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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, December 03, 1873, Image 2

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Treaty of Washington vyab confined to
claims of British subjects arising {luring the
period named in tho treaty, but it is understood
Hint there nre other Biltish claims of iv similar
nnturo, arising after the 9th of April, 1805, and
it is known Mint other claims of a like nature are
advanced by citizens crsubjocls of other powers.
It is desirable to hnvo those claims also exam*
ined and disposed of.
THE AOIIRRN WAU.
Official Information being received from tho
Dutch Government of a slate of war between
tho King of tho Netherlands and tho Sultan of
Acheon, tho officers ot the United States who
were near the scat of tho war wore instructed to
observe an impartial neutrality. It is believed
that they have done so.
MEXICAN CLAIMS,
Tho Joint Commission under tho Convention
with Mexico of IBGB, having again been legally
Erolougcd, lias resumed its business, which, it is
oped, may bo brought to an early conclusion.
Tho dlstluguishcdroprcscntallvoorHor Britannic
Majesty at Washington has kindly consented,
with tho approval or his Government, to assume
tho arduous and responsible duties of umpire in
this Commission, and to loud the weight of his
character and name to such decisions as may
not receive tho acquiescence of both tho arbitra
tors appointed by tho respective Governments.
Tho Commissioners appointed, pursuant to tho
authority of Congress, to examine into tho
nature and extent of tno forays .by trespassers
fiom that country upon Iho herds of Texas have
made a report, which will bo submitted for your
consideration.
CLAIMS ON VENEZUELA.
Tho Venezuelan Government has boon ap
prised of tho sense of Congress in regard to the
award of the Joint Commission, under tho Con
vention of tho 25th of Apill, 1860, as ‘expressed
in tho act of tho 25th of February last. It is
apprehended that that Government does not
realize the character of its obligationsnndor that
Convention. As there is reason to behove, how
ever, that Us hesitancy in recognizing them
springs, iu part at least, from real difficulty in
discharging them in connection with its obliga
tions to oilier Governments, tho expediency of
further foiboaranco on our part is believed to be
worthy of your oonsiduration.
CONSULAR POWERS.
The Ottoman Government and that of Egypt
bavo latterly shown a disposition to relievo
foreign Consuls of the judicial powers which
heretofore they have oxoiclscd in tho Turkish
Dominions by organizing other tribunals. As
Congress, however, has by law provided for tho
discharge of judicial functions by Consuls of
Lbo United States in that quarter, under the
treaty of 1830. I have not felt at liberty for
myself to accept tho present change without tho
assent of Congress, whoso decision upon the
subject at as curly a period us may ho convenient
is earnestly requested.
SAN DOMINGO.
I transmit here, for the cousidorntion and de
termination of Congress, nu application of tho
Republic of Sauto Domingo to this Government
to cxorciso a protectorate over that Republic.
TREATIES.
Since the adjournment of Congress, tho fol
lowing treaties with foreign powers have been
proclaimed : A naturalization convention with
Denmark ; a convention with Mexico for renew
ing their Claims Commission ; a convention of
friendship, commerce, and extradition with tho
Orange Fri o Slate, aud a naturalization conven
tion with Ecuador.
POSTAL APPOINTMENTS.
I renew a recommendation made in my moa
tage of-December, 187U, that Congress author
zo tho Postmaster General to issue all commis
sions to officials appointed through his depart
neat.
EXTRADITION.
I invito tho earnest attention of Congress to
■ho existing laws of tho United States respecting
rxtradilion, and tho eligibility of nationality by
indivldiiiilo. Many citizens of tho United
Slates reside permanently abroad with their
families. Under tho provisions of tho act, ap
proved Feb. 10, 1855, tho children of such per
sons aro to bo doomed and taken to bo citizens
5f tho United Htatos, but tho rights of citizen
ship aro not to descend to persons whoso fathers
Dover resided in tho United States. It thus
happens that persons who have never resided
within tho United States have boon enabled to
put forward a pretension lo tho protection of
tho United States !»* ainfifc tho claim of military
service of tho Government under whoso protec
tion they were born aud havo been roared. In
some oases unnaturalized citizens of tho United
Slates have returned to the land of their birth
to remain thoro. and their children, the issue of a
amriago contracted there after their return,
ind who havo uovor been in tho United States,
iave laid claim to our protection when tho
lapse of many years has imposed upon them tho
inly of military service to tho only Government
which had over known thorn personally. Until
tho year 1863, the question was left embarrassed
by conllicting opinions of courts and jurists to
determine how far tho doctrine of
allegiance derived from our former colonial re
lations with Great Britain was applicable to
American citizens. Congress then wisely swept
tho doubts away by electing that any declaration,
instructiou, opinion, order, or decision of any olh
cer of this Government which denies, restricts,
impairs, or questions thoright of expatriation is
inconsistent with tho fundamental principle of
this Govornmeut 5 but Congress did not indicate
In that statute, nor lias it since done so, what
lets ore to bo deemed to work expatriation. For
ny own guidance in determining such questions
[ requested,under the provisions of tho Constitu
tion, tho opmiou in writing of tho principal
s Ulcer iu each of tho Executive Departments
open certain questions relating to this subject.
I’uo icbtilt Batlßtics mo that further legislation
has become necessary. I therefore commend
iKi Bubjcot to the careful consideration
)£■ Congress, and 1 transmit herewith
copies of (ho several opinions of tho principal
illlccvs of tho Executive Departments, together
vith other correspondence and prominent in
.’oima.ion on tho same subject. Tho United
States, who led the way in tho overthrow of tho
feudal doctrine of perpetual allegiance, are
tmong tho taut to indicate how their own citi
zens may elect another nationality. Tho papers
mbraittod herewith indicate what is necessary lo
place us on a par with other leading nations in
liberality of legislation on this international
question. Wo have already, In our treaties, as
sented to tho principles which would need to bo
embodied in laws intended to accomplish
such results. Wo havo agreed that citi
zens of tho United States may cease
to bo citizens, and may voluntarily render allegi
ance to other powers. Wo have agreed that resi
dence in a foreign land, without intent to return,
shall of itself work expatriation. Wo havo
agreed in some instances upon tho length of time
necessary for such intent. I iuvito Congress
now to mark out and delluo when aud how ex
patriation can bo accomplished 5 to regulate, by
liw, tho condition of American women marrying
foreigners 5 to tlx tho status of ohiidiou born in
a foreign country of American parentis, residing
more or loss permanently abroad ; and to make
rules for determining such other kindred points
as may seem best to Congress.
THE SPANISH REPURLIO.
In compliance with tho request of Congress, I
transmitted to the American Minister at Madrid,
with instructions to present it to tho Spanish
Government, the joint resolution approved on
tbo Bcl of March last, tendering to tbo people of
Spain, in tbo name and on behalf of tbo Ameri
can, people tbo congratulations of Congress upon
the efforts to consolidate iu Spain the principles
of universal liberty iu a llepubbcan form of gov
ernment. Tbo existence of this now Itopubilc was
inaugurated by striking the fetters from tbo
slaves In Forto lUco. This beneficent measure
was followed by the release of several thousand
persons illegally sold as slaves in Cuba. Next, tbo
Captain-General of that colony was deprived
of the power to sot aside tho
o-dors of his superiors at Madrid, which had per
tained to tho office since 1825. The somiostored
estates of American citizens, which had boon
the cause of long and frequent correspondence,
wore ordered to bo restored to thoir owners. All
, these liberal stops,taken in tho face of violent op
position, directed by the reactionary slaveholders
of Havana, who are vainly striving to stay the
march of ideas, hove terminated slavery iu Chris
tendom, Cuba only excepted. Unhappily, how
ever, this baneful influence lias thus far suc
ceeded in defeating the efforts of all liberal
minded men in Bjmln to abolish slavery In Cuba,
and Iu preventing the promised reform iu that
island.
TUB VIROINIDB AFFAIR.
Thestmggld fornolUical suimmmovocmllnnes.
