OCR Interpretation

Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, September 13, 1863, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031490/1863-09-13/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

dHjicaijcr tSTnbtme.
A loss ol millions of dollars has fallen
upon tho Weal, in thb injury to its great
agricultural staples from*tho recent frosts.
The earliest reports gave, as they always
fet forth, tho'darkest aide of the case. It
is usual for tbo farmer to lookout upon
I,ls freshly blighted field, and lend more
\V.cu full wVight to lUo disaster.
gives nil tho greater value lo ’subsequent
re ports. llowoacß.il prove to be, when
time has been afforded to allow muturor
judgment ? We devote a large space la
this issue to these later reports, collected
from throughout the entire breadth of the
Northwest. They are comprised in a cir-
cular from Geo. R. ; Chittenden, General
Agent of the Wheeler ifc Wilson Manu
facturing Company in this city, made up
from reports oflocal Agents ol that Com-
pany throughout tho region indicated,
uml besides tho information furnished
ns to the disaster Itself, contain valuable ,
reference to the condition and nature of
the glow ingcrops in these several sections;
From a careful perusal of the reports,
it will he seen that the damage is most so-
vere in the central counties of this State—
the great corn-growing' region- es
pecially in the eastern tier. ’ Com
mencing with Kankakee in its seve-
rity, the frost has increased in intensity
into Iroquois, Ford, Champaign, Douglas
and Edgar counties. South of this latter
county on the eastern boundary of the
State, the damage has been comparatively
light; but westward!.}- it has been pretty
severe, though not so bad as in the eastern
counties. Alter crossing the Illinois Cen
tral railroad, on a line with the counties of
Edgar, Vermillion-and Iroquois, the dam
age begins lo grow less, and when the
3li«ise!pj iis reached. It Is very -trifling.
In Adams county there is a report of “ no
damage;” but in Hancock county, the
firet county north, the corn crop is report-
Ed “one-third damaged.” Alone the Hoc
of tie Chicago, Burlington & Quincy It
It., the damage has been very severe in
spots. Bureau County, for instance,
Eccms to have suffered almost as much as
Champaign County, but Woodford Coun
ty adjoining has reputed a loss of twenty
per cent. In the northern counties oi the
Slate, the reports brought in really were of
a most gloomy character; but later intel
ligence seems to modify the statements.
In Chic, Lee, Winnebago andDeKalb the
early planted com has escaped *with but
little injury; but the late planted corn has
been greatly damaged—in many places
entirely destroyed.
It Is to be noted that in those portions
of the State 'where the crops 'were stunted
by drought, the damage has been
unusually great, and In some of
the central counties the suffering caunot
luil to be severe In consequence.
To state how much the com crop of 11.
linoU is damaged by the frosts, would be
rather a dilllcult matter; but ifanvim-
_ ___ STho corres
pondence which we publish to-day, the
less cannot full to be Hilly one-fourth of
the entile crop of the State.
There- is a very general impression
among all classes that the bnmpnun breadth
of com sown will overcome the damage
by the frost This no doubt might be
true, if the injury was only to the quanti
ty. Unfortunately, however, the quality
of the crop is greatly deteriorated hi the
but com counties, and thus the amount of
the merchantable com will bo greatly di
minished, for It is Impossible to keep the
sound and damaged separate. As one of
our correspondents remarks, "There will
be no No. 1 Com" in numerous com dis
tricts, and that which grades "No. 3"
will be very liable to heat and become
"StumpUil.” This is where the great
danger lies in having a crop of com dam
aged by frost. It will be a dangerous arti
cle to handle, in almost every particular.
Should the fanners in those "bad spots"
feed every bushel they have, good and bad,
to hogs and cattle, tho evils might be
counteracted In some degree; but the
price of com has induced many to sell off
their hogs instead of feeding them, and it
is feared that in the worst spots the farm
ers cannot resort to this alternative.
As the rcportswblch have come in more
recently are .leas sweeping in their state
ments of tbc Injury, it is hoped that later
accounts may modify them still more.
The damage In Wisconsin has been less
severe than in this State; but the reports
go to ebow that the vines are injured to
no small extent. In lowa, it has been
very injurious in spots; but the damage
has been comparatively light. In some
portions of Indiana, the injury is amost as
great as in Illinois; but generally it has I
proven less disastrous. The accounts from
Minnesota arc of a more hopcfhl character.
In some portions of Southern Minnesota,
the damage has been great; but it only oc
curs in spots.
With regard to the Sorghum crop there
arc various opinions, and as it is a crop
that is less, understood than com, it is
hoped by good Judges that the crop wiH
recover. The reports, however, are gloomy
In their character.
The Tobacco crop is almost entirely de
stroyed, and so is the .Colton. This is not
to be wondered at.
During the discussion which imme
diately preceded the breaking out of the
Trar, and when hostilities were imminent,
vc repeatedly had occasion to worn our
neighbors of Louisville and St. Loois, that
their policy, materially considered, espe
cially so far as it related to the rival cities
of the lakes, was indisputably in the pres
ervation of peace and the maintenance bf |
the Union. Wo endeavored to show St.!
Louis, that, in the commercial changes
that -would follow the Interruption of the
channels of tradeby the movements of the
contending armies and the clash of op
posing forces, she would be checked in
her population and development; and
that Chicago, secure in her con
nections with both the East and
the granaries of the "West, would so
gain upon her only "Western rival, that
when peace was declared, the relative
magnitude and importance of the. two
cities would be decided in her favor —so
decided as to admit of no possibility of
further dispute. We pointed out to St.
Louis that slavery, for the increase and
devclpcmcnt of which she was about
to take up arms against the government,
was her greatest curse; that her prosper
ity had mainly sprung from Uie free labor
of Illinois, lowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota
Kansas and Nebraska; and that when she
counscUi d or favored any policy mimical
to her connection with these Slates, or
chut * herself out by her political
views, from the closest affiliation
with their people, she - was di
rectly sending their business to us, and
to that extent detracting from her own Im
portance. Two years of war, In which
St Louis and Missouri have suffered more
than* we dared to predict, have confirmed
our views and worked out the result that
we so dearly foresaw-a result that, had
not secession been besotted with its own
importance, and as blind to the future as
an owl to the sun-light, all Missouri might
have anticipated. Chicago, under the in
fluence of the causes at which wc have
hinted, has enjoyed prosperity almost with
out example. The wealth ol an empire
has been poured into her lap; while 6t
Louis has suffered,. In material in
terests, in growth and in reputa
tion a back-set -which half a cen
tury ’will not retrieve. While our
property has been steadily advancing,
heris has been steadily retrograding.
While the hammer of profitable Industry
is heard all over our city, telling of now
structures erected,'of new enterprises en
asged In and of old ones enlarged, her
workshops axe dosed and her workmen
are driven avray. While, In Chicago, new
buildings ofall sorts are rising on almost
every block, and while tenants la their
eagerness, can hardly wait for tenements
to be completed,. In St. Louis Improve
ment is dead, and hundreds of vacant
houses and stores attest the extent of the
emigration to which her citizens hive
been compelled. While Chicago Is open
ing new commercial fields in the cultiva
tion of which her merchants and manu
facturers will find profit, the limits ol
the. trade of SU Lonls have been con
stantly growing narrower and narrower.
Secession has. done Its-work; and Bu‘
.'Louis pays th 6 bill. ‘ ■
We have been led mto this lino of re
mark by the perusal of an article on tbo
“.Effect oi the War on Real Estate,” which
tvc reprint in another column, from the
New York Evening iVst. The estimate
of the value of Chicago; asa* place* of in
vestment is not too highly placed. .The
experience* of the war, are ample justifi
cation of what fifty®; and though
it decs not make sufficient allowance, in
the case of the’river cities, Tor the ef
fect of the * war, nor on the oth
er -hand, lor the danger In which
the lake cities stand in the event' of a war
with England, the* article to which we re
fer is m the main correct 'lt points con
clusively to Chicago os one of .the greatest
dirts of the country—a prediction justi
fied by the. diameter of tho States sur
rounding us, bytbeenterprise of the peo
ple, and by the indomitable energy which
tree institutions confer bpon 'those who
possess them. ,The population of thcclty
is to-day not a soul less than IC-7,000; and
never in its history have.the assurances of
continued increase been os fluttering as
they are while wo write. We ask St.-
Louis—is not our prophecy, of two years
ago, fulfilled?
The London correspondent of the New
York Tmt» gives the following reasons
for England’s tortuous policy towards the
United Slates. She fears’if she offends
the North, that she will lose Canada, and
Urns the control of the St. Lawrence,
through which she hopes.to aavc perpet
ual access to the cxbaustless granaries of
the West; and yet'she permits the piraic
Alabama and other crafts of that Ilk to
be lilted out in her ports, and by every
other sneaking policy possible she seeks
to destroy the American Union. The first
war she has, and the time is not distant,
the poisoned chalice, which, with sar
donic grin, she now administers to us,
will be commended to her own lips. The
sins of an individual may be repented of,
and forgiven, those of a nation never!
The troth is-sndl think English statesmen are
beglnrlupto see It—the St. Lawrence inns the the
fric outlet of the whole country bordering on the
great Iskes. There must be a great ship canal
firm Lake Ilmon (o Lake Ontario, so that vessels
of a thoui-and tore burthen may fill with wheat In
Chicago and unload at Liverpool, which will give
the Wet-Uni farmer the ruling Markham prices
for hie wheat and corn, less Ihovcry moderate coat
of freight and cbaigca, where there la no Irani*
shipment. That fa the simple demand of agricul
ture and commerce. England, wjll not make iucli
nransl.b(Can*”t£fe ‘cost of transit lathe protec*
"TlonbVntfr own agricultural Interval. If that were
Ukenauay; If wheat could come direct from Chi-
capo,iutho quantities required, England would'
be obliged to go back to tho coin laws to «vc her
landed interest. But she could not do that, It
would make a revolution. Her landed arbiocrary
would b© mined, and her vshoU tyeiem revolu
tionised. Lands In England rout at from £23 to
£•«) per acre. Connect tho fit. Lawrence
w Ith Lake Huron and they would sink to ono-thlrd
that value. At a rental of ono-thlrd the present
amount, would nob bear tho present rate of taxa
tion. Instead of S4OC.O'X)/O0 a year. It would
be hard to raise a fourth part. This would make
Itnectesary to npndlato the national debt. It
would dcrtroT the whole system of Ariitocrocy,
Church, Govtrnmrnt, ai d whnt Is proudly called,
but very foggily underatood, as “ the British Con.
And why, then, baa not England recognized the
Southern Confederacy ? Simply because eho has
not been ready to aee Canada taken, and thla pro
gnmme carried out. Every Icconaletency of the
British Government may be accounted for upon
this simple theory. England cares UlUe for Can
ada, for beraelf, or her* trade or productions.
But Canada, at a commercial barrier between
England and tbegreat garden ot the TiTeet, is of
Immense value. Bot bow to keep It f That baa
| been the question. Notbygolrg to war with
I America, for one thlog. Thereto;c, tho policy has
been to help the South In an underhand way as
much as possible, and st the same time keep at
I peace with (he North, and wait on Providence for
! some counter-revolution—resistance of the con
scrlptlots— division or disruption of some kind.
1 This Is wby blundering Hr. Roebuck was hushed
up. This !a wby Hr. Lindsay, who waj let Into
' the matter, made snch a confused mess of hts ez-
I placatU-n. Rutsell and Palmerston know that at
' the first blow In a war with America, they must
I lose Canada. It is not defensible. Itlsflaakcdby
a superior force along its whole position. Item
be cut up into slices and swallowed piecemeal. It
Is IhTcvldeut destiny of thoentlre country around
the great lakes and the St. Lawrence, to belong to
I one Power, and there can be no donbt at all as to
I what Power that will be.
Attack fpon a Newspaper Office.
A few days since, some soldiers stationed
at Quincy, lIL. entered the office ol the Ifer
aM, a bitter Copperhead newspaper, and con
verted the type Into pL Gen. Ammen, the
Commander of tho Department, arrived in
town a few hours after and ordered the sol
diers under arrest, also an assessment of the
damage done, which amounfwillbc deducted
1 frem tbclrpay. The provocation to theas
i tanll was an article which appeared In the
I Herald calling them “hellhounds.”
