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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, October 31, 1873, Image 2

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THE COURTS.
The Franklin Bank Adjudged Bank
rupt by Default.
Tbe Examination of Its Officers to
Bo Oontinuod To-Day,
Attachment of the Doxter Park Assooi
. ation’s Pool-Box.
Several Important Supreme
Court Decisions.
Ike Appeal of the Tax-Fighters from
Judge "Wallace Not Sus
tained.
Tho Notorious Hugh Giurity to Bo Again
Turned Loose on Chicago.
This morning tho examination of tbo officers
of tbo Franklin Savings Bank will bo oontinuod,
and it la oxpoctod that Mr. Briggs will bo put on
tbo stand and tbo books produced.
Yesterday was tho return day of tho oedor
made last Friday for tho bank to answer tbo
supplemental petition, and, no answer having
boon fiiod, tho bank was adjudicated bankrupt
by default, and a warrant of soizuro Issued re
turnable Doo. 1. On ibab day a mooting of tho
creditors will bo hold and an Assignee appointed.
This adjudication is in tho nature of a
judgment, and takas everything out of tho
bands of tho bank olficers, and vests in tho United
States Marshal, as an officer of tho District Court,,
and also supersedes’ all actions or orders of Stato
courts, and stops any oases ponding. It is some
•what singular, however, that no Provisional As
signee was appointed to take charge of such'
.largo Interests, as the Marshal’s bonds would
bordly bo sufficient.
Tho object of tho examination now is to show
ioa for as can bo what, if any, assets havo been
mode away with, to givo some cine, more than
-woald bo given by a simple examination, unaided
of tbo. books, which might easily have boon
“doctored.” os tho numerous defalcations
of bank clerks and tollers will prove. Mean
while if there is anything loft after a two-months’
meal, by tho officers, of tho convertible assets,
tho creditors may bo assured of receiving some
thing. Tho examination of Mr. Jones, long and
wordy as’ it was, revealed very little, if anything,
more than had boon given lu tho interview re
ported in Tins Tribune several days before, but
it is hoped that Mr. Briggs, to whom Mr. Jones
bo often referred tho creditors for information,
may bo able to offer some more definite aud ac
curate light on tho important subject.
ATTACHMENT AGAINST TUB 1 HARTFORD LIFE IN-
SURANCE COMPANY.
Hartwin R. Dutton commenced an notion
by attachment against tho Hartford Life and An
nuity Insurance Company of Hartford, Connecti
cut. Plaintiff alleges that in January Inst tho
defendant engaged him as a general agent and
assistant manager of tho Western Department,
yvhlch contract has boon wrongfully broken, to
the damage of plaintiff of 54,000.
WHAT WAS TUE DENT FOR ?
Pnul Potera considers bimoclf aggrieved by A.
3. Gage, Charles Schwartz, IV. T. Wightmau, A.
p. Fox, aud tbo Dexter Park Association, and
aas therefore commenced a suit against them by
Attachment. Ho alleges that they now
owo him $2,000 for money deposited
in their caro, custody, and keeping, but whether
it was for an entry, a bet, or a stake ho omits to
state. Ho also says they have within tho past
two years fraudulently concealed their property,
and therefore asks an attachment.
UNITED STATES COURTS.
Judge Drummond will bo engaged in hearing
tho argument in tho Saylos broke case, which
was continued from Tuesday, aud is good for all
day.
Judge Blodgett announces that ho will call up
past cases for trial.
Nothing was dono yesterday, the Court ad
journing immediately on convening.
BANKRUPTCY MATTERS.
In tho case of E. M. Dennis an order of dis
missal was entered and issued.
• An order was entered that tho proceedings
against William A. Butters bo dismissed.
Orson G. Chapman and othersworo adjudicated
bankrupts by default, and the warrant made
returnable Nov. 29, 1873.
An order for a hearing and creditors’ meeting
was mode for Doe. 12, iu tho case of Israel 11.
Dogardus.
COUIITB IN BRIEF.
Judge Gary will hoar all motions in law and
equity to-day. None of tho other Judges wiil bo
in session until tho commoncemontof noxt term,
which begins noxt Monday.
IMPORTANT BUSINESS.
Special Correspondence of The Chicago Tribune*
Ottawa, Oct. 23.—Herewith I send statement
of opinions filed since tho date of tbo opinion in
Bhorwin v. Tho People:
Louis BTRBixii v. Henrietta D’Evsns—Appeal from
Cook, opinion per curium. Filed Oct. 25,1873.
This was a bill to compel specific performance of an
alleged parol agreement to execute a lease of tho store
Ho. 60 West Madlsou street, Chicago, for a period of
three years.
Hold, that having agreed and accepted a lease for a
shorter period, with a full knowledge of all tho facts, it
must bo taken os conclusive of tho terms of tho con
tract. It is not competent to show by parol tbo dura
tion of the lease was intended to bo for a different
period.
It Is unnecessary to consider tho question whether
.the appellee, by a mere parol contract, for any pur
pose, or by any authority vested In her, could incum
ber her interest or that of the heirs lu tho promises
for a greater period than ono year.
The bill was properly dismissed, and tho decree Is
affirmed. _____
Hoon Oarritt v. The People, etc.—Error to Crim
inal Court of Cook. Opinion by Scott, J. Filed
Oct. 28,1873.
Tho plaintiff in error and Charles Weed were in
dicted for an assault upon Benjamin 6, Buchanan,,
with intent to commit robbery. At a subsequent term
of court Oarrity was separately tried, and the Jury
found him guilty, and fixed tbo time ho should servo
In tbo Penitentiary at tho period of six years. Tbo
Court overruled the motion for a new trial, and pro
nounced Judgment on tho verdict, and that decision is
assigned for error.
After a careful consideration wo are of opinion, all
(he members of tho Court concurring, that tho evi
dence fails to sustain the verdict. There Is no direct
testimony, and it seems to us the record is singularly
barren of evidence of fact and circumstances from
which it could fairly bo inferred tho party accused in
tended to commit a crime of tho character charged in
tbo Indictment. Thoro is no doubt ho was guilty of an
assault, hut not with an intent to commit tho crime al
leged. It was simply an assault, characterized per
haps by a high degree of wautouucss, for which the
parties accused ought to hnvo been punished. But tho
time, place, and facts of the transaction, as given iu
evidence by tho several witnesses, all repel tbo idea
there was any intention to commit a robbery on the
person of Buchanan. Ho states It was a little before 0
o’clock in tho evening, while the street lights wore
still burning, tho gas burning iu tho adjoining stores,
and persons passing so near that somo of them hoard
tho conversation between the parties. There is no
evidence that indicates any purpose on tho part of
either of the assailants to dispossess tho prosecutlnf
witness of anything ho had on his person. Indccc
tho facts and tho acts of tho parties sro inconsistent
with such a theory. There was certainty no prospect
of securing any great reward, such as would induce
the attempt to commit so bold u crime, by violence, iu
a public street, whore persons were continually pass
ing, at that early hour iu tho evening.
At tho time of the assault, Unchumm had in his arms
come “ kindling-wood,” and In his pocket a “shoe
string, an old knife, and some change." Ho distinctly
stated that neither the plaintiff in error nor Weed at
tempted to take anything from his person. Ho mot
tho accused a short distance from tho store which ho
hud just left, carrying an overcoat on his arm, which
ho throw lu the face of tho prosecuting witness as ho
passed, and, on being asked why he did it, Weed, who
was only a few stops behind, came up, and a fight en
sued, lu which tiarrlty took no part, except to en
courage Weed to continue tho fight. The attack was
wholly unprovoked ond wanton, hut it paitakee, lu no
degree, of the nature of tho assault with intent to
commit robbery. There are no facts or circumstances
proven that indicate or from which such a purpose
can bo inferred. . . . , ... , % . .
Tho jury clearly misjudged as to tho weight and
effect of the evidence, p*d it was error in the Court to
refuse to award a now trial. Tho Judgment will be re
versed and the cause remanded.
