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THE SIOUX-PAWNEE WAR. Details of tho Lato Battlo—Torriblo Slaughter of the Pawiioos, Tlic Sioux Ileal Out Children’s Brains, ami Outrage the I’awuee Women. Cause of the Enmity Between the Sioux and Pawnees. The Pawnees and Their Allies March ing Against the Sioux. A Groat Baltic Impending. From Our Otcn Correspondent. OitAUA, Aur, 25,1873. On the Bth of August, Conductor Norton, who came down on tlio western passenger train of tho Union Pacillo Hoad, announced that a "groat battlo " had boon fought between tho Sioux and Pawnoo Indian tribes, on the Bopublican, 100 miles south of Elm Crook. Mr. Norton said several Indians had come in to his train at Grand Island, and told a pitiful story of tho battlo. Little at tention was paid to tho report, pooplo behoving the Pawnees, who aro much given to lying, had overrated the light, and that tho whole affair would, in a few days, settle down into a small skirmish. When, however, it was announced (hat the Pawnees had reached tho railroad, and that tholr wounded filled four cars, everybody waked up and realized that a groat Indian battlo had really boon fought on our border. THE PAWNEE STORY. Tho story told by tbo Pawnees was, that 250 of thorn wore hunting on tho Republican, wbou tho Sioux, 1,000 Btrong, camo down upon thorn, de feated them, and hilled over 100, including many women and children. Tho Pawnees declared that they had fought desperately, and wore only routed after tho groatqst slaughter. They esti mated tho loss of tho Sioux at fully ICO warriors, and accounted for the difforcnco between their own and tho Sioux killed by saying they wore posted In a ravine and strongly intrenched under cover, whilo tho Sioux wore tho attacking party and fought on open ground. TUE REPORTS CONFIRMED. OntUolOtliof August, confirmatory reports of the battle began to arrive, and, for a wonder, differed little from tho first reports received. Ou this day (Aug 10) about fifty Pawnees camo into Kearney Junction, 101 miles west of Omaha, ami brought with them 250 horses. Thoy woro a hard-looking sot, much worn out, had evident ly had a hard fight, and woro greatly demoral ized. lu tho ovoniug, tho eastern-bound froight trnin on tho Union Pacific Railroad brought down 100 moro Pawnees and a box-car of wounded. They said tho battle took place nob more than 40 miles south of Plum Crook, on tho “ Divideand that thoy had lost everything,— buffalo-moat, robes, horses, saddles, furs, aud even a groat number of their squaws and pap poosos. One old Indian, relating his experience, said: “ Tho Sioux woro too many for ns. They attacked ns suddenly, and were bettor armed than wo woro. Tho Sioux camo down first upon tho defenseless camp, and slaughtered our women and children. Then thoy sought ns out. Wo gave thorn battle, and woro defeated. Wo havo lost everything, and nro very poor.” One Pawnee woman said: “Tho Sioux wore very cruel; their warriors outraged cur wounded and dying women, and thou took tho children by the heels and beak tboir brains out on the ground.” agent's account. On tho 12th of August, Mr. Barclay While. Bu ppiintcudent of Indian Affairs in tho Northern District, wrote to Omaha (hat tho loss of tho Pawnees was more severe than at first reported, and tho battle was of the greatest importance. Ho said that;*before tho Pawnees loft tho reser vation to make their hunt, thoy sout a delega tion of Chiefs to Fort McPherson, and request ed a conference with tho Sioux Chiefs, to tho cud that u permanent peace might bo made be tween the two tribes. Qon. Ord had directed tho military authorities of his Department to use ovory exertion to forward tho peace negotiations; and the Indian Department, on the Goueral’s recommendation, had instructed its Agents to bring tbo two hostile tribes to gether. and, If possible, secure a permanent peace between them. The preliminary stops had already boon taken, and o great council of Sioux and Pawnee Chiefs would have boon hold this fall at Fort McPherson, had not this unfortunate battle occurred. Of course, all negotiations are now at an end ; tho Pawnees are determined on war; they say tho blood of their wives end children cries from tho ground for vongouco; and it will bo years before peace-measures can again bo commenced. TUB ATTACK. Tho hunt of tho Pawnees was at an end, and thoy wero returning homo when attacked. Tho hunt had boon very successful, nearly 1,000 buf falo having boon killed. Tho ponios, dogs, and women wore heavily laden with moat, furs, and robes, and wero not in a position or condition to resist the sudden onslaught of thoir enemies. After tho battle, tho Sioux, who hold tho ground, gathered tho dead and dying Pawuoo women to gether, and, throwing them on a heap, sot lire to tho grass and burned tho bodies. ANTONINE JAMS' STORY. Antonino Jauia, who was in charge of tbo Ogalallah Sioux, who attacked tho Pawnees, gives us an account of tho battle from tho Sioux side. Ho says: “On tho morning of Aug. 2, six OgnlallaU Sioux Indians came in from a scout, and re pented the Pawnees in camp on llco Fork of tho llopublicau. Tho nows created tho greatest ex citement in our camp, and tho Sioux decided to go and attack the Pawnees before they hud time to come and attack our camp. “Littlo Wound, tho Sioux Chief, camo up and asked mo if I had any ardors to keen him from going to fight tho Pawnees; and I told him I had not. Ho said ho had orders not to go to the Pawnee reservation, or among tho whites, to light them, but had no orders in regard to this (mrt of tho country. 1 toid him I would go with ilui and sco tho Pawnees ; but ho said it would bo of no use, as tho young men had determined to light, and no one could ntop thorn. Thoy said they were prevented by me from going to light tho Utcs last year, and tho Utcs camo and stolo thoir horses and killed one of thoir warriors. They hollo ved the same thing would happen again if they did not strike tho Pawnoos first. Tnoy started out on tho 8d of August, and woro joined by tho Brulea, from Mr. Estls[ camp, when tho whole body proceeded to tho Pawnoo camp. On tho morning of tho 4th, they cumo on tho camp, consisting of about SO lodges. Tho Pawnees woro just moving camp wbon tho Sioux charged thorn. Must of tho Pawnoo men were absent; tho Sioux suppose thoy wero out hunting. Pawnees killed are variously estimated ut 50 to 100, mostly women and children. Tho Sioux took seven prisoners,—three women and four children, the latter all girls from 2 to 10 years of ugo. The Sioux Indians who havo tho prisoners are Black Bear, Torn Belly, Mad Hcrso, Black Hawk, Flying Hawk, Grey Eye’s pon-in-law, and Littlo Shield. Tho Pawnees fought well, but tho Sioux out numbered them. Tho Sioux had from 500 to 1100 warriors in tho bnttlo. Pluck Bear lias ex pressed Ins willingness to give up his prisoners if the Government desires it, and 1 think tho olhors will umlouhfodly do tho samo. A whito man named John Williamson was In charge of tho Pawnees ut tho time of tho battle. THE OTHER SIDE. John W. Williamson, reform] to above, the white man in charge of the Pawnee hunting party, has made a lengthy report ol the contest on the sth of August, from which I glean tho following. lie says j “ Tho Pawnoo party consisted of 250 men, 100 women, and CO children, or about *IOO in nth Wo started from tho Pawnee reservation on tho ild of July, and proceeded up tho Platte Valley to Plum Greek, and thence southward to Turkey Creek, where wo killed C 5 buffalo. Next wo wont west to Elk Crook, down to tho Arinpahoo village on tho Itopublican, and thence south to Beaver Creek, whore wo hunted and killed 100 buffalo. From thoro wo went up on tho Beaver a few miles, into Kansas, niid expected to