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ARKANSAS. uusi Commonwealth, and Next Acquaint* ance. No History for Ishmael—Mis sionary Effort to Re store It. Where, and When, and How Settled- Annals of the State, from Original Documents. From Our Oicn Correspondent . Washington, Oct. 18, 1873. A railroad chartered by the name of the Cairo & Fulton Bailroad will he open about Christmas. Cairo is the southernmost town of-lUinois; Ful ton is a hamlet of Arkansas, on the Bed Biver of Louisiana. This road will be the shortest route from Chicago to Texas; hut, until the Mississippi be bridged at Commerce, St. Louis will have the advantage, as the controller of the new line is a St. Louis capitalist. Whether the great bridge at St. Louis is to be Its advantage, is a question which time must answer; but it is undoubted that St. Loins has now captured very much of the former trade of New Orleans,— notably the Bed Biver trade, —and, by its rail way system eouthweatward, is aiming to carry from Memphis the entire trade of Arkansas. At the same time, it possesses the new lines to the In dian Territory, whose common extension is has tening to reach Texas. Arkansas comes up to within 70 miles of Illi nois, and yet how little is known of it I There is no place really to find anything about the State; no book,— hardly a cyclopaedia article. The Annual Cyclopaedia for 1869 says; “ A his tory of Arkansas since its first settlement by white men, and of its political existence up to the present time, has not been published, per haps not written.” To eke out this ignoiance, the editor resorts to “an official journal kept by Departmental regulations,—probably at the Arsenal,—at Little Bock;” and this journal begins by saying: “No history of Arkansas baa ever been published.” Chicago, as the Metropolis of the Mississippi Talley, should disseminate this information in advance of the new revelation in railways in this “Bear State.” THE RAILROAD SYSTEM OF ARKANSAS, at the present time, comprehends, in a com plete and incomplete condition, the following toads: The Memphis & Little Rock Railroad, —134 miles long, running only one train a day each way, in twelve hours, or about IX miles an hour. The road is said to he doing a paying business. It has received $1,200,000 from the State. The Cairo & Fulton Railroad, —with a land grant 300 by 70* miles, —open from Argenta to Keneett, 49 miles, and expected to be opened be fore frost from near Little Book to St. Lcuis. When completed, it will be 880 miles long, and describe the longest diagonal possible in the State. It should have been finished by contract, July 1,1872, to Little Eock. The Arkansas Central Railroad,—4o miles completed, and SBOO,OOO received from the State. To run from Helena to Little Bock and Fine Bluff. The Little Bock & Fort Smith Railroad,-* opened only 49 miles above Little Bock, and at Xewishurg connecting with steamers and stages for the Indian Territory. About as much more of this railroad is said to be graded. It has re ceived $900,000 from the State. The Helena & Iron Mountain Railroad,—an arm of Allen & Maynard’s St. Louis Railroad; has a grant of 300,000 acres, and county bonds to the amount of $500,000. The above are the only railroads to which any reference is made in the official time-tables of the country. A rather gushing advertising pamphlet upon Arkansas—the only book extant pretending to give any account of the State— enumerates, however, seventeen railways, wild cat or otherwise, and says that the Little Bock & Pine Bluff Bead has laid 60 miles of track; the Mississippi, Ouachita & Bed Biver, 42 miles; the Memphis & Kansas City has 40 miles graded, etc., etc. In short, says this advertiser, Arkansas will have four thousand miles of rail when all these seventeen roads are done. THE 50UH0ES 07 INFORMATION. I dont know that I can render better service, or be more interesting, in any way, than by sketching the history of this wild State for The Chicago Tbibune. —the result of more labor and perseverance tn&n tbe work will he credited with. In the first place, let me direct the reader to whatever literature exists upon Arkansas: The list of books in this direction is small in deed, and I append some memoranda upon all that X could find: “ Besources-of Arkansas: By James P. Henry, Little Bock, 1872.” This is a pamphlet of 152 pages, written by a well-meaning friend of the present State Government. It is cheerful and ardent, and cheap besides. Address the author at Little Bock. “ Geological Reconnoisßance of Arkansas: Made during the year 1857-’6O, by David Dale Owen, and E. T. Cox, Assistant.” This is the best monument extant to the old State Govern xnent prior to the Rebellion. It contains nearly 700 pages of field-notes, chemical analyses: of soils, illustrations, etc., and takes rank as a con scientious performance with any similar book in the country. E. 23.' Conway was Governor when this work was xmdertSkeh, -and he selected Mr. Owen. It is a falr inquiry as to whether an Ad ministration which left one_ such work-has not been the best in -perforihahce which the State ©vexhad. ... t _ . , “Scenes and Adventures in the Semi-Alpine Regions of the Ozark Mountains of Missouri and Arkansas, which was first traversed by DeSoto in 1541. By Henry B. Schoolcraft.” This is a delightful book of simple-hearted ad ventures across the Arkansas line, made in the boyhood of a noble career. It was preceded by a London publication’of the -same adventures, entitled “ Journal of a Tour into the Interior of Missouri and Arkansas, 1821.” Schoolcraft also wrote a poem, probably the first ever composed in the State (1818), “in a cave in the wilderness of Arkansas, which was published in the JseHca Letires Repository in 1821. In this there seems to be an intimation of the homicidal habits of the pioneers he had seen there: Genius of caverns, drear and wild. Hear a suppliant, wandering child. Ono who spills not on the plain Blood for sport or worldly gain. Like his red barbarian kin. “An Account of a Voyage up the Arkansas in 1819, by Thomas Nuttall, .a Naturalist.” .This book is long out of print, and very scarce. It is written in a patient, philosophic spirit, worthy of % Philadelphian of the former time, and con tains social notes mere valuable now than its ecientific suggestions. . . In De Bow's Commercial Review for 1848 are two articles,—one called “ Northern Louisiana and Arkansas,” by R. M. Bry; another called “ Northern Arkansas and Its Natural Advan tages.” anonymous. The writer of the former narrative tour says that he never met with a description of the route pursued. He was prob ably the last who wrote one. Timothy Flint, who resided in Arkansas a few months - about the year 1820, published his « Recollections of the Mississippi Valley,” and also a plain history and geography of the same country, in 1826; very little is said about Ar- Dr. John W. Monette published, in 1846, a % plain and industrious “History of the Valley of the Mississippi,” which alludes necessarily to Arkansas, tint thinly. .... . - The most satisfactory statement of the btato debt, new and old, is to be found in the Minor ity Ku-Klux Report, signed by T. M. Hanks, native Congressman, of Helena. It is House Document Report No. 22, volume 1, Forty-sec ond Congress,- Second Session.. Although with partisan references, it is explicit in figures, and sworn to. “Deaporadoesof the New World.” Aeenes of chapters of crime in Arkansas, published in 1849 and still in print. These are crude and meretricious in style, bat they relate, more ex plicitly than Arkansas criticism trill allow, what duels, lynchings, and vxUanica were dona in the State thirty years ago. The book is of the catchpenny kind, but we have no alternative; ,nd the sketch of Kent Toland, the Arkansas desperado-editor must have had some von similitude, because it .appeared-while the subject was still alive. . „ In Wetmore’a “ Gazetteer of Missouri” for 1837, there is a capital story, ascribed to a real career,' called The Dead Husband,?