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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, November 09, 1873, Image 8

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TERMS OF THE TRIBUNE.
TSKMS or stmscnrrxfON (patauis ik ahvakor).
u».i. ei • r*«r at tho aatno rate.
To prevent delay and mistakes, bo anro ami fllvo Post
Oft co address In full, Including Slate and County.
Remittances may bo made cither by draft, ox press, Post
Office order, or In registered letters, at our risk.
•terms to oitt Bunscmncns.
Sallr. delivered, Sunday excepted. 25 cents per week,
(tally. delivered, Sunday Included. 90 osuta pur week.
Address Till? TRIBUNIS COMPANY,
Corner Madison ami Deatbt>rn»sla.. Chicago, 111.
TOMORROW‘3 AMUSEMENTS.
IIOOLF.Y’S THEATRE—Randolph street, between
Clark and LaSalle. * * Mary Warner."
MoVIOKER'S THEATRE—Madison street, between
Itaarhorn and State. Engagement of Miss Nolison.
,• ‘ The Hunchback.”
ACADEMY OP MUSTO-Halstod street,between Mad.
lion and Monroe. Engagement of Mrs. Ohanftau,
•• A Woman's Wrongs.”
CLOSE THEATRE!—Desplaluos street, between Mad<
L<*on and Washington. Engagomont of Frank lluuoy.
•‘Hazard,”
' MYERS' GPHRA-HOUSE-Monroa street, between
hfarbom and State. Unrloiqueof "QujrManouTortng.”
Wla«rel»y and oomloalUloi.
* DR. KAHN'S MUSEUM OP ANATOMY—CIark
{treat, between Madlionaml Monroe.
BUSINESS NOTICES.
HEADQUARTERS FOR DOYS’ CLOTHING, 0. 0.
COLLINS. IS4 and 160 CUfk-Bt.
TPS STRANGE HOW SCIENCE BRINGS TO LIGHT
things men have never soon before. Tl’s strange how
{vitoUEN Obxstax. Soaf clean* metals, paints, and
Itchon floor.
CPjivafifl Ctfrlkme,
Sunday Morning, November 9, 1873.
AMERICAN HOTEL.LIFE.
Wo lire ia an ora of extravagance and waste.
There aro evidences of it on all sides. Those
evidences aro, in fact, so numerous and familiar
that wo have almost coasod to regard thorn in
Iboirtruo light. Wo accept thorn as matters of
course. Wo hare got used to thorn. Wo think
re cannot lire except as wo boo our neighbors
live. We permit ourselves to bo swept along in
tho groat current of extravagance without any
effort to stop it., Wp laugh at ooonomlcal
persons, and most of us try to keep
up with the crowd, in extravagance,
each pushing his • follow on a littlo
more rapidly in tho headlong course.' We have
Loon at tho pains to take up one of tho most
notable evidences of this universal lavishness
(a the hopb that* by bringing it faco to face
4?ith the people, it may open tho eyes of some
eff them to tho mad career of which it is but an
Index. This -is hotoMlfo in America. The
change from ton years ago in tho charges and
luxuries of our prominent hotels has been so
gradual that wo aro not astonished at it. Wo
pay $1.50 a day, and do not stop to think that it
Is an enormous amount'of money to pay out for
mere living. If wo travel enfamille, aud take
better accommodations than aro given to singlo
travelers, tho rate por person is still higher. Wo
lio not complain nor think it unusual, but wo do
demand luxuries in'boeping with tho price, that
tvo would never have thought of asking for ton
( ears ago. Tho charges aro, in oil probability,
lelatlvoiy lower than they .wero under tho old
regime. Tho hotels have merely kopt pace with
the lavish demands of tho ago. .
Ton years ago, tho first-class hotels kept an
average of one servant to seven guests ; now
they are obliged to keep ono servant for every
three guests, Tho habit of being waited upon
has grown upon us ia this ratio. A first-class
betel of the size of tho Grand Pacifioin this city
now employs constantly 820 'servants, whoso
monthly pay-roll amounts to over $9,000. Tho
ntylo of ornamentation now in voguo requires
twice as many servants to keep It clean ns tho
told stylo required. So much for tho necessary
service iu American hotol-lifo. Tho amount of
loom furnished gratuitously to tho guest is now
twice as largo as it was formerly. In old times,
it was considered lavish if tho office, corridors,
exchange, parlors, reading-rooms, smoking
rooms, reception-rooms, wash-rooms, etc., occu
pied one-tenth of tho most available and costly
portion of the house. Those departments now
tnko one-fifth of tho same space. Tho hotels
which famish loss are rated as second doss.
Tho American people now-a-days require more
room to swell out and show their
jlfll ,n £Sh times as elegant. The cost
of gas alone for furnishing tho brilliancy by
night in which Americans are wont to live is
$2,000 por month in a largo hotel of tho first
class, while the host hotels in Europe still bum
caudles. When wo come to tho table, tho lav-
Sshness of our hotel-life Is still more startling,
A hotel like the Pacific requires the choice parts
of twenty-five cattle for its use every day. The
four items of butter, fruit, milk, and cream
alone amount to $1 per day foroaoh guest. Tho
fruits of the season aro tho standard of a first
class hotel-table, and they most comprise
tho earliest of everything In tho, market.
No menu is complete which does not
contain a dozen or two different kinds of
amts and fruits. Tho actual cost of tho food
alono, uncooked, is $2.16 por day for every
guest, audit requires more carts to carry away
the waste than it does to bring tho substance In'
its original form. Formerly, hotel-meals wore
about as follows ; Breakfast, from 0:30 to 9;
dinner, from Ito 3 ; supper, from 6to 9. Now
they aro : Breakfast, from oto 1; dinner, from
Ito 7; supper, from Cto 12. Tho meals are
going all day long, and at certain hours of tho
day there are two sots ot the same time. As tho
result of this, two fall sots of tho most export
and high-priced cooks aro required. According
'to our present custom, tho average American
traveler must find the following breakfast ready
\o place boloro him:
BREAKFAST.
English Breakfast Tet.
Green Tea.
Coffee,
Oolong Tea.
Chocolate.
tf'aln Bread. Graham Bread. White Rolls.
Graham Rolls. Brown Bread
Cora Bread. tlulQna,
Broiled Prcah Salmon. Broiled SaUMaokorel.
Broiled While.
Lake Trout. Oodllah with Cream, Fish Balls
- Haabed Fish, Fresh Mackerel. Slewed Oyatcw.
Fried Oysters,
iTUKD.
Pigs' Feet.
Calves’ Liver,
Tripe.
Hash Moat.
(Apple, with Balt Pork,
fJaiißUgoa. titowed Eldnoya,
nnoiLUj).
