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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, July 06, 1863, Image 1

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Office Ko. SI Clark Street.
Dally, delivered in city, per year.. slo*oo
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Daily, to mail eabecHhi-ni. per year...... 0.00
Daily, to mall per 6 months.. 6 .00
Tri-Weekly. per year fi.OO
fPeekly.ejnple sutaci iocte (6 mo'asl.oo). 2.00
~ 4 copirj) 7.00
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w so copice, and Ito getter up of
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in Bcgletcred Letters may be Bant at
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remittance for clnbe must. In all caaea,
jq made at okr time.
There ■win be no deviation from the fore
going scale of rates.
fcddrem ** CHICAGO TEXEDKE," Chicago, IIL
Hie dispatches relative to the situation
5n Pennsylvania are cheerful, but not con
clusive. We have certainly made Lee re
pent already his temerity. Doubtless by
this time he feds that he has got too tar
from Richmond. The journey back, we
trust, will be regulated by the roles of the
cartel The facts seem to.be that our ad-
Twice impinged upon the rebels about the
middle of la&vWfCCk. That we were too
weak mid recoded, hut not far. Falling
back on our supports a strongpositlon was
taken. The rebels confidently made tfleir
attack. It was a terrific battle, from ap
pearances one of the severest of the war.
2?ow our line swerved, rallied again, and
pushed ‘the enemy, finally it was the
rebels who being again and again
repulsed with loss, withdrew in
a manner so doubtful,as to leave it scarcely
dear whether they were retreating, or
or whether it was only a change of ma
ncuvre. This brings the situation down
to Saturday, when one account says the
rebels are in the town of Gettysburg and
entirely hemmed in by our troops. There
Was no fighting on Saturday aside from
tirtillciy duds and picket Blrirmißhlnff.
The official dispatches are, one from Sec
retary Stanton and two from Gen. Meade
frimßfiif. The position of affairs, as re
ported, is in the highest degree encourag
ing, and coupled with the obstacles refer
red to in the dispatches as being opposed"
to Lee's retreat, there is every reason to
hope that our solid advantages thus far
Will end in a substantial victoiy-
Our mails and dispatches open a foil
budget of news from Gen. Grant’s army.
The advices arc of a highly interesting
character, giving the losses to our troops
m the recent battle at Fort Hill, and the
events succeeding i£, ending in the aban
donment of the position so gained. The
aspect now is, that Pemberton will not
Boon be forced to surrender from starva
tion, the condition of his larder not here
tofore having been correctly reported to
-our commanders. It is now stated that
there is food enough in Vicksburg to feed
the beleaguered lolks one month. It is
mow the forty-fourth day of the siege, dur
ing which a force of less than XB.OOO
rebels has held 100,000 of the best
troops in our army at bay, and occupied.
The question as it will present itself to
Gen. Grant will come to be the very grave
one, whether, in the thirty days* tin** yet
required to starve Pemberton out, the en
emy may not inflict upon our arms else
where losses that will more than
balance the inevitable heavy cost
of taking Vicksburg by assault. The
question of time is just now the gravest
one pressing upon Gen. Grant; His army
is needed at other points. Banks requires
reinforcing and aid in his undertaking at
Port Hudson, for we do not credit the dis
patch that it is too late. 'We need more
men in Louisiana. The enemy is menac
ing other points on the lower Mississippi.
There is every reason to hope for an
early solution of the Vicksburg question,
even if the purchase be at a heavy cost
Our dispatches come direct from Tolia
homa. The work is going on well Bragg’s
whole army is retreating and Bosscrans’
advance is gained without strong opposi
tion. The success of Gen. Bosecrans, es
pecially, raises plearing anticipations of
relief to the suffering loyalists of East Ten
nessee. Chattanooga, which is the object
of his campaign, is, it is true, still distant,
but the General who is marching towards
it is accustomed to rapid operations in a
difficult country; he knows the advantage
of keeping the enemy going when he is
once started; and our army is nowin a po
sition where it is perhaps safer to advance
than'to retreat. The capture of Chatta
nooga would give us East Tennessee and
the whole mountain region of the South.
It would bring to our army heavy rein
forcements of the persecuted Tennessee
and North Carolina loyalists, and It would
cut the Confederacy in two, and, when
Vicksburg falls, in three parte. Thus di-
Tided, the fragments of the great serpent
might struggle for a little while longer,but
jts death would be assured.
The Fourth was quietly and otherwise
in no very marked manner observed by
our citizens. The jovemleß were not de-,
prired of their pyrotechnic displays on a
scale proportionate to the family purse.
Crackers popped and fizzed all day, and
after night fall the rockets ruled their brief
hour in fiery lints athwart the sky, in all
quarters of the city. The pending crisis
in this war gave its grave tone to the
topics of the day, and, save the small H
folk, kindly spared such weighty con
siderations, there was little of the wonted
hilarity firoiA olden times belonging to the
£ "We give elsewhere interesting sketches
of the formal observance of the Fourth of
July in Milwaukee, in Fulton, and other
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
HEicrtns, July 3, via Cairo, Jnlyt,lß6B.
The News from Fort Hudson is vague and
uncertain. It Is very certain that two gun
boats bad arrived at Warrcnton from that
place, and persons from below report that
these boats brought up the news of the sur
render of Fort Hudson.
J\r Contra* we have a street rumor, pur
porting to have been brought from the South
by “grapevine telegraph,” that Johnston’s
forces had united with the garrison of Fort
Hudson, defeating Banks, who was himself
wounded severely, and is now a prisoner at
Columbus, Hiss.
We, however, do not attach any importance
to these idle stories.
There is nothing new here.
(Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.!
CoiczxNATZ, July 5,1803.
A MDitoiy Commission, of which Brigadier
<lOOOllll Green Clay SmTh, is President, Is In
session here trying Capt. J. M. Cntts, Judge
-Advocate of the Department of the Ohio, on
the charge of insolence to another member of
•Gtntrui Burnside’s and for looking
through a kty-Lolc and over the door of a
room in the Burnett House where a lady.was
undressing. The case will consume another
Passed off yesterday.
The city Tas divided Into 122 company dis
trict., nearly ell o I which elected company
officers. r J
From Kentucky,
Locibvills, July 4.—The mornincr
bcnce to Nashville was ordered lSk&i2r
isvUlc on acconntof apprehended difficult
along the road. The up train, at the latest
advices at Bowling Green, state the rumors of
« fight seer Glasgow Junction to be incorrect.
The Nashville River is fourteen feet on the
phoals and still rising.
Incidents of the Late Assault.
Losses and Casualties to Our Troops.
(Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Headquarters xk Fiild.keab Vicksburg, )
Jane 29, via Cairo, July 4,1608. f
Our forces have this morning been with
drawn to the outer side of the wall of the
contested fort in front of Gen. Logan, in con
sequence of some advantages of position,
which enabled the enemy to throw shell into
our position, thus endangering the life and
limbs of our men without present benefit.
The withdrawal Is temporary only, while
certain subsidary works are being constructed.
A sharp fire of musketry Is still maintained.
The total number of casualties Is not now be
lieved to exceed 200 in thta straggle, many of
which are slight wounds.
Until an hour after dark, last evening, the
cannonading was very heavy. This morning,
the firing is very light. The usualworkis be*
ing perfected by sharpshooters and artillery,
but there is no new developments.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Steaxxr Diligent, Near Ticksruro, 1
June 29, Via Cairo, July 4,1863. J
Porter has two guns in position above the
city andunder cover of the river bank, doing
good execution. A mill in the city was de
A rebel officer came over the river under a
flag of trace, with paroled men, which Gen.
Mower refused to receive, and sent to the
rear to Gen. Grant, states that our men were
confined in the Court House. The object, ot
course, is to save it from our shells.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Hexphzs, July S, Via Cairo, Ju1y4,1963.
The steamer Luminaty arrived up lastnlght,
with advices from Vicksburg to the 29 th. The
siege is still pressed with vigor. Although
no positive advantage has resulted from the
springing of McPherson’s mines, yet that gal
lant officer is pressing forward vigorously.