. psy The Third Annual Exhibition and
Stock Fair of the Union Agricultural Insti
tute, will be held at Sandwich, lIL, cn Sept.
15,10 and 17. The fair is to embrace every
interest usually brought together in such cx
hlbltk-ne. Aliotllrg course has been laid
cut ucd graded which offers a fine opportu
nity to Lcteen.cn. A plowing match will
alto occur during the Fair.
The' atsessment on lands in Kane
county Is $1,733,401; on lots $355,342; on*
rallrtacs $8£C,272; total cssctsmcnt of the
county $8,643,813.
Quuntrcl a TTomau Whlppcr,
Tnor, 111., Sept. Ktb, 103.
Enncrs Chicago Tumura;—l notice Hut
much has been said in regard to the birth
place of Quactrell or his residence. I will
briefly state, for the benefit of all who may
wish to know anything about the wretch,
that he was born in Dover, Tnccarora Conn,
ty, Ohio, where his mother and sisters now
reside. His ta’hcr, -Thomas Qaantrcll, was a
native of Hagerstown, Md. Ho migrated at
an early day to Dover, where ho engaged in
(he tinning business, and lastly at school
teaching. He at one time whipped a woman
for Insulting him, as he said, which .was the
only brave act that 1 ever knew him to do.
This statement is correct as we were school
boys. 8-
The Fifteenth Illinois Infkntry.
It may prove of interest to a sphere of oa>
readers to know the present whereabouts and
sotLe of the lormer marchings of the 15th
Illinois infantry regiment, late Col. Turner’s
—talced in Stephenson and McHenry conn
ties. We have been tarnished the following
by a private In Company A, from Natch. *
Mlsa. r uu«3er date, August 80th:
TTc left Jackson, Miss., 'July 21st, and ar
rived at Vicksburg on the 23d. H«d a hot
and dusty march tf about fifty miles, which
we performed in lees than three days.
IS e remained at Vicksburg until the 12lhof
August, when we went aboard transports
bound for Natchez, where wc arrived on the
13th, at about 0 o'clock p. m., loaded our
baggage, and slept on the levee that night.
The next day wc went into camp, but had
hardly cot our tents np, when orders came
for ns to march at 8 o'clock p. m. At the
lime staled we t tar ted out, leaving most of
our baggage. What 1 carried consisted of
cue rubber blanket. Oar destination was
lineen miles Into the country. Where we ar
rived the next day; staved there one week,
during which time wc lived on the Ist of
tho lutd, having plenty of chickens, sweet
potatoes, melons, peaches and sweet mlik.
Wetiied well and were very well contented.
Out business was to guard a quantity of cap
tured cotton until it could be. transported to
Natchez. We returned on the 21st, and now
we are In camp without moch to do.
This Is the prettiest city I ever saw. Every
street islined with beautiful shade trees, and
everything is xeiy nut and clean. I think 1
should like to live here. It la a rich country
all around us. * '
1 here was a report here a few days since
th»t the rebel Gen. Jjogan, with a consider*
furce, wu near us. It must hare been a file c
rumor, however, as one of our company
went out a distance of thirty miles, with
some mounted infantry belonging to the
coipe, and icturning day before yesterday,
raj she heard nothing of the rebels, and in
foci was not ablo to set hie eyes upon a single
Ccnftdrtato soldier during his absence.
’ Our regiment has lately been transferred
to the r»di army corps, Go. Crocker to com
mand, slorg with (he remainder of what was
known as VQcn. Lauman's brigade. We are
well contest with the chance and very well
eatltfltd onr' .officer*. Regiment in'general
good hcsl'h.
Dr, Wordcr’a Addreti.
[Prom Oar Own Correapondoat.]
IluCKronb, Sept. 10,18 M.
This baa been an exceedingly wet day, and
of coorfo rifcnous damper upon the State
Horticultural Fair, now la progress In this
city. Tho attendance, however, has been very
good, much belter than could hare been ex
pected under tbe clrcumttanets, bat not eqnaf
to anticipations formed yesterday, when the
storm was not looked for.. Owing to tbe
drawback, the managers have very Judicious
ly determined to extend the time of closing
until Saturday noun, l£th lest.' This will ©a
ablfc them lo come' measure to repair the dam
ago'of to-day,
-’ Many attraetiraaddltloßShave been made
to ifce exhibition since jpyjaat letter, bat still*
It li not what 11; chpald be. Of the. article*
on Exhibition, however,-I can spade fo almost
.unqualified • praise. - The fruits,—particularly
iapplts, pears, and grapes,—are equal to any
ever before brought before the pub ic In this
wayt Tbo plums also make a most creditable
tiow. Tbe Floral Ball Is not only got up
with excellent taste, but its contents ore the
odmilintion of the multitude, and would rich-
iy repay a visit, it all else were withdrawn.
The managers fondly hope tbst Friday and
Saturday may prove more bright and beauti-
ful dsjs; and If their hopes should be grati
fied,* they look for a large attendance, and
thustn a measure redeeming the disaster of
Dr. Warder of.Glndnnatl was announced
to deliver the address this afternoon at two
o’clock, on tho Fair Grounds, but owing to
the causes named, it was deferred until thi*
evening ct the -Court-House. There was
quite a Urge attendance to hear tbe Doctor,
wboj as well us your readers know, has more
agriculture and horticulture In him—thin any’
oilier man in the West.
After some Introductory remarks. Dr.
Warder said: In (-samlnlUK tbe subject ol food,
tbe clrcncibtaui.ee ti.at atilke us with regard
to thb character <-f out dirt, la Hut it almost
exclusively conflate of orgiulc matter. The
ultimate ihmenta cf which U lr composed
have prevlootlv btea united In dtfiuile pro-*
portions In preexisting compounds. Tnese
dga'n and »guiu have beta Uccomjmscd and
rect mpcuztdtd Into frir-xs of vegetable and
cuimul hie, but tracing hick the series we
tvtrroiiiO to the euu.t remit, and meet tbo
suite answer lo tho qatettan, “ What dot*
man live on
In making chemical analyses of tho various
kinds of human food, wo are surprised to
flue that all, however dissimilar, arc composed
of nearly the same ultimate elements, and
that & very few of thtto are constantly re
rested in the varying compounds that wo
have subjected to the aealyzlog process.
Ttia** arc chiefly car&on, hydnytu, oxytjm and
nitrogen, Jn adolUon to these four leading ele
ments, three of which, nitrogen being omiled,
coniblue the various ways to form avast num
ber of different proximate compounds! we
fled also nnall proportions of several other
elementary substances combined with them la
the vegetable products which aroused a« food.
This subject of the properties of food Dr. W.
ditcufseo at some length, but wo have not the
Tor-iu to fallow him.
It* looking among the vegetables for those
that famish the greatest amount ol food, we
naturally look first to tho grasses.
Ttiricam Wtyar, or common wheat, stands
in the foremost rank among cultivated plants
as ft od lor m»u. In the temperate zones, ci-
I ptclaily, It Is widely diffused and largely cul
tivate, yielding the stiff of life to millions,
though rice is said to be oven more ezleu- I
►luly used, ai d to feed more human beings, i
'Wheat baa this advantage, that Its clnmint*
arc more varied, ctuuraco more
v.t ’AuTfeifnllul* to animal life, than those of
cry other plant The Dr gave an analysis of
wheat, showing Us per cent of
which Is starch. It also contains nytrogco,
which Is a llwh producing element, In Us
fluten, of which different analysis show from
1 too 14 per cent. This subatance being te
mwloca, holds the tnava efdongh together, so
that the bread if ay be tendered Debt, as the
puna from Its fermentation are eilmeuateJ.
The amount cl gluten may bo cosily deter
mined In a sample ol flour, by wetting It,
kneading the dough, and pulling It, when Us
ucocllj will show tho proportion of gluten.
Whrot also contains Important mlnem pro
ducts In the a«h of wheat we find 4(1 percent
of phosphoric acid, combined with magnesia,
potash at d Iren. Silica constitutes a consid
erable production of its straw.
«&ouc£timcis thick that wheat may be
come degenerated into cAeu, bat no botanist
r«n be pemmded that the essential charac
ters cl any plant can be so entirely changed.
There are many tl false facts,” and erroneous
“cbeemtlous,” which ore often quoted by
thoee who argue the affirmative of the cheat
question, but they yield to the lights of sci
ence on the observation ol nature as U Is.
Bte, or Steatr Cereal, stands next to wheat,
In Us bread making qualities, bat though a
favorite with those who are accustomed to
its use, the bread Is not equal innutritions
qualities to that made from wheat. Rye will ,
thrive cn ligb cr and more candy soils than
wheat, and will succeed In more Northern
lire Xrffat of Jfye Is n delerlc ratlou of the
grains, one or more on ahead being occu
pied by a fungous growth, particularly In
wet seasons. It often injures tho value of
the erop, as It Is yetj poisonous to man and
ai ltnvla, but valuable fn medicines. ,
Ihe origin of Ballet is invulved in ob
scurity. Some writers claim the North of
Asia, while others claim that the North of
Africa was its native place. It Is of immense !
value to the Inhabitants of Northern conn- ]
tries, where It supplies tho place of other ;
cereals that require n longer season. Barley :
will ripen In Lapland, according to Linnent,
in about six weeks. It Is largely cultivated la
the temperate regions of toe globe, chiefly
for the manufacture of malt liquors, from
lager beer to brown stout. Barley, however,
Is comldrred very nutritious food for horses
and other cattlo, particularly when ground.
In the northern countries of Europe It is
need as food.
The Oats, aiina taliva , like too many of
our cultivated grains, has been so long sub
ject to man, that its origin Is Involved fa ob
scut Ity. Tbla grain Is best adapted to a cool
moist clima’e. It is adapted to thin soils*
acd when the soil is too rich, U grows enor
mously.' Oats are appropriated for horse
feed, but are also used to a limited extent in
the materia alimentaria , for the preparation of
oatmeal gruel, for convalescents.
Indian Cobn, or Zea Mai*, Is believed to he
ol South American origin, while some regard
It of North American or Central American
origin. The Indians cultivated it when this
country was first discovered by Europeans,
and we have thus obtained from them one of
the most valuable of the cereals. It was In
troduced into Europe by the Spaniards, in
the sixteenth century, ana by them taken to
Sicily. Deuce, in Europe, where all edible
grain is called by the generic terra, of corn. It
was called Spanish, Sicilian and Turkish com.
hi. Bouafons, who has written a work on In
dian corn, cites many authors to prove it of
Eastern origin, but he proves that they were
mlstiken. Humboldt says there Is no doubt
that it is-of American origin. The Import
ance of this grain cannot bo easllv estimated.
The abundance of tho crop, the facility of its
culture, and the vast extent of country
through which it Is the favorite and roost
tul’able grain crop, makes our famed land
capable ol sustaining the most dense popula
tion, and enables us to produce the greatest
amount of animal food.
The vast fields ot the ferillo West, such as
tide cf Dlicois, appear capable of them-'
reives, to sustain the heaviest population,
acd to produce the largest amount of stock
Unit could ever he required by the whole
country, since hut a fractional proportion of
these broad ravsnnah, have as yet been
brought under the dominion ol the plow and
Rice, oriza iativa. Is a tropical or sub-trop
ical production, and native of Asia. It baa
also been found in South America, so that
Bko maybe regarded as a native of both
hemispheres. It was introduced into this
country from the East Indies. It is chiefly
crown in the lowlands of our Southern
The SroAh Cans of the tropics has been
1 introduced Into Louisiana, ana with the fos
tering care of the Government, the manufac
ture of sugar has been conducted successful
ly. It Is propagated by suitings.
Chinese ScOAh. Cane has been introduced
into the Middle States within a tew years,
jvith a view to tho production of sugar. Ex
pcrlmcxts prove that syrup and sugar can be
produced in tho Northern States, thus ren
dering us independent of the tropica.
Bboom Coen has an incident connected
with Its history, which shows the Importance
cf observing small matters. It is related of
Fianklin, that when he was shown a cations
1 ruth that had been brought from Eastern
Asia, he examined the msterhl and found a
reed, which he planted, and from this source
spratg cue valuable crop of broom corn.