Mutton Chops. Pork Chops, Chicken.
Ham, Bacon. Calves 1 Liver. Tripe.
OAMS.
Venison Steak,
OMKLETTRS.
{plain, vrUh Parsley. • Ham,
Choose, or Jelly.
EGGS.
Toiled. Fried. BcratnWod.
Chipped Beef, with Cream.
fOI'ETOEH,
Baked. Fried. Lyonualae, Slewed
Quail.
iFrled Indian Padding, Hominy. Cracked Wheat,
Brown bread Toast. Dry Toast. Dip Toast.
Buckwheat Oakes.
COLD uaaxs.
jßoaat Beef. Boast Lamb. Ham. Tongue.
• Corned Beef. Turkey. Chicken.
, without waiting lot »U tkla to digest, .lie do
mantle, eomo time between 1 and 7 o'clock, tbo
following menu, or 110 counterpart j
DINNER.
sour.
aiuuou ruuiu.
Boiled Trout, fihrlmp Swe» Baked Bum, Bluffed,
Toil Wlno Banco.
non.KU.
Ilnm. .Tongue, o<imod Hoof. Oblckon and Pork.
Log of Mutton, with Copers. Turkey oud Oysters.
. .. . COLD DISHES.
Pressed Corned Beef, . itnm.
Smoked Tongue. BonatLamh.
Chicken Salad. Boned Turkey, with Jcliy.
_ »NTHEEB.
Chicken Pol-Plo,
Uarrlcol of Mutton.
Pork Ohopo, Saute, Sauco Madeira.
Stowed Trl|>e, ala Milamilsc.
Calves’ Liver. Saute, Saucoltollcn.
Ragout of Venison, au Jelly.
Salral of Oauio.
Macaroni au Parmesan;
_ VKOETADLKH.
Boiled Potatoes stewed Tomatoes.
Boiled Onions. Squash. Freeh Beets*
Succotash. , Turnips. Mashed Potatoes.
Cabbage. Pickled Beets. Boiled Rice ■
Hominy. Baked Sweet Potatoes. Parsnips.
Lamb,_ Mint Saucd,
Ham, GhampflgQO Banco. Young Turkey.
Hcg of Mutton,
a AMR.
rr«lrl» Chicken, Leg of Venison, Mallard Sack.
fahtuv. -
Ride Pudding, Buttor Banco. ' Apple Plea.
Pumpkin lies. Custard I*l os. Madeira Cream.
Bridal Oako. Sponge l Sropr. 1
neasinvr.
Fean. Raisins. Grapes. Almonds. Apples.
Filberts. English Wolnuts. Pigs,
Lemon Ice Cream. Coffee,
Having managed, some way or other, to sat
isfy his appetite for a few boars out of ibis list,
be can go till supper-time, wbon bo may tako
bis choice, as follows:
SUPPER,
Oolong Tea. English Breakfast Tot. Green Too.
Plain Bread. Brown Broad. Oatmeal Pudding.
Blacult, Dip Toast. Dry Toast,
Hominy, Graham Bread, Brown Broad,
0 rack edWh eat. Griddle Cokes. Indian Pudding.
COLD MEATS.
Boast Beef. Rout Lamb. Ham. Tongue.
Corned Beef. Chipped Beef. Sardines.
Turkey. Baked Beans.
nnoiLEn.
Beef Steak. Mutton Chops. ' Ham. Bacon.
Wblteflah. Salt Mackerel.
Tripe. ' Venison Steak.
Stowed Oysters,
sous.
Fried. Omelette. . Dropped,
VOTATOXS.
Fried. Lyonnalse.
If the guest is fashionable, bo will naturally
construe the 1 o'clock dinner as a lunch, and bo
on band in the special ordinary between 6 and 7
o'clock to partake of tbo following:
FIVE O'CLOCK DINNER.
SOUP,
' Chicken. Qccen Turtle.
visa.
Boiled Salmon. Shrimp Sauce,
Bttkod Freeh Mackerel a la Maitro d’Holel,
' REMOVES.
Boiled Leg of Southshoro Mutton.
Rolled Turkey and Oysters.
Roast Young Turkey. Roast Chicken.
Roaat Sirloin of Beef. • Roast Lamb.
COLD ORNAMENTED DISHES.
GklenUne of Turkey, e& Bellevue.
. Pattis of Liver with Truffles.
- - Mayonnaise of Obiokon, Garnished.
BtDB DIBBKS.
flwoot Breads, Larded, with Green Peas.
Fillet of Beef, aux Champignons.
’ Lamb Outlets, Breaded, Tomato Banco.
Macaroni au Gratis.
Vonlaon Bleak, Jelly Banco.
GAME. " •
Mallard Ducks. Blue Winged Tea).
Black Ducks. . • - • Log of Venison.
PASTRY.
Sponge Pudding, Wine Sauce. Charlotte Russo.
’ Madeira Jelly. Cream Oakes.
Confectionery.
* DESSERT.
Apples. Reaches. Fears.- Grapes.
Nuts. Raisins. ’ Oantalopes.
Watermelons. Vanilla Ice Crasm. .j Roman Punch.
It la only necessary to add that theao are litoral
eoploa of ouo day’s hllla-of-farp at a loading
Chicago hotel, and that no human stomach
could over fee expected to digest oycu an ordi
nary apjeption without a botilo of Chacoau La
flttp and another of Boedorer, which add $lO
more to tho cost.
In this lavishness must bo reckoned the inter
est on tho enormous capital invested In our
modern hotels over and above those of the old
stylo. Take Hr. Palmer’s magnificent palaco
on State street. Its walls aro wainscoted with
marbles of different varieties; its floors simi
larly toaselatod; its stairways of white marblo,
ornamented withbronzos; itsmantolacorvod out
of the purest Carrara stone by Italian sculptors,
some of thorn reaching a cost of $1,500 each, —
tho furniture, of tho parlors and some of tho
chambers, positively surpassing in eloganoe tho
surroundings of tho Queen of England. Tho
hotel, with Us furniture, represents a cost of
not loss than $2,600,000. And this is what the
American traveling public demand.
We have only to add that many families havo
found, upon trial, that they can live more cheaply
in hotels like those, at the prices which they ore
forced to charge, than u their own houses, and
keep up tbo stylo they havo been accustomed to
DWfisr o’ pamo, and that hard times have
come at idat ?
THE LATE ELECTION.
The Governor of Illinois having broken up the
business of tho St. Louis prizo-Dghtora, the
newspapers of that city, deprived of thoir regu
lar business, bave given thoir united attention
to tho Chicago election.' Ono of them expresses
deep concern lost tho persons who have loaned
money on real estate shall suffer loss by the
general decline of values, and loss of trade and'
business In Chicago.
