association. Referred to com
mute on Banks and Corporations.
In the House, the Senate bill, leasing the
State Penitentiary to Capt. Pitman of Quincy,
was passed. He is, by the terms of the bill,
endowed with entire and absolute control of
the institutlonandlnmates,forsixyears, after
June next. In return, the State receives no
profits therefrom, but confers all tbe emolu
ments upon the lessee. It is one of the most
outrageous impositions that could possibly be
perpetrated—that the" State of Illinois should
liase this institution, probably the finest in
the world—for nothing. Bat this is not the
worst. The convicts arc let out, body and
soul, to a man whose only interest in them is
to get all the work out of them that he possi
bly can. It is a disgrace and shame, that the
State should thus not only make merchandise
of crime, but actually offer a premium upon
cruelty to human beings made In the image
of God.
But there le still another feature In this mat
ter, which exhibits the utter corruption of
the Democracy, and shows that they care
more for tho party than thcState, This peni
tentiary has always been asort of nest egg for
the party. It has always been under their
control, and from appearances always will be.
During the debate on tbe bill to lease, Mr.
Throop of Chicago, read abill of Capt. C. P.
Bradley, of Chicago, offering to pay $12,000
and to give bonds for the same, for the six
years, for tho use of the convicts. Ot course
the Democrats refused to entertain this bid.
Tho Democracy must owe Pitman a big thing,
or he is only a sleeping party in the now firm*
which is composed of some old party hacks.
A bill was passed Incorporating the North
western S- rglmm Sugar Manufactory. The
principal is a Ftenchman mured Harsch, from
Sirabbourg, hi France. Ib* hu» u practical
knowledge of the process of sugar mannfa>
Inrc from bed roots, «v*c., and is sanguine of
making it a permanent and paying instil'i
ticn. Ho established a in
Great Britain, but from a combination of the
SVefct Inala sngur merchants of Great Britain,
he was compelled to retire from the business.
Bo speaks nine European languages.
On resolntlon, the Secretary of Statejrcport
cd lotlio Douse thenmount stamps
received by each member. Mr. Smith of
Union drew $-18.60. The others ranged from
S3O to $22. Mr. Smith has no doubt a very
large reading constituency, judging from Ids
heavy draft. They must have improved won
derfully in this respect, however, since the
last census was taken. Smith must be great
on documents.
Nothing of really general interest tvas done
In the Seriate.
The hill appointing Alexander Staruc trus-’
tceto settle up the claim of the State against
cx-Gov. Matteson, passed.
Mr. ‘Worthwell of New York was allowed a
claim of $!'.),000 for arms.
A number of local bills were introduced,
referred, reported on, Ac.
The Cook County Court bill, which had
been laid upon the table, was taken up. I
fear It will lie passed. Znr.v.
A Voice from the AVmy.
Headquarters 4 Ith Ind. Volunteers, i
Camp at Murfreesboro, Tenn., Feb. 3,1f63. f
Editors Chicago Tribune;
In view of the Copperhead manifestations
at the present time at the North—ln Ohio,ln
diana, and Illinois—l propose that recruiting
sendee be commenced in the above States for
Jiff. Davis’army, and that the headquarters
of each Stale recruiting service, be at the
Chicago 7Vi»irs office for Illinois; Cincinnati
Ki<qn‘>nr office for Ohio, and for Indiana the
headquarters of the Democratic members of
the State Legislature at Indianapolis, Tills
would he an honorable way to give aid ami
comfort to the rebels, compared Atltli the pre
sent course adopted by these Copperheads.
They arc In every way dastardly and mean,
trying to deprecate our decided victories, ami
magnify our temporary reverses; thenappeal
lug to the friends of the soldiers at home, tell
ing them hoAvmneh they suffer; that the war
Avlil continue until all are sacrificed, unless
they nut them or their party In poAver to ar
rest tnc Avar nnd settle the difficulty ; that the
South hud been outraged; that Northern men
have caused the Avar, etc., trying In every con
temptible manner to counteract the effort*
put forth by the Government and Slates to
bring this Avar to an honorable close. As In
diana soldiers, Aveask none of their sympathy.