The Doctor farther discussed the subject of
sugars at some length, including Chinese,
tact,’ maple, maize, manna and other sugars,
hut we have no room to follow him.
The bean family, clover of various kinds,
the pea, peanut, horse-bean, chick, and many
other articles from which food Is prepared,
' were alto discussed, hat wc must cut short.
_ Doctor Warder spoke for nearly one hour
,♦ acd a half, aod of course the above are hut a
tn A te* «f tke leading features of his able and
mo Poetical address,
the “
Tlic Troubles lo Ecypt*
Mamox, Sept. 6lh, 1963.
Editors Chicspo Tribune;
Eating seen In several copies of lb® CM*
cago Timn tome awful letters relative to the
cruelties perpetrated upon Democratic dtl
rece ot this-county, and fearing that some of
your community might think we were all be
ing put to death here by the military author
ity, without benefit of clergy, I take the lib
erty of giving yon a true statement ol the
“grots outrage* 1 ' perpetrated by Major Beers
sod Capt, Jackson.
During the mouth of June a deputy enroll
ipg officer was killed in cold blood In this
district, by some wretches who have not yet
been discovered.. For protection in future,
Provost Marshal Philips applied for and ob
tained a battalion of cavalry, with which he
proceeded to complete the enrollment. This
battalion had express orders to arrest any
and all deftrlers tbst could bo found, and
also lo search In all suspected places for them.
It la well known throughout the State that
the 128 th regiment, which was mostly raised
in 'Williamson county, was In reality a seeesh
organization. Its officers have nearly all re
signed, and many of them are actually In the
rebel army, whDo the men commenced to do
rert on the day of Its muster, and continued
t» do 10 until U cowed to bo a regiment.
Thtic men have eluce then been concealed
In various parts of the conntry, with the arms
funvbhed them by the Government, openly
prelecting their sympathy with the rebels
endditytng the whole North. To eubduo
and am at these brigands wa* the unpleasant
taakuttlguedto Major Bco-a' bittauon, on
the couiphttan of the enrollment, and now
hat Ibe work la finished sert the batUUoa
gi.no, there la but one opinion by atl loyal
lien, whether Democrats or liopabllcini,
which Ic, that tbo work woa done* with dccl
tUn, but with all the klsdoets that the ua
tun? c-t tho work would permit.
1 happened to be prescut at the armtt ol
rcvcrol cf ibiac drserttra by. Capl Jackson,
ar>d cun testify, that In all cates their treat
limit was moti humane; white they were
promptly ttenred, no unnecessary violence
vasxffcrtd them, no difference was made hr
ike Captain between the treatment of them
andLlsownmen, and la all cores they were
p/adiptly-honded over to tbe proper military
authorities. Capt Jackson has very
aucdei>t>fal In these arre»te, having secured
and'relumed over one hundred and elghtv,
lo He great relief of every peaceable mao, as
they weie the icourge of the county. - The
only class of citizens who feel Injured at these
cutngu'Vare the relatives of the deserters
and Ibe gecuiae copperhead. The latter hare
been so naim-gufcd of late by'the dirtiest
kltdoftorypofiticiaDs, that when they have,
icsdithc Cblctgo Times,' acd become some-*
whal stimnluUd with bad whisky, (they nev
»r jkcnmthing die) ftej Hally Im.glno it
lo be a hard strife Tor the Government to re
quire those of its citizens who have enlisted
jor three years in its army, who have drawn
bounties ond arms on tbe fUUh of their oaths
and honor, to he compelled to perform their
partof the contract, and talk loudly about
the right of personal liberty, Aafca« corn wt,
duty of freemen, Ac , whenever any of these
miserable, perjured cowards Is captured and
compelled to take bis place In the army. At
a Copperhead meeting near here, not long
lor g elbc'e, over two hundred of these vaga
bonds attended, making the air ring with,
(■bents for Vallacdfph(\»n, and gome for Jeff
Davis, while the clothes they had on their
bteks. and tho greenbacks In their pock**
they had received from the United S*re*.
But then these have been much char-., * r-I.ico
the arrests have been made, and Fre *>. Nt Mar
tha! Philips Is entitled to much credit for the
prompt or d thorough manner In which he
1 ns tqnelchtd out their small potatoc trea
son. • /
1 repeat, therefore, when yon *«o this bat
lalliou abused, remember it la because they
have done thvlr duly.
I am a D* mocrat, Messrs. Editors, talways
supported Douglas and Logan, and would do
fo sgilo it I could; but I must say, if a parly
i* compelled to re tore" to the lies which it
bt.stcld corcerning the doings ol this bat
talion In order to maintain lt% strength, that
even they will not keep it up y«ry long.
{Special Cormpcadence ot the Chicago Tribune.}
WatßixoTo.v, Thursday, Sept/fi, 1563.
The letter of John C. Calhoun, recently
made public through the New York Tuna,
dates back to the seed lime of the present
harvest of treason, bloodshed and rebellion.
Culbcim was the great husbandman. Ills
master spirit, disappointed In tbs impatient
and uncestiollablo desire to be President,
conceived the idea, and luid the foundations,
dtep in Iho prejudices and passions of tho
Southern people, for the slave-holding Con*
fedcracy, of which Lu hoped to bo the lirst
head. Bat the work was more difficult, and
Ihc time necessary for its completion greater,
than he anticipated; and the arch-traitor
scarcely lived long enough to get sight of
the premised land. Ho made a mistake, in
the first place, In selecting on Issue. If he
hud c< mtuctccd ulihtlavcry instead of the
tariff policy, of which ho was ttio originator. 1
it is not In. probable that he might have lived I
to reap tho bnrvt'fctho had smrn. I
Ii * ru *r H '\r. n t 0 gay that Mr. Col* |
honnwas the orljpuauu of*.
policy In this country, which ho olturnarui
hud the itiouliy to etnunnee as tho essence
of tyranny, and to allege os a sufficient Justi
fication of nnllificatiun and disunion, la
ISIO he was the hsder of the House of Kepro
scutatius, the chosen champion ot the Ad
ministration of the day, Mr. Madison’s, and
the inavgurstor of the policy ol protection
to domestic Industry. Ibavu nowhere seen
that doctrine more broadly stated than In his
speech ou January filat, laid, upoa the pend* ,
ing tariff bill, as 1 find it repeated in the An*
runt of Coigicia, compiled by . Gale* and
••Mr. Calhoun proceeded to another topic
—thectcontogenient proper to be afforded
to ibu Irdustiy of the country, la regard to
the quiMlon, Low tar manufactures ought to
ho loettied, Mr. C. said It was the duty of
this country, as a means of defense, to en
courage the domestic Industry of the conn*
try, more especially that part of it which pro*
tides the necessary materials tor clothing and
defaiee. let ns look at the nature ot the
war most likely to occur. England is in
possession ol the oesan. No man, however
taeguine, can believe that we can deprive her
toon of her predominance there. That con*
Uol deprives ns of the means ol maintaining
our army and navy cheaply clad. Tho ques
tion reiatlrg to manufactures must not de
pend ou the abstract principle that industry,
left to pursue its own course, will flud in Its
own interest all the encouragement that is
i.tctssary. I lay the claims of the mauufac
turns entirely out of view, sold Mr. C.; bat
on general pricclplts, without regard to their
interest, a certain encouragement should bo
extended at least to our woolen and cotton
Another great Lobby with Mr. Calhoun at
this period ot his life, but which he after
wards held to be a sufficient justification of
treason and rebellion, was internal Improve
ments, or the construction of roads, canals,
iVc., by the Central Government. In the
same speech from which 1 have quoted above
he rays:
• »»ln many respec's, no people of equal
population and wealth, possesses equal ma
terials for power with ours. The people, In
muscular vigor, in hardy and enterprising
hiblts, and in a lofty and gallant courage ore
rurpa*sed by none. In one respect, and in
n*y opinion, In one only, wo are mater! Uly
weak. We occupy a surface prodigiously
I great in proportion to oor numbers. The
: common strength is brought with difficulty
to bear upon the point that may be men
aced by the enemy. Good roads and canals,
I judiciously laid out, are the proper remedy.
In the neent war bow much did we antler for
I the want of them! Besides the tar-
I diuces and consequent Infficlcncy of
: our military movements, to what in
creased expense was the country put for
I the article of transportation alone! In the
event of another war, the gaining In thlspar
! Ucular would go far towards Indemnlfyingns
1 fer the expenses of constructing the means of
; transportation. , „
Speaking of the effects of our extended ter
-1 ritory is its usual aspects, and after showing
that, contrary to the speculations of philoso
phers, a republican form of Government is
not Incompatible with a wide extent of coun
try, he proceeds to point out the great dan
cer. Inis vast area he says “has exempted ua
liom most of the causes which distracted the
imsll republics of antiquity; let It not, how
ever, be forgotten; let Itlorevcr bo kept In
mind, that It exposes ns to the greatest of all
calamities, next to the loss ol liberty, and
even to that lu its consequences—dhunion.
* * Whatever impedes the intercourse of
the extremes with this, the center of the re
public, weakens the Union. * * Nothing,
nut c-\en dissimilarity of language, tends
mere to estrange man from man. than dis
tance. Let ns then, said be, bind the repub
lic together with a perfect system ot roads
and canals Let ns conquer space.”
These who have only known John C. Cal
houn ns the great Nullificr—the great enemy
of the protective policy, and nf Internal im
provements by the General Government, will
hi prone to suspect that there is some mis
take in these quotations, and that they prop
erly belong to Sir. Webster or Hr. Clay.
Their broad, national spirit, whatever may *■ ;
thought of the abstract merits of protection
to domestic industry, Is in such striking con
trust with the subsequent career of their
author, that the mind of the reader is puzzled
In adjusting the several parts of the man’s
history together so as to make a consistent
whole. Mr. Calhonnfound the tame difficult
jy himself, and in publishing bis
life and speeches a few years before
Ids death, Mr. Calhoun saw' the logi
cal mccteitv of dismissing his earlier career,
up to and including the period of his sitting
lu Mr. Monroe's Cabinet, as among the indis
cretions of his youth. Not one of the great,
wise and patriotic speeches made by him In ,
. support cf the Government iu his earlier ca- 1
rccr,istobefonnd in hia published works.
Indeed, The student ot history In future ages
ntav well make the mistake of finding two
jofin C. Calhouns, one of whom be might
liken to Cicero for wisdom, eloquence mud
patriotism; and tho other to Catallne. whom
he vscclUd lu the foul arts of conspiracy,
treason ar.d rebellion. I
A vetmble gentleman of this city, who 1
knew Mr. Calhoun intimately in bis better
C*js t whtn bis mind was unsullied by sec
tional prejudices, and tre.sonable conspira- 1
cles,icpmesitshira us belngan enthusiast In 1
•because ot Internal improvements by the
Gpnenl Government. It waff hh bobby, and 1
If be met a.mss from the top of the Kooky,
Mountains, he wocld-protnl?e him a canal, or
at least a turnpike road, to come within five
miles of his house, at no distant day. His
views were oil large and national, and be
seemed never to think of South Carolina, ex
cept as a part of the country. I have before
me a pamphlet which bears date November,
1533, signed *’Carolina.” It Is entitled “An
Address to the Citizens of North Carol’oa.
on the subject of the Presidential Election.”
It Is a forcible appeal to the people In favor
of Mr. Calbonn as the Presidential candidate,
his opponent for the nomination, as the
writer seems to think, being Mr Crawford.
This pamphlet sets forth the claims of Mr.