Happily, Chicago has a way of surviving acci
dents and calamities. Even tho destruction of
two hundred milUpna of hor property by the flro
did not affect hor prosperous growth, except,
perhaps, to stimulate it. A people who witness
ed the destruction of this vast accumulation of
earnings, and who, without an hour’s delay, be
gan with thoir own hands and labor rebuild
tho leveled city, will probably ourvivo tho
election of one citizen as Mayor over another.
Tho energy of our people, and their ability to
manage thoir own affairs, have won for them
tho confidence of all parts of tho country.
Thero Is not a man who has a dollar Invested In
Improved real ostato In this city who has any
alarm that tho value of his investment
will decline, or that ho will bo, robbed
of it, because 80,000 voters on Tues
day last fotod against a Sunday ordinance.
Values m Chicago aro not to bo disturbed by auoh
'an event as that. Chicago baa survived much
greater calamities In National, Stato, and munic
ipal elections than tho ono of Tuesday last*
The fact that the ticket originally supported by
the saloon-keepers and tho Gormans eventually
received a largo veto from the other classes of
citizens, took from it, iu a great measure, tho odi
um that justly attached to its origin. Tho
candidates personally on tho “People’s ticket,”
with a few exceptions, wore unobjectionable
men. Though tboy in one sense represented
offensive characteristics, they also represented
certain fundamental principles of Individual lib
erty that cannot bo infringed without doing vio
lence to tho judgment of fair-minded men, At
first, parties wore represented by two extremes,
—tho Committee of Seventy on the one
hand, and a largo portion of tho Germans and
tho saloon-keepers on tho othor. Unfortunately,
tho subsequent attempt at’compromlso could not
remove tho prejudices engendered by those who
mixed their theology with their politics, and some
twelve to fifteen thousand of as good law-and
ordormenof German birth as over lived In any
community toted directly and squarely for tho
Kidneys.
Dropped,
ticket which declared for the personal liberty of
tbo citizen in bis social and religious opinions
•nrt iflfltos. Tbo party, U»«i » In--* t.-. »t
grow to roprcßont tbo avurnge Judgment of tbo
community on tbo question of govornmobtal In
terference with private rights. Tbo nowly-oloct
ed offleors are justly surprised at their own suc
cess, and wo kollovo they recognize the fact that
tbo peace and order of tho city aro no moro to
bo disregarded by them than by tbolr predeces
sors, and that they have boon elected to govern
Obioago for tbo welfare of tbo wbolo people,
and not merely for tbo benefit of brewers and
saloon-keepers.
Tbo pooplo of St. Lottie may go to bod ovory
night without any fear that while they are
sleeping tbo City of Chicago will bo overrun
with criminals, or that Its population will floe to
other climes, or that mortgagees will loso tbolr
investments. There is really no danger of any
such calamity, so distressing to St. Louis.
BOAST.
Spring Chickens.
CHARITT-BENEFIT AT THE EXPOSITION.
The regular season of tbo Intor-Stato Expo
■Ulon closed lastnlght, with outward signs of a
patronage altogether moro liberal than could
have been expected, elnco it opened at tbo very
outbreak of tbo financial crisis, and has bad tbo
hard times to contend with all along. Its suc
cess has boon groat enough in all respects
to warrant its regular repetition every year, and
wo may confidently predict that tbo day
is not far distant wbon tbo Obioago Annual
Exposition will attract moro attention than any
similar institution in tbo country.
A final opportunity of visiting tbo building
and inspecting its contents will bo afforded to
morrow, during tbo day and ovonlng, wbon tbo
entire receipts will bo divided among tbo differ
ent charitable institutions of the city. Tbo
public charities which aro to reooivo tbo benefit
are as follows:
I—Newsboys' Homo.
o—Washingtonian Home.
5 St. Luke’s Hospital.
4—Woman's Hospital of Illinois.
6 Women's and Children's Hospital,
6—Erring Woman’s Refuge.
Coffee.
All tho exhibitors havo signified tiieir inten
tion of leaving tho attractions just -as they aro
and as they havo boon since tho opening. Tho
regular managers havo volunteered their ser
vices, and tho owners havo donat/od tho building.
The Exposition will, therefore/, bo In overy re
spect all that It baa beou heretofore. Tho band
will bo in attendance, and give & promonado con
cert, afternoon and evening, and lunch will bo
sorvod from 12 o’clock, on. Tho circumstance
that itia the last ch&nco to soothe Exposition,
along with tho charitablo purpose to which tho
entire receipts of tho day and evening aro to bo
devoted, ought, to insure an immense attendance;
Coffee.
Tho embarrassment and eventual assignment
of tho great firm of Spragues in; Bbodo Island
has attracted considerable attention in all parts
of tho country. Tho A. & W. Sprague Manu
facturing Company is composed of Mrs. Fanny*
Bpraguo, Mrs. Mary Sprague, Amasa Sprague,
William Spraguo (United States Senator), arid
two sons aud daughters of Mr. Edtfn
Hoyt. This firm is a distinct corpcwa
tion, and owns and controls, through its
members, a number of other corporrAions
interests, besides real estate and
personal property,—being, in fact, a uort of
“ Credit Mobillor ” in the French den&£. Each
of tho members of tbo Company is/ also tho
owner of a largo separate estate. In the
enumeration of tho property conveyed to tho
trustees for tho benefit of the creditors, wo find
evidence of tbo wonderful variety of investment
sought by this family. Tho firm, has been for
many years making largo profits, and those
profits have been ro-invcsted in other business,
and in all parts of tbo country. The original
business of tbo Company - was In cot
ton ' and woolen mills, but it has boon
extended to many other and very diverse
pursuits. Tho indebtedness of tho corporation
amounts to $8,290,000. of which S3 nnn *» '*•'
♦S,oU9 J BOO duo on their acceptances
of Hoyt, Spraguo & Co.’s paper. The rest is on
call-loans and debts duo on account of some of
their other companies. Tho firm of A. & W.
Spraguo owes $2,833,000 in addition to tho debt
of tho A. & Ws Sprague Manufacturing Com
pany. There'are some other items of indebted
ness which swell the aggregate to $11,475,4-13.
The assets are put down at $10,495,247; sur
plus, $8,040,804. . .
The details of this account aro interesting.