The rebels have sprung a counter mine in
Sherman’s front. The only damage which it
did was to destroy the head of his approach.
A day’s work will dear It up.
CoL Woods is busy raising the guns of tho
sunken gunboat Cincinnati. He has three of
them in position upon the hlaff, and is yet at
work getting more of them out.
The rebels keep up a constant fire, but the
casualties are not very numerous.
The weather is extremely hot, but the
nights are cool and refreshing.
Johnson was still in the vicinity of Canton,
preparing his troops fora forward movement.
Letters from Grant’s Army.
[From Oar Own Reporter.}
Chickasaw Batou, zk Bzab or Vzcssbubo, )
June 23,1863. f
Our Generals do not rest satisfied with re
ports as to the progress, of the work, but are
constantly in the front unld the whizzing of
bullets and the bursting of shell, inspecting
and directing operations. Of course, the
principal interest in the siege now centres in
Fort Hill. If the • rebels only dare pnt their
rifles over -their parapets, they would have
some most excellent shots among corps, di
vision, and brigade commanders, near enough
to them to enable them to seethe stars on
their shoulder-straps. At a point in the ap
proach to Logan’s bastion, where I was told It
was unsafe to stand, 1 saw* Gen. McPherson
and his fclaf£ in fall uniform, ride slowly
along surveying the progress of matters in
front of them. Again, and again, I have won*
deredwhyno more men were killed by the
stray bullets whistling around, but each life
seems taken only as it is especially sought.
Luring the whole siege the casualties fc>m
rebel bullets .outside of the trenches, have
been scarcely worth mentioning; and yet ev
ery stranger who visits the front and hears the
whiz of the little lead jokers, has some to
tell of a narrow escape from being shot.
The last week has decidedly changed the
prospects in regard to the. speedy full of
Vlcktlmrg', and i bhonld notnow be surprised
if it held oat a month yet. 1 learned at Gen.
Grant’s headquarters, a day or two ago, that
late careful estimates placed the amount of
provisions on hand at Vicksburg as sufficient
for thirty days from the 20th of this month.
The previous estimates were much lower
than this, but lately it has been discovered
that the rebels have a vast granary of com, of
vtiich the deserters that have come into our
Hues were not aware. Their bacon will prob
ably give out a long time before their com
does. On com and mule meat they «wi sub
sist many a day. I have been «nahto, after
curefully weighing the evidence given by de
serters, to come to any favorable conclusion
iu regard to an 'early surrender, though a
■week ago I thought it very probable. Of
Pemberton’s determination to hold out to
the very last degree, there is no longer any
ooubc. This is the stem truth, however
pleasant a different view of the case might be.
But it is very clear that in view of the eager
spirit of the army, It requires as much firm
ness in Gen. Grant to desist from taking the
city by assault, as to decide in favor of mak
ing on assault.
(From Another Correspondent.)
Bbab or Vickbbobo, June 26th, 1663.
Another battle has been fought. Another
severe struggle for position in the siege of
Vicksburg. The position has been gained
end will be held by our brave Union soldiers.
On the 25th lust,, at 4 o’clock p. m., the tntn«
that was to blow up the rebels’ fort in front
of Gen. John A. Logan’s division was ready to
be sprang. .The divisions was ordered under
onus, and the 45th regiment Illinois infantry
(familiarly known as the Wasbum Lead mitia
itgimcni) was assigned to the post of honor,
and ordered to occupy the breach and hold It*
let it cost what it may.
Hy object is to give you a correct list of
the casualties in our regiment, and leave it
to those whose opportunities were better to
describe the conflict. I cannot refrain from
mentioning our field officers in terms of
praise. How nobly they acted 1 will leave to
the readers of the Tam one to decide. Oar
lid of killed and wounded speaks eloquently
for them.
lm or Casualties jk tub
Mike," 45th ItxaniEHr Ilukou Istiktbtat
ttse&isgb or Vxokbbcbo, Jcke Ssnx act asm,
Major Leander B. Fiek.
Svtjr’t Axel J. Esplng, Co.B.
berg't Loafs Breczer, F.
I’nvate William Francis, F.
St-rg*t Isaac Lines, E.
Col. Jasper A. Mallby, eldcandhead.
Lieut. Col. Mclapclhon Smith, head, mortally*
Capt. Win. T. Frobock, Co. A, arm.
Louis La Brash, A, face, slightly.
James FerriH, A, face, allghtly.
Charles McConville. A, eloe, mortally.
JanicsMellcn, A. head, mortally.
Eerg't Kingsley E. Olds. B, hands, slightly. *
Cora. Wm. H. Stevens, B, right leg, slichtly.
21. Trc* atban, B, right knee, slightly.
Francis M. Biackznore, B, head, slightly.
Joseph Powell, B, thumb, slightly.
Wo. J. McKlhannon, B, body and leg, mortally.
Lieut James Clifford, C, left arm, slightly,
Etrgt Orrin L Williams, C, finger, do
Valentine Webber C, bead slightly.
Sergt Evan K Bleson, 1), arm, slightly.
Ecigt John R Lamb, B, head, severely.
Corp Edward O Hammond, B. hand u
Robt Bojlc, D. breast.
Wm Rogers. D, Lip.
Wm B Chapman, B, arm, severely.
Wm Steffins, E.eye, slightly.
Abram Brandt, E, hand do.
Oliver Fllcldnger, head, do.
Kelson Michekon, F-face.
J.-imes E Carpenter, F, right side, »UrM.
John Shepherd, F, back, slight.
Matthew Grant, F, left arm.
James hi Herring, F, hand, severely.
Henry H Sheldon, P, do do
Samuel Boyd, F, head, severely.
John hi Primmer. F, hand and side severe]?
Luther Smith, bead, slightly.
'j bomas F Simmons, F, arm, slightly.
. John RollV. F, side, slightly,
Silas hi Phelps, G, head ana hand, severely.
Richard Richardson. G, foot, slight.
Lcwlt- H Merchant. 6, head, severely.
Edward Watson, G, left thigh, slight.
Samuel H Hitt, G, right arm, severe.
Wm B Poseen, G, head, slight.
Bczekiah, side, severe.
St- phen Brayton, H, bond, severe.
Capt B B Boyce, L face, severe.
Sergt Wm B Kinkadc, side, severe.
Tbos Bordenbrook. I, hand, severe.
Stephen F Fair, L face, severe.
Jos N Shaw, L arm, slight.
Jasper Biggs, I, hand, H ight
C R Pomeroy, L enn, severe.
Sergtß M Ricker, K, head, severe.
James Bernhardt. E, hand, severe.
Wm Henderson, K, shoulder.
Harrison Hines, E. arm, slight.
Ist Sergt Richard Frazier, £, hip.
Corp Jonathan Collingwood, E, ary,
[Special Correspondence of Chicago Tribune.]
TuntmaxTa Bat zk Beau or Txoesbdbo, 1
June S6th 1808 f
I have not been able to get a list of the
killed, but give a list of the wounded, that is
I*? nearly correct. The 45th lost largely in
killed in proportion to wounded, I am told.
looam's nmsiov.
Mat HI~J J Dunn, co B, severe: PHHhidalck-
ton, C, severe; James Honey. I, severe; F B
Thacker, I, severe; Newton Gann, D, aevero;
Cant. LBlcaeer. severe.
45th ID—Foil list given elsewhere.—Bos. - Turn.
124 th ill—A Lay, co B. eevere; Fred Hiller, fi,
severe :J Rupee D. severe; John Smith, E, mor
tal ; M WMorga'i,K. severe: Hubert Lane, R, ge
vere: Ed Kelly. D, severe
2od Ind—Daniel Wolf, co Afsevere; Conrad Lo
tas A, severe; L Hollla, A, mortal: Lieut H C
Mulbon, G, severe. ,
7th Ho.—James Foy, co E, severe; J CnUoway,
E, severe ;Wm Martin, G, severe.
4th Minn.—B V Robinson, co C, severe.
