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CAPITAL AND LABOR.
An Address Made by a Swedish TV'ori:- i,.pnn Twenty-four Years Ago. To V.t Worl-ivjmrn of Chicago: GESTJ.r.MKS: Twenty-four years ago, ihont this time oflUa year, there was a gathering of workingmen in Stockholm, the Capital of Swe den. They had assembled there for the some cause aa the workingmen of Chicago toed to gether now: they hod no work and no money. Five gentlemen,—a Norwegian, a Dane, a Ger man and two Frenchmen,—all of them members of the Communistic Leagues formed in Par-, ia Berlin, and elsewhere, and all of them ear nest advocates of tho Communistic principles,— takin" advantage of the occasion, coustkutcd themselves leaders for the dissatisfied worting men and preached for them war against Capital, and a'-ains: tho ruling power—Law and Drier— in society. At the first two meetings their in flammatory speeches fired many a heart and mind, and a firebrand was in this way actually thrown oat in society; hat, innsmua as the Swedes in general are a thinking, labor, and law-abiding people, tho workingmen soon commenced to reflect for themselves; aid, at their third mooting, after two of the loaders had made some very fierce and incendiary remarks and propositions to upset the order of society, a laborer mounted tho tribune, in the midst of srild enthusiasm, and spoke, as far as I can now recollect, iu the following words: GrsTLOlins axd Fkixow-LAnonEUs: Ton ill know that I am a laborer, having a common Interest with yon, and suffering, for want of work and money, as you do. The ideas and principles advocated hero by certain gentlemen tie entirely new to all of us; we never hoard of thorn before,— never thought of them before. I feel ashamed of myself to admit that, at first, they made a deep impression on my mmd, and tan away with my reason. I thought they wore is correct and true as tho Gospel; I thongnt we, the working-class, wore wronged,—enslaved by Capital, and robbed of onr rights as citizens and useful members of society: and I felt, if that was so, that I had tho courage to fight.—yea, that it was mv dutv, if need be, to sacrifice my life to bring about a new order of things. But, in thinking the matter over a httle, I soon came. to quite different conclusions ; and I an here to. ni"ht just for ths sole purpose of. giving you part of the same, fully convinced that you. too, will accept what is wnght and proper. . “In the first place, 1 ask you: what is Capi tal? Allow me to tell you that Capital is Labor, or the products of Labor. Evemning you use, food, clothing, furniture, house for shelter, or whatever it may be, is Capital, or tin products of Later. To ’ illustrate this, let mo suppose that one of vou, with his wife and children, was cbmin- to-night into this city. Yon were hungry: von needed shelter and many other things, not only at tho particular moment, hut to-morrow and every following day. IVhal would yon do about it? Would you propose forcibly to take possession of another man’s home, because ho was wealthy, and drive him and his family out into the street, in order that yoa might enjoy his plenty ? Certainly not. I’ll tell yon what vou would do. Yoa would negotiate with somo- Csdv to get what you needed on promise of future pavmeut; and you would give, as secur ity for What you received, your capacity of Labor, and, because' Labor produces moaoy (Capital); the scjfirity you offer would bo accepted the name aa money; and,just on account of that, voa would receive what you wasted. »• Adam and his wife, in Paradise, had no prop erty. no shoes, no clothing, no shelter, no comfort whatever, before he vorked. That couple, we are informed, slept on the green grass, like sheep and other animals,—under some shadv trees, I suppose,—and dressed in figleaves. Well, that was well enough to com mence with; bat, study, it was net before Adam and his wife commenced to work that they could have the luxurv of sleeping in a clean and com fortable bed, living m a comforUblo bouse, and drcsjirjg like decent people. If Adam and Eve overdid that, aa I presume' they did, they en joyed all those things, aa I invo said, only through Labor, because those tlings, of neces sity, wcie tho products of Labor, and could not otherwise bo obtained; neither nave they been obtained in any honest way ever since that time but through the means of Labor. “ Money, or Capital, is also tho product of Labor; and the same is true is to any other article of use, be it whatever it may. Kow, Labor produces more or ieea according to change, circumstances, and the capacity of the laborer. One laborer—every man who performs some kind of work is a laborer, —one laborer, I said, mav grow nch; Another remain poor. If 1 grow rich through tlm result of my labor, I have an undiapurable right to enjoy my wealth as a logoi property; and, if I give it away to my children when I die, they, too, . have a*iegal right to enjoy it 23 their property. ~Tf vou think, as I know yon do, that you have a right to defend your life whenever it is assault ed. you certainly think that you have the same right to defend *your property; that is self preservation ; arid, if you admit that, it will be your dutv to defend the property of others, too. if auvboSy, in your presence, should undertake to steal or rob it away. If it was otherwise, no society conld exist, but violeice,robbery, blood shed, and anarchy ; and !ho end of all that would be the extermination cf mankind. «* Kow. what is it that those men propose wo should do? They say that Capital_(the wealthy men) is the oppressor of tho workingmen, and, on the strength of that accmation, insist that we shall forcibly, illegally, dvidu their money and other property ; that ia,rob them of their individual right; and. furticrmore. when all that ia squandered,—l assma you it would not take a long time before it Mjuld be squandered, that the State should furnish work and money. But let mo ny a few # words to you on this accomt: The income of tho Stata is now,* under :he existing order of things, and when every dannclis open tor in come and revenue, dread; too small to provide for the necessary expense for improvements, deioube, aud other things for the promotion of public wclfaie; but, wlen all that income ceases, which will bo th« case when anarchy reigns, where shall the Uate take the money from to provide toi your rants and pay lor your woik ? And, if vou propcse to start the new or der of things with robber; if you don’t respect the right aud property d others, can you rea eouablv expect that oilers shall re-epect your own ? 'B 1, by force or ii other ways, take away from you your cow, your tools, your clothes, or any other property ot years, will you consent to that? Certainly not. Velh-tboa, do to others what you wish that ctbon shall do to you! “ These reformers ay, further, that the wealthy have everything their own way; that they make tho.l&ws to sut themselves; that they rule; that they have nnnopokea which impov erish others ; and that, ouwiu-ntly, their inter ests are light opposite to the laboring classes. Well, in some reboots that is true. But, gentlemen, wh» is to blame,—they or you? 1 don’t besiute to say that you are more to blame for itthau they. Never, never shall wo better our »ondition before wo have learned to help ouredves, to depend upon our own capacity, and to difeud our own lawful in terests by lawful mean* Wo have neglected to educate ourselves -foi tho strilo and duties of Ufe. above the simple performance of mechani cal labor. So long aswe are contented to live the life of the workhg Ox, satieiiod when wo oavc plenty of work.and, grumbling and non plussed when wo havi not, our condition will re main the same. Wlnt wo need is knowledge, in telligence, and' skill. S.cill, without the former, makes us merely tcnls in the bands of others ; but skill, coincided mb knowledge and intelli gence, will mane us arable not only of working satisfactorily, but of doing it to tho greatest pos sible advantage lor curselved. Auu let me add, we need one thin; more, and