Tho A. W. Spraguo. Manufacturing Company
owns tbo Baltin and Natick Mills, 118,000 spin
dles ; one-tenth of idioQuidniok Mills Company,
68,000 spindles ; iboiTJnlted States Flax-Monu
foctunng Company,, 33,000 spindles ; the Cran
ston Print-Works ; -Augusta (Mo.) Mills, 40,000
spindles, with real,"estate. It also owns real es
tate in various pffrts of Bbodo Island amounting
to 9,000 acres ; pflso, lots and buildings in Provi
dence worth §llß/?,000. Tho firm of A. AW. Spraguo
owes tho Company $1,876,000. Tho land owned in
Kansas, South Carolina, and other places, is not
considored/of any value as assets. The firm of
A. &W. Spraguo has assets of $2,901,000, con
sisting of shares In tho First and Second Na
tional Baulks of Providence, shares in tho Ken
nebec (Mo.) Lumber Company; shares .In tbo
Bbodo Island Horse-Shoe Company; other lands
and wator-poWora, and an interest in four
schooners. This firm has also a clear interest
m the firm- of Hoyt, .Sprague & Co. amounting
to $860,000.
THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE; SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1873.
7 Young Men's Christian Association,
8— Chicago Christian Union.
o—Homo of tho Friendless.
10—Foundlings’ Home.
21—Orphan Asylum.
13—Half-Orphan Asylum..
13— Old People’s Home.
14— Woman's Aid Association.
IC—Alexis Hospital.
10—St. Joseph’s Hospital.
17—St. Joseph’s Orphan Asylum.
15— House of Good Shepherd.
19—Hebrew Relief,
THE SPRAGUE- FAILURE,
Hre. Fanny Spraguo owns largely of shares in
tho Quidniok Company, real estate, and bank
stock—the total being $510,000. lira. Mary
Spraguo owns sboroa audstooka In various com
panies .amounting to $A50,000. Amosa Spraguo
baa private property-worth $75,000, and William
Spraguo owns shares in the Quidniok Hills, real
estate, etc., amounting to $680,000. A. & W.
Spraguo aro largo owners in tbo Porkins
Shoot-Iron Company, tbo Spragno Mow
ing-Haohmo Company, tho Wilcox Ca
loric and Stoam-Englno Company, tbo
Ithodo Island Horso-SUoo Company, and tho
Comstock IVmndry Company, eomo of which are
not prodnotivo, and of which tho debts exceed
tho assets.
Hero, then, wo have ibo Bprogno family owning
the largo corporation known as the A, Sc W,
Sprague Manufacturing Company. Two stock
holders of this Company, Mosers. A. and W.
Sprague* do an Independent business } .they own
largo interests in various other mills, in real os*
tato, in pine lands, In farms, and water-powers.
They own largely in banks and various kinds of
manufacturing establishments. As a firm, they
Jiwo » largo Interest in the hnaoj Hoyt*.
Bpraguo it Co. Tbo assets of tbo Sprague Manu
facturing Company exceed $18,000,000 j of A. &
ww. <a<A,VVnf,tfUU.. I'hV twnuw ui
Hoyt, Sprague & Co.,* $0,700,000 j of tbo two
ladles, and tbo private property of tbo brothers
Sprague, about $1,700,000,—0r an aggregate of
property valued by tbo tmatoos atovor $22,000,-
000. Deducting special lions, tbo not value is
In excess of $10,000,000. Tbo aggregate of
debts Is $11,000,000, and tbo surplus assets over
$8,000,000.
Tbo magnitude of ibis concern maybe Judged
by those figures. Besides the print-works, and the
various manufacturing, banking, and real estate
business, tbo mills worked by those Spragues count
up 246,000 spindles, * giving employment to an
army of operatives of all ages. Tbo suspension
of such an establishment, or sories of establish
ments, for tbo moro want of ordinary commer
cial accommodations, tolls not only bow severe
is tbo stringency of the money market, but also,
how tremendously they wore “ spread out.”
Tbo placing of tbo whole buslnoss.and property
in tbo bands of trustees has boon done to gain
tlmo. Their property is actual and visible, but
for tbo time has ceased to bo produotivo.
Tboy bavo immense stocks of goods on band for
wbloh there Is no sale. To go on making goods it
is necessary to keep the operatives at work; but,
in tbo absence of sales, and the failure to got
tbo requisite bank accommodations, it has boon
impossible for them' to find tbo cash nocassary
to moot tbo expenditures. In the time gained,
there may bo a recovery, though tbo ontloox la
not promising. If matters do not improve than
tbo mills must close, and the property bo ap
plied in some fonbion to meet tbo debts. The
tightness of tbo market is, however, strikingly
illustrated by tbo fact tb&t a firm.witb a surplus
of $8,000,000 is unable to borrow adollarto moot
Its current expenditures.
THE HOUGH ELEVATOR.
Col. B. M. Hough tbinSis wo have done him
injustice in . the following paragraph in our
editorial of Saturday, in which wo gave a
synopsis of tbo report of tbo Board of Trado
Committee on warehouse irregularities, with
some comments thereon, vizv:
What does this declaration of tho Committee mean ?
It la that Messrs. Cough have persistently liaucil
grain-receipts for groin never --received in store; and
that when grain woe shipped they have tokened Uio
receipts, instead of haring them canceled, and lopt
them afloat for weeks.
As wq have no desire to'do Mr. Hough, or any
body else, Injustice, wo havo re-examined tho re
port of the Committee, and we find tho foots os
therein stated to bo as follows ; That, between
the Oth and 12th of September, the Messrs.
Hough Issued receipts for thc> cargoos of six ca
nal-boats of corn, which wore never received in
their warehouse, but woro Unloaded into vessels
by moans of a floating elevator, agreeing with
tho State Bogistror to purchase ond oanool a cor
responding amount of thoir then outstand
ing receipts | that a delay of several
days occurred in. tho return of such
outstanding receipts/; and that, when the
Bogistror pressed ffcom upon tho agreement,
they turned in tho receipts for two cargoes of
corn that had been shipped out on tho 18th and
20th of September, and which ought to havo
boon canceled at tho tune. Further, that when
this delinquent was discovered, they manufac
tured a lot of receipts “ out of whole cloth,” and
had them registered; that they entered these
receipts for cancellation to cover thoir indebted
ness ; and that, when this deception was dis
covered, they made good their shortages by pur
chasing and canceling genuine receipts.
Wo woro probably mistaken in saying that
tho Messrs. Hough have persistently issued re
ceipts for grain novor received instore. That
they did so in the caso mentioned is tho solemn
declaration of tho Committoo, reiterated by Mr.
Stephen Olory la a communication published
elsewhere, in which he says that certain receipts
from tho Hough elevator were tendered to him
for registration, which were pure myths.
