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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, April 02, 1863, Image 2

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. In reply to the gabble of the Copper
heads, that a National Convention is all
that is needed to establish a peace and
restore the old relations of the North and
South, the New Tort Evening Pott , repub
lishes a part of the proceedings of the cele
brated Peace Convention, or One-Horse
Congress, which assembled at 'Washing
ton, at the suggestion of the Legislature of
Virginia, during the last days of Buchan
an’s Administration, in which it shows
that the Address and Kesolutions brought
forward by Hon. Amos Tuck of New
Hampshire, and supported by Mr. Chase,
the present Secretary of the Treasury, of
fered all that patriotic men could propose.
They, in effect, declared that the Fugitive
Slave Law ought to be enforced, *that all
Stale laws claimed to be in conflict with
the Constitution, of the United States
ought to be repealed, and that a Conven
tion of all the States should beheld to
amend the ; fundamental law upon
which our institutions are based, if other
cause of complaint, on the part of any of
any of the Slates, should be found- Hero
was a proposition in which much that was
held to be true by the dominant
party in the countiy, was surrend
ered for the sake of peace, to which
the Republicans were sincerely attached.
The South, had not secession and disunion
been pre-ordained by the leading spirits of
the slave-holding aristocracy, would have
accepted the concessions thus freely tender
ed; but when the vote wa» had, the pro
positions were negatived by eleven State
voting against, while only nine States voted
Jor , their adoption!
After nearly two years of war, is there
any man in the North, not a thorough ma
lignant and an earnest and devoted advo
cate of human slavery, who would bo will
ing to offer, now, as the price of a cessa
tion of hostilities, anything more than the
Republicans proposed to give in 1861, a
few weeks before the war commenced ?
And has the military success of the North
been so flattering to our martial skill, and
so terrifying to our enemies, thatthe South
would, to-day, accept any thing lets than
what her representatives then demanded ?
The answer is plain. The North stands
where she always stood—on the Constitu
tion, the comity and equality of the
States, and on the unchangeable principles
of public justice; while the South, madden
ed and infuriated. by the miscarriage of
her hopes, bankrupted by the losses of the
war and the misdirection of her industry,
and driven forward by the fact that her
people have, through their worthless cur
rency and other evidences of Confederate
debt, embarked all their moveable - wealth
in their enterprise, are in a fury of despe
ration, ready, as long as they have any
form of government or any hope of con
tinuing the contest, to do anything rather
than yield an item in their exorbitant pre
tensions, or abate a shade ofthat arrogance
that made them the aggressors. "We have
seen how the propositions for a convention
and peace, supported by the Copperheads
of Illinois and Indiana, in their respective
Legislatures, were received at Richmond.
The organ of the Confederate government,
undoubted!}* expressing the opinions and
purposes, if it did not use the words, of
those for whom it speaks, had this reply:
Wc all know, indeed, end arc happy to know,
that eomc of the Northwestern States are rery
tick of this war, heartily disaffected to tbcWasb
iLplon Government, strongly disposed to sneak
out of the debt they have incurred, and to ask alli
ance, or even nuion, with the Confederacy, “If
agrecahlc/1 This is a wholesome state of feeling,
and most produce Its fruits of disorganization ami
■ditcoursgcmdnt in the Northwestern troops. But
let us the matter. Not one of those
States has yet pronounced itself in this sense,
though some stump orators hare. When they do
lake each action—that !b, when their Legislatures
and Governors accredit Commissions to Richmond
for any finch purpose, no donht they will be recelr.
cd and answered according to the nature of their
proposal. Wc presume tbcywillbetold that the
first thing they have to do ia to call back their
forces to their own country; that then we will be
willing to make treaties with them, but that as to
an union with the Confederacy, under the “old
flag,*' or any other, they come two years 100 late.
Two years, and an abyss of horror and hatred, and
Ihc blood of our slaughtered brothers crying aloud
from the ground, all prohibit that impious union;
if they repudiate the debt they liave contracted,
and abandon the Government they have establish
td, and recant the tows, and break pledges, and
cat dirt, It is well; wc shall he charmed; the
movement wm suit us perfectly; and, although wc
Ftall not exactly respect the actors in that a (lair,
yet we shall not he unwilling to trade with them—
holding our noses a little—and to - show them all
Suitable dvilities—but at a proper distance.
Studying tins tjy the light of antecedent
efforts for the tnmquilization of the Ee
■ynblic, rre see the depth of the hate, the
loftiness of the pride, and the completeness
of the malignity by which the South is an
imated, and the cowardice and fatuity of
those who believe, or affect to believe, that
there is any possible settlement of the
national difficulties, any way of making an
honorable and enduring peace, except
through conquest so complete that the
whole surface and texture of Southern
Society and industry shall be changed. It
is a mournful fact that the way to national
unity and prosperity still lies through
hlood. To push on the columns, and to
hum, kill and destroy, is the last and ter
rible resource of mercy.
There are an hundred indications which
point to the fact that the rebels seriously
apprehend immense difficulty in the way
of their military operations, by the present
and prospective want of food for sustain
ing their armies. We have had occasion
to notice the action of the Virginia Legis
lature, which limited tbe area that each
planter might devote to the cultivation of
tobacco; and we observe that the same
polity which prompted that legislation is
extending Southward and paying atten
tion to cotton; and we dare predict that
there is not a State, in rebel hands, in
which the obligation to devote a large
Share of their land and labor to tho pro
duction of corn, will not be imposed upon
the planters by stringent penal enactments.
We have before us a copy of the Procla
mation of Got. Brown, of Georgia, in
which he convenes the Legislature of his
State, and avowedly favors the passage of
the laws of which wc speak. He says:
I am satisfied that developments have
clearly shown the necessity for inrthcr legis
lation, at an early day, to secure the use of
all our productive labor this year, In the cul
tivation of our lands In grain and other arti
cles necessary to sustain life, and not in cot
ion, tobacco or like productions, and to pre
vent tbc destruction of food bv distillation
As the public exigencies do, therefore, in
my opinion, require tbe General Assembly to
convene at an earlier day than fixed for vonr
meeting when you last adjourned, I issue'this
my proclamation, requiring you and each of
you to jiw-emble in your respective halls in,
the Capitol, in this city, on Wednesday, the
£slh day of this present month, at 10 o’clock
a. m.
But the pirates have probably learned
ere this that a supply of grain is not their
only need. There is a great deficiency of
animal food. The South has always been
a large importer of meats; and we all
know that when her people went into the
contest in which they are now engaged,
their anticipations of a speedy triumph
were so confident that they used no care
to increase the few domestic animals in
their country, and that there was marked
and reckless prodigality and waste in the
destruction of such as they had. The
Supply from other sources has been entire
ly cut off, hence the want has grown more
and more pressing as time elapsed, and we
probably haye not long to wait before it
will amount to a famine. Indeed, we me
told every day in the stories of deserters,
prisoners and others, and in the printed
accounts of our men who have penetrated
the Confederacy, that among the people
not attached to the rebel army, the suffer
ing for animal food In any of its shapes is
common and wide-spread, the little that is
produced being seized by the power of
certain officers to make military requisi
tions, while the producers arc left to eke
out a subsistence as they may. The scar
city cannot be supplied by legislation, do
w hat the legislators may, in time to meet
the growing and exacting want. The fear
•of famine, then, is no illusion, but a fact
of greater significance than anyhave sup
posed. It ■will have its effect in the gener
al result.
One of Lord Lyons’ dispatches to the
Biitish Government, printed herewith, re
veals more daring, more shamelessness and
mere treason on the part of the leaders of
the so-called Democratic party, than the
public has, up to this lime, supposed them
to be guilty of. Plotting to make the war
uncertain in its results and pro
tracted and expensive in its progress;
to make capital, personal, partisan
and military, for the poor dupe
and fool, who, as the-head of the army,
was obedient to their commands; and to
secure, by intrigue and chicaneiy, the joint
intervention of all the great European
Powers in this desperate struggle, all to the
end that Slavery might be preserved, and
that the men who have offered their prop
erty and their lives for the defense of the
holiest cause that ever strengthened a pa
triot’s arm, might be overborne. This is
the revelation—not picked up in the lob
bies of either house of Congress, in the
gossip of the Federal Capital, nor in the
columns of the sensation newspapers; but
the condensed and undoubtedly truthful
statement of what was daily poured into
the English Minister’s ear, by the men
wh6, from .their talents and official and
partisan standing, arc empowered to speak
for the party with which they act I False
hood, meanness, treason combined! Wc
commend the reading of the dispatch to
the people of the Northwest, with, entire
confidence that they will see in it the key
to Gen. McClellan’s sluggishness and diso
bedience, and to a thousand minor matters
of political concernment that have not
been authoritatively explained. Lord Ly
ons has unconsciously done the loyal cause
infinite service. Read what lie says.
