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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1860-1864, December 25, 1863, Image 2

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Cljiccuja QTrlbnuc.
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 25,1803.
THE S3OO EXEWPTIOS fLitISE.
Vfe observe an attempt being made to
prevent fbe repeal of the S3OO exemption
clause in the Conscription lav. |lt is now
discovered that the S3OO clause is peculiarly
adapted to the wants of “ poor men,” and
that it would be a great wrong to them to
repeal it. If the matter is to be discussed
in that light, why not reduce the sum to
SIOO or to $25? It isjar higher than many
of the poor can pay, as was proven by the
operation of the draft during the past sea
son. A draft was made in thirteen States.
The names of 300,000 men were drawn.
The number of men wanted was 200,000;
but all escaped by.mcans of the various
exemptions, save 25,000, who could find no
loop-hole at which to crawl out, and were
too poor to raise the S3OO. They were un
able to feign themsclvcs-in possession of any
disease, or to take out foreign protection
papers, or show that the"/ depended upon
“ only widows” or “ fatherless children” for
support; and they were unfortunately short
of greenbacks, and had na friends to lend
them any; their bank accounts were drawn
down or overdrawn, and the financial in
stitutions refused to “ do” their paper. The
consequence was, that those 25,000 “poor
men” were sent to the wins to fight the bat
tles of thechaps that happened to have the
S3OO on deposit at the time of the draft.
Forty-sir thousand conscripts got clear be
cause they could put up their little S3OO
apiece, while 25,000 conscripts were
marched to the bivouac and the battle, as
the penalty of their impecuniosity. If the
S3OO danse is the poor man’s friend, we
don't think thru see it. It is only fair to.
add that 10,000 substitutes were procured
by drafted men, making the number ob
tained by the draft 35,000, or one in nine of
those drawn. If the Government wants
commutation money instead of men, per
haps the S3OO clause is a good way to get
it But if it he soldiers to fight that are
needed, then the saoncr that exemption is
repealed the better. And several other big
holes in the present law ought also to be
stopped.
If the whole 3,000,000 of enrolled militia
were drafted and sifted through the existing
law, it would yield but 200,000 conscript
soldiers. All the rest would escape as
aliens, “ sons of widows,” “ lathers of chil
dren,” or possessing some physical defect;
or if none of these dodges sufficed, then by
boldly buying o!T, on the payment of a few
dollars. As a military measure, the act in
its present shape is an unmitigated humbug.
FEELING.
"Wo were "beginning to forget how hostile
the voice of the British nation had been
towards ns since the war began, when the
matter of the Chesapeake at Halifax recalls
it all. *Wc have been wdl disposed to for
get that hostility in oar satisfaction at the
stoppage of the rams, and especially since
Mr. Beecher returns with the assurance that
the feeling is all light since his speaking
in Exeter Hall. Probably the Chesapeake
nffidr will blow over without any consider
able difficulty. And yet, it is an index of
the real feeling, not alone among the Blue
Koscs, but of the nation with which they
arc connected. For in getting at the state
of the vital organs in the body, we can
learn it as wdl, if not better, by feeling the
pulse at the extremities, as by a more di
rect examination.
It is well for ns to understand the state
of the case, and to know, proximatdy at
least, how fiir we may rdy on British friend
ship. For allowing Hr. Beecher all the
credit he may claim for his great services
in setting the case right with John Bull, we
have no idea that he has converted the
whole British nation to our cause. He un
doubtedly impressed Ins audiences there
with his power as a speaker, and perhaps
gave sundry of them new ideas as to points
in the controversy which they had tailed
to understand; yet without doubt many of
them were in the same condition with some
of his hearers at home, who think them
selves brought into love with religion by
h faring him preach, when the truth is, they
are only brought into the love of hearing
him , and in reality love religion no better
than before. Probably a good many
who heard him in Exeter Hall were
very content with the speaker, who now
love us no better than they did before hear
ing him.
There are two grounds upon which the
British people arc led to side with the re
bellion. One is political; the other com
mercial The first affects the aristocracy;
the second the middle, manufacturing and
trading classes. The enmity of the aris
tocracy is undying. It comes of difference
of nature. It is like that which exists be
tween a man and a lion. They fed them
selves to be at enmity of necessity, so soon
as made aware of each other's presence.
The nobility of Great Britain hate this Gov
ernment because it is bred in democratic
ideas; and democratic ideas are ever mak
ing a necessary war on aristocratic institu
tions, whether they aim to do it or not
But the nobility are not the fools to be
always exhibiting their true feeling. In
times of peace they keep it out of sight,
and try to persuade themselves that no
trouble will come to them of the democ
racy, at least in their day. But so soon as
the war endangers the integrity of this na
tion, the feding that is within them breaks
out They would give their right eyes to
Lave this nation crippled or broken, and
thus free themsdves from future danger.
And though the nobility of Great Britain
consists of comparatively a few persons,
they are somewhat like our former slave*
holders in their influence. They control
the press, and give voice to the nation, far
beyond their title as a numerical question.
But the manufacturing and commercial
classes have separate reasons for siding
with the rebels. They want market for
their goods. The United States, as one
people, buy largely of them, it is true; but
they are in fear of losing this custom, be
cause the Northern States arc manu&c
turors too, and they enact Morrill tariffs,
which threaten farther to increase their
productions. 'While united as one nation,
the North supplies the South.*
But now that the war has broken out, if
the American country can only be violently
divided, as theresult of it, the North will
lose the South as its customer. But who
shall have it? Who but Great Britain,
stepping in with friendly voice to cheer
them on in the war? And twelve millions
of people, among whom manufactures, with
a slave system, are impossible, constitute a
customer for all time not to be sneezed at
This motive was one which, as soon as
our trouble began, was felt with such pro
digious force that it swept the British na
tion from its feet What though it had
been anti-datery, and had abased us with
out stint,-because the nation had'upheld
the system ? The benefits of that system,
which had been so powerful with us, would
now enure to them. And was it any worse
for them to uphold slavery than it had
been for us to do it? .Wc had stood the
abuse and grown rich; could not they?
And now as to the change which has
come over the British nation in regard to
our affairs. Let us not misunderstand the
. cause of it. Doubtless the British Govern
ment was moved to stop the rams by the
fear of a war with ns, which; oven with
our difficulties at home, they did not care
to undertake. But the thing which has
moved upon the English mind, and set
them to hedging the future, is the feet that
the rebellion us being put down. Even a war
with England would not change that And
this consideration Is one which avails with
all classes. And so nobility, tradesmen and
manufacturers may as well keep friends
with us, as far as they can. Even Mr.
Bcochcris effort, so far as it availed, did so
mainly hy his use of this fact He showed
them that wc meant to quench the rebel
lion; that we felt ourselves able to do it;
that wc were actually doing it, and should
. tompUte it And that was a sort of infor
mation which, though relished by John
Bull as cats arc said to relish warm soap,
was extremely useful to him in helping
him to get his cue.
But that he feds good in his mind to
wards us as yet, we do not believe. Kev
crthdoßß, the commercial and manufac
turing enmity will doubtless soon recover,
seeing the chance which was to gratify its
selfishness is gone. When Liverpool sees
that she cannot make any money out of
our dismemberment, she mil love us as
■w ell as of old.
But the enmity of the aristocracy ■will
never die; at least while we are a demo*
cratic nation. And we need not, and shell
not, forget either the existence of this en
mity, nor the ground of it We now know
it The war has revealed it, and shown its
measurement And when this war is over,
there will be a reaction which will plague
l the undying enemies of this nation. Their
i .enmity will be sure to re-act upon them
l selves.
CENSSAIi CBAKT AND THE PBES*
IDENOI.
Gen. Grant is a great strategist. He lias
headed off the attempt of the Hew York
Herdd to kill him by advocating him for
the Presidency, and has written letters to
his Hew York friends to that effect The
old hero suggests that there is time enough
to lookup candidates for the Presidency
six months hence, and that in the mean
while the friends of the Union would bet
ter consult the interests of the countiy and
his own desires by filling np his wasted
regiments in order to enable him and
them to give the finishing blow to the re
bellion as speedily as possible.
£sr* General Avenirs hud into South
western Virginia is an accomplishment of
considerable importance.. The damage he
was able to inflict was large, in the de
struction of stores, bridges, etc. He re
ports having destroyed three depots con
taining 2,000 barrels of floor, 10,000 bush
els of wheat, 100,000 bushels of shelled
com, 50,000 bushels of oats, 1,000 sacks of
salt, 81 boxes of clothing, 20 bales of cot
ton, besides harnesses, shoes, leather, tools,
oil, tow, 100 wagons, and 2,000 barrels
Of meats. He also cut and destroyed the
telegraph for half a mile, and a section of
the railroad, with water-stations and tanks'
—also five bridges, mid the culverts for
fifteen miles, to say nothing of bridge tim
ber and building materials. All of this
•was done at Salem, in Virginia, which is
not quite half way from the crossing of
the Kanawha river to Lynchburg, and
about forty to fifty miles from the latter
place. He thus cut off Longstxeet from,
hie railroad connection with Lynchburg.
The force with which this was done the
rebels estimate at 35,000; bnt it was proba
bly not a sixth of that. The hardships of
the command in their passage of moun
tains and in swimming streams at ting in
clement season were very great, and entitle
the troops to the gratitude of the conntry.
It is our hope that Southwestern Virginia
will not a great while be left to mere raid
ing. A suitable force pushed upward from
Knoxville might work a fire in the rear of
Lee’s army, which might be extremely in
convenient to him.
Another Rebel Pirate Case.
News by the Morning Star states that an
other American vessel, the James L. Garety,
which left Matamoras ou November ICth,
was taken possession of by rebel pirates, after
the fashion of the Chesapeake allkir. Six
persons took passage on the vessel, as pas
sengers, and when one day out, suddenly at
tacked the captain and crew, with revolvers,
overpowered and confined them for eight
days, and then sent them to sea in an open
boat After being two days and nights at
sea, they landed at Sisal, and thence obtained
passage to Havana. The captain says there
are four other parties waiting opportunities
like this. This peculiar mode of piracy will
no doubt run Us length like an epidemic.
The remedy to check it should be a speedy
application of A aop.
More Hebei Teasels Afloat*
The late foreign news brings the intelli
gence that the new rebel steamer Rappahan
nock, which they bought in England, was in
the roadstead off Calais. The London Daily
JVrjps says that a ram, supposed to belong to
the rebels, bad sailed from HnlL This makes
two more rebel pirates afloat to prey upon
onr commerce. They never attempt to en
gage our vessels of war, but sneak out of
their way and prowl upon the track of onr
unarmed merchantmen. It is to be hoped
that onr Government will at once send out
cruisers in search of these new pirates. The
Alabama and Florida have given onr com
merce annoyance enough, without any farth
er addition in that line, and onr. navy should
wake up to a reallring sense of the fact that,
as the neutrality of the English water is so
easily violated by the rebels, even under the
veiy nose of the British lion, we most depend
wholly upon ourown strength to sweep these
pirates from the seas.
A significant vote was taken on Mon
day in the House of Representatives, The
bm appropriating $20,000,000 for bounties to
encourage enlistments was under discussion,
and Cox, Brooks and other Copperheads ex
hausted their ingenuity in finding flaws with
it—all the while protesting their anxiety to
support the Government in putting down
the rebellion. Finally, Harding, of Ken
tucky, met the case fairly and squarely, and
proposed as an amendment that no part of
such money should be used to raise, pay,
equip and support colored soldiers. No
body cared to talk back, and the House
voted at once; Yeas, 41; nays, 105—a very
satisfactory majority for the right side. Not
one Union man can be found in the yeas, and
only three or four of those known as Border
State men. On the other side we find a
number of the Border State men, and no less
than twelve out-and-out Democrats, viz:
English, of Conn.; Ganson, Kernnn, Odell, Rad
ford, Stehblns, Ward, Winfield and Fernando
Wood, of New York; Peny and Stedc, of New
Jersey; and Bally, of Penn.
A considerable number of the slipperier
sort of Democrats managed to dodge the
vote altogether. ■
The following arc the Copperheads who
boldly voted against paying and supporting
colored soldiers:
Teas— Messrs. Ancona, Bliss, Brows (Wis.),
Cofiroth, Cox, Dawson, HuimisoiuHfcn (ID.), Edg
erton, Edridge, Fink, <3rider,-Ball, Harding, Har
rington, Hame (Md.), Barrie (HU, Johnson (Fa.),
Johnson (Ohio), King, Knapp (HU), Law, Long,
JJarcy, McKinney, Hiller (Pa.), Morris (Ohio),
Morrison, Noble, O'Neill (Ohio), Pendleton, Ran
dall (Pa.), Rocers, Roes, Scott, Stiles, Stronse,
Steak, C. A. White, J. w. White, and Teaman.
