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Address“CHICAGO TRIBUNE” Chicago, Hi.
Chicago tobnuc.
The attention of the Government has been
'called to the suffering condition of the rcal
•dcute in rebel districts within our army
lines, and wc arc glad to note the promise of
the adoption of a plan to bring relief to these
In the Senate, yesterday, TTOson of Massa
chusetts launched a heavy shell at the traitor
Davis of Kentucky, which, even though it
may not oust that blatant advocate of seces
sion, will startle him into more decency.
Yesterday the forty-ninth anniversary of
the battle of New Orleans called up promi
nently before the people the memory of the
Ticro of that great event Andrew Jackson's
name deserves even higher honors as the first
statesman to meet at the threshold the ear
liest proposition of rebellion, and to meet it
'with the threat of hanging the first rebel
Bad he indeed hung Calhoun, the bloodshed
of our day would have hocnjspared .this gen
The death of Thackeray is announced. An
other illustrious name has passed from those
of living men, to take its place among the
■elnre. Elsewhere wc give place to a sketch
of the literary career of the illustrious de
TVc publish elsewhere a lew, and yet suffi
cient extracts from the immense report of
Gen. McClellan. This is all of this interest
ing; military history that will appear in these
columns.. The rest will he found in the
3,000 pages, large duodecimo, now in the
hands of the Government printer. A monu
ment of more enduring brass was never erec
ted to himself by any military personage,
modern or ancient. It will endure from very
ponderosity, like the pyramid of Cheops.
Other great commanders have soiled a few
pages of foolscap to tell how they did it, and
*wliut they did. It was left for little Mac to
build up an immense verbal structure, with
cracks carefully puttied, to conceal his fail
ures. It reminds one of the interminable
lines of heavy shovelling that kept the army
of the Potomac too busy to trouble the ene
my. The military painter should now fall at
Work, for on this hint little Mac may
be sent down to history looming large
on canvass. He has been fond of parodying
Napoleon. Let us now have small Na
poleon crossing Lis own Alpine heaps of
manuscripts, and if it be desired to throw In
something suggestive of the fear this hero
inrplrcs among his fellow-men, let the studies
be sought among the unfortunate clerks set
to deal with this ehirograph!calachlcvemcnt,
in the War Department IVhen the career of
Lit tle Mac began, the brevity and enrtness of
las style was memorable, and something
more,—historical, for every school-boy had
it in his history of Napoleon. Unhappily for
McClellan, he was left to himscli; with noth
ing to borrow from Napoleon when he sat
<lo\m to report upon the wasted lives, and
squandered opportunities that arc all that his
command gave the people, and the only use
to which he devoted two splendid armies.
In Congress yesterday—the Senate only in
session—a debate took place on the conscrip
tion bill, reaching no definite result in that
body, but giving sufficient indication that,
in a modified form, the S3OO clause will still
remain, and the request of the President as
to the postponement of the draft and contin
uance of bounties be compiled with.
.Tire House was sot in session yesterday,
anlionor of the anniversary of New Orleans
and General Jackson. Our dispatches .else
where note the observance of the day at va
rious points.
Our Springfield dispatches of yesterday an
nounced the resignation of Supreme Justice
Catou, and the appointment of Mr. Beckwith
of this city to Jill the vacancy thus created
for the unexpired term. Judge Caton was
elected on the first Monday in June, 1855,
for the period of aii-cycon. His term of office
consequently expires on the first Monday of
June next, when asucccssor must be elected
for the district for the nine ensuing years
-ending Jane, 16TS.
Judge Caton has been disposed to resign
for some time past, bat only on condition
that the vacancy should be filled by a Demo
crat. He was opposed to having the Cover
norappoint a Republican in his place, not
withstanding the district which he repre
sented Is Republican by more thirty
thousand majority. In this aspect of the
matter the. Governor can hardly he
blamed for filling the vacancy on
the bench with a political opponent. Mr.
Beckwith is an able lawyer, and will make
as satisfactory a Judge os his predecessor;
and if the nuexpired six mouths of Judge
Caton’s time is to bo filled by a political op
ponent, wc would as soon see him have it as
any other “Democrat” in the district All
the Judges of the Supreme Court of Illinois
are opposed to the Administration majority
party. This can be in part rectified on the
first Monday of next Jane by the election of
a sound and talented Republican Union
lawyer for Judge of the Northern Dlstrict f for
the ensuing nine years. When the Union
State Convention is held next Spring, the
delegates from the thirty-five Northern
counties can nominate a candidate for Su
preme Judge. The district is composed of
the following counties; Henderson, Warren,
Knox, Peoria, Tazewell, Woodford, McLean,
Livingston, Iroquois, Will, Grundy,
LaSalle, Putnam, Marshall, Stark, Bureau,
Henry, Mercer, Bock Island, Whiteside, Lee,
Carroll, Jo Daviess, Stephenson, Winnebago,
Ogle, DcKalb, Boone, Kane, McHenry, Lake,
DuPogo and Cook.
Wc insert this morning an elaborate de
fense of tbc steam machinery introduced into
our naval vessels by B. Ishcrwood, Engineer
in-chief of the United States Navy, going to
show that our new steam sloops are possessed
of sufficient speed. The first half of tho ar
ticle is devoted to an attack on a New York
Attorney named E. N. Dickerson, who is in
terested in the patent known as the Sickles 1
“ cut-off.” In the now famous case of Mat
ting vs. the Washington Sleamship Company,
Isherwood the Naval Engineer was Intro
duced as a witness against the plaintiff and
swore strongly against the Sickles 1 “ cut
off,” pronouncing it a useless humbug and
denying that it saved fuel or increased speed.
Dickerson was sent for to New York and
came to Washington in hot haste and took
hold of tbc case. He introduced witnesses to
prove that the Sickles 1 “ cut-off 11 was all Its
Inventor claimed for it, and then opened a
vigorous attack on the style of engines intro
duced into the navy by Ishcrwood, alleging
against the latter corruption and ignorance,
and contending that he was using his high
position in the navy to make money for him
eelf and friends, and that no steamer built
under his supervision possessed the speed
requisite to catch the British built blockade
The statement on the other side wc publish
this morning, alleges that Dickerson himself
ns an engine builder, is a humbug, and has
Notched everything he has undertaken. Two
prominent cases arc adduced and discussed at
great length: an engine for the Water Works
of Detroit and the engine put into the naval
-Etcamcr Pensacola., As here slated, the
showing makes a strong case against Dicker
eon. On the other hand. In his speech on the
trial, Dickerson gives a wholly different ver
ion of the Pensacola engines, and asserts
that their failure to perform satisfactory was
in consequence of the deadly hostility of
Ishcrwood, who broke them down, and was
resolved that they should not succeed, os that
would interfere with his own pet plans and
devices. Without passing judgment on the
merits of this fierce controversy between
Dickerson and Ishcrwood, wc are bound to
say, that it is a vciy pretty fight. Sometime
if we can spare the space we may give a por
tion of Dickerson’s version of the matter.
As it stands, the country Is certainly Illy
served In its steam navy, paying large sums
for small results, that would shame any pri
vate contractor. It will be well if this agita
tion of the matter rids the naval service of the
cvllg that are reciprocally charged to both the
contesting parties. But at present, Hfc* the
recent Camp Fry imbroglio in this city, where
tiio soldiers were frozen but nobody to blame,
wc have a steam navy needing reform, but
every officer connected with its construction
lias done hie full duty. Let the “fulling out”
perfect its results.
•V- ' > .
volume xvn.
William makepeace Thackeray.
William Makepeace Thackeray, an English
novelist, was bom in Calcutta in 181 L De
scended from an old family of Yorkshire that
has given several rectors and scholars to the
church of England, his grandlather was rec
tor of Hadley in Middlesex, and his lather
was engaged in the civil service of the East
India company. He was sent to England in
his 7th year, bad a view of Napoleon at St
Helena on his way, and was placed at the
Charterhouse school in London. From the
Charterhouse he went to the university of
Cambridge, bnt did not take his degree; in
herited a fortune of £20,000 on coming of
age; chose art for his profession; and trav
eled and studied for several years in France,
Italy, and Germany. In 1830-’SI he lived at
‘Weimar, saw Goethe, purchased Schiller’s
sword, and delighted in making caricatures
for children, some of which he found still
preserved on revisiting the place in 1853.
Reminiscences of his early art studies are in
terwoven into his fictions, many of which
are illustrated by his own pencil; bnt he
abandoned the project of becoming a profes
sional artist soon after his return to England.
His fortune was greatly reduced by losses
and unsuccessful speculations, and before
bis SOth year he had set himself resolutely to
literature as his vocation. His progress to
general recognition was slow, though from
the first he gave signs of his peculiar powers.