Thu pro-slavery aristocracy lu Cuba is gradually
arraigning itself in more and moroopou hostility
and deliunco to the Homo Government, while it
stiti maintains a political connection with tho
Hopnblio in tho Peninsula, and, although usurp
ing and defying tho authority of tho Homo
Government whenever such usnrpalum or de
fiance tends in tho direction of oppression or of
tho maintenance r.f abuses, it is still a power tu
Madrid, and recognized by tho Government,—
thus an element mure dangerous to continued
colonial relations between Cuba and Spain than
that which Inspired tho insurrection at
Yiirra. Au element opposed to granting any
relief from mtavulo and abuop, wltu no ainlm
tions after freedom, oammaudluK no aympath ee
In nenoroue broeeta, aiming to rivet atilt
elrouKor tbo abnoklea of elavory end oimrasalou,
baa aolaed many of tbo emblems of power in
Cuba, and, under profoaaiona of loyalty to tho
mother oouutiy, in oxhuttstliiß tho resources of
tlio lalaml, mill in lioimt ; '-N tvliicb ere at
vat lance with the prino;.o iii-itiuo, liberality,
and of rljjlit, which ijiic i.ohilny ol character
to a republic. In tho interests of humanity, of
civilization, and of progress, It is to ho hoped
that this evil liilluonco may bo soon averted.
Tho steamer Vlrginius was, on tho 2(Uh day of
September, 1870, duly registered at Hie port of
Now York ns a part of the commercial marine of
tho United States. On tho 4th of October, 1870.
having tho certificate of her rogtotor hi the usual
legal I'erm, she sailed from tho port of Now York,
and has not since boon within the territorial juris*
diction of I ho United Hlatcs. On t ho3lstof October
Inst, while sailing under tho liag of tho United
States on Iho high seas, she was forcibly seized
by tho Spanish gunboat Tornado, and was carried
into tho port of Santiago do Cuba, whore many
of hor passengers and crow wore inhumanly,
and, so far at least ns relates to those who wore
Citizens of thd United States, without duo
E recess of law, put to donlh. It Is a woU-ostab
shod principle, assorted by.tho United States
from tho beginning of their national independ
ence, recognized by Great Britain and other
maritime powers, and stated by ttio Senate in ft
resolution passed unanimously on tho 10th of
Juno, 1858, that American vessels on the high
seas in time of peace, bearing the American Hag,
remain under tho jurisdiction of tho country to
which they belong; and, therefore, any visita
tion, molestation, or detention of suoh vessel by
force on tho part of a foreign power is in deroga
tion of the sovereignty of the united States. In
accordance with this principle, the restoration
of Iho Virgluiuß ana tho surrender of Iho
survivors of her passengers and orow, and
a\ iduo reparatiou to tho flag, and tho
punishment of the authorities who had boon
guilty of tho Illegal oots of violence wore de
manded. The Spanish Government has recog
nized the justice of tho demand, and has ar
ranged for tho immediate delivery of tho voesol,
aful for tho surrender of tho survivors of tho
passengers and crow, and for a salute to tho flag,
and for piocoodiugs looking to the punishment
of those who may have beau guilty of illegal
acts of violence towards tho citizens
of tho United States, and also towards
indemnifying those who may bo shown to
bo entitled to indemnity. A copy of a protocol
of ft conference between tho Secretary of State
and tiro Spanish Minister, in winch tho terms of
tills arrangement were agreed to, is transmitted
herewith :
THE PROTOCOL.
Protocol of the Oonfcrouco held at tho Deportment of
Htato at Washington, on tho 20th of November, 1873,
between Hamilton Pish, Secretary of State, nml
Rear-Admiral Don Jobo Polo do B.trunboo, Envoy
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of
Spain:
The undersigned, having met for tho purpose of on
toring into a definitive agreement respecting tho case
of tho Btoamcr Virginias, which, while under tho flag
of the United States, wbb on tho 31st day of October
last captured an the high sens by the Spaulsh
man-of-war Tornado, have reached tho following
conclusion: Spain, on bur part, stipulates to restore
forthwith the vessel referred to, and tho survivors of
her passengers ami crow, and, on the 23th day of De
cember next, to Eululo tho flag of the United States. If,
however, before that date Spain should prove to tho
salibfactiou of the Government of tho United Slates
that tho Virginias was not entitled to carry the
flag of tho United States, and was carrying
it at tho time of her capture without right, mid
improperly, tho saluto will bo spontaneously
dispensed with, as iu such case not being necessary
or requirabic, but tho United Stuloa will oxpcct iu
such euflo o disclaimer of intent of Indignity to Its flag
In tho act which was committed. Further,that on or bo
foro tiro 25th of December, 187J, If it shall bo made to
Appear to the satisfaction of the Uuitod States that tho
Virginias did not rightfully carry tho American flag,
ami was not entitled to American papers, tho United
Shitos will iustituto inquiry, and adopt legal pro*
ccodings against (he vcaacl if it bo found
that sue violated any law of tho United States,
and against any of (ho persons who may appear
to have been gallty of Illegal acts in connection
therewith, it being understood that Spain will proceed
according to tho second proposition made toGou.
Sickles nud communicated in bin telegram to Admiral
I’oio on tho 27th Hint., to investigate the conduct of
those authorities who huvo infringed Spanish laws and
honorary obligations, uud will arraign them before
competent courts and,indict punishment on those who
may have offended, other reciprocal reclamations to
bo subject to consideration and arrangement be
tween tho two Governments, ami, in case of
no agreement, to bo (bo subject of
arbitration, If tho constitutional assent of tho Senate
of tho United States bo given thereto. It is further
stipulated that tho time, manner, and place for the
surrender of tho Virginias and tho survivors of those
who were on board of her at tho time of her capture,
and also tho time, manner, nud place for tho salute to
tho Hag of the United Stales, if thoro should bo occa
sion for such salute, shall bo subject to arrangement
between (bo undersigned within tho next two days.
(Signed) lUsm/roN Turn.
Josh I'olo d k lUunaoee.
The correspondence on this subject with the
Legation of tho United States it) iu cipher aud by
a cable, and needs the verification of the actual
text of tho corrcspoudouco. It has seemed to
be duo to tho importance of tho ease not to sub
mit this correspondence until the accurate text
can bo received by mail. It is expected shortly,
and will bo submitted when received. Iu taking
leave of this subject for t tho • present, 1
wish to renew tho expression of my
conviction that tho existence of African
slavery iu Cuba is a principal cause of the
lamentable condition of the island. Ido not
doubt that Congress shares with mo tho hope
that it will soon bo made to disappear, and that
peace and prosperity mav follow its abolition.
The embargoing of American estates iu Cuba,
cruelty to American citizens detected iu no act
of hostility to tho Spanish Government, tho
murdering of prisoners taken with anus iu their
hands, and, limilly, tho capture upon tho high
seas of a vessel sailing under tho United States
Hug and bearing a Uuitod States registry,
baa onlmiuatod iu an outburst of indig
nation that has seemed for a time to
threaten war. Ponding negotiations between
tho United Slates and tho Government of Spain
on tho subject of this capture, I have authorized
tho Secretary of tho Navy to put our navy ou a
war footing, to tho extent at least of tho entire
annual appropriation for that branch of the ser
vice. trusting to Congress and tho public opinion
of the American people to justify my notion.
TUB VETO I'OWER.
Assuming, from tho action of (be last Con
gloss, iu appointing a Committee on Privileges
aud Elections to prepare and report to this
Congress* a constitutional amendment to pro
vide a bettor method of electing tho President
of tho Uuitod States, and also, from tho neces
sity ot such an amendment, that there will bo
submitted to tho State Legislatures for rotiflea
tiou such an improvement in our condition,
I suggest two others for your consideration.
First, to authorize tho Executive to approve
of so much of any measure passing the two
Houses of Congress as hia judgment may dic
tate, without approving tho whole, the disap
proved portion or poitionstobo subjected to
tho same rules as now, to-wit: to bo referred
back to tho Uouso iu which tho measure or
measures originated, and, if passed by a two
thirds voto of tho two Houses, then to become
a law without tho approval of tho President. I
would add to this a provision that there bhoald
bo no legislation by Congress during the last
twenty-tour hours of its sitting, except upon
veto, iu order to give tho Executive an op
poi tunity to examine aud approve or disapprove
undorstandiugly.
EXTRA SESSIONS.
Second, to provide by amendment that when
au extra session of Congress is convened by Idx
ocutivo proclamation, legislation during tho con
tinuance of such extra session shall be confined
to such subjects as tbo Executive may bring be
fore it from time to time hr writing. Tno ad
vantages to bo gained by those two amendments
are obvious: One session in each year is pro
vided for by tbo Constitution, iu which there are
no restrictions as to the subjects of legislation by
Congress. If more aro required, it is always lu
tho power of Congress during thoir term of office
to provide for sessions at any time. The first of
those amendments would protect tho people
against the many abuses and waste of nubile
mouova which creep Into appropriation bills and
othor’imporlant measures passing during tho ex
piring hours of Congress, to which, otnorwiso,
duo consideration cannot bo given.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT.
