OCR Interpretation

Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, February 24, 1873, Image 4

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031492/1873-02-24/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 4

txtuib or BtmsompxiOH (patahub im advanox).
?’if?.*. 1 . 1 ;:::: s l i 4: 1. v-^l'Jv;:;;.' ; ;®2:38
Parts of a year at tbo same rate.
To prorenl delay and mistakes, bo tore and bW®
Office address In tut), Including State and County.
PomltUmM. limy lio innilo ollbor byilr.ll,
'Office order, or la registered lollors, at mirrisK.
teumb to oitv sunaoiuintns. .
Cower Madison and Dearborn-sts., Chicago. 111.
kIRST PAGE— Washington, Foreign, Now York, and
Miscellaneous Tolearaphlo Now«—Advertisements.
SECOND PAOIC-Balurday Night's Telegrams.
HURD PACK—The Law Courts—Homo for tho Friend
less-Personal Itcms-Northern OaUfortria letter—
Oonnoctlcut Democratic and Liberal State Conven
FOURTH PAGE—Editorials: Tho Pacific Mall Invoßll
gallon t The Champlain Canal 5 Another Filibuster
ing Expedition; Affairs lu Utah-Current Nowa
FIFTH PAGE—Catliollo CeremonialatSt. Mary'sOhnrch
-Woman Suffrage —Tho Farm and Gardon-Bt.
Louis Visitors—Railroad Matter*—A Boat Story—
Advertisements. . , _,, .
SIXTH PAGE-Monotary and Commercial—Railroad
SEVENTH PAGE—Washington Latter—The Transpor
tation Question—Two Women on the Block—News
Parsgraphs-Smsll AdvortlsomonU: Real Estate,
For Sale, To Rent, Wanted, Boarding, Lodging,
EIGHTH PAGE—Now York Letter—Tho Now York
Canals—Sergeant Hoff-Now Publlcatlons-Adror
M-VIOICETUS THEATRE—MadIion .treat, betwson
State and Dearborn. Rngtgomonl of Edwin Booth.
“Lsdyof Lyons."
ACADEMY OF MUSIC- Ualstod street, south of
Madison. ** Counterfeit."
HOOLBY’S OPERA HOUSE—Randolph street, be
tween Clatk end LaSalle. .“Folse Sbamo."
MYERS* OPERA HOUBE-Monroo street, between
f tele and Dearborn. Arlington. Cotton 4 KemWo's
Minstrel and Burlesque Troupe. Ethiopian Comicalities.
GLOBE THEATRE—Dosplalnos street, botweon'Madl
sou and Washington. “Nock and Neck."
o«m circular* sent; information given. J. B. MAR
TINEZ A CO., Bankers, IS Wall-st., P. O. Box 468j, New
York. »——
W&> C&jbme.
Monday Morning, February 24, 1873.
To expel Brooks ond Amos, hs tbo Poland Com
mittee recommended, will require a two-tbirda
voto; but, if tbo Associated Proas may bo be
lieved, not oven a majority will voto for tbo
resolution of tbo Committee. Twenty members
of tho Souse have made known their intention
of speaking on tbo question when It comes up
Senator Pomeroy’s ruling passion is as strong
at tbo calamitous, closo of bis Senatorial career
os it was in tbo heyday of bis fame as Old Sub
sidy. Unabashed by tho charges of corruption
for which bo is under investigation, bo appeared
last Friday before tbo Senate with another land
grant, giving tho right of way through tbo pub
lic lands to tho Utah Northern Bailway.
Tho Chicago Times of Saturday last haa an
important dissertation on Chinese law as applica
ble to railway legislation in tho State of Illinois.
By pushing its researches into tbo philosophy of
Confucius, it can'undoubtodly obtain light in the
demagogic value of a ibrco-cont war. Wo com
mend tho Times to a diligent study of tho re
ligion of Joss, with a viow to ascertaining how
many newspapers can bo sold by urging people
to mob railway-conductors.
Minister Sickles gave a reception and ball at
Madrid, Saturday night, which was attended
by tho loaders, of tho Bopubllcan movement, and
was mado an occasion for informal discussion of
tbo policy of tbo now Government. Gen, Sickles
gave bis advice, tho substance of which was that
tho people should as soon as possible learn
their duties as citizens. A monster moss-moot
ing of tho real Bopubllcan sort is to bo bold in
Madrid to-day.
Gov. Warmoth has published a long reply to
tho majority report on tho Louisiana case. Ho
assails tho evidence of tho . witnesses for tho
Kellogg party as false and untrustworthy, de
nies tho statement of tho Committee that the
black voters are in a majority in tho State, and
that they went unanimously for the Republican
ticket. Ho claims that, making every allowance
against tho Fusioniata, they elected McEuory by
8,500 majority, and demands that ho ho recog
nized as Governor.
A freight train was loft standing on tho track
of tho Chicago, Danville & Vincennes Railway,
yesterday morning, at Momouco, right In tho
path of a passenger-train already duo. Tho men
in charge of tho freight-train coolly go to sloop
in the caboose at tho roar instead of going out
to warn tho approaching train, and, of course,
they wake to And its locomotive plowing
through their car. The conductor of the freight
train,’ who was responsible, if any one was, for
tho negligence, was Instantly killed, and two
others were badly hurt.
Tho Senate is expected to debate tho Caldwell
case tb-dny. The Democrats, our dispatches
say, will oppose tho resolution declaring that
Senator Caldwell boo never been duly elected.
They follow tho reasoning of. Caleb Cushing,
that tho Senate has no warrant for any Inquiry
behind tho votes of the Legislature. It has a
right to know only that the organization of the
Legislature and tho election wore fn compliance
with tho forms of law, Caldwell, it Is said, will
plead that only two cases of corruption aro al
leged, and that these two should not vitiate a
majority of twonty-flvo.
If Congressional Committees ar« to bo be
lieved, a caeo of bribing is an exception to the
rule that it takes two to mauo a bargain. Tbo
Credit Mobillot Committee found that Amos bad
bribed Congressmen, but that no Congressmen
bavo boon bribed. In much tbo sumo way tbo
Ways and Moons Committee rpport in tbs ones
of Judge Bhorraan, who procured cortjoln legisla
tion from Congress for Ins employers, thp Jlpw
York Stock Exchange, that no Congressmen ore
inculpated by tbo ovidonoo. They rotor tbo
Judge's caso to tbo Judiciary Committee tp soo
if impeachment be Justified.