Ho is understood to have written for the
“ Times” while it was edited by Barnes, and
was certainly connected with other London
Journals. He contributed to “ Fraser's Mag
azine,” under the psendonymes of Michael
Angelo TUmarsh, and George Fitz-Boodlc,
Esq., a variety of tales, criticisms, descrip
tive ckctches, and verses, which proved his
knowledge of the world, delicate irony, and
master of a playful jet vigorous style. In
this periodical appeared “ The Great Hoggarty
Diamond” in 18U, a thoroughly genial satire,
with atone at once of ridlcmeandof pathos.
His earliest separate publications, under
the psendonyme of “ Tltmareh, literary cock
ney and eketcher,” were “the Paris Sketch
Book” (Svols., 1840); “ The Second Funeral
of Napoleon” and “The Chronicle of the
Drum*’ (1811), the latter being one of ids
finest metrical pieces; and “Thelrish Sketch
Book” (3 vols., 1813). None of these at
tained popularity, though the last has some
of the happiest touches both of his pen and
pencil. Meantime “ Bany Lyndon,” one of
the best of his short tales, narrating the ad
ventures of an Irish gambler ana fortune
hnnter, was contributed by Fitz-Boodle to
“ Frarer.” The establishment of Punch” in
1841 opened to him a new field, and his pa
pers in this periodical speedily acquired pe
culiar distinction. His first scries, under the
signature of “The Fat Contributor,” were
followed by “ Jeames's Diary,” in which he
looks at society from the footman's point of
view, and “The Snob Papers,” which gave
to him an independent reputation as a social
satirist, while they added to the success and
dignity of “ Punch.” Many of his contribu
tions were in verse, and showed his dexterous
command of rhyme and of ludicrous ortho
Amongthe works that will longest pres Eire
his fame as a humorous and satirical writer
are Pcndcnnls, Vanity Fair, The Newcomes,
The Virginians, and The Adventures of
Philip; all widely known to American read
ers, as having been published in serials and In
magazine pages on this side the water. Some
of the happiest illustrations of Thackeray's
works are by himself He visited the United
States a few years since and won added liter
ary reputation as a lecturer.
The characters of Thackeray arc generally
described, not by their great qualities or
leading habits, bat by smollpecaliarities,
affectations, or weaknesses. He shows no
more of his personages than might be gath
ered fronr intercourse In society, points men
almost entirely in their moments of relaxa
tion, relates their behavior and displays so
much of their feelings as their demeanor, ac
tions, and voice can bear witness to. His
aim is not to give dues to a character, but to
reproduce the image which the whole phe
nomenon of society has Impressed npon his
mind. To read him is therefore like meeting
and mixing with the individuals in actual life.
Bis field or survey is not very broad, his fa
vorite position being the debatable land be
tween the aristocracy and the middle classes.
He knows mankind from dining rooms and
drawing rooms, club rooms and country
bouses. Without any thorough acquaintance
with English provincial life, or with the hab
its and leellngs of the lower classes, he has
seen a good deal of soldiers, artists, and men
of letters, and has a profound knowledge of
footmen and men abont town. From raise
tastes, or from some deeper infirmity, be in
clines to give prominence to blots, parade
defects, hold np the most petty and ignoble
sides of all things, and find the comic aspect
of wickedness ana misery. Bat the unmis
takable irony of his realistic descriptions ne
cessarily* implies and suggests an ideal of hu
manity from which his heroes arc deviations;
and from this moral antithesis of the actual
and ideal springs the peculiar charm of his
writings, the mingled gayety and earnestness,
sentiment and cynicism, pathos and sarcasm,
tenderness and malignity, with which he re
gards human life.
Minnesota Indian Massacre,
Washington, January B.—The Commis
sion, appointed for the relief of the sufferers
hr the Indian hostilities In Minnesota, con
sisting of Colonel Aldrich and Messrs. White
and Chase, were in session at St Peters, Min
nesota, for about five months.
Two thousand nine hundred and forty claims
were presented and examined. A large num
ber were also presented but could cot be ex
amined, as the law fixed tbc time for the ex
piration of tbelr duties at December Ist. The
above number of claims amounted to $2,453.-
OCO. The Commission awarded $1,370,455.
The $200,000 appropriated at the last session
for the immediate relief of the most needy
sufferers, was paid to over L4OO persons,
many or whom were made widows and or
phans by the Indians.
Nearly 13,000 witnesses were examined, and
their testimony reduced to writing, covering
about 16,000 sheets of legal cap paper. The
testimony' shows that over 800 men, women
and children were butchered by the Indians.
Thousands who had purchased homesteads
of the United States, and paid for them, were
driven away and are now refugees, it being
unsafe to return to the frontier.
It is estimated that $5,000,003 will not reim
burse the people for the damage done by tbc
Indians on the frontier of Minnesota. Gov
ernment holds $3,000,000 in annuities by tuc
rebellions Sioux. It is proposed to use this
sum in payment of the above claims, and a
bill appropriating $1,100,000 is being prepared
to meet tho balance due on the amount
awarded by the commission.
message of the Governor of Ma*
Baltimore, Jan. B.— Governor
message was transmitted to the Legislature
to-day. He says the finances of the State are
in a prosperous condition. He says, in refer
ence to tho question of emancipation; “I be
lieve today, as I have done for years, that if
we bad long ago provided for the gradual
emancipation of the slaves of the State, wc
should now be, as regards all national ele
ments of public prosperity, in advance of our
present position. The products of our State
and its natural resources are not such as arc
adapted to, or can be developed by, slave la
bor. I am satisfied that the people of the
State, in their moments of calm and delibe
rate reflection, long since came to the same
conclusion. When conspiring leaders at the
South lifted their hands against the Union
and pointed to slavery as’thc Institution upon
which their visionary Republic was to rest,
they struck a blow at its very vitals In every
border State in which it has continued to
jirngninb, which must inevitably result in
its• ultimate -destruction. It becomes ns,
therefore, to whom the whole question right
fully belongs, to take immediate measures
for its removal, which should bo no longer
delayed than may be required by a proper re
spect to those indue trial pursuits with which
that institution has been so long and so inti
mately interwoven, and a humane regard for
the slave himself, which forbids ns* to cast
him, unprepared for so great a change, too
suddenly upon his feeble* resources. 11
From tbe Pacific Coast.
San Francisco, Jan. 7.—The steamer Ore
gon, with $200,000 in treasure from Oregon,
end $73,000 from British Columbia, has ar
rived here. Bhc brings the news that on the
16th of December the small town of Port
Anglos, Washington Territory, was nearly
swept away by a torrent of water bursting
from a gorge m the mountains near the Bay.
The custom-house and a large two story
building was destroyed. Collector Gunn es
caped ; but one Deputy and one Inspector
were drowned. The dwelling of Victor Smith
was destroyed, his family barely escaping.
The defalcation of cx-Comptrollcr warren,
as for as ascertained, is about $12,000.
Carltkyille, in.. Jan. B.—The flouring
mill belonging to Wier & Bro., of this place,
was destroyed by fire last night. Loss from
twelve to fifteen thousand dollars; no insur
ance. It is thought to be the work of an in
New Haven, Jan. 11,—The large hosiery
jnrn manufacturing establishment of A.
"• C. B. Ailing, at Birmingham, was de
stroyed by fire last night. Loss $50,000, nor-
Dally insured In New Tork and Providence.
One oftbc employees was buried In the ru-
Tl* e establishment gave employment to
3GO hands. °
St. Louis, Jan. B.—The wagon factory of
Jacob Kearns, corner of Lnmbord and Third
streets, was partially burned to-day. Loss
about $25,000.,
Sent to Fort Lafayette.
New York, January 6.—A. N. Palmer, pri
vate i-ccretaiy to Collector Baraev, was ar
rested yesterday and sent to Fori Lafayette.
The S3OO Clause Likely to
. he Retained. •
Eelief of Suffering •within
our Army Lines.
What Indiana has Done and is
Doing for the War.
A Town in Washington Territory
Destroyed by Water.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Washington, Jan. 8, ISM.
The House was not in session txlay, hav
ing adjourned over in honor of Jackson and
New Orleans. The Senate devoted most of
its session to the discussion of the conscrip
tion bill, and particularly of the three hun
dred dollar danse.
Mr. Wilson opposed its repeal * and declared
that there was a very heavy preponderance
of public opinion in favor of the danse as it
now stands.
Mr. Lane of Indiana, and some others,
favored the repeal No conclusion was reach
ed, bnt it is pretty safe to say, the three hun
dred dollar danse will be retained in a modi
fied form.
Mr. ’Wilson produced a sensation by offer
ing a resolution to expel Garret Davis from
the Senate, for disloyalty, as evinced in his
resolutions recently introduced, wherein be
called on the people to rise against their war
leaders and take the conduct of affairs into
their own hands.