Calbonn upon the country, upon grounds
which would make him a favorite in
New Erriard 'or Northern BUnuU.
at tho present day. It showed
that from bfr youth up he had becnthor»
onefcly imbued with Republican Ideas. It
apiaka of bis.career at Tale College, la which,
he won the applause of Dr. Dwight by the
force and eloquence with which no contro
verted the Doctor’s misgivings as to Repub
lican Government. TederaUam was largely
in the ascendant in the college, and Mr. Cal
houn upheld the Republican cause almost
single handeo, bat with "such depth of
thought, and power of argument,” that the
Doctor “ predicted bis fhtnre rise to the
highest honors of the Republic.” The pam
phlet quotes from the speech of January 31,
I&16. the above extracts, except that touch
ing the tariff It also contains the folio wing
tatsspe from the same speech. Addressing
timsell to the members of tho House, he
“1 know of no situation so responsible, if
properly considered, as ours. "Weam charged'
by rrtvidesce, not only with the happiness
of this great and rising people, but, in a con
siderable degree, with that of the human
race. We have a government of a new or*
der, perfectly distinct from all which have
preceded K. A gmttnment found*! on the
right* of-man; not on authority, not
ou prtJadlcc, aot on superstition, bat res* •
ion. If It ihtll succeed, a* fondly hoped by
V e founders, It will bo the commencement of
a tew era In human affair*. All cl*il(xoil
govmmenta meat, in the course of time,
conform to Ita principle*.”
These views, to largo and free, are entirely
ccmsbteut with the met brought to light by
the publication of the diary or John Qalacy
Adams, via: That Ur. Calbouu, when called
upon by MA Monroe, for hi* opinion la
writing, concurred with Mr. Adorns
ai d the other members of the Cahi*
act In the opinion that the yrohlbi*
tlon of slavery by Cotcrefß In the Terri
tories north and west ol the Mlts-mri. was
Constitutional—oplaloaa which Induced the
Pietldenttorigntbe Act known os the Ml*'
aourl Compiomlae. Mr. Calhotm, thirty year*
later, was dbpottd to deoy, or. at any rate
n< t to rfxa»niber,thUwritl«'uopli.lon, bat the
silent tettimooyof tbe patriot 1 * diary I* en*
tirt ly coneU tent with the earlier history of tho
gnat parollnlan before* ho became a fallen
angel: and if tbd trntb coaid be known
tbeie is little doubt (batCalboan commenced
life an ardtnt lover of universal freedom, and
probably cherished aspirations of becoming
the emancipator of bla country. It is well
known that Clay cherhbedthe noble thought,
in common with the great men who preceded
him, but bad not tbe faith ana moral
courage to adhere to it, with unvarying firm*
ness; and the abi/ve extract* will be amllclent
to render It not Improbable that Calbotm,
with a far more subtle genius, and with an
entirely similar love for, and sympathy with,
the free icstitatlon* of his country, enter*
tained in bUnncoimptcddava an equal abhor*
ret'Ce of slaveiy, acddealreforlta extirpation,
TVlthlofty genius, with august presence,
with irrapi oscbable private life, aha with the
mottwlnnlrg manners, he had only to be
true to bis morel instinct*, and faithful to the
maxims and priuciplee with which he began
bit career, to make a mime scarcely second to
that of Warhlogfon. But yielding to ambi
tion end levet-ge, he made shipwreck of a
tlorloua fame, and sowed the seeds of min to
1* State and section. Spectator,
Investment of Capitol-Financial Im
portance of the ttko CUlcs.
IFrom Ite N. T. Evening Post, 19th.]
Taken altogether, the real property of the
Free States Is held at about the same prices
as ruled in 185S, ten years ago. The Wealth
of the country, In the meantime, has more
than doubled. The last census shows an in
crease in wealth, between I*so and IW9, in
all the States and territories, ofl2S percent
the Increase In population bring 5512 per
cent. Wlil real estate coon take an upward
moveiLcr.t 1 3!auy and various reasons seem
to favtr Iheexpectatluu of a speedy and great
stlvatcc In tut direction. Tbe fact of Its
Laving Timaincd stationary, or nearly so,
since one the habit It has, in this conn
•try, c-f going up by great leaps, m»y well
had ns to expect an active upward move
ment vary soon, Independent of additional
acctlcrstlrg came*. Some cf !«cio causes
will be briefly suggested.
The change from a long peace to a great
war, calling for Immeaso additional public
expenditures; and the fe<Uae natural to the
holders r.f the capital, la Uus condition of
affairs, ot insecurity lu most kinds of per
toi.al property, naturally lead toinveslments
lu real estate, the most’Stable of bamao pos
(carious. Up to this time, however, the
temptation to nee money In the purchase of
pt-rbcual property, which, In the shape ol
bonds, stocks, Ac, has been rnlidly appre
ciating m.der the fiumilous of a large aug
nuL'tariou cf the clrculattug taedlata, has •
drawn the capital not needed for ba*locss
purrores Into the vortex. The operations
in this direction have carried up paper seen
jetlfS marly, if trot quite, to tbe highest
point at which they can be profitably sus
tained. The government, fleets the war, Iras
added more tlmnone thousand millions to the
floating capital. The use of this, with other
cause*, has added not less than
two thousand millions to the estimated value
of available recurltles—of railroad*, canrls,
n-IciK manufacturing eitablMiuents ami
other stock Institutions. Ula probably not
an overstatement that tbo available clrcu
the past two years, and that two tbuSEl'J*
millions have beta added during the past
To suppose that the effect ol this swelling
tide ol currency will uot be frit lu largu mea
sure on well placed real estate requires a do
pree of credulity In favor of the status quo
otife Itllnm pomsted by few who allow them
irives the luxury of drawing conclusions
Iruin new facts. That It will cause active In
vestments, speculation—aye, speculation ram
pant and wild—appears Inevitable, There Is
now n chance tor wise Investment in real es
tate. There has. probably, never before been
so favorable a lime lor g.»»d permanent In
vestments In the really. That speculation
therein, both reasonable and wild, 1* Immi
nent, Is no reason why the occasion should
rot be availed of by men ot capital to place
their money where It will be most safe and
remunerative. There Is always the strongest
tendency to overact In the most profitable
direction, and to counterfeit that which la
most valuable.
In what kinds of real estate and when situ-
sled? it Is pcilinenl to Inquire, before decid
ing on this kind of Investment.- The kind
should be ground In or near a growing city.
Wbj ? Because the tendency of population
and wealth, la this country, to congregate
ard concentrate in and near cities, is exhibit
ed more and mote conspicuously by every
succeeding decennial census. The whole
country, from 1660 to ISCO. increased In popu
lation £sl-3 per cent. The ten largest sea
port cities increased fifty three (53) per cent.;
tbe ten largest Inter! r cities Increased 79 per
cent; the ten largest interior river cities 05
per cent, and our ten largest lake cities 133
percent. Of these lake cities the Increase
per cent of Colcsgo was 305; of Toledo, 200:
Milwaukee, 126; Detroit 117, and Cleveland
101). If these figure* give a fair representa
tion of the law of their foturo growth, of
which the reader must judge for himself,they
afford a reasonably safe basis for persons de
sirous of making the best investment In or
Impartial Investigation will probably re
mit in the conviction that thu leading cities
ot the great interior plain are llkelv to have
lu the future, as they have had in the past, a
more rapid growth than those on tbe Atlan
tic border, and that tbe leading cities on the
great lakes will continue to exhibit a mare
rapid growth than the leading cities on the
great interior rivers. Tbe commerce ol tbe
great plain more and more seeks the lake
ports in preference to the river cities. Of
this fact any one can get proof by examining
the commercial reports during the last ten
yean x f the cities of Su Louis and Chicago,
and of Cincinnati and Toledo. As between
the old and new States the balance ol popu
lation is already slightly in frvor of the new.
At the same rate of increase, os from ISSO
to 1820, these sections will contain in 1870:
The Atlantic States, 10,263.513, and the new
States, 31,170,084. At present the nrban nod
tubnrban population of the old free States
constitutes about onc-thlrd of tbe whole
number: while in the new free SUteo about
five-sixths arc engaged, directly or indirectly,
in the cultivation of the soil. This dlinro-
Sortlon Is In process of rapid reduction. Too
release of capital engaged in manufactures
from 1850 to 1860 was: in the New England
States, sixty-four per cent.; in the Middle
States, ninety-seven; and la the Western
States, one hundred and fifty-two. Tne
percentage ct Increase of hands em
ployed In manufactures wai: in New
England, forty-five males and seven
teen fcmoltfi; in the Middle States, fifty
three males and thirty-two females; and la the
Western States, fifty-live males and ninety six
fcnules. If manufactures under- SSOO had
been included, tbe gain ol the Western States
would have been In still greater proportion.
The lake cities drawing commerce mast
largely from the great river valley are Chica
go, Toledo and Milwaukee, and In the order
• of their names.
The above indisputable facts plainly Indi
cate these cities as the centres of tbe best
fields for profitable Investment in real estate
—provided anticipated values have not al
ready made the price too high. There arc
points in or near all rapidly-growing dries,
where a wise forecast may be used in pur
chasing at prices much above the apparent
value, that is to say, the value for present or
speedy use.
Commissary Hcpnrtsncnt—Army of
[From the Albany Evening Journal.]
There are but few people who atop to re
flect upon the important and responsible doty
of supplying an army with subsistence, and
upon the amount of stores that are doily rc
qclred for that purpose. There are many
persons who can see no obstacle to the move
ment of an army, who would be quite ap
palled at the amount of supplies that mnit
ba tnmeponedat the? same time to sustain It.
A passing idea of this prerequisite nuy be
obtained or looking carefully over the issues
from a single post fbr one month. Below
ica> be found the ifsncs made in ths month
cf June, 18C3, at Murfreesboro, Tenn., by
Capt. M. H. Bright, U- S. A., tbe Commis
sary of Subsistence:
toils pork at *l2 per tori... ... *57,800.00
t(0 torts beef. *ltV V tori 5,73«.(»
S* beef, fm p .00 91.TUQ.09
frJo.OM Its bacon, 7e W &> 67,<0kM
U7,hsl» Its ham,9c To.. 2VS?*jS
9,09 torts flour, fti bri M.SMO) .
1.417,457 Vs bard brea£ Be S> lb 78.9T3.55
ISAS? Its com meal. Ike £ Ito 197-0*
5,4» ba beans. *5 V “ Q 10,455.w)
4? 6 ba peas, *XAS W bn 1.995.75
40.573 ks rice, 10c « ».. 4.0T1A0
147.451 Its hominy. 4c fl #> 2,019.01
36f1,f50 Ibfl rate coffee. 40c W 62,643.00
8,4£ l Ibstca,*! fMto 8.43L00
5G7,t53 fi>B bin sugar, 12Wc |» » 44.70d.es
8.875 frawbltedo, ISC do 836.25
12,115 pals Tlosgsf. 10c p gal 1,211.80
frs ad candle*. 20c 8 fl> C,39>.«0
72,493 Aw soap- 8c S 1b 5,799.44
*,14» ton irtt, Wc W M 1.072.(0
14)47.876 fi>9 potatoes. Sc f) fit.. W.757A1
S,££s gal# molasses. 80c fi gal l.«8S50
480 rail Ro'dcn syrup 93190
10.007 calf whiskey, ft 9 g*l 10.007 00
10.800 Its drspotatoes, vi-10e 91700
18,790 lbs mixed tecetatolcs. 19c 8,576^0
rofi gals pickles. nr«c V gal 2D. 2*
9,455 Its pepper, 85c if) &• •.. 84575
1.042 fiedrkdpeaches, 10c « fi.... _ 2W20
960* fie preen coffee, 85c B fit 1,960.00
7W fis dried sptJea. 6c w ® *7-54
Bs3 gais pickled cabbage, 85c 194 05
Total *25,749.00
Thepricts annexed do not Include the cost
of transportation from the points at which
tbefesoiplleswcrepnrchased. Tbe amount.
In contrast with that provided fora email
lamUy, stems almost frontons-
BT The following are the congressional
candidates tn Maryland:
Diet. I. CEfr'.tcra Shore)....•John W. CrUfleld.
Diet. It: Webster.
Diet. M. (Baltimore City).. Deary WinterD*na.
Diet. IV.(WMt’n Cocntic«.*Fnacl» Tbomis.
DUt. V.(Wr«teraßboie)...*Chuleft B. Cslrcrt.
*Xn&be» of the Ust Boom.
Thomas Swann (ex*mayor) runs' against
Winter Davis; the others have no aerioas op
position. All profess to be Union men.
Xbe Gold In the Illinois Treuarr-
Uliitliat Become of It?
(From the Missouri Democrat, loth.)