that is to be united in associations. If wo organize ourselves Into preper associations, for tho purpose of bettering our condition and promoting the veilure of each other, I, for one, shall not distrust the result, but Ice! assured that, in so doing, we with certainty shall attain, in a proper and legal, way, tho rights we are now deprived of, an 1 at tho same time gain the sympathy and respect of our fellow-citizens and lae world. If there is aiiy other proper way or means to obtain oar rights tad promote oar welfare, I admit that it passes lay uudersiaoding; but this much I am sure of ‘ if taere is any cueetive way to hurt our rights ind spoil our interests, it Is to commit unlawful ness, violence, and robbery.” The ohfect of this spseca was, that no more taid or thought of Communism ; the desti tute workiugmea received aid from the wealthy; aud, iu the following spring, everything was lovely. True, ihe working-mass in Sweden stal tem.au a working-class ; hut, acting oa the ad vice of the speaker referred to, tho laborers have fihice then, m many . respects, improved meir condition, attained a great deal more of educa cation, skill, and intelligence, and also accumu-* kted property. Workingmen of Chicago I I take the liberty to gits to you the report of this speech of ft Swedish laborer, twenty-four years aero, made under similar -Bufferings and circumstances to tliote in which you now find yourselves. It may be there are sentiments in it you will approve. I hope you will; and, that if you do, they will he productive of good! I have no doubt what ever that you will bo taken care of in your present need and misery, through the aid and charity of those follow-citizens who. in these bard times, are blessed with plenty. Surclyyou dp not need to bo ashamed of receiving assistance, when you consider that your present sufferings are not brought about by any actions or doings of your selves. It is, besides*, a duty to assist a neighbor in need, and. I am sure, a duty which you would perform yourselves ‘ were others the sufferers, and you in a position to relieve them. Your friend and fellow-citizen, C. 0. Luxdbeiui. JOHNS HOPKINS’ BENEFACTIONS, The Baltimore JfllUionairc’s Public ISpiritund Widespread Charities. Baltimore papers devoto much space to eulo gies upon Johns Hopkins, tho wealthy and benevolent merchant of that city, who died on the 24th inst. They mention particularly his connection with tho Baltimore &> Ohio Railroad, and describe at length how its possible insol vency and abandonment was once warded off by tho interposition of Mr. Hopkins* individual credit, and that of a few others who followed his lead and were influenced by his example. Ho was bom Mav 19, 1705. He was a Quaker, and was always dressed iu the plainest fashion. Ho was tall in stature, with a slight stoop iu the shoulders, with a plain aad wrinkled lace, but a not unkindly eye. He was brief in his conversation, but to tho point. He was of a quick mind and temperament, and when he came to a determination it was difficult to get him to change it. Ho was honest, industrious, gener ous, and liberal. His estate ia valued at from $8,000,000 to $10,000,000. Mr. Hopkins, with out being a professed member of any church, had always tho profoundeat respect for religion, lie gave largely to religious enterprises, and to the support of institutions such as he approved, and in the decline of his life ha determined to convert his beautiful homo at Clifton into tho purposes of charity, and to devote a large por tion of his wealth for the permanent relief of the poor. Following out this broad scheme, he has made the poor, the sick, and ignorant of tho city his heirs. # . The magnificent estate of Clifton, containing 400 acres, lying between tho Hartford and Bc lair roads,’and binding ou both, is to be tho site of a universitv, to bo endowed with prob ably $3,000,000. Within the design is included a law, medical, classical, and agricultural school. Around tho border of the grounds dwellings of a better class are to be erected, facing inwards, with gardens iu front. In furthering the same scheme Mr. Hopkins purchased the high and ample grounds upon which tho Maryland Hos pital for the Insane stands. It comprises thir teen acres of land within tho city limits. The buildings will be commenced next spring, and sloo.ooo'will be expended on them annually. When completed, thoy will be able to receive 400 patients, and, under tho trust, additional accommodation will be provided as Ul timately, the hospital is designed, under liberal and wise management, to compare favorably with tho celebrated ones of England and France. The hospital and grounds will cost about a million of dollars. Dudor the same trust, but with buildings to bo placed on other ground, is embraced a colored orphan asylum for the re ception. maintenance, and education of colored orphan children. In reference to tho support of this charity, Mr. Hopkins wrote to the Tiustoea ho had appointed that ho bad dedicated to tho support of tho Orphans’ Homo property worth $2,000,000, from which a yearly income of $120,- 000 could bo realized. To sum up the intentions and benefits of this rare and excellent act of benevolence, tho uses as far as declared, and for which further pro vision, it ia undcistood, has been made in his will, arc as follows : First —A university at Clifton, with a law, medical, classical, and agricultural school, en dowed with probably $3,000,000. The valuable ground bas been deeded to Trustees. Second —A free hospital for 400 patients, com plete in all its appointments and departments, for tho reception and treatment of the indigent sick of Baltimore and vicinity, and, iu special cases of casualty, for tho people of tho State generally, without respect *0 age, sex, or color. Tho hospital will form a part of tho Medical School of tho University at Clinton. Third — A convalescent hospital in a country neighborhood, within easy access of the city, to which patients from tho free Hospital may bo re moved as soon as relieved of their maladies, and where they mav completely recruit their strength and vigor before returning to their accustomed labors. ..... , Fourth— An inclosuro of the thirteen acres or the hospital as in part a free park to aii who choose to eater it. A low stone-wall will sur round it, surmounted by iron railings, and the grounds are to be graded, laid off into walks, and ornamented with trees and shrubs aad par terres of flowers, with seats for rest.and sprink ling fountains. . t . Fifth —In connection with tho hospital a train ing-school for nurses will be established, iu ac cordance with the plans of Florence Nightingale. Such nurses are to be paid out of the trust funds, and will bo permitted, after becoming skilled m their duties, to exercise their profes sion, wherever their services may bo engaged among tho general community. £iz&—A homo for colored orphans and for colored children having but one parent, and in exceptional cases for such colored children not orphans, aa may be iu need of chanty. Tho home is to be iu this country, and is designed to accommodate about 400 inmates, and ho en larged when necessary. THE DECEITFULNESS OF WOMAN. TTlie Enormous Sin of Saying; You Are Out When You Are In—And Others Elite Unto It* From the Feic York World. The Women's Social Education Society held its regular meeting yesterday afternoon at Plimpton Hali. Mrs. Caroline A, Soule, the President, in the chair. The discussion of a paper read at a previous meeting by Mrs, Br. Palter was the first business in order. Its sub ject was the necessity of truthfulness in women in social life. The President said that the propositions in the papers were so seli-evident that there was no room for much discussion. She thought that ladies ought always to toll the truth, under all circumstances. It was a very sad thing that they were so much given to what wore generally cou eideied white lies. These generally degenerated into very black lies. It was very wrong, for in stance, for women to instinct their servants to say they were