*—fore running, with more reality, but less dramstio art, the stamp of Bret Hartefc outlaw sketches. -The same. literal, treatment and dry humor ap pear, and the characters are Arkansans of the early period. •" The war of Secession in this State is related in a magacine paper (harper’s, volume S3), by J. S. C. Abbott; and the roster and work of the Union regiments, by Adjutant General A. V» T . Bishop, in a report published at the expense of Congress. No adequate hook or paper on ibis subject has yet appeared. “ The Life of the Notorious Desperado, Cul len Baker,” edited by his brother-in-law, who killed him at last, is a current pamphlet at Lit tle Bock. This fellow must have been the worst demon in the State, and no State had worse demons. The above is all I have found, not refereed to in the body of this article, to reward curiosity upon the State'of Arkansas. But anybody who can have time for access to the files, of the old State Gazette at Little Bock, [and will consult some of the old men about to perish there, may write a book to deserve the thanks of sociol ogists, and benefit Arkansas by setting the mir ror before its people. A thankless task is often the truest, ana ultimately the best appreciated. A very complete account of the rivers of Ar kansas is to be had in the report of the Chief of Engineers, Secretary of War’s Documents, 1871. *• The Discovery of the Great West,” by Park man, relates the first occupation of Arkansas Post. THE FIRST WHITE MEN to tread the soil of the State wore DeSoto’s par ty. in the year 1541. He crossed within thirty miles of the town of Helena, broke up his boats for the nails and iron in them, and marched northwestward across the Arkansas “bottoms” for five days, to an Indian town on the banks of White Biver. It was in the month of May, and the fields were full of com. Two miles above this town, on the same' river, ho erected the great pine-tree cross which Powell transfers, in his painting, to the “ Discovery of the Mississip pi.” He marched also south to the Biver Saline and discovered salt, fought a battle with In dians near; the* Little Missouri, and con tinued to the Upper Arkansas, near the future Fort Smith, where he went into win ter quarters. Here died De Soto’s interpreter, JuamOrtis. Early in the spring he marched the whole breadth of the State to the Mississippi, recrossed it, and, about the sth of June, 1542, he died, 20 miles below the mouth of the Arkan sas, His successor, Luis de Mobcobo, recrossed Arkansas to the Bed Biver comer, was lost in Texas, and a fourth time the despairing hand travelled the breadth of the State baok again to the mouth of the Arkansas Biver, pursued and ambuscaded by.lndians. Here, reduced by death to 350 men, they built seven brigantines, and launched down the “ Bio Grande,” or Mis sissippi, July 2,1543. Thus Arkansas was occupied more than two years by white men, above three hundred and thirty years ago. MARQUETTE IN ARKANSAS. In the summer of 1673, after an interval Of one hundred and thirty years, the priests, Marquette and Joliet, went ashore at the mouth ol the Ar kansas Elver, and had a fish-bake with the In dians. Garfish, perhaps, or buffalo-fish, or catfish. The Arkansas Indians, farther down, said that they had no Spanish fire-arms, like the Mississippi Indians, and were afraid of them. From this Arkansas village, 700 miles above the month of the Mississippi, Marquette and Joliet, and their five boatmen, the second discoverers of the Mississippi, returned to the Illinois Elver and Chicago. Nothing Happened to Marquette more in Arkansas, except that he got the dysentery. XA salle’b visit to abkansas. In February or early March, 1682, Eobert Cavelier La Salle, a Norman, and Henri do Tonty, an Italian officer (from whose father’s theory of life insurance we get the word Ton tine), with twenty-three Frenchmen and thirty one Indians of both sexes, three being children, went direct from Chicago with boats, and down the Illinois, to the mouth of the Mississippi. Nearly all this party went ashore near the mouth of the Arkansas, and partook of the hospitality of the Qu&paw Indiana, who possessed domestic fowls and tanie geese, and were u a lively, civil, generous people.” Hymns were sung; one en thusiastic man shouted, “Vine le Boii " mean ing Louis XIV.; and two of the native Arkansans piloted the party down the Mississippi. These Indians Charlevoix subsequently called les Beau VEommes, and said they were the tallest and heet-fonned in America. DE TONT7-B ARKANSAS COLONY. Nearly all current books state that Arkansas was first settled at-Arkansas Post, in the year 1685. This is true only in a. qualified sense. Mr. Francis Parkman, the latest authority, says that it was in 1686 that Tonty, going to the relief of the lost La Balie, returned from his unsuccess ful search, to the • villages of the Arkansas, where some of his men volunteered to remain. He left six of them, and of this number were Couture and He Launay. This is the date of the settlement of the Arkansas Post, if settle ment it can be called. The following year, 1687, the survivors of La Salle’s party —their leader murdered on the way, and bis death avenged upon the assassins—crossed the subsequent State of Arkansas from the Bed Biver to the Lower Arkansas. > La Salle had been murdered near the River Trinity, of Texas. The story of the murder was related by the survivors to the man Couture, a carpenter of Bonen, Franco, and he took it down at the time it was told; and thus the little Indian freak of some Frenchmen to lead a savage life made one of them au histori cal authority.'* _ , The comrades of Xa Salle, says Parkman, tl approached the Biver Arkansas at a point not far above its junction with the Mississippi. Led by their Indian guides, they traversed a rich district of ‘ plains and woods, and stood at length on the borders of the Stream. Nestled beneath the forests of the far ther shore, they saw the lodges Of a large Indian town ; and here, as they gazed across the broad current, they presently descried an object which nerved their spent limbs, and thrilled their homesick hearts with joy. It was a tall wooden cross, and near it was a small house, built evi dently by Christian hands. With one accord they fell on their knees, and raised hands to Heaven in thanksgiving. Two men. in Eu ropean dress, issued from the door of the bouse, and fired their guns to salute tbe excited travel lers, .who, on tnoir part, replied with a volley. Canoes put out from the farther shore and fer ried them to the town, where they were wel comed by Couture and He Launsy, two of Tonty’s followers.” , . At this spot, they ate corn-bread and dried buffalo meat. Aug. 1. in a wooden canoe, they passed down the Mississippi. Ten of the white men remained behind, as well as a Paris admin ■ named Barthelmy. From these whites and their savage concubines, sprang a race of half-breeds whose descendants existed in 1819, when Mr. Nuttall ascended.the Arkansas. WHERE SETTLED. The first true settlement was made at the Old French Post on the Arkansas, a few miles below the bayou which communicates with the White River. Annoyed by rats, and repeatedly inun dated, they-movcd to the present “Post,” which is the oldest town in the State. I suspect the date to have been 1719 to 1721. THE FRENCH IN ARKANSAS. It is customary with ua to suppose that the drift of emigration was from East to West ? but Arkansas was settled from the Gulf by military advancing northeastward. The parent French colony was at Mobile and the month of the Mississippi, planted by Iberville in 1699. The next year the De Tonty descended from the Canadian colonies, on the Illinois, to meet him. In 1711, Louisiana out loose from Canada altogether, and thereafter the Louisianians began to plant posts on all the large tributaries of the Mississippi, to keep off the Spanish and English, .and moderate the In dians. Thus they planted a post on the Washita, south of the Arkansas line, in 1713: and,- about 1720, Bernard de la Harp© planted the post of Natsoo, 200 miles above the Great Baft, in what is now Hempstead County, Arkansas.