Stephen R. Moons v. Illinois Oemthal Railroad
Company. Apnea! from Kankakee. Opinion per
curiam. Filed Oct 28,1879. r,*i
This action was commenced before a Justice of tho
•Saco. to recover for an alleged overcharge in vaiseD
(arc, contrary to the provisions of T tho act of April
IT.- » vj-om tho Judgment of tho Justice an appeal
* 6 ' *. £*.. /• dm Circuit Oourt, where a trial was had,
prtikh rwubed £ a ,or tb,n.Uw«l.oum-
pony. • .-*reed aUtement of facta, Uio
It appears ftom fhoak-. Jnl , lm «nt«r«d •
appellant, on tho M do/ ' ioillcago, to U
paaaeimer cor on tpwliort two , . 41*.
carried oa paaaecnar fromthonc. to f u ,.i
touco of 60 ttUco, .ltd teudarod (U, conductor . "-t
180 rate of th»«c.nU par utU«, wblah Utl uoDdustor 1
declined to recolvo, but demanded of him ibo usual
fare, tT4O for the entire trip, which amount the
appellant did pay under protest, to avoid being put
off the car.
It further appears (ho Commissioners appointed
under the not of April in, 1871, had not then Assigned
tho appellee’s rend to nuy class, under the provisions
of that net. In the month of September following, it
vrns, by the action of the Commissioners, assigned to
Class R.
It will bo observed the appellee docs not show from
the evidence any violation of Iho provisions of (ho
statute under which ho seeks to recover. The Com
pany's road had riot ttiou been assigned to Claes H.
nor docs it appear from any evidence that it In fact
belonged to that class at the date ho sought to obtain
passage nt the rate of faro Hied by the act of the Gen
eral Assembly, It could not then bo known what rate
of faro would bo lawful to charge under Iho provi
sions of tho statute. Tho Company had previously
flxtyl Its rates, and there being no pretense such
charges wore unreasonable, Ibo conductor could right
fully demand tho usual faro, os a comlttion precedent
to carrying the appellant as a passenger.
There being no case made by the evidence In the
record within tho moaning, of tho statute, tho consll
tullonallly.of the legislation under which It sought to
establish' a reasonable maximum.rate of charges for
the transportation of passengers on railroads lu this
State is not Involved lu the decision of this case, and
wo decline to enter upon a discussion of that question.
Tho Judgment of the Circuit Court Is affirmed,
The People ox rol, v. M. R. M, Wallace—Petition
for mandamus ; opinion per curiam ; filed Oct.
28,1673.
This Is an application by rotator for a mandamus
against tho Judge of tbo County Court of
Cook Oouuty to compel him to allow on ap
peal to tho Circuit Court of that county from
a Judgment rendered cgalust relator’s lands for taxes
duo tho City of Chicago. Tho 10th section of tho act
of tho 28tb of March, 1873, in regard to.tho assessment
and collection of taxes In Incorporated cities, towns,
and villages, &c, (Bess. Laws 1873, p. 43), only gives
appeals from tho County Court to this Court. It de
clares that In caao of Judgment for such taxes, " ap
peals shall also bo allowed to tho Supremo Court (and
not elsewhere), as now provided by law, in Uko cases,
to tho Circuit Court, from any Judgment or order of
salo made by any County Court respecting any prop
erty returned delinquent under tho provisions of this
act; ” and tho balance of tho section rofors to this
Court, and not to tho Circuit Court, lu regulating iho
practico an such appeals. Although tho language is
somewhat obscure, when tho ontlro section is conslucrod
wo have no doubt that It was tho design to give an ap
peal from such judgments alono to this Court, and
to take it from tho Circuit Court. This being so, thoro
can bo no power to compel tho County Court to grant
an appeal to tho Circuit Court, aud tho writ must bo
refused., 1
It Is urged that tho act referred tola n special law.
Wo arc of tho opinion that tho law is general, as It ap
plies to tho collection of all municipal (axes of Incor
porated cities, towns, aud villages in tho State. Ucuco
tbo objection that tbo tltlo of tho act docs not suffi
ciently specify tho objects of tho law docs not. apply.
It is also objected that tbo 10th section of tho act
was not constitutionally adopted, because It was en
grafted an on amendment, whilst the hill was being
considered, and was not read on three several days In
tho House adopting It as au amendment. Wo aro clear
ly of tho opinion that tho requirement does not up
-ply to an amendment, and tho objection cannot pre
vail.
. ,Tho writ of mandamus Is denied. ,
John IT. Bryant etal, v. The People’ex rol.—Ap
peal from Cook: oplnlou per curiam; filed Oct.
28, 1873.
TMs was a Judgment for delinquent taxes, against
the lands of several persons, rendered by (bo County
Court of Cook County. Tboy bring tbo record, and
file it in this Court, and ask us to make an order on tbo
Cook County Court to allow an appeal, and in the
meantime to grant an Injunction restraining a sale of
tbo lands to satisfy the judgment against these lands.
If this is to bo considered os an application for an
order for a supersedeas, tbo reply is tbqf; tbo parly bas
not, under tbo 10th section of tbo net of March 28.
.1673 (Seen. Laws of 1873, p. 42) deposited the amount
of the Judgment for taxes. That is tbo condition upon
which a supersedeas enu alone be granted, in such a
ease, under that act. - ■
In on application at the present term for a supers &-
dcaa„wo held that whilst thd Constitution secured to
all persons the light to a writ of error, in all civil
eases, whoro tbo Judgment or decree is 1 (Inal, (but tbo
right to bare such u writ of error made a supersedeas
Is not a constitutional right, and tbo Legislature may
impose terms upon which it shall bo granted. To have
such a writ inaiio a suporsedeau is not required by tbo
Constitution.' Wo, in that case,’ refused to mako tbo
writ of error n supersedeas, and must refuse to mako
Bitch an order In (bis ease.
As to tho application for an injunction, ills only nec
essary to add that itwaa bold, in tbo case of Campbell v,
Campbell (22 111., CO4), that this Court bos no Jurisdic
tion to grant nn original injunction in a case. Tbat
case is conclusive of this application.
Again, there is no bill filed in this case upon which
an injunction could bo issued. - It was a proceeding
under tbo statute in form at law aud not in chancery.
It would bo unboard of In practice to grant an lujuuc
tion in such a caso without an appropriate bill,
framed for tbo purpose. But, whilst tbo motion asks
an injunction, It is In effect for a supersedeas under
another name.
Tbs motion is denied.
MICHIGAN SUPREME COURT.
Special Dispatch to The Chicago Tribune.
Lapsing, Mich., Oct. 30.—1n the Supreme
Court to-day, the following progress was made:
' Tho People v. Carter B. Granger, Treasurer of tho
Township of Forest Home, Antrim County ; further
return ordered;
28—Edwurd 11. Davis v. Frederick Bush and Thomas
Patterson; argument concluded.
25—Tho Michigan Central Railroad Company v.
John M. Coleman and Katy Coleman ; partly argued.
Thoro Is a session this evening.
THE LAST RITES.
Funeral Exercises Over tho Remains
of tbo Late Judge William A. Far
ter.