The receipts of tho Government from ftII
sources for tho last fiscal year wore $033,733,201,
and expenditures on till Accounts $21)0,310,215,
lima showing au excess of receipts over
expenditures of $43,303,059. But it is
not probable that this favorable
exhibit will bo shown for tho present fiscal year.
Indeed, it is very doubtful whether, except with
great economy on tho part of Congress in malt
iu" appropriations, and tho sumo economy
in administering tho vailous Departments
of tho Government, tho revenues will not
fall short of making tho annual expenses,
including interest on tho public debt, 1
commend to Congress such economy, and point
out two sources where it seems to mo it might
commence, to-wlts In the appropriations for
public buildings in the many cities where work has
not boon commenced; in the appropriations for
river and harbor improvements in those locali
ties whore the Improvements are of but little
bonollt to general commerce, ami formications.
There is a still more frulttul source of expendi
ture,which I will point out later in this message.
X refer to tho easy method of manufacturing
claims for losses incurred in tho suppression of
the late Kebolhon. I would not bo understood
hero as opposing the erection of good, substan
tial, and oven ornamental buildings by tho Qov
eminent wherever such buildings are needed. In
fact, I approve of tho Government owning its
own buildings in all sections of tho country, and
hope the day is not far distant when it will not
only possess them, but will erect in tho Cap
ital suitable residences for all persons who now
receive commutation for quarters or rent at
Government expense, and for tho Cabinet, thus
sotting an example to tho States which may in
duce them to erect buildings fur tbeir Senators ;
THE CHICAGO DAILY TUIISUJVE: WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1873.
but I would have this work conducted ot Umc4 !
when tho revenues of tho country would ahun- |
dantly justify it.
Tlll3 FINANCIAL CRISIS.
Tim revenues have mntorlallyfallon off for the
last five months of tho present fiscal year from
what they wore expected to produce, owing to
the general panic now prevailing, which com
menced about tho middle of Boptombor lost.
Tho full effect of this disaster—lf It does not
prove to ho a blessing in disguise—is jiot to bo
demonstrated. In either event, it is your
duty to hoed tho lesson, and provide,
by wise and well-considered legislation, ns
far as it lies In your power, against its recur
rence, and to take advantage of all bdnollts that
may have accrued. My own judgment is, that,
however much Individuals may have suffered,
one long atop lias boon taken toward specie pay
ments } that wo can never have permanent pros
perity until an entire now basis is reached, and
a specie basis cannot bo reached and maintained
until our exports, exclusive of gold, pay for our
Imports, interest duo abroad, and other specu
lations, so heavy as to leave an appreciable
accumulation of those metals In tho country
from products of our mines. Tho develop
ment of tho mines of precious metals
during tho past year, and tho prospective
development of them for years to come are
gratifying in tho extreme; but, if one-half tho
gold extracted from mines be retained at homo,
our advance towards specie payments would be
rapid. To Increase our exports, sufficient cur
rency Is required to keep all tho Industries of
tho ccmntty employed. Without this, national
as well fts individual bankruptcy must ensue.
Undue inllatiou, on tho other hand, while it
might give temporary relief, would only load
to infiatian of prices, tho impossibility of com
peting in our own markets for tho products of
nemo skill and labor, and repealed renewals of
experiences.
THE CURRENCY.
Elasticity to our speculating medium, there
fore, and just enough of it to transact tho
legitimate business of the country and to keep
all industries employed, la what is most desired.
Tho oxaot medium in specie, tho recognized
medium of exchange tho world over—that ob
tained, and wo shall have a currency of an exact
degree of elasticity. If there ho too much of it
for tho legitimate purposes of trade and com
merce, it will flow out of tho country. If too
little, the reverse will result. To hold what wo
have, and to appreciate our currency to that
standard, is a problem deserving of tno most
serious consideration of Congress. Tho experi
ence of the present panto has proven that
the currency of tho country, based as it
is upon tho credit of tho country, is
the best that has ovor boon devised. Usually in
times of such trials tho currency has become
worthless, or so much depreciated in value ns to
inflate values of all tho necessaries of life as
compared with tho currency, and every one hold
ing it has boon anxious to dispose of it on any
terms. Now wo witness tho reverse. Holders
of currency hoard it as they did gold in former
experiences of a like nature. It is patent to tho
most casual observer that much more currency
or money is required to transact tho legitimate
trade of tho country during the fall aud winter
mouths, when tho vast crops are being
removed, than during tho balance of
tho year. Tho amount in tho country
remains the same throughout tho year, resulting
iu an accumulation of all tho surplus capital of
the country, when not employed iu tho moving of
the crops, in Eastern cities, tempted there by
offers of high interest. This surplus
capital must earn this interest, paid with a
proflt, being subject to call. It can bo loaned
only in part at best to the merchant or manu
facturer for u fixed terra; henoo no matter how
much currency there might bo in tho country, it
would bo absorbed, prices keeping pace with tho
volume; and panics, stringency, aud disasters
would over bo recurring with the elasticity in
our money system.
This is tho object to bo obtained first; and
next, as far as possible, ft prevention of tho use
of mono/ in stock and other species of specula
tion. To prevent tho latter, it seems to roe that
one groat stop would bo taken by prohibiting tho
National Banks from paying interest on deposits,
by requiring them to hold their reserves iu Iheir
own vaults, : and by foro.ng them iulo resump
tion, though it would be only iu legal-tender
notes. Fur this purpose, I would suggest the
establishment of Clearing-Houses for your con
sideration.
To tecuro tho former advantage, referred to
above, many plana have been suggested, most
of which look to mo like inflation, on one baud,
or compelling the Govornmeut, on tho other, to
pay interest without corresponding benefits
upon the surplus funds of tho couutry, during
the seasons whou otherwise unemployed. 1 sub
mit for your consideration whether this dilU
culty might not bo overcome by authorizing the
Secretary of tho Treasury to issue at any time
to nominal banka of issue auy amount of their
notes below a lixed percentage of their issue,
say 10 per cent, upon tho banks depositing
with tho Treasurer of the United States an
amount of Government bunds equal to
tho amount of notes demanded, tho banks to
forfeit to the Government, say, i per cent on
tho interest accruing on tho bunds so pledged
during tho time they remain with tho Treasury,
as security for tho increase of circulation. The
bonds so pledged to bo redeemable by the banks
at their pleasure, either in whole or in part, by
returning their own bills for cancellation to an
amount equal to tho face of the bonds with
drawn.
1 would further suggest for your consideration
tho propriety of authorizing Nntioual Banks to
diminish thoir standing issue at pleasure
by returning for cancellation thoir own
bills, and withdrawing bo many United
States bonds os uro pledged for tbo bilia re
turned.
AN ARGUMENT FOB FREE BANKING.
In view of tbo great actual ooatraotiou that
has taken placo in tho currency,and tbo compara
tive contraction constantly going on, duo to tho
increase of population, increase of manufac
tures and all tbo industries, 1 do not bollevo that
there is too much of It now for tho dullest period
of tbo year. Indeed, if Clearing-Houses
should bo established, thus forcing redemption,
it is a question for consideration whether bank
ing should not bo niado free, —retaining all safe
guards now required to scour* bill-holders.
PROPRIETY or INCREASING THE LEGAL DANK
RESERVES.
In any modification of the present laws regu
lating the Nation,il Banks aud a further stop
towards providing for tbo resumption of specie
payment, I invito your attention to aoonsldoration
ufiboDropriotyorosactingfrom them tbs reten
tion,as a part of thoir reserve,of either tbo wboloor
a part of tbo gold interest accruing upon tho
bunds pledged us security for tbeir issue. 1 bavo
not roilectod enough on tbo bearing this might
bavo in producing a scarcity of coin with which
to pay duties on imports to give it my positive
recommendation ; but your atteutiou is iuvited
to tbo subject.
THE RECENT CONTRACTION OF TUB CURHENCT.
Duriug tho last four years the currency has
bocu contracted directly by tho withdrawal of 8
per cent certificates compound Interest
notes, aud 7-80 bonds outstanding
on tno 4th of march, 1881), all of which
took tho place of legal-tenders in tbo
bank reserves to tho extent of $03,000,000.
Duriug the same period there has bcoiramucb
larger comparative contraction of tho currency.