Mr. Davis denied that he meant by. this
anything more than to appeal to the ballot
box, and said he wasn’t as much rebel as
■Wilson had shown himself when Massachu
setts was In rebellion against the fugitive
slave low. The feeling against Davis Is quite
decided, but still it Is scarcely probable that
anything like expulsion will come of It
Mr. Halo’s chronic quarrel with the Nary
Department produced a stir in the Senate to
day, when he brought in a resolution of in
quiry into the case of Ishexwood, Chief of
the Bureau of Engineering, and into the
management of the Deportment generally.
Messrs. Conness, of CaL, Grimes, Doolittle
and others, replied, commenting severely on
Bale’s course.
Garrett Davis got mixed up m the matter,
and provoved some pungent remarks from
Conness, to ■which he replied that he was
not to he scared by jackals. It ms Conness 1
first speech in the Senate, and he made a very
favorable impression.
Mr. Wilson stated to-day in debate, that
not over fifteen thousand veterans would
leave the army tnrough expiration of their
time of enlistment before the first of July.
The popular belief has been that the number
ms much larger.
On the vote on Mr. Baldwin’s resolution
declaring the rebel leaders at Richmond to
he outlaws, it is noticeable that that Ex-Gov.
King, of Mo., heretofore ranked as a Copper
head, voted in favor of their adoption, while
Mr. Rollin, considered conservative, dodged
the question.
Snow fell to the depth of several inches,
last night, and It is good sleighing here to
Judge Birch of Missouri has beaten Gov.
King in the contest before tbc Committee on
Elections, In getting bis depositions admit
ted. His friends now claim that the matter
will be referred back to the people.
Tbc Democratic National Committee meet
in New York, next week, to fix the time and
place for the National Convention. Chicago,
Colmnbns and New York are urged as appro
priate places.
The coming report of the Commissioner of
Patents wm show the receipts of the Patent
Office for the last year to be $45,000 more
than the expenditures, which, during the
present prostrated condition of inventions,
is considered quite favorable.
Some of the Missouri members here say It
is understood that Gratis Brown acquiesces in
the confirmation of Gen. Schofield. This de
termination is attributed to on understanding
with Senator Henderson, whereby the latter
agrees to influence the dozen followers of
his in the Missonri Legislature to vote for a
call for the State Committee to consider the
subject of Immediate emancipation.
The following nominations of Western
men have been made by the President:
Capt. Rowan, of Ohio, to he Commodore.
L.XL Clayton, of Kentucky, Minister,. at Hon
Rufus King, of Wisconsin, Minister at Rome.
Abraham Hanson, of Wisconsin, Commissioner
and Consul General at Liberia.
A. O. Brighlan, of Michigan, Consul at Ter
trey, Belgium.
Richard E, Morse, of lowa, Consul at Carracoa.
B. Rill, of Michigan, Consul at Son Joan Del
Jas. E. Mark, of Ohio, Consul at Amsterdam.
A. G. Riddle, of Ohio. Consul at Matsnzas..
W. W. Nerison, of Ohio, Consol at Bayonne.
John A. Bingham, of Ohio, to a prominent and
confidential position in the Judge Advocate’s of
A long list of appointments of Generals,
Staff Officers, Surgeons, etc., sent to the Sen-
ate yesterday, is printed confidentially. It
makes a pamphlet of seventy-four octavo
Daring the vacation of Congress fifty-eight
Brigadier Generals w#e appointed, whose
names now come before the Senate for con
firmation. Most, if not all of these, have
been announced from time to time, as the
appointments were made. Among them were
CoL Thos. K. Smith, sth Ohio; CoL M. M.
Norce, 20th Ohio; Cob 'Walter G. Gresham,
53d Ind., and Cob Robert A. Cameron, 34th
Ind. After the meeting of Congress there
were seven vacancies still to be filled.
For these there has been on exceedingly ac
tive contest, and the result is highly credit
able to the West Following are the men
whom the President has nominated:
Cob G. G. Darker, Csth Ohio.
Col. John F. Miller, 29 th Indiana.
Cob Guitar Kammening. 9th Ohio.
Cob C. C. Andrews, Sd Minnesota.
Col. John W. Fuller/27 th Ohio.
Cob Cyras Betsy, So lowa Cavalry.
Col. Regis dclrobland, 55th N. Y. vola.
Each of these arc Jaccompanied by reccom
mendations of their commanding officer’s
reports; etci, on which the appointments arc
The death of Caleb B. Smith gives rise to
all sorts of speculations as to his successor,
one of them Is that Usher would be appoint
ed. It is said that WBSwhathethoughtwhon
he came here first. Several other Indianians
arc also mentioned. .
Secretary Seward’s diplomatic correspond
ence continues to be sent to press. It already
makes over fourteen hundred pages and more
arc coming.
A delegation of Quakers representing all
(heir annual, meetings, appeared, before the
Douse Military Committee to urge that they
should be exempted from military service
and from the payment of commuation. There
is not much chance of their getting it. They
object to paying commutation Inasmuch as
it goes to the support of war;
but when they were told that
by a late act commutation goes into the gen
eral fund of the treasury, they had more dif
ficulty in making it clear that they should bo
relieved from paying it.'
Statements were -current and apparently
based on good authority, last night, that
Clark had been relieved from the ' charge of
printing Treasury notes, bnt they now appear
to have been unfounded, or at least prema
The Pacific Railroad Committee had their
first meeting this evening.
Washington, Jan. 8. —A communication
from the army of the Fdtomae, says that it will
gratify, by eveiy feeling of humanity and dc
ligbtjhnndrcds of half clad and starved citizens
to learn that an arrangement has .been made
and authorized by tbe Treasury Department,
to supply the necessaries of life to the suffer
ing families within the lines of the army of
Some months ago apian was projected, and
sanctioned by Gen. Meade, provided it was
sustained bylaw, to effect this object, but
on reference to Washington it was fonnd to
be unauthorized by existing laws regulating
trade and military rules. Recently, however,
another plan was suggested and presented to
the Treasury Department, by which it was
sanctioned, and will shortly bo carried Into
New York, Jan. B,—The io*f a Washington
special says:
Advices received'hero show that volun
teering is going on rapidly. All that is
needed to avoid a draft is the continuation of
bounties by the Government
T1 c Senate will probably comply with the
desire of tbe President, and pass the bounty
bill of the House, perhaps with some
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
SrmxoFiZLS, DL, Jan, 8, 1861.
A meeting of the members of the bar of
tho Supreme Court was held to-day to express
iu feeling terms their regrets at the resigna
tion of Judge Caton.
The State Agricultural Society have been
engaged daring a large portion of the day in
discussing the various benefits of county so
cieties. Mr. Monicre offered a scries of reso
lutions favoring county societies and recom
mending their organization, which were sup
ported by a very able and interesting speech
by the mover, in which he pointed out the
abuses which had crept Into the management
of the societies.
Prof Turner addressed the Convention, of
fering many valuable suggestions, touching
on tho benefits resulting from fairs, and as to
the method of raising tbe standard of onr
fairs so as to intdlcctnalize and socialize the
industrial dasscs.
A strong effort is being made to have the
93d regiment ordered to Illinois to recruit
The regiment has been in the service about
one year, and their effective force is now re
duced to a few over 200 men.
Col. Williams to-day received another large
remittance from the allottmcnt commission
at Chattanooga.
I loam that the trial of Major Herod of the
Cth Illinois cavalry, who killed Col. Loomis,
Is now in process at Memphis, and from the
evidence it is supposed he will be convicted.
Gov. Yates has been presented with a mag
nificent steel plate engraving of Major Gen.
U. 8. Grant, engraved by J. C. Buttre.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Canto, Jan. 8,-IdGL
Information brought by the steamer Craw
ford from Columbus, is to the effect that Gen.
A. J. Smith and staff, and a portion of his
cavaliy, comprising the late expedition to
Jackson, returned last evening. More of tho
cavalry was expected at Union City to-day.
Not a rebel was seen, except five or six who
came into Brownsville, but who made excel
lent time out again os soon os they discov
ered the bine coats were about.
The health of the troops comprising the
expedition was good; very few were sick,
considering the extreme cold weather while
on the march.
Forrest’s force is said to have been greatly
exaggerated, and will not number over 2,000.
A barge containing 5,000 bushels of coal
was sunk at Columbus a day or two ago, by
floating icc coming in collision, with It
Trnstcn Folk is here en route for the
Cairo, Jan. B.—Boats continue to come
down the Cumberland River to this point,
but none from' out the Ohio River above
Smlthland. No boats have arrived from
Memphis or points below for two days, and
but one has cleared for down the river du
ring the same period. The ice continues to
run heavily ont of the Ohio River.
A laruc number of boats are laid up at this
port. The weather continues cold, six to
eight inches of snow on the ground.