The secesh organ in this city is just now
using a new kind of bait for the gudgeons
it fishes to catch. The Democratic Clubs
must be filled up, nnd the argument now
nsed to induce the laboring men to join, is
the promise to hire a substitute for all “our
members.” It commends the scheme “to
the consideration of the Ward Democratic
Clubs in the city.” An excellent idea, but
liable to tbis drawback: Judging from
the past experience of these Democratic
Clubs, they could not all of them jointly
club together the price of a single substi
tute. Since the time of the Democratic
Club that hired a room in Garrett Block
jointly with a small religious society, and
then burst up, leaving the religious breth
ren to pay the whole bill, there has not
been a landlord in Chicago who would
surrender the key of a coal room to any
organisation of the Copperhead faithful,
without personal guarantees, just now
scarce enough among the sharp and shabby
young southern attnmics, who are all
there is left to the Clubs. The idea that
these men will join to procure substitutes
for poor men is preposterous. The price
of one substitute would buy up a whole
string of the briefless barristers aud decay
ed old judges that run the Invincible Club.
To come into such ricketty affairs to get
out of the draft, is absurd. It is no refuge
lor anybody but traitors and secesh.
Ccppcrlicadlftxii lu Sangamon
The Copperheads of Sangamon county held
a Convention,at Springfield, on Saturday last,
and nominated N. M. Broadwell as a candi
date for County Judge, in place of the late
Judge Power. The Convention passed a se
ries of resolutions approving the peace reso
lutions defeated in the last session of the
Legislature, Instructing our Representatives
in the House and Senate “to persist In their
efforts to pass” these resolutions at the Juno
session, denouncing the Conscription law as
“an act of usurpation unparalleled in the
history of the country,” and otherwise de
nouncing the Government, bat uttering no
word of condemnation of the rebellion. *Of
course, it is expected that the candidate nom
inated for Judge will govern his judicial ac
tion by these resolutions. The stamp of the
Sangamon Democracy is thus demonstrated
to be of the malignant Chicago Times kind.
X.oyal Women.
The loyal women of Connecticut appreciate
fully the importance of the present crisis in
our country’s condition, and act promptly in
accordance with their convictions. In Hart
ford, a “Loyal "Woman’s League” has just
been Inaugurated, the members pledging
themselves to “encourage and sustain our
brave soldiers by constant tokens of love, but
still more by the expression of a cheerful
and unflinching determination to stand by
the dear old flag till the day of its triumph,
be it near.or remote,” and so to instruct their
children, and all who may be dependent upon
them, “ that they may grow into such filial
reverence for this best of all governments as
shall make them always patriots, never mere
partisans.” These true-hearted women also
declare that they will, as we have urged all
loyal women should do, “In all ways endeavor
to create such a sentiment of devoted loyalty
in the circles in which they move, that no
traitor to liberty, or cowardly recreant, shall
utter his sentiments in their presence unre
The women who have become members of
lliis League, in token of their loyalty, have
determined to wear publicly a Union badge,
“until the day of our national triumph.”
The ladies of Madison, Wisconsin, as we
have before announced, have also formed a
“ Loyil Women's League,” and arc doing a
good work.
We bope to sec this patriotic example of
the loyal women of Hartford and Madison
followed throughout the whole country.
Who will start the thing In Chicago ?
Large I.and Sales.
The Illinois Central Company has sold over
sixty thousand acres of land during tho last
four months to upwards of one thousand pur
chasers, for $677,715 S2. The cash payments
in the same period have been $360,120 50.
The immigration to Qiis State this season is
larger than any year since 1855. The Com
pany will not sell large tracts of land on long
credit for anything above IGO acres. The
buyer must make a respectable cash payment.
It sells forty and eighty acre tracts on seven
years credit. We think forty acres of Illinois
prairie, which cannot be surpassed by any
prairie land, as likely to give a comfortable
living and home as a hall section out on the
frontier, and the poorest settlers ought to
make SSOO to pay for it in seven years time.
Another Change.
The St. Charles hotel at Cairo, which .for
some time past has been under the manage
ment and proprietorship of Messrs. T. G.
Lbnsdcn «fe Co., Monday changed handa, and
U hereafter to be conducted by the junior
members of the old linn, Messrs. Bedard and
Knickerbocker, Mr. Lansden hating realized
handsomely upon the business, os undersood,
and retired to pass the remainder of his days
In peace and contentment amid rural and do
mestic scenes near Central la. There may
peace go with him, and happiness! Messrs.
Bedard and Knickerbocker hare given evi
dence, by the manner In which they have ca
tered to the wants of the Immense throng
dally crowding the St. Charles for a year or
more past, that, like the pioneer tavern keep
er of Chicago, they “ can keep a hotel.”
There is no nse of my saying more for them.
All travellers who pass through Cairo and arc
compelled to remain here an hour or two, or
over night, are sure to bring up at, and lest
the capabilities of the St, Charles.
Unreliabilitt of Rebel Reports.— ln re
turn for the list of Union prisoners who have
died in rebel hospitals, which was published a
fhort time since, the Medical Department in
Washington has prepared a fall and complete
list of rebel prisoners who have died in our
hands. This list numbers about 2,000. The
mortality in rebel prisons is known to be
much greater than our own, and it is not be
lieved that the list recently famished us con
fined a fifth even of the entire number who
have died in their hands.
Ak Intelligent Estimate.— The New
York TTorfd in giving an estimate of the pro
bable result of Ibe election in Rhode Island,
says ‘it is believed that both Congressional
districts will return thelrprcscnl Represent
°ne ° f “Present Repre
eentatives” la a candidate for re-election, we
don’t sec how the thing can be did.
t5T* The Peoria Transcript says the flllnnifl
meris usl now “ab’gthing ” Near&ifc
t Is fully seven miles wide, and in other places
further down, the lands are overflowed for
mile* on each bide. The river is now with
plenty of water for all practical purposes.
li« Brentwood BKastcr—The Foil
lion nnd Strength or the Gnomjr-
Tlio Ariuy of Hie Cumberland—Tlio
—Chicago If. of X. Battery-—The
Builroad Bo> h-Tlio 801 l of Honor.
[From Ottr Own Correspondent.]
Uur.FßEßsßono, March 27,1363.
I have arranged with a gentleman at Frank-
lin to send yon full accounts of whatever may
occur In that locality, and It is probable you
were last night, or the night before, fully ad
vised regarding the affair at Brentwood.
When over there, a few days ago, looking
up the particulars of Col. Coburn’s disaster,
I had really but little idea that the capture of
a good portion of the remainder of the brig
ade would so soon become a matter of histo
ry. The 22d Wisconsin was at the station,
where the railway crosses the pike, just on
the edge of the village of Brentwood, while
the 10th Michigan was guarding the railroad
bridge over the Little Harpclh, I>£ miles to
the south. The 22d Wisconsin was com
manded by Lieut. Col. Bloodgood, the 19th
Michigan by Capt. Bassett, of Co. B. Ipassed
an hour or two in the camps ot these two
regiments, meeting what few officers re
mained, and I very distinctly remember that
the general belief among them was, that some
fine day Van Dom’s Cavalry would sur
round and capture them. Quartermaster
Turner, of the Ifith Michigan, I remember,
was particularly emphatic on the point, that
they had neither for«e norprbtection to with
stand any considerable attack. The thing has
terminated as my friends of those two regi
ments predicted it would—their Cite was not
unexpected to themselves.
In my last letter! briefly gave the position
of the enemy, so far as wc knew it. I have
but little to add to-day. There is no question
but that the rebel army has been heavily rein
forced, and I am warranted .in the assertion
that It to-day numbers 80,000 effectives.
These reinforcements havo come from Vir
ginia and Vicksburg, and they have come in
the shape of conscripts, put on garrison duty
to the relief of tried regiments. All in all,
the rebel army within striking distance of this
post is a formidable body of men, which cer
tainly Las the strength to give us a hard
But the Army of the Cumberland is
upon the alert, ready for offensive or
defensive action, and you may rest
perfectly easy regarding the result
of any engagement that may occur. At least,
that is the Tray I feel about the matter. I
know that the immense rebel force, about
which I have been writing, is close upon us,
ready, perhaps within twenty-four hours, to
■spring to the assault; bull feel a perfect and
absolute conlideuce in the ability of this army,
under the leadership of Gen. Rosecraus, to
whip twice the number of rebels that may as
sail it. The army is upon the alert, ready for
what an hour may bring forth.
I was through the camps of several Illinois
regiments, yesterday, in the divisions of Neg
ley, Davis and Johnson, Keglcy’s division
was being reviewed by Maj. Gen. Rosecrans.
Reviews, by the by, have been the order for
eight or ten days back. They began with
S anlcy’s cavalry division, and the fine weather
has thusfarkept them up. lam one of those,
however, who don't make it a point to witness
every grand review that comes oil in an army,
and I consequently have no occasion to write
tri-weekly letters concerning this or that
“ gplen I ’splay.” I was at A'eglev’s review
yesterday, for the express purpose of getting
a good look at
The few remaining of that splendid regi
ment, that nearly two years ago left the city
ol Chicago under command of Col. Turchin,
were out with colors flying, marching and
maneuvering like veterans (as they are), one
of the marked regiments of the division.