The population of tho country has largely in
croastd : more than 25.000 miles of railroad have
Decn built, requiring the active use of capital to
operate them; millions of acres of laud have
bocu opened to cultivation, requiring capital to
remove the products; manufactories bavo mul
tiplied beyond all precedent In tho same period
of time, requiring capital weekly for tbo pay
ment of wages and for the purchase of mate
rial ; and probably tbo largest of all comparative
contractions arising from the organizing of free
labor in tho South. Now, every laborer there
receives his wages, and,for want of savings banks,
tbo greater part of such wages is carried
in the pocket, or hoarded till required for use.
Those siigg9&lions are thrown out for your con
sideration, without any recommendation that
they nhall bo adopted literally, but hoping that
the best method may bo arrived at to scouro
such an elasticity of tbo ourrunoy as will keep
employed all the industries of tbo country, aud
prevent such ou inflation as will put off indeflitoly
tho I’souAiptlon of specie payments—an object
devoutly to bo wished for by all, and oy none
more earnestly than tbo class of people most
directly interested —those who earn their broad
by tbo swoatuf the brow. Tho decisions of Con
gress on this subject will buvo the hearty sup
port of tbo Executive.
AMttmcart auir-DDiLDiKa.
In previous messages, 1 have called attention
to tho decline in American ship-building, and
recommended such legislation as would secure
to m> our portion of tho carrying trade. Stimu
lated by high rales and abundance of freight,
tho progress for tho list your lias boon very sat
isfactory. There has boon an increase of about
3 per cent in tho amount transported on Amuri
icun vessels over tho Amount of lust year. With
tho reduced cost of material which Ims taken
place, it may reasonably bo hoped that this
change will bo maintained, and oven increased.
However, as wo pay about $30,000,000 per annum
to foreign vessels for tho transportation of our
surplus products to a market, thus increasing
the balance of trade against us tu this amount,
dm subject is one worthy of your serious con
sideration.
CHEAP TRANBI’OIITATION
is a subject that lias attracted the attention of
both producers and consumers tor the past few
years, uud has contributed to, if It has not been
tho direct enusoof, tho recent panic and strin
gency. As Congress, At its last session, appoint
ed a special committee to investigate this whole
subject during tho vacation and report at
this session, I have nothing to recommend until
their report is ready.
IMPROVEMENT OF THE AMERICAN CANAL SYSTEM.
There is one work, howovor, of a national
character In which tho greater portion of tho
East and tho West, tho North and the South ore
equally Interested, to which I will Invite your
attention. The State of Now York has a ouual
connecting Lake Erie with lido-wator on the
Hudson River. Tho State of Illinois has n simi
lar canal, connecting Lake Michigan with navi
gublo water on tho Illinois lllvor, tlmmnnklng
water communication inland between the Last
aud tho West and South. Those groat artificial
water-courses are the property of tho States
through which they p.w>H, and pay toll to
thono States. Would It not ho wind statesmanship
to pledge those States that, i( they will open
thost canals for tho passage of largo vessels, tho
Oovammont will look after and hoop in navi
gable condition the groat public highways with
which they connect, to-wit: tho ovoi slough in
tho Hudson, tho Bt. Clair Flats, snd tho Illinois
and Mlanlßulppl Itivors. This would bo a national
work,—one of groat value to Iho producers of
tho West and South in giving them cheap trails
portatlon for their produce to the seaboard
and a market; to tho consumers iu tho East
in giving them cheaper food, . particularly
of those articles of food which do not find a for
eign market, and tho prices of which, therefore,
are not regulated by foreign demand, iho ad
vantages of such a work arc too obvious for ar
gument, I submit tho subject to you, thorofoio,
without further comment.
A SEARCH AFTER SOUi'U AMERICAN COMMERCE.
In attempting to regain our lost commerce
aud carrying trade, 1 heretofore called attention
to tho States south of us offering a field whore
much might bo occotnplishcd to further this ob
ject. I suggest that a small appropriation bo
made, accompanied with authority for tho Secre
tary of tho Navy to fit out a naval vessel to
ascend tho Amazon River to tho mouth of tho
Madeira, thence to explore that river and its
tributaries imo Bolivia, and to report to Con
gress, at its next session, or as soon as practic
able, the accessibility of tho country by water,
its resources, and the population so reached.
Such an exploration will cost but little; it can
do no harm, and may result in establishing a
trade of value to both nations.
CODIFICATION OF THE TARIFF —NEW MINTS.
In further connection with tho Treasury
Dooartmeut, I would recommend a revision aud
codification of tho tariff laws, and tho opening
of more mints for coining money, with authority
to coin for suoh nations as may Apply.
THE WAR DEPARTMENT.
The attention of Cougioss is invited to tho
recommendations iu tho report of the Secretary
of War herewith accompanying. Tho apparent
groat cost of supporting tho Academy is fully ex
plained iu the report, and it will receive your
attention. While inviting your groat atten
tion to all tho recommendations made by
the Secretary of War. there are two which I
would especially Invito you to consider:
.First—The importance of preparing for war
in time of peace by providing for proper arma
ment for our sea-coast defenses. Proper
armament is of vastly more importance than
fortifications. The latter can bo supplied vorv
speedily for temporary purposes when needed.
The former cannot.
Second— I Tho necessity of reopening promotion
in tho staff corps of the army. Particularly is
this necessity felt in tho Medical, Pay, and Ord
nance Departments. At this lime it is necessary
to employ contract surgeons to supply tho nec
essary medical attention required by tho army.
With tho present force of the Fay Department,
it is now difficult to make payments to troops
provided for by law. Long delays in payments
aro productive of desertions and demoralization,
and the law prohibits tho payment of troops by
other thau regular army Paymasters. There aro
now sixteen vacancies in tho Ordnance Depart
ment, thus leaving that branch of iho service
without sufficient officers to conduct tho busi
ness of tho different arsenals on a largo scale if
over required.
THE NAVY DEPARTMENT.
During tho east year our navy has been re
duced by tho sale of some vessels no longer At
for naval purposes, and by the condemnation of
others not yet disposed of, This, however, has
boon more than compensated for by tho repair
of six of the old wooden ships, and by tho
building of eight now sloops-of-war authorized
by tho lost Congress. The building of tbeso
latter has occurred at a doubly fortunate time.
They are about being completed when they will
possibly bo much needed; and the work upon
them has not only given employment to thou
sands of mou ; but, no doubt, has boon tho
means of keeping open establishments of other
works at a time of groat Aaaucial distress.
Since tho commencement of last month, how
ever, tho distressing occurrences which have
taken place in waters of tho Caribbean Sea,
along our very seaboard, while they illustrate
most forcibly the necessity always existing that
a nation situated ns ours should maintain in a
stato of cfllcienoy a navy adequate to its I'ospon
sibilitics, have, at the same time, demanded that
all tho effective force wo really have
shall bo put in immediate readiness
for warlike service. This has boon, and is being,
done promptly and effectively; and lam as
sured that all the available ships and every au
thorized mau of tho American navy will bo ready
for whatever action is required for tho safety
of our cities or tho maintenance of our honor.
Tills, of course,will render necessary the expendi
ture, in a short time, of soma of tho appropria
tions which wore calculated to extend through tho
fiscal you*; but Congress will, 1 doubt not. un
derstand and appreciate the emergency, and will
provide adequately, not only for tho present
preparation but fur the future maintenance of
our naval force.
The Secretary of tho Navy lias during tho past
year boon quietly putting soma of our most ex
tensive monitors in condition for service, and
thus the exigency fimia uh in a much hector con
dition for work than wo could possibly have boon
without his action.
THE POST-OFPICE DEPARTMENT.
A oomploto exhibit is presented in tbo accom
panying report of tbo Postmaster-General of
tbo Post-Office Department during the year.
Tho ordinary postal rovouuoa for tbo fiscal year
ending Juno 80, 1373, amounted to $22,996,-
741.57, and iho expenditures of all kinds to
$20,034,945.67. The increase of revenue over
1372 was $1,081,315.20, aud the increase in ex
penditures $216,573.36. Independent of
the payments made from special
appropriations for mail steamship lines,
the amount drawn from tbo general Treasury to
meet deficiencies was $52,654,700. The constant
and rapid extension of our postal service, par
ticularly upon railways, aud the improved facili
ties for tbo collection, transmission, distribution,
and delivery of mails which are constantly being
provided, account for tbo increased expendi
tures of this popular brauob of tbo public
service.