not at home when they were at k°Mra. Kent thought that ladies ought to bo ed ucated into courago etiougn to tell their acivauts to say they were engaged and could not see auv one. A fear they might oilend their friends by such a mes sage was the reason for this common social un truth but if it could be commonly accepted in society that this lie was an enormity she diu not think that any one would tako offense if the truth was told aud an audience denied. Mrs. Miller agreed with the last speaker, and thought tuat a reform in this respect could ho effected without any great social revulsion. A ladypiesent said mothers must bo educated to the fact that the welfare of their children de mands that at all times they should bo truthful. Only in this way could they expect their children to bo truthful aud respectful. , . , , Mrs. Bronson admitted the evil complained or, that women were a sad set of story-tellers, but she would like to hear from the ladies present the beet wav of curing this evil. Mrs. Wolfe thought that the boat way was to educate the conscience. __, . Tao Chair remarked that it should bo said of women, as it was of men sometimes, that their word was as good as their bond. . Mrs. Bronson thought the subject was taking a low lance. There were other falsehoods besides ''the ono on which so much stress had been laid, of a woman say in" eho was out when she was in. They were ali' , livin <T in a great atmosphere of falsehood, ana she would like to know if there was not some way of reaching this evil and correcting it, so that the average woman would cease to lie. Another lady said another common falsehood practiced by women was in inviting to their homes people whom they did not waot.andwhom tbev would much raiber would not accept the in vitution. , Several ladies present disclaimed this, and said that thev wore never guilty of this Bin. Mre. Wolfe thought that there were other falsehoods besides those of the tongue. Many women lived falsely by attempting to dross bo youd tbsir means. The woman whose husband had an income of a thousand dollars a year sum.icd every nerve to dress at well as the woman whose husband bad ten times that in come; “and,” said she, •• they do it some way, but it is by terrible straining." The debate was hen closed. _ A Return to Nauvoo* *Vom the St. Louis Ittvubliean. Young Joseph Smith, finding no congenial place in U:ah. established himself m the village of Plain, lIL. waere he gathered around him the scattered dissenters of the creed of Brigham Xouig* established ft printuig-ofhco, inaugurated THE CHICAGO DAILY TRIBUNE: FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1874. a system of missions and tract distribution, and vigorously entered upon the work of building a church upon the foundations which his father bad laid. Here he has prospered,and the cause for which ho labors has advanced. Missionaries have been sent to Salt Lake itself, with a view to undermine the influence of the usurping proph et Brigham. The Josephitcs, or followers of Smith, are now believed to bo the moat numer ous and aggressive branch of the Mormon Church. And now, after twenty-five years of exile, a movement is on foot, for the re-establishment of the Mormons at their old seat —Kauvoo. The Prophet Joseph will remove thither in a few weeks, and set the presses to work, to print a newspaper, magazine, and tracts to aid the Mormon propaganda in disseminating their faith. When Brigham dies, Joseph will succeed to the Prophetshlp of Mormon ism, and then the headquarters of the faith, which has excited so much attention, will be re-estab lished in the very place from which it was ban ished only twenty-five years ago. It may be taken as an evidence of a rapid growth of sentiments of an enlarged toleration, that the once furiously-persecuted people are welcomed back with the greatest cordiality. There is no sentiment of hostility manifested toward them; on the contrary, the “Gentile” popu lation of Kauvoo and tho surrounding country boast of the advantages which are to to conferred and received iu consequence of tho new movement. Doubtless tho Mormonism of the JosopUilos of tho present day is not the Mormouism that prevailed in Kauvoo twenty-five years ago ; neither is tho popular sentiment tho same that prevailed when old Joe Smith and his followers were ruthlessly driven from tho homos they had reared, in tho middle of a rigorous winter, only a quarter of a century ago. “ Times change, and men change with them.” THE ASHANTEE WAIL Scones After tlie FlgUt oi Abra- Kampa* After tho fight at Abrakampa, in which tho Aahautoes weio repulsed by tho British and their native allies, a correspondent of tho Liv erpool Fast visited tho village of Aniamadie, winch had been tho Ashanteo hcadriuartcrs pre vious to the engagement, and writes as follows of whit ho naw : I started off toward II o’clock, and, halting for a few moments, on the brow of a hill behind which tho hottest part of tho fighting had taken place forty-eight hours before, I gazed at tbe scene winch opened out before mo; bat it was oalv for a few moments, for, although the glen was lovely in tho extreme, and gorgeous with an cvcr-grccn, over-waving foliage that would be the delight of any of our great park-owners at homo, 1 soon became aware of a taint iu the atmobphere that made mo move hurriedly on; andwnen, on turning a corner of the road, I suddenly found lying across tho path objects which I do not care to describe, and the puolic would not care to road of, my resolution fal tered. and, though having once started, I did not care to turn upon my heel, 1 certainly would not have left Abrakampa had I dreamed of what, even thus earlv, 1 should have to go through. At little more than a hundred yards from tho edge of the bush I camo upon what had been the advanced post of tho Ashantees. It conld be easily iccoguized, as a broad bolt of forest undergrowth had for a long distance been cleared away; and, if one may form an opinion from tno manner in which everything hod been trampled down and destroyed, tho Asuantees must have swarmed there Use boos. Thanks to the thickness of the forest, they wore quilo safe from our rifles; but had the defense been in possession in time of one of tho soven poundor steel guns, or, bettor still, perhaps, of a small howitzer, the Asbantees could have been made tolerably uncomfortable. As 1 passed on ward for the next half-mile, the ravages of tho Snider became everywhere moro apparent, until, at about that distance from Abrakampa, 1 came across the last man that I eaw who had fallen a victim to it. Ho was evidently a man of note, and was carefully laid out on a cioan country cloth beneath the shade of some bushes. Most probably, when carried off tho field and laid jihore, ho was only wounded, but when I saw him he was quite dead, and had been bo for some time. •• Directly afterwards I entered tho confines of ; the Ash an lee camp, and for tho next three-quar ters of a mile tho scene baffles description. The road and the ground for some distance on each aide of it wore strewed with every conceivable object, and seemed to prove that the rout of at least a largo portion of Amanquatua’a army must have been complete. It was. however, painfully evident that before their flight they had found time to decapitate their prisoners, aa headless trunks of both sexes were everywhere visible, as well as tho remains of wretched crea tures—their slaves—who had been allowed to die of starvation. The fighting men of tho Aahau tees appear to have hod plenty to eat, for bun dles of corn, baskets of palm-nuts, and strings of papaos were everywhere Uttered about; and in many instances I saw food ready prepared for tho pot, which iu tho harry-scuriy had been left behind. “Amongst tho most remarkable objects which I saw—l mean remarkable as haring oeen found in the train of an army of barbarians—wore camp-beds, very similar to White’s ntrotchors, tho flock out of tho bedding of which covered the ground ankle-deep all about; blacksmith’s bellows, anvils, and tools, scales and weights, and