Lieutenant Colonel Raflin, Major Jim Guth
rie, Adjutant Banks, and Surgeons Bogueand
Little, were ypon the field. The regiment,
though small, is in flue condition, ready for
another baptism. More than three-fourths of
its original number have finished their
course; the few hundred left will not permit
an eclipse to shadow the gloiy of their fallen
As is, perhaps, generally known, company
G, of the 10th, has been detailed as an artil
lery command, and assigned to duty in the
pioneer corps. In consequence, an order has
just been received from the War Department
authorizing the enlistment of a company to
take the place of G. Lieut. Manser, of com
pany H, has been assigned Captain of the new
company; Lieutenant Bell, of company K, Ist
Lieutenant; and Quartermaster Sergt. Down,
2d Lieutenant. ’
These gentlemen start for Chicago to-day,for
the purpose of recruiting. May success at
tend them.
of the Board of Trade Battery has been placed
in command of the right battalion of the Pio
neer corps. This corps, it will be remem
bered, is nn independent command, made up
of details from evenr company in the army,
Jbe command ot which was given to Capt.
St. Clair Morton. The Board of Trade Bat
tery has, from the first, been attached to this
corps, and the command of the right battalion
which is now given to Capt. Stokes, is cer
tainly complimentary to that gallant and effic
ient officer. The Captain is not relieved,
however, of the command of the Battery. It
was, in fact, one of his conditions of accept
ance, that his relationship to the Battery was
not to be disturbed.
A good deal has been said by different letter
writers in praise of the Chicago Board of
Trade Battery, but in my opinion never a
word too much. The men are underthe most
admirable drill, well cared for, well preserved
and healthy. They have to day 14(5 men lit for
duty, and you may walk their camp at any
time of day or night, and my word for it,
never a man, horse oreqnipmentwillbefonnd
out of place. If the Chicago Board of Trade
Batteiy don’t make a proud record for itself
in the next fight it will not be their fault.
The 89th Illinois, along with the bulk of
Johnson’s division, got xn late yesterday
evening from a five days’ picket duty at Sa
lem. The “Railroaders” have been having a
a rough wa'ch, and are glad enough to get
back to camp. The nicely carpeted tent in
which I found Colonel Hotchkiss and Major
Williams was certainly an improvement on
the two by four “shelter” affairs under which,
for five nights, they had been obliged to
I was kindly furnished by Adjutant Halo
with the following list of men who have been
detached from the 89tb for service in the Roll
of Honor battalion of the brigade. I
think I have before told* the
purpose of the Major General commanding
the army, in tbc organization of these battal
ions. Three men from each company, and
two Sergeants and three Corporals, and one
commissioned officer from each regiment,
designated by their commander, bare been
detached throughout the army, and organized
into Roll of Honor battalions. These battal
ions are to be attached to brigade headquar
ters, mounted and armed with six-shooting
rifles, and reserved for special and most honor
able service. The squadron furnished by the
89th regiment, i*commanded by Lieut E. T.
Bishop, mid is made, up of those men who
have won the most honorable distinction in
battle. To tho credit of the squadron of the
89th, I can say, that at the grand review of
the division, Lieut. Bishop and company were
called out by Major General Rosecrans and
especially complimented.
Ist Lt E. F Bishop, Alex Boucher, Co D.
Ist Lt H F Greenfield, FrankWcaver, Co D.
Co K. Frank Gamccb, Co D.
id Scnj't Oscar E Pease, Chas B Brooks, Co E.
Co E, Edwin Goodwin, Co E.
Ist Corporal Isaac Men- Dnrkec Whipple, Co E.
or, Co F. Wra E Seaman, Co F.
2d do Henry H Warner, George Smith, Co F.
Co C. Isaac Williams. Co F.
3d do O G Hayward, Co Charlt s Bowc, Co G.
G. r TF Whitney. Co G.
Privates And. Jlleartly, Henry Goddard, Co O.
Co A. Joslan Coleman, Co H.
Albion Bnckman, Co A. Thos T Britton. Co H.
Borch McLcran, Co A. Alph A Covcll, Co H.
Ewell Flanigan, Co B. Seth Enowlee, Co I.
John Jones, Co B. And. J Johnson, Co L
Jno 1) Klnchclow, Co B. Thos Richey, Co I.
Michael Doyle. C. Bryan O'Connor.
Atwater Hall, Co C. Michael T Connor,
Wm Lewis, Co C. Orson T Wadsworth.
Tbc Haines BlufT Expedition—Tho
Conntry-SixThousand Bales of Cot
ton Capl upcd—Tho Position—The
[From Our Own Correspondent.]
Eagle Point, Miss., March 20,15G3.
We came to this point—which is on the
cast bank of the Mississippi River, some
Thirty-live miles above Vicksburg,—on Tues
day last, with a view of inaugurating a series
of new and Important movements against onr
still formidable opponent, Vicksburg. The
command consists mainly of Gens. Ewing's
and Stuart's brigades, the whole under com
mand of Gcu. Sherman. As the movements
are to be directed against the rebel works
above Vicksburg, and as Gen. Sherman has
already had some experience in directing ope
rations against this portion of the enemy, it
was probably thought that he was the man
best calculated for the direction of the second
It was expected, upon reaching this point
with thetroops, that small steamers, which
laid been sent up Yazoo River, and up some
bayous, would have reached a point where
Steele’s or Cypress Bayou, In its mcander
ings, runs very close to this place.
They passed the point daring a fiog, and
only succeeded in getting back yesterday,
during which time the troops suffered con
siderably for want of rations, which were
stored upon the small steamers. However,
they managed to get along till the arrival of
the Silver Wave gave us the necessary relict
the oouktbt
between the Mississippi and the Bayou is
overflowed, aud in consequence a floating
bridge of nearly a mile I& length had to be
completed before tbo troops could reach the
bayytj .This, under the energetic supervision
of Engineer Bisscll, was completed In loss
tlmu & day, and now the work of crossing tho
troops and sending them up the bayou Is in
Day before yesterday General Sherman em
barked bis Bth Missouri regiment on the
steamer Delinquent, and passing up the Ya
zoo River till ho reached Cypress Bayou,
■w lilcli he ascended till he reached Black
Bayou, a stream that enters Cypress Bayou
about sixty miles from its month. Turning
up Black Bayou, he ascended it a short dis
tance till dry land was reached, where he dis
embarked bis regiment and marched them up
a few miles overland till he reached a
settlement consisting of some half dozen
plantations. The owners had left, but bad
laktn nothing with them, leaving all their
furniture in their houses, and the stock upon
the plantations.
The mules, horses and beef cattle are of
Tory great value, but sink into insignificance
in comparison with another prize that ho suc
ceeded in making—viz: that of
Six thousand bales of cotton, all
ol it was marked “C. S.” and had evi
dently been hauled here that it might be con
cealed until such a time as It might he sent
abroad with safety.
Here Gen. Sherman erected some fortifica
tions of cotton bales, and for the present is
doing not much, beyond examining the coun
try uud waiting for thc.balaucc of his com
mand. In the meantime a corpse of pioneers
is engaged in cutting out a passage through
Clack and some adjacent Bayous, with a view
to operations in the future of great impor
occupied by Gen. Sherman is distant in a di
rect line, some thirty miles from tho Yazoo
River, and is on a line which, if extended due
east, would strike the Yazoo at some point
between Haines’ Bluff and Yazoo City. It
may be said that Black Bayou ha* communi
cation with other bayous, which in time com
municate more or less directly with the Ya
zoo River, and along which Gen. Sherman, for
several days, has been making reconnoiss
aucee, cutting passages for boats, and making
preuarationsfor movements whose character
will not long be-nnkuown to the public.
has become very warm, and in a very short
time the full heat of this most unhealthy re
fion will begin to exercise its precious effects,
f Vicksburg is not taken before June, the
Ikt of mortality in our army will become
frightfully large. Bod.
Who arc Copperheads?
Those who opposed the war for National
Independence were designated as tories, and
have been ever since. Those who oppose the
the present war for National Unity—for the
preservation of what was bequeathed to tho
posterity of the patriots of the Revolution, and
are clamoring for a disgraceful, dishonorable
disunion peace, are called “Copperheads.”
The Pittsburg Garrtfcthns describes the la
fiimous wretches:
First—We define a “Copperhead” to bo
any man, we care not to what party he be
longs, who loves and sympathize* with rebel
lion more than with his ownloyalNorlh; whoso
heart and mouth are full of excuses for rebels,
and of complaints against his own govern
ment; who is constantly interpreting the
Constitution so as to shield those who have
repudiated and spurned it, and so as to cripple
and embarass those whose first, whose only
and constant duty it should be to suppress
the rebellion and hang rebel*; who is won
derfully silent about rebel thefts, murders,
cruelties, tyrannies, aud every species of vil
liany and abomination, and yet who is noisy
and malicious if the Government attempts to
do anything which might not be considered
au regie in lime of profound peace, and, finally,
we consider a “Copperhead” evmy man who
does not go with all his heart and soul, and
means aud energies for his Government and
the very life of the Republic against any Stale,
parly or upstart pretence of government
whatever. Always twisting and contorting
tlie Constitution to damage aud destroy our
selves, ami bnild up such as have rejected
that very Constitution and at tho same time
'broken up the country, and deluged it with
fr at erual blood, is not just the thing for a true
Other functions attach to the true Copper
head, by which he may be known of all men.
He delights to pass his time in depreciating
the currency; in prating about the horrors of
war and the blessings of peace; In croaking
about the failure of our military enterprises;
in depreciating Union and exaggerating rebel
victories; in poisoning the minds of soldiers
against the cause, and in tormenting discon
tent and counselling disobedience to the law
of the land. If this class of mischievous per
sons number more Democrats in their ranks
than members of other parties, so much the
worse for that party, and we arc glad to
know that these venomous “Copperhead*”
are repudiated aud denounced by all good and
worthy Democrats.