During the sssslon of the Legislature there
were from two hundred and tifty to three
hnuored thousand dollar* In gold u the Trea
sury of Illinois. It w*<> the business of tho
Treasurer to bo Inform Ihf LfgUuture. We
are not aware whether ho did bo. However,
tho Legislature knew nothing about It. liar
il g a kt.cn scent lor anything lu thucorrap
tlon line, U would be surprising U they
Old not. At any rat?, they pasted aa act
n.uhlrg oil taxes in faturu receivable iu legal
tender notes; and ordering that the Tre*-
auivrshould pay out no m;»rc gold Inpiy
mint ol Interest or other indebtodoe'-s, ex
cept In payment of the Interest on the bond*
betd by forclgvers, This U a proof that
they kte» the gold waa there; for if there
wbs co gold there, of coursu It woald bo im*
jx aalblelor the Trcaiurer to pay out any.
l*u< tlu re was gold there, to the amount of
toU),(W, as we are Informed. Still no act
patted by the Legislature providing far
Ur sale, and the profit* thereof be-passed to
the credit cflbe Stale! 11 such an act hod
pamd. the Treasury of -lUlooU .would now ,
be 4ii5,000 Hcheftban It is. Bat"Why richer?
Became it is rumored that the gold iua been
sold; aid that, as there Is no law to compel
the Treasurer to place the money to the
credit ol the State, he roiala the profit
trade open it In hla own hands. Or he could, ■
in epite ol sny precaution to the contrary,
keep back any. port ol It he chose, the fl ac
tuations In gold Irom day to day and mouth
to month being eo .enormous. The Tcca\nr..
er’e friendr, all through the State, also k'aJ
ly helped to aggravate these, fluutuatioaa bj
unceasingly denouncing, not only the war.
but the currency that enabled the Govern
ment to cary it on.
i But the gold is reported to hive heei sold
slavery high premium, two or three leading
Copperheads Laving gone to New York with
the Treasurer, some time since, to nuke
1 the trade. One af these gentlemen was
| that very keen financier, Sam Backmister.
If there Is anything to be mode out of an
operation of .that kind, BnckmaV.er U
the man to do It Jnst abont this
time, in connection wkh the above, comes tho
rumor, circulated about the streets ol Spring- i
held, that the Pemociitlc State Central Cota- '
u iitee have enough money on band to carry
the neat election high and diyl Thena'aml
question is: 'Where did they get U? They
enicly did not take it from the soldiers’ lunb,
purporting to have been collected at the
mafesmeeupgat Springfield on the 17th of
June. We know the Copperheads bite the
Boldh.Tß iiiot-l cordUlly, and that tho inclina
tion to do this vandal act may bo In them •
but we shrewdly tha money U not
there. There Is such a bogus air about tha*
subscription nc to entirely prelude the Idea
of there being any great amount ol money
In It. . J
We are accordingly driven to the otVr
horn cf the dIU-mma. If the Democratic
treasury Is tall ol money, ami if tho LegiaU
tuie rtiufcd to order the Treasurer to sell the
cold, was It for the pun»ose- of filling aald
Democratic treasury? If It was not for that
purpose, wap it for the purpose of merely en
riching the Treasurer? And if it was Or this
latter purpose, how many of the member* of
the Legblaturo are to share with the Treas
urer In this splendid donation of two ulatns
Btd a quarter (o magnanimous!,; made by the
Copperheads of Illinois?
State of Rebel Affair* In Georgia,
{From the Boston Journal.]
A gentleman named Jobs Bowman, former
ly ct Warwick, of thU Slate, but for tbo last
eighteen years a resident of Georgia, arrived
In thU city yesterday Irom Macon, !□ that
State, where he has been employed oa engi
neer In a Government shop for nuking tools
to bo used in manufaclnriug guns lor the
'Southern Confederacy. Be escaped Irom the
South with hi* foully, together with a neigh
bor, by makh'g their way to 'he coast, and
purchasing o snail skiff, la which the party, i
nine in all, reached our blockading vessel) off
the coast of Florida.
Mr. Bowman’s testimony is corroberaMvc
of other lnf« ou.tllon from the South. Be
n’j resent® the people compriiieg the mid*
do clutscs as carnchtly desiring peace. Tne
Union sentiment existing at the begin
ning of tho war, for a time almost
destroyed, by the failure of the Government
to relieve the loyal men from Conf-dcrntn
pppierslon, is now general and Increasing.
Fiombltown observation, and tha tcstloio
nj of oUmt*. Mr. Bowman believes that a
I loyfctl^.?; 1 * 1 ? people of Georgia are at heart
1 ptcieioa. N'tKdrhel despotism stlUe* Its ex
must every place, and exSt Inal*
they lliut no opposition to gorerautUed are
cures can ho nmln’alued. Their rue is ou„
of terror, and Is exceedingly oppiva-lve.
One of these commutes* waited upon Ilolnrt
Tocmbs recently, and Informed tmutlui he
was too careful ol his own Interval) In plant
ing more cotton than corn and too little
mindful of the necessities of tho govtrimnnt.
At Columbus the Union men have, however,
recently defied the aulhoity of tho vigilance
committee cf that place,and at Saraahati It is
generally remarked thoUuloa me a outnum
ber all otb<rs. Those who urge a continued
t vest cotton of the warare the wealthy, their
minions, the poor whites, and speculators.
Fur the last three months the expression of
| opinion in regard to the war has been tolor
; ated mere thnn at any previous time. Tae
disasters to the rebel cause -are becoming
generally known in all their details, but
scarcely one In ten comprehends their magni
tude. The news published In the papers is
subject to rigid censorship, and much Is sup
Tho stories of desertion from the rebel ar
mies ate not exaggerated. A large number
of "stragglers,” as they are termed there,
have returned to their homes, bringing re
volts; cf desertions of their comrades in
large numbers, who hive not returned • Tuo
conscription is very oppressive, although
; mechanic*, whose labor Is essentia! in pro
! duclag material supplies, can be exempted.
I Mr. Bowman left because a liberal salary as
I engineer failed to support his family.
1 Prices of provlslonsltave advanced to from
ten to twenty times tho rates of two years
1 ago. Although there is not actually starva
tion, In citicn and large towns there are very
many who can hardly ever get meat to eat or
decent clothes to wear. All kinds of goods
arc monopolized by speculators. Fourteen
to sixteen dollars cf Confederate money
one paid for one of gold, and from
thice to four andahalf in bank notes. Batter
sells at $1.50 a poond; b.icon, $1.25 $1 50;
flour, SOO a barrel; corn, $2 50 to $3 a buah
el; brown sugar, $1.50 to $2.50. a pound;
white sugar, $4 to $0: boots, $35 to SSO a
pair; shoes, $25 to $45; calicoes. $2.50 to
$;1.50 a yard; linen, $S to $lO a yard. Clo'.h-
Icg has been advanced in the same ratio.
Mr. Bowman Is a very intelligent mm, and
speak* of what he has seen
and hear t. Be ha* faith In the ultimate re
turn cf the Southern States to their allegi
ance to the Government.
—General Lee is reported to be in Rich
mond, in consultation with Jeth Davis ami
his Cabinet. Perhaps, if they protract their
consultation a Utile while, General Bragg and
General Jo. Johnston will join them.—3Vtn
Another adventurous traveler has lost
his life in exploring the wilds ot Africa. Dr.
Henry Stendner, who had been for two years
post in Ethiopia, has recently died there, in
an obscure village. lie was attended in his
last moments by Baron de Hengaln, hla fel
low traveler. Dr, Stcndner baa just com-
pleted his researches in tbe country extend
ing frem the Red Sea to tbe extremity of the
Eastern Soudan, and was about to start on
another exploring expedition when ho was ta
ken UL
—Letters from Baden all agree in ascribing
immense success to a new opera entitled
“Nabel,” composed bs LUolf, and written by
51. Pleuvicf. The leading parts are described
as capitally tnpporicd'by Mme Colsom and
51. Jourdab. Tne first is known and popular
both In Paris and Milan, and the second is toe
charming tmer from tbe Opera at Brussels,
formerly of the Opera Comlqne, in Paris.
The Klogof H-rtl mi.an excellent musician,
*as among the auditory i>u theftrA perform
unce, and was one cf the > araicst la m initojt
atiuns of the pleature afforded by the work
audits execution.
—The/(affc of Turinstates that conferences
were lately held at Lucem for tbe purpose
of discussing the expediency of piercing a
tunnel fhrengh Mouot Qothard. Delegates
from thirteen cantons and three half cantons
attended,the population represented by them
amounting to about two millions of souls.
According to one ot the two projects pro
tinted, the tunnel Is to be ple.-ced at an atti
tude of twelve hundred metres above toe level
df the sea, end at one hundred metres above
that of Tessin and Uri. Its length is one
(•n&drcd and fifty-three kilometres, and it may
be pierced by the aid of two shafts, one one
hundred and slxty-elx and the other two hun
dred and ninety six metres in deptb. Ac
c' rdlrg to the second project tbe tunnel to ba
pierced at an altitude of fifteen hundred
metres above tbe level of the sea, which is
that ol the celebrated hospice, will only be
cJcety-eight kilometres In length; but. as a
f ct off, the rest of tbe lice passes through the
meet unfavorable ground possible.
that seme desire has been shown to alter the
tome of New South Wales to Nova CambrU,
Britannia, Britannia Nova, Talloria, Lauanria,
Aifredia, Alexandra, or some other, is order
to sever the recollection of the name of Bot
any Bay, assigned to New South Wales by
Captain Cook.
—A ‘ ghostly lawsuit” Is about tobe tried
to Ersland. Mr. Pepper’s ghost, which 4a
proviriorally protected by patent, has fallen
cut with tie guost of Mr King, of Bath. Mr.
Kite’s ghost claims that the specter of Mr.
Pepper I* not new, and morever U an lof aug
ment upon the improved shade of Mr. K.
—The O'Connell national statue fond now
amount* to £5.216. . _ , , , ;
—Dartre the week ending Wednesday laal,
2 SSI emigrant* arrived at iew York making
a total ot 107.793 during the present year,
which la 54,279 mere than arrived to the same
date last year.
The demand for tea Is arid to be sleadU;
os the increase In Great Britain. In nine
} cars the consumption Increased from sixty*
one million to seTenty*e)ght million pounds.
—'What is the difference between a Copper*
hiadaxd a rebel ram? One goes for the
Union with on “If," the other goes againtt
the Union with a vuL
The Cleveland Herald of Wednesday,
tava: “There was a rumor current to-day
that Major General Steel was stopping at the
Angler, and a gentleman In plain clothes,
bearing a remarkable resemblance, at least,
to the General, was pointed out as that dis*
tirguiebed officer. Some officers who had
teivcd under him, and whose doty brought
them in repeated contact with him, state pos
itively that the gentleman referred to Is the
General himself, although be appeared anx*
ions to avert a recognition.* 1
—The Kew York TTbrfcf says there was a
beautiful exhibition of the Aurora Borealis on
Thursday evening last. Its wavering, uncer
tain Debt was but dimly seen to the north*
ward, out In the west there suddenly shot up
a magnificent bar ot brilliancy that aston
ished every one who saw it. It was so dis
tinct that many who saw It were disposed to
regard it as a comet, but on looking longer
Ihtj were tttitctlTed. When ItarstJppoici
it waft like a broken arc or rainbow, extending
neatly to tbo zenith, bat th« two parte aoon
juiced In a carved lino of extraordinary beau
ty. The lower part was* bidden behind a
deuce cloud that lay along the western hori
zon. Till* celestial phenomooon was visible
for a quarter of an hour, growing brighter
and brighter daring tbe first tCn mlautes and
thm rapidly fading away. The sky was
n oetly clear at the time, the sum nbluiag
brightly, ami the thermometer indicating a
Uuipemlurc of 70 degrees.
—ln filling up tbe signal corps of the army
now organizing under too law passed at tbe
Utt session of C«*ugre*s, one or two expert
tolrpruph are to be commissioned
a** lieutenants, There officer* will U*vccharge
of the light Hold telegraph—these ll :e« which
are underlie control of the signal corp*. and
wMoli la battle or at srigea are ran out and
workrd on the fie’d or In trenches under fire.
