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Chicago daily tribune. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963, January 02, 1874, Image 2

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WASHINGTON.
one of the Nooks of the Capital.
The Deaf-Mfl College—Hydrographic Of
fice—Ventilating Appara
tus. '
Rise of Sinecure Offices —Congression-
al Humor.
From Our Oxm Correspondent,
■Washington, Dec. 26, 1873.
Tfhen you wonder why our country is not gov
erned better, yon .should ;pack your carpet-sack
and come on to Washington to see how much of it
there is in the way of government. I have been
hero tho bolter part of tho time since ISG2. and,
alihongh doing nothing else to speak of except
running about, inquiring, and prying into places,
I presume that four-fifths of these Bureaus and
nooks are yet strange to me.
Some time ago, a medical friend came to take
me riding, and wo stopped before a beautiful
institution in the environs, composed of a num
ber of villas, offices, and of one great Gothic hall,
ornamented with mosaics in different colors, and
with a liae of low arches of tho Venirian style.
“What is this ?” said I to tbe Doctor.
This is
gallauuet’s institute foe deaf mutes.
They come here from all parts of the country,—
Concress appropriating largely for the institu
tion, and receiving tuition for on© mute from
each constituency. Amos Kendall originated
tho scheme, upon the discovery that some deaf
and dumb children wore being abused by a show
man Who brought them to Washington. Yonng
Gallaudet is the nephew of the great Gallaudot,
of Hartford, tho pioneer of the education of
mntea in America, and tho pupil of the Abbe
SicardL Young Gallaudet haa been shrewd as
■well as enthusiastic; his mother is a mute ; and,
by inducing large appropriations, ho has pur
chased a very large tract of valuable land right
hero from tbo Brentwood and Kendall Green es
tates, worth, probably, $200,000.”
We went into this building, and,.to my great
surprise, I found myself, in about five min
utes, delivering a lecture on phonography,—
Gallaudet interpreting it with his thumbs, and
the boys applauding at the right places. Direct
!v, one fine-looking fellow walked up, took the
chalk, and wrote: “I am the Washington corre
spondent of a newspaper at Aurora, 111., and
read your letters every week.”
Not long ago a newspaper man came to the
:itr, and aakod mo to walk through tho Capitol
with him. After a while we came to a door
marked
•* unirrKG jaro TrxtrcLATixo aptahatus.
Descending a series of stairs, wo found quite
another world in the bowels of the earth, as
different from that above as the hold of a ship,
with its coal-bunkera, army of firemen, furnaces,
boilers, and engines, is different from the
pocsengers’ cabins.
Beautiful engines, painted to resemble marble
and btono, were working with noiseless celerity;
~reat fans and fly-wheels were spinning in the
air ; enormous exhausting vessels were sucking
the impure air from the halls above, while
»hafte opened under the grass-terraces without
admitted cool, fresh air, which was propelled
into the Legislative Halls. Probaoly half a
million dollars has been spent for the ventilat
in'' apparatus alone, under the two wings of the
biuitnu'’. .My companion was astonished.
-Heavens! "’too said, 4 *it’s plain where the
mouev goes, in such a mighty pile as this.*
Another dav, I was walking in an unfrequented
portion of llio citv, when I came to an old man
sion. built prior to' the year 1800 by a great Vir
• i'‘ia slaveholder, and at one time, made the
Executive Mansion, after the British burnt the
White House.
1 had often passed this house, —massive, an
tique, assumptions,—and bad noticed a little sign
over the front porch, saying:
“HVD2OGBAPHIO OFFICE.”
Said I to my companion: .
übgom and face theseßureau-crats, and
660 what they are up to.”
Within wo found everything polite, distant,
and icvaterious, aa they do things in tho Navy.
A sense of awe crept over ua. VS'e felt that wo
were barbaric intraders, and in one of those
£teat public cb&ntie* where every negro waiter
teems to show some of the divinity which doth
hedge a King. We insisted on going through tho
place. Our audacity was met with speechless
astonishment. We found the Admiral, or Com
modore, or whatever ho was, sitting in the
top part somewhere, in a room per
fectly circular, and he told ua wnat
it was ail about. It waa a chart-making estab
lishment, presided over by a naval chap, with
any quantity of compass-regulators, instru
ment-makers, draughtsmen, and printers.
Thev do not map out our harbors, but make
the maps for ocean-sailing, and for foreign
ports, and waters, and archipelagoes,—bolding
it to be below the dignity of our Government to
use tho charts of any other nation; and to such
a dcgiec do they carry this assumption that they
will take a foreign chart and have it re-engraved,
so as to nationalize it. I confess that I have
lost eomo of the ultra-national pride which will
stand on a point of etiquette like thia. If the
Englishmen, or , tho Portuguese, have already
mapped some part of the ocean, I should use
his chart, and save the tax-payor something.
XIIE ntTMORTALITY OP OFiICE-HOLDIKO.
auv public oflico becomes ouce estab
lished, it refuses to cease to exist long after its
work is done. And hence the Government is
carrying at this day a large number of insdtu
riona which are of'bat little practical value, and
support a set of rcspectablo officials who aro
never devoid of a plausible argument for their
ludcdnito continuance. If I were called upon.
I could name a number of such concerns, per
fectly worthy in themselves, but quite coatlv.
Seine time ago, au article was published in the
Atlantic Monthly, conceived in a provincial spirit,
assailing things in general here. I found that
the writer was a relative of an official in the
Coast-Survey, an institution of the lingering or
der ; and the opportunity was a good one to ex
pot© such a glass-house, the pcnsioneia whereof
threw stones. Prom that day to this, the, Coast-
Survey people go, like the Lovito, on tiro other
tide. , . , „
h I call the attention, a second time, of Con
gress, to an institution • which was begun in
ISII. and has now been nearly sixty years sur
veying the coast of the United States, which
has housed itself in a fine new building, of
which a largo part is composed of kitchens,
bed-chambers, drawing-rooms, and dormitories,
maintained without provision of law, for the
beneiit of various individuals.
CO3IEXQ UP LIKE A FLOWER.
The history of puulic insiitutiolis i« email,
hc'diiUings, perseverance, audacity, linally re
spSouibiiitv, and at last immortality.
" Not many years ago. alobbyiat and printer, by
the name of SVendell, built a large brick house
here, exuocting to control the printing of the
official partv-organ, and incidentally to get bind
ing folding, and so forth, from a Democratic
Administration- - Little by little that office has
crept along, seizing this perquisite and that,
until it has become a vast department, with
architectural pretensions, crammed with presses,
densely inhabited by men and women,
and finally it has. plucked the debates of
Congress out of the time-honored establish
ment of the Globe, and, in order to have
t reason for never surrendering those debates,
the Superintendent bought 37,000 pounds of
type, so that he can say triumphantly, “If you
taWthese debates away from me, you will lose
this type-metal.” Now, the franking privilege
is demanded anew as a mainstay of this print
mg-ollico; but the Government, in making the
c’kange has lost control of the stereotype plates
of all the former Congresses, and this vast
printing-house, which has no equal in the world,
controls the '.Typographical Association of the
Capitol, where the rates of composition aro
h-gher thau elsewhere in the country: and it
would bo possible for this printing-office to
make the publication of an opposition journal
at the moat vital spot where the
Government should bo challenged. ■ There is a
dailvooed here of a strong, critical newspaper:
for Congressmen are moat controlled by a jour
nal which generally circuMes right where they
make the laws. ~ . ,
I need go no further with this subject, al
though I might show you how modestly public
constructions were begun, and how at last a vast
office has come into existence, filled with
draughtsmen and 'rircuitccts, which _is
at this time building more than tairty
structures, some of which cost as • muca as
$9 000 OCO, and half-a-dozen will coat, when
added. t< getlifcr, $30,000,000, which is equal to
twomcDUib*, or one-sixth of tho annual expenses
cf all the Federal Government.