The TSth New York and 3ath Ohio veteran
rccrnlls arc here, homeward bound, on a fur
lough of thirty days, for the purpose of re
OfSJffi recruits from Springfield large num
bers were rendered insensible on their way
on the night of the Ctb, by drugged liquors
prepared l>y three men who had enlisted for thfi
purpose of robbing them which they, suc
ceeded in doing, to the amount of nearly one
thousand dollars in money beside watches,
and other valuables. One recruit died from
ihc effects ol the drugged liquors. The rob
bers left the cars between Centrulla and this
Rebel Trnstcn Folk 4s here in charge of
officers who will conduct him outside our
lines. *
This being the anniversary of the battle of
New Orleans, a national salute was fired by
order of Brigadier General Reid command
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
. Chattanooga. Tenet., Jan. 8,1854.
Half of Gen. WDllch’s brigade- have re-en
listed. The I9th and 49th Ohio have started
home. One hundred and thirty men of the
13th rc-cnUstcd.
Snow covered the ground here last night.
Gen. Thomas has issued on order, that the
men who committed the late murder in Lin
coln county, if caught, be gnmmarily exe
cuted, and any persons executing them will
be held guiltless. All persons aiding, abet
ting or harboring these guerillas will be im
mediately arrested and tried by military com
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Indianapolis, Jan. 8,18C4.
Nine full regiments have gone into camp
under the lost call. Two more regiments arc
nearly full. Recruits for the old regiments
arc pouring in by hundreds. There are more
soldiers than citizens In the streets. Every
train brings new troops and every train bears
them to the front.
The Indiana State Board of Agriculture
resolved to hold a State Fair on the 8d of
October next
The quota of Indiana * under the last call
.was 19,000. this was reduced by enlistments
and credits on former calls to 16,141 on the
SOth of October. Since then the enlistments
in the State for new and old regiments arc
estimated at 18,000, and the enlistments of
vetenm&in the Acid at 5,000. These estimates
arc snhstantialy correct.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune ]
Cjncctoati, Jan. 8,1854.
The execution of Harvey Andrews, of the
124 th Ohio infantry, found guilty of desertion
and sentenced to be shot, near this city to-'
day, did not take place, President Lincoln
having respited him.
The execution of another deserter Is order
ed for Monday next, but it is highly probable
that the prisoner will also be respited by the
The weather has somewhat moderated, bnt
the trains on the different railroads are -still
running rather irregularly.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Dnsuonrcs, lowa, Jan. B,ISM.
The train on the Mississippi and Missouri
Railroad, arrived at Grinnelllast evening, at
G.o’clock, and the train on the* Cedar Rapids
Road got through to Marshalltown at B—the
first train through on either road for a week.
The snow has cheated ns out of a mail from
Chicago and the East for eight days; and we
are delighted with the prospect of a mail to
A half-dozen membe re of'the Legislator
have arrived, and the prospect now is that a
quorum will get to tbo cepitol by Monday.
The mercury stood at 7 o’clock this mom
Ing twenty eight degrees below zoro, at 12 m.
one above, and at 10 this evening fifteen be
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Colujojcs, 0., Jan. 8,1564.
Extensive preparations are being made by
the Committee of the State Senate for the in
auguration of Gov. - Brough, which takes
place on Monday next.
A proposition is now before the Ohio State
Senate to pro Mbit substitute brokers from
plying their vocation In this State.
. CoL F. M. Keith, late commandant of the
post of Covington and Newport has been re
lieved and ordered to report at Knoxville.
Col. G. C. Hawley has been appointed his
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
JziTEitaoN City, Jan, B,ISM.
A national salute of thirty-four, guns was
fired from the Capital grounds this morning
in honor of the battle of New ’Orleans. Af
ter this a salute of thirteen guns in honor of
Gen. E. B. Brown and his victory at Spring
field this day one year ago. The latter were
fired with round shot, and tbe richochct ot
the shot on the bridge of two feet of ice
on the Missouri, was interesting to the look
ers on. After this tbe troops of the post
were drawn up in front of Gen. Brown's
headquarters, and addressed by- that officer in
a patriotic strain. The General's speech was
a good one—appropriate and eloquent.
[Special Dispatch to tho Chicago Tribune.]
St. Louis, January 8,1861.*’
The thermometer stood at sunrise at eight
degrees below zero, at 12 m., two degrees
Capt. Newberry reached here by the West
Pacific tram, and reports the weather equally
severe In the southwest, the thermometer
standing twenty-two degrees! below zero at
Mr. WILSON of Mass, renorted back the
joint resolution of thanks *to Gen. Hooker,
his officers and men.
Mr. SPRAGUE of Rhode Island reported
resolutions of thanks to Gen. Burnside, his
officers and men. ' *
Mr. NESMITH of CaL introduced a resolu
tion of thanks to Gen. Thomas, his officers
and men.
Mr. "WILSON of Mass. Introduced a resolu
tion providing for the emulsion of Senator
Davis of Kentucky, sentiments
~ , tC tou bcuuu...
put forth in a recent resolution of the latter,
•which in the opiuion -of Mr. Wilson incites
the people to treasonable insurrection and
rebellion, ‘Which stripped of its verbiage, Mr.
Wilson said, was the purport of the reso
Mr. DAVIS explained t6 the Senate that
the language quoted in Mr. Wilson’s resolu
tion, was a garbled version of his own reso
lution. What be (Davis) proposed was that
that the people should rise at the polls and
take the power of this Government Into their,
own hands. He (Davis) repeated that. tho
terms of Mr. Wilson’s resolution were against
the tenor of his own and wore false in fact
The subject was then passed over and the
Senate resumed the consideration of the.blll,
in amendment ;of the Enrollment Act.
A debate followed on the SSOO commuta
tion clause.
Mr.-LANE, of Ind., advocated Its repeal.
. Mr. Wilson, of Mass., opposed striking it
out and believed the country would sustain
him. He believed the term of service ought
to be reduced from three years to eighteen
Without a vole the Senate went Into exec
utive session and subsequently adjourned.
Boston, Jan. B.—The annual message of
Gov, Andrew -was delivered to-day. It is
very lengthy and comprehensive.
The receipts into the State treasury for the
year were $ <,229,823, and the payments in the
same time were 50,728,597.
The establishment of a military academy
under the patronage of the
Is urged.
The total number of men furnished to the
land service by Massachusetts previous to
October, 1863, was 75,608. Gov. Andrew
argues at length in favor of recruiting our
wasted regiments in the field. The Governor
says whenever one community con furnish
volunteers for our armies, and other commu
nities can afford to pay them to come, but
cannot afford to spare their own men from
their own industry, the simplest political
economy teaches the wastefulness of refusing
to allow these balances to be adjusted by the
law of supply and demand.
Gov. Andrew closes as follows: “The
great Proclamation of Liberty will lilt the
mlcr who uttered it, our nation and our age
above all vulgar destiny.”
The bell which rung ont the declaration ot
Independence Ims found a voice at last artic
ulate to proclaim throughout all the land,
and to nil the inhabitants thereof! It has
been heard across oceans, and has modified
the sentiments of Cabinets and Kings. The
people of the old world have heard it—their
hearts stop to catch the last whisper of its
echoes. The poor slave has heard it, and
with bounding joy, tempered by the myste
ry of i eligion, he worships and adores the
waiting. Continent has heard it, and al
ready lorsces the fulfilled prophesy when she
will sit redeemed, regenerated, and disen
thralled by the genius of universal Emanci
NewTobk, Jan. 8.— I The steamer Yazoo,
from New Orleans, 81st has arrived.
Another secret expedition left New Orleans
on the SOtb. The strength anddestination re
mains unknown. Little doubt is entertained
but it is intended lor Mobile. It is supposed
that Pascagoula will ho occupied for the
present, and an advance made on Mobile as
soon cs the rainy season ends. It had rained
for three days terrifically. On Sunday morn
ing the city was submurged from one to two
feet. This lasted near the river for several
hours. The streets arc still under water back
toward the swamp.
No army news. Nothing new from Texas.
Guerilla firing has' entirely ceased on the
Cumberland, Ya., Jan. B—7. p. m. —Gen.
Kelly this evening received the following dis
patch :
Withthc exception of McNeil’s company,
which is several miles back of Moorficld,
there is no force of rebels near Petersburg.
The report at Moorfield yesterday afternoon
was, that Fitz Hush Lee’s rebel forces have
been ordered to ‘Winchester. .
The present rebel raid was a complete fail
ure, and was all attributed to the fact that
Early was unable to bring his artillery from
the valley, owing to the Icy condition of the
roads. Early’s object was to attack New
Creek, but owing to late snow-storms the
reads were almost impassable for Infantry.
Baltimore, Jon. B.—The enemy has not
at any time the lost month been within
twelve miles of the Baltimore and Ohio rail
road line. Our passenger trains have regu
larly run with the exception of short deten
tions from snow-storms and cold.
We apprehend no raids or military trouble
of any kind, and passengers have not been
turned back as reported. Signed W. F. Smith,
Master of Transportation, Baltimore and Ohio
Eater from Europe.
Halifax, January B.—The Africa, from
Liverpool SOth, and Queenstown 37th, has ar
rived here. Her dates are three days' later.