The preamble nnd resolutions passed almost
unanimously by the officers and men In all
the regiments from Indiana, at this point, ad
dressed to onr State Legislature, express our
The lowest grey backwc meet In battle with
his gun pointed at our breasts, avc respect in
finitely more than those cowardly traitors at
home, who have not the manliness or courage
to come doAvu here into the rebel ranks and
fight us like men. Those Copperheads arc
giving more aid and comfort to the enemy to
day, than all the citizen rebels of the Southern
States, und have more influence to prolong
this war than any or all other things combined.
S. C. Aldrich.
Lieut. Col. commanding 44th Iml. Vol.
Gen. Steele.
Editors Chicago Tribune
“I have given you a brief resume of news
here, I believe, and will now speak to you of
a matter that interests me greatly. It is the
unjust and outrageous attacks on Gen. S'cclc.
“They arc nothing but a tissue of lies from
beginning to end. He never did, nor would
he, return a negro. You will not, for an in
stant, doubt Gen. Blair’s loyalty, norqucstlon
his purpose faithfully to carry out the orders
of the President. Everybody knows him to be
a staunch and tried RepubUcan, a true patri
ot, and wc (the army) know him to be a brave
and gallant soldier, an efficient soldier. Not
less true and loyal is Gen. Steele. You might
as well accuse him of cowardice, when tirchv
commissions, issued as testimonials for his
Trfrrrwvqonduct and soldierly bearing at CUera
rxj a >j»TnyDnltepcc and elsewhere, bear wit-
VV Mm in nre£ dec * s heroism, as to-day to
k the commands of
wn'.Ssnpenors, or violating the acts of Con
gress, which is the same. It Is false—false
semblance of truth.
’jQjrges originate with such men
as whom charges arc now
filed against of “buying cotton,” “lying,”
“disobedience of orders,” and“by ills
acts weakening the Vicksburg expe
dition.” And these charges con and will be
proven. The objects of these a'tacks on
Gen. Steele arc evidently to prevent his con
firmation by the Senate as a Major General.
Some papers babble of dismissing him from
the army. This Is nonsense. Yon know mo
well enough to know that I am heart and soul
for Abe Lincoln and his Emancipation Proc
lamation, and I will always exert myself to
do what my superiors order. Were Gen.
Steele what the papers represent, I would not
for a moment deny it, nor would 1 keep si
lent. I would do all In my power to secure
the removal of any one who thus frustrated
the Government’s plans. But the charges are
and no more faithful
executor of the law lives than Gen. Steele.”
The foregoing is an extract from a private
letter I received from the army to-day. The
writer is as much of on anti-slavery man as I
am, and yon will sec It confirms my note to
you some weeks since. Please give It an in
sertion, aud oblige, yours truly,
J. Young Scammon.
Chicago, Fob. 11,18G3.
2To tlic Democracy ol Indiana,
Having a deep Interest in the future glory
and wellare of our country, and believing that
we occupy a position in which we can see the
effects of the political struggles at home, upon
the hopes and fears of the rebels, we deem it
to he our duty to speak to you openly and
plainly in regard to the Rime.
The rebels of the South arc leaning on the
Northern Democracy for support, and it is
unquestionably true, that unjustifiable oppo
sition to the Administration, is “givingaid
and comfort to the enemy.” While it is the
duty ot patriots to oppose the usurpation of
power, it is alike their duty to avoid captions
criticisms, that might create the very evils
which they attempt to avoid.
The name of Democrat, associated with all
that is bright and glorious in the history of
the past, is being sullied and disgraced by
demagogues, who are appealing to the lowest
prejudices and passions of our people. We
have nothing to expect from the South, and
nothing to hope, without their conquest.