Bulcs Regulating Hie Redemp
tion ol* jtlutiluied Currency.
A* there seems to be some misapprehension
in the public mind relative to the roles by
which the United States Treasury Department
is governed in tho redemption ol treasury
notes aud postage currency, we republish the
1. Fragments ofnnote will not be redeemed
unless it shall be clearly evident that they
constitute one-half or more of the original
note; in which case, however mutilated, they
will be redeemed in proportion to the whole
noie, reckoning by fifths.
2. Mutilation less than onc-tcnlh will be
disregarded, unless fraudulent; butany muti
lation which destroys more than one-tenth of
the original note, will reduce the redemption
value of the note by one-fifth of its face value.
3. Mutilate.d notes presented for redemption
must be in sums of not less than three dollars
•1 the originanl face value.
[From the Hartford (Conn.) Conrant.]’
We have no hesitation in saying to the
friends of the Union cause in Connecticut, be
of good cheer; the skies are brightening, our
cause is a noble one, and victory is sure.
Those batteries must be taken and they will
be. The hosts of freedom are gathering for
the final charge, and when on the first Monday
of April the command is given, the charge
will be made, and the enemy routed most
completely. After a careful survey of tho
field, wcleel justified in sayiug that Thomas
H. Seymour will not be the next Governor of
this State. Wcfeel very positive in making
theassertion; we don’t make it from any idle
boast. We again say, be of good cbecr.
Me C Allan vs. Scott.— A Philadelphia
contributor, over the name of “Smith,” assail*
the loyalty of General Scott by way of estab
lishing a character for McClellan. He says
that Scott’s son-in-law,. Henry L.* Scott, was
attached to the old General's office in Wash
ington with the rank of Colonel, and that It
was the custom of this person to betray all
the secrets of headquarters to tho rebels.
That knowing this, McClellan refused to sub
mit his plans to General Scott, and hence the
old soldier’s querelons complaints against him
for disobedience of orders. Now, the whole
of this statement about Henry L. Scott may
be true; and it also may be true, that though
self convicted of this treachery, Colonel
Scott, instead of being shot, is now
on the retired list, aud enjoying his Federal
salary in London, while acting there as an
agent for secession; but as for McClellan con
«e:Uing his plans from Gen. Scott, for fear
they would be thus betrayed to the enemy, It
is all bosh! McClellan never had a plan,
consequently he had none either to commu
nicate or to conceal. He had only a general
dreamy notion that it was not safe to venture
Into battle, and he practiced on that till tho
baton of the commandership fell from hi*
hands through the very feebleness of his
grasp. These charges against Cok Scott,
however, are of moment, and if there be any
truth in them at all, Cameron, or Seward, or
somebody deserves to be impeached- Thi*
poor country docs Its business in a strange
way. How is it about Col. Henry L. Scott ?
Burning the Evidence.
The Springfield Journal , of the 81st has the
The Copperhead K. 6, C. organ in this city,
speaking of Gen. Wright’s order prohibiting
the traffic In arms and ammunition in the
Department of the Ohio, i* puzzled to know
“ Aeir if was ascertained that a large traffic of
armshas been carried on for purposes disloyal to
the Government The organ imagined that
when the K. G. C. fraternity in this city in a
panic burned their records a few nights since,
with the design of obliterating the proof of
their existence, that all danger of exposure of
their treasonable schemes and purposes had
passed away.
Rhode Island.— Hou, William P. Sheffield,
Tvho vas nominated for re-election to Con
gress from the Eastern Rhode Island District,
by the Democratic and Constitutional Union
Conventions, has declined the nomination.
He intends to support and Tote for Mr.
Jenckcs, the Republican Union nominee.
Miss Samh Baxter, of Boston, recently de
ceased, bequeathed to the American Board of
Commissioners for Foreign Missions, and to
other religious and charitable institutions,
property to the value of about SIOO,OOO, prin
cipally to the American Board.*
Robert Patterson is urged for the place,
as Comptroller of the Treasury Currency, In
place of Thomas W. Olcott, of Albany, N. Y.,
who declines the appointment.
—lt is rumored that Gen. Rufus King will
be assigned to the command of the Depart
ment of the Northwest, as successor to Gen.
Pope—his headquarters to bo located at Mil
—Mr. Jesse Hunt, President of the Savings
Bank in Baltimore, and his two daughters,
were arrested last week for uttering disloyal
Governor Tod, of Ohio, has been indicted
for complicity in the arrest of Dr. Olds, under
the law to punish kidnapping.
—Hon. John F. Potter left Milwaukee, for
Vicksburg, on Friday last, he having a son in
the 2Sth Wisconsin regiment, who is lying at
the point of death with the typhoid fever.
Mr, Potter declines the Governorship of Da
—On Saturday last, Marshal Murray, of
New York, arrested a noted traitor named
Charles Gayarre, in that city, Just
arrived from Tampico, with the intention of
purchasing goods to take to the Southern
Confederacy. Ho had a large amount of gold
with him. He Is now an inmate of Fort La
A Letter from Lord Lyons on our
“ Conservatives.”
Washington, November 17.T8C2.
Mr Lord In his despatches of the 17th
and of lhe24lh ultimo and the 17th Instant,
Mr. Stuart reported to your Lordship tho re
sults of the elections for members of Con
gress and State officers which have recently
taken place in several of the most important
States of the Union. Without repeating the
details, it will be sufficient for me to observe
that the success of the Democratic or (as it
now styles itself) the conservative party, has
been so great as to manifest a change In pub
lic feeling, among the most rapid and most
complete that has ever been witnessed, even
in this country.
On my arrival at New York, on the Bth in
stant, I found the conservative leaders exult
ing in the crowning success achieved by tho
party in that State. They appeared to rejoice
above all, in the conviction that personal lib
erty and freedom of speech had been secured
for the principal State of the Union. They
believed that the Government must at once
desist from exercising, in the State of New
York, the extraordinaiy (and as they regarded
them) Illegal and unconstitutional powers
which it had assumed. They were confident
that, at all events, after the' Ist of January
nest, on which day the newly elected Gover
nor would come into office, the suspension of
the writ of habeas corpus could not be practi
cally maintained. They seemed to he per
suaded that the result of the elections would
he accepted by the President as a declaration
of the will of the people; that he would in
crease the moderate and conservative element
in the Cabinet; that he would seek to termi
nate the war, not to push it to extremity;
that he would endeavor to effect a reconcilia
tion with the people of the South, and re
nounce the idea of subjugating or extermina
ting them.
On the following morning, however, intel
ligence arrived from Washington which, dash
ed the rising hopes of the conservatives. It
was announced that Gen. McClellan had been
dismissed from command of the army of the
Potomac, and ordered to repair to his home;
that te had, in fact, been removed altogether
from active service. The General had been
regarded as the representative of the conserva
tive principle iu ip the army. Support of
him had been made one of the articles of
the conservative electoral programme. His
dismissal was taken as a sign that the Presi
dent had thrown himself entirely into the
arms of the radical party, and that the attempt
to carry out the policy of that party would be
persisted in. The irritation of the conserva
tives at New York was certainly very great;
it seemed, however, to be not unmixed with
consternation and despondency. •
Several of the leaders of the Democratic
party sought interviews with me, both before
and after the arrival of the intelligence of
Gen. McClellan’s dismissal. The subject up
permost in their minds while they were
speaking to me was naturally that of foreign
mediation beween North and South. Many
of them seemed to think that this mediation
must come at last; but they appeared to be
very much afraid of its coming too soon. It
was evident that they apprehended that a pre
miatnre proposal of foreign intervention
would afford the radical party a means of re
viving the violent war spirit, and of thus de
feating the peaceful plans of the conserva
tives. They appeared to regard tho present
moment as peculiarly 'unfavorable for such an
offer, and, indeed, to hold that it would be es
sential to the success of any proposal from
abroad that it should be deferred until the
control of the executive government should
be in the hand* of the conservative parly.
I gave no opinion on thesubject. I did not
say whether or not I myself thought foreign
intervention probable or advisable; but I lis
tened with attention to the accounts given me
of the plans and hopes of the Conservative
party. At the bottom I thought I perceived a
desire to put an end to the tear, even at the risk of
Joiihg the Southern Stairs altogether ; but it was
plain that it was not thought prudent to avow
this desire. Indeed,some hinlsof it,dropped
before the elections, were so ill received that
a strong declaration in the contrary sense was
deemed necessary by the Democratic leaders.
At the presentmoment, therefore,thechieCs
of the Conservative party call loudly for a
more vigorous pro»ecution of the war, and
reproach the Government with slackness as
well as with want of success in its military
measures. But they repudiate all idea of in
leifering with the institutions of the South
ern people, or of waging a war of
subjugation or extermination. They main
tain that the object of the military
operations should be to place the North iu
a position to demand an armistice with honor
and with effect. The armistice should (they
hold) be followed by a convention, iu which
*uch chances of the Constitution should
be proposed as would give the South ample
security on the subject of its slave property,
and would enable the North and the South to
reunite and to live together in peace and har
mony. The conservatives profess to think
that the South might be Induced to take part
in such a convention,bmd that the restoration
of the Union would be the result. The more
sagacious members of the party must, how
ever, look upon the proposal of a convention
merely as a hist experiment to test the possi
bility of reunion. They are no doubt, well
aware that the more probable consequence of an
armistice trould be the establishment of Southern
indqiendetiee; but they perceive that if the
South is so utterly alienated that no possible
concessions will induce it to return volunta
rily to the Union, it is wiser to agree to sepa
ration than to prosecute a cruel and hopeless war.