The Judiciary Committee have determined to
present artiolofl of impeachment against Uultod
states Judgo Doiahay, of Kansas, whoso case
\usy began to examine a yqnr ago, Tho charge
1 viint the Judgo ifl habitual intoxication and
commission of grpaa indecencies
'n .tho bench under tho influence pf liquor,
■mflo.ln the case is very yohunlnous.
is Senator-Elect .Ingalls,
'IWT*. Judge .Dolahay’s
•o agreed to
tliO 1
wliilo c
Tlio ovitlL
Ouo of tlio
85,000 If ho would hoop Iho Judge aohor long
ouotigh to open court end sign some very im
portant papers. This was dono j hut Mr.
Ingalls' clients rofnsod to pay tho mouoy, and bo
declined to hold lilmaolf lifthlo.
In order to cheek tho destruction of life in
Now York hy tho poisonous mistakes of lll
trained and careless druggists, a law was onaolod,
yoar boforo last, fiuhjocting all druggists to
surveillance hy tho State, as is dono abroad. No
person was to ho allowed to compound medicines
or sell drugs unless ho had passed an examina
tion boforo a Stato Board, and received a cer
tificate from them. This law dono
Us work as fully aa it was hoped It would. At
least ono-fourth of tho 1,200 persons embraced
under Its provisions havo ignored it. Of these,
only 275 havo boon examined, although tho
Board has boon In session shico lost August.
Tho now system ia to ho credited with having
driven out of tho business twonty-flvo or thirty
of tho most dangerous class of druggists.
A dispatch from Washington says that Iho
President has appointed tho Hon. Richard Yates
a Government Director ,of tho Union Pacific
Railway. -If ho has mode this appointment In
tho way of sarcasm, at tho expanse of tho Hon.
Jamos Brooks, wo can easily appreciate tho
joko. It is equivalent to a suggestion that a
high stato of personal debauchery is preferable
io a low stato of blackmailing. Tins may ho a
truth worthy of all acceptation In tho abstract,
hut wo submit that tho country has not reached
a pass whoro a choice must ho made between a
sot and a bribe-taker for tho management of im
portant pnhlio business. If it is necessary to
tako oaro of Yates at tho public expense, lot him
ho pat on the pension list, and lot tho interests
of tho Government in iho Pacific Railway bo
looked after hy sober mon.
Tbo preliminary organization under tbo laws
of Illinois for the charter of tho long-expected
extension of tho Baltimore & Ohio Bailroad
will lako place in this city to-day. Tho route
of tho road from Pittsburgh to Chicago has
boon fixed, and tho contracts for tho con
struction will bo lot as soon as tho Company is
organized. Tho road runs in almost an air-lino
from Chicago to Pittsburgh, and it is to ho hoped
that tbo work will bo begun simultaneously at
Chicago and at other points. When thoro aro
two or threo tons of freight hero woiting trans
portation East to ono that tho existing railroads
can carry off, tho soguor this additional trunk
lino is completed tho greater will bo tho benefit
conferred upon this city and tbo Wgat, and tbo
moro speedily will it begin to reimburse its
stockholders for tbolr outlay.
“Tbo Progress of Iron Smelting ” engages the
gratified attention of tho Now York Tribune ,
which shows that tho production of ptg-lronin
this country during tbo past year was 2,388,250
tons, and that tho business was very profitable,
and is likely to bo more so this year. This prog
ress, it says, “is abundantly vindicating tbo
wisdom of tho protection it received.” Wo do
not boo bow those facts vindicate tbo wisdom of
tho protection it received, any moro tbaq tbo
huge profits obtained by tbo Credit Mobilior
Company vindicate tbo wisdom of tbo protection
tboy received. There is another branch of in
dustry, which fob followed last year to a very
considerable extent, which yielded no profit at
oil,—that of corn-growing. If tho corn
growers had boon allowed a bounty
of $7 per ton by law, • tboy might
have mado os glowing an exhibit of tho
year’s business as tbo American Pig-Iron Manu
facturers’Association. Is there any more virtue
or patriotism intrinsically in making pig-iron
than in growing com ?
Mr. Charles A. Dana was requested to attend
a public celebration of Washington's birthday at
Philadelphia, which was to hare a special im
portance in advancing the interests of the Cen
tennial festival. Mr. Dana was also requested
to make a speech. In his reply to the Commis
sioners ho referred to his arrest in Phila
delphia, , some months ago, as ho was
passing through the city on his way
from Washington to Now York, because of Uia
publication of tho Kemblo letter of “ addition,
division, and silence." Ho gave bail in the sum
of $5,000, which ho subsequently forfeited, be
cause ho was advised that ho would not ho al
lowed to prove tho truth of tho letter aas. Justifi
cation of its publication. Mr. Dana has now
declined tho Invitation to make an address in
Philadelphia, on tho ground, evidently, that ho
is afraid to speak in a community whore a mtju
cannot toll tho truth without being subjected to
a prosecution for libel. Ho expressed tho hope,
however, that tho law would he changed before
the cojobrotion of tho Second Hundredth Auui
yoiaary of American Independence.
Tire new Spanish Republic does not start off
with that unanimity among Republicans which
promises success. As wc h/vvo already stated,
tho Republic has as much to fear from Republi
cans as it has from tho machinations of the three
claimants to tho throne, Alphonso, Don Carlos,
aud tho Duke do Montponsior, Political parties
in Spain are parties of most violent aud almoat
Innumerable factions, and in tho contentions
and quarrojs of tho numerous factions
of the Republican party there is every
reason to expect that the most power
ful of-the throe royal claimants will step
in and take possession. Those quarrels have
already commenced in violent partisan affliction,
and, notwithstanding tho reassuring statements
of Castolar, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and
Echogaray, Minister of Finance, that the condi
tion of tho Republic is peaceable, tho Ministry It
jao\f to which thoyholonglßlulho face of aerials,
which already threatens to cost U tho loss of
Cordova, Minister of War, and possibly all tho
Ministers adhering' to the Radical party. Mean
while, a largo number of. the Ipa&ng officers in
tho regular army have resigned, and this lu
tho face of tho operation!) of tho Owliatfl and
tho prooofieo of Don Oarloa himself in Spain.