The other Illinois Copperheads skulked the
vote, and refused to face the music.
Uotkecedunted Success is Life Issu
e.Osce,—We have before ns the statement of
the Equitable Life Insurance Society of New
York, as submitted to the Massachusetts In
surance Department on the first day of No
vember last. From it we leam that the Com
pany In this, the fourth year of its existence,
has Issued 1,855 policies, for which cash pre
miums to the-omount of $200,857 have been
received;. The accumulated fond has reached
the handsome aggregate of $500,000. We
challenge Uie records of life Insurance Com
panies In the United States to show an in
stance of such remarkable prosperity. As a
cash Company, it now ranks second on the
list, and bids fair in a few years to stand at
the head. The management of the Equitable
have evinced great shrewdness and a thor
ough knowledge of life insurance in both
theory and practice, and to this may be add
ed the highest integrity and most untiring in
dustry. If these characteristics combined in
the officers will not build up a Company,then
wo should give up forever the undertaking.
The Agent for Chicago and Illinois la Edward
C. Wilder, Esq., whose office is at the comer
of Clark and Bandolph streets, under the
Sherman House.
The Assassination of Comoxfoet.— The
accounts of this sad event are quite contra
dictory, and it is uncertain whether the
Trench authorities had any hand in it The
official account states that Commandant
Gonzales Aymlre, having learned of Comon
fort’s approach with an escort of 160 horse,
set out with his forces to meet him, and had
a running fight for some distance. In re
turning back to where the engagement began,
twenty dead bodies were picked up, among
which was that of Comoofort, together with
' varionadocumeuts of interest According to
another account, Comonfort’s body was
■fflVnn up by the adherents of Juarez’s party,
and carried to.San Miguel dc AUcudc, where
it was made the subject of a post mortem
examination, and afterward buried with the
military honors due to his rank. He was
found to have received a wound from a lance
in the heart, one or two balls in the right
side of the breast, and several sabre cats
about the head. As Comonfort had consider
able money on *hlß person, some have sup
posed robbery to be the motive of the attack;
but the probability is that he was slain as
one of the most valued adherents of the Jua
rez cause. He was born at Puebla la 1812.
After rising high in military honors, he en
tered the Mexican Congress in 1812. * Ho act
ed a prominent part in the expulsion of
Santa Anna; and became President inlSss,
holding the office three years, when he re
tired before the revolution by the Church
party. Ho went to Prance, but returned
when the French invaded Mexico, andoffbred
his services to Juarez. He was appointed
chief commander, and gained even the re
gards of his enemies.
A Cheat Pbas.—Mr, Phelps, of 8&a Fran
cisco, has just brought to New Fork a pear
is perfect state of preservation, which was
picked from as orchard in Lob Angdoa as
png ego as the 90th of August. It weighs
just thirty-four and a half oonccs, and meas
ures fourteen and a half ounces round in one
way, by eighteen and a lialf ounces tho other
way. It is a monster of the vegetable kind.
Tint Voice of Habylaio).— Senator Bev
erdy Johnson’s manly speech on the Presi
dent’s policy has created a decided sensation.
Let it be home in mind that a Senator from
Maiyhmd declared: “I would see the insti
tution of slavery arrested at once, let the
country he subjected to all the calamities
which 1 think would flow from the abolition
of the institution In all these States for a
time, rather than see this rebellion live an hour
longer .”
The Michigan. —The United States steam*
er Michigan, Captain Carter, has returned to
Eric from. Sandusky, and is preparing to go
Into Winter quarters. She Is in excellent
condition, and dies been supplied with a new
armament, consisting of thirteen, additional
guns, Sho noWf carries •four, twelve-pound
howitzers, four ten-pound Parrott’sj a sixty
four-pounder bow gnbj and hcroldstem gun;
which for many years has been her only ar
tillery. •
{s?* Lord ,-Hartington—the same young
nobleman whose unconscious wearing of a
secession badge at a party in New York crea
ted some sensation last year—has been speak
ing at a literary institution, in England,
where he dwelt upon the defective education
of New Englanders, which he ascribed main
ly to “ the unwholesome intellectual food”
eupplledby our newspapers. His lordship
predicted—he did not say by what process—
our “ utter and complete national ruin.”
Death of the American Consul at La
guatra.—TbePhUadelphlaingt/bw announc
es the death of Colonel EUas Walpole, a na
tive of Pennsylvania, and long a resident of
that city. He was appointed Consol at La
guayra about eighteen months since, and was
on his way home to visit his family, who re
side in Philadelphia, when he was taken
suddenly ill and died at Puerto Cahello on
the 37tb of November, in the 56th year of his
age.
pgr Quite a stir has been made in Cincin
nati growing out of the action of a member
of one of the Sanitary Fair Committees in
writing to Vollandigham-for his autograph.
The committees and citizens consider it an
insult, and are determined that the autograph
of a traitor shall never appear in anyway
connected with the noble cause In which
they are engaged.
£gT The New York saloon keepers hare
agreed on the following- scale of prices:—
Brandy, 10 to 15 cents a glass; gin, rnm,
and whisky, 10 cents; inferior quality, G to
10 cents; good ole and porter (bottled) 5
cents; ale, 10 to 13 cents a quart. These
prices ore to be charged on and after Monday
nest.
I3f The Montreal Transcript says that the
Cathedral organists of Toronto, Montreal and
Quebec, purpose making a tour in the States,
during the Christmas vacation. The principal
source of attraction being the large organ
recently erected in the Boston Music Hall.
yg* A New London paper announces the
death of James Douglass, of Stony Creek, at
the extraordinary age of one hundred and ten
years. He was a man in years before Louis
XVL ascended the throne of France.
The Washington IntefUgtncer states on
what it says is reliable authority, that a let
ter recently published, purporting to be from
President Lincoln to our Minister in Eng
land, Mr. Adams, was not written by the
President
Senatorial Service Tor Swindlers and
Against the Government.
The more the case of Senator Hale, as de
veloped in the United States Senate last week,
is considered, the worse it appears. For a
Senator to permit himself to be tempted for
money to prostitute his Senatorial influence
to shelter wretches that have robbed the Gov
ernment, Is disgraceful, and ought to be made
a penal offence. The' particulars of the case
are thus set forth:
Senator Hale, according to his own state
ment, has received more than three thousand
dollars as fee for his services in the cases of
two persons who were prisoners under arrest
bv the War Department One of these, Dr.
Bliss, was charged with malfeasance as an
officer of a Government hospital. The other,
Bunt, is mixed up with the steamboat frauds
in connection with Quartermaster Belgcr,
recently convicted of fraud, and dismissed
from the service. Bliss was paroled, and
afterwards tried and acquitted, Senator Hale
acting as his counsel. Hunt hod been in
prison at Washington. He was paroled by
the Secretary of war upon special appli
cation of Senator Hale, but the trial has not
yet takes place. Hale receiveda fee In Bliss's
cqsc, the amount of which is not stated. He
received from the friends of Hunt two thou
sand dollars as a retainer, and one thousand
after the prisoner was put upon parole for his
further services. Judging from the fat fees
paid by the latter, Bliss must have been re
lieved of at least one thousand dollars by
this lawyer-Senator, and at that rate the Doc
tor got off very cheaply. The amonnt
of the services in Bliss's cose cannot be
ascertained from Senator Hale's state
ment, but in the case of Hunt, thus
far, it seems to have not gone much farther
than a solicitation addressed to the Secretary
of War. Senator Hale, it seems, consulted a
couple of New Hampshire lawyers as to the
ftropriety of his taking these cases. • They
ooked upon the matter as if they considered
that “everything Is lawful which pays."
Senator Kcvcrdy Johnson, whose practice for
and against the Government is only regulated
by the question of a prior engagement, as
sured Bale, in effect, that he was “ green,”
r.s a proof of which he told him tint he
(Johnson) had been acting as counsel against
the Government evciy week. The opinion
of these three persons seems to have been re
lied upon by Mr. Hale os conclusive, although
from his propounding any inquiries to them
upon the subject, it is evident that he did not
feel altogether easy Id his own conscience.
But the people, in considering this matter,
will be inclined to go farther than Senator
Hale and the referees of his own selection.
Does any one believe that the discharge of
Bliss and Bant upon parole conld have been
procured by any lawyer, however distin
guished his talent, as easily as it was procur
ed by Senator Hale? Would there not have
been difficulty at the War office ? Would not
the solicitor have been forced to undergo de
lays, and to have ran the risk of being snub
bed or turned coldly away by the Secretary?
Conld any unofficial lawyer have had as ready
an access to the private ear of Mr. Stanton as
Mr. Hale? It is not possible. The presump
tion is not unwarrantable, that the parties
who paid Mr. Hale abont four thousand dol
lars for services which many a respectable
lawyer would been glad to have performed
for four hundred dollars or less, intended to
purchase his official ivjiuencc with his profes
sional services. Mr. Johnson said, in bis de
fense of Mr. Hale, “Senators do not cease to
be lawyers or doctors, when called upon for
professional services,cUhermcdicalor legal.”
lids may be true as an abstract proposition,
but it cannot be carried out to an unlimited
extent A lawyer haring taken np the cause
of one client cannot with justice accept a re
tainer from the opposite side. Mr. Dale was
bound to support the Government of the
United States, an officer of which he was. It
would be something like taking a fee from
the other side to accept pay for services
against the Government
The matter has been referred to the Com
mittee upon the Judiciary. Whether that
body (composed entirely of lawyers) will take
the low estimate of legal purity contended
for by Messrs. Hale and Johnson, or whether
they win insist that an officer of the Govern
ment is bound to sustain it in private actions
as well as In bis public conduct, is a question
that should excite more than ordinary in-'
terest.
The Swiss Reply to Napoleon*
. The fallowing is a translation of the official
text of the Swiss reply to the Emperor Na
poleon:
Bsnsrc, Not. 23,1663.
Snm: We have received, with lively inter
est, the letter in which Torn* invites
the Swiss Confederation, with the Sovereigns
and governments of other States, to a great
International Congress.
Tour Majesty calls attention to the con
dition of radons countries and points oat the
dangers to general peace risible upon nearlv
all sides. Yon propose to regulate the pres'-
ent and secure the future before irresistible
events huny Governments away in opposite
directions.
The Swiss Confederation, to which nature,
as well as history and treaties, has assigned
a neutral position in-the midst of Europe,
knows how to appreciate all the benefits of
peace. It understands the inestimable value
of a free and reciprocal consecration of the
rights and duties of each, the true base of a
sincere and cordial understanding between
the nations. We can only, therefore, accept
with eagerness the overture your Majesty ms
deigned to make.
Existing treaties proclaim the inviolability,
the neutrality and independence of oar terri
tory. The manses referring thereto have not
been effected, and the people—scrupulously
observing its international obligations—have
maintained and defended at the price of the
greatest sacrifices the guarantees which have
been received. These guarantees thus form
part of the true interests of Europe, and the
great Powers cannot but recognize, now os
formerly, their permanence and their neces
sity.
Ready to participate in the name of the
Swiss Confederation in the solemn delibera
tions which are announced, we consider it
our duty to express to your Majesty onr grat
itude for your loyal appeal, and cherish the
hope that wo may have your Majesty’s effica
cious support in questions touching our
country.
Wc arc glad of the opportunity furnished
to us by your Majesty, of being able to de
fend onr rights and interests at the interna
tional meeting.
Wc express our desire that the Congress of
Sovereigns and Governments of Europe -may
attain the object proposed by your Majesty,
and that the questions which agitate and oc
cupy men’s minds may receive a solution in
consonance with' the legitimate asx>irations of
■the people. -
while gladly availing itself of this oppor
tunity of renewing to your Imperial Majesty
the assurances of its profound respect, the
Federal Council prays God to have yon; with
your august frunQy, In His holy keeping.
•(Signed) C. tomehod,
President of the Swiss Confederation.
THE TEA TRADE.
History of its Growth—Decay of An
cient Prejudices—lts Use as a
Sanitary Agent—Present Mag
nitude of the Trade in Great
Britain and the Uni
ted States.