In Monroe's Administration, Congress was OO?
batinglhe right of tho General Government to
maintain a turnpike-road from tbo Cumberland
to tbe Ohio Biver; but, in tho course ot time,
tho indefinite ramifications of the land-graui
railroad system capture Congress itself and de
bauch whole States.
PROPORTION OF CORRUPT MEN.
One of tbe best newspaper-correspondents in
tins country, as troll as one of the most modest
men in his profession, H. V. Bedfield, of the
Cincinnati Commercial, recently wrote as fol
lol ‘ i< Tbe people might as well understand, first
as last, that there is no confidence to bo placed
in Congress when there is money involved.
Aboat half of tho members have a pi ice on their
heads, and all that is necessary to put through
any measure is to put the money in- tho right
place.”
I do not know that I ever wrote so sweeping a
charge as this; and yet, who that is acquainted
with tho facts can gainsay it ?
A man of a sincere, pure, and aggressive
character in Congress is always unpopular; and,
if he pays more heed to public opinion than to
Congressional opinion, he is always called a
demagogue, or a sneak, or a hypocrite. When
Judge Iloat waa Attorney-General, ho wae fairly
hounded out, and then repulsed from the Su
preme Bench, to which the President had nomi
nated him, on account of his Puritan integrity
and impatience with peculators and party crimi
nals.
OEN. BUTLER,
whom I think, considering his influence, to bo
the worst man in public life, openly addressee
Congressmen, bidding them to stand together"
against both tho press and tho public. The
dread of this man is such that, some t.mo ago,
tho officers of the Soldiers’ Home hastened to
buy a large piece of laud adjacent to their
grounds, which are virtually a city park, in order
to keep Butler from getting a bill through Con
gress compelling them to give their largo fund
to the volunteer af.yiums, of which he and the
politicians had control. .
This rund was entirely made up of donations
taken from the common soldiers of the regular
army, who sacrificed a few cents of their month
ly pay in order to be insured a comfortable re
treat in old ago. To save tho money from
such confiscation as might ’ happen to
it, tho Governor of the Soldi rs’ Homo paid
nearly $300,000 for a piece of ground not requi
site to his institution. It will bo a lino orna
ment, however, to this city.
Tho most remarkable fact about these swin
dling schemes is, that they are uniformly abet
ted by the very politicians who aro most diligent
to widen tho field of human liberty. It is ex
traordinary that Butler, tho author of tho salary
giab, tho defender of Ames and the Credit Mo
biller culprits, tho advocate of greenback
repudiation and a hundred other fantastic
fallacies, should be the peculiar champion of the
Civil Bights bill. But thus human nature goes.
It costs nothing to have liberal principles, and
it sots off with a certain blazonry the moral
darkness of one’s material career.
REFLECTION.
Wo cannot have again the governmental sim
plicity of old times, and it is not necessary that
wo should. The institutions of government
expand and become extravagant relatively with
the people. Bat the terror of our period is,
that corruption and extravagance exist together,
abetting each other, until at last we have such
monstrous declarations as that of John A. Kas
eon. that Congress would vote itself inferior to
the Cabinet, Executive, and Judgea, by raising
their salaries higher than its own.
A gentleman who long boarded at the most ex
travagant and foppish mn of Washington, one
day toot his quarterly bill to the landlord, and
said:
I was absent nearly the whole of two months
from vour house, but I do not wish you to make
any deduction for that. I do think the circum
stance, however, should have bad enough weight
with you to make you omit the charge of SI ex
tra every time you sent a cup of tea or coffee to
my room.”
The landlord answered, in an insolent way:
“ Judge, when I was a boy, I was very good at
addition aud multiplication, but I never learned
how to subtract.” ....
That is the way with Congress, which has been
Toting money since 1861 with such profusion
that it does not know how to respond when the
Secretary of the Treasury asks it to cut down
the estimates. It cannot even begin with the
salaries of members dishonorably augmented.
CONGRESSIONAL HCiIOB.
The aggregate humor in the history of the
American Congress, although no very great pro
portion, is probably as notable as any legislative
humor in modern nations. It is a good sign
when ihere is some fun going on ; for you hoar
very Ifltle about jokes in the passionate and
tragic careers of cations, as when tbo Girondins
banqueted together and the Jacobins sent them
to the scaffold, aud when Jacobins in turn wore
subjected to the same treatment, without a
joke on the part of the majority. Probably the
old Irish Parhamont, with all its corruptions,
afforded as much badinage and banter as any
legislative assembly equally willing to sell. its
own existence.
Tbo American Congress is just now in tho
transition stage between the border of gro
tcaquorie of men Uko David Crockett, James
Mullens, and one of the present members. Will
iam Crutchfield, aud tho more refined humor
and keen attorney’s satire of men like Koah
Davis, Ben Butler, and 44 Sunset ” Cox. Some
times a kindly man, who does not.suspect his
own ignorance, comes amongst us, like Mr.
Whalev. of West Virginia, who gravely rose aud
objected to seeing Mr. £t AL receiving eo many
appropriations without explanation. Indeed,
there is no sort of man more apt to make fun
than the mouataia-Unionists of the South, who
are generally allowed to stay there by reason of
their quaint pood-nature. Old Bourbon dis
tricts of Ohio. Kentucky, and Egypt, often pro
duce a good-natured, worthless sort of Con
gressman, like the late William Mungen, who
always brought his fiddle to Washington with
him from tho Hoop-Pole District, aud almost
every night went out with certain boon fellows
to give “ The Arkansas Traveler,” with accom
paniments of anecdote.
Proctor Knatt, of Kentucky,who distinguished
himself by a speech on Duluth, was good at
pencil-caricature as well, aud one of his well
known sketches was mp.de at his desk, when.
Butler and bchenck, after a long quarrel, arose
in Congress aud exonerated each other. Knatt
drew a picture of these redoubtable worthies
throwing their anus around each other’s nocks
in a close hug. while meantime Butler was lift
ing a pack of cards out of Schcnck’s
coat 4 afi-noci:e!, and Schcnck extracting
a spoon from Butler’s. Knatt’s speech
on Duluth is sidd to'bare been written in good
humored satire by Guthrie, Beck, Breckinridge,
and other Kentuckians, who bad made unprofit
able investments in Superior City, tho rival of
Duluth. Just before making the speech, tho
Kentuckians, to whom this was a sore topic,
had tbo orator put the joke upon tho place
across tho way.
Willard Salisbury and James McDougall
were often very amusing men by the incoher
ence or unexpected lucidity of their remarks.
Saulsbury almost equaled that great, dviug ]oko
of “Arte’mus Ward.” where ho left a largo for-
which had no existence, to friends m Eu
rope and America, and set them hunting for it.
Saulsbury forgot when his term in tho Senate
had expired, at noon on the 4th of March, ana,
retaining his scat, proceeded to make a speech
in the chair of his successor. Auo:hcr Senator
rose to a point of order.
•* What is your point of order ? ” said Sauls
buiT.
••’The gentleman is not a member of the
Senate.”
Saulsbury sat down with a twinkle in hie eye,
and, turning round, said to Garrett Davis :
“ I had forgotten all about it. I was going to
give Chandler h ! ” Gath.