In tbo consideration of the House Appropria
tion bill, Ur. Banka offered an craondmont pro
hibiting tbo publication of documents for gratu
itous circulation, which encountered vigorous
opposition. Mr. Hoot was particularly denun
ciatory,.and characterized tbo proposition as a
part of a system, of which tbo repeal of tbo
feapking privilege was another part, to deliver
tha public soutbnent of the country and tbo leg
islation ojt Congress into tbo hands of a fow
newspapers ta Cm groat ettios. Tbo vary absurd I
objection was successfully answered by Mr,-
Itoherts, when ho compared the proposed harrier;
against newspapordospotism toUrs. Partington's
attempt (adopted' from Punch) to swoop
book tbo ocojn tldo with a broom. Ur.
Hoofs speech wot with the ridicule It deserved
vrlm/iho m (°W l rT ““ l t0 OTorcomo
tho Influence of newspapers circulating millloua
of copies, and giving Iho procoodlngo aa they
occur, by tho occaolonal spoociioß and roportu
that And their way to tho trunk-manufacturers.
Ilowovor, tho majority of tho lloubo Boomed to
ho of Mr. Hoar's way of thinking, for Mr. Banka 1
amendment wqh voted down without oven taking
tho yeas and naya. Whether this roßuUod from
an Indisposition to decrease tho printing suh
•idy, or from a wholesome fear of tho “ nows
• paper despotism," It io impossible to say.
It is reported from Washington that tho Na
tional Labor Council,—a sort of lobby estab
lished in Washington in tno Intorost of tho
olght-hour movement,—will make a vigorous
advance on tho uoxt Congress to soouro tho
passage of a law providing that, under all public
contracts entered Into between employer and
employe, eight hours shall coustituto tho legal
day's work, and that any violation in this respect
shall annul tho contract. Tbo basis upon which
this law will bo askod is that tho present Gov
ernment recognition of tho Eight-Hoar law'for
its own omployos fails to help tho inter
ests of' tho workingmen, for tho reason
that tho contractors, who work thoir
men ton hours a day, can afford to
tako contracts at ohoapor rates than tho Govern
ment can, and do tho same work. This advan
tage for tho contractors, it is hold, will even
tually tako tho public works out of tbo hands of
tho Government, which will then have no occa
sion to employ laborers. That thoro is littlo
danger of such a result Is proved by tho vole In
tho Houso on Saturday, in which it refused to
authorize the lotting of contracts to tho lowest
responsible bidders exclusively. If thoro wore
such a danger as' tho National Labor Connell
foresee, however, it would not effect tho general
right of employers to engage workmen for os
many hours as they can, nor tho general right of
laborers to work as many hours as they
wish. As a matter of course, tho moro work
a man does tho moro pay ho will
rocoivo. Tliis ia a law of supply and
demand which no Congressional law could pos
sibly touch, Tho result of such a law as the
Labor Council proposes, therefore, would ho
a species of despotic restriction on men who de
sire to earn more money than they can cam by
eight hours' work, and at iho samo timo a fruit
ful source of swiudiing by opening an easy way
for breaking contracts.
Tho Supremo Court of this State have decided
tho appeal from McLean County, taken by tho
Chicago & Alton Bailroad Company In tho prose
cution brought against thorn by Qustavus Koor
nor, Biohard P. Morgan, Jr.‘, and David B.' Ham
mond, Bailroad and Warehouse Commissioners,
for unjust discriminations in freight charges,
favorably to tho Bailway Company, and have
constitutionality of tho Bailroad law
so far as relates to such discriminations. Tho
clause of tho law upon which the action was
brought is as follows i
That no railroad company organized or doing busi
ness in this State under any act of incorporation or
general law of this State now In force, or which may
hereafter be enacted, shall chargo or collect for tho
transportation of goods, merchandise, or property,
on its aald toad, for any distance, tho same
nor any larger nor greater amount as 101 l or compensa
tion than U at the same time charged or collected for
• tho transportation of similar quantities of tho samo
class of goods, merchandise, or properly, over a
greater distance upon tho samo road.
On tbo 6tb of December, 1871, tho Bailroad
and Warehouse Commissioners filed an informa
tion in tho nature of a quo warranto in tho Cir
cuit Court of McLean County, setting forth that
tho Chicago & Alton Bailroad had repeatedly
charged $5.05 per thousand foot for transporting
lumber from Chicago to Lexington, a distance of
110 miles, whilo It charged only 66 per thousand
foot for transporting lumber from Chicago to
Bloomington, a distance of 120 miles. Tho B&il
road Company answered that tho legislation
above quoted was in violation of Us char
tered rights, and therefore void. They alleged,
also, that tho chargo of 66.05 to Lexington
was a reasonable charge, and that tbo obargo of
66 to Bloomington was unreasonably low, hut
that they wore compelled by competition to carry
at that rate to Bloomington, or lose tho business.
Tho case was brought to a hearing last autumn,
and judgment rendered by tho Circuit Court in
favor of tho Commissioners 5 Judge Tipton, In
tho learned opinion which ho gave, holding that
“ tho Statp retains tho power, notwithstanding
tho charter of defendant, to so regulate and con
trol tho franchise of defendant gs to determine
what shall constitute, and to prevent by proper
legislation, unjust discriminations between com
munities, as well as between different individuals
Of tfeo same community." This judgment has
boon reversed by the Supremo Court of tho Slate.