Tho funeral exercises of tho late Judge Porter
took place yesterday morning at tho Third Pres
byterian Church, corner of West Washington
and Carpenter streets. Owing to somo delay,
the son of tho late Judge was not able to arrive
until half-past 10, and at that time tho proces
sion of tho Bor, followed by tho hoarse, pall
bearers, and carriages, started towards tho
church. As they entered the church, tho organ
sounded a soft funeral dirge. After the singing
of tho chant, <( Lord, Thou hast been our
dwelling-place," and prayer and reading the
Scriptures by Dr, Patterson, Dr. Kit
trodgo delivered tho discourse, but
without limiting himself by any special
text. Ho said they pause but a few
moments that they may unite their hearts before
God that this bereavement may bo sanctified to
their good. Death comes very often. Ho had
yet to loam of an issue of tho daily press that
did not have somo entry under tho head
“Deaths.” Not only Judge Porter’s brethren,
but tbo entire city have boon startled by the an
nouncement of bis decease. They have reason
to praise God for tho wonderful independence of
character and integrity of tho Judge, combined
with an almost womanly tenderness for tho feel
ings of others. Little did tbo hearers know tho
heart-life displayed to his nearest friends. Nor
was the Bible on his table tho only evidence of
his Christianity. Ho bad, years ago, broctod a
family altar, and this gives a silver lining to tho
dark aloud occasioned by his death. His forty
five yours hero were but an infancy; ho was now
but just begun to live. Bomb say, “How sud
den,” and others "How terrible.” Ob, uol
it is sudden glory to him . who
is prepared, without going through a vestibule
of pain. If ho could speak now it would nob bo
of the case which last occupied his attention—
not of the election, but of tho King of Kings,
lie, standing now between tho living and tho
dead, besought' his hearers to seek Him, who
only can save. It was grand to hoar tho words
of praise ond ; commendation yesterday, but far
bettor will it bo to hear tho Father’s voice, say
ing as lie has said to him: “ Well done My good
and faithful servant, outer thou into tho joy of
the Lord."
.. After tho benediction was pronounced, Dr.
Kittrcdge remarked that somo of tho relations
hod but just arrived, aud had not boon given an
opportunity to boo the remains, aud ho therefore
asked that tho Bar aud audience retire immedi
ately on the pali-boorors convoying tho body in
to tho noxt room.
But a few outside of tho immediate relations
accompanied tho family to tho cemetery at
Gracolaud, whore tho remains will bo buried.
Smith and JToEinson—Blow They Run
.Rival Stage Lines*
In Utah Territory there were two rival stage
linos, one run by a man named Smith, and an*
other run by a man named Johnson. TUo com
petition wua bo groat tliat at last both linos car
ried pooplo for nothing, and gavo them premi
ums boaldos. Smith offered free rides and a
Barlow knife to each passenger. Johnson of
fered a boiled shirt. Smith saw that, and wont
one bettor by giving a pound of Bologna
sausage with the shirt. Johnson adopted tho
sausage, and distributed gold-headed canes
and copies of Watt’s hymns. Smith rallied,
and offered all of Johnson’s premiums
with a litter of pups and a hunch
of tooth-picks to each man. But
Johnson took all the travel by paying the old
debts of each passenger and deeding him a
cemetery lot. Smith turned the tide immedi
ately in his direction by giving each fellow a psir
of mules, a church pew, aha 1,600 shares of
stock in the Paoiflo Railroad. Then Johnson
determined upon his master stroke. Ho wont to
Brlgnom Young and got a special
and then he offered to marry all the women who
rode in Ida stages, to take all tho men into part
nership, and to give gum rings tp ajl tho babies.
Smith wss broken up, and had to soli out aud
abandon the business, Johnson now has 1,420
wive*. 1,001) jwtwia, »od bo }» Indebted to on
v.innnr mm for oli bniholo of gum rill pa
-ButKlldU*4 HWW, »nd b»U bow b»ppy.— Man
THE CIIHJAUO DAILY TRIBUNE; FRIDAY, OCTOBER ID, 1873.
NEW YORK.
The Financial Feeling.
Vanderbilt Underbuilt—Jay Gould
Vamoses.
Return to the Proscriptions of
Peace.
from Our Own Correspondent.
New Vonic, Oct. 28, 1873.
Tho political nowa Is wholly subordinate to
financial movements, and houco I have loft
Washington for a couplo of days to boo how
Now York stands tho stringency. .
THE ASPECT
of tho ruling monetary centra is that of & slow
but enforced return on ovory hand to tho prices
and estimates which moro nearly preceded tho
War. Tho price of rents already shows this re
cession and shrinkage, as must bo thocoso whoa
all tho loading stocks in tho country havo depre
ciated. Houses for which $4,000 per annum
woro arrogantly demanded last year are offered,
with slow responses, for $2,000, Tho groat
hotels hold out against hope for their
staple of $4 and 86 a day; but
tho socond-rato hotels uro hack to
$2.50. Family board upon yet moro favorable
rates is solicited by Inn-keepers. Clothing at
prices startlingly low hangs in tho bazaar-win
dows; and 820 a month is tho figure for tho
koop of horses nt grooming stables, —a reduction
of 80 par cont. Thoro is a notable falling off in
public travel by rail and steam, showing that
ouo of tho most expensive items of modem out
lay is reduced by tho thrifty, and tho largo inns
look somewhat depleted. I stopped at tho
Metropolitan Hotel, tho property of A. T. Stew
art, and was told - that tho rout was at present
only SBO,OOO, whereas in 1870 it was rented to
Dick Tw6od for $75,000. Yot in tho rates thoro
Is no corresponding and reasonable deduction.
Tho objective point of all commercial society is
expressed in "Down with $4.60 a day I" The
way to return to it is by reduced rents.
Whllo those changes woro noticeable, and
some depression appeared in tho atmosphere, I
did not yet soo a man of any degree of expe
rience who did not admit that, sudden os the
shrinkage was, it was
SETTER TO HAVE COME.
Persons somewhat gravely interested in iho
matter of contraction epoko about os follows :
“ Of courao wo could not live on stills, as wo
wore doing. Corrections of this kind nro some
times chastisements,—-oftouor tbo way to boalth.
•Watered values, arbitrary prices, extensive
stocks carried on tho shoulders of individuals or
cOtorloHj bad to bo readjusted .to tbo proprieties
of peace. In tbo long run it is the great and
disproportionate fortunes which will retire from
tbo public view,whoro they have long exorcised a
pernicious example. In Vandorbilt’a troubles
tbo “ Bull ” interest goes clown in Wall street;
,in Gould’s rotiromont n persistent and unscru
pulous “ Boar " passes out of view,—one whoso
attacks on values have been, in fact, Bull-movo
mouts modified by blackmail.”
Tho inquiring mind of tho people is shown in
the groat quantity of imbhcations on ovary sido
ransacking tho errors and excesses of tho past
eleven years in railroad stock and bond manipu
lations, civic and local debts, national oxpan
sion and expenditure, and tho innumerable
forms of folly on wbicb a government enters
when it ceases to deal with a citizen as iv froo
agent and becomes “paternal.” It is notice
able that, tho more interfering a, paternal gov
ernment becomes, tho less real authority it has,
as Jay Gould shows by bis repeated attacks on
the currency, and Vanderbilt by resisting with
his single aim tho right of tho Collector of
Bovcnuo to mako him pay imposts. A govern
ment which ** ought to do” this or that, and docs
it ns the lobby pulls it to and fro, is merely
being used, and of course cannot bo respected.
Probably two-thirds of the business of tbe
United States is
SPECIAL LEGISLATION.
. Tho more poatiug of tho army in some Terri
tory 1b often an outright job gotten up between
tho contractors, Territorial ofllcors, and Quarter
masters. Thus, iu tho case of tho Territory of
Arizona, tho Apaches are made to cost more
than first-class hotel rates for every soul iu tho
tribe the round year, and tho Modoc war is by
somo charged to bavo been a job which cost both
savage and Christian life. The night before I
left Washington, a secret dinner was held at
Willard’s Hotel, attended by Moyer, Tabons,
Gon. Babcock, and O’Sullivan. It was in the
interests of tbo most remote and objectless job
on which an Administration over embarked, and
which yet alienated from it tons of thousands of
its electors: the resuscitation of tho Santo Do
mingo lease. While tho country is wrestling
with financial disturbances which absorb all its
citizens’ patience, resources and prudence, tho
Sauto Domingo school of jockeys is concentrat
ing upon this old rejected scheme: tho tropical
Duluth.