A REPENTANT KLEPTOMANIAC.
To the Editor of The Chicaao Tribune.
Sir: A few. evenings since, some ouo took
away from a yard near Ashland avenue some
betiding and linen-garments. Yesterday morn
ing they wore returned to tho owner’s door,
neatly packed. Doubtless tho kleptomaniac, or
whatever other term may bo applicable to tho
case, will enter on tho new year with a clean
breast and a clear conscience. Surely, such an
act ought to bo recorded, that others under
similar circumstances may •* Go and do like
wise.” The owner desires to return his thanks ;
and, if the peisou that took the property will
send him Ins name t.ad address, he will in re
turn bo rewarded with a New Year’s present.
A Constant Subscribes.
Chicago, Dec, ill, 1873,
A ISobtun Line ox Occan*.Stcamcrx.
J-'rw i the Lc*ton lilvbe.
Sir Hugh Allan, upon aie condition that the
Portland & Ogdensburg Bead shall be completed,
and a new route thus opened between Boston
and Montreal, has promised to establish a per
manent lino of steamships between this port and
Liverpool. The new lino would be via the East
ern Bailroad to North Conway, and tne excellent
terminal facilities possessed by that road in East
Boston will afford every convenience for the
transhipment of goods to Canada and the West,
oir Hugh Allan thinks, evidently, that such a lino
of steamers could not fail to bo well supported,
with a new route open to Montreal, and tho
Hoosac Tunnel route to the West ready for
.travel* . ...
THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1874.
COLORADO.
Tlie Las Animas Land-Grab
Indignation and Excitement of the
Settlers.
Close of Mining-Operations for
the Winter.
Special Correspondence of The Chicago Tribune.
Canon City, Col., Dec. 20,1573.
There is & sound of wailing and gnashing of
teeth among tho actual settlers of tho new rail
road-town of
LAS ANIMAS,
the county-seat of Dent County, and situated
near Fort Lyons, on tho eouth bank or the Ar
kansas Biver, 100 miles cast of Pueblo. The
town, as located, stands upon what is known as
tbe Las Animas grant,—a traetof land containing
1,000,000 acres, and embracing, in fact, nearly
tho whole of Southern Colorado. A synopsis of
the early history of tho grant would occupy too
much space, and fail to interest tho general
reader. When New Mexico was ceded to the
United Stales, these lands, which had previously
been donated by the Spanish Government to
certain individuals,—much after tho same fash
ion that King Charles employed in tho early
settlement of the Colonies,—passed along with
it; but, in tbo majority or cases, tbe rights of
the grant-claimants or their heirs had al
ways been protected by the Genera! Gov
ernment, and these extensive tracts, embracing
the most fertile agricultural and stock-grazing
lauds in the Territory, won) never considered
open for pre-emption or homestead-entry. The
greater, or at least the most desirable, portion
of the grant is held by what is known as persons
who havo obtained titles from the original
grantees or their heirs. No other kind of settle
meat was allowed, and
>*OKE HUT A DERIVATIVE TITLE
could be obtained. For come years past, aud in
order to avoid tb© endless litigation which this
state of affairs must give rise to. efforts have
been made to induce the General Government
either to confirm the grant in controversy to the
original claimants, or buy them out entirely,
aud then throw the whole tract open for public
settlement. Pending these negotiations the
Town of Las Animas was located, while a largo
number of settlers squatted on the richest lands
up and down the river, and quietly waited
for developments, or until the business between
the heirs under derivative claims and the United
States Government had been satisfactorily ad
justed. These people all supposed that they had
a good thing, and rightly they were entitled to
it. it was impossible to get titles to tbo lands
through the regular channel of the Land-Office.
It was equally impossible to obtain & valid title
from the derivative claimants. The only thing to
be done was to wait; aud so extensive forms and
towns wore marked out, and men settled down
with the conviction that they would have the
first chance when the market did open. But
this fanciful dream of security has been rudely
dispelled, and the squatters are now alive to the
fact that, while they have been asleep, other
chaps. lc«a honest, to bo sure, but fax sharper,
have jumped In aud
GOBBLED Tin: SPOILS.
In other words, they have obtained patents for
several quarter-sections of land, embracing not
only tlio present town-site of Las Ani
mas, but all the richeit botiom-I&nds on
both sides of the river; and the sin
gular fact is, that all the patents ate
issued to non-roaidcutj, and the eldest and most
respectaolo inhabitant ot Bent County is unable
to establish their identity. Wbat secret influ
ence was brought to bear in Washington to ob
tain these patents remains a profound mystery ;
but it is popularly believed that the Denver and
Pueblo Land-Ofiices are mixed up in the trans
action, and that the Kansas Pacific Bailway
comes in for a largo slice. The
EXCITEMENT 18 AT I'EVEH-HEAT.
and, should one of the authors of the job pre
sume to set his foot upon the disputed territory,
ho would soou becomo a target for revolver
practice. The old settlers of Eas Animas, who
have so long remained in the peaceful occupa
tion of what they regarded aB their land,
will resist to the last extremity. Scores
of affidavits, setting forth all the facia, are now
rushing forward to Washington, while a petition
with over 400.names attached will bo suomitted
to Congress. This petition, which is signed by
all classes of citizens, acts forth, in substance,
that a largo number of patents to lauds In Bent
County have been wrongfully andillegally issued
to certain and divers persons, to the injury of a
large uumoer of settlers theroou, and under cir
cumstances indicating
CCLPABILITi* AND CRIMINAL MISCONDUCT
on the part of some one or more officers of the
Government intrusted with the custody and dis
posal of public lands situate in said county. The
petitioners further state that, instead of obtain
ing said lands in a proper and legal manner,
patents for the same wore issued to persons who
were not only non-residents, but also utterly un
known in said comity. The document concludes
bv asking that these fiatcnts be declared fraudu
lent and be sot aside; that the rights of
settlers and other claimants be protected,
as though said patents bad never been issued ;
and that the guilty officials, if any there be, bo
publicly disclosed. This matter may not at
tract much atteutiou on the part of the Eastern
reader, but the subject is one of great impor
tance to Southern Coloi ado. It has not come
to a head yet, and, like the sheep and cattle war,
you may expect to hear the thunder of artillery
at any moment.
MTSISO-OPEBATIOSS
have about shut down for tho ■winter, and the
minora are flocking to tho valieya and towns, in
quest of cheaper board and warmer weather.
When it ia understood that nearly all tbo richest
silver mines are above timber-line, and that tho
snow in that locality often folia from 10 to 15
feet deep, it is not hard to imagine rather a low
state of affairs for the thermometer. A few
sturdy old veterans, who have been out hero
ever since Pike’s Peak was a yearling,stick to their
cabins; but the majority detest tho fumes of
whiskey-punches afar off, and strike out for tbo
haunt s'of civilization. Ko matter bow much
golU-dust or silver-bullion the miner has upon
leaving tho mince, he never goes back with any,
in? ig liable to be indebted to hia landlord, in
tho spring, for board. Ha squanders hia sub
stance at tho saloon or faro-table, or wastes it
in riotous living. Not one miner in a hundred
makes a lucky strike, and not one in a thousand
keeps hia money after ho gets it. But still
the life has attractions
which cannot be resisted, and the poor devil
who has labored for months or years without
making a dollar still keepft pegging away, in the
hope' tuat fortune will relent at last and show
him u slake. H© may endure privations innu
merable, his poison may be clothed in rags, and
hia bowels may yearn for food; but the
poor miner will never give up, and
will defy Death himself for gold. Give
& Colorado miner bis choice between a villa on
the Hudson and a “pay-streak*’ of two inches
on the mountain, and he will choose the latter.