The Court affirms tho right of tho Legislature
to prohibit unjust discriminations In railway
freights, hut says that, by tho act in question,
tho Legislature has forbidden all discrimina
tions, and,ln case ofany discrimination liy a rail
road, has declared Us charter forfeit on an arbi
trary presumption of guilt, giving it no ohanco to
explain, although it might bo able to show itself
Jnnocont of any unjust discrimination. On those
acooqntg they unanimously declare the act coij?
trary to tho spirit of the Constitution, and re
verse tho decision of tho Court bgjow,
It is to bo regretted tbst tlio limited timo re
maining boforo tbo adjournment of Congress
may prevent tbo investigation of tbo Pueblo
Moil Steamship subsidy from boing as thorough
as )t Should. Tbo work of investigation is but
half done if it doss not go to tbo yory bottom
of the corruption which has of lato years boon a
controlling force In Congress. Tbo remedy
cannot bo mado effectual until tbo soro is com
pletely exposed. Tboro baa novor boon so
good an opportunity prosontod before to accom
plish this. To slop now, or burry over
tbo work in a superficial manner, would
bo a national calamity, and an injustloo
to Congress itself. Tbo investigations have
become so general that they no lougor assume a
partisan character, put are conducted in tbo In
terests of honest legislation. Tbo public aro in
excellent temper to bavo those inycßtlgotions con
tinued, until bribery and gift-taking aro extir
pated, root and branch, and tbo offoueoomado so
odious that no man will bavo tbo hardihood here
after to reck to influence legislation with
money, Even the partisan press, which bos
hitherto maintained an apologetic course, which
originally stigmatised the charges of corrupt! o ?
as campaign slanders, and, at tbo outset
of the investigations, prophesied tbst
tbs result would exculpate ’ everybody,
how ' acknowledges tbo gravity of tbo
facts which bavo boon provan, and calls for tbo
application of a penalty which Bball adequately
stigmatize tho enormity of tho offouaoa.
the tyeir Times, tho principal organ of tho
Admlnlatratipu, i/lor much grimacing, clamors
luMHy lox eweoplusc »n’i puuUh-
mont. In a rocent artlolo upon this matter, it
points out at first that Congressmen h&d no right
to sharo in tho profits of tho Credit Mohilior
stock, whether thoy obtained it honestly or not,
for iho reason that tho dividends wore drawn
from tho misappropriation of govornmont bonds
and govornmon t lands, tho diroot result of a fraud
upon tho people. For this reason, it denounces tho
report of tho Poland Committoo for attempting
to oxoubo somo Congressmen hy stating that
thoro was no ovidonco to show that those Con
gressman know tho nature of tho stock when
thoy took It. It claims that thoy should havo
kuowu it, as tho character of Credit Mohiiiorwas
no secret. It claims that, in eases whoro tho
Committoo has rojootod tho testimony of Con
gressmen, tho witnesses should ho arraigned
and punished for perjury, ond closes with tho
recommendation that "it is tho plain duty of
Congress to visit with punishment all who took
Credit Mobilior stock from Oakes Amos," and
,advises sovoro oouauro for all who had connec-
tion with it hut fortunately got rid of it, not
only aa an act of justice, hut In order that a
definite standard of public morality may ho es
tablished for tho future.
The Pacific Mall Steamship subsidy scheme
offers a field oven more promising than that of
Credit Mobllior. That tho subsidy was procured
by gigantic corruption has long boon notorious
in publio rumor. At tho time favorable legisla
tion was procured, Its agents maintained a
splendid establishment in Washington, which
was a runway for Congressmen whenever they
felt inclined. They gave elegant lunches and
entertainments. They wore abundantly fur
nished with money, and It flowed freely as water.
They supported a largo and influential lobby.
Tho movomcfht on Congress was as much a
stock-jobbing operation, .manipulated by Wall
street brokers operating for a riso in stocks, as
it was a scheme to proouro tho subsidy, aud,
between tho officers and agents of tho
Company and tho Now York brokers, a powerful
combination was effected, which, If tho charges
alleged are true, spent a largo sum of mouoy in
Washington—competent authorities placing it
as high as half a million of dollars—to obtain
tho passage of tho subsidy bill. Tho failure of
tho Brazilian subsidy schema about tho timo
that tho Pacific Mai) passed, furnishes a clue
also to tho corruptions which secured tho latter
result. Mr. O. K. Garrison, who managed tho
Brazilian scheme, now proposes to show up tho
members who inado propositions' to him for
money In consideration of their votes, and it is
stated will produce alottor from the Hon. Sypher,
of Louisiana, whoroin ho offered not only his own
vote, hut tho votes of twenty other oarpot-bog
Congressmen, for tho gross sum of $30,000, or
about $1,600 each, which shows that the carpet
baggers wore cron cheaper rascals than Kansas
legislators. The pHma facie showing with ref
erence 'to Pacific Mail Is oven more damaging
than was the evidence upon which tho Credit
Mobilior investigation was based. In tho lat
ter, there was & loop-hole for escape, or at least
for plausible justification, in the fact that
tho acquisition of stock was a matter of nego
tiation through the regular channels of busi
ness, and this pica was at first advanced by the
Implicated parties with considerable show of
success. In tho Pacific Mail scheme,
however, tho charges aro made that
I certain sums of money have boon di
-1 reclly paid Congressmen for tholr votes.
Morally, there is no difference in tho two modes
of scouring tbo doslrod legislation. Legally,
however, tho Pacific Moll sohomois divested of
all technicalities. It is & plain matter of affir
mation or denial, with no opportunities for pre
varication or quibbling, There la no avenue of
oscapo for tho guilty party. For this reason, It
is to bo hoped that tho investigation will be
made as thorough as possible, in tho brief time
that remains, ond that tho modus operandi by
which tho agents of tho Pacific Mall pro
cured tho passage of tho subsidy may bo
clearly demonstrated, It may not bo pos
sible at this lato stage of tho session
to properly punish the guilty parties, but it is
duo to tho oauao of honest legislation that the
exposure shall bo complete enough to establish
a standard for tbo next Congress and for future
Congresses ; and it is also an imperative neces
sity, that this result shall bo reached, that some
chock may bo put upon subsidies, land-grants,
and other schemes upon which tho public money
has hitherto been shamefully squandered. A
1 complete exposition of the Pacific Mail, ovon if
it did not result In tho punishment of bribery,
would secure another valuable in making
tho encouragement of private speculations by
Government assistance so odious that uo Con
gressman w°uld dare to yoto for them here
Tbo proposition to enlarge tbo Champlain
Canal, ponding in the Now York Legislature,was
noticed several days ago, Though not likely to
pass at this session, some facts in regard to it,
brought out In tbo debate before the Canal Com
mittee, will bo interesting to our readers. From
the remarks of Mr. Wood, wo loam that it la
proposed to improve tiro Hudson River by dams
between Troy and Port Edward, a distance of
forty miles, so ps to secure a depth of water of
ton foot. Tho looks are to bo 300 foot long
and 15 wido. It is twenty-four milos
from Fort Edward to Whitehall, seventeen
milos Of which will bo by canal
and sovon by improving Wood Crook, which only
requires dredging to moko its capacity equal to
that of tho canal. It is proposed to moko tho
canal of a oapooity of 110 foot at tho bottom, 150
foot at tho top, and 10 foot doop. Tho total coat
is estimated to bo about $8,000,000.