80th Ohio—Hem? Ulrnan, A. eevere; W Bigles,
A, slight.
fiCttTHl—James Ayers, Co. A, severe; D. Dack
woitb, C, severe; Sami. Chspmsn, B, do: J. A.
Hiller, B, do; Rufus Baggett, A, slight; W.M.
Denton, A, severe.
17th lowa—Wm. Bird,' Co. A, eevere; S. Mark
enhnqr. A, slight; W.C. Carr, A, do: Nathan Tat
tle, A. do; John Hiller, D, do; Capt. Wm. Horner.
G. severe; G. Stccnbock. H, do; wm. Denton. A.
alight; W. C. Porter, X, do; C. F. Green, S, se
vere; James Codi, I, do; Benj. Stevenson, L do;
H. S. Fettiugalu, D, slight; A. H. Meachatn, D, do;
Albert Brant, B; severe; DavtdHonroe, IL alight:*
W.A.West,G, eevere; W. W.SommersTlj’do.
Before this letter reaches you, somuch time
will Lave elapsed, that perhaps it can do no
harm to speak of another during raid just
being carried on.tLrongh Mississippi.
. Some days ago, Capt. Maun of the sth Hli
nois cavalry, with forty picked men and ani
mals, Started from Grand Gulf, on an expedi
tion to tear up railroads, bam bridges, cat
tehgraph lines, and inflict such other damage
upon the enemy as can be done hastily,
not ’ making any. attempt to fight,
but always • prepared to run at a
mi Hunt’s notice. His destination is
Pentai-ola. if practicable, and if not, the next
most feasible point within his reach. It is a
bold move, and if successful, will annoy and
hurt the enemy more than Grierson’s famous
raid. He is a bold, daring officer, and he
knows his mem His movements will be so
rapid that it must be'a mere chance if the
rebels catch blm, now that their attention is
so much attracted toward*. Vicksburg and
Port Hudson.
[Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.
Cart in Rear or Vicksburg, Hiss., )
June S5, 883. f
The following is a correct list of the killed
and wounded of the 81st Illinois Volunteers,
during the fight which followed the explosion
of partof FortHlU:’
Dicut. CoL John D. Rees, mortally wounded by a
Capt, Lcvl B. Casey, Co. D, badly wounded In both
legs, by a shell.
Lieut. James P. Anderson, D, slightly, by a shelL
Lieut. S. C. Hoonincham, C, badly, by a shell.
B. Raymond, slightly. In head, by
Abram Tucker. A, slightly, in neck, by a shell.
Sctgt. John J. slightly, In tinnhaad foot,
by a shell.
Coip. Wm. Dillard, B, slightly. In head, by a rifle
Hort. Hendrickson, C, badly, in mouth and aim.
by a shell. *“*
Elias Stanley, C, kH!ed-sbot in head hr a shell.
Frank Chitty, C, badly, in face, by a shell.
John Bex, O. slightly. In hand, by a shell.
Hiram Hamilton, D. killed by a Minle ball.
Newton Gabn, D, badly, in leg, by a shclL
Sami. Hester, D.slightly. in leg, by a shell.
Frank Thacker, D, slightly, by a shell.
Frank Brennan, F, killed—shot in head by a Minlo
Wm. Lambert, F, killed—shot in head by a Minis
Lieut. Philip Lippel, slightly, in free, by a t hell.
Janies M. Brandon, Q, badly, in fingers, by a shell.
Timothy Patterson, G, badly. In leg. by a sheU.
Coip. Gilford Warfield, 1, killed—shot through tho
Scrgt. Thos. Murphy, I, slightly, in neck by back
Sergt, Isaac Wert, L badly, In head, by Minle bafl.
James Roney, I, badly, in shoulder, oy a shell.
Sylvester Sommers, I, slichtly, in head, by a shell.
Lieut, John J. « 'nrry, L slightly, in side, bya shell.
ErerjtMng Going on Well with
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Headquabtebs Abut op the Coxberlaxd )
Tbllaooxa, July 4,ISCS—7 p.m. * f
McCook’s corps entered Winchester to day,
Sheridan having the advance, and the 39th
Indiana, skirmishing with the enemy on the
front# Sheridan now pickets to the foot of
I the mountains. Thomas 1 corps occupy Do
-1 chcrd, his advance being up to Cowan, at the
opening of the tnnnelL The enemy have
. made a rapid flight from Tullohoma, destroy
ing the bridges across Elk Elver and delaying
the Federal pursuit at the crossing. Several
corps pressed ahead, however, crossing on
pontoons last night. Stanley’s cavalry effect
ed a crossing during the night, and are now
crowding the enemy np the mountain road.
The rebels took the last train of cars through
the tunn ell late last night.
Bragg’s army Is terribly demoralized. De
serters arc coming in by scores, who say the
mountains arc full of men afraid to show
themselves to the Pederals, notknowiagwhat
viiil befall them, yet resolved to fight no
All the way down from Tnllahoma, Bragg
had been giving out that he fell back to avoid
‘Bosecrans’ flanking movement, bat that at
the foot of toe mountains he would fight
to the last man. *
Berwick Bay was captured by Gen, Dick
Taylor, on the 25tb. Over 1,000 Yankee pris
oners, ten heavy guns and a large amount of
stores fell into our hands.
The same dispatch says iheßadouzwas also
carried, which gives us command of the Hie*
slssippi, cutting off Banks’ supplies.
A Federal force of sir regiments engaged
the Confederates at Lafourche Crossing, <• on
the 23d. The Confederates charged and cap
tured a Federal battery, losing fifty-three
men, including Coh Walker, of the 2nd Tex
as. The Confederates retired and awaited
The Intelligencer contains a call by Gov.
Brows, on the citizens to organize for repell
ing invasion. The rebels are becoming un
easy at Eosecrans’ approach,
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.}
* Tcixaboxa, Team, Ja1y2.1863.
The telegraph wires having Just been
curried through from Murfreesboro by the
energetic action of J. Yandnser, the Chief of
the Telegraphic Corps, I avail myself of the
glorious privilege of telegraphing directly
The rebel retreat isjp roving most disastrous.
The mountains are full of deserting con
scripts who swear they will never leave the
State. The Federais are In rapid pursuit,
and overtake wagons and stragglers at every
turn. Prisoners coming in say Bragg’s col
umn Is completely demoralized—every man
looking out for himself, The enemy burned
the bridge across Elk Elver, and, with artil
lery, now dispute Thomas’ advance.
The Federal column will, however, be over
to-night, when prisoners may he expected in
by hundreds.
Stanley’s cavalry are crowding in pursuit.
Horrible roads baVe proved Bragg’s salvation
from complete destruction. As it Is his army
will be scattered.
CoL limes’, Ist Michigan Engineers and Me
chanics, is hard at work on the railroad, and
will have communication with the North es
tablished in a tew days. Cars now ran to
A terrific explosion of abandoned rebel
shells occurred this afternoon, which killed
Silas UQlcr, of the Ohio Sharpshooters, and
ladly wounded half a dozen other soldiers.
• Tullahoma, July 4.—1 have had no oppor
tunity, since the occupation of this place, to
telegraph yon up to. this point, and send a
summary of movements of the last day or
two. Further developments have proved
the rebel retreat from Ibis place had not been
so dean as my first dispatch indicated.
Haste to record the event, induced me to
give but & superficial examination. The works
arc much stronger than I supposed. Fort
Bains, a largo bastion, is the centre of a scries
(a circle) of strong outer works, bearing upon
every road and important point in the vi
The real weakness of Bragg was in not hold
ing Manchester. As soon as Bosecrans took
Manchester, 1 and advanced toward Win
chester, he could flank any equal or
inferior force aT Tullahoma, as soon
As the head column got . south of
Tullahoma, Bragg evacuated. Instead ol
cue, we have four siege guns; instead of no
- stores, wc have a large amount of meal arid
other provisions. After finding, on the Ist
Inst., .that Tullahoma was evacuated, Bose
crans threw loiward Lis force in rapid par
suit. Thomas moving on the Manchester
road, from Manchester, and McCook on the
one from Tullahoma. Thomas moved rap
idly in hopes of striking the enemy, moving
.nearly due cast to get on the military road
built by Bragg, parallel with, and five miles
east of the railroad. This Thomas failed to
do until the enemy was well beyond the angle,
and when he was crossing Elk Biver.