' As regards the statement that receipts woro
reissued by tho Houghs after the grain had been
shipped out, it appears that tho receipts for-two
cargoes that bad been shipped out woro not can
celed at the timo they should havo boon; that
those receipts wore not reissued to the public,
bufa «oro kept in tne safe boloocduK to tiaa Arm,
muu woro tendered to tho Bogistror for cancella
tion In tho place of receipts which ihoy had
agreed to purchase and canool in order to bal
ance those issued for tho corn transferred from
canal-boats to vessels without going into tho
elevator at oil. Tho receipts wore not reissued to
tho public, but woro reissued to tho Bcgietror,
and, if tho Committee havo reported tho facts
correctly, tho'uct was, to all intents and purposes,,
a reissue, since it enabled tho Houghs to borrow
from tho public tho amount of groin which those
receipts called for. If tho report of tho Com
mittee is not justified by tho yet
unpublished,—we shall bo glad to bo put hj poa
sossion of evidence which will enable w to
change our opinion on tho subject of tUh al
leged reissue. i 1
THE GEEAT XN APBIOA. 1
Sir Samuel Bakor has now returned, and his
detailed report will bo looked for with intojost,
as giving more information than has yet loon
famished. Whatever relates to Central Africa
seems to excite more and moro Interest, as dif
ferent explorers make us moro familiar withihat
land.lwhioh has been the subject of inqilry
for thousands of years, and yet has remaned
profoundly unknown, at least till very recoAly*
Omitting tho accounts of older explorers, liv- ■
ingstouo startled tho world by his account of Iho
discovery of tho Zambozo and his wandorkjg'
across tho entire Continent, from Loando on Iho
west to tho mouth of tho groat nvor whor<it
throws itself into tho Indian Ocean. Then lie
explorations - north on tho Shore Blv
or and Lnko N'Vaasa. Barton end Spcko
told us, of tho roato from Zanzibar to Uo
groat Lake Tanganjiki and Victoria N’Yauza.
Thou came Baker’* discovery of tho great Lnko
Albert N’Yauzo. Those discoveries created
groat interest among geographers, and muck
speculation asm tho possibility of a connection
between Tanganjlki and tho Albert N’Yauza.
Stanley, in ‘‘Howl Pound Livingtsone,” tells ■
us that ho found him ‘at TJJIJI, on tho
Lake Tangauiiki, and that, in company with ;
Livingstone, they coasted entirely around tho
north end of tho lav© and found no northern
outlet, but all tho strong running into that*
Jako, and that they passed .p tho principal trib
utary, entering Iho oxtrenu u or tU end of'
tho luko as for as they -tpulcl go In
tho conoo. Now, if Stanley
truth, thot lako can havo no u cthom
outlet, and no oonnoofclon with tho Ai. vt
N’Yanza. Bakor reports that those two lakes Ok
oqo. True, be did not actually explore them
bimsolf, but tho Arab traders and natives stated
that they bad passed from tho Albert N’Yanzo.'
to Ujm oo the TowswJhd, and tbit they woxo^
all ono lake, and these accounts wore so clr
ouraatantlal that they soourod bis confidence,
no mnj nmsonamy believe tbatHtanloy tolls tbo
truth,-and that Bir Samuel was misinformed,
notwithstanding tbo geographers aro all anxious
to make tbo two lakes ono.
Accoptiug Stanley's statements as iho truth,
then wo bavo tbo very exceptional and
extraordinary fact of a grout lake of
sweet and wholesome water, having no out*
lot, abounding in a groat variety of fish. In
otbor words, it is n ainquo, receiving tributaries
ou all sldos, which wash into it tbo salts of tbo
earth, while its surplus waters ore discharged
by evaporation and percolation, necessarily leav
ing those salts behind them, and im
pregnating tbo waters > with their im
purities. Of those wo find notable instances
in the Dead Sea and our own Great Salt Lake.
The sinque of iho Humholt and Fyramid Lake,
whloh is the einque of iho Truokoo Blvcr, are
other instances, although the latter Is sweeter
water than any other known iinque In the world,
and so pore that several varieties of fish are
found In it. BUII its waters aro not
pare, although its principal tributary, the
Truokoo, is the outlet of the oolebratod Lake
Bigler, and is among tbo purest waters in the
world.
That Stanley makes Tanganjlkl a sinque is
unquestionable, for in his account of Living
stone’s Journey ho says ho passed entirely
around the south end of the lake and
np its western side as far as opposite UJlji,
and found no outlet, all the streams running
into the lake. Hero* wo see the actual explora
tions entirely surround tbo lake. All explorers
who have visited the lake hoar testimony that
the waters are sweet and abound in fish. Alto
gether the subject is a very interesting one, and
the scientific world will anxiously await further
developments.
THE LAST HOPE POE WIDOWERS.
There is au Arabian proverb' which likens mar
riage to a besieged fortress: those who are out
side wish to got in, and those who are inside
wish to got out. Montaigne adopted this view
of the case, and Emerson has followed him.
The late Mayor Ealbfloisoh, of Brooklyn, was a
living, though now dead, verification of Arabian
wisdom. Ho bad been married once, and raised
a family of children, who gratefully endeavored
to save him from getting looked up in the
fortress again. Bat ho encountered in
bis lono condition tho blooming widow
hood ,of Mrs. Mary Wade, who reawakened
his dormant affections and rejuvenated his
forgotten passions. Ho paid court to tho
fascinating widow, carried her counterfeit pre
sintmont in his locket to show to bis friends,
ottered into a formal agreement of marriage,
audproclaimed Ms now happiness to tho world.
But ho had no sooner got thus far than ho wanted
to goibaok. His cLUdron made life uncomforta
ble. Ilia friends piploatod. Ho received anony
mous cimmunicatiops that reflected upon the
fair widow, and ihtiatatod that: her fascinations
woro wiles to* catch tbeUmwary. Mayor Ealbflolsch
rcaohod, therefore, to make a sortlo before ho
could lie so hopelessly beleaguered that there
should no chance of dscapo. Ho broko the gold
en ebainof love that bound him to the charming
Mrs. Wale, and loft her disconsolate at tho lossof
her prosiocts for presiding at tho Mayor’s table.
Mrs. Wodtwas not the woman to bear in meek
ness tho eWteklngsOf her fondest hopes, the
blighting of her ambition, and tho withering of
her ardent elections. Bho Instituted a suit in
assumpsit agtaat Mayor Kalbfleisob, sotting up
a contract of -narrlago and its violation, and
asking for such tannages as more dross can givo
for broken hearg and disappointed loves. She
wanted tho Courq to apply a greenback plaster
to her wounds. ' >
So for, the afcory «i Mayor Kalbfloiecb’a lovo
does not dinar matejally from that of other el
derly gentlemen who ie caught In the toils of
youthful desires* Hutuayor Kalbfloisch was uo
common widowers Hd flid not propose that
Mrs. Wado should bavo \or in ml things.