THE WEATHER
hero continues splendid, and flies are bumping
againfct the window-panes with all tho vigor of
August. Parasols are fashionable on tho street,
ana liucn-oasteis have not been discarded. In
fine, tho climate could not well be improved; and
yet the average Coloradoan is not happy, but
would like more frost and less dust. B.
THE FARMERS AND THE PLOW-MAKERS.
To the Editor of The Chicago Tribune
Sib: You have already said and published a
good deal in explanation of our State Bailroad
law. But tho now fight that is breaking out all
over the State, from head to foot, between tho
farmers and the plow-makers, suggests to me a
new point, and, by analogy, a remedy for the
farmers similar to the blue-mass they took to
relievo their systems of tho indigestible rail
roads.
Hero arc tho makers of plows and other agri
cultural implements declaring, as they cer
tainly have a right to, that they will not sell to
any one except through their regularly-author
ized agents. Then up hop half the
Granger Societies in the Siate, as they cer
tainly have a rhrht to, and resolve
that they will buy no new reapers, horse-rakes,
improved plows, etc., but will use their old
•* traps ” for another year or two, unless makers
will sell to them at cost and shipment. Both
aie right. “ Pay what I ask for labor and
materials, or go without them. “ Sell mo now
things for what I think they aro worth, or I will
use the old ones.” But tho Grangers say those
plow-makers are “ monopolists.” Why may not
the plow-makers say the Grangers aro ** monop
olists too? Is not one class as much a combi
nation to have ica own way and bring its patrons
to its own terms as is the other ? .
I cannot see that either is a “ monoplist.
One has as clear a right to fix its terms of sale
as the other has to fix its terms of purchase. It
Is on both sides simply the assertion of the
sound prerogative that ** Control belongs to
ownership.” And yet there is no -difference in
principle between the assertion of rights bv
cither, and the sound, old-fashioned pohev of
leaving railroad-men also to control what
they own. If ever justice, and con
sistenev, and common sense aro so
unfortunate as to be elected members .of the
Legislature, that body will also see it m this
U? But the remedy: The railroads made their
own rates for doing work, and left people to take
it at that price or let it alone. The farmers
didn't like it, and prevailed opon the Legislature
to direct the Governor, by hia appointees, to pnt
such a price upon railroad-property as would
suit the farmers. Of course, there was no shad
ow of “monopoly"or unreasonableness about
that. Now then, - again, the plow-makers have
wickedly arraved themselves against the farmers
bv venturing to ear through whom and at what
prices thev will sell their own manulactures.
The temeiv is simple, and has the groove of pre
cedent to rim in : lot the paternal Legislature
take its chunk of chalk and go over the list of
farm-tools, from reapers to dung-forks, and the
free principle of -‘Anti-Monopoly’ will again
wipe'its feet on the tyrant “ Monopoly. lours
t nl ]y t IX. il. oewahi).
Chicago, Dec, 31, 1873,
THE HELEN JEWETT MURDER.
Doosrotr, N, J., Dec, 21, 1573.
To the Editor of The Chtcmjo Tribune:
Sib : I recently read," in the Newark (N. J.)
Journal, an article copied [com your paper, en
titled “Tho Helen Jewett Murder—A Strango
Sequel—A Lawsuit Growing out ot tho Half-
Forgotten Case.” In this article The Teied.ne
U made to say: “ Helen Jewett was a beautiful
woman of loose morals, and tho supposed
mistress of Eicbard P. liobmson, a young man
of a good Connecticut family. One ' night
his house was horned down and Helen
Jewett’s murdered body was found in
tho rains. It was supposed that tho
house was Bred to obliterate all traces of the
deed. Kobiuson was arrested on suspicion, aud
placed on trial for minder. Be was befriended
in his trouble by Mr. Joseph Hoicie, his em
ployer, a merchant of Now York, and subse
quently a member of Coueiess, now deceased.
Hubinson was acquitted."
Now, X do not know whence you obtained your
information, hut this I do know, that there are
many errors m tho above statement. I was
(hiving a home and cart in New York at
the time (1837), and was in the house,
and in the very room, in which
the murder was committed, on the
morning of the second day iborealter. I here
with state ' Mn facts of tho case us X recollect
them.
Eichard P. Eobinaon was a young man, pre
possosbiug in appearance, and uot more than CO
yoara of age at tue time of the muracr. ilo was
what in modern parlance would bo termed a fast
young man. Ho was living as a cleik with his
Uncle, Joseph Hoxsie, who at the time was doing
a bu"e business m the dry goods and clothing
lino at No. 101 Maiden lauo. Helen Jewett was
a girl of the town, having her head
quarters at Madamo Eossana . Townsend's,
Noa Hi and IS (1 think) Thomas street. She
waa voung, handsome, and highly accomplished.
In the way of dash and Display sue eclipsed
everything that appeared on isroadway, being
always the " observed of all observers.” Eobiu
sou got acquainted with her, and soon obtained
the favor of her smiles. Ha visited at her
home and often accompanied her to places of
amusement. He no doubt found her an expen
sive atlicle of attraction, and possibly may have
tapped bis uncle's till to raise tho ways aud
means for her support. ,
And now tho scene changes. Ouo night dur
;:rr Liiu winter of ISJ7, tho occupants of tho
Townsend mansion were moused by tho smell
of something burning. Search was mado for
tuo fire. Tho door of the room
occupied by Helen was forced open, and
there lay tho mangled body of the poor girl, en
veloped in dames. The lire bad not extended
beyouu the bod-elotbiug, and was soon extru
gu-shed. Tho whole booseaold were eooa
drawn to the scene of the murder, and every-
was in commotion. Eobmson was at ouco
suspected as the murderer j tho police were
eunrinoued to the scene ; end early uext morn
in- ho was arrested at his boardiug-houso ia
Key street. Ho was soou after indicted for tuo
murder, aud committed to tho Old Briooweil
until the day of Inal.
Tho day of trial finally came on. Eobmson
had all the way along manifested the utmost iu
dillereuce as to his fate. Mr. Huxsio nad em
ployed two or three of tho most eminent lawyers
in the city to defend him, and, if I recollect
rightlv, tho great Ogden Hoffman was one of
tffom " ’ Tho trial commenced. X’or tho prosecu
tion the woman Tow ntoud testified that Eobm
sou bad been a frequent visitor to bor bouso
during tho three mouths previous to the mur
der and that Miss Jewett was tho at
traction. The girl who had charge of
the street-door on tho evening of the mur
der swore positively that she let Eobiuron
into tho house at 11 o’clock that evening. Iwo
girls who slept in tho room adjoining testified
tuat Eobiusou, or some other gentleman, entered
Miss Jewett’s room at about that hour; tnat,
about an hour thcioaltor, they heard loud aud
au-ry talking in the same room, which continued
for some cousidorabie time, \7ucn ic ceiuscd aud
all was quiet. A hatchet, smeared with blood,
was fouud in tho back yard ou tno morning alter
tho morder, and a gentleman’s ueck-scarf was
found hanging on tho fence m tho rear of tho
yard. So it was self-evident from the start that
tho murderer had passed out through the back
yard and thcncc over tho fence, amt through a
narrow alley leading into Baiclay street. Tno
hatchet was identified by Mr. Hoxsio’s porter as
bein- the ono used in bis store, and the scarf
was sworn to by somo oue as being tho same
ouo fie bad seen worn by tho prisoner. Hero
tho prosecution rested, and tho late of Itobinson
seemed to bo sealed and bis doom certain. But
nothing in this world can bo counted on as cer
tain, until it bas taken place.