TXXE CHICAGO TEA WAREHOUSE.
It la certainly a pleasing duty for the jour
nalist to turn aside from the contemplation
of “grim-vleagcd war,” with all his “stem
alarums,” if perchance he can find aught to
note of Improvement or progress In his
community. In the “piping times of peace”
it is no’longer a subject for marvel that we
record the changes which In a .young and
thrifty centre like par own are constantly de
veloping into forms which arc thereafter to
become sources of influence, power and
wealth, and which from their inception are
indices of wants felt only to be supplied.
Bnt the case becomes widely different
when ibc sharp tattoo of the rc
ckiiting drum and the trumpet notes
of the morning reveille arc echoed back
by the sound of the masons trowel and the
busy hum which proceeds from a Heart of
Commerce, throbbing and heaving with the
beat of one hundred and fifty thousand pul
ses of money-seeking Humanity. These are
stirring times, yea, “the times which try
men’s souls;” audit is a fret which is, per
haps, not less apparent to others than our
selves, that our “lines” are cast in a communi
ty which haa no parallel la the Old World or
in the New, for Vigor, Thrift, and all the Ele
ments of substantial, enduring prosperity.
■Whilst in her early days It was predicted by
the* envious or the foolish that onr newly
fledged city would add another to the long
category of “golden dreams and leaden re
alities” in which the West was then so
fruitful, sinking Into a mere refuge for the
moles and the hats, she bas long since passed
the Rubicon which was* to have been her an
nihilation and her* ruin, and we now accept
the congratulations and the wonder of
the stranger with * becoming pride
and dignity.; pointing in return to our
wharves, our .shipping, our grainaries,
our railroads, our manufactures, onr throng
ing streets, our “market places” wherein no
one need “stand idle.” And lastly, as being
the most important—the sub-soil, in fact, pro
ducing these fruits—■we point with pride and
gratitude to those rich plains, stretch
ing onward and onward towards the setting
sun, teeming with the countless riches of
an cxhaustless Nature. Step by step is this
Great City of the plains advancing in all
that is Progressive, beyond the growth of her
elder sisters ofClncinnati and St. Louis, and
keenly entering into the race with the only
centre on the continent which will compare
with her; and even New York herself has
nothing in her Annals which can bo likened
to our own for the rapidity with which our
city has so rightfully and surely asserted her
commercial pre-eminence and position in the
world. If wc would “ sec ourselves as oth
ers sec us,” let ns turn to onr English cousins
who are beginning to find us out; aud slow
as they are to recognize and acknowledge
merit, it Is only a few days ago
that the “ Thunderer” had his
“special” in our wake, with words
of commendation and marvel, while
the London illustrated Neat ventured the pre
diction that “ Illinois, with her 150,000 men
in the tented field, was destined to ho the
mother of the greatest nation the world has
yet seen, with for her capital and
New York her seaport.” Surely, then, if we
are already esteemed so highly by our friends
and by the stranger, we may he pardoned for
any exhibition of exuberant pride. And we
confess we are proud of onr city and onr
country. May God preserve them both!
And now while these past years, few in
number though they be, have found ua.pro
gresaing as a Market for the great staples of
the world, to an extent far surpassing the
brightest dreams of the wildest enthusiast
amongst us, there bas been steadily growing
up in onr midst a branch of Commerce which,
large as it is at present, so far as the Western
States arc concerned Is only Just in its infrncy.
Wc mean none other than the Tka Trade, of
which It maybe safely computed that the
amount annually consumed in Illinois alone
'is fully equal to the entire trade of the Brit
ish Islands in 1728—0r 1,493,020 pounds—of
which by far the larger portion is that com
monly known os green. As the history of. this
valuable commodity is llltle understood by
the public generally, we may be exposed for
referring to such features as we think will be
of Interest to onr readers.
And, first, we may premise that the Tfea
plant is an evergreen shrub, usually growing
to a height of from three to flv* feet The
stem is bushy, with numerous and very leafy
branches. The leaves are large and- placed
on short foot-stalks—the flowers white and
slightly fragrant It is cultivated more or
less in every province of China, and Is
brought from the small farms in the interior
for sale to the merchants at the seaports, in
much the some fashion os farm products are
brought to market here. Two hundred years
ago the use of tea was scarcely known in
Europe. Corroborative of which Is the ac
count of Father Alexander Deßhodcs, who
entered China in 1023, remained there more
than twenty years, and afterwards traveled
through other parts of Asia, and who asserts
that although the use of tea was then com
mon throughout the East, and “fiegint, I
“jxrccive, to he known in Europe, it is in all
“the world, only to be “found in two pror
“ luces of Chino, those of Nanqnin and of
“ Chin-Chean, where the gatherings of it occu
pies the people as the vintage occupies us. All
“ China, Japan, Tonquin, and other kingdoms
“use it,'and the abundance is so great that
“U is sold at a very cheap rate,” They drink
it, he adds, at all honrs. He found It In his
own experience an instantaneous remedy for
headache, and when compelled to sit up all
night to hear confessions, its use saved him
both from drowsiness and from subsequent
, fatigue. On one occasion, he tells us, ke so
sat up for six consecutive nights, but he hon
estly adds that at the end of them he was
very tired, notwithstanding the virtues of tea.
Since that period, however, tea has been im
ported to an extent that has changed the
habits and worked a domestic revolution, not
only in onr country, but all through Europe.
The gratification of the taste thus acquired—
the absolute Indlspcnsablencss of
"The cup that cheers and not inebriates,**
has made us dependent on China for much of
the comfort of a large portion of every class
of society. Perhaps the poorest amongst us
arc those who r.rc most of all benefited and
comforted by the Introduction and extended
use of tea.
In “ the good old times,’* ladies of fashion
were wont to drink strong ale at their break
fast. The poorest woman in oar days would
not touch such a beverage when she can ob
tain the indispensable cup of tea. That the
use of this fragrant herb, besides being a
source of riches to individuals and of im
mense revenue to the Government, has been
highly beneficial in improving the moral
character and promoting the domestic com
fort of ourselves, as a Nation, cannot for a
moment be called in question.
To lovers of tbe curious there is much that
is interesting in connection with the intro
duction of tea into England, particularly in
regard to its cost, of ■which there is direct evi-
dence that for some years prior to 1657 tea
was occasionally sold in England at prices
ranging from S3O to S3O the pound weight.
“In respect of its scarceness and dearness, it
hath been only used as a regalia in high treat
ments and entertainments,” writes the first
English tea;dealer, Thomas Garway, “and
presents made thereof to Princes and
grandees.” Pepys also thought It worthy
of record in his diary, that on the 20th
SepL, IGGO, “I did send for a cup of tee, a
China drink of which 1 never had drank be-
fore. 11 On the sanitary effects of tea, there
was, for a long period, much controversy.
“Among many other novelties, 11 says a medi
cal writer in 1722, “there is one which seems
to be particularly the cause of hypochondriac
disorders, and is generally known by the
name of thca, or tea.*’ Dr. Lettsom was the
first medical writer who gave the public a
reasonable and scientific account of the plant;
but even his fear of its abuse ran away with
his judgment That tea may be so abused
as to cause a craving for alcoholic stimulants,
is unquestionable. That at any period the
abuse of tea has been so general as to become
a main cause of drunkenness, may safely bo
denied. So popular was the new beverage
then becoming, that the “jolly fellows”
already began to look with discontented eye
at the growth ot a practice which might
make liberality with the tea caddy an
excuse for restrictions on the wine cellar;
and wc find Mr. Henry" Savillc writing
to Ids uncle, Mr. Sccrotaxy Coventry, in
sharp reproof of certain friends of his “ who
call for tea instead of pipes and bottles, after
dinner—a base, unworthy practice, which I
must cveradmixc your moat Christian fami
ly for hot admitting;” and he adds, with an
audible sigh, “ The truth it, aU nations art
growing to tricked at to have tome of these filthy
mietomt."
With the brain workers, tea has always
been a favorite beverage—the subdued irrita
bility, the refreshed spirits, the renewed en
ergies, which the student so often owes to
it, have been the theme of many an accom
plished pen. To 6*y nothing of oar own *nd
Enclteh'pdcts and essayists, its praises have
■ been sung by Herrichcn and by Francins, in
Greek verses; byPtscblin in Latin epigrams;
by Pierre Petit, In a Latin poem of five hun
dred lines, and by a Gorman versifier, who
celebrated, In a fashion of his own, its “ bur
rial and happy resurrection.** Unei, Bishop
of Avranches, - has also paid bis
graceful tribute to a stimulant to
■which, probably, no scholar was ever
more indebted, and which he continued to en
joy at the ago of ninety. Johnson, indeed,
wrote no vcrgcs*'lif iU honor, but ho has
drawn his own portrait as “a hardened and
“ shameless tea-drinker, who for twenty years
“diluted his meals with only the infusion of
“this fascinating plant; whose kettle had
“scarcely time, to cool; who with tea amused
“ the evening, wltlrtca solaced the midnight/
“and with tea welcomed the morning.” The
assailants arc not so distinguished, but as we
have partially seen already, they have been
quite as emphatic. Jonas Hanway, a man,
“ whose failings,” as Johnson said, “may well
be pardoned for bin-virtues ” is perhaps, the.
most these. “Men,” says be,
“ seem to have lost their stature and comeli- -
“ness, and women their beauty. What
“Shakespeare ascribes to the concealment of
“love, Is, In this age) more frequently occa
sioned by the use of tea.” To these com-.*
plaints echoes were not wanting, hut after a
while the tea drinkers had it all their own
way, until it has become in .every household
ah article of prime necessity.
The most conspicuous chemical constitu--
ents of tea arc (1) tannin, or tannic acid, to
which it owes ite dstringency; (3) volatile
oil, to which it owes its peculiar aroma; (8)
theme, the crystalline principle, which is
characteristic alike of tea and coffee, and
which is to those beverages what quinine is
to bark. The other substances extracted from
tea by chemical analysis arc those which
in various proportions enter into the compo
sition of all plants. The volatile oil in good,
tea Is about % per cent. We subjoin Mul
der’s analysis of Hyson and Congoa teas of
Chinese growth:
Hyson. Congoa.
Volatile oil,
2*4 1.84
Chlorophjl.
Wax
Rcstn.
Gum.
Tannic acid.
Thelne. .'. 0.43 0.40
ExtractlvcKjatter...' 28X0 19.53
Apothem. r..*.........ri v ........ ..traces. 1.43
Gelorink matter separable by nmri
raUdaSd...‘.
Albumen 3.00 2.89
Woody fibre A 17,03 - 29.32
Salts or ash contained in these con-
stituents.
According to the Chemical classification of
food, the “fleshformers” in tea of average
quality may be said to be about eighteen per
cent., and the “heat'glvera” about seventy
two per cent, watemnd mineral matter di
viding between them the residue. They are
as follows:
Quantities con
tained In one
pound of good Centesimal
•’ tea. proportions.
Constituents. oz. grains.
Water 0 850 8.00
PlMhfc 0 210 8.00
former* •) casein..- 2 175 15,00
f Volatile Oil. 0 63 0.75
I Gam S 885 18.00
Heat giTere-f 5ager....... 0 211 5.00
b Fat 0 280 4.00
l/TannicAdd 4 87 20.25
Woody fibre 3 87 20.10
Mineral matter, crash... 0 350 C.UO
' 1C 267
Briefly, it may be. Eald, that to persons in
health, besides the more obvioqs effectswlth
which almost everybody Is familiar, tea saves
food by lessening the waste of the body; thus
it soothes the vascular system, whilst it ex
cites the brain to increased activity.- Nor are
its direct medicinal effects quite without im
portance. In the early stages of fever
it is a useful diluent; in the later
oies, a. tincture, made by macerating
lea In proof spirits Issometimcsadmiaistered
with advantage. A very strong infusion of
tea has proved on antidote in cases of pois
oning by arsenic, and by tartarized antimony
as well os by opium. Under the infirmities
of advancing age, when the digestive powers
become enfeebled, and the size and weight of
the body begin very perceptibly to diminish,
the value of tea in checking the too rapid
waste of the tiesnes is especially observable.
That the clement, theine y should
he present not only Jr the tea shrub of China
and India, but in, coffee, and in the mate
plant of Paraguay,' of which last named
plant it is eetlmatedHhat 40,000,000 pounds
are consumed annually in South America,—
is a striking and beautiful fact Fromplants
so unlike in appearance, and so remote in
birth-place, myriads. £f people in all parts*
of the earth •v5V v ? & refreafiing and cshilera
tiqg CRjoyflfchJ by persons of
all degrees of' Civilization and culture. In
such a fact there may be.more significance*
than science has yet elicited.