go farther, bub heard rumors of tho Kioux 5 mid, to avoid being caught, wont southwest to Happy Crock, whore wo caught a few buffalo. Hero wo remained some days, then returned to Beaver and moved northward to the Itopublican, near tho mouth of Frenchman’s Fork, whore wo hilled 209 buffalo. Again we hoard rumors of Bioux, but tho Paw nees did not bollnvo there was danger. “Wo wore returning homo, and traveling northward toward Frenchman's Fork, when, on tho Dili of August, llio Sioux camo toward us over a bluff. Tho Pawnees at onco got their women, cluldron, and packhorsos into a ravine: and Mr. Platte and myself galloped up toward tho Sioux, to uoo if wo could not prevent the coming conflict. When within about -10 rod* of the Sioux, they opened fire on us. and wo wore compelled to move hack. The Pawnees then cnmo up, offered battle, and tho contest be gan. Thu (Irlng lanlod about an hour, and hut few worn killed on either hide. The advance lino of tho Sioux numbered only about 100 war* riors, but reinforcements hooh came up, and enveloped tho PawnooH on three sides. Tho Sioux warriors probably numbered 700 to 1,000, when tho Pawnees broke and Hod. "Tho greatest panic ensued. Tho Pawnees throw off thoir robes and moat, mounted thoir women and children on tho pack-horses, and sought to escape down tho raviuo toward tho Bopublican. Tho Sioux rapidly pursued and most of the Pawnee women and children wore overtaken, captured, and shot or scalped. Sky Chief, tho loadorof tho Pawnees, was killed while skinning a buffalo, and scalped. Some of iho slain woro dragged together, their bodies burned, and savage tortures brutally perpetrated. “Twelve Pawnoo horses wero killed, and about 100 captured. Mr. Platt and myself each lost a horse and our outtU. Tho Pawnees lost all thoir meat and rubes. Mr. Platt was captured by tho Bioux, who took Ids revolver, but did him no barm. I proceeded to Plum Crook Station with tho Indians, whore a doctor cared for the wounded. 1 then procured cars, and hud them taken to Silvor Crook, and thence they woro con voyed in teams to thoir village on tho reserva tion." TUB BATTLE-FIELD. D. F. Powell, Assistant Burgeon, U. S. A., gives tbo following additional particulars of tho Bioux-Pawnco battlo: *■ I was scouting with Capt. diaries Moinhold and Campnuy B, Third Cavalry, on tho Itopubli can, when, on tho sth of August, a party of Pawnees camo galloping up to us, and told Capt. Moinhold that about 1,500 Sioux warriors had attacked them while between tho Bopublican and Frenchman, and had killed 00 of thoir bravos, women, and children. "Tho Pawnees at first Boomed completely de moralized ; but. after a brief consultation among themselves, told Capt. Moinhold they would rally thoir warriors and die witli him, if ho would holp them pursue and light thoir enemies. "Tho Captain informed them it was not his fight/ and advised them to retreat to tho Bod Willow,—at tho same time, promising ho would fu’ovont tho Sioux from following them. Fight ng Boar and Pe-to-ah-shnrro wanted to remain with tho troops and go back to the scene of tho battlo; but Cant. Moinhold would not lot thorn, well knowing, if tho Bioux woro still there, and they saw Pawnees with us, it would lead to fur ther bloodshed. “Wo marched nearly 20 miles before reaching ■ the battlo-lldd. It was n horrible sight. Dead warriors lay grim in death, with bows still grasped In then* stiffened lingers. Bucking in fants wore pinned with arrows to their mothers’ breasts. Some lay on tho ground, their bowels protruding from ghastly wounds made by knives. Others presented to us their skinless heads, tho rod blood glazed upon tho skull whore tho scalp had boon torn off. In a canon, as wo redo up, tho first object that attracted our attention was & dead squaw; and, as wo advanced along tho ravine, wo counted CO other dead bodies. They wore in every possible position, having fallen whoro shot, and apparently expired in great agony. Many of tho squaws had evident ly boon outraged and thou shot. One. with her pappooso, was found in tho weeds bauly wound-* cd, but still alive. Wo made her as comfortable as possible, and proceeded up tho ravine. but, whou wo returned, tho baby was dead, ana had on Its head marks of fresh violence. The moth er had killed it to savcil from further pain /” WAR DECLARED. Immediately on their return homo to their vil lage, tho Pawnees mourned ns only Indians can mourn, for die space of throe days and nights, and then revenge took tho place of grief, and thoy determined to fight again. Runners woro sent out to tho Arrapnhoos, Noraahas. Omnhas, Winnohagots, Otoos, Poncas, and other tribes friendly to them, and all woro invited to join tbo Pawuoos and make a general onslaught upon tho Bioux. TUB PAWNEE TRIRE. The Pawnee tribe now numbers 2,SCO souls. Of those, 59-4 are men, 875 women, and 807 boys and girls. Thoy could perhaps muster and pub in tho field GOO able-bodied warriors. It is said tho Pawnees havo mot with a general response to their call for auxiliaries, and tho various tribes friendly to them havo already sout GOO warriors. THEIR ENEMIES. The Ogalallah and Brule Sioux combined can perhaps put in the field 3,00U warriors ; but thoy are not ns good lighting men us tho Pawnees. Over 400 Pawnees iiavo served in the United States Army as soldiers, nro well drilled, dis ciplined, and btavo to a fault. In battle thoy would bring to boar against their more savage enemy tho superior tactics of tho white man, and, by attacking and charging in compact bodies, turn tho Hanks and pierce tho scattered linos of tho Sioux. PRORAIJILITIE9. If there should bo war between tho Pawnees and Sioux (and there will be war unless the Gov ernment interferes), it will bo short, bloody, and decisive. Tho Western journals, like tho Jfcrakl y of Oro&ha, are calling upon tho Government to keep tho Indians upon their reservations, and Eat a stop to further bloodshed; but no action as as yet boon taken. THE FEELING. Most of tho army-oflicars, I think, are willing tho war should go on. Tho Sioux have long heeu troublesome to our soldiers, and, now that they havo got their bauds full of rod-skinuod enemies, tbo soldiers socm rather glad than otherwise, between tho Crows, Shoshones, Ban nocks, and Pawnees, all ut war with tho Sioux, tho latter scorn to stand a pretty good chanco of getting used up, and tho soldiers are rather anxious than otherwise tho fun should go on. After all, thoy think it is only dog cat dog, and littlo concern of theirs who lights or who licks. AN OLD GRUDGE. The cause of disagreement between tho Sioux and Pawnees is a very ancient matter. About tho beginning of tho present century tho Sioux and Pawnees wore friendly. A young Chief- Spotted Tail’s father—was then at tho head of tho combined Sioux Nation, and was very jeal ous of tho power and reputation of tho Pawnees. Ho determined upon thoir destruction, and, with tho barbarous cunning of a savago, protended great friendship for tho Pawnees. In tho fall, o made a grout “ Corn-Feast,” and invited all tho Pawnees to join him. TUB SLAUGHTER. While tho bravos wero feasting, tho wily Chief detached 400 warriors, who hastened to tho dofousoless Pawnee village, and slew all tho old mon, women, and children, to the number of 8,000 souls. When tho Pawnoo warriors returned homo, and found out what had happened, thoy woro tilled with rugo and implacable hatred. Tho whole nation rallied, and marched to tiio Niobrara itiver, where a groat battle was fought and tho Bioux completely defeated, leaving nearly 1,200 dead warriors on tho Hold. ANOTHER RATTLE, Tho next year, tho Sioux rallied thoir warriors, joined tho Araphoos and Cheyennes, and thoir combined forces marched to tho North Loup Bivor, whoro, at