It is with reference' to such an armistice as
they desire to attain, that the leaders of the
conservative party regard the question of for
eign mediation. They think that the offer of
mediation, if made to a radical administra
tion, would be rejected; that if made at an
unpropitiuus moment, it might increase the
viiulencc with which the war is prosecuted.
If their own party were in power, or virtually
controlled the administration, they would ra
ther, if possible, obtain an armistice without
the aid of foreign governments; but they
would be disposed to accept an offer of medi
ation, if It appeared to be the only means of
putting a stop to hostilities. They would de
sire that the offer should come from the great
Bowers of Europe conjointly, and in particu
lar that as little prominence as possible
should be given to Great Britain.
At Washington I have had fewer opportu
nities lhau 1 had at New York ot ascertaining
the present views ol the chiefs of the politf
cal parties. At the interview which I had
with Mr. Seward, the day after my arrival, he
showed no disposition to enter upon political
matters. He did not appear to expect or to
desire to receive from me any special commu
nication from her Majesty’s government. iThe
President, when I waited upon him, talked to
me only on ordinary topics. I, for my part,
gladly shunned all allusion to foreign inter
vention, my principal object being to avoid
saying anything which might embarrass mo
in carrying out any instructions on the sub
ject which I may receive from your lordship.
All things considered, my own opinion cer
tainly is ihat, the present moment is not a
favorable one for making an offer of media
tion. It might embarrass the peace party, and
even oblige them, in order to maintain their
popularity, to make some public declarations
against it, and this might make it difficult for
them to accept a similar offer at a more pro
pitious time. It would in all probability bo
rejected by the President, who appears to
have thrown himself into the arms of the
radical party. The views of that party are
clear and definite. They declare that there is
no hope of reconciliation with the Southern
people; that the war must bo pursued, per
fas nut nfas, until the disloyal men of the
South arc ruined and subjugated, if not exter
minated ; that not an inch of the old territory
of the litpnblie must be given up; that foreign
inttrveniioti, in any shape , must he rejected ami
resented. This party would desire to turn an
offer of mediation to account, for the purpose
of inflaming the war spirit and producing a
a reaction against the Conservatives.
It Is probable, too, that tho government
would urge, im answer to an offer of media
tion, that It has hy no means abandoned the
hope of putting down the rebellion within a
reasonable time; that, at all events, tills is
not a moment at which it can reasonably be
called upon to pot a stop to hostilities' It
would observe that the armies of tho United
States arc everywhere advancing, and that
expeditions are prepared against Texas, as
well as against Charleston, Mobile and other
points on the coast. It would point out that
it had equipped a considerable number of war
vessels, iron-clad as well as others, at a vast
expense; that the season had jnst arrived
when the autumn rains would render the
rivers navigable by armed vessels, jtmd when
the southern coast would be free from epi
demic disease. It might eveu represent an
advance of the Army of the Potomac to
Richmond as a probable event. The experi
ence of the past is certainly not calculated
to inspire any great confidence In tho results
of these warlike preparations; but the polit
ical interests of the party now in power ren
der a continuance of the wara necessity to it.
Its only .chance of regaining its lost populari
ty lies in successful military operations. Un
less it can obtain a much higher place in pub
lic estimation than it now occupies, not only
will its tenure of power become extreme
ly precarious, but some of Us leading
members may be called to a severe account for
their extra legal proceedings. During the
session of Congress, which begins next
month, the present administration has indeed
reason to expect an uncompromising support
from a majority of both Houses of Congress.
But on the 4th of March next tho existing
House of Representatives is dissolved by the
terms of the Constitution, and at the same
time several of the present Senators go out
of office. The majority of the members
chosen at the recent election for the new House
of Representatives are of the Democratic or
Conservative party, and In some States Sena
tors of that party will be returned in the
room of those whose terms of office expire
next March. The new Congress la’ in fact
likely to be hostile to the administration and
to the radical party; and although it will not,
In the ordinary course of things, assemble un
til the last month of next year, the President
will hardly be able to persist in bis present
policy, and in his assmnptlonof extraordinary
powers, unless be can. in virtue of military
successes, obtain a reputation with the people
which will sustain him in a contest with the
It would seem, then, to be vain to make an
offer of mediation to the present Govern-.
ment, in their presentmood, with any notion
that It would be accepted. A change of
mood may, however, take place after, the 4th
of March, if nogreat millitaty successes occur
in the interval. Such a change may possibly
bo produced sooner by military reverses. A
proposal, however, to mediate, made even
under present circumstances, by three or
more of the great powers of Europe con
jointly, might not produce any great incoa
It is, indeed, urged by some people that
mediation should be offered,not so much with
a view to its being accepted, as to its-clear
ing the way for a recognition of the Southern
Confederacy. And, indeed, if it were deter
mined that the time hail come for recognizing
that Confederacy, no doubt an offer of media
tion would be u suitable preliminary. But I
do not clearly understand what advantage is
expected to result from a simple recognition
•of the Southern government;* and I presume
that the European powers do not contemplate
breaking up the blockade by force of arms,
or engaging in hostilities with tho United
Slates iu support of the independence of the
I have. Indeed, heard it maintained that
Great Britain should recognize the indepen
dence of the South as soon as possible, with a
view to Impede tho success of tho efforts of
the conservative party to reconstruct the
Union. The advocates of this opinion con
sider a reunion ns a probable event, and ap
prehend that the first result of it would bo
that the combined forces of the North and the
South would be let loose upon r-flmrin, i
certainly do not at preaeEt share these appre
hensions. All hope of the reconstruction of
the Union appears to he fading away even
from the minds of those who most ardently
desire it. But if the reconstruction be still
possible, I do not think that we need conclude
that it would lead to an invasion of Canada,
or to any consequences injurious to Great
Britain. At any rate, dangers of this kind
are remote. The immediate and obvious in
terest of Great Britain, as well as the rest of
Europe, is that peace and prosperity should
be restored to this country as soon as possi
ble. The point chiefly worthy of considera
tion appears to be whether separation or re
union he the more likely to effect this object.
I have, Ac., Lyons.
Desperate Engagement on tbo Prus
sian Frontier—Two Thousand Poles
Seek Refuge In Prussia.
Berlin, March H, ISC3. —An episode of the
Polish insurrection has just occurred which
shows at once the sympathy of the Prussian
Poles for their countrymen and the useless
ness of the measures taken by the Govern
ment to repress it. In spite of the lynx eyed
Prussian police, Mieroslowski has crossed
and recrossed the frontierwith impunity, and,
in spite of General Von Weeder aud his four
corps d'anneCy bands of enthusiastic youths
from Posen and West Prussia are toustautly
flocking to the camp of the insurgents to light
and die for the national cause. It appears'
that Microsiowtki, undismayed by the check
suffered by;him at Radzigenen, had laid his
plans for an attack upon Sonin, a small
town situated on the river Wartha, tho po
session of which would have interrupted the
communication between Warsaw aud Kalish
and facilatated further operations
against the latter city. His own corps
was too weak for such an attempt; but he had
been promised reinforcements from Prussian
Poland, and about the 2d of this month a
detachment of eight hundred to one thousand
men, well anned and equipped, actually passed
the frontier near WresChen, under the com
mand of Garezynski, a young Polish nobleman
of rank, who had formerly held a commission
in the Prussian army. They were immediately
joined by part of Mierosowski’s troops under
Count Mieknski, who was to co-operate with
them in the coup de main against Konin, while
Mieroslowskl, with the balance of his corps,
distracted the attention of the Russians by a
feigned attack upon Kalish. Unluckily, a dis
pute arose between the two leaders, each
claiming the command ot the expedition, and
while from high words they were just pro
ceeding to blows, andtheirarmy emulated the
confusion of King Agrauiont’s camp, they were
set upon unexpectedly by the garrison of
Konin, who had been informed by spies
of their approach, and hod marched out
in the night to meet them. A severe
though brief struggle ensued, which ended in
the total route of the Poles, who hurried poll-'
mell towards the Prussian f ontier, closely pur
sued by the Muscovites. The latter, however,
halted on the borders of their own territory,
and as the Prussian troops stationed in the
vicinity were not strong enough to arrest tho
passage of such a mass of fugitives—they are
said to have numbered at least 2,000 —most of
them were enabled to escape, aud have either
returned to their hemes or sought shelter in
the neighboring forest of Powidz. A Prus
sian detachment which attempted to stop
some of them was tired upon, and its com
mander, Capt. Nitsehe, badly wounded in the
shoulder. In one or two other points, small
parlies of fugitives were discovered bv the
Prussian patrols. It was stated at flrst'that
SCO Poles had been captured; but later events
reduce the number of prisoners to 160 or ISO,
besides sick and wounded, of whom quite a
multitude arc lying in the villages along tho
.Our intelligence from the scat of war is, on
the whole, unfavorable.to the insurgents,who,
in spite of their desperate gallantry, appear
to be gradually losing ground. One of their
bravest leaders, Bogdauovricz, was taken pris
oner lately In the district of Lubbin, and sen
tenced to be shot. Neezay and Kuczyk
have been killed, and the President of the
Revolutionary Commute*, Frankowski, is
a captive In the citidel of War
saw'. Tho most numerous body still in the
field, is that commanded by Langiewicz, the
“Polish Garibaldi,” who, bythe last accounts,
after sustaining a severe defeat at Praskowa-
Skala, had surprised a detachment of Rus
sians near the Austrian frontier, and inflicted
upon them a loss, cs’imated by the Czar at
sixty, and by the Vienna General Correspond
ence at one hundred men. The greatest obsta
cle the patriots have to contend with is the
indifference or open hostility of the peasant
ry, who cannot be pursuaded but that the oue
object of the movement is to deprive them of
the liberties granted bythe Russian Govern
ment and restore the old institution of predial
It wa shoped that the seizure of Mieroslowskl
would produce a favorable effect upon the
people, as he is known to bclongto the Demo
cratic party, which has always advocated tho
principle of social equality; hut if the report
be correct, that he passed through Dresden
on Monday on his return to France, he must
bo completely discouraged by his recent dis
asters, and has given up the cause as lost. He
may be right in a strategical point of view,
but he is clearly wrong as a politician. All
that is wanted is lor the insurrection to sus
tain itself fora few mouths, perhaps only a
few weeks longer, so as to give public opin
ion in France and England time to declare une
quivocally hi favor of it and force the govern
ments to come to the rescue. No one could
expect a few half armed guerillas to over
throw the gigantic power of Russia. But at
any rate, their protracted resistance offers a
striking proof of the vitality of the Polish
nation, and must sooner or later lead to the
restoration of its independence, either bythe
voluntary act of the Russian Emperor, or by
the armed intervention of Europe. It was
with this prospect that the rising was orga
nized by the Revolutionary Committee, and
nothing is required but a little perseverance to
insure us success. *
Tin: True Policy. —We learn that General
Scbenck has arrested a seditious editor in
Baltimore and sent the fellow into the Con
federate lines. That is the true policy. That
is the policy which should be adopted with
such sympathizers as Vallandigham, Cozzcns,
Sam Barlow, and the tribe who inhabit the
Copperhead Hotel. Now that the loyal league
is formed, let it be among its flrst duties to
sustain this course,andreportall traltorawho
are amenable to such rigid treatment. Let
the creatures of sedition be sent to the Con
federate lines, and let our pickets be ordered
to shoot them if they attempt to return to this
favored Christian soil. We have endured the
foul breath treason long enough; and the
South, hands of the parricides of
freedom, Svßly fit to be a penal colony.