The Now Bedford Mtreury says It his the
b< S' of rraioos for expressing tbo belief that
t>« fore this a combined attack. byonrforcM
has been made In the vicinity of Sabina Pass,
upon Texaa. . 1
Governor Brown, of Georgia, has issued
a proclamation calling upon the State Ra
serves to bold themselves In readiness to
ir arch at a moment's w arnlog. The men are
to provide thcmrelrcß with rations and sub
sistence on the march to and for a day after
reaching the rendezvous.
—Gertrude Weber, a servant girl, was so
badly beaten with broooiaUcks by her New
York mUtrcES because flic proposed to leave
her tllnaUou, that her life Is despaired of.
lt was John Armstrong, ot Jersey City,
who ate a plate of let; cream at a fair lor tbe
benefit of rick and wounded soldiers, laid
down a five hundred dollar treasury note,
and coolly declined the change. The circum
nance was endorsed on the back of the note
by the lady attendant, and came to light in
3l. Bauer, an engineer, has, after long
preparatory labors, succeeded In raising the
Bavarian tteamer Ludwig, which sank two.
years Ago In the lake ot Cunstacce, lu conse
quence ol coming Into colli .urn with a Swiss
steamer. The ergineer, In order to raise the
vcftel, which was lying at the depth of fier
cely feet, mode use of an -apparatus of his
own Invention. By means of hirers be a'-
tachcd to her, one on each side, two large
balloons made of water-proof linen, which
be filled wlib air. When the expansion had
become fuflirient, a movement was observed
in the water, which looked na it boiling, and.
the vcefirl gmdasdr came to the surface.
_ sb. fnßrsE-j.tN'S pim.s.
P..u fa;t:e re»a:tof alOß*
aid eztcuive ?-*rt cc. nJlc la tjpr o-wr*tJoo aud
aure to correct all irrrjco ar.ti*-* r»ir fai nteuiUu*
tl. ci. KMioriNfi >il ou'rtccnos-. whe-.ter
co'd cr ctr e.* *l*3. i«*Juin x'r.t ilia. pal?lt*>
tt# ot \be te«i. xMu*. ».l aftccrtQt »*ectv i;».
bjtUrlci.dirturced ilMp.wblcL *rlid» frooi laterap-
Until at &»tura.
sr. cm?iGssrrsAN»a piim
Arc » roil'.lvc TfT- ray lor a:i u'cn*J\r to
naorukTiTT. V.ipWcltcimtl'vi.kiioiTi* wuaatbej
ibottid >’or iiKrecD wnt eicaoo. . lUcc oasdoUar.
iy Bold brail !>rnc«‘«M.
»0155C6 Si Cpdarauecui^ewxoricity.
JL KNL’K (>P AN OLD NIHISS.— Hn. Winslow*
ScoOira eyrup it tbf pisssrtptioa or ,*•*« of tbs be*t
pli>»lc.Uut aid carte* m toe Culled Staten, ana
baa beet, u*ed Cor tfllrty ye*** w.Ui r«ror-(,UllrK uf«-
tj sod iocc**sbr mlMdaa of uiottiiri ami cMldrta,
rr.-m the (cable Infaat ooe «eekold to tbsadoit.
tr correct# scMtty of tbe stomsek.
believes wisd cone,
BcpnlaOt tbe bo»*!#.
tail coalortto mother aso
child. U ceaU » bottle. aosi kmds-Mr
triable Otieot • ,te Meora Ilrtrow
PrjvraiMi* ike beat article of U» Kind
evtrliTtMfd Itihantdbo kept la every usDufio
toiy »> jk»Vor »m! libtife.oTpryirbtTe. By U* n»*.
> any 4«:Uitra' be aavert in tne mi of » Tea.. Tbit
C r ■>* *t ctarai i)<-c«M|>r>tt or brfouiecorrtipt at lit
cor.bltMl n U on rcJertlflo »rt r rlp'e». and neder 10
circa* tlasre* err'iaiie vf t«in»eia«u*e bill Uernit
»ty».fl>«MTc Tte tinea* owi te whies it
c»ntoemcceula.:y applied. rentiers It latslutlila to
all dt<a<f». ror p»ricui*r# tee adrerUfeaeiit,
■iblLinta WX*x3d
\J Sll.v^ o * OILDKSM.
Ilatlrgcrsdust-dstlliMkß BsKEttj
BaytlcalAdacaUon.'elUopco. • ...
On the Ist of October,
A Gymnasium fur Ladleii A: Children,
Aecor.UrrtoDr fro LewU’BewsyilerocfOyruiua
ties J>r.Le»U* Riftnol DM been ad ptM la many
if \b« beriUtnodU la Hew KaKiend. Unamnpersfa
eo the old trtiem at Amhertt coi.e<e. end baeUtoiv
received the n c»t lavorabie colic* boo euilnootmoo
la London. It U especially coromnaded by phjulcun*
at tbe oirtt effective method of making tbe form
erect airing tteor and v*rtety of m itlo;j to the
tlsonidoM. tireDallenlne wet* cheat*, and Quail?. ol
m«.»t fully rtereicp'Dir that part oi the body wnich
ta» eo teuefc to do wtta the tUe,pc*Ulocaad tutor ot
the vital ergaßa.
Quartet of Ten Weeks, Two les
sons each Week, $6.00.
Sn»s Taker trill receive application* alter iept.2l*t
at Mriehoei.rooßs.3iS (Vstoash aveaua.
f V TUBERS* PRICES —By Beading
$13.50 TO ARRASRAWS i GO.,
13 Broadway*
Ton wia receive per retnntataH a epicaill
gold lißteb watch,
nteotam cr mutfl *«ze twvxtlml? fcrrarei rw*. ftill
TLe money refaadtrt If net approved. reU-Oi(»g>-lw
Choirs, Schools, and Singers
TJae Harp of Jttdalis
A Collection of Sacred and Secular Music for
Choirs, Schools, Musical Conventions,
Societies,and the Home Circle;
Religion* Worship, Choir
and School Practice,
Bt L. O. BtfERSnK. Author of the ,4 Ool»ik
at jixaib ”* Sajuuth ilaßaiosT.”Er j.
Thecreal taror-wlth which Mr Enwr«Vi works
bare beeaiecrlved La*lnduce ue pabacaOoaof this
Dock. In lube prJcc'.piMolXoiatlur are plainly e.Q'
doatcdardKie-ciaesclTtaol a very piea*m« aaa at
tractive »ty:e Z:» Maelc. eitbrac.n* every variety,
btlcr aaa whole, neltner very* jiplenor very elabo
rate, ont cotfOnnleg to the want* and capacities of
the rat majority of ileger*. The Anthems. Senten
ce* CbonuaodObacUarcsaperior to tho*e of mo*t
collection*, wtofle the iletil-al Tenet are ejnaUy
r> cd. la mam loeUcce*. wn*lc has bleu written to
Swtolebymn the* fMcg a ere* er variety than can
Sr r»lbiy be obUinea In ur other war At the save
ire each lane can be rued for any other hymn ot the
umentut. _ ... >
C*onta.Eoci*rtrß,T*aCTWM. and all pernors in
timtec la a work oftbU Slodleaa order this boot
with perftet reliability of lit being all that U is repro
tetter, tobe—a r.gai utkotho wwk. r*aW* eltg
all tbc*e features teat trad to render such a boos
slraaiag and popa'ar. . „ __
Price 19 per dozen. Single copies yi Spictaxs
rlTwr 6 *vrro* OilVElsbiTSojfdsca..
•e&mKS-CMF rcla FabUebera. Boston.
O who would lice to do their own Hewing. H«a
nrtac ted reincr, very ranch narrower nod vaatiy
neater teas can be dote on any other, wilt l«x-* at tee
Wilcox & Gibb’s Sewing Jlacbiac
White it rn?» nearly twice aa fit. It w:rti more
easily and with ranch use aclstmaa any otbe.. Iris
inrosMrte to rns s*:kt»lx. n tsorxas oa /elm a
\rßoxo.*sTones the Macuisk XLLCKwanDa. OH
and tee It at
Tartoaa, Kim-rjcrrarv sbitt. Hoop Skirt.
D»*a«.Co»srp axn V*»t Makm*. Gxrrta ?rrr«a9
ijii foot 815D1E3 will cccadit their
By examining the "EMPIIiSLOCtL STITCH” SE'T
»I>Q MaCHINE. which rvqaltea lea* than half tbe
power to drive It: tut* faster and ranch »tiller than
ary ctberMachlce, making tbe Loot Stitch. Call at
ALL who prefer the "Doable :#ock.” or Grayer &
Pske* Stitch. !i a-ycf the above wont, will do wed
to teat theTAGoaKT A FAlHfwnlci U »o d->
i-rvfiiij popular ta t-e IVe-t, at L. Corned A Co *,
an fciwltg and circular* jert on uppllca
“»*>r°f L - C3, * s & }:.*c c .; ! -n
«c» mioatnwarJa
public matowj
tre to the great relay or th*i part of rn* Uatvroal
c'ccrarp*. hr which our good* biycbeaaseat. we
are arable to c pen the
Neff and Extensive Stock
ZDIR/Z - - 0-003DS
Tot a few die* longer. wb?n we JnTDetbepartlca-
Kr aitei.UtnofCaSll BUTEriS. and shill cflergrs>S
tasrciment* t‘> cnstomei*. by the piece or yard.
Dealer* ta Fordga and Domestic Dry Goods.
X KES. and otter*.
Patent Steam Rendering Tank,
ficperlor to every otherp-oeerelor *n sorts atOftut 1
Lard, Tallow, ctCn u erUeaced by the on* of ortr
By tbr TSrirns establishments ot tte c.-uatrr. Tertl
ir octal*horn aln.« every p.ckcr In CIVCCVSTATI,
US. QriSC». KEOKUK. Ac.. Ac- iaa hereea. and
every Icfornail a gives. opos appiLatloatothesih*
scriter .Liter*** related. S|«O3ERT,
BtS-Ktei 2w 3dp 17S West M it. ClactmaU. O.
habdwabe. hakdwake.
Nos. 451 &nd4SB Broadways Albany,
Win eoatlate the Hardware Hcilcess as here to tore,
and tavtte tee .-.tenttoa cl Hot enact* u tto Ur£Q aid
•well (elected steex of
Foreign sniDomcftieShelfHardurste
Btchradc* emj this* durable to wake the stock of
a aerct sat complete, aao whch they ai* prepared to
ofler a t the lowest tuai tat price* for Cash or Approval
Credit. Mcrchutsvm eoreriK taelr Interest by ex*
amloicg rnr mock lexer* purebaeter.
- N. B,~Particular aueauoa elvea to thn exeeuttoa
Wholesale Dealers In Shelf Hardware.
se9-D3M*ta 451 and m Broad ware, AWaty.
Both Conscript a and Voluntoora 11
DHyDakrowthaiPeatleof ffatohoslatba 4.tnv
it ntcnrce 1 1 s- ornoai pr ifli? Are r»n *»<*•» ciU
nn n* bUkfJ.e i di>l.v*sc»j lm tjalb on 4 »'njH n»y
dnj.hyany tio&f otaiai'y t*ct? All fir*
Ui**r.ro?oaknow ta«l •i*»r« oif'fu* tne ■ao’t Ac
curate, parable ard ra'eaite vV*cb«» la ms Ameri
can 4.p Jen-I>m-.tl n* *•! eoasst'tloi?
The m'tle ftßMipjjUy aUCalton at tbU
time >» oar co.tbr.ud
Railway Tiaickcejicri,
Ullh Hearj Sterling SUrer Costs,
Especially Adapted for Army Silos.
vtark Leslie** IHva'ratert Newapapor, of F b, ft.
Us3.»ay«t "HrnvaßDV TmKKkcPKk*are becomns
Moveroiofortbeir acr.anmj a d reliability. T «y
ajepanlCDlaTiy valuable for officers la too artsy and
' Tbonjciyard Navy Gazette, of FbliadelpVa.la Itj
ano-berof M*y d.revlavtor tbla watc*. aa»«: “H’e
are pkaira to sec that tba Imforuuoa of Huua.ED
are lisp the enormoae «a! 4 tbvtartc i extra
cnllbary ent«n>rl*aafltlatir» M niatlt.*. Taese
s»atcne*aie tiottUlea prodaetd by to oiacr Lotsd.