Tho defense now opened; bat tho prospect
before them looked gloomy eoongh to dispel tno
last ray of hope. Witness alier witm.es was
brought upon tho stand, sworn, aud examined ;
but uieir testimony did not amount to much lliai
was favoraulo to the prisoner. At length
a -entloman of tho name of Eobert Furlong was
brought forward aud placed upon tbs stand.
Mr. Furlong was tbo propiietor of a first-class
house of euieilaiiimciu located ou tho coruer of
Flue and Nassau streets, aud was well known to
moat of tho down-town merenants and their
clerks, and they all wondered what he could
possibly know about tbo case. He swore posi
tively that be was well acquainted with Eobmsoo,
aud that ho came to his place at about 11 o’clock
on tlio evening of tbo muider, called for re
freshments, aud remained there for over two
hours. Had a thunderbolt descended iuto
tho court-room, .it could not have
caused a greater sensation among tho audience
than did tnis announcement. An alibi bad been
proven by a gentleman whoso character was
above rcproacu. Eobinson was acquitted aud
homo out of tbo court-room in triumph by his
friouds.
Mr. Hoxsie failed in business shortly after the
termination of inis trial, aud was ever after
wards what might fir termed a poor man. He
was never a member of Congress, although ho
was a candidate ou several occasions. I first
saw him during tho Harrison campaign, in IS4O.
He was the most courtly-lookiug man I over saw
in my life, tall and straight as an Indian, with a
genial countenance and a head as white as snow.
He was an entertaining stump-speaker, and
could sing tho song entitled, “Van, Van, He’s
a Used-np Man,” as no other man could emg it.
He died in 1870, at the advanced age of 70 years,
Mr. Furlong’s business began to drop off after
tho trial; he became gloomy and dejected ; ha
health began to fail bun, and he attempted 1
sea-voyage in the hope of its restoration. Whej
tho vessel was some three days out at sea, fe
one night jumped overboard, aod was drowuej.
Madame Townsend broke up housekeeping
soon after the murder, and retired to privacy.
Many fashionable ladies of tho highest standa
attonded the eale of her effects, and tbo luruitjro
in the room in which Helen was murufired
brought fabulous prices. Yours truly,
X. S. Lvov, Ex-Cart rasa
Another African War.
From the. Pall Hall Gazette, Dec. 15.
The Capo mail brings the news of aitther
African war. Intelligence had reached Cape
Town a few days before the steamer eailed that
a disturbance had occurred ia Katal in ftnac
queuce of a Caffro Chief named Langaliseiele
refusing to register his firearms. Aftersome
delay the carbineers wero dispatched tomtor
cept him, it being supposed that ho would en
deavor to escape across the Dracbenbcrg,wbere
tho troops were completely surrounded fcy the
Callies, without provisions. In trying t| flgUl
their wav out three men were killed, ono of
them being the son of the Colonial Secretary,
the Hon. Maj. Erskine. An oitra of
tno Natal Colonist publishes the following : ‘By
a telegram from the Colonial Secretary
we learn that there is news from the
expedition. Langalihelele’s tribe broke through
unexpectedly, after a skirmish, in which the
Colonial Secretary’s son (Erskine) and young
PottcriU and Bond wore killed. The troops aio
in pursuit. It is wished that the intelligence
should bu. known to-prevent undue alarm.-
Threo natives in our ecivico, it appears, were
killed, and five horses. The carbineers were re
duced to great siraits fer want of provisions,
and had to kill a beast and cat it raw. Jier
Majesty’s ship Rattlesnake arrived at Table Buy
on the 17th ult., from Simon’s Bay. to be held in
readiness to convov troops to Natal should their
services bo required. The High Commissioner
had made arrangements for the immediate de
parture of a part of the Eighty-sixth Regiment,
if necessary, but it was believed that the hali
battahon of the Seventy-.fifth Regiment in
Natal would bo sufficient, unless the affair as
sumed greater magnitude.. It was said that the
Lieutenant-Governor was going to the disturbed
country, aud that the colonists generally were
enthusiastic iu support of the Administration.
HUMS PARSERS’ STATE COSTESTIOI.
Comments of the Press.
From the A lUjii 'III.) Telegraph {Republican),
It is very astonishing that such intelligent,
considerate, and law-abiding men as the great
body of the Illinois farmers aro should so far
forget what was duo to themselves and to the
laws by which all of our lives and property are
protected, as to re-elect the notorious S. 31.
Smith Secretary of their association for another
year, at their recent meeting held at Decatur.
Ko sooner was the act done than Smith arose
and thanked the body for their support, and re
marked that ho considered it an indorsement of
his Winchester speech, la that speech ho
counseled a- promiscuous hanging of
all railroad men and monopolists. As
no ono objected to this claim, wo suppose that
his Winchester remarks are approved,—that they
aro, in fact, a reflection of the sentiment repre
sented at Decatur. Yet we know that the great
mass of tho agriculturists of this JStato respect
the laws, and would shrink with horror from the
earning out in practice of such dangerous and
incendiary language as that used by Smith in
his Winchester speech; if they permit
themselves to bo led by political demagogues
and unscrupulous politicians into an indorse
ment of such sentiments, they must not be sur
prised if they are denounced and held responsi
ble for tho inevitable results of such demoraliz
ing aud dangerous utterances as those proclaim
ed by Smith.
From the OUaica (Til.) Free-Trader tTnirpenie.nl).
Tbo reaolutioua finally adopted attest tuo ag
gregate Bound, solid good sense of tho body.
They afford indeed a marvelous proof of toa
practical intelligence of our people, and tho
readiness with which, out of seemingly chaotic
confusion, they can eliminate tho true and valu
able. Never was a new party in tho first stages
of its formation so utterly at loose ends as this
Anti-Monopoly party. Tho mass of them felt
and knew that there was a great wrong some
sucre; that from some cause monopoly
had got the upper hand of them end
was eating out their substance; that
both the political parties in some way were
leagued in with tho bloodsucking monopolists
and corruptionists, and yet whete to stiike, and
how to compass the overthrow or amelioration
of these evils, was a problem few dared to
tackle. Yet, after leas than a year’s desultory
discussion, during which hundreds of the most
visionary and senseless schemes and projects
have been presented, discussed, and cast aside,
a body of men unskilled in debato or the arts of
parliamentary manipulation, quietly meet and,
with sober,* dignified deliberation, pro
ceed to construct a platform which is
both a model for its general sound;
ness of principle and the terseness ana
admirable cogency of its language. While it is
such an one as neither of the political parties
wall be inclined to adopt for themselves, it is yet
ono in which they will find few points
to assail. .... Except a, squint in fa-
vor of some nonsensical . currency ex
pansion eclicmo in tbo ninth resolution
(which must bavo been so adroiily smuggled in
ss not to bavo been perceived), the platform is
thoroughly sound, sensible, aud reformatory.
In ebort, the convention has struck our in the
true direction, and, if tho road is followed wich
diligent determination, it cannot fail toleadto
t’lo goal all so earnestly desire to reach in relief
from tho oppressions of monopoly.
From the petersburp till.) republican ( Republican ).
Tho Farmers’ Association, in cutting loose
from old party-tiee, have taken a step that may
lead to tiio formation of a new national party.