* About the same . time, the great stone Fort Chartres was bnilt in Illinois, 40 miles below St. Louis, occupying eighteen months to put it up. The French population- probably pushed up the Washita and Red Rivers, and their coureurs du hois and runners passed across the country, and took peltries, salt, buffalo, and deer from the wilds of From this State, Bernard de la Harpe departed to colonize Texas, which the Spanish also occupied in 1720. In this year, slaves were brought direct from Africa to sow the seed of a social empire which should last nearly a hundred and fifty years. While Anthony Cnzet. possessed the trading and mining monopoly of the Mississippi Valley, between 1712 and 1715, Arkansas was dug -over in many places to find precious metals. When John Law, creator of the “ Mississippi Bubble,” ruled France through his omnivorously-borrowing bank. “ a West ern Company” was formed, to colonize the Mississippi Valley; and the same year in which New Orleans was founded. 1718, witnessed the granting of an enormous tract of laud, twelve miles -square, on the Arkansas River, to Law himself. At the same time, Bernard do la Harpe, got a large grant bordering on the Red River corner of Arkansas. Le Harpe explored the State from the Post of Arkansas to the In dian Territory and Texas. LAW B GERMAN SETTLEMENT. In 1721, an attempt was made to colonize the THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: THURSDAY, OCTOBER. 34, 1872. Arkansas Bed Biver and the Upper Arkansas. In March, 1722, John Law sent 200 Germans over to Arkansas Post, via Mobile. They set tled around the Post, 60 miles above theMissis aippi, and others occupied the small prairies nearly as far np as Little Bock/ Forty of these settlers remained until Law’s scheme failed, in 1723, when they had prepared to leave the country. The people of New- Orleans, however, persuaded them to settle anew 20 miles above that city, on wbat was called the Gorman Coast; there their descendants still remain. MAGDALENA SETTLEMENT. Women were also sent over to Arkansas and neighboring parts from the hospitals and houses of correction of Paris, such as the Sallpetriere. That affecting and rather immoral novel of the Abbe-Prevost, called “ Manon Lescant,” refers to one of these noor lorettes. The Arkansas Ozarks were mined and tunneled for.gold and silver to sustain Lane’s ridiculous scheme of finance. ARKANSAS BECOMES SPANISH. In 1762, the French Empire fell before the English colonists; and, the same year, by the terms of a secret treaty, the King of Spain pos sessed Arkansas. To get out of English juris diction, many French. crossed from the East side to the Arkansas shore. In 1801, the King of Spain ceded all this toreitorry to the King of Franco, who sold it in 1803 to the United States for twelve millions of dollars, plus four millions of claims assumed -by the United* States and never paid.'The price of Arkansas then to the Americans' may he said to have been about three millions of dollars. Next against her to the west was a Spanish colo ny, with San Antonio for its chief town. Prior to the purchase, several Americans had crossed over and become Spanish subjects or accepted Spanish protection, and in this way Hoses Austin, of Connecticut, seeking to prosecute mining in the Ozark Mountains, derived that knowledge of the land and its masters which enabled him to found with a Spanish grant the American State of Texas. ARKANSAS POST IN THE OLD TIME. An account of this old post is to be had in a London publication by Captain Philip Pittman, bearing date 1770. It is entitled “The Present State of the European Settlements on the Mis sissippi.” The book was written a few years after the retirement of the French and Spanish from the Ohio posts to their new line of posts on the great river, and was designed to convey military information to the author’s Govern ment. At that time tho “Post of Arcauaas” was, with one exception, tho solitary settlement of civilized beings In the limits of the present State. It was, according to this account, three leagues tip the Arkansas, and was a stockade of regular form, bastioned, thesidoa only 180 feet in length, and three-pounders guarded the flanks and faces of each fastioa. 'Within the fort were a com mander’s house, a barrack with three rooms for the men, a powder-magazine, provision-maga zine, and commissary-shed. The fort was 200 yards from the water-side, and the land was cleared around it to the depth of 900 yards. It was held by a French Captain and a Lieutenant, and by 80 French soldiers, including Corporals and Sergeants. Eight houses, occupied by eight families, were attached to the fort, and these people sent buffalo and boar meat, fat, and skins to New Orleans to be sold. The stockade was in aruinous condition, being at the time more than 50 years old. Three leagues above the fort, at the river-side, were three villages of “ Axcansas or Inapan Indians,” numbering 600 warriors, amongst the bravest of all the aborig ines, and they waged war with the tribes to the west of them as far as the Elver Bravo. Amongst these Indians many Chickasaws.and some of the extinguished confederacy of Natchez Indians, had been adopted. The Natchez had been the noblest wamors in the Southwest, but the French had ruined them. The French garrison was on good terms with the Indians. ABEANSAS in 1803. An abstract of documents addressed to Presi dent Johnson, relative to Louisiana, was pub lished in book-form in London, in 1804. It stated that there were few Indians resident be tween the Bed and Arkansas Elvers. There were then 260 only of the Arkansas tribe, attached to the French in friendship, and ready to fight in their behalf against the hostile Chickasawa. Their first village was 18 leagues up the Arkan sas Biver, the next three leagues farther up, and the the third six leagues. The scarcity or game east of the Mississippi frequently brought over the Choctaws, Cherokees, and Creeks, some of whom had married the women of the Arkan sas tribe. The civilized population consisted of 335 whites, 45 slaves, ana 5 free blacks. There were, besides, between the St. Francis River and the Mississippi, some vagabond Indians, who disturbed passing boats. LIEUTENANT PIKE UP THE ARKANSAS. Tbe French had ascended the Arkansas far above little Boek as early as 1702. Lieutenant T. B. Pike was the first American official to strike the Upper Arkansas, advancing from the head of navigation on tbe Osage. It was the Bth* day of October, 1806,—Jefferson, Presi dent. Oct. 28, he detached a Lieutenant, Ser geant, and four men to descend the Arkansas in canoes, made of buffalo and elk skins. This party consisted of Lieutenant James B. Wilkin son, Sergeant Joseph Ballenger, Interpreter Ba rony Vasquez, and privates Boley, Bradley, Hud dleston, and Wilson. They made the descent of the aver in safety, and arrived at New Orleans some time in 1807. This probably was the first party of Americans to traverse the whole width of the future State. In the autumn of 1817, amongst the current paragraphs of news, appears the following: »♦ Major Bradford has left St. Louis to estah blieb a military post on tbe Arkansas Biver, near tbe Osage Indian boundary line.” This was the establishment of Fort Smith, the water-gate to the Indian Territory. FINIS, In another letter, I shall describe Arkansas as an American Territory and State. Gath. A STATEMENT. To the, Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Sib : In to-days’s issue of your paper, I ob serve an article headed, “Compelled to Dis gorge,” where my name is conspicuously men tioned as the “ Harrison Street Lawyer,” and as mj being the means of encouraging a swindle upon an emigrant. As I wish this to be contradicted, and not have my name brought before the public in such a way, and in the light of a swindler, I will give you the details of the transaction: On Wednesday last, about noon, Mr. Lansing,— who, by the way, is, and has been, a customer of mine for some time, —came to me and requested me to do a favor for him. He was accompanied by two men, one of whom was Mr. Volmuth, the complainant, and the other his friend. 