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MADAME DU BARRY.
KBe Last Favorite of Louis XV. How a Milliner’s Apprentice Became a King’s Mistress. Hop Terrible Death During’ they “Reign of Terror.” From TqjipUs Bar, The Village of Vnuoou lours is remarkable 80 being the birthplace of two of tho mc<it famous— or should I say one of tho moat fampus and ono of tho meet infamous 3—women of/Fronoh his tory : Joan of Arc and tlio CouD,ft>sa da Barry. It has been suggested that is not entitled to tbie latter honor, t . or* dishonor, but that it has been so accredits X from the love of antithesis so common amo flg the French, and for tho purpoco of more . rtrikiugly coutrostiug two strikingly opposite c/up'aotoro, Bo that as it may, MAUni JEANNE DKYAUDERNIEn waa bora Id tboi ye- i v ,W. Writers dlCor uto the coudil.on of i parents, but it is probable that she wad tb daughter of a mautua-maker named Been p 0 f OI jQ Yaubeimlor, a man of good but po’ family. ‘ JJj 8 /tmly 8 yoarsof age when hor father died. II /x income had never been more than a flU '.ASlateuco, and the child and hor mother doft totally unprovided for. There wore on V two persons in : tho wide world to whom **noy could turn for oesisfcanco—a poor monk, named I’Ange,. M. do Vauboruior’e brother, and H. Dillaud .do Moncoan, Jo&nno’s godfather, a huancicr, a rich and bonovolont man. Both re sided in Faria j so to Paris widow and orphan wont. Poio I’Ango was too poor to afford thorn •any substantial assistance, but ho waited upon 31. do Moncoau and represented thoir condition. Thoso good offices resulted in tho child being ; cont to a convent to bo educated, and In a situa tion being procured for the mother. At 16, Joanno was apprenticed to a modiste named La billo. Numerous stories of intrigues and lovo edvonturoa aro related of thisopoohof her life in tho apoorypbal memoirs which have at differ ent periods .passed for gonnino biographies; hut, as thoir authenticity Is extremely doubtful, I shall not repeat any of thorn. There can bo littlo doubt but that tho girl's early life was far from immaculate ;. r os, Indeed, what life was not, in that ago of universal moral corruption ? Wo next Hud her a companion to a rich widow named La Garde, whoso two sons fall in love with hor; she encourages the addresses of both without favoring either; by-and-by tho mother discovers what is going on and Joanno is ex pelled the hofaso. Her next stop is into tho brilliant buti depraved society of TUX DEMI-MONDK. She is now a frequenter of tho salons of ibo sisters IJbrriercs and Qnimard, tho dancer; ;gamblin£-houseß and something worse, the ren idozvousi of all tbo groat Lords and financiers, .At Guivaard's tho Princo do Soubise did the honors. Xheeo*vaat drawing-rooms, tho most gorgeous and brilliant of the Capital, displayed a luxury more tbon Oriental. Guimard was the Ninon I'Enolos of tho eighteenth century; her assemblies em braced. aU the wit and fashion of tho age. Around tho apartments wore constructed boxes Closely curtained, resembling those of a thoatro; they were for the accommodation of certain* great ladies, who, while still preserving some respect for appearances, could thus enjoy tho •contemplation of tho dazzling scone without being visible to the general oyo. Among tho frequenters of these salons was tho •Count Jean du Barry, a man of high family, hut a gambler and a roue. Struck by the beauty of MUo. Lange—JeanneVnubernior had now as- Eumcd hor uncle’s name—ho offered her his *' protection." It was accepted. This was tho commencement of a new epoch in the life of our adventuress. By-aud-by a grand idea enters the .Bohemiug brain of Count Joan; ' TUB I’OST OF FAVORITE SULTANA has been vacaut since the death of La Pompa dour ; what if Mile. Lange could be raised to that dignity? WItU Count Joan to think is to act; ' the idea conceived, ho .immediately seeks about for the means of putting it into force. Not much diffi culty in that. “ The Troll-beloved" is always ac cessible to a pretty woman, and has, besides, plenty of panders and pimps about to load the way to such an introduction. The young lady obtains an invitation to a royal petit soupor, the King is enchontod with her beauty and graceful, eauy manners, and Count Jean's, ambitious pro ject it. a brilliant success. But previous to her mounting to the covet ed dignity it was uecoecary that Madomol celle should go through - a certain cere mony. As ' yet she was nameless and Laubandlcss. A royal mistress untitled and unmarried hod never been heard of; such a •lei diction from precedent would shock Court morality. Count Jean would, tinder the oirenm dances, have boon most willing to have under taken thoiolo of husband, hut, unfortunately, ho had a wife living. Ho however, the noxt beat thing to marrying her himself; he married her to ms brother, Count Guillaume du Barry, a poor officer of marines, who willingly availed himself of so profitable an offer. In tho Library at Versailles is still preserved tho curious contract of this marriage. It is dated the 23d of July, 17G8. It is too long to quote, but suffice it to say that it left Madame 1& Oomtosae a perfectly free agent, uncontrolled by marital authoiity. On tho Ist of September iu tho same year the marriage was celebrated in Purls. Count Guillaume returned to Toulouse, richer by a pension of 5,000 livros & year, tho Court proprieties were satisfied, and tho Coun tess woupoimauontly established as tme reine <3a lagauche. But not without a shower of scurrilous poems and pa&qhiuades, and a determined opposi tion. Tho poems and pasquinades were by divers hands, Voltaire's among others; tho opposition came from tho Bo Chelsea! party. Tho secret of tho hatred of tho Buko do Choisoul to Madamo du Barry was, that trom tho time of thef death of tho Marquise do Pompadour ho bad h&en plotting—o tempora / o mores /—to thrust his sister, the Countess do Grammont, a lady by no means in her first youth, into tho vacaut place, The maheo of both brother and sister knew no bounds upon be holding tho prize snatched from them by a mero low-bom adventuress. . The Countoes, however, had yet another cere mony to go through Leforo she could ho ac knowledged as thoKiug’s mistress—she must be FORMALLY PRESENTED AT COURT. Bo powerful was tho Do Choiaeul party, that some difficulty was at first experienced In find ing a chaperon. This difficulty. however, was ultimately solved in tho person of the Countess de Bearn, who undertook tho doubtful task. Tho scene of the.presentation is thus pic turesquely described by Capofigue in his life of Hodamo du Bsrrv: Ail were on the nul-vlve In tbo royal chateau on tho •veiling of tbo ‘i2d of April, 1770, for all knew that the Countess du Barry was about to bo presented; the Btauuch partisans of the Duke do Ohoiseul slttrm ed that iucu a tiling dared not bo done, uud, even sup* Easing such an cuormlty was to ho committed, ow would abo pass through the ordeal? She would bo awkward and constrained. This conversa tion became tho moro lively and animated as the King was perceived to he uneasy and absent-minded while conversing with the Duke do lUchelleu aud the I’riuco do Bouhlsu. As limo passed on, every ono at Versailles began to think that tho presentation would bo delayed orludoflnltoly put oft - . - But they wore mistaken in the cause of tho lung's uneasiness. If he were impatient It was because ho Tetrad lest anything should havo happened to thu Countess. 11 Something bus annoyed the hot-headed little puss," ho paid: 14 or perhaps sho is sick. In any case, Ido not wish tho presentation to ho delayed beyond to-morrow." 44 Your Majesty's commands will bo law to bur," replied Illclielleu, In the mk'ut of a whirl of conjectures tbo door , opened aud 44 McednmoH k-s Condenses do Boarn ct du Barry " wore enuruucod, Tbo Impression tho cre ated was Immouto ; ovcu thu C^uulets'cneuilos con fessed that never was more dazzling beauty combined wllb more grur: uud dignity. The success was com plete. Tho King, emuntlukUc, happy, raided tho Countess, v.ho, according to mitton., Lnolt before him, uttering tender and ga'lsut words in such n tone as to bo hoard by all. Meudamet, (bn King’s daughters.' who were said to be so boulllo to tho presentation of tho Du Barry, welcomed her with much cordiality. As sho made o very low uivcrcnco Mcsdamcs rolasd her with milch klnunor's nud warmly emhraced her. This fluttering reception was acknowledged by the Counters with ft respectful dignity which as tonished thj oldest habitues of tho Court, Every one of Do Ohoitcul’s old courtiers cold that, * 4 far irom taking her lor tho King's mistress, sho ruthcr re sembled a flltln buardiug-sohool girl who had come to jnake her first comnnm!'