The division of Gen. Negloy encountered
the rear of Hardee at a point about four miles -
north of Elk Biver, and ’ skirmished with it
all day, losing four or five men killed and
wounded. Among the prisoners is Lieut.
Platt, of the 11th Michigan. .
The, enemy’s rear, under Wheeler, made
considerable resistance, delaying Negley so
that the rebel trains got beyond the river dur
ing the night of the Ist. • '
The same process on the part of the rebels
under Gem Buckner enabled Bragg with a
reserve of artillery of twenty-sis pieces to
cress Elk Bivcr at Estall Springs on the night
of the Ist, and to reach the mountains, and
the enemy on both roads burned all the
bridges, and the rear guard took np their po
sitions in hastily built works on the opposite
side of the river.. It was readily understood,
that this was for the purpose of. delaying our
crossing as loner as possible, in order to ena
ble their infantry and trains to get Into the
mountains, . . *.
• Heavy rain came .up, and the river rose
very high. The natives say they never saw
the river, so high as at the present time. The
situation on the night of tho 4th of July was:
McCook at Estall Springs,'with Buckner op
posite the Forks, Thomas' at n point two
miles up the river, with the enemy on the
opposite ride. The main part of the rebel
army was in the vicinity of Winchester, and
Dechard in camp, ready to move on the 2ud
into the mountains.
The Department headquarters were the
same night established at Tullaboma. Crit
tenden, with a full corps,' was sent by forced
march to take possession of the road leading
from Dechard,via Tracy City, to Chattanooga.
This was successful, and forced the enemy to
takethe roads across the mountains. On the
morning of the 2d; McCook crossed at the
-month of Bock Creek, below the enemy’s po
sition in front of our right, and thus flanked
the enemy, who withdrew to Winchester and
the mountains. At the upper bridge, where
Negly was, a similar maneuvre was made
with little better success. Rousseau and Bran
nun were sent across above, and come down
in the rear of thc.enemy,whom Negley was to
detain, not drive.
It was thought BoEeean could cross by 10
a. m., but the swollen state of the river pre
vented, and only a few troops got across in
time. Meantime a' cavalry brigade came in
upon the right flank of the eneniy. The firing
was mistaken for that of Bosseau, and Negley
opened with two batteries on the rebel posi
tion at a thousand yards distance. The first
fire dismounted one gun and killed several
rebel gunners. They were taken completely
by surprise and made but few replies, retreat
ii g precipitately. Meantime Turchin had
engaged the rebel* right, and after fighting
two hours drove it and toe entire rebel force
f. om the field, killing thirty-five of them and
captured their principal battery. The fight
was around the house of one PcaniugtOD, a
Quartermaster in the rebel force engaged,
which was sacked by Turchln’a men. The
fight only ended at 3 p. m., and the troops
werennableto cross until the afternoon of
the Sd.
They moved only a short distance when
Negley encamping on the battle-field, and
Bosseau and Brannon on the bank of the riv
er, McCook in the meantime advanced to,
and occupied Winchester, Dcohard and
Cowan. .
This -morning the whole force advanced lo
the loot of the mountain at Cowan to find the
[SpecialDlfpatch to the Chicago TrTbune.]sjg
Czsctnhati, Sunday, July 5,18C3.
I bare jest obtained the following from
Gen. Burnside. I will send additional partic
ulars to-night, If I can get them before the
wires close:
The advance of Gen- Morgan’s rebel forces,
reported at Columbia last week, reached
Green Elver and had a bloody fltfit with our
frees at SatervQle yesterday afternoon.
After defeating our forces they advanced to
day at noon and attacked the garrison at
Lebanon, Ky., consisting of four or five com
panies of a Michigan regiment. After a fight,
in which we lost five killed, oar garrison ear
Gen. Burnside immediately ordcredup re
inforcements by telegraph, and upon their
reaching Lebanon,’Morgan’s men withdrew,
after dark this evening. These ere all tho
particulars I hare been able to obtain at tho
present writing.
Gen, John Beatty’s brigade of Negley’s
command was in the advance on Winchester,
on Wednesday afternoon, when oar skirmish
ci s were assailed and driven back by a largely
superior force of the enemy. Beatty’s men
in&tantly deployed in line of battle, os did
also Col. Stoughton’s and CoL Slrwcll’s, and
a sharp conflict ensued. The enemy retired,
burning the bridge over the Elk Elver,behind
The courage of our boys were severely
letted, for they afterwards found that the
fence opposed to them was A. P, 8 ;ewart’s
entire division, and Churchill’s and Stone's
brigade of Clayborn’s division. The Ist Ohio
cavalry bore a gallantport in this fight.
. George Wind, Co. K, 101 th Illinois, was
killed; and Wm. Winslow, Co. C, 104 th HU
miiß; Philip O’Connell and L. Bamer, Co. B,
15th Kentucky, and John A. Herron, Co. D,
42d Indiana.
The next -day (Thursday), Schnlbe’s Ohio
and Hewitt's Kentucky batteries were moved
Into position on the north of Elk Elver, and
by rapid and sustained fire qoickly dislodged
the enemy from their works erected on the
south side of the river to defend the bridge,
dismounted one gun, and killed a number of
The rebel guns replied freely for a short
time, bat hurt nobody. In Tnrchln's cavalry
fight on the south side of the river,-on Thurs
day last, CoL Webb, of tho 51st Alabama
regiment mounted infantry, was mortally
wounded and died last night. Another rebel
Lieutenant Colonel and several other officers
were killed in the same fight. They were
buried by Ncgley's men, yesterday, after
they had crossed the river.
Louisville, July 6.—At 7 o'clock this
morning John Morgan, with 4,000 cavalry, at
ticked the 20th Kentucky infantry, 400
strong, under CoL Harrison, at Lebanon. Af
ter seven hours' fightingMorgon’s forces com
menced burning the town, setting fire to the
railroad depot and six or seven houses.
CoL Harrison then surrendered, and Mor
gan's forces left in the direction of Spring,
Six or seven were killed on 'each side and
several wounded.
Tie Journal is advised that thirty rebel
guerillas crossed the Nashville railroad at
Bocky Hill station early yesterday morning,
horned the depot and then went on to Leba
non Branch, nine miles from Lebanon, and
fired into & train going down, one person was
killed and another wounded.
One car was completely riddled with bul
lets. • .
They then went toward Lebanon, encoun
tering on thelrway ten infantry, who,without
evgn a commissioned officer, whipped thirty
rebel cavalry, killing four, when the rest de
camped. There was no loss on onr side.
Capt, Bluest of the 20th Kentucky, attacked
a rebel company at on the Nash
ville railroad, and whipped* them, capturing
fifty hotses, four prisoners, and wounding
seyeraL The rebels fled in a direction south.
The Union partisans of CoL Hurray’s cavalry,
ia in pursuit. ■
The fact of the enemy* leaving their dead
and wounded upon the field, indicates how
completely Tnrchln defeated them. Torchin
has shown himself a brilliant cavalry leader,
and each regiment of his glorious Bthßrigade
—l6th Ohio, Col. C. H. Grosvenor; 37thInd,
CoL Vail; 19th HL, 24th HL, CoL Hikalober,
—has done honor to itself within the last
ten days, and honors to the commanders.
Col. Tall and CoL Mihalotzy were both in
the fight near Hoover’s Gap, on Wednesday
and Friday, and both fought splendidly. CoL
Grosvenor and the 19th Illinois were in Neg
ley’s fight on Wednesday and Thursday last,
and discharged duty nobly.
The crossing of Elk at other points on the
Winchester road was not attended with much
fighting, hut was successful at all points, and
we now occupy Winchester, Dechard, and
Cowan. Hi fret, all parts of Tennessee are
ours, and during the entire campaign our
losses have not exceeded in killed, wounded
and captured 700 men.