Tbo total number of post-offloes in operation
outbeSUtbof Juno, 1873, was 332,214, a net
Increase of 1,881 over the number reported tbo
preceding year. Tbo number of Presidential
offices was 1,363,—an increase of 163 during
tbo year. Tbo total length of rail
road mall routes at tbo close of
the year was 63.457 miles.—an incroaoo
of 5,646 miles over tno year 1872. Pifcy-mno
railway post-office lines wero in operation on tbo
3l)th of Juno, 1873, extending over 14,866 miles
of railroad routes, aud performing an aggregate
service of 34,923 miles daily.
Tbo number of letters exchanged with foreign
couutiies was 27,459,185,.an increase of 3,096,685
over tiio previous year, and the postage thereon
amounted to $2,021,810.86, aud the total weight
of correspondence exchanged in malls with
European countries exceeded 912 tons, an in
crease of 92 tons over tho previous year. The
total cost of United States ocean mail steamship
service, including $735,000 paid from special ap
propriations to subsidized hues of mail steamers,
was $1,047,271.35. Now or additional postal
conventions have been concluded with Sweden,
Norway, Belgium, Germany, Canada, Now Pound
laud, and Japan, reducing tho postage rates on
correspondence exchanged with those countries}
and lurthor efforts hate been made to conclude
a satisfactory postal convention with Prance,
hue without success.
1 invito tho favorable consideration of Con
gress to tho suggestions and recommendations
of tho Postmaster-General for an extension of
tho froo-dehvory system In nil cities having a
population of not loss than 10,000; lor tbo pro
payinunt of postage on newspapers, and other
limited matter of tbo second clubs; fur uni
form postage and limit of weight
on miscellaneous mailer; for ad
justing tbo comnonßation of all Postmasters
appointed by tho President by tho old method of
commissions on tho actual receipts of tho office,
instead of fixing tho salary in advance upon
special returns ; and especially do 1 urge favor
aolo action bv Congress on tho important recom
mendation of tho Postmaster-General for tho
establishment of United States postal savings
depositories.
POSTAL TELEGRAPHS,
Your attention is also again called to a consid
eration of tho question of postal telegraphs, and
the arguments adduced in support thereof, in the
hope that you may take such action in connec
tion thoiowith as In your Judgment will most
contribute to the best intercuts of the country.
DEPARTMENT OP JUSTICE.
Affairs in Utah require your early and imme
diate attention. The tiuprome Court, of tho
United titutos, iu tho case of Cliutou v. Fugle-
bfcoht, deckled that tho United Stales Marshal
of that Territory could not lawfully sminmon
lurors for tho Distrlc* Courts, and those Courts
hold that tho Territorial Mondial faith fully per*
forms that duty, because ho In oleotod by tho
Legislative Assembly, and not appointed an pro
vided for in tho net organizing tho Territory.
All proceedings at law arc practically abolished
by Ihoso decisions, and, thorn havo hoon but fow
or no Jury-trials in tho Dlnlrlot Courts of that
Territory tnneo tho last session of Congress,
property in loft without protection hytheoourtH,
eud Crimea go unpunished. To piovont
anarchy liioro, it in absolutely necessary
that Cdngroiis provide tho courts with Soma
mode of obtaining Jurors { and I recommend
legislation to that end, and also that tho Probate
Ooiirts of tho Territory do not assume to Issue
writs of Injunction and habeas corpus, and to
try criminal eases, and in questions as to land
titles bo denied all Jurisdiction not possessed
ordluarly by courts of that description.
THE BANKRUPTCY AOT.
I havo become impressed with tho hollof that
tho not approved March 2,180/, entitled An “ Act
to establish a uniform system of bankruptcy
throughout tho United States," is productive of
more evil than good. At this time, many con
siderations might ho urged fur its repeal, but, if
this is not considered advisable, I think
it will not bo seriously questioned that
those portions of said act providing for what is
called “ involuntary bankruptcy " operate to In
crease tho fluaucinl embarrassment of careful
and prudent men, who very often become in
volved in debt in tho transaction of their busi
ness, and though they may possess ample prop
erty, If it could bo made available for that pur
pose, to meet all their liabilities, yet, on account
of tlio extraordinary scarcity of money, they
may bo unable to meet all their pecuniary obli
gations as thoy become duo, in consequence of
which they are liable to bo prostrated in. their
business by proceedings in bankruptcy at tho
instance of unrelenting creditors. People are
now so easily alarmed as to monetary matters,'
that tho more tiliug of a petition in bankruptcy
by an unfriendly creditor will necessarily
embarrass and oftentimes accomplish tho
llnanoial ruin of a responsible business
man. Those who otherwise might make lawful
and Just arrangomeuts to relieve themselves
from dillloultios produced by tho present strin
gency in money are prevented by their constant
exposure to attack and disappointment by pro
ceedings against them in bankruptcy 5 and, be
sides, tho law Is made use of in many eases by
obdurate creditors to frighten or forco debtors
into a compliance' with their wishes, and into
acts of injustice to other creditors and to them
selves. 1 recommend that so much of said act
as provides for involuntary bankruptcy on ac
count of tho suspension of payment bo repealed.
OIiAIMS AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT.
Your careful attention is invited to the subject
of claims against the Government, and the
facilities afforded by existing laws for their
prosecution. Each of the Departments of
State, Treasury, and War have demands for
many millions of dollars upon their Hies, and
they are rapidly accumulating, To thoao may
bo added those now ponding before Congress,
the Court of tho Claims, and tho Southern
Claims Commission, making in tho aggregate an
immense sum. Most of those grow out of tho
rebellion, and are intended to indemnify persons
of both stdos for their losses during tho war, and
not a few of them are fabricated and supported
by false testimony. Projects are on foot,
it is buhovod, to iuduco Congress to provide for
now classes of claims, and to revive old ones,
through the repeal or modiilcatiou of tho statute
of limitation, by which they are now barred.
I presume these schemes, if proposed, will bo
received with little favor by Congress, and I
recommend that persons having claims against
tho United States, cognizable by any tribunal or
department thereof, be required to present them
at anoarly day, and that legislation bo directed
as far as practicable to tho defeat of unfounded
and unjust demands upon tho Government; and
I would suggest, as a moans of preventing
fraud, that wincsaca bo called upon to
appear in person to testify before
those tribunals having said claims before them
for adjudication. Probably tho largest saving to
the National Treasury can bo secured by timely
legislation ou those subjects of any of tho
economic mcaiuros that will ho proposed, and
you will bo advised of tho operations of the .De
partment of Justice by tho report of tho Attor
ney-General, and X invite your attention to the
amendments or existing laws suggested by him,
with a view of reducing tho expenses of that
department.
THE DEPARTMENT OP THE INTERIOR.
Tho policy inaugurated towards the Indians at
tho beginning of tho last Administration has
been steadily pushed, and. I bohevo, with
beneficial results. It will bo continued,
with only such modifications ' nu time
and experience may demonstrate as necessary,
with tho encroachment of civilization upon the
Indian reservations and hunting-grounds. Dis
turbances have taken place between tho Indians
and whites during the past year, and probably
will continue to do so until bach race appre
ciates that theothor has rights which must bo re
spected. Tno policy has boon to collect tho In
dians as rapidly as possible on reservations, and,
aa far as practicable, within what la known as
tho Indian Territory, and to teach them tho arts
of civilization and self-support. Where found
off their reservations, and endangering the
peace and safely of tho whites, they have boon
punished, and will continue to bo for like of
fenses.
Tho Indian territory south of Kansas and
west of tho Arkansas is sufficient in area and ag
ricultural losourcos to support all the Indiana of
the Kooky Mountains, In time, no daubt all of
them, except a few* who may select to make their
homos among white people, will bo collected
there. As a preparatory stop for this consum
mation, I am now eatisfiod.tliat a Territorial form
of government should bo given them, which
will secure the treaty rights of the original set
tlors and protect tlioir homesteads from aliena
tion for a period of twenty years.
The operations of tho Patent Office are grow
ing to such magnitude, and tho accumulation of
material is becoming so great, time the necessity
for more room is becoming obvious day by day.
I respectfully invito your attention to the re
ports of tho Secretary of tho Interior and Com
missioner of Patents ou this subject.
PUBLIC LANDS.