As indicative of dhe strides which the pro
duct of this shrub has made since Us Intro
duction amongst the stations of the West, It
may be remarked that since the year 1678,
when the importation into England was
4,713 pounds—a quantity, by the way, which
glutted the market for.several years, it has
gradually worked its way into' public favor,
until from a choice and costly luxury to bo
obtained, as we have seen, only at the tables
of the wealthy, it has become one of the
prime necessaries of life, used alike by rich
and poor. In proof of this wc have only to
take Martin’s report on the Tea Trade, and
wc will find that in 1723, England, with a
population 0f0,252,750,c0n5umed!,493,526 lbs
in 1828, with a population of 24,501,000, she
required 31,820,520 pounds; and in 1859 she
consumed 70,800,000 pounds, her population
being 28,000,000—0r about forty ounces
per head. And thevciy valuable Tea Re
ports of Messrs. W. J. &H. Thompson in
form us that in IS2O-21 the American trade
in Tea amounted to 7,800,207 pounds,
increasing each year (with tho exception ot
the years 1830-31), until in 1833, the imports
bad reached 10,827,000 lbs. Looking still fur
ther, wc find in Huutf MeivTiantf Jfagaz{ue t
toI. 20, pp. 105, that the imports of tea into
tho United States amounted, in 1843, to 19,-
830,083 lbs; in 1851, to 28,050,712 lbs, and in
1853-3, to 40,0G0,7371b5, the average consump
tion being over 10 ounces per head, giving us
the second place, os tea consumers: it being
estimated that tho consumption in Russia Is
4 oz., in France 1 02., and In Germany }{
ozs. per head.
TVc have been led thus to consider the sub
ject, by an announcement which appeared in
onr columns a few weeks ago, of the opening
of the “Chicago Tea Warehouse,.” exclus
ively for wholesale trade, under the auspices
of a well-known firm formerly in the general
grocery trade—-Messrs. Pabsons, Pitkik &
Habket,— and who, to use the language of
their advertisement, for jhe' future propose
to give their sole attention to the wporta
tion and jobbing of Teas, on a scale larger
than has yet been attempted .in any market
west of the seaboard. They are gentlemen
of energy, character and capital, and as they
have met with a large measure of success in the
past, so do-we trust they will bo
equally fortunate In thelrypresent undertak
ing. It speaks well for our city as a large
and rapidly developing market—that the in
terests of the consumer 'demand that each
staple in merchandize shall become a Speci
ality in itself, sufficiently ample to employ
the energies and capital of those who are
willing to embark In its service,—and we
therefore the more cheerfully invite the at
tention of the public to this new enterprise.
A few years ago the mere idea would have
been treated as visionary. Now, with an
area often States as a field of operations, it
need not be regarded as beyond tbc bounds
of probability that the day is not far in the
future when vessels, whose keels are fresh
from the Chinese seas, mqy discharge their
* cargoes at the hospitable portals of the Chi
cago Custom House, without the intervention
of Hew York „or other Eastern harbors.
Thus wc progress.
And now a word in conclusion : With one
of the gentlemen of the firm we hare men
tioned, one of the edltorsof this paper has an'
acquaintance of some years* standing, and it
is a source of great pleasure for him to feel
that he was instrumental in bringing his
young friend to a field where his energy,
self-reliance and correctness of conduct hare
placed him in the foremost junks of the mer
cantile community. Commencing with an
humble clerkship, on n small salary, he has,
through close and faithful attention to the
trust reposed in him, risen step by step to
hk present position—a fine example of what
the qualities wc hare named are sore to
.bring to the possessor when rightly exercised
In our growing city, Andwhile chronicling
past success, and predicting *thc future proa
perity of the house with which he is connect
ed, we feel it no less a pleasure than a duty
to thus hold up tbc example of our friend to
all generous-minded young-men who may
now, or hereafter, seek the rewards of prob
ity, industry and energy in this busy mart,
,as worthy of their imitation,' and as an en
couragement to perseverance In the strait
and harrow path of commercial integrity and
honor.
Tito Reciprocity Treaty.
The following is tbc joint resolution intro
duced In the House by Mr. Ward:
WireratAF, Under the treaty made by the United
States with Great Britain, proclamation of which
was made by the President of the United States
on the eleventh of September, one thousand eight
hundred and fifty-four-fortho propose of extend
ing reciprocal trade between the British North
American colonies ani the United States, nearly
ah the articles wWciflllMiada baa to aell sro ad
milted into the Unit* free of duty, while
heavy duties arc nor imposed noon many pi those
artlclea which thr of the United States
have to sell, witMhe intention of excluding thorn
from the CaupdUn sad whereas, the
Presided of (he United States, in the first sesrion
of tie Thirty-sixth Congress, caused to bo suV
milted to iboDott’o of Kcpresestatlros an official
ie;orf, setting forth the inequality aid injus
tice existin': in onr present intercourse with Can
ada, subversive cl too subsequent legislation of
Canada; and uhcreae, by the fifth article of thd
treaty, provision was made that it should remain
In force for ten years from the date at which it
should co Into operation, and further until the
expiration of twelve months after either of
the hfph contracting parties should give notice to
the other of its wish to terminate the same,
cacß of (lie high contracting parties bolus
et liberty to give such notice to the other at the
cod of the sold term often years, or at any time
afterwards; and by a further proclama
tion Issued by the President of the United States,
bearing date the sixteenth day of March, one thou
sand eight hundred and fifty-five, it was declared
that the said treaty should go Into effect and be ob
served on the part of the United States; awT
vhereas It is desirable that friendly relations
should be continued between the United States
and the British North American provinces, and
that commercial intercourse should be hereafter
carried on between them upon principles recipro
cally beneficial and satifactoiy to both parties;
therefore.
Be it Resolved by the Senate and Souse of Sepre
eer.tatitu Of the United State* of America in Con
gre/s assembled. That the President of the Uni
ted States be, and he Is hereby authorized, by and
with the advice and consent of the Senate, to ap
point three commissioners, to confer with per
sons duly authorized by Great Britain In that be
half, to negotiate a new treaty, based upon the
true principles of reciprocity between the two
Governments and the people of both countries,
with the view of enlarging the basis of the pres
ent treaty, and for the removal of existing diffi
culties.
FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL
THE MONEY MARKET.
Thursday Evening. Dec. 24. IS®.
This has been one of the most active days of the
season in the money market. This was In a great
measure influenced by the fact that borrowers had
to get their supplies for two days, tho hanks not
intending to open to-morrow, (Christmas day.)
The hankers dealt out all they could,bnt not enough
to supply anything like the demand, and of course
many borrowers were subjected to disappoint
ment. We think the regular customers were about
all supplied, and outsiders the principal sufferers.
There was ah active demand for eastern exchange,
and.the quotations were very firm at K buying, K
selling. There may have been some variations
from these quotations,but we think they were very
generally adhered to.
The Gold market was steady, with a pretty large
business. In New York the quotations as tele
graphed to James Boyd, Esq., were as follows; At
OKA- “• : 9:45—J01K; 10—151#; 2p. m. 151; 3
There was no second Board. Here the
buying range was 1500150#, and some large'lots
at 161. Silver Is firmer, and larger coin advanced
1 per cent. The rates were 140 for small coin, and
144 for large. The demand was in a great measure
for the Canada markets by speculators. Sellers
were not near as plenty as-buyers. Legal tender
notes are firmer and In more demand, with an ad
vance in the quotations. The buying price was
K, and selling # per cent premium. In some*cases
sales were made at K premium.
Galena & Chicago Union R R— Tho following
are tho earnings of the Galena & Chicago Union
r R Company for the week ending December
22d: . -
2JB 8.64
.17.80. • 12.83
Freight $25,387.21 $24,193.95 $219,326 Dec.
Passengers... 6,661X0 126,97.10 €03.521 Inc.
Mails, 5c.,... 1,250 1,800 50.00 Inc.
$84,299.10 $88,191.05 $3,691,05
COSLIiEBCUL.
TnimsDAT BrxHnra, Deo. 21, 1333.
The following table shows tbe receipts and ship,
mentfi during the past twenty-four boors:
BBCSIPTB, LAST TWSXTT'TOUS HOTXSS.
Floor, Wheat, Com, Oats, Bye, Barley
hrls. bn. ba. ba. bn. bo.
04 CURE. 852 46G6 556 Wit 856 731
RIKB 250 2800 8500 2500 .... 600
IC Blt 720 7CO 1730
(JB&QRR. <OO ICO .... S9S6
KWRB SCO 15750 700 8150 700 1200
A&StLKB. ISO .... 1080
Clo.Alrlise .... ....
Total SB 24908 "Se 515 XOM «iI
100.00
Grass Tal- Live Dr'sdßeet
Seed, low. Hogs, Hogs, Cattle, Hides,
ns. ns. no. 00. no, ms.
G*CURR 6USO .... 6540 900 JM 23269
BIRR 1321 8189 85 45713
ICBE. 100 315 66 BKIO
C8&0R8..4561 1529 5»9 1901 431 41123
JiTVKR...., 13003 4SLO MO S» 573 11550
A&StLBB 310 110 SO ....
' fetal €8743 6209 14747 7101 1237 131390
The receipts of Hogs, live and dressed, to-day
amounted to 51,850. The market for Live Hogs
to-day was unusually brisk, and the market was
firmer—with sales of upwards of 14,000 head, at
[email protected] 6.00 gross—mostly at The pack
ers were the prinicpal buyers—the shippers hav
ing suspended active operations for the present.
The market for Beef Cattle was less active, but
there is no change to note Is. quotations, with
sales of upwards of I.CCO head at [email protected] gross.
The demand for shipment is light; hut there Is
stIB a loir demand by packers.
Under the liberal receipts of Dressed Hogs, the
market to-day ruled 15320 c per ICO lbs lower than
yesterday, at which the sales were on usually
heavy—prices ranging from $5.00fg,7.10- the most
of, the sales having been at {6.00 and $7.00, divi
ding on 200 lbs. At the close the market was
heavy and the tendency downwards.
The Increased receipts of Hogs to-day, it Is im
portant to note, is due mainly to the fret that we
are now only receiving the Hogs that have been
detained for nearly a week past on the other aide
of the Mississippi, owing to the stoppage of the
femes by tbe.lce; and thengh we are not among
'those who think that tho “ last drove ” has come
In, there Is not much probability of a long contin
uance of- such a liberal supply as we have had to*
day.
The Provision market continues (firm, hut there
is less activity than for two days past. This is
due partly to the fret that some buyers were seized
with a slight timidity when they found the re
ccints of Hogs to he upwards of 21,000 head, hut
mainly to the extreme firmness of holders, and'
the comparatively light offerings. Mess Fork is
in good demand at $13.03, at which we note sales
of SCO hris; hat roand lots are held firmly at $13.50.
There Is also an active inquiry for Prime Mess
Pork, and SCO brie city packed changed hands to
day at sl4.so—holders generally asking $15.00.
Bulk Meats—particularly Shoulders,—are in good
demand and firm—with sales to-day of
about 375,0C0 Sts at s£&6c, loose, for
city-curcd Shoulders, mostly at 6c; OKc for
Shoulders delivered at Dnhnqne; and s&e
delivered at Keokuk. Hams were in good de
mand at 8&c loose, at which price we note sales of
about 1,000 pcs. Nearly all tho round lots of de
sirable brands ot Shoulders are now token up, and
tho market closes very firm, with on upward tend
ency. Pickled Hams are in good demand at o>fc,
with sales of 100 tes at that price—holders general
ly asking o#c. Green Hama are in good demand
and firm, with sales to-day at&gSKc. Lord lain
good request and firm, with sales to-day of 1,600
tcsatU£(®l2cfor prime leaf, and lie for No. 1
Lard. The market dosed firm, sellers generally
asking 12c.
The Flour market was doll. 'Wheat declined
fully 1c *3 bushel—with liberal sales of No 1 Spring
at$U7®U7M, and No 2 Spring, $1.03®! .IW—
the market steady at $1.17 for No 1 Spring and
sl.lO for No 2 Spring.
Corn declined 1c $ bushel—with light sales of
No 1 Corn at 04c, No 2 Com at 03c, and 80®82c for
New Com—the market closing quiet.