-ii.'' Tills complete success audibly changed the oil nation; the Kina was enable^ lo publicly avow his penchant, and the favor Of a no# sovereign lady bad to bo accepted by the courtiers. Fr6m that time , ' MBH POfIITIOK WAS fc\jLY HECOONIZED, ’ thdraiUmoi;.ii apprentice was surrounded by groat ladlCßi ill ongor io undertake tho moat tmfeitil offices about hot portion. Iho generosity of tho King was as boundless an bis Infatuation, which perhaps exceeded all that ho had folt for any one of hla former mistresses, Ho boatowod upon hor two annuities, ono of 100,000 byres, another of 10, C .0 livrca : th 6 splendid estate of Louvcolou- Lucionoos), another at Nantes worth 40,000 IlvroH a year, and many largo sums of money besides. The war between the Ho Oholsoul and the Du Barry parties brought about seme vital political changes. Do Cholueul, thoroughly impreg nated with Ihoao ideas of conatltutlonal gototu raont which Montosduiou had borrowed from En- B‘o, n d.i aud mado familiar iu Franco by bin •‘Esprit das Lois,” woS & fct&rtnch Parlomon tairo. J Madame dn Barty allied herself with tho ; party of Absolutism, and worked un ceasingly for tho destruction of Parliament. This could only bo effected by a coup d'etat, and,, to win tho King’s consent to tula bold courao, the favorite unceasingly applied horoblf; One: day she hung up in bur boudoir ono of Vandyke’s portraits of Charles the Find, which painting sbo had Just imrelmsod for a largo sum. ‘•Sire, they will treat you in tho same manner,” oho cried, pointing to tho picture, “if you loavo those gowhtneu to do as they ploaso.” \ Alter some warm fencing upon either side, THE FINAL BLOW WAS OTUtICK. Upoh tho night of tho 10th of January, 1771, every member of tho Parliament Was aroused by a sorgeaut and -two of tho black musketeers, armed!with tho authority of a lellrc do'cachet. Of caah was- demanded whether ho would or would'not submit himself to the royal authority. Tlio answer was a unanimous No 1” Upon which sentence of exile was pvononncod against all. Each was forbidden lo exercise . his functions, or even call himself a member of Parliament. -With the Poriemontairos wore ex iled tho Duo d’Orloans and his sea, , the Prince de Ooudo, the Piieoe do Conti, and all tho peers who had attached themselves to tho party. Tho Duo do Ohoisonl was exiled to Ohanto loupe,t-*the same sentence had long oinco boon passed upon Madame de Qrammoot, on account of her overbearing Insolence to iho favorite,— whore he hold quite a Court, which was the fa vorite; resort of Encyclopedists, wits, poeWJ and all tho literary men of tho ago, whence continued to flow a continuous stream of. gross poems, after tho stylo of tho celebrated La Bourbounaioo,”'* pamphlets and satires against King,. Hinistv •«, and mistress. So exasperated was Louis by some of thoso foul effusions, that hod it not boeu for tho interces sion of Madame du Barry ho would have sent tho Dnbo to tho BaeiiUo. Not only did sho save her enemy from a'prison, but raised his pension to 50,000 Uvres, thereby largely roHvniug good for evil. m Tho Countess bad a charming pc'.ic maisou at Lnoionncs, near Marly, A PARADISE OF DEAUTV Alfa LUXURY. Louis, ever a prey to ennui among the grand apartments and tedious cere monies of Versailles, frequently rodo over there in the mornings, almost unattended. In tho summer bo would sit under a tree for hours to gether, gaeing down upon the valley of tho Boino, the woods of Marly, and all tho beauties of tbo lovely laudsoapo that lay before him. And tbo Countess would bring him a glass of wino and a Uttlo fruit that sho had plucked with her own hand, and sit down at his feet. Or they would stroll in the grounds, accompanied by a little white spaniel and a negro boy named Zamoro, dressed in fantastic costume covered with gold, who oarnod a rod umoroUa to protoot them from tho sun. This boy was a groat favorite with both. Ono day tho King, in a frolic, named him Governor of Luoionnoa, caused a dooument to bo drawu up to that ef fect, and bestowed upon him au annuity of COO livroa. Little did the Countess dream of tho terrible part that this humble sorvilo creature would one day play in hor destiny! In 1773 sho was formally separated from hor husband by a decree of tho Ohatoiot du Paris. As tbo King's infatuation showed no sign of diminishing, it was mooted by certain persons, who still preserved some respect for morality, that since Louis could not boinduced to separate from bis mistress, there should be A MORGANATIC MARRIAGE. The chief promoters' of this scheme were thoDno do la Yauguyon, the Cardinal do Beruia, who un dertook a journey to Rome, in order to solicit tho Pope to (Hsnolvo the Countess’ marriage with tbo Count du. Barry, and Mario-Thoroso. tho King's pious daughter, who said that sho had be come a Carmelite that she might the more ef fectually intercede with heaven for her father's salvation. It has boon assoxted that the propo sition was a more political ruse, whioh the pro posers never had any intention of carrying into effect, There was ono out of tbo threo just named, however, who was thoroughly In earnest, and that was Louis* daughter. 4< Before all things," aho said, “ the King's salvation must be thought of, and, to put an end to tbo scandal, if he cannot separate from his mistress he ought to make her his wife.” Doath preserved the French monarchy from this last degradation. While these schemes wore afoot TUX HEALTH OF THE XING WAS SINKING FAST. That: ennui and tristosso which during so many years had boon the curse of his existence, which had plunged him into licentious de bauchery, grow heavier and heavier as one by one he saw the contemporaries of his youth, the friends of his manhood, fall into that “ blind cave of eternal night," to which day by day re sistless doom carried him nearer. The Marquis do Ohauveliu died before his eyes at the suppor table ; a few days afterwards no was told of the demise of the Marechal d'Armenirieres, who was born in the same year as himself and who had been - his playmate la childhood. These wore severe ebooks. The physicians piosoribod constant obango of scene; and so ho journeyed from ItamfconlUot to Com piegne, and from Compiegno to Choisy, and so backwards and forwards, restless, dejected, dull eyed, leadon-oheoxed, smileless, his head sunk upon bis breast—a terrible picture of the jaded, worn-out voluptuary, who had drained “ the wine of life " until the lees filled bis mouth with nausea. An attack of small-pox, that disease so fatal to the Bourbons, terminated his wretched life, and with it the age of the imcien regime, on the 10th of May; 1774. At the first commencement of the King's brief illness Madamo du Barry was ordered to remove to Buol, and it was there that tidings wore brought her of his death. Immediately after wards came an order from the now sovereign, commanding her to retire to the convent of the Pont-aux-Bamos. "ter "reasons known to jfio which concern tne tranquility of my kingdom, and for the SAFETY OF OEBTAIN STATE SECRETS which have boon confided to you." Bo ran tho letter. After a time she made a humble appeal to Mario Antoinette to ho allowed to return to Luoiennes. Her request was granted. Hor Court friends, except a few,—Be Brissao, d'AiguilJon, Bioboliomand Soubise,—desertodhor upon her fall. But Madamo la Comtoaso’s gay, frivolous naturo was not clouded by this ingratitude; she amused herself iu embellishing her retreat, bestowing alms, encouraging tho fine arts, and giving balls, fetes, and petite soupers. But by-Bod-by a Jacobin club is established at Louvocimmos, of which the negro Zamore, whom wo last saw oarryingja scarlet umbrella over his mistress' head, Is tho President. He is no longer hor humble slave, but boasts himself to bo tho friend of Franklin and Marat, and spouts bombastic speeches about liberty and equality. Wo now come to TUE BRIGHTEST SPOT in this erring woman's tarnished life. Mario Antoinette, thanks to the politic counsels of hor