They arc now using their money freely, to
subsidize the press and politicians of the
North, and with what effect, the tone of
some of our journals, and the speeches of
some of our leaders, too plainly and painfully
Wc see with deep solicitndcand regret, that
tlierc is an undercurrent in Indiana, lending
toward a coalition of the Northwest with"the
South, against the Eastern States. Be not
deceived. Pause, for the love you bear to
your country, and reflect. This movement Is
only a rebel scheme in disguise, that would
involve yon, alike with themselves, in the
crime ol rebellion, and bring to your own
hearthstones the desolation of a French revo
lution. Separation on cither side, with peace
in the future, is impossible, and we arc com
pelled by self-interest, by every principle of
honor, and every impulse of manhood, to
bring the unholy contest to a successful ter
What! Admit that wc arc whipped ? That
twenty-one millions of Northern men arc un
equal to ten millions, counting black and
white, of the South V Shame on the State
that would entertain bo disgraceful a propo
sition! Shame upon the Democrat, who
would submit to it, and raise his cowardly
voice, and claim that he was an Indianian!
He, and such dastards, with their offspring,
are fit “mud-sills,” upon which should be
built the lordly structure of their Southern
aristocracy! And with whom would this un
holy alliance he formed? With men who
have forgotten their fathers, their oaths, their
country and their God—with guerillas—cot
ton-burners—with those who force every
male inhabitant of the South, capa
ble of bearing arms. Into the field,
though starving wives and babes arc left be
hind! Men who persecute and hang, or
drive from their lines, every man, woman and
child, w ho will not fall down and worship the
Southern God. And yet, free-born men of
our State will sympathize with such tyrants,
and dare even to dream of coalition! Indi
ana’s proud and loyal legions pumber at least
70.0C0 effective men in the field, and as with
one great heart, wc know they would repudi
ate ull unholy combinations 'tending to the
dismemberment of our Government.
In this dark hour of our country’s trial,
there is but one road to success and peace,
and that is, to be as firmly united for our
Government, as the rebels are against it.
Shall differences of opinion amount to uoth
.intr in this grand struggle for a nation’s ex
istence? Do not place even one straw in the
way, and remember, that every word you
speak to encourage the South, nerves the arm
and strikes the blow, which is aimed at the
heart’s blood of onr brothers and kindred.
Alvin P. Hovet, Brig. Gen.
William T. Spicelt, col. B4th lud.
William E. McLean, Col. -Phi Ind.
Geo.F. McGinnis, CoL 11th Ind.
James R. Slack. Col. 47th Ind.
Helena, Ark., Feb. 2,1563.
Chicago. Feb. U. 1363.
Ilavirg dtstcrmlncd. in consequence of the pecu
liarity of the times, to dfecontincc business, we pre
sent our thanks to our customers for their fivers dur
ing the short period In which we hare been engaged
In Ranking here. and. desirous of closing without un
necessary delay, and at the same time afford depositors
and correspondents tlmo to make the necessary
change, we have fixed upon Entarday, the fifed luatoat,
as the last day on which deposits will be received, de
siring persona to embrace as much earlier period for
that purpose us is consistent with their convenience.
S. W. comer ct Randolph and Dearborn streets Chi
cago. 15. I*. REYNOLDS. M.D. V, D. M„ of the Royal
Oi>tha!iclc Hospital. London. fell-zh.Tlm
TfOR SALE—By the subscribers,
X A. large suarijccnt of best Scotch Couth. coa-
Kxtra all Long Har Vos. ECX to 6
Atm 1,0 OoT’at contract.... «o do
fcary FlneFlax do do
Kp.tj* Pulled do do
.. . , Y "nAvitiAMV.uoirTii &. rp.
Montreal. January so. l«3. fefl-rii? 3^
79 LAKE STREET.—"Wc invito
I O the attention of the trade to oar targe stock of
Velvet and Trimming Ribbons,
Embroidery and Dress Braids,
THBEiiDSj &c M
All of which wc will soil at les* than NKW YORK
PRICES for net cash. Close buyers arc Invited to call.
75 South Water street, Chicago,
a well selected stock of
e 3i i) i: a c i s a
Sugars, Fish,
Teas, Tobacco,
Coflbes, Hico,
Sjtui)h, Spices,
Molasses, Soaps,'
Dried Pi’uit,
WOODEN WARE, and nil articles usually Included la
Uiclr line.