There was some rain to-day, hut the weath
er generally for the past two days has been
tolerably good. The roads, however, are still
lh>n awfhl condition.
Hie Great Battles in
Details of the Fighting On
Wednesday, Thursday,
and Friday.
Stanton’s Dispatch to
Gen. Burnside.
The Rebels Completely
Hemmed In.
Baltimore, July 6.—News has been re
ceived from Geo. Meade’s army, np to 12
o’clock to-day. The late victory gets hotter
and brighter.
Tho enemy was in full retreat towards
Chambersbnrgond Greencastle.
It is thought that Lee will strain every
nerve to reach Hagerstown, and it is also
thought that his aim is to reach Williamsport
and thence escape into Virginia.
Intercepted dispatcher give the information
that Beauregard is in Richmond, and perhaps
on his way to Culpepper.
Gen. Meadeds han-assing Lee •with cavalry,
and following in. pursuit
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune ]
CiKCiKKATr, July 5,1883.
General Burnside received the following
dispatch from the Secretary of War;
WAsnciOTOS, July-4—9.45 p. m.—ISCS.
To Major General Burnside:
After three days of sanguinary battles at
Gettysburg, General Meade has defeated Gen.
Lee, who Is now in full retreat.
Hi-CSTTZi 9&u> .11 iiii cAuiiwa.' ""' ■
PmuLDKLPniA, July s.—The Journal pub*
lifches the following in an extra:
Baltimore, July 5—11:30 a. m.—The war
correspondent of the Journal has just arrived
from yesterday’s battle-field. He states that
the route of Lee was thorough and complete.
Gen. Meade has sot only captured 20,000
rebels, but re-captured all our own troops
who were previoudy In the hands of the
rebels. 1
3p. m.—lt is really true that Lee has been
totally routed and is seeking to escape.
Pleasanton has cut off his retreat through the
gap leadingto Chadhersbnrg.
We took 118 piecta of artillery and from
15,000 to 20,000 prisoners.
[Special Dispatch [o the Chicago Tribune.] '
RmADELPULi, July 5,q8G3.
The rebel 6-are saSTto be completelydemor
alizcd and retreating rapidly, with the proba
ble intention to crols the Bine Kidge Moan
tains by doubling Minister Gap, and make
their escape by wajl of Cumberland and Han
cock. There are litle hopes of their escape,
as the Potomac is lunch swollen. Many of
their numbers bavedeserted and taken to the
mountains. I
Farm ers who havj lost property have turned
anfl annoy the enemy very
much, | .
Meade is said to be following tho enemy
closely. 1 •
Up to o’clock tils evening reports receiv
ed here are very coiflicting, bnt all agree in
making it a victoryW ns, with heavy- losses
on both sides.
The sews from I irrisburg states that Gen.
Couch is pressing' Is troops upon tho ene
my's: front. The shances of escape seem
[Special Dispatcl to tho Chicago Tribune.]
tTAsmxoTON, July 5,1£63.
Dispatches recei- id from Gen. Meade dated
yesterday, state th:; the rebel army had with
drawn from his front, bnt whether for a re
treat or other mantrrre, was not thenjknown.
Nothing has bcenlreceived up to this time
so far as can be ascjrtained, conflicting with
tills intelligence. Ihc importance of the dis
patches from Jeff Davis' Adjutant General,
Cooper, to Gen. lee, cannot be overrated.
They reveal tho objec’B of Lee's campaign and
the conßo of its failure, and present the views'
of the rebel Government.
Gt-n. Sickles arrived here to-day. His left
leg has been amputated, hut it Is said that he
will recover! *
The reports concerning the death dr capture
of Longstreet and A. P. Hrii are still con
flicting. i
It is reported that tho rebels' bridge over
tLe Potomac at Williamsport has been de
stroyed by Gen. French.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
’ Washington, July 5,1568.
The report that Gen. French has captnred a
pontoon bridge from the enemy at Williams
port is confirmed officially up to 11 o'clock
this (Sunday) morning.
Nothing additional to the'dlspatches assert-'
jog that Gen. Lee was retiring, has been re
ceived from Gen. Meade.
[Special Dispatch to tho Chicago Tribune.]
Baltimore, July 5,1553.
I arrived this morning from the field
of the seven days* battles at Gettysburg,
Pa., having left there yesterday noon. The
enemy was then believed to be retreating on
the Chamberehurg turnpike and adjacent
roads, having left one strong corps posted In.
admirable defensive positions, half a mile or
more beyond Gettysburg, presenting a heavy
battle line to oppose onr pursuit and protect
their retreating columns.
This position of theirs was so strong, and
gave such opportunities for an enfilading ar
artillery fire on attacking columns, that an
open attack in front seemed hardly advisable,
and up to Saturday noon none had, at any
rate, been attempted. It is not impossible,
however, that the flank of this line could be
turned. The columns of tho enemy’s - army
could be distinctly seen retreating, and their
wagon teams also being harried off as fast sa
The, battle of Wednesday, .concerning re
suits and losses, of which full dispatches were
forwarded from the field, was a partial re*
pulse to us, not because our troops did not
fight splendidly, but simply because tho ene
■ my veiy largely outnumbered us.
On that day wo were tho attacking party.
Gen. Heade arrived on the ground Wednes
day night, and at once resolved on waking a
purely defensive battle.
Gen. Howard, who after his ; arrival
Wednesday evening, had had command,, se
lected a high bluff south of Gettysburg, on
which their cemetery is located, and had
stationed troops there up along that line, and
had planted batteries to sweep every ap
proach. Gen. Meade adopted this as a proper
position for his center, and at once arranged
the other corps as they came up ou either
flank, and on the cemetery hill along the out
ride heights, giving to our whole line nearly
the shape of a horse shoe. .
The ground was quite rolling, with two or
three high eminences, and afforded numerous
splendid positions for our batteries, and with
such disposition we awaited the enemy’s
Early on Thursday forenoon, all the corps
had come up, and been placed in position,
except.Sedgwick’s, -which -• has been sent be
yond Westminster, under the impression that
our army would have to’ march to York to,
find . the enemy, and this. gave so long a
detour as to prevent that corps coming np
till Thursday evening, when it, was placed in
the rear of the centre and held In reserve.
All Thursday forenoon we had nothing hut
sharp firing between the enemies’ skirmishers
and our own, with an occasional discharge of
our artillery thrown • in when the enemy
pressed too hard on our skirmishers.
The enemy did not mask his artillery at all,
and there was considerable pressing through
the forenoon by some of our division and
corps Generals lor & heavy attack on the Che
rny’s centre, bnt Gen. Meade wisely insisted
that the enemy must fight him on the ground
he selected, and persisted in retaining the de
fensive. '
. About half past four the enemy made the
long awaited attack, concentrating the heavi
est force on our left wing, which was natu
rally the weakest part of our position, and
making a desperate effort to break it. Of the
results of this- engagement, dispatches have
already been forwarded you. Wo were suc
cessful at all points, and repulsed every at
tack, and our troops lay on their arms on the
On Friday forenoon, by ten minnes past 4,
the attack opened furiously on onr extreme
right, held by Slocum’s corps. ‘ Daring the
night this corps had left the rifle-pits it had
constructed on Thursday, to go to reinforce
some weaker portion of the line, and day
light showed the rebels in possession of these
rifle-pits, and eager to press their, advantage.
The light at first was confined chiefly to mus
ketry, oar artillery being unable to see where
to direct their fire. From halt past 4t06 a.
m., firing was very fierce, bat we were unable
yet to regain the rifle-pits. The rebels made
several charges on onr line, Striving but un
successfully to drive ns still further back.
From this time till half past 10, lighting
both with musketry and artillery was terrific,
and ended in onr regaining onr rifle-pits.
Meantime the rebels, at aboat half-past 10,
made a sharp attack on onr center and right,
without accomplishing anything except rid
dliug a small house occapiedforGea. Meade’s
headquarters, with. shell and ronnd shot.