We aro not prepared to say now that there is no
necessity for a now party. Tbo republican
party has done tbo country noble service, and
will *oo much more; bat whether it will purge
itself of tho very many bad men now fastened
on to it aud bringing it into contempt, ia a
question. On the meeting of Congress there
was a chance for the party to do something to
rcliovo itself from tho actions brought on bv its
eaders in that body, but so far the whole
time has been taken up in haggling
over the matter, and trying to evado it. it will
not satisfy tbo better seatimoot of tbo party by
charging tbo Democrats with a part of tho re
spousioilitv. The Itepublicana have a majority,
and could "have defeated the steal in tbo first
place, and could repeal tbo act now if they so
wished; but it seems they aro too corrupt to do
anything of the kind. Hence tbo party suffers,
at ic justly should. Too fanners, as we bavo
said from tno beginning of this movement, bavo
just cause for complaint, and tho surest way for
thorn to get relief is to unite and demand tho
election to office of nono but these who will look
after thoir ielerosts.
From the Centralia till.) Democrat tTndcpmidmi).
Wo have seldom had tho pleasure of observing
and participating in so complimentary and richly
deserved a result as was tho unanimous re-elec
tion of W. C. Flagg and S. M. Smith, Esqra., to
the offices of President aud Secretary of tho
State Fanners’ Association, at the annual meet
iii- last weak. Mr. Smith especially has, daring
tno past year, been decried, lied about, and per
secuted by tiro opponents of the Farmers’ Move
ment all through the land, and for no other rea
son under the heavens than that ho was an hon
est thorough-going, and active worker in
the cause of reform among his brother farmers.
Inspired with a zeal that knows no abatement
until lie objects sought have been realized,
these tiro worthy and talented advocates of an
almost holy cause have mightily aided in potting
into offices of honor and emolument hundreds
of their co-workers in tola State. Aid it ia re
freshing to know that scarcely ono of these hun
dreds nttended the Decatur meeting to support
th»ir re-election. It waa tho spontaneous con
viction of tho delegates, expressed in the happy
Well done, thou good and faithful eorvanis;
cuteryo iuto tho joy of tho farmeis’ honsenold.
From the Watoeti {HI,) Txme»{Tndependen().
This action make* the leaders of the old polit
ical parties aland aghast. The hope that the
Darners' Movement “ would soon blow over,
and the certainty that they aro hereafter to bo
returned to the quiet of private life, tills them
with trembling and indignation ; and their cm sea
agjinst the “ potato-bugs ” and “ ljug-earod
jttkasses,” as they were wont to term the farm
p» are deep, if not loud. The event is in itself
aheroio one, and in keeping with the dotenniua
tion of the men who aro resolved to bring about
• different erato of things in the management
of the affairs of the nation Honest men
have now abandoned all hope for reform oy
either the Republican or Democratic party. The
corruption, the fraud, the peculation, the rings,
the Crtdit-Mobiiier, tho salary-steal, alarmed
o.ery one. end tho erv for reform was asked of
the party m power. "The answer came from by
either defeating or haggling over tho repeal of
the salary bill, and the placing of Credit-Jlobilier
representatives or salary-robbers at tho Dead of
tho committees, thus insulting the demands
from an outraged people,—the Democrats and
Republicans vying with one another in the dis
play of their indifference to even honest de
cency, by unholding and voting for tho acknowl
edged rascals of their own parties. Surely tho
timo lias come for a new parly.
From (he SprinaJUld {HI.) Journal (Republican),
The Journal ia not diapoaod to witahold com
mendation 01' much of tho utterance of the
Decatur Convention, as contained in the plat
form there adopted. Indeed, tho main planks
of the platform are of good lumber, and have
proved serviceable, in long use by the Re
publican party. Few of the resolutions adopted
by the Farmers embody views that have not
been previously expressed by other parties, and
mQBt of them pat into successful operation by
tho Republican party. But the mere professions
of a new party have rightly come to be regarded
as of much less force than those of a party
having the abi’itv and desire to make
its promises gooti. The
State Farmers’ Association seems to have
entered the political field, and relics upon legis
lation and political action generally. It bases its
claims on public support upon its platform, and
its professions remain to be tested. If the
farmers thus actively enter tho political field,
tbeir party, like others, will be judged by ito
deeds, not by its promises. It may, liko the
Republican party, carry out ita prom
ises, or. like tlio Democratic party, become
a popular by-word for profession rather
than practice. Considering the utter
ances of the Decatur Convention as those of a
party, though it is net ret apparent whether the
farmers at all generally accept the now depart
ure ; they furnish a theme lor comment and criti
cism. The platform seems to us to lack tangi
bility. Just as goo J resolutions as those adopted
at Decatur have been seen ere this, and the men
who framed .them, treated them as scaffolds to
build their ..political fortunes, and when they
reached office coolly ignored them. It remains
to bo seen whether* tue “now departure" men.
if they enter the held as a political party, will
do likewise. By their acts will they bo judged.
Froih the Chester ( IlL ) Valle)/ Clarion.
Had a liberal spirit prevailed at the Decatur
Convention, there was the grandest opportunity
before them of organizing a successful party
ever presented In tuis country; a party upon
which all classes of the people, irrespective of
past political predilections, classes, or creeds
could mass their forces for victorr over tho sal
ary-grabbers and other robbers of the nation; a
party whoso representatives would go forth with
especial instructions to right the wrongs of the
food-producer, the artisan, and tho laborer. Wo
regret, however, to state that this was not done;
cud, like all movements wherein tho moving
power is actuated by selfish purposes only, this
Farmers’ Movement will bo obliged to give place
10 a party of tho people for all the people; for
tho welfare of the*uaiicn, farmers included.
From the Danville (III.) Commercial {Republican).
The Granges, by their constitution, are pre
cluded from taking part as an organization In
politics; the Association of Fanners’ Clubs is
ruo almost, if not entirely, in tho interest of
politicians of the various creeds who have left
their party for the party’s good. Consequently,
quite a contrast will be noticed between the two
sets of resolutions. Tho platform of tho
Grangers wo can indorse unqualifiedly; the res
olutions of the Association are such os wo can
commend heartily, with tho exception of tho
second in number, which condemns and de
nounces tho old political paities as un
worthy the confidence and respect of
tho people, and declares that •* wo are
absolved from all allegiance with them,
and should act with them no longer.'’ This, of
course, means a now party. And upon what
basis do the farmers propose to form a new
party ? What distinctive principles do they give
utterance to which cither of the old parties are
not willing to accord, and which the farmers
themselves are not able, if they see fit, to forco
into the platformof either party iu any county or
State west of the Alleghenies or south of Mason
and Dixon’s line ? .... Upon this platform
tho Decatur Convention proposes to organize a
new party—a new party based upon no now
principles, without a new idea, and which
follows after and copies the re
forms which have already been inaug
urated by the Republican patty. Tho Gran gers,
on the other hand, like wise moo. steer clear of
all political action, and iu their course will re
ceive the hearty support of the newspaper-press
without regard to political predilections. If the
farmers want to make their impress upon the
legislation of the day, they need not leave tho
party which, on national questions, meets with
their views, but in their own party caucuses and
conventions come out in full force and see that
men after their own heart are nominated for of
fice. They have tho numbers to exercise a con
trolling influence upon all nominating conven
tions, and all they need to do is to exercise the
power they possess. They need only blame
themselves if demagogues get the upper hand of
them.
From tht Gcnato {Til) Republic (Republican), m
Sore-headed politicians—men who have tried
their fortunes m the old parties and faded it
both—aro conspicuous in tho Association; while
that class of people, if admitted at ail, aro kept
well under in tho Giauges. The political backs
had a good deal to gay m the Decatur meeting.