• Oats were in better request and the market ad.
vanced H<QX C bushel—withheavy sales of No 1
Oats in store af o£&©66c-the market closing
firm.
Rye was firmer, with light sales of No 1 at $1.05
@I.OC. Barley advanced [email protected] -3 bushel—• with
sale# ofNo 2 Barley at $1,23X®1.24tf.
lUghwines were unsettled and the market de
clined Itfc gallon, with light sales at Sl#ss3o—
closing at the inside quotation.
The Fork Trade.
[From the Cin. Price Current,]
There Is nothing which so interest those who deal in
pork J net now. as the extent of the deficiency in the
f-rcseateeason’a crop of this article, and the reason
or this is obvious; namely, the unusual high price
paid for the article, the average beingby far the high*
e*t ever paid before in the United States, and which
nothing out an extremely short crop, not only com
pared with the previous two seasons, bat even with
the ordinary crop of other yean, coaid, In oar cstlma
tlcn,Justify; and.wc presume, in the estimation of
those who are in a position to Judge impartially. It is
true the standard of value is not a specie standard,
but so far as regards the home demand, this makes
bnt Utile difference; and, as regards the foreign mar*
kets, the price, even adjusted to a specie standard, is
a high one, end never has admitted of large foreign
caports. It will be seen therefore, that tbc trade is in
a critical position, assuming that to be correct,wbich
as yel has not b?ea demonstrated to be so.
early last September we stated tiattbe cr6p of pork
wonid necessarily be a short one, as compared with
last season, and subsequently, that, from what wo
could ascertain, this deficiency would be 25 ? cent.,
and intimated that it might be one-third shore The
information we now have, from the packing places,
; though not as fun as Uwlll be a week or ten days
hence, yet is ample enough to leave no doubt moor
mind that the deficiency. In pounds, will not be less
than 3d? cent..and the complete retnrnstuay show
even a greater deficiency than this. The falling off in -
the average weight of bogs is large—fully
12 ? cent., we think; and the deficiency in
the yield, of lard will be in a still greater
ratio. In those districts where the corn was badly
injured by the frost, which Included the greater por
tion of Indiana and Illinois, the average weight of
bogs Is the lowest ever known before, probably, and
is 19 to SO? cent, below that of last season. Tue ad
vices we have from the districts of country from
whence Chicago derives her supply of hogs, lead us
tobellevelhatthepacklngsejson In that city will
close by thetniddloofncxt month, and we think the
packing there w I! not exceed 700,000, If It reaches
that. At tblsplace the packing will hardly reach
379,000, At St. Louis there will be Tally as many hogs
packed as there were last season. In onr next wo
expect to be able to give details of the packing at one
hundred places, probably.
Receipts of Hoss at Cincinnati.
; [From tbe Cincinnati Price Current, 23d.]
Tbe receipts daring tbe week, tbe season, and com
paratively for some previous seasons, bare been as
lollops: ___
By Ballway. JWJ
By River ®
From Kentucky 'STS
Driven in 1310
Slaughtered at Plainvlile and Newton. 1,300
Total for tbe week..
Prcv. Reported
Total to date 807,50
Same time In ISO -jSIHSI
“ 1881 .282,700
- « 1860 283,9 iS
•* 1839 872,378
« 1658. «83»
« 1357.....; 361.963
« JSS3 312,703
•* 1855 828,335
** ISM ..273,665
M 1353 .W.STS
**. 18S 832,M0
« ISSI 2933^
“ 1630,..’. 203.325
receipts tbe corresponding weeklsstyear, were
CHICAGO CATTLE MARKET.
Tnupsu-vr Erzjmro, Dec. 24,1553.
- BOGS—Whatever disproportions may exist be
tween the supply and demand of other markets'ln
this city, there is one general feature In this depart
ment, which has been prominent, this season especial
ly, and that is tbc close correspondence which has
existed between them. With growing receipts there
hat appeared to be a corresponding growth in the
demand. And wc have observed that when any lead
ing class of buyers have been either out of the mar
ket or else curtailing their purchases more than usual,
the deficiency has been made up' by an Increased de
mand on the part of others. The effect of this has
been that there is scarcely ever any accumulaUon of
stock in the yards—the receipts of the day usually
find customers before Its close, excepting In a falling
market, when owners resist os long as possible a re
daction from tbc price they had made up their minds
to get before they left home.' During the progress of
the present week It has,been, especially seen that,
with increasing receipts, there is no falling off In the
demand, nor yet any decline worth speaking of 10 the
firm tone with which U commenced. We thought
j eaterday, and some hare thought so too to-day, tlu
there was a little acdluc in (be activity and firmness
of the market, bat the price list does not mow It, nor
jettbo number of hogs sold. There were in the yards
to-d*y about 16,000 boss and the salsa number
14,374: the range of prices bas been $4X031100, and
the bulk of bogs have been sold at $5.0505.60; some
2,CCO bare been either shipped Bast or will be, and the
remainder have been bought by our packers. Of the
legitimate receipts of the day few remain over un
sold, still the stock bronefa t Id by late tr Una arc a the
yards unsold, but will probably to-morrow be cleared
out.
noo SALKS TO-DAT.
gmnmm’s tasdb.
Av. Price,
Sellers. Bayers. Na. W*t. 1* 103 as
j,Adams Tabor aOS 235 SSXS
do do 60 3t5 5.10
do do 13 Ml 5.13
do do 58 33 5X5
do A.E.Kent AGO.. 55 258 4XO
do do 67 178 4XO
do dJ 69 339 S.UX
Strader. 1L Tabor., 810 235 5X5
do do 70 2«t 5.00
do do 55 223 5.00
do do 125 230 4X5
Gregory...... A.E.Keut&Co.. 56 310 4XO
do do. ..SB 19J 4.40
:do do ..ISO ISO ’ 4XO
Strader.,do .. B8 221 5.00
do ....SLTabor 133 207 4XO
do do 55 219 4XO
d* do 113 217 4.60
Hill Cragm&Co ,261. 230 5.40
Ernera • do 42 201 5.73
root do 70 271 -SXO
Driscoll.... do SO 263 5.40
Karr. do 72 304 5X5
Craft do ....190 273 5.70
comas osovx TAsnsJb
Av. Pricep
Sellers. - Boyers. No. Wt, 100 tts.
Halet... .Hensley. 152 254 $5.10
Houstey Uihrarddc C 0.,.. Si 190 533
'Harriot... CraginA Co. 93 346 5.73
I.yon UO 105 253 5.40
Berry ...... do Al2 217 525
-WordSU do 60 213 5X9
C.F.Loomls&CO do ~,.118* 253 5X3
BtzbT Harbach* C0...X05 233 5X9
Berry.. McCabe4 Hughes 55 234 5.65
Mills. Whitney 424 214 4.50
McGregor........;Hoogb ACo 49 253 5.09
Wicker. Oliver SOS 197 5.00
TOUT WATNS TAUDB.
Sellers. Bnrera. No. Ar.wt. Price.
• Seldonuldge......fteed A Sberwin,
per 8. F.WbUelaO 218 SSXO
• Lasses " .72 161 4.30
■Vanvcchten .. ** 69 183 4XO
HotetC . . ** 43 200 . - 4.P0
Seldomridg ** 57 204 4.70
Nm1d.,... .. Hatley. 1M 203 4XO
do.. ** 111 222 s*oo
do *• 344 229 5.10
do ** 57 238 5X3
do ** 57 256 5X3
do •• 171 223 5.10
Perrtn •• 156 2t2 SXO
Bolhean A. E. Kent A C 0.368 SOS SXO
do Turpin A Co. 234 ■ 232 * 5X5
do .....HarbacbAKrelchS62 243 5.15
do Griffin Broa., 10l 226 SXO
Mack *♦ 58 533 5X5
Peacock. •* 53 261 SXO
Pettaceat Nottingham 123 231 5.15
Meßeth I* .120 212 SXO
SOUTHERN TABDS.
Seliere. Buyers. No. Avwt, Price.
Frye&Ce .Hough ACo 16 -155 SIXS
do .Favorite A Son... 69 301 4XO
do ' do ... 58 240 5.308
do Bowers A Co 114 241 SXO
do Nash 57 223 SXO
do do 47 212 5X5
do flo 58 192 SXO
Reed .T.Nlcoles «» 20» *3*
HlfrgißS*Kelly.. do .518 235 5.55
■ do do .. .118 230 5.50
do .. do .114 236 s£o
Morphy. Nash 526 213 545
Ford Smith. S6 8U 5.63
Srpber ..Bowen* Co Sit 213 5.15
Hoajr. i.Wehh .IS* 508 540
Downing do 180 205 6XO
Hlggim** Kelly..Priest* Co 110 261 5.63
do ,JTa*h 57 311 M2J*
do .. do .122 222 5.10
BEEF CATTLE—The receipts at the various yards
doriifflho day amount to ahoot 1,300 bead of Beef
the entered sales to 1,089, at prices ranging
from s24s®4.So.There has beena moderate amount of
activity Id the market to day, bat the absence of the
ostial shipping demanc has reduced that Arm tone
which for some time past has bees so prominent la
this market. Not a few of the sales are made to par*
ties whoso object wiU be to resell the stock they are
now baying, at better prices, as soon as the market
resumes 1U wonted activity after the holidays are
over, prices ere consequently net so firm as otherwise
would be the case. As yet, however, we have not ob
served any decline given in the quotations of Satur
day last. The sales to-day have bees made to pack
ers. and a fair quantity on Government account, and
to speculators.
BZBT CATTLE SALES TO-DAT.
Eliott sold A. E. Kent & Co.. 83, av 1,031 E>.% at $3.25.
Brown sold O'Shea 16, av 1.013. at $39.03 V head.
J. Adams sold Morris* Co. S3 ay 1,290, at $140; 17
av 579, at $340.
'Wilcox sold Mallorv SO ar 1433. at *3,33.
Sewell sold Wolfe 28 :W BS6 at $230.
Moore sold A. EE.Jent & Co IS ay 1.166afc $343.
Grundy sold Cochrane 15 ay 1466, at $3.50.
CHICAGO DAILY ItIAXtEET.
Thttesdat £TSsi3ro. Dee. 21. 1833.
FREIGHTS—'There Is no change In rates. We
tuotes
Fourth Dressed
Flour. Class. Hois.
To New York 2.20 1 Jfl 1.60
To Boston 2£o IJS 1.70
To Montreal,
To Albany...
To Portland.
To Baltimore.
To Cincinnati!
FLOUR— HccVIVcd'Vo-clar, 3J13 brls. Market
quiet. Hales to-day were: 200 t>rls Spring Extra at
55.13: ICO brls do at 55.25.
. WHEAT-Received to-day, 21X63 huahela. Mar
ket fully le 9 bushel lower. Sales to-dar were: 1,900
baNo 1 Snrlue In store at $1.17K; 12,000 ha do at
$147:1400 bo No 2 Spring in store at SLHK; 5,00) bu
do at $1.11; 11,000 bu do at SUOK: 10.000 ba do at
SUCK; 53,C00 ou do at SUO: 800 bu do (in S. B.&
Co’*) at 01X8,
CORN—Received to-day, 7456 ho. Market dull
and wily 1c lower, galea to-day were as follows:
800 bu No 1 Ccm In store at 94e; 1400 bu No 2 Cora In
store at SSc; ]XCO bu New Com in store at Sic; 1400
bu do at 81c; 3.CCO ha do at SOe.
OATS—deceived to-day, 22443 bn. Market more
active and K9i<c per bu higher. Sales to-daywaro:
36.K0 bu No 1 Oats in store at GCc: 43,000 bu do at 63*f;
1,500 bu do at 65Kc; 25,000 bu do (last night)
4.0C0 ba No 2 Oats In store at C2Jf: IXOO bo do at Six.
By sample ;-CCO burlaps Oats at 76c delivered—ui
eluding sacks.
It YE—Received to-day.l,o66ha. Market quiet bat
firm, gales to-day were; 1400 bn No 1 Bye In store at
$1.65; SCO bn do at SX.O6- SOO bn No 3 Bye In store at
SIX 3.
BARLEY—Received to-day, 2,751 bu. Market ad-
Sales to-daywere os follows: 400 bn No
2 Barley la store at SI4SK; 8,000 bu do at $144: 6XOO
bu do at 31.21K .
ALCOHOL-Market quiet, closing at $1.6531.55.