a point just bolow whoro tho town of St. Paul now stands, tho Pawnees mot them, and a battlo last ing three days was fought. This timo tho Paw nees woro defeated, losing over 1,000 warriors slain. Binco then, the hatred between tho two tribes has Loon iutonso, and no soonor do Paw nees hoar of Sioux being in thoir vicinity than thoy become frantic with rage, begin thoir wav songs, und havo no rest until u battlo is fought. SYMPATHY TOR THE PAWNEES. In tho present war, tho sympathy of tho sol diers and frontiersmen will bo with tho Pawnoos. who, over sinco thoy made peace, havo observed thoir treaty, and boon tho firm, fast friends of tho wblto man. ON THE WAR-PATH, On Tuesday lust (Aug. 19), the Pawnees wore reported passing westward, in largo numbers, near old Fort Kearney, and fully equipped for war. On Friday, they woro moving in strong force toward the Itopublioun, wlioro tboy expect ed to bo joined by their allien, and then give bat tle to the Sioux. They avowed their do termination to bo revenged on the Sioux for the slaughter of their women and children on the 15th of August: and, unless the strong arm of the Government interferes, wo shall soon hear of another groat Indian battle being fought somewhere near tho Itopublican or Frenchman's Fork. BROKEN" RAILS, Mir, yon, Aug. 25,1873. To (ha Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Bin: While you aro discussing tho prevention of railway-accidents by double-tracks, legisla tive penalties, eta., why don’t yon print, at tho head of each column of your papor, tho fact that broken rails aro tho causo of more railway accidents than nil other causes combined, espe cially in winter-time. Now, my position is, that a railway-track, unlike a car-wheel or axle, is a body at rest; and that there is no more reason for broken rails than broken bridges. Do rails break between tho ties ? Then double tho num ber of tics. Do they break for want of siko ? Then double tho weight of metal. Yours, THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: SATURDAY, AUGUST 30, 1873. Tins Session of llio Aroorlcnn Solonlido Assooialion at Portland, Me. Abstracts of Vnrioui Papers Hoad. From Our Oicn Jteportcr, SNAKES. Prof. O. Brown Giiod road a paper on "Do BuakoH Swallosv Tholr Vouug ?" Tho object of thin paper was to hliow that certain snakes givo protection to tholr young by allowing them to run down tholr opou throats, to emerge again when danger is past. Tide haa boon a mooted question in science since tho publication of "White's Natural History of Solborno," in 1789. Though many observations have boon made, none aoom to bavo boon entirely satisfactory, and tho question is still unsettled. In order to gather a largo number of observations, a ques tion was inserted in a lato number of tho Amer ican Agriculturist, In reply, uluoty-four affirma tive testimonies wore received from persons who had witnessed a whole or part of the act. Wo havo also tho statements of Prof. Smith, of Now Haven; Dr. Edward Palmer, of tho Smithsonian Institution; and other natur alists, who have soon the act. It is proved be yond a doubt that tho young voluntarily enter the mother’s mouth, and that they can easily run out again. Two witnesses testify to seeing them run out after the supposed danger was passed. Eminent physiologists boo no reason why young snakes may not remain hidden thus for a considerable period. Certain fishes oro well known to carry their eggs about in their mouths. Certain lizards also are believed to swallow thoir young. It is noteworthy that only viviparous snakes aro known to bavo this habit, —tho oviporous species never having boon observed in tho act. This question brought sovoral Professors to thoir foot, each ono stiiving to toll a story which should oxecod, in the number of snakes swallow ed, tbo story told by his predecessor. Dr. Thomas Hill, of Portland, road a ** Noto on tho Dufo Amoricauus,” which, as tho Chair man quaintly announced, is a load. This, like tho papor on snakes, brought out stories from several members,—the climax being capped by a man who had soon a toad swallow with rolish 713 house-flies. Prof. Burt Green Wilder followed with an es say on tho “ Cerebral Tissues of Mammalia, and tho Limits of Their Homologies." His paper was rendered movo lucid by diagrams. Ho showed tho form and general character of brain of several animals and human beings. Ho hold that tbo scionco of tho brain is ns yet in its infancy. Hitherto wo have been studying on tho wrong track. Now wo think wo are on tho right track, and wo hopo in a fow years to havo arrived at aomo general idea of tho subject. There nro throe directions in which brain forco is effected.—physical, mental, and sexual. Tho wild lion lias moro convolution than tho tamo cat. Brain convolutions therefore relate as' much to physical and sexual forco as to men tal. In dogs tho rate for wild and domestic ones seems different. Tho phrenologist has over drawn his chart, not from tho brain, but from tho skull, and as tho outer surface of tho skull is no indication of that of tho brain t these charts nro worthless. Tho phrenologist has failed in' application. It is almost rank blasphemy for a man in fifteen miuutos to tell a man his future destiny, his present character. Phrenology is monstrous. It is a prodigious humbug—that in, in its present practice. Loss of speech is said to bo duo to a trouble in the loft side of tho frontal region of tho brain. Tins is not invariably tho case. Wo must study tho brains of those whoso characters wo well know. At present wo are studying the characters of paupers and those who are executed, who, an far ns wo know, never had n character. Wo do not like to study tho brains of our wives or children. We must have an intiraatoly-knowu brain to study, or wo study in tho dark. Tho animals with which wo are most intimately acquainted, and which are most easily obtainable, nro dogs, and with these wo must commence our study. spiders. Tho paper on “Spiders," by W.L. Coffcnbury, was devoted to trying to show that spidors could fly with nil tho oaso of tho muoh-fumod mini of tho trapeze, and much after tho same fashion. Prof. George W. Holly road a papor on “Tho Future of Niagara, in Itoviow of I’rof. Tyndall’s Lecture Thoroou." “ Tho proximate future of Ni agara, at tho rnto of excavation assigned to it by Sir Charles Lyle, viz.: a foot n year, in 5,000 years will cany away the Horseshoe Falls to above Goat Island, and drain tho American branch of tho river and make it cullivatablo ground.” So says Prof. Tyndall. Prof. Holly calculates from numerous masses which havo fallen from tho falls at various times that it recedes only about three-tenths of a foot a your, and this to woar back six miles would occupy 70,000 years, or 12,000 years for a milo. The American crook’s getting dry and cultivatablo is quite out of tho question, on account of the topography of tho country, and other creeks in connection, thus throwing Tyndall’s theories out of tho question. Mr. Holly gave a long and minnto description of tho country and tho bod of the river, ns far as known. Tho middle and deepest channel is about 1 foot deeper than tho sido channels. This current, according to Prof. Tyndall, is to bo tho future site of tho Horseshoe Falls. Prof. Holly thought this statement was at least most remarkable. In forty years tho channel has re ceded 8 rods. Tho water has carried away moro area than *lO feet of boulders, cobblestones, and earth, and formed for itself a deeper channel than it had before. From this Prof. Tyndall draws his conclusions, and Prof. Holly thought they wero in tho maiu incorrect. Ho afterward noted several inaccuracies of a less important character, and closed by saying that Prof. Tyn dall’s stylo