1 did not stop to inquire the nature of the request, but told him I would do what I could for him, taking into consideration that he was a cus tomer of mine, and entitled to such at my hands. He then explained to me that he wished to borrow SIOO of Mr. Volmuth, one of the men, and requested me to make out a note for such. I did as directed, not thinking of the proper form of making out such. They were both sat ‘ isfied with the same, and I gave it no further thought, not knowing at the time that I was to be the victim and theme for a scandal. Mr. Lansing then bought a box of cigars, and Mr. Volmuth bought another, through the solicita tions of his friend, and so the matter was set tled. Either the reporter’s or Mr. Volmuth’s state ment is incorrect, for I was not introduced as a lawyer, as the article goes to show. lam inno cent of any complicity in the affair; and, as I do not wish my friends or the public to miscon strue my true character as an honest and law abiding citizen into that of an unscrupulous swindler, as you make me out to he, I ask you to give this vindication space in your coulumns, in order to exonerate me from any complicity in the case, as far as swindle is concerned. By so doing, you will much oblige, yours truly, William Goodkinp. Chicago, Oct. 22, 1872. A Tliorn in the Flesh. From the Carlisle Mercury. Sixty-on© years ago Mr. William Wirtman, a well-known citizen of Bath County—he then being quite a young man—run a thorn into his foot, below his ankle, from which he suffered considerably. As It wetit deep, the attempt of the physicians to extract it caused him excruci ating pain—so much so that it was deemed best to desist from further attempt, for fear lock law might ensue. The thorn remained in the foot, and in course of time the wound made by it healed up. The pain ceased, and after that he experienced no inconveni ence from walking on the foot. Time passed on, and he thought no more of the matter until last week, when, feeling an itching sensa tion in the leg just below the knee, he scratched the part, when the skin loosened and way, and, to his surprise, a dark speck was visible. He caught hold of it with his thumb and fore finger, and pulling at it out came the thorn. It haa been imbedded sixty-one years, and had made its way that far np his leg, coming out on the side opposite to that in which it entered. And we will add that the thorn when it came out was as sound as when it went in. All the above is strictly true, as our informant is a trust worthy gentleman who received the information direct from Mr. Wirtman THE HORSE-DISEASE. Prevalence of the Epidemic in Buffalo. Over Two-Thirds of the Horses in the City Sick. The Streets Almost Deserted by Vehicles, and Business Much Embarrassed. From the Buffalo Evpress, Oet. 22, The extent of mankind’s dependence upon equine assistance is being vividly brought to view by the widespread demoralization which, exists in Buffalo in consequence of the presence of the Canada horse epidemic disease. The de serted appearance of the streets yesterday would have impressed a stranger with a sense of unus ual quietude. Tho streets were full of people, but there was an almost nainful absence of vehi cles. The disease, which at first was supposed to be merely a passing ailment, has demonstrat ed a degree of mischief which amounts to a pos itive public disaster. Over two-thirds of the horses in the city are now sick, and of the re mainder a large majority have some, symptoms of the epidemic. One experienced horsemtta gave it as his opinion yesterday that not one quarter of the horses on the streets were fit to bo used. The running nostrils and harsh cough —first symptoms—certainly indicated tho pres ence of the disease on almost every street and in every part of the city. There was but one common topic of conversation among the city people' yesterday, and that was “horse dis ease.” The veterinary surgeons have been kept busy day and night sight since last Thursday, and hundreds of cases—some severe and some very mild—have been treated by them. Mr. Wm. Somerville, on Erie street, has bad between 800 and 900 cases on baud, not one of which has proved fatal. Allot tho street railroad horses are now under his care. Mr. 8. Somerville, whoso establishment is on the Torrance, has treated nearly 200 cases. All of tho Fire De partment horses are being treated by him. Mr. Wiliam Somerville was absent from the city yesterday, having gone to Toronto for the purposo of studying tho symptoms and methods for caring the disease. THE STREET RAILROADS. The effects of this singular distemper are fdlt by the public moat severely, probably through* the Street Railroad Company, which has been, afflicted sorely. Wo were informed yesterday afternoon that every horse owned by the com pany was sick. There were sixty under treat ment at the Main street darn, and over forty at the Niagara street bam yesterday afternoon, and doubtless all of the animals used on the road were affected in some degree. Several care have been withdrawn for the time being, and instead of the regular five minutes and a half time, there is now an interval of fif teen minutes between the cars, and fears are en tertained of a still more unfavorable change. Should the weather turn out rainy the few horses that are now in nse would be unfit for duty. Last evening nearly every street car was crowded to its utmost, and the horses were noticable for their coughing and unnaturally weak condition. The officers of the company are making every effort possible to accommodate the public in spite of their serious embarrassments. If by the purchase of fifty extra horses the difficulty could be overcome, we are informed, the animals would be secured without delay. But it is evident that to buy fresh horses now would be to add only to the number of subjects for the inevitable disease. Witb a few exceptions there baa been a general suspension of business by the proprietors of the livery etables since last Thursday. Reporters of the Express visited all of the principal stables in the city yesterday and elicited the following facts: Charles W. Mmer, Pearl street—Fifty horses in the bam, all sick, some very seriously, and none able to work. Richard Callahan, Washington street—Thirty horses in the stable, all sick and business sus pended. Mings & White, Chippewa street—Thirty-five horses, all sick, business suspended. Stevenson, Washington street—Thirty horses sick; part of them used a very little. George E. Efner, Franklin street —The only livery stable in the city that is not seriously embarrassed. Forty-three horses in the barn and all well with perhaps five or six exceptions. G. E. Matteson, Niagara street—Thirty horses more or less affected. Four seriously sick. C. F. Miller, Terrace —Thirty-eight horses in the stable, and all sick and unfit for driving; Level & Frelick, EUicott street—Business sus pended. Thirty-four horses under treatment for the disease. Pierce & Polley, stables on Swan street and Michigan street—Seventy horses more or less affected. Not over six or eight horses permitted to go out. C. W. & B. Daniels, Michigan street—Twenty one borees sick. J. c, Stanfield, Michigan street—Eighteen horses ailing more or less, and not fit to work. Charles Stewart, Pearl street—Eleven horses sick since Thursday, apparently recovering. PRIVATE STABLES. The proud owners of fine carnage and buggy