TAXES
in tbo United Scutes have been applied with such
uufiinohingness for tho past seven years,—or
since tho end of tho Rebellion, when wo all add
ed a Mansard roof and a buy window to our
lodge, and were considerately improved by tho
neighboring caucus of politicians,—that few
have noticed how the Federal taxation alone lias
advanced from 7 per cent to bo uoarly 80 cents
on the dollar of increase of wealth. The object
of political parties appears to have become tho
invention of taxes, Washington City is at this
moment held up to public criticism as a place
whoso debt has been suddenly and prodigiously
increased ; but it cau ho ahowu that this hither
to uegloctod j Place dti Carransel has not yet &
bonded debt of above $7,000,000, while Phila
delphia, with no great improvements, Is up In
tho CO’s and 70’b of debt. To pay taxes, which
are concealed iu all manner of ways, is one of
tbo grievous burdens of modom life ; and this
docs not seem to exert any influence over
Yorkos, Phelps, and other Public Treasurers
who rob tho collections afterward.
THE STOKES TRIAL.
I attended tbo Stokes tried, at tbo Supremo
Court Chambers, and saw that worldly-living
criminal, scarcely tbo worse for wear, in tbo
midst of a court-room notably orderly, and oven
respectable, barring, perhaps, a number of
women who wore present for tho fascination
which blood possesses. Not scrupulously dressed
and a little grizzly-haggard, as if lime made its
involuntary impressions upon tbo superficial as
well as the earnest man, Stokes is one of tho
happonoro lu of the period. Ho attended the
Philadelphia High School, and studied Moral
Science while my class was tugging with Wav-'
laud’s Economy. Nothing made him happen in
upon men like Fisk and Gould but a handsome
face, which led him to bo fast and forward, and
require money all the time to moot bis oxtrava
£aut way of life. Tho loss of his wife, who loft
im to go abroad, wroto no wrinklo on bis azure
brow; for he lacked sensibilities, and grow old
without cares. Fisk's gross nature and unfaith
fulness placed tho insinuating Stokes iu tho
confidence of his mistress, and she pleaded tho
needs arid deserts of this doubly false ono upon
their common dupe. When tho scales foil from
Jim Fisk's eyes, ho crushed tho boy whom ho
had somowbat befriended. Then followed law
breaking, resentment, and revenge. Tho mighty
peddler died in the same square, and made as
much moan commiseration, as Bill Poole seven
teen years before; and probably the murderer,
in this ease as in that, is to bo lot go. Who’
that roads this tragedy over, and looks into tho
surroundings of tho parties, would care to live in
such a sooioty ? Fisk was scarcely dead before
Jay Gould was seeking to appropriate the
effects of his widow, and sbo had not tho
respect for her husband to abate such
a corrupting and suborned prosecution as
he might himself have waged if olive to do
it. Heathen existences in tho midst of a sat
urated civilization are tbo key to the entire
crime, ahd its origin and finale will be found to
bo vulgarity and rapacity. Yet to such person
alities was committed tho most colossal of our
groat highways. Iu that purlieu of opera-bouffo
and grand trausportation, Drew and Vanderbilt,
Oouul and Sickles, Tweed and Stokes, wore
dramatis porsomo. Perhaps, when this young
gallant leaves the public gaze, tho procession
will have fully passed from the stage, Mr. Drew
And Mr. Vanderbilt are monumentalized In theo
logical Institutes, whimsical as the connection
may seem, piokloa is our freo Ambassador
to tbo Cabinet of Castolar, Tweed, caught In
the lap of both Delilah and tho Philistines,
breathes away a reprobate old ago. Mr, Gould
concludes his career by winding up
tho Now Jersey Southern Railway, as
ho burdened tho Erie, with debt:
aud tbo murderer In tho dock Is the sedi
ment of this promiscuous association which truly
depreciates the advantages and society of our
jentuiy. II tbo notld «T« keoff tub jjeopl, to
bo its most conspicuous illustrators, aa It Ims
probably done over since it was a world, it Is at
any rate a world which preaches tho worthless
ness of tho gross pursuit of money. Mr, Beech-,
or has chosen tills Biugulav oplsodo of time to
praise tho abstract, as well aa tho concrete, su
periority of flush times. A clergy moro In love
with the example of Him who could -not find
lodgment with tho foxes or the birds of tho nir
may soo oqnnl reason to elucidate tho ad
vantages of contentment and manual toil
ns parts of tho Christian economy. Tho hoy who
sits in tho dock hearing perjurors defend him
came up upon tho example of Vanderbilt, and
probably without tho moral assistance of any
pulpit-orator of his day. What is left of
VANDERHILT *
to treasure, now that tho impregnability of his
Blocks and scrips is gone ? Merely tho aorvilo
relict of tho possessor of tho works of other men:
the stock-giant who deceived a generation into
confidence, and fell of his own practices. Tho
times took him in their toils, as they soak to (V>
to all exceptional existences, and leveled him
Into tho Bopublio again. His career will have
an antiquarian dustiness before many days, and
give curiosity to old newspaper-files; for ho has
ouo nothing out of which to make a book.
Tho collapse of Lako-Bhoro by a fall of 40 nor
cont shows tbo gospel of shrinkage which
Bpeakoth hotter things than tho learning of
Plymouth pulpit. •
As for
JAY GOULD,
ho camo Into public notice with a countenance
bo marked that It Invited Vanderbilt's censure,
and wont out of It with a character bo woll har
monized that oven tho pliant 'knees of admira
tion fall to Bay a word. An oxlatoucoloßß kind of
myalory, with an instinct for money and no
eonso of reprobation, ho twinkled his eye until
tho coin turned blade and lost Us warmth, and
men despise money that it can produce such
worshipers. Qatr.
THE STORM.
Kb Itavagcs on JLntco Michigan and nt
Ulilwnpkou,
from the JfdicauJtcc Xewt, Oet. 30.
As was intimated in tho News of yesterday
morning, tho storm that prevailed in this section
during Tuesday forenoon was productive of
groat damage to shipping hi various portions of
tho lako. Tho sufferings of tbo mariners who
woro overtaken by this terrible visitation of
wind and snow wore very sovoro, and such as
none but tboso who have boforo encountered
tbo violence of a winter storm could bavo borne.
Vessels arriving at this port yesterday morning
early woro covered with snow and ico, while tho
rigging was white with frost and frozen spray.
Very few of tho crafts that mado this port on
yesterday sustained no damage. Thoso that
escaped Injury to tho rigging and hull woro un
fortunate enough to loso largo and valuable por
tions of tholr cargoes. Aa yet thoro has boon
but ono disaster, with tho sacrifice of ilfo, re
ported, although it is surmised that others
remain to bo heard from.
Tlio schooner Monitor encountered tho storm
near tho Manitou Islands, and narrowly escaped
foundering. Tho waves rolled over her in ranid
succession, and so groat was tho volume of water
on her docks that tho bulwarks woro cut away to
froo her. Her O aptain reports that ho was in
company with a throo-and-aftor at the lower end
of the lako on Tuesday morning, when tho storm
was at its height, and that she suddenly disap
peared beneath tho waves. It in thought she is
lost with all on hoard. • Numerous other disas
ters arc noted, but of loss importance.
Tho Third Ward beach is still submerged in
water, and tlio outlook is a dreary ono indeed, to
thoso who dwell in. that section. During tho
storm thoro was not a particle - of tho beach visi
ble, an occurrence never boforo known
oxcopt in tho year 1850. Tbo bar is
covered with small houses, while through
tho center of it run tho tracks
of tho Chicago A Northwestern Hallway. At
ono timo tho giant waves rolled about tho hum
blo abodes of tho dwellers on tho beach in a
manner peculiarly startling to thoir inmates.
Tho track was torn up in ono place, and badly
damaged iu others. Last evening a JVcics ro-
Eortor found tbo beach, for a distance of threo
locks, entirely covered with water, which wao
unable to oscapo, owing to a largo bank of sand
that bad been thrown up at of tbo lake.
Laborers woro engaged in tho task of digging
trenches through on almost impenetrable hill of
gravel, uud their prospects of success woro
dubious. It is hopoa they will bo able to drain
tbo great body of water into tbo lake, but tho
job will bo greater than many had anticipated.
The occupants of bouses on tho Loach can reach
them only by means of skiffs, and the situation
to them is anything but cheerful.