BllTTßK—Market quiet aud steady, we quote:
Prune Dairy, in crocks and tubs 43323
Prime Shipping, in flrkms 40321
Pair to good do ....,[email protected]
ellEANS—Demand moderate and market quiet.
Sales: 46brlszood at S3XO.
BltOOAl CORN—Demand more active and mar
ket iinu. Sales to-day were: 2 tons prime at SIBSXO
perron delivered.
COOPERAGE—BuII. Sales today were: 200
hickory hoop Pork Barrels at sl.lO del.
CHEESE—In lair demand and good supply. Mar
ket firm and unchanged. We qnete:
Hamburg 813
Western Reserve 14®1*>»
lUlcolsand Wisconsin... 9®13
COFFEE—Market very active and In limited sun
ply, price? rule very Ana at present quotations, with
a Btronc npward tendency. TV© quote: , .
Ssntoß 37K933KC
Java UgatSRC
Uio, fair to good ~SS 335>$e
Il!o. "OOdtoprltnc .38 ©SfltfC
ECsGS—’There has been unusual scarcity in the
market, and consequent upon the usual active de
mand of the Christmas *eek there Is difficulty in get
tlsgorden tilled. Market is firm at 28330 c per doz
tX'ltMi —The demand fur manufacturing purposes
has considerably declined,and the market u for the
present doll and inactive. Prices role easy at the
following quotations. Wequote: . _..
Bears, (61ack, large and mu seasoned).... tlfl.OOailW
Bears. Drown 2.00©
Bears, cobs M to h vanic..
Beaver, (black snd dark).
Beaver, (pale and silvery).
Bodger^OMf
;e £ni flne)
..auger, (targe and fine) .V. tr.
Deer Skins, (red and bine) W® 60
Deer Skins, (grey) ..... [email protected] W
Fishers, (dark, large, and silky) 5.00® 6.00
Ftsners, (pate or brown) 3.00® 4.00
Foxes, cross the less red the better.... 4.00® 840
Foifs,red.Boutbcrn and western I.oo® 2.00
Foxes, grey so® so
Honse Cats, black and grey . lg® . 15
Lynx,large and One LOO®3.W
Muskrats, (all and winter £3® 15
Marten, dark without red 3.00® 4.00
Marten, common and sale 140®240
Minks, Jlinnesota.Mlchigan,Wisconsin.,., 3JB® 4.00
Minks, Illinois and lowa 3.00® 3.00
Otter, Black, large and One 4.00® 540
Otter, Brown .. ..
Opossum, Northern, dry and clean 10® Id
Opossmn, Southern, „ 3® 10
Raccoon,HUnols, Wisconsin, *c 10® GO
Skunk, black. 20® SO
Skunk, striped 14® 20
Wild Cats 20® 40
WolfSklns, large, white and line LtO®
WolfSklns. prairie. , 50® 75
FIStt—LaKX Fisa arc in Terr limited demand,
and nominal supply, prices firm atpresent Quotations.
Macxkhx—The market Is Quiet and In good supply.
copfieu—Receipts continue limited and much below
the demand, the market Is consequently Terr Ann.
HznnuQfl—ln fair demand and good supply. We
eaote:
No. 1 WbltefUb, balf brls* *W3)s®SJ7K
No. 8 “ "
No. 1 Troat, “ 4.15 Sj.OO
No. 2 Treat, w 4.13K®U5
No.lMackercl t new,Vbalfbrl...,. 8.30 ®9.00
No. 2 «♦ '* “ 6.50 ®7.00
No.l " Old M 840 ®7JW
No. 2 " 11 “ 5.73 ®<US
No.l 41 new ken 240 @3.73
No. 2 * 2.25 @240
Noll 44 old 44
Codfish, George’a Bant. 9100 as 7.23 @7,50
Codfish, Grand ** ** 7J30 ©7.25
Ko. i Dried Herring, 9 box 53 ©>6o
Scaled ** 63 © 70
Pickled Herrings, new 630 &tM
Pickled Herrings, old. 3.53 ®3.7»
FIII7ITS—Geess - Aprils In limited demand.
The market la firm for good fruit at our present quo
tations; unsound IshoweverseUlngot very lowprlces.
CnauuzSßiES in steady demand and dm at present
Quotations.- OsaKoxs and Lex os* rattier active and
easy at former quotations. Cnzsvtrrs very quiet and
easy at previous rates. Bickobt Nuts—The market
Is at present overstocked both with large and small,
prices are therefore rather Irregular and easy at pre
sent quotations. "We quote;
Green Apples, ? trL | IJ»® wo
KcwYork SJXJ®....
Cranberries, ? brl loJJOattSO
Lemons,? b0x.... 5-50aiW>?
Hickory Nuts, tm.
** “ large,? br1.....
Granges, Havana. U brl
Sales to-day: 12 brls Cranberries at 512.00; 8 brls do
at tuzo.
OHIEO FRUITS—There la an increased and
very active demand for dried Applss, for which tho
present llberalrecelptsareiosaiiJcient. At oar pre
sent quotations the marketrnle* very firm, and from
the scarcity East, and the lane orders flowing in con
stantly for shipments, prices hero have a strong up
wsrd tendency. Pjuchis—Unpared are In good re
ceipt and active demand; pared are in rather poor
supply and very Arm at present quotations. Rh-jcts
and CmtßAxrs active and firm. Almonds in fair sap.
plv and market firm at previous quo Cations, Domes
tic Feuitb la small supply. We quote:
S t 1
palslns—Lavers ? b0x.,.., 4.75 0-5.00
Currants, V lb, ..... 17K© 19
Almonds. ? 9,soft 23 0 SO
** “ hard - 17 0 20
pried Raspberries *3 0 85
*• Blackberries , 23 a 25
*• Cherries 80 a 32
Sales to-day: 100 bass Apples at Sc; 5 tons S. Illinois
do atTKc'; 1H tons Ohio do atSJfc; 30bags uupared
Pe.iches halves at ISe; 10X00 do at i2Kc-
GAME—Whatever deficiencies may have been In
the market for the past few days, there has been no
lack to-day, but on the other hand * perfect aban
donee of Pmrle Chickens, Qualls, &c., so much so
that prices have'declined some Vltf&ac per dozen,
but at present rates there Is plenty of activity through
the market. We quote:
Praine Chickens .........82.73 03AO U dor
Docks, small, mixed. 1.00 OL2S v dor
Mallards ©2XO ? dor
Quail 1.25 ®iXO ? ao«
Venison 7 0 UK* 9
Babbits ; 73 ©3oc 9 dor
Geese...., 05,00 ? dor
Sales today; 12 dor Prairie Chlcke? aat S3XO; 60
dor do trapped at $3*55; 23 dor do mixed at 83.00; 17
dor do at $3.23; 23 dor Qualls at Sl*2S; SI dor do at
?IXS; 40 doz do at 81.12K 5 17 doz do at f U2K? 4 dor
lallardsat 82X0. . _ ,
GREASE—In good demand and firm. Sales to
day were; 2tO tres white Grease la old pkzs at 10c.
HIGH WINBsI-Hecelved,l,33l brls. Thcmarket
today b unsettled—malnlyln consequence of the less
favorable news from New Tork—and prices show a
decline of Ike 9> gallon. Sales to-day were as fol
lowst—Sl brls at 83c; 100 brls at 82* c; 80 brls at 82c;
200 brls at WKc—closing at the latter quotation.
DBCBBED COGS—Becclred, 7,101. Market de
clined 15020 c, on acconnt of the increased receipts.
Sales today were as follows:
51 Hoga, averaging 2€o us, at....- s7do
10 * 323 ** at 7XO
. 27,333
.230316
(0 “ 44 278 44 at ... 7XO
7 44 “ 220 “ at 6XO
2CO 11 all over 200 “ at 700
52 “ averaging ICO “ at 6.10
SI 44 44 IIS « at SAO
28 “ “ HO “ at GJ»
23 M all under 200 44 at 600
eco nogs, at J6XO and 700-dlvldlngon 200bs
457 44 at 6XO and 7XO *• on 200 ns
58 44 at 6XO and 7XO ** 0n........ 200 as
887 M at 6XO and 7XO u on.; 200 as
4fo “ at 6XO and 7XO M on 200 as
106 44 at 6XO and 7.00 M on 200 ns
253 “ at 5.75 and 7.00 44 on 200 ns
PSB “ at 5.75 and 7XO M on 200 ns
213 41 at 5.75 anC TOO 44 on 200n»
81 44 at • SXO and. TOO 44 on 200 ns
260 44 at 5,75 and 6XO 44 .on 110 ns
SO M at SXO and 6.00 44 on ..150 ns
150 bogs at 65X0,6.00, and TXO-dlvidlng on 150 and
soo ns.
90 hogs, at 5X0,6X0 and 7XO-dlrldlxig on 150 and
200 tbs. . .
100 hogs St *5X0.6X0 and 7,UK-dividing on 150 and
213 btp, at $5.10, SXO and 6Xo—dividing on 150 and
45 hoes, at $5.40, 6XO aai fiXO-dlvidlag bo UO and
200 a s
260 hoes. »t 85X0. 6XO. 6XO and TOO-dlvtdlflg OalOO,
laandSCODs,
HAT—SJaiketcontlnaeaquJctand a qood topblt.
Prices rule easy at present rstoa, "We quo’o;
TimoUir, beater pm«ei ti^oo<a3fc(Q
*• looao M ......... iSxoaiico
M lOOM
Prairie loose pressed.,
Prairie 1005e....*......
Bli)ES—The market to etlli quiet wltb no feature
ofchansefj'f'iDoarprerJoiißrrpori*. Thodemtadls
Umitfu. a cildcrably more so tain Uie present liberal
supply, and prices rule raiber easier at pterions qoo
fatloLa. TVe qaote:
Green Country “J43 »V
Green Salted 9H& »*
Grccc.part 'cuiciL.'.V..'. . 9H9 9J
Pry Salted .lIX3IS
DryFUat .YijfclS
Sales to-day; ISO Qreeo Salted at 9J499*: SO Pry
Flint at ISc. __
liKATITEE—The tram
usual at the prceent period
scarcely eoy buyers in the
Market firm at present quo
OKKI
Harness. ¥ *... Matsc
Line * .. «3Wc
Kip. “ ... roexcl
celt ** ...*too®i.a>-|
Upper, f» foot.. »a»c
Collar, * fbot.. a®3« I
Oi
Horneae.* ®»*.
Rip, medium....fl.COfel-25
Kip’heavy 630960
Colt Ko. X. L«0
Calteeccmdr.... LICQI.tS
Upper, ffoot... 2bd37C
Boneit Bridle,
Vslde..'. ! 5 00OA.0Q
NAVA 14 STORES—In
eoppijr. We quote: __
Tar... ..fl2-OCSI6.W | Manilla Bopa 1991f
Pitch ie.oaa2D.oo Hemp ....... Gtif
Resin..,,. _sy»jLa(ii7mJi*l....
Turpentine.... ATM 4.00 .. 3.... «ii*
Oakum 7.00 ft 7JO Marline „...3SQg
CARHON OlL.»—There U no material change In
the market. The demand Is very light. Wo quale
Jobber*’ prices as follows:
While 08.. ....35337c
Straw OH 5333tc
OlLS—tlxsxxD Orx, is In good demand and Arm
at present quotations. Market rather Iqulot and un
changed, wenoote: „
Raw Linseed Oil SL4OGU-O
Boiled Linseed Oil 1.4531A0
Olive OIL bulk 3.SO&M
Whale OH. W.B lAO®IAS
Elephant OU L3OAIS3
Bank OU «L»
Lard Oil, winter [email protected]
Machine OU .. SSWIOO
S~ term Oil @ZSO
ecca OU .. fOd SO
Neats Foot Oil & 90
ONIONS—In fair demand and receipts nominal.
Prices arm at previous quotations. We quote:
Prime quaUtles bn $1.50.31.60
Commoner. l-SOai.U
PROVISIONS#—Received to-day, SSI brla Fork,.
125A52 Ascutmeats; 83J33 As Lard. Tho market to
day was Arm, but scarcely so active,the tacreased re
ceipts of Hogs having rendered buyers more cautious.
QIESS PORK.—uood city brands are in demand
at 81S.WJ.but sellers are bolding at $1&23d1A50. Sales
to-day r SOObrlf* city at_*lS.oo.
Panic Mkps Pork—nenl mostly at SISAO. with bny
orsat Si4dSOUJO- Sales 10-Uay were: st#brlsPrime
Mess at SHJO.