' Life op the President.— For two years
past a life of the Presinent has been in
course of preparation by William M. Thayer,
Esq, Messrs. Walker, Wise * Co., ©f Bos
ton, have now in press “ The Pioneer Boy, or
how he became President.” The author i*
already favorably known to the public through
his well known biographies, “Tho Bobbin
Boy” (General Banks) and tho “Merchant
Prince’’ (Abbott Lawrence). The President
had his life profusely taken during the cam
paign, but the reading public will welcome
now an account more elaborate and dispas
sionate than was possible then of the man
who, as President in these troublous times, is
sure of a place in history to the latest gene
A Heroine.—A party of about one hundred
Copperheads started from Cartersville, Hen
dricks County, Indiana, on Saturday morning
last, to attend a Butternut Conventional Dan
ville. "While en route , the party stopped at the
house of Mr. Odell to pull down an American
flag, which was flying from his honse. One of
them said, “Let’s take down this damned
Abolition flag.” Another yelled: “Down
with it!” Mr. Odell’s daugh'er camo out,
and, putting her arms about the flag, said to
them, “ Touch it if you dare!” They were
too cowardly, however, to carry out their
threat; but the tact that it was made, shows
the spirit which runs rampant in the secret
lodges of the K. G. C.
Another Bubble Collapsed.— Under. the
influence of the annouccment that the Gov
ernment proposed to resist the speculation In
quinine, by manufacturing It for its own nso
in the Government Labaratories, the price of
that drug has fallen twenty-five per cent. The
The expansion in price of that article is mani
festly just such another bubble as the gold
speculation, and has begun to collapse in the
game way.
The New Commissions. Commissions
have been made oat, signed and sent to the
proper parties for all military appointments
confirmed prior to the 4th of March. As yet
none of the appointments confirmed subse
quent to that date have been sect, a majority
of them not yet having been returned from
the "War Department to the President.
New York. —A bill has just boon introdu
ced into the New TorkLegislature, providing
that persons absent from the State, in the
military service of the conntiy, may vote by
proxy at each gcaerol election. The bill con
tains all necessary guards and prohibitions to
prevent the abuse of the privilege.
The steamer Nicholas L, captured by
our gun boat Victoria, while attempting to
run the blockade, was built several years ago
by Wm. H, Webb, of New" York, for the Rus
sian Government, and captured by the allied
fleet during the Crimean war.
Im»‘ 1 Perfect Brick,”
Headquarters. Dist. East Ass., I
. Helena, Ark., March 24,1803. )
General Orders No. 19.—M. M. (“Brick”)
Pomeroy, a citizen of Wisconsin, having
been found within the lines of tho army in this
District as correspondent of tho La Crowe
Democrat, a newspaper published at La
Crosse, Wisconsin, and there being ample
evidence in the possession of the General
Commanding, that he has been commuaica--
ting to and publishing in said pa
per over his signature as such
correspondent, articles containing disloyal
sentiments, and filled with remark* calculated
to discourage and demoralize the army, and
that he believes the war for the restoration of
the Union to he “a murderous crusade for
cotton and niggers,” and the loyal soldiers of
the armies operating in the Mississippi Talley
tobe a band of ihieves and robbers, eaidM.
M. Pomeroy is hereby ordered to leave the
lines of this army immediately, and not to re
tuni under penalty of arrest as a spy.
By order of Brigadier General Prentiss.
Delaware has done a good act in its
present session of the Legislature. It has de
feated an attempt to legalize lotteries In that
State, and the lottery gamblers will have to
go to some kind of business that docs not en
rich them legally by debauching the morals of
the citizens, and tempting them to,, substitute
chance for industry in procuring a living.
From selected seed, and sexeoned/or
A Limited Quantity
Chicago Lead and Oil Works,
our Retail Buslneai. we are prepared to show a well
selected stcck for city and country trade, to which
the attention of wholesale purchasers is Invited, as
suring them that prices shall be AS LOW. iy NOT
LOWER, than can be found elsewhere.
May be found a SPLENDID ASSORTMENT of the
latest styles of goods, and we take this medium of re
turning our ’.hanks forth* farmer very liberal patron
age, and would respectfully solicit a continuance of
the eame» -
133 Lake Street.
175 Lake Street.
apl b??01a
4 Tens Prime Halves, 2 Tons Prime Quarters
2 Tors Halves and Quarters Mixed.
For rale bv R. M. CANNON & CO,. IT3 So::th street.
corner LaSalle, np-natrs. ajl-b‘JL7 2t
RKADY —(Official.) Tlie United
State? Conscription Act. or N'atlonal Militia mil
with a copious index for reference. .1 as. w. FOR
TUNE, Publisher. 102 Centre street. N. V. Pike five
oenta. mKIT bT.tl-lm U
51.50 to $1 60 per bushel, 34 lbs.
Bye Halt One Dollar. S3 lbs.
O.BoiISTZ. [eplTSl-ly] 8 Board of Trade BuUuing
QUEER.—I have for sale five bun
dred Sheep, on my farm, near Wm. McGrow's
seven mile? southwest of the Railroad Station at Ma
quoti. Knox Co.. 111. B. c. WALTER
mh2M)7S9-twd b&wy
The Florence Sewing Machine
The Lock) Knot, Doable Lock & Doable Knot,
With a# much ease anil facility ns ordinary machines
tuakdoxn stitch, anti with a* little or lent machinery.
It b&* the SSTEBSTBLR 7 RED MOTIOW, Which eanblM
the operator. by simply taming tlio tharab screw, to
hare the work run to the right or left, to stat any
part of seam, or fasten the ends of scams, without
taming thefabrlc.
It runs uoniLT, tews satzolt, aad Is almost rroisa
It decs the iie.vvtsgt oryrnrsrworfc with equal fa
cility. without change of tension or machinery.
Chancing the length of the stitch, and trombao kind
of flitch to another, tan readily be done while the ma
chine U in motion.
• It turn? any width of hem; fells, binds, braids, gath
ers, tucks qollis and gather*.tLd.xc'ws on n rnifle at the
same time. It will not oil the dress of the operator.
A bemmer. all necessary tooli. and "BARNUM'S
SELF-SEWER,” which pnidci ue work itself are fur
nished with each machine.