At Itulfalo.
i Vrtm the liujfalu Express, Oct. 29,
A portion of tho venerable building owned by
tbo Grand Trunk llailway, and situated on River
street, near the canal-slip, was blown down yes
terday afternoon. Tho old structure—in which
previously had been located tho offices and
freight rooms of tho G. T. R. ll.—was fortunate
ly unoccupied, therefore no damage to life or
property was sustained. Tho building covered
an axoa of about 50 by 30 foot, aud was compara
tively valueless. That portion of tho structure
in which woro the offices foil into tho canal-slip.
Tho stoamor International was obliged by tho
forco of tho storm to go down tho river as far as
tho Canada Southern dock at Fort Erio. Wo aro
informed that tho Grand Trunk Railway passen
gers woro brought across on tho ferry at tho
Lower Rock. Tho wind blow furiously down tho
rivor during tho latter part of tho afternoon.
Tho water iu tho rivor yesterday rose nearly
■two aud a half foot ahovo what it was last Mon
day. Thou it dropped about a foot.and atO
o’clock was at least throo foot higher than Mon
day. Tho water last night was nearly on a level
with Bird Island pier.
Branches of trees, wo noticed, woro in many
Instances mado to bow to tbo weight of tbo
snow. Along tbo stroot woro strowu, last even
ing, a largo number of largo limbs broken off
tho shado trees, and blowu hither aud you by
tho gale.
Altogether the storm was ono of romarkablo
severity for this season of tho yoar.
WATER IN NEW YORK CENTRAL STOCK.
To the isWfor of The Chicago Tribune
Sir : I think “B. ‘W," is slightly in error in re
gard to the transfer of the Troy & Schenectady
Bailroad, as detailed in bis communication pub
lished in your paper this morning. The Troy &
Schenectady Bailroad was constructed by the
City of Troy in its corporate capacity, and was
managed by the city,or committees appointed by
tho Common Council, The road and equip
ments, it was understood, cost about $1,600,000.
Having no (mutual) connection with either tho
Hudson Biver Bailroad or Albany & Schenectady
Bailroad,—tho control of those roads being in
tho hands of tho citizens of Albany, orthoy be
ing run in (ho interest of that city, and against
tho City of Troy,—tho Trojans found tho Troy <fc
Schenectady Bailroad an elephant on their
hands. The subjects of soiling tho road to tho
Hudson Biver Bailroad, and, in making tho
transfer, socuro a connection with that road, had
been under discussion some time,,and was final
ly consummated (not without strenuous opposi
tion on tho part of somo of tho citizens of Troy),
—Hdwln D. Morgan negotiating on tho part
(ostensibly) of the Hudson Biver Bail
road, and Bussell Sago (then representing the
Eighth Ward in tho Common Council of Troy)
and Gon. George B. Davis (counsel for tho Troy
Committee) on tho part of tho City of Troy. Tho
salo was finally consummated, tho nominal con
sideration being, I think, $500,000, payable in
fivo years, without interest. It baa boon sup
posed by somo that Bussell E?jo v.’.'ti vorth
SIOO,OOO more in tho consolidated bunds or
slocks immediately after the tica o3
tho several roads than before tho sale of the.
Troy & SohouooUdy Bead, and tbol this was his
first attempt at roUroad-mauipvV.ion.
Mr. Lo.Grand CV.pnon, Then a citizen of
Troy, and larpo proruly-hold.-r, commenced
legal prooecdu.'s tu prevent the transfer of the
road. As I v:ito from rcccolkciicn, X may not
bo strictly w-jcu.-at^; but tho abovo is substan
tially owaot, I think,
Mr. John A, Griswold hod no part in the
negotiations, nulou'i, u mr.y be, ho w?o coariultod
in tho interest of Troy as a largo property-holder.
Tuojih.
Fatality in Mouroo County* Erj-1»-»A
Disease UeaosuMinrr Asiatic ClaoSorcv
—Twelve ft;it FUtoou Coauu lie
suiting in Death*
A most distressing report oomes to ue through
tbo Bloomington (iud.) announcing
tho prevalence of a disease In Polk township,
Monroe County, which has all tho appearance of
oholora, and which it) proving very fatal. A
physician of Bloomington, who has peon in at
tendance upon some of tho oases reported, gives
tho following particulars: Tho locality in
which It has been raging is on Alien’s Crook, la
tho northwestern part of (he township, about
18 miles from Bloomington.. It first made its
appearance about three weeks ago, a young lady
by tho name of Casey being (he first person at
tacked. She lived about one hour after tho
attack.
The fallowing are the fatal cases 1 Mlea Casey,
Blok ono hour; David End*, Blok two days t Mrs.
Bods (mother of DavidLsick eight hours; Mrs.
Hoott (daughter of Mrs. Eads), flick eight hours;
Nanoy J. Eads, sick ono hour; son of Nanoy J.
Eads, 4 years old, eick throo hours; daughter of
Nancy, J. Eads, 2 years old, sick throo hours;
infant child of Mrs. Scott, sick four hours;
Mrs. Eads (wife of Ilonry Eads), sick ono day;
throo others, whoso name Dr. B. dla not know.
Mrs. Nauoy J. Eads was taken with the disease
while on tlio way to tho burying ground with
tho remains of two of her olilTdron • aud her
mother, and died in ono hour.
Out of fifteen casco reported, twolvo have
proven fatal, riiyificlans nro at a loss to give
any explanation for tho disease, and all its
symptoms are so' similar to thoso of cholera
that they havo almost unanimously decided that
it is this disease which has terribly afflicted tho
people of Polk Township.
THE TELEGRAPH.
Letter* from President Orton of, tlio
Western Union Company,
New York, Oct, 23, 1873.
To the Editor of tho Herald:
Tho editorial in tho Herald’ of Sunday, Oct. 10,
hoadod “ Tho Postal Telegraph,” etc., contains
certain erroneous statements, and is otherwise
liable to convoy erroneous impressions concern
ing tho business of tho Western Union Tolo
graph Company, which I ask permission to cor
rect:
Firsts Tho average charge por message was
61 cents, as slated in tho annual report, and not
cents, as given by. tho Herald. Tlio or
danatiou of tho apparent discrepancy is found
n tho fact that tho gross receipts of tho.Oom
)any include moneys derived from othor sources
ban from tolls on messages.
Second—' Tho statement that “ tho working ex
penses of tho European linos, owned and oper
ated by tho Governments, average only 40 por
cent of tbo gross receipts,” is still more erro
neous. Tho tolograph is operated at a loss by
nearly every Government in Europe, and tho
aggregate loss is several millions por annum,
which is paid by taxation. In no oasos are ex
penses loss than 80 por cent of tho receipts.
Tho average cost nor message in Europe to tho
Governments which carry on tho business is
greater than tho average charge of tbo com
panies doing tbo business in tho United States.
Third— Tho statement that “ it is admitted
that tho linos owned by tho Western Union
couid bo duplicated with tho best English wiro,
the host instruments now in uso, and tho best
polos, for $12,000,000,” Is erroneous bo far ns
tho admission of any competent authority is
concerned. Such a statement would bo grossly
Snacciirato by whomsoever made. Tho annual
report, to which reference is made by tho Herald,
shows tho acquisition of now property by tho
Western Union Company during tho last sovon
years which cost over $13,000,000. Tho Western
Union Company now own considerably more
telegraph property than that for which tho
British Government has already paid over
$40,000,000, gold, and an estimate of Sir Frank
Ivos Scudamore, now hoforo mo, states tho
probable cost of tboir tolograph property on tho
Ist of March, 1875, ot more than $50,000,000,
gold. They will nob, thou have as groat an ex
tent of polos and wires as tho Western Union
now own.
Fourth—' “ Tho stock of tlio Western Union is”
not “watered up to throo nml a half times the
real value of tho plant.” It did contain some
“water,” but I havo already shown that over
$13,000,000 has been' squeezed out in coven
years, ami when you recall tho fact that thou
sands of miles of lino have been acquired at a
small fraction of (ho cost to tlio original owners,
ami that millions have boon contributed by rail
way companies to secure connection and tlio ex
tension of linos upon their roads, it will bo soon
that tho present capital of tho Company is not
greatly in excess of, if it exceeds at all. tho sum
which was originally expended to produce tho
property,
Fifth— Tho Western Union has paid no divi
dends in sovoral years. What difference docs It
mako, then, whether Its lines cost $10,000,600 or
$40,000,000, so far as tho cost of sending mes
sages is concerned. “One-half tho present
rates” would not pay tho cost for operators,
messengers, stationery, and batlory, to say
nothing of maintenance, rente, and interest on
capital.