Tho summit at Fort Edward is 150 foot above
tido-wntor. Of this 117 foot occurs in tho Hud
son River which it is proposed to ovorcomo by
11 dams, and from tho point where tho canal
loaves tho rivet tho remaining 38 foot can bo
overcome by two looks. It wasstatodboCoro tho
Committee that a lookogo of 50 foot is required
botwooutho Fort Edward summit aud Loko
Champlain, but, according to tho profile of tho
Now York cauala, it is 81 foot | but it matters
little, ao tho Hudson Rlvor, which foods both
ways from tho summit, will probably furnish
on ample supply of water to tho canal.
Tho lfon Jqhn Young, of Monlrool, who was
present, by iuyltation, opoko of tho onlorgo
mont of tho Welland and t)m 81. Lawrence Canals
to a capacity forvossola of 1,000 tons ns sure tobp
accomplished, and that tho Oaughuawoga Canal,
from tho bead of Eachlno Rapids to I.ako
Champlain, as ourp tp bp opened by tho llrao tho
canal B»d Improvement between tidorwator on
tho Hudson aud Hake Champlain can bo put ii>
operation by tho Btato of Now York. If tho
City Of Now York ■ moans to retain tho grain
trade of tho West, or any considerable portion
of it, tho more earnestly sho advocates tho
opening of this route tho bettor. Then vessels of
1,000 tons will havo dlroctoccossto that city from
nil tho lakes. If it Is not opened, Montreal will
ultimately grasp most of this trade, and with It
a largo share of tho commerce of the West,
Mr. Young showed’that tho oofit of freight
now between Buffalo and Now York Is $4.00 per
ton, while by this route it would not exceed
$2.05 per ton, making a clear saving of $1.05 per
tou. Even with tho present tonnage, with a
saving of $1.50 per ton, tho gain to our com
merce would amount to about $3,700,000 ovary
year. 110 also referred to tho treaty by wbloh
tho waters and canals of tho St. Lawronoo wore
made froo to tho people of tho United States.
What tho people of tho West want Is cheaper
freights to the ocean, without any roforouco to
tho routo by which it is secured.
A document is published In Now York, signed
by a number of loading citizens of Baa Domin
go, and purporting to represent tho popular sen
timent of tho Dominican Republic, mailing a
vigorous protest against tho leasing of Samana
Bay. Tho bombastic stylo of tho olrculor gives
it au aspect of genuineness; and, if genuine, it
indicates that tho Now York Company will not
bo able to assume tho sovereign rights which
Baez has guaranteed it without a struggle.
Tho protest refers to tho former negotiations
between Baez and Grant, and represent that tho
present transfer is os unauthorized and tyranni
cal as that which was contemplated in the unrat
iflod treaty with tho .United States Govern
ment. It also refers to tho unouccossful efforts
that have boon made in timespastby tho British,
the French, and tho Spaniards to possess them
selves of tho island, and declares that tho same
popular resistance will bo offered to tho present
undertaking. Tho manifesto comes in tlmo to
confirm a very general impression that tho
terms of tho convention between tho Baez Gov
ernment and the Samana Bay Company aro not
bo acceptable to tho people of San Domingo as
they bavo boon represented. It also comes in
ibo shape of a warning to Congress to havo
nothing whatever to do with thoßamanaßay
Company in tho way of special legislation, As a
commercial enterprise, tho Samana Bay Com
pany must bo permitted to work its own way
with such facilities alouo os international law
and existing treaties afford.
Tho telegraph bringing tho account of this
Dominican protest also convoys tho information
that there will bo no lack of adventurous volun
teers in New York City to assist tho Samana
Bay Company to take possession of tho property
which it professes to havo bought, and to sot tip
tbo now Government projected in tho tonus of
the Baez convention. This statement fully jus
tifies the prophesy which the Dominican leaders
mako in their circular, that tho Samana Bay
Company Is but another form of tho filibuster
ing spirit which "Walker developed in Nicaragua,
and Lavostida once attempted in San Domingo.
It will bo tho exorcise of only reasonable caution
for tbo United States Government to regard tho
enterprise in tbo samo light. If tho Samana
Day Company wore simply a commercial
venture, tUoro would haro boon no occasion to
exact from Baoz tbo governmental powers
that ho pretends to haro delegated. Tbo terms
of tbo convontion guaranteed tho Company
tbo right to establish thoir own Government
over tho peninsula which they have bought j to
levy and collect taxes 5 to fix import and export
duties for their own benefit; to charge for all
harbor facilities, and otherwise exorcise eminent
domain. Tbo contract farther provides for tho
futuro extension, of their dominion over tho
entire Dominican po&ooaoluus, by enormous
grants of land for ovorymilo of telegraph
linos which tbo Company shall construct.
All contracts or rights heretofore exist
ing that clash with tho terms of this
Baoz convontion oro declared to bo null and
void. It is not surprising that tbo Dominican
people recognize that they have boon sold out, —
property, citizenship, and all,—and that thoy
propose to make a national struggle to pre
serve their country and their Independence. So
far as San Domingo is concerned, it is not im
probable that Baoz will bo deposed and driven
out of tbo country, and that tho coming Gov
ernment will bo formed on tbo basis of opposi
tion to tho invosion of tho Somana Bay Com-
If this Company aboil thus lose Us commer?
cial character and assume that of ft filibustering
expedition, it will bo tbo duty of the United
States Government to interfere. Wo want no
American counterpart of tbo East India Com
pany in tbo West Indies. Wo want no private
individuals, nor association of private individu
als, to moke wor on tboir own account, so long
as they aro American citizens and may bo le
gitimately restrained by tbo American Govern-*
mont. Nor will it bo well to defer Government
action until tbo expeditions aro organized, and
tbo attacks actually made, as in tbo case of the
Fenian war in Canada. In tbo present Instance,
there is ample warning. Tbo whole history
af San Domingo annexation toacboa tbo cor
ruption and probable illegitimacy of the Baez
Government. Tbo terms of the Soroana Bay
Company’s charter, and tbo violent opposition
of tbo Dominican people, forecast tbo purpose
of certain American citizens to sot up a govern
ment of their own in opposition to the senti
ment of a republican people. Wo must not rest
under tbo aspersion of oven winking at such a
project. It is opposed to tbo very spirit of our
government, and to the best principles of civ
ization, It is not probable, after the develop
ments which have been made, that tbo Samana
Bay Company will dare to como before Congress
to oak protection in any form. But the Govern
ment should not wait for this opportunity to de
clare Us irresponsibility for this Company’s con
tract. It should bd on tbo alert to ebook tbo
movement at tbo very first evidence of an overt
Ak'fnkrw iu iltnhf
From a gentleman engaged in business at Salt
Lake, and whoso residence of several years in
that city has given him ample opportunities to
judge eorreetly of current events and opinion in
the dominions of Brigham, wo learn tho follow
ing particulars i . .'