Urcxceadli:cotl)«rsata/actar*atapolatol aetaraer
a=d Fldedty ani j.ritp’uea* to their paS
tcl-4 readeMhli tome a desirable toedtoxa (or Ira iers
In {to artny.*'
Tfie Kerr York WceVy. of Jaly H. l«3. v>lit .tarllr
rayt: ■’tSei.arrbrenanavnbyueMenrs llaacvap
B>o«. who are lb-* exelaslvalicporeri of tbo ar ici%
vblcb they aost -appropriately te~a the Ralltray
Tin.* keep* r.bemi; a superbly ousted cvc-i, it v*r>
rtairyp t*e - tba mott tlmo In a;i clirnv».
ibtMfttiiyr-f theseiiiLckeepexauonly eqaauei by
It fir eteaeDOta.*
Iba KAlijWaY b*' baavy aoV.d
tt*JllEP tllver eves. braaifQ’ wain Oaainel dl.I.
baooionego’d hat. da, wita eopertorrtsulAted viovo>
n-.ert, to run a::d k«cp exculejt tlxel
Filre perraoeeftaJfdoi#n. tA) b* rrait fits for
pertaya If
cehTarybym*n goaraateod. SiM ojy hjr tht; Cis.s
Itc la tuid
•otne*Uvorp.»ttdca».oa sed In all other w>e-’u tba
f.tr-esuttoa ti'vcrouat. while la appatmnci 16.;t a>o
inllvfqnal. Priceyarercuaof->x P-.at.ipa »1.C3,
RtslstezlopCOceota. bold only by tba cue.
Magic Time Observers!
The Perfection of MsclmUsa!
Btlrc a Bn&tlrff. or Q?rn Fare, or Lady «. or Gentle-
E.«o e TVai'ch CombJ r cd. with Patent flslf*
Wlidlrg Aapparitxilll
TteWewTpinnaatratM Jn ful.-taeot ran,
10.lf«l3 on ps*« HT.TolttPtwily “We n .re been
too* a a con pt-s’nc .i<jTety.«r which the Dsbhird
fcror. ofXee To 1. are theeaie Jei>»rfer*. It Is
cahro the M*oirTisf« OnsißTsa, w.d i« a Hantln*
aid linn Karts wgtch combined. Oce of tte prettl
i«t ccr.T»iii-at. amt cecMe-Fy tne best a d
cbraniit rn.of'rr** ter ?e eri»t ana re:Ub> aso t-ver
olified It Ss« wftin It and eonrrctrrt with its tr.a
--fil-f y I‘* own witmirs attachment, renames a hey
ei.U-eb a- 1 e.-ukftsy. it.** cams ot thU watch &*•
ccrDr<»cdeft«-on>«!t,!«.!heoitsro:e helne ano l»
Jih*ntioiu. |ita» ifcn Improved ruby ac-lon |-v«r
pov nipi.r. «r a varriiht.d an mctim** t m<*pU>c* ”
rrcr, tttlj-.rWi «icravrtf,p«rcve cf half d si ,n. tIU
r*C|'le teat r..»,0«-co boxes tor uom
ptpp ftrjttobnvat wnolewe, ao. It seat by wall
tbrrOMnpft to Ss cents. IWLtertait 20e
nr Walctea Kjct by exprev* to any ©art oftha
)<>alStfcM*althblllp«Tab’ets Rxprou Ag»nt upon
cMlrny. Perrotsonlfl'toa olhla manner .-ntnt en
close fSssaproofoi their sincerity, the antouai to
&e credited on the btll.
Soldier*, end all other* lathe dlaloyai state*, or ear
p*tfi Unroof, ma«{ neod payment la adrane*. a* t-e
fcxpreuCotPpaiiUaperemplonly r*(U*e mitla* cou
IcSiti' celt seci precarious Iccall'-la*. Moaej can ba
ie r t hym*llore*pre*«. It by express or call, la a
npiraid inter, *t o«r tl*k ttor pi'tjts are ra
ou-»tfdtocfcll tn person, teaea U U coaveaiot for
BUBBARD BROS,, Importers,
100 jUroadn’ortffcwYorL
ten gqtct
a Funs lom
ntKPAusD nr
DR. 0. M. JAOKSOU, PJfiJla., Pa.,
El VEIL COni'f.ilUCT.
/ j
BUoism of ttia
dlsriMS nrlslos from
Llifr or Slomatli,
w fonrtlp*-
■kl Uoß»law*wi i*ilea,
vcl-pm, rßino«#orJJlo*dtoiae
*«iini ■ ftttikvd AclilJ’foftneeloffluob.
gofUcutfC at we ri olta .
Limb®. Ac- Suttfita
. or KtD. and prett «5. 01
Deprevaloa of
And tK'rtUvely prevent* TBLLOW TeZVt.
UuDB FATEH, Ac, Toeycoawla
Tn#y WILL CtfftK Uw above ducases lamaciynli
c»*e» ont of a toadrcd.
Clircnte or Xerror
Kldufjn, ■ijA'
a dlstv^
Do yoa want something to Strengthen You 1
Bo you want a Good Appetite !
Bo yon want to Boild' up your Constitution I
Bo yin want to Feel Veil!
Bo you want to get rid ot Nervousness t
Bo yon want Energy!
Bo you want to SMK> Veil !
Bo you want a Bftk and Vigorous Fooling 1
ir,gn do. UOOrLAND'S GBlt'lAN SITa'BKS.
Tttrc are icaoy preparations *old u-dcr tho cane
of utteia pTjtnpjiiq’iinbjUlt».coniooai<l«c.oiil;«
cheapot«li'fity or coojnoa rum, cottlijr from i* to
tL'Ci’ciapercailou, too Male Jjagolsai of A 0.83 or
CorUccler km. . , . „
Ti.uclwaof itinera haa caoi'd aod«HI ccatlaao to
c*u*e,sa lo.c ai*tt:ey caa lnj»old,tnndred*to die tba
dra boi the draukAnl. By their me the ofsteai la
krpt ccciu na'li oed-?r lua laUae-re of A cohollc
SlfOinUou f>i tn » *ut»t kU.d, tic tor Lluoop U
created and kept no aid iheresclt 1* ah tee horrora
it»»T.caEtopcnauraiiiji:d tLTa aaddeata. Itoir&ie
oi the ci!
Attention. Soldiort! and Prfeadß of Soldier*.
Ve call the aue.-tion of ill having re ailont or
friends lu the army to ihe fact that **
Herman Sltte:s '* *M core slue truths of ue obeatea
tocairea hyeipoiarenanc privstloosiuclJeui to camp
life. 1c the beta, published a'uiostduVyla the news
paper*, on the amrai of tie pick. It will be noticed
mat a vet? large proportion are satferlng froa d«hUl
tr Kt« ry caee or that sl’.d c*a he reaally cured by
lloc Csou s Oticiaa Bitten. Disease* rwultlop froa
clsmoersof tae C'RWUve organs wo ipse&ly
ed ivebaveto Lesiutloa la static that. If me«a
Bitters were freely used among oar soldiers. haadreds
of Uvea might be saved that otherwise win he lost,
It e call atte.t'os to the tfollowtar remarkable and
wellauthenticated enre of oneof thenation'sheroes,
whose lU*» to use his own language, *• has bees saved
by the Bitten,” Pnnjamr.rnia.Aag. 23.18*5.
Mssie.s Josh & Evass-Weil. ge/.Ueioa._yuar
EccCa-il’st?iT®aaßlneiß haa saved my Uie. There
Is lo nUt.ke In tits. It Is reached Xorby tuabere ot
Xu? comrade?, eotceof wr.o?ecame« are appended.aad
woo wete tolly cogntzar.t of alt tae circumstance* ol
mvcasc. 1 so*. ax.j have seen for the iait foar year*,
a tceiuber of Sherzaa's celebrated battery, aid asder
the iisisedlatt* comaavd of Cspk R B Ayr**
Totoneb ts« exposure stterd»r.t upon my trda-iusda*
tics I waa attacked In November last with Itflsmma
tlou ol the lanes and was lor seventy-two days la the
berrbat, Txl» wssloVowed by great cehl-tty. height
ettd by an attack ofdjse.r.cry. I was tbca re,cored
Irom t£e WtFfc flon'e. and tent to this city oa board
tfccueamrr*’State of Maltc.” froa which I landed
os the t8 hof June Slace tha* time 1 hare been about
as low a> one coulo be ana still mala a spark ol vital-
I’T. Foraweeko**a!orel was scarcely abl? tj ewa?-
ioranUMD* aidif icidlorccamoneidowa. It wo*
tru-eaMtly thrown apagaio. _ .
I could net e-vea keep a giaw cf water 01 ray staa-
I tth. Life coni' 1 e«,t jmt tnde» these c'»coc itsar.*:
and accordlcg’ y the pb j s’claus who bad been worilr g
Isi'bfuiix.tccueii aii/ncre-sfilly. to rescue me from
U ecTMP-Qt tuo d»cw Archer. fmaklytoU me that
they cooid do so more for me, and aavbod met) tec
a cle< esmas, at d to risk* »aib dtsposltlid of my dm*
it lui it as best tubed me. AnM, »d-.b.v»ao*s wh-a
viilt-d me at the b<*i-l'sl. Mr. 7>ed*rlc i Srelnbro.. cl
Sixth below Arch sir* et sd vised m« a« a forlorn hope
to try jour W«e-i, aed kindly proceed a bcrtle.
from the time I commenced tak'cg t.em tire gloomy
attdowol death needed.and I am now, thank Uod
forlt settlra better. Taoaga 1 gave ufceo bat two
b, u.f*. I have gal- ed tea pounds. *hd I feel sanra-ne
efb«lszperult-«d to tajwn ny wil* and daughter,
from I have heard notblcc for e'gateen moau*«
—lor. rent-tmea I am a toy at Virginian. IMm the rl
chili** l Frent Royal. To your ii.v*|cabl*» Bitten I
ov the ceitalciy tjl ilf-whlca t« Ukra tho place ol
vaec*- fears-to your itt«:s will I owe the clorloaa
p: i yj ogc of m'D clarpu-p to my bosom tto.« who are
d ai"»ttt*trctelif® ... .„ ....
Very tra y yoari. 131 AC MALOTO.
VTe tbilv coixur lit tre truth 01 tee aoore statemsat,
a> we b«d'dcaralied efi«ciogcar comrade Air. Moiose.
"job's Ct?DDLEBACS, Ist New York Battery.
GFOF-GK ACKLKY.CO C 11*1* Maine.
L£»I8 <3TEVALIkB No»
1 B SPKSCEB UtarUlle-y UatteryF.
j R tf.W Verman:.
gf ?g? & 4SfSKSiJSi.% r. «th M^ne.
felK , SS®^&»3s£' L «rk.
n. Thomas. Co. r. »;«>
AvmutVj KIMHALU to. A. Sd VeczßOu..'
JOHN JKKEINS.Co. A, lt« h Peana.
«fetlflt«Uc*Jpre of "OH. JACKSOS." Is oa the
TfiiAPl'KUofeata bcrls.
price. Per Bottle IS Ccati,
Or Half Box. for 94.00.
S v «ald the newest d*ncgt»t not have the art! :Ic. do
cot be Doted l>: aay o' the Utuxlcadog preparation,
that rray becTcrcd Inltoptoce nuteend to os. and we
»U. forward Kcomiy picked.by tzpreks.
Principal Offica and Manufactory,
. So. cai AKCU STHEET,
(SncMcntdC, if. .TirKSnjf A CO.) Proprietor*.
tr~ For *ale b>* all I>:u; gtato and Sealer* tu every
tons In‘be Coned SAtt*. aa3C-j^lzj
comnssio.v rcEcaisi.vc Ascns,
Office, No, 8 Board or Trade Balldlna,
Order*. übH or large. for artel** of urand ev:*ry
d-eerption,prorupuy pnrcbaasl.elttfrlo CUo^oor
or SpanjsbT *Co" ulidos on purchase* (ootrwxlated
brine Boardcf Tra<ie) amounting to 1100 orletedvo
pf r cent; over fIWJJS.pe; c«t comnladon
fr~ produce and wralu purchased at Board of
nnma ms-MM-iou nioi pmrrwoon.