Thackeray, the author, is dead
The American Ministers at Paris and Lon
don arc making persistent efforts to prevent
the soiling of the Rappahannock from Calais.
The Lairds refuse to sell their rams.
No markets Fridayor Saturday.
Money rates 6%a7c. It was expected that
bank rates would soon be reduced to G. per
France.— The Corps Lcgislatlf had de
bated the Loan bill at length. M. Thiers and
other opposition members spoke in favor of
a pacific policy on the part of the Govern
ment. M. Pickard ccnsnrcd the Government
for the Mexican expedition, and the bill, was
finally passed by a vote of 343 to -14. „At a
meeting at Altona, In which thousands took
part, Prince Frederick was formally proclaim
ed Duke of Holstein, amid the greatest en
thusiasm. The Saxon troops entered Altona
on the 34th of December. The Danes left as
the Federal troops appeared. . ?
Rumors of an insurrectionary movement In
Hungary are continued. Austria was taking
precautions against such a movement
The Danish Ministry have tendered their
resignations to the King and they have been
England and Russia continue to exercise a
pressure In Denmark on the-Holstein qnes
Six of the men who were enlisted to serve
on board the Federal steamer Hearsago at
Queenstown and who were recently, disem
barked at that port, have been committed for
trial. Affidavits were produced
they had enlisted for three years for the pur
pose of fighting In the service of the "United
The commercial news by tbe Africa was’al
most entirely anticipated by the City of Bal
timore. .; ;
[Correspondence of the N. T. Com. Advertiser.]
Washington, Thursday, Dec. 81,1863.
I have been fortunate or unfortunate
enough to he colled upon to read the seven
hundred and eighty odd pages of manuscript
which make up the report of Gen. McClellan;
and I -have considered it my dnty to digest
foryon the main features of this document,
which covers so important a chapter of the
“history” wMch, os Mr. Lincoln justly ob
serves, “we are all making.”
The reportiswellwritten in a simple, flow
ing style, but not very well distributed, or,
as we sbonld say, “ made up.” It is full of
points on which controversy might be made,
and whenever time shall be ripe, no doubt
will bo made. At present our only concern
need be with the main facts and moat Inter
esting documents which it contains.
The report is dated New York, August 4
1863. It begins with an allusion to the re
sults of the victories in Western Virginia,
which, we learn, were won not at all in con
nection with any general co-operative plan
of action; and then goes on to recite the arri
val of the General at Washington after Bull
Run; the organization of the army of the Po
tomac; the grand plan laid out for the gene
ral campaign oflßol-63; the final invasion of
Virginia in 1663; the Peninsular movement;
the seven days* battles; and the short but
glorious Maryland, campaign of September,
On the Ist of November, General McClellan
was appointed to the chief command of all
the forces of the Union, and at once began
active operations. ■
•**■* * * * * «
Passing over General McClellan's full and
elaborate account of the consultations and
operations wMch preceded the advance to
Manassas, March 9, 1863, we find that this
advance.was intended by him merely to occu
py the troops during the preparations for the
Peninsula campaign, then folly, decided upon.
The enemy’s force at Manassas was estimated
at 116,500 with 800 field guns and 800 slegp
Gen. McClellan reached tho Peninsula with
85,CC0 effectives early in April- He gives his
reasons for not assaulting the works at York
town, describes the battle of Williamsburg
with special praise of Gen Hancock, and re
cites the advance to Richmond. The sierra of
that city is narrated at length, and the
“change of base,” with its attendant battles
fiom Mechanicsville, fought June 26, to Mal
vern Hill, fonght July 1, 1863.
“This closed,” says General McClellan,
“the hard fighting which had continued from
the afternoon of the 26th June, in a series of
engagements wholly unparalleled on this con
tinent for determination and slaughter, on
both sides.”
Washington, Jan. 8, ISM.
July 4th, the General telegraphed to the
President that he occupied at Harrison’s Bar,
positions “which conld be carried only by
overwhelming numbers.
“The spirit of the army,” he added, “is ex
cellent ; stragglers are finding the regiments,
and the soldiers exhibit the best resu'ts of
discipline.” He thus sums up the results of
the brief but fierce campaign;
“ I can not now approximate to any state
ment of our losses; but wo were not beaten
in any conflict. The enemy were unable by
their utmost efforts to drive ns from the
field. * ♦ ♦ We have lost no guns except
twenty-five on the field of battle, twenty-one
ofwhichwcrclostby the giving way of Mc-
Call’s. division under the onset of superior
numbers. When all tho circumstances of the
case are known, it will be acknowledged by
all competent judges that the movement just
completed by our army is unparalleled in the
annals of war. Under tho most dilficult cir
cumstances we have preserved our trains,
our guns, our material, and above all, our
To this the President replied:
“Beassured the heroism and skill of yourself,
officers and men, is. and forever will be, appreciat
ed. If vou can hold your present position urn whan
have tho enemy yet.”
On the 7th, Gen. McClellan telegraphed:
“If not attacked to-day. I shall laugh at them,
rkg Officer Goldaborough Is confluent he can
keep open my communications by the James. 1 *
Expecting an attack, he says, as a necessity
*to the enemy, and fcelingthe critical nature
of the position, Gen. McClellan on the same
day addressed to tho President the following
letter: 43
Cash* near Qabeison's Landing. y
~ Monday, July 7,1802. |
Mn. Phm-dznt ; Ton have been folly Informed
that the rebel army Is !n our front, with the pur
pose of overwhelming ns by attacking our posi
tions or reducing ns by blockading our river com
munications. Xcannot but regard our condition
as critical, and I earnestly desire. In view of pos
sible contingencies, to lay before your Excellency,
for your private consideration, my general views
concerning the existing state of the rebellion, al
though they do not strictly relate to the situation
of the army or strictly come within the scope of
my official duties. These views amount to con
victions, and are deeply impressed npon
and heart. Oar cause must nererbe abandoned—
it is the cause of free Inatltutlona'and selfgovern
meat. The Constitution and the Union must be
preserved, whatever may he the cost in time, treas
ure, and blood. If secession is successful, other
dissolutions are clearly to bo seen la tic future.
Let neither military disaster, political fiction, nor
loreign war shake your settled purpose to enforce
the equal operation of the laws of the United
States upon the people of every State.
The time has come when the government must
determine upon a civil and military policy cover
ing .the whole ground ot our national trouble. The
responsibility of determining, declaring and sup
porting such civil and military policy, and of ol
icctlng the whole course of national affairs in re
gard to the rebellion, most now be assumed and
exercised by you or our cause will bo lost. The
Constitution gives you power sufficient even for
the present terrible emergency.
This rebellion has assumed the character of war;
as such it should be regarded, and It should be
conducted upon the highest principles known to
Christian civilization. It should not be a war
looking to the- subjugation of the people of any
State on any event. It should not be at all a war
upon population, but against armed forces and. po
litical organization. Neither confiscation of prop
erty, political executions of persons, territorial or
ganizations of States, or forcible abolition of slav
ery should be contemplated for a moment.
In prosecuting the war all private property
and unarmed persons * should be strict
ly protected, subject only to the nec
essity of military operations. All private proper
ty taken for military use should be paid or
receipted for; pillage and waste should be treated
as high crimes: all unnecessary trespass sternly
prohibited, and offensive: demeanor by the milita
ry towards citizens promptly rebuked. Military
arrests should not ho*loleratcd except in places
where active hostilities exist, and oaths not re
quired by enactments constitutionally made should
be neither demanded nor received. Military gov
ernment should be confined to the preservation of
pnblic order and the protection of political rights.
Military power should not bo allowed to interfere
with the relations of servitude, cither by support
ing or impairing the authority of the master, ex
cept for repressing -disorder, as in’other cases
Slaves contraband under the act of Congress, seek
ing military protection, should receive it. The
right of the Government to appropriate permanent
ly to its own service claims of slave labor should
be asserted, and the right of the owner to compen
sat'on therefor shonld Derecognized.
This principle might bo extended upon grounds
of military necessity and security to all the slaves
within a particular state, thus working manumis
sion in such State; and in Missouri, perhaps in
Western Virginia, also and possibly even in Mary
land, the expediency of such a measure is only a
question of lime.
A system of policy thus constitutional and con
servative, and pervaded by the influence of Chris
tianity and freedom, would receive the support of
almost all truly loyal men, would deeply Impress
the rebel masses and all foreign nations, and It
might be humbly hoped that it would commend
Itself to the favor ot the Almighty,
Unless the principles governing the future con
duct of our struggle shall be made known and ap
proved, the effort to obtain reqnisite forces will be
almosthopelesa. A declaration of radical views,
especially upon slavery, will rapidly disintegrate
our present armies.
The policy of the government must be supported
by concentration of military power. The nation
al forces should not he dispersed In expeditions,
posts of occupation and numerous armies; bnt
shonld be mainly collected Into masses andbrought
to bear npon the armies of the Confederate states.