Ono of tho most lamentable facts is tho de
bauching and utter demoralisation of somo of
tho Government oiiieors of tho Territory. They
can, ho soys, ho bought for mouoy to do almost
anything. To ohtoin Justieoor an honest execu
tion of tho law Is, thoroforo, about impossible.
Uo mentioned ono case in which it was decided
to buy up for 8103,000 a totolly unjust and inde
fensible claim to ono of tho mines, rather than to
trust it to the decision of tho courts. This stale
of tilings has rendered property unsafe and in
vestments uncertain for many mouths past. Tho
agent of tho Associated Tress, ho says, is tho
creature of those blackguard oillolals, and hence
the nows bo sends is often unreliable and false.
From those charges ho exempts Dr. Taggart,
Judgo Hawley, Mr, Hollister, and a few others.
Tho Probate Courts have usurped nearly all tho
functions of the law, and, being entirely under
tho control of Brigham Young as between Gen
tiles and Mormons,_fio justice can bo expected
from them. In tho transfer of lands, Mormons
always liavo access to tbo complete records,while
Gentiles novor can know whether they Are mak
ing a safe purchase or not. Hence, also, noted
murderers walk tho streets at noonday, and crime
goon unwhippod of Justice.
In spite of ell thin, Investments to tho amount
of $100,000,000 have boon made In tho mines of
Utah, most of whlcli are yielding largo divi
dends to their owners. Railways aro building
m all directions, and groat progress Is making
In the settlement and development of tho Ter
ritory. There Is now twenty foot of snow hi tho
mountains, and much moro than usual lies upon
tho wholo Territory. Tide has, In most cases,
stopped mining for tho winter, bub lb forms a
euro basis for active summer business, and good
crops aro confidently anticipated. Most of tho
best ores aro still) shipped to Swansea, ‘Wales {
hut tho Emma and somo others aro selling
all they can raiso to tho smelting
establishments in Chicago. Our informant re
gards Utah as containing the richest and most
extensive silver-producing districts In tho world.
Nevada can no longer claim pre-eminence over
tho homo of tho Mormons.
Tho Mormons havo no Intention of removing
to tho Sandwich Islands or anywhoro else. They
claim to havo discovered tho country and mado
It habitable, and thoy propose to stand by it.
They boliovo tho Lord is on their .side, and that
all their enemies will ho put to confusion. Tho
leading Gentiles deprecate tho large concentra
tion of troops in tho vicinity, as no violence
Is apprehended. There Is now a strong
moral pressure on tho Mormons, and it Is stead
ily Increasing by the largo influx of Gentiles,
and it Is thought their peculiar religious notions
and tho practice of polygamy must yield moro
surely and rapidly to natural forces than thoy
would to a military demonstration. Removal of
corrupt Government officials and a reorganiza
tion of tho Judiciary of tho Territory, so that tho
Probato Courts should bo confined to their legit
imate duties, and those of tho General Govern
ment bo empowered to administer tbo laws with
impartiality, will speedily restore Utah to its
former prosperity, and eolvo tho Mormon prob
lem wisely, and in tho shortest time possible.
'jTlio IVobiila In Orion#
Tho Now York Tribune contains tho following,
as a part of a report of a lecture delivered last
Week, at the' Cooper Union Institute, by Prof.
George P. Barber, of Yalo College:
Still another application of tbo spectroscope Is, to
tbo nebular hypothesis of La Place, one of tbo grandest
theories which the brain of man ever conceived, As
It came from La Place It was only a theory accounting,
ii Is true, for the facts. Mon, however, nsU for proof
of tbo existence of this cosmlcal matter In a nebulou'
form. Tbo nebula) aro, by tbo spectroscope, found °
bo of this nature. Tbo spectra given by tbo now®
vary, somo being tboso of gasos, others being pf* l ?
those of solids or liquids. Thus docs tho
show tho process of tho creation of tbo unlvc* o *44
verify tho theory of La Place, Nobubn worn thought
to bo clusters of small stars, so small as no'* o ho re
solvable by the tolcscopo. The Bpoclroscopfhas shown
this to bo false. Tho nobnla lu Orion, tho*Bh resolved
by the telescope, and though it sooms though.urn tel
escope to bo a mass of stars, gives, tbr'UGh tbo spec
troscope, a true gaseous spectrum. ThQ story of tuo
telescope la therefore not true.
Either the report does groat injustice to Prof.
Barker, or ho haa betrayed a lunontablo want of
acquaintance with tho subject; which is all the
moro dangerous, as it tfodo to throw unwar
ranted discredit upon tfco value of the telescope
as an aid in the study of phenomenal astronomy.
The nebula of Orioa appears, in the best tele
scopes, ns a nebulous mass, which “contains”
about forty-eight stars; audit was simply sug
gested, several years ago, that an instrument of
sufficient power might bo constructed to resolve
the whole nebula into separate stars. But this
has never been done, ond the spectroscope
proves to us that the guess was unfounded
in this case, though. correct as regards
some other clusters then called nebula). The
nebula of Orion bos not been resolved (Into
stars) by the telescope. The forty-eight stars
abovod alluded to seem to be surrounded by the
cloudy mass which the spectroscope shows ns is
a vast aggregation of glowing gas. We do not
yet know whether these stars aro a part of tho
nebula, or whether they are much farther away
or much nearer t» man tho gas; tho latter
pooitiun is tho most probable. Tho story of
tho telescope is not, therefore, contradicted by
the spectroscope, notwithstanding the assertion
of Prof. Barker. On tho contrary, tho two
stories ore complementary and consistent, as
truth should be; and, taken together, they fur-
nish ua with a muoh greater volume of truth
than is contained separately in either story.