mother, Marla Theresa. had mot the favorite with something of cordiality ; but it was impos sible that this agreement between two such op posite persons and such opposite interests could be of long duration. A wicked jest made upon him by Maidamo du Barry being reported to the Bauphin, there was an immediate rupture, which was never healed daring the lifetime of Louis the Fifteenth. But when serious tribula tion fell upon tho royal family they found no truer nor more dovotea friend than Madame du Barry. She wrote to tho Quoon, begging her to accept of all that she possessed. Slio sold hor jewels to aid hor necessity ; she risked, and ul timately lost, hor life iu hor service. In 1701 she raised a cry that she had been robbed of « number of valuable jewels, and offered a largo reward for tho discovery of the robber. Soon afterwards sho protended that the thief had been captured in Loudon, and that it w'as necessary for her to .go thither to identify and claim her property. She accordingly ob tained a passport, and JODUNBXED TO ENGLAND. There Is little or no doubt that tho whole story wkß u. fabrication; De B.lneao, probably, had convoyed the diamonds to Mario Antoinette ; tho etoiy of the capture wab a ruse to leave Franco on a secret min hlou. In Loudon she woe handsomely roooivud by Pitt, and in the bom. society. Bbe returned home in the December of the same year. But i In the early part of i7P3 sho again returned to England, still ostensibly upon the diamond bual ncoa, pledging herself, upon obtaining bor pass ' *A lewd doggerel, containing the supposed history of Madame du Barry, which wai sung in tho streets of Boris, and even under' her windows. l‘nn cmoAao daily ri'Mim.iMii .:HUlU»ai, wuvMjjjiii: y, 1873. port, to return within a month* Tho exact na ture of hor mission would bo difficult to discover among tho countless Imrlgqps of tho emigres at this periodI', 1 ', Ah the ncoroditod agent of tlio Qdccu, however. sho visited tho Princess of Lorrfllno, Do Honan, M. do Calonno, and many btUors.andaHßistodinanolomn funeral Borvlco for tho King. This sealed her doom, Pitt endeavored to poronado hor not to return lo Paris, pvodlct ing that if she did sho would meat the late of Begulus. His words wore indeed prophotle. She found all wild confusion at ImtlVdclonnosj Zamora and the patriot club 111 possession, her treasures rilled, her oplendhl salons wrecked by a troop of diunken rumaiis, who robbed in tho name of liberty. Too late sho repented of the rneb oon fldon'co which had urged hor to plunge herself Uuo-tho vortex; escape was now impossible. On tho 3d of July, 17D3, having boon denounced by the treacherous black, an i DUUEn WAS ISSUED FOU JIEE AIIURST. By a strange coincidence. hor cell at tho Oou oiorgorio was the oemo Which had Just previous ly boon occupied by Mario Autolnotlo. These two Wdmon had roicned ns rival Quooua at Yoi onUloßj and that vast palnoo was not largo enough to contain them both ; they had ail tho noblesse of Franco for attendants. Could > any magician at that time ' have lifted tho roseate veil oud shown them tho torrout beyond— the dim narrow cell, tho heap of filthy straw, tho black loaf, the earthen pitcher of stagnant water, tho rough, rod-capped, sabot-fooled, but kindly Itlohard, the concierge, and his wifo, their solo attendants, themselves arrayed, in coarse nHsdu dnisS I ' Her fudge was the brutal Fouqmer-TinviUo ; .her accuser, Zamoro. Tho principal accusations against hor wore, having during the late King's lifo squandered vast sums •of the people’s money (that accusation was just ana true), of being still possessed of groat treas ures 1 thus wrongfully acquired, and having boon engaged in secret - plots to restore.> tho royal family. At first she met. those charges scornfully and boldly, hut when sentence of death was pronounced all courage deserted her, and she was carried almost fainting hack to hor prison. • .THE PAINFUL SCENE OF UEn EXECUTION is thus vividly desoiibed by ono who was an eye witness: Upon arriving at Pont au Change I founds very largo crowd assembled tbore. 1 baa no need to ask tbu reason of tbe assemblage, for at that moment I board Ibo most terrible cries, and almost Immediate ly saw come out of Uie court of the Pal ace of. Justice that fatal cart which Barrero, in one of tbosu fits of gaiety which aro so common to him, called 44 tho bier of the living.” A woman was In that cart, which slowly drew near to tbo spot upon which I was standing. Dor figure, her attitude, her gestures expressed tho moat frightful despair. Al ternately red and deathly pals, she struggled with tho executioner and hit two assistants, who could scarcely hold her updn the bench, and uttering those piercing orles which had first arrested mo, she turned inces santly from ouq to the other, Invoking pity, li was Madame du Barry, being convoyed to oxoonnon. . . . , Only abont 40 or 47 yean of ago [others say 60], she ' was nlill, in spile of tho terror which disfigured her features, remark ably beautiful. Olbthod wholly in whits, like Mario Antoinette, who had preceded hor a few weaks pre viously upon tho same route, hor beautiful iHaok liatr formed a contrast similar to that presented by a fnmv ral-pall oast over a ootfin. 14 In the name of Heaven 1” ■ho cried amidst hor toon and sobs, 44 in tho name of Heaven, save mo/ I have never done 111 to any one. Save me J” The delirious frenzy of this unfortunate woman produced suoh nu impression among the peo ple that oven those who catno to gloat ever her suffer ings had not tbo courage to cast at hor a word of in sult. Everyone sronnd - appeared stupefied, and no cries were heard but bora; but her cries wore so pierc ing that I behove flioy would have drowned even those of tbo mob had they boon uttorod. . . . During the whole route she never coaaod her sbrioksrfor “Life, life 1” and to struggle frantically to elude death which had seized upon hor already. Upon arriving at tho scaffold it was noooeaary to employ force to attach her to tho fatal plank, and her last words were, 44 Morey ] Meroyl but ono moment longer, but one.*'—and all was said. Sho was tho only one of the ariwtoorata who disgraced tho order by any show of cowardice; all others, women as well as men, mot theirdoom with Spartan courage. Between tho writers of Do Ob/oisoul’s party and those of tho Revolution MORE FOUL STORIES AND HAHSHEA JUDGMENTS have been circulated against Madame du Barry than any other womau of her generation. And even at tho present day the popular ideas con* corning hor, both in Franco and England, an derived from thoso, mendacious sources. Jo human being during his or her lifetime vas overwhelmed with more opprobrium, uudyot sho never committed one revengeful, act against hor do Camera and enemies; novorouco solicited a lottro do caohot. On tho coutraf, wo have seen that she not only interceded t> save Do Oboiaoul from a prison, but oven oorferrod benefits upon him at a' time when ho wafStraiu ing every nerve to destroy her. Many a/eodotos aro told of hor tenderness of heart anf of her generosity, and how frequently sho jjbadod to tho Kiug for poor prisoners condemnor to death upon slight or pitiable charges. No person in distress ever appealed to hor iuyain. Her behavior towards Marie Antoinette has been already commented upon. Whor *he actor Dauberval, overwhelmed by debts wrote to hor for assistance, oho immediately so'ubout raising a subscription; she compelled great Lord of the Sourt to lay down 6 loais,Jßtil, with hor own donation, she had gatherer for him 2.000. This is hut ono out of munyaneodo'iOß told of hor generosity. 