horses were “very generally bemoaning their epidemical ” misfortunes yesterday. The larg est private stables are all more or less affected by the disease, and among the down-town busi ness men there was a very small percentage who were so fortunate as to ride in their usual con veyances. In the stable of ono of our wealth iest citizens, wo are informed, that there are no less than $55,000 worth of horses sick with this disease. THE HACKMEN. Out of about one hundred licensed hacktnen, there were, yesterday, not more than ten on the streets. The public “stands” have been entire ly deserted for the past three days, and the trav elling portion of our community are compelled to walk to and from the depot, with their trunks in a hand-cart, or on their shoulders, or perhaps in a wheelbarrow. The sick horses are distributed throughout the numerous boarding stables in the city. In Kraft’s barn on Blossom street there were seventeen quite sick yesterday. Jas. Wescott’s stable, corner of Carroll and Wells street con tained thirteen. Mr. H. J. Fox has six in hia barn, and there is not a boarding stable in Buf falo that has not one or more cases. Old and experienced liverymen inform ns that there are between seventy-five and ninety hacks laid up at the present time. The only death that we hear of in this class is that of a horse owned by Mr. Clinton Beebe, which died Sunday. THE OMNIBUS COMPANY. This company has been obliged to stop work for the past two or three days, owing to the dis ability of all of the horses. The bam on Green street was full of sick animals yesterday, and some of them were reported very sick indeed. One death occurred Sunday and another yester day morning. There are thirty-eight horses suffering from the disease, almost all of which are in the company’s bam*, the remainder being on Mr. Tyler’s farm. Yesterday fifty extra horses were secured, and the business of the company will be resumed to-day. CANAL HORSES AND MULES. Fortunately for the canal traffic the epidemic seems not to have extended as yet to the horses and mules used by canal boatmen. Visits paid to several of tho canal stables in the lower part of the city, by one of tho impress reporters yes terday. revealed the fact that very few of the animals used on the towpath have been troubled with the disease. Wherever a case manifested itself great care has been ta£en to got the sick horse away from the others as a precaution against the spreading of the ailment, which is pronounced by medical men as contagious. THE TRUCKMEN. The epidemic baa seriously affected the cart men, compelling a large number of them to sus pend work. Mr. J. G. Coons ; one of the princi pal men in this class of business, has stopped work entirely in consequence of the sickness of bis horses, twelve in number. Three died Sun day and yesterday. The Terrace, whereon a largo number of the truckmen most do congregate, was deserted yesterday, and we hear of several instances where merchants were seriously annoyed at not being able to secure transportation for their goods sold or purchased during the day. In case this complaint becomes worse there is no knowing what the consequences will he, as there is a large amount of freight in store and ware house now awaiting transportation. CONDITION OF THE EXPRESS HORSES. Almost all of the fine horses owned by the ex press companies are sick. The barn on Ex change and Carroll streets last night did not con tain a single well animal. There were twenty seven horses sick, about three-fourths of which wore totally unfit for use. During the day, the warm weather being considered rather beneficial than otherwise, somo of the least afflicted ani mals were put to wagons for short trips, and by driving slowly, it is thought they were worked without injury; Last night each of the express companies was working only one horse. ANIMALS BELONGING TO THE CITE. A large number of the horses connected with the Fire Department are suffering from the epi demic in a mild degree, but no serious «a- b amassment in the working of tbs' Department is apprehended. , . The police horses were also sick yesterday, and search was being made at last accounts for a medium of propulsion for the noted Black Maria. THE FARMERS. • From what our reporters were able to learn by inquiring among the fanners, little or no knowl edge of. the. epidemic, prevails in the country hereabouts. Wherever there is pasturage the horses seem to be all right. A few cases are re ported where farmers, having driven in from the country early in the morning, found their horses, sick in the ham later in the day. ‘ Quite a nutrv berofsick animals belonging to non-resident farmers were under treatment in the. board! ng, stables in the vicinity of Seneca and Michigan streets, last night. . ITS EFFECT OS BESISES3. Wherever horseflesh has hertofore been used to facilitate propulsion or transportation, the effects of this epidemic are being felt with in creasing severity. All dealers in salable goods And the absence of their horse or horses an al most unbearable catastrophe. Provision mer chants are embarrassed for means to convey their staple articles of traffic from place to place. Cool dealers are already gradually sus pending the delivery of coal, and the same mis fortune is borne by lumber dealers, butchers, and, in fact, every class of • tradesmen. Some of the horses used by contractors for drawing stone, dirt, timber, etc., were taken sick yester day, and should the disease spread among them serious pecuniary damage is likely to. ensue. THE EXTENT AND REOSPUDTS. We are not inclined to indulge in the least hit of sensational exaggeration in relation to the disease, neither do we wish to aid in spreading abroad untruthful and damaging rumors. The fact is apparent that a very large majority of the horses of Buffalo are aipresent incapacitated for work, and there is undoubted prospect that to-day and to-morrow will see an increase of the distemper. Fedeatrianism by compulsion will be the ruling fashion for a few days at least, but there need be no fears of extended fatal results, so long as the sick are given timely ana proper treatment. NEBRASKA. Address of the Liberal State Central Committee* To the Liberal Voters of Nebraska : After a careful review of the late State elec tions, the Liberal State Central Committee find in the result, by a renewed effort, cheerful Indi cations of final triumph for our cause, and ur gently call upon all who are opposed to fraud and corruption in State and General Govern ment, to relax no effort in purging the body folitio of these self-confessed and growing evils, 'ree institutions on this continent are being placed in imminent peril. Our Republican form of Government is fast becoming a shadow with out the substance. The elective franchise, *which, under the Constitution, is the sole pre- BOgative of the citizen—the palladium of Ameri can liberties—has been unscrupulously assailed, violated, and trampled upon. The most daring and stupendous frauds, having no parallel in the annals of our country, were recently perpetrated in the city which gave birth to the Republic. The banner of the dominant party in Pennsylvania, is stained and blotted all over with fraudulent registration and illegal votes, and would be trailing to-day had a free expression of those only entitled to suffrage been seemed. But, by flagrant usur pations of the people’e sacred right, the Repub lican majority for President in 1868, of 28,898, has nearly been retained for Hartrahft. In Ohio, the Republican majority in ’63 was 41,428, which is now reduced to lass than 13,000. In Indiana, Hendricks was defeated for Governor in ’6B by 961 votes, and is now elected by about 2,000 ma jority. The recent elections in Connecticut show large Liberal gains throughout the State. In our own State,?