Moncuro D. Conway, writing to the Cincinnati
Commwdal from London, nftor a viflit to tho
Zoological Gardens, acknowledges himself to
have boon more than half converted to Darwin
ism by what bo saw and board tboro among the
animals, and narrates many curious facts, Ono
of tbo boars closely resembled Theodore Parker,
wbo, as every ono knows, had a special fondness
for boars. An old fox boro a oloso resemblance,
also, to Mr. Seward, and a walrus to tbo Tiob
boruo claimant, •Ho saw a singing mon
key and a tearful chimpanzee. Ho saw,
also, somo bumblo invalids wbo woro
constantly unhappy unless they bad tbo
sympathy of the Superintendent. Ono old bab
oon gave a look and mado a motion at a trouble
somo boy precisely ‘'in tho stylo of tho gouty
old unole on the stage who shakes his crutch at
I tbo offender, and cries, “Odds boddikins I
Grammoroy! Zounds! Egad!” Two bears re
cently bad cataract on tbo oyo, and, after tbo
administration of chloroform, to which they
submitted in human fashion, were operated upon
'with success, and recovered. Many of tbo mon
keys aro suffering from hereditary consumption.
Mr, Conway also saw a maternal bippotamus ad
minister castigation to her erring child in tbo
manner which has been patent among women
since Eve’s tirao. Tho moat conclusive proof
of humanity which ho observed, however, was
tho following i Thero was a very pious
man in tho Gardens distributing tracts to tho
visitors. A boy who had ono of tbo tracts,
which invited him to “Pause,” put it into tho
paws of a big opo, who sat down with it, eyed
it upside down, fore and aft, every way—then
used it to tickle the nose of a slumbering
baboon. Whereupon, Mr. Conway remarks :
“ Ono would give something to havo a chim
panzee commentary upon the dogmatic theology
thus offered him before any revival bos occurred
in Itho monkey-house, or any catechetical in
struction destroyed the original simian sim
The official North German Gazette predicta
that great events will happen in Germany dur
ing the present month, and bases its prediction
on the fact that February has always been a sig
nificant month in Gorman affairs. It shows that
in February, 1079, Frederick ‘William achieved
success against the Swedes. In February, 1673,
the ponce was concluded which closed the.
seven • years’ war. In February, 1807,
King Frederick William. was compelled to
make peace with Napoleon at Schon
hruun, but in February,' 1813, the league
was made between Prussia and Russia, and in
February, 1814, the means for tho overthrow of
Napoleon wore in Bluchor’s hands, In February
1815, Napoleon resolved to leave Elba, and, after
tho hundred days, came tho crowning victory at
La Bello Alliance, In February, 1850, King
Frederick William IV. accepted tho Prussian
Constitution. In February, 1804, the Prussian
troops secured their victories In Sloawiok, and
in February, 1871, tho preliminaries of peace
wore signed at Versailles.
Tho Now Hampshire campaign Is very dull.
Here they oro within a fortnight of tho election,
and, except that tho Republican organ at Con
cord has an occasional paragraph of a .column
upon Urn impressive character of tho crisis, one
would hardly know an'election was ponding. The
Democratic papers are remarkably quiet.
—The Kansas Legislature must adjourn March
4, unless members' are willing to prolong the
session without pay, and,. aa the Legislature
must wait until tho second Tuesday after notice
of a vacancy In tbo United States Senate before
proceeding to fill It, tho holiof is autortnlnod at
Topeka that tho appointment of Caldwell’s suc
cessor will fall to Qov. Osborn. In that ovout,
Leavenworth Interests will ho protected, tho
Governor being a Leavenworth man. Thoro aro
sixteen Leavenworth candidates.
—Tho Harrisburg (Pa.) State Journal enjoys
tho peculiar confidence of Simon Cameron. Wo
aro pleased to quote from tho Journal:
Thoro can bo no mistaking tho action of tbo Bennie
In tho Caldwell case. It is dignified and resolute, a
precedent which Indicates Ha course in other similar
cases, and a vindication of tho dignity of (ho body,
which gives assurance (list Congress Is determined to
purge itself of tho foulness which the nation had such
good reason to believe has existed thoro. The Idea of
allowing a man to hold any ofiloial position which It
Is known ho purchased, Is revolting.
—Tho people of Arkansas vote, March 8, on
an amendment to tho Stato Constitution putting
an cud to all disabilities by reason of tho lato
Rebellion. If carried, 20,000 people will bo o‘“
—Tho Albany Evening Journal cays of tho
Caldwell case i /
If It could be settled that tho use of money a Sen
atorial contests, ns lu Kansas, would luvoil-tdo (ho
election, It would go far to dcsiroytbls prnlcious
f>racliflo....Dnt, meritorious as ihoproposfion seems
a Its consequences, Uis a question upon which tho
lawyers will doubtless divide.
Tho editor of tho Journal is under
stood to bo ouo of a syndicate oJoady making
plans at Albany to “place” pCTnltod States
Sonatorsblp in 1876. Tho “by'’ refers, doubt,
loss, to that. /
—Qov. Hartranft's first o/ rc l flo of tho voto
powor was, last week, on a)A which proposed
to except tho Rorough o' Conncllsvillo, Pa.,
from the operations of nokolow’a measure of
tho last session, for tW election of Municipal
Boards by tho cumulate plan. Tho Governor
only objects to tbo oanellavlUo bill, without
expressing any opini** to tho cumulative
system itself.
—Tho revision / Alabama laws has boon
intrusted to a Relative Committee wholly
composed of blacjnion. Tho Mobllo Register
says: /
Wo have no con® cnt to mako on an outrage no
flagrant as to disgust by Us very being. Nor
havo wo any con non t to nmko upon McKlnstry’s act
In thus Insultin' the body over wblch bo presides, tbo
legal ability of** lo wbolo State, and tbo laws of com
mon sense, o/ wc haa of decency.
—Thopp>P l(J of N °w York will voto, next
KoTembf * whether Judges shall hereafter bo •
by tbo Governor, or elected according
to th(i )rosonfc system.