Sixth— Tho increase of 10 por cent in the num
ber of messages in 1873 over 1872 is erroneously
attributed to reductions of tho tariff. Tho only
reduction made was “ tho abrogation of all rates
over $2.50,” and this did not take effect till Fob.
1, 1873, aud was, therefore, in force- hut five
mouths of tho year which ended Juno 30, 1873.
Tho other and greater reduction referred to wont
into .effect July 1, 1873, tho beginning of tho
present tlscal year.
Seventh— Tlio now “square rates” aro, with
but few exceptions, tho sumo as tho former
“special rates” established upon competing
routes. Tho exceptions aro between Boston and
Washington and intormediato stations. Tlio
now rates aro uniform for liko distances in tho
Eastern, Middle, Southern, and Western States.
Eighth—Tho Herald Is, probably, correct m
assuming that farther reductions will not bo
mado by tlio companies now doing tho business
for somo time to como. Tho average message
rate in tho United States sinco July 1 is hut 55
cents, which 5 to 6 cents below tho average in
Europe, whore tho cost of tolograph material
and tho wages of operators aro 30 to 50 per cent
loss than bore. Moro.thau a yoar ago Franco in
creased her rales 20 por cent on ono class of
messages, and 40 per cent on another, tho latter
increase being on rates which yielded over 00
por cent of her tolograph receipts ; and.yet tho
increase in thb number of messages during tho
yoar succeeding this increase of rates was great
er than during any one of several preceding
years. It will not bo claimed that tho increase
of rates caused tho increase of messages, but
this fact docs not appear, viz.: that tho natural
growth of tho business was not sensibly retarded
by a considerable increase of rates.
Ninth —Tho phrase “ tho host English wiro,
tho best instruments, and tho best poles” is
liable to bo construed to mean that tho polos,
who, and instruments of the Europoan.lmos nro
superior in quality and working capacity to thoso
of tho Western Union. Such a construction
would not accord with tho facta. A very largo
majority of tho poles used in tho United States
aro superior to thoso in use in Europe. As to
wiro, tho Western Union havo boon using of tho
“ best English ” 10,000 miles per annum for sev
eral years past. It is proper to say, howovor,
that wiro iu now made by sovoral parties in iho
United States of a quality equal to the best En
glish, and tho reasons why wo uso tho latter at
all aro—(1) it is not always possible to
proouro domestic wiro iu sufficient
quantities to supply our wants, and
(2) wo aro generally able to buy English
wiro a littlo cheaper than American, notwith
standing the duty of about CO por cent ad valo
rem. As regards instruments, thoso of Ameri
can manufacturers are superior iu efficiency to
tlio moro cumbersome ana more expensive ap
paratus used abroad. Another fact in worthy
1 of mention in this connection. American oper
ators using American instruments perform
l much nforo telegraphic work in tho samo time
on tho linos iu tlio United States than is per
formed by tho same number of operators in Ea
' rope. Tho tolograph office in Loudon employs
: moro than throo times as many clerks and op
’ orators os nro employed by tho Western Union
1 Company in Now York to handle tho samo uum
[ bor of messages daily.
I Tlio relations of tbo tolograph to tho public
aro so important, and with the press are so inti
mate, as to justify tbo expectation that tlio press
• will not give currency to 'erroneous statements
' concerning tho tolograph which may prejudice
tho latter in tho public mind. Tbo facts boroin
» before stated do not rest merely upon my naaor
-1 tion. They are completely established by tho
r official reports of tho governments by which tho
» business is carried on abroad and of tho com
■ panics conducting it iu tlio United States, and to
1 deny them in iho face of tho evidence which is
• uovr accessible would seem to imply an iudlsno
-1 oitiou to do justice to tho American telegraphic
■ system, which cannot actuate tho conductors of
so successful a specimen of American enterprise
' ad the Now York Herald , Very respectfully,
1 William Outon.
The OonffrcHiloiial ExcuraionwObjcct
of tlio 'l'ripi
From the St. Louie Diapaich, Oct, 29,
Tho Ooncrousioual excursion party, lust even
ing, returned from their late excursion to tho
Luuu fltp,v dtf.te, and arc uow comfortably quar
tered at tho Planters’. Tho following gentlemen
cuiistic-Hlo tho party:
Tho £‘ou. Ctleunl W. Scofield, republican Con
prca:iUiUi-it*Largo from I’miniiylvuniu; tho
lieu. JwLul), Storm, Democratic member from
the Eleventh District of Pennsylvania; Judgo
Ouilia, republican member from tho Erie Dis
trict: tho non. J. S. Smart, mombor-olcot from
tho Troy District, Now York 5 Col. J), Wilson,
Demooratio member from West Virginia 5 Con.
P. M. 11. Young, Democrat, from Georgia 5 tho
Hon. Alexander White, Independent, from Ala
bama ; Koprosontallves Asa ilodgou, Democratic,
and B. W, Hardin, Independent,!from Aritansaa,
Tho party loft St, I*ouls on Friday morning
last, and proceeded as far South as Dallas, Tex
as, Tho Intention was to proceed to the Gulf of
Mexico and enjoy tho hospitality of Galveston,
hut tho prevalence of yellow fever caused the
excursionists to change their programme. On
tho trip South, and returning, every opportunity
was afforded them to obtain a fair idea of tho
vast mineral wealth of Missouri.
Tho chief object iu view was to give tbo ex
cursionists au opportunity to carefully view the
rich country comprised in ibo Indian Territory.
The unsurpassed richness of this forbidden land
fairly amazed Congressmen, who unqualifiedly
expressed tliomaolvca in favor of - giving it a
Territorial Government, thus opening it npto
settlors. This action Is doomed advisable, not
only to malm Borne praoUcal use of this unde
veloped country, but also in justice to neighbor
ing States.
The excursion party Was hospitably enter
tained at Denison, Sherman, and Dallas. The
astonishment was universal at the vast extent,
of rich prairies passed over and the luxuriant
cotton holds that dotted the lino of travel. The
Texans wore greatly disappointed that the Con
gressmen did not extend their trip to Galveston.,
whore they would have boon received with regal
hospitality.
The trip was a most enjoyable and instructive
one throughout, and was unattended by mis
adventure iu any shape.
From the WatMnpton Republican. Oet. 28,
Among tho Jobs which aro likely to bo brought
before the next Congress is the proposition
looking to tho creation of tho Indian Territory.
One or two railroad companies and a score of
politicians are interested in itt also a highly
virtuous paper called tho Bt. Louis Globe, and Its
Washington correspondent. A number of Con
gressmen and others aro now enjoying a free
ride in connection with tho scheme, it will boar
watching.
THE POST-OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Tho Money-Order System and tho
JL*anlc—l*lau of tho. Postal Saving*
Hank*
From the .Veto York Eceninj Post, Oet, 29.
Qon. 11. La Rue Harrison, Special Agent of'
tho Money-Order Department of tbo Post-Office,
has just completed an extensive tour of inspec
tion through tho West. In conversation to-day
bo mado an interesting statement in regard to
tho workings of tbo money-order system during
tho recent panic.
Ho said that the result of his Inquiries In tho
principal Western cities, including Cincinnati.
Bt. Louis, and Chicago, showed chat tho use of
tho money-order system had increased from 25
to <lO per cent, since tho beginning of tho panic,
and throe-fifths or more of this increase was bo
boliovod to bo permanent.