Those armies thoroughly defeated, the political
structure which they support would soon cease to
In carrying out any system of policy which yon
may form, yon will require a commander-in-chief
of the army, one who possesses your confidence,
understands your views, and who is competent to
czecnteyonr orders by directing the military
forces of the nation to the accomplishment of the
objects by yon proposed. Ido not ask that' place
for myself. lam willing to serve yon in such po
sition as yon may assign me, and will do so as
faithfully as ever subordinate served superior.
I may do on the brink of eternity, and, as 1 hope
forgiveness from my Maker, I have written this
letter with sincerity toward yon and from lore for
my country.
Early in August the army was ordered to
Aqnia. The condition of affairs at Washing
ton daring the campaign of Pope is graphi
cally described. September 2d, the President
directed Gen. McClellan to take command of
his own and Gen. Pope’s armies and And the
enemy. On the 17th of September Antietam
was fought, South Mountain and Crampton’s
Gap haying been already won by ns. Wot a
single gnu or color was lost by as in these
battles, and onr total loss in men at Antic
tam is stated by Gen. McClellan at 12,409.
The advance into Virginia after Antietam
is related, with an acconnt of the causes by
which that advance was delayed. • On the
night of Nov, 7 Gen. McClellan was relieved,
and the command transferred to Gen. Bom
Gen. McClellan thus describes his own re
“This report Is In fact the history of the
army of the Potomac. Daring the period
occupied in the organization of that army, it
served as a barrier against the advance of a
lately victorious enemy, while the fortifica
tion of the capital was in progress, and un
der the discipline which It then received, It
acquired strength, education and some of
that experience which is necessary to success
in active operations, and which enabled it
afterward to sustain itself under circum
stances trying to the most heroic men. Fre
quent skirmishes occurred along the lines,
conducted with great gallantry, which inured
onr troops to the realities of war.
The army grew Into shape bnt slowly, and
tbe delays Welch attended on the obtaining
of arms, continued late into the winter of
1661-62, were no less trying to the soldiers
than to the people of tho country. Even at
the time of the organization of the peninsu
lar campaign some of .the finest regiments
Abstract and Analysis in Advance
of Publication.
The Campaigns of the Peninsnla and
of Maryland.
were without rifles, nor were the utmost ex
ertions on the part of the military authorities
adequate to overcome the obstacles to active
Wien aeieneth the army was in condition
to take the field the peninsular campaign was
E loaned and entered upon witlr enthusiasm
y officers and men. Had this campaign been
followed up as it was designed,.-1 cannot
doubt it would have resulted in a glorious
triumph to our arms, and the permanent res
toration of the power of the Government in
, Virginia and North Carolina, if not through
- out the revolted States. It was, however,
otherwise ordered, and tbs army of thcPdto
mae was recalled from within sight of Rich
mond and incorporated with the army of
Virginia. The disappointments of the cam
paign on the peninsula had not damped their
ardor or diminished their patriotism. They
fbnght well, faithfully, gallantly under Gem
Pope; yet were compelled* to fall bock on
Washington, defeated and almost demoral
ized. The enemy, no longer, occupied in
guarding his own capital;, poured his
troops northward, entered Maryland,
threatened Pennsylvania. and even
Washington itself Elated by Ms recent vic
tories, and assured that onr troops were
disorganized and dispirited, he was confident
that the seat of war was now permanently
transferred to the loyal States, and-that bis
own exhausted son was to be relieved from
the burden of supporting two hostile armies.
Bnt he did not understand the spirit wMch
animated the soldiers of the Union. I shall
not, nor can I, living, forget that when I was
ordered to the command of the troops for the
defense of the capital, the soldiers with whom
I bad shared so much of the anxiety
and pain and suffering of the war, had not
lost their confidence In mo as their command
er. They sprang to my can with all their
ancient vigor, discipline and courage. lied,
them into Maryland. Fifteen days after they
had fallen back defeated before Washington,
they vanquished the enemy on the ragged
heights of South Mountain, pursued to the
hard-fought field of Antletom, and drove him,
broken and disappointed, across the Poto
mac, into Virginia.
• The army had need of rest after the terri
ble experience of battles and marches, with
scarcely an interval of repose, wMeh they
had gone through from. the time of leaving
the Peninsula; The return to Washington,the
defeat in Virginia, the victory at Sooth Moan
tain. and again at Antietam. It was not sur
prising that they were in a large degree desti
tute of the absolute necessaries to effective
duly.. Shoes were worn out and blankets
were lost; clothing was in rags; in shorttho
army was unfit for active service, and jm in
terval for rest and equipment was necessary.
When the slowly-forwarded supplies came
to ns I led the army across the river, renova
ted, refreshed, In good order and discipline,
and followed the retreating foe to a position
where I was confident of decisive victory;
when, in the midst of the movement, while
my advanced guard was actually in contact
with the enemy, I was remitted from the
command. » * * Instead of
reporting a victorious campaign,
it has been my duty to relate The
heroism of a reduced army, sent upon an ex
pedition into an enemy’s country, there to
abandon one and originate another and new
•lan of campaign, which might and would
iave been successful If supported with ap
preciation of its necessities, bnt which ihiled
lecanse of the repeated failure of promised
support at the most critical, and. It proved,
the most fatal moments. That heroism sur
passes ordinary description. Its illustration
most be left for the pen of the historian in
times of calm reflection, when the nation
shall be looking back to the ptfst from the
midst of peaceful days. For me now it Is
sufficient to say, that my comrades were vic
tors in every field save one, and there the en
durance of a single corps accomplished the
object of its fighting, and by securing to the
army its transit to the James River, left to
the enemy a ruinous and barren victory.”
Xlsc Contrabands Along tlic
Mississippi -River.
St. Louis, Jan. 7.—James E. Teatman,
President of the Western Sanitary Commis
sion, publishes a report of the condition of
the contrabands along the Mississippi river.
They number 40,000 of whom 16,000 are In
the army. "The remaining 25,000 are in want
and neglected. He recommends a plan of
organizing freed laborand leasingplantatlons
along the Mississippi, under a Bureau or
Commissioner to be appointed by the Gov
Markets by Telegraph.
Cincinnati Market*
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
CtN cinn ati, Jan. 8,1361.
Wittskt—A good demand at mil prices. Sales of
8M brls at Ss©3s>jc—the latter rate for wagon.
- Pnonsioxs—A buoyant feeling In the market and
nil articles are held higher • Indeed It is difficult to
buy at our quotations. New mess pork sold at 820.00
and . last season at $17.23, but It was difficult to say
that purchases could hare been nudeatthe close at
these rates. Lard was held at 13c. There was a strong
demand for boxedmeatsbut they are held at# to He
above the limits. Sales of I.OCO brls mess pork, one
year old. but In good condition, at $17,25; 500 do new
city at S2OXO; 69X00 clear cat middles, country, at
OMc loose, and 7,000 pcs shoulders m bulk, country,
at 6J*c. There were anxious buyers of lard at 12Hc,
but we did not hear of aoy sales. Hops in good de
mand at S7XS to S9XO, according to quality. Receipts
1,000 head.
Su Louis Market*
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Sr. Louis, Jan. 3,1864.
# Fiona—There is a fair local demand, and price l
arc well maintained. Sales include 90brls double ex
tra on private terms: 1,400 do extra at $5X630.00; 120
sacks extra at $340; 60 do extra at S3XO. The amount
of boot Inspected by by the Inspection Board of the
Union Merchants* Exchange, daring the month o r
December, was 55,509 brls, comprising 7,812 btla
double extra, 1?,064 brls extra, andlJSB brls nnbrand
ed, audSXCO sacks extra.
WnxAT—Bnt little In the market, and buyers are In
different about taking hold. Sales include 295 sacks.
In two lots, at SIXO per ba.
Oats—ld strong demand,bat the receipts are too
light to admit of operations. Shies Include 1® sacks
at the North Missouri Depot at 99c; 70 do at $1 CO.
Coax—Demand quite positive, and market more
active. Sales comprise 100 sacks old white at SIX 3;
JCSdoat SIX 3: 471 do in second handbags at $1X0;
SCO do new mixed at slX3#; ICO do at SISU
WinsKT—Market steady and quiet. Sales Include
ICO brls in lots at SSc, and 60 brls high proof on private
Hat— About SOO bales were taken to-day by Gov
ernment at SLS9 per cwt. * .
Hogs— But few are arriving, and the market is re.
markably quiet. We quoto the range of prices at
Provisions and Geockeixb— No change.
Milwaukee Market.
[Special Dispatch to the Chicago Tribune.]
Mxlwauxu, Jan. 9,1854'
Receipts ol Wheat 4XOO bushel. The market fully
sustained the advance of last evening. Bales: 19,900
No. 1, at $149; 14,000 No. 3, sl4l. Nothing doing la
coarse grains, though prices are firm. The Wheat
market at Newhali House, to-night Is little blue. No.