Ho proceeded deliberately complicate matters*
Ho died. This left fro ahrefy disconsolate Mrs.
Wado with the single legacy \f a lawsuit. There
had been a breach of promiso*but the promisor
was no more. Ho hod gone to a land where
ihero are no wily widows, since ttero is neither
marrying nor giving in marriage mHoavoa. Bat
Mrs. Wodofa sorrows wore of the earth, earthy,
and of tho world, worldly. Her heart-strings
bad been ruthlessly snapped in twain. Her
widowly affctotlons had boon trifled with. More
over, if she bad boon tho widow of the Into
Mayor Kolbfloiaoh, instead of the lato Mi*. Wado,
she might bare had some solace for her bo
rcavomont’in an. equitable division of tho lorgo
estate. As Mrs. Kalbfloisch, she might havo
driven to tho funeral in her own carriage and
as chiof-monrnor. As Mrs. Wado, she hadn’t
even the eooial right to appear in a now
sirit of deep mfcmrning. What woman could
bo oxpeeftod to quietly resign this right, and
especially when weeds are so becoming ? If any
thing,- hero was a now ground for damages, and,
so far from dropping the breaoh-of-promiso suit,
she might reasonably add $20,000 to her claim,
bccauso Mayor Ealbtfleisch deliberately pro
ceeded to dio in tho fall consciousness ihav ho
was depriving her of the single consolation of
now clothes. Mrs. Wado could
not reasonably bo expected to endure this
now affront, and She ordered her lawyers
to continue tho Vfiuit for damages against
tho lato Mayor IKalbfleisoh’a estate. Be
fore his death he baft come into court and ad
mitted the engagement to marry Mrs. Wado, blit
set up justification for breaking it. On. this
ground, Mrs, Wade’s counsel hold that tho ac
tion ehohld survive tho death, and tho -contract
ought to bo enforced, dead or alive, unless tho
Jußtiflcafion'for breaking it could bo proved to
bo auflloifintdn tlm eyes of tho law. Tho lawyers
on the ;otbor., qldo throw themselves back
.on tho * axiom ■„ of tho Oommon Law,
expressed* in the ' customary bad Latin,
td-wit: ,{ *Actio personalia moHtur cum per
sona” FoVtunaloly‘for the Loirs of deceased
widowers. 1 who havo boon indiscreet in their
old days, . the Court 'decided that an action for
breach ofJpromiso cannot survive the defendant.
•Actions against estates hold for damages.to
property, or damages for physical Injury, for
tho nollod of property Is included in tho latter.
But tho Court held that an engagement to marry
Is to bo distinguiflUod from other contracts. It
says: “ Tho promise of marriage is mere
ly personal; 'the action for tho broach of
it socks redibss for disappointed hopes,
wtmndod pride, humiliation, and mental suffer
ing, for tho loss'of coveted society and protoo
tfcu,—it may bo, for tho loss of happiness.” This
definition of a contract to marry, and tho decis
ion of .tho Court that an action for breach of
cannot survive or bo assigned, aro of
to that largo community which is
ee | & then constantly ,
trying to got out. All susceptible widowers may
now have tho Battefaotlon of knowlne that death
at loot can deliver thorn from tho typical fury
of a woman scorned, and that tho penalty of
tholr weaknesses shall not bo Tisltod upon ihoir
children, oven of tho next generation. This le
good nows for wldowors ami widowers’ oliUJron.
But how about rejected widows?- They, it
seems, can claim no damages for tholr Injured
feelings, if tho men who promlao to marry them
and break tholr promises happen to die. They are
not oven to have any allowance for tho sacrifice of
tho Inalienable privilege of wearing tho widow’s
veil and ft full suit of mourning. They must
nurse tholr sorrows in old olothos. Tholr dis
appointed hopes and wounded pride are denied
tho sweet consolation of being chief mourner,
to soy nothing of the widow’s dower, and man’s
base deception loaves his victim helpless. Is
not this another encroachment upon the rights
of women and widowhood ?
SMALL WORDS.
by mor» william matbsws, or thjs UNrvznsrrr
or Chicago.
Among tho venous forms of ingratitude, one
of tho commonest Is that of kicking down tho
ladder by which one has climbed tho steeps of
celebrity 5 and a good illustration of this Is tho
oonduot of tho author of tbo following linos,
who, though indebted in no small degree for his
fame to tbo small words, the monosyllabic
music, of our tongue, sneers at them aa low:
While fooblo expletives tholr aid do Join,
And ten low words oft crcop In one dull lino.
How ingenious t how felicitous I the reader ex
claims; and, truly, Pope has shown himself
wonderfully adroit in ridiculing tho Saxon
part of the language with words bor
rowed from its own vocabulary. But . lab
no man despise little words, even though
ho echo tbo little wasp of Twickenham. Alex
ander Pope la a high authority In English litera
ture ; bat His long since lie was regarded aa
having tho infallibility of a Popo Alexander.
Tho multitude of passages in hte works, in which
tho small words form not only the holts, pins,
and hinges, but tho chief material In the struc
ture of his verso, show that ho know well enough
ihoir value; but it was hard to avoid tho temp
tation of suoh a lino as that quoted. “ Small
words," ho elsewhere says, “ are . generally stiff
and languishing, but they may be beautiful to
express melancholy." It is the old story of
—the ladder
Whereto tho climber upward turns bis face.
But when he ouoe attains tho utmost round,
Ho tbon unto tho ladder turns Mb back,
Looks in tho clouds, scorning tho base degrees
By which ho did ascend.
Tho truth is, tho words most potent in llfo and
literature—in the mart, in tho Senate, in tbo
forum, and at tho firoaldo—aro small words, the
monosyllables which tho half-eduoatod speaker
and writer despises. All passionate expression
—tbo outpouring of tho soul whon moved to
Us depths—is, for tho most part, in monosyl
lables. They are tho heart-beats, tho very
throbs of tbo brain, made visible by utterance.
The will makes Us giant victory-strokes in llttlo
monosyllables; deciding for tho right and against
the wrong. In the hour of fierce temptation, at
tho ballot-box, in tho court-room, in all tho
crises of life, how potont-for good or evil
aro tbo llttlo monosyllables, Yes and Ho!