lastly, most astonishing of . all, wooden slates, evidently used by children learning to write, as tucy were scribbled over with Arabic characters. These slates are of precisely the same description as those used in the schools of tho Mandiugo tribes, and seem to argue that learmughas made more advancement amongst tho Ashautocs than one has been inclined to give them credit for. I also picked up a few brcech louding cartridges of foreign manufacture, evi dently belonging to those Dutch Sniders of which I had heard tho West India troops talk so much. Just before reaching Atnsmadie, there was pointed out 10 mo the dead body of a young and fine-looking woman, who had been killed bv her husband on the night of tho rout. It appears that, on hearing tho advancing X’autee army, ho caught her up iu his arms to carry her away, butf finding that they would both inevitably be taken, and that escape was impossible, ho quietly laid her down and cut her throat, re ceiving in tho act a bullet, which placed him alongside of her. All this reads very dreadful no doubt, and so it undoubtedly in, but the act, after all, possesses the true ring of chivalry, as tho poor savage did what many a high-spirited Englishman would also have done in sacrificing lumaeir and biz wife rather tbau surrender her to an almost, ca bo thought, certain dishonor. “ Wending my way arid onward,with ray pock et handkerchief, as a respirator, tightly bound round my mouth and nostrils, 1 reached tho til lage of Anismadie, which, save that tho contents of tho houses had been emptied into tho streets, was clean, and presented all the appearance of having been well kept. It was evident that cone but tho leading men of tno army had lived m it. for each house was surrounded by huts of end less variety and shape, which had been hastily constructed to accommodate the slaves of -the big-wig living within.” Treatment o1" Americans in Parii* Correevondenee of the Loeton Journal. Among well-known establishments winch oar Americana patronize is a store dedicated tlraa, an Louvre ; it la a very large and rich catabhak ment embracing several buildings, and employ in'- hundreds of clerks. Now, it is far from our purpose to describe tins store, and further still to recommend it to Americana, but merely to re latb a little incident which has made some talk here and ought to have made something more It is’as follows: “A few weeks since a lady from Boston—a widow—was looking at an aiticle ol goods in that store with a view to purchase. While she was examining and comparing, two men took her by the shoulders, and she louud herself thus suddenly under arrest, while the accusing clerk stood by declaring her a thief A search of her person was con ducted in another room without success. The poor, helpless, and peifectly innocent lady was escorted to her dwelling by the police force, and her effects examined. Trunks wore searched, and closets. The trunks of her lady friends were searched in the same apartment, and all their choice treasures of taste or affection rudely turned over. Of coarse no proofs of guilt ap peared, yet the delicate and refined lady was conducted back to too store, and from the store to prison. The young gentleman, also a Bos tonian, who appeared as her protector, was also, and without even a charge of guilt, thrust into an adjoining coll. Here they passed the night, within a six foot space of stone walls and floor, in loathsome colls and cold, without fire or food; no clothing granted to koop them warm, they were both hungry and cold, and here_ they were kept thus till 0 o’clock the next morning. Then the young man was liberated. Ho soon found the lady’s friends, and they quickly found her. She was not liberated till tno afternoon, and then oulv while the Son our Halted Stales Min ister became her bondsman. Four days after ward a trial in court failed to futui-h any proofs of guilt, and the lady is free, if. indeed, an American can be called free here, where the law declares any one guilty till they obtain proof of innocence. Mr. Washburn advised these per secuted ones to institute legal proceedings for redress, declaring that -‘our Government does not protect its citizens;” but as ho stated at the same time, “There is no law in France, they decline ■to farther oxpoeo tbeaeelve* to its flagrant injustice. For the first time in the life of your correspondent, he has felt ashamed of his country. Is it true that Americans are not protected by their country ? It is indeed so, and any one who chooses to may put ns in prison here. This ia not, It seems, an isolated instance. Said a French lawyer the other day, when ap plied to in this matter: •* This thing ia occurring nearly every day.” Not long ago a lady from New York was shut up in prison four or five days on an unsupported charge of theft. Wo think it is about time something was done to show France and the world that American citizenship is worth something more abroad than empty name. ' RAT-KILLING IN LONDON. A Picture of Under Lire in tno Kritlsh Metropolis—A Lively JfiffUt’. Slauirb tcr in Jerry VisUor’e Pike and WSiislle. From the London Telegraph. u Old English aport revived! A rare treat for the fanev. On Saturday night next, at Jerry Fisner’a Pike and Whistle, Grubway street, Snit altields. A geut, well known in sporting circles, will, on the above date, back the Pipe-maker’s celebrated dog Mustard, to torn up forty lull gtown rats against any otter animal in the world. Weight and ago no object. In tho event of no more suitable offer being made, Mr. Bal chcrwill take up tho gauntlet to tho tuno of a tenner in behalf of his one-eyed wonder. Vixen, receiving two rats of his antagonist. Match at at half-past 8. Free use of tue pit aftorwahL Plenty of lively rats for the occasion at four shillings per dozen. A good sprinkling of the ‘right sort’ is confidently expected. K. B.— Keep this dark.” * Ic was only on my promise that 1 would scru pulously observe the mysterious iuj auction with which the above attractive advertisement con cluded, that the memborof the“fancy” to whom I was introduced ventured to intrust me with tho three inches by two of limp card-board, without which a vain pilgrimage might bo made to Grubwav street, and to tho Pike and Whistle. It was ueaily 8 o’clock on tho Saturday evening, when, after wandering through the mazes that lie behind and in the neighborhood of Spitalfloids Chinch, I at last discovered Grubway street and the Pike and Whistle. There was tho sign, the Pike and Whistle, and, even while I stood for a moment hesitating, there arrived an individual who might have been recognized as undoubtedly one of tho fancy, A lean, bungry-looking man of tho weaver typo, with a patched and tattered black coat, buttoned high up to his chin, and a battered old hat. perched jaun tily atop oi his oily tmr.cd-under side-locks. He was not alouc. By moans of a stout leather loasli ho hauled along, very much against its will seemingly, a monstrous, bullet-headed, bandy legged inili-dog, with bloodshot eyes, and jaws of nreadth and depth, made safe for the time by means of a muzzle. Tbo buil-dog was better off than his master, however, in. tho matter of clothing. With tonderest care its muscular car cass was a mauve overcoat of horse cloth, daintily bound with yellow braid. Tho man with the buil-dog mado a brief bait at tbo bar, and I, having done pretty much as ho did there, followed bis example when lie turned into a passage, and entered* at a door on which Parlor ” was inscribed, tho idea at tbo moment crossing my mind that “Pit entrance” would have been more appropriate. The lat-pit was not here. This was tho or dinary evening resort for members of the fancy in tho neighborhood, whoro they assembled to smoke Ibeir pipes and compare canine notes. There were dogs on tho tables among tho pots and glasses, dogs on men’s knees, or cradled like new-born babies under tho brcast-fisps of their master’s coats, dogs tied to She rail of chairs and to the legs of tables. Some of them were worth a pound, at least, full fed and sleek, having