1 was offered at $149 with no takers.
Pxonaioxs—Pork firmer. Sales; 300 brls of Fine
Mess at $14.75; 500 brls do, Iron hooped, SISXS. But
ter lower. Sales: S3 firkins at 19c; sdo at 13c. Ibrl
Soil at 18c. .
Deebseu Hogs—Receipts of 179. The market firm
and unchanged. Sales: 226, dividing on 209, $6X5®
7XS; 160,avcraglng 280, sold at S7X3.
Weather growing colder.
Kew York Market—Jan. S*
Cotton—A shade easier at Sic fbr middling uplands
Ixocn— More active, aod closes Sc better on shio-
P> upgrade* Salesat fa.750&9D forextrastate. cfjletiy
ats>SoGs-B: [email protected]; $7X30765 for
extra round hoop Ohio; $7.700950f0r tradebrands.
Woibxt—Active and higher. Bales at 81®9ac.
Grain— Wheat op*ned steady, with a very active
demand, cUtfiy for export, and closed l®2c higher.
Sales at sl4£®i -0 for Chicago spring, the inside price
‘Or jnfenor, and the outside for prime, delivered:
for Milwaukee club, the latter for prime!
delivered ; $1.5101.60 for winter red western. Com
hcavyfud fully 1c lower. Sales at $143 for shipping
mixed western In store; SIX 6 for unsound. 0*19—32
092HC for western, chiefly D2c.
Wool—Firm and In fair demand.
Hors—Firm and in good demand.
rsTßOLauv—Dull. Crude, sac; reflned.free.slc:
refined. In b00d,45K<346; sales 1,000 brls do. for Feb
rus ry delivery, at <BHc.
Provisions— Pork a shade firmer and In good de
mand; s2o.oofor Meses 19X0019.25f0r old do; $l3XO®
2WO tor new do; SISXG®I6XS ior old and new Prime:
$18X6010,00 for Prime Mess; also 5,1C0 brls- Including
new Mess delivered In February, March. May and
Jane $23-00; ICO brls Prime Mess delivered In March at
J2ASO. Beef firm and in moderate demand. Beef
Hama In good demand and a shade firmer at SI3XOO
19.C0-Cut Meats firm; 7Ho3Hcfor Shoulders; 10H®
lIHc for Bams. Dressed Hogs firmer; OwaOKcror
Western; ICOIOH for city. Lard firmer and In good
demand at i23fOX3Hc; also 2200 brls delivered In
January, February and March at I3*f®iic. Butter
firm—22S27c for Ohio; 27®52 for State. Cheese more
active—lßolo for common to prime.
New York Money market—Jon. 8.
Uoxbt—Hn» been very quiet all day, at 7 nr. ct.
St»bxjsg Exchange— i Inner and la moderate de
tanod at 1CC){(3167 for first cluas bills.
Gou>-Opencd at 581$ and declined to 57tf, closing
firm but qnlet at 51^53.
Gdvzuxjiext Stoce&—Quiet; U. S. fe. SI coupons
[email protected] 1 year certificates M.
Stocks—Belter; Mo. 6s, 68; N*. T. C., 132k: Erie
ICSX; Beading. 113; M.8..831-8: sf. &
gtd n a. 20, 185*: Cleve. & P- ICSK: XIL V. Scrip, 120H *
G.& C.. 106*; C.4T..12H; C.& £I„ 129*:P.Ft. W.
sc n »*.
Foreign Markets per Steamer Africa.
, ' „ _ , _ _ [By telegraph.
Loxnoir Markets.—Baring’s Circular reports
Breadstufis still declining
GEociKiKS-Sagar quiet but firm. Coffee firmer.
Rico inactive. Tea qoletc and unhanged,
laos—Active and firm.
AxebicaS' tsE<?nßmßS—Ko sales. Z
President Lincoln’s Last.
Major “Perley” Poore, the Washington
correspondent of the Boston Journal, in a re
cent letter, says that those who always have
a good stoxy to tell, as President Lincoln’s
last, ore responsible for the following: A few
days since—so they say—a New England gen
tleman called at the White House to propose
a newplan for capturing Richmond. ‘T know,
Mr. President,” said he “that the Union men
in the rebel capital, with the prisoners and
the contrabands there, are able to overpower
the garrison—so all that yon have to do Is to
let Gen. Meade make a diversion against
Lee’s army, and then let Gen. Butler go up
the James River" to co-opecatc with the
General 'Butler,” replied Mr.' Lincoln,
but I am jnot so sure about Rich
mond. Tour plans remind me of a
story told of a lot of Methodist ministers,
who were the trustees of a Western college.
It so happened that the college waa connect
ed with a neighboring town by a bridge, and
that this bridge was subject to be carried
away by freshets. At last they held a special
session, to receive the plans of a noted bridge
builder, a good mechanic, bnt rather a pro
fane man. I*Can yon build this bridge?”
; asked a reverend gentleman. “Build it,”
■bluntly replied themechanic, tr l could build
a bridge to”—[the' infernal regions}. This
horrified the trustees, and after the bridge
builder had retired,-the minister who had
recommended him thought proper to apolo
gize. “I feel confident!” said he, “that
our energetic friend could build a safe bridge
to Hades, although I am riot so sare of the
abutment on the other side.” And so with
your plan—concluded the President—l have
great confidence in Gen. Butler, but doubt
the strength of the Unionists*!:! EichmaucL”
X Tobacco-Factory BurnefiTa St.Lools.
At five o’clock this morninff the largo es
tablishment of M. S. Mepham dc Bro., ba Lo
cust street, between Second and Third,
caught fire. The building fronts on Locust
70 feet, runniugback on the alley to s depth
,of 146 feet, tn the front part was a large
\ stock of dried and-canned fruits, cheese, and
other articles, and-the center and rear were
occupied as the tobacco factory. The fire
Was first seen on the east side or the center,
near the drying room, and was undo* fell
headway before the alarm was given.
The engines arrived a-fewminutes after five
o’clock, and from that time until eleven
threw unremitting streams of water upon:
tho flames. The fire WE6 l at length subdued';
but not until nearly the whole stock of the
firm, in all ports of the building, was con-*
sumedy or so 'damaged hy water as to be
almost worthless. There' Was a large lot of'
canned fruits, however, tad a portion of It
may prove to be uninjured.
The fire is supposed to have been the work
of an incendiary, as there was no Arc iu any
part of the building at the time, and the
workmen-in the factory bad left at an early
hour the previous evening.
The loss- of Messrs. Mepham is estimated
at from ten to fifteen thousand dollars over
the amount of insurance. They had insur
ance on their stock of groceries, fruits, &c.,
to the amount of $37,500.— 5t. Louis Be nocrat,
Neto Hhhertismente.
MASONIC. —A regular meeting of
-LvJ. Ashlar Lodge No. SOS. F. & A. if- will bo Add
it Blimey Hall this (Saturday) evening at 7 o'clock,
work on the 3d degree and Essay by Bro. Reynolds.
Ja3-tSCC.It N. F. BOOKS, A. W.M.
living with Mrs. Croaafield, will call there she will
hear of something to heradvantage. Ja3-t347.1t
Badly frozen-.
. Many are-"toe complaints regarding the cold
haying been thaweo oat at KVERITT’S,
157 Luke street, we are still taking those superior
Cartes de Ylsite at *2 per dozen.
JaS-tS3Mt KAY NIAS. A;ent.
-*-4 LONGER.—Trust not to Ignorant quacks and
base unprincipled Imposters, lor the results are ou
told suffering, lingering disease, absttcrea constitu
tions and nun erous deaths.
Exclusively for the perusal of married ladles, con
taining wonde ful discoveries sod secrets, of the ut
most Importance to every married woman, never be
fore revealed.
For ezALm circular. Inclose a three cent stamp,
md address Dr. 5. BACHELOR, Kankakee City, HL
Physician to the Female Deportment of the Green
Mount Water Cure, has, according to previous an
nouncement, arrived In town and has changed her
location from 45 Harrison street to the MATTESON*
HOUSE, where she may be found for consultatlonbe
tweeo toe hours of U A. M. and 2 P. M. each day.
Mrs. Gross will remain three months from January
Ist. Room No. 47, first door. JaO-CCT-Ctaet
BUAHT.—Ono thousand pieces of Plano Music
For only Ten l>oHars.
The following books are of uniform size and style,
and form the best collection of Choice Mns'c, far the
Piano Forte ever published. THE HOME CIRCLE,
n collection of Marches.Waltzes.Polkas.Schottls-hes,
Ttedowas, Quadrilles, Contra Douses. Four-Ham!
Pieces and Plano Gems. 2 Vols THE SHO VEK OP
PEARLS, a collection cf choice Vocal tmets. with
Plano Accompaniments. THE SILVER CHORD. A
collectionol songs. Ballads,. Quartettes. Dnets.de.,
with Plano Accompaniments. OPERATIC PEARLS.