The business of the General Land Office ex
hibits & material increase m nil its branches dur
ing the lost fiscal year. During that time, there
wore disposed out of tbo public lands 13,089,606
acres, being an amount greater by 1,165,631 acres
than was disposed of tbo preceding year. Of
the amount disposed of, 1,626,266 aoies
were sold for cash: 214,940 acres woro located
with military land warrants ; 8,793,612 acres
woro taken for homesteads j 653,416 acres woro
located with Agricultural College scrip; 6,083,536
acres were certified by railroads} 765.756 acres
were granted to wagon-roads; 233,648 acres
were made over to States as swamp lands: 133,-
681 acres woro certified for agricultural colleges,
common schools, universities, and seminaries;
190,773 acres woro made over to States for in
ternal improvements; and 14,222 acres woro lo
cated witn Indian scrip. Tbo cash receipts during
tbo same time woro $3,408,515.50, being $190,-
415.50 In excess of tbo receipts for
tho previous year. During tbo year
30,433,132 acres of public land were surveyed, au
increase of the amount surveyed tbo previous
year of 1,037,193 acres, and, added to tbo area
previously surveyed, aggregates 616,554,895
acres which have boon surveyed, leaving 1,218.-
443,505 acres of tho public land still unsurvoyod.
Tno increased aud steadily increasing facilities
for reaching our unoccupied public domain, and
for the transportation ol surplus products, en
larges tbo available field for desirable bolncstoad
locations, thus stimulating settlement, and ex
tending year by year, iu a gradually increasing
ratio, iho ratio of occupation of cultivation.
Tho expressed dosireof tbo representatives of a
Urge colony of citizens of llnssla to emigrate to
this country, us is understood with the con
sent of their Government, if certain concessions
can bo made to enable them to settle in a com
pact colony, is of groat lutoroot as goingto show
tbo light in which our institutions are regarded
by an industrious, intelligent, and wealthy peo
ple, dcsiious of enjoying civil and religious
liberty; and tbo acquisition of so largo an Im
migration of citizens of a superior class would
wiUrout doubt bo of subotautlal benefit to the
country. 1 Invito attention to tbo suggestion
of the Secretary of the Interior in this behalf.
THE PENSION BUREAU.
Tbero was paid during tho lust fiscal year for
pensions, including tUo expenses of disburse
meat, 165,980.02, being an amount less by
4Udl,osl>.US tbau was expended for tho b.uuo
purpose tho pi'oooding year. Although thin
Htutomont of expenditures would indicate a ma
tonal reduction in aihount oompaiod with tho
preceding year, it la believed that the changes in
tho Pension laws at tho last session of Cougross
will absorb that amount the current year.
At tho close of tho last fiscal year
there wore on tho pension rolls 09,8U1 invalid
military pensioners, and 119,033 widows, or
phans, ami dependant widows of deceased sol
diers, making a total of that class of 911,809;
18,900 survival's of the war of 1812. and 5,033
widows of tiddlers of that war, pensioned under
the act of Congress of Fob. 11, 1871, making a
total of that class of 93,310 ; 1,430 invalid navy
pensioners, and 1,770 widows and orphans and
dependant relatives of deceased officers, Bailors,
ami marines of tho navy, making the total of
pensioners of this class 0,200, and a grand total
of pensioners, of all classes, of 933,411, showing
a not increase during the last lineal year of 0,918.
The names of 1,015 pensioners wore added to the
rolln, nml 10,223 nanioii wore dropped therefrom,
for various canse.i. Tho system adopted for the
detection of frauds agalfist tho Government, in
tho matter of pensions, ban boon productive of
satisfactory results; but legislation in needed
to provide, if possible, against tlio poipotiallng
of such frauds In futuro.
rUIILId EDUCATION,
Tlio evidently increasing intercut In tho
cause of education in a most encouraging
feature in the general progress of the country ;
and tlio Bureau of Education in earnest in itn
efforts to glvo proper direction to tlio now appli
cants; and the Increased facilities wliich aro
being offered to aid tho friends of oduoation of
tho country in their groat work.
TUB CENSUS.
Tho ninth conouu linn been completed, and tho
report thereof published and distributed, and
tho working forco of tho Bureau disbanded.
Tho Secretary of tho Ihtorior renews his recom
mendation for a census to be taken in 1870, to
which subject tho attention of Congress is in
vited. Tho original suggestion In that behalf
has mot with tho general approval of tho coun
try, and oven if it bo not ad
visable at present to provide for a
regular quinquennial comma, a census taken In
1870, tho report of which could bo completed
and published before tho one hundredth anni
versary of our iudopeudonco, would bo especially
interesting and valuable as showing tho progress
of tho country during tho first century of our
national existence. It is believed, however, that
a regular census every livo years would bo of
substantial benefit to the country, inasmuch as
our growth hitherto has boon so rapid that tho
results of tho doconnial census aro, necessarily,
unreliable as a basis of estimates for tho latter
years of a decennial period.
the DibTnicT or Columbia. •,
Under tho Very olllclont maungomontof tho Gov
ernment and the Board of Public Works of this
District, tho City of Washington is rapidly as
suming the appearance of a capital of wliich tho
nation j may well bo proud. Prom being a
most unsightly place throe years ago, disagree
able to pass through in summer in consequence
of tho dust arising from uupavod streets, aud
almost impassable in tho winter from the mud,
it is now one of tho most sightly cities in the
country, ana can boast of being tho best paved.
The work has boon done systematical
ly, tho plans, grades, location of sewers,
water and gas-mains, being determined
upon before tho work was commenced, thus sc
ouring permanency when completed. I question
whether so much has over been accomplished
before in any American city for tho samo expen
ditures. Tho Government having large reserva
tions in tho city, aud tho nation at largo having
an interest in tboir Capital, I recommend a lib
eral polior toward tho District of Columbia, am)
that the Government should boar its just iiharo
of tho oxponsc of thoso improvements. Every
citikoa visiting tho Capital fools a pride iu its
growing beauty, and Hut ho too is part owner in
the investments made hero,
A NATIONAL UNIVERSITY.
I would suggest to Congress tlio propriety of
promoting tho oatablishmont in this District of
an institution of loarnlug, or a university of tlio
highest claoa, by tiio donutioa of lands. Thoro
is no place bettor united for such an institution
than tho National Capital. Thoro is no oilier
place la which every citizen is so directly inter
ested.
CIVIL SERVICE REFORM.
In three successive messages to Congress, I
have called attention to tho subject of civil
service reform. Action has been taken so far as
to authorize the appointment of a Hoard
to devise rules governing tho methods of
making appointments and promotions; but
thoro never has boon any action
on these rules, or any rules ponding
or£evon entitled to observance whore persons
desire tlio appointment of a friend, or tho re
moval of an official who may bo disagreeable.
To have any rules effect it, 1 boy must have tho
acquiescence of Congress us woll as of the Ex
ecutive.
I recommend, thoroforo, tho subject to your
attention, and nuggeat that u Hpoctal oommittco
of Congress might confer with the Civil Unit'd
during'the prosoat sesaion, far tho purpose of
devising such rules ns can bo maintained, and
which will secure tho services of honest and
capable offtciula, and which will also pro
tect them in a degree of independence
while in offlco. Proper rules will protect Oon
gioss as woll as tho Executive from much need
loss precaution, and will prove of groat value to
tho publio at largo.
ADMISSION OF COLORADO.
I would recommend for your favorable consid
eration tbo passage of an act for tho admission
of Colorado as a State in tho Union. It possesses
all tho elements of a prosperous State, agricul
tural ami mineral, ana, I believe, has a position
to justify such an admission in that connection.
TRAKS-MISdOOUI IRRIGATION.
. 1 would..also recommend tho encouragement
of a canal, for tho purpose of Irrigation, from
tho eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains
to tho Missouri River. As a rulo, lam op
posed to the donation of public lands for
internal improvements owned and controlled by
privato corporations, but in this instance I
would make an exception. Batwosn tho Missouri
River and tho Rocky Mountains there is an area
belt of public land, from 300 to COO miles, in
width, perfectly valueless fertile occupation of
man for want of sufllcient rain to socuro the
growth of any products. An irrigating canal
would make productive a belt as wide as tho
supply of water could bo raado to spread over,
across this entire country; and would secure a
cordon of settlements connecting tho present
population of tho mountain and mining
regions with that of tho older States. All tho
land reclaimed would bo clear gain, if alternate
sections woro reclaimed by tho Government.
I would suggest that tho retained sections bo
thrown open to entry under tho Homestead law,
and sold to actual settlors for very low prices.
A GENERAL AMNESTY TO REBELS.