is so vigorous and animated that one may bo excused for preferring to read Tyndall’s x'omanciug than tho most realistic utterances of bis brother scientists. Dr. E. Andrews, of Chicago, preaonted a paper “On a New Theory of Geyser Action, Illustrated by an Artificial Goyaor.” Tho author objected to tho theory of geyser action oa pro posed by Tyndall ami Bunsen, as accounting only for brief eruptions of foam and spray, whereas tho geysers of tho Yollowstono Valley throw streams of clear water for half an hour at a timo. Dr. Andrews supposes that tho con ditions of a geyser exist whenever tho cooler waters of surrounding regions pass by subter ranean clmnuolu deeply into tho earth, and, ap proaching tho volcanic geyser region, rise some what so us to ontor ono of tho heated cavorns of tho volcanic rocks near its upper part,leaving It again by an opening lower than tho ono at which thoy entered, and passing thouco upward toward tho surface. Tho action is as follows: Tho heat of tho rocks in tho cavcm causes tho water to boil; steam accumulates lu tho upper portion of tho cavern, and exerts pressure on tho water, but cannot itself escape, bocauso of tho luvortod syphon form of tho envo; nor can tho steam escape ut tho outlet channel, sinco that orifleo la bolow tho surface of tho wator. Tho stoum pressure therefore constantly In oroasos, forcing tho water to rush from tho out lot into tho external air. Dr. Andrews has de vised an apparatus to illustrate his views, repro ducing geyser action perfectly. CONVERSION OP MOTION INTO HEAT. F. W. Clark, of Boston, road a paper upon tho feat sometimes performed by blacksmiths of making iron rod-hot by pounding, andtostiilod to having seen it dono. A bar one-eighth of an Inch In thickness was healed to a bright red ness, and ho had hud tho operation performed iu lecture-rooms to illustrate tho conversion of mo tion into heat. THE METRIC SYSTEM IN MEDICINE, T)r. 11. W. Wiley, of Indianapolis, road a S' “ On the Uuillcaliou ot Boses, amUho In dian of tho Metric hystem into Medicine.” Other sciences having adapted a uniform system of weights and measures, it is now the proper tiino for medicine to accept tho diction of science. In order to da this, tho apothecary's weight must be discarded and tiio metric system substituted in its place. Wo may take tho gramme, equal to I.sgrains; fhon, 1 gramme equals 1.5 grains, Ac. Therefore, all medicines now given iu from one to two grain-dunes could readily bo presented In one gramme doses. Thus all grain weights could easily bo reduced to corresponding onus of tho gramme. In rognrd to fluids, wo can mako similar reductions, it is tho ripe olal purpose of this paper to mako ft suggestion touching tho unilleation of doses, in order to avoid those serious accidents which result so often from tho caroloßHiioHs of physicians, drug gists, and nurses. In order to this, both solid and liquid remedies should have a standard dose, eay for solids, 2 grammes, and for liquids! centi meters or (easpoousfui, This could bo aooom- Aaron Auout. Ovnus Allen. SCIENCE. TOADS. THE DRAIN. NIAOAUA FALLS. GEYSERS, pllnhod by rubbing of tho solid witli some Inort substance like sugar of milk or chalk, and mix ing liquids with mint-water. Tims powdered opium rubbed up with throe times Us weight of milk-sugar would become a normal mixture, of which tho dose would bo two grammes or about threo grains. It is claimed mistakes are much loss liable to occur while using this method than la using any other. Anus. Prof. E. B. Elliot road a paper on "Irregulari ties in tbo Belarus of tho Populations in (ho United Stales Census of 1870." Prof. Hough said there is a tendency not to report ages correctly; many pooplo ovor 1)0 aro apt to call tholr ages over 100, ns they attract moro attention. This Is particularly tho caso with negroes. Ho told of ono old man In a poor-houso in St. Lawronco County, N. Y., —a man who professed to bo 112 years of ago. Ho did havo some doubt about it, but upon questioning him found that ho remora bored events that wont to prove tho truth of tho assertion. Thoro is also a tendency to report in ilvos, that is, if a person !s 14 or 40 ho is apt to say 45. In Now York, however, a census was taken during tho war, and a remarkable number of mon found whoso ages woro 40. That was ac counted for from tho fact that it was just beyond tho point wlion thoy woro liable to draft. When very young mon marry thoy ohooso wives older than thorosolvos, but boyoud tho ago of 22 or 24 this tendency diminishes. Prof. Elliot oltod ono yoy during tho war when there was an unusual number only 44, which showed on extraordinary number of individuals who desired to servo thoir country. Ho said also that there was an unusual number who wore 18. which was owing to tho vast number of boys who wished to ontor tho army. Fossil. RICHARD YATES, 101b Public '.Testimonials. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune: Jaokeohyiiax, 111., August, 1873. Sm: A fow days ago, I received by mail tho following printed slip, cut from some newspaper, which contains first an article from The Chi cago Tbibdne, and then tho comments of tho paper upon tho article. Thoro was nothing to show from what paper tho slip was taken, nor havo I tho slightest knowledge or surmiso either as to tho paper in which it was published, or as to who wroto tho reply to The Tribune. Tho article of The Tribune and tho reply thereto aro as follows: YATFB AT oniOOSVn,I.E. Tho toner and drift of ox-Sanator Yates* speech at OriggsvlUo, on tho 4th day of July, was, that, although ho may have had delirium tremens, ho never had tho grabs. Ho fr&ukly coufestioU all his shortcomings and faults, but said they were offenses against himself, When at Washington, thovktlm of hla one unconquer able weakness, tho various Crcdit-lloblHer statesmen either looked down upon him with contempt, or, if they took any notice of him, it was to make an osten tatious display of their Christian zeal for his reforma tion. In his speech at Otiggavlllo, ho took up tho sev eral actors in tho Crcdlt-Mobllior sud various othor frauds, and ventilated their history and their hypoc risy, It was rather severe upon his old otildai asso ciates for him to call attention to tho fact that, while perhaps Iholr hands did not shako, they wero not bo clean as his own,— Chicago Trirunb. Yob, with all their nuocra and hypocritical Christian aympntoy’ for Gallant Dick Yates, this whole Credit- Mobilise crew must stand aside for Yates when It comes to a display of clean hands: hands that are hon est ; hands that havo over been true to their country : hands that havo never boon thrust Into tho foul pool of public plunder, Dick Yates has only been false to himself; his offenses have bcou only to injure him self ; hut, while his one great falling has prevented him from that active public duty for which ho Is pecu liarly adapted aud pro-omlnently well qualified to per form, it has never been said, and never can )>o shown, that ho has evoi, by word or deed, been guilty of any offenses against his country, or against boucsty and good principle. Hut, oven ns ho haa been, unjust as as ho has been to himself, It would hnvo been a godsend to tho nation If there hud been a few such honest men as Dick Yntos in the Forty-second Congress. Hr. Editor, it is not with tho reply of this unknown writer to The Tribune I havo to deal, but still I havo it in my heart to thank him for hia woll-moaut, kind words for rao. It is not my custom to reply to newspaper censures. I havo a hundred times submitted in silence to gross mis representations rather than outer into tho wran gle of newspaper controversy. Thoroforo, I shall say very littlo in reply to The Tribune except upon ono point. Hoforo