Again, there Is a wholo class of words, and
those among the most exproaslvo in tbo
language, of which tbo groat majority aro mono
syllables. Wo refer to tho Interjections. Wo
are awpro that some philologists deny that In
terjections aro language. Horne Tooko snoora
at this whole class of words as “ brutish and In
articulate,” as “tbo miserable refuge of tbo
speechless,” and complains that,' 4< because
beautiful and gaudy,” they have boon suffered
to usurp a place among words. “ Whore wil
yon look for it,” (the interjection), tbo triumph
antly asks; “ will you find it amdngat laws, or
In books of civil institutions, in history,
or In any treatise of . useful arts or
sciences? No: yon must seek for it in rhetor
ic and poetry, in novols, plays, and romances. ”
This aouto writer has forgotten one book in
which interjections abound, and awaken in the
mind-emotions of tbo highest grandeur and
pathos,—namely, tho Blblo. But tho uso of this
part of speech is not confined to hooks. It is
hoard wherever men Interchange thought and
feeling, whether on tho gravest or the moat
trivial themes;,in tones of tho tondorost
lovo and of tho deadliest hato; in
shouts of Joy and ecstasies of rapture,
and in tho expression of dobp anguish,
remorse, and despair; in short, in tho outburst
of ovary human fooling. Moro than this, not
only Is-it beard in daily life, but wo are told by
tho highest authority that it is hoard in tho Hal
lelujahs of angels, and in tbo contluuol Holy !
Holy I Bohj /of tho cherubim. What word •in
tho English language is fuller of significance,.
has a greater variety of meanings, than tho di
minutive Oh t Uttered by tbo infant to express
surprise or delight, it is used by tho man to in
dicate fear, aspiration, or appeal, and. Indeed,
according to tbo tone In which It Is ntterod, may
voice almost any one of tho emotions of which
ho la capable. What a volume of moaning is
condensed in tho dorielvo “Oh! oh!” whloh
greets a silly utterance in the Hou&o of Com
mons 1 ; It has boon truly said that whon a largo
assembly 1s animated by a common sentiment
wliioh demands instantaneous utterance, it can
find that utterance only through Interjections.
Again, what depth of moaning in this little
word, as an expression of grlof, in the following
linos by Wordsworth:
Bhe Uvoy unknown, and few could know
When Lucy ceaeod to bo;
Nowsho’s In hor grave,—and oh 1 .
Tho difference to mo.
What possible combination of words could bo
more significant than tho reply, “Pdoh—poohl”.
to a controversialist’s theory, or tho contemptu
ous 11 Pudge I” with which Mr. Churchill, in the
'Vicar of 'Wakefield, sums up Che pretensions of
the languishing Miss Carolina Wilholmina Ame
lia Skoggs;
“Virtue, my dear Lady Blarney, virtue is
worth any price ,* but whore is that to bo found ?”
“Fudge I”
Tho truth Is that, so far is this class of words
from being, as Max Muller contends, the mere
outskirts of language, they are more truly words
than any others in tho language.' They are hot
so much u porta of speech” as outiro expres
sions of foaling or thought. They' aro pre
eminently pictorial. If I pronounce the words
frouse, strike, Waeft, beaufi/uity, without other’
words or explanatory gestures, 1 say'uotlilng
distinctly; I may moon any one of a hundred
things; but if I utter an intorjectional exclama
tion, denoting Joy or sorrow, surprise -or fear,'
every person who hoars mo knows at once by
what affection lam moved. I communicate a
fact by a single syllable. Max Muller admits
that interjections,. together with gestures, tho
movements of tho musolos of the mouth and
the oye,, - would bo quito sufficient for
oil tho purposes which language 'answers with
the majority of mankind. Comlnjj from tho
lips of a great orator, those Utile words, so de
spised by grammarians, may bo more powerful,
fhoro to tho point, moro eloquent than a long
speech. ! Thoir inherent expressiveness entitles
them to bo regarded as tho appropriate language,
tho inothor-touguo of passion ; and honoo tho
effect of good acting depends largely on the
proper introduction aud Just articulation of this
class of words. Shakspearo’s interjections
exact a roro command of modulation, and can
not bo rendered with any truth except by one
who has mastered tho wholo play. It 1s
said of Whitfield that his interjections
—his Ah I of pity for the unrepentant
sinner, and his Oh 1 of encouragement for cho
almost converted sinner, were among tho most
powerful engines in his pnlplt-ortillory. Gar
rick used to say that ho would givo a hundred
guineas if ho could say “ Oh 1” as Whitfield did,
Tho English language la pre-eminently a lan
guage of small words. It outs down all Us words
to the narrowest possible limits,—locoing and
condensing, never expanding. Sometimes it onti
off an Initial sjrllahln, n«la “’gin’’for “ engine,”
“ ’van ” for " corryvan,’* “ ’bus " for “ omni
bus," “ ’wig " for “ periwig;" sometimes It outs
off a Anal syllable, or syllables, aa In 11 aid "
for “aid-de-camp," “prim" for “primitive,’
“ pants " for “ pantaloons," “ tick " for (pawn- 1
broker’s) “ ticket 5" sometimes It 'strikes out a.
loiter, or tollers, fiom the middle of a word ;aa,
“last" for “latest," “ lavh" for “ laverock,’
“ flinoo" for “ sithonco." Tho Anglo-Saxon, the
substratum of our modern English, is emphatic,
ally monosyllabic ; yet many of • tho grandest
passages in our literature are mado up almost
exclusively of Haxon words. Tho English Bible
abounds In grand, sublime, and tender pan.
■ages, conobod almost entirely m words of one
syllable. Tbo passage In Ezekiel, wbiob Oolo
ridgo is said to have considered the sublimost in
tho whole Bible j “ And bo said unto mo, son .
of man, can those bones live ? And I answered,.
O Lord Qod, thou knowost,"—contains seventeen,
monosyllables to throe others. Wbat passage In
Holy Writ surpasses la onorgotlohrovlty that which,
describes tbo death of Steers,-—“ At her feet he
bowed, ho fell; at her feet he bowed, ho foil, bo
lay down ; whore he bowed, there ho fell down
dead ?" Here are twenty-two monosyllables, to
one dissyllable thrice repeated, and that e word
which is usually pronounced os a monosyllable.
Tho early writers, tho “ pure wells of English
audofllod," abound In small words. Bhakspeare
employs them in bis finest passages, especially
when bo would paint a scene with a few masterly
touches. Hear Macbeth:
_ . .. Horo lay Duncan,
Ills silver skin laced with his golden blood,
And bis gash’d stabs looked Uko a brooch in Katurt
For ruin’s wasteful entrance. There the murderers,
flteopod In the colon uf their trade, tholr daggen
Unmannerly brccchod with gore.
Are monosyllables passionless? Liston, again,
to tho “Thane of Cawdor j"
That ia a stop
On which I must fall down, or elso o’erleap,
For lu my way it Ilea, Btara, hide your ticca,
Lot not light aao my black mid deep desires.
Tho eye wiukn at the baud. Yet, lot that be
Which tbo eyo fears, wbon It Is done, to seo.