From eleven to one was a comparative lull.
Our troops held their old positions along the
wholeline, and quietly awaited farther attack.
' A little alter one the rebels opened their
last and most furious attack along the whole
line of the centre and left, and continued it
till twenty minutes past four, when, repulsed
at every point, they slowly retired and took
up a defensive lino one-half mile to the north
of Gettysburg.
During this attack occurred much of the
most desperate fighting ol the war. It was
sustained on onr part by the 11th corps, on
the centre by the 2nd and 3d and part of the
sth corps. On onr left the enemy made sev
eral desperate charges, but each were broken
-ftna.foroed.back in confusion by ouf terrific
artillery lire, which we were fortunate enough
more than once to get to enfilade their ad
vancing lines. .
The rebel troops making the attack were A.
P. Hill’s and Longstreet’s corps, forming
nearly two-thirds of Lee’s whole army. Pick
ett’s division of A. P, Hill’s corps, regarded
as their crack fighting division, was selected
for the most exposed part of their attacking
line. In one charge they made they swept up
In three lines, the first a very heavy one of
skirmishers, the second their battle line, and
the third their reserve battle line, each
stretching fur nearly a mile along onr centre
and left. At the cemetery hill they got with
in a couple of hundred yards before we open
ed our whole fire on them. The line was in
stantly shattered and, sent flying over the
field, while one brigade threw down their
arms and rushed en masse over to oar Hues,
and gave themselves up as prisoners.
By half-past lourp. m. the battle was sub
stantially over. The rebels still kept up a
straggling fire on our. left, and from
bouses in Gettysburg their sharpshooters
still tried to pick off exposed officers on the
Cemetery Heights, while they kept tossing
occasionally shell into the headquarters till
nightfall, but from half past fonr the bulk of
their army retired.
Onr losses are less than wonld have been
expected from so bitterly contested a battle,
owing to tho fact that after the first day we
acted wholly on the delensive.
Five thousand to 7,000 will probably cover
car entire losses in killed and wounded.' ~ We
lost aboat 1,500 prisoners the first day, but
none of any consequence afterwards. On
Friday evening about 7 o’clock, 3,200 rebel
prisoners, by actual count, had been turned
over to the officers in charge of the prisoners,
and more were still coming in.
Edwin M. Stanton,
Secretary of War.
From that- time till. Saturday noon, no
further count was made, but it mast be safe
to say that the number was by that time
swclledlto 4,C00 prisoners more or less. Oar
loss in general officers has been exaggerated
by rumors picked up and telegraphed at adls
tance from the field! Gen. Schimmclpfening
of the 11th corps, is not a prisoner. He was
cut off from our troops.
Baltimore, July 4th,—Eeports deemed re-
liable from the battle field, down to 6 o’clock
last evening, represent the rebels were re
peatedly repulsed with fearfol slaughter. The
battle lasted all day. One thousand prisoners
were taken during Wednesday's fight.
Gen. Paul, also reported killed,, proves to
be safe. Gen. Sickles is not killed. His leg
was shot offbelow the knee, bnt he is likely
o lecover. Gen. Hancock's wound Is not
pow thought dangerous. Gen. Gibbon Is
slightly wounded. Gen. Barlow is wounded,
and a prisoner. Gen. Weed Is killed.
Gch Warner, Chief of Meade's staff; had a
very narrow escape. A ballet passed under
his chin, just grazing his throat and catting
it enough to make it bleed profusely, hat id- -
deling no serious injury.
Gen. SoL Meredith proves, also, to be seri
ously injured. It la not trne that Longatreet
is a prisoner. We took Gen. Armisted, from
which the report probably originated. -
. Tjie rebel Gen. Garnett is killed, and Gen.
Hood's arm taken off Xu Wadsworth's di
vision, which snfferedso terribly on the first
dajs’flgb*, Lieut. CoL Stevens, 23d Wiscon
sin, is living and will recover. Likewise Maj.
Mansfield of 2d Wisconsin, and Lieat. CoL
Finnegan, 24th Michigan. 1
' The losses of officers in the Ohio regiments
are not heavy. On the whole, regarded solely
a;- a defensive battle, it was a brilliant victory,
admirably managed by Gen. Meade, and splen
didly fonght bv the army, which redeemed
itself! All did their duty.
We hold the town of Gettysburg and all the
hospitals. It is a complete victory.
Onr troops are in excellent spirits., They
say, universally, that this battle Is the most
desperate tho army of the Fotoznae ever
• From the latest intelligence received here
it Is fully believed that Gen. Lee’s army has
been completely defeated. There has been
no fighting to day. The rebel army is en
deavoring to retreat.
Eeauquaetzhs Anxr of tub Potomac. I
July 8, 6 a.m. )
The.enemy’s guns opened on our left wing
at daylight, apparently to feel our position,
but soon suspended operations. They also
endeavored to push forward their front on
our right, but were driven back with loss.
9 o’clock, a. h.—One hour ago the enemy
made a strong infantry attack on our right,
and endeavored to r break our line, j The 12th
corps, which formed our right, steadily drove
them back for half an hour,(when thpeuemy
was reinforced, audapotUon offlth corps was
sent to its support. Falling in this, the ene
my opened a eaunonade all along the line.'
The attack on the right is believed to have
been a feint to cover a more formidable flank
movement on the left The cannonading Is
. now heavy in that direction, and appears to
be extendirg.
The Sd corps suffered greatly yesterday.
The number of wounded leheavy,.withalarge
number of officers. -Ko estimate can beforxn
ed of the killed at this writing. Heavy ‘mus
ketry bos opened now on our right agoim The
cannonading on our left is slackening. The
enemy Is fighting with the greatest despera
tion. Nothing can surpass the vigor and pre
cision ol our artillery, .
Yesterday the rebels tObk two of our gnus
for want of horses and infantry support, but
the division, (Humphrey’s I think,) rallied
and recaptured them.. We took one from, the
enemy. •. , A -' ■ ‘‘
Comparatively.few* prisoners .have' been
taken on either side up to. this hour. :
10 a, m.— The cannonading has slackened.
Bebel prisoners say that when their Infmtry
charged on our left wing batteries yeajerday
the massacre was beyond parallel. Some of
the guns were masked, 'and did not open
until the enemy was within cannister range.
Harrisburg, July 4—The best informed
parties at headquarters are in excellent spirits
at the news from Meade. The battle is still
in progress.
A General who left Bridge Si, Northern
Central Bailroad, at.3 o’clock this morning,-
heard firing.. It was also heard in Harrisburg
for about half an hour. All quiet in our Im
mediate front.
The rebels are supposed to have left this
immediate vicinity entirely. Our wounded
are all brought from Carlisle to Harrisburg,
and doing well. * . .
Eighteen -thousand men are In motion on
the flank of the rebels.
- Telegraphic communication is kept np with
Gen. Smith. "A large number of men are at
work on the Cumberland Valley Railroad, and
trains run to Carlisle.
Headquarters Abmt or the Potomac, i
July 3—&SO p. x. f
To Major-General Halleck:
The enemy opened at one p.m. with ahont
150 guns on my left and centre, ‘ continuing
for about three hours without intermission.
At the expiration of that time he assaulted
my left and centre twice, being upon both oc
casions handsomely rcphlsed with.severe loss
to him, leaving in our hands neaxly3,ooo pris
Among them Is Brig. Gen. Armistcad, and
manyColouelsandofflccrsoflowerrank. The
enemy left many dead upon the field, and a
large number of his wounded in cur hands.
The loss on our side has been considerable.
Malor General Hancock andßrigadler General
Gibbons are wounded.. After repelling the as
sault, indications led. to the belief that the
enemy might be withdrawing. An armed re
connoissance was pushed forward from the
left, and the enemy found to be in force.
At tho present hour, all is quiet. My cav
alry have been engaged in harassing and vig
orously attaching him with 1 great success,
notwithstanding they encountered superior
numbers both of cavalry and inUmtry.
The army is in fine spirits,
Geo.G. Heads,
Major General Commanding.