leaching that point, 1 say it is not Into, as stated in The Tribune, that, iu tho Grlggsvillo speech, “I coufospedallmy shortcomings and faults,”—for I did not, in tbo whole speech, speak of myself. It is not true that “X took up the several actors iu the Credit Mobilior and various other frauds, and ventilated their history and hypocrisy.” I called no uaiuos, nor referred to any individual in particular. Tbo object of this commnicatlon, however, is not to answer these charges of The Tribune, or to toll what I did or did not say in my speech at .Grlggsvillo, but to answer tho other charge of JJTrb Tribune, that my associate Senators '* looked down upon mo with contempt.” For tho sake of tho truth, justice to myself, aud to tho masses of tho people of both political parties in this Stale, who have always boon kind to mo, I think I ought to disprove this charge, if I can. Upon this question, whether I was respected by my aasociate Sena tors, of courso tho Senators themselves are tho best judges. It is a matter of prido to roe that I have iu my possession, iu tboir own handwriting, tho grati fying estimation in which those Senators held mo. Two years and a half ago, on tho occasion when, aftor six years of common labors aud com panionship, wo woro to separate our official re lations, these Senators gave mo those voluntary, precious testimonials of their appreciation. I, thoroforo, request you to publish tho fol lowing letter of the Hou. Charles Sumner aud others, placed by a Senator in my hands on tho day my Senatorial term expired, accompanied with the remark that‘‘Every Senator would sign it, if requested to do so United States Senate Chamber,) Washington, March 1871. J The /Ton. lUehanl Yates: Dear 8m: After tho Ion? and pleasant association wo have hud with you in the Sunutu, wo cannot refrain from Baying a fow words at purling, which shall in aomo degree convey to you tho sentiments wo outer tain towards you, Wo bavo ever lotind your action in tho Sonata based on generosity, fidelity to tho camie of Freedom, and love of Justice and fair play, and have as uniformly found you, iu all tho private relations of lifo, kindly forbearing and considerate of tho feelings of others. Those qualities have endeared you to ua• aud, hop ing that the remainder of your voyngo of life may bo smooth and prosperous, and assuring you that you will always retain a warm place in our hearts, wo uro sincerely your friends, - o.l*. Morton, Charles Sumner, James Harlan, Simon Cameron, Z. Chandler, John Sherman, Alex. Ramsey, H. H. Anthony, Tim. 0. Howe, Justin 8. Morrill, James W. Nye, U. Hamlin, 8. o,Pomeroy, Lyman Trumbull. Tho next lottor I present is that ol’ tho pros ont Vice-President of tho United Staton, tho Hon. Henry Wilson: Senate Chamber, March 3,1871. Mv Dear Yates : You are now to retire from tho Senate, but you will curry with you tho affectionate regard of must, If not all, of your associates. They appreciate your great labors during tho War of tho Rebellion, your devotion to Liberty, and your gener ous personal qualities, that have endeared you to your many friends. I assure you, rny dear sir, that I shall cherish tho remembrance of our association heroin thin Chamber. May Clod bless and keep you, aud lead you through tho years that may bo given you. I ahull miss you hero, but I shall hope ami pray that your life may bo full of happiness iu the bosom of your family, and that wo may meet in that Setter World where tempta tions never come. Yours truly, Henry Wilson. Tho noxt lottor 1b from ono of tho ablout lawyers, moat eloquent and able statesmen, who over occupied a chair in tho American Senate- Chamber, Roscoo ConUllng: United States Benatk OitAMnEiO Wahhinoton, March 5,1H71. f MvDEAnSm: Wbon I anno to tho Senate, X know you only iu tho story of your public deeds, ami since thou our acquaintance has grown only umld tho un conning perplexities and anxieties of tho arena whoruln wo have struggled,—a hard and trying arena for tho ficnttor and bolter qualities of men. To bo always net, and generous, aud forbearing, in tho scones through which wo havo passed, was no easy task; but, now that for tho present your Senatorial volume la closed. I can say of you, more than I dure claim for myself, always faithful to tho obligations of party, always fearless In maintaining your convictions aud views, 1 never know you to forget tho rights of others who differed with you, nor to disregard tho obligations of human fellowship aud kindness. Having said this, ’t were superfluous to add that, along with your talents, 1 shall over cherish tho recol lection of trails bettor and brighter than talents: and, whatever sky Is above you, my best wishes will abide with you always, Your friend, _ .. lIOHCOE CONKLINd, The lion. HiciiAni) Yates, of Illinois. Tho next is rv lottor from tho Hon. Ooorgo Yiokors, an aged Senator from Maryland, distin guished by groat ability, long public service, and whom, though opposed to mo m politics, I shall, to tho latest tiny of my life, remember for bis cordial courtesy almost daily extended to mo: United States Senate Oiiamucu.) Washington. March 4,1871. j My Dkau flm; This day terminates for tho present our olllclal rotations, and wo must soon part, 1 regret very much that our pleasant social and Houatorlnl relations arc so soon to cease. Uolicvo mo when 1 say (hut tho parting with mo Is sin cerely felt. 1 camo among the Senators a stranger to ah but ono, and 1 found them all pleasant, agreeable, and friendly. My association with you has boon pecu liarly agreeable, and I formed for you more than ordi nary regard, 1 shall continue to entertain for you a kind feeling, and you will have my host wishes aud hopes for ilio present nml ilia future. I shall always bo glad to hoar from you, amt of your health niitl pros fiorily, and, whenever you Him leisure, to tccolvo a lat er from you. With great regard, I am, as ever, yours, Gechos Vickers, Tho lion. Richard Yates, Tho next in from tho junior Senator of tho Stalo of Maryland, with whom I served in tho United States House of Itoproßontatlvon twenty yonra am and, though wo wore also opposed to each other in politics, vet wo formed for each other thou a personal friondship which, I boliovo and trust, will bo cherished by each during lifo t Senate Chamheh, March 0, 1871. Tt is Uon, Uichnrd y»ten .* Mr Dear Bin: I remomhor well, nml with tho greatest pleasure, our find acquaintance, mado some seventeen years ago. when wo were members of tho House of Representatives, end that tho high opinion I thou formed of you never passed from my mlud in my otiroment from public life, hut I always con tinned to cherish Has ono of tho pleasant memories of those days. And now allow me, my donr sir, in separating our present olTldnl relations by your retirement to private life, to express to you my profound regret upon your leaving this Chamber, where your eloquence and ability In debate have commanded admiration, end your f:cniat, sympathetic nature, and gentlemanly bearing u personal intercourse, have inspired esteem and direction. In returning onco more to tho people who have no often trusted and honored you with their confidence, it la the sincere wish and hope of your fricud that your future prosperity, succeed, and glory in lifo may ho commensurate with tho talents with which you have been so richly endowed. 