—like Pennsylvania, where proven crime was no bar to Executive prefer- ■ ment on the part of the party in power,—we succumb to an ill-got triumph for the corrup tionists. Had - all the Liberal Republicans and Democrats done their duty; this deplorable re sult would not have obtained. Scores of Demo crats in nearly every county refrained from vot- 1 ing; notwithstanding which we have made great inroads upon the successful party, reducing their majorities in many coun ties, and carrying others, against the overwhelming power of official patronage and thefree and corrupt use of money. Whatever may he the result in this State, the election of Greeley is assured. The recent election in Georgia, giving an unprecedented and unlooked for Liberabmalority, makes certain 125 Electoral votes for Greeley from the Southern States, and with reasonable certainty we can add to inem New York, Connecticut: New Hampshire, New Jersey, Indiana, Nevada, and California—with 79 votes—making a total of 204, or 20 more than necessary to elect; we also have at least an even chance in Ohio 1 and Illinois. To secure these ends, the friends of Reform must see that the criminal conduct of the leaders of the dominant party is rebuked through the ballot-box. Free men of Nebraska! as you value the liberties the father left to ns as an inheritance, arouse and labor earnestly in the discharge of your whole duty, and thus aid in restoring to us and poster- ‘ ity the Government in its original purity harmonious in all its parte—administered with honesty and economy. E. A. Allen, Chairman Liberal State Central Committee. SMOKING IN THE STREET-CARS. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Szb : I fully indorse the denunciation, in a re cent number of your paper, against that intol erable nuisance, smoking in our streot-cars, and 1 cannot see wby the practice is allowed. The owners of the cars evidently deem it a nuisance, as they have made an attempt, by means of no tices posted up, to confine the smokers to “ the three rear seats.” But why,-1 ask, permit an of fensive practice on any part of the care? Others besides smokers are often obliged to get on the rear seats, and among them, frequently, ladies have to sit, when the other seats happen to be filled; and yet your smoker, perfectly in different to their presence, puffs away self-com placently, sending'a small cloud occasionally in their faces. But more; the limited prohibition is constantly violated,-and men may be seen any day, with their cigars and pipes, on any of the seats. I was forced, a short tune ago, to leave a one-horse car on State to avoid inhaling the smoke and odor of an inferior cigar which a fellow was puffing by my side. • 1 once saw a lady on one of “the three rear seats” between two smokers. Well, she grin ned and bore the insult for some time, but at length made her escape by betaking herself to another part of the car, when a seat had be come vacant. I will not attempt to describe what manner of men your car-smokers are, but one thing is certain: they are not gentlemen, for the distinguishing mark of a gentleman is deference to others, and of this your car-smoker, is utterly devoid. That the gyeat mass of those who ride on the cars should suffer annoyance-by tbe fewwho smoke is simply an outrage, and I, for one, hereby enter my pretest against it. I have heard ladies declare that they had aban doned the cars in consequence of tbe indulgence allowed to smokers. It is only a few minutes- that men remain in the cars, and they surely would not suffer by keeping their pipes and cigars out of their mouths for that short time. The car-companies should at once adopt a strict rule prohibiting the practice, and I feel persuaded they would be tn© gainers, in the receipt of nickels, and, moreover, receive the thanks of the public. A Sutfereb. Chicago, Oct. 22,1872. DENVER, COl. Dekvdb, Col., Oct. 12,1872. To th eEditor of The Chicago Tribune: Sib : I herewith give -you a statement of the financial condition of our county and city, with the assessment rolls for 1871 and 1872: Valuation of property assessed in 18T1 $9,169,869.00 levy for County, Territory, School, and railroad taxes, 2 per cent 183,397.38 Amount collected on same. 161,421.45 The above shows a delinquency, which has been occasioned by the taxing of lands granted to railroads, and also of our National Banks, of which taxes our laws would not warrant collec tion, and the same were, therefore, abated. The total valuation of city property proper for 1071 waa $6,670,742.00 Levy, 7 mills, amounting to. Amount collected on same. which also leaves a delinquency, most of which, however, is available, and can be collected. Oar county valuation, as per assessment roll for 1872, —which is not as yet quite complete,— 'will amount to $11,000,001) or $12,000,000, and our city will amount to over $7,000,000. Our County, School, and Interest on Bailroad Bond tax (which levy has not as yet been made) will not amount to more than 18 or-20 mills, and our city 8 mills; which, altogether, putting it high, will not be more than 2 8-10 per cent. We have no Territorial tax this year, as we have now money enough in the Treasury to pay our debts for the next year.* Our county owes about $490,000 railroad bonds, of which wo are retiring more or lees each year, Our floating county debt proper will amount to $20,000 or $25,000/ which will be paid off* in tuxes this year. . I think this shows well for this barren, isolate ed county, as it is looked upon. Our city will, I think, show a population of 10.000 or 13,000 in iabitanta well lighted with gas; *we have the Holly water works, and a street railroad in full operation, and, taking all in all, X think we have a good and prosperous Terri tory. • A WHISKEY SUIT. Liquor Destroyed to Prevent Its Fall* ingr into the Hands of Indians* From the St. Louie Republican, Oct. 18. A suit was brought in the* St. Louis Circuit Coutw at the October term by the owners of the steamer Flirt, George J. Hazlett, Hiram K. Haz lett,Knd Joseph H. Coon against Durfee &.Peck, owners of Fort Peck, a large Indian trading P®Bt. The post is situated at the junction of Milk River with the Missouri, in Montana Terri tory, about 500 miles below Fort Benton. The same parties are also owners of a line of steam ers, carrying their own goods. plaintiffs allege that early in October, 1871, the steamer Flirt, bound for Fort Benton with a cargo of gpods t on arriving at Fort Peck, found it impossible to proceed further on account of the low stage of the water, and that the boat put in shore at that point and unloaded 68 barrels of whiskey, 60 10-gallon kegs of the same liquor, 80 cans of alcohol, and 5 barrels of bottled ale, and left the same in charge of the agent of Durfee & Peck, taking his receipt therefor. They allege that the whiskey was totally de stroyed, and hold Durfee & Peck responsible for it, their agents having given a receipt for the safe-keeping and delivery of the goods. The defendants allege that the receipt for the goods was given without authority, and that they were destroyed by the Government officers under direct orders from the Interior Department at Washington. Major Andrew J. Simmons, the Government agent in charge of the Milk River Indians* Agency, and the Indians under his supervision, during his stay in the city, gave his deposition in the case. Mr. Simmons testified that it is his duty gene rally as Indian agent, under the laws of the United States, to arrest all parties having liquors in their possession in the Indian Territory; to seize the liquors as contraband and to destroy them, and also that the fact of these liquors beingstored at Fort Peck was re ported to him by a United States detective. It was also reported to the Interior Department at Washington, and orders were received from the department to destroy the liquors at once. He thereupon proceeded to Fort Peck, and on the 18th of November opened all the packages and poured their entire contents into the river, after having first