Wo hare bought most of our goods for c.-uh, and bo*
lleve that wo ran make It to tho intercut of nil purchas
ing In this market to call and examine our stock before
Buying. EWLSG. BRIGGS & CO..
No. 75 Soatu Water street. Chicago.
Wm. L. Ewing. St, Louis, Mo.
Clinton Briggs.
Thomas Uccrroana. ] LUCago - mylft-KM-ly
Go C. COOK & CO.,
Cash buyers arc invited to examine
onr Stock. nol-ly
34 & 36 Lalio street,
Have cow la store the largest stock ot
Sheep's Greys, Beavers, Bilots,
And all other poods for MEN’S WEAR, over exhibited
in this market. Munca-vsta arc Invited to ex
amine our etockof poods of all kinds for
Bine ClothH, Blao Flannels.
Blue Casslmcrcs.
Landing and embarking pn-scngcra at
Liverpool, New York and PliiladelpMa
Will dispatch every Saturday one of their full power
Clyde-built Iron steamships.
Tons. Tons.
City of New York CSOO j C!tv of Baltimore ZVu
City of Washington...2Sßo I Cllv of Manchester....3lo9
Kangaroo leTil Glasgow WS2
Hates of passage as low ss any other lino.
Persons wishing to bring out taclr friends from Eng
land or Ireland can buy tickets in Chicago to great ad
vantage. either by steam or sail.
These steamers have superior accommodations, and
carry experienced surgeons. They are built In watrb-
TicttTTtovstcnosa. and carry patent lire onnlhila
ton. Eorfurthcrinforniatlonapply to
1\ a. EMORY, Agent.
Exchange on Europe e6ld in samsof-El and up
wards mh-as-nSfS-ly •
Manufacturers and ■Wholesale Dealers la
30 l.ako Street, Cldcago, HI.
We would respectfully call the attention of City and
Country Merchants to our extensive stuck of Boots and
Shoes which we have now In store and aro dally re
ceiving from our Factory In West Bovlsten, Mass
which consists!* of a Bill assortment of those Celebra
ted Custom-Made Patna Kip and Calf, and Grain Water-
Proof Boots; together with a foil stock of all styles of
Of the best quality and manufactures, which we are
prepared to sell for CASH and prompt paying trad* at
Boston and Now York Jobbing prices.
JL-i Tickets and Bills Lading between
and any part of the Western States,
Via “ Great Eastern,** Setcorosliip,
Sailing Weekly,
Merchant's Line. Old Line. Washington Line and Black
Ball Line, of Sailing Vessels, twice a week.
Liberal advances made on consignments of Pro
duce to Llvcrpooland Glasgow.
Sight droits on Royal Bunk of Ireland In suras to salt.
P. O. Box €153. J. WARRACK, Agent.
CJ.-iSO-zgP Im] °
.Tost received by
Wholesale and Retail Druggists, 202 Randolph street,
Chicago. del3-»aMy
Richards’ Iron Corn Sheller.
Capacity... .No. 0. -S.COO to S.OM bushels per day.
Capacity... .No. 1.2.0C0 to 1.000 bnsliels per day.
Capacity....No. 2.1.000 to l.vo bushels per day.
Capacity... .No. S. 400 to TW bushels per day.
These machines arc In use In all the Northwestern
State?, and are universally acknowledged superior to
all other?. They have won golden opinions from
Western Grain Shippers.
Chicago. October, iflflJ.
We have fix of Richards’ Champion Corn Shcllcrs
cow In constant ope: atloc.nt our crib? at Burnside,
and after shelling about eight hundred thousand
bushels of corn can safely fay that for capacity and
equality of work, in our opinion, these machines have
eo superior. We have repeatedly loaded can, ol four
hundred bushels In sixty minute?,with tho No. 1. and
inthlrtv-flvc minutes with the No. 0 Machine, convey
ing the’ear corn, by feeders, from fifteen to fifty feet,
and elevating the shelled corn into cats, alwava shell
ing the com quite clean from the cob?, without grind
ing or cutting the cruln. and cleaning and delivering
ItTn superior condition for market. Their substantial
construction Is am ply attested by the fact that we have
ran them night and (fay to their mmo-t capacity, with
powerful engines, with but slight delays for repair?.