'With sontimouts of tho high est respect and esteem, I remain yours sincerely, William T. Hamilton. I might also send you 4ho letters of the Hou. Qorrit Davis, ami tbo Hon. T. 0. MoUroary, Democratic Senators from my nalivo Btato of Kentucky, than whom, for eloquence, statesman ship, and high personal character, nono stood moro distinguished. Tho letters of still other Senators I could send you; but 1 have regard for tho spaco in your columns,—my object being, not to parade pralso of myself, but only ovidonco sunioiont to dis prove The TninuNE’s accusation that I was " looked down upon with contempt ” in tho Sen ate Ohambor. I have nothing further at present to say. Very respectfully, lUoiunn Yates. THE HOSPITAL AND THE PEOPLE, To Mr. X. J. McPonnell, IDS LaSalle street, Itoom 2 Sib : I have road your most refreshing blast of righteous indignation in to-day's Tribune, con cerning our County Hospital, with a groat deal of interest. Now that you aro aroused in regard to tho shameful condition of our only Hospital supported at public expense, allow mo to call your attention to a few facts : First—-That same old post-house baa stood in the same old mud-hole for years past; but you have never lifted a linger, or uttered a word to wards improving it, or getting a bettor site and better buildings ; meantime, men and womon have actually boon dying year after year, solely because you have neglected to provide docent and healthful accommodations for them.. Secondly— Tho disgraceful condition of tho County Hospital has been kept hoforo your eyes almost constantly for tho past year,—in fact, for tho past two years. Our dally papers havo, through their editorial-columns aud through tho pons of well-informed correspondents, boon thundering against this inhuman outrage, until both editors and correspondents aro well-nigh wearied aud disgusted; aud yet you, with 400,000 others, havo looked stolidly on, too timid, or too indolout, or too neglectful to givo us a helping hand. Thirdly— Even now, while those maimed vic tims of criminal negligence in places high as wall as low. aco dying for want of proper air space and accent modem hospital accommoda tions, your servants, elected uy your vote, and responsible to you for tho proper, just, humane, and vigorous administration of comity affairs, aro dawdling away, amus ing tho public by advertising for hospital sites which thoy don't intend to buy, looking, meantime, with longing oyos, to tho miserable “ gridiron ” at tho corner of Ashland avenuo and Twelfth street, which, for reasons boat known to themselves, thoy do want to buy; aud yon, together with tho rest of (ho voters of Cook County, allow thorn to dilly-dally with a matter so important that it involves not money alone, but lives as well ; ami thus, you havo allowed them to potter along for more than two years since your attention was first called to this sub ject. Fourthly —Unless you, aud a groat many others, bestir yourselves, and work for this mat ter, as many of us havo already been doing, it is more than prohablo that those mighty states men, tho County Commissioners, will again allow it to go by default for another couple of years, at tho cost of many moro lives, and a blacker stain on tho fair name of this great city, whereof wo are all so justly proud. I ora trying to speak to you very plainly, and through you to speak to tho voters, and tax-pay ers, and also to tho‘ico»ien of Cook County. That tho Cook County Hospital is a groat, shame ful, blistering, fostering, rotten, vermin-haunt ed, crazy old rookery, is well known to every ono who knows anything about it, from the daughter of Erin who scrubs tho stairways to tho son of Erin who presides over tho Hospital Committee. That it has long ago boon complained of, you know, aud havo known for mouths, and, per haps years ; but tbo hospital-vermin must crawl over your mutilated friend, aud hospital rats must parndo before your very eyes, and rickety old doors must squeak in your very oars, beforo you are aroused to a sense of your duly in tho matter. I havo boon tolling you all this—ami so havo many others— these two years. Pray, do you believe us now ? And aro you ready to lend your inlluonco towards tho erection of a Hospital which shall honor tho future, as much as tho old ono has disgraced tho past Chicago? Tax-payors of Cook County, your reputation for humanity has long boon trilled with in regard to this Hospital business. Aud it is your own fault. Speak toyoursorvnnta, tho Commissioners, that they stop advertising for land, and buy laud; that, in place of talking Hospital, thoy build a Hospital; that thoy man age your business as they do tboir own business; and that thoy proceed with this matter immedi ately. Civilization. PUBLIC EXTRAVAGANCE. To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune Sir : Tho following pertinent questions havo boon ashed by a correspondent of tho Journal: What Is tho now Court-House to cost; ond-who is to pay for it? What Is tho now County-Hospital to cost; and who is to pay for it? What Is the new location for the County-Hospital to coat; and who Is to pay for it 7 Fifty-four plane for tho Court-llouso havo bcon under tho consideration of tho Commis sioners for several months, aud they havo awarded tho five premiums, amounting to SB,OOO, to live of tho competitors. They have since selected a plan, but not tho ono for which they paid tho highest premium. Tills is evi dence of tho remarkable astuteness of tho Com missioners. I understand that ibo average estimate for tho cost of a building oji tiio various plans suggest od la about $3,000,000. Tho question was asked Mr. Iloyiugton (who is not ono of the com petitors, but wliobo judgment in such matters will not bo questioned) how much moro tho Tilley plan would cost than sonic others. His answer was, “Not much.” Ho “ did not think tho diiTorouco in cost between any of the boat plans would exceed $500,000.” Certainly that is “not much” if wo nro considering tho resources tho United States Treasury; but bow is it with tho Treasury of Cook County, where 01) per cent of tho money is to bo provided by tho City of Chicago ? I remember that, loss than two years ago, Chi cago lost $200,000,000 by tho flro. Them, in conse quence of our poverty, a sympathizing world cumo to our relief. From tho Celestial Umpire, Japan, and the Islands of tho Sea, contributions woro received to relievo tho necessities of the suffering poor,—an aggregate of somo $1,000,- 000. Wo thou thought that a largo amount of money. Now Chicago is rebuilt, magnificently it Is true; but, besides city and oonnty taxes, which tho real estate must pay, tbo annual mort gage-interest on tho improvements of which wo arc so proud will probably exceed $10,000,(1001 Tho answer to tho questions of tho Journal correspondent is, of euurso, that tho tax-payers will have to fool the bills, and, in many instances, the money will have to bo hammered out by the SlUTiff, Now, lot mo ask if It Is necessary for the Courts of this county to bo furnished with a palace, to rival in cost aud elegance of design tho Cathedral at Milan, bt. Fetor’s at Homo, or the Houses of Parliament ? Is It necessary for tho doimty-IToHpUal to oc cupy a lot to cost over $100,00(1 ? What is it necessary that tho Hospital should cost ? Another million ? Tho city Ims already undertaken a big Job iu tho construction of a now water-tunnel under tho lake and under tho city, at a cost of probably $2,000,000 or $3,000,000 moro. Besides, streets aro to bo graded and paved, and water-mains aud soworo to bo laid. Tho work is uow being done, and no ono questions tbo necessity for it }' but it is work that Ims to bo pnid for, in.ono way or another, by the tax-payors. In it not time for tax-payers to count tbo coat ? A Tax-Faxer. ILLINOIS. Wealth of tho State—Aero* in Cultiva tion In Wheat, Coni, and oatn. Tho following Is tbo osaoaaod value of property in lUlmuut Total am'd Total aw'd ~ _ . ... value, 187 a. value, 1872. Adams (Quincy not Included).,J 10,229,176 $ C.17-i,ouh Alexander 8,480,442 2,034.487 Bond 8,003,330 2,307,014 Boone 8,207,470 1,177,003 Drown 0,003,383 