ascertained that Messrs. Durfee & Peck were in no wise responsible for the pres ence of the liquor there. He did not seize the steamer Flirt, because she had left the point and was out of his reach. Aside from the fact that the presence of the liquors there was an infringement of the law, there existed a particular reason for their destruction. Major Simmons was at that time calling in the Teton Sioux to Fort Peck v which was their trading post, for the purpose of holding a council with them. TheTetonsfor seven years have been on the war path, making raids and attacks upon posts and trains, and have committed a great number of depredations. They had resisted all over tures for peace; bad never received any benefit from the United States Government, and were particularly hostile to the whites at that time, for the reason that the Government had granted right of way to the Northern Pacific Railway through their hunting grounds. .About 600 Indians bad attacked a corps of railroad engineers under Colonel Baker, with 400 troops, and a number were killed on both sides. The battle was fought about 100 miles from Fort Peck. It commenced at 2 o’clook a. m. and lasted until daylight. The Indians had made such demonstrations at different points so as to deter operations on the road. They were coming in, however, to hold a council, in re sponse to the invitation of Major Sim mons at Fort Peck, and it was feared that if they found the liquors—which would very likely have been the case— they would have seized them, and not only de feat the purpose of the council, but destroy the fort and all the whites located there. * There were no troops at that post, nor any whites except the employes of Durfee & Peck, and a few Indian traders. The Indians came in to the number of several thousand, and the result of the council was the sending of a deputation of Chiefs and braves to Washington in charge of-Major Simmons, which was the same party that stopped at the Southern and visited the fair last week. The whiskey traffic with the Indians is one of the greatest obstacles the Indian agents have to contend with in treating with hostile bands. Liquors are carried up to the mining districts, and from thence find their way. into the Indian territory, and great numbers of people are en §aged m smuggling itacrosa the lines from the ritiah possessions. Fort Peck is now a mili tary post, and a'garrison is stationed there. It is probable from the testimony already elicited that the plaintiffs will withdraw their shit against Durfee & Peck, and look to the Government for compensation. FRAIL FEMININITY. One Hundred and Fifty Ladies Search ed for Smuggled Goods* From the Detroit Free Press, Oct, 22. It ia a fact probably better known to the Cus tom House officials than to outsiders that at least every tenth woman who crosses the Detroit River carries smuggled goods. The goods may be tea, coffee, socks, thread, ribbons, or some* thing else of great value, but the intent to smug gle is there, and the success in bringing over a small lot ia nearly' always an inducement for : the smuggler to try the game on a larger scale. Men may and do smuggle clothingnowand then, but it is the female sex which carries the burden of guilt. The Custom House officials at the fer ry dock in this city are as vigilant as officers can be, but wbat chances have they against monster hoop-skirts and gigantic bustles. They cannot stop to peep under shawls, examine pockets, look into baby-carts and hold a crowd on the boat, and so they must continue their work with the knowledge that goods are being smuggled, and that only one grand and certain haul of their nets can trap the guilty and frighten the inno cent so that they shall never dare to pursue the business. The net was drawn yesterday. The officers commenced about 2 o'clock, walking fifteen or twenty women up stairs into the custom rooms, and handing them over to a woman to be searched. Every boat load which landed, for about three hours, was treated in the same man ner—that is, all the female portion. Some were indigpant, and appealed to their husbands, who vainly appealed-to the customs officers. Others wanted to faint away, but, after looking at the planks and the dust, concluded not to. Others wept, laughed, or turned pale, but none of them were permitted to escape. Duringthe afternoon about one hundred and fifty women were con fronted by Uncle Sam, and the old man had a good deal of fun and made some wonderful dis coveries. For instance, a modest little woman, who was in a great hurry to go home to her sick child, pulled out a few pins, and ten yards of English flannel fell to the floor. A tall woman, with tears in her eyes, who asserted that she would sooner chop her head off than to think of smug gling, unfastened a pound of tea from her skel eton, and asserted that it must have been placed there by some designing person. Another one indignantly denied “the right of search,” but, after remaining a prisoner for an hour or two, told the searcher to “ take it and go to grass,” throwing a package of ribbons and laces on the floor. A lot of calico was found on another, some velvet on another, and at least 10 per cent of the whole number were found to be engaged in smuggling. The officials were satisfiecfwith confiscating the goods, and it ia said that women who land from Canada duringthe day to-day will be marched up stairs and turned over to the care of the grim female, who heeds no thieats and melts at no sighs. Xlie Smith College.for Women* From the Boston Advertiser. It will be remembered that the late Miss Sophia Smith, of Hatfield, in this State, he queathed by will a considerable - sum of money for the establishment and maintenance of an in* stitution for “ the higher education of young women,” designed to eqnal in the advantages afforded by it the colleges for young men. The Trustees named in the will have purchased an eligible site in the beautiful town of Northamp ton, six miles from the colleges in Amherst and an an equal distance from the Mount Holyoke Seminary. They have cash funds, including $25,000 given by the town of Northampton, amounting to $358,000. They are now seeking the means to erect the necessary buildings and an art museum without encroaching on these funds, and the Rev. John M. Greene, of Lowell, formerly Miss Smith’s pastor, has been appoint ed a general agent to solicit assistance from the friends of religion and education. Miss Smith’s will forbade the expenditure of more than half the sum left by her for buildings. The scheme which the Board of Trustees have adopted is a large one. The study -of Greek and Latin is to be pursued as extensively as in colleges for yonng men; not less attention 46.695.10 32,301.98 will be paid to modem languages; more time ; will be devoted to English literature and to esthetics; the physical sciences will be taught so as to keep pace with the scientiflo and mate rial progress of the ago; probably less atten tion than in other colleges will he given to mathematics, but more to ethics and meta physics ; facilities are to be afforded for the pur suit of special studies, and, to sum up, the sys tem of training will be such as to fit young women to become teachers, not only in our Sab bath schools, Bible classes, and mission sta tions( but also in our highest institutions of learning; to become writers also, not only of articles for the daily and weekly press, but also of standard hooks. This is a grand scheme, which it is safe to say will never he accom plished until the present available funds are in creased several fold. We should suppose $2,000,000 in hand would be as little as would afford reasonable promise of its accomplish ment in this generation. It is easy enough to show up the scheme of a college on paper, but establishing colleges is another scatter. We should be heartily glad to see such a college in Massachusetts, but to represent or imply that