AGENTS WANTED,—For terms, samples of sewing
and circulars, address
Pott Office BOX SIS*. Chicago. I'L
Salesroom. 124Lake«»re«. ralrDOly
Inrcnted In ISJS —Perfected In isfit,
Elgnal reward to the great American Inventor— Its
Premiums taken by the Howe Sewing Machine at the
International World's Facr this season In London. Beg
lone, where the
Took the Imperial Gold Medal as tho first highest
tnlom fovexcellency of Machine; also four other Oota
MedalaaeFlrstPreratams for the four different grades
of work; also four Honorable Mentions for good work,
comprising the only Premiums given, either for excel
lency or for work. Thus the Original Howe Sewing
Machine, (tarn which all others derive their ritahtr,
has established Itself by taking fire Gold Medals out oi
Mx. and four Honorable Mentions oot of fire, at •
World's Fair, where all of tbeleadlngSewlng Machine*,
both In this country and Europe, were on triad, as the
be»t Sewing Machine in the world.
Agents wanted in the Western and Northwest
ern States.
Circulars, containing ful description of Machines,
can be had on application, or sent by mat.
Addnvo J. 9. BRYANT,
General Westers Agent, GS Lake street, Chicago.
Merit aloae make* a SEWING MACHINE valaaKs
The people are perceiving that glowing rapreesaaS
tlocsarc not merit.
That it is economy asd wisdom to parens* only
SfWiyG MACHINE of known practical attlty.
There are 105.C00 UacUaea la o»e la this country and
It la equal to TEN Seaastrestee.
AN ANNUAL DIVIDED of ICO to 500 percent. (00
ita cost) nap he obtained la use—bv lu possessor.
This la the only SEWING MACHINE In the world
making the LOCK-STITCH with the ROTATING
HOOK, aid Halne the GLASS FOOT.
General Agent for BllnolF. ■Wisconsin, low*. Norther*
Indiana. Mlnnc-ota and Sanaa*
106 Lake street. Chicago,
ty Circular* maybe had on application or Ly poet
Family Sewing Machine,
With all newlmgroTemfints (Hammer. Braider, Cinder.
Teller.Tucker. Border. Gatherer. Ac.. Ac.. &c„' la the
cheapest, and best, and most beautiful ol all machines
for Family sewing and light manufacturing purposes.
The Branch OOice# are well supplied with silk twist,
thread, needles, oil, Ac . of the very beat quality.
Send for a pamphlet and a cony
Go's 0121 TH,” I. M. SINGER & CO„
453 Broadway, N. T.
Chicago Office, 50 Clark'Street.
Aetata wanted Is HUao!* and lowa.
• MACHINES, of all stltcbcc.atlS Lake street.
Wilcox & Gibbs’ Twisted Loop-ealtch: Tacrvrt A
Farr Double-Lock Stitch; Empire Shuttle Lock aHtcb.
The Simplest. Stillest. Fastest mad most perfect to b«
found. AlßO.Barama’i-SxLV Srty** " Machine an*,
pile*. Ac. _ L. CORNELL *CO
detS-?iS7-6m BoxtLChicago/m.
101 W«.M—Ston.ggfr Chicago, in.
ATOTICE. —The celebrated Gipsey
•L ' Woman wm remain la this city only a few diji
looser. II you wlah to know all the aocreu of your
past and future life, (the knowledge of which may
aareyon yean of Borrow and care.) don’t Call to Tlwt
the GIP3EY PALMIST. Residence 131 MoarOß street,
between Clark and Wells, South gtdo. ah3lb߻lwls
JjJL Madlso* street, between State and Dearborn,
Doan opea at 7 o’clock; perlonaaacea commence* 7X
Engagement of thotaleated yoong actress,
Who win appear during the week In a series of brilliant
characters. the rendition ofwtlch bare made her a
nolverral favorite. and gained for h«r the praise oftbe
Preu and Public hr whom she U considered oaeof
the most accoapllilied ladle* on the stage.
THURSDAY EVESISO. April 3d, wilt Seprisenled
the play of
the baebakian.
Grasd Diaci.. ...Mis, juya Hioar.
To conclude With
wni deliver Ids popular Oration oa
“ (tA~RTRAT.T)T j ”
AprU Sd, 1803, at 8 O’Clocls.
Boors open at 7 o’clock. Tlckrt* for sate at Hotel*
and Bcot«tere«: and at Higgins* Music Store.
A portion of the Hall and of the Gallery will be set
apart for IJSI.UVLD SLAtS—tickcU wO cents* to
other parts of the house, 25 cents.
CU The sale of Bescrvcd Scats will close at half,
past six o’clock oa the evening of the Lecture
_ V(V , vwv , _ EDWARD s. ISHAM. *
mh2o-bSSa-5t Chairman Lect. Com.
dolph street, between Matteson A Sherman Houses.
Mosdat Ltxning March 80th. and every evening
during the week. First week of the lauglwole Ethlo
plan operetta Oh. Hash, or the Vlrglany Cnplds. la
whlcnthe whole Company will appear. Also the Aral
week of the following pieces—Cottage by the Sea*
The J'lpvey Davy. What Can’t be Cured. Grand Comla
Medley. The \ acant Chair. Second week of Leon**
Highland SiraUurey.Tbe Haunted House. The French
Dancing Master. Ernanl Chorus. Ac. Doors open at;*
Concert commences at 8 o’clock P. M. MATINEE on
Satin day, ApriUth. Door* open at IS', commenc
ing at 2s o'clock. P. M. Admissions cents. Children
under 12 years, to Matinee, 15 cent*
mhgJ-bSOi iw U. S.DINGES3. Agent.
Metropolitan hall.
Every Alteraooa asd Eveciag,
For One TVeeli Only.
Of tlie '• LITTLE PAISV."
And the favorite New Fng'and Vocall-t.
The world renowned “ Little Fairy” Dolllo Dutton
(by far the tmallest person In tl o world, of hey »jre.)
eleven vears old. twenty-nine Incite* tall. and weighing
only fifteen potiads. (only one tnlrd as large a* Geo.
T« m Thumb), will giro Levee* at tlie above llall every
afUrnoon and evening for one week, commencing
MONDAY. diarch IX th. la connection with a series of
Grand Concerts by the Distinguished Vocalist)
Miss E. A. KARSH', of Boston,
song». dances and characteristic representations by
Lltt.e Dollle. and Ope« atic Select lons. Popular Ballads,
nrd favorite National Airs, (la costume) by' Mil*
Marsh, at each entertainment.
Doors open at 2 and t»,S o'clock; entertainments
commence at 3 and 7'^.
t?” AdiuLvloaCScents; CLlldrcn 15 cents; Chlldroa
In the :Ut*rnooa 10 cents.
mliCs bTSO tt Is ALBERT NORTON. Manager.
Five Thousand Tickets.
One Sift to Every Ticket.
Special.— Owing to the Inability of thou«scd*ta «•
cure Tickets to the late Grind Gift Concert.the Mas*.
Cers. by special request. bate madi arrangements to
given Second Grand Gift Concert. The arrangement*
are on a more liberal scale, aad citizens who were un
able to purchase Tlrketi for the late Coicert will now
have an opportunity In this, the Second Grand Gift
Concert. The management will labor to make this
Concert the able-t and best ever given In the We«:
These prlre* have all been selected with great care and
are of rood maaofa'tnre. and warranted genuine The
best of vocal and Instrumental talent 1* engaged and
every effort will be made to render theConccrt eater
talnlng.andto make iraxoit* a compensation for Ue
price of the Ticket.
Tickets for sale at Werbe & Co'» office. No*l7Lar
man r.lock 'CSouth Clark street; W. W. Kimball dsal
crtnPLmoPortov.lo7 Lake streotnpstain; A.H Mil
ler. Jeweler. Is* Lake street.cornerof Clark; Ollletl
Titus* Co.'s Fancy Goods and Stationery Warcrooms*
No. 137 Lake street; Cn<l wort h 4 Loring's, 113 Randolph*
street, and nearly all pnbllc places.
Persons In the countrT.wishlngTlcket3.br enclosing
the money to Werbe « Co , Proprietors. Post Office
Lock Box (332. will meet with prompt attention. All
communications must be addre«*ed to theta.
The public Is respectfully Invited to examine tbosa
two elegant Pianos at W. W. Kimball's, dealer in Plano
Fortes.lo7Labe»treet. up stairs: also.those three fine
Sewing Machines, at Wheeler A Wilson'• Agency 10J
Lake street: one of them— their Prize Machine—Cs the
finest and handsomest manufactured. Itsdupllcate la
In the While House, In our President's family; also. In
the Household of the Tycoon of Japan, the Duche*# of
Sutherland. England, and the Dueheasof Constantine
Russia; Fine Stiver Ware. Ac., at A. IP. Miller's. US
Lake street: Photographic Albums and other Fine
Goods, at Glllelt. Titus * Co.'s. 137 La* Kreet; and
other Prizes, at Cudworth * Loring’s. HA Randolph
Drawers of Gifts In the country can have them for
warded hy sending their address to Werbe 4 Co-
Poetonicc BoxWS*.
The principal Gifts wiiibe on exhibition at Bryan Heft
On the evening of the Concert.
The cumber* drawing the following Prizes will be
EobUshed in the Dally Papers immediately after ike
Prize. Value.