Httt.k- Mxats—ln fair demand and firm. Sales to
day were as follows: 100,000 as city-cured Bulk
Shoulders loose at 6c; 40,0C0 As do at 6o loose; 8,000
As do at s£c loose; 5,0C0 pcs do at SJ<c loose, deliver
ed at Dubuque; 9,0C0 pcs do atSKe loose, delivered at
Keokuk x 1.000 pea Bulk Hams loosest sVo.
Picklxd Kixa—in good demand and firm, with
light offerings. Sales today were: 100 tres city
cured sweet pickled hams at 9Ke
Bacon Hams-5,000 as smoked sugar-cured Hama
at IDJfc loose. _
Exeunt Mxats—Market quiet and firm. Buyers
offer BKc for Short Rib, and yv®9«c for Short Clear.
Gesbh Mxats—3,ooo Green Hams from the block at
8)kc: SCO do atßc.
Lard—ln good demand and firm. Sales to-day
were: 600 ires prime kettle-rendered Leaf Lard at
(Quincy) at 12c; ICO ires prime city kettle at 12c; 200
tre? city steam Lard at ll4'c; 100 trcsNo 1 Lard at lie.
POuLTßY—’3he receipts to-day have been fully
equal to the active demand of the market. Supplies
(Tom every direction havobcen pouring Into the city
In a manner, that for Its wholesale character, weald
appear perfectly marvellous to tho uninitiated. The
effect has been somewhat satisfactory in the wav of
reducing the extremerates which have been attained
since Friday last. Dressed Chickens have been sell
ing at all prices from $1.30 P dozen to $2.33, and Tor
keysatKfflOc Pa. we quote:
Pigeons.. d 15 f ioi
Live Chickens. V dox f 1.5033.35
Dressed, 9 dor
Live Turkeys, 9 >.
Dressed, 9 ft
Bucks, %• dor!
Geese.each...
Boles totlsy j—fiOO fts Turkeys dressed at 10s; 20
doz dressed Chickens at 82.00; $ do i do at SUO; 4 doz
Kahblts at $1.00; 35 Gecso at Me ;47d0 at 63c ;50 do
stTCc.
POTATOES—Market more active and prices Ann
and unchanged. We quote:
Ncshannocka, V ba ... $ 0.72073
Peach Blows, 0,703*2
Common. 44 - 040350
Sales to-day29o bushels mlxad Potatoes at 55c.
SUGARS—The demand Is still very active, ana
receipts are Ueht, especially of refined sugars. The
market rules very firm at present quotations with an
upward tendency. We quote:
New Orleans .13*315
Cuba 13 315
Forto Rico 13*313
A. A, Portland .12*313
K. r. refined, powdered and granulated.....43 3ifcu
*blteA .I.V. 17*317*
Extra B 41
Extra 43*317
Chicago A
Chicago B 1636316}?
SYRUPS—In ver» limited supply and active de
maud. Prices still rule very firm wits no change on
former quotations. We quote;
Chicago Golden.... .77373
Chicago Amber 85357
N. T. Syrups W355
Golden Syrup., 77373
New Orleans .....63372
Chicago Union Refinery Sugar House, brls 68370
“ 44 44 •* 44 kegs 74376
44 44 44 Amber, brls BS®69
•• 44 » * 4 keo ..92393
SALT—Demand light and market dull. We quote:
Doxunc-Pme.. $34633.15
Coarse 245®....
1.32 0.91 LS$
2.00 ISO IJIS
2.10 1.13 1.10
2!CB l! 03
Groud Solar.
Dairy, with sacks
Foitxiojr—Ground Alum, 9 sack.
44 Turk’s Island. sack.
44 Liverpool Dairy B sack. 3.00®
SEEDS—' Timothy— ln good demand and firm,
Salesto-day:—Ubgagood at 9340; 110 bushels do sc
$2.60. Fi^uc—Scarce and In good demand at $240
3240.
TALLOW—Market rather quiet and In good sup
ply. Prices generally firm with no change on former
quotations. We quote:
Choice No. 1 Packers Tallow. 10J63U
Good do 10*3
Prime City Butchers’ 18*3
Country. 10*310*
Sales to-day, 200 tres No 3 Tallow at 10* c.
TEAS—Market still very active and firm with a
strong upward tendency, especially on choice brands.
The supply of Black and Green Tea* la still limited,
and best qualities are scarce. We quote:
Toung Hyson, common to very fine 91400L66
Gan powders 14031.79
Souchongs 853148
Oolongs 803146
JIPIB LC33140
TOBACCO—The market continues excited and
unsettled, with an increasingly active demand. Pri
ces are consequently very firm with a strong upward
tendency. We note a further advance by the Chicago
Tobacco Manufactory, on Chewing of sc, on the bet
ter brands of Smoking of Bc. and on Plug Tobacco of
scßft. We quote:
; txay tobacco.
Ulinols middling to fair.
CHICAGO TOBACCO JUanTFACTOST BBJCTOft.
caxwuro. ? sxosoro-.
BtaroftteWeatOO & c .is ei< c
Pioneer.
Ex. Cavendish..73 0— C
Prairie Prlde..‘.*6s 0— c
Sweet,
nvoT
Tg and 3’b Star of the West.
Ptcßlc,flrsiie,
T« and s'a Pioneer.
‘s’* Extra Cavendish.
5% Ts and la's Black Dlam<
OZ&XB 1
CHXWZ2TQ.
Gold Leaf. G6e
SunnySlde.
C. Harris...
Sponge Cake——.—— ft 23
Charley's Choice..... 1.00
Royal Gem.
Nonpaiicl.,
Nectarine.,
OUto Branch.
ZOUATO
Garibaldi!
Double cote Maeaboy.
Sitple **
Scotch...-.
1.2501.50
1.0001.25
Rappee.
'•10(3 SC
WOOL— Receipts very Ugh!, and hut little doing
in the market. Price* are generally firm and an*
changed. We Quote:
Fine fleece..'. 66068 c
Medium fleece. 6Q067*:
Toh Washed..... [email protected]
FaftorrTub Washed..... [email protected]
WOOD—Hecelpla nomlnaJ, and market active and
Ann. We quote-
Beech...
Hickory.
Maple...
XCMH2.
IODINE WATER,
A Solatlon of lODUnc In pore tjub, without a
bolvkxt.
It acts upon the
LIVES,
Droisrm Oboaxs,
The great success which has attended the use ol
lornr* Wzteb la private practice, aad the Indorse
ment of Hioa MsniciL Armoßrrr, enables ns to
rceamineßd It,feeling confident that wltbafhirtrial.
It will attcsllta own excellence In the euro of Scro
fula In all forms. Cot sumption, Cancer, Bronchitis,
Heart, Liver, aid Kidney Complaints, Pimples on the
lace, Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Nervous Affections
Female Weakness, Dyspepsia, Debility, Syphilis,
Mercurial Diseases, &e.
Fall directions accompany each bottle.
Price $1 per bottle, or half dozen at one time, (5.
Sold bj drugglits generally.
lodixe Watzb Is a scientific discovery, prepared
only by DR.H. ANDERS £ COnFhysiclansaad Chem
ists, 428 Broadway, New York.
Sold by BLISS fit SHARP,
deS5-U77-Fat*wls3dp 144 Lake etreet,Chicago.
ioo fps
1.T5 @2.00
gO lIDAT GIFTS!
I have just received directly
FROM PARIS
The latest novelties in Rich Coifferes, Elegant Caps
for morning and afternoon wear. Trimmings for
BiUS ASD WEDDWG PARTIES*
RICH
Feathers and Flower Etc,, Etc.
Flowers for Par!ors,Hanglag Baskets, Etc.
Mile. -A.- Ponoelet,
217 INDIANA STREET,
East of North Clarkstreet. Box 2379 Chicago, 111.
deiM-iSOSt
150$ 1.73
® 2J50
10.00®11.00
TTPHOLSTSES’ TOW,
vJ A large stock from the Ohio Mills, Nos. 1,2 and
3. A superior article.
ALSO.
1,000 IBS. PRIME FEATHERS,
For Sale at
ARMSTRONG A GO’S,
183 South Water SI.
de2M6B.St
A MONTH—We want
v * f Agents at |M a month, expenses paid, to
ell onr Everlasting Pencils, Oriental Bcr
nkbs, and thirteen other new, useful and curlons
tide?. Fifteen circulars sent mi. Address 3HAIV
& CLAUS, Blddeford, Maine. de2MlSMmls
BALES
SOUTHERN MOSS,
For Carriage Manufacturers, Upholsters and Cabinet
Makers. A very superior article Just received from
New Orleans. For sale at
ABMSTBONG Sc CO.’S,
IS3 South. Water Street.
dc2?-tffWt
100 BRLS. LINSEED OIL.
CObrls. Winter Strained Lard Oil on consignment
and for tale by ARMSTRONG A CO„
de2s-te6-3t IS3 South (Tatcr street.
A RABIAK COFFEE.—Wholesale
ft Western Agency at
13 LASALLE STREET.
CHARLES C. JBN’KS,
de23-tlfr4t-U General Agent.
TOST OUT!—The Patent Magic
PHOTOOOAPU AIiBUM. ,
The neatest and cheapest Album made. Jnice r
One Dollar. Discount to
mall on receipt of price. J.B*
1 Ann street, New York.
T OST HAIR RESTORED.
; DK.JOHNFHW,
iSS? d”dSSm^p
CStTPREME COURT OP UjLI-
WOIB. OTTAWA—TOTTIH) STATES CIRCUIT
jvsnWT CHICAGO.—The undersigned will attend the
SSyr* Courts regularly. AH hnslneas entrusted to
ntn wia be promptly attsodod to.
wmwiu v Attorney ml Law.
Pt9tb,lUl»U,
lUO3IUO
10JU91U0
tractions for the week arc as
k! tctt limited, there bain;
ie market, and few orders,
otatiocs. Wo quote:
(LOCK.
Slaughter's Sole...^t^3Bc
Buenos Ayres .st^3sc
Orinoco, OW 3IQ3Sc
Orinoco, MW. 50®33c
Orinoco good dam*
aged* .STdSfe
,e. .
Slaughter's Sole —&*&
Preach Kip...., L230L.40
Best Calf, »s. 2.« a
.. S3 DS. U3&1.55
Lamolne,V don SS.tsxail M
Ivusselt Linings. TOO&13 M
PinlcLlnlngs.... I‘OOc*l3.M
Roans .12.0031500
. fair demand and moderate
2.00&3J0
5®0.0?
[email protected]
’.aiai.7*
lira
.343®....
175®....
3.0(3....
15531.60
.10313<
S
SJI
I
n,
.It @45 0
.85 0— C
.13 019 C
..20 .030 e
.60 0— c
jnacco.
oad!!!—!
mxjrca.
uioKixa.
Mlssourk .15 018 e
O J. .15«01S c
OO c
000 21 023 C
FLiro Tosacoo.
....65070
.AJ001.13
....5300,83
.—.8003.05
....6305.70
....6200,61
8 SUIT.
-« t
..SO e
By the Cerd del.
S £>.«
.. iQjsa
KUO
Hmr,
EXDXBTS,
AXD GIIIXDULAR ST9TBX.
JfttsecUaneous.
TTTLTON’S CEMENT.—Th« Li-
Xi. Cement of the ICvsbib. BILTOft
BKOTHEKB Is certainly the beet article of the ktaA
ever invented. it ebeud be kept In rrrrrTnnnafM
Z?P r L^ c T.*“°* »*»d boose* everywhere. By its one
many dollars can be saved la the run of a year. This
“ fic V l or become corrupt, u its
cctPDiaatlon la » n scientific principles. and Sndcr ao
SifJ!S? B^ff e l!! r^ b “JL eof temperature will it ea»
..The rariood nsea to which It W
£?, J}S}}^ • " nd . fr * U Invaluable to SB
Clfwea. For p arUcoUre see adreniscmait.
K9-msfHm-wr<£x-3dp afc
Jj"OT ALCOHOLIC
A HIGHLY CONCENTRATED
vegetable extract
a pxjhe tonic.
. DE. HOOFLAND’S
GERMAN BITTERS
PREPARED CT
BE. 0. M. JACKSON, Fhilau, Pa.
WILL EFFECTUALLY CURE
LIVES COMPLAINT*
DYSPEPSIA,
’JATJKDICB.