X KBS. DUULert and Cooper* la called to a patent
machinery for Dieralag sure* aad Heading. Tbii
nows w GUbert a but
about rt* bcr»e power to ntu It, and. with a working
lore*of«Utaco.»twlUdm** _ rt _
2.C00 TO 3,600
Ftaree at d Heading per day fc There .to bo flare as*
chine DuCt which can eompele with It to cheapseeaw
r-neo nr to quantity at,d quality o| wo* done. I «.!
forttoh a *eft of w-achttcry and tbaafoeewy ■haTtog
ainuruuntog order.
oue half the profitt cf dre*Jng ts« atatf *•
Won. There are tour of these maehiaM.now ruunin*
attheDUUllery of Baml. ii. Kjckumom *
gotth Branca. Addreaa J, B. ffjg*
xrotiGE TO sHJppaßa
tent to
U>». and »U 8»»p itoefci, A** ®?“S,d quici retorai
W» e*U <m
n*d«, on twt ‘SnSndiai ttdr •&
I™ nD! *- »l«>Tlr.. « cucaao
Bryan Hall, for Quo Week Only,.
On DZoml«y XSvouln*, sept.
Every Evening during tho W©olt.
. After a tonr tbroneb the Wettam (Mt'*a. Mt*ea«f„i
Vyotda I prec-ucnt rfurn to th-t- i* i;{«
caoo.wrb •.noTorilow.r.jc -roosT or .s<«
Jok«s. pANOira, »cni.«»«jc*s Opaa*9 *xn PvxmT
awn Tb*y are mu r/in not bo ante to produce
Uaßit»o lclaal;T «Uj«il »t:r*c:i»*i
•f noa-»ro •'■naurf. pvpvtlr*. tewnmsa
ard a lull altered man adept**! far tho ezprem par
pc»o. atrt which addl'loa* they repeated./ promltod
to th«» {••iron*. j*i he* to a*aa« wn tuaCn* uer*
arill«a»»*uoeffort a: triad U>conquer an
diffroitie* auo dr*«-Vi«4 co<.»U<i*ncj<-1 tbelrfavop
ardftUtewSdp in* »atr aars, fto., »T
SHE ou»
- , J:»^ ,,lea .. a (anoitnMl. a dor the lidMeaca-of
5 I! « S» d o'hsrrrf.- vhaenu j ToeC-ew Fatib
fc.’Wr 9 ,a “, NfV *' wolld ort; tcas-*nsf»ai
, . ta: ,„7sr V. a ?f M “i a .. A *4 hler4 »* e *» *■' Bi'tote.
(■ on lq'j*>; Mother ute Hattie onr* Lose Grave
bJflaSa; ber-pa faxclte fto.ftc! *^ aour » Ta
ft i kV^S* 3 * 3, °°° r4 opea at7;to coamtEca
mai t*;
able i o»»
na artrr
H-13 Ic7
■IKE oa Hatn-diy. Srptert'ier l»*b. for tba
udaloa o. Laa.e»«i.d OcLdreti
»»t.-3d at tiisnt A iiu f*lon 23 Casta • tlatlirea
n rear, ot ape, 13 crct ’
7.* l»U H. S. DfSQESS. Agent.
v-/ Raccolfhatreel. bctrteaClarsaa-i Djarborb.
JOHN ih Aiauaier of tiotiteoieat*.
Museum open Day and Bvanloc,
FromSA.SL toIOP.M.
Afrciitlca, 25 cents.
IttrciucUoa of abcaiitiiul
.cniUrto. 15 seats.
•FUh rx* My tfU?uc ru»«s; BfICOO CtulMStfest
UoLerr if P*fctleK«. (hwnontnas. 5ll&:o>
Icope* asd Peaatifcl Stereoscopes.
Ksllcs Indian and oriental Wooden* '■f the rarest
dc.C'Ufor. t.-* bo IMS AT ALL HOURS tf* T»IK
Haoison strsat, ootwjcnDoarDcraaci
SS~Tli3bttiVtv.Ulv.oa taeavxsl-iUieeniftd.
Farewell eafftsttccLt cf tie rcaowaed Coauiiaa,
w ho at the «en>.lna«t‘-o of the cnrr*.nr B<*S3>T'»Cl
wJf draft- «a*lrtly iron the pursuit of the r»r«»fe».-oa
a* a ar;cr T*-e t ;ef»i<t eocn;r-p»*tr wllbe f« .a«
erportiottj f r tbecit'xm* m fLlcacuo
preitt tcre»d’ac la a series cf tic»e char>c:.tri la
vbtch teiMQu e<i<itiv
vr>N*UAT KVYSISG. £tjt. l»t!i. «m be rrcsented
C-alrpca:e>p ij of
Giuttp D.\>d Mim JfiSSfIS U153 t.
7o conclude tlo Farce of
Spont .....UrUyfiiil I H.mil3p».
Porlrc the i>re*«nlea«»Mi!fEt Mr Hachnt wl»a>
year irrthe ftretttmMncwcaon m * SctLocc"
tjT~ Saturday aftrxuceu— OK AND M \TI VKK—T*o
Ccmlc piece*. Aflu liaton to y> cast*
0.E A3S T l> PICNIC.
Picnic ontl Tawt Excnraton
or Tur
10 pksrui.vjrs statiok.
TUESDAY, September 15th, IS6S*
fir Ocf-l Mo ic f:r Diode?, by V.\&B A BEAU'S
LL ntCu.nl •« rrt.
Car* leva Nortt.wrMrrn l)«*pri «to \. m iirodidf*
lien mire 1-h\ « LeeplaiLes button at 3 I*. u,
Vermont Central
CMctvrn to sod reln*a. S'-i.-’iO. T'.cketi
RO*Ai tO IMkV* Of ttlUtft llUltl Mi l» *l*/Vn« 5 lT»nl*
* Font* >U Ot»im tnmW i'f-un*r* Ut Port **vrol*.
0-wad Tronic Ka’t'-aT from Bura-fi t> t-'R' l ,’- s '’{ ‘ r S**
&ni t h r>irr v|)l
►tiivooir* Ino’Hrf'd on L"»rl"C Cnloijo
t.t 1 p tn Wlulow.Bopt rt; Siu*K'j*» Ante. 3*:
Moitcoß;eiy. Ptf.-t 3. 'tUa: *byul WDoa:*Uy*Waia<*
,8 a ?o b *cj to teuton s.ndrotn'O.fclUsXL
Or««J Trn-’K Lino, T'mftf
boor* littculhf Iti r ‘ , »i~D t*re* io Uo-tja had poVota lx
P*w>fff «rd inofll^insasorotrierr^.
W V*H* *«<> re»’>ru Icrlml-d. CO*
'fA K AK t” ™NSS|uc i « l ,.rpi7U. Wav
Wedera A *ont. ChlMjto.
gUtcttra Stlu.
J/ At AUCTION—D' S. XlCK»»ao». Ml t£*t
'Mfrt fc.nitor rrmr.ktl". m Sep- l«J£.
J&VJW : SI" wTl* It.V.IDIT. fW>t
®‘tioekA M wI.IDri Id lliide'*hltf* aal Pyfj**
ex? fsaria..ttir\et* Vatk OsMUrtlet* Utt•
«•«,* C»i*lnier*T.Saufl»»» alio, * E«oeral itjcs
GV.SSfe TC ‘ m a. C AtttUiatCT.
Xra. Hi « DK.U’.noI’.XSIKSSI.
„ 'le Sale of 120 boxes Glassware.
of AD enC£njTESD4.Y VOICING. Se?t 10 a .V3 iIMJ
ionirr.nl ov o nr mlp of o*l cr»;f# of Cr oetery wmim
Ret r Mug*. Flirt Oia»#w*»e, cunvUdoa cfalareeM*
Mori.piichv Goblets. Tumbler*. Wl»t*,c.arnp»lc-a*
MiS-nOQSC SiruM. Duhej. Prelaw* amesra rw
*tc Ac ft* •> wltbootf-m*?®*
W OXLSEitr 4 BAMPMW. Aact«,
A lie
Gore, WmT _ . -
54 lake vD.*
AtlOAlfe intTBSS«
■Wf »MU of>v
tbf above <Uf» to me oigaest B
Tbrccfboattbeneefc Wetnun^ B
*t*ek c
L !iaa«x. »ai »l
Thta Sr u>r ether hocbe Ci the
G-lLtfike Street, Ct^ cn a°*
r I rca i»?
Q^ETvl-&SA^ON w
go °f Best
White Croctcr^“ d &*• Ware,
jvt Aj-jtjjcp 101 **
t*ioP» I*,*. Wy#* ’?■ ■? $«« «
jL* T t• ©Ti 0 * 0:1 d Wc * T»< Jor, The uaorV
tttnt u tJpSttiscl ® w- * w»Plet« invoice* w*
# »“ n “W ««* «t»ool
6 aep€ ' t< *" *** t^c E° c<^3 beicr p kdaeiy u
cea.-er* vlahtee • C Uloene »IU pteaa
_ .6 lor one. Saeplev aic Crate* c*a Le
» j d»y rp»Tt?tu tc t6« we. ' "*
*- l « oriheTrMo 1s particolorir invited
mte - --- \.ieCft>^. r .
Vj is ud id D«art)Oii*sra£
Fifgpni DoasehoU Farnltare, Slrrtn, &-*.
a»<srr TUESDAY and FRIDAY of B*Ch WWC. *1
oar fraletroouf, So*. tf atdtS Dearborn sffejt, KCS
s-erclng etch day *t9w o’cloelr. Pa-'tto Doytug Fur
niture oi gay klsd «Dd otter ecxxu. yj.
a».TetLoaeybya'-tetuimeourtaica. Sever amx**
ponciteat Country bmera ,g*Q
pacWd and ahlpped. &CuBB2T *
ti aucuaiaa.
Tor Mle at th- h.uctlor tfootru Of 9.51CK8£00«, 9C
LaVeitret. eerter of Franklin •^^*-„_ irew - rK _
Dipot Qr*»nwrAST*a*i» Oma.)
s>»HTtf La. Aug b1d.1363. i .
IwQlae'.lto the higher. bideen for coin. the {«•
Icwt e Breambcato .wrecked In tee Cumberland Slvar.
wth machinery and other appurtenance*, u they lAV
In the tlrer.
i>BieHnei“Wn flde-IL'* near bead oCHarpethShoatt.
ffj *♦ * , Cbarter. ,r STe (5) mile* above ~ „
Sealed b!d» win be received at thto office saw a
o'clock M, MosD\r.B«Pt.Kta.lM3.
bid* willbe received lot each Boat
theßoaUwlllbe*old eeparaw to the •>£»“*
“£Sff to Ui« ta«nlC=eL OHWd
to refit am or au bWJ. fl Aet . fi J irterraVfter.
_Sy order of ColfeSworn*. A. Qggil,
f\ TvmSAh BKVEKUS. ftUT mwnzcr Itt,
xiffitr* Bctu.t*Q. Cmouso.aept. w, tasa,
gtoen. that tto
.Annual I-ist for Talcs
t«*fteed la tb*a ritfrlct underlie Internal Berenaa
of lie Ccltea elate*, hsi been retarded to my
°9a*j trt wfll remain epenjbr the exsrrlnaUon of aS
open for iav
rarUf* ictemted for tne ip*ce of flfleeo cUyȣronl
lae d»te hereof. ...
Apc«eli»fllb«be*:din xoy oace.ieliUttioeiro*
nee n> uimmeat. eommencicj oa Uus
Tenth Day of September* 1863*
ted #Edtnr os tho2«to dtrof BepteabcM363.b«t»ee»
h0 ' l ■•• o ' 8 A - M -*°g£& wAmWnrerß
A»«gor /trttPHt. PL
HIP g630 ISt
>3 180 Tfc#Be«»l«L«Ctoi««t3tU*ln»Utatta«
vUloomaence. m»»l.
On BON9AY, November 2d.
T>ere -mXa t* * witmlnwy coamla Oet»b*r. V «c
• oferttoektt
id «Utnp

xml | txt