This advance bad como mainly from business
men, who formerly conducted all tholr financial
transactions through tho banks, and wore, to a
groat extent, ignorant of tbo worklnga. of tho
money-order system, which they thought could
bo used for Government business only.' So deep
was this ignorance, in some cases, among men
who would naturally bo thought well informed,
that a merchant in Cincinnati carried his money
order in his pocket for days, behoving it to bo a
receipt, and complaining meanwhile that his cor
respondent had not received the money. This
lack of knowledge was duo, of coureo, to tho in
disposition of men to change tbou- customary
modes of doing business while tho solvency of
banka wtfs unquestioned. When tbo safety of
these institutions was imperiled, men sought a
method of exchange in which they could place
entire confidence, and tho. result was the in
creased development of tho postal money-order
system.
Tho orders paid in St. Louis rose to the
amount of $21,000 iu one day during the panic,
and they notv average $15,000 a day, while for
merly the average was but SIO,OOO. in Cincin
nati, SIO,OOO a day is tho average, against SO,OOO
formerly. In Chicago tho number of orders rose
from about 1.000 a day. amounting to from
$14,000 to £IB,OOO, to 2,000 a.day, amounting to
about $31,000.
Gen. Harrison said the information he had re
ceived led him to believe that a similar increase
in tho money-order business had takou place
since tho panic in all parts of the country. Out
of this increased confidence iu tho system, had
grown a general desire among business men
that tho limit of tho amount to .bo .trans
mitted in'this manner should bo increased from
SSO to SSOO between first-class offices. Tho
limitation to offices of the first-class, as well as
tho present narrow limitation of tho amount, is
duo to tho fear that heavy drafts might bo made .
on small countryPfficos, rendering It necessary
to koop largo suras of money in them at groat
risk. Tbo funds would in such cases bo en
dangered both by the possible dishonesty of tho
Postmaster and by tho insecurity of most village
post-offices, in tho event of an attempt at burg
lary. If tho increase iu tho limit is confined to
a list of first-class offices, say 200 in number,
this danger will not exist, and tho monoy?qrdor
' BTBtom will, it is thought, almost exclusively
control tho exchange business of tbo country.
THE PROPOSED POSTAL SAYINGS RANK.
Qon. Harrison said that during tho panic a
largo number of offices hold back their surplus
funds, Instead of sending them to this city, from
fonr. that tho orders next day would exhaust
their funds, tho receipts not.boing equal to tho
emergency. At times, therefore, tho Now York
Fost-Offico had a very small balance, but all de
mands had always been mot.. Tho confidence
created by this promptness and safety of ex
change through tho Fost-Offico, under circum
stances tho most had caused groat in-<
forest in tho proposition of Postmaster-General
Creswoll for a postal savings bank. Gen. Harri
son visited Canada last month to examine tho
workings of tho similar institution in tho
Dominion, which is modeled after tho English
system. Tho Postmasters at Montreal and
Toronto, who are virtually Assistant Postmastor-
Gonorais, assured him that during a long ; series
of years the system had proved highly satisfac
tory. k .
Tho plan of tho Postmaster-General is for
Congress to establish a national savings institu
tion, of which all first and socoud-class money
order offices shall ho branches. In those offices
money can bo deposited in sums of $5 and up
wards, tbo depositors having tho amounts regu
larly recorded in bank-books, and tho Govern
ment paying a stipulated rate of interest, say 4
per cent, for tho use of the money. This money
will bo transmitted to tho nearest Assistant-
Trouauror for deposit, to bo used by tho Treasury
Department in tho payment of the public debt
ami current expenses. In this way tho poor
nun. like the bondholder, can become a creditor
of the Government. The immense amount of
money now hoarded in the country by persons who
are afraid to deposit in savings banks, but would
trust the Government, would then, it is said,
•ho put into circulation: and it is also suggested
that the Treasury, would, like . certain savings
banks, eventually accumulate a largo reserve
fund from unclaimed deposits. Tho chief ad
vantage which would accrue to tho Government
from tho plan, as urged by its promoters, would
bo tho circulation of money now idle, and tho
retention iu this country of money which would
otherwise bo sent abroad. Tho bonds now hold
largely iu Europe, on which tho Government is
paying G and 7 per cent interest, would, under
this plan, lib called In as soon as legally pos
sible. The cost of maintaining tbo system,
with tho necessary increase of clerks and other
extra expenses, is estimated at % of 1 per cent
on tho deposits, tbo present cost of the money
order system being about U-10 of .1 per cent.
Tho postal authorities have not yet determined
whether it would be best to have one grand
centre of tho system, or, in consequence of tho
extent of tho country, tohavo several important
cities as tho centres of districts.
It is thought that tho greater number of de
positors during tho first year of sucli an insti
tution would bo natives of Groat Britain, who
have experienced tho workings of b similar in
stitution abroad.
The Postmaster-General intends to urge tho
project strongly before Congress this winter,
and it is understood to bo. regarded with favor
by tho Treasury Department, President Grant’s
approval has already been publicly expressed.
Assassination mid Suicide*
From the Tm Republics (Mexico), Sept, 20.
During tho first week of this month, n most
unfortunate and tragical occurrence excited' so
doty in the City of Puebla. It was tho result of
ouo*of those insane dreams called lovo and ro
mance, and in tho present case oaueod tho death
of two estimable persons. A. young olllcor of
tho Federal army, of excellent social standing,
had been engaged to a beautiful young lady of
tho beat society In Puebla; before she would
conabnt to tho consummation of tho contract,
sho required of her lover chat t ho should, leave
tho army and enter upon somd other pursuit.
Tho father of tho officer, a citizen of Guate
mala, bought an hacienda near Cordoba, and
bottled tho young man upon it ; and. after hav
ing all things arranged, lie visited Puebla, aud
claimed the hand of his affiance. Bho, iu tho
meantime, had been wooed and won by another,
to whom hho was then also engaged. Upon tho
llrst visit of tho that lover, she informed him
that her heart had undergone a change: tho
passionate lovor became frantic, and, upon leav
ing, .told her that ho would call tho next day,
and, If sho persisted, ho would■ kill himself In
her presence. lie called tho uoxt day, was per
sistently refused, In tho presence of her mother:
whereupon ho drew a rovolvor and oxolalmod
that tho love which was not for him should not
bo onjoyed by another, and fired at her heart,
hut sho rose aud received tho hall In her abdo
men : ho then shot himself. Tim Insane assas
sin died tho same afternoon, and his victim
closed her existence on tho third day.
tt l>lon>K k l»ii Tlie Sobriquet of Nape*
leoii Jerome Explained,
From a Purie belief.
By (bo way, I should oxptahi tho moaning of
tho uickuamo Plou-Plou. You have seen Uioso
little leaden soldiers, which aro so constructed ,
that, being placed upon tholr foot, they prove
top-uoavy Instantly, turn over ami stand on
’their heads. French children stylo thoso play
things "Flon-Plon." that is, “ made of load,”
and you can understand how ridiculous such a
nickname rendered the Prince, who, whenever
ho was started off upon any military mission,
was inevitably recalled just in the nick of time to
make it scorn that ho was running from possible
danger. The French are keenly alive to the
ridiculous, and they eagerly seized upon tho
opportunity offered for a laugh or sneer by the
nickname of tho Prince, and it became an ac
cepted Idea that ho was a coward. This Im
pression gained ground from tho fact that when
challenged by tho Duke d’Aumalo. some years
sinco, to light a duo), and having lot it appear
that ho would moot tho Duke, tho Prince re
ceived tho Imporal mandate to refrain, else
there would bo an immediate cutting off of tho
liberal pension which then enabled tho Prince to
revel in a very Oapuari existence, spent among
tho leading members of tho dcini-monJo.
TORTURE ON SHIPBOARD.
Tlio “Sunrise” Cfiso^ntSanFrnncUco*
From the San Franeieeo Chronicle, Oet, 34.