6ho was the protectress of all debutants at the theatres, and a munificent patroness to artists and all non of genius ; not, like Pompadour, from Übo exquisite appreciation of an artistic mind, hut ralior from odnoHs., To moralize. upon tho life of royal, favorites would be imporfcinontjfysuporfluou«v The story of each one carries itrj own moral. La Vallioro, even in her days of pteoiouate hove and exalta tion, haunted by ttyoebadow of her sin, atoning iu the Carmnute cell for her brief rapture through yeans of mortification and penitence : Bo Moutoapaq,-expiating her short-lived splendor by all tho tortures of degraded pride and tho bittornoesof remorse ; Be Maintonon, dying solitary an A unloved within tho gloomy walls of St. Oyr i Bo Mailly, weeping away her life iu penitential tears; Be Ohatoauroux, struck dead in the mpmout of returning triumph ; Bo Pom- E adorn; -olowly dying, yet still wearing out her eart iadnvontiug new diversions to dispel tho morbid tannui of her royal lover, and oyer rooked by apprehension lest another should usurp her place i Bu Barry, shrieking for life in the heads man's -cart, dying despairing upon the guillotine; could, the most eloquent of moralists or preach ers heighten tho effbot of such lessons as those ? THE LABOR QUESTION. To the Editor of The Chicaao Tribune, Sin: .Having just road an article in this (Sunday) morping’e issue of your paper, treat ing of Trades-Unions and tho antagonisms of Labor to. Capital, oto., signed "Mrs. M. D. Wynkoop," I b»vo presumed to avail myself of the opportunity to giro my often-expressed views on this subject, through the columns of TueTbibune. In an article published in Boston in 1870, and again in an address delivered before tho work ingmen of St. Louis in the spring of 1872,1 en deavored to show that tho most vital principle involved m said agitation hod boon loft un touched, "and still foils to receive proper thought among the working classes, namely : Tho onuses underlying and continually producing tho evils under which we labor, and tho truo method of thou 1 adjustment. :, While! I am an earnest advocate of Trades- Unions, and all organizations tending to bettor tho condition of tho oppressed toiler, I feel as sured of tho fallacy of their position on many points, assumed as likely to oorreot this unequal distribution of the fruits of industry. First, one of tho principal evils was the losing sight of the main object of industry and com-* nierco,—its proper object being to administer to tho wants and comfort of humanity; and in our subverting its uses to tho basest or purposes : solf-aggraudizomont and lust of greed. It is needless to dwell upon oar ideas of com ; moroial or industrial equity, as practiced in all parts of the so-called civilized world, for wo aro all too familiar with its grasping and merciless rule, produotivo only of discard and crime, aris tocracy and poverty. There is not an intelligent, liberal-minded man living but that desires some other road to plenty and happiness than tho code of sharp har f aiuing and mcan-flstod economy now'admitted obo the only truo business-road to success; nor will it be necessary to explaiu to an intelligent mind hovr tho generous and noble portion of humanity must bo continually at the disadvan tage in this competitive strife with tho selfish and unprincipled. X am fully alive to tho objections so often of fered to a free and impartial disoussiou of our commercial and industrial relations to each other; tho first being a pretended anxiety that If we remove the chances of man becoming wealthy, by any act of legislation, wo will oripplo all tho energies of industry and social It does not speak very highly of our estimate of human hopes and aspirations when we malio this Admission. There certainly must ho a hot ter base to build upon than this, and a xu>l ,wr purpose for life’s work. . To tho practical eye of tho social dk e “ c r c V* this code of logic would soom like a ny timlmla. It Is truo it would ho imprr ,< “ ott^l ° lar , iir to oxpoot tlio Millennium in our day, or to make man act from lovo rather than eolf, in tho present ooudltiona 0/ ignorance; but no claim, novortholoHß, its possibility iu time, and our right to Institute a system of Joglolntlvo restraint to that end. As a Trade-Unionist, X,advocate equal pay for all men,-—not to atilt fouler that relic of despot ism, clftflß-diatiuotioua, oven in malterß of pay and labor; for nil men have equal right to live; and our wants ate common. To bo mic couaful, wo must first bo oonnistout. If it ia proper; for ouo mcchauio to rccoivo moro pay limn another, tbon it lo inoonnlutont in ub to ob ject to tho pay of tho banker or morohnut on tho same ground of ability, and bo on nd infinitum, through every avonuo of civilized eocloty. I claim tbtfl point os the mo»t important Irbuo in this question of labor-reform, and, until wo accept it ob such, wo ulil fail to mulco any prac tical headway in ite adjustment. , This unequal compensation in commerce haa roared hud minporlod oligarchical monopolies at tho expense of tho million. In legislation, it .has been tho prolific nonroo of corruption,. In. tho industrial pursuits, it hne tended to sever all foollngu of unity and sympathy. - Bring within.tho roich of every human being the ucoosbitloH ami refinements of life, oh the' reward of honest toll and good use to tho neigh bor ; uvithout ids haring lo debase hie nature as now to acquire a competency (unless in a few isolated coses, more the result of increased valuation of man’s common heritage, or acme other accident, Ilian true, sterling qualities of business integrity, as in tho past, when this fast competitive ago was undreamt of). Whore, then, the excuse for denying to others ail thoir needs when our highest aspirations can bo attained at? they would bo in time' under such a condition of life ? For, when looked at prac tically, this moans nothing more or less than re ciprocal Industry.' Think yon tho poor toiler, *who now averages but aboul $lO a week, would do without tho morning papers and other literary periodicals, and think himself lucky if ho could spare C dents for a, Sunday daily, as: now? By no moans. Willi tho effect of refining In fluences would follow an increased desire for knowledge, .and a gradual lessoning of crime,, and the doing away with polloo-Xorcoa and prison-houses. 1 will conclude by requesting united effort and a strict sense of justice as the peaceful and pos sible road to reform, and tho only way to escape, within the next five years, a state of bloody anarchy. 11. F. A. r THE PRIEST'S HEART. It wm Blr John, the fair young priest, . Ho strode up off UlO strand ; But seven fisher maidens ho loft behind, All dancing hand iu band. Ho came unto tho wife wlfo’s house ; “ Now, matter, to prove your art; To charm May Carlolon’a merry blue eyes Outrof a young man's heart," 11 My son. ym wont for a holy man, Whoso start was sot on high; 60 slug In your psalter, and read in your books; Man’s levs fleets lightly by," “I had Ibvor to talk with liny Oatlolon Than **Uh all the saints in Heaven; 1 had lhvor to sit by May Ourleton Thar to oflmb tho spheres seven. 0 1 burs watched and fasted, early and late; I Invo prayed to all above; Bull find no cure, save churchyard mold, Jot the pain which men call lovo." “Now Heaven forfrnd that ill grow worse; Enough that ill bo 111, I know of a spell to draw May Oarleton, And bend her to your will.” “ If thou didst that which thou canst not do, Wise woman though thou no, 1 would ran and run till I burled myself In the surge of yonder sea. * Scatheless for me are maid and wife, And scatheless shall they bide; Yet charm mo May Oarloton’s eyes from the heart That aches in my left side." She charmed him with the white witchcraft. She charmed him with the black, But ho turned bis fair young face to the walk Till she hoard his hsart-strings crack. ~~Charlu Kingiley, A LAY-SERMON. My Deah Yorma Pbiemd : You asked me, not long olnco, to toll you just what I thought of you; and 1 told you that Borne timo I would do bo, I will proceed to koop my promise, aud in this manner, for I am very aure you will pay more hood to what I it oomoa to you in tho form of a printed letter, for the reason that you will think it doesn’t moan you at all, but Mary Simmons, over the way. But it don’t tnoau Mary Simmons ;it means you,—yon, with your pretty, arch ways, and a generous Uttlo heart that lies to-day under layer upon layer of • pride, and fashion, and folly. To begin at the beginning i You were bom of wealthy parents;—parents who, ‘long bofofo you saw tho light; tasted of toil aud hardship, and in timo, through earnest effort, combined wiOi tho fortunate rise in tho value of reabostato, hare risen to a place among tho u first families ”of the city ; bonoo you never knew-tbo moaning of work. Tou woio sent to school, until a groat deal of dissipation, fashion able clothing, and i vory little study, began to toil seriously upon your health, and you wore re moved from school under a phyalplan’a ■ orders that yet wore not to return ; “ excessive brain work wts killing you!'’ You played the invalid for a tine, and then, as the Season for balls and parties crow near, you rallied astonishingly, aud, in epiteof the fears of your friends that you : could not survive another winter, you have man aged to survive several, —baro-nooked at that. True, yon occasionally have boon visited by an interesting little cough, but you did not consider' that your lungs wore in any immediate danger, if, indeed, you ever thought.of them at all ; and so you kept up the habit of wearing thiu-aoled boots, and exposed your ucdk *•. and arms' to tie public gaze,, until- 'your oldest brother—a raw oolloge-youtbi whose opinion noholy cores anything about—was fain to do tho bludiing for the family, and refused to aooompauyyou out unless you .would aban don thocostuino which you imagined increased your attraction Your nighfc being given to pleasure, your days are, of iiQeessity, passed in sloop. You take your breakfast at 11, and, with servants to attend to ovjry want, manage to get through the day,—(hiring in a close carriage occasionally, but never wrikiug. You never walk,-because it 1 1 plebeian, il is tiresome, and it necessitates tbo wearing of i veil, unless you would ruin-your complexion gloriously brilliant under the melight, and with tbo aid of rougo and powder, nut faded aud sallow when tho sun shines upon it.. Yon read at times.: You are not like the ( wo,men of Boston, intellectual, and doting upon 1 Iduxloy. Tyndall, Darwin; but you havo a weakness for Mrs. Soutbwortb, Miss Braddon, aad, if you thought your "ma" would notor ' know it, you would oven smuggle “Jack Sheppard’’ into your bou doir, and (bed sympathetic tears over tbo sorrows of (bat daring and brilliantly-fascinating hlghwaymal. You are an Episcopalian in at tendance ; m for real belief, you haven’t any of your own. It would require considerable mental effort to settle a question so momentous ; so you let Fashionand your friends do it ioryou.aud, taking a few ready-made prayers in your hand, sally forth every Sunday evening to give devout thanks to tho God who made you,- and to soo if thoro’s anything now in the way of hats since you ouvicdMiss Llewellyn her last purchase. One week is typical of another ; there is a sad monotony about your life; aud, In tho conscious intervals that at rare times come to yoj, you are sensible of-a lack of something. You iffeot a contempt for tho girl who carries bordimor baaket in her hand to and from her doily work; and. in imitation of tho tailors’ models who bask In the sunlight of your smiles, you sneer openly at thodooiiiueof " Woman's Bights,” holdiig up your delicate hands lu horror at tho thought of a woman voting. You havo succeeded on sev eral occasions iu saying very pretty, nothings about woman’s dependence upon muiv although you never-bad an original though shout any thing for two consecutive minutes- . , What 1 think about you is Just this: God made you a human being, and Put you ou tills earth to do something,—to rfori*. not to sit with folded hands while other? earn your dally broad by the sweat of their b oWfl * You have capac ity,—you don’t kuor course; you never bad any use for It you have a real heart, dormant and po*’ J^®Bß os it is at this moment: and you might (* av ? physical health, that would show itself •• ohoeka which would put to shame the lovolir*' r ° B ® B * I* you have money enough for mor , wants and luxuries, forgot ltaud'* or . r uoutmoan constitute yourself a sr *»U: B-socloty for tho amelioration of savages .jßunoboolu Ona, for I don’t believe in wumou’s •Awing if they.- cau ihelpit; but.oast about you. for somebody to help, with words as well as deed#. Don’t sit with idly*folded bands aid let tho days paso unworthily filled. Exert yaireeU n Ulllo In your homo, Qlvo tho smile of nolooino end tho froeh glrl-ldua to tho futher lliod with the husluono of tho doy, for habit is strong and tho father still works. Beo whore tho brothers go, and use your endeavor to foster tho spirit of chivalry which you know In- ks within their breasts. Malco homo so pleas ant that tho billiard-hall shall have no attrac tion, ami lot your own example bo do bright that a lower standard of womanhood will never find favor witli tho boys of your household. Give tho sisterly word of cheer and tho hand of sym pathy who 11 personal sorrow or trouble brings ono of thorn to you with his confidence, and malco him fool that you indeed share his suffer lugH. 80 divide your time that, In tho expansion of heart, tho mind is not forgottou. Bead ev ery day, and books that arc worth tho tlmo you spend ;) and so think upon what you road that you can give an intelligent and origi nal criticism. Look into tho leading questions of tho day, am), if you doom tiiom worthy, indorse without reference to tho estimation in which they aro hold byisomo whom tho world through courtesy calls men. Discard tho injurious fashions which havo boon swelling tho physician's list of fcmalo patlentd, and adopt a coutumo at onoo fitted to tho sex and ornamental lo tho oyo. If you want to kiidw’my reason for this last.plcco of advice, •got arttsmlard work on physiology and anatomy, and study tho structure and demands of your own body. • ' ’ : i ‘ As regards your religious development, there sro two methods to adopt: Ono is to set your self down with tho full Intention of finding out whore you camo from, who you ore, whoroyou are going, why God modo you, who Uo Ib, why Ho didn’t make you somebody else, and to get up infinitely moro- puzzled than when you sat down ; pnd tho other is lo let tho thing entirely alone,*—to rest upon tho assurance that, since Homebody made you, Ho will take caro of you;- and, 'guided by experience, which has taught ;you 'that, for every transgression of law, physical or moral, you must suffer, ao guard ‘yourself that your penalties shall bo .as light ns is consistent with living; and, if it troubles you to believe tbnt you and your many friends aro going to bo separated in, tho future, don’t believe it,—don’t behove anything which willmplio'you doubt-tho wisdom, Justice, and goodness-of-God, who yon feel watches over ami caVos for you individually. lhayo talked to you all thin time as I would talk to ii child, for I believe it necessary; your nature is iu many reapootu no immature and - un developed as that of a child of 10; and yet there aro somo tilings In which, I am sorry to say, if. rumor speaks truly, .Vour experience has made you old. TUoy toll mo you aro what tho world calls a flirt; that all the little attractions which Nhturo has given you havo been subordi nated to base uses, and you have openly boastod ,of tho conquests you have made through tho powcr,of coquetry. Pause, I bog of you; it is not ybf too late; you cannot know whither this tendency is leading you, or you would- haver have entered - tho path. There , are many reasons why you should pause. The fact that you ore so debasing your womanhood E roves to mo conclusively (hat you could never avo known the power of a passion that has many limes made angels of demons. GUI you blush. It is well; it gives me hope for tho future; 'it tolls mo that you are not dead to rea son and shame.. Shall 1 toll you why you are ou.the brink of terrible danger ? Does not your own heart toll you that somo time,' as tuoro outers into tho heart of every man and ovory woman, sooner or later, a lovo stronger than death and truo as truth, so it must como to you, and in your soul of souls you must feel that the only man worthy the admiration and love of any woman in ono that would not for an instant trifle with tho affections of another?'Do you think that tho true man whom you could honor as a husband would caro to take to bis embrace a wife whoso lips bad been sullied by careless and promiscuous contact with any who had chanced to bo tho plaything of tho hoar ? You may plead, in ex tenuation of yonr fault, that you wore engaged to those whoso caresses you permitted, hut. iu tho several instances referred to. discovered, be fore it was too late, that you had mistaken a passing fancy for a life-long affection. It is no oxenso at ail; indeed, it proves you weaker than before. You have no rigut to promise yourself In marriage to a man whom you are not sure you cau lovo until death. Those are not to ne made matters of haste;, and, when you so far forgot your womanly dignity as to