Wc commend them to the groin shippers of the west,
after ample trial and experience.
(Signed) R. B. MAaON.
Comptroller Land Department L C. R. R.
Portable and Stationary Engines,
Warehouse Elevators and Machinery,
Bcltlnsr, etc., furnished to order.
Address all orders to
P. O. DoxT.3, Chicago. 111.
.T. HARRIS. President. . \
J.C.RICHAfIDS Snpcrintcndcnt.» Ja3l-z3T3-ImSTAT
vest 11,600.
The first of May last I opened a new business not be
fore carried on In Chicago. It fa Increasing, and will
continue to do so. Capital employed up to October
then 1300 wa? added. The net profits over pay
ing all expenses SI.XLIo. as may bo seen on examina
tion of the books. It does not require more than one
hour each dav to conduct It. nor more titan an ordi
nary hcslnesi capacity. On account of ill health I
will tell the business for the amount of capital em
ployed, sl/00. If applied for soon. Call and examine
Thcsame&t 114 Randolph street, room 7, or address
"M. M. MARSH." P. O. Box -Wtl. Chicago. fe-~>-z73>lw
I? now ready to an orders for any description of Cook
or Newspaper on nhort notice, and atlowficure*. Ad
dress ** J. McLENE & CO.” fed-zHS-lm
§1.50 to 81.60 per bushel. 34 lbs.
Eye Malt One Dollar. SSB*. linns 4 MOREr
P. O.EoxlSTfi. [splT-Sl-ly] 3 Board of Trade Building
AJOTICE—Madam Andrews, In
_L V dependent Clarivoyant, from Boston. Mass., can
beeoußulrcd at ;SJ Madison street, between Wells and
Market Clairvoyant examinations sl. She aHo tells
the oast nrewnt and future. Tenns-SO cents. Hoars
ftomftwfteUP. m. JafiS-aUfrlm
-yy 001)1 WOOD! WOOD!
ICO cords Mixed Beach and Maple, M In the yard.
100 cords Canada Hickory Rood, §7 in the yard.
Apply at IS South Water street, Steel’s Bull dine
has been approved by the C. S. Board of Ordnance and
Is now largely used la the service. Circulars, with
trices, furnished on application. Adders
. K. HEUXKOTOh * 90N3.
del&-jl3-Sa * Uloa,Ncw York,
Arc now offering
ji. t cost!
Compriiiinfr all the be Ht style*
in market.
Shawls of every description.
To close the Season.
At Icsa price than they can now bo bought for.
500 best styles of Balmoral Skirls
IF* T!>f* attention of the trade Is called tn tho a boro
nyj:*-rra If
yon the BE.\sojf.
If You want Skatos go to
DAMUM BUGS., 138 Lake St,,
and see Iho
And all other patterns now la use.
Ko. 138 Lake street, between Clark and
Xasollc streets.
And the zn«Ht extensive and attractive Stock of
Staple and Fancy Dry Goods
accompanied with money or references,
secure our best attention
72. 71 and 73 Lake street. Chicago.
Pails, Brushes, Mats, Twines, Cord
age, Tnhs, Chums, Cradles,
Wagons, Chairs, Baskets, Sec,
Non. 15 Fulton nnd 202 Front Street*,
New York.
Corner Clinton and Pulton Streets West Side.
Shot, White Lead, Ecd Lead and Litharge,
Orders from tho trade solicited. Highest market
price paid for flax Seed. I*. o. BoxCIUJ.
THE oldest sewing ma-
ißTtntcd la 1845—Perfected in 1882.