a glossy coat and a handsome collar, with a braes or silver-plated ornamentation, which tho dog’s humble two-legged attendant kept bright by a frequent rub with his pocket-handkerchief or tho cuff of his coat. In almost every instance tho men took their ‘•stylo,” as regarded the cut of their hair and whiskers, from their dogs. It was tho bull-dog meo who wore their hair cropped as close as a pair of scissors could be made to bite at it, and who oven seemed to cultivate tho bull-dog short leer, and sat with their arras bowed on tho table be fore them as tho bull-dog’s legs are bowed, and snapped at their beer as tbo other animal snaps at bis meat. Tbo torricr-mon wore oven more remarkable for their likeness to their proteges. Thev wore choir hair brushed back at top. so as to show a bold, bald forehead, and brought sharply at the sides to tho front again, in imita tion of a terrier’s spiky ears. The place whore tho coming battle was about to bo fought appeared to be an ancient skittle alley, long disused on account of leakage in the roof and other defects, and now only put to service for cleaning pots and stowing lum ber. The 44 pit,” so-called, was a space of tho common floor, inclosed on all sides by boarding to a height of about three feet. Nothing in the shape cf sitting room was provided. Those who were specially privileged occupied tho front row, and either squatted or knelt down in a convenient position for holding their dogs so that they might have an uninter rupted view of the rat-slaughter. At opposite comers of tbo pit a little extra space was re served for the gent well known in sporting cir cles, and for the Pipemaker, who, during the preliminaries, was hugging Mustard to his bo som, and seemingly endeavoring to incite that canine hero to do his very best by whispering in its ear protestations of love and friendship. Mr, Balcher was in the front row, too, but the won derful one-eyed Vixen was not at present hia companion. Like a wary General, and as he himself afterward confessed, bad “ planted his dawg in a quiet part of tho * ’ouso’ until Mus tard had cat out tho work, so that he mightn’t ’cat bis blood in the excitement of looking at what the t’other one was doing,” And uow there stepped into the pit a lanky youth, who, ou ordinary occasions, officiated as pot-boy on the promises ; but who, in tight-fit ting trousers and jacket was at present intrusted with the responsible oilice of master of the rat ting ceremonies. He had no stick or staff, how ever, —nothing but a piece of chalk, the use of which I presently discovered. Toon Mr. Jerry Fisher appeared, with a huge, square, iron-wire cago under his arm, and tho cage was full of rats—“lively” ones, too, judging from tho manner in which tney swarrfied over each other, and squeaked, and thrust their restless noses through tho bars. Tho sigh: of tho rats was tbo signal for every terrier present to bo afflicted with temporary raving madness, and each one writhed in hia master’s arms, and set up such a deafening din as must have mado tho heart of tho stoutest rat in the cage quail with fear. Tue Pipemaker called “Time,” and Mr. Fisher, advancing to the pit, opened the little door of the cage, and, with an amount of coolness that made one’s heart beat, plunged Ids hand among the now panic-stricken mass of rats, and plucked them out by tho “scruff” of their necks, or by their tails, and threw them into the pit, where the man with tho piece of chalk kept count until forty were thrown in. They mado a rush to one corner, and there they swarmed, mounting over each other, and hiding their terror-stricken oyea under each other*a bodies, and still piling up the heap until, in form of a sugar-loaf, it reached two feet high at least. The Pipemakeris dog did not bark now. With every muscle of his intelli gent little face quivering, and his cars sharp pricked forward, Mustard eyed these proceed ings, and seemed ,to bo jealously counting tho number of hia enemies as they were thrown in. lest he should be cheated of one of them. Then watches were produced, and tho Pipemaker held hia dog by tho shoulders. “ Say when,” said he. 44 Now,” sharply exclaimed Jerry Fisher, and then in a flash Mustard was among tbo rats. Mustard drew on tho rat-bank with the caution of one who baa doubts of his stability of his ac count there. He didn’t disturb the base of the heap ; he plucked down tho topmost ones, made one snap at their unlucky loins, set hia fore-feet down hard, gave them a vigorous shake, and dropped them without farther concern. The rats with loud squeale dispersed all over the pit. The Pipemaker—who I cortamly think was in error—and Mustard were at issue. 44 Yah hi! collar ’em,, lad, collar ’em! ” Jtlied* the Pipemaker, and Mustard promptly ftvo wav, and made a running fight of it dashing here and there with omaz io? swiftness, bis every fresh dart costing a rat h5 life. Mustard presently began to grow somewhat flurried, and to now and then abake a rat, and leave it in tho belief tnat it was dead, whereas it had ye: a tiny glimmer of life in it. When the attendant in the pit* suspected this, ho toot bis bit of chalk and mado a mark on tho floe? at tho doubtful rat’s head and at its tail, andif it was found to move in tho least out of th«b boundaries it was counted a live rat, and “ to the bad.” , . , was one rat, not a very largo one. but whofe tremendous teeth and gray whiskers pro claim him a veteran, and who up to this point had Willfully evaded Mu-tard’e revenging jaws. Then wero tbreoin a corner, audtlm terrier, who evidently had a relh.li for rats In-comers, made a rush there, intending to make short work of them. Tho giav-wbiskerod animal was one of the trio, and, *iing Mustard’s glaring eyes, feeling bis hot, murderous brcaihparhaps. he did a dosper •wyftiSty thing. tto sprang at-.Mustard* very jaws, and, fixing bis keen, white teeth in the dog’s under-lip, hong there. . Now. indeed, was the excitement of the sports* men of the pit immense. In vain he shook and plunged, and tossed, and endeavored to scratch off the rat with his fore p&ws; the creature clung fast. A good ten seconds at least had been already cut to waste. That share in the “ tenner,” of which he had made so sure, was growing each moment more and more improba ble to the mind of the agonized Pipcraakcr. ‘•OhI collar’em boy, collar Thetoaoin which tho appeal was made had an instantaneous effect on the gallant Mustard. With a short, sharp bark, that seemed not unlike •* i will, I will.” for all that tho rat still clung to his lip, causing it to bleed freely, ho went to the enemy •gain, and, before ten might bo counted, tackled and killed five. Tho gray-whiskered tormentor lost his hold, and then, quick as lightning, Mus tard pinned him, and h© was among the slain. There remained bat eight of the rats to dispose of, and, simultaneously with Mustard shaking the life out of the last of these, Jerry Fisher called ‘•Time”—three minutes and three-quarters. Then the dead were collected and the pit brushed out, and Mr. Balcher produced his “little wonder,” the one-eyed Vixen, and Mr. Fisher was ready with thirty-eight more lively rats—two being allowed him on account of his admitted inferiority. It was evident from the first that be was an over-rated animal. He was a younger dog than Mustard, and, despite bis one oj'e, better-looking, which, probably, in some degree, accounted for the fatal vanity that marred his proceedings. Ho would go in at a furious rate, tumbling over his tats like ninepins, but after such display of talent ho would lose many precious moments in Rolf-gratulatory barking. Mr. Balcher waxed terriolf wroth at those times. With horrible im piecations ho shook his great fist at the wonder, and cried to him to hold his jaw aud with his work. He remonstrated with him with signs os well as words, snapping his own jaws and shaking his head in the manner of shaking a rat, until his hair was all over his eyes and lie was hoarse with rage and shouting, it was no* unti. U was too late, howevor, that the YYip.»x p .» could be brought