snap at any chance bait that may bo offered, to find out later that you were mistaken, you must not wonder if your name is bundled carelessly about among your masculine acquaintances, and tho.botter kind of men begin to shun you. There is a difference, my young friend, be tween prudishnoss and. womanly self-respect, and ydu ; will always find that any man, high or low, pure .in .thought or thoroughly debased, will uot'foiget the deference duo to a true wom an. ' Yon ought ’to'know instinctively that familiarity is no evidence of manly regard, and tho proffered caress too often springs from a motive so base that I need not name it. Guard yourself, then, that, when tho time does come in which you can truly say to any man that ho is more to you than all else, you will havo no reluctance to lay before him the history of ypur post llfopunspotted by tho breath of sus picion, untarnished by practices not open to tho world; and, when the time docs como, as you would havo truo sympathy and happiness in the future, give each other your confidence regard ing tho past; lot there bo no sealed pages, uo forgotten details, whose -ghostly presence will haunt-you over after, and, if discovered, oast a shadow between you and him who has trusted you. - vahney West. The Spider and the Wasp* ia^«°o|J?iw 0r J TAa .' üßty u Bty follow. Not a was bravo and honest on6iigfi*‘in*'lfiS w WI , J? xflS v? ay vraa to catch and oat all tbo dies bo could, ana bo bad just spun a strong, new wob for that purpose'on tbo outside of the window, and made no scorot pi his inteullona. Like others of bie kind bo had mot vritb reverses. Many a good •wob bad boon blown down or swept away as soon ns it was finished 5 but- spiders must not allow thomsolvos to bo discouraged, so now bo bad made another. The wasp was three times larger than the spider, and a handsome follow, neatly finished off in rings of black and yellow. Ho had a slender, waist, : but bo looked like a villain, and badian unpleasant way of turning his bead from side'to side, and of rubbing first ono oar and then’ tbo other, if they aro oars, and of gnashing those nippers—if that is wbabbo calls them—on tbo side of bis bead. No doubt tbo spider was the bettor of tbo two. Tbo wasp could sting very fiercely, and would at any time it had a mind to. On this particular day, the spider bad, perhaps, oaten alight break fast— a small moth or the like—and was hungry, as one might imagine be would bo, and bad ‘ stationed himself in bis don to wait for bis din ner. What the wasp wanted there it is difficult to toll. Perhaps bo did not believe in spiders* webs, or was not afraid of them, but be came tumbling and blundering along, and tbo next minute was caught in tbo web by one log. The spider rushed out and wound a thread around tho log, but the wasp struggled so violently and shook tbo wob so tuat the spider was immediately obliged to go aloft and look to his fastenings, 110 seemed to do this coolly and deliberately, as though bo bad nothing else to think of. When bo was satisfied bo relumed to the combat os if suro to win. Meanwhile the wasp continued to struggle and gnash his nippers, evidently in a rage that ho should hare been so stupid or so uuluolcy. The Bidder prudently kept out of reach of tbo angry nippers, and watched bis opportunity to wind a fresh thread round a log. whenever It was possi ble to do so safely. But the wasp, also,hod many logs, and, as soon as oao was made fast, another seemed to kick itself loose, and the fastenings of the web had to be attended to every other moment, so tbo spider bad bis bands full, and it was ditUoult to imagine how it would end. One of tbo spectators was on the spider’s side. She soid'sho was afraid of wasps, and bonodtbla one would not' got away, and sue admired tbo coolposs and skill of the spider. Another one said her sympathies wero entirely with tbo wasp, and it made her blood run cold to see the spider's deliberate proceedings. But all agreed not to interfere on either eido. The snider bad another difficulty to contend with. While those active logs wero being fas tened at one moment and freeing themselves at another, tbo wasp’s four wings wore whirling like tbo wings of a wind-mill—so fast that all that could be soon was a sort of cloud or mist, whore the wings should bo. After failing many times, the spider presently succeeded in lashing two of those wings together, and gradually wind ing thorn tight, until they looked more like a small, dry twig than a pair of wings. Then ho took a secure position upon those disabled wings, and from thoso contrived to throw a lino around the other wings, which wore still whirling madly, and soon ho liad them dimly hound to one of the logs, ho that they could nut move, This ap peared to dishearten the wasp, as well it might, ills oitorts grow feebler and feebler, till, dually, the spider cautiously approached him and seemed to whisper in his oar, or ho may have stung him, bub the wasp became instantly motionless. -His struggles wore over* Now, taat it was too laUff, the spider's admirer relented, and said she was sony for the wasp, and wished she had helped him. .j 1 . ........ Than the spider fastened on one side of the wasp’s head, and stayed there till the spectators wore tlrod of watching him. When they looted at him again, some time aflor, ho had changed his position to the other side of the head. The wasp looked shriveled and dry, more liko a mummy than the stout, burly follow ho had bcou. ' Tho next time an observation was taken, an hour or no later. Iho wasp had disappeared en tirely. The spider was reposing In bln don, tho web apparently in perfect repair, and no iraco loft of the fierce battl*.— lTsavlh and Home. MUSICAL CELEBRITIES. TiitcrcAttitf? RcmiufßConcoo. Tho most captivating hook ever published, for people interested in musio and musical people, has just boon given to the American people by Henry Holt 00. Its title. is “ Decent Musld and Musicians, as Described in tho Diaries and Correspondence of Ignaz Mohclhjlob : selected by his wifo nnd adapted from the original Gor man, by A. D. Coleridge.” . Moscholcs himself was not a genius Iu music, but ho was a thorough musician, and ho oßtablisbod for himself in London a reputation as an artist ami a gen tleman, , the echoes of which came to this country. Ho was born in Prague in 1701, dull- educated for a pianist there, -and inVlouiin. In the course of his career ho come at last.tq London, in 1822, making that capital bio homo until 1810,, when, he wasiomplod back to Germany by Ike offer of a Professorship m the Conservatory of LoipslO, whoro bo made his homo until bis death in March, 1870. He kept a diary I'rdm tho time of hio youth, and ho had a voluminous correspondence. From tho material thus furnished, his wifo prepared a book, which has had tho ttdvantagb of further selection and revision by Mr, Coleridge, for the .English and American public. ' Moscholcs’ life was partly English, bub Chiefly Gorman. Ho became a fayoritb teacher of tho piano In London,deceiving a guinea a lesson iir tiroes when that was considered ahlgh price. Ho did an immense amount of work as a writer of music for the dealers, a giver and a manager of concerto; an arranger of operatic scores far tho piano, ; and ns a composer of really solid, learned, and scholarly works, not only for that, but for other instruments. While popular and prosperous, amongtho English, hokoptun the most iutimatQ relations with Germany. ana tho host parts of this book aro those in which his intercourse.with Beethoven ' and Mendelssohn are’ * described.. For he had the . rare fortune to know both of ' those giants, and to be on . the* most affectionate relations with tho last-named. ■ Among tho most affecting passages in the book is tho account of the last days of • Beethoven, In which there aro several letters of his to.Mosoholos, and a number from Schindler and linn, in, which tho story of iho groat master’s Illness, hls'doathj and his funeral is told with a mmnteness that wo have found in no biography. The first; of those letters, in which lleethoven, mortally'ill,'stone-deaf, al most -friendless, tormented by his worthless nephew,: and dreading poverty, writes to Mo T scholes to oak for help' from tho London Phil harmonic Society, over which Sir George Smatt. presided, may serve as an example of this cor