_rfbat must bo tbo general opinion of that
jail's honesty who escapes punishment by the
fjatlnnoyof one Juryman? Tbo voto yesterday
ju tbo impeachment of Colfax leaves him in a
similar position.— Davenport Democrat.
—Poor Nesbitt died without taking tea with •
Colfax. Thoro has boon nothing so touching
since Adam.—Cincinnati Enquirer.
—Now those who know George F. Nesbitt In
his lifetime might woudor why ho showed such
unwonted liberality to “an almost total strong
er,” if it were not for tho fact that, in Juno,
1808, Congress increased tho appropriation fox
postage-stamps and stamped envelopes from
$275,000 to $150,000. As Mr. Nesbitt’s firm wore
tbo contractors for printing ouo or both those
articles, a Hood of light islet in upon his mo
tives. —iVcto York Sun.
—Tho case of Kir. Colfax takes a now aspect
from tho discovery of further contributions from
Sir. Nesbitt. Thus, while Sir. Colfax is partly
corroborated, now doubts aro suggested.— Albany
Evening Joun.ll.
—Our statesmen say to-day they would bo glad
To know If Ames has anything to Add.
They used to ask, unless they aro belled,
Whether he hadn’t something to Divide.
—iVeto York Tribune.
—The procession will positively start next
Tuesday,—scapegoats in advance.— Springfield
—Sir. Colfax’s case is a bad one, indeed. Po
litically speaking, it may bo considered hio
burial case.— St. Louis Times. ■
—Tho Springfield Rejmbhcan thinks tho pub
lic maybe assured “that there aro more and
bigger fish in this Credit Mobillor pond than
havo yet boon caught—old, wary fellows, who
keep in deep water, and are now silently chuckling
at the greenness, and consoquoutmisfortunes,
of their 1088-oxporienccdandloss-cautioufl breth
ren. They may come to tho pan yet, though, in
spite of their knowingnoas." _
jlr. Ames jokes right ond loft. Ho said
among other things that “ If tho Houso takes
bis scalp there will bo a good many bald-headed
men around.” — Washington Dlspaich io tho Neva
York Herald. , ,
—'William E. Bohorts was asked this evening
what ho thought of Poland’s report. His reply
was unique and witty. “ Well, I will toll you
my opinion,” said ho,; “ the Credit Moblhor
investigation is a pyramid of fraud, tho base of
which ia Bepublicau and tho apex Democratic.
The Committee havo reversed it, and put tho
entire Republican pyramid upon tho Democratic
apex; but it won't stand there long,” —New
York Herald's Washington Dispatch.
—What a valuable editor of tho Now York
Tribune Mr, Colfax would havo mode about
those days.—Cincinnati Enquirer.
—Wo are pleased to, learn that Oakes Amos ia
a stauuch friend of the cause of temperance, and
encourages tho growth of toetotoliam among his
workmen in hisMasaaohnsotts shovel factories.
■\Voaro glad to hoar that Schuyler Colfax haa
been able to resist all temptations to violate tho
resolution against smoking dears which ho mado
two years ago. It'io comforting to know that
both the Pattersons are strongly opposed to tbo
Mormon system of polygamy. It is cheering to
got tbo assurance that Harlan is m favor
of propagating tho Gospel among the In
dians. It is refreshing to bo reminded
that James Brooks delivered an eloquent eulogy
upon Goorgo Washington, who made a famous
observation after ho had chopped down an apple
tree with bis little hatchet. It is consoling to
think how Kelley, aud Dawes, and Garfield, and
Company opposed Horace Greeley because of tho
Solitlcal corruption with which ho was connected,
k is something to got tho information that Hen
ry Wilson is still a poor man after thirty years of
nubile life. It strengthens our loyalty to recall
how furiously Gen. Logan fought for his coun
try. But it is not pleasant to catch poor, pious,
anti-tobbaco, teetotal, auti-polygamio, patriotic,
anti-Grooloy, propagandist, applo-treo heroic
members of Congress with Credit Mobiliex stock
in their pockets*.— Cincinnati Commercial.
McGßEaon, lowa, Fob. 20,1873.
To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune :
I have rend a letter in your issue of tho 18th
Inst., from “your own Washington correspond
ent,” reflecting very severely upon Commissioner
Drummond’s action in regard to public lands lu
lowa,— claiming thot bo is working for tho rail
road interest, and obtaining unusual and im
proper decisions and rulings from tho Secretary
of tho Interior, favorable to railroad companies.*
It calls him tbo “stool-pigeon” of tho lowa
companies. ...
Now, I know nothing of tho cases mentioned,
nor do I caro to investigate them. Possibly
Commissioner Drummond is in error, but hardly
probable, for bo was a man, when among us,
noted for thorough examination, fully mas
tering a subject before giving his
judgment. But, as to hfs honcsiy,
vou have only to ask those who know him boat.
There is but ono voice. Ho is above
Horo, at homo, friend or foe will, lam
fv alike to his unswerving His whole
iffo-rocord is opposed tp oh such insinuations of
y for many yen, in aU Us
social and business life, and, it ’ fliero i is n
tbo Government service who is trying faithfully
and impartially to discharge his oftloial dullcs,
it is Commissioner Wilis Drummond.
Olilldron’fl Parties.
They are dreadfully old fogy about children a
nartiou in London. Tho Lord Mayor had a oUll
ball recently, numbering eight hundred
roosts ‘from C to 10 years of age. They
Kn tS arrive at 0 o’clock, and wore received
Imnsodiatoly by the host and hostess, and danced
tUl™ o’clock. Thou a shadow pantomime was
rendered, and at i) a company of posturing Arabs
wore introduced, who rroro succeeded by a
Punch and Judy. Tho London supnor was served
at half-past 0, and at 10, wo blush to say, tbo
company wont homo. , ;
—Wo cannot second tho exclamation of Senator
Nve* “Away with those investigations: wo have
had enough of thoml” Wo cannot help think
ing that if “those investigations 1 ? had boon
commenced in 1770, and continued every year up
to tho present lime, the country would bo much
bettor off to-day than it is. And tho man who,
in future, undertakes to stand between the peo
ple and an honest Inquiry ‘into the conduct of
public affairs, will bavo a rough time of it,-—fif,
Louis democrat (Administration). ‘
—A Danbury young man in tbe ardor pi his
affection promised to cherish a young lady with
a Iqto that would survive aa army over*

xml | txt