I renew my previous recommendation to Con
gress for a general amnesty, Tho number on
gaged in the lato rebellion laboring under dis
advantages is very small, but enough to keep
up a constant virulatlon. No possible danger
can ensue to tho Government by restoring them
to eligibility to bold olllco.
civil niotiTS op the colored people.
I suggest for your consideration the enact
ment of a law to bettor secure tho civil rights
which freedom should secure, but has not effect
ually secured, to tho enfranchised slave.
(Signed) U. S. Grant.
Executive Mansion, Deo. 1, 1873.
PRESENTATION TO S. J. MEDILL
Last Sunday, Mr. B. J. Modill, who has been
connected with the local force of Tub Tridune,
with a' brief intermission, since tho latter part
of 186-1, and who has been city editor since tbo
summer of 1867, resigned bis position boro, in or
dorto take a more import ant one, as tho telegraph
correspondent of Tub Triuune at Washington.
Tho duties of a city editor ore more onerous
and responsible than they are honorable and
gratifying. His regret over what he Ims missed
Is greater than his gratification when ho has
distanced Ins competitors. Ho spends more
time m fearing than iu hoping, and, iu such an
uneasy and nervous life, besot with applications
for favors, it is a miracle if ho satisfies every
body, a wonder if ho satisfies tho majority.
Yet, during those six long years, f9r which
Mr. Mcdill occupied this burdensome position,
his course was such as to win him tho regard not
merely of his associates, but of persons wbo
bad no connection with Tub Triiidnb, but who,
in various ways, woro brought in contact with
him. This fooling of regret at tho departure of
a gentleman whoso constant courtesy had made
it so ploasont to do business with blm, mani
fested itself publicly yesterday afternoon at tho St.
Charles Hotel, where Mr. Mudill was presented
by tho members of tho Irish Literary Associa
tion with a fine gold-headed cane, on which was
engraved the name of tho recipient, of the Asso
ciation, and tho date of presentation.
The affair was a very spontaneous one, since
Mr. ModiU’s intended departure was only known
u few days ago, but there was time enough for
tho donors to prepare the handsome present
which they intended for him. At tho appointed
hour Mosers. Frank Agnew, J. F. Fiuorty, John
Armstrong, Capt. Quirk, J. J. Fikzgihhon, Win,
O. McOluio, tho Hon. A. L. Morrison, and other
members of tho Irish Literary Association, Aid.
Dixon, Will Conley, Mr. Magee, tho oley-oditor
of tho InteV’OcK’an and an old employe of Tub
Tuidunb, and tho local reporters of this paper
motatthoßt.Charles,umlMr. I'lnertv, on behalf
of tho Irish Literary Association, presented Mr.
Modill with tho cuno already referred to, which,
ho suld, would nerve as a token of the high es
teem lu which lin had always been hold by the
members of that Association, ond as a memorial
of tho pleasant hours they had spent together.
Ills only regret was, that their present was not
one which would moro fitly represent their warm
ami friendly feelings toward him for the kindly
treatment they had received from him while lu
charge of tholooal columns of The Triuune.
As Air. Modill stated in reply, it is tho
habit of city editors to road the speeches of
others, rather than to talk themselves, ami
since ho had not dreamed, while looking over
the reports of other presentations, that he
would over play tho principal part in one, it
had not occurred to Idm to commit to momori
any “ lining remarks." All ho canid say wan
that ho wuh deeply gialotnl for tint marl? ol
their foalliutn towards him. a sentiment which
ho rednrocatcd, and it would rorvo ns a comitanl
reminder, if one wore nro.loJ, of their pleasant
iutorcourno in other duyu.
\V, K. HiilUvan, Eiq,, on behalf of the local
forco of Tub Triduni:, ' oxptcsnod (licit
sincere regret at Mr. ModJil’s dciiar
tnro. They had boon associated for
yours, and during that tong timo (licit
ooiiHtant Intercourse had novor boon troubled by
discord or disagreements. Their relations had
not boon those of superior and subordinate,but ol
friond and friend, aud hid doparturo was tholi
personal loss.
Itomarkfl wore olso made by the lion, A. L.
Morrison, John J. ihUgibbon, and Guy Magee,
aflor which tho party had luncheon, and loan
adjourned to. tho parlors, whero Brof. Ouslavna
Qoary played on tho piano and Bang Hovoral
songs, which wore highly aporoclalod by
tho audience. Minn Sarah Conley, by special
request, played after the Professor, and was
complimented by him aud by all present on her
brilliant performance. A couple of hours How
swiftly ,by in pleasant intercourse, and the
gathering broke up after wishing the guest of
the occasion ail the good luck that could pos
slbly happen him.
Mr. Modill lolt far Washington Inst evening.
MARKETS BY TELEGRAPH.
Foreign ITlarlcota.
Ltynnroot, D,>c, 2— » p, m.—Ooitou a shade easier;
mliUUluß upUml, ; OrloatiN, 0; sales lu,oo
bales; American, o,o9o; sncoulatlon uudexport,2,ooo
CoUun to arrive, lo.rcr.
ilntcADniuirFs—Quiet; rod winter wheal, 12i01!2a2d
Flour, Oorn, U3jQd, llieolpts of wni-at foi
tho past turue days, i11,0J9 qrs, of which O.OOJ nri
wore American. * 1
Provfstons—Bjof 03i; pork, 71s Cd; Cumberland
middles, (ji; Buort ribs, ils.
London Djo. 2-tj p. in.—Tlio amount of million
Rum! Imu tlio Umk of England on luianco to-day n
XlW.oji). OjiiioU for m.moy, ox-niitp-iu:
ourtc.iounl, United flutes smmrliliws D-2im ol
M 3, UJVf; do »f M 7, u;/i ; KMU.», 91if; uew «*, 92.
Erie, 39; prifopf-vt, Now York Uoulrnl, 77.
Tallow, U S im-Jj 3d. ’
I'auih, Uco. 2.—Unites, 63f 780.
XUo Ijlvc-Sioclc Marietta.
WBW TOUR.
New Yonrc, Doo. 2,—Uuu-i—TUlrly-lwo cars, or
3,87u hu.ul, arrived ul'.tir iujuii ; uu sales of Hva
wulghUi. Cay dressed easier; olumid at r>ji(u,u;<n
per lb.
numio,
Buffalo, Dae. 2.—CArrim—".oeclpla, including re
ported arrivals, 105 ; total for tho week, 3,033. The
market moderately active at advance from
liibt week's closing prims, owners holding a strum' uc
advance. Tuo mu is light, tuo attendance of buyer*
fair. About 1,030 worn disponed of. Sides iu- ludo
MO Onto steer*, 1,03001,3.50 IJh, at $1,0305.53 ; “;5
Idiuols oxen, 1,(571 Uh, at $5.7.5 S 03 Illinois ulu re,
1,038 lbs, at '|I.O.HJ(J.OI); 47 Michigan atccr«, 03401,itii
Ib-i, at $4.00 lil.OU, • *» *
Uhkei* akd Lamos—Receipts. Inoludlng reported ar
rivals, 3,4J.1; total for tuo week, (5,000. TUc market is
active, with a slight. Improvement from last week’s
prices. Tuo sales .were 2,003 Michigan sheep, 01J03
Ib’i, at $3.2501.(10. •» j
Jioos—Receipts, Including reported arrivals, 300;
total fur tlio week, 22,003, against 20,300 fur tuo name
time last week. The market la 20; per uwt fu ndv.mco
of last week's cloMiig prices. 8 tie", 2,030 Ohio and
Michigan hog.i, 1330203 lbs, nt $1.30*1.(50.
Now York Dry Goods ITlarlcei*
New Yoart, D.*c. 9.—Tuo trade nuwmuout to-day
waa restricted by tho stormy wudher, but jul.'.dug
branches wore rat lie.* morn active. Tnu mark-.. for
colum goods remains ntmt.lcd, and the piuvs of
brown and bleached goo.U rule irregular. <J:» ion
tunnels are lu steady demand uml Urm, l‘i inl-r nml
ginghams lean uctivo, Dross guud.i dull; caslmcreß
uud coltoiiadea taken inure freely by tnc dutldng
trade. Cloths and overcoating? remain Inactive.
'JTho Wool 'i’rrule,
PniLADCLFitiA, Dee. 2,—W00l advancing; tendency
active uud hignur. Oulu, Pennsylvania, and West
Virginia double extra uud above, sOoiii;; extra, 480
50e : medium, 43,532 j ; coarse, 4> J ; Now Yuri:,
Michigan, Indiana, uud Western line, 4.5045-j; me
dium, 450130 ; uoaisD, 450470; combing, unshed, 57(J
GOa ; com Mug, unWaSliSd, 3701'Jc; Canada couiilug,
GO;; Hue, unwashed, 31053;: co.irca and medium,
washed, OiJJJXc ; tub washud, 47dJ5i>;c.