respofadenco. It was written only about a month before his death, and is as follows i I . “ ViakWA, Mil February, 1827. “ My dear Moscholes—l am convinced you will not take it amiss if I trouble you. as well as Sir Smart, for whom 1 inclose a letter, with a petition.. Tho matter shortly told is this : Some years ago tho Philharmonic Society, iu London, made mo tho handsome offer of arranging a con cert for my benefit. At tho time, thank God, I was not in such a position as to bo obliged to make use' of their generous offer. Now, how over. I tlm quite in a different position; for nearly throe mouths I have boon laid low by a terribly Wearisome illness. lam suffering from dropsy. Schindler will give you moro details Iri the letter which I inclose, You know of my old habit of life. You also know how and where I| live. As for my writing musio, I have long ceased to think of it, Unhappily, therefore, I may bo so placed as to bo obliged to suffer want. You bavo not only a largo circle of acquaintances in London, but also important In fluence with tho Philharmonic Society to resus citate their generous resolution and carry it out speedily. I inclose a letter to the same effect to Sir Smart, and havo sent another already to Horr Stumpff. Please give the letter to Sir Smart, and unite with him and all mv friends iu London for tho furtherance of my object. I am so weak that even the dictation of this letter is a difficul ty to me.. Bomomber mo to your amiablo . wife, and be aabnrod that I shall always bo your friend: Beltuovxk. ” ■ Tills piteous sppool, and tho letters that follow it in the kook, make a painfully interesting pas sage, in which the whole miserable story of tho end of Beethoven's life is told. Moboliolob wor shipped him as a master and a gigantic genius, and he did what bo could to comfort him iu tho last. ' ' The most delightful chapters of the book are those relating to Mendelssohn, who was to Mosoholoß like a younger brother, until bis mar velous musical achievements made the senior fairly idolize tho junior. Scarcely in auy biog raphy of Mendelssohn have wo haa such charm ing revelations of his personal, social character,* his life as a friend, a son, a brother, a husband, and a father, as are afforded by the many chap-, tors In which Mosobelos describes him.’' But along with all those personal pictures, there are artistic and professional- pictures not loss inter esting. .Wo are tempted to quote scores of pages' about this rare and charming genius of modern ' but selection is difficult,-and space is., limited in a newspaper. Although the two Titans, Beethoven and Men delssohn, aro prominent figures in' this capital book of,musical gossip and, criticism, there are hundreds of others Chat appear in It, all of moro, . or loss Celebrity. There is mention, frequently’ with. pleasant anecdotes, of all the musical of many riot musical, that wore to IB6o—MaUbran, 86rit*kft, n ‘3ftf4w,’x»frfwp JBI4 ■. Wood, Sohroodor-Dbvrient, Castellan, Jenny Lind, Tietjons, and scores of other prime donue;' all the famous men singers, all tho great actors and actresses, all tho composers and virtuosi on various instruments; and there Is frequent' allu-' sion to famous men and women of polities and society, for Mosbhelos had a social and profes sional position which brought him Into personal contact Vith the moat distinguished people iu England, beginning with Queen. Victoria. On tho Continent ho was befriended by Sovereigns as well as by brother musicians. We are im pelled to give an example of Mosoheloa 1 diary in the following passage describing Malibran when bUo was his guest* in* London, in- tho year 1837, and when her splendid career was brought to such a sudden anti doleful end. lie says: “Bhe came at 8 o’clock 5 with her wore Thal horg, -Benedict, ' and Klingemann.. Wo dined early, and immediately oftorwards Malibran sat down to the piano, arid ‘ sang for tho children, ns she used to call it, tho Rataplan and some of her father's Spanish, songs; for want of a guitar accompaniment she used, wliile playing, every now and then to mark the rhythm on tho hoard at tho back of the keys. After singing with exquisite grace and charm a number of French and Italian romances of her own com position, she was relieved at tho piano hy. Thalhorg, who performed all manner of tricks on - tho Instrument, snapping his fingers as an obli gato to Viennese songs and waltzes. I played af terwards with reversed hands and with my fists, and none laughed louder than Malibran. At 5 o'olook wo drove to tho Zoological Gardens, *and pushed our way for an hour with tho fashion ables. When wo had enough of man and beast, wo took one more turn in the park, and directly we got homo, Malibran sat down to tho piano and sane for an hour. At lost, however, she called ditto Thnlborg: 'Vonozjoucr quolquo ohoao, j’ai bosoiu de mo roposor,’ her repose consist ed In finishing a most charming . landscape in water-colors, (an art in which she was self-taught). Thftlborg played by heart, and in a most masterly way, several of his '.Studies, and fragments of a newly-written Rondo, thonmv ‘Studies,’ 'Allegri dl Bravura,' and *G minor Concerto.' We had supper, afterwards; there again it was Malibran who kept us all go ing. Sue gave us the richest imitations of Sir George' Smart, tho singers Knyvett, Braham, X’hilhps, and Vaughan, who had sang with her at a concert given by the Duchess of 0.; taking off tho fat Diiohess herself as she condescend ingly patronized‘her’artists,, and winding up with the cracked voice and nasal tones of Lady —, who inflicted ‘Homo, Sweet Home’ on tho company. Suddenly her oomio vein came to a full stop t then she gave in tho thorough Gorman style tue eoena from Froysohutz. with Ger man words, and a wholo series of Gorman songs by Mendelssohn, Schubert. Weber, and my hum ble self; lastly, she took a turn with ‘Don Juan,’ being familial’ not only with tho mualo of Zorliua, her own part, but knowing by heart every note in the opera, which she oould play and sing from beginning to end. She wont on playing and signing altorqatoly until 11 o’clock, fresh to the last in voice and spirits. When she. left uu, wore all rapturous about her rimslo, lan guages, painting; but whnt wo liked best was her nrtlessnoss and mutability.” Moscheles composed for her a songwUhKllngc manu’a wordn, ” Stoigt dor . Moml auf." (” The moon rises,”) She mujto him play to her con stantly, know several of'his “ studies" by heart, and.cold us that her &thor made her practice them. Jloecholcß, Bponldug In one of bin lettora of a concert ut hie own hoiue r adfc t “ MuHbnm anil l)e Bcrlot apnoamd at U o’clock,'after our oiptUty gnruta liad eatibikd their nnwlciil appe tite with Engliuh aooct mumo, aolou by Linlneky and Hernia, un.d njy own * Concert Euulaatitiao.’ She looked . iveary, and, when uho snug, 'one ttcarcoly recognized Malibrnu, bUq ww% ao voiceless. Wo only hoard subsequent! y that sho liad boon thrown from hor horse when riding in tho prtvlr. Although Buffering no injury, sho had not yol recovered from tho violent shook* Bhe was Boon horaelf, however, and sang two ‘ Froysohutz' sconas In Gorman. a comlo Eng' lish duot with John Parry, throe Spaulou, Italian and French songs, winding up with thn duot, ‘Cadence du Diablo,’ for horsoif nnd Do Berlot, in wbioh sho prefaces his daring and mar* Voloub violin passages with tho words, ‘ Voyoz coramo Jo diahlo prelude.’ Tho proper name of tho piece is ‘Lo Honge do Tartlnl,' and tho sup position being that mtf master has, la a dream, soon tho devil and hoard him play tho piece right through, every latitude is allowed for whims and occciltfinltios. When my wifo showed some anx iety lost sho should over exert herself, she replied, 'Ma chore, jo ohnntorais pour vous jusqu’a extinction do volx.’ It was Interesting to watch her raptures in listening fo a duot compound nnd played by Bene diet and Do Boiiot; certain passages in tho work Bodnitid to mo possibly to have emanated from her pen. 1 was called on at tho end of tho evening jto improvise; and that tho comio ele ment might bo property represented, young John Barry amused us with lifs masterly parody of the soona in the Wolfs Glen m tho ‘Frcysclmtz.’ With a shoot of masio rolled up, with ouo end in his month and tho other resting on tho music desk, ho produced tho deepest horn of trombone notes. Ills hands worked the keys, and bin feet a tea-tray. There was tho 1 Wild Jngd ’ completes Thalborg had a bad finger and couldn’t nlayr but ho and Do Berlot stayed with ns until 3 ifl the morning, gossiping and commenting on the events of tho evening.” On the 11th of May Moe oliolob is asolatod by Do Berlot at his‘concert given in tho Italian Opera-House. “Iliad ad • orab,arras do rlchossoa;'’ besides tho great star Malibran, there wore Lablacho, Griai. and Olars ' Novella. 1 played a concerto of Bocirs tint had . never boon hoard in England, and my own ' 0 minor Concerto.’ It was a tremendous success for all concerned. After a performance of tho * Maid of Artois,’ In (Which Malibran- - performed marvelously, wo wont to see hor iu hor drossing roorii. There she sat, surrounded by wreaths and an enormous bouquet in her hand. Bbo talked , Aud-l&ughod with ns, adding: ‘Si voua voulioz ra« do barroosor do oottO machine, o'est cet abomlna* - bio Duo do Brunswick qul viant .do mo rap porter,' and so saying, throw a colossal bouquet at me, which I caught. What must ‘the abomin able Duke’ have thought, when, a fow moments later, ho saw mo mount my carriage and carry oft his bouquet ? For so It happened at tho dntranco dobrof Drury Lane Theatre.”- Tho exertions of the famous artiste wore incessant: for,independ ent of ’ her' throe operatic performances per week,'sbd was repeatedly engaged formornlug and evening concerts, and accepted all sorts of invitations to fashionable breakfasts, fetes clmrapotros, and private parties. - To attend throe parties: on the. same evening was a! matter of constant occurrence. “On the • IGth- of July,” writes Mosoholos, “before - tho Do;Boriots started on thelx journey, wo spout an hour with Malibran, by ap pointment; we found her at the piano, and Costa standing by her* Bho sang ns a comic song that sho had just composed. A sick man, weary of life, invokes death;' but when death, personified by a doctor, knocks at the door, ho dismisses'him with scorn. Sho had sot this sub* joct so cleverly, and sang tho music so humor ously, that wo could scarcely refrain from laugh ing, and yet we couldn’t endure to lose a single uoto. After this she wrote in my album a charming French romance; this she sang to us, and presented my wifo with ono of her original water-color landscapes. At last wo parted; .they wont (6 Brussels for a fow days, and returned to Manchester for the musical festival, where ■ho sang -so bowitcUingly, on tho 20th ol September, that tho audience boisterously called for an encore. Malibran, already in-a very dan gerous state, and one.requiring absolute rest and cessation from work, summons all hor remain ing energies; after repeating her song, and hor inimitable shako on . the high 0, sho fainted away and bocamo unconscious. Sho was taken to the hotel; tho doctor bled hor, and she awoko to apparent consciousness; but, alas I this only lasted till'tho 23d of September, when sho died.” ■ . . i '“Expressions of sorrow are inade quate, for such a loss as this penetrates tho whole world of art, and plunges into grief the more confined circle of hor friends. I felt com pelled to plotho ray sorrow in sound, and com posed a fantasia on Malibran’s death,”. OUT*. Tho Indy of the logout! oldch, In a dragon lorm imprisoned, With many-colored scales bedizened,—' Violet, crimson, green, and golden,— Doomod her weary wiord to dreo . Lonely in some desert fearful, For tbs champion waiting tearful, Who should glyo her kisses three, Who should nervo himself to death, Who should daro her poisonous breath. And from tho foul enchantment set her ireo Her name Is Duty—alill she Uveth; StlUln lonely plain sho waltoth; (Dreadful form, which caohone bateth 1) But aUo weopeth and forglvotb. Only ouo can set her free; *■* Will lie nigh and pass her coldly 7 ' Or will ho dare tho vent’ ro boldly,—' Qlvolthoawful Idasoa i . Find the loathly horror fled,— - : lllriHhing loveliness instead, • - * Aud'in 1 his hoart delight and vlotdTy 7 John if, Doryan in Scnbner’» Monthly. j Exasperating JPiga, • Two families in Slawaun have had an export' . erico' somewbat similar to that' Buffered by Mr. Ooblelgh several weeks ago. • Those familie* lived hi a double house, aud oaoh bad a pen with two pigs. ■ Last' Friday the woman in one pari discovered-that her-two pigs were free from mens at the tobi* m u ta» sftnr nrooloeical -specif* orod, at the some time,-that a gate to a cai»uo 6 \» yard adjoining was.opon,. aud. that tho pigs might at auy moment become ravished by a view of the, glories within. Her husband being away, she hurriedly secured the gate, and then set about to return tho truants by the following in* gcnlous plan: Taking a shovelful of corn, she approached as close to tho animals os possible, and, holding the tempting moisol near enough for them to learn its inviting character, sue screwed her face into an expression of winning sweetness, and backed slowly toward tho pen. It was a beautiful illustration of woman’s faith, and we regret to write that it did not work. The )igs took’one snuff at tho contents of tho shovel, list to show that they took some interest in the matter, and, being convinced thereby that there'was nothing injurious in . the export* mont, ’fell to rooting about again with re* ■ nowod fervor. The nearer the woman came to the pen the straightor her face grow, and pres* eutly it lost every vestige of uolAiitudo, and as* Burned instead an expression of medium forocity. What she may have done will never be known, as at this juncture her husband made his ap pearance on the’ back stoop, and, her oye resting upon him, she commenced to apostrophize him In tho language married people alone are adopts at. After requesting somebody to show him tho idiot who bad lot those hogs out, that he might punch his head, ho drove straight at the truants, aud missed them, of course. Then ho drove at them again with a clothes polo, and miseed them again, although ho mads anbtnor pole by hitting that ou a stone. Any one who has helped to drlvo one or two pigs will readily understand the number of articles that passed through tho air, aud the style of conver sation the man kept up during the chase. Final ly, ho got one of the animals in a corner, and. being by this time utterly regardless of personal appearances or consequences, tlirow himself up on the brute, neatly scraping tho fence with the top of his head, and falling upon tho pig in such a way as to hold in abeyance every one of Its muscles, except those in tho throat. Those were at once put in active operation, and tho man foi a moment thought that he had captured a planlug-raUl. Then ho raised slowly, keeping a tight hold of thoauinml. aud getting on his fe-t, and tho nig in his arms, struck out for tho pen. preceded; by his wifo and the other woman, ana closely and anxiously observed by all tho neigh* bora for half-a-milo around, in this way the procession laboriously moved 5 tho nig, having worked Its head to within two inches of the man’s oar, was pouring therein a tale of unparal leled'distress, which, if not calculated to molt tho stoutest heart, actually threatened to split open the stoutest head. Tho mau was ut terly powerless to remedy tho horror, having both hands engaged, aud could only twist his ear a little out of range, aud scream at tho top of his voice his plaufi for tho future of “ thorn hogs." On reaching the pen, and whllo in the act of dumping tho howling viper over tho side, tho woman next door made au unfortunate dm* covory. Their hogs wore in tho P ol M t* 10 ,:}' 11 ” nuts wove hers, Tho man, who was still holding tho pig, and might have, with reason, talion 0 prominent'pait in tho dobato, contented mm toll by moroky expressing a hope that ho might uo damuod, niuTtbon tnulfod around to Urn . other pan, where ho arrived after much un , looked: for tribulation, aud again helmed he howling monster up to tho top, when UlO woman next door made another and still . nhia discovery. Her pigs wore in their pen. “ Whai’il that'? 1 ’ screamed tho man, who was so fixed ho could not very well seo into the pen, L and waw’ohllgod to lift hls.voloo to make himself • homd abovp b ll,o diu. “VffijWSS'pl, . acroamod llio woman. “V. dy aln t f Q ' S& ££"?? ia W L&“a to add that 1110 strange animals wore urged out of that garden > withoutuse of subterfuge.— Embury 7