Two dissyllables ouly among fifty‘two words 1
Bishop Ball, in ouo of Ilia most powerful
satires, speaking of tho vanity of 41 adding bouse
to houao and field to field,” lias those beautiful
liuoa:
Fond fool ! blx feet •hall serve for all thy atore,
Ami he that carea for moat siinil And no’moro.
• “What harmonious monosyllables I” exclaims
tho critic, Gifford; yet they may bo paralleled
by others In tho .same writer, equally musical
and equally oxprpsalvo.
Was Hilton tamo ? Ho know when to uso
polysyllables of “ learned length and thunder
ing sound bat bo know also whon to prodnoo
tho grandest effects by tho small words despised
by inferior artists. Bead his account of tho
journey of tho fallen angels :
Through many a dark and dreary vale
They passed, and many a region dolorous,
O 'cr many a frozen, many n tlery Alp,
Ilockt, cave*, lakti, ftns, Loji, dtns: and thade* d
dtath,— ,
A universe of death.
In what other language shall wo find in tbt
eamo number of words a more vivid picture of*
desolation than this ? Hear, again, tho lost
archangel calling upon hell to receive its noy
possessor:
. One who brings
A mind not to be changed by place or time.
The mind 1m its own place. and in Itself
O.m mako a heaven of hoi), a bell of heaven.
'What matter where. If 1 bo bill! tho eamo,
.And what I should bo ; all but less than ho
Whom thuudor hath made greater ? Hero, at least.
• Wo shall Imj free; the Almighty hath not built
Hero for Hi* envy; will not drivo ua honco;
Hero we may reign secure, and, In my choice,
To rolgn is worth ambition, though In hell;
Bettor reign In bell, than serve In heaven.
Did Byron look force or fire ? Listen to thi
words in which ho describes the destruction ok
Sonnaohorib:
For tho Angel of Beatb spread bis wings on tho blast.
And breathed In tho face of (ho foe as bo passed:
And tho eyes of tho alcopots wax’d deadly and chill.
And Ihelr.hcarU boat but ouca, and forever lay atUL
Hero, out of forty-three words, all hut throf
aro monosyllables; and yet how exquisitely art*
all theso monosyllables linked into tho majestlo
and animated movement of • tho anapaestic
measure I Again, what can bo moro musical and
moro melancholy than the opening verse of tho
lines in tho same poet bids adieu to hit
native land?
' Adioul adieu I my native shoes
PndflH o’er tho waters blue, .
The nlght-wlnda sigh, the breezes roar,
And shrieks tho wild eca-mow.
Tho third and fonrth liuoa paint tho soone tf
tbo life; yot all tho words but ono are mono
syllables.
Goldsmith said of Dr. Johnson, that if ho wort,
towrito a fablo abont littlo fishes, ho would
make thorn talk like whales. There are many
writers in our own day who havo, ah equal con
tempt for small words, and never use one when
they can find a pompous polysyllabic to take its
.place. It is evident, however, from the passages
wo have cited, that these liliputlana—those Tom
Thumbs of tho dictionary—play as important a
part in our literature as thoir biggor aud more
.magniloquent brethren.- lu some kinds of
writing thoir almost oxolusivo use is in-,
dispensable. 'What would havo boon the;
fato of. Banyan’s immortal .bock had;
ho told tho story of tho Pilgrim's journey,
in tho ponderous, elephantine “ —osities ” and
“ aliens ”of Johnson, ortho gorgeous Latin*
ity of Taylor? It would have boon like build'
Ing a boat out of timbers out. out for a ship,
Whoa we remember that the Saxon language,
the soul of the English, is essentially monoßyila
bio ; that our language contains, of monosylla*
bios formed.by tho vowel a alone, more than
600,—by the vowel e, some 450 ;by the vowel i,
. about. 400 ; by tho vowel o, over 400 ;
and by the vowel u, more than 250 ;
we must! admit that these seemingly petty
and Insignificant words, oven tho microscopic
particles, do far from meriting to bo treated os
“ creepers,” ate of high importance, and that tc
know when and how to uso thqrp is oven oi
greater moment to tho speaker or writer than
to know when to use tho grandiloquent oxprea*
sions which wo have borrowed from-tho language
of Groccoand Homo. To ovary man who hoi
occasion to loach or movo his fellow-men by
tongue or pen, wo would say, in tho words of the
accomplished Dr, Addison Alexander,—them
selves a most happy example of tho thing ho
commends: •
Think sol that strength lies In tho big round word,
Or that tho brief and plain must needs be weak,
To whom can this ho true who ouoo has heard
The cry for help, the tonguo that all men speak,
When want or woo or fear is in the throat.'
Bo that each word gasped out is like a shriek
Pressed from tho sore heart, or a strange wild note
Bung by some fuy or fiend. There is a strength
Which dies'if stretched too fur or spun tog flue,
Which has moro height than . breadth,* more depth
th*h length. , »
Let but this force of thought and speech bo mine,
Aud ho'that will may take the sleek, fat, phrase,
Which glows amt hums not, though It gleam ant
shine— -
Light, but no beat—a flash, but not a blaze I
Nor is U more strength (hat tho short word boasts;
IfceorvcH of moro than fight or storm tq tell,. '
Tho rour of waves that claeu on rock-hound coasts,
■ The crash of toll (roes wheu tho wild wluds swell,
Tho roar of guns, tho'groans of men tbn( die
On blood-stained fields. It has a voicoloa well
For thorn that far off on their lilcb-bedsllo; •
For them that woop, for them Unit mourn (ho dc« 4(,
For them that laugh, nud dnneo, and clan tho band;
To Joy’s quick stop, as well as grief’s slow tread,
The sweet, plain words wo learnt at first keep lime.
And, though toe theme be sad, or gay, or grand.
With each, with all, these may bo made to chime,.
la thought, or speech, or song, in prose or rhyme.
SOUP-HOUSES FOR THE POOR.
To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune
Sib s. The coming winter is UUoly io be a very
trying one for the poor. In ordinary whiten
the number of Buffering poor is largo enough,
but the present panto baa thrown'thousands
more ont of employment, who will surely come
to want before business again rovlroa. While
Chicago may present lees actual destitution and
Buffering than other cities, It Is the part of wis
dom to provide for any ouaoa which may occur.
No chanty does more good in proportion to the
moans employed than a well-managed souphouso.
Lot the Relief and Aid Society consider this
matter and employ a part of its ample moans to
establish a soup-establishment after the Cincin
nati plan. Place the main house and the man
ufactory on the West Side, with btauchos or dis
tributing stations at the aocoNsible points on the
North and South Sides. Such an institution.,
kept open and well managed during the next
three months, would accomplish au Incalculable,
amount of good. - ih 0, a.

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