to. talco a sufficiently serious view of the matter, and the Pipemakor’a Mustard was declared tho victor by at least a quarter of a minute. ASTRONOMY FOR 1873. A summary by Prof# Kirlarood* To the Editor of the Sete i'ork Tribune Sib: The following briof sketch of the pro gress of Astronomy during the year 1873 may not be without interest to some of your readers: New Asteroids —Seven minor planets have been discovered since the commencement of the car* rout year, all incur own country. Four of these were detected by Prof. Watson, of Ann Arbor; three by Dr. Peters, of Clinton, Now lork. The race between theso distinguished observers has been recently quite interesting. The astronomer of Clinton is still slightly ..ahead, though closely pressed by hia industrious rival. The discov eries of the present year make the whole number of known asteroids 131. Cwnets— Beside the return of three periodic comets previously observed, four others have passed their perihelia during tho year 1873. On the 3d of April M. S;epbau of Marseilles de tected tho second comet of 1357. This body, on its first observed approach to the sun, was dis covered by M. Tempel, Its period, which is a little over six years. varies considerably on account of Jupiters disturbing influence. Its orbit approaches moro nearly the circular form than that of aay other known comet. Two other comets of short period—those of Drorseu and Faye—were rediscovered by the same fortu nate observer ; the former on tho Ist, and the latter on the 3d of September. On the 3d of July 31. Tempel, of Milan, dis covered a telescopic comet, which proved to be a member of the Jovian group. Its period is five rears and two months : its motion is direct, and Its orbit has about tho samo eccentricity, as that of Faye’s comet. Tho other comets of tho year presented no phenomena of special interest. It is remarka ble that while tho seven asteroids wero all dis covered In America the seven comets were all doted ed in Europe. Memoirs— A uumberof valuable astronomical memoirs have been read during the year before Ibo various scientific societies in Europe and America. At the April meeting of tho National Academy, Prof. Alexander, of Princeton, read a paper of great interest on tho Harmonies of tho Solar System. Several papers on the mutual re lations of the planetary orbits have been com municated to tne Amciical Philosophical Society by Prof. Chase, of Philadelphia. Afc tho Paris Academy of Sciences, Leverner has presented two or three elaborate memoirs on tho theory of the four outer planets. Prof. Newcomb is un derstood to have completed hia investigation of tho orbit of Uranus, and wo may expect bis work to bo shortly issued by tho Smithsonian Institution. Mr. Abbott a lew months since read a paper before the Royal Society of Tasmania, giving tho results of hia recent observations on tho great nebula in Argo. Theso observations are of great in terest as indicating a process of rapid trans formation where it was supposed the changes must bo of a secular character. *‘ Tho dark spaces in the nebula,” Mr. Abbott remarks, •• are extending and becoming moro undefined, gradually filling up with small stars.” During the year preceding tho date of Mr. Abbott’s memoir, the number of visible stars in tho dark portions of tho nebula had increased folly 50 per cent. Important papers have also boon published by Sir. K. A. Proctor, the distinguished Secretary of tho Royal Astronomical Society, Prof. Watson, of Ann Arbor, and many others. In abort, although the year has not been dis tinguished by any astronomical discovery of ex traordinary brilliancy, tho science baa certainly made substantial progress. D. K. BnooiimaioK, lad., Dec, 13, 1873. Fanny Kemble. Everybody romemboia Mrs. Pierce Batler, who was aUajfi called by her maiden name of Fanny Kemble. Sue was certainly a lady of great genius, gifted with mauv masculine accomplish ments. X distinctly remember a certain even ing party at the Sedgwick manor-house. When I arrived I found Mrs. Butler at the piano in the front drawing-room, flinging Spanish ballads, which ehe did very sweetly and effectively. After a time she ceased Binging and entered into conversation with me. Her arms, which she called her “ deformities,” were bare, and they, as wed as her face, wore very much burned by the sun. She told mo she bad been out all the day alone upon the lake, fish ing; that when ehe returned to the house she for the first time heard of the putty for that evening, and that she had not had time to both eat and dress without detaining the rest of the family. The result was that she hod not tasted food since breakfast, and felt very faint and ex hausted. All the time she was carelessly drum ming the keys of the piano. At length she. arose from her scat, and slowly sauntered into the back drawing-room, while I remained fltandtiig whero X was. After a short interval, hearing very loud talking in the other room, I lounged into it to see what it meant. Ihe rear of the house was very near the Hoaaatonlc, and it had a bay-window on that side. Seated in this window, with her back to the window, was Fanny Kemble, and flitting on either side of her were the Bov. Dr. I J arker and the Bov. Justin Field, both clergymen of the Protestant Episcopal Church. Thereupon I drew up a chair, and, facing thelady, completed the pcirtie came. She was doing the talking just then, and her subject was horses, for which animals she had a passionate fondness. From horses in general she soon passed to war or cavalry horses. Bj-tho-bye,” she went on to say, “ this reminds ma that the last time I was in England I met Sir Harry Smith. Ho told me that ho was a Captain of horse at Waterloo, but that his command was not called into action during tho day, Xu tUo afternoon tho Duke of Wellington, at the head of his staff, rodo up to where ho was, and called to him, ‘ Come, eir. get your troop in mo tion.—get your troop in motion.’ Now, Sir Harry did not know anything about tho fortunes of the day; an. saluting bis Commander, ho hesi tatingly asked, * Which way, air V ” As she gave the Duke’s reply she arose to her feet line a tragedy Queen, and, with clenched hand, cheat ed, “Forward, sir, by G— 1” At this her imme diate auditors started, as if electrified; but she calmly resumed her chair, and went on with :bo conversation as if unconscious that she had vio lated any of the proprieties. She soon, fell a-talklng about the transmigration of souls, Brabminism, and I cannot recall what besides. When X withdrew from the party she was still engaged with some subject of mystical theology. Txvoccl. So illustrious a man as William M. Tweed must bate bio uicUe id the days history. Ac cordinglv. wft are told bow bo enjoyed ms Christmas. He rose despondent and bad; at' roll-call be looked like au octogenarian; bis portlr ilgure was shrunken, bis shoulders stoop ujjt, bis lace wrinkled, and be did not enjoy nis breakfast. But. be got better as the day ad vanced and bis relatives and friends called in to pay him a Christmas visit. And when be bad enjoved a luxurious luncheon,” we are told that" 1 * the weight of ten years had rolled from his shoulders; he stood erect and looked aa though be forgot that bis brown uniform was the badge of a prisoner.” Moreover, be began to take aa interest in outaido affaire; wanted to know all about Genet’s escape, and bow “Sheriff Brennan took it.” Mayor Hall’s acquittal was also a matter of interest to him, and elicited frequent reference. He thought it was brought about by Hall’s social position, but said that if there was anything dun© wrong he (Hall) “ never profited by it.” THE LAND OF MIDNIGHT SUN. Mona. Paul I>u CSaailln’s Adventures in the Arctic Rojjioiis—A model J?co« pie and. Xlicir Democratic Kmsr* Prom the Xeic York Svn. _ Hons. Paul B. Du Chaillu lectured in the Rev. Dr. Duryea’a church, Brooklyn, on Thursday, Ho said that he grow tired of tuo Equator, and went to 71 deg. 50 min. north latitude, where for three months the sun does not sot. He continued: “ The Swedes and Norwegians are fine people? the