Many of them think they see daylight—that is, a
wav to office—through the Farmcra’* Movement,
and they improve every opportunity to make hay
whilo the sun shines. Gentlemen of this strip©
had things pretty much their own way at tho
meeting under consideration. The Con
vention did not organize a new politi
cal party, as many expected and
hoped it would do, but it waa resolved
that tho Association cut loose from both the old
parties, and, as we understand it, until farther
notice, carry on a sort of guerrilla warfare. This
is to be prosecuted under tho direction of a com
mittee of thirty, which la to meet in the mouth
of May of each vear to decide on tho political
programme for tLe ensuing summer and fall, in
other words, to lay out work for the masses of
the people, and to instruct them how to vote.
Under this arrangement the masses will have an
easy time of it. Tho politicians perform tho
labor. They lay the plans, do tho headwork,
manage tho business, leaving nothing to bo
done by the people but to vote as the Commit
tee dictate. The idea is a novel one, and
perhaps it will work. How the masses them
selves will like tbe plan remains to be
seen. Tho Association is to be composed
of farmers. In the discussion of the provis
ions of tho Constitution it was given out by soma
of tho more magnanimous of the leading lights
that these other industrial classes could vote
with tbe farmers on election if theychose to do
so. This is a concession on the part of tbe As
sociation that will bo duly appreciated, wo have
no doubt.
From the Toulon (til.) Fete Era (Independent).
The Farmers’ Convention took a long atop
forward in boldly and strongly declaring iho
recent history of both political parties of such a
nature as to render them no longer worthy the
support of honest, respectable men. It vir
tually declares in favor of taking political action
as a State oiganization, and appointed a com
mittee to take charge of this part of tho business.
Their platform may be regarded as the avowed
principles of the new party that is now certain to
take tho place of tho old Democratic organiza
tion, just as the Republican party succeeded the
old Whig.
From the Princeton {HI.) Tribune ( Independent).
It was the duty uf this Convention of farmers
to more clearly deiiue their position, to more
clearly define the lines of demarcation, and to
map out the position occupied by the Anti-Mo
nopoly forces. It was also the duty of this Con
vention to concentrate and solidify tho various
elements, which, although composed of tho same
constituent parts, and di awn or driven by tho
same impulse in tho same general direction, had
not as yet combined into a harmonious whole.
It was tho duty of this Convention to draw up
and present to the world a declaration of Anfi-
Mouopoly principles, and to put forth a platform
unequivocal in iw expressions, broad and liberal
in its ideas, requiring from its supporters an
unreserved and unhesitating compliance with tho
requirements of honesty, and enunciating as
tho bases of all law equal and exact Justice for
all. special privileges 10 nouo. This they have
done in tho most able and satisfactory manner.
From the Frttwi BnUfltn {lndependent).
The farmers, m convention last week at De
catur, struck tho light chord when they resolved
that at tho ballot-box was the only place to se
cure a reform of tho evils and wrongs that are
oppressing tho industry of this nation. It is
well to organize Farmers’ Clubs, Farm?!*’ Asso
ciations, Granges, etc., but repeated and stated
meetings will not do much other than to perfect
the organization and secure unity of action, and
that action can only bo exerted as tho ballot-box
if it would avail anything. If tho farmers
would eradicate the corruption that now per
meates every dcpar.ment of the Civil Service
of this nation, tho ax must bo laid at tho ro.,t
of the ovil. Let the people organize their
Congressional and Legislative Committees, aud
then through them organize for the contest next
fall, and befoio tho idea of next November they
will have full and complete control of tho law
making power of both State and Nation. Let
tho work be organized now.
From the Carlyle {Til) Union Banner ( Tndependcnf).
Ihe resolutions adopted as the platform of the
ncvr party do not contain one solitary cxtras'a
gant demand, but are moderate in tone, yet firm.
They are couched m simple language, and are
brief and to the point. The organization has
formally cut loose from Democracy and Repub
licanism, as exemplified in high places just now,
and declared it will have no future alliance with
cither of them; their apologists were received
with as little favor, in the Convention, as- their
candidates will be received at the polls in future
elections, by the great body of voters whom the
Convention represented.
From the> Decatur {III.) iTaanel {lndependent,
We question whether there has been a body of
men in session in this country for mauv yean,
who have given to the world a platform that has
in it bo little equivocation, and so much of wbit
really is the popular will, as Is to be found in
the resolutions presented to this Convention ty
its Committee, and adopted with but slight
modifications. They have tho true ring. There
is no attempt to deceive, or carry water on both
shoulders, for tho sake of effect. They go te
foro the world as the fearless, outspoken senti
ments of a bodv of reformers, and whether in
dorsed or not by tho people, they must hate
recognition for candor.
From the Earhille {Hi.) Transcript {lndependent).
Tho Convcntion-at Decatur, which represented
between 800 and 900 farmer s clubs in Illinois,
was the ablest and most important Coaveutnn
of producers, probably, ever held in tho United
States. It was characterized throughout its dc-
tv wisdom and moderation; at the
same time it was radical and bold in grapplin'*
with the questions which the present condition
and needs of the farmers of tho ’West, hav7»
brought before the puhe mind Tbci
declaration that ‘* Wo will act no longer with the
old political parties” is emphatic and unequivo
cal, and means business. The days of tho Bc
publican party are numbered.
NECROLOGICAL.
XUc Dead o* 1573.
Front the Cincinnati Gazette.
Th‘o‘current year is cow bo near its close that
wo properly mav catalogue the names of its most
distinguished dead. Such enumerations are
very liable to b<r! defective, while it is not always
easy to draw the lino between those whose repu
tation is of public interest and those who, no less
morally and intellectually deserving perhaps,
should be left to be remembered and sorrowed
for by friends and relatives alone. We present
tho-followicg list, therefore, without claiming
for it any" great completeness, expecting only
that it may afford some appropriate idea of the
extent of tho ravages of destroyer among
persons of mark:
. In January there died the ex-Emperor of tho
French, Napoleon lIL ; Sir Edward Buhver’Lyi
ton, the novelist; the H?v. Adanf Sedgwick, tho
eminent English geologist; the Dowager Em
press Amelia, of Brazil: the Hon, and Bev,
Baptist W. Noel, who startled the aristae; atic
religious circles of England iu 1840 bv leaving
the Established for tho Baptist Church,
James Hannay, the English novelist.
Among those dying io February were tho
Dowager Empress of Austria Caroline Augusta,
widow of Fiancial, who died iu 1535; ox-Gov.
J. W. Geary, of Peansvlvania, Caroline Chcac
bro, one of Ihe pleasantest of tho female auriiom
of America, and Gustavo Bichard, the eminent
French artist.
Bishop McUvaine, Judge H. 11. Leavitt, T!a
count Asamgtou, Speaker of the British House
of Commons; Charles Knight, the English
author and publisher: tho Marquis Chasaelanf
Laobat, a distinguished French statesman;
Amadoa Thierry, author of the History of tho
Gauls; Domenico Donelli, the once famous
Italian tenor, and Princo Nicholas, brother of tho
King of Sweden, died in March.
The necrology, of April includes W. 0. 51a
crcady, tho actor; Justus Voo Liebig, tho world
renowned chemist; the wife of President Figu
eroa, of Spain; George Bliss, tho great railroad
operator, of Springfield, Maas.; and the English
Earl, Do la Warr, who committed suicide in con
sequence of an'unfortnnalo attachment.