Cbonle or Herons DtMUty, Diseased of ths
Kldnevsywod aQ diseases arising from
a disordered Lirer or Stomach,
such
as Constlpa
tlon. Inward Piles,
Fullness or Bleed to (ho
Dead, Acidity of tho Stomach,
Nausea, Heartburn, Disgust for Food,
FuUnesa or Weight la the Stomach, Sour
Bruptatlons, Stoking or Fluttering at the Pit
Of the Stomach, Swimming of tho Dead. Hurried
and Difficult Breathing, Fluttering at the Heart,
Choking or Suffocating Sensations when In a lying so*
tore. Dimness of Vision, Dots or Webs before tha
sight, Feverand doll pida Is the Head. Deflclao
cy of Perspiration, Tcllowncas of the Skin
and Eyes, ibiia In tho Sldo. Back, Chest.
Limbs, &e„ Sudden Flashes of
Heat, Burning in the Flesh,
Constant Imaginings,
of Bril, and great
Depression of
Spirits.
And will positively prevent YELLOW FETES, BZL'
LIOUS FEVER, Ac. They contain
HO ALCOHOL OH BAD BRANDY.
They WILL CORK the above diseases la nlxety-aIM
cases out of a hundred.
Do yon want somethin? to Strengthen You?
De yon want a Good Appetite ?
Do you want to Build up ymr ConstitutiOß I
Do yon want to Teel Well? • »
Do you want to get rid of Nervousness!
Do you want Energy? -
Do you want to Sleep Well ?
Do you want a Brisk and Vigorous Feeling ?
If you do, use HOOFLAND’S GERMAN BIIRO.
PARTICULAR NOTICE.
There are many preparations sold under the asms oi
Bitters put up iu quart bottles, composed of the
cheapest whisky or common rum, costing from 30 to
40 cents per gallon, the taste dDcuiseaoy Anise or
Coriander Seed.
This class of Bitten has caused and will continue t a
cause, aa long as they can be sold, hundreds to die
dcalb of tbe drunkard. By their use the system to
kept continually under tbe Inflacnce of Alcoholic
Stimulants of tbe worst kind, tbe aas ire for Liquor to
created and kept up, and tbe result la all the horron
a2tcndant upon a drunkard's lire and death. Beware
ef them I
Attention) Soldiers! and Friends of Soldiers*
tTe call tbe attention of all baring relations or
Mends In tbe army to tbe fact that *• iIOOFLAKDTt
German Bitters’* will core nine-tenths or the diseases
Induced by exposures and priratlens incident to
life* In tbe lists, published almost dolly in tbe new»
papers, on the arrival of the sick, it will bo noticed
that ft very large proportion are Batterers from dobU
ity. Every case of teat kind can be readily cared by
Hoofland’s German Bitters. Diseases resulting frost
disorders of tbe digestive organs are speedily remov
ed. We have no hesitation in stating that. If
Bitten were freely used among onr soldiers, hundred*
of Uvea might be aaved that otherwise will be lost.
Wo call attention to the following remarkable and
well authenticated cure of one of the nation’s heroes,
whose life, to use his own language. 44 baa been saved
bp the Bitten.**
PmxjLDSLPniA, Aug. 53,180 L
Missus Joxzs & Etax*: Well, gentlemen, your
Hootland’a German Bitten basfrived my life. There
Is so mistake In this. It is vouched for by numbers ol
my comrades, some of whose names are appended,and
woo were tally cognizant of all the circumstance* or
my case, lam, and have been for the last four yean,
n member of Sherman’s celebrated battery, and under
the Immediate command of Capt. It. B Ayree.
Through the exposure attendant anon my ardaotm du
ties, I was attacked in November last with Inflamma
tion of the lucgs, and was for seventy-two days In the
hospital. This was followed by great debility, height
ened by an attack of dysentery. 1 was then removed
bom the White Boose, and sent to this city on board
the steamer “State of llaine,” from which I landed on
tboSSth of Jane. Since that time I have been about
as low as one conld be and still retain a spark of vital
ity. For a week or more I was scarcely abio to swal
low anything, and If I did force a morsel down. It wuc
immediately thrown nn again.
I could not even keep a glass of water on my stom
ach. Life conld lAt last under these circumstancesr
and accordingly « physicians who had been working
faithfully, though unsuccessfully, to reacne me from
the grasp of the dread*Arcbcr, frankly told me
they conld do no more for me, and advised me to see «
clergyman, and to make such disposition of my limit
ed lands as best suited me. An acquaintance who
Itcd me at the hospital. Hr. Frederick Stelnbron, of
Sixth below Arch street, advised me. ns a forlorn hope,
to try your Bitten, and kindly procured a bottle.
From the time I commenced taking them, the gloomy
shadow of death receded, and X am now. thank God
for it, getting better. Though I have taken hat two
bottles, I have gained ten pounds , and I tael sanguine
of being permitted to Join my wife and daughter.from
whom leave heard nothing for eighteen months—tar.
gentlemen. 1 am a loyal VlrglnlaD.from the vicinity of
Front Royal. To your invaluable Bitten I owe the
certainty of life which has taken the place of vagus
fears—to your Bit teas will I owe the glorious privilege
of again clasping to my bosom those who are dearest
to me In life.
_ Very truly years, ISAAC RALONS,
Wo faay concur la the truth of the above statement,
as we had despaired of seeing ourcomrado Mr. Melons
restored to health.
JOHN CUDDLEBACK, Ist New York Battery
GKO. A. ACKLEY. Co. C. Uth Maine.
LEWIS CHEVALIER,92(I New York!
I. E. SPEN CEB. Ist Artillery, Battery T,
J. B.FASEVTELL. Co. B, Btl Vermont.
HENRY B. JEIJOiCB. Co. B, 44
HENRY T. MACDONALD, Co. C,Bth Maine.
JCMS F. WAIiD, Co, E, sth Maine.
HERWAN KOCH Co. U.TJd New York.
NATHANIELB. THOMAS, Co. F, 95lbPcana.
ANDREW j. XIJIBALL, Co. A, 3d Vermont.
JOHN JENKINS, Co. A 106 th Penna.
BEWARE OF COUNTERFEITS.
Bee that signature of ** C. 3L JACKSON,” Is oa tbs
WRAPPER of each bottle.
Price Per Bottle, 75 Cents,
Or Half Soz. tor $-1.00.
Should the neorcst druggist not bare the article, do
notbepntoffby any of the intoxicating preparattone
that ms; be offered in Its placc,bnt send to Q3.and.va
will forward, securely packed, by express.
Principal OJSce and Mannfariory
No. (SI ARCH STREET,
JONES <Sc
(Snecessars to C. M. JACKSON ft Proprietor*.
LORD ft SMITH, General Western Agents,
i_ 23Lake street, Chicago, Hi.
gy Foe sale by all Druggists and Dealers in every
town In the United States. au3o-nU22-flm-jtir3dp
T%/rUN3Sr & COMPANY, Solicitor**
i'l of AMERICAN andFOP.KIGN PATENTS, *a«
Publishers of the ILLUSTRATED
•* SCIENTIFIC lillEniCAV*
No. 97 Park Row. New York.
Pamphlets of Information about Patents FREE.
Specimen copies of the paper FREE.
no4-p37&3tu-2dp
THE greatest medical
A DISCOVERY OF THE AGE.
Dr, KENNEDY, of Hoztmry, fi£ass.j
Eu discovered & COMMON PASTURE WEED.tha
core* Scrofula, Erysipelas, Salt Rheum. Ringworm
Scald Head, Pimples, Ulcerated Sore Legs, Scabs and
Blotches of every name and nature. When every other
blood purifier has failed, try this old standard MO
popnlar remedy. For sole by all druggists.
se2o-u57-4m-3op
Eieds ! birds.' singing
SHIPS.—SCO Imported German Rartz Canary
Birds—the beet quality of singers, with nlghtengale
warbling, rolling and fluto notes s also, Belgian Long
Breed, CnLorlee, Goldfinches, Sky-Lark*, Nighter*-
galcs, Thrushes, Starlings, Ac., Ac. Also, Parrots
auo Fancy Birds of gorgeous colors. In great varie*
tire, and Cages to fit them all. For Bale by F, W.
BRCNE, Monroe street, second door east of Poet
Office. deS-tMwls
hie. Bbowx's Baoxcnuz.
the affected parts, and give almost immediate rellef-
For BbobcSTTis, AsxnjfA, Catabbh and Coxstncp.
ttvb Coreas, the Troches lire nsei'ul. public Speak.-
era and Singers should have tno Troches to strengthen
the voice. Military Officers and Soldiers who overtax
the voice, and ore exposed to sudden changes should
»nse them. Obtain only the usxnxx. “Brown**
Bronchial Trochea’* having pcoved their efficacy by
a test of many years, are highly recommended ana
prescribed by Physicians and Surgeons In the Army,
and have received testimonials from many eminent
men.
Bold by all Druggists and Dealers in Medicine la
the United Stales and most Foreign countries, at 25
cents per box. del3-a»9l-lm r xawJdp
(jj/»A REWARD.—The above re
to v/ ward will be paid for the apprebcnsioa and
deliver! on board the U. S. Receiving Ship Clara
DoUon, of the following Seamen wao recently de
serted from the V. 9. S.Kcnwood, viz:
LEWIS COLE, (Colored,)
Landsman, enlisted at Baton Rouge, La., May 33.1869,
for three years, age 33 years, eyes dark, hair black,
height 9 feet 8 inches.
chas. \n&mns,
Seaman, bora In Ireland, enllated at Clnclnn«h,M»y
15,1£C3,f1ge21 years, occupation aeaman. ev« gray*
hair brcwn, complexion fair, heights feet inched.
One-half or the above reward will be paid for tbs
delivery of either of the above men.
By order of
Rear Admiral,
DAVID I). POBTEB.
Moaunandlng Miss. Squadron.
dc22-69C3>ltr
XTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN"
Xl that a meeting oi tho Stockholders of The Union
Insurance and Trust Company ot the State of Illi
nois will be held at their officem the City cf Chicago
at 30 o’clock A. JL. on the second day of January,
A. D. ISGt. to elect Directors, and to do such other
business as Is usually done at the annual meeting of
said Company—(the annual meeting recently adver
tised not oavlcs been held for want of a quorum,)
Also, a meeting of the Directors who shall then mi
elected will beheld at 2 o’clock P. >f. of the same day
and at the same place. BEN.!. LOMBARD, Preset,
Cblci'go, Dec. 2lst, ISS2. deil-sDCMOS
JyfEW MUSIC STORE.
105 Randolph-st.,
Between Clark and Dearborn streets. E. A* BEN
SON, publisher and dealer In Sheet Music and an
kinds of
lOXJSICAI. INSTXUJ3EENTS.
Sole agent for Haines & Urn's celebrated Plano
Fortes, Carbons & Needham's Melodeonft; also Bras*
Band Instruments of all kinds. Music arrange! for
Dirss Bands In fine style. Pianos tnned and allkliw*
of Mmdcal Instruments repaired at abort nonce.
dcls-sSWw E. A. pSNaON,
TDLEWILD.
"*■ STBS. N. P. WU-US
Will receiTO se.tral EJjlifviSYii'V,"
accaof nine and fourteen, to edocatt. xvtttis
daughters at Idlowlld. Address
Moodna, Orange County, N. x-
A RTIFICIAL LEGS—C. Staf-
A , « rt i. rtroorlctor an! manufacturer oi US.
aSWSSS
vnRD 13? s5u” Clark street, Chicago. wUlrocoivu
attention. Sand for Pamphlets.
del7»a736»tm TH ALATtr
TTNION PARK BAKERY-
U Q.W.PalgewlU open hl» Union Park Bakery,
on the corner of Lake ard Paulino street, about the
Ist of January, where he will have for sale every
article usually made la first claas Bakeries. Tho
per part of his new house, consisting of sevenrooms,
wlllbe for rent to a good tenant. dc22-«9TMw_
B’ UTTErTbUTTER! BUTTER!
Choice Dairy on band. In package* to suit (bat-
Ues or the trade; also. Choice Apples bamt;
also. Superior Cbeeae— ail of which I will sell.
17 Lsnlls Street, CUean.
dolS-sBOOIW D. GOODRICH 4 CO.
TTSEFUL PRESENTS.—Buckskin
U and Kid Gloves and Mltta,for Ladle*. Ms* msA
flti it vrabLkSALK AND RETAIL, at low pile**,
at BOWEN’S Glove and Military Store, fit darfeat*
over the U.S.Bzprek dc*W*M

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