A collection of the Vocal Beauties of the test Operas,
with Plano Accompaniments. All the above sent,
noetpald, for *lO, or singly at the following prices.
Plain, *2; Cloth,
JftS-tBIS-6ty ataw Publishers, Boston.
Cutting and Shocking Corn.
Mr. BISHEH, of Oskiloosa, lowa,
Harlot recently taken out Letters Patent for a Com
Harvester. Is now in oar city, stopping at the City
Hotel, for tbe purpose of Introducing tala novel in*
ventlon to the enterprising mechanics and business
men of Chicago. The design of tho patentee Is to
Cut and Shock Corn by horse power; thus savin; a
vast amount of labor and expense to the Farmer.
Wc are informed that a fall-sized machine has been
built and worked, giving entire satisfaction. A good
Machine for Harvesting Com U what tbe Farmers of
Illinois need, and we hope all who are Interested It
this matter will give Hr. RISHER’S Patent a fair and
candid examination. jaS-tSB-8t aaa;t net
-LtJL lake shobe
On and after SUNDAY, January 10th, Trains will
saveVanßnrenstreetOepotas follows:
Day Express 6.13 a. m.
Evening Express, with Sleeping Car to
Cleveland 5.40 p. m.
Nlcbt Express, with Sleeping Car to To*
ledo .10.00 p.m.
Cornectlng at Cleveland with tbe Atlantic and Great
Western; at Dunkirk with the New York and Eric,
nod at Buffalo with the New York Central and Erie
Ball reads.
Trains for DETROIT leave at 6.15 a. m. and 5.40
p. m.
On Sunday one Train only will leave, at 5.40 p. m.
Western Passenger Agent,
58 Clark-Bt., nnder Sherman House.
Made by DIEBOLD, BAHMAAN * Co , Cincinnati.
No business man should bay a Safe of any make mull
he examines these. They are wining golden opinions
irom all who see them. t. W. PRATT,
jofl-»44-stnet 13 Lunatic street;
We have a large stock of
Wade expressly for soldiers use.
And other useful articles for soldiers. Including
Every aoldler wants one of these.
JaO-tfiSO-Jt McNALLY * CO., 81 Dearbonwt.
J. T. McLaughlin & Co.,
216 Kinzie Street, OMcago,
Also, all kinds of PATENT LEATHER, aa hereto,
fore always on hand from their facto^ny^iwbarg
wholesale dealeb is
175 Lake Street.
la admitted a partner- In ovr firm front this data.
D. F. QUIMBY & ca
Chicago, Jan. Ist, 1851. ' Ja7-1717-St btp
Horses and mules
We are now paying the highest market price In
greenbacks for Artillery and Cavalry Hccses: also,
for good Males three years old. Apply at oar Stables,
oppoelte Ulllcb's Hotel, corner of State and Twenty
second streets. DEUBY 4 WALLACE.
V/ Offer for aale a superior quality of
From Bifle size to Ohane Ducking. Sportsmen U(
offered the celebrated Diamond Grain Powder.
. , G.NKWHALL.JB.. Agent.
del-rtU-27taek i( aver street.
' •Keb> SUibcribemetite.
1 S 6 4 .■■•
Cash Assets, - - $556,818.03
Cintfon taxd, In BauS, and doe from
StoWS sV’caritMs*.* V.*
BealJtitate 'saincumbered....
Loans on anproved securities..
cm sporoTeu
New Vsrfc Bart Stocks...
Hartford *•' “
Watertcr* *• “
Miscellaneous B««£Sioo J0..'.-....,
Bonds—State, CU/ and Water.......
Ohio Slate Stock of 1379...
Accumulated interest ob Inrestzneata.
Market valae of Meets.
losses In procearof adjustment. .$33,649 91
Duly sworn to',Sirttferd, Conn., <fn3uvyl.issi.fe7
fir. KELLOtq. R>*«l<leaV
add WM.B CLARK, Secretary!
Western Branch Office* Cincinnati.
Br ll* HAGIX.L,
Derated to Plrc Insurance ezclnalTelr. sod Its aim
wlu fee,Co secure a continuance of public confidence
by a prompt and equitable adjustment of all flur
claims ror loss—referring to Its record ofpas.sarnee,
asafaltiau guarantee of future performance.
A first-elan mercantile cistern of Resident Agents
in all principal elites and towns.
Resident Agents.
233 lake Street, 231
Arc'now prepared to All orders for Sip, Calf and Up
per Leather, of their own Tannage.
Soft, Pliable and Easily Primped,
And warranted equal In durability and finish to any
American Leather. Our Calf Skins arc very
closely selected, and free of ents.
Also, a large stoclrof French-Kip and Call of best
brands, for sale by the single skin, dozen or case, at a
slight advance over New York prices.
Tanned with the hair on.
Also. Toots, Shoe Machinery, and everything needed
In the Shoe line.
E?~ Orders Carefully and Promptly JiHad.
Tannery on the Sooth Branch.
no2I-rSo34w*ltew s net
Patent Champion Fire-Proof Safes.
Burglar-Proof Safes,
Herring aid Floyd’s Patent Crystal IzeJ boa.
]a7-1711-3m Tn-BAAra net
After the 4th ot January, IS6I, we shall occupy tho
Jfo. 22 Lake streel,
Until the completion of our Now Store, now being
erected on tbe corner cf Lake and Michigan avenue,
and oiler our goods at manufacturers* prices.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers In
JaI'UTT xtr*rn±.“A.pct
Cores Croup Every Time.
Cures Tickling in tbe Throat.
Cures the Most Stubborn Cough.
Cures Chills and Fever,
Cures Influenza and Sore Throat.
Cures Asthma and Believes Consumption.
Cores an if the directions are strictly followed, or
the money will be refunded.
Sold by Dnirgists Everywhere,
Ohio & Pennsylvania Coal,
Well screened, am! delivered at the following prices
9 50
8 50
Biiar Hill
Sine Mountain
Price lathe yards 50 cents less than In the above
rates.aoda discount tf2sccniaper tonmade to sol
dier?* families.
OFFlCE—Northeast correr Canal and Washington
street?, and IS Custom House Place, 3d door north of
Post Office.
Wholesale Oil and Lamp Dealer,
Quick sales and small
57 Lake Street.
ZF All orders promptly and faithfully attended to
Jas.t7i3-U.Tcain.net .
_1? CURE, tor trranxai. asd Exrincr.vi, 0.-a. One
bottle warranted a pebmasrst cuke In every kin** of
Pllras tw* fettles In LEPROSY, SCROFULA, SALT
FHF.CM, and all diseases of toe Sain. In ca*a of failure
all are requested to return the empty bottles and latte
hack their money. Averse 3 bottles In 1000 returned,
and those « ere Fistula No ca»es -t failure in I*llo •or
Humors, sold every wf ere. All dealer* must w.us«
bast U. For sale in Chicago by F. A. BRYAN.
deUe&TCS-gm net wAs
Wrought Iron Ripe
and hiiinss fob sake,
Atwholesaleby B.T. CSANS4 BEG.,
TEFS!—We are now receiving direct from Bal
timore, dailt, oar fall supply of
A Is o. 1 OYSTERS.
No better brand In market, which we propo.;<* to
s*ll at living prices. To all favoring us wlta their
orders, we guarantee entire satUlhctlon aa to once
and quality. We are not controlled by any como.na
,tlon of dealer*. OBO.MILLER* no..
'Wholesale depot for J. 6. Kraft * Co’* Bait', worn
Oysters O Dearborn street. P. 0. Box 412, Chi'*j?o,
Illinois. JaT-tTBI-Tina.
gAT! HAY! 1
100 TONS
In store and and on track, for sale bjr
« 15 L&aiUfrstrt-’i
/« cents per pound. Ko first ebas grocer can do
without tt. Everybody uses It, everybody likes it.
everybody can afford to bay it. .....
Gencralßorthwwtern Ageocv at 13 Lasallc street.
Chicago. CSAS. C. JENKS, General Afe-eat.
I USE to calling the attention of our readers to
an advertisement—■that of Hove 4 Slovens cArally
Dye Colors." These Dyes have become, a household
neccesilT.andso general in their two thattnonv a wc.i
dreued lady finds that many an article once rntef tM
aa oat of date, U. hythe aid of
good aa new. - Ja7-t6OO-6. u*t
Aromatic, healthfnl, dellclon* and delicate. Said
hy alt first class grocers at lwentT*flvc c.?a.s«>er
pound. Try It. jaS-t^l-bu^
Hefmboid’s Extract Siichu.
Topic, Dlccctlc, Blood pnrifyior »•«!
Kofftbledand delicate parsoswo* ho'- , ‘ Wi «ail.
Sold by LOTTO 4
-3119,0*5 It
" iT^SoWoS
14.%N1D M
12.790 0»
37,000 M
105,230 oo
igoj oo
.8666y5 1S 03

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