In May there died W. H. McGaJToy, tho edu
cator ; the Earl of Zetland; Chief Justice
Chase; Oakes Ames, of Credit MobiUcr no
toriety ; John Stuart Mill, the economist and
radical thinker; Joel Barker, D. D., a promi
nent Presbyterian clergyman of New York;
tbe Bev. John Atwood, a Baptist minister of
Now Hampshire, noted for having been thrown
overboard, in 1800, by tho Democracy or hia
State, after having been nominated by them
for Governor—hia offense was writing an anti
slavery letter ; Daniel Pratt, the pioneer manu
facturer of Alabama ; Thomas Robinson. Canon
of Rochester, a prominent divine of the En
glish Establishment; Alexander John Couza,
Princo of Moldavia and ex-Hospodar ; and Al
essandro Manzoui, the Nestor of Italian authors.
In June there' passed away Count Vonnnille,
tbe eminent French naturalist; Mansfield T.
Walworth, the novelist, who waa killed by his
own bod ; Ratazzi, one of the leading statesmen
of rogeueiaicd Italy; Prince Adalbert of Prus
sia, famous as a naturalist and
You Ranmcr, tho German pnbJ^iSt; Horace F,
Clark, the great railroad operator; Lewis Tap-*
pan, memorable In tho annals of philanthropy;
Hiram Powers, the sculptor; President 8. Tal
bot, of Dennison Univeisity. Ohio, and Jcsso It.
Giant, father of tho President of tho United
States,
July witnessed the departure from earth of J.
G. member of Congress from Oregon;
of Samuel Wilbcrforce, Bishop of Winchester,
who was killed by a fall from his horse; of the
sarcastic Lord Westburv, ex-Chancellor of Great
Britain; of Baron Wolverton, and of Mrs. Ciivo,
author of that fine novel, ‘‘Paul Fcrroli.”
In August four distinguished American clergy
men, three of them quite aged, departed from
their * earthly labors; R. S. Storrs, D. D. of
Braintree, Mas., and Gardiner Spring, D. D., oi
Now York, both of whom had been pastors over,
their respective churches more than sixty years;
the Rev. John Todd, D. D., of Pittsfield. Mars.,
author of Tbe Student’s Manual and Index
Rerum, and Solomon Howard, D. D., cx-Prcsi
dent of the Ohio University, at Athens.
In SeptembcrCount Charles Es'erhozy com
mitted suicide at Vienna ; Gen. Ed. S. McCook
was murdered at Yankton, Dakota. The wife of
Prince Bismarck; Dr. Aug. Nelaton, tho famous
French surgeon; J. J. Gusto, the French natur
alise ; F. Guerrarzi, Dictator of Rome under the
Republic of ISIS; Prince Croney Chanel, whe
churned to be the lawful Ring of 'Hungary; and
Clara Mundt, the novelist, better known under
her uom do plume of L. Muhlbacii, also died
during this monti.
Sir Edwin Landseer, the great painter of
animals, died on Ihe 2d of October. Ko waa
followed during the same mouth by Rnfctrt
Bigsbv, the Eoghih antiquarian ; Silas
Til.. i>. r one of tho oldest ministers of the
American Episcopal Church; Siug John, ol
Saxony; Sir Ileny Holland, the octogenarian
English phyticiaj and traveler, and Cym*
Wakefield, ’the foaton capitalist and liberal
benefactor of pubic institutions.
The death list </ November is very long. It
includes Sir Wiiliaa Bovili, Chief Justice of tho
English Court of Common Pleas; Lewis Gay
lord Ciark, of Knidcrbocker fame ; John Early,
eenior Bishop of tin Methodist Episcopal Church
South ; Laura Kceio, the actress whoso playing
President Lincoln vta witnessing on the evening
of his assatainailm; Gen. W.. J. Hardee, of
tactic and Confederate fame ; EL C. do Rbam, a
leading Now York nerchaut, aged 89; Mrs. R.
E. Leo ; Daoud Pa&i, the Turkish statesman ;
Gen. Delafield, of ho National Army; James
H. Lucas, the riclmman in St. Louis ; L. B.
BischofTshcim, the Paris banker ex-Scnator
John P. Halo; Coatantiue Costi. tho Italian
sculptor; ex-Snator and Gov. Richard
Yates, of Illinois. r
During the preacit month there have died
Bishop Armilage, of tho Episcopal Diocese cf
Wisconsin ; Charles YcAlister, ouo of the Pea
body Trustrecs, andaxtensively and favorably
known in this city aal Philadelphia; James W.
Johnston. Equity Juigo of Neva Scotia; Am
brose White, the umegcuariau merchant
Philadelphia ; Louis Ipassiz, who was soon fol
lowed by his daaghhr-ir-law, who had worn
herself out in miuiiering by his sick bed;
Samuel Nelson, ex-iuatico of the Supremo
Court of the United‘hates ? John S. Hopkins,
tho Baltimcrc millioairo and philanthropist,
and Frederick Dent, faher-ia-Uw of President
Grant.
A* few days of the defatting year still remain,
but, though few, they nay make fearful gaps in
social, literary, and pluicul circles, aud add
somewhat to the list wlich wohavo given above.
Those who have corapaicd tho annual necrolo
gies of tho last decade <r two will conclude that,
whilo the death-roll tf 1873 ‘ contains two ox
three names of iirst-cia* importance, it hae not,
thus for at least, closed (ho earthly caieersof as
many celebrities as eithfc 1532 or 1559, and per-,
haps of several other yurs within the laat quar*
tor of a century. \
llriiTlmni Vonnir’j Favorite Wile.
St. Lnuifi G!»ht*t TnUvnevtwiih Ann Eliza Your?.
llgw large is bis btUc firmly circle ?
He bad ai .crccn wires null I ieft» an( *
five children.
How docs bo uupnert all of them .
Wftl, the most of tbett support tbemscirca
Brigham compels thou to do u. For instance,
be only allows enoufb to each one to purcb&si
the baro uccesaario of bfc —calico ureases
Women in Utah barotbe sumo pride and amm*
lion about their pcrsual appearanc* tba- tucj
have anywhere cbe. If they wan- any
thing better, they are compelled to' ta*€
in boarders or dc sawing, or
of that sort. That is the »ay | c ,
of them hut the fa volte, Aracka Folsom. She
dresses in silk and satn. eats at trie t
with him, and does ndhing all day. -
eat in the same dimm-room, and tney are_com
polled to look on, I’utom can do anythin,, sue
likes with him. ' „/ n ; ro .
It would he interestin' to knowwta* ofm
toon wives was able tc «ptore
maintain an a-c r, ndt;iicj over him.
able to mauage him ? i-mncr and
By her temper; she his an awful temper, ana
she can scold him into aiything.
Is she good-iooktrg? -No she
over 40 years old. Ttey say 1
hut that is not the case. intcl-
Well. then, does her chirms lie m
iect ? No, I ain’t Jealous of her » “-. to ccars .
the reverse of
cstaud moat valuer of all , . ]L wa9
Young. Her roputaUon is had-tbat «, w
bad nmil she married Brigham. Lake,
repeat what is said of bet “di° te3l per.
She rules him by herslrong will “d tad» v
How does ho manage tae rest o ti:B i-; vM
He keeps them at..distance mid^i
ity is allowed from tbt “* T ,J e0 w b eD be ia
sneak to him except now and q good
extra pood natnred. Bngbambaa
deal of a Hart m ha daw. w: n
bis meanness toward bis Wives, »
enormously wealthy.

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