1— “Octave Rosewood Plano Porte. large
round corners, three rows of moulding en
case. serpentine bottom. Inlaid name
board, carved legs and pedal *3OO M
2 1 “-Octave Rosewood Plano, large round
comers 30900
2—l Magnificent Wheeler 4 Wilson Sewing
Machine, richly silver-plated and erna
mented. inlaid with pearl, rosewood full
case, side drawers JOO Cl
4 No, i Wheeler* Wilson Sewing Machine,
rick tnahoganyfallcase. fldedrawers.cn
pclean top 117.01
5 No. 2 Wheeler 4 Wilson Sewing Machine,
rich mahogany half ca«e ffJOO
s—iDlamondClusterGenfsPln gooo
7—l Diamond ClosterGamet Centre Ring 7000
B—l Gent's Gold Watch, banting case . 5000
2-3 Ladles' Gold Watches. eachKB.OO 84*00
12— Fine Pearl Inlaid Writing Desk. ao 00
13— Extra 1 tdnch Rosewood W rlrlngDesfc.... 10 00
14— 1 Silver PlatedLatUes* DreseiagCase.Tur
key Morocco cover J3.M
15— Rosewood Ladles* Jewel and Dressing
Case 15.01
18—1 Oblong Paneled Photograph Albom. ivory
ornamented, ino picture* fipop
17—1 Oblong Medallion Clasp Album, 100 pic-
turn 15.00
18— oblong lurkey Morocco Album. 60 pic
ture* 10.00
19— Quarto Paneled Album. ivory ornament*
ea.extrac!aaps.soplctures 1000
20— Turkey Morocco Album, extra. 50 pic
ture* 000
31—ITurkev Morocco Albnm.sOplctures. 600
23 1 Morocco Album. 50 pictures 400
2?— l Cloth Album.so pictures gjg
24 Shakspeare‘s Complete Wort?. Turkey Mo
rocco Antique TJSO
25 1 Ecutt’s Complete Works, Turkey Moroc
co Antique 7.50
28—1 Byron’? Complete Worts. Turkey Moroc
co Antique 7J50
27—1 Gent's silverWatch.hnntlnzcaoe. 37 00
IS-l Sliver Plated Coifee Urn 23 0#
36- •• Ice Pitcher 17*00
SC—l Elcht Day Marble Case Clocks 15*0*
Si—l Bleb Chafed Silver Plated Cake Basket... 13M
33—1 Silver Plated Sugar Basket 7 00
S3—l “ ** Castor xISO
Zi —l * Card Basket 5.7s
£s—2 " ~ Salt Sellers.good Used.each
_ *2.50 506
37 ISllrerPlatedPleKnlfe 4is»
SS—l " “ Spoon Holder. sjo
83-1 “ " C Mid’s Knife, Fork and •
Spoon m case 373
40— silver Plated SnearSlfler 1*73
41— ** ** Tea Knlvc?. each IIJ2S 15 00
Sr-21 •• •• yanklnßlm:s. each 50c 12.00
77—0 “ - Call Bells, each #1.73 10.50
S3—2l Sets Sliver Plated Table Spoons, eack
f.\KL ! W.CO
107—54FctaSllverPJated Tea Spoons, each 11.59 Si.M
181—S4 Sets Silver Plated Table Forts. fv!i
ts.is j? oa
155—« Sliver Plated Fmlt Knives, each $1.73 V)J5t
IC—l2Silver PtatedSngar Spoon9.each*l,so... 1300
174—6 Silver Plated Enures, Forks and Spoon*.
In case, each |3.00 ; #5 00
150—12 Silver Plated Goblets, each *4.00 4d‘oo
liG— l2 SllverPlatedCnps.eaehl3.oo »?'oo
2&l—S6 SetsGolCPinanaEarKnobs.each WOO 2HCO
210— 2IGoldPens.extensJoncase.eachJ2.00. *Voft
2M—l2 Gold Commercial Pens, each s2io.. ~*** ao'fl
2Tft—£4 Assorted Gold Lockets, each I &LOO
I hereby certify thatthepdees annexed to ths above
articles from my establishment, are ray regular re tad
prices, and that the Pianos are first rliss Instruments,
fully warranted by the makers and nmelf
w'ttf PTtrBITT.
hereby certify that the above price* annexed to
the above list of Gilts from onr establishment. are our
regrUar retail price*. A. H. miller.
At the conclusion, the Gifts win be drawn la the pre§-
enceof the aaiUer.ee. by a Committee appointed by the
anrtler ce to superintend the drawing.
Doors open at T o'clock; Concert to commence at TX
ill In Drawlac of March Uth,
v« 33 417 drew »100.(X«: No. 1L516 drew I50.C00; No.
7«-J drew fSO.OfO: So. 3.Sit drew 119,000; so. 12.143
drew *5.000; hclae tee Are capital prized. Thirty per
crct premium paidior prize*. InformaMoa famished.
llUAest price paid tor Douploons. American Gold and
Silver. TAYLOR A CO.. Bankers
apl t»x*-6tla 16 Wall street, New Tort.
Cotton &*a Jast recolrM .ad for
Ct Istp U Cat®, UllaoU.
Fresli Spring Goods
Has just been received at
Plain, Checked and Striped Alpacw.
Paris Nankeens.
Silk Lustres,
DcLalaea’aad Challle.la great variety.
Brochts £ SteD* Shawls.
Plain and Embroidered Cloaks,
In Ugnt spnne colota,
(Manufactured under oar own supervision J
A largo assortment of
A very complete stock of HEAD NETS of all style*.
San Umbrellas and Paraaols, Corset*,
As cheap as can elsewhere be found, at
IX2 and 114 Fraablia street,
(Two Block TYest *f the Coart Reuse)
modem improvements ofa first-class hotel, and ha*
rooms to accommodate about one hundred truest*
The proprietor has kept the Rdlroad Vlctnaih*
House at Galesburg. DL. for nearly six vears. and ha?,
ing spent five months repairing and refurnishing t:.U
bouse. Is now ready to do aboielbuaincaslnChtcagj.
Board |IJO per day.
Patronage Solicited*
Chicago. March 3.1S 63. ml- aC6-ira
At No. 10 Desplalncs street, south of Randolph street
West Division. *
Having Just returned from Paris, after selecting a
lot of the purest Dye Stuffs, theuadendgnedwairaat*
to give satisfaction la all color*—the latest shade*.
Also. Solf»rlno. Magenta. French Purple. Ac
Previous to his t;lp to Europe, the understaed cm.
ducted the well-known premium house of Cook ±
McLain, of Chlcsg*. C. DAHLGKEKN*.
Paris Steam Dvc Works.
N. B.—Branch Ofilce. 75 North Clark street
138 Lake Street,
100 doz. Willow and Wood Cabs and Gigs,
50 *• Cradles. Cribs, Chairs,
COO 44 Ladles Work and Traveling Baskets,
£0 * 4 Rocking and Spring Horses,
100 “ Toy Carts. Wagons and Gigs,
JTO bags Common and Colored Marbles,
Srf>o 5l China Painted Allies,
iOYM Fine Glass Allies.
50 M Gilt and Silvcred-Ulies, Ac., Ac.,
SCO Gross Peg Tops, assorted.
KM) doz. Pocket and Currency Books,
lin doz. Bovs Drums, nine sizes,
3000 M Fi>h llcoks. sixteen sizes,
750d0z. Fish Lines, 10 to 100 feet,
300 *• Tin ami Wood Bird Cages,
750 44 Rubber Balls, assorted.
Sutlers Goods and Notions in Great Variety,
Tovsand Fancy Goods. In quantities to suit the trade.
Also, the iamoa* WALKING DOLL. Just received
Spring and Summer Trade.
We Lave now la store, both la
Chicago and St. Louis,
Manufactured Early in the Season,
And to which wo Invite the attrition of all merchants
who wish to bay
choice go 00s
1863 NEW HOUSE. 1860
37 Lake st. and 43 Wabash avenue,
inzoLsaaLß dzalebs cr
Hats, Caps and Straw Goods,
Umbrellas and Parasols.
Our stock of new goods for the Spring trade is uau
nallr fall and desirable, comprising the largest and
most attractive assortment In the West, and having
been purchased previous to the great advance, we are
satisfied we have ftclHtlea that will enable tu to com.
mtnd the attention of merchants visiting this market,
and particularly
1863.~ SPKING trade.
34 & 36Lake Street, Chicago,
And an the varioua styles of WOOLEN, COTTON aui
LINEN piece gooda for
Adapted to the wants of the West. Wo shaft, as here
tofore for the past fourteen years, keep the largest
and best assorted stock ot this class of goads to ba
found la this market. Aa examination la solicit#!.
Scott’s, Clay’s and Glcncrosu*
Reports of Fashions.
Have established an office In WASHINGTON. D. C..
where one of the firm will remain fbr the purpose oa
attending to all claims for
Pensions, Bounty, Arrears of Pay,
and Prize Honey.
Also, all demands before the COURT OP CL VIMS. No
firm In the West poesxaais mqttat. » imrwM f.ir ma
transaction ofbusiness, as we give
Letters, enclosing stamp for return postaue, will ro
ceive prompt attention. mhiS-biSMw
Caretoßy selected tor tea
2STo. is Cortlandt street,
H °*.&V TOSS.
r> 000 ImndroJ touheU of raxrioc dßimr.of
teoom corn seed, which has hcea tried, unwarranted
to grow. Send toonlers early.
atosaeMei KSottteWetcrrtreet.cwc***
For Men and Boy’s wear.
Alexandre's and Jouvta’s Eld Gloves,
Remember. 138 Lake street.
Corner Wabash avenae. Chicago,
Which we
[nihfi aSU-lm]

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