IMtt.slmrjrli Oh market.
Prrrnmmnu, Deo. 2.—Until) petroleum quiet
72,^0320; relluod, lay.
'JHio Produce Markets*
NKW YORK.
New Youa,Do;.2.—Curto.'i—ln fair demand; mid
dling upland, 15'jC.
Brjaiinuifj—lAunc lota active ; “receipts, 13,000
brls; superfine Western and State, SO.OJOG.GO; com
mon to good extra, $3.7507,10 ; good to cuolce, $7.18
©7.85;-white wheat extra, 57.d503.G0; exiru Ohio,
$0.3503,75 ; St. Louis, 57.00011.UJ. Rye Hour more
active and advancing a; $4.7503.00. C >ni mo d scarce
and linn; Western, $.5,5003.03. Wheat dull and
lower; receipts, 135,000 bu ; No. 2 Cutengo spring,
$1.45®1.51; white Michigan, $1.75©1.«5; No. 2 Mil
waukee, $1.55. llyo quiet; Weatoru and Haile, #l.lOO
1.13. Bariev dull, M.ut quiet. Coru dull and declining;
roceip.e, 13,000 bu; mixed Western, ulloat f 7j!-io7s'(c ;
do lu store, 72073;; yellow Western, ntl)=t, 70c;
damaged uud heated, 550(530. Data scarcely ho Urm ;
receipts, 32,003 bu; mixed Western, ulloat, 500070 ;
old do, fiCa ; white, 58050;.
Kaos—S;urco and limi; Western, 23022 c.
Rav—Quiet and firm.
Hops—Quiet,
- Guoor.nina— OolTop, quiet; Wo, 20(523’<0. Buga*
quiet; fair to good tufiulug, Mo.aaaos qui
et. Wee dull.
I’etiiolbum—Crude, 6‘jc; refined,
Tuiu'ENitns—Firm, ut 40;v(i$ili5.
Fnovnxoxs—Pork In moderasc demand and steady;
now mean, $13.00 spot; $10.30 teller March; prime
mess, sl4.9o;'city prim* mesa, $10.50 ; Kto.-kof pork
lu more hero, Deo. 3, 4,000 brU old ; S,o:w hrU now.
Beef qu'et; first gr-ule plain mesa, so.sJ^lo. r io ; extra
prime,
old, 0,000 Urls new. Hams quiet,, ut SI9.UM-3.U0.
Tlorco lioef unchanged. Out meats quiet nmt mi
changed. Middles quiet and weak ; long clear, 7 :Mots
spot; abort clear, 7;tfc , short ribr, ViQI S-lGc.
Lard weak; Western ate.itn, B*f«npot; B';c Decem
ber: B'fc January; 813-10e March; B.!vC February.
Butter—Quiet and weak ; Western llrkib, 33(it330,
Cnur.se—Quiet, at 13,'tfe, .
\\ msut—Firm, at 04.’.
BT. LOUIS.
Bt. Louis, Dec, 2.— Bueadstufm— Flour quiet and
unchanged. Wheat dull and lower; No.3sprhig,sl.oß;
No. 3 red fall, $1.33. Coru Armor, hut slow; now No.
3 mixed, 45e, iu cnee elevator; 437*®4(10 regular.
Oats Armor and qulot Burley dull and
unchanged. Ryo dull and lower at OSqgTlc.
WuiaiST— Steady at 88e.
Provisions— Pork firm at $13.00(2)13,50 Bulk meats
firm ami qulot; clear rib, (i'.cc, December. Bu-.m
Nothing doing, Green shouldcra, 4,\fc. Lard Arm at
Mlooh—'Quiet ot 4(Si*fc; weather too soft for pack
ing; receipts, 7,533.
Cattle—Dull and unchanged.
CINCINNATI.
Cincinnati, Dpc, a,— Cotton — Dull ; prices nom
inal. .
BnEADßTCFFH—Flour—Demand fair; prices ad
vanced to Wheat Una nt SMO®M7. Corn
quiet; old oar, 60051 c ; shelled and new car, Itlc. Bye
firm at [email protected] (Juts firm at 01010 c. Harley firm;
fall, I.IOOUU.
Groceries—Finn,
On.s—Steady.
Eons—Firm at 27c,
H utter—Steady.
Provisions—Pork easier and nominal at $13.75(311.00.
Lard—Kettle steady ; ' jobbing, dc ; otenm held ut 7!tfe.
Bulk meats nominal t ehouldont,
o«<,c: clear, Bacon dull; only Jobbinß sales :
shoulders, OjiSOtfc { clear rib, 7>fo ; clear, aU
now meat, . , , .
Uoaa—Dull at $1,10(34.70 ; receipts estimated at
14,600: shipments, 1,600, Orceu meats nominal.
Weather unfavorable. No transactions made public. „
Wuisitr—Firm at OCc,
MILWAUKEE.
Milwaukee, Doc. a.— Breaustoffs—Flour quw
and unchanged. Wheat quiet and weak: No. 1 Mil
waukee, ; No. a, sl.otl,V ; December, fl.QGtf t
January, $1.08*4. Oats—Demand fair; market firm ;
No, a, tlso. Coru scarce and firm ; No. i, 49,*4 c, Bye
slcndv ; No. 1, 730. Barley—No. 2, $1.45.
Receipts—Flour, 0,01)0 brls; wheat, 100,000 bu; corn,
18 £iuraii:NTS—Flour, 17,000 brls ; wheat, 171,000 bu.
DETROIT. , . _
Detroit, Deo. 3.—Breadstuff*— Hour quiet and
unchanged. Wheat dull; prices 20On lower; No. I.
$1.60*4, Corn steady at 60/tfc. Oats—Demand good
at lie.
TOLEDO. _ , „ .
Toledo, Deo. 3,—DBKADSTum— Tlour dull and tin.
cbanucd. Wheat dull uml iirlces » f bade lower j No. 9
white Wabash, f1.45; amber •, *{£
comber, *1.44 )i \ January, 51.10,' i 5 X p «brunry,
Si 51 • No a rod. cnali, M* Corn dull and uuchauy
ed.' Oam dull ami uiioliuiiKcd.
Hooh—Dressed, $3,10(30,12#*
Clovku huku—sß.lo. . .
llEOEiiTi—Flour, POO brio; wheat, 7,000 bn; ooru,
4 000 bit! Ofttß, 3,000 bll,
BuirMEMTtt—l‘Jour, 500 brla; wheat, 10,000 ba;
corn. 0.000 bus oats, *,OOO bu.
com, o, OUSVKLAND.
OtKVSLAtiD, Dec. —Rueaustuffs ~ Grain un
changed,
ricruotitm—Unsettled, but unchanged.
IMIIbADKUL’IIIA.
PniLinrx.rniA, Doo. ‘J. Uhkadstuffb Flour
firm and iu good demand ut full prices, Wheat Armor;
red,SI.SS 5* umber, $1.6701.70. Ryo held at
Corn active ; yo.low ami mixed Western, 70(ft75e. Oulu
moderately active; white and mixed, 61(7$rii'.
I'KruoLV.UM—lu butler demand and firm; crude
held at U/JOrlOo; refined, llln.
Wuihkv—Lower at U.l («»Cl***
HALT IM 1)1113. . . .
Ui\U 4 4 Jll L/l I U|
Baltimore, Doc. Q.—liUEAUSiurKß—Flour quiet and
unchanged. Wheat steady and unchanged. Corn no*
tlvo; mixed Wosu rn, 70071. Data In bettor demand;
mixed Western, 45017 c; vlhllo, 4801‘Jo. Rye Urm
At BUOBBC,
Vnovmoas—Qmet and unchanged,
Goffes— Very strong! fair to prlmj Rio, 22(J23>f0.
Whisky—Firmer at file.
03WEQ0, . . , VT
Orwkoo, Don. 2,— Buka oat offs—Wheat quiet; Vo,
1 Milwaukee, ft .6:j. Ooru quiet ut Usc, Dur.oy quiet;
prime Canada hold ut |1.UJ01.05.
—An Ainotican barber line established himself
lu Stuttgart, with genuine high-basic ebaira aua
the ueual conterealioual abilities.

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