1,488,887 Bureau 0.208,331 0,670,»ti0 Calhoun 1,807,428 1,014,409 CarroU 0,804,051 9,380,022 Oosa 7,805,040 3,625,350 Champaign 32,341,000 0,055,000 Christian 14,083,821 4,070,041 Clark 4,805,811 3,140,802 Olay 0,037,711 3,187,001 OlinloU 8,472,037 2,820,0(18 Coles 12,554,203 4,308,013 Cook 141,145,000 04,042,219 Crawford 4,120,642 1,000,523 Cumberland 1,828,100 1,388,102 DolCalb 17,643,085 4,481 071 DoWUI 7,820,105 8,301,320 Douglas 0,428,604 8,416,000 Dul’ago 13,093,343 0,223,304 Kdgar 8,485,016 4,070,004 Dd wards 3.187,135 1,440,600* Kllingliaiu 4,303,832 1,085.204 Payette 7,320,483 2,430,-ill Ford 8.017,430 2.324,710 Pnmklln 1,282,183 1,160,843 Pulton 22,502,824 6,043,600 Gallatin 2,588,410 2,640,095 Grccno 3,314,247 3,459,040 Gruutly 0,620,750 2,020,173 Hamilton 1,570,010 1,711,048 Hancock 16,470,620 0,053,041 Hardin 1,057,008 691,010 Henderson 0,004,096 2,804,684 Henry 17,721,027 7,803,700 Iroquois 16,801,001 4,845,093 Jackson 4,012,421 3,216,408 Jftfljtcr 2,099,085 1,402,180 Jefferson 2,709,769 3,302,127 Jersey 0,483,625 3,324,090 Jo Daviess 0,040,284 3,407,425 Johnson 013,827 700,801 Kano 27,231,458 8,141,823 Kankakee 0,287,817 3,870,838 Kendall 10,035,083 2,302,007 Knox 22,028.030 7,050,237 Lake... LaSalle (1,1)10,HU 2,221,221 40,048,624 0,002,074 a|is7ir>s‘3 ijwjo^o Lnwrcnco, lS f (M3,6.18 8,H42,030 LlWngfllOn 20,477,007 0,548,407 Logan 18,080,583 0,130,000 Mncoil 18,1)04,81/7 6,854,003 0,511,120 0,821,108 12,43(1,775 19.104.203 3,355,7* r Macoupin, Madison.. vwim *B|ass7« Marlou Murahall... B|4BT|C(ji ii|33ofrl4 Mason. l,'7Bj'2lj'j llOHjicOd Museno. MoDouough 10,032,501 4,204,400 McHenry 10,072,381 8,487,301 McLean 88,687,880 10,707,171 Menard 10/156,404 2,628,028 Mercer 8,813,270 4,217,010 Monroo 2,704,500 1,804,320 Montgomery 8,255,300 3,0j4,479 Morgan 14,000,299 7,570,051 Moultrie 7,033,760 2,273,703 19,517,001 17,818,838 27,180,019 0,437,089 0g10... Peoria. 21821j786 i|T»'los 7,153,273 3,102,309 Terry, PliUt, V.V.V..17,'yi0/jyo 4iviM77 i,XGo,ms 1,14 a, oio 3,017,013 083,813 PulAßki. PlltllMlt. llatulolvAi 1.51i.10-1 3.001,763 llichlaml 6,303,838 3,104,408 Hock Island 11,032,174 12,030,804 Halluo 1,623,900 1,171,252 bnugnmou. , 83,088,701 12,473,330 Bclmylor, Scott.... Bliclby... Stork,... 5,020,100 2,251,437 9,937,729 1,074,925 13,038,337 4,109,014 8,054,353 2,115,100 St. Clair 28.45H.C07 10,242,772 Stephenson 20,290,841 4,604,442 Tazewell 17,907,900 0,107,053 Union 2,285,870 2,272,027 Vermilion 20,030,051 8,220,105 Wabash 4,028,855 1,811,170 Warrcu 14,201,507 4,201,804 Washington 6,100,531 2,494,974 Wuytio, 4,440,843 1,099,009 White 2,134,479 2,499.083 Whltcflldo 15,450,384 3,058,819 Will 21,308,710 7,549,110 Williamson 1,953,775 1,243,123 Winnebago 23,088,137 6,095,703 Wowllord 10,493,150 3,440,301 Total 608,875,848 [The Springfield Jotirnnt gives tbs footings of tbo StatensscHsmcutfor 1878, bb follows: Personal prop erly, $301,388,085; lands, $042,912,008; total of person al properly, lands, and lots, $1,180,120,081; railroad property assessed In counties, $8,103,695; grand aggre gate assessment, $1,104,225,650; grand aggregate of railroad property assessed in tbo Btato, $382,453,781.] ACRES IX OUWIVATIOX, 187*2. Wheat, Corn . Oats. Adams (Quincy not includ ed) 03,251 103,002 29,804 Alexander. 3,224 13,050 447 Bond 20,307 30,432 14,000 Boone 12,730 23,315 21,043 Brown 18,050 37,44-4 7,472 Bureau 22,888 141,100 37,550 Calhoun 13,003 12,807 1,801 Carroll 31,101 07,128 20,155 Cuss 13,070 03,480 11,378 Champaign 21,051 208,821 30,482 Christian 35,100 137,070 25,031 Clark 23,308 20,034 21,453 Clay 13,501 45,794 17,031 Clinton 49,484 40,034 22,055 Coles 10,207 00,382 23,604 Cook 4,288 30,054 37,032 Crawford 80,744 30,100 0,654 Cumberland 0,519 33,000 12,524 DeKalb 24,381 77,274 40,050 DoWitt 0,407 0-1,710 13,358 Douglas 4,335 85,079 17,423 Du Page 7,200 27,200 31,033 Edgar 18,030 73,341 8,201 Edwards 14,331 20,032 0,559 EUiugbom 10,759 31.500 15,231 Fayette 20,005 54,762 24,218 Ford 1,630 105,057 7,118 Franklin 12,030 30,007 11,108 Fulton 33,427 110,104 15,058 Gallatin... 10.877 20,013 3,509 Greene Mot returned .. .... IDS 83,010 14,001 8,007 10, SOU 0,010 32,877 119,808 30,030 5,120 11,845 1,8(10 Gamely.. Hamilton, Hancock., HiinUu... Henderson 8*,871 iVi’,s24 10’,&5'3 Henry 20,'J01 140,285 30, m Iroquola 4,019 175.021 18,784 Juckaou 24,410 27,405 7,787 Ja«l>or 10,505 31,048 12,050 JcU'eraott 11,317 4U.815 21,031 Jersey 40,031 35,005 3,300 Jo Davieaa 23,030 40,203 27,259 Johnson 15,305 21,334 3,007 Kano 11,131 30,715 28,479 Kankakee 742 00,250 27,300 Komlnll ....Kot returned.... .... Knox 14,577 152,210 31,137 V 74 D'j'ali LaSalle, SB'ltiJ Lawrence, 99,(W0 119,4-U 34,809 Livlnwaton 5,234 170,CSS 41,881 Lotmu 11,154 1(11.420 14,024 81,5711 110,921 29,711 Mucuunin. 80,891 125,192 29,711 Madison Muriou.. C,7« ,81.574 50,6»9 Marshall. 15,'207 in'.fiio ii',477 Manou. 12.824 MiiKriac, McUouougU 120,811) 103,577 10,713 Mrllcury 23,767 51,593 81,110 MoLcua,..'. l,fi«o 320,740 Menard, xt.ous oijaai silvio Mercer. 60,176 20,010 11,0011 Monroe, , CI,BIS 75,887 28,18:1 .. 14,81)7 08,2.10 0,87(1 .... i4,noa «y,Bsa 17,043 Montgomery,....... Morgan Mouitrlo BXOI4 mow 4^721 , 7,100 8X034 2J,iS7 .Not returußii . 9,•-‘Oil 70,035 10,807 0g10... Peoria, Perry. Piatt,. 7CL084 80.089 10,801 10,201 10,880 4»23«3 0,083 ia,!W4 1,011 1,089 28,20‘J 7,000 rik0..... 1’0p0.., rulnskl. I’utnnm 47!654 llfiVl ll|sßl 21,183 2U.17G 10,814 Randolph Richland. itoVklHtoud.””!!!!!!!!*!! 13,870 OMOB 11^20 Sallno... 0,80(1 24,032 6,507 Sangamon 20,205 ' 103,005 10,069 Schuyler a,200 47,703 7,083 Scott. 12,170 31,780 1,033 Shelby 28,430 03,021 01,081 Stark; 0,130 60,102 IVO7 st. chip isfl.br, o oo.iUB ai,m Stephenson 48,200 70,008 Tazowoll 14,013 105,105 13,001 Uni0n..................... 17,142 28.072 8,319 Vermillion 17,112 137.041 16,704 Wabash 10,162 20,061) 8,407 Warren!.!!,.!!!!. 17,385 83,7-25 21,840 Washington 03,037 40,607 Wavno.. 18,403 01,184 -1,301 White 10,250 41,017 8,015 Wh1UiuU10,.,.,,............ 26,283 00,315 20,805 wn1r..........!!!!!!!!!!!! 4|b«o 133,027 77.701 Williamson • • • • • • • 1 • • Winnebago 29,810 0_»,287 -3,106 wocifota o,™ 'W a ,JJS [Tlio 101.1. nro! 3,003,308 nor™ wheat j 1,081, MO corn : 1,817,103 oaln J 3,178,337 raomlow: 1130,100 oilier flohl; 0,007,082 pasture j 820,702 orchard.! PORK-PACKERS’ NATIONAL CONVENTION. Tho pork packers hold nu odjournod mooting In tho Open Board of Triulo Building to conoludo orrrungoiuonto for tho Pork Puokora* National Convention, which wUI ho hold in thlu city Sept. 10. Col. Hancock presided. It was reported that $1,500 had boon secured to defray expenses, and that Myers’ Opera- House had boon hired for tho mootings, Tho Committoo on Badges wore directed to got up a handsome badge. It was reported that tho stewuor Muskegon had boon engaged for a trip on tbo lake, and that tbo visitors would bo taken to tbo Stock Yards on a specie! train. The ques tion of carriages was loft with tho Committed for further action. It was decided to have a col lation with wines at tho Hbotman. The following programme was decided upon i Wednesday, 10 a. in. to 12 m., temporary or ganization} 12 ra. to 1 p.m., visit Board of Trade; 2 p. m. to sn, m., permanent organiza tion and business. Thursday, oa.m. to 12 m„ businosß and adjournment; 2 pm.to 7p. m.’ carriage excursion. Friday, oa. ra. to 12 m., ex cursion to Stock Yards; 2 p. in. to sp. ra., lake excursion, subject to tbo convenience of tho business of tho Convontion. Tho mooting adjourned until Wednesday noxt, SUBURBAN NEWS* JLartnir tho Oornor*Stono of n Gonprow (rational Church at Ortlc Park— 4|uost« on a Couplo ot Drowned flloit at ISydo Park—Suspicious Clrcunm Manctm Alton,Unjr 'JTliotr Death—A Family- Poisoned at Park Itldiro-o Items from Evanston. OAK PARK. Thursday afternoon, at half-past 4, tho woath*. or being fine, a largo assembly was gathered to witness tho ceremony of laying tho comor-stono of tho First Congregational Church of Oak Park. Tho silo is upon tho brow of tho oak ndgo, whore Lake street crosses it, so that from tho Chicago sldo and all tho pralrio south a commanding view is secured* Tlio spire, which is to bo ICO foot high, will bo visible from tho city, as thoao of Chicago aro Boon from that spot. At the service, after tho reading of Scripture and singing, tho pastor, tho Rov. George Huntington, made on address, which was lu no hackneyod stylo, but fresh and spirited. Mr. J. W. SooviUo, on bohalf of tho society, then laid tho comor-stono, which boro tho simple inscrip tion, “A. IX 1873. 