country the grandest I have ever travelled in. There ore evidences that it was once cover ed with ice. The mountain rocks are smooth from this cause, and the valleys nhow the effects of ice-floes. In Hay. June, and July the sun shines all the time. It is a slander to call the Scandinavians barbarous. They are civilized—all read and write. They are compelled by law to at tend school. Their religious faith is Protestant. They esteem their churches highly, and revere their graveyards. When a man dies bis body is interred in a graveyard, if it has to be carried 10U miles. The people are honest and; moral. I was never robbed of a cent, though with, them three years; why. the women put their jewelry in my room to snow they were not afraid of me. When in Stockholm I had a desire to see the King, so I wroto to the Secretary of Slate. I was politely informed that His Majesty had gone visiting, but would romrn in two days. When he arrived, 1 was invited to call on him. I went to the palace expecting to see soldiers, infantry, cavalrymen, and artillerymen; but there was only one soldier, and he did not oven ask me vjnre I was going, or what 1 wanted. I went :. t . ~;.: r s unchallenged, and at length intercepted a servant by whom X was directed where to find King. •• i. jdil morning,” said be. • • “ Goad morning,” I responded. Aud this was our introduction. In less than three minutes ho asked mo to havo a cigar, and then showed my books, which had been trans lated. 1 felt proud; it was an honor to have them in his language. Ho asked me to come and spend the next day with him. 1 want and roamed.throuph the palace ia search of its own er. Finally I halloed, •* Is there any cue about ?” and succeeded in arousing some one who pointed me to a room. I entered it, and found the King just putting on ~ hia coat. He had been at work painting. I was hospitably entertained. When about leaving I requested some, of hie portraits to give to the girls in Brooklyn. Ho pleasantly complied, writing on them, at my’solicitation, his autograph. *‘Now,” said ho, laughing, “ you must send me some portraits ol the Brooklyn girls.” I thought ho was a splendid man. Beaching the seventy-third degree, you meet immense forests of fir and pine. These foieaia are the wealth of the laud. The people are farmers of democratic ideas. Land-owners worth half a million have their , servants eat at the table with them. In the cities this custom is noc allowed, and you find chignons and crino line, as you do ia America. Travelers are always welcome. The citizens generally speak French, English, and German. I find that tha horses won’t carry you up bllL When they reach the foot of o;;o they look around to see you quit the carriage; if you don’t they stop. The people are never in a hurry. 1 went into a church and saw a dub ly ing on the pulpit. I inquired its use. “ When mv congregation get asleep I pound on the pul pit with that to wake them up,” was the answer. There was also a pole" eight to ten feet long which I was told the sexton kept to poke into the riba of sleepers for the second offense. I can’t understand how they get asleep. The seats ore uncomfortable, about six inches wide, straight in the back, with narrow ridges to keep your heads straight, and they never have fire in the churches, although tho thermometer does stand 15 below freezing point. Their Sunday lasts twenty-four hours, beginning at G on Sat urday evening. Sunday afternoousAre devoted to dancing. The Scandinavians drink and ge; drank, but they don’t have the tremens, nor quarrel, nor fight. Tho wc-ret they do. when intoxicated, is to kiss all the girls they meet ou tho street. Thera are church-yards 600 years old that have no tombstones. The people are exceedingly religious. Every house has a Bible or book of Psalms. I saw numbers of men and horsoback-loads of good things going into a house one day, and concluded it must mean a wedding. “ Where is tha bride ?” I asked. “Tisu’t that,” was answered; “the man has lost his wife, and they are holding the ‘funeral jollification.*” • These jollifications are continued for days. .. At last I got to tho Land of tho Midnight Sun. I watched it throughout tho first night, and re mained there nearly seven weeks, it bothered me to know when to goto bed. I discovered tho birds retired at 11 p. m.. and got up at 2 a. m. Some of tho farms have as many as forty five houses. There are houses for cheese, and for batter, and this thing and that,—l don’t know what all. Each farm has two dwelling houses, —one for winter and auotuer for sum mer. Houses can bo rented for $5 a year. Car penter’s w ages are 45 cents a day, and yet tney strike. Everybody works. There are no mar kets ; nothing is sold. Whoever has more than ho wants for himself, ho gives it to whoever needs it, Tha people are healthy. They do nob have consumption, and you never see an ema ciated form. You never see a beggar either. If too poor to live, they are too proud to bog, and not mean enough to steal. . Tho subsistence is sour milk, coarso bread, meat twice a week, and At length I reached 71 deg. 50 ace., the capo, the northern part of Europe. Tho coast of Norway ia magnificent, its harbors lined with steamboats ; its mountains, high and grand, arc covered with glaciers ; its waters so clear that tho bottom of tho sea is discernible. Sweden boars no comparison to it. Grog shops are 100 miles apart. They buy whisky by tho quantity, and keep drunk while it lasts. Courtship and marriage aro peculiar institutions. I saw one match made. He met her at the gate and poked his fingers in her ribs, and said : •« I want to cet married, don’t you ?” “ Oh, I don’t know. Go away.” “Yes, you do, lot’s get married.” “Well, aakpapa.” “No. never mind him, weTI get married anyhow.” And he wont around telling everybody he saw; “ I’m going to marry that girL” The preparations continued during the three weeks required by law to have the bans publish ed in the churches. Fishes wero caught, stores for the feast laid in, beer brewed, and whisky purchased. Wedding jollifications are indulged in for a week. This couple were married. They went from the church to tho house, and tha bridesmaids locked the bride iu her room. Tho groom knocked at the door. . “How much will you xive to come in? ‘‘Two cows and £5.” “That’s noc enough.” “Three cows and $10.” *’Oh, you are ncu; vou must give more than that.” Five cows and $25 was tho final offer, which was accepted. In writing to a lady you do not use tho name, but address it to her father," like this: “John Jones’ daughter,’’and odd the name of tho farm. Many havo tho impression Lapland is dark ia the winter, but that ia aa error. The country is illuminated by northern lights every mgbt. I wanted to see tho Laps, and drive a reindeer. Thev can go 50 miles an hour for two hours daily. Th« sledges aro narrow, have an oscil lating motion, and one unaccustomed to them will tumble out in all directions. You drive with one line only; that reaches from the animal’s horns, and is tied around your arm. After you ~ct pitched out, tho reindeer stops when ho id tiled of dragging you through the snow.’ Sometimes they bout face and buck you out, and noc infrequently perform that task by kicking. I was keeled out by a kick and snatched along 200 yards at the rate of nearly a mile a minute. Wo drove to an acquaintance who owned 4,000 raiudoor. I wont into his tent, and found men, women, dogs, and other animals bleeping together; and I found so many fleas there that Xtdftk 'my bag and went out to sleep iu a enow-bank. All the Christiana read and write. Thev wear snow-shoes ten feet long and four feet wide, and go sliding about In a comi cal man uer. Tho journey from New York to Christiana 1 can be made in twelve days. I wonder more tourists do not go there. The bummers are warm, tho winters are cold, but charmingly healthv. Tho hotels cannot bo surpassed, and their charges are very moderate. From thcAtipxtU (On.) Conaitulionaliit. Tba cawe detailed below, by the Petersburg Iwlex, is end to be tho only oue on record, but it coavoTs) a tremendous moral to offenders in tho same lino: _ . . , Buto vs. William Lxnahaw—lndictment for misdemeanor, tried before _ Hassell, Judge, at Koocson Superior Court, spring term, 13i3. De fendantwas indicted for disturbinga religion* congregation. Tbe evidence, an detailed by sev eral witnesses, waa substantially this : Defend ant is a member of tho Methodist Cuorch. Ho ein'-a in sued a way as to disturb tbe congre gation. At tbe end of cacb versa b:a voice ia heard after all tbe otter singers have ceased. One of the witnesses, being requested to describe defendant's singing, imitated it bv Binging a_versa la the voice and manner of defendant, which ** produced a burst,' laughter, convulsic bar, the jury, and j donee that the di fondant yainging j effect of it was tor gatiou laugh and j hgious and frivj the serious and _ also in evidence (without ". congregation had been so much disturbed by ir that the preacher had declined to sing the hymn and shut up the book without singing; that the Presiding Elder had refused to preach in the church ou account of the disturbance occasioned by it; and that ou one occasion a lead* ing member of the chmcb, appre ciating that there was r a feeling of solemnity pervading the congrega tion in consequence of the sermon just deliver ed, and fearing that It would bo turned into ridi cule, went to the defendant and asked him not to sing, and on that occasion he did not sing. It also appeared that on many occasions the church members and authorities expostulated with the defendant about his singing and the disturb ance growing out of it. To all of which ho re plied: “ That he would worship his God. and that, as a part of his worship, it was his duty to sing.” Defendant is a strict member of’ the church and a man of exemplary deportment. It was not contended by the State upon the evi dence that ho had any indention or purpose to disturb the congregation, but, on contrary, it was admitted mat he was conscientiously tak ing part in the religious services. There a verdict of guilty, judgment, and an appeal by the defendant. A RlorriliJo Scene* The Sydney Empire publishes a narrative of a shocking occurrence which recently took place at Newcastle, New South Wales. Among other demonstrations, it says, to celebrate tho abolition of tho tonnage dues, there was a bonfire on Shepherd’s Hill. The firemen, eager to mako tho affair as successful os possible, poured kerosene oil upon tuo burning heap, but for some time this had simply the effect of creating a momentary blaze, which would subside as soon as the kerosene was consumed. Lewis Wood, a member of tho brigade, then mounted tho heap, took the can in his hands, and commenced pour ing the oil on the fire. Ho was warned by some one of the danger ho ran,but took no heed of what was said. Presently an awful explosion took place. A dull sound, like tbo boo'uuug of dis tant cannon,, was heard, and an immeußo volume of flame shot out amongst tho crowd. When the shock was over, tho unfortunate man Wood was seen rolzng down tbo burning Leap in a bheet of flame. The oil had apparently splashed over his clothes, and as he emerged from the heap he was a mass of fiio. Ho strag gled oa to his feet, aud gained tho open space, hia cries of despair being terrible. The flames baa got such complete hold of his oil-saturated uniform that the work of putting them out was nest to impossible, and ho sank to tho ground exhausted. Bomo of the firemen took off thoir coats, and tried to beat the flames off, but they still clung to their unhappy victim, aud it was not till he bad been wrapped up in several of the large coats of tho fireman that tho flames vreru subdued. Hia heavy uniform had protected tho trank of hia body, and his helmet had also pre vented tbo flames from reaching hia head, but his face presented an awful eight to look at. H<* lingered iu indescribable agony till Sumiav after noon, when death put aa end to his sufferings. A ETifffittixl Deed—An Infant ihiUcU and Boaiicd by Its Jlother. Portland, Oregon (Dee. 22), D:*vr ; tchto V.e dan Fran • Cisco Chronicle. The neighbors of Mrs, Mary Farley, residing on Fourth fctreet, wero startled" this afternoon by hearing terrific outcries proceeding from her dwelling, and, repairing to the spot, found shw had broken tho furniture and dishes, aud wru acting like a crazy person generally. One of tho neighbors, knowing that Mrs. Farley had u babe about three months of age. and net seeing it about tho dwelling, instituted,a search, ami tho babe was found in the stove burned to a ensp. Mrs. Farley says she beat its head oa the floor before putting it in tho stove. Mrs. Farley was in tbo Insane Asylum some fivo rears ago. and discharged as cured. She was taken iu custody, aud will, of course, bo son; to the Asylum. ffiow Berlin Given a Supper to a Great Ulan, Berlin Corre-rvondencc X. Y. Tribune. The supper was so simple and appropriate in its character that I should like to oiler it as a model for all similar celebrations at home, wlieio wo usuallv have a hollow splendor at an iimacnso coat, and'an opportunity for getters up of feasts to distinguish themselves, without much regard to the object or its representative. Wo had i plain," substantia! bill of fare, including carp and veamou, for • about $1 apioco, each order ing bis own wine, and paying u few cents toward the moderate amount consumed by the distin guished guest. “Knowledge” was the first toast, and “Iho. Kxplorer, Gerhard Boblfd’ tho second ? after which the explorer aroso and ex plained to us the scope, expectation and, do tails of his undertaking, Ibis, was tho end of formality; what remained was pleasantly social, and must not be reported. _ amusements. McYICKEE’S THEATRE. FOUK XICHTS OM.V AND A MATINEE. SJk.XI'VIIiTII "Tho beat living actor.”—Robert Browning. Mr. Maurice Gran has tho honor to announce tho Pobul In Chicago ol SIGNOR TOMMASO SaL»\ b?*L on MONDAY EVENING, Jan. 5, In thcGrcatßlblicalTrsgedyof SAMSON! "No one can say that ho has really scon Salrini *vhJ bat not soon him lu bis gram! and powerful hnporiooauos of Samson.”—Philadelphia Press. Tuesday—D AVID GARRICK. Wodn^day—OTnKTXO. Friday—LA MORTB CIVILU VILOKA 1 ill. Saturday— farewell Matinee —iIAMLL i. To-day tho Sale of Seat* will commence at tho Theatre, where also librettos are for aale. Prices—s3. SI.SC, aodTJo., according to location. McYICKEE’S THEATEE. 3srxx«ssc33xr. Tea Ni«hu and T*o Mitlnucn ol tb# STRAKOSCH ITALIAN OPERA CO. Commencing Monday Ereniac, Jan. 12, 15,1. The Company comprises the foiio-aing artists; .IIAIXUIK CHRISTINE MLSSON* SrLLE OSTA VA TOBRI A«. b , se MaEESI, Flsnor TTDI.O CAM PAN INI, M. ViCTOF. CAPUDL. Sis. DF.I, PUENTE. Sic- MARRA. 8 “- “S&JSfecHOUOTANSS^fE Further particular* shortly. , MoYICKEB’S THEATRE. Friday and Saturday, last Perfonusuoea o t BHIEL BARRY. FRIDAY AND SATURDAY NIGHTS. OHEISTMAS EVE, or The Grey Lady. THAIiV' ...MR.SHIEL BAKHif. Saturdly MiiVias.— THE BEf UGEKS Ljnlf O-Brloo, SHILL UARRV. Monday Night—hALVlNL HOOLET’S THEATEE. Friday, Saturday and Saturday Safe Positively U*t three performances of Geo. lawcatj Bewe'a craat scaoio play, THE GENEVA CROSS! With its Great Cut, Superb Scenery, and Wondot/nl Mechanical toccti. . . • •MAC'SO- Ia rehearsal—Another treat scenic play, MAU>u LIA.” ACADEMY OF MUSIC. TO-NIGHT. FRIDAY, JAN. 3. JJenaut of MR. SOT HERN. Wh-n will be presented £3 jQI. Ti/S. , An original three-act oornsdy, written erprstalj for Mm. and hi* cxclomto proper! j. n ATjPIPtT Mondi/eToaiaCt J*a.*-DA\ID OAKKILa. MYERS' OPERA-HOUSE, Mooroe-it., boU Dearborn antiStatc. ArMoii, ColM & EsfflWs IMtrek A* EiqoUUo Music, b.\iuafal Tableau*. b*wilJtrlr»c Inca-. *od glowing Tr»a»iumiitiim Scsie. Mackin and Wihon, But by S-iwe*mh, Oco. Direnprr’, BenCot:on, Wrn. Arlington, iUUy Rice, Jno. it. h.cuil.4 m new end raried onaracwr*. _ Graca N<r* Year’s Matrnee Thursday afternoon. Efex? evening, and Saturday Marino a. GLOBE THEATRE. TO-NIGHT AND SATURDAY MATINEE.. Miss Augusta Dargoia. At CAMILLE, or THE FATE OF A Saturday niyit* “ XAoraU* Borgia.** JlantUj Aha UanUoae” 5