Headquarters Abxt of tub Potomac, )
July 4—noon, f
To Major General HaSeck:
The position of afikirs Is not materially
changed since my dispatch of 7 a.m. vye
now hold Gettysburg. The enemy has abaa
doned largo numbers of his. killed and
'wounded on the field.
1 shall probably be able to give yon a return
ol our captures and losses before night, and a
return oi the enemy’s killed and wounded in
onr Hands. (Signed)
Geo. G. Meads, Major General.
About 4:30 p. m. the artillery of the enemy
slackened, and had entirely ceased at 5 o’clock.
The last shots they fired were far beyond
their original position, and tho infantry col*
nnm hud withdrawn to their corcrs.
We took upward of 10,000 prisoners. Tho
enemy captured but few, if any, of our men.
The rebel prisoners report that Gen. A. P.
Bill was killed outright upon the field, and
that their officers suffered far greater casual
ties than In any previous engagement.
So terrific was the fire that the small house
where Gen. Meade and staff were quartered
was perforated by several shots. Many of the
staff horses were killed around the house.
Geueial Butterfield was struck ou the breast,
and it is feared internally injured, by a piece
of shell that exploded in the bnilding.g
Several of our general officers were wound
ed in the engagement. Gen. Hancock was
wounded in the leg. Gens. Gibbon, Warner,
and Hont, were wounded. In consequence of
the excitement and difficulty in ascertaining
their location, the names ol many prominent
officers reported as killed or wounded, can
not bo ascertained to-night.
Too much credit cannot be given to our
batteries, which lor hours stood to their guns
under a burning sun and surrounded by the
missQes of death,returning only to give their
positions to others when their caissons were
The infantry engaged also nobly did their
duty, and' the enemy, to-day, at their hands
have received the greatest dlyster ever ad
ministered by the Union forces.
Philadelphia, July A—Col. Forney, of
the IVesa, received the following highly im
portant dispatch to-night, from the army of
the Potomac:
Hanover, Pa., July 4—5 p. hl— -There has
been no fighting up to this time to-day.
Last evening we drove the enemy hack to
Gettysburg. Oar lines this morning extend
eight miles around Gettysburg, our batteries
being on all the bQls looking on the town
from tho south. We occupy Bound Top
Bidge, commanding the Chambersanrg tom
pike, and have cut off all their lines of le
Onr forces occupy the strongest possible
position. A flank movement on oar left is
impossible. .
At about 8 o'clock last night, the Fonda
brigade of Gen. Longstreet's division, with a
Brigadier General in command, advanced to
within our lines, and gave themselves up,
with their colors.
A bearer of dispatches from Jeff Davis to
Gen. Lee has been captured. Tho dispatch
orders Lee promptly to return to JMchmond, and
states that the movement into Jbnnsylvania t eat
madejtchdSy against his wishes. *
We have captured 8,000 prisoners.
Washington. Sunday, July sth, 4p. m.—
The latest official dispatch received here up to
this afternoon from Gen. Meade, is dated
headquarters, 7 o'clock a. m., 4th, which
merely slates that the enemy has withdrawn
fronThis position occupied for the attack on
The information In the possession of Gen.
Meade at that hour did not develop the char
acter'of the enemy's movement, whether it
was h retreat of a maneuvfc.
. Reliable Information recelvedchere to-day
assorts that Gen. Lee's headquarters were at
Aahtown yesterday afternoon, and farther
represents that the rebelffwere fortifying at
Newlonds Cut, in the South mountains, ap
parently to cover-a retreat.
Headquarters Aioct op the Potomac, )
[Ssm-OppiciAi. Report,! y
JoJyS, 1663- )
The decisive battle has been fought to-day,
and the enemy -have been repulsed with ter
ilfiQloss. At daylight, Lee’s right wing bat
teries opened upon onr left, and shortly after
those of his center followed. After halt an
hour’s cannonading, doing but little damago
to ns, the fire slackened, and only occasional
shots were exchanged.
Shortly afterwards the enemy’s left, com
posed entirely df infantry and sharpshooters,
made ah attack. on onr left wing so suddenly
and impetuously, that our skirmishers and
front line were driven back from their in*
trenchments, but by aid of the batteries in
the rear, and the bravery of tho. 12thcorps,
we regained the first position, capturing a
considerable number of prisoners.
Several hours of ominous aUenco followed
this repulse. • ’ v
At one o’clock tho enemy. fired two guns,
apparently the signal for the. grandest artfi
lc»y fight ever witnessed on this conti
Before a moment elapsed It I 3 estimated
tint at least eighty guns' opened noon ns.
Onr batteries returned the Gre, add for more
than an hour it seemed Impossible that man
or beast could live; Tlic accuracy of range
as exhibited on the previous days wa&found
wanting on this occasion, most of th&shells
exploding fir In the rear of our front and
generally missing onr batteries.
Under cover of this Lee advanced his cbTJ
nmns of infantry from their cove re and mad
several desperate attempts to* carry the lines'
by assault, but each successive attempt was
repnlsedwith terrible havoc to them. Some
of our batteries, whoso ammunition being
expended, and the men exhausted, ceased
to fire, and on the approach pt
tbe reserve the batteries withdrew to the rear
The enemy only ‘ seeing' the batteries with*
drawn, and mistaking this fbr a retreat, made
a rapid infmtry charge upon the hill, and oh*
taineda position-in : onr Unes/catting to
pieces and almost annihilating oar small in
fantry support, but before they hod time to
rejoice at their imaginary success, the fresh
batteries poured in a deadly fire of canister
and grape shot. -
The infantry reserves on either flank
of the gap charged them, and added
greatly to their destruction. They were
completely surprised, and* hundreds threw
down their arms and asked for quarter.
Nearly the entire brigade of Gen. Dick Got*
nett surrendered, and Garnett himself wound
ed, barely made his’ escape. Longstreet was
mortally wounded and captured. He is re
ported to have died iu an hour afterwards.
: 'Washington, July s — B;*is p. m.—Olhclal
dbpatches from Vicksburg to the 29th have
been received. Everything is going on cheer*
New York, July 5.—A Frederick dispatch
states ’ that an expedition nnder Major A.
Fuller, to Falling waters, five miles below
Williamsport, destroyedapontoonbridge and
ammunition train there, and a number of
wagons loaded with supplies. In a skirmish
1C prisoners were token, and a number killed.
All our officers awardf the highest honor to
Gen. Meade for his able generalship since he
assumed the command, and particularly for
coolness, decision and energy on thu memo*
rableSdof July.
Last night, believing It to he Ms duty to the
cause, and to learn how fir he would he sup*
ported in the approaching conflict, he sum
moned his corps and division commanders for
Phildblphia, July 4th.—The Inquirer his
a special dispatch from the army of the Poto
mac, dated 2 o’clock this morning. It says
CoL Fred. Taylor, brother of Bayard Taylor,
was hilled. '
Gen. Hancock was shot through the groin.
Gen. Gibbons was badly wounded.
We drove the enemy yesterday a mile and
captured 1,500 more prisoners. The world
never saw such fighting. The rebel loss is
estimated at 40,000. ' Everything looks en
couraging. ‘
Pirn.Ai)HLpmA, July 3.—A special dispatch
to Forney’s yVew, da td Hanover I p, m., to
day, says; This morning oar forces opened
on 5,0C0 rebels, who advanced on the field at
daybreak, for the purpose of pillaging the
dead- The rebels nastily retreated. The
fight thus lar, has been the most terrific of the
war. The losses on both sides are heavy.
New Tons, July 4.—The Seraid's special
from Harrisburg the 3d, says;
All of Lee’s forces are concentrated near
Gettysburg. Stuart’s cavalry Were on their
way there yesterday.
Longstreet is reported to have been killed
on Thursday. Another report says be was
wounded, and is now a prisoner.
Washington, July 4,3 a. m.—The latest
official information, received from Gen.