11 This was no sham service of simply sotting the stone and adjusting it with mimic plummet and square, to bo subsequently rolaid by tbo workmen j but, with a spirit-level and a real trowel and mortar, by the aid of the master-builder, the stono was sot and cemented vJ nnal position. Then, mounting tho stoao, Mr. Bcoville made appropriate remarks, dosing with the words of Joshua : »* This shall bo a sign among you, that when your children ask their fathers in time to come, saying t * What moan ye by tboso stones ?' then ye shall answer them: ‘Those stones shall bo for a me morial unto tbo children of Israel forever.’ ” Tho Rov. S. J. Humphrey, a member of tbo oburoh, tbon offered a prayer of groat richness in Scriptural allusion, and of singular fitness to tho occasion, whereupon tho congregation joined in singing a hymn composed by the pastor, of which tho following is a verso : Bulldod on Thco, O Christ J 0 Bock 1 Ours shall tho sure foundation bo. No storm wo fear. Earth’s rudest shock Moves not tho soul that reals oa Thco. The benediction was pronounced by the Roy, Dr. G. S. P. Sawyer, who had assisted in organ izing tho church. Tho house la 00x60, with a basement of tbo Lyons stone, rock-faced, and trimmed with 1 Ohio sandstone. There will bo sittings for COO or COO. Tho coat will bo $30,000. Tho walls are now up for tho greater part of tbo basement. This was tho original chorch of tho place. Out of its congregation have been colonized tho Unity, tho Methodist, and tbo Baptist churches. One of tbo rooms in tho basement is to bo fitted up for a library, into which Mr. Scovillo baa promised to put $5,000 worth of books,—the samo to bo controlled by tbo Trustees of tho Church, but to bo for tbo use of tho community. It is expected that the building will bo advanced so far that tbo basement can bo used through tho winter. uyo.ioi 1)01,293 Tbo Lutherans have built: a fine church in Oak Park this summer, and the Methodists hava under way acomely Uouao, that will coat $15,000, and whose corner-stone is to bo laid next Tuesday. Two Inquests wore bold by Justice Horne, of Ilydo Park,—one on Thursday evening, and.one on Friday morning, on the lake shore near Forty-third Street Station, on tbo bodies of two men drowned in the lake and washed ashore. From Louis Hugolot, residing at No. 40 Oodai street, Chicago, it is learned that the first ono was his brother Edouard Hugolot, of Bomo, Swit zerland, aged 34 years* single, a painter by trade, who lost his loft hand some time sinco, was unable to work regularly at bis business, and has boon lately of iutomporato and irregular habits. The other was known only as Thomas years. Hugolol had built himsolf a small boat, and on Tuesday evening, Aug. 19, loft his homo for a Ashing excursion on tho Calumet, and embarked ou his litllo boat about 9 o'clock that evening from near tho Chicago Water-Works, in company with ouo William Shaffer, Thomas , and another man, name unknown. They had, no doubt, boon drinking, and wore all more or loss drunk, and what exactly did occur in that open boat out on tho lake, in tho dark, ono and a half miles from shore, will probably novor bo definitely ascertained. It was some days before Louis Hugo* let hoard that his brother was drowned, and with much difficulty hunted up Shaffer and hoard such different reports from him that ho is not sura tho two men who clung to tho boat ami camo ashoro did not throw overboard tho two that woro drowned. Whether thoy wore all recklessly sitting on ouo sldo of tho boat until they careen ed it over, or whether the parties who wore drowned upset the boat thomsolvcs by tboir drunken awkwardness, is not known. Shaffer and tho other passenger, whoso name is mu known, are not now to bo found. The family of Mr. Dickinson, of this place, woro poisoned by eating beefsteak into which poison had boon introduced in some mysterious manner. Of nine members of tho family, seven showed all tho indications of having boon poisoned. Tho other two, not having partaken of tho steak, exhibited uouo of tho symptoms. Medical assistance being close at hand, tho ac tion of tho poison was arrested, and tho family aro now doing well. Tho Methodist Church foci tbo lambs of tho flock ia tho unflnishod auditorium of thoir placo of worship last evening. To oaoh woo given a dish of ice-cream and a piece of cako. Every ana E resent Boomed to enjoy themselves, and wont omo satisfied with tho entertainment. ‘29,714 25,027 UU.G'JO Tho village la dlatroaaiugly dull, and tho re* turn of tho students ia anxiously looked for by tho shopkeepers. Tho incoming Freshman Class will contain about ninety students, numbering one-half more than any previous class. 17,952 NEWS PARAGRAPHS. There aro thirty-throo cotton mill* in opera* (lon iu Fall JUvor, Maas., representing a capital of nearly $15,000,000. —Tho Wilmington Commercial estimates tho losses by tho recent flood in Northern Delaware* at over SI,OOO 000. —Dooro it Co., of Molino, 111., took a first premium on plows at tho Vienna Imposition, —a credit to tho manufacturing industries of IlU nois. 7r.,080 —iiocliford is making strenuous efforts to build, a railroad to Byron, U miles below, to connect with the Chicago & Pacific. —The Sycamore, 111., Republican says tba bowl of wolves may bo hoard nightly in the east part of town, within a mile or two of the city. They have killed Homo iambs and a good many turkeys. —Maqnokotais expecting tobocomo the county seat of Jackson County, la, and in anticipa tion of that event it is building a court-house, which will bo finished the coming fall. —The Citizens’ Association of Boa Moines, la., havo sent tholr President to Now York, to make arrangements with the owner of a reaper factory to settle in that city. The factory will will employ 200 workmen, and have n weekly pay-roll of 6-1,000. —The County Court at Cairo, 111., baa ordered that gas ahull again ho burned in tbo Court-House. It was taken out some time ago, because the bill for throo months was moro than double what it had over boon before in the same length of time, and tho court refused to allow the foil amount of tbo bill. —During his visit to this State, Inst week. Col. Howo, General Manager of tho Chicago »fc Northwestern Hallway, intimated that tho Wino na & Bt. Totor Head will bo oxtondod 00 miles atiU further west during the next summer. The extension is doomed advisable In order to enable tho Company to roach tho fine coal beds dis covered lu Dakota Territory. This will glvo a lino of 385 miloa from Wmoua.—Winona J?ts publican. —Tho people of Springfield are puzzling thom bolvob over tho conundrum, why it should cost $1.75 per hundred to move tlrst-class freight from Springfield to Now York, while tho same class of freight is moved from Now York to Springfield at 43 cents per hundred. It ih* Springlleld people attempt to solve all tho rail road conundrums, they will have little timo fO| anything elao.— (JU-) Whig* HYDE FARR. FARR RIDGE. EVAKSTOJT.