Signal reward to the great Americas Inventor—Cm
Premiums taken by tlm Howe Sowing Machine at the
International w end's t air tills season in London. Eng
land, where the
Took the Imperial Gold Medal as the first highest Pre
mium for excellency of Machine; also four oilier Gold
Medals as First Premiums for the four different cradae
of work; also four Honorable Mentions ftir good! worts,
comprising the only Premiums given, either for excet
fancy or lor work. Thus the Original Howe Sewing
Machine, from which all others derive their vitality
has established itself by taking five Gold Medals out cl
six. and four Honorable Mentions out of five: at a
World’s Fair, where all of threading Sewing Machln-v,
both in tills country and Europe, were on trial as the
best Sewing Machine in the world. *
IF" Agents wauled In the Western and Northwest
ern States.
Circulars, containing full descriptions ol Machines
an be bad on application, or sent by mall.
Address .I.S. BRYANT.
General Western Agent, GG Lake street Chicago.
Merit alone make? a SEWING MACHINE valuable
The people aro perceiving that glowing represent
tlons arc not merit.
That It h ccononv and wisdom to purchase only
SEWING MACHINE of known practical utility.
There are IOj.CCO Machines In use in this country aid
It U equal to TEN Seamstresses.
AN ANNUAL DIVIDEND of 100 to 500 per cent. (03
Its coat) may be obtained In use—by its possessor.
This la thconlv SEWING MACHINE In the world
making the LOCK-STITCH with the ROTATING
HOOK, and using the GLASS FOOT.
General Agent for Dlinofa. Wisconsin, lowa,North??*
Indiana. Minnesota and Kansas
13d Lake street, Chicago,
jSVClrenlars maybe had on application why post
roruDtrzEELXT stitches on one and the same Machine.
all of which make the seam alike on both side* of the
fabric. Either or all can bo produced while tha Ma
chine is in motion.
They bare the hztxrstslk t bed mottos which en
ables the operator to hare the work carrr either way,
or to change the direction and Listen the end of scams,
whlah, together with making a long and a short stitch.
Is done elinply done by turnings thumb screw.
Their motions are all iwmn. There are no springe
to get out of order. They are so simple that tfto most
Inexperienced can work jhera perfectly aod wlthease.
They arc noiseless, and can be worked * here qaletla
making five stltchi* In eaah revolution. They oil no
dresse- Their STITrHU the wonder at all, because
of Its combined xLASTicrrv. steilvgtu and bsautc
Scents wanted throughout the Western country
With a small Investment of capital, a profitable busi
ness can be readily established. For orcnlara and sam
ple ol work, address
, , , Post Oifiee Box SISL
Salesroom. Ifil Laic street. sctrO>!y
To avoid the strain ox Tire ms. bxxt pottutie.
cl one application and PATiorrxo carp, heretofore
neerssarr on a large proportion of work done ouSewv
Ing Machine*. we cow furnish each amchinc with
“BARN CM’S SELF-SEWER.” which guides the work
Itself, and I* of Incalculable value, csoeslollv to Inex
perienced operators. * feii-aujuw
• MACHINES, of all stltche*. at L 3 Lake street.
Wilcox * Glbba’ Twisted Loop-Ptiwh: Tsgtryrt dfc
Farr Double-Lock Stitch ■ Empire Shuttle Lock stitch.
The Simplest. Silliest. Fastest and most perfect to b«
Ibund. AJao Barnum’a-SxLP s=wKn”uacMnoSa»-
pUes. *C L. CORNELL * C*.. _
delS-yis7-6a Box a, Chicago. OU
V T STBKLI.A MATCHES.—Theao match** aro
mado without aalphor. and being free from di**eroiv
ble odor are not only very dolrablo, but almoSladla*
SeiiMbleft>ro*ointheparl'jr and aleept'UC chamber.
?TiM?at» pot ni» la fancy colored boxc* anl aardl
nacEsKca for family 019. nod are al« careftiUy picked
in cast* foe transportation. For ante whole**!* *al
“tail by JAMES K. DEY.N®. CC CorUamt etrect, bo*
aL—Country mcechanU to , ieUtoca , iaadcX'
jodae oar bv?c*. ®J«a.

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