Meade, Is to 12:30 p. m. on Friday. Consid
erable firing, both of artillery and musketry,
bad taken place in various parts of Che line
up to that time. Several hundred prisoners
had been taken since morning. The Wash
ington Star says, Gen. Slgel has been ordered
to report to Gen. Couch, Harrisburg, for
conranssioN isebchantS)
_ 126 Dea;born street. Chicago. HI.
K. B.—Particular attention pala to consignment* of
FtUlt. Jy6-£67 3m
WHORTLEBBRBIEb!!—IOO bushel* received
001:7 at
ICC Dearborn street, (Cobb's Building.)
Jyß b64-lw
_ 4 , . . . _ Chicago. July 6th. 19G3.
Notice Is hereby given to the Stockholders of the
Lactose. VlrcQnaar.d Mineral Point Railroad Com*
pany.that the annaaimeeilngfor the election of Di
rectors for the ensuing yearwlll be held at the office
of said Company. In tne City of Chicago, on THURS
DAY. 6th of August, 1863, rmrsoaot to the by laws ol
the Company, WM, F. TEBHUN&.
r v _ Majority of Director*,
J. M. BAND ALL. Secretary.
tar La Crocsa papers copy, weekly. Jyfrfrgt-lt
Demand. Notes,
And Canada Currency,
Bought at highest rates by W, H. MALLORY.
34 Clark Street.
V * cago Maaonlc Lodge for Instruction.” will meet
at Blaney Hall,
Co Tnfsday Ertnlag, Tth Inst., at 8 o'clock,
And on every Tuesday evening thereafter until fur
th» r notice, free to all Master Matsons.
By a close attendance upon these meetings, brethren
may btcome thoroughly proficient In tne first three
d crec* of Masonry. The time, hereafter, will be ex*
datively devotedtoexemp Ificatlonsot work. Lesson
lor nest meeting. Second Section of Third Degree
J}6 t€6»2t K. F. COOKE. Grand Lecturer,
fJ.rLES,BB OTHER & CO., maim-
VJ Ihcturlcg Jeweler* and Importers of fine
watchxs. CHRONOMETERS, watches.
watches, watshss.
|;6-h63-lt CHIC AGO. ILL.
Custom House street, Haw Orleans, La,
86 Randolph street, Chicago, 01.,
Specialist In the treatment c(
Old Cubonio; mxboubtal. Blood and svtw d»
sasxs and Oeqasio Weakness.
Cures them without resorting to Mercury, lodide,
Potaasll. Arsenic or Sarsaparilla. Dr. James mss a
N nrrsALizgu. to ten li a positi v curb In all blood
diseases. Organic Weakness, brought on by Bxcesa.
over taxation of basin osh. or entailed hereditarily
causing loss of memory. nervous and general debility,
*e.. cmed by an Infallible method, saving both time
a*d expense. Dr. James Is recommended by tbe press
generally of the South, tbe medical faculty and pro
lessors of medical colleges. Ac. Those afflicted should
anply Immediately, ana be cured of these terrible dis
eases. .
Rem ember, Dr. James* Office and Parlors are at SI
Randolph st.. between State and Dearborn sts.
Office open from 9a.il. until BP. 1L Consnltatloui
Inviolable, * Jyflhf7-3lnet
Wholesale Grocers,
47 South Water st. s
Tbe Liverpool. NewTork and Philadelphia Steam
ship Company have % Weekly and Fortnight Line cow
running between *
payable In currency :
nwcdiilito Liverpool orCors. a
TUrd Cabin touverpoolcr Cork «
Tickets frMn CorV: and Liverpool atiheea rates. Ary
to F. A. EhIOBT, Agent, corner of Clark and Ran*
dolph streets. Je*vg®-irtnei
Also. Men**, Boys’and Youths', of thebejt quality and We have on bud a stock of Burlaw* aod Gaanlis.
styles, which weoffer at the very lowestpnco fbroasa. -whldh we offer at me lowest nuvkeeprtru.
_ „ B. BAMMB A CO„ IS Lake itnet. Chicago. W UNiiBBWOOD * W» WT wath Water «U
JeU-gnWauiflt xjgTHHv*
This Cftr*Ci!red, health reaswlDjj. ITe-laTl^oraUa*
Alineral Water,
la henceforth tohe BOTTLED and dNtrfbnted to all
pam or the COCNTBI and the WORLD, by a Stack
CoaiviLj, known as tha . .
SaiatogaEmpire SprmgCompany.
The watsr of the Pmptre Spring, which h now con
ceded tc» be »aprilor «•» ad o'her*, m«y he oittl©<l
and kcp» for Tb Ahi—ard a« PifbK aai P&hPßor aa
>h«o taken irom the Fountain *
Tab eu'lors oft© New TorK Observer, cut© to
n’©lr pace, of Jooe Itb. ISGS. that tuer * mat© ttas
t,i he n’attr ou htad over NINE TE vR3 BOT-
which Is rrsoirooideposit; a->d o tun of axed
atr « prarrciiy.whea uncorked. a< the dsj at.erlt vu
,'jLk.eb Doc the bptloi;:’'—and state they name thla
f.u-f L'l tbelr uw:t expe leoca to prore it* ralue for
ISO. ‘fhewaier from the
Is Quit© ©a palatable as acy other. aad better adapted
It lr acre widely
Than the Water from an T'other HUera’. Spring
The Empire Is the only mineral water at Saratoga
sale fer persona Inchaed to
Nature has designed It as a perfect
And coaid not have bettered her prescription. Ifc
strikes ofricUy at the loauditloa of alt dlaeusea, the
By Its alterative cad cathartic offsets. The
Andglvealtawldcrrangeolapplicitton, For
And la feet lor nearly all other disuses It bas
Bah*tooa. s*w Tons. Chicago..
Plot*, per d0zen,....5L50 $175 hq
Quanta. *• ..... LTS 2.t5 2JS
Fistsln4acdfldnzea boxes. Quarts and Magnums
In 2 atid 3 dozen boxes.
The Corks or s’! sreznlne Empire Spring Water an
branded tba*-“EiIPIRE WATEK.”
* AQ orders tar Empire Spring Water directed to
Saratoga Eupzrx Spbeso Company, at
Saratoga Spring!) IT* T., or
13 Jobn Street, N. T. City, or
120 S. Water St. 9 Chicago, HI %
Will receive prompt attention.
D: A • Elfowim, President,
Saratoga Empire Spring Company.
Wheeler & Wilson’s
1 15,000
Of them in 030 in vhls country
and Europe.
These are the only machines making
Ac Lock Stitch with the Rotating
Are profitable and available a life
time. “
Equal to ten seamstresses. j
An annual dividend of 100 to 60Q
per cent, (on their cost) may be obtained in
use—by their possessor.
The Glass Cloth *Presser f (so popur
lar,) can only be bad with these Machines.
General Agent for Illinois. Wisconsin. lowa, vnwnwMt,'
Kansas and Northern Indiana
■ 106 Lake Street, Chicago,
Ji7’Clrculars can be bad on application or by post,
Jel3 gH'6-lm-r h a w net
■gpßßlKG’SPatent CHAMPION
JeS6-g66S-3tw.*vnet IQ STATS ST.. Chicago.
Sheet Iron,
TixrvEss’ stjock;.
199 & 201 Randolph street.
Sh2o bSS3 ly- at vm et
life Insurance Company
OF .TEW toss:.
Assets, Tan. 1.1863. 9200,723.5$
Liabilities, (cost to reinsure, &e.)... 59107.09
This Company offers MORE ADVANTAGES to tho
Insured than any other Company la the country. •
Permanent Capital Stock of $125,000
Policy noUers Receive all tfae
After two QttT-.nai premiums are palcLthe Company
will either return a rateable proportion thetebC or
give a paid up poller for suchaa amount as thatcaala
value would purchase without further payment.
H*» ever done this after a policy was forfeited by non.
payment of premium when due. ThepoUcy boloe.*s_
therefore cam>otlU>#e«bst they payln. If they become
unable to make their regular payments. 3
ACTIVE Ascnta.wanted thrsnghout Illlaols.
Carbon and Kerosene Oil,
130 ISO

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