At 10 o'clock yesterday morning, a stylish
looking buggy drove up to tho United States
Building, and Capt. Clarke, of tho Sunrise,
jumped out. Ho walked up tho stairs, chatting
gaily with a friend. At tho same moment, a
irocosslon of six poor sailors, victims of his al
oged cruelty, whoso faces betokened tbo misery
which hard nsago and long confinement bad
forced upon them, tolled 1 slowly up tho stairs, in
charge of a Deputy Sheriff. In one minute from
tho opening of tbo doors, tbo United States Cir
cuit Court was formally opened, and Capt. Robert
K. Clarke was smilingly listening to a recital of
his famous exploits on tho quarter-deck of the
good ship Sunrise.
Fetor Johnson, tho man who was transformed
almost into an Idiot by cruel treatment, was con
ducted to tho stand. Ho is a Dane, a tall, broad
shouldered manj and one who is evidently capa
ble of much hard work. No ordinary labor or
bard usage could have disabled that strong man.
Ho came tottering up to tho witness-stand, and
stepped upon it with a very visible effort.
Ooi. Barnes directed bis attention to the jury.
“Fetor,” ho said, talking very gently, as wo
would encourage a frightened child, “Potor, I
want you to toll those gentlemen how much
sleep you wore allowed every twenty-four hours
from tho time you loft Now York until you ar
rived hero.”
Peter (very slowly and not too distinctly)—
Some days they gave mo four hours, sometimes
six—never any more. They would coll mo up to
do something lu two hours offer I had turned in.
Only six hours, gentlemen, six hours. I asked
tho mate once to give mo just two hours to mond
my clothes. I told him I had nothing to wear,
sir, and I didn't.
Col. Barnes—And what did ho say ?
Fetor—Ho said, “ No, you 1 Yon ge
to work. ” All day long I worked, and sometimes
all night long making sennit. Once iu a while
they didn't make mo work at night, and then I
would try to steal a little sleep. I had no right
to do it though. If I was not working I ought to
have been walking tbo deck. They used to send
mo out on tho fore-yard to look out, and keep mo
there for hours clinging on to the end. One night
the mate sent mo up and kept mo there eight
hours—from 12 o’clock till Bin tho morning. It
began to rain and was very cold. I was freezing.
1 came down to got my coat and tbo boatswain
told mo I had bettor go up again, for if tho malo
saw me I would got h—. I wont up again. At
8 o'clock I was called down and kept at work on
tho dock nearly all day.
Col. Barnes—Have you over boon beaten on
tbo Sunrise ?
Fetor—Ob. yes; plenty, plenty. Every day
tho mate kicked mo or knocked mo down, or hit
mo with something. The Captain saw him do it.
Ho must have soon it, for ho was on deck nearly
all the time. lie took tho nearest thing ho could
got to.boat mo with; ropes, bolaying-pius, pieces
of iron, and pieces of wood. One day, when ho
couldn't got anything else, ho throw his knife nt
• mo. One time ho struck mo with a tar-buckot
and blacked my eye, and another timo ho split
my loft eye with an iron strap-block.
Col. Barnes—Has tbo . Captain over struck
you?
- Potor—Ob. yos; ho struck rao three times. I
don’t remember any more.. I bail marks all over
mo from blows. Ono tiraoho struck mo because
I didn’t get tbo crotcbot bowline dear just ns be
wanted it. Ho didn't strike very bard that time,
though. Since I’ve boon boro I’ve bad too much
sloop, and I'm getting bettor since 1 loft tbo ship.
I've slept about seventeen hours ovory day.
That’s too much, you know. Ono night they
stretched a tarpaulin in the lower channels, and
xnado mo got into it to catch flying-ilsh. Tho
water came up to my waist. I was thoro four
hours, aud when I camo up Fronchy was sent
down.
At 2 o’clock tho Court reassembled, and Nel
son Martin was examined. Ho is a Norwegian,
but speaks good English, and claims to ho an
able seaman. Ho said that at ono time ho was
triced up for frvo hours to tho main gallows for
dropping a marline-spike from aloft. Thoro
woe nobody hurt. Tho Captain asked, “ Who
did that?" I did," answered Martin. “Como
down boro 1" shouted the Master. Martin camo
down and was at once triced up by the Captain’s
orders. Cant. Clarke then swung himself into
his hammock, whore he could gloat on tho poor
follow’s agony, and lay and watched him. Mar
tin had complained once to tho Captain about
Harris' cruelly. • As a reward for this he waa
knocked down aud kicked by tbo mate that very
night. Clarke was told of this, and his only
answer was a brutal laugh. Martin saw Condill
when ho wont to tho Captain to complain. Cou
diff said, “ Tho mate has beaten mo, sir ?”
Col. Barnes—And what did tho Captain say?
Martin—Ho said, “You Igo back to
your work."
Ernest Lojudo, the Frenchman known to tho
public as Charles 8011, followed Martin on tho
stand. Ho answered questions through on in
terpreter, and told again tho story of his wrongs.
Ho was allowed Httlo or no sloop, and, when do
ing tho best ho could, was knocked about liko a
dog. Ho said: “I can’t remember bow many
times I have boon punished. I was beaten near
ly ovory day. Ono day tho Captain told mo to
fIU a bath-tub for his children to wash. I bad
boon drawing water then for eight hours, aud I
asked tho mato for a lighter bucket. I was all
tired out.. Ho knocked mo down and began to
■kickmo. Thou the Captain ordered mo to bo
triced up in irons, and I was hung up liko a
sheep to the gallows."
Col. Barnes —How long were you thoro ?
, Lojudo—From 4 o’clock in tho afternoon until
4 In tho morning.
An irrepressible mnrmnr of indignation arose
from tho spectators, and tho looks turned to
ward Capt. Clarke wore as bitter os his otfu dark
face.
Denuls Moloney, second mote of tbo Sunrise,
having boon duly sworn, Col. Barnoa asked:
“Do you know Peter Johnson ?”
Maloney—l know Dutch Peter.
Col. Barnes—How much sleep did bo got out
of tweuty*four boars, coming from Now York
hero ?
Mnlonoy—l should judge between five and six
hours. Sometimes not more than throe.
Col. Barnes—Did tbo Captain know that John*
sou was limited to this amount of rest ?
Maloney (scratching bis bead and pausing for
a moment)—l think bo did.
Col. Barnoa—Havo yoa not spoken to him
about it ?
Maloney—l have.
Col. Barnes—Bepoat the conversation.
Malouoy—l said to Capt. Clarkes “You will
make a complete idiot of that Dutch .” Ho
said to me. “ Make an Idiot of him and bo O—
d 1” That’s what Capt. Olarlto said to mo.
At this polut tho Court adjouruod.
The ** Three Brothers*”
From the San Franeieco Alta, Oct, 24.
’ Tho ship, said to bo the largest merchant ship in
the world.certainly tho largest wooden ship—mer
chant—alloat, sails to-day from this harbor for a
European.port, having on board one of tho
largest cargoes of wheat that over left this or
any other port. Built by “ Old M Vanderbilt, as
a steamship, found too costly lu consumption of
coal over to bo made profitable, and thou pre
sented to tho United States Government and
fitted out for war purposes, scut to follow tho
Alabama, which sho did at very oafo distances;
next scut to tho Pacific, in company with the
monitor Monadnock, sho lay up in naval hospi
tal, until Uncle Ram concluded to sell her,
which ho did. Since thou sho has been rebuilt,
one might say, made as strong as wood and iron
could well muko her, changed into a sailing
ship, named tho Throe Brothers, for her owners,
Messrs. Howes, loaded with wheat, and is ready
for son; one of tho handsomest ships that over
sat, like a black swan, in the water; one of the
most beautiful specimens of architecture that
over floated on tho billows. Sho will croato a
sensation wherever sho may appear, not merely
hecauso of hor groat sizo ami length, but be
cause of tho beauty of hor Hues, hor rig, and
fixtures generally. She will spread some 16,000
yards of canvas, over 1,000 yards being In hor
mainsail—course—alone. Her mainmast Is over
00 foot, main-yard 100 feet, and all things else
about hor in proportion, fiho is commanded by
Cant. Cummings, lately of tho Young America,
ana every Californian wishes hor good fortune,
a short passage, speedy return, liouor to hoi
commander, fortune through her to hor owuais,
and glory to tho nation that clamjj hor,

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