it can be done with $350,000, even if buildings were given for the purpose, is too preposterous. On the subject of founding new colleges. Presi dent White, of Cornell University, could give those who have this matter in charge some veluableTesults of experience. PERSONAL. Alphonse Karr has in his library the skull of his once lady-love, and that of a servant gisl no torious for robbing him. Judge John G. MoKenny, of Dayton, Ohio, has resigned, and the Governor has appointed David L. Meeker, of Greene County, in his place. —C. E. Delaney, clerk in the naval service, at Kiitery, Me., lately dead, had no bands, but be wrote rapidly, bolding the pen between his wrists. Miss Ella Garretson and Miss Nannie But ler, of Muscatine, la., are gone on a tour through Europe, unembarrassed and unaccompanied by the biped man. Pere Hyacinth© advises all men to marry. One who has long served in the harness remarks, “ He has only been married three months!” —Renan is coining to this country early ia January. His “Info of Christ’* and other works have made for him many admirers on tya side of the water. —Stephen T. Farwell, of Cambridge, Mass., formerly member of the State Senate, for many years a Deacon of the Shepard Congregational Society, and recently General Agent of the American Bible Society, died on Sunday, aged 67 years. —Edmund Winston Henry, the younger and last of the eons of Patrick Henry, died on the 11th inat., at his late residence in the County of Charlotte, Ya., in the 79th year of his age. It has not been long since we were called upon to record the demise of several of his contempora ries in the same county—Paul and Henry Car rington, John Marshall, and bis brother, John Henry. —Olive Logan, in her new lecture, speaks of the poor rewards of literary labor, and says: “ Half the labor I have put into a boot fox which I have been moat unmercifully criticised, would have seamed me a fortune in the millmery line.** We don’t see that it is yet too late fox Olive to go into the millinery business. Bettex (says the modern Solomon; is a good millinex than—we forget what. —John P. Brace* formerly Principal of ths Hartford Female Seminary, and afterward fox many years, until 1861, the principal editorial writer of the Hartford Courant , died at his home in Litchfield, on Friday, aged 79 years. He had been in retirement and comparative idleness since he left the Courant, and for several years past an invalid. His son, Mr. Charles L. Brace, of New York, is better known than the father, for his leadership in practical city charities, fox his various books, ana for bis editorial writing in the New York Times. GENEBAX NEWS ITEMS. Dr. Henry C. Priest, County Clerk, 4**4 at Greencastle, Md., Oct. 20, of an overdose of morphine. —The foundations of the new Lindell House, at St. Louis, are being laid, and workmen will in two weeks lay the first floor. —lire. Elizabeth Hill, of Geneva, K. Y., died recently from congestion of the stomach, pro duced by a piece ofcloth four inches square she had swallowed. —Bishop Quintard, of Tennessee, has ap- Sointed Fnday, the 20th of December next, as a ay of intercession to the Lord of the harvest for an increased supply of missions. —On the Ist of January next, the Chicago & Lake Michigan Railroad will have over 250 miles of road in successful operation. —A Wisconsiner has invented a bedstead with a partition, 'intended to protect sleepers from each other’s baleful breath. In families where onions are regularly consumed, the invention has reaped some golden opinions. —The Annual Convention of the Merchants of the United States will assemble in St. Louis the 18th of next month, pursuant to adjournment at Baltimore last fall. —The management of the Grand Trunk Rail way having determined to adopt the standard American gauge, the section’from Port Sarnie to Stratford will be first changed, and thence to Buffalo. The matter has been so planned as to interfere but slightly with (he traffic of the road. It is expected to have the job completed by the 12th pros. —The work of double-tracking ike Michigan Central line progresses constantly, and will, by the commencement of winter, be far advanced out from Chicago towards Hues, and well out from Detroit. Another year will, however, be required for its completion. —The Coroner’s jury in the case of Henry H. Armstrong, found dead in his door-yard at Madison, Xnd„ a few days ago, returned a ver dict to the effect that he came to his death by a gunshot wound at the hand of some unknown person. The case has gone to the Grand Jury, who will make further investigation- Mrs. Armstrong told a plain, consistent story from beginning to end. which a rigid cross-examina tion failed to confuse, and her sister’s, as well as .her children’s, testimony corroborated the evi dence which she had given. —The Geneva (N. X.) Gazette relates the story of a young man named George Waters, who, it is stated, was* assisted by the late William H. Seward and Theodore M. Pomeroy, of Auburn, to get his college honors to Hobart College, a few years since. He went to California, made and lost two fortunes, and finally located a min ing claim at Shelboume, New. When it was deeded to him, he conveyed 100 feet to each of his former benefactors, Seward and Pomeroy, in remembrance of their early kindness. The story goes that the lucky miner has sold his part of the mine for $400,000, while $40,000 has been placed to the credit of Messrs. Seward and Pomeroy. —Dr. J. P. Siddaß, of Indianapolis, was arrest ed, Saturday morning, on charge of producing an abortion. Ho furnished hau in the sum of $1,500. —The ponderous opera glasses of twenty years have again come into fashion, super seding the delicate lorgnettes we have been used to. —There is on exhibition before the State His torical Society, at Boston, the cane with which Preston Brooks assaulted Charles Sumner, the identity of which is unquestioned. It is of ebony, solid and heavy, with a carved ivory head, and it incloses a substantial sword or dag ger of steel. —Colonel DeGraff, who builds railroads in Minnesota, employs a force of about 4,000 men on the several lines under contract. In addition to the human force, there axe also 1,100 teams ‘employed. The Winona & St. Peter Road will be completed to the State line by the 6th of No vember, and to Lake Campeeka before the close of the month. —A lame girl who had not for fourteen years once left the third-story back room in which she lived, was among those who participated in the late children's excursion in Philadelphia. 'When carried to the park, she asked what the grass and trees were, and had to be told the names of the most common objects. She lay on the grass all day, drinking in the air and sunshine, and was seen to weep softly every little while from pun joy. A Child Htmg VntU Bead on the Back of a Chair. From the Knoxville (Term.) Frees, Oct . 13. William Sands and bis wife are poor people, living on Copper Ridge, Union County, Xenn- On Thursday last, this couple had three chil dren, the youngest being an infant about 1 year old. Mr. and Mrs. Sands went out that day into a field near the house to bind fodder, leaving the three children, the youngest of whom was not yet 4 years of age, in the house. In about twenty minutes Mrs. Sands returned, and was horror-stricken to .find the infant hung to the hack of a chair —dead. It appeared that the baby had climbed up on a chair to the bed, and in getting down again from the bed its slip canght in the projecting upright of the hack of the chair, whicn, as the infant tried to get on the floor, pushed up through the slip to the neck. The button held on, the weight ol the infant not being sufficient to tear it away, and as the feet of the baby could not reach to the floor, the sad result was that it